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Men’s Catalogue Number 

1954 - 1935 

Session 



September, 1934 
Middlebnry, Vermont 










Middlebury College Bulletin 

Volume XXIX September, 1934 No. 1 

Men's Catalogue Number for the 1934-35 Session 

One hundred and thirty-fifth year 


The Bulletin is Published by Middlebury College monthly from 
September to June at Middlebury, Vermont - - - Entered as 
second-class matter at the Post Office, Middlebury, Vermont, 
under act of Congress, August 24, 1912 

• • • 

MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE PRESS 

W. STORRS LEE, Editor 

















CALENDAR FOR 1934-1935 


1834 

September 

13-15—Thursday-Saturday, Entrance Ex¬ 
aminations. 

17-19—Monday-Wednesday, Registration 

Days and Freshman Week. 

20 —Thursday (9.30 a.m.), President’s 

Address, Mead Memorial Chapel. 

21 —Friday (8.00 a.m.), Recitations be¬ 

gin. 

October 

27 —Saturday, Football Holiday. 

November 

17 —Saturday, Alumni Homecoming Day. 

29 •—Thursday, Thanksgiving Holiday. 

December 

14 —Friday (11.00 a.m.) 

1935 I Christmas 

January [ Recess. 

3 —Thursday (8.30 a.m.) J 

22-25—Tuesday-Friday, Mid-year Examina¬ 
tions. 

25 —Friday, First Semester ends. 

28 —Monday (8.30 a.m.) Second Semester 

begins. 

February 

22 —Friday, Washington’s Birthday Holi¬ 

day. 

March 

22 —Friday (11.00 a.m.) 1 c . 

April 

2 —Tuesday (8.30 a.m.) J Kecess ‘ 

May 

9 —Thursday (12.30 p.m.) ) Junior 
10-11—Friday, Saturday ) Week. 

13-18—Monday-Saturday, Reading Period 
for Seniors. 

20-25—Monday-Saturday, Comprehensive 

Examinations for Seniors. 

27-29—Monday-Wednesday, Final Examina¬ 
tions. 

30 —Thursday, Memorial Day Holiday. 

31 —Friday 

June Final Examinations 

6 —Thursday J (cont’d). 

8 —Saturday, Class Day. 

9 —Sunday, Baccalaureate. 

10 —Monday, Commencement. 


1934 

1935 

JULY 

JAN. 

S M T W T F S 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 
15 16 17 18 19 20 21 
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 
29 30 31 . 

S M T W T F S 
.... 1 2 3 4 5 

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 
27 28 29 30 31 .. .. 



AUG. 

FEB. 

S M T W T F S 
. 1 2 3 4 

S M T W T F S 
. 1 2 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 
26 27 28 29 30 31 .. 

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
24 25 26 27 28 .. .. 



SEPT. 

MAR. 

S M T W T F S 

. 1 

S M T W T F S 
. 1 2 

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 

30. 

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 
31. 

OCT. 

APR. 

S M T W T F S 
..1 2 3 4 5 6 
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 
28 29 30 31 . 

S M T W T F S 
.. 1 2 3 4 5 6 

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 
28 29 30 . 



NOV. 

MAY 

S M T W T F S 

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30 .. 

S M T W T F S 

. 12 3 4 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 
26 27 28 29 30 31 .. 

DEC. 

JUNE 

S M T W T F S 

. 1 

S M T W T F S 
. 1 

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 
30 31 

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 
30 . .. 






















































CALENDAR FOR 1935-1936 


1935 

1936 

JULY 

JAN. 

S M T W T F S 

.. 1 2 3 4 5 6 

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 

28 29 30 31 . 

S M T W T F S 

. 12 3 4 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 

26 27 28 29 30 31 .. 

AUG. 

FEB. 

S M T W T F S 
.... 12 3 

S M T W T F S 
. 1 

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30 31 

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 

SEPT. 

MAR. 

S M T W T F S 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 
15 16 17 18 19 20 21 
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 

?Q 70 . 

S M T W T F S 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 

29 30 31 . 



OCT. 

APR. 

S M T W T F S 

....1 2 3 4 5 

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 
27 28 29 30 31 .. .. 

S M T W T F S 

. 12 3 4 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 
12 13 14 15 16 17 18 
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 
26 27 28 29 30 .. .. 

NOV. 

MAY 

S M T W T F S 
. 1 2 

S M T W T F S 
. 12 

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 
31. 

DEC. 

JUNE 

S M T W T F S 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 

29 30 31 .... 

S M T W T F S 
..1 2 3 4 5 6 

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 
28 29 30 . 




1935 

September 

19-21—Thursday-Saturday, Entrance Ex¬ 
aminations. 

23-25—Monday-W ednesday, Registration 

Days and Freshman Week. 

26 —Thursday (9.30 a.m.), President’s 

Address, Mead Memorial Chapel. 

27 —Friday (8.00 a.m.), Recitations be¬ 

gin. 

October 

26 —Saturday, Alumni Homecoming Day. 

November 

16 —Saturday, Football Holiday. 

28 —Thursday, Thanksgiving Day Holi¬ 

day. 

December 

19 —Thursday (11.00 a.m.) 1 

1936 I Christmas 

January I Recess. 

3 —Friday (8.30 a.m.) j 

21-2-1—Tuesday-Friday, Mid-year Examina¬ 
tions. 

24 —Friday, First Semester ends. 

27 —Monday (8.30 a.m.) Second Semester 

begins. 

February 

22 —Saturday, Washington’s Birthday 

Holiday. 

March 

19 —Thursday (11.00 a.m.) ) Spring 
31 —Tuesday (8.30 a.m.) f Recess. 

May 

14 —Thursday (12.30 p.m.) j Junior 
15-16—Friday Saturday ) Week. 

18-23—Monday-Saturday, Reading Period 
for Seniors. 

25-29—Monday-Friday, Comprehensive Ex¬ 
aminations for Seniors. 

30 —Saturday, Memorial Day Holiday-. 

June 

3-11 —Wednesday-Thursday, Final Exami¬ 
nations. 

13 —Saturday, Class Day. 

14 —Sunday, Baccalaureate. 

15 —Monday, Commencement. 


















































CORRESPONDEN CE 


All inquiries regarding admission should be ad¬ 
dressed to E. J. Wiley, Director of Admissions and 
Personnel, who will supply catalogues and in¬ 
formation for prospective students. 

Correspondence with regard to the summer Lan¬ 
guage Schools should be addressed to Mrs. Pamelia 
S. Powell, Secretary and Recorder of the Summer 
Session. 

The following bulletins are supplied by the 
Office of the College Editor: The College Direc¬ 
tory, containing the address list of students, 
faculty, officers, and secretaries; The Romance 
Languages; The German School; Casa Italiana; 
The Bread Loaf School of English; Bread Loaf 
Writers’ Conference; President’s Report; The 
College Sketch Book, volume of college illustra¬ 
tions ; The Environs of Middlebury; Guide to the 
Vicinity of Bread Loaf and Middlebury; and Map 
of Battell Forest. 







THE PRESIDENT AND FELLOWS OF 
MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


THE CORPORATION 


Paul D. Moody, d.d., ll.d. Middlebury 

President 

Redfield Proctor, m.s., ll.d. Proctor 

Vice-President, Vermont Marble Company, Chairman of the Corporation 

James L. Barton, d.d., ll.d. Brookline, Mass. 

Secretary Emeritus, American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 


James M. Gifford, ll.d. 

Lawyer, Merrill, Rogers, Gifford & Woody 

John E. Weeks, a.m., ll.d. 

Ex-Governor of Vermont 

Frank C. Partridge, ll.d. 

President, Vermont Marble Company 

Bert L. Stafford, a.b. 

Lawyer, Lawrence, Stafford & O’Brien 

Sanford H. Lane, a.b. 

American Bank Note Company 

Percival Wilds, a.b., ll.b. 

Lawyer, Chamberlin, Kafer, Wilds & Jube 

Hall P. McCullough, a.b., ll.b. 

Lawyer, Davis, Polk, Wardwell, Gardiner & Reed 


New York, N. Y. 
Middlebury 
Proctor 
Rutland 
New York, N. Y. 
Nezv York, N. Y. 
Nezv York, N. Y. 


Albert H. Wiggin, ll.d. New York, N. Y. 

Samuel B. Botsford, a.b., ll.b. Buffalo, N. Y. 

General Manager, Buffalo Chamber of Commerce 

Elbert S. Brigham, b.s., m.s. Montpelier 

Chairman, Committee on Finance, National Life Insurance Company 


Allen H. Nelson, a.b., m.a. 

Vice-President, Macmillan Company 

Frank L. Bell 

Lawyer 

Albert D. Mead, a.m., ph.d., sc.d. 

Vice-President, Brown University 


New York, N. Y. 
Crozrni Point, N. Y. 
Providence, R. I. 





6 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


Charles A. Munroe, a.b. 

Lawyer 

♦Carl A. Mead, a.b., ll.b. 

Lawyer, Shearman and Sterling 

♦Homer L. Skeels, b.s. 

President, Montpelier and Wells River Railroad 

*J. Earle Parker, b.s., ll.b., ll.m. 

Treasurer, Acadia Mills 

♦Ellsworth C. Lawrence, b.s. 

Justice, Supreme Court, New York 

♦Samuel B. Pettingill, a.b., ll.b. 

Member of Congress, Third Congressional District of 

J. J. Fritz, b.s. 

Business Manager and Treasurer 
* Elected on nomination by the Alumni. 


Chicago, III. 
New York, N. Y. 
Montpelier 
Boston, Mass. 
Malone, N. Y. 
South Bend, Ind. 

Indiana 








COMMITTEES OF THE CORPORATION 


PRUDENTIAL COMMITTEE 

Redfield Proctor Frank C. Partridge 

President Paul D. Moody Sanford H. Lane 

John E. Weeks Bert L. Stafford 

Frank L. Bell 

FINANCE COMMITTEE 

Albert H. Wiggin Frank C. Partridge 

James M. Gifford Hall P. McCullough 

Elbert S. Brigham Charles A. Munroe 


COMMITTEE ON WALKER FURLOUGH AND 
EMERGENCY FUND 

President Paul D. Moody J. J. Fritz 

Ernest C. BryantJ 


COMMITTEE ON BATTELL FOREST 

Charles A. Munroe Bert L. Stafford 

Frank L. Bell Homer L. S keels 


COMMITTEE ON SUMMER SCHOOLS 

Albert D. Mead Ellsworth C. 'Lawrence 

Allen Nelson Carl A. Mead 


COMMITTEE ON WOMEN’S COLLEGE 

Allen H. Nelson Charles A. Munroe 

Elbert S. Brigham Carl A. Mead 

James L. Barton 

Note: The first on list is Chairman, 
t Representing the Faculty. 





FACULTY AND OFFICERS 


Paul Dwight Moody, d.d., ll.d. 

President (1921) 3 South Street 

Burt Alden Hazeltine, b.s., a.m. 

Dean of the Men’s College and Professor of 

Mathematics (1924) 18 Battell Block 


i 

Charles Albertus Adams, b.s., a.m. 

Professor of Education (1923) 39 Seminary Street 

Chauncy Corbin Adams, d.d. 

Lecturer in Bible (1931) 2 Pleasant Street 

Raymond Livingston Barney, sc.m., ph.d. 

Professor of Biology (1924) 5 Storrs Avenue 

Benjamin Harlow Beck, a.b. 

Professor of Physical Education and Coach of 

Varsity Football and Basketball (1928) South Street 

Douglas Stowe Beers, ph.d. 

Professor of English (1925) 27 Weybridge Street 

Lea Binand, brevet superieur 

Assistant Professor of French (1929) Chateau 

John Gerald Bowker, b.s., ed.m. 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics (1926) 14 Adirondack View 

JMary Narcissa Bowles, a.m. 

Instructor in Home Economics and 

Assistant Dietitian (1924) Battell Cottage 

Jennie Hannah Bristol 

Registrar (1912) 36 Washington Street 

Arthur Milton Brown, a.b. 

Professor of Physical Education and 

Director of Athletics (1918) 126 Main Street 

Richard Lindley Brown, a.m. 

Instructor in English (1931) 112 Main Street 

Ernest Calvin Bryant, s.b., sc.d. 

Baldwin Professor of Physics (1895) 13 South Street 

William Sargent Burrage, ph.d. 

Professor of Greek Language and Literature (1903) 3 Storrs Avenue 

Note: The dates in parentheses refer to the year of first appointment, 
t Does not instruct men. 




FACULTY AND OFFICERS 


9 


Frank William Cady, a.m., b.litt. (oxon.) 
Professor of English (1909) 

Juan Centeno, a.b., m.d. 

Professor of Spanish and Dean of the Spanish 
School (1931) 

Reginald Lansing Cook, a.b., a.m., b.a. (oxon.) 

Professor of American Literature (1929) 

Ellsworth Bedinger Cornwall, b.a., ll.b. 
Professor of Political Science (1928) 

Alfred Mitchell Dame, a.m. 

Professor of Latin (1928) 

John Perley Davison, a.m. 

Associate Professor of History (1923) 55 

Harry Moore Fife, a.b., a.m. 

Professor of Economics (1925) 

Prudence Hopkins Fish, b. of music 

Assistant Professor of Music (1924) 

Stephen Albert Freeman, pii.d. 

Professor of French and Dean of the French School 
(1925) 

Jay Jacob Fritz, b.s. 

Treasurer and Business Manager (1924) 

Ida V. Gibson, b.s., m.a. 

Instructor in Home Economics (1933) 

Vincent Spencer Goodreds, a.b. 

Associate Professor of Drama and Public Speaking 
(1928) 

John Fessler Haller, b. of chem. 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry (1925) 

Vernon Charles Harrington, l.h.d. 

Boardman Professor of Philosophy (1913) 

Lewis Jackson Hathaway, mus. bac. 

Professor of Music (1916) 

Minnie Hayden 

Instructor Emeritus in Music (1921) 

Robert Dugald Hope, ll.b. 

Assistant Secretary and Assistant Treasurer (1914) 

Frank Eugene Howard, a.m., ph.d. 

Professor of Education and Psychology (1915) 


47 South Street 

60 Washington Street 

121 Main Street 

Deermeadow Farm 

22 South Street 

North Pleasant Street 

122 Main Street 

Vergennes 

24 South Street 

77 Main Street 

Wilcox House 

89 Main Street 

On leave 

4 Storrs Avenue 

135 Main Street 
East Middlebury 
59 Court Street 


1 South Street 




10 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


Julius Stanton Kingsley, a.m., m.sc., ped.m. 

Professor of Education and Social Institutions (1921) 16 Court Street 

Allen Marshall Kline, ph.d. 

Proctor Professor of American History (1920) 18 Pleasant Street 

IClara Blanche Knapp, a.m. 

Professor of Home Economics (1922) The Homestead 

Alfred Larsen 

Instructor in Violin (1920) Burlington 


William Storrs Lee, a.b. 

College Editor and Instructor in English (1930) 

Samuel Earl Longwell, ph.d. 

Burr Professor of Biology (1919) 

William Wesley McGilton, a.m., sc.d. 

Professor Emeritus of Chemistry (1892) 

Laila Adelaide McNeil, a.b. 

Librarian (1913) 

Rose Eleanor Martin, a.b., a.m. 

Assistant Professor of Spanish (1928) 

Willis Grafton Neally, a.b., m.a. 

Instructor in Political Science (1931) 


33 Weybridge Street 
8 Hillcrest Avenue 
21 College Street 

13 Elm Street 
Hillside Cottage 
Middlebury Inn 


fW alter John Nelson, b.s. 

Assistant in Physical Educatiort, Freshman Football Coach, 

Varsity Coach in Baseball and Hockey (1932) Starr Hall 

Werner Neuse, ph.d. 

Associate Professor of German and Assistant Director 

of the German School (1932) 33 South Street 

Harry Goddard Owen, a.b., a.m. 

Associate Professor of English, Assistant Dean of 

Bread Loaf School of English (1926) 3 Storrs Avenue 


Llewellyn Rood Perkins, a.b., b.s., a.m. 
Professor of Mathematics (1914) 

Perley Chesman Perkins, a.m. 

Assistant Professor of English (1923) 

James Stuart Prentice, a.b., a.m. 

Assistant Professor of Economics (1931) 

Albert Ranty, b.s., a.m. 

Associate Professor of French (1925) 

t Does not instruct men. 


10 Hillcrest Avenue 

12 Adirondack View 
28 High Street 
52 Pleasant Street 






FACULTY AND OFFICERS 


11 


JMary Seelye Rosevear, b.s. 

Instructor in Physical Education (1924) Weybridge House 

Eleanor Sybil Ross, a.b., a.m. 

Dean of the Women’s College (1915) 6 Storrs Avenue 

Paul Rusby, a.b., a.m. 

Assistant Professor of Economics (1930) Daniel Chipman Park 

Myron Reed Sanford, a.m., l.h.d. 

Professor Emeritus of Latin Language and 

Literature (1894) 1875 Park Avenue, Bridgeport, Conn. 


Bruno Moritz Schmidt, a.b., a.m. 
Associate Professor of Geology (1925) 

Marian Seaver 

Instructor in Music (1933) 

Russell George Sholes, a.b., a.m. 
Associate Professor of Sociology (1927) 

Everett Skillings, a.m. 

Professor of German (1909) 


Daniel Chipman Park 
46 High Street 

10 Adirondack View 

41 South Street 


Phelps Nash Swett, s.b., a.m. 

Professor of Geography and Graphics (1909) 49 South Street 

Ruth Wood Temple, a.b. 

Assistant Dean of Women (1922) Pearsons Hall 

Joseph Smith Thomas, b.s., m.s. 

Instructor in Chemistry (1934) 

Perley Con ant Voter, a.m. 

Professor of Chemistry (1912) 20 College Street 

Frances H. C. Warner, a.b. 

Director of Admissions for Women and Alumnae 

Secretary (1930) 23 Weybridge Street 

Raymond Henry White, a.m. 

Professor of Latin (1909) 4 Hillcrest Avenue 

Edgar Jolls Wiley, b.s., ed.m. 

Director of Admissions and Personnel for Men and 

Alumni Secretary (1913) 21 South Street 

JEllen Elizabeth Wiley, a.b. 

Associate Professor of Mathematics (1923) 120 Main Street 

Benjamin Franklin Wissler, b.s., a.m. 

Instructor in Physics and Mathematics (1930) 109 South Main Street 


t Does not instruct men. 




12 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


Ennis Bryan Womack, ph.d. 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry (1930) 


34 Weybridge Street 


Charles Baker Wright, a.m., litt.d. 

Professor Emeritus of Rhetoric and English Literature 
(1885) 


2 Storrs Avenue 


IMarion Luella Young, b.s. 

Associate Professor of Physical Education (1918) 


Hillcrest Cottage 


Albert Bigelow Nelson, b.s. 

Graduate Fellow in Chemistry (1933) 

James McWhirter, b.s. 

Graduate Fellow in Chemistry (1933) 


Mary Caroline Dutton, a.m. 

Dietitian (1918) Battell Cottage 

Mrs. Maude Owen Mason 

Superintendent of Dormitories (1916) Hepburn Hall 

Pamelia Smith Powell 

Secretary to the President and Secretary and Recorder 

of the Summer Session (1921) 23 Battell Block 

Walter Weston 

Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds (1925) 25 College Street 

Note: The complete list of administrative officers and assistants is published 
in the College Directory, 
t Does not instruct men. 








FACULTY COMMITTEES 


ON ADMINISTRATION 

The President and the Deans, ex-officio 
A. M. Brown, Cook 

ON CURRICULUM AND PERMANENT SCHEDULE 

White, Adams, Sholes, Davison, Miss Knapp, 

Miss Wiley, the Registrar 

ON ADMISSION 

Wiley, Adams, White, Miss Ross, Hazeltine, Miss Warner 

ON GRADUATE WORK 

Owen, Freeman, Centeno, Longwell, Neuse 

ON LIBRARY 

The President, Owen, Fife, Miss Martin, R. Brown 
ON ATHLETICS 

Swett, A. M. Brown, Hazeltine, Fife, Voter, Cook 

ON STUDENT LIFE AND RESIDENCES 

Barney, Miss Ross, Hazeltine, President Student Council and 
President Student Government, ex-officio 

ON CONFERENCE WITH TRUSTEES 

Harrington, White 

ON CALENDAR 

Wiley, L. R. Perkins, A. M. Brown, the Registrar 

ON SCHOLARSHIP AWARDS 

The President, the Deans, and the Directors of Admission 













GENERAL INFORMATION 


L ike most of the colleges founded in this country up to 1800, Mid- 
dlebury combined the leisurely European theories of education 
with the more practical American principles. Through the 134 years 
of Middlebury history, the liberal arts idea has been stressed. To 
achieve this end most effectively, the College has been kept small in 
size, democratic in spirit, cosmopolitan in outlook. Instruction is 
offered in twenty-four departments by a faculty of over fifty. The 
passing of comprehensive examinations in the subject elected for major 
work is required for securing degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Bache¬ 
lor of Science. In both college and summer session advanced courses 
lead to the degrees of Master of Arts, Master of Science, and Doctor 
of Modern Language. 


For the past half century Middlebury has been co-educational, but 
Co-education s * nce 1900 College has worked toward the separa¬ 
tion of classes for men and women. In 1931 they 
started matriculating in different colleges, and it is anticipated that 
the women will eventually have a separate campus unit, adjacent to 
the men’s. The women’s college will then be affiliated to the men’s 
in administration only. For the present, however, the faculty is largely 
the same, but the curriculum differs where the nature of the subjects, 
interests, and aptitudes of the two groups make it advisable. 


The College is located on the edge of the village of Middlebury in the 

Location west central part of Vermont, the campus overlook- 

an j ing the Champlain Valley with a wide sweep of the 

Campus Green Mountains to the east and the Adirondacks 

across Lake Champlain to the west. It is on the main 
line of the Rutland Railroad with through trains to Boston, New 
York, and Montreal. The local campus comprises 244 acres in four 
sections: the “Old Campus” of 30 acres containing the main build¬ 
ings of the Men’s College; the Battell Campus reserved for buildings 
of the Women’s College; Porter field and athletic grounds of 79 
acres; and a tract along the Otter Creek, on which the College boat 
house is located. The mountain campus, including 31,000 acres, ten 
miles to the east, with its streams, trails, and cabins in the Green 
Mountains, is one of the finest possessions of the College. The 
College plant of fourteen halls and dormitories, built for the most 
part of gray limestone and white marble, colonial in architecture, are 






16 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


planned to establish a general harmony consistent with the extensive 
campus and mountain setting. 

Substantial progress has been made in the past decade, especially in 


equipment, permanent funds, and enrollment. In this 
period have been constructed the Chateau Frangais, 


Growth 


the Music Studios, Porter Hospital, and two additional wings on the 
Egbert Starr Library. Enrollment has more than doubled and, with 
the summer schools, the geographical distribution of students extends 
to forty states as well as foreign countries. The endowments have 
been quadrupled and the annual income trebled. 

Middlebury is non-sectarian, never having had official connection with 


any church. It is, however, the desire of the College 
to foster the tradition of Christian faith and sincere 
moral purpose established by the founders. Students 



are required to attend the daily chapel services led by the President 


and the Sunday vesper services conducted by men of eminence in 
various denominations and the President. A vested choir composed 
of twenty-four students, chosen by competition, is present at all 
services. In a belief that literary and intellectual appreciation as well 
as spiritual experience may be enhanced, the College will require of 
all graduates beginning with the class of 1936 the passing of an ex¬ 
amination in Bible. Preparation for this may be made either individ¬ 
ually or in connection with Biblical literature classes. 

The college course should furnish the foundation for later profes¬ 


sional study or immediate employment in education 
or business, and while the liberal arts college is not 
expected to provide professional training, it is reason- 


Vocational 

Guidance 


able to expect that the fundamental courses needed for later profes¬ 
sional work should be included in the student’s college curriculum. 
This result is not likely to be accomplished, however, without care¬ 
ful organization with that end in view. Much has been done at 
Middlebury in recent years to assist students in deciding on their life 
work and in planning their college courses accordingly. The voca¬ 
tional guidance program includes special library service, cooperation 
of an undergraduate committee, assistance of the college paper, and 
the organization of several other agencies to assist in carrying out 
the program, among which one of the most effective is a series of 
lectures and conferences in which men of prominence in various im- 










GENERAL INFORMATION 


17 


portant occupations participate. There is a sufficient variety of occu¬ 
pations covered in this way so that in the course of a student’s four 
years in College, opportunity is given for securing a wide range of 
information on the field of occupations. 

Among the speakers in this series have been the following: 

Mr. Joseph P. Kasper, ’20, Merchandise Councillor, R. H. Macy & Co., 
Inc., New York City. Subject: “The Department Store as a Field for the 
College Graduate.” 

Dr. Worth Hale, Assistant Dean of Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. 
Subject: “Medicine as a Profession.” 

Dr. John M. Thomas, ’90, Vice-President, National Life Insurance Co., 
Montpelier, Vt. Subject: “Insurance.” 

Mr. J. W. Dietz, Superintendent of Industrial Relations, Western Electric 
Co., Kearny, N. J. Subject: “Personnel Work in Business and Industry.” 

Mr. L. G. Treadway, President of New England Hotel Men’s Association 
and Managing Director of the chain of “Real New England Inns.” Subject: 
“The Hotel Business.” 

Mr. Clarence H. Botsford, ’24, Treasurer’s office of Whiting, Weeks & 
Knowles, Inc., Boston, Mass. Subject: “Investment Banking.” 

Mr. Scott A. Babcock, ’27, Employment Manager, Jordan Marsh Co., Boston, 
Mass. Subject: “Employment Management and the Department Store.” 

Mr. C. Vincent Grant, ’26, Far Eastern Division, National City Bank of 
New York, Osaka, Japan. Subject: “Foreign Trade and Banking.” 

Mr. Allen H. Nelson, ’01, Vice-President, Macmillan Publishing Co., New 
York City. Subject: “The Publishing Business.” 

Hon. Redfield Proctor, Vice-President of the Vermont Marble Co., Proctor, 
Vermont, and formerly President of the New England Council. Subject: 
“Opportunities for the College Man in New England.” 

Prof. W. L. Crum, Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration, 
Cambridge, Mass. Subject: “Training for Business.” 

Dr. James L. Tryon, Director of Admissions, Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, Cambridge, Mass. Subject: “Science and Engineering.” 


Owing to prevailing conditions the plan of bringing representatives 
from specific vocational fields to Middlebury has been temporarily 
discontinued and, instead, Mr. Samuel S. Board, Director of the Yale 
Graduate Placement Bureau, has been engaged for extended periods 
as a special counsellor. 


A number of noteworthy musical attractions are brought to the 
College each year. Some of the most prominent 
artists and organizations which have been heard are: 
the English Singers; the Barrere Little Symphony; 
the Hart House String Quartet; Harold Bauer; Myra Hess; Paul 
Althaus; Hans Kindler; Kathryn Meisle; and Guiomar Novaes. 


Musical 

Attractions 








18 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


Reduced membership fees in the “Community Concert Association” are 
extended to students. 

The College places in the hands of each student a pamphlet of regula- 
College ^° ns conta ^ n ^ n & detailed information as to enrollment, 

Regulations attendance, scholarship, examinations, athletics, and 

student activities. Since the necessarily limited en¬ 
rollment places upon the College the obligation to select candidates 
with the utmost care possible, a responsibility is felt for those who 
are accepted and the gratifying record that Middlebury graduates have 
made is due, we believe, to this. To safeguard this record of the 
past, the College reserves the right to exclude at any time students 
whose conduct or academic standing it regards as undesirable, and 
ivithout assigning any further reason therefor; in such cases the 
fees due or which may have been paid in advance to the College will 
not be refunded or remitted, in whole or in part, a 7 id neither the 
College nor any of its officers shall be ufider any liability whatsoever 
for such exclusion . 


The College aims to investigate and care for the health of each stu- 
Health dent as far as P ossible * The Department of Physical 

Measures Education commands the services of a professor and 
assistants. Prescribed work in physical education and 
hygiene is required of all Freshmen, and attendance is also required 
at such special lectures in hygiene as may be announced by the 
Director of Physical Education. Every Freshman must present, upon 
matriculation, a health certificate signed by a physician. At least 
two physical examinations are given by the Director of Physical 
Education during the Freshman year. Measurements and records 
are kept and corrective exercises are prescribed when needed. 
Students are encouraged to organize and carry on a great variety of 
outdoor sports under the general charge of the Director. All cases 
of illness are reported immediately to the college nurse who cooperates 
with the local physicians. Porter Hospital is fully equipped for the 
accommodation of any cases of illness which may arise. The importance 
to the student of laying a sound physical foundation during the years 
of his college course cannot be overestimated, and the College re- 
semes the right to ask the withdraival of any student whose physical 
condition is not satisfactory. 










GENERAL INFORMATION 


19 


Competent athletic coaching is provided for both Varsity and Fresh- 
Athl t' man sports * Intramural games are arranged, includ¬ 

ing inter class and inter fraternity contests in basket¬ 
ball, baseball, track, winter sports, golf, and tennis. Skiing, snow- 
shoeing, and hockey are special features of the winter season. One 
semester’s residence is required before students are permitted to 
represent the College in varsity contests. A fund now amounting 
to $118,900 was established by the late Hon. A. Barton Hepburn for 
the promotion of major sports. The Director of Athletics, together 
with the Athletic Council, composed of members of the faculty, 
alumni, and students has general supervision over all sports. The 
College does not assume legal responsibility for the expense in caring 
for injuries sustained by student athletes, while training for or par¬ 
ticipating in athletic competition. It has been the policy, however, to 
pay for expenses within reasonable limitations determined by the 
Athletic Council. Middlebury supports varsity teams in football, base¬ 
ball, cross-country, hockey, tennis, golf, basketball, track, and winter 
sports. 

One of the advantages the small college offers is the possibility for 
acquaintance of undergraduates with all members of 
the faculty as well as fellow students. The instructors 

_ _ and administrative officers welcome at any time calls 

Fflcultv 

of students, either at their offices or in their homes. 
The President may be seen from 10.30 to 12 a.m. every day except 
Sunday, and consultation by students on any subject is cordially 
invited. 

Middlebury has a special plan of orientation for the opening week 
with the idea of aiding members of the entering class 
to become adjusted to their new environment as 
quickly as possible. The program includes a mass 
meeting of the class on the opening evening, registration, orientation 
lectures, psychological test, physical examination, sex hygiene lectures, 
and training in use of the library. Each student is assigned to a 
faculty adviser who assists him in making out his program of studies. 

The first three days of the college year, Monday, Tuesday, and 
Wednesday, are given over to registration and condi¬ 
tion examinations. All students are required to enroll 
and register their election of courses in the gymnasium on one of these 
days. For the second semester registration must be completed at 


Contact 

With 


Freshman 

Week 


Registration 








20 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


the Registrar’s office on or before the Friday preceding the second 
semester. A charge of $5 will be made for each enrollment after the 
days assigned for registration. 


Bills are payable by semester in advance, one-half of the yearly charge 
Expenses being payable on registration in the fall and the 
balance at the opening of the second semester. A 
certificate of payment from the Treasurer’s office and a class card 
are required before the student is allowed to attend classes. 

The following table includes the principal items: 


Tuition . $300.00 

College room rent, including heat and electricity 

(limited) .$60.00 to 150.00 

Table board at Hepburn Commons. 225.00 

Gymnasium and athletic fee. 20.00 

Dispensary fee . 3.00 

Publications: 

The Campus . 3.00 

The Saxonian . 100 

The Kaleidoscope . 4 00 

Undergraduate Association dues . 1.00 


With the help of the list of fixed charges given above, the individual 
Variable student should be able to work out an approximate 

p ees estimate of his expenses for the year. The annual 

charges vary'from $617 to $707, exclusive of labora¬ 
tory fees and charges for extra courses, the difference depending on 
the price of the room selected. In addition to these the student 
should consider travel, textbooks, clothing, fraternity dues, and social 
assessments. Items varying according to class, courses, and society: 


Special laboratory fees (see course descriptions).$2.00 to $12.00 

Extra course per semester. 30.00 

Graduation fee (seniors only). 11.00 

Table board at the Chateau. 250.00 

Books and supplies.20.00 to 50.00 

Fraternity dues.40.00 to 100.00 


The College reserves the right to change quoted charges if necessary to meet 
the actual cost. Owing to the present trend of commodity prices and wages, it 
is quite probable that the rates for board will be raised $12.50 for the second 
semester. 


The College does not undertake to guarantee employment to students 
and does not encourage men to enter who are without 
adequate resources. There are, however, a limited 
number of opportunities for men to assist themselves doing such work 


Self-help 





















GENERAL INFORMATION 


21 


as waiting on table in Hepburn dining room, assisting in the labora¬ 
tories and offices of the College, and acting as janitors. The village 
of Middlebury is small and consequently the amount of work avail¬ 
able outside the College is limited. It is the rare student who finds 
sufficient employment to cover his entire expenses, and with the 
present enrollment steady work cannot be supplied to all who apply. 
An employment bureau conducted by the office of the Dean serves 
as a clearing house for such work about the College and village as 
is available. Prior to matriculation, incoming students should address 
all communications concerning employment to the Director of Ad¬ 
missions and Personnel. 


Student 

Societies 


The undergraduate organizations at Middlebury include: Athletic 
Council, Band, Black Panther Serenaders, Blue Key, 
Choir, Debating Team, Der Deutche Verein, Dramatic 
Club, Economics Club, El Club Espanol, English Club, 
Glee Club, Interfraternity Council, Kappa Phi Kappa, Le Cercle 
Frangais, Liberal Club, Mountain Club, Phi Beta Kappa, Pi Delta 
Epsilon, Student Council, Tau Kappa Alpha, Undergraduate Associa¬ 
tion, Varsity “M” Club, Vocation Committee, Waubanakee, and Wig 
and Pen. There are seven Greek-letter social fraternities: Alpha 
Sigma Phi, Beta Kappa, Chi Psi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Delta Upsilon, 
Kappa Delta Rho, and Sigma Phi Epsilon. 


Periodicals edited and managed by students include: Middlebury 
Campus, the weekly newspaper; Saxonian, quarterly literary maga¬ 
zine; Kaleidoscope, College year book, published in May; Handbook, 
annual information booklet for Freshmen. 


Painter Hall, 

Painter Hall 


completed in 1815, is the oldest college building in 
Vermont, and a fine example of New England 
colonial architecture. It was first known as West 
College, but since 1846 has borne the name of Gamaliel Painter, one 
of the founders and early benefactors of the College. Administrative 
offices are now located on the entire first floor of the building. The 
upper three floors provide dormitory facilities; the rooms are fur¬ 
nished with single beds, mattresses, desks, chiffoniers, and chairs. 
Bedding and pillows are furnished by occupants. Showers, heat, 
electricity (a limited amount determined monthly by meter read- 





22 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


ings), and janitor service are provided without extra charge. Several 
of the rooms are arranged in suites of study and bedroom, designed 
for two students, with a charge of $72 for each occupant. Others 
with the same equipment are designed for two to a room, with a 
rental of $60 per year for each occupant. 

The Old Chapel, erected in 1836, is the central structure in the old 
Old Chapel s * one row > an d is built of the same material as Starr 
and Painter Halls. It is used as a recitation and ad¬ 
ministration building, with the College Bookstore on the ground floor. 
The original Chapel on the third floor is used as a lecture room. 

Starr Hall, given by Charles and Egbert Starr, was originally con- 
Starr Hall structed of gray limestone in 1861. The dormitory 
has thirty suites of study, bedroom, and closets, de¬ 
signed for two students. Equipment similar to that in Painter Hall 
is furnished each student at a charge of $72 a year. 

Hepburn Hall, built on one of the highest points of the campus, com- 

Hepburn Hall mands views of exceptional beauty of the village, 
Otter Valley, and both the Green and the Adirondack 
Mountains. The building was erected for the College by Hon. A. 
Barton Hepburn, of the class of 1871. Accommodations for one hun¬ 
dred men are contained in a five-story building of brown tapestry 
brick, with gray stone trim, r 

The rooms, furnished with single beds, mattresses, desks, chiffoniers, 
and chairs, are en suite, with a study for each two men. All bedrooms 
are single and bedding and pillows are furnished by occupants. Each 
suite is connected with a toilet room. There are two separate shower- 
bath rooms on each floor, with three showers each. 

Connected with the main structure by a loggia is the building con¬ 
taining the Commons and social rooms for the men of the College, 
decorated with trophies of the hunting expeditions of Mr. Hepburn in 
Africa and western North America. All members »the Freshman 
class are required to board at the Commons and through a plan for 
rotation in seating, opportunity is offered for meeting classmates. The 
Commons is managed by the College dietitian. 

The charge for rooms is from $80 to $150 a year for each occupant, 
depending upon location. Full janitor service is provided, and there is 
no additional charge for heat and electricity (a limited amount 
determined monthly by meter readings). A matron has her home 
in the building. 







GENERAL INFORMATION 


23 


The Chateau or Maison Frangaise, located at the north end of the 
The Chateau women ’ s cam PUS, is a two and a half-story structure, 
the architecture for which was inspired by the Pavilion 
Henri IV of the palace of Fontainebleau. It is thoroughly French 
in the interior as well as the exterior, with French windows, furniture, 
and decorations. The recitation rooms of the French Department, 
the office of the Dean of the French School, and the Library are all 
housed in this building. A limited number of men students whose 
qualifications are approved by the Dean of the French School are 
given the privilege of taking their meals at the Chateau. 


On May 15, 1914, Ex-Gov. John A. Mead, of the class of 1864, 
Mead Cha el s ^ n ^ e< ^ desire to erect a chapel for the College. 

His letter of gift said: “I have in mind a dignified 
and substantial structure in harmony with the other buildings of the 
College, and expressive of the simplicity and strength of character 
for which the inhabitants of this valley and the State of Vermont 
have always been distinguished.” In accordance with this gift the 
Mead Memorial Chapel was erected in 1915-16. It is a colonial white 
marble structure of the New England meeting-house type with a rich 
and impressive interior. The chancel has accommodations for the 
faculty and a student choir and contains a large pipe organ. In the 
tower is a chime of eleven bells, the gift of Ex-Governor and Mrs. 
Mead. 


The Library, built of six kinds of Vermont marble with funds be- 
Starr Librar fi ueat ^ed by Egbert Starr, was dedicated in 1900. The 
capacity of the original building was more than 
doubled by the construction in 1928 of two wings given by Dr. M. 
Allen Starr, son of the first donor. The main library, including 
reference collections in the Departments of Chemistry, Physics, 
Biology, Drawing, Geology, Greek, and French, numbers about 60,000 
volumes. The private library of Dr. Julian W. Abernethy, consisting 
of about 7,000 volumes in American literature, was bequeathed to the 
College in 1923 and is now housed in the east wing. Frank D. 
Abernethy, brother of the donor, furnished the rooms devoted to this 
collection, where free lectures and readings are held throughout the 
winter season. In this wing also are fine arts, coin and seminar rooms, 
and a Middleburiana and local history department. In the west wing 




24 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


are periodical and typewriter rooms and also a reserve room devoted 
to books withdrawn from general circulation for collateral reading in 
the various courses. The library is open day and evening except 
Saturday night and Sunday morning and students have free access to 
the stacks at all times. 

The Departments of Physics, Biology, Geology, and Drawing and 
Warner Surveying are quartered in Warner Science Hall, 

Science Hall which was built in 1901 through benefactions of Ezra 

J. Warner of the class of 1861. The building is a 
memorial of his father, Hon. Joseph Warner, formerly a resident of 
Middlebury and a Trustee of the College. By the will of Mr. Warner 
the College has received a bequest of $25,000 for the care and mainte¬ 
nance of the Hall, and for the purchase of supplies for the depart¬ 
ments which it accommodates. 

On the upper floors is the Natural History Museum given by 
professors of the College. One of the earliest geological surveys 
of Vermont was conducted by Prof. Charles B. Adams, who then 
occupied the chair of Natural History. He laid the foundation for 
the large collection of fossils representing the different geological 
formations. The work of Prof. Henry M. Seely, long connected 
with the College, is in evidence in the large collections of fossils of 
the Champlain Valley. In bbtany, the complete series of the flower¬ 
ing plants and ferns of the Champlain region, which was collected by 
President Brainerd, is especially notable. Valuable additions have 
been made in the higher fungi and other cryptogamous plants gathered 
by Dr. Edward A. Burt. The Zoological Museum has received acces¬ 
sions from the Smithsonian Institute and from Hon. A. Barton Hep¬ 
burn of the class of 1871. 


Chemistry 

Building 


Since 1913 the Department of Chemistry has been established in the 
marble building erected with a portion of the General 
Education Board fund of $200,000. In the basement 
are organic and research laboratories, photographic 
and general store rooms. The first floor has lecture rooms; the 
second provides three laboratories for qualitative and quantitative 
analysis and private work, library, conference, and balance rooms 
On the upper floor are located general chemical and private labora¬ 
tories and a lecture room. 








GENERAL INFORMATION 


25 


The Gymnasium, erected in 1910, is named for the Hon. John G. 

. McCullough of Bennington. The structure is marble 

c u oug an( j the style colonial, like the other buildings of the 
College. The main floor contains an exercising room, 
basketball court, and a stage for dramatic presentations. The base¬ 
ment contains a locker room, showers, director’s office and examina¬ 
tion room, faculty locker room, two handball courts, boxing room, 
and quarters for visiting athletic teams. A serving room renders the 
building available for college banquets. 


Athletic Field 


The Porter Athletic Field, situated southeast of the Library, ex¬ 
tends from the Cornwall road to South Street. It 

is about eighty acres in extent. The grounds contain 
a quarter-mile cinder track, baseball and football fields, a special field 
for Freshman athletics, and a grandstand. In 1917 the College 
acquired one hundred additional acres with frontage on Otter Creek, 
where the boathouse is located. Students are permitted to use the 

Middlebury Country Club golf course without charge during the 

college year. 


This brick building of colonial design is the gift of Mrs. Emily 
M * St di P roctor Telfer, and houses the studios of the members 
of the Music Department. Rooms are given over to 
instrumental and vocal practice as well as a larger studio used for Glee 
Club and Band rehearsals. 

The Playhouse, located on Weybridge Street, is the studio for the 
Dramatic Club and Play Production classes. Com¬ 
plete equipment for college plays is provided. Most 
courses in the Department of Drama are given here. 


The Porter Hospital, completed in 1925, was given by Mr. William 
H. Porter, in memory of his father and mother, for 
the use of the College and of the people of Addison 
County. It is of fireproof construction and equipped 
in the most modern fashion. A superintendent, an interne, and a corps 
of graduate nurses are always on duty. A nurses’ home, annex, and 
other improvements have since been added by Mrs. Porter. 


Porter 

Hospital 





26 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


In assigning rooms, preference is given to students in College in 
Assignment order of classes * A drawing for rooms will be held 

of Rooms a bout May 1. Students now occupying rooms and 

desiring to retain the same may do so by depositing 
a $5 advance payment on room rent with the Dean before April 30. 
Incoming students desiring rooms for next year may secure reserva¬ 
tions by sending the $5 advance deposit to the Director of Admissions 
and Personnel. Such reservations may not be cancelled after August 
1. Students reserving rooms are responsible for room rent during 
the year. Rooms not taken May 1 will be assigned to students apply¬ 
ing later in order of application, irrespective of classes. All rooms 
are assigned subject to the regulations of the College as to student 
residences, and occupants are liable for any damage to the dormitory 
and its furnishings. The halls will be ready for occupancy by students 
on the first day of registration following the summer vacation period. 
The Dean or a duly designated representative of the College shall have 
the right to inspect at any time any of the rooms occupied by students. 

Middlebury has acquired distinction as a pioneer in establishing the 
Summer segregated one-language summer schools, first of 

Schools which was the German School founded in 1915. This 

had a flourishing existence for three years, but was 
discontinued in 1918 when Jhe teaching of German in high schools 
was given up, due to the World War. Its immediate success was 
attested by the opening of the French Summer School in 1916, of the 
Spanish School the following year, and the spread of segregated lan¬ 
guage instruction to other institutions. In response to a wide demand 
the German School was revived in 1931 at Bristol. An Italian House 
was opened in 1932. Since the Deans of these schools are perma¬ 
nently connected with the College it is possible for undergraduates 
during the winter session to benefit by the advantages introduced into 
language teaching. Bread Loaf Inn, twelve miles east of the College, 
is the home of the Bread Loaf School of English, where a six weeks 
session is held each summer for graduate students, followed by the 
Writers’ Conference of two weeks. 

One of the most unique gifts to an American college was the be- 
Battell quest of the late Joseph Battell to Middlebury, re- 

Forest ceived in 1916. For over forty years Mr. Battell had 

been acquiring forest and mountain lands in the 
vicinity of Middlebury with a view to the preservation of the forest 





GENERAL INFORMATION 


27 


and the beauty of the natural scenery of the region. His holdings 
amounted to about 31,000 acres along the highest ridge of the Green 
Mountains and included several of the higher mountains of Vermont. 
This estate is appraised at $400,000. 

The government of the College is by a board of Trustees whose cor- 

~ porate title is “The President and Fellows of Middle- 

(aovemment , _ .. „ .... 

, „ bury College. The corporation is self-perpetuating 

ana Kesources . . , . , .. 

and the charter of the College contains no restrictions 

as to elections. The College owns buildings, equipment and grounds 
valued at $1,720,000. The permanent endowment amounts to 
$4,210,000. An appropriation of $7,200 is received from the State 
of Vermont, for scholarships. The expenditures for the year 1932-33 
were approximately $360,000. The College has never impaired its 
endowments and is not in debt. 






ADMISSION 


METHODS OF ADMISSION 

Students are admitted to Middlebury College either by certificate or 
by examination. Applications should be made to the Director of Ad¬ 
missions and Personnel. After applications have been received the 
necessary blanks for admission will be sent. Certificate forms are 
always sent to the principal of the school; other blanks are sent to 
the applicant. 

CERTIFICATION 


REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATION 

For admission by certificate, 15 points or admission units are 
necessary. A point or unit represents a year’s study in any subject 
in a secondary school, constituting approximately a quarter of a full 
year’s work, except in English where 3 points are given for 4 years’ 
work. The Definition of Requirements of the College Entrance Ex¬ 
amination Board is accepted as a standard for the requirements in the 
various subjects in the case of students entering by certificate as well 
as by examination. The secondary school subjects are, for purposes 
of admission to college, grouped under three heads: required points, 
optional points, and free choices. 

L Required points: 

a. Of all students, English, 3 points; Algebra, 2 points; Geometry, 
1 point. 

b. Of A.B. students, *Latin, 4 points; or Greek, 3 points. 

c. Of B.S. students, Foreign language, 2 points. 

II. Optional points: 

Two points from the following groups of options are to be chosen 
by A.B. students and four by B.S. students. 


Language 


History and Social Science Science 


Latin 

Greek 

French 

German 

Italian 

Spanish 


Ancient History 
European History 
English History 
American History 


Mathematics 

Chemistry 

Physics 

Biology 

Physical 

Geography 

Botany 

Zoology 

Drawing 


* A student with a preparatory school record of high quality but presenting 
only 3 units of Latin, may be admitted to the A. B. course, if it is the judgment 
of the admission committee that he can successfully carry the college work in 
that course. 








ADMISSION 


29 


III. Free choices: 

Subject to the approval of the Admission Committee, the remain¬ 
ing points may be chosen from any subjects taken in the preparatory 
school and not already used in making up the required and optional 
points. 

ELIGIBILITY FOR CERTIFICATION 

Students in New England from schools upon the approved list oi 
the New England College Entrance Certificate Board may be ad¬ 
mitted on certificate of their high school principals. No total certifi¬ 
cation for less than eight points mill he considered, but the eight 
points need not all be from the same school. 

Students who have only partial certification totaling eight points 
or more may make up deficiencies by examinations covering the 
points in which they are not certified; or they may enter wholly by 
examination. 

Schools not upon the approved list of the Certificate Board, but 
meeting its requirements in respect to curriculum, teaching staff and 
equipment, may, for the purpose of showing their standard of certifi¬ 
cation, send one or more students on certificate, if arrangements for 
so doing are concluded with the Board before April 1. Inquiries on 
this subject may be addressed to Prof. Frank W. Nicolson, Secretary 
of the Board, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn. 

Subject to the approval of the Committee on Admissions, students 
outside of New England from schools upon the approved list in their 
respective states may be admitted on the same basis as those from 
approved schools in New England. 

Students who have passed the examinations of the College Entrance 
Examination Board, or of the Board of Regents of the State of New 
York, with satisfactory grades, will be credited upon certificate for 
all such courses. 

Certification will not be accepted in the mathematics courses zuhich 
are required for admission to the B.S. course if more than one school 
year has intervened between the completion of the study of mathe¬ 
matics in preparatory school and the time for matriculation. 

ENTRANCE CONDITIONS 

Owing to the necessity for restricting the number of entering stu¬ 
dents because of the over-crowded condition of the College, the pref¬ 
erence will be given to those entering without conditions, but students 
otherwise highly recommended, may, if there is a place for them, be 





30 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


admitted conditioned not more than two points. Not more than one 
of these conditions may be in a required subject and no conditions 
will be allowed in required subjects in which the candidate has no 
preparatory school record; except that a student with an exceptional 
scholastic record who has had no modern language may enter con¬ 
ditioned up to two points therein, provided he begins the study of a 
modern language in college. No student will be allowed to enter the 
course leading to the B.S. degree conditioned in the minimum mathe¬ 
matics requirement for admission to that course, which consists of 
two years of Algebra and one year of Plane Geometry. 

The methods by which entrance conditions may be removed are as 
follows: 

a. By examination. The regular entrance examinations in Septem¬ 
ber furnish convenient opportunities for those wishing to avail them¬ 
selves of this method. 

b. By an average of 80 per cent in all the work of the Freshman 
year, which will remove all entrance conditions provided the student’s 
grade in no subject falls below the passing grade. 

c. By the operation of the following rule: Entrance conditions re¬ 
maining at the opening of a student’s second year will be cancelled by 
deducting three credits from his college record for each unit or frac¬ 
tion thereof; but this shall not be construed as prejudicing any work 
that he may have done toward satisfying major and minor require¬ 
ments, or in meeting his prescribed courses. After the opening of his 
second year, no student may take an examination to remove entrance 
conditions. 

SPECIAL CERTIFICATION 

Students who have graduated from any approved high school in 
the first third of the class and whom their principals will certify upon 
the general record of their courses, rather than in individual subjects, 
may be admitted provided they have satisfied the required points as 
stated above for entrance upon the work of either degree. A de¬ 
tailed statement of the high school course will be accepted in each 
case by the Admission Committee as satisfying the remaining points 
up to fifteen provided it shows that the student has included in his 
course the following list of subjects or their equivalents: 4 years of 
English; 3 years of Mathematics (2 years of Algebra and 1 year of 
Plane Geometry) ; 2 years of a foreign language (for A.B. students, 
4 years of Latin or 3 of Greek) ; 1 year of History; 1 year of Natural 
Science. No conditions will be allowed. 

Approved high schools are: in New England, schools upon the ap¬ 
proved list of the New England College Entrance Certificate Board; 






ADMISSION 


31 


outside of New England, subject to the approval of the committee on 
admissions, schools upon the approved list issued by the Department 
of Education in their state. 

It is understood that in granting special certification, the principal 
who certifies any student is assuming the same obligation for the 
work that he is for a student to whom he gives regular certification. 

LIMITATION OF ENROLLMENT 

The membership of the Freshman class is limited. Early applica¬ 
tion is therefore desirable. In the selection of the entering class, per¬ 
sonality, as well as scholarship, is an important consideration. Tenta¬ 
tive choice of applicants will be made by a series of selections, the 
first on the twentieth of March preceding entrance, and subsequent 
ones on the twentieth of each succeeding month until the quota is 
filled. 


EXAMINATIONS 

JUNE EXAMINATIONS 

Students desiring to make up deficiencies in certification by ex¬ 
amination, or to enter by examination alone may make use of the 
examinations given by the College Entrance Examination Board, 
June 17-22, 1935. The College itself gives no entrance examinations 
in June. 

Students who desire to enter entirely by examination may make 
application for admission on the basis of “New Plan” (“Plan B”) 
examinations (examinations in four fundamental subjects). Informa¬ 
tion on subjects to be chosen for “New Plan” examinations may be 
secured by application to the Director of Admissions and Personnel. 

Examinations will be held in nearly 400 towns and cities in the 
United States and abroad. 

Blank forms for the “Application for Examination” and the 
“Teacher’s Recommendation” may be obtained from the Secretary of 
the College Entrance Examination Board upon request by mail. The 
application should be returned to the College Entrance Examination 
Board, 431 West 117th Street, New York City. The Teacher’s 
Recommendation should be sent directly to the Committee on Ad¬ 
mission of the College. 




32 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


Every application for examination must be accompanied by the ex¬ 
amination fee, which is $10.00 for all candidates. This fee should be 
remitted by postal order, express order, or draft on New York, 
payable to the College Entrance Examination Board. 

The designation of the center to which the candidate will go for 
examination is regarded as an indispensable part of the application 
for examination. A list of places at which examinations will be held 
in June, 1935, will be published about March 1. Requests that the 
examinations be held at particular points should be transmitted to the 
Secretary of the College Entrance Examination Board not later 
than February 1, 1935. 

Candidates should report for a morning examination at 8.45 and 
for an afternoon examination at 1.45, Standard or Daylight Saving 
Time, according to the usage of the local public schools. Under no 
circumstances will a candidate be admitted late to the Scholastic 
Aptitude Test. 

Detailed definitions of the requirements in all examination subjects 
are given in a circular of information published annually about 
December 1 by the College Entrance Examination Board. Upon re¬ 
quest a single copy of this document will be sent to any teacher with¬ 
out charge. In general a charge of twenty-five cents, which may be 
remitted in postage, will be made. 

FALL EXAMINATIONS 

In the fall, examinations will be given by the College to enable 
students who have been accepted to make up minor deficiencies. 

Candidates who are unable to meet the minimum requirements with¬ 
out depending upon the fall examinations but who can present eight 
or more units by certificate or on the basis of the examinations given 
by the College Entrance Examination Board may apply for fall ex¬ 
aminations but it is understood that places in the quota for the 
Freshman class cannot be guaranteed to such candidates, even if suc¬ 
cessful in the examinations, unless there is a sufficient number of 
vacancies in the quota to make possible their acceptance. 

ADVANCED STANDING 

A candidate for admission to advanced standing who comes from 
an approved institution of collegiate rank may receive credit, with¬ 
out examination, for work done at such institution, if a detailed state- 






ADMISSION 


33 


ment of previous work is presented. This statement should include a 
full list of preparatory subjects accepted for admission by the insti¬ 
tution previously attended, and also a list of the subjects taken there 
for which credit has been attained. A letter of honorable dismissal 
from the institution last attended also must be presented, and no 
student who has been separated from another institution for reasons 
of scholarship will be granted any academic favor that would not be 
extended by the institution from which the separation was made. 

Only a limited number of students can be accepted in any year by 
transfer from other institutions, and all students transferring from 
other institutions will be provisionally classified for their first year. 
At the close of this period their credits will be adjusted and it will 
be understood that in making the adjustment the quality of the work 
done at Middlebury will be taken into consideration. 

A student satisfying an instructor of fitness to do so may take a 
qualifying examination in any subject of the Freshman year, which, 
if passed, will be accepted as prerequisite to the succeeding course, 
but will not entitle the student to college credit for the examination 
so passed. An examination in Mathematics or Latin so passed will 
apply toward meeting the mathematical or classical requirement for 
a degree. 






THE COLLEGE CURRICULUM 


Middlebury College confers the degrees of Bachelor of Arts and 
Bachelor of Science. Since the curriculum requirements for these 
degrees involve less than one-half of the total number of courses 
necessary for graduation, considerable latitude is made possible in the 
wide range of electives. To obtain the variety of interests and breadth 
of view which graduation from a college of liberal arts implies, under¬ 
graduates are urged to distribute their free choices wisely. Students 
should plan their four years’ work, bearing in mind that a compre¬ 
hensive examination must be taken at the end of the senior year cover¬ 
ing all the subjects in which major work was done. Advisers are 
appointed to give students individual assistance in making the wisest 
selection of courses. The schedule of courses must be endorsed by the 
adviser before the Registrar will send class cards to the instructors. 


ORGANIZATION OF COURSES 


The twenty-four departments are arranged in three divisions as 


follows: 



Language Division 

Social Science Division 

Natural Science Division 

American Literature 
Drama and 

Public Speaking 
English 

French 

German 

Greek 

Italian 

Latin 

Spanish 

Economics 

Education and 
Psychology 

Fine Arts 

History 

Music 

Philosophy 

Physical Education 
Political Science 
Sociology 

Biology 

Chemistry 

Drawing and Surveying 
Geology and Geography 
Mathematics 

Physics 


The normal number of courses of study required of each student 
in a given year is five. In order for sophomores, juniors, and seniors 
to take six courses they must have attained an average of 80 percent 
in all work of the previous year; to take seven courses, 90 percent. 
A charge of $30 a semester is made for each extra course. 

Undergraduate work is reckoned in semester hours and courses. 
A semester hour means one period of class work per week for one 
semester. All courses, unless otherwise stated, are conducted three 
hours a week, so that the normal amount of classroom work required 
is fifteen recitation hours a week, exclusive of preparation. Labora- 





THE COLLEGE CURRICULUM 


35 


tory courses require double periods, each double period usually count¬ 
ing the same as one hour of recitation. 

While the amount of time required for thorough preparation differs 
in different studies and for different students, every student should 
allow at least two hours for the preparation of each hour of recita¬ 
tion; the best results of collegiate training cannot be expected from 
less. 

The range of curriculum requirements and free electives is indicated 
by classes in the following outline. Every candidate for a Bacca¬ 
laureate degree is required to complete the work of the group chosen 
before graduation. 


First Year 

Group 1—A.B. 

1. English, 3 hours each semester. 

2. Contemporary Civilization, 3 hours each semester. 

3. Ancient Language, 3 hours each semester. 

4. Modern Language, 3 hours each semester. 

5. Biology, Chemistry, History, Mathematics, Music, or Political Science, 
3 hours each semester. 

Group 2—A.B. or B.S. 

1. English, 3 hours each semester. 

2. Contemporary Civilization, 3 hours each semester. 

3. Modern Language or Political Science, 3 hours each semester. 

4. Ancient Language (A.B.) or Mathematics (B.S.), 3 hours each semester. 

5. History, Music, or Laboratory Science (Biology or Chemistry), 3 hours each 
semester. 

Group 3—B.S. 

1. English, 3 hours each semester. 

2. Contemporary Civilization, 3 hours each semester. 

3. Mathematics, 3 hours each semester. 

4. Science (Biology or Chemistry), 3 hours each semester. 

5. Modern Language, History, Music, or Political Science, 3 hours each 
semester. 

Three hours of Physical Education each semester are required of all Fresh¬ 
men, but without credit. 

Shifting from one group to another during or at the close of the 
first year will not be permitted without the approval of the personal 
and chief advisers, and then only when the student’s record shows 
clearly that the original course was a mistaken one. Exceptional 
cases will be decided by the chief adviser upon consultation with the 
head of the department concerned. 

Freshmen may take practical work in music but without college 
credit. 




36 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


Second Year 

Group 1—A.B. 

1. English (including American Literature and Drama and Public Speaking), 
3 hours each semester. 

2. Ancient Language, 3 hours each semester. 

3. Modern Language, 3 hours each semester. 

4. Biology, Chemistry, Geology and Geography, Mathematics, or Physics, 3 
hours each semester. 

5. Economics, Education and Psychology, History, Music, Philosophy, Sociology, 
Drawing and Surveying, Physical Education, or Political Science, 3 hours 
each semester. 

Group 2—A.B. or B.S. 

1. English (including American Literature and Drama and Public Speaking), 
3 hours each semester. 

2. Ancient Language (A.B.) or Mathematics (B.S.), 3 hours each semester. 

3. Laboratory Science, Education and Psychology, Mathematics, Modern 
Language, Music, Sociology, Drawing and Surveying, Geology and Geography, 
or Physical Education, 3 hours each semester. 

4 and 5. Economics, History, Philosophy or Political Science, 6 hours each 
semester. 

Group 3—B.S. 

1. English Literature, American Literature, Drama and Public Speaking, or 
Modern Language, 3 hours each semester. 

2. Mathematics 3 hours each semester. 

3. Science (Biology, Chemistry, Geology and Geography, or Physics), 3 hours 
each semester. 

4 and S. Drawing and Surveying, Economics, Education, History, Philosophy, 
Sociology, Physical Education, Music, or Political Science, 6 hours each 
semester. 

A year of Physics or a second year of Chemistry, Biology, or 
Geology may be substituted for the second year of Mathematics but 
the requirements governing elections must always be so interpreted 
that no Sophomore may elect two courses in the same department 
at the same time. 


Third and Fourth Years 

1. Students are required to state at the beginning of their Junior year in 
what field the major part of their work is to be done. 

2. Mathematics, 3 hours each semester. 

within departments the earlier courses of the first or second year or both. 
The remaining two-fifths may be chosen without other restriction than the 
approval of the personal and chief advisers. 

3. Advanced courses shall be based, when practicable, upon carefully pre¬ 
scribed prerequisites, which shall be fixed, so far as possible, by conferences 
of all instructors working in the same and related fields. 

4. Three courses may be taken simultaneously in a single department. 




THE COLLEGE CURRICULUM 


37 


No change in studies will be allowed during the first week of class¬ 
room work except by permission of the Chief Adviser. During the 
second week of classroom work a change may be made only with the 
permission of the Chief Adviser and the Instructor involved, and the 
payment of a fee of $5. For making a change during the third week 
of classroom work a fee of $10 will be required. The fee in each 
case must be paid to the Registrar before the new Admittance Card 
is given to the Instructor. After the third week of classroom work 
no change may be made except within a department and upon the 
initiative of the Instructor. 

Most of the courses of instruction offered in the various depart¬ 
ments are lettered A, B, or C—an A course being elementary and a 
C course the most advanced. These letters refer not only to the 
evaluation of the courses as regards difficulty but also to the order in 
which they should be taken; admission to courses of advanced grade 
is usually gained only by completing one or more appropriate courses 
of more elementary grade which are designated prerequisites. 

The satisfactory completion of 40 semester courses of 3 hours or 
more each per week, or their equivalent in year courses, is required 
for either degree. The final year of work must be taken at Middle- 
bury College. 

All students beginning with the class of 1936 are required before 
graduation either to pass an examination in Biblical Literature or 
elect English 37. 


SCHOLARSHIP 

Scholarship is graded on the scale of 100 percent, 60 percent being 
passing. 

Reports of standing are made at the end of each semester. At 
these times notices of failures are sent to both students and parents. 

At least 32 of the 40 semester courses required for graduation must 
be of not less than 70 percent grade. 

A student credited with the equivalent of eight semester courses at 
the beginning of the college year will be ranked as a Sophomore for 
that year; with 18, a Junior; with 28, a Senior. 

Not more than six semester hours can be attained by an under¬ 
graduate at a Summer Session. Proportionate credit will be allowed 
for work in summer sessions or summer quarters at other institutions 
where the period of summer work is longer than six weeks. 




38 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


CONDITIONS IN COLLEGE WORK 

A student who fails to pass an examination at the close of the 
first semester and is thereby conditioned, but who is permitted to re¬ 
main in college, is given an opportunity to take another examination 
either on the first day after the Easter recess or on such one of the 
first three days of the next college year as shall be determined by 
the Registrar. A student who is conditioned at the close of the 
second semester, and who is permitted to remain in college, may take 
an examination on such one of the first three days of the next college 
year as shall be determined by the Registrar, or on the first day after 
the Christmas recess. 

Application for the opportunity to remove a condition or deficiency 
must be made to the Registrar and a fee of $5 paid. If an examina¬ 
tion is to be taken, the application to the Registrar must be made at 
least one week in advance of the time set for the examination. 

A make-up examination must be taken at the time for which the 
student registers, unless excused by the Dean in advance. 

No exception will be made save in the following cases: 

1. A Senior may take an examination for each deficiency, or con¬ 
dition, incurred during the Senior year, on the Friday preceding Com¬ 
mencement. 

2. If the course in which a student has been conditioned is given in 
the Summer Session, the condition may be removed by taking that 
course and passing at its close an examination which will be based 
upon the regular college course and, if possible, be set by the in¬ 
structor who imposed the condition. 

To remove a condition the average of the term mark and the new 
examination mark combined in the ratio of three to one must reach 
60 percent. 

Any student failing to make up a condition as provided for above 
must repeat the course with the following class if the subject is a 
required one, even though, from conflict of hours or any other cause, 
it necessitates the temporary omission of some of the regular work 
of his class. 


EXAMINATIONS 

Most courses are offered in year rather than semester units and 
final examinations on the whole year’s work are given in June. How¬ 
ever, when they are listed as half-year courses final examinations are 
given at the end of each semester. 




THE COLLEGE CURRICULUM 


39 


A student inexcusably absent from an examination will be condi¬ 
tioned. A student unavoidably absent from college at the time set by 
the Registrar for taking the examination will be given an opportunity 
without fee immediately upon the return to college or before the 
beginning of the corresponding semester of the following year. If 
one fails to meet this requirement, the course must be repeated with 
the following class if the subject is a required one. 

A student whose grade in any course falls below 50 percent is ex¬ 
cluded from examination and must, if the subject is a required one, 
repeat it with the following class. 

A student will be conditioned whose recitation and examination 
mark combined in the ratio of three to one is below 60 percent. No 
student whose examination mark is below 50 percent will be allowed 
to pass. 


COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATIONS 

At the end of the Senior year every student must pass a general 
examination testing comprehensive knowledge of the subject in which 
major work was chosen and covering all of the requirements in that 
department. A passing grade of 60 percent in this is required for 
graduation. This examination is divided into not less than two parts 
of at least two hours each, and given a week or more before the begin¬ 
ning of final examinations. Each department may require related 
courses in other departments, as part of the material of the general 
examination. 

Students majoring in a modern language should have the ability to 
understand, speak, and write the language easily and should have 
acquired a knowledge of the history and civilization, the chief authors 
and main currents in the literature of the country. 

A student who fails to pass the comprehensive may take a second 
examination on the Friday preceding Commencement. In case of 
failure in this, a make-up will not be allowed until May of the follow¬ 
ing year, and then only when proof of serious study in preparation is 
shown. Beginning with the class of 1936 no make-up in a compre¬ 
hensive examination may be taken until the following May. 

Students who pass the comprehensive with a grade of 75 percent 
may, at the discretion of the department, be excused from final course 
examinations in any or all courses that may fall within the field of 
concentration, including allied courses accepted for this purpose. It is 



40 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


understood, however, that no student is excused from any other re¬ 
quirement in courses. 

The week previous to the time taken up by the Comprehensive Ex¬ 
aminations is considered a Reading Period for seniors and classes 
composed of over 80 percent seniors may be discontinued at the dis¬ 
cretion of the instructor. In all other courses seniors are held re¬ 
sponsible for material content which can be covered by reading or 
laboratory work, but are not required to attend classes nor held re¬ 
sponsible for the class discussion. Departments assist students in 
organizing and coordinating their material for the comprehensive ex¬ 
aminations by individual conferences, group seminars, series of lec¬ 
tures, reading lists and syllabi, sample examinations, or senior co¬ 
ordinating courses. 

The purpose of the comprehensive examination requirement is to 
put the emphasis on the assimilation of knowledge and on the acquisi¬ 
tion of a broad and deep comprehension of the student’s major subject, 
both in the various phases of the subject itself and also in its relation 
to other branches of knowledge. The required and recommended 
courses indicated for each department are a guide to the material 
to be covered by the examination. Instead of the mere accumulation 
of points from a certain number of isolated courses passed, the Mid- 
dlebury Bachelor’s Degree represents a unified body of intellectual 
experience, gathered and assimilated over a period of four years, and 
correlated for practical application to intellectual problems. 


DEPARTMENTAL HONORS 

As an incentive to such students as have the ability to do more 
than should be required of the majority, and to promote and en¬ 
courage individual investigation in the various departments of the 
curriculum, the faculty has established a system of honors. These are 
divided into two classes, Honors and High Honors, and are subject 
to the following regulations: 

1. Honors must be sought in the department in which the candi¬ 
date is concentrating, and at the end of his course his application for 
Honors must have the unanimous recommendation of the department. 

2. The candidate shall announce the intention of working for 
Honors to the head of the department concerned at a time not later 
than the registration period at the beginning of the Senior year. 
It is urgently recommended, however, that the candidate consult with 
the departmental head at as early a time as possible in order that the 





THE COLLEGE CURRICULUM 


41 


requirements for Honors in the department concerned may be 
thoroughly understood and completely met. 

3. Each candidate for Honors shall be required to pass by unani¬ 
mous vote of the entire department concerned a special comprehensive 
examination to be devised and administered by the department in 
which Honors are sought and as specified in Section 6 that follows. 
Each department shall issue at least one year before the date set for 
the special examination a statement of the material on which the ex¬ 
amination shall be based and shall have the right to include such 
special requirements as seem suitable, such as complementary courses 
in allied departments, etc. 

4. In order to secure Honors a student must have obtained an 
average rank of not less than 80 percent in the department in which 
Honors are sought; a general average of not less than 80 percent in 
the entire college course, and a grade of 85 percent in the special 
comprehensive examination. In order to secure High Honors the 
student must obtain an average rank of not less than 90 percent in 
the department in which High Honors are sought; a general average 
of not less than 85 percent in the entire college course, and a grade 
of 90 percent in the special comprehensive examination. 

5. Candidates for Honors are expected to consult frequently with 
departmental heads concerning their progress in fulfilling require¬ 
ments and in general concerning their preparation for the special 
comprehensive examinations. 

6. Candidates for Honors shall be required to take the regular De¬ 
partmental comprehensive examination with the addition of sufficient 
examination material to test the candidate’s special preparation in his 
Honors work. It should be understood that this additional material 
with the regular departmental comprehensive examination shall con¬ 
stitute in effect a special examination. Should the candidate be un¬ 
successful in passing this examination the grade should be recorded 
and the candidate should then be given a grade for a regular compre¬ 
hensive examination. Such candidates will, therefore, be subject to 
the usual requirements governing the regular comprehensive examina¬ 
tions required of all students. 

These honors will be printed on the Commencement program and 
in the next annual Catalogue, and will be certified to, when requested, 
by a written certificate from the Registrar and the professor of the 
department, stating the nature and quality of the extra work done. 

The degrees of A.B and B.S. are conferred cum laude upon those 
who have attained an average rank, for the entire course, of 85 to 
90 percent; magna cum laude if that rank is 90 to 95 percent; summa 
cum laude if it is 95 percent or above. 





42 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


HONORARY APPOINTMENTS 

The faculty, under the direction of the Corporation, give the honor¬ 
ary Commencement appointments in College; to the man attaining 
highest rank, the appointment of Valedictorian, and to the second in 
rank, the appointment of Salutatorian. 

PHI BETA KAPPA 

The Middlebury Chapter of the Phi Beta Kappa Society is the 
Beta of Vermont. Members of each Senior class, who have attained 
an average rank of 89 percent for six semesters, or an average rank 
of 87^2 percent for eight semesters are eligible for membership, up 
to a maximum of 15 percent of the class. 




DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF 
INSTRUCTION 


Most of the courses meet three times a week. The year in which a 
course would be elected most effectively by the average student is 
clearly indicated by the number used to define the course: numbers 
from 11 to 19 inclusive indicate Freshman courses; numbers from 21 
to 29, Sophomore courses; from 31 to 39, Junior courses; and from 
41 to 49, Senior Courses. Figure 1 following the decimal point in 
the number of a course {e.g., 21.1) shows that it is a first semester 
course; figure 2 {e.g., 21.2) that it is a second semester course; the 
number without figure following decimal point {e.g., 21.) indicates 
that it is a year course. Unless otherwise stated semester courses 
carry 3 credits and year courses 6 credits toward the required 120. 

Prerequisite courses are shown in parentheses. Bracketed courses 
are not given in the current year. Not more than three courses in 
one department may be taken at the same time except by permission 
of the Administration Committee. In any modern language, students 
of any class will be assigned to those courses for which, in the judg¬ 
ment of the instructor, they are best fitted. 


AMERICAN LITERATURE 
Professor Cook 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 21.; 31.; 41.1 or its alternate; 
41.2 or its alternate. 

21. American Literature Survey. B 

A study of the main currents of literary thought in America to 1900, 
with particular emphasis on selected works of some major writers. 
(English 11.) 

31. The American Novel. C 

A study of the main tendencies in the development of the novel in 
America. (American Literature 21.) (Permission.) 

41.1 The American Short Story. C 

A study of the development of the short story in America, with 
optional practice in writing. (American Literature 21.) (Permis¬ 
sion.) 

41.2 Contemporary American Poetry. C 

A study in contemporary American poetry as revealed in the work 
of outstanding poets. (American Literature 21.) (Permission.) 



44 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


[42.1 Emerson and Thoreau. C] 

An intensive study of the work of major American authors who have 
made important contributions to American thought. (American Litera¬ 
ture 21.) (Permission.) 

51. Special Research Courses. C 

Open to qualified students. Recommended for Seniors preparing to 
obtain honors in American Literature. (American Literature 21.) 
(Permission.) 


BIOLOGY 
Professor Longwell 
Professor Barney 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examinations: 11.; 21.; 22.; 31.; 32.1, .2. 
Courses recommended: Chemistry 11.; Organic Chemistry; Introductory 
Logic. 

11. General Biology. A 

An introduction to the fundamental biological laws and to the study 
of the interrelation of organisms; structure and function of physio¬ 
logical systems; laboratory study of selected animals and plants. 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year. 

Professor Longwell. 

21. Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates. C. Grad. 

A comprehensive study of vertebrate structure with special reference 
to man, adaptation and evolution. Dissection of selected animal types. 
(Biol. 11.) 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year. 

Professor Longwell. 

22. Structure and Physiology of Plants. B 

The morphology and physiology of seed plants; a general survey of 
the plant kingdom from the viewpoint of comparative morphology and 
physiology. (Biol. 11.) 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year. 

Professor Barney. 

41. General Bacteriology. C. Grad. 

Lectures and laboratory practice; structure and physiology of bac¬ 
teria; the technique of their study; preparation of stains, reagents, 
culture media; determination of species; the bacteriology of water, 
sewage, milk, shellfish; animal immunity, cyclogeny, bacteriophagy. 
(Biol. 11.) 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year. 

Professor Barney. 




DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 45 


[42.1 Natural History. C] 

Comparative anatomy of invertebrates; identification of species; life 
histories; environmental studies; habitats; relations with man. De¬ 
signed for advanced students of biology expecting to become teachers 
or instructors in nature study. Lectures, field and laboratory exercises. 
(Permission.) Seniors and Juniors. 

Laboratory fee, $10 for the semester. 

31. General Physiology. C. Grad. 

The functions of organs of the human body; physical and chemical 
nature of protoplasm; the structure of cells, cell physiology; chemis¬ 
try of foods; digestion; metabolism; circulation; respiration; endo¬ 
crine function; the vitamins; excretion; the neuro-muscular mecha¬ 
nism. Designed for the general student and those interested in 
dietetics, hygiene, physical education, and medicine. (Biol. 11.) (De¬ 
sirable antecedents, Chem. 11. and Biol. 21.) 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year. 

Professor Barney. 

32.1, .2 Genetics and Embryology. C. Grad. 

First semester—Genetics: theories of organic evolution; the princi¬ 
ples of variation, selection, and heredity; the material basis of hered¬ 
ity, Mendelian inheritance and the application of its principles in 
animal and plant breeding and eugenics. Designed not only for 
students in biology but also for those specializing in the social sciences. 
Second semester—Embryology: a study of the development of the 
human body. Reproductive cells, maturation, fertilization, cleavage, 
and the development of the principal organs. The laboratory work 
consisting of practical histological technique, a study of the elementary 
tissues, early stages in the development of the chick, dissection and 
study of the later embryonic stages of the pig. (Biol. 11.) 

Laboratory fee, $10 for the year. 

Professor Longwell. 

45. Special. C. Grad. 

Individual research in a restricted field. (Permission.) 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year. 

Professor Longwell and Professor Barney. 




46 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


CHEMISTRY 

Professor Voter 
Assistant Professor Haller* 
Assistant Professor Womack 
Mr. Thomas 


Mr. Nelson and Mr. McWhirter 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 11.; 21.; 23.; 31.; 41.; or 
their equivalents; Mathematics 11. and Physics 21.1, .2, or their equivalents; 
general knowledge of the literature and historical development of Chemistry 
(covered by 33. when given); reading knowledge of either German or 
French, German preferred. 

Courses recommended: Economics, Psychology, Philosophy, and Logic. Addi¬ 
tional work in Mathematics, Physics, and English, and a third science 
desirable. 

A deposit fee to cover cost of broken apparatus is charged in each laboratory 
course, to be paid to the Treasurer at the beginning of each semester. 

Students seeking Honors in this Department should consult with Head of 
the Department regarding additional requirements to those listed elsewhere in 
this catalogue. 

11. General Chemistry. A 

Introduction to the fundamental principles of general chemistry, with 
the preparation and study of the elements and their more common 
compounds in the laboratory. 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year and breakage. 

Mr. Thomas, Nelson and McWhirter. 

21. Qualitative Analysis and Introductory Physical Chem¬ 
istry. B 

Lectures and laboratory work. Complete analysis of inorganic sub¬ 
stances including alloys, minerals and commercial products. Selected 
phases of elementary physical principles as a basis for understanding 
the underlying causes and technique of analytic and organic chemistry. 
(Chem. 11.) 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year and breakage. 

Professor Voter, McWhirter. 

23. Introductory Organic Chemistry. B 

Lectures and laboratory work on the carbon compounds. The meth¬ 
ods of synthesis, properties, structures, industrial application, and 
physiological action of the more important members of each group 
are studied in detail. (Chem. 11.) 

Laboratory fee, $24 for the year and breakage. 

Assistant Professor Womack. 

31. Quantitative Analysis. C. Grad. 

Laboratory work and lectures dealing with the general methods of 
Quantitative Analysis, gravimetric, volumetric, and electrolytic. 
(Chem. 21. or 23.) 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year and breakage. 

Professor Voter. 

* On leave. 





DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 47 


[33. Historical Chemistry and Chemical Literature. C. Grad.] 
A brief survey of the history of chemistry and development of chemi¬ 
cal theory. A study of the literature of chemistry. (Chem. 21. or 23.) 

35. Biological Chemistry. C 

Lectures and laboratory work on the biochemistry of foods, diges¬ 
tion, nutrition and metabolism. Practical methods of blood and urine 
analysis; the chemistry of the tissues in health and disease. Meets 
the requirements of students concentrating in Home Economics and 
pre-medical students. This course should appeal to advanced students 
interested in the application of pure Chemistry to Biology. (Chem. 
23., Biol. 41. at least simultaneously.) 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year and breakage. 

Assistant Professor Womack. 

41. Physical Chemistry. C. Grad. 

Lectures and laboratory work. A systematic presentation of modern 
chemical theory. The subject matter includes Atomic and Molecular 
theory; gases, liquids and solids; theory of solution; colloid chemis¬ 
try and adsorption, reaction velocity, catalysis, and equilibrium in 
homogenous systems; The Phase Rule, Thermochemistry and Elec¬ 
trochemistry. (Chem. 21., 31., at least simultaneously.) 

Laboratory fee, $20 for the year and breakage. 

Mr. Thomas. 

43.1 Advanced Organic. C. Grad. 

Lectures on the characterization of pure organic compounds. Un¬ 
known substances are analyzed qualitatively in the laboratory, and 
some introduction to the quantitative determination of the common 
elements and functional groups in organic compounds is given. (Chem. 
23. and 31.) 

Laboratory fee, $12 for the semester and breakage. 

Assistant Professor Womack. 

43.2 Advanced Organic. C. Grad. 

Advanced preparations, including a critical study of the mechanisms 
of important reactions with investigations of the original literature, 
and individual reports on special problems. (Chem. 23. and 31. Chem. 
43.1 is not a prerequisite.) 

Laboratory fee, $12 for the semester and breakage. 

Assistant Professor Womack. 

[45.2 Industrial Chemistry. C. Grad.] 

Lectures on the principal chemical industries, such as fuels, acids, 
gases, coal tar, etc. A study of the chemical reactions and apparatus 
used on a large scale. No laboratory work. (Chem. 23., 31., at least 
simultaneously.) 

Fee for industrial trips, $6. 




48 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


[47.1 Chemical Microscopy and Spectroscopy. C. Grad.] 
Microscopic methods applied to chemical investigations. Study of 
crystalline compounds, recognition of paper and textile fibers. Rapid 
inorganic chemical analysis of minute samples. Spectroscopic meth¬ 
ods applied to chemical investigations. Mapping and photographing 
spectra, spectroscopic analysis, detection of impurities. (Chem. 21., 
23. and 31.) 

Laboratory fee, $10 and breakage. 

51. Research. C. Grad. 

Open to properly qualified students. Recommended for candidates 
for the Master’s degree and for Seniors seeking honors in chemistry. 
(Permission.) 

Laboratory fee and breakage to be arranged individually. 

a. Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry. Professor Voter. 

b. Analytical and Physical Chemistry. Mr. Thomas. 

c. Organic and Biological Chemistry. Assistant Professor Womack. 

55. Research. C. Grad. 

Same as Chem. 51. Open only to graduate students doing more or 
less than the regular course of three hours a week. 

Laboratory fee and breakage to be arranged individually. 

CONTEMPORARY CIVILIZATION 

(Sociology) 

Professor Kingsley 
Associate Professor Sholes 

Problems of Contemporary Civilization 
Contemporary Civilization is not a department of the College, 
which it might well be, but a survey or an orientating course. Each 
Freshman is required to take this course in order to become more 
familiar with the thoughts and problems of the present day. It is 
given under the Department of Sociology and is therein listed as 
Sociology 11. The College is convinced that each student should 
know the great development of our civilization and the problems 
facing our present age and also the great theories set forth as possible 
solutions. It is also necessary for students to recognize the great 
laws, principles, and concepts of civilization, the conditions under 
which these arose and their effects upon civilization. One-half of 
the year will be spent upon the greater scientific concepts of our 
civilization, while the latter half of the year will be spent in con¬ 
sidering the great social concepts of our civilization. During the 
course about forty problems in astronomy, biology, physics, economics, 
psychology, sociology, and education will be considered. The work 
in a course of this character will be general and not in detail, yet it 
will be as thorough as a detailed course because it treats only the 
greater concepts, laws, and problems of our civilization. It is not 















DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 49 


intended that the student will feel that he has acquired sufficient 
knowledge to solve definitely the problems of society; but that he 
will be impressed with the magnitude of the problems and the neces¬ 
sity for a good early solution. It is expected that the student will 
be impressed with the great concepts of our civilization and of the 
means society has used to gain those impressions. The course will 
consist of three discussion and lecture periods per week. There will 
be about forty lectures; the student will be expected to read nearly 
5,000 pages during the year. The tutorial system will be used; each 
student will meet in conference several times during the year with 
his professor. Over fifty periodicals and several hundred books are 
used in this course. Recitations, conferences, forums, and lectures are 
frequent enough and so correlated as to make a valuable exploratory 
background for thoughtful work in the more advanced years of the 
college course. 

Library fee, $10 for the year. 


DRAMA AND PUBLIC SPEAKING 

Associate Professor Goodreds 
Mr. Swyler 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 31.1; 32.; 43.1; 42.2. 

This department covers the work in play production, playwriting, the study 
of modern drama, public speaking and debating. 

The courses are adapted to develop the students to the point where they 
may take charge of similar courses in college or in school, or be community 
leaders in the little theatre movement. 

Speech 22. Principles of Speech. B 

A study of the principles which underlie effective speech. Attention 
given to the development of skill in jucfging needs of a speech occa¬ 
sion and in organizing and presenting one’s ideas to an audience 
effectively. The relation of speaker and audience considered from 
the psychological standpoint. Rhetorical principles for the develop¬ 
ment of an adaptable and effective oral English style. Improved voice 
quality and flexibility are sought through drills and technique and 
critical attention to the voice in speeches. Work is also directed 
toward expressive action and pleasing platform manner. Most of the 
speeches are of the extempore form prepared by outline before de¬ 
livery. Maximum speaking practice with discussions and criticisms. 
Seniors, Juniors and Sophomores. 

31.1 Contemporary Drama. B 

English, American and some Continental drama of the present 
dramatic era. The course will deal mainly with the authors from 
Ibsen up to the present day, but will not confine itself to the study 
of plays written within a certain arbitrary period. The dramatic 
movement of recent times affords a unity that transcends that of 
dates. The work will attempt to apply the principles of this unity 








50 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


to the selection of plays for class study. Lectures, reading of a large 
number of plays, discussions. Seniors, Juniors and Sophomores. 

32. Play Production. C 

This course considers the organization of dramatics in schools, col¬ 
leges, and community houses; it offers a study of the contemporary 
methods of Play Production; the principles and problems involved in 
producing plays, staging, costuming, make-up, acting, lighting, direct¬ 
ing, scenic design, etc., through the practical medium of the presenta¬ 
tion of several long plays and numerous one-act plays in the College 
Playhouse. A study of plays available for production is made along 
with the study of production methods, thus building up a background 
of information necessary for intelligent adaptation of material. The 
applicant must have been actively interested in dramatics for at least 
one year before acceptance in the course. Each student is expected 
to spend several hours a week in laboratory work. (Permission.) 
Laboratory fee, $5 per year. 

43.1 Play Direction and Dramatic Interpretation. C 

This course offers training in the principles of play direction and the 
elements of acting which are included in the proper interpretation of 
dramatic roles; emphasis upon different forms of dramatic reading, 
training in diction, use of voice for dramatic effectiveness, modulation, 
stressing inflection; study of pantomime and stage business. Oppor¬ 
tunity is given for direction in the experimental plays. (Permission.) 
Seniors and Juniors. 

Laboratory fee, $2.50 per semester. 

Also see English 26. 

42.2 Advanced Studies. O 

Properly qualified Seniors may be permitted to undertake the study 
of advanced problems in the field of Drama. The approach will be 
two fold; through studies in play writing and consideration of special 
production problems. The course will be conducted mainly as a 
seminar. Students will be expected to spend considerable time in 
laboratory work. (Permission.) 

Laboratory fee, $2.50. 


DRAWING AND SURVEYING 
Professor Swett 

21. Mechanical Drawing. A 

Designed for two classes of students, (1) those preparing for the 
engineering profession, (2) those desiring a course in graphics as a 
preparation for making and reading plans and graphs. 

Instrument fee, $5. 





DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 51 


31.1 Advanced Drafting. B 

A continuation of D. and S. 21. For part of the semester each student 
will elect some branch of drafting for specialization. (D. and S. 21.) 
Instrument fee, $2.50. 

31.2 Surveying and Topography. B 

Lectures, field work, and drafting. Use of instruments; computations; 
plotting. (D. and S. 21.) 

Instrument fee, $2.50. 

32.1 Descriptive Geometry. C 

Problems relating to lines and planes; to single curved, double curved, 
and warped surfaces; intersection of solids. (D. and S. 21.) 
Instrument fee, $2.50. 


ECONOMICS 

Professor Fife 
Assistant Professor Rusby 
Assistant Professor Prentice 

21. The Elementary Principles of Economics. A 
An introductory course covering the general field of economics. The 
basic concepts. The production and exchange of wealth. Value and 
price. The mechanism of exchange—money and banking, marketing, 
international trade, etc. The distribution of wealth—rent, wages, 
interest and profits. Labor problems. The types of economic organiza¬ 
tion of society—capitalism, socialism, communism, etc. Government 
finance and taxation. 

Sophomores, Juniors. (Seniors by permission.) 

Assistant Professors Prentice, Rusby. 

31. The Financial Organization of Society. B 

A survey course. The development and functioning of financial insti¬ 
tutions. Money and credit. Corporations and their financing. Com¬ 
mercial, investment, and savings banks. The American banking sys¬ 
tem. The stock exchange. Financing agriculture, real estate, etc. 
(Economics 21.) 

Professor Fife. 

32. Economic History. B 
See Hist. 32. 

Assistant Professor Prentice. 

33.1 Marketing and the Principles of Exchange. B 
A study of market structures, and the marketing process, with special 
reference to agricultural products, raw materials, producers’ and 
consumers’ goods. Marketing functions, and the middleman structure. 
Relations between consumers, middlemen and producers. Co-opera- 





52 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


tive marketing. Cases and problems. A case study is required. 
(Economics 21.) 

Assistant Professor Rusby. 

33.2 Transportation. B 

The development and significance of the modern systems of commu¬ 
nication. The principles of land and water transportation. American 
experience and problems. The Interstate Commerce Commission and 
the railways. The Merchant Marine past and present. Government 
Control and Government Ownership of transportation facilities. Labor 
Problems and the Carriers. (Economics 21.) 

Assistant Professor Rusby. 

34.2 Corporation Finance and Investments. C 

The rise of Corporate forms of organization. The promotion and 
financing of the corporation. Raising and managing capital. Prin¬ 
ciples of investment, and the analysis of securities. (Economics 21. 
and 31. Economics 31. and 34.2 may be taken contemporaneously.) 
Assistant Professor Prentice. 

37.1 The Principles of Accounting. B 

Interpretative accounting. The bookkeeping process is reduced as 
much as possible, and interpretation stressed. The rudiments of busi¬ 
ness statistics. (Major work in Economics.) (Economics 21.) 
Assistant Professor Prentice. 

41. Labor Conditions and Problems. C. Grad. 

The course deals first with the origin of labor problems, the rise of 
capitalism and the wage system, freedom of contract, etc. Second, 
labor conditions and the standard of living. Third, the workers' 
approach to their own problems—collective bargaining, the trade union, 
and the workers’ philosophy. Fourth, the employers’ approach to the 
labor problem—the employers’ associations, labor management, and 
employer philosophy. Fifth, the social approach to the labor problem 
—the social conflict between capital and labor, labor legislation, and 
social goals and welfare. (Economics 21.) 

Assistant Professor Rusby. 

42.1 Government Finance. C. Grad. 

The evolution of Government Finance. Governments as collective 
spending agencies. The modern increase in public expenditures, and 
the need for budgeting. The various forms of revenue. Taxation 
and tax incidence. Public industries, public domain, and public 
monopolies. Public credit, and the public debt. (Economics 21. and 
31., also open to students taking major work in Government.) 
Professor Fife. 

[42.2 Social Control of Economic Activity. C. Grad.] 

The course is conducted on seminar basis with thesis. It aims to 
discuss the economic philosophy of modern times, and deals primarily 









DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 53 


with the relations between government and the economic activities 
of the people such as competition and monopoly, regulation and con¬ 
trol, promotion and prohibition, capitalism versus socialism, and other 
suggested forms of economic organization of society. 

Seminar for Honor or Graduate Students. 

43.2 International Trade and Finance. C. Grad. 

International Trade in theory and practice. Our markets and com¬ 
petitors. Governmental regulation of international trade. Free Trade, 
Tariffs, Reciprocity, Preferences, and most favored nations agree¬ 
ments. (Economics 42.1.) 

Professor Fife. 

44.2 Applied Economics. C. Grad. 

The course deals with major economic problems in such a fashion as 
to correlate economic principles with the currents of economic society. 
(Option for comprehensive exams.) (Permission.) 

Professor Fife. 

45.1 Banking. C 

An advanced course studying the development of banking in U. S. and 
the major foreign banking systems, the Federal Reserve System, 
and International Banking. (Economics 21. and 31.) 

Professor Fife. 

[48. Economic Thought and Modern Economic Tendencies. 
C. Grad.] 

A study of economic thought as it has evolved in the light of eco¬ 
nomic history, and present tendencies in economic thought and theory. 
(Economics 21. and permission.) 

[46. Honors and Special Courses. C. Grad.] 

Special courses for graduate and honor students and for research 
work may be arranged to suit the needs of students. 

Note: Those interested in economics as their major study are advised to elect 
as many of the following courses as possible: economic geography, economic 
history, business law, mathematics of finance and statistics. Courses in psy¬ 
chology, philosophy and sociology are also recommended where possible. These 
are regarded as related and allied fields. Honor students must offer Economic 
History (Hist. 32.) and Economic Geography (G. and G. 25. 1, .2.). Students 
preparing for business should make a special effort to secure a good grounding 
in English. 

Honor students are required to take a written general examination covering 
the special field of interest, and an oral general examination covering the entire 
field of economics as offered in the courses. In addition a thesis is required 
based on independent study and research. 










54 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY 

Professor Howard 
Professor Kingsley 
Professor Adams 

Notes on courses in Education: 

Majors in Education are not permitted. Students planning to teach should be 
prepared in at least one subject in addition to their major. 

The requirements for certification vary in eastern states. This department 
has adopted the New York requirements as standard. They are as follows: 

Two courses (3 semester hours each) shall be completed in each of the follow¬ 
ing groups. The numbers of the courses in this department which will satisfy 
the requirements in each group are indicated in parentheses. 

I. Educational Psychology (21.1, 34.2). 

II. History, philosophy, principles and problems of education (23.2, 34.1.). 

III. Methods—general; special; observation and practice teaching (41.1, 42.1, 
42.2, and the courses in special methods offered in the various 
departments.) Practice teaching is recommended but not required. 
Those not offering practice teaching credit should have six hours 
in methods either special or general and special combined. 

The New York requirements cover those of all the New England States except 
Rhode Island. 

The sequence recommended in the courses indicated above are: Sophomore 
year, 21.1, 23.2; Junior year, 34.1; 34.2; Senior year, 41.1, 42.1, 42.2, and 
special methods. 

Notes on courses in Psychology: 

No major in Psychology is offered but students having special interest in the 
subject may arrange for a correlation of courses between this department and 
the Departments of Philosophy or Sociology. See courses 45.1, 45.2. 

21.1 Introduction to Psychology. A 

A study of the essential facts and principles of human behavior. The 
inborn tendencies and their functions; the various conscious processes; 
learning and habit formation; intelligence; individual differences; 
factors in human personality; social behavior; fields and methods of 
psychology. (Open to the three upper classes.) Prescribed for stu¬ 
dents of Education and recommended for those in Philosophy and 
Sociology. 

Book fee, $2. 

Professor Howard. 

22.2 Social Psychology. B 

A study of the forms of human behavior which characterize the 
group; their relation to social progress, nationality, community and 
institutional life, and individual development. (Educ. 21.1.) 

Book fee, $5. 

Professor Kingsley. 

23.2 History of Education. B 

The historical evolution of educational theories and practices. Great 
educational reformers and their influences. Present-day education in 
relation to the past. Following a study of the European background, 
emphasis will be given to the development of present American sys¬ 
tems of education. (Educ. 21.1.) 

Book fee $5. 

Professor Kingsley. 




DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 55 


[24.2 Fields of Psychology. B] 

A survey of the problems, interpretations, principles, methods, and 
achievements in the major fields of psychology. The contribution of 
psychology to human welfare will be emphasized. (Education 21.1 
and permission.) 

34.1 Principles and Problems of Education. C 

The scientific and philosophical bases of current educational practices. 
The aims of education. Principles involved in the selection and 
organization of subject matter and in the learning process. Aims and 
achievements of recent re-organizations. The influence of progress 
and geographic conditions upon education. Some inherited problems. 
Study of such problems as interest and motivation, individual differ¬ 
ences, moral and civic instruction, training for appreciation, efficiency 
in the school room. Use of tests and statistical methods. 

No text. Extensive readings. Book fee, $5 (one B course). 
Professor Kingsley. 

34.2 Educational Psychology. C 

Innate tendencies and capacities; heredity; individual differences and 
their significance in education; individual and group intelligence tests; 
types and principles of learning; mental training and transfers; mental 
attitudes; educational tests and their uses. (Educ. 21.1.) 

Professor Howard. 

41.1, .2 Method in Secondary Education. C 

Study of type of teaching, type and function of recitation, supervised 
study, collection and use of materials, use of teachers’ devices,, general 
and special method technique of instruction, textbook criticism, an¬ 
nouncement and presentation of lessons and use of educational litera¬ 
ture. (One B Course in Educ. Seniors only.) 

Professor Adams. 

42.1, .2 Practical Work in Education. C 

A limited number of qualified seniors are given an opportunity to 
do apprentice work at the local high school. This consists of observa¬ 
tion, reading papers, supervising laboratory work, giving special 
assistance to pupils individually or in small groups, and at times 
taking charge of the class under the direction of the teacher. The 
details of the work will vary according to the nature of the subject 
but each apprentice teacher will be given much first-hand experience 
with problems of management and instruction. Frequent group con¬ 
ference with an instructor in the Department will be required. (Per¬ 
mission.) 

Professors Howard and Adams. 

45.1, .2 Advanced Studies in Psychology. C 

Open to graduate students and qualified seniors who wish to pursue 
psychological study beyond that offered in Educ. 21.1, 22.2, 24.2, and 

34.2, 





56 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


The course will be organized on the seminar plan, each student pur¬ 
suing some line of investigation and presenting his material from time 
to time for critical discussion and review by members of the class and 
the instructor. (Three courses in psychology and permission.) 
Professor Howard. 

Courses in Special Methods. 

The following departments offer courses in special methods. Descrip¬ 
tions of these courses are given under the announcements of the 
respective departments. 

English History Mathematics 

French Latin Physical Education 

German Spanish 

ENGLISH 
Professor Beers 
Professor Cady 
Associate Professor Owen 
Assistant Professor Perkins 
Mr. Brown 


Dr. Adams 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 11.; two of the following 
courses: 22.1 and 23.2 (considered as one course), 32., 31. 

Courses recommended: English History; English Literature course in sophomore 

year. 


I. Freshman Required Course: 

Freshmen who have had a course in the History of English Literature in 
high school may, upon passing an examination in September with a grade of 
75, be excused from this course, but must elect other English courses of B 
grade. Examination carries no credit for the course. 

(No student will be allowed credit for Freshman English, English 11., History 
of English Literature, who has failed to attain an average of 75 in his com¬ 
position work for freshman year. When such student can give evidence that 
as P asse d English Composition, English 21., credit for his Freshman course 
will be restored.) 

II. History of English Literature. A 
Required of all Freshmen. 

A rapid but intensive survey of all the periods of English Literature 
studied in chronological order with direct relation to historical back¬ 
ground. Representative works from all the major and from several 
minor literary men are read. While primarily a course in the History 
of Literature training in composition is given and definite theme 
assignments are made for each month. 

Professor Beers, Assistant Professor Perkins, Associate Professor 
Owen, Mr. Brown. 






DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 57 


II. Courses in Literary History: 

[41.1 English Literature from the Anglo-Saxon Period to 
Chaucer. C. Grad.] 

The work extends chronologically from about 500 to about 1350 and 
includes readings from the Old and Middle English prose and poetry. 
The Old English will be read in translation, the Middle English in 
the original. (English 11. and permission.) 

31. English Literature from 1400 to 1660. C 

A study emphasizing the literature, with the exception of the drama, 
as a record of the main currents of thought throughout the period. 
The early humanists Spenser and Milton, will receive the major 
emphasis. (English 11. and permission.) 

Professor Cady. 

32. English Literature from 1660 to 1800. C 

A study in the development of literature from 1660 to the beginning 
of the nineteenth century. Particular consideration given to the Neo¬ 
classic school and to the Pre-Romantic writers. (English 11. and 
permission.) 

Mr. Brown. 

22.1 Prose and Poetry of the Romantic Period. B 

The major representatives of the Romantic Movement, from Words¬ 
worth to Tennyson, including the forerunners of the movement and 
its underlying philosophy. (English 11.) 

Professor Beers. 

23.2 Prose and Poetry of the Victorian Period. B 

The Victorian poets and essayists. Particular attention to the poets— 
Tennyson, Browning, Rossetti, Morris and to the essayists—Carlyle, 
Ruskin, Arnold. (English 11.) 

Professor Beers. 

42.2 Studies in Elizabethan Literature. (Spenser.) C. Grad. 
A study of his poetry to determine the quality of his mind and his 
outlook upon life. (English 31. and permission.) 

Professor Cady. 

III. Courses in the Drama: 

30. Shakespeare. B 

A detailed reading of certain typical plays with the purpose of de¬ 
veloping an intelligent appreciation of them as drama. (English 11. 
and permission.) 

Professor Cady. 



58 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


35. Elizabethan Drama. C 

The main trends of dramatic development from 1580 to 1642 with 
especial attention to the growing perception of dramatic theory and 
technique. (Permission.) 

Professor Cady. 

[42.1 Studies in 16th Century Drama. C. Grad.] 
Pre-Shakespearean Drama. A study of the development of the Drama 
from the beginnings to 1580. (Either English 35. or 25. and per¬ 
mission.) 

IV. Courses in Composition: 

21. Elementary Composition. B 

Rudimentary training in the mechanics of composition by means of 
readings, weekly themes, and classroom conferences. Required of 
students whose themes in English 11. have been unsatisfactory, and 
elective to such others as are actually handicapped by deficiencies in 
self-expression. (English 11. and permission.) 

Mr. Brown. 

26. Argumentation and Debate. B 

The theory and practice of argumentation. A study of principles, 
assembling material and briefing arguments with extensive practice 
in formal debate. Each student is required to take part in at least 
one public debate. (English 11. and permission.) 

Assistant Professor Perkins. 

28. Writing from Models. B 

An intermediate course in composition for students who, though not 
incompetent in writing, desire to discover their own abilities or need 
to gain greater fluency and effectiveness through practice in the 
shorter literary types. The necessary background of literary principles 
will be derived through readings in several of the more * interesting 
contemporary authors. In 1934-35 Seniors who have shown skill in 
writing will be given opportunity for individual work. (English 11.) 
Mr. Brown. 

[36. Introduction to Principles of Journalism. B] 

A comprehensive survey of newspaper and magazine journalism, with 
practice in writing various forms. (English 11. and permission.) 

[38. Literary Composition. C] 

Practice in the writing of the shorter literary types; weekly confer¬ 
ences on individual problems with the instructor; and informal class¬ 
room discussions of the principles and theories of literary criticism. 
(English 11. and one other course in English or American Literature; 
or permission.) Not given in 1934-35; to be given in 1935-36. 



DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 59 


V. Courses in the study of Types and Forms of Literature and of 
Individual Writers: 

24. The English Novel. B 

A study of the development of English fiction from the beginnings 
through Conrad. Reading and discussion of representative novels 
by the best novelists, study of personalities, influences, movements 
story types and critical standards presented in class by the instructor. 
(English 11. and permission.) 

Assistant Professor Perkins. 

34. Comparative Fiction. C 

A comparative study of recognized masterpieces of Continental fiction, 
based on the student's knowledge of the history of English literature 
and of the English novel in particular. Reading and analysis of 
outstanding novels from Russia, France, Germany, Spain and Italy, 
Poland, Norway, Sweden, Austria, with emphasis upon class reports 
and discussion by the students. Talks by the instructor on additional 
books and writers, and on the history and background of the novel in 
each of the countries considered. (Two years of English and per¬ 
mission.) 

Assistant Professor Perkins. 

39.2 Literary Criticism. C 

In this course various types of literary criticism will be studied and 
the advantages and limitations of each type will be discussed in order 
that a sound method for criticizing various types of literature may 
be evolved. Next, standards of criticism which should be of prac¬ 
tical use in evaluating the student’s literary experience will be for¬ 
mulated. Emphasis will be placed upon actual criticism of contem¬ 
porary literature. (Permission.) 

Associate Professor Owen. 

33.1 The Poetry of Robert Browning. C 

An intensive study of the poetry of Browning. The manifold philo¬ 
sophic, musical and artistic interests of the poet will be considered as 
they reveal themselves in his work and an effort will be made to 
interpret that work in the light of a cultural background which has 
no equal among English writers. (Permission.) 

Associate Professor Owen. 

37. The English Bible. B 

A study of how the Bible grew, its literature and the development 
of religion through the Scriptures. The purpose of this course is 
to give a general knowledge of the Bible which a cultured person 
should have. Lectures, reading and discussions. (Students passing 
the course are not required to take the general examination in the 
Bible.) 

Doctor Adams. 



60 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


41.2 Chaucer. C. Grad. 

Selective important works of Chaucer will be read. The influence of 
Chaucer on the development of English literature, attitudes of schol¬ 
ars and critics toward Chaucer. Informal discussions, readings and 
reports. (English 11. and permission.) 

Professor Beers. 

[43. Poetics. C] 

The study of the groundwork of poetic appreciation. (Two-yea/ 
courses in English Literature.) (Permission) 

[44. Research and Special Work. C. Grad.] 

Students properly qualified to do independent study will be given 
opportunity to carry on special work under the direction of a member 
of the Department. 

[45.1 Contemporary English Poetry. C] 

Readings and informal discussions of Modern English Poetry. (Per¬ 
mission.) 

46.1 Methods of Teaching English. C. Grad. 

Designed for students majoring in English. The course is planned 
to give the student a definite knowledge of those English writers and 
works studied in high school with some supplementary instruction 
in methods of presentation of material. (Three-year courses in Eng¬ 
lish or American Literature.) 

Professor Cady. 

FINE ARTS 

Professor Burrage 
Associate Professor Owen 

31.1 The Appreciation of Art. 

Associate Professor Owen. 

32.1 Greek Art. 

Instruction is given by lectures and stereopticon talks, supplemented 
by extensive reading on the student’s part. Written tests come fre¬ 
quently. The art and civilization of Assyria, Egypt and other nations 
whose work had a formative influence on the Greeks are treated by 
way of introduction to Greek art proper. 

Professor Burrage. 



DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 61 


FRENCH 

Professor Freeman 
Associate Professor Ranty 
Assistant Professor Binand 

Assistant Professor - 

Mile - 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 12.; 21.; 31.; 32.; or their 

equivalent. 

Courses recommended: 41.1; 42.; 44.; for prospective teachers, 41.1, .2; boarding 

Chateau. 


11. Beginners’ French. A 

A careful training in the elements of French grammar, with emphasis 
on pronunciation and conversation. Reading of simple selections. 
Conducted chiefly in French, and designed to give the student a solid 
foundation for further study of spoken and literary French. (For all 
students having insufficient preparation in French.) 

Associate Professor Ranty. 

12. Intermediate French. A 

A general review of grammar; composition, dictation, conversation; 
reading from the best French authors. Designed to give students 
entering college a thorough preparation in the spoken language, and a 
solid grammatical foundation for the more advanced work. (For all 
students offering two or three years of preparatory French, or French 
11 .) 

Associate Professor Ranty, Assistant Professors Binand and-. 

21. Intermediate Composition and Reading. B 
Composition of moderate difficulty based on a French text, a review 
of grammar, free composition, dictation and conversation. Reading 
of modern prose, short novels, plays, with discussion in French of 
the works read. Designed to give the student a command of the 
written and spoken language, and to enable him to read easily and 
assimilate a literary text. (For Juniors, Sophomores and Freshmen. 
Prerequisite, French 12, or four years of preparatory French.) 
Professor Freeman, Assistant Professors Binand and -. 

31. Survey of French Literature. C 

A rapid but intensive study of works of the best authors, from the 
Middle Ages to the end of the nineteenth century, including repre¬ 
sentative plays, poetry and novels. Written reports. Class discus¬ 
sion of literary values, and an outline of literary history. (For 
Seniors, Juniors and Sophomores. Prerequisite, French 21.) 
Professor Freeman. 

32. Advanced Grammar and Advanced Composition. C. Grad. 

A systematic and thorough review of French grammar, with special 
stress upon the difficult points of syntax; vocabulary building; French 
idioms; composition based on idiomatic texts; the elements of French 








62 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


style, and translation into French of English stylists. Designed to 
give the final preparation in written French to students who intend 
to teach. (For Seniors and Juniors. Prerequisite, French 21.) 
Professor Freeman. 

41.1 Phonetics and Diction. C. Grad. 

An analytic and comparative study of French sounds. A description 
of the organs of speech. Practice in the phonetic alphabet. Special 
attention given to the difficulties experienced by American students 
in perceiving, producing, and combining French sound groups. Sys¬ 
tematic exercises in pronunciation and intonation. The use of phonet¬ 
ics in teaching French in high schools. (For Seniors. Prerequisite, 
French 21.) 

Associate Professor Ranty. 

41.2 Methods of Teaching French. C. Grad. 

A study of the modern methods of teaching French; extensive read¬ 
ing in the recent treatises on modern language pedagogy. The direct 
method and its applications; the selection of textbooks; the use of 
realia in the classroom; practical demonstrations of class work, and 
practice teaching. (For Seniors. Prerequisite, French 21.) 
Professor Freeman. 

42. Conversation and Vocabulary. C. Grad. 

Designed to develop fluency in speaking French, and a command of 
idiomatic expression. Organized vocabulary development and oral 
composition on the basis of French life and customs. (For Seniors. 
Juniors by permission. Prerequisite, French 21.) May be taken 
either half year for credit. 

Assistant Professor Binand. 

43. French Literature of the Nineteenth Century. C. Grad. 

A detailed study of the great literary movements of the last century; 
romanticism, realism, and symbolism. Careful analysis of texts and 
literary theories in class discussions; extensive outside reading of 

novels, plays and poetry; written and oral reports. A survey of 

literary history continued down to the present, with an attempt to 

indicate the chief tendencies of contemporary literature. (For Seniors. 
Prerequisite, French 31.) 

Assistant Professor-. 

44. French Civilization. C. Grad. 

An analysis of the development of the French nation. The geography 
of France; an outline of its political history; the growth of its arts, 
sciences and institutions; the meaning of French culture, and of 

French political, educational and religious life; and an interpretation 
of modern France in the light of its history and growth. Designed 
to help students to understand the country and its people, either for 
teaching or for travel. Especially recommended in preparation for the 





DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 63 


Comprehensive Examination. (For Seniors. Prerequisite, French 31.) 
Assistant Professor-. 

45. Special. (Individual research in a restricted field.) C. Grad. 
Candidates for the Master’s Degree and Seniors, if properly qualified, 
may be permitted by the Chairman of the Department to undertake 
a special problem in reading and research under the direction of 
some member of the department. This work, which will count as a 
full course, will require at least nine hours of study a week. The 
student will meet the instructor one hour each week, for discussion 
and guidance. A thesis, or an examination, or both, will be required 
at the end of the course. Properly qualified graduate students may 
undertake two such separate problems. 

a. Literature from the Middle Ages to the contemporary period. 

Professor Freeman, Assistant Professor -. 

b. Civilization, Geography, and Plistory. 

Assistant Professor-. 

c. Grammar and Teaching Methods. 

Professor Freeman. 

d. Phonetics. 

Associate Professor Ranty. 

Note 1: All courses in the French Department are conducted in French, at 
the Chateau. Students intending to teach French after graduation should attend 
at least courses 31., 32., 41.1 and 41.2. 

Note 2: No thesis is required for the Master's Degree except such disserta¬ 
tions as are required in the separate courses pursued. 


GEOLOGY AND GEOGRAPHY 

Professor Swett 
Associate Professor Schmidt 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 21.1, .2; 31.1, .2; 32.2; 25.2; 
41.; Drawing and Surveying 21.1 and 31.2. 

I. Geology 

21.1 Physical and Structural Geology. A 

The physical features of the earth; the agencies responsible for our 
topography; the structure of the earth’s crust; and the more impor¬ 
tant rocks and minerals. Field trips. 

Fee, $3 (covers field trips). 

Associate Professor Schmidt. 

21.2 Historical Geology. B 

The probable origin of the earth; the rise and evolution of organic 
forms as disclosed by fossil remains and the causes responsible for 
this progressive development; and the past history of oceans, climates, 
and continents. Field trips. (Geo. 21.1.) 

Associate Professor Schmidt. 








64 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


31.1 Mineralogy. C 

The identification of the important minerals by blowpipe, flame, assay, 
bead and sensitive chemical test. The crystal structure of the minerals 
will also be considered. Field trips. (Geo. 21.1 or Chem. 11., or 
permission.) 

Laboratory jee, $5. 

Associate Professor Schmidt. 


31.2 Economic Geology. C 

The metallic and non-metallic mineral products of the United States 
and their world-wide distribution (coal, petroleum, salts, fertilizers, 
iron, copper, gold, silver, etc.) ; their origin, processes by which 
formed or later changed, their geologic structure, their abundance 
and economic importance. Field trips and reports. (Geo. 21.2 and 

[32.2 Geology of North America. C] 

A detailed survey of the geologic history, the rock structures, and the 
mineral deposits of the different physiographic provinces of North 
America. Classroom discussion, outside reading in Geologic Litera- 
ture,^nd reports. (Geo. 21.2 or permission). (Alternates with Geo. 


41. Special. 

Individual research in a restricted field. Limited to students majoring 
in Geology and Geography. 


II. Geography 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 25.; 35.1, .2; 45.; Economics 
21.; Drawing and Surveying 21.1, .2. 


25. Economic Geography. B 

Physical facts of man’s geographic environment; their relation to 
man’s economic activities, especially to industry and commerce. This 
course is designed both as a part of a liberal education and for stu¬ 
dents who expect to enter business. 

Professor Swett. 

35.1 Geography of the Western Hemisphere. C 

A regional study of the physical and economic geography of the 
Western Hemisphere. (Geo. 25.) 

Professor Swett. 

35.2 Geography of the Eastern Hemisphere. C 

A regional study of the physical and economic geography of the 
Eastern Hemisphere. (Geo. 25.) 

Professor Swett. 



DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 65 


45. Special. 

Individual research in a restricted field. Limited to students major¬ 
ing in Geology and Geography. 

GERMAN 
Professor Skillings 
Associate Professor Neuse 

Courses recommended for Comprehensive Examination: 31.; 32.; 41.; 42.; 44.; 
History 34.; 41. 


11. Beginners' German. 

Elements of phonetics, drill in pronunciation and comprehending the 
spoken language; elements of grammar; reading of simple prose. 
Professor Skillings and Associate Professor Neuse. 

21. Intermediate German. B 

Grammar review; reading, composition, conversation and free repro¬ 
duction. (German 11. or two years of preparatory school German.) 
Professor Skillings and Associate Professor Neuse. 

22. Scientific German. B 

A course for those who wish to acquire the ability to consult German 
works in the natural sciences, history, economics, etc. Members of 
the course select the subject (c.g., Biology, Chemistry, Economics, 
History, Mathematics, etc.) in which they wish to do the most of 
their reading. (German 11. or equivalent.) 

Associate Professor Neuse. 

31. Contemporary German. C 

A course which aims to develop facility in reading and writing Ger¬ 
man in order to prepare the students for the more advanced courses. 
The basis of study is the contemporary German short story and 
novelette. (German 21. or equivalent.) Given in alternate years with 
German 32. 

Associate Professor Neuse. 

[32. Writing and Speaking German. C] 

Given in alternate years with German 31. (German 21. or equivalent). 
Associate Professor Neuse. 

[41. Goethe and Schiller. C. Grad.] 

A study of the masterpieces of Goethe and Schiller, with some atten¬ 
tion to the political, social, and literary conditions of the time. (Ger¬ 
man 31.) Given in alternate years with German 42. 

Professor Skillings. 

42. German Literature of the Nineteenth Century. C. Grad. 
Representative dramas, short stories, novels and poetry are read and 
discussed. The development of German literature through the nine- 




66 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


teenth century to the present time is also studied. (German 31.) 
Given in alternate years with German 41. 

Professor Skillings. 

43. Survey of German Literature as far as Lessing. C. Grad. 
The course is designed to give a comprehensive knowledge of the 
great men and the leading ideas in German literature from the Middle 
Ages through Lessing. The course is given in alternate years. (Ger¬ 
man 31.) 

Professor Skillings and Associate Professor Neuse. 

[44.1 German Civilization. C. Grad.] 

A study of the German people and its geographical, historical, eco¬ 
nomical, and political background. German art and education. An 
analysis of the German mind with special reference to the German 
language and contemporary literature. (German 31.) Given in 
alternate years. 

Associate Professor Neuse. 

[45.2 The Teaching of German. C] 

A study of German pronunciation, grammar, reading and composi¬ 
tion from the standpoint of the prospective teacher. Training in the 
direct method. Discussion of such topics as the aims and methods 
of modern language study, textbooks and Realien. (German 31. or 
permission.) Given in alternate years. 

Professor Skillings. 


GREEK 

Professor Burrage 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 11.; 21.1, .2; 31.1, .2; 42.1, 
.2; or 41.1, .2. 

11. Beginners' Greek. A 

21.1 Colson's Greek Reader and the Gospel of Mark. B 
(Greek 11. or its equivalent.) 

21.2 Homer's Odyssey. B 
(Greek 21.1.) 

(Greek 11. or Greek 21.1, .2 or Latin 11. is required of A.B. Fresh¬ 
men.) 

31.1 Euripides' “Iphigenia Among the Taurians” ; Lyric 

Poets. C 

Lectures are given on the origin, history, and purpose of the drama. 
(Greek 21.1, .2.) 

31.2 Plato's Apology. C 
(Greek 31.1.) 



DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 67 


41.1 Sophocles and Aeschylus. C 

The Electra of Sophocles; the Prometheus of Aeschylus. (Greek 
31.2.) 

41.2 Aristophanes. C 

The Clouds and Birds. (Greek 41.1.) 

[42.1 Plato's Republic. C] 

(Greek 31.2.) 

[42.2 Aristotle's Ethics. C] 

Courses 42.1, .2 alternate with 41.1, .2. They afford students of 
philosophy and ethics a chance to read in the original tongue the 
two masterpieces of the two greatest minds of antiquity. The charm 
of the Republic as literature will receive special emphasis. (Greek 
42.1.) 


HISTORY 

Professor Kline 
Associate Professor Davison 

Professor White 
Assistant Professor Prentice 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 12.1, .2; 22.; 34.; 35.1; 
33.2; 23. or 46.; (students majoring primarily in European history should 
take 23., those majoring in American history 46.). 

Courses recommended: One year each of economics, political science, and 
geography and, for those majoring in American history, one year of Ameri¬ 
can literature. 

12.1, .2 Political and Social History of Western Europe. A 
European institutions and civilization from the fall of Rome to the 
present day. 

Associate Professor Davison. 

22. American History. B 

A general course covering the period from the adoption of the Con¬ 
stitution to the present time. 

Professor Kline. 

23. Modern English History. B 

The history of England and the development of the British Empire 
from the Tudor times to Commonwealth of Nations of recent years. 
Associate Professor Davison. 

32. Social and Economic History of the United States. B 
A survey of the economic development of western Europe from the 
decline of manorial economy to the expansion of Europe to America, 
followed by a brief study of the economic advance of the English 
colonies during the colonial period, and a more extensive study of 





68 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


various phases of the social and industrial life of the American peoples 
during the national period to the present time. (History 12. or per¬ 
mission.) 

Assistant Professor Prentice. 

33.2 Ancient History. B 

Development of ancient civilization, with special emphasis on Greece 
and Rome. Much attention is paid to the use of sources, as being of 
extreme importance in supplying the proper viewpoint and stimulus 
especially to those who are to teach ancient history in high schools. 
Professor White. 

34. Modern Europe, 1648-1930. B 

A study of the development of the European nations from the Peace 
of Westphalia to the present, placing special emphasis upon the estab¬ 
lishment of the pre-Revolutionary European state systems, the French 
Revolution and Napoleonic era, the growth of democracy and nation¬ 
alism, and the expansion of European political influence in Africa and 
Asia. (Hist. 12.1, .2.) 

Associate Professor Davison. 

35.1 American Colonial History. C 

A course covering the period from the beginning of the English 
colonization to the close of the Revolution. 

Professor Kline. 

41. Contemporary World Politics. C. Grad. 

A survey of the field of international relations with special reference 
to the problems arising out of the World War. (Two B courses.) 
Professor Kline. 

43.2 The Teaching of History. C. Grad. 

A course for students who intend to teach history in high school. 
(Two B courses.) 

[44.2 Latin American History. C] 

A discussion course dealing with Latin American History, institu¬ 
tions and civilization during the colonial, revolutionary and inde¬ 
pendent periods. Intended primarily for Seniors. 

[45.1 The Development of Western Civilization. C. Grad.] 

A general survey of the development of modern civilization from early 
times to the present. (This course is designed with special reference 
to the needs of students who are able to take only one year of work 
in the department.) 

[46. Advanced Studies in History. C. Grad.] 

An intensive study of some limited phase of history for the purpose 
of affording training in methods of historical research, critical evalua- 



DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 69 


tion of sources, and scholarly presentation of the results of historical 
investigation. The subject for study in 1936-37 will be the Develop¬ 
ment of American Thought and Culture. (Permission of instructor.) 

ITALIAN 
Professor White 


21. Beginners' Italian. 

Attention given to correct pronunciation; much oral practice; reading 
of simple selections; careful preparation in grammar and vocabulary 
for the more advanced literary and spoken Italian. Italian will be 
the principal language used in the classroom. 

31. Second Year Italian. 

More detailed study of grammar and vocabulary. Reading of the 
literature, with class discussion and oral practice to give training 
in fluency. Foundation laid for further study of Italian literature 
and culture. (Italian 21. or equivalent.) 

LATIN 

Professor White 
Professor Burrage 
Professor Dame 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 11.; 21.1, .2; 31. or 32.; 
41.1; History 33.2. 

11. Livy, Cicero and Latin Poetry. A 

The Second Carthaginian War. Translation, prose exercises, study 
of vocabulary and syntax. Selections from the Letters or De Amicitia 
of Cicero. The story of the struggle between Republic and Empire, 
with the fortunes of Caesar and Cicero, as written in the Letters. 
Selections from some of the most representative Latin poetry of all 
periods, intended to give the student a view of the wide range of 
Latin literature. 

Professor Dame. 

(Latin 11. or Greek 21.1 and 21.2 or Greek 11. is required of A.B. 
Freshmen .) 

21.1 Pliny the Younger. B 

Selections from the Letters are made, presenting a large number of 
references to life and customs, and intended to bring the student into 
close touch with the daily life of the Romans. This course is requisite 
to all the courses following. (Latin 11.) 

Professor White. 

21.2 Horace. B 

Selected Odes and Epodes. Comparison of the odes with the lyrics 
in Latin, English and other languages. (Latin 21.1.) 

Professor Burrage. 




70 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


[31.1 Roman Comedy. C] 

The translation of the Captivi and Trinummus of Plautus, with rapid 
reading from the Andria of Terence. (Latin 21.1 or 21.2.) 

[31.2 Tacitus. C] 

The Germania and Agricola. Comparison of Tacitus with other 
writers of his time. A study of the Roman colonial system. The 
history of the later Empire; the influence of Rome on the northern 
tribes. Library reading. (Latin 21.1 or 21.2.) 

32.1 Roman Satire. C 

Selections from the Satires of Horace, Juvenal, and Persius and the 
Epigrams of Martial. A study of Roman society under the early 
Empire. (Latin 21.1 or 21.2.) (This course alternates with Latin 

31.1. ) 

Professor Burrage. 

32.2 Latin Literature and Selections. C 

A study of the development of Latin literature with representative 
selections in prose and verse for advanced students. (Latin 21.1 or 

21.2. ) (This course alternates with Latin 31.2.) 

Professor Dame. 

41.1 Advanced Latin Prose for Trachers. C. Grad. 

Latin writing, based chiefly on Caesar’s Gallic War. A systematic 
study of Latin syntax, vocabulary and idioms. (One C course.) 
Professor Dame. 

41.2 The Teaching of Preparatory Latin. C. Grad. 

A study of methods and authors used, and teaching problems; the 
necessity of making Latin a live language; quality versus quantity; 
literary appreciation. (One C course.) 

Professor White. 


MATHEMATICS 

Professor Perkins 
Professor Hazeltine 
Assistant Professor Bowker 
Mr. Wissler 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 11.; 21.; 31.; 41.; either 22., 
42., or 44. (when given); Physics 21.1, .2. 

Courses recommended: Physics 42.2; several courses in other departments. 

11. Elementary Mathematical Analysis. A 
Designed to give a comprehensive survey of the most useful parts 
of elementary mathematical theory carefully correlated and given 
unity around the central idea of the universality of the cause and 
effect relation. Practice is given in such parts of the elements of 
trigonometry, analytic geometry, and the calculus as are essential for 




DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 71 


the solution of simple problems and the reading of any texts dealing 
with elementary physics, chemistry, economics or any of the other 
sciences. 

(Either Mathematics 11. or Mathematics 14. is required of all B.S. 
Freshmen and each will be assigned either to 11. or 14. after various 
tests have been given to determine his fitness. A.B. students of all 
classes may elect Mathematics 11.) 

Assistant Professor Bowker and Mr. Wissler. 

14. Elementary Course. A 

A course dealing with the elements of Trigonometry, Analytic Geome¬ 
try and an introduction to the Calculus. It is designed primarily for 
those students having only a minimum entrance requirement in 
Mathematics. (For conditions under which the course may be taken 
see italics under course 11.) 

Professor Hazeltine. 

21. Mathematical Analysis. B 

The logical continuation of Mathematics 11., offering some oppor¬ 
tunity for review of the theory covered in the Freshman year and 
further application of the calculus. (Mathematics 11.) 

Professor Perkins and Mr. Wissler. 

22. Mathematics of Finance. B 

Equally valuable for mathematicians and for those whose chief interest 
lies in other fields than mathematics but who still wish to satisfy the 
requirement in mathematics, this, as a Sophomore course, offers a 
good training in finance. Such topics as the mathematics of invest¬ 
ment, of amortization of debts, of depreciation of annuities and of 
insurance are treated. Students majoring in mathematics are advised 
to defer this course until a later year. (Mathematics 11. and per¬ 
mission.) 

{Students majoring in the Department of Economics wishing to 
take this course as a C grade course are given permission, certain 
additional demands being made upon them.) 

Professor Perkins. 

31. Applied Mathematical Analysis. C 

A continuation of Mathematics 21. It should be elected by students 
whose chief interest is in mathematics and by those who plan to 
continue along the main line of development of the subject. (Mathe¬ 
matics 21.) 

Assistant Professor Bowker. 

41. Differential Equations. C. Grad. 

A continuation of Mathematics 31., but the content will be varied some¬ 
what from year to year to meet the needs of those electing the 
course. (Mathematics 31.) 

Professor Perkins. 













72 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


42. Teaching of Preparatory Mathematics. C 

Essentially a senior course for prospective teachers of high school 

mathematics. 

Consideration of the place and the use of arithmetic, algebra, geometry 
and trigonometry and the standards to be set in the teaching of these 
subjects; the collection and arrangement of historical and biographical 
material to form a background that shall awaken interest in the sub- 
j ect matter; practice in the selection of texts and the laying out of 
courses; a study of fundamental principles and discussions of methods 
of presentation and explanation. (Mathematics 11. and 21. or 22.) 
Assistant Professor Bowker. 

[44. Modern Higher Geometry. C. Grad.] 

Subjects selected from Graustein’s text. (Mathematics 31.) 

Professor Perkins. 

MUSIC 

Professor Hathaway 
Mr. Larsen 

Assistant Professor Fish 
Mrs. Seaver 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 11.2; 21.1, .2; 31.; 32.; 42. 

The aim of this department is to cultivate a knowledge of music 
by offering courses planned along lines of general academic training 
and to develop students who shall learn to understand and appreciate 
music in the same degree that they understand and appreciate other 
arts. 

Emphasis is also laid upon the technical side and courses are offered 
in pianoforte, organ, singing, violin and violoncello. 

While it is not planned to develop professional musicians, students 
who give evidence of special talent may continue their work with 
thoroughness during their college course. 

11.1 Musical Theory. A 

Elementary work in musical notation. General musical definitions. 
Metre and rhythm. Keys and scales. Major and minor signatures. 
Sight singing and dictation. Rhythmic patterns. Melody writing and 
melody construction. Text. “Ear Training and Sight Singing.” 
Wedge. 

Assistant Professor Fish. 

11.2 Elementary Harmony. B 

The first steps in the study of musical composition and of the analysis 
of musical works. The course embraces triads and their progres¬ 
sions, and modulation, also the invention and harmonization of melo¬ 
dies and choral writing in four parts. Keyboard work. (11.1 and 
sufficient piano technic to play simple hymns.) Text. “Applied 
Harmony.” Wedge. 

Assistant Professor Fish. 

















DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 73 


21.1, .2 Advanced Harmony. C 

A continuation of Music 11.1, .2. The course includes a study of the 
chief chromatic chords and their use in modern composition. Sus¬ 
pensions, ornamentation, auxiliary and changing notes, melodic figura¬ 
tion and pedal point. (Music 11.1, .2.) 

Assistant Professor Fish. 

22.A Pianoforte Music, Its Composers, Characteristics and In¬ 
terpretation. B 

A course designed for students interested in the study of the piano¬ 
forte playing. Its aim is to furnish as a background knowledge of 
the development of music written for the piano and how it has arrived 
at its present stage. The piano styles of the different composers are 
studied, being determined, as they are, by the time in which they lived 
and the status of the instruments of the time. Characteristics which 
differentiate the music of one composer from that of another are 
emphasized. Two hours lecture and recitation; one hour practical 
work at the piano. 

Professor Hathaway. 

31. Counterpoint. C 

Counterpoint in two, three and four parts in the various species. 
Original work in the smaller contrapuntal forms. (Music 21.1 and 

21 . 2 . ) 

Professor Hathaway. 

32. Musical Understanding. A 

This course is designed to develop, without going too deeply into 
technicalities, the ability to listen to good music. It aims to present 
in untechnical language an account of the evolution of musical forms. 
Selections are played and illustrated at the piano and by phonograph 
records. No knowledge of music is necessary for entrance to this 
course. 

The following subjects are included in the course: Polyphonic 
forms, Absolute and Descriptive Music, Folk Songs and Art Songs. 
The Orchestra, Popular Music. The music of the Different Nations. 
Romanticism in Music. The Modern School. 

Professor Hathaway. 

33. Public School Music. B 

The course consists in the preparation for the teaching and supervi¬ 
sion of music in the public schools. The work of each grade is out¬ 
lined and problems discussed. Testing and classifying of voices, and 
organization and management of choruses, glee clubs and orchestras 
in high schools are taken up as well as some practice in conducting. 
Mrs. Seaver. 




74 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


42. Musical History and Advanced Appreciation. C. Grad. 

A general course in the evolution of musical development from earliest 
times up to the present and of the masterpieces produced during that 
period. Lectures, required reading and discussion. 

Professor Hathaway. 

43. The Elements of Composition. C 

A course in musical composition open to students who are interested 
in and possess the technical knowledge and ability represented by 
previous courses in the department. 

It includes the study of form in music and its construction from 
the musical motive, phrase and period to the dance and song forms, 
also detailed analysis of the chord structures of classic and modern 
works. Original work required. (Music 31.) 

Professor Hathaway. 

Practical Courses. 

M-l. Individual Instruction in the Study of the Pianoforte. 
Professor Hathaway. 

M-2. Private Instruction in Organ Playing. 

Assistant Professor Fish. 

M-3. Private Lessons in Voice Placing, Interpretation and 
Repertoire. 

Assistant Professor Fish. 

M-4. Instruction in Violin and Violoncello. 

Mr. Larsen. 

Credits: Each practical course, if preceded or accompanied by a 
theoretical course, will receive one point credit each semester if the 
student's grades in the preceding year averaged 75 per cent or over. 
No credit will be given for elementary work in any of the practical 
courses. It is necessary to have as many theoretical as practical 
courses if credit for the latter is given. 

[Orchestral Playing.] 

Open to students who are proficient in the use of some instrument 
of the modern orchestra will be admitted to the orchestra. Re¬ 
hearsals are held weekly. 

Mr. Larsen. 

Honors in Music: Honors in Music are given when, in addition to 
the requirements in theoretical courses, a student has given a public 
recital of classical and modern works. 

The College Choir: The College Choir holds two rehearsals weekly 
and sings at the chapel service each day and at the Sunday vesper 




DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 75 


service. Opportunity is given to study the works of the best com¬ 
posers of sacred music. 

Glee Club: Drill in ensemble singing, study of the works of excellent 
composers as well as more popular songs for Glee Club programs. 
Weekly rehearsals. 

Mr. Larsen and Associate Professor Owen. 

The Band: Students who play wind and percussion instruments find 
a welcome in the College Band. 

During the past season the Band has numbered about forty members. 
The College owns a number of the instruments used by the Band 
but prospective students having their own instruments are urged to 
bring them. 

Mr. Lechnyr. 


Charges for Practical Courses in Music 

(Payable in advance. No rebate will be allowed for lessons missed 
except in cases of continued illness.) 


Organ and Piano instruction—per semester 

1 lesson weekly $32.00 

2 lessons weekly 64.00 

Use of piano—1 hour daily—per semester 8.00 

Use of organ—1 hour daily—per semester 12.00 

Use of room for violin practice 1 hour daily—per semester 4.00 

Violin instruction—per semester 

1 lesson weekly 32.00 

2 lessons weekly 64.00 

Vocal instruction—per semester 

1 lesson weekly 32.00 

2 lessons weekly 64.00 


Students will be accepted at any time; tuition from the beginning 
of the semester to the time of registration being deducted. 

PHILOSOPHY 
Professor Harrington 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 21.1; 22.2; 32.; 41.; 42. 

21.1 Introduction to Philosophy. A 

A natural approach to the problems of Philosophy through a discus¬ 
sion of the common facts of human experience and man’s efforts to 
understand, then a general course dealing with these problems one 
after another. 

22.2 Introductory Logic. A 

A study of the principles of sound reasoning, with concrete illustra¬ 
tions at every point and practice in the classroom. (Phil. 21.1 or 
Ed. 21.1.) 




76 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


32. Studies in Ethics. B 

A general survey of the moral life of the race, then an inquiry as to 
the basis of ethical values and especially their relation to self-realiza¬ 
tion, and then the principles and ideals of social ethics. (Phil. 21.1 
or permission.) 

41. History of Philosophy. C. Grad. 

A survey of the work of the great thinkers and a tracing of the main 
currents of philosophical thought from the beginning; then an inquiry 
into recent and contemporary Philosophy. (Phil. 32. or permission.) 

42. Constructive Philosophy. C. Grad. 

An effort to outline a world-view in harmony with the most recent 
science. The inquiry deals not only with the physical universe but 
also with society and with the distinctively human values. (Per¬ 
mission.) 

Note: Special permission may be given, in individual cases, to students to 

take advanced courses in Philosophy, even if they have not had the prerequisites 
specified above, provided they have taken in other departments courses of equal 
grade and of such a nature as to have furnished the necessary preparation. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 
Professor Brown 
Professor Beck 
Mr. Nelson 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination (for class of 1935 only): 
31.1, .2; 41.1, .2. Future requirements: 21.1; 31.1, .2; 21.2 or 22.2; 41.1, .2; 
Biology 11., 41; Education and Psychology 22.2, 34.1. 

11. Physical Training and Hygiene. 

A foundation course which includes gymnastics, athletics, and games, 
with special emphasis on posture training. Lectures and recitations in 
hygiene. Three semester hours for the year. Required of all Fresh¬ 
men. 

Professor Brown and Mr. Nelson. 

21.1 Gymnastic Teaching. A 

Theory and practice. A study of gymnastic systems and methods of 
teaching tactics, calisthenics and apparatus exercises. Practice teach¬ 
ing. 

Mr. Nelson. 

*[21.2 Organization of Play. B] 

History, nature and function, and methods of teaching play. Group 
games of low and high organization, individual and mass athletics, 
and combative contests. Practice teaching, 
f [22.2 Minor Sports. B] 

Theory and practice. Rules, fundamentals and methods of teaching. 
Hockey, winter sports, volleyball, badminton, playgroundball, speed- 
ball, tennis and golf. 

* Offered for 1936 and alternate years, 
t Offered for 1935 and alternate years. 




DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 77 


31.1 Major Sports. B 

Football and basketball theory. Fundamentals of play; styles of 
offense and defense with discussions of their strength and weakness; 
generalship and strategy. (Permission.) 

Professor Beck. 

31.2 Major Sports. B 

Theory of baseball and track and field athletics. Fundamentals and 
team play in baseball; discussions of correct form in track and field 
events; methods of training and conditioning; treatment of athletic 
injuries. (Permission.) 

Professor Beck. 

41.1 Administration of Physical Education. C 
Organization and supervision of school and college physical education 
programs. Administration of inter-school, inter-collegiate and intra¬ 
mural athletics. (One A and two B course.) 

Professor Brown. 

41.2 Administration of Public Recreation. C 

A study of the problems which confront the superintendent or director 
of recreation in cities and rural communities. Layout and equipment, 
publicity, organization and development of activities. (One A and 
two B courses.) 

Professor Brown. 


PHYSICS 

Professor Bryant 
Mr. Wissler 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 21.1, .2; 31.1; 32.1, .2; 

33.1, .2; 41.1. 

Students majoring in Physics must have Chemistry 11. and Mathe¬ 
matics 21. 

21.1, .2 General Physics. A 

An introduction to the fundamental principles of general physics. 
The first semester’s work is prerequisite to the second. 

Professor Bryant. 

31.1 Light. B 

An advanced course for students who wish more knowledge of the 
subject than can be obtained from general physics. The laws of 
reflection and of refraction, with their application to optical instru¬ 
ments ; the wave theory of light; the spectrum and its teachings; 
the phenomena of radiation, absorption, dispersion, interference, and 
diffraction are some of the topics considered. (Phys. 21., Math. 11.) 
Professor Bryant. 




78 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


[32.1 Modern Physics. C] 

A survey of the recent discoveries in Physics and the theories based 
upon them. The electron, thermionics, photoelectric effect, X-rays, 
theory of spectra, atomic structure, radioactivity, geophysics, astro¬ 
physics, recent ideas in Physics are among the topics considered. 
(Phys. 21., Math. 21., and permission.) 

Professor Bryant. 

32.2 Electricity and Magnetism. B 

An advanced course covering more thoroughly many of the topics 
studied in the corresponding work in general physics, together with 
some additional topics, such as the discharge of electricity through 
gases, electrons, radio-activity, and wireless telegraphy. (Phys. 21.) 
Professor Bryant. 

33.1 Physical Measurements. C 

Elementary theory and practice of physical manipulation. Laboratory 
work in the measurements of length, mass, time, velocity, linear and 
angular acceleration; the verification of the laws of equilibrium of 
forces; the determination of coefficients of elasticity; the density of 
solids, liquids, and gases; experiments in sound. (Phys. 21.2.) 

Laboratory fee, $5. 

Mr. Wissler. 

33.2 Physical Measurements. C 

Measurements of thermal expansion, specific heat, latent heats of 
fusion and of evaporation. In electricity, fields of force, electric 
resistance, electro-motive forces, and strengths of current are meas¬ 
ured. The laws of reflection and refraction of light waves and the 
formation of images by mirrors and lenses are studied, and indices 
of refraction and lengths of light waves are measured. (Phys. 34.1.) 

Laboratory fee, $5. 

Mr. Wissler. 

41.1 Astronomy. C. Grad. 

The celestial sphere; astronomical instruments; determination of 
latitude, longitude, and time; the earth as an astronomical body; the 
moon’s motions and physical characteristics; the sun’s physical charac¬ 
teristics ; revelations of the spectroscope; eclipses; planets; comets; 
stars and nebulae. (Phys. 21.2.) 

Professor Bryant. 

42.2 Analytical Mechanics. C. Grad. 

A discussion of the statics and dynamics of a particle and of a rigid 
body. Composition and resolution of forces, vectors, center of gravity, 
work, energy, impulse, moment of inertia, static and kinetic friction. 
(Phys. 21.2, Math. 21.) 

Professor Bryant. 




DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 79 


POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Professor Cornwall 
Mr. Ne ALLEY 

11. The Government of the United States. A 
This course deals with our national or federal government and our 
state governments, their basic theories, formation, structure, powers, 
and operation, and also with the origin, growth, organization, func¬ 
tions, principles, and programs. (No prerequisites.) Seniors and 
Juniors by permission. Primarily for Sophomores and Freshmen. 
Mr. Nealley. 

21. Public Administration and Municipal Government in 

United States. B 

The purpose of this course is to acquaint the student first with the 
problems of municipal government and administration in the United 
States and, second, with the general problem of public administration 
in other governmental units in the United States. (Pol. Sc. 11. or 
permission.) Seniors, Juniors and Sophomores. 

Mr. Nealley. 

22. Comparative Government. B 

A description and analysis of the government of England followed by 
similar treatment of the governments of several European states, giv¬ 
ing careful consideration to the theory and practice of parliamentary 
government as compared with our own system. Special attention 
being given to contemporary movements and developments. (Pol. Sc. 
11. or permission.) Seniors, Juniors and Sophomores. 

Air. Nealley. 

31. Business Law. C 

A practical course in business relationships designed for students who 
expect to engage in business or in professions other than law. (No 
prerequisites.) Seniors and Juniors by permission. 

Professor Cornwall. 

[32. European, English and American Political Theories. C] 

[41. The United States Constitution and Constitutional Law. 
C. Grad.] 

A detailed study will be made in this course of the United States 
Constitution and its growth and development; with special attention 
to its interpretation by the Supreme Court. The study will be made 
chiefly by the case method. (Alternates with 42.) Seniors and 
Juniors by permission. 

42. International Government. C. Grad. 

A study of international government and organization with a view 
to understanding and appraising present-day problems and the ma- 



80 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


chinery for dealing with them. (Alternates with 41.) Seniors and 
Juniors by permission. 

Professor Cornwall. 

43. Political and Legislative Problems of the United States. 
C. Grad. 

A study of political forces and movements in the United States. An 
analysis of legislation and a study of the actual making of laws, the 
political aspect and the actual drafting of laws. (Pol. Sc. 11.) Seniors 
and Juniors. Sophomores by permission. 

Professor Cornwall. 


SOCIOLOGY 

Professor Kingsley 
Associate Professor Sholes 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 21.1 .2; 32. or 41.1, .2, or 

45.2; 42.; Education and Psychology 21.1; 22.2; History 32. or 45.1. 

11. Contemporary Civilization. A 

An orientating and correlating course. One-half of the year will be 
spent on the physical universe to the extent of considering the funda¬ 
mental laws, theories, concepts and problems of physical science, 
while the second half of the year will be spent in considering the 
mental and social nature of man in the reactions of the mind result¬ 
ing in ideas of education and culture, of institutions, of the evolution 
of society, of the organization of society; social concepts; social con¬ 
tributions of various peoples, a statement of current and social prob¬ 
lems of the world. (See page 48 for detailed description.) The 
amount of material is necessarily large. Much reading will be ex¬ 
pected. The sources are as much outside of books as within them, 
therefore a book charge of $10 per year is made for subject material. 
Professor Kingsley and Associate Professor Sholes. 

21.1 Principles and Methods of Sociology. B 

A systematic survey of the fundamentals of society. Treats the social 
processes, factors, functions, products, and principles. Juniors and 
Sophomores. (Sociology 11.) 

Book fee, $5 . 

Associate Professor Sholes. 

21.2 Contemporary Social Problems. B 

An analysis of social problems theoretically and specifically. Treats 
social disorganization from the social, physical, mental and cultural 
sources. Juniors and Sophomores. (Sociology 21.2.) 

Book fee, $5. 

Associate Professor Sholes. 

[31. Evolution of Society. B] 

This course is aimed to point out the concept of man as a social being, 
the beginnings and development of our social inheritance, resulting in 








DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 81 


group cooperation and organization, the inner-group actions and reac¬ 
tions and the inter-group actions and reactions. 

The main problems encountered by man, his concepts of the problems, 
his attempts to solve the problems of life, his successes and failures, 
a class evaluation on historical attempts, failures and successes will 
consume the chief attention of the class. 

The chief social problems will be enumerated by the class. Universal 
laws of mind and of society will be sought. Customs, laws, institu¬ 
tions, will be observed and evaluated. Juniors and Sophomores. 
(Sociology 21.1 and .2 and Education 22.2 and permission.) 

Book fee, $10. 

32. Advanced Principles and Problems of Society. C 
This course will extend the general principles of society and will more 
fully analyze the nature of the individual and of the group. The 
evolution of the individual and of the group will be considered in 
connection with all principles and problems. Social pathology, social 
reform and social betterment will be connected with the fundamental 
study of social laws and forces. Seniors and Juniors. (Sociology 21. 
and permission.) 

Book fee, $10. 

Associate Professor Sholes. 

[33.1, .2 The Rise of Man and of His Institutions.] 

This course traces the origin of man, his development and tendencies. 
It treats of man’s equipment, physically and mentally, which fits him 
for social activity. It traces the rise of human mentality, of civiliza¬ 
tion, of personality, of institutions. It relates the natural impulses 
and tendencies of man to social institutions. The object is to corre¬ 
late man, past and present, and to project him into the future from 
his present nature, tendencies and conditions. Book charge, $10 a 
year. 

[41.1 The Family. C] 

The family from the point of view of sociology, rather than from the 
biological an4 economical aspects. Study of the basic principles of 
family life, adjustments, modifications and position in the social struc¬ 
ture. (Permission.) 

Book fee, $5. 

[41.2 Criminology and Penology. C] 

A study of the weak spot in American institutions. Treats : the physi¬ 
cal, mental, hereditary, economic and social factors of crime and the 
criminal, the history of punishment, modern penal institutions and the 
machinery of justice. (Permission.) Seniors and Juniors. 

Book fee, $5. 






82 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


42. Social Efficiency and Welfare. C 

This problem course is organized to fit students to take an efficient 
part in society. Professional people, business people, industrial leaders, 
political leaders demand a certain social understanding and technique. 
The aim is to have the student coordinate the knowledge and forces 
of society, to assemble the philosophy, the science, literature and 
government of our present-day civilization and to resolve these forces 
in their effects upon society. There will be considered also ideal 
social organizations, forces and philosophies. The seminar method 
will be used, the student will be asked to read quite extensively. 
Several books will be assigned for class reading, while each student 
will work upon certain problems which are suitable to his training 
and interests. The class thereby profits by the experience and work 
of each. Current events will receive special attention. The class is 
limited to the better students and to a selected number. The amount of 
material used in these courses is necessarily large. The sources are 
as much outside of books as within them, therefore it is deemed more 
efficient and economical to make a book charge of $10 per year for 
this course. This charge will cover all material and books used. 
Professor Kingsley. 

[45.2 Advanced Social Problems.] 

For students who are preparing for social service work. Deals with 
specific social problems and the technic of their analysis and treatment. 
Trips to Institutions and with Social Workers are a part of the 
course. Limited number of Seniors. (Permission.) 

Book fee $5. 

Note: For those who wish to do extensive work in Sociology it is suggested 
that correlation of courses be made between this department and the depart¬ 
ment* of Biology, Political Science, Economics, History and Education. All 
those who major in Sociology will be expected to be prepared especially in Social 
Efficiency 42, in which current problems are treated. Those who desire to 
register for major work or for honors must secure permission from instructors. 
It is especially advisable that sociological students know the elements of these 
courses, especially those in Genetics and Psychology. All extensive work in 
this department should be planned with the instructors. 


SPANISH 

Professor Centeno 
Assistant Professor Martin 

Courses required for Comprehensive Examination: 31.; 40.; 41.2; 42.; 43. 

(when given); 44. (when given). 

11. Elementary Spanish. A 

Reading of simple Spanish; oral practice based on the reading text; 
grammar taught inductively; careful vocabulary building. Spanish 
is used as the principal means of communication. This course is 
designed to equip the student with a solid foundation for the more 
advanced study of spoken and literary Spanish. 

Professor Centeno and Assistant Professor Martin. 




DEPARTMENTS AND COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 83 


21. Second Year Spanish. A 

A continuation of or^l practice with a review and more extended 
treatment of grammar. The subject matter of the texts consists of 
realia of the Spanish-speaking countries. Outside reading of Spanish 
newspapers and magazines. Conducted in Spanish. (Spanish 11. 
or two years of high school Spanish.) 

Assistant Professor Martin. 

31.1 Conversational Spanish. B 

A review of grammar, oral practice based on idiomatic texts and 
selections of the best Spanish authors, and exercises in free com¬ 
position. The purpose of this course is to give the student a good 
command of spoken and written Spanish. Conducted in Spanish. 
(Spanish 21.) 

Assistant Professor Martin. 

31.2 Spanish Composition. B 

A practical course in the fundamentals of composition; exercises in 
syntax, construction of sentences, paraphrasing from Spanish texts, 
study of synonyms and antonyms, and free composition. (Spanish 
31.1.) 

Professor Centeno. 

40. Survey of Spanish Literature. C 

A general survey course of Spanish literature from the Middle Ages 
to the end of the Eighteenth Century, including representative novels, 
plays, and poetry. Lectures and reports by the students on assigned 
reading. Conducted in Spanish. (Spanish 31.1.) 

Professor Centeno. 

41.2 Contemporary Spanish Theatre. C. Grad. 

A survey of the principal Spanish playwrights of today, with a 
special study of their representative works. Oral discussions and 
written composition. Conducted in Spanish. (Spanish 31.1.) 
Assistant Professor Martin. 

42.1 The Modern Spanish Novel. C. Grad. 

A study of contemporary Spanish novelists with particular emphasis 
Century, with a special study of their representative works. Oral 
discussions and written composition. Conducted in Spanish. (Spanish 
31.1.) 

Professor Centeno. 

42.2 Contemporary Spanish Novel. C. Grad. 

A study of contemporary Spanish novelists with particular emphasis 
on the relation of literature to the social and intellectual life of 
present-day Spain. Oral discussions and written composition. Con¬ 
ducted in Spanish. (Spanish 31.1.) 

Professor Centeno. 




84 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


[43. Literature of the Golden Age. C. Grad.] 

An intensive study of the great Classical period. Reading of the 
chief authors and representative works. Lectures, collateral reading, 
class discussions, written and oral reports. Conducted in Spanish. 
(Spanish 31.1 and 31.2.) 

[44. Spanish Civilization. C. Grad.] 

The aim of this course is to equip the student with a good under¬ 
standing of the Spanish character and of Spain’s contribution to the 
world’s civilization. A general study of the geographical ethnical, 
historical, political, literary, and artistic evolution of Spain, together 
with a study of its most important traditions and customs, will con¬ 
stitute the subject matter of this course. 

45. Special Courses. C. Grad. 

Open to properly qualified students. Recommended for candidates for 
the Master’s Degree and for Seniors seeking honors in Spanish. 
(Span. 31.1.) (Permission.) 

Professor Centeno and Assistant Professor Martin. 



GRADUATE WORK 


Middlebury College provides courses in many departments for stu¬ 
dents desiring to pursue a Master’s degree. Correspondence should 
be directed to Prof. Harry G. Owen, Chairman of the Committee on 
Graduate Work. 

The degrees of Master of Arts and of Master of Science may be 
attained by graduate work completed during the regular college year, 
or at the Summer Sessions, in accordance with the following regu¬ 
lations : 

1. The candidate must have a baccalaureate degree from this 
College, or from another institution whose course of study and re¬ 
quirements for graduation are approved by the Committee on Graduate 
Work. 

2. Candidates should register during the first week of either semes¬ 
ter, or during the first week of the Summer Session. A renewal of 
all existing registrations must be made at the beginning of each 
college year. 

3. To obtain the degree of Master of Arts, or Master of Science, 
one full year in residence and the completion of work equivalent to 
thirty semester hours will be necessary. This requirement of resi¬ 
dence may also be met by attendance at the Summer Sessions. Not 
more than eight semester hours may be secured at a single Summer 
Session; and not more than six semester hours in a European Section 
of the Summer Session. 

4. To obtain either of the advanced degrees two-thirds of the re¬ 
quired work must be completed at Middlebury College. 

5. Candidates for the Master’s degree shall present to the Com¬ 
mittee on Graduate Work for its approval a statement of the intended 
course of study, with the written approval of the head of the de¬ 
partment in which the major work is to be undertaken. 

6. The major work of the candidate must be undertaken in some 
department in which there have been completed undergraduate courses 
of study of such advanced grade as to satisfy the department of his 
fitness to enter upon graduate work. 

7. One-half of the required work or, at the discretion of the head 
of the department, two-thirds, must consist of graduate studies or 
investigations prescribed by the department in which the major work 
is undertaken; the remaining part may be pursued in courses of 
graduate grade recommended by the department. A minimum grade 
of 80 percent shall be maintained in all the courses counting towards 
the degree. 

8. Graduates of Middlebury College who have to their credit gradu¬ 
ate courses taken in undergraduate years and not counted toward a 
baccalaureate degree may, subject to the approval of the head of the 
department concerned, count fifteen semester hours toward an ad- 





86 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


vanced degree, provided these courses are in subjects related to the 
department in which major work for the advanced degree is to be 
done. Subject to the same requirements, graduates of other recog¬ 
nized colleges may count towards the Middlebury degree similar 
graduate courses completed in undergraduate years and not counted 
towards the baccalaureate degree. 

9. Graduate work done in other institutions, and presented for 
transfer credit towards the Middlebury Master’s degree, must be 
acceptable towards the same degree at the institution where the work 
was done. 

10. No courses counted in conferring a first degree at Middlebury 
College, or elsewhere, shall be accepted for a second degree. 

11. A Senior who has satisfied all the requirements for the bac¬ 
calaureate degree at the end of the first semester may continue his 
study towards the Master’s degree during the second semester. Such 
a student shall be considered a graduate student and his program of 
study must conform to the regulations governing graduate work. 

12. The degree shall be conferred either at the Commencement or 
at the Summer Session following the completion of the work. 

13. The regular tuition fees for undergraduate work are charged. 
An additional fee of $15 is required for the final examination and 
the diploma. 


THE DOCTORATE IN MODERN LANGUAGES 

Besides the Master’s degree, the Middlebury Summer Schools of 
French, Spanish, and German now offer an advanced degree: The 
Doctorate in Modern Languages (D.M.L.), full details concerning 
which may be found in the Summer School bulletins of the Schools 
concerned. The principal requirements are: 

. 1- The Master’s degree with a language major from some recog¬ 
nized university. 

2. Residence at the Summer Sessions of Middlebury College equiva¬ 
lent to five-year courses of thirty credits. This will ordinarily re¬ 
quire four summers’ residence at Middlebury, but the basis of the 
requirement is chiefly the fulfillment of a program, not merely a 
given total of points. The student will be required to complete the 
main lines or groups of our curriculum—Stylistics, Phonetics, Realia, 
Teaching Methods, Literature, and Philology. A minimum of twenty 
credits over and above the credits necessary for the M.A. must be 
secured in residence at Middlebury; a maximum of ten credits may 
be transferred. 

3. Two semesters’ residence in the foreign country of the major 
language. This time should be spent in study in approved courses 
amounting to or equivalent to twelve hours a week (or 24 semester 
hours) of class exercises. The work must be done according to a 



GRADUATE WORK 


87 


plan previously approved by the Dean of the respective School, and 
the final results must also be approved by him. Work done in a 
foreign country prior to the student’s enrollment as a candidate for 
the D.M.L. cannot be accepted. Summer Sessions may not be sub¬ 
stituted for the requirement of two semesters’ foreign residence. 

4. A major language (French, Spanish or German). 

a. A thorough knowledge of and the ability to use the spoken and 
written language, tested by an oral and written examination. 

b. A thorough study of and training in phonetics. Candidates will 
be required to do at least one summer’s work in the phonetics labora¬ 
tory, and to write a report on their research. 

c. A scientific study of modern methods of teaching foreign lan¬ 
guages. Note: Besides attendance in the courses of methods at 
Middlebury, candidates will be required to teach at least one year 
under supervision. Statements will be requested from superintend¬ 
ents of schools, heads of departments, and others as to the success of 
the candidate’s teaching and professional ability. No student will be 
granted the D.M.L. who cannot be unqualifiedly recommended as an 
experienced and successful teacher of the language. 

5. A final oral examination conducted entirely in the major lan¬ 
guage, before a board including native members of the faculty; this 
examination to cover all elements of the candidate’s preparation— 
phonetics, pedagogy, literature, etc. (This training should include a 
certain amount of philological preparation—Old French or Old 
Spanish, Phonology, Morphology, etc., but these subjects should be 
studied not in se and per se, but always with the idea of the help 
they may afford to the knowledge and teaching of the modern lan¬ 
guages.) 

6. A minor language (preferably another Romance Language). 
This will be tested by an oral and written examination. The candi¬ 
date’s knowledge of the language should be sufficient at least to teach 
successfully the elementary courses in the language. In addition, a 
reading knowledge of German will be required, as a guarantee of the 
ability to use German texts or editions. 

7. A dissertation written in the major language. This dissertation, 
which should approximate 35,000 words, is intended to prove a 
thorough and understanding study of some subject, literary, phonetic, 
or pedagogical, which is worth a careful study. It must embody con¬ 
siderable original work and reflection must show a mastery of the 
field, clearness of thought, and must be written in correct and easy 
style. The subject must be chosen and the preparation continued 
under the guidance of some member of the Middlebury faculty. 



SCHOLARSHIPS 


The College has a number of student benefits, many of them given 
in early years at great self-sacrifice on the part of the donors. The 
income of these funds is expended exclusively in payment of the 
tuition, in part, of needy and deserving students of good deportment 
and application. When the number of students was much smaller, 
these funds allowed a somewhat more liberal bestowment of bene¬ 
ficiary aid than is now possible. It is not expected that those whose 
circumstances admit the full payment of college bills zvill apply for 
college assistance. It is earnestly desired, however, that, where need 
requires, those who might not otherwise be able to receive a college 
education will apply for aid from this source. The College has a 
long record of special encouragement to those who are obliged to 
secure an education largely through their own efforts. Incoming 
students should direct all correspondence concerning scholarships to 
the Director of Admissions and Personnel, who will furnish blanks 
for applications. Students already in College should apply to the 
Dean for such assistance. 

Scholarships may be forfeited at any time during the course 
through negligence or misconduct. If a student fails in any semester 
to have a passing grade in four courses of which three shall be at 
least 70 percent grade, any scholarship allowance for that semester 
is thereby forfeited. 

If a student who has had the privilege of a scholarship leaves 
Middlebury to transfer to another institution, he will be required to 
pay the full amount of back tuition. 

Among the student benefits dispensed by the College is the income 
from the following funds: 

The Charitable Society Fund, $4,012, established in 1832. 

The Literary Fund, $740, established in 1835. 

The Warren Fund, $3,000, given in 1835 by bequest of Deacon 
Isaac Warren of Charlestown, Mass., and its income applied in pay¬ 
ment of college bills of those who are preparing for the Gospel 
ministry. 

The Subscription of 1852, $25,000. 

The Waldo Fund, $10,000, established in 1864 by bequest of Mrs. 
Catherine E. Waldo of Boston. 




SCHOLARSHIPS 


89 


The Baldwin Fund, $28,122, received in 1871 from the estate of 
John C. Baldwin, Esq., of Orange, N. J. 

The Fairbanks Scholarships, $2,000, established by Thaddeus 
Fairbanks, Esq., of St. Johnsbury. 

The Levi Parsons Scholarships, established by Hon. Levi T. 
Parsons Morton of New York City. 

The Daniel O. Morton Scholarship, established by Hon. Levi 
Parsons Morton of New York City. 

The Penfield Scholarship, $1,000, established by Allen Penfield, 
Esq., of Burlington. 

The Charles A. Field Scholarship, $300, given by the village 
of Proctor, Vt., “as a memorial of regard for Fletcher Dutton Proctor 
and of gratitude to him, and for courtesies received at the hands of 
other residents of said village. ,, 

The Bezelial Smith Fund, $1,000, established in 1893. 

The A. P. Stafford Fund, $1,000, established “to assist needy 
students from Wallingford to an education.” 

The John A. Howe Scholarships, $3,000, bequeathed by John A. 
Howe, Esq., class of 1853; the income first available for his descend¬ 
ants, and then under certain conditions for students from Poultney. 

The Windham County Congregational Conference Scholar¬ 
ship, $600. 

The Asa Wheelock Scholarships Fund, $5,000, established 
under the will of Charles B. R. Hazeltine of Arlington, Mass., the 
income first available for students from the town of Wardsboro, Vt., 
and then from other small country towns in the State. 

The Jonathan Coleman Southmayd Scholarship Fund, $5,500, 
established by Hon. Redfield Proctor, in 1922, its income first avail¬ 
able for students (men or women) from Proctor. 

The Agnes Warner Sunderland Fund, $3,000, established by 
Edwin S. S. Sunderland, Esq., class of 1911, the income from which 
is first available for the assistance of students (men or women) from 
Cornwall. 

The Charles B. R. Hazeltine Fund, $14,043, established in 1923 
“for assisting worthy students.” 

The John W. Rowell Fund, $2,000, established by the late Chief 
Justice Rowell. 




90 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


The President's Purse, $10,000, established by Mr. Charles M. 
Swift, the income to be disbursed at the discretion of the President. 

The New Jersey Student Aid Fund, $400, for boys from New 
Jersey. 

A Friend's Fund, $189, to assist young men having the Christian 
ministry of the Methodist or Congregational Church in view. 

The Ludger J. Tousant Fund, $315, established by the class of 
1920 in memory of their classmate—Ludger J. Tousant—killed in the 
World War. 

The James M. Tyler Fund, $1,000, for students from Vermont. 

The William W. Gay Fund, $5,000, established in 1929 by the 
gift of Mrs. Frederic F. Van de Water, Jr., in memory of her father, 
William W. Gay, class of 1876. 

The Herbert K. Twitchell Fund, $2,000, established in 1929 
by a bequest received under the will of Mr. Twitchell for students 
from Vermont, preferably Addison County. 

The Cornelia W. Bailey Fund, $33,500, established in 1929 under 
her will for students of the Protestant faith, residing in Vermont. 

The total annual income available for scholarships from vested 
funds approximates $8,000. 

The Dutton Fellowships, established in 1926 by Hon. Redfield 
Proctor for five years, were continued in 1932 with revisions made 
by the original donor. The Fellowships now provide $1,200 to $1,500, 
according to the conditions of the time and the estimated require¬ 
ments. In any given year they may be awarded to men or women 
as the Scholarship Committee may consider best, but over a period 
of years a majority of the recipients will be men. The Fellowships 
shall be used to defray, so far as possible, the expenses for one year 
of post-graduate study in some institution in Europe approved by 
the committee. The recipients shall have a definite program and be 
regularly enrolled in classes for at least a majority of their time 
in Europe. If, in the judgment of the committee, there should be 
only one desirable candidate, the second fellowship need not be 
awarded. 

The basis for award is similar to that of the Rhodes Scholarships, high 
standing being considered in connection with College leadership and interest in 
out-door sports and life. It is understood that this year of graduate work 








SCHOLARSHIPS 


91 


shall not be toward a professional career, such as Law, Medicine or Theology. 
The judges consist of one member of the trustees chosen by the trustees, one 
member of the faculty chosen by the faculty, and the President of the College. 


STATE SCHOLARSHIPS 

The College receives from the State of Vermont an annual appro¬ 
priation of $7,200 for the payment to the amount of $120 annually 
of the tuition and incidental college charges of sixty students, two 
being appointed each year by each Senator in the General Assembly, 
from his respective county, provided any suitable candidate should 
apply therefor; otherwise from any county in the State. 

Any Vermont student desiring to take advantage of a State scholarship 
should apply to one of the Senators of the county in which he resides, and the 
Senator may thereupon give him a certificate of appointment. Should the 
Senators in the applicant’s county already have made appointments, the student 
should immediately apply to the Dean, as there may be a vacancy from some 
other county of which the applicant may avail himself. Incoming Freshmen 
should make such application to the Director of Admissions and Personnel. 
The same regulations as to forfeiture through misconduct, poor scholarship, or 
unsatisfactory attendance apply to State scholarships as to student benefits 
owned by the College. 

SPECIAL SCHOLARSHIPS FOR RESIDENTS OF 
VERMONT 

Ten scholarships of $1,000 each for the four-year course ($250 a 
year) were established in 1930, subject to the conditions stated 
below, based on the general plan of the Rhodes Scholarships, and 
given to male residents of Vermont who show greatest promise in: 
qualities of manhood, force of character, and leadership; literary 
and scholastic ability and attainments; and physical vigor, as shown 
by interest in outdoor sports or in other ways. 

The school record and personal references from principal and other citizens 
of standing in the community are considered in making the selection. All 
applicants (unless otherwise advised by the committee) come to Middlebury for 
scholastic aptitude test, general intelligence examination, and personal interview 
with the committee of selection, which consists of the President, two members 
of the Board of Trustees, the Dean and the Director of Admissions. The 
scholarship is tenable for four consecutive years subject to the maintenance of 
a high standing and a general record in college which is satisfactory to the 
committee. Application should be made to E. J. Wiley, Director of Admissions 
and Personnel, on or before April IS. 



92 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


GEORGE W. ELLIS FELLOWSHIPS 

Two fellowships, each with an annual value of $1,600, were estab¬ 
lished at Columbia University in 1931, under a provision in the will 
of George W. Ellis, to be open primarily to residents of Vermont 
or to the graduates of Middlebury, Norwich, and the University of 
Vermont. 

The fellowships are awarded to qualified men or women for pursuing advanced 
or graduate study in any of the faculties or schools at Columbia. Information 
on this fellowship may be secured from Prof. H. G. Owen. 


STUDENT LOAN FUNDS 

The College has received at various times funds for the purpose of 
making loans to students. Loans are made from these funds in 
moderate amounts for a limited time, when circumstances and con¬ 
ditions warrant, and in accord with the terms thereof. The funds 
are as follows: 

General Student Loan Fund, $11,966.59, the aggregate of gifts from 
friends to be used in making loans to students, originating with a 
gift from Prof. Wm. W. Eaton of $25 in 1911. 

Hazeltine Student Loan Fund, $2,500, received in 1923 under the 
will of Chas. B. R. Hazeltine and his sister, Harriet S. Hazeltine, 
of Arlington, Mass., “The income only to be used as a loan fund 
in assisting students in Middlebury College.” 

Elam R. Jewett Student Loan Fund, $3,000, received in 1923 from 
a friend, “The principal to be safely invested, the income and accre¬ 
tions to be loaned, under certain conditions, to men students of the 
College.” By such accretions the fund now amounts to $3,600. 

William H. Porter Student Loan Fund, $10,000, an unconditional 
legacy received in 1927 under the will of William H. Porter of New 
York. By action of the Trustees it was made the William H. Porter 
Student Loan Fund, the principal to be safely invested and kept 
intact, the interest therefrom and accretions thereto to be used for 
making loans to worthy students of the Men’s College from Ver¬ 
mont—first consideration being given to those from Addison County. 



PRIZES 


The Parker Prizes. Established by gift of Daniel Parker, Esquire, 
in 1807 and Prof. Frederick Hall in 1820. Prizes to men of the Fresh¬ 
man class who are adjudged best speakers in a contest held at some 
time during the year. The amounts of the Prizes will be determined 
on the basis of the income from the fund. The gross minimum for 
these prizes in the past has been $50. 

The Merrill Prizes. Established in 1882 by bequest of Rev. 
Thomas Abbott Merrill, D.D., Trustee, 1806-55. Four awards, $30, 
$20, $15 and $10 to the four men of the Sophomore class adjudged 
the best speakers in an annual contest. 

The Deacon Boardman Peace Prize. Established in memory of 
Samuel Ward Boardman (1789-1870). An annual prize of $30 to 
the member of the Junior class submitting the best essay in favor 
of peace, and in opposition to war as a method for settling inter¬ 
national differences. The essay must be creditable as a literary com¬ 
position and consist of at least 2,000 words. 

The George H. Catlin Classical Prize, $1,000. Established in 
1918 by the gift of Mr. George H. Catlin of Scranton, Pa., the income 
furnishing an annual award to be made to that man in the Senior 
class whose college work in Greek and Latin is adjudged to be 
worthiest of the distinction. The awarding committee consists of 
the Head of the Department of Greek, the Head of the Department 
of Latin and the Dean of the College. 

The Kellogg Latin-English Prize. Established by gift of Prof. 
Brainerd Kellogg, LL.D., Litt.D., of the class of 1858, Trustee, “to 
encourage Latin and English.” The income from $500 awarded 
annually to the two best examination papers on Horace. 

The Wetherell Prizes. As a memorial to Prof. Archibald D. 
Wetherell, a permanent foundation for the encouragement of debat¬ 
ing was established in 1922, through the interest and cooperation of 
his friends and admirers. The fund now amounts to $1,100, the income 
from which is awarded annually in prizes to the two men showing 
the greatest interest and proficiency in debating. 

The Edwin Winship Lawrence Prizes. Established in memory 
of the donor’s father, George Edwin Lawrence, of the class of 1867. 
A first prize of $25, a second prize of $15 and a third prize of $10 




94 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


will be awarded annually to the three students who in the judgment 
of the English Department of Middlebury College exhibit the most 
proficiency in debating. 

The same donor has given a fund to provide prizes of $25, $15 
and $10 for the best debaters in the annual Middlebury College- 
University of Vermont debate, the winners to be the best three 
from the two teams. 

The Hazeltine-Klevenow Cup, awarded to the student having 
best combined ability in athletics with excellence in scholarship; the 
choice to be made from the entire student body; the name of the 
recipient to be placed on the cup annually as a permanent record; 
and a replica of the cup to be presented at the time of announcement. 

The Kappa Delta Rho Cup, presented annually to the student 
most loyal to the ideals of Middlebury College. The award is based 
on extra-curricular activities, both athletic and non-athletic, scholar¬ 
ship and character. 

Alumni Awards. One alumni award of $250 given “at large” in 
the three upper classes and three awards of $200 to the outstanding 
man in each of these classes is presented annually to men who have 
shown ability at leadership in both curricular and extra-curricular 
activities. 

The Woolsey Prize, established by the late Col. Theodore S. 
Woolsey, Jr., B.A., M.F., 1933. Twenty-five dollars will be awarded 
to the undergraduate writing the best examination in Bible. 

Clement Prize. Middlebury Juniors and Seniors are eligible to 
compete with entrants from a specified group of other colleges and 
universities for the best thesis on the United States Constitution. 
Details are furnished by the head of the Political Science Department. 













THE ASSOCIATED ALUMNI 

Established in 1824, the Associated Alumni has had a continuous 
existence of over a century. 

Where in the past this organization has played only a social part, 
in striving to keep the graduates of the College interested in each 
other and in the College itself, its aims now tend toward a more 
active part in the life of the College. Consequently this Association 
purposes not only to bind its members in closer bonds of loyalty 
and affection, but to be of material assistance in the forwarding of 
the plans and projects of the administration. 

The business of the Association is conducted through the office of 
the Secretary, who is also Director of Admissions and Personnel. 
Addresses of graduates and former students and biographical infor¬ 
mation regarding them are filed in that office and are available upon 
request. 

The division of Districts is as follows: 

Region No. 1 

A. Middlebury District—Northeastern New York State, Vermont 
(except the southernmost portion), and northern New Hampshire. 
District Center, Middlebury. 

B. Boston District—Maine, southeastern New Hampshire, eastern 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island. District Center, Boston. 

C. Springfield District—Southwestern New Hampshire, southeast¬ 
ern Vermont, the balance of Massachusetts, and that section of Con¬ 
necticut, including Hartford, which is nearer to Springfield than to 
New Haven. District Center, Springfield. 

Region No. 2 

A. New Haven District—Including the balance of Connecticut. 
District Center, New Haven. 

B. Albany District—Eastern New York State, southwestern Ver¬ 
mont, and a small part of western Massachusetts. District Center, 
Albany. 

C. New York City District—New York City, New Jersey, parts of 
New York State contiguous and a small part of Connecticut. District 
Center, New York City. 

Region No. 3 

A. Buffalo District—Remainder of New York State, Ohio. Dis¬ 
trict Center, Buffalo. 

B. Washington District—Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Southern 
States to the Mississippi. District Center, Washington. 

C. Chicago (Western) District—Remainder of the United States 
and all foreign countries. District Center, Chicago. 

The officers of the Associated Alumni for the year 1933-34 are: 

National President —*Edgar R. Brown, ’93, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Term: 1 year 


Deceased. 







96 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


District Presidents: 

Region I. Term: 3 years 

Middlebury District: D. S. Atwood, T3, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 
Boston District: A. W. Furber, ’20, Boston, Mass. 
Springfield District: P. E. Fellows, ’20, Hartford, Conn. 


Region II. Term: 2 years 

New Haven District: H. C. Tong, ’01, New Haven, Conn. 

Albany District: W. R. Wells, ’30, Schenectady, N. Y. 

New York City District: E. S. S. Sunderland, Tl, New York City 

Region III. Term: 1 year 

Buffalo District: C. H. Wright, T6, Cleveland, Ohio 
Washington District: F. J. Bailey, ’01, Washington, D. C. 

Chicago (Western) District: S. B. Pettengill, ’08, South Bend, Ind. 


National Secretary —Edgar J. Wiley, T3, 
Term: 1 year 

Alumni Trustees: 

Region 1. Term: 3 years 
Homer L. Skeels, ’98, 

Region II. Term: 2 years 
Carl A. Mead, ’91, 

Region III. Term: 5 years 
Samuel B. Pettengill, ’08, 

Alumni Trustees-at-Large: 

J. Earle Parker, ’01 (1 year), 

Ellsworth C. Lawrence, ’01 (4 years), 


Middlebury, Vt. 

Montpelier, Vt. 

New York City 

South Bend, Ind. 

Boston, Mass. 
Malone, N. Y. 


ALUMNI AND ALUMNAE ASSOCIATIONS 

The officers of the various Alumni and Alumnae Associations, as 
reported for the year 1933-34 are as follows: 

The New York Association 

President and Toastmaster, E. S. S. Sunderland, ’ll; Executive 
Committee, H. V. Brooks, ’28, Chairman; F. R. Clement, ’27; 
F. Gruggel, ’29. 

The Boston Association 

President, Alan W. Furber, ’20; Vice-President, Mrs. C. H. Paul¬ 
sen, T8; Secretary and Treasurer, Kendall S. McLean, ex-T3; 
Executive Committee, O. K. Collins, ’02, Cyril Shelvey, ’23. 







ALUMNI 


97 


The Alumnae Association 

President, Mrs. Marjorie Lee Selden ’16; Vice-President, Mrs. 
Katherine Hurd Harris, ’18; Secretary and Treasurer, Frances 
H. Warner, ’05; Executive Committee, Geraldine G. Griffin, ’31, 
Mrs. Ruth Norton Stewart, T5. 

The Worcester County (Mass.) Alumnae Club 

President, Marion J. Janes, ’24; Vice-President, Emeline Amidon, 
’29; Secretary, Marjorie Frye, ’31; Treasurer, Nina Barber, ’32. 

The Connecticut Alumni Association 

President, Henry C. Tong, ’01; Secretary and Treasurer, Helen C. 
Prageman, ’23. 

The Chicago Association 

President, S. B. Pettengill, ’08; Vice-President, Mrs. Walter Fuller, 
’01; Secretary and Treasurer, Mrs. Gwendoline Morris Barnes, 
TO. 

The Ohio Association 

Executive Committee, Don Belden, T9, and Guy N. Christian, ’20. 

The Washington, D. C., Association 

President, Frederick J. Bailey, ’01; Vice-President, Mrs. Martha 
E. M. Miller, TO. 

The Buffalo Association 

President, Thomas H. Noonan, ’91; Secretary and Treasurer, Lin- 
wood B. Law, ’21. 

The Albany Club 

President, W. Raymond Wells, ’30; Vice-President, W. H. Ham- 
mersley, ’04; Secretary and Treasurer, S. J. Thompson, ’23. 

The Philadelphia Association 

President, Walbridge B. Fullington, ’20; Secretary and Treasurer, 
William H. Lawton, ’23. 

The New York Alumnae Association 

President, Miss Eleanor Sprague, ’25; Vice-President, Mrs. Vie 
Dole Elberth, ’23; Secretary, Miss Ruth Jackson, ’26; Treasurer, 
Miss Wilhelmina Hayes, ’30. 

The California Association 

President, Robert B. Brown, ex-’20; Secretary, Mrs. Winifred 
Jeffords Waldo, T7. 






PRIZE AWARDS IN 1933 


Merrill Speaking Prizes, 1935 


First 

Second 

Third 

Fourth 

Henry Tower Emmons 

Lothrop Marr Willis 

Walter Wyman Smith 

Robert Theodore Stafford 

First 

Second 

Third 

Parker Speaking Prizes, 1936 
Charles Alexander Deedman, Jr. 
Herbert Franklin Irish, Jr. 

Jack Steele 


Wether ell Debating Prizes 

Edward Yerow 

Thomas John Duffield 

First 

Second 

Third 

Third 

Edwin Winship Lawrence Debating Prizes 
Edward Yerow 

Thomas John Duffield 

Charles Alexander Deedman, Jr.* 
Jack Steele* 


Hazeltine-Klevenow Cup 

George Ernest Yeomans 


Kappa Delta Rho Cup 

Clark Howard Corliss 


Dutton Fellowship 

George Ernest Yeomans 

At large 
Senior 
Junior 
Sophomore 

Alumni Awards 

George Ernest Yeomans 

Henry Leroy Newman 

Douglas Law Jocelyn 

Walter Edward Boehm 


Woolsey Prize 
Clark Howard Corliss 

* Equal rank. 







DEGREES CONFERRED IN 1933 


HONORARY DEGREES 


Doctor of Laws 

John H. Finley 
New York City 

Doctor of Letters 
Everett V. Meeks 

New Haven, Conn. 

Doctor of Science 

John M. Wheeler 
New York City 


Doctor of Divinity 
Chauncey A. Adams 

Waterbury, Vermont 

Doctor of Pedagogy 
Ozias D. Mathewson 

Lyndonville, Vermont 

Master of Arts 

Margaret Widdemer 
New York City 


DEGREES IN COURSE 

With Commencement Appointments 
June 12, 1933 

Master of Science 

Thomas Branch Alexander, University of New Hampshire 
William Eli Dorn, ’32 
Lester Walker Eaton, ’32 
Henry Marble Weston, ’29 


Bachelor of Arts 


John W. Boggs, Jr. 

Frederick Wright Brink 1 
Arthur DuBois Brundidge, Jr. 
Frederick Boyce Bryant 
Franklin Butler 
Rollin Thoburn Campbell 
George Griswold Frelinghuysen 
Lyle Edward Glazierf 4 


William Francis Hester 
Ralph Newhall Huse 
Baden Powell Lewis 
Horace Loomis 
Graydon Hayford Spragg 
William Schober Weier 
Allyn Brayman WhiteJIfU 
Edward Yerowf1f§ a 







100 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


Bachelor of Science 


Richard Lyman Allen 
Arthur Louis Amelung 
James Jerry Bantaf 
Vladimir Paulovitch Bouryschkine 
Anthony George Lombard Brackett 
Fenwick Noble Buffum 
Philip Lewis Carpenterf 
Chester Herbert Clemensf* 

George Albert Colclough 
Paul Tenny Collins 
Clark Howard Corliss 
Joseph Bradley Crowley 
Ross Gilbert Cunningham 
Chalmers Henry Day 
William Chamberlain Deemer 
Kenneth Eugene Dodd 
Thomas John Duffield 
Edward Joseph Fairbanks 
Donald Joseph Falvey 
Melvin Harry Glazier 
Warren Gibbs Goodrich 
Everett Warren Gould 
Celim Ira Green 
Seymour Clinton Hand 
John Francis Hartrey 
Harold Hathaway 
Harold Robert Herrmann 
Reginald Kimball House 
Stephen Chase Hoyle 
Arthur Gordon Idef 
Charles Leigh Ingersoll 
Harold Hunter Jillson 
Herbert Clement John 


Proctor Mayo Lovell 
Robert Francis McDermott 
William Wall McDonough 
Donald Brown MacKenzie 
Donald Barnes MacLean 
James McWhirterf 
Ferdinand Joseph Mann 
John Lowry Marsh 
Arnold Thorwald Melbye 
Henry Leroy Newmanflf 
Evan Carter Noonan 
George Booth OwenfH 5 
Hewitt Ezra Page 3 
Herbert Alan Painterf 
Robert Earl Paye 
LeGrand Warren Pellett, Jr.f 
Rollin Evart Pratt 
Anson Vernon Ransom 
Richard David Roberts 
John Taylor Rulison 
Douglas Fosdick Short 
Robert Dering Short 
George Toivo Siipola 
Kingsley Robert Smith 
Robert Coleman Somerville 
Peter Raymond Sorenson 
Harold Roscorla Thayer 
William Volkmar 
Harry Edward Wells, Jr. 
Edward Mason Whitman, Jr. 
Ralph Clinton Whitney 
Milton Johnson Wooding 
George Ernest YeomansfH 


After Summer Session of 1932 
Bachelor of Science 


William Emerson Davis 


After Summer Session as of the Class of 1933 
Bachelor of Science 

James Cullen Judge 
Giles Newton Montgomery 

|| Valedictory Honors. 1 Honors in American Literature. 

5 Salutatory Honors. 2 High Honors in Economics. 

V Phi Beta Kappa. 3 Honors in Economics. 

J Degrees conferred manna cum laude. * Honors in English, 

t Degrees conferred cum laude. 5 High Honors in Sociology. 






NEEDS OF THE COLLEGE 


Apart from the constant need of increased endowment the most press¬ 
ing needs of the College are: 


1. Adequate athletic facilities. A complete equipment with all modern facili¬ 
ties could in all probability be secured for $800,000 but the contemplated plan 
calls for building this in units which can be added as funds are secured, in 
amounts from $150,000 up. The present Gymnasium could become an assembly 
hall, a much needed unit at present. 

2. Adequate recitation facilities. The Old Chapel, in use since 1836, is 
insufficient and unsuitable for recitation purposes. The present method of using 
the Warner Science Hall and the Chemistry Building for non-laboratory purposes 
is undesirable. A recitation hall could be built for $200,000 and would release 
the Old Chapel for purely administrative purposes. 

3. A small building for a general students’ club and social center where 
undergraduate meetings could be held, to cost from $100,000 up. Total sug¬ 


gested sum needed: 

Gymnasium ... 
Recitation Hall 
Students’ Club 


800,000 

200,000 

100,000 


$1,100,000 


FORMS OF BEQUEST 


The corporate title of Middlebury College is “The President and Fel¬ 
lows of Middlebury College.” 

The following forms are suggested: 

I give and bequeath to “The President and Fellows of Middlebury College,” 

a corporation of the State of Vermont, the sum of---dollars, 

to be used by the Trustees of said College for such purposes and in such 
manner as they shall deem appropriate. 

I give and bequeath to “The President and Fellows of Middlebury College, 

a corporation of the State of Vermont, the sum of-dollars, 

to be invested by the Trustees of said College, and the income thereof to be 
applied to the uses of said College in accordance with the terms of its charter. 










INDEX 


PAGE 

Administration Committee . 13 

Admission .28-33 

Committee . 13 

Correspondence. 4 

Director of . 11 

Advanced Standing . 32 

Advisers .19,34,35,37 

Chief .35,37 

Alumnae .96,97 

Alumni .95-97 

American Literature . 43 

Applications . 28 

Associated Alumni .95-97 

Athletic Field . 25 

Athletics .19,25 

Committee on . 13 

Director of .8, 19 

Interclass . 19 

Interfraternity . 19 

Supervision of . 19 

Teams . 19 

Bachelor of Arts Requirements..35, 36 
Bachelor of Science Require¬ 
ments .35, 36 

Band .21,75 

Battell Forest .4, 26 

Committee on . 7 

Bequests, Forms of.101 

Biology . 44 

Board . 20 

Chateau . 20 

Hepburn Commons . 20 

Boat House . 25 

Book Store . 22 

Bread Loaf School of English.. .4, 26 

Buildings .15,21-25 

Value of . 27 

Bulletins . 4 

Business Manager .6, 9 

Calendar .2, 3 

Campus . 15 


PAGE 

Casa Italiana .4,26 

Catalogue . 4 

Certification .28-31 

Chapel . 23 

Chapel attendance . 16 

Charter . 27 

Chateau . 23 

Chemistry .24, 46 

Chemistry Building . 24 

Choir .16,21,74 

Coeducation . 15 

College Entrance Examina¬ 
tions .28, 29, 31-33 

Commencement Date .2, 3 

Committees— 

Corporation . 7 

Faculty . 13 

Comprehensive Examination 

System . 39 

Concerts . 17 

Conditions . 38 

Entrance .29, 30 

In Examinations . 39 

Conduct responsibility . 18 

Contemporary Civilization.48, 80 

Corporation .5,6 

Correspondence . 4 

Courses . 43 

Bracketed . 43 

Elective . 35 

Explanation of . 43 

Fees for changing . 37 

Grouping of . 34 

Lettered . 37 

Organization . 34 

Prerequisite .37,43 

Required .35,36 

Special Methods . 56 

Dean . 8 

Debating .21, 49, 58 

Degrees . 15 

A.B.34, 35, 41 
















































































INDEX 


103 


PAGE 

Degrees— 

Baccalaureate . 35 

B.S.34, 35 

Conferred in 1933 .99, 100 

D.M.L.86, 87 

Honorary . 99 

Masters .85,86,99 

Departments .43-84 

Dormitories .21, 22 

Drama and Public Speaking. 49 

Dramatic Club .21, 25 

Drawing and Surveying . 50 

Economics . 51 

Education and Psychology . 54 

Ellis Fellowships . 92 

Employment Bureau .20-21 

Endowments .16,27 

English . 56 

English School .4, 26 

Enrollment .16, 19, 28 

Entertainment course . 17 

Entrance conditions .29, 30 

Entrance requirements .28-33 

Examinations— 

Bible . 16 

Comprehensive system of . 39 

Condition .19, 38 

Entrance . 30 

Final semester . 38 

Physical . 18 

Expenditure of College . 27 

Expenses . 20 

Expulsion . 18 

Faculty .8-12 

Committees . 13 

Faculty Advisers .19, 34, 35 

Faculty Committees . 13 

Fees . 20 

Changing courses . 37 

Fine Arts . 60 

Fraternities . 21 

French .61, 63 

French School .4,26 

Freshman Week . 19 

Freshman Year require¬ 
ments .34, 35, 56, 76 


PAGE 

Funds . 27 

Student Loan . 92 

General Information .15-27 

Geology and Geography.63, 64 

German .65, 66 

German School .4, 26 

Glee Club .21,25,75 

Golf Course . 25 

Government . 27 

Graduate fellows . 12 

Graduate Work .85-87 

Committee . 13 

Graduation requirements.35,37 

Greek .66, 67 

Growth . 16 

Gymnasium . 25 

Health . 18 

Hepburn Commons .20, 22 

Hepburn Hall . 22 

History .67-69 

History of College . 15 

Holidays .2, 3 

Honors .40, 74 

Hospital . 25 

Italian . 69 

Italian House . 26 

Junior Week .2, 3 

Laboratory fees . 20 

Latin . 69 

Library .19, 23 

Committee . 13 

French . 23 

Loans . 92 

Location of College . 15 

Major . 39 

Marks, Scale of . 37 

Mathematics . 70 

Mead Memorial Chapel . 23 

Modern Language Schools . 26 

Mountain Campus .15,26 

Museum of Natural History . 24 

Music .72-75 

Practical courses .74, 75 

Studios . 25 



























































































101 


MIDDLEBURY COLLEGE 


PAGE 

Natural Museum . 24 

Needs of College . 101 

Officers .8-12 

Old Chapel . 22 

Orchestra .21,74 

Painter Hall . 21 

Phi Beta Kappa . 42 

Philosophy . 75 

Physical Education . 76 

Director of .8, 18 

Required of freshmen .18,76 

Physics . 77 

Playhouse . 25 

Political Science . 79 

Porter Athletic Field .15,25 

Porter Hospital . 25 

President .5,8,19 

President and Fellows.5, 27 

Prizes .93, 94 

Awarded in 1933 . 98 

Psychology . 54 

Publications .4, 20, 21 

Public Speaking . 49 

Reading Period . 40 

Recesses .2, 3 

Registrar . 8 

Registration .2,3, 19 

Regulations . 18 

Religious Position . 16 

Requirements— 

Certification .28-31 

Freshmen . 35 

Graduation .35-37 

Recitation . 34 

Romance Languages .4, 26 


PAGE 

Rooms .21, 22 

Assignment of . 26 

Cost of .20, 22 

Deposits for . 26 

Inspection of . 26 

Reservation of . 26 

Salutatorian . 42 

Scholarship . 37 

Scholarships .88-92 

Application for . 88 

Special Vermont . 91 

State .27,91 

Science Hall . 24 

Self-Help . 20 

Semester .2, 3 

Societies . 21 

Sociology .48, 80-82 

Spanish .82-84 

Spanish School . 26 

Starr Hall . 22 

Student Life Committee . 13 

Summer Session .4, 7, 26, 86, 87 

Correspondence . 4 

Surveying . 50 

Transfers . 32 

Treasurer .6,9 

Trustees .5, 6 

Tuition . 20 

Vacations .2, 3 

Valedictorian . 42 

Vocational Guidance . 16 

Walker Furlough Committee. 7 

Warner Science Hall . 24 

Winter Sports . 19 

Writers’ Conference .4,26 

Zoological Museum . 24