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DIARIES OF JOHN HULL, 


Pint-masicr anfr treasurer 


OP THE 


COLONY OF MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 


FROM THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT IN THE COLLECTION OF 
THE AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY. 


Qffliti) a .pumoir o t t&e &utf)or. 


BOSTON: 

PRINTED BY JOHN WILSON AND SON, 
22, School Street. 

1857 . 





Vb~c ,.m: rf 1 4* 



ADVERTISEMENT 


BY THE COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION. 


The small pocket-volume from which the Diaries of 
Hull are printed was presented to the Antiquarian 
Society by one of its members, — Rev. Dr. Sprague, 
of Albany, N.Y. That gentleman has been so widely 
distinguished for his interest in the collection of 
manuscripts as to be made the recipient of many 
varieties of documents, whose possessors have wisely 
deemed them to be safer, and more likely to be 
useful, in his hands than in their own. He has 
thus undoubtedly been instrumental in preserving 
from destruction numerous valuable materials of his¬ 
tory. It is not known through what channels this 
little Note-Book has been transmitted to the present 
generation. It came to Dr. Sprague many years 
since, with other manuscripts, from Boston, without 
any definite indications of its previous history. 

The papers of Hull appear to have been a good 
deal scattered after his death, although perhaps kept 



112 


ADVERTISEMENT. 


together by his immediate posterity. Prince, in the 
preface to his Annals, mentions using, among his 
materials, “ interleaved almanacs of the late Hon. 
John Hull and Judge Sewall, &c., . . . wherein the 
facts were wrote at the time they happened; though 
the notes in several, being wrote in divers sorts of 
short-hand , to which I was an utter stranger, put 
me to no small pains to find out their alphabets and 
other characters” Many of Judge Sewall’s alma¬ 
nacs are extant; and the memoranda in them have 
been printed in the Genealogical Register. One of 
Hull’s, without notes however, bound with several 
of Judge Sewall’s, is in the possession of Dr. Gould, 
of Boston. His interleaved almanacs may still exist 
in the obscurity of private possession, from which it 
is hoped they may at some time be rescued. The 
present inheritor of the Diary of Judge Sewall, we 
are happy to learn, has declared his intention to print 
that often-quoted document. 

Within a year or two, one of Hull’s Letter-Books, 
in which he kept copies of his business correspondence, 
was presented to one of the officers of this Society,— 
Samuel Jennison, Esq., — on the credit of his per¬ 
sonal reputation as an antiquary, and simply because 
of the ancient character of the book. The volume 
was much worn and mutilated, but was found to 
contain matter of historical interest, sometimes relat¬ 
ing to important public affairs, or transactions rather 
official than personal. It is to be presumed that 


ADVERTISEMENT. 


113 


other volumes were filled with similar records in the 
course of a life spent in numerous posts of public 
service as well as in commercial pursuits of a varied 
and extensive nature; and it might be worth the 
while of some descendant of the united families of 
Hull and Sewall to institute a search for them. The 
New-England Historical and Genealogical Society has 
in its library a folio volume of Hull’s accounts with 
the Colony as Treasurer, containing his statement of 
moneys paid to soldiers that served in Philip’s War. 
Rev. Mr. Sewall, of Burlington, has in his possession 
a folio Ledger or Account-Book of Judge Sewall’s, in 
the beginning of which are entries corresponding 
with those at the commencement of Hull’s Private 
Diary. It is very desirable that such fragments of 
contemporary history should be collected and com¬ 
bined for preservation. 

At the solicitation of the Antiquarian Society, Mr. 
Jennison, whose familiarity with its literary treasures 
is not less distinguished than the disinterested care 
with which he has for many years managed the 
finances of the Institution, was prevailed on to pre¬ 
pare the Memoir of Hull, which here precedes the 
Diaries, and also to supply such requisite annotations 
as his convenience and limited leisure would permit 
him to provide. To his liberal devotion of time and 
attention to this service we are indebted for a tran¬ 
script of the Diaries and extracts from the Letter-Book, 
with illustrative notes and references; and, in this 


114 


ADVERTISEMENT. 


state of forwardness, the manuscript was transferred 
to the Committee of Publication for such further 
preparation as might be necessary before delivering 
it to the printer. 

That troublesome short-hand, of which Prince so 
expressively complains in his reference to the alma¬ 
nacs, was found to be distributed through the pages 
of the Diaries, and had thus far baffled all attempts to 
decipher it. Other contractions of an irregular and 
arbitrary nature also interfered with the presentation 
of a full and literal copy of the text. 

Under these circumstances, one of the Committee 
— Pev. E. E. EIale — accepted the task of analyzing 
the characters employed by the writer, for the pur¬ 
pose of ascertaining to what stenographic system 
they belonged, and thus obtaining a key to their sig¬ 
nification. In this effort he was successful; although 
the discovery of the principle of interpretation, and 
its application to signs often varied or modified by 
the caprice or unskilfulness of the hand that used 
them, involved a degree of patient scrutiny and de¬ 
tective expertness which can be appreciated only by 
those who have undertaken a similar experiment. 

Having thus been brought into such intimate con¬ 
nection with the text of the Diaries, Mr. Hale has 
also enriched the publication with illustrative and 
accessory matter of his own contribution. Those 
who have occasion to decipher the early manuscripts 
of New England, often obscured by sentences and 


ADVERTISEMENT. 


115 


longer passages written in secret characters, will 
thank him for his elucidation of the stenographic 
systems in use at former periods. The information 
he has collected respecting the coinage of Massa¬ 
chusetts, much of it entirely new, and appropriately 
connected with the first and only master of the mint, 
will be found to possess a high historic interest. Be¬ 
sides many briefer notes, the entire Appendix is the 
fruit of his private learning and research. 

The Diaries are not inaptly associated with the nar¬ 
rative of the organization and early proceedings of 
the Massachusetts Company, to which, in some re¬ 
spects, they bear the relation of a sequel, commencing 
as they do soon after the establishment of the Colony, 
and portraying, to a certain extent, the condition and 
incidents of primitive colonial life. To the true anti¬ 
quary no apology is necessary for retaining the most 
trivial entries. Those which are apparently of little 
significance may yet be suggestive of circumstances 
that have an historical value. If history is “ a mirror 
of the past,” fragments, however minute, of the same 
material should also each reflect its particular image, 
and perhaps exhibit some fact, or some trait of habits 
or manners, whose obscure light would otherwise fail 
to be transmitted. 

The Private Diary occupies one end of the little 
Note-Book, and the Public Diary the other. Thus 
the two narratives, in reversed position, advance to¬ 
wards a meeting in the centre of the volume, — a 

o 


116 


ADVERTISEMENT. 


mode of charging a double duty upon a single memo¬ 
randum-book which is characteristic of the period. 
It is not easy to determine precisely when these 
notes were actually commenced: the dates of the 
entries do not necessarily indicate the time when 
they were recorded. The ink and handwriting of the 
Private Diary appear nearly or quite uniform until 
the record of Hull’s election to the office of ensign 
of the Artillery Company in 1654 (see p. 146), ex¬ 
cepting that, in a space at first left vacant, there 
were subsequently inserted items of various dates 
relating to births, deaths, and marriages in the 

v 

family. In some instances, these rc-appear at their 
proper periods, but not always. There is no second 
entry of the marriage of his daughter Hannah to 
Samuel Sewall; a wedding, the history of which has 
become legendary. 

In the Public Diary, the long historical introduc¬ 
tion is in the same hand and ink with the note of 
the execution of King Charles, separated from it by 
memoranda of various dates, pens, ink, and hand¬ 
writing. It is quite possible that the commencement 
of the Diary of public occurrences was suggested by 
that event, as it certainly began about the year 1649. 
The Private Diary was probably an after-thought, 
having been commenced about 1654. The note¬ 
taking passion of our fathers was the same in this 
country as at home. Sir Walter Scott’s description 
of the parish church at Woodstock, in October, 


ADVERTISEMENT. 


117 * 


1652, represents the notables of the town as carry¬ 
ing their Bibles and memorandum-books at their 
girdles, instead of dagger and sword.* These pocket- 
volumes, containing notes of sermons, are very nume¬ 
rous. One of Hull’s, similar in form and size to 
that containing his Diaries, is alluded to in Whitman’s 
History of the Artillery Company. 

Though in minute chirography, the manuscript of 
the Diaries is well preserved, and everywhere legible, 
except in a few passages of the short-hand. On the 
leaf, at first left blank, preceding the Private Diary, 
there was subsequently added this memorandum: 
“ Dan. Quinsy, born Sept. 12, ’50.” Of the rela¬ 
tionship of Daniel Quincy to Hull, some notes will 
be found in Appendix A. 

Then follows the name of “John Hull,” as author 
of the book. On the next page are sundry apho¬ 
risms, in various colors of ink and in different forms 
of his handwriting; such, doubtless, as he desired to 
make the guides of his own life and conduct: — 

The good Lord watch over me, and give me a John 
watchful spirit! HuU * 

Keep always low thoughts of thyself. Be reverent to 
superiors, affable and loving unto equals, courteous and 
helpful unto all. 


* Scott’s authority here is the following stage-direction in “the Puritan or the 
Widow of Watling Street,” an anonymous comedy of the seventeenth century : 
“Enter Nicholas St. Antlings , Simon St. Mary - Overies, and Frailty , in black scurvv 
mourning-coats, with books at their girdles, as coming from church.” 

This play, however, was acted as early as 1607. 

15* 



118* 


ADVERTISEMENT. 


Flee covetousness, flattery ; neither company with such. 

If thou speak in the presence of thy betters, let it be 
but few words, and in season. Be not forward to speak 
Keep out i * 1 an y society. Undertake nothing rashly. Keep 
within the bounds of your calling and of your 
abilities and estate, &c., in any enterprise. 

If thou be at any time moved to anger by any person, 
pause a while before thou speak. 

Mind well the good thou seest in any, specially in persons 
eminent, so as to walk in their steps; but, where they erred, 
be thou thereby warned. 

Let the written word be thy rule; unto which bring all 
thy actions and speeches. Let thy aim and hope in all, 
and always, be to get forward (not thy own, but) the Lord’s 
work. 

Be frequent in doing good offices, and yielding relief to 
saints in need, and with as little noise as may be. 

Keep thyself innocent; but be willing to be accounted 
2Sam. 16; 10. noc ent, so that Christ’s cause may gain either in 

Mica 7 ; 9 , 10 . 1 , i • ip • . , , 

honor to himself, or men increase m love and 

peace. 

The Lord will provide for the name and honor of those 
that are willing to bury their own name and honor for his 
sake. 

In printing this manuscript, we have deviated 
from the rule adopted in printing the Records of 
the State, where the spelling of the original was 
carefully,followed. The rule here has been to use 
the modern spelling, and such punctuation as the text 
demands. A public record, by a public officer ap¬ 
pointed for the purpose, becomes, in every detail, an 
historical document; and it may be desirable, there- 


ADVERTISEMENT. 


119 * 


fore, to preserve its spelling, even in its accidental 
mis-spellings; for such a document is a standard 
index of the literary condition of the general com¬ 
munity to which it belongs, as manifested by the 
acquirements of the man appointed to be its record¬ 
ing officer. It is conceived, however, that no such 
index is afforded by a private manuscript not in¬ 
tended to meet the public eye, where the irregularities 
of orthography may only be the result of carelessness 
or haste. It has, therefore, been regarded as inexpe¬ 
dient to harass the eye of a reader who is seeking 
antiquarian or historical information by retaining the 
exact spelling of the text of Hull’s Diaries. In the 
single case of proper names, it has been deemed a 
duty to follow his orthography, for these, especially 
the names of people, often differed in this respect 
at that time from the same names at the present 
day; and it is a matter of interest to determine, by 
any contemporary document, what was the former 
usage in regard to them. The rule has been to 
follow the writer’s spelling in the case of proper 
names, but to modernize the residue of the text in 
that particular; and to make such punctuation as 
the sense seemed to require, rather than to retain 
always the precise punctuation of the manuscript. 
In one or two documents in the Appendix, the rule 
has, for special reasons, been deviated from. It is 
hardly necessary to state, that grammar and syntax, 
and all essential peculiarities of the writer, have 


120* 


ADVERTISEMENT. 


been left without alteration. A note on p. 143 ex¬ 
plains the occasional use of the Italic character. 

I he reader will observe, that, in the history of the 
time, our author is generally spoken of as Capt. 
Hull; and it may excite some surprise, that, at the 
close of his life, he ranked only as lieutenant in 
the militia. It should be explained perhaps, there¬ 
fore, that his rank as captain was his rank in that 
venerable military corps known as the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company, which, from the ear¬ 
liest period, has existed as a separate organization, 
quite independent of the regular militia of the 
State; although its members and officers, like other 
citizens, serve and take office in the militia.* 

The Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company 
of Boston was modelled after the Honorable Com- 


* The arrangement of the militia of the State, about the period when Capt. 
Hull’s Diaries begin, is thus quaintly described in the second tract, called “ Good 
News from New England,” printed, in 1648, by Matthew Simmons, London: — 

“ Prest to oppose haters of peace, with guide 
Of officers, three regiments abide. 

In Middlesex, seven ensigns are displaid, 

There disciplin’d by Major Sedgwick’s aide; 

In Suffolk, nine, by Major Gibbons led; 

Essex and Norfolk in one are marshalled 
By Denison, their major, in the field; 

Their generall a yearly choice doth yeild. 

Eight times a year each band instructed is; 

And once to meet in one they may not misse. 

Both horse and foot, force, forts, and castles, are 
Prepared in peace for peace, yet fit for war.” 

It is truly remarkable that this especially valuable tract has so completely 
escaped the attention of our historians. The Massachusetts Historical Society 
justly impressed with its importance, had a copy made from that in the British 
Museum, and reprinted it in their volume for 1852. A copy of the original, with 
manuscript notes by Prince, has long been in the library of the Antiquarian 
Society. But Prince does not mention it in his printed list of authorities, and at 
that date had probably not seen it. 




ADVERTISEMENT. 


121* 


pany of London, “ exercising arms in the Artillery 
Garden; ” whence its name of Artillery Company. 
In 1631, Capt. Henry Waller, one of the Massa¬ 
chusetts company, was the commander,* and some 
of the early colonists had been members. It is 
mentioned by Jesse, in his account of London, that 
the place where the trainbands of the city were exer¬ 
cised was close by Artillery Walk, Bunhill Fields, 
containing the house where Milton completed his 
“ Paradise Lost,” and in which he died. “ There, 
too,” says his nephew and biographer, Philips, “he 
used, in fine summer weather, to sit at the door of 
his house to enjoy the fresh air, and to receive the 
visits of persons of rank and genius who came to 
pay their homage and enjoy his conversation.” 

The establishment at Boston of so peculiar a 
military organization, under so peculiar a title, is 
one among many evidences of the prominent relation 
borne by some of the founders of Massachusetts to 
the various municipal institutions of London; a 
relation which became more manifest in the course 
of the succeeding Revolution. 

For the Committee of Publication, 

S. F. HAVEN. 


* Funeral Sermon by Rev. George Hughes, in A. A. S. Library. 









































































MEMOIR AND DIARIES OF JOHN HULL. 










































M E M 0 I R. 


Mr. John Hull, as we learn from his chary, was bora 
at Market Hareborough, in Leicestershire, Dec. 18, 
1624, where he was brought up at school until, in 
his eleventh year, he accompanied his father, Robert 
Hull, to New England. After a variety of perils 
encountered on the voyage, they arrived at Bos¬ 
ton on the 7th of November, 1635. “After a little 
keeping at school,” 1 as he expresses it, “ I was taken 
to help my father plant corn, which I attended for 
several years together; and then, by God’s good hand, 
I fell to learning (by the help of my brother), and 
to practise the trade of a goldsmith.” 

When in his twenty-third year, he married Judith, 
daughter of Edmund Quincy, who came over in 1633, 
and was the founder of the distinguished family of 
that name in Massachusetts. The ceremony was per- 


1 John Hull is, therefore, the earliest scholar who can now be named of Phi¬ 
lemon Pormort, whose school, the only one in Boston, was established April 23d of 
the same year, — the first school of public instruction in Massachusetts. 

16 



118 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


formed by Governor Winthrop, “ on the 11th of the 
3d month,” 1647. Mrs. Hull was born in England, 
Sept. 3, 1626. She survived her husband, and died 
in 1695. 

In 1648, he became a member of Mr. Cotton’s 
church. He was a Puritan, zealous for the preserva¬ 
tion of uniformity, watchful against all innovations, 
and approving, no doubt from a conviction of their 
propriety, the severe measures adopted by the govern¬ 
ment in its treatment of the Anabaptists and Qua¬ 
kers. 

In the same year, he was “ chosen and accepted as 
corporal, under the command of the honored Major 
Gibbons,” and in 1652 became a sergeant. The 
importance attached to this office, and his sense of the 
responsibility which it involved, may be inferred from 
an entry in his diary, in which he beseeches that “ the 
good Lord would please to make me able and fit for, 
and faithful in, the place I am called unto; that I 
may, as with a spirit of wisdom and humility, love 
and faithfulness, obey my superiors; so also be exem¬ 
plary and helpful to my inferiors, and by him be kept 
from temptation and corruption.” 

It was in 1652, as he states in his diary, that, 
“ upon occasion of much counterfeit coin brought into 
the country, and much loss accruing in that respect 
(and that did occasion a stoppage of trade), the Gene¬ 
ral Court ordered a mint to be set up, and to coin it, 
bringing it to the sterling standard for fineness; and, 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


119 


for weight, every shilling to be three pennyweight.” 
“ And they made choice of me for that employment ; 
and I chose my friend, Robert Sanderson, to he my 
partner, to which the Court consented.” On this 
subject we find, in the Court’s order for establishing 
the mint, that it “ being of so great concernment, that 
it may not in any particular thereof fall to the ground,” 
Richard Bellingham and four others were constituted 
a committee to appoint the mint-house in some conve¬ 
nient place in Boston, and to give John Hull the 
oath suitable to his place. 1 The 44 mint-house ” was 
located on Mr. Hull’s estate, the land to be conveyed 
to the government, at a fair valuation, when his office 
of mint-master expired (Drake’s Hist. Boston). The 
design was promptly put in execution. The date 
attached to the coins is 1652, and was never changed, 
although the coinage was continued for several years. 
The first order of the Court was, that the coins 
should be, “ for form, fiat and square on the sides, and 
stamped on the one side with NE, and on the other 
side with XIM, VM, and IIM” It was afterwards 
ordered, 2 that, to prevent 44 clipping or washing,” they 
should have 44 a double ring on either side, with this 
inscription: Massachusetts, and a tree in the centre, 
on the one side; and New England, and the date of 
the year, on the other side.” They were also to have 
44 a private mark, known only to the Governor, and 


i May 26, 1652. 


2 Oct. 19, 1652. 


120 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


the sworn officers of the mint.” In 1663, the Court 
ordered a coinage of twopenny pieces. All persons 
had liberty to bring in bullion, plate, and Spanish 
pieces, and have them converted into Massachusetts 
coins; but, in 1654, 1 it was enacted, that to “send, 
carry, or transport, out of this jurisdiction, any of the 
money ” so coined, exceeding twenty shillings for 
necessary expenses, should subject the offender to the 
confiscation of all his visible estate. 

It is because the tradition has been sanctioned in a 
public lecture by Mr. Sparks, that the anecdote is 
here introduced of the indignation expressed by King 
Charles at the presumption of the colony in usurping 
his prerogative in coining money; and that, on being 
informed that the figure upon the coins which repre¬ 
sents a tree was the royal oak which was the means 
of preserving his majesty’s life, this evidence of loyalty 
quite allayed his resentment: while the government 
of the colony expressed its confidence, that, when his 
majesty should be truly informed of the usefulness of 
the mint, “ and the simplicity of our acting, he would 
not account those to be friends to his crown that shall 
seek to interrupt us therein; and, for the impress put 
upon the coins, we shall take it as his majesty’s sig¬ 
nal owning us, if he will please to order such an 
impress as shall be to him most acceptable.” It was 
allowed to Mr. Hull to take one shilling out of every 


l Aug. 20. 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


121 


twenty shillings which he coined. 1 Hutchinson says 
the money did not obtain currency anywhere, other¬ 
wise than as bullion, except in the New-England colo¬ 
nies ; and that the mint-master raised a large fortune 
by it. 

In 1654, Mr. Hull was chosen ensign of the South 
Military Company, and, in 1656, “by the sergeant- 
major and military officers to keep the records of 
their proceedings.” In 1657, he was chosen one of the 
seven Selectmen of Boston, in which capacity he 
served several years. In 1658, he was chosen “ by the 
Selectmen to receive, keep, and dispose of, the town’s 
stock or treasure.” In 1660, he was admitted a 
member of the Artillery Company, afterwards known 
as the Ancient and Honorable. Of this company he 
was ensign in 1663, under Gen. Leverett, and, in 
1664, lieutenant. In 1671, he became its captain, 
and continued in office until 1678. 

In 1668, he was chosen by the town of Wenham 
to be their deputy in the General Court; which 
office, by the persuasion “ of Mr. Newman, Mr. Cob- 
bett, and sundry other friends,” he was induced to 
accept. In 1671, 1673, and 1674, he was also a 
deputy for the town of Westfield, in 1676 for Con¬ 
cord, and in 1679-80 for Salisbury. 

In 1669, he was one of the founders of the Old 


1 This allowance was afterwards changed. Some information relating to it, and 
the efforts which the Court made to change it, will be found in a note to the pas¬ 
sage in Hull’s private diary which alludes to the establishment of the mint. 


122 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


South, which was the third Boston church. In 1675, 
he was appointed by the Council “ one of the Com¬ 
mittee, and also Treasurer, for the war; ” and in 1676, 
by the General Court, to be the Country Treasurer. 
In 1680, on being chosen an Assistant, he “was 
released from his former serving as Treasurer,” and 
was succeeded by James Bussell. Judge Sewall says 
he was indisposed most of the summer of 1683, 
came home from the Court Sept. 6, and never went 
into town after. He died Oct. 1, 1683. His fune¬ 
ral sermon was preached by Vice-President Willard, 
and was published. 1 In this, his character is thus 
delineated: — 

“ They are little things to be put into the account, and 
weigh but light in the commendations we have to give him, 
to say this government hath lost a magistrate ; this town hath 
lost a good benefactor; this church hath lost an honorable 
member ; his company hath lost a worthy captain ; his family 
hath lost a loving and kind husband, father, master; the 
poor have lost a liberal and merciful friend; that nature had 
furnished him with a sweet and affable disposition and even 
temper ; that Providence had given him a prosperous and 
flourishing portion of this world’s goods; that the love 


1 “ The high esteem which God hath of the Death of his Saints, as it was deli¬ 
vered in a sermon preached October 7, 1683, occasioned by the death of the 
Worshipful John Hull, Esq., who deceased October 1, 1683. By Samuel Willard 
Teacher to a church in Boston. 

“ Numbers 23,10: ‘ Let me die the death of the Righteous, and let my last end be 
like his.’ 

“ ‘ Le Imperatore Theodosio fertur magis se gaudere quod membrum ecclesise 
Dei esset, quam caput imperii.’ — Aug. 

“Boston, in New England: printed by Samuel Green for Samuel Sewall 
1683.” 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


123 


and respect of the people had lifted him up to places of 
honor and preferment. This, this, outshines them all, that 
he was a saint upon earth; that he lived like a saint here, 
and died the precious death of a saint, and now has gone to 
rest with the saints in glory. This has raised those relics 
of his above common dust, and made them precious dust. 
When conscience of duty stimulated me to perform my part 
of his exequies, and put me upon it to do him honor at his 
death, methoughts justice required, and envy itself would 
not nibble at, this character ; and, if the tree be to be known 
by its fruits, his works shall praise him in the gates,” &c. 

Annexed to the sermon is a poetical eulogium on 
Mr. Hull, subscribed by Elijah Corlet. 

Mr. Hull was not only a constant attendant on 
public worship, but took notes of the sermons and 
lectures which he heard. Mr. Sewall, of Burlington, 
mentions “ several manuscript volumes, in 12mo, con¬ 
taining above two hundred sketches of sermons and 
Thursday lectures, delivered at the First Church, Bos¬ 
ton, between 1655 and 1661, written by him, partly 
in short-hand and partly at full length,” as in his 
possession in 1840 (Am. Quarterly Register). 

Although we find recorded the birth of several of 
his children, but one appears to have survived him. 
This was his daughter Hannah, born Feb. 14, 1657-8, 
who, Feb. 28, 1675-6, became the wife of the first 
Chief Justice Sewall. He, having been a printer and 
a supervisor of the press in Boston, was now admitted 
to share in the extensive and lucrative commercial 
business in which his father-in-law was engaged. 


124 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


Writing to Daniel Allin, one of his correspondents 
in London, Dec. 27, 1680, Mr. Hull says: — 

“ I received your glasses and hats, and have obtained my 
son-in-law, Samuel Sewall, to take your consignment of 
them. He hath sold your hats and some glasses ,* and as he 
can sell the rest, and receive in, so he will render you an 
account, and make you a return ; and I hope with prudence 
and faithfulness, for he is both prudent and faithful.” 

Other letters furnish evidence of the confidence 
reposed in Sewall, and of the assistance which he ren¬ 
dered to Mr. Hull in his affairs. 

In his business of goldsmith, Hull says he was 
able to get his “ living.” This was before his appoint¬ 
ment to coin the money of the colony, which, there is 
reason to believe, was very profitable. As early as 
1661, in writing to his father, he says: “It hath often 
been of use to me to hear you say you had not come 
into this wilderness but for your poor children’s sake; 
and I have found, through grace, the good benefit of 
that Christian parental forecast.” Mather relates 
of him, that he was dutiful and tender towards his 
mother; which Mr. Wilson, the minister, observing 

o’ 

pronounced that God would bless him, and though 
then poor, yet he should arrive at a great estate. 
Whatever were the influences which operated to pro¬ 
duce it, it is certain that he did arrive at such an 
estate. He was engaged in various and very exten¬ 
sive business operations. He was one of the princi- 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


125 


pal merchants on the continent, if not the greatest of 
his time. His vessels — the “ Dove,” commanded by 
Capt. Thomas Downes; and the “ Sea Flower,” 
by Capt. John Harris ” — were constantly engaged in 
voyages to and from the West Indies, England, and 
France; while, from year to year, he was interested 
in numerous “ ventures ” in beaver and various other 
commodities in other ships. His orders to his cap¬ 
tains were to “ see to it that the Lord be worshipped 
daily, and his sabbath sanctified; all sin and profane¬ 
ness suppressed, that the Lord’s presence may be with 
you, and his blessing upon you.” He had several 
business correspondents in England, as well as in the 
fur trade at home. He was concerned in the lumber 
trade in Maine, where Eoger Plaisted and the Brough¬ 
tons were his agents. He owned a large estate and 
extensive timber-lands near Salmon Falls, and laid 
out and improved a farm at Penicook, which was 
afterwards owned by Judge Sewall. 

In 1657, he was associated with John Porter and 
four others, in the purchase, from the sachems of 
Narragansett, of a large tract of land, bounded by 
Ninigret’s territory, and embracing Point Judith 
Neck. It was called the Petaquampscot Purchase. 
Subsequently, the company bought additional tracts 
of large extent; after which, they admitted, as 
partners, William Brenton and Benedict Arnold, 
both, at different times, governors of Rhode Island. 
Three hundred acres, set apart for the improvement 

17 


126 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


of a minister, were afterwards the subject of a pro¬ 
tracted litigation between the Presbyterian Torrey 
and the Episcopal McSparran. A portion was also 
conveyed by Judge Sewall to Harvard College, the 
income of which was to be applied to the support and 
education of youths whose parents might not be of 
sufficient ability to maintain them, “ especially such as 
shall be sent from Petaquampscot, as well English 
as Indians.” Another portion was given by him for 
the support of a school-teacher to instruct the youth 
of the town of Petaquampscot, “ as well English as 
Indians,” to read and write the English language, and 
the rules of grammar. This school was for a long 
time established at Tower Hill, and, as late as 1823, 
was removed to Kingston, when the land was sold by 
order of the Legislature, and the proceeds appro¬ 
priated for its support. (See Potter’s Hist. Narra- 
gansett.) 

We find, in Mr. Hull’s letter-book, repeated refer¬ 
ences to the Narragansett estate in his correspondence 
with Governor Arnold, to whom, respecting one of 
its products, he writes, Dec. 2, 1674: — 


“ I hope I shall get time, with the Lord’s leave, to go up 
this next summer, and then shall view it: for, until I see it, 
I do not know whether it be worth sending at all; and, if I 
do meddle with it, I suppose I shall choose to have it come 
loose to Boston, and by no means to think of shipping it off 
thence, unless you and any of the partners will join me in 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


127 


sending home the black lead, either to England or Holland, 
on a joint account.” 1 

In April, 1677, lie writes: — 

“ I have sometimes thought if we, the partners of Point 
Judith Heck, did fence with a good stone-wall at the north 
end thereof, that no kind of horses nor cattle might get 
thereon, and also what other parts thereof westerly were 
needful, and procure a very good breed of large and fair 
mares and horses, and that no mongrel breed might come 
among them, and yourself, Jahleel Brenton, for his father’s 
interest, or Mrs. Sanford in behalf of them all, and any other 
partner that is able and willing, we might have a very choice 
breed for coach-horses, some for the saddle, some for the 
draught, and, in a few years, might draw off considerable 
numbers, and ship them for Barbadoes, Nevis, or such 
parts of the Indies where they would vend. We might have 
a vessel made for that service, accommodated on purpose to 
carry off horses to advantage. If Mr. Bull 2 be accepted a 
partner, he may assist well in this business.” 

That this proposition was carried into effect, may 
be inferred from a letter of Mr. Hull to William 
Heiffernan, in which he says : — 

“ I am informed that you are so shameless that you offered 
to sell some of my horses. I would have you know that they 
are, by God’s good providence, mine. Do you bring me in 

1 There can scarcely be a doubt that this “ black lead ” consisted of specimens 
of the plumbaginous coal since mined at Portsmouth, in Rhode Island, and now well 
known as Rhode-Island coal. The use of anthracite coal was not at all known in Eng¬ 
land or New England in the seventeenth century, unless, possibly, for purely local 
purposes in the immediate neighborhood of some of the English localities. 

2 Jireh, son of Governor Bull, who became a large proprietor in Narragansett. 


128 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


some good security for my money that is justly owing, and 
I shall be willing to give you some horses, that you shall 
not need to offer to steal any.” 

Is it not probable, that from these “ fair mares ” 
sprang that celebrated race of ponies, which, in the 
language of the “ North-American He view,” “ carried 
fair equestrians from one to another of the many hos¬ 
pitable dwellings scattered over the fields ” of ancient 
Aquidneck in Dean Berkeley’s time, and respecting 
which we have the testimony of the Rev. Dr. McSpar- 
ran, that they were so remarkable for their fleetness 
that he had “ seen some of them pace a mile in little 
more than two minutes ”1 1 

In his capacity as Treasurer of the Colony, his 
financial skill was called into special requisition; 
and, if he has not exaggerated in describing the diffi¬ 
culties attending the execution of his official duties, 
they were frequent and perplexing, When Mr. 
Winslow was about to go as agent to England, 
Mr. Hull records, that “ all the Court was troubled 
how to furnish him with money or beaver; for there 
was nothing in the treasury, the country being in 
debt one thousand pounds, and what comes in by 
levies is corn or cattle. But the Lord stirred up the 
hearts of some few persons to lend a hundred pounds, 
to be repaid by the next levy.” In addition to this, 

1 For an account of the Petaquampscot purchases, of its various proprietors 
and the subsequent transfers of their interest therein, see Potter’s Hist, of Narragan- 
sett, R. 1. Hist. Collections, vol. iii. 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


129 


Mr. Winslow was obliged to accept a contribution 
from the “ Society for the Propagation of the Gospel ” 
to aid in his support while in London. But this was 
in the time of Hull’s predecessor. During the agency 
of Bulkley and Stoughton, he frequently alludes, in 
his correspondence, to the loss he sustained by the 
transfer of his private funds from the legitimate and 
more profitable objects of their appropriation to the 
use of the public. 

Writing, June 1676, to “Cousin Thomas Buck- 
man and cousin Daniel Allin,” he says: — 

“ I have so much business forced upon me by the country 
since our wars began, that I have no time to do as I would; 
and my former thoughts of coming over being at present 
dashed, and the times being more than ordinary times of 
mortality (many dear friends being lately dead), I desire to 
have a full issue. And therefore, as I did order you, in my 
letters of June 7, 1675, to take all that money that I had 
then in my Cousin Allin’s hands, so now also I do order you 
the other money that I added to that since that time.” 

The following letters in relation to the “ outfit 
and salary ” and services of those early diplomatists, 
which we find in his letter-book, are not without 
interest in other respects, while they indicate the bur- 
thensome labors imposed on the Treasurer: — 

“ Boston, Dec. 22,1677. 

“ To Mr. Stoughton and Mr. Peter Bulkley. 

“ Gent.,— I kindly and most humbly salute you, and daily 
desire to remember you at the Throne of Grace, and hope 


130 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


you will experience the many prayers here put up for you; 
and that we all shall find that the Lord intends to do good 
to this poor country, whatever trials he exercises us with. 
Gent., you have now an opportunity, which, it may be, you 
will not have again the like, to supplicate the king’s majesty’s 
grace and favor, and also the Parliament’s, for these two 
things for this poor country, that we may not be oppressed 
in the exercise of the new religion, nor in our trade. If that 
we send our fish to Bilboa, and carry the produce thereof 
into the Straits, at great charge and hazard, and procure 
fruits, oil, soap, wine, and salt (the bulk of our loadings salt, 
because that most necessary for us, and always ready to be had 
at Cadiz) ; and because we have little of the other goods, for 
our necessity calls not for much, — we must go to England 
to pay his majesty’s customs; which is as the cutting off our 
hands and feet as to our trade: we must neither do nor walk 
any more; but this orphan plantation will be crushed. If 
we carry our provisions, which we have raised with great 
difficulty, because of long winters, &c., to the West Indies, 
we pay custom for our cotton, wool, and sugar there; and 
the bulk of them are sent to England again from hence, 
and pay custom there a second time. If we might have 
liberty for our vessels only to trade into the Straits, or a cer¬ 
tain number of them every year, though it were but two or 
three ships in a year, to supply the country with such neces¬ 
saries as those parts afford; but, for this so remote plantation 
to be punctually bound up to the acts of trade relating to 
England, methinks, if represented to a gracious sovereign 
and compassionate parliament, such a poor orphan plantation 
might have some exemption from the severity of those acts 
of trade. 

“ Gent., I have sent you in this ship, — the f Blessing,’ 
John Phillips master, — eighteen hundred and sixty codfish. 
There is about seven hundred of them very large fish, 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


131 


between two and three feet long; the other under two feet : 
they are well salted down in the ship’s bread-room. Also 
ten barrels of cranberries and three barrels of samp, as, by 
the invoice and bills of lading enclosed, you will see more 
particularly.” 

The “ invoice of fish, cranberries, and samp, shipped 
on board the 4 Blessing,’ John Phillips master, on 
account of the Massachusetts Colony, and consigned 
to William Stoughton, Esq., and Mr. Peter Bulkley,” 
is as follows: — 

“ Eighteen hundred and sixty codfish, whereof the very large 


fish cost, with all charges on board.£35 10s. 0 d. 

Ten barrels of cranberries. 600 

Three barrels of samp. 700 


“ John Hull, Treasurer .” 


On this occasion, he remits two hundred pounds in 
money, having previously ordered one hundred pounds 
to be paid them by Thomas Papillon, his correspond¬ 
ent in London, and “ sent sugar to Mr. John Ive to 
procure another hundred pounds.” He adds that “ our 
honored Governor promised me to pay you a hun¬ 
dred pounds; that will be in all (with the five hundred 
pounds I procured last year), one thousand pounds.” 
And concludes, “ I have no order for more; neither 
will I say any thing how difficultly I have procured 
this, that you may have no discouragement from, 
Gent., your loving friend and humble servant, 


“ John Hull.” 





132 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


Nov. 26, 1678, Hull writes to the agents as fol¬ 
lows : — 

“ Honored Gentlemen, —Yourselves were not pleased to 
give me accounts of the engagements made, and the time of 
it, for completing your payment for the Province of Maine ; 
nor did the Council or Court do it here; so that, if I should fail 
them of performance, they must bear their own blame. 
Neither have I any thing in hand ; but understanding, very 
lately, that there is seven hundred pound to be paid next 
March, or about that time, I have entreated Mr. John Ive to 
take up the said sum at interest in London, until I can fully 
repay him again, if you have not already taken it up: for the 
Governor Leverett telleth me that he had advised you, in his 
letters, so to do; and he supposeth it is done, or will be 
effectually performed by you. Therefore, if you do not 
herein need my credit, I beseech you spare it; for I am almost 
afraid least I should crack it: but what contracts you have 
made, I beseech you please to give me notice, clearly and as 
speedily as you can, that I may not be over suddenly surprised, 
whether the money be to be repaid in London or in Boston. 
The truth is, it is very difficult to get money here ; but it is 
more difficult to get money at London. I hope the good 
Lord will help me and you through troublesome public 
business in safety, which I shall account an exceeding great 
favor.” 

At the same time, he writes to Mr. Ive: — 

“ I understand the country’s occasions to be such, that Mr. 
Stoughton and Mr. Bulkley, having bought the Province of 
Maine, will need seven hundred pounds to complete the pay¬ 
ment thereof. I do not, by these, contradict my former order, 
that what you have bought for me I would have you send it; 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


133 


but I desire you to do me that favor to take up so much 
money at interest, on behalf of the country, as shall make up 
what money of mine you have in your hands seven hundred 
pounds, if said Messrs. Stoughton and Bulkley have not 
taken it on their own credit: for, if they have, it is well 
enough. Then you may send me mine,- and I shall take 
care, in the country’s behalf, to see them paid when they give 
me notice of it. I confess I am very bold with you to desire 
such a great favor of you; but I hope you will not deny it, 
being it is for public service: but I do oblige myself, that, 
through the goodness and favor of God, whatever I myself 
should suffer by it, you shall not lose one penny. There¬ 
fore I desire you earnestly, that, in case the said gentlemen 
have not supplied themselves, or cannot with freedom of their 
own minds do it, let them not fail. I hope the Lord will 
help me and them through this troublesome service, and 
this poor country suffer not through their difficulties.” 

Giving notice of his negotiation with Ive to the 
agents, he adds: — 

“ I do live in hope that the Lord will help myself and 
you through all these difficulties that we are put upon for 
this poor people here. Through the Lord’s mercy, I have, 
with some good measure of willingness and cheerfulness, 
gone through them hitherto, and hope that he will graciously 
carry me through.” 

A transaction of a more delicate nature is alluded 

to in a letter addressed by Hull, June 20, 1683, to 

Mr. Thomas Glover. It was written during the 

agency of Dudley and Richards, at a period when 

the colony was suffering under his majesty’s displea- 

18 


134 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


sure, principally in consequence of the misrepresenta¬ 
tions of Edward Randolph. It is related, that, while 
apprehensive of the loss of the Charter, Cranfield, 
Governor of New Hampshire, advised the “ tendering 
two thousand guineas for his majesty’s private ser¬ 
vice,” as a means of securing his favor; and that the 
Court, agreeing to the proposal, was betrayed by its 
adviser, whereby reproach was brought upon the 
Court, and the embarrassment of its agents increased, 
who complained that they were “ ridiculed for the 
sham thus put upon the country.” 

“ Mr. Tho. Glover : Sir, — If the agents of this colony, 
Mr. Joseph Dudley and Mr. John Richards, should, by God’s 
wise providence, and advice of our best friends among you, 
find that the having some quantity of money in London would 
be of any considerable advantage unto this poor country, these 
are to entreat you to take up five hundred pounds in my 
behalf, at as low interest as you can, and supply them with 
it, taking two receipts of them for it, and send one over unto 
me; and I do hereby oblige myself, my heirs, executors, and 
administrators, to see you honestly and fully repaid, both prin¬ 
cipal and interest. It is not for their ordinary expenses; for 
that the Treasurer of the country, Mr. James Russell, will 
take effectual care about: but, as I may impart to you pri¬ 
vately, — what you can easily there guess at, whether it will 
be advisable, or, if so, whether feasible, — to buy our peace¬ 
able enjoyments of men, though the Lord hath freely lent us 
the so long enjoyment; yet we have not been thankful nor 
fruitful, but have justly and many a time forfeited all of them. 
Therefore, sir, in your acquaintance with our agents, if you 
do think any thing is to be done, I entreat you, if they do 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


135 


require it, that you will not fail to comply with the sum 
above written ; and I will be as firmly and am hereby obliged 
to you as your heart can desire, or as any love of God or 
world require, to pay you both principal and interest. I 
leave all to the Lord’s good guidance, and humbly, at pre¬ 
sent, take my leave, who am your real friend and servant, 

“ John Hull.” 

Again, on the same subject, and to the same per¬ 
son, he writes, under date of July 5: — 

“In my letters by Mr. Jenner, of June 20, I entreated 
you, that, if the agents of our colony, Messrs. Dudley and 
Richards, find that it would considerably advantage this poor 
people of God in the wilderness to purchase our quiet, and 
should, for that end, need money in London, then that your¬ 
self would please take up five hundred pound, at as low 
interest as you could, and supply them with it all if they 
should need, or so much as that need calleth for. Sir, I now 
write again unto you that I will repay, and hereby do oblige 
myself, &c., that I will repay, you fully.” 

These letters indicate his agency and interest in 
public affairs until the close of his life; the latter 
being dated but two months before his decease. 

He died intestate. In the petition of his admini¬ 
strators to the Court, for settling and passing his 
accounts, “ as Treasurer for the war, and Treasurer of 
the country,” they say: — 

“ How faithfully he approved himself, and ready to serve 
the country both with his estate and in person, is well known 
to many. Besides his other pains, one of his relations and 
two of his apprentices did labor much in this service; for all 


136 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


which, he hath not charged one penny; — that he was 
all along many hundred pounds out of his own estate, for 
the supply of the country in their straits by danger at home, 
and on occasions of agency in England, and did preserve their 
credit by his taking up and engaging for considerable sums on 
their behalf, besides his own disbursements, to the lessening 
of his trade, &c.; and that many hundreds of pounds more 
than he claimed would not have compensated his damage.” 

The petition met with prompt attention, and an 
amicable settlement was effected (November, 1683). 

The residence of Mr. Hull was in the southerly 
part of the town. 1 Writing to his cousin, Daniel 
Allen, in 1674, he speaks of Mr. James Lloyd 2 as 
having taken “ a very good place for trade, so that he 
can sell three times as much as I can,” &c.; and adds, 
“ I have often told both my uncle and you, that my 
habitation is greatly disadvantageous for trade; yet 
because I always desired a quiet life, and not too 
much business, it was always best for me.” 

Writing to Henry Foxwell, in 1674, he says: “I 
have ever been averse to strive at the law, never 
having sued any man or been sued; and I observe 
the law to be very much like a lottery, — great 
charge, little benefit.” His letter-book shows, how¬ 
ever, that, consistently with his own methodical 
habits, he very much insisted on promptness and 

1 That is, as the town then was. His house was nearly opposite the spot where 
the Massachusetts Historical Society’s Hall now stands. 

2 Ancestor of the Hon. James Lloyd, and of the Long-Island family of that 
name. 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


137 


punctuality on the part of others. A specimen of 
the severity of his rebuke of a dilatory debtor is fur¬ 
nished in the following letter, addressed, March 5, 
1679-80, to the Rev. Mr. Hubbard, of Ipswich: — 

“ Sir, — I have patiently and a long time waited, in hopes 
that you would have sent me some part of the money which 
I, in such a friendly manner, parted with to supply your neces¬ 
sities, and which you so firmly and frequently promised me 
that I should never lose by so doing; but I experimentally 
find that I have waited and hoped in vain. I did indeed think 
that the ministerial calling you had given up yourself unto 
did oblige me for to be willing to help you ; and I did also 
think it would oblige you for to be very true and just in your 
performance to me. Sir, I do entreat you more seriously to 
consider thereof. I have been very slow, hitherto, to sue 
you at the law, because of that dishonor that will thereby come 
to God by your failure; but, if you make no great matter of 
it, I shall take myself bound to make use of that help which 
God and the country have provided for my just indemnity. 
Sir, I told you I was willing to remit the great advantage 
that protested bills of exchange would, in the way of law, 
allow unto me, and be content with six in the hundred for 
the forbearance of my money; whereas, had you performed 
your covenant to me, I had made thirty pounds on the hun¬ 
dred, which is to me a very considerable loss. Sir, your per¬ 
sonal debt unto me (besides Mr. John Hubbard’s obligation) 
is three hundred forty-seven pounds five shillings, which if 
you will please to render in unto me, or any considerable 
part thereof, speedily in money, and give me bond, with 
good personal security, for the rest, to pay me in some rea¬ 
sonable time, and five pounds in the hundred for the forbear¬ 
ance, truly and justly paid to me every six months, and until 


138 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


it be paid, and as you shall lessen the principal, so I to abate 
on the interest, I will yet sit down contented, though it be 
much to my damage. But if you do not this, or some other 
thing that is honest, just, and rational, I think you may expect 
to be called to our next County Court, which I think is the 
last Tuesday in April next; and I suppose, sir, you cannot 
but hold me excused, as doing nothing but what yourself 
do force me unto. In the mean while, I wait to see what 
you will please to do, and remain your loving friend, 

“ John Hull.” 

And this to the old historian of New England, then 
in his sixtieth year, and who, says Dr. Eliot, was 
“ certainly, for many years, the most eminent minister 
in the county of Essex.” The debt was a formidable 
one for the time, and was not paid during the life of 
Hull. In 1685, his administrator offered to cancel it 
on the payment of two hundred and ten pounds. 

Another specimen is a letter addressed to Mr. 
Joseph Butler, 1672: — 

“I cannot but wonder that you should have so much 
care to run into my debt, and so little conscience to pay. 
John Plumbe hath not paid me much; but you not any 
thing. You know you had very good goods of me, to the 
value of above three hundred and thirty pounds ; and I have 
your bond, under seal, to have payed me the whole by June last 
twelvemonth, which time is now past about eighteen months • 
and it is but strange what you think of such actions. You 
cannot be so stupid as to forget your obligations, or to think 
this is a way to help you by unrighteous provocation of your 
patient creditor. Let me not be forced to make an example 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


139 


of all unrighteous debtors in Connecticut; but show your 
fidelity and honesty by a speedy payment of him who sub¬ 
scribes himself your friend, John Hull.” 

Of the relatives of Mr. Hull in England , were his 
uncle Thomas Parris, and his cousins Sarah and Caro¬ 
line Parris; a cousin Judith, wife of Daniel Allen; a 
cousin Thomas Bucknam, who died in 1678, and 
Mary his wife, afterwards married to Nicholas Brattle ; 
a cousin Edward Hull, of London; and, in Massachu¬ 
setts , cousin 1 Richard Storer, the son of Elizabeth 
Hull, wife of Robert, who, in 1639, was “ allowed to 
be an inhabitant, and to have a great lot at the 
mount for three heads ” (Boston Records). He also 
addresses “My loving brother, Joshua Scottow, and 
loving sister, your wife; ” but he appears to mean, 
here, only brother in the Third Church, of which 
Scottow was a leading member. Robert, the father 
of Mr. Hull, died July 28, 1666; Elizabeth, his 
mother, died May 7, 1646. Mr. Quincy, the father of 
Mrs. Hull, died at the early age of thirty-three; 2 Mrs. 
Quincy, her mother, married, after his death, Moses 
Paine and Robert Hull, successively, and died in 
1654. 

Mrs. Sewall, daughter of Capt. Hull, was the ances¬ 
tor of an honorable and distinguished lineage. 


1 The word cousin is used, according to the custom of that time, for relative. 
Richard Storer was his step-brother. 

2 Farmer. 


140 


MEMOIR OF JOHN HULL. 


Mr. Whitman, in his history of the Artillery Com¬ 
pany, says that Capt. Hull took minutes of the 
sermons preached at Court and Artillery Elections, 
and finds, in his note-book, evidence that “ he was a 
great student and reader in the ancient languages.” 
This can hardly be thought consistent with the cir¬ 
cumstances in which he was placed in early life, and 
the various and absorbing engagements of his later 
years. He manifested his regard, however, for scho¬ 
larship, by presenting one hundred pounds to Har¬ 
vard College. 

Of his diary, it may be said that we have none 
printed of equal value after that of Winthrop and 
Bradford. Judge Sewall’s may be considered a con¬ 
tinuation of that of Hull, by whose example it is not 
improbable that he was induced to commence it. 


SOME 


PASSAGES OF GOD’S PROVIDENCE 

ABOUT MYSELF AND IN RELATION TO MYSELF; 


PENNED DOWN THAT I MAY BE THE MORE MINDFUL OF, AND THANKFUL 
FOR, ALL GOD’S DISPENSATIONS TOWARDS ME.i 


Deut. viii. 2: “ Thou shalt remember all the way which the Lord thy God led thee, &c., to 
humble thee,” &c. — Yer. 5: “Thou shalt also consider in thine heart, that as a man 
chasteneth his son, so the Lord thy God chasteneth thee.” 


I was born in Market Hareborough, in Leicestershire* 1 2 in the 
year 1624, about December 18. 

When I was about two years of age, God gave me this spe¬ 
cial deliverance from death: As I was playing in the streets, 
a number of pack-horses came along ; and the foremost horse 
struck me down upon my back with his knee ; and yet, 
when I was down, God so ordered it that he held up his foot 
over my body, and moved not until some of my relations 
came out of the shop, and took me out of his way. 

Also twice I was saved from the danger of scalding and 

1 See Appendix A. 

2 Market Harborough, a market-town and chapelry of England, parish Great 
Bowden, Co. Leicester, Hundred Gartree, on the north bank of the Welland, which 
separates it from Northamptonshire. It is situated about eighty-three miles from 
London, and fourteen miles south-east of Leicester. In the days of Camden, and 
even lately, it was noted for its beast-fair, where the best horses and colts were sold. 
The chief manufactory of the place is carpets. The market-day is Tuesday. Num¬ 
ber of inhabitants in 1831, 2,272. It was very early noted for its free school. 

19 



142 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


burning, and escaped with little hurt. And being brought 
up in Hareborough, at school, until I was near ten years old, 
my father removed to New England, with whom I came, by 
the way of Bristol, in the ship “ George,” Mr. Nicholas 
Shapley master. We set sail from kingrode, in Bristol, 
upon the 28th of September, 1635 ; and by the 7th of 
November (being the seventh day of the week) we arrived at 
Boston in New England; where, by the way, we fell upon 
the sands at the Isle of Sables; and the ship struck upon the 
ground or sands thirty blows, to the amazement of master 
and mariners and, hope of safety being taken away, the 
sailors 1 2 3 * would have hoisted out the long-boat, to have fled 
for their safety, though they had another pretence. But the 
all-knowing God would not suffer them, with all their power 
(and also the help of many passengers), to get out the boat: 
but it hung by a fluke of the anchor ; and God so ordered it, 
that (after long beating there and much fear) he turned the 
ship off again into the sea, and the next day gave us a great 
calm, and, by it, liberty to mend our broken helm, and other 
things that were amiss. 

After we here arrived, my father settled at Boston; and, 
after a little keeping at school, I was taken from school to 
help my father plant corn, which I attended for seven years 
together; and then, by God’s good hand, I fell to learning 
(by the help of my brother), and to practising the trade of a 
goldsmith, and, through God’s help, obtained that ability in 
it, as I was able to get my living by it. 

In the year 1646, the 7th of 3d month, at five in the 
afternoon, my mother, Elizabeth Hull, was taken away by 
death, being the fifth day of the week. 8 

1 In the margin is the note, “ We struck upon the sands the 17th October.” 

2 In the margin is the note, “ One special providence in this deliverance.” 

3 Mrs. Elizabeth Hull, mother of the diarist, was a Widow Storer previous to her 

marriage with Robert Hull. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


143 


1647. In the year 1647, the 11th of 3d month, Mr. John 
Winthrop married me and my wife Judith, in my own house, 
being the third day of the week. 1 

In the year 1652, 23d of 11th month, upon the sabbath- 
day, at seven o’clock in the morning, God gave me two 
daughters at a birth, Elizabeth and Mary. They were bap¬ 
tized the 30th of the same month. 2 

The 31st of the 11th, at eight in the morning, my daugh¬ 
ter Mary died, being the second day of the week. 

... 1652. 

The first of 12th, about eight in the morning, my 
daughter Elizabeth died. 

The 29th of 1st month, 1654, my wife’s mother died, 
being the fourth day of the week, at three o’clock in the 
afternoon. 

The 3d of November, 1654, my son, John Signifies 

yt t'i i i • i • i • 3eliovciJi^s gTO/Ce* 

Hull, was born, at three m the morning, being 
the sixth day of the week, like the . ... all day. 

The 14th of November, my son John died, at half an hour 
past six in the morning, being the third day of the week. 

The good Lord, by all these various changes, make me more 
his own, and wean me more from myself and all fading com¬ 
forts, that he alone may be my portion! 

1657. The 14th of the 12th month, called February, in 
the night of that day before the sabbath, betwixt nine and 
ten o’clock, the Lord gave my wife a safe delivery of my 
daughter Hannah; and so speedily, that, though the midwife 
came within half an hour after she was sent for, yet the child 
was safely born before she could come. 3 

1 Mrs. Judith Hull was daughter of Edmund and Judith Quincy. 

2 At this point in the Diary is a marginal note in short-hand, the first of several 
short-hand notes in the Diary and the letter-books. The short-hand used by Hull 
was that of Theophilus Metcalfe. This note is, “ Elizabeth signifies the fulness of 
God; Mary,exalted.” See Appendix B. 

Passages of short-hand in the MS. will be printed in Italics. 

3 In short-hand, in the margin, “ Hannah signifies merciful, taking rest or gra¬ 


ciousness. 


144 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


1661. The 1st of the 6th month, being the fifth day of the 
week, about ten o’clock in the morning, my son Samuel was 
safely born into the world, and baptized the next sabbath by 
Mr. John Norton. 

The 20th day of said 6th month, at two of the clock 
in the night, before the day, my son Samuel was taken 
out of this world, haying been pained in the bowels near 
four days and nights. 

1675, 28th February, Mr. Broadstreet married my daugh¬ 
ter Hannah to Mr. Samuel Sewall. 1 

1677, April 2, Monday, half hour past ten at night, John 
Sewall was born. 

1678, June 11, Tuesday, half an hour after five in the 
morning, Samuel Sewall was born. 2 

1647. It pleased God not to let me run on always in my 
sinful way, the end of which is hell: but, as he brought me 
to this good land, so he planted me under choice means, — 


1 The famous Judge Sewall. His great-grandfather was a linen-draper of Co¬ 
ventry, England. Henry, the oldest son, sent his only son, Henry, then young, to 
New England, in 1634. He settled in Newbury, where his father soon followed. 
His son married Jane, the eldest daughter of Stephen and Alice Dummer, on the 
25th of March, 1646. Mr. Dummer and his family, and with them Mr. Sewall and 
his wife, returned to England, and dwelt a while at Warwick, and at Bishop Stoke, 
in Hampshire. At this last-named place, Judge Sewall, the eldest son, was born, 
on the 28th of March, 1652. The family then removed to Badfly, in the same 
county, where Major Stephen Sewall, of Salem, was born, 19th August, 1657. The 
father returned to New England in 1659, and the family followed him, arriving at 
Boston on the 5th of July, 1661, Samuel then being nine years old. His wife, 
Hannah, whom it appears, by the entry in the Diary, he married on the 28th of Feb¬ 
ruary, 1675-6, and who was the only daughter of her father, died on the 17th of 
October, 1717. Judge Sewall afterwards married Mrs. Abigail Tilley, on the 29th 
of October, 1719, who died on the 26th of the following May (1720). He then mar¬ 
ried Mrs. Mary Gibbs, who survived him. Judge Sewall died on the 1st of January, 
1729-30. By his first wife, he had seven sons and seven daughters, of whom two 
sons and one daughter survived him. 

2 We copy these entries in the order of the MS.; but from the changes in hand¬ 
writing, and color of ink, it appears that the next entry, dated 1647, was written at 
the same time with that of the same date above. The intermediate entries had been 
inserted on a blank page at various times. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


145 


viz., in Boston, under the ministry of Mr. John Cotton, — 
and, in the end, did make his ministry effectual (by the 
breathings of his own good Spirit) to beget me to God, and 
in some measure to increase and build me up in holy fellow¬ 
ship with him. Through his abundant grace, he gave me 
room in the hearts of his people, so that I was accepted to 
fellowship with his church, about the 1.5th of October, 1648. 

1648. And he made me also, according to the talent he 
betrusted me with, in some small measure serviceable to his 
people, and also gave me acceptance and favor in their eyes, 
and, as a fruit thereof, advancement (I must needs say) above 
my deserts. I was chosen and accepted a corporal, under the 
command of my honored Major Gibbons, about the 29th of 
the 3d month, 1648. 

After, when the town divided their one military company 
into four, I was chosen to be (and accepted) a sergeant, upon 
the 28th of 4th month, 1652. 

1652. Also upon occasion of much counterfeit coin brought 
in the country, and much loss accruing in that respect (and 
that did occasion a stoppage of trade), the General Court 
ordered a mint to be set up, and to coin it, bringing it to the 
sterling standard for fineness, and for weight every shilling 
to be three pennyweight; i. e., 9 d. at 5 s. per 5 } And they 

1 The meaning of this explanation is this, that, if the English shilling were 
regarded as weighing five shillings to the ounce, our New-England shilling would be 
worth ninepence by the English standard. At that standard, the English shilling 
weighed four dwt.; ours weighed but three, and its value, of course, was that of 
three-fourths of an English shilling, or ninepence. 

The Court had directed (Records, May 31, 1652) that the value should be two- 
pence in a shilling less than the English: but they also permitted the mint-master 
to take one shilling out of every twenty for coinage; and this deduction of one- 
twentieth seems to have been added (even with excess) to the previous deduction 
of two-twelfths; for the direction, that each shilling shall weigh three pennyweight, 
is made by the Court in the same article. Had it not been distinctly provided that 
our shilling should weigh three pennyweights, the other directions would have 
made it a trifle heavier. The English standard, in fact, was not 4 dwt., but 3 dwt. 
21 grs. (Kelly), or 93 grains. Deducting from this one-sixth (that the value might 
be “ twopence in a shilling of less value than the English coin ”), and one-twentieth 


146 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


made choice of me for that employment; and I chose my 
friend, Robert Sanderson, 1 to be my partner, to which the 
Court consented. 

1653. In November, Master James Garret set sail, and 
Master Amos Foord, two ships laden with masts and other mer¬ 
chants’ goods, who were both taken by the Dutch; wherein I 
also lost to the value of one hundred and twenty pounds, in 
beaver and other furs, &c., which I had shipped in them, bound 
for London. The loss of my estate will be nothing, if the 
Lord please to join my soul nearer to himself, and loose it 
more from creature comforts : my loss will be repaired with 
advantage. The Lord also hath made up my loss in outward 
estate. To him be all praise! 

1654. About the 2d month, I was, by the South Military 
Company of Boston, chosen an ensign, and by the Court 
accepted ; only, our company not being settled for some space 
of time with a captain, I received not commission until the 
8th of November in 1655 ; and the good Lord, who only 


for Hull’s commission, our coin would have weighed 72.85 grains; an excess of 
eighty-five hundredths of a grain above three dwt. 

In the brief note of Hull’s above is the whole history of the difference between 
Massachusetts currency and the sterling rate, on which so much has unnecessarily 
been written. The Massachusetts shilling weighed three dwts., while the English 
was thought to weigh four. It was worth three-fourths of the English, if the Eng¬ 
lish were taken at the standard of five to the ounce. The Massachusetts pound 
held to the sterling pound the same proportion, of three to four. 

To prevent the “ clipping ” of the coin, the Court ordered, at an early date, that 
it should be surrounded by a double ring (Records, Oct. 19, 1652). And it does 
not appear ever to have suffered so severely from this cause as the English silver 
coinage before the introduction of milled coins, when coin which had weighed four 
hundred ounces was clipped and sweated, while in circulation, till it was l-educed 
to one hundred and sixteen ounces (Macaulay, chap. 20). 

The New-England mint was suppressed, it is supposed, by Andi-os, soon after 
Hull’s death. The great reform of the English silver currency, under Montague, 
which made Sir Isaac Newton the fellow-craftsman of John Hull, was wrought in 
1696. It was compelled by the great evil of clipped coin, which it prevented by 
the milled edges of the new coin. The Massachusetts Court had aimed at the 
same evil by their provision of 1652. For some further notes on the history of this 
coinage, see Appendix C. 

l Probably Deacon Robert Sanderson, who died at Boston, Oct. 7, 1693. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


147 


can, I beseech he would please to make me able and fit for, 
and faithful in, the place I am called unto, that I may, as 
with a spirit of wisdom and humility, love, and faithfulness, 
obey my superiors; so also be exemplary and helpful to my 
inferiors, and, by him, be kept from temptation and corrup¬ 
tion or pollution. 

1656, 25th of 2d. I was chosen by the sergeant-major 
and military officers to keep the record of their proceedings 
in that court. 

1657, 9th of 1st. I was chosen by the town of Boston, 
though myself unmeet, to be one of the seven men to look 
after the town’s affairs. The Lord make me sensible of the 
new debt I am hereby obliged in, and give me answerable 
grace! 

About the 2d of October, it pleased the Lord to send the 
disease of the measles into my family, which took hold of 
my wife, being great with child; yet it pleased the Lord 
mercifully to restore her in a week’s time to former health. 
My little cousin Daniel, 1 and my maid, had the same disease, 
and, through favor, found God’s restoring mercy. 

14th of 12th. God was pleased safely to deliver my 
wife of a daughter, and so speedily before the midwife could 
come to her. 

8th of 1st, 1657-8. I was chosen again, for this year, 
to be one of the Selectmen for the town of Boston. The 
Lord give me wisdom and humility! 

28th of 1st, 1658. My wife went forth to the meeting, 
after her lying-in, and keeping house six weeks. 

I was also chosen by the Selectmen to receive, keep, and 
dispose of the town’s stock or treasure. The Lord make me 
a faithful steward! 

The Lord was pleased to bereave me of one hundred and 


1 Daniel Quincy, born Sept. 12, 1650. 


148 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


twenty pound estate, which I had in Master Garret’s ship 1 
and the ketch, both which were lost this last year in going 
for London. The Lord wean my heart more from these 
outward things, and fix it more upon himself! The loss will 
then be gain. 

Sept. 1. My boy, John Sanderson, complained of his head 
aching, and took his bed. A strong fever set on him; 
and, after seventeen days’ sore sickness, he departed this 
life. 

7th of 7th, 1658. My cousin Daniel Quincy was also cast 
upon his sick-bed, within a week after the other, and had also 
the fever, and was brought very low, but, through God’s 
favor, well recovered by the 17th of 8th. My wife was ill 
when these first began to be sick : but it pleased God, as 
they sickened, she strengthened; and he kept her, and my 
little daughter Hannah, that then sucked upon her, from any 
spice of the fever, though continually necessitated to be in 
the same chamber. The Lord make me sensible of his hand, 
and of the mixtures of his mercy to me therein, though most 
unworthy ! 

14th of 8th. I was myself ill, and had a spice of the 
fever; but the Lord suffered it not to prevail. I only kept 
the house two days. 

8th of 9th. The Lord likewise exercised with sickness 
my partner, Robert Sanderson, and his son Joseph, but 
yet was pleased to recover them both. Joseph kept the 
house about a month, and my partner eighteen days. 

24th of 10th. My maid was taken sick as with a strong 
fever; but the Lord was pleased to restore her to health in 
three or four days. 


1 In the year 1657, the ship of Capt. Garret, with all the crew and passengers, 
among whom were Mr. Thomas Mayhew, and also Mr. Jonathan Ince, John Davis, 
and Nathaniel Pelham, graduates of the College, and others, was lost on a voyage to 
England. — See note in Hull’s public Diary, 4th mo., 1657. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


149 


1659, 11th of 2d. My daughter Hannah was taken 
from her mother’s breast, and, through the favor of , 

° Hannah 

God, weaned without any trouble ; only, about fifteen wcaned ' 
days after, she did not eat her meat well. 

21st of 2d. My father was taken very ill. 

1st of 6th. My son Samuel safely born, and, 4th of the 
6th, baptized. 

The Lord made up my lost goods in the two Lostestate 
vessels last year by his own secret blessing, though made up ' 
I know not which way. 

1658-9, 14th of 1st. I was chosen again to be one of 
the Selectmen for the year ensuing. The Lord assist in the 
whole service ! 


1659, 11th of 2d. My wife began to wean her daughter 
Hannah, and, through favor, well effected it. 

21st of 2d. My father fell sick of a fever. 1 

22d of 3d. The Lord restored my father to some com¬ 
fortable measure of health, and he also went to the house 
of God. 

27th of 3d. I went up beyond Medfield, with a sur¬ 
veyor, to lay out a farm of three hundred acres of land, 
which I bought of Mr. William Colbron. 2 We did almost 
accomplish it that day ; but I could not catch my horse, and 
so we were forced to lie in the woods that night. The next 
morning, we could not find him, and so were forced to come 
home without him, or else I could not be at home before 
the sabbath. 

30th of 3d. I received intelligence of [that] the ship 
“ White Roach,” Capt. Solomon Clarke, commander. Estate lost. 


1 The recurrence of these entries is one of many instances which show that the 
entries were not all made immediately on the day noted. 

2 Mr. William Colbron was a ruling elder of the First Church in Boston. He 
was a man of considerable distinction, holding various civil offices. He died on the 
1st of August, 1662. 


20 


150 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


was taken by the Spaniard, wherein I had in furs, upon my 
own account, £51. 18s. Id. 

1st of 5th. I received into my house Jeremie Dummer 1 
and Samuel Paddy, 2 to serve me as apprentices eight 
years. The Lord make me faithful in discharge of this new 
trust committed to me, and let his blessing be to me and 
them! 

4th of 5th. I went up to Petaquamscot, in Narragan- 
sett, upon Monday morning; lodged that night at Provi¬ 
dence ; next morning went to Warwick, and, the boat being 
on ground, tarried at Mr. Smith’s most of that day. Dis¬ 
coursed with Mr. Gorton, 3 who denieth the Lord’s Christ. 
At even, I went to Road Island, lodged at Mr. Wilbore’s, 4 
next night at Mr. Porter’s. 5 Upon fifth day morning, went 
in the boat to Petaquamscot: there also was forced to spend 


1 Born at Newbury, Sept. 14, 1645. One of the Council of Safety, 1689. He 
was father of the more celebrated Jeremy Dummer, and died May 24,1718 (Farmer). 
Atwater’s “ son-in-law, Mr. Jeremiah Dummer, whom I had a considerable interest 
in, being formerly my servant.” (Hull MS.) 

2 Son of Deacon William Paddy, who died at Boston, Aug. 24, 1653. Judge 

Sewall addresses him at Jamaica, Aug. 22,1685: “ Sir, your brother Thomas coming 
to me with a letter from yourself, ordering him to receive into his own hand what 
was due to you from Capt. John Hull, my late honored father-in-law, according^ I 
looked at your account, and found your debt to be thirteen pounds seven shillings 
and threepence in one article. Your credit was twenty-eight pounds. So I gave 
your brother Thomas fourteen pounds twelve shillings and ninepence, the balance, 
and delivered him a bond for three pounds one shilling, dated Nov. 10, 1668, with 
some pewter, linen, and earthenware, — all that was left by my father for you. 
Wherefore I desire that you write me by the next, expressing your approbation of 
what I have done in this kind on your behalf. Mother Hull remembers her love to 
you, and her daughter Hannah, my wife, by whom God hath given me five chil¬ 
dren: four are alive, — two sons, two daughters. Wishing you prosperity, I take 
leave, who am your friend and servant, Samuel Sewall.” 

3 Samuel Gorton, the famous heresiarch. He suffered severely for his contu¬ 
macy from the governments of Plymouth and Massachusetts, but was now residing 
in security, without their jurisdiction. He died in 1676. His Life, written by Mr. 
John Milton Mackie, has been ptiblished by Mr. Sparks. 

4 This Mr. Wilbore may have been Shadrach Wilbore, of Taunton, an important 
person in that town. 

5 John Porter, one of the associates in the purchase of Petaquampscot. His 
encounters with Gorton and Porter must have shocked the Puritan sensibility of 
Hull. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


151 


the sabbath in discourse with Mr. Porter, who holds that all 
shall he saved. On the next second day afternoon, I came 
to Mr. Smith’s, at Narragansett; next morning, to Warwick ; 
that day, to Patuxet; and on the fourth day, about five 
o’clock, to my own house, at Boston, through the mercy of 
God in health, and so likewise found my family. 

8th of 9th. My lost horse was brought unto me. He 
had been taken in an Indian trap, near Taunton. 

1659, Dec. S3. [In short-hand.] I shipped three hogs¬ 
heads of furs aboard the ship “ Trial” And they start, 
though ivith cloudy weather. And they miss of sailing on the 
24 zA Tivo days \after], on the 21th of December, I went 
aboard with them myself, and got them well aboard. Upon 
the 28th of December, being the fifth day of the week, the ship 
was anchored in the road all the . ... ; and upon the 2d, being 
the 2d of the 1 1th, she set sail thence, at nine of day. At 
two, however, it came foul weather, and so continued, .... 
and. cloudy weather until the 1 2tli of 11th. 

1660, 12th of 1st. I was chosen also by the town for 
this year to be one of the seven Selectmen to order their 
affairs, and also by the Selectmen to be the town’s Treasurer. 
The Lord give me wisdom and faithfulness! 

13th of 2d. [Three lines of undeciphered short-hand.] 

18th of 2d. [In short-hand.] Our private meeting ap¬ 
pointed, and kept a day for a day of humiliation, to seek the 
Lord for the church of God and the people of Christ; for 
the settling of the articles and peace of our native country, 
and the preserving of it here. 

Oct. 1, I was admitted into the Artillery Company. 

Nov. 21. Our private meeting kept for a day of humilia¬ 
tion [in short-hand] at our house , for the state of our native 
country, it being like to come .... under the bishops; the 
church countenancing the old liturgy, and formalities again to 


152 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


be practised .... and for our sins here that do meet . . . . 
wrath of God; and the ... . order and worship of his house; 
and for ourselves .... 

Dec. 3, I went to Naticook, lodged at Chelmsford the first 
night, thence went with a pilot to John Crowell’s. The 5th 
of December, I came safe home. [Eight unintelligible 
w r ords.] 

1660, 5th of 11th. Our family was all partakers of the epi¬ 
demical cold, but, through favor, very gently. Little Hannah 
lay two days without any mind to play or food. My wife 
continued four or five days with a great pain in her head 
and eyes; and most of us one or two days, exercised with 
pain either in the head, eyes, or throat. 

Dec. 12th and 15th, I lost two mares, at Braintree, by 
the murrain. 

11th of 1st, 1660-61. I was again chosen by the town 
to be one of their Selectmen, and by the Selectmen to be the 
town’s Treasurer. The Lord keep a continual sense upon 
my heart of the weight of these places and my own weak¬ 
ness, and afford his gracious presence ! 

Being in England, I went to the town 1 where my wife 
Judith was born, and took her age out of the register : born 
Sept. 3, 1626. 

Sept. 3, 1662. That same day, I arrived safe at my own 
house. 2 

1661, 13th of 6th. I went up to Portsmouth, on Boad 
Island; lodged at Taunton that night; next day came to Mr. 
Wilbore’s, lodged there 14th and 15th of the same. The 
16th day, I returned about one of the clock ; came to Taunton 
that night, and lodged there. The 17th day, I came to my 

1 Achurch, in Northamptonshire. 

2 The last entries are of a later date, inserted in a gap in the page. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


153 


own house in safety, but found my little babe sick with 
gripings. 

20th of 6th, being the third of the week, in the night 
before the day, between ten and eleven o’clock, my son 
Samuel died. 

Feb. 10, I went on shipboard, and, 24th of March fol¬ 
lowing, was at London. After about one month’s stay there, 
went down into the country, visited my own kindred 
and town, and went also as far as Hull to see my cousin 
Hoar. 1 Returned safe to London, despatched my business 
there, and, through the good hand of God, arrived again 
at my own home the 3d of September, and found all in 
health. The good Lord make me truly thankful! 

Several children I brought over, and all in health, and so 
disposed of them, and providentially missed the having of 
one Sam. Gaylor, who was after placed with Master Clark, 
and fell overboard, and was lost by the way. 

1663, 2d of 1st, I was again chosen one of the seven 
Selectmen for the town of Boston, and by them for the Trea¬ 
surer. The Lord make me able and faithful! 

20th of 3d. Our private meeting kept a day of humiliation 
at our house. 

1st of 4th. I was chosen ensign-bearer to the Artillery 
Company at Boston, under Major-General Leverett. 

1663. 5th of 11th, 2d of 12th, I went to Mr. Flint’s 2 to 
join in fasting and praises. 

10 of 12. [In short-hand.] I kept myself for my sins , 
and the people of God and his church ; that , both confessing 
my own sins , and my family's , and the country's , and my 
native country's , desiring mercy , and with . ... the Lord , to 


1 Leonard Hoar, afterwards President of Harvard College. Hull writes, 
Aug. 22, 1672: “Cousin Dr. Hoar is safely arrived.” His wife was said to be a 
Cl daughter of Lord Lisle.” 

2 Rev. Henry Flint, of Braintree, who married a sister of President Hoar. 


154 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


myself, . ... to my family, and supply of his mercy. For the 

country, submission to God's ordinance ; .... of the country - 

from ss. gulling us by fomenting jealousy, with no cause, . . . . 
of God's mercy, and peace and preservation of . ... of the 
Commonwealth .... in the church to the generation .... c. 1 

It pleased God to continue health in my family all this last 
year, and also not to be wanting in success to my endeavors 
and estate. 

1664, 5th of 3d. We heard of the safe arrival of all 
the ships that sailed hence for England last year, and therein 
of the Lord’s gracious preservation of the estates of his poor, 
despised people. 

27th of 3d. The Lord brought in a small vessel, sent 
out by myself and others last winter for Alicant ; and though 
several Turks’ men-of-war of great force came on board 
them, and brake up their hold, yet they let them go safely, 
without robbing or spoiling them. 

6th, 4th, I was chosen lieutenant to the Artillery Company. 

The Lord brought in safe the several vessels that I had 
adventures in. 

1664, Oct. 10, went up to Petaquamscot. [In short-hand.] 
Lodged at Seekonk the first day; at Warwick, at Mrs. 
Smith's, the second day; at my own house the third day. 
1 6th, spoke to the people at my own house; and upon 19th 
day, in the morning, returned safe home, and found all well. 

1 This entry was made the year after Bradstreet and Norton’s return, some 
months after Mr. Norton’s death. (See Hull’s public Diary.) They had been sent 
abroad as commissioners to the new king, in the hope of removing any prejudices 
against the colony, and of retaining the charter. They were favorably received, 
and returned, arriving Sept. 3, 1662, with an answer which they seem to have 
thought satisfactory. But, says Hutchinson, “ they met with the fate of most agents 
ever since.” It is evident, from the authorities he cites, that a great ferment 
resulted, and that Mr. Norton became very unpopular. Hull had been the compa¬ 
nion of Bradstreet and Norton in their voyage out and home. He had doubt¬ 
less conferred largely with them on their mission, and partook of their views. 
He is therefore disposed to speak harshly of those who “ foment jealousy without 
cause.” 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


155 


December, Capt. Scarlett arrived, and brought news of the 
safety of Master Lord, Master Hawes, Master Peirce, in 
England, in whom I had considerable adventures. 

1st of 11th. I had a sore toe, which hindered me 
from going abroad three weeks; and yet, in my retirement, 
found much favor from God and love from friends. My 
friend, Capt. Davis, came three or four times to dress it: the 
other help was from my loving wife. 

14th, 11th. Thomas Parriss went in Master B. Gillum’s 1 
ship to Barbadoes. 

1665, 6th, 1st. The Lord brought in the ketch “ Adven¬ 
ture,” Peter Hubart, master, whereof I was part owner. 

8th, 2d. Also the ketch “ Friendship,” Edward Howard, 
master. 

17th, 2d, also the ship “Providence,” Joseph Penwill, 
master. In the one, Master Knight was sent to manage; 
and the other, Nicholas Opie. The ship “ Providence,” 
with sore tempest, was forced to cut their masts; and Nicho¬ 
las Opie washed overboard and lost, with one other man. The 
Lord preserved the rest, and brought them to Nevis, and 
returned them safe home. 

1665, Aug. 1. About this time, I sent a considerable return 
home to London in Capt. Peirce, which the Lord brought 
safe to London. Master Gillam, in which also I had a con¬ 
siderable adventure, though not so much as in the other, was 
taken by a man-of-war. My returns likewise by Capt. Lock 
went safe. 

Oct. 28, I freighted one-fourth part of a small vessel, and 
sent it to Swanzy, under management of Howland Be vans. 

1666, May. Pleased God to send in safe the ship “ Pro¬ 
vidence,” and the ketch “ Exchange,” and the ketch “ Friend¬ 
ship,” each being one-fourth mine. 


1 Benjamin Gillam was a noted shipmaster of Boston. 


156 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


June. It pleased God to send in the “ Society,” from Lon¬ 
don, and to bring me news of my Uncle Parriss’s 1 health, and 
all his, in the late great plague, when I had also formerly 
received tidings he was dead. Several goods also Master 
Clark now brought me, and especially some powder, which I 
exceedingly wanted. 

July 28, about four in afternoon, the Lord tried me by 
calling for my honored father, Robert Hull, home to himself, 
being two days before taken with a flux, and then with vio¬ 
lent cramp in his legs and burning at his heart, yet bore all 
with sweet patience and thankfulness ; and though I am 
very loath to part, yet do desire willingly and thankfully to 
resign him up to his and my good Father’s will, and to the 
bosom of his and my dear Lord Jesus, where I have, through 
grace, good hope to be again with him (in God’s time) lor 
ever. 

15th of 6th. Our private meeting kept at our house 
a day of humiliation to show their sympathy with me, and to 
implore the Lord for his poor people here to direct us and 
our rulers, &c., and for his poor, suffering saints in Eng¬ 
land. 

Oct. 80, I sent to England a considerable adventure in 
sundry ships, Master Clark, Master Peirce, &c. And it 
pleased the Lord all that I sent arrived safe, and came to 
a good market. The Lord make me thankful! 2 

Dec 11,1 sent like a considerable adventure by both Mas¬ 
ter Prouts, and Capt. Avis, and Master Gillarn. We hear 
nothing of Capt. Avis’s arrival, where I shall lose, if he be 
lost, near two hundred pounds. 2 

10th, 11th. Sam. Paddy fell sick of the small-pox. He 

1 Thomas Parriss, of London, to whom many of his commercial letters are 
addressed. 

2 The MS. shows that both these entries were added at a different date from the 
sentences with which they are connected. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


157 


went to his mother’s house; but there I provided for him. 
The Lord was pleased to restore him in three weeks’ time. 

5th, 12th. Joseph Green had a very few. 

6th, 12th. Jer. Dummer fell ill of the same disease; 
restored also in about three weeks’ time. Deborah Bell had 
a few, and, about a month after, had them pretty full. 

[One line of cipher.] 

1666-7. 1st, 1st. My wife taken ill of the small-pox, 
having had about twelve days’ trouble with a hot humor in 
her neck and shoulders; and, together with the pox which 
came [cipher], she had much trouble in her head by vapors 
from matrix and spleen, much impeding sleep, oftentimes 
fainting of spirits, beating of the heart. 

1st, 2d. Daniel and Hannah fell sick of the small-pox ; 
only had but very few. 

15th, 2d. My wife, through the mercy of God, was 
restored to wonted health, and Daniel and Hannah like¬ 
wise. The Lord enlarge my heart, and all mine, with praise 
to his great name! 

3d of 3d month, Capt. Bevans came in, with our returns 
from Swanzy. 

22d of 3d month, some friends, with Mrs. Beynor’s, 1 kept 
a day of fast at my house. 

Sept. 7, it pleased the Council to comply with the Lord 
Willoughby’s letters, and to victual Capt. Henry Ady, one 
of his Majesty’s frigates. Mr. Deputy Willoughby 2 and 
Major-General entreated me to undertake one ^ part, which 
came to about a hundred and ten pounds money. I did per¬ 
form it; and the Lord Willoughby did very punctually pay, 

1 Probably wife of Rev. John Reynor, of Plymouth and Dover, whose son, Rev. 
John Reynor, married Judith Quincy, daughter of the second Edmund Quincy. 
She died in 1679, aged twenty-three. Mr. Reynor died Dec. 21, 1676, not at 
Braintree, as stated by Farmer, but at Dover. It is supposed he got some great cold 
in attending the army when they followed the Eastern Indians (Hull MS.). 

2 See note to Hull’s public diary, 4th of 2d, 1671. 

21 


158 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


in sugars and cotton, to Mr. Johnson, our agent, who shipped 
the most part of them in Capt. Allin and young Master GrafF- 
ton. Capt. Allin cast ashore on Cape Cod ; Master Graffton 
burnt at Salem ; and so all lost. The good Lord sanctify it 
to me and all concerned! 

1667. 16th, 9th. God brought in our ship “ Providence, 
from Bristol. 18th. Also ship “ Swan,” from London ,* and, 
in ten days’ time, Capt. Scarlett’s, Master Clark’s, and several 
other vessels, when we were almost out of hope of seeing 
any ship from London this year. Master Clark was kept 
off six days by N.W. upon the coast, that we began to fear 
his safety. It was a very temperate winter, that, by Feb. 5, 
the ships were all laden, and gone again. 

Feb. 5. Went also out Master Wing, in the “Hopewell,” 
in which I held one-third, with Mr. Usher and Mr. Wil¬ 
loughby ; but she would not bear any sail, but, through 
mercy, put in again to New Plymouth, and, upon 19th 
instant, returned safe to Boston. 

1668,1 was left out from being a Selectman. 

26th, 2d. I was chosen by the town of Wenham to be 
their deputy this year; and, after much persuasion of Mr. 
Newman, Mr. Cobbitt, 1 and sundry other friends, I did 
accept the service. 

2d and 4th of 3d. Came in several vessels safe from 
England, wherein I had goods. 

This last winter, our ship “Providence,” William Gree- 
nough, 2 master, was cast away on the French shore, Jean de 
Luce, bound for Bilboa. One-fourth of her was mine, and 
about fourteen pounds adventure in cocoa and tobacco. But 
it pleased God to preserve ketch “Friendship ” at the same 
time and voyage, being half mine, and returned well from 
Bilboa. 

i Rev. Antipas Newman, of Wenham, and Rev. Thomas Cobbett, of Ipswich. 

*<* Capt. William Greenough, of Boston. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


159 


24th of 4th. Said ketch “ Friendship ” and ship “ De¬ 
sire ” sailed hence, one for Barbadoes, other for Jamaica ; 
both half mine, vessels and loading. 

1669, 11th month. Master John Alden 1 went for Eng¬ 
land, in the ketch “ Friendship,” being three-fourths mine; 
came well to West Chester; and, through Mr. Alden’s desire to 
expedite, he dealt with a man wanting honesty, who hindered 
him much time, and lost me much estate, — near five hun¬ 
dred pounds damage and loss to me, the Bermuda Com¬ 
pany seizing that sort of tobacco. The vessel returned not 
home until May, 1671. 

1669. Nov. 16,1 went from my own house on board Mas¬ 
ter Clarke’s ship, for to go to London to settle all former 
accounts with my uncle, and all persons with whom I had 
dealing. 

1st, 11th. I arrived at Plymouth, and rode by post to 
London, where I came safe to my uncle’s house, 5th of 
11th, and was received and entertained during my stay 
in London with much love and courtesy. The first sab¬ 
bath, I heard, and communicated at the Lord’s table with. 
Dr. John Owen, 2 and, during my continuance there, found 
very much love and respect from him, as also from Mr. John 
Collins. 3 I tarried in London four sabbaths after the 10th 
of May ; whereafter, according to act of Parliament, none were 
to meet for any religious worship, unless according to that 

1 John Alden, son of the “ Pilgrim” John, of Plymouth, “ went from Duxbury 
to Boston as early as 1659, and died 14th March, 1702 ” (Farmer). 

2 The famous Nonconformist divine. He died Aug. 24,1683. Strenuous efforts 
were made to induce him to come to New England, and take charge of the church 
at Boston, of which Mr. Norton had been pastor. Aug. 3, 1665. “ Our church sent 
to Dr. Owen.” June 9, 1666. “ Came in Mr. Clark’s ship; brought us word of Dr. 
John Owen’s likely coming hither” (Public Diary of Hull). 

3 A graduate of Harvard. He went to England in the time of the civil war. 
He was chaplain in Gen. Monk’s army when he marched from Scotland to Eng¬ 
land. He was a zealous Presbytei'ian, and minister of a church in London and at 
Pinner’s Hall. “ Mighty in the Scriptures, of an excellent natural temper, very 
charitable to all good men, and died, universally lamented, Dec. 3, 1687 ” (Neal). 


160 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


which was in the liturgy of England. If there were above 
five persons of sixteen years old, it was condemned as an 
unlawful conventicle, and great penalties to be inflicted, 
twenty pounds for the preacher, twenty pounds for the house¬ 
owner, five shillings every hearer for the first offence, and 
all these doubled after the first time ; yet it pleased God the 
ministers preached, and the people heard, and no great moles¬ 
tation. With much sea-sickness in the voyage, and sudden 
and speedy great journey from Plymouth to London, I was 
ill at London; but it pleased God to return my health gra¬ 
dually and quickly. 

1670, 8th of 4th, I came away from London. My uncle 
accompanied me to Gravesend. 10th of 4th, in the evening, 
we were at the Downs. 11th, at six o’clock, afternoon, 
sailed thence with a fair wind till we were gone one hundred 
leagues west of the Lizard; and, upon the 9th of July, met 
a Virginia ship going for Bristol, by whom we wrote to 
London. 10th of 5th, with two Flushingers, men-of-war; 
but they offered us no injury. 3d of 6th, I came safe home, 
and found my wife, daughter, servants, and all in health and 
safety. The good Lord make me thankful, humble, and fruit¬ 
ful ! 

The summer had been very dry in our colony. 

1671, I was chosen by the town of Westfield for their 
deputy for the General Court. I was also chosen by the 
Artillery Company for their captain. The Lord make me 
diligent and humble ! 

The Lord brought all the vessels I was concerned in this 
year in safety. But, upon 23d of 9th, John Harris, with 
his ketch, being gone out to sea, and about seven leagues 
eastward of Cape Cod, came back again, anchored by Cape 
Cod, but could not reach the harbor, and was put on shore 
on the Gurnet Beach about four o’clock in the morning. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


161 


The men kept their vessel till clay, and came all safe on shore, 
and saved much of the goods ; but the vessel not to be got 
off. One-half of the vessel and cargo was mine. The Lord 
give me spiritual and heavenly treasure, when he taketh from 
me earthly! and that will be a good exchange. 

1672, I was chosen again by the said town of Westfield to 
be their deputy at the General Court this year. 

19th of 5th. God spared my warehouse, and what I 
had in it, being exceeding hot with the fire; and none durst 
adventure to cool it with water, because of the powder that 
was in it (of the country’s most, some also of the town’s, 
and my own), until we had cut through the roof, and taken 
out the powder. It was when Mr. Hill, Mr. Walley’s 
houses, &c., were burned. 

17th of 6th. This summer I buried a servant-man, 
John Negus ; otherwise, my family hath been in good health 
ever since the year 1657. 

This winter, the ships that went home to London were 
many of them taken by the Dutch capers. I lost, in Master 
Hilton, Master Jonas Clark, and Thomas Moore, six hundred 
and forty pounds. God mixeth his mercies and chastise¬ 
ments, that we may neither be tempted to faint or to despise. 
The other ships, Master Greenough and Master Smith, that 
were of the greatest importance to the public, and also to 
my own private concern, were mercifully kept from all dan¬ 
ger. Also I lost my ketch, three-fourths, with her lading, 
from Virginia, taken by the Dutch from John Alden, worth 
about two hundred pounds. 

1673. I was again this year chosen and entreated by the 
town of Westfield to serve as their deputy at the General 
Court. 

The Lord brought in Master Smith, Master Greenough, 
and Master Prout, safe; though many vessels were taken 
by the Dutch this year also. 


162 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


We had good health in our family all this year. Blessed 
be the Lord! 

December. - 1 Cook 2 died; and I was appointed by 

the Court to succeed him. 

November, I accepted Samuel Clark, son of Jonas Clark, as 
an apprentice for eight years. 

1675, June 25, I was appointed by the Council to be one 
of the Committee for the war, and also Treasurer for the war. 

Feb. 28, being Monday, Mr. Broadstreet married my daugh¬ 
ter Hannah to Samuel Sewall, in the evening. 


2d, 2d, being Monday, at ten o’clock at night, my grand¬ 
child, John Sewall, was safely born into the world. 3 

1676, 15th of 3d. I was chosen by the General Court 
to be the Country Treasurer. 

1677, 2, 2. John Sewall was born Monday, at ten o’clock 
at night. 

1677, 23d of 3d. I was chosen by the country to be the 
Treasurer. 

1678, 8th of 3d. I was chosen again by the country to be 
their Treasurer. 

June 4, on the third day of the week, in the morning, 
half an hour before six o’clock, Samuel Sewall was safely 
born. 

1 Illegible in MS. 

2 Mr. Hull was appointed to succeed Lieut. Richard Cooke, as lieutenant to 
Capt. Wm. Hudson. Mr. Cooke died in December, 1673. He was a tailor in Bos¬ 
ton, was admitted to the fellowship of the First Church in that town in 1634, and 
took the freeman’s oath in 1635. He held several offices, both military and civil; 
represented the town of Dover in 1670 in the General Court. He was father and 
grandfather to the two celebrated Elisha Cookes, of Boston. In his will, he left a 
legacy to Harvard College. 

3 This entry occurs again in its place. 



DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


163 


Sept. 10, John Sewall had a vomiting, continuing that day 
and the night following, and then taken with convulsion fits, 
— about seventeen sore fits. He died about twelve o’clock, 
before the 12th of September. 

Sept. 23, Seth Shove 1 began to complain of illness in his 
head. 

Sept. 25, John Alcock was taken sick of the small-pox. 
The tenth night he was light-headed, and was brought very 
low. 

Oct. 12, Elizabeth Alcock 2 taken sick of the small-pox. 
She had but few, and went about again in about ten days. 

Oct. 21, Samuel Clark 3 taken with small-pox. The eighth 
day began to be light-headed, and needed two or three to 
hold him in bed. 

Oct. 26, Timothy Dwight taken with the same disease. 

Oct. 27, Hannah Estwick also. 

Oct. 29, son Sewall taken sick of the same disease. 

Nov. 5, John Newman went to Roger Ind. 

Nov. 20, Seth Shove taken sick of the small-pox. 

James Elson was taken by the Algerines, where I lost 
only my eighth part of the ship; as see my ledger, C, 
fob 54, <£113. 17s. V)d. 9 though it might be worth more, 
£82. 2s. 2d. 

1679, May 18, I was also again chosen by the country to 
be their Treasurer. 

1680, May 18, I was also chosen by the country for an 
Assistant, and released my former service of Treasurer. 
The good Lord grant me prudence, wisdom, judgment, 
courage, &c.! 

1 This Seth Shove was son of Rev. George Shove, of Taunton. He graduated 
at Harvard College; was ordained 13th October, 1697; and settled at Danbury, 
Conn. He died on the 3d of December, 1735, aged about sixty-eight. 

2 John and Elizabeth Alcock were orphan children of Dr. John Alcock, of Rox- 
bury. 

3 Samuel Clark was son of Jonas Clark, of Boston. 


164 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


1679, April 11, received news that the pink “ Charles 5 
was cast away at Christophers, 31st of 11th last. Eleazar 
Davenport, the master of her, died Oct. 8. Samuel Daven¬ 
port next died, Dec. 6. Robert Thorn brought her into Chris¬ 
tophers, Dec. 15. One-fourth part of the pink and cargo 
the Lord saw meet to take away from me. Also the ketch 
“ Seaflower,” John Harris, master, went for Jamaica; and we 
have had no news of her. One-fourth part of her was also 
mine. 

Feb. 2, Hannah Sewall was safely born into the world, 
being the third day of the week, about midnight. 

11th of 3d, ’81. I was chosen again to be an Assistant. 

Elizabeth Sewall was safely born into the world, Dec. 29, 
1681, a little after four o’clock in the afternoon. 

’82, 24th of 3d. I was chosen again to be an Assistant. 


JOHN HULL’S DIARY 


PUBLIC OCCURRENCES. 


22 



















. 













SOME 


OBSERVABLE PASSAGES OE PROVIDENCE 


TOWARD THE COUNTRY, 


AND SPECIALLY IN THESE PARTS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS BAY; NOTED FOR 
THE HELP OF MY OWN MEMORY, WHEREIN, IF ANY THING SHOULD NOT BE 
SO EXACTLY PENNED, FOR METHOD OR TIME, LET IT BE IMPUTED TO THE 
IGNORANCE AND WEAKNESS OF THE PENMAN, IF IT SHOULD EVER COME TO 
THE SIGHT OF ANY OTHER. 


The state of England, our dear native country, being by 
the usurpation of the bishops under great declinings, both 
civil and chiefly ecclesiastical; God’s faithful ministers 
silenced, sentenced also to imprisonment and banishment, if 
they would not conform to read the king’s and bishops’ 
edicts granting liberty for profanation of the Lord’s day, &c.; 
and also imposing upon the ministry many Popish injunc¬ 
tions, which proved a snare unto some honest minds, and a 
burden unsupportable to many others, both ministers and 
people, whose hearts God stirred up rather to endure a 
voluntary exile from their native soil, and to hazard the loss 
of all their sweet outward comforts and relations, than to 
defile their consciences and insnare themselves by hold- 1628. 
ing their rich revenues: God therefore moved the hearts of 
many to transport themselves far off beyond the seas, into this 
our New England, and brought, year after year, such as might 



168 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


be fit materials for a Commonwealth in all respects, and among 
others some of choicest use both for ministry and magistracy, 
military men, seamen, tradesmen, &c., and of large estates 
and free spirits, to spend and be spent for the advancement 
of this work that the Lord had to perform, and to make this 
wilderness as Babylon was once to Israel, as a wine-cellar for 
Christ to refresh his spouse in. He also made this Babylon 
like a Jerusalem; and our native England, seeing so many 
persons, which were no babes nor windy-headed men, to for¬ 
sake all to embrace such a wilderness condition, it caused 
them to listen what might be the reason. And it so pleased 
God, by their voluntary banishment and their writings from 
home, to'awaken so many hearts, as that in few years the 
whole nation thought it was high time to think of a general 
reformation, and were willing to enter into a war (though 
such a formidable means yet) when no other way could gain 
the desired end. 

When hither the Lord had brought any considerable num¬ 
ber, they gathered into several churches, according to gospel 
rules, having pastor, teacher, ruling elders, and deacons, to 
every church, or as many of these as their supplies would 
admit of. 

Also the civil government framed so as none might bear 
any weighty office, civil or military, but such as were mem¬ 
bers of some particular church, gathered and in order; 
neither might any elect unto such choice employment but 
members of churches, who had also sworn fealty to the Com¬ 
monwealth. The churches and civil state thus mutually 
embracing and succoring each other, the Lord hath been 
pleased to bless with great prosperity and success, increasing 
and multiplying, protecting and defending from all mis¬ 
chievous contrivances, supplying and furnishing with all 
necessaries, maugre all adversaries; though also chastening 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


169 


and trying, nurturing, lopping, and pruning his poor chil¬ 
dren, by his own fatherly hand, for their good, from one year 
to another. 

A brief hint of some of God’s dispensations, as he enables, 
we may mention in the following discourse: — 

1634. The churches gathered were many, but yet were 
upon the increasing hand, though under reproach and deri¬ 
sion among profane persons, upon some of which the Lord 
gave signal testimonies, though others he suffered according 
to his wonted long patience. 

There was one Henry Bull and his company in a Remarkable 

judgments 

vessel, or small ship, that did deride the churches upon the 

A churches’ 

of Christ, in our harbor; and when they came to enemies. 
Marblehead, a place not far distant, but out of command of 
our fortifications, they, in derision, acted the gathering of a 
church and calling officers. But, as the apostle saith, “ Be 
not deceived : God is not mocked.” They putting to sea, they 
were forced by tempest upon the shore among the more 
savage Indians, by whom they were slain. 

Another ship riding in the harbor, whose seamen were 
very profane in deriding the country, who said they would 
cast their provisions into the sea rather than supply such 
Roundheads, it pleased the Lord to leave them to take so 
little care of themselves, as, whether in their drink or by 
other accident, I know not, they blew up their ship with 
their own gunpowder. The ship was called the “ Marie 
Rose.” So was also another vessel, that behaved themselves 
much after the same manner. 

1634, September. A great wind hurricane, first at north¬ 
east, then at north-west: by reason thereof, two tides in six 
hours. The Indian corn much blown down and spoiled there¬ 
with. 

1637. The great goodness of God was also seen in saving 


170 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


his people from the old stratagem of Satan, with which he 
vexes the church, and sought now to crush it in the bud; 
Errors and that was by sowing the seeds of error in the 

broached, , 

and yet hearts of some that was of very good esteem, and 

soon dis- J 0 

peiied. who before bad been fellow-laborers to help forward 
the work of God in private, as others the faithful ministers 
did in public. But, when this evil seed sprang up, they began 
secretly to undermine the pure doctrine of the gospel deli¬ 
vered in public, and to put their senses and meanings to be 
the meaning of tfyeir ministers; making their weak brethren 
and sisters, and also judicious and godly persons in neighbor 
towns, to begin to think amiss of the holy and reverend Mr. 
John Cotton, then teacher of Boston church. But, when 
their errors came to be broached, he fully cleared himself 
and his doctrine from any taste of their poisonous and un¬ 
wholesome liquor, and so bore witness to the truths then 
under labor, and against their corrupt tenets, that, through the 
favor of God, settled his own church and discovered the error- 
ists ; and, being found persisters in dangerous and fundamen- 

Heretics ta l errors > they were sent out of the jurisdiction of 
banished. ^b e Massachusetts, and purchased themselves a place 

called Bhode Island. Yet, after they were so far removed (viz., 
about seventy miles), the Bev. Mr. Cotton, and the church of 
Boston, ceased not for some years to send letters, and some 
of their able and godly brethren, to endeavor their reduce- 
ment; and some few were regained. These errorists had so 
painted over with fair colors their tenets, that they bred 
much disputation in all sorts, that the elders of the several 
churches saw a need of a synodical meeting to discuss and 
clear matters; which was consented to, and held at Cam¬ 
bridge, and, by the good blessing of God, truth gained, and 
error lost. Many truths were then more fully understood by 
elders and private Christians: the hearts of both were after 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


171 


more firmly united. The errors broached were very many ; 
but I shall not write them, nor mention the persons. 

The Lord also tried the faith and courage of his people, so 
lately come into this wilderness, with permitting some of 
the Indians to commit some villanies and outrage against the 
English in the Colony of Connecticut: a savage peo- Indian 
pie, called Pequots, who were more warlike than cruelties, 
other Indians, and therefore a terror to their enemies the 
other Indians. These Pequots took two or three English 
maidens; but them they hurt not. But, they having taken 
some English men, they tied them to trees, making great 
fires by them, roasting them alive, and cutting off their flesh 
and broiling of it, and clapping it to the place again; also 
throwing hot coals upon the raw and mangled places; and 
the poor distressed souls crying, in this time of trouble, to 
God to help them for his Christ’s sake. The Pequots would 
dance about them, and insult, a Where is your God and 
Christ’s help now?” &c. The English, after they Warwith 
had sought in vain to have these murderers delivered the Indians ‘ 
up, they sent out some forces, about-- men from the Mas¬ 

sachusetts, under the command of Capt. Underhill, and about 

-from Connecticut, under the command of-/ 

into whose hand the Lord delivered these insulting wretches, 
that though our English forces were so few in number, yet 
by God’s assistance they rooted out the nation of the Pequots, 
save a few that escaped, who still own themselves as vassals 
to the English. It was credibly reported that these Indians 
had gotten such a power from Satan, by God’s permission, that 
an arrow should not pierce their skin; but the Lord per- 

1 These blanks are in the MS. Capt. Underhill was sent to Saybrook by Gov. 
Vane, with twenty men, in advance of the Massachusetts forces, which, under 
several leaders, consisted of about one hundred and twenty men; the number being 
variously stated by different writers. Connecticut furnished ninety men, under 
the command of Capt. John Mason. 





172 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


mitted not Satan to hinder the penetration of the swords and 
bullets of the English. 

1638. The 1st of the 4th month, about noon, was a very 
great and general earthquake. The vessels upon the river, 
and the goods that were in the said ships, moved much. 
Many upon the land could scarcely stand upright. 

Sept. 14. Mr. John Harvard departed this life, the founder 
of Harvard College. He gave above £700 towards the 
same. 

1639. We began to print at Cambridge. 1 

1642. A public library given to Harvard College. 

1643. The four colonies entered into a combination to 
assist and strengthen the hands of each other. 

1646. April 11, died Mr. John Oliver, one of choice parts, 
endued with variety of able gifts for the generation ; but God 
took him away in youth, to the saddening of very many godly 
hearts and threatening of the rising generation. 

A second synod at Cambridge, where was debated the 
power of the magistrate in matters of religion ; 2d, the nature 
and power of synods. 

Also some began to preach to the Indians in their own lan¬ 
guage, especially Mr. John Eliot. 

1647. 5th of 7th. Mr. Thomas Hooker died, pastor of 
Hartford church. 

1648. A third synod at Cambridge, who drew the platform 
of church discipline. 

Jan. 30. Great Charles the First was beheaded upon 
Tuesday, about two o’clock, — a very solemn and strange 
act; and God alone can work good by so great a change, 
both to the nation and to the posterity of the king. 

i Stephen Daye, having, by the direction of the magistrates and elders, erected 
the press, and prepared the other parts of the apparatus, began business in the first 
month of 1639. (Winthrop.) 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


173 


March 26, ’48-9. Our honored Governor, Mr. John Win- 
throp, departed this life, — a man of great humility and piety, 
an excellent statesman, well skilled in the law, and of a public 
spirit. 

Sept. 3 (’50). A great victory over the Scots at Dunbar. 

24th, 6th, 1649. Mr. Thomas Shepherd, pastor of Cam¬ 
bridge church, died, — a zealous and pious preacher. 

Jan. 1, 1650. Charles the Second was crowned king in 
Scotland. 

22d July (’51). Mr. Christopher Love 1 beheaded. 

22d August. Charles the Second erected his standard at 
Worcester. 

Sept. 3 (’51). A victory obtained over the Scots army at 
Worcester. 

20th of 2d, 1653. The parliament was dissolved by the 
army. 4th of 4th, a parliament chosen by General Crom¬ 
well. 

23d December, 1652. The reverend teacher of the church 
of Christ at Boston, viz., Mr. John Cotton, departed this life, 
after he had kept his house, by reason of weakness, about 
five weeks ; 2 a man so exceedingly useful and eminent, that 
the loss seems unparalleled with respect to the living, and no 
less gain to the dead. Yet God was pleased, in his infinite 
mercy, to make a gracious and rich supply to this poor 
church, by sending, 6th, 1st, 1652-3, Mr. John Norton, from 
Ipswich, who continued with us three years and upward, 
— 1656, July 23; laboring in God’s work, and joined in a 
teacherly office with us. 

1 Rector of St. Ann’s, Aldersgate, London, and St. Lawrence, Jewry, author of 
three volumes of sermons. He was accused of corresponding with the king against 
Cromwell’s government. Several parishes and fifty-four ministers interceded in 
vain in his behalf. 

2 In the margin is the note, “ A strange comet in the heavens began its motion 
with his sickness, and ended with his death.” 

23 


174 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


1652. In 12th month, there came intelligence of a plot 
between the Dutch and the Indians to cut off all the English ; 
and great probability there was of the truth of it, though not 

Plot of full proof. The Commissioners for the Colonies met 

Indians 

and Dutch. a t Boston, and sat debating and examining the case 
some space of time; and also many other grievances were 
presented by the western colonies, which they had received 
from the Dutch; and a war urged, and almost consented 
unto. But as something that might further clear the righteous¬ 
ness of the war, or prevent it, there was two commissioners 
sent to the Monhatos,—viz., Capt. John Leveret and Mr. 
William Davis, — whose return tended to encourage to war. 
But God’s overruling and guiding hand prevented it; and the 
consultation brake up, though not without great discontent to 
sundry, and such as tended to disunite the colonies of the 
west from the Bay. Generally, the elders of churches, 
and most of the magistrates in the Bay, was against the 
war. 

1653, 14th, 1st. A great fire in Boston. 

31st, 5th. Mr. Thomas Dudley 1 died. 

About Oct. 30, 1653, sundry ships went to England; 
among whom, two were taken by the Dutch; and several in 
Boston lost much of their estate, and some others also, both 
in England and other parts of this country. 

In the spring, about 1st of 3d, 1654, came intelligence 
from England of four ships, with a hundred and twenty sol¬ 
diers, under the command of Major Robert Sedgwicke 2 and 

1 Governor of Massachusetts. 

‘ l Admitted freeman 1637. He resided in Charlestown, and was chosen cap¬ 
tain the same year. Johnson says he was “ nurst up in London’s artillery garden, 
and furthered with fifteen years’ experience in New England.” He assisted in forming 
“the military of Massachusetts” (afterwards known as the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company) in 1639 ; was ordered “to take care of the castle this year,” 
in 1641. He was several years a deputy from Charlestown, and much engaged in 
public affairs. In 1645, he united with Emanuel Downing and others in a petition 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


175 


1654. 


Capt. John Leveret, 1 who had received commission to root 
out the Dutch, if they would not submit to the power and 
government of England. 

They arrived here (after a long voyage of twelve weeks, 
and their admiral-ship and soldiers, in regard of leakiness 
and some other miscarriages, was sent back again) the 
5th of 4th, 1654. And suddenly a General Court was called, 
and letters from the Lord Protector (Oliver Cromwell) pe¬ 
rused, and the commission of those gentlemen viewed, and 
their desires debated upon ; which was granted thus far, viz., 
a liberty to gain and entertain five hundred volunteers, but 
not liberty to press. But, before they had obtained much 
above one hundred men. Master Garret came in Remarkable 
with a ship from England, and brought news of a t0 £rr Vent 
peace concluded and proclaimed between England and Hol¬ 
land ; which did cause that intended expedition to be wholly 
laid aside. But, after some few days’ stay of these ships, they 
adventured upon another design, for the French; and, 
about the 15th of September, returned to Boston again, 
with prosperous success, having outed the French in three 
several forts, — one called St. John’s Fort; another, French 

forts 

Port Kiall; a third, Panobscot; — and took the wealth taken - 


1645. 


for the amelioration of the laws against the Anabaptists, but without success. 
In “ Good News from New England,” the author says, — 

“ Prest to oppose haters of peace, with guide 
Of officers, three regiments abide. 

In Middlesex, seven ensigns are displayed, 

There disciplined by Major Sedgwick’s aid.” 

Peace having been concluded, the expedition against the Dutch, at New York was 
abandoned; but Sedgwick, being advanced to the rank of major-general, was em¬ 
ployed by Cromwell in the expedition against the West Indies, “ succeeded Gen. 
Fortescue as Governor of Jamaica, and died 24th June, 1656.” He appeared to Car¬ 
lyle “a very brave, zealous, and pious man;” and his letters in Thurloe, “of all 
others the best worth reading ” on the subject of this expedition. He was the 
ancestor of the Sedgwick family of Massachusetts. (Lord’s Lempriei-e; Carlyle’s 
Cromwell, ii. 192, 198; Colony Records.) 

1 Afterwards Governor of Massachusetts. 


176 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


of these places, consisting in beaver and moose and other 
furs, and plate, &c. These aforesaid ships, by the 14th of 
November, was freighted with masts and merchandise goods 
and passengers, and upon putting to [sea?] sail for England. 

In this interim, between September and November, there 
was an expedition against Nenegret, an Indian sagamore. 
An expedi- where were sent from the Colony of Massachusetts 

tion against 

the Indians, fifty horsemen, with their horses and arms, up to 
Pequot, to meet with as many footmen from the southern 
colonies, with commission to make sundry demands to Nene¬ 
gret ; and, upon none satisfaction, power given to send to 
each colony respectively for a further supply of horse and 
foot. But upon some little satisfaction received, by way of 
promise of future obedience to the English, they returned 
home again; and all acts of hostility ceased for that year. 

Not to let wholly slip some chastisements of God unto the 
Commonwealth in general, and more particularly unto this 

Death town of Boston, one of our honored magistrates, Mr. 
Hibbius. William Hibbius, 1 — a man very serviceable in his 
place, — was taken away by death, upon the 23d of the 5th 
month, in this year, 1654, about twelve o’clock in the night 
before the sabbath, who for his years, though they were 

-, yet, if God had seen meet, he might have continued 

to do much more service. 

Another such like providence befell us this year, upon 
the 9th of December, at two o’clock in the morning, — the 
Death of death of Maior-Gen. Edward Gibons: a man of an 

Maj.-Gen. J < 

Gibons. excellent spirit for the public good, and the crown 
of the military affairs in this Commonwealth. Yet God saw 

1 A merchant, elected an Assistant in 1643, and much employed in public 
affairs. He was associated with the Governor and Mr. Dudley as a Committee “ to 
consider of the body of liberties, what is fit to be repealed or allowed,” in 1644; and 
the same year, with Mr. Dudley, to draw up instructions for the agents in Eng¬ 
land. 



DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


177 


It rained the 
8th and 11 th 
of April. 


An expedi¬ 
tion to the 
West Indies. 


1654-5. 


1655. 


it meet to bereave us of such eminent pillars. His age was 
fifty-five, or thereabout. 

About the 16th of December, the frost was extreme, and 
suddenly froze the Bay over, that, in very few days, it ® r o e s a t t 
was firm to pass betwixt the town and Long Island, and a 
constant passage to Charltowne and Noddle’s Island, &c.; 
and so continued above a month. The other part 
of the winter was such weather as is usual; only 
the month April was cold. 

The Commonwealth of England sent forth thirty- 
seven sail of ships, under the command of Gen. 

Penn, for the West Indies ; and by the way, at Barbados, they 
seized on sixteen ships as prize from the Dutch. Feb andMarch 
Erom thence they sailed, and arrived at Hispaniola 
the 13th of April. They landed the greatest part of 
their army eight leagues to leeward of Domingo. Some 
engagement they had with the enemy; but the army being 
straitened of provision, and meeting with some other dis¬ 
couragements, they left Hispaniola, and sailed to Jamaica, 
which they easily took; and about the 25th of 4th month, 1655, 
they sent three ships for provisions to New England 
(and left twelve of the best ships at Jamaica, and the 
rest returned back for England); which ships here safely 
arrived, and were supplied fully with what they i, 9, Mr. 

, K Inc. Nowell 

came for, and returned laden to Jamaica. Arrived died - 
all there safe, where they found the land-soldiers, through 
fluxes and surfeits, a great part of them dead ; and, from 
their first coming into those parts, by the 3d of April fol¬ 
lowing, there was wanting in the lists six thousand, and 
supposed most of them to be dead. 

1656, Nov. 14. We received intelligence from the Man- 
hatoes that the Indians had made an inroad upon Indians 

. massacre 

the Dutch, and burnt their farms, slain and taken cap- the Dutch. 


Jamaica. 


178 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


tives one hundred and fifty persons, and, had it not been for 
the help of some English, were likely to have taken the 
fort. Most of the captives were in a short time redeemed : 
others they kept, and carried it unto the Dutch with great 
insolency. 

1( , r5 In the beginning of September, two ships set sail for 
London : Master James Garret master of one, called 
the “ Hopewell; ” and Master Lock of the other, called the 
“ Globe.” 

In the beginning of December, Capt. John Leveret set 
sail for London, in a little frigate built at New France, and 
there taken by the English with the forts. 

About the middle of December, Master John Cutting with 
his ship, and Master Christopher Clark with another ship, 
set sail from Boston for England, and arrived safe there in 
about a month’s time. 

March 14, 1655-6. Twenty persons, or about such a 
number, did agree to raise a stock to procure a house and 
materials to improve the children and youth of the town of 
Boston (which want employment) in several manufac¬ 
tures. 

Seducers This summer, two women, 1 called Quakers, came 
Quakers. f rom the Barbados, intending to oppose the ministry, 
and also to breed in people contempt of magistracy, but 
were cut short of their intents, being kept in prison until 
opportunity were of sending them whence they came ; 
which was done. They were persons uncivil in behavior, 
showing no respect to any, ready to censure and condemn 
all; themselves would be thought the only knowing per¬ 
sons, and their spirit infallible ; carrying a semblance of 
humility, but exceeding proud. Likewise, soon after 
they were gone, came eight, of the same judgment and con- 

1 Mary Fisher and Ann Austin. 


August. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


179 


ditions, from England (viz., four men, and four women or 
maids), and for the same ends : found the same entertain¬ 
ment. They were brought over by one Robert Lock, a ship¬ 
master, who was compelled to retransport them for England. 

The 26th of the 1st month, 1656, Capt. Robert Keyn 1 
died. He was a man of good understanding and „ T _ , 
learning, both in divine, civil, and military arts death ' 
and knowledge. He gave to the town a considerable sum, 
in his will, towards a town-house and conduit. 

Oct. 24. Three ships set sail for England. The names of 
their commanders were Master James Garret, Master Jonas 
Clarke, Master Robert Lock. They carried the sum of the 
returns of the country this year unto England, as is usual 
every year, we yet having our clothing (most of it) from 
thence; and, in the 9th of 3d month, we heard they all 
safely were arrived, in little more than a month after they 
went hence. 

1656. This winter was very little cold weather, — not 
above seven very cold days until the 2d of the 12th Temperate 
month ; nor scarce any snow at all until the 5th of the 
said month, whereon there fell a pretty deep snow. And it 
continued cold weather all the said 12th month, and the 1st of 
the 1st month very cold ; but, after that, the weather grew 
very moderate again, and the spring came on forwardly. 

There was (also) a great breach of love and union in the 
church of Hartford the last summer, which contin¬ 
ued to the end of this winter (now past), notwith¬ 
standing all endeavors there, and also by letters from hence, 
to have gained a reconcilement. 


Divisions 
in Hartford. 


1 Keayne. He was a merchant, and was fined by the Court for selling at too 
great a profit, the offence being aggravated on account of his religious profession. 
His will, recorded in the Suffolk Probate Office, occupied one hundred and fifty-eight 
pages. (Savage’s Winthrop.) 


180 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


1657. The 6th day of the 2d month, Mr. John Norton, 
and several other elders and messengers of churches, took 
their journey from hence toward Hartford, in Connecticut, 
to endeavor (if the Lord please to bless) a reconciliation, and 
renewal of the bond of love and unity amongst them, in 
those parts; for their breach hath been the occasion of much 
division in sundry churches in those parts. 

The 16th day of this 2d month, our church of Boston 
sought the face of the Lord in solemn humiliation in their 
behalf. 

23d of 2d. We received letters from Hartford, and under¬ 
stood that the work of reconciliation went very slowly for¬ 
ward. We also heard, that at a town called Farmington, near 
a viiia- Hartford, an Indian was so bold as to kill an English¬ 
woman great with child, and likewise her maid, and 
also sorely wounded a little child, — all within their house, — 
and then fired the house, which also fired some other barns or 
houses. The Indians, being apprehended, delivered up the 
murderer, who was brought to Hartford, and (after he had 
his right hand cut off) was, w r ith an axe, knocked on the 
head by the executioner. 

The Lord teach us what such sad providences speak unto 
us all! 

9th, 3d. Mr. William Bradford, Governor of Plymouth, 
died. 

6th of the 3d. Mr. Norton returned in safety home, and 
brought us word that the Lord hath graciously wrought the 
church at Hartford to a re-union, and a mutual promise to 
bury all former differences in silence for the future. 

1657. In the month of June, three ships arrived here 
from London, bringing supplies of clothing into the country ; 
for, as yet, our chief supply, in respect of clothes, is from 
England. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


181 


Mr. Theophilus Eaton, Governor of New Haven, died. 1 

Nov. 13. Two ships set sail from hence, being bound for 
London ; and two went this summer, about August; by 
which four (though one of them went not directly hence), 
the sum of the returns of the country for this year was trans¬ 
ported. 

This summer, in the months of September and October, 
the town of Boston — viz., the children specially — was 
much afflicted with a flux and vomiting, whereof many 

Diseases. 

young children died. And likewise the disease of the 
measles went through the town: scarce any house escaped; 
only through the goodness of God, scarce any died of it. The 
like soon after befell most of the towns hereabouts. 

I may not omit the observance of a very strange Anobserva- 

ble hand of 

hand of God, that hath, for some space of time. Providence, 
(continued upon two women in this town of Boston:) about 
ten years already upon one of them, by name Joan Joa p E( i- 
Edwards, a joiner’s wife ; and about three years upon nSer. 
another, by name Mary Hacker, a poor laboring man’s wife. 
Who, at the first, were taken with a kind of raving and 
madness, but continue making a doleful noise, taking no care 
of or content or pleasure in any thing ; can be made to fol¬ 
low no employment; sometimes will hardly receive any food; 
take notice of nothing that is spoken to them, nor minding 
their children or any relations; showing much dislike to any 
that counsel them to hear the word or to labor, as if they 
looked at all to aggravate their condemnation, especially Joan 
Edwards, who, at first, was often visited by godly ministers 
and Christians : the Lord hereby manifesting his sove¬ 
reignty, who may do what he please with his creatures; and 
also daily preaching, by such spectacles (who seem to be a 
lively representation of the damned), matter of serious admo- 

1 Jan. 7, aged sixty-seven. (See next page.) 

24 


182 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


nition and thankfulness unto all who enjoy their wits and 
senses, and specially the gospel of grace. Men know not the 
human cause. Some think, and not unlike, they were left 
to some notorious sin, but could not confess it; others think 
Satan took advantage of a spirit of discontent with their own 
condition, as being poor and conflicting with sundry wants. 
The Lord teach all his people that see and hear of them to 
make a profitable improvement of such remarkable strokes ! 

1657. This summer, also, the fore-mentioned Quakers, that 
B seducers° f were sent back to England, notwithstanding they 
knew the severity of the law against any such seducers, yet 
they boldly adventured to enter into these parts again, com¬ 
ing from England to Rhode Island, and thence hither; and 
therefore were severely whipped in the House of Correction, 
and kept close to work for their food, or else to fast. Some 
of them fasted several days, before they would work; 
but, after the belly craved so earnestly, they were glad to 
work. 


They seemed to suffer patiently, and take a kind of plea¬ 
sure in it. In those parts of the country where they might 
with freedom converse (as in Rhode Island and Providence 
and Warwick), they take no pleasure to be. It seems to be 

to them as the dry places-to the unclean spirit. 

The 1st of the 11th month, Mr. Thomas Oliver, one 


Mr. Oliver’s 
death. 


of the ruling elders of this church, died, being ninety 
years old, — a man by his outward profession a chirurgeon. 
He kept his house, or went very little abroad, for the space 
of three years before he died, and was a lively pattern of old 
age spoken of Eccles. xii.; though, in his former years, a 
man very serviceable. 

Mr. Eaton’s ?th °f this 11th month, Mr. Theophilus Eaton, 
Governor of New-Haven Colony, died, — a man of 
singular wisdom, and of eminent use unto all those parts, and 



DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


183 


well beloved and respected in the whole country. Thus the 
Lord seeth meet to make us thin and weak, by taking away 
our studs; and oh that it were indeed laid to heart! 

1657. At Dedham there was a house firing. A woman 
and her son and daughter burned to death: the 

° A sad 

woman, in endeavoring to save her son ; the daugh- P rovldence * 
ter, in going to help both. One Goodman Wheeler’s wife. 

The breach at Hartford again renewed; God leaving Mr. 
Stone, their officer, to some indiscretion, as to neg- contention 

of brethren 

lect the church’s desire in the celebration of the continues. 
Lord’s supper, and to proceed to some acts of discipline 
towards the formerly dissenting brethren; and Satan taking 
occasion also by Mr. Stone’s absence some weeks from them, 
and neglecting of the use of all means to cherish and 
to look unto their newly set bones and joints, they easily 
brake again. The dissenting brethren removed from the 
church. 

This winter was very temperate. The month of Novem¬ 
ber was pretty cool, and the beginning of the 12th Temperate 
month: else very moderate weather, and very little 
snow. By the 10th of the 1st month, the frost was generally 
out of the ground; and only in the latter end of February, 
and in the 1st month, there was two or three times much 
thunder and rain. 

In the latter end of March, and in the month of April, 
very much wet weather, that husbandmen doubted opportu¬ 
nity of sowing their corn, and so continued till the latter 
end of April. 

Upon the 13th of April, there came a storm of Snow, 
snow, about two inches deep, and, the night follow- 1668. 

lowing, a hard frost. In the latter end of this month, the 
skies cleared, and warm weather and dry, that it proved sud¬ 
denly a very forward spring and comfortable seed-time. 


184 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


Signs in 
the heaven. 


In the latter end of 3d month, much hurt came, by the 
caterpillars, to the fruit-trees. 

18th of 3d month. There was a comet seen to 
pass from the fort toward the market-place or the 
dock, about half an hour before sunset. It was seen at Bran- 
trey and other towns, passing from the south-east to the 
north-east. 

Very much lightning about Hampton town. 

4th month. We heard, by two ships that came in from 
England, that Master James Garret’s ship was not arrived, 
and looked as foundered in the sea, and so persons and 
estates lost. There was sundry persons of pretty note: Mr. 
Mejo (Mayhew), a godly minister, that taught the Indians at 
Martha’s Vineyard; 1 and sundry young students, and some 
very hopeful; sundry women also, two of which were sisters 

in our own church. The passengers were, in all, -. 

Of estate, there-. 

One of the ketches, likewise, that went hence for England, 
was taken by a pirate of Ostend, and therein much estate lost. 

Month 6th. In harvest, the beginning was fair and com¬ 
fortable, so that the corn that was early ripe was well inned ; 
but then came much wet and cloudy weather, and very diffi- 
pubiic cult inning the rest of the corn and hay, and much 

cluxs tisc- 

ments. spoiled. Also much sickness in the southern colo¬ 
nies,— fevers and agues, of which many died. And, in our 
Mr Paddy’s 0WI1 town > the fever seated upon sundry. Mr. Wil¬ 
liam Paddy, 2 a very pious and public-spirited man, 
died of it, among others, the 24th of the 6th month. 

8th of September. Our town, and Cambridge, and sundry 


1 This was Thomas Mayhew, the contemporary of Eliot, and perhaps a little in 
advance of him as an apostle to the Indians. He was on his way to England, with 
some of his converts, to procure the means of more extensive efforts. 

2 See Hull’s private Diary. 




DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


185 


Ships 
sail for 

Newton, who was England. 


towns in the southern parts, celebrated with fasting 7th nionth 
and prayer; but, notwithstanding, the Lord saw meet a fast ‘ 
to continue our sick in weakness, and to smite others, and not 
to clear up the face of the skies save for two or three days 
together. Other towns about us did the like. The Lord, 
who was wont to hear before we called, when we did but 
purpose to seek God, but now as if he should even say we 
had waxed worse by his mercies, and he would deliver and 
hear us no more. 

The Commissioners of the Colonies sat in this month, at 
Boston. 

Two ships set sail for England, after they had waited six 
or eight days at Nantasket for a wind; and, as some 

observed, when one Mr. —- 

intended for England in one of them, was sent unto by the 
Commissioners and Mr. Norton to desire a conference before 
he went, the wind was observed to turn fair for the ships as 
soon as the said letter was written. And, as soon as the 
messengers came down, the master and some others were 
very free to the gentleman’s return up again, as thinking his 
presence some cause of the cross-wind. He was an officer of 
the church at Farmington, in Connecticut. 1 

Oct. IT. Mr. John Norton, by some sickness of body, 
could not come forth, though it was a day whereon the 
Lord’s supper was celebrated: but it pleased God Mr. 

-- Newton preached in his room; and, Oct. 31, Mr. 

Norton came forth, and preached in the afternoon. 

Nov. IT. Mr. William Hubert 2 was ordained a teacher to 
the church at Ipswich, where he was brought up under New 
Mr. John Norton, the Lord thereby making a com- mmisters - 
plete supply to that church ; before he supplied the death of 

1 Roger Newton, minister of Farmington, was ordained Oct. 13,1652. He was 
afterward of Milford, and died June 7,1683. 2 Hubbard. 




186 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


Mr. Rogers by Mr. Cobbitt in the pastoral office ; and now the 
other ; and also added two ruling elders, which they never 
had before, to make up their want of Mr. Norton, of whom 
the church at Boston stood in so much need. The Lord 
of the harvest will not let any lose by the help they spare 
to him. 


List ship 29th December. The last ship that carried the re- 
29th Decemb - turns of the country this year, with some few pas¬ 
sengers, sailed hence 29th of 10th, in the evening of that day. 
We had much cold weather for three w^eeks before, but very 
little snow; yet the river not quite frozen over. The cold 
continued sharp until about the middle of the 11th month; 
then we had fine, warm, and pleasant weather till the 
midst of 12th month; after that, we had wet, stormy 
weather, both snow and rain, until the 1st month ; then 
fine, moderate weather, only the frost not fully out of the 
ground till about 10th of 2d month. It was a pretty cold 
spring. 

1st of 11th. There was a small vessel burnt in Salem 

vessels burnt harbor’s mouth. They went from Boston a little 
before night, on the last day of that week; and in 
the night, when they were come into the harbor, they touched 
on a rock. The candles, as was supposed, fell down in the 
cabin, a cask of brandy being in the cabin: when that took 
fire, it left all remediless. 

Another vessel before that, about October, was burnt at 
sea, as she came from Pascataway; but no men lost in 
neither. 


1658, 25th of 12th. We received the sad news of the 
death of the Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell, a man of 
sad news, excellent worth, who died Sept. 3, 1658. The Lord 
give suitable affections to bewail the loss of such choice ones ! 
He was one that sought the good of New England; though 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


187 


Mr. Peter 
Bulkley’s 
death. 


Great fire 
in Barbados. 


he seemed to be much wanting in a thorough testimony 
against the blasphemers of our days. 1 * 

9th of 1st. Old Mr. Bulkley, of the church of 
Concord, departed this life, being about the age 
of-. 2 

10th of 1st, 1658-9. We received intelligence 
of the great fire in Barbados, which was 2d of 
12th last, wherein about two hundred dwelling-houses and 
storehouses were consumed, and great estates together with 
them. Sundry in New England had a share in that loss. 

22d of 1st month. Mr. Jacob SheafF 3 departed Mr gheaff , s 
this life, — a righteous and a merciful man. The 
deaths of such ought to be laid unto heart. He was about 
the age of forty years, and one of the seven selectmen for the 
town of Boston. 

13th of 2d month. Mr. Thomas Shepherd 4 was ordained 
a teacher of the church at Charlestown, — a very hopeful 
and choice young man, inheriting a double portion of his 
father’s spirit. It is no little comfort, in all the bereaving 
changes that the Lord exerciseth us with, that he yet raiseth 
us up of our sons to be prophets, and any of our young men 
to be as Nazarites. 

The spring was very wet; yet it pleased God to give a 
seed-time. 

1659. Mr. Henry Dunster died. 5 

4th of 3d month. Mr. Seaborn Cotton 6 was ordained pas- 


1 He could not understand what the magistrate had to do in matters of religion. 
He thought that all men should be left to the liberty of their own consciences, and 
that the magistrate could not interfere without insnaring himself in the guilt of 
persecution; and these were the Protector’s “own words.” (Miall.) 

* These words, from though, were added at a later date. 

2 Rev. Peter Bulkley, set. seventy-six. 

3 Ancestor of the New-Hampshire family of Sheaffe. 

4 Son of Thomas Shephard, minister of Cambridge. 

5 President of Harvard College. He died Feb. 27. 

6 Son of the Rev. John Cotton, of Boston, and born at sen , on the passage of his 
parents to New England in 1633. 



188 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


Harvest 

blessings 


tor to the church at Hampton. The good Lord give him a 
double portion of his father’s spirit! 

Sept. 10. About this time, one ship set sail for England, 
carrying much of the country’s returns; also another, a few 
days after, who likewise carried much estate. 

We had through favor, since the wet weather in the 
spring, a very fruitful summer and seasonable har¬ 
vest, and the year hitherto finely healthful. 

Sept. 26. The church at Hartford, and the dissenting 
brethren that had withdrawn from communion and joined to 
another church, appeared here in their representatives, and 
referred themselves to the judgment of a council before 
chosen by nine several churches, and then sat in Boston. 

The council fully heard the grievances of both sides, and, 
through the gracious presence of God, so determined as was 
blessed with a sweet re-union, and very good satisfaction 
unto both parties ; which was publicly manifested before they 
departed home. The council also reserved a liberty for 
themselves to sit again the next spring, if any thing should 
after prove not so clear as it seemed to be at present to both 
parties. 1 No sooner had God blessed us with this sweet 
peace, but he tried us with other troubles. Sundry of the 
Quakers came into the town, boldly and presumptuously 
resolving to outvie the authority of the country. Though 
they had been punished, and sent away, yet they would 
obtrude themselves upon us. Three of them had also been, 
a few weeks before, banished upon pain of death, — William 
Robinson and Marmaduke Stevenson, two young fellows, 
little above twenty years of age; and one Mary Dyer, of 
Road Island, who, about twenty years since, was of Boston, 
and brought forth a hideous monster, part like a man, part 


i On the subject of this troublesome controversy between the Rev. Mr. Stone 
and certain members of his church, see note in Savage’s Winthrop, i. 169, 
ed. 1853. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


189 


like a fish, part like a bird, part like a beast, and bad no 
neck: it had scales, claws, and horns. These three persons 
had the sentence of death pronounced against them by the 
General Court, then sitting ; and well they deserved it. 
Most of the godly have cause to rejoice, and bless the Lord 
that strengthens our magistrates and deputies to bear witness 
against such blasphemers. 

A further merciful providence. There was baptized, Oct. 
23, a male child of one Constant Madock, who a blessing 

7 of God 

had-abortives before, but never any living y0 ung°woman. 

child ; and is the more remarkable, because, seven or eight 
months before, she embraced the order of the church, and 
was accepted a member, though her father and mother are 
much declined in that respect, and have been for many years. 
Though Quakers disown church order, yet the Lord owns 
it, and in his time will attest to it. 

Oct. 27. The two young men before mentioned had the 
sentence of death executed upon them ; but Mary Dyer was, 
upon petition of some friends, reprieved, provided she 
departed the jurisdiction in two days, and came no more 
hither. 

Nov. 4. Upon this 4th of 9ber, being the sixth of the 
week, there was an eclipse of the sun. It began pre- Eclipse, 
sently after seven o’clock in the morning, and continued till 
half an hour past nine. Digits eclipsed, nine. 

Nov. 11. The first snow this year fell this night. It was 
but about an inch deep; only whited the ground. 

Dec. 8 was celebrated as a day of thanksgiving, through¬ 
out the Colony, for the comfortable harvest, the Pub]ic 
health of the country generally, and for our preser- Thanks s ivm g- 
vation from the destructive desires of that pestilent company 
the Quakers, for the healing of the great breach at Hartford, 
and for the peace of churches and the Commonwealth, &c. 

2 5 



190 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


Dec. 23. In the evening of this day, Mr. Edward Noriss, 1 
teacher of the church at Salem, departed this life, — a zealous 
and a pious man, and had attained to the age of about four¬ 
score years. 

In this same month of December, the young children of 
this town, and sundry towns hereabout, were much afflicted 
with a very sore whooping-cough : some few died of it. 

2d of 11th. A little ship, called the “ Tryall,” Mr. Samuel 
Scarlet, master, set sail for England. He had a good quan¬ 
tity of beavers and peltry, as the rest of the returns for this 
year. 

winter We h a d muc h sharp frost the latter end of Decem¬ 
ber, — all our bay frozen over ; but the ice continued not 
in the channel but a few days. We had also much snow; 
and it continued until the 15th of February, and then the 
weather grew very temperate: no frost for many nights 
together, that it soon wasted. We had a pretty cold March, 
only not much frost. . . . The frost was out of the ground 
when the 12 th month ended. 

„ . Upon the 16th of 1st, 1659-60, there was a very 

Great snow, r ’ > J 

16 th of 1st. g rea t s torm of wind and snow, such as none went 
beyond it all winter. All March very cold. A snow, April 
6 th. 

15th of 11th. About this time, there came in a ship from 
London, and brought us intelligence of the state of our 
native land, which was very sad, — partly by the abounding 
of Quakers and almost all manner of heresies, all too much 
borne with, and by many in authority countenanced ; also the 
unsettled state of the Parliament, — being lately dissolved, and 
forced from their sitting, by the army ; and sundry insurrec¬ 
tions and discontents in the people : as if the reformation, 

i His age was seventy. Farmer, Eliot, and Allen give tlie date of his death as 
April 10; Mr. Savage, as Dec. 23. 


DIA11Y OF JOHN HULL. 


191 


purchased by so much war and blood, should be given up 
again to heretics and Papists, &c. For all which the Lord 
stirred up his people here to set apart the 22d of 12th month 
to seek the Lord, in solemn fasting, in all the p ub u c Fast, 
churches hereabout. 

[At this point, two pages in the Diary are written in short¬ 
hand, of a character especially careless, and difficult to 
decipher. This embraces all the entries which follow, 
to 1660, 20th of 3d, where the long-hand begins again. As 
in other passages, the short-hand is indicated by Italic type. 
It will be observed that the marginal notes, and some few 
words in the text, are in the ordinary character. As in other 
cases, the words which the editor cannot decipher are indi¬ 
cated by a row of periods, thus, ....]. 

Upon the 1 5th day of this present 12 th month, about Aninso _ 
two or three o'clock of the morning, some ill-minded, or lentact ‘ 
else unruly, rude persons, made bold to throw off two guns 
.... upon the ground. 

In the year 1657, here was a ivoman, by name Jone Toan 
Hogg, a sister of the church, and by most alleged to be a Uogg ' 
g[ood] woman, of more .... alleged, however, of the .... A 
poor woman, — one that had met with much afflicting hardships 
of 'poverty, and her husband all carrying his living others 
[? otherwhere ]. Yet this woman .... had, to some, dreams or 
assurances that she should tell and attest toward them; and 
she and her children should live of pure spirit. She alloived 
herself to be somewhat censorious to some that afflicted her, 
and were not kind to her; and (yet?) she seemed to become 
.... sorry for . ... of duty. . . . For some time, she would 
go to every lecture, stand and pray, and shed abundance of 
tears, — and that sundry weeks together; and sometime sing 
so indecently and loud, that, for this, she was first arrested 
by the church, and committed to the prison and to the civil 


192 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


magistrate, that she might not disturb the congregation. And 
yet, in the prison, she would stand and pray and weep. She 
pretended repentance to those . ... At first, she was sent to 
Chrl . ... to her husband, and died a horrid death. For 
a year or two at most, both she and her husband were there 
starved to death with hunger. 1 

There was another woman of -Knap. She . ... ; 

Knap. # . f r 

pretending to rail, and being troublesome, she was sent 
to prison. Sometime she would hate Quakers, sometime plead 
for them : sometime, weeping tears, she could, out of herself, 
speak not a word to any; sometime weary others with much 
speaking. 

Good wife Another woman of that time, about 1658, that took 
Batchelor. . fo the husband of another woman, did 

leave her, and would not .... still go to the meeting¬ 
house in the .... magistrate was forced to condemn her 
to prison. She would strip herself almost to the skin, 
and get out, if possible [three remaining lines nearly ille¬ 
gible]. 

Goodwife Another poor woman, -Pope, whose husband 

lopu was a very melancholy and unhappy man. [The pas¬ 
sage is nearly illegible. He appears to have refused to share 
his wages with her, and she, with the consent of the church, 
to have deserted him.] 


1 The following extracts from the records of the First Church, Boston, refer to 
these transactions: — 

“ Our Sister Hogg, for her disorderly singing and her idleness, and for saying 
she is commanded of Christ so to do, she was admonished, with the consent of the 
church, the 1st, 4th month, 1657. 

“ Our Sister Hogg, for her refusing to labor, and saying she is commanded of God 
so to do, and for her disturbing the congregation by her disorderly singing, with 
refusing to hear the counsel of Christ given her in the church, was, in the name 
of the Lord Jesus, with the consent of the church, excommunicate on the 12th of 
the 6th month, 1657.” 

2 “ Ann Pope admitted a member the 4th of 8th month, 1657.” — Records First 
Church. 




DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


193 


A certain man , John Hurd, by trade a tailor, was 7ohn 
. . . . and drinking with companions; so that, after being IIurd ‘ 
privately admonished of .... he was put forth from the 
church . ... in silence of more people, and continued out to 
this .... day. He was a man that made . ... of himself 
apt to chide when ivith others ; imperious in his folly. 1 

1660, 20th of 6th. In the night before the sabbath, it con¬ 
tinued lightning from about nine o’clock until two or three, 
and frequently thundering: a pretty deal of rain also. 

21st of 3d. Mary Dyer, who, 27th of October last, 
was reprieved from death, presumptuously returned, and 
came audaciously through the town at high day. All her 
private friends that met her persuaded her to return. She 
answered, she had a strong power to go forward, but no 
strength to go back. (He must needs go whom the Devil 
drives.) She was, by authority, apprehended, and, the 1st 
day of 4th month, hanged to death. Three or four other 
presumptuous Quakers were banished upon pain of death. 

4th of 3d. Mr. Edward Holyoke departed this life, — a 
grave, pious, and able Christian. 2 


1 The following entries, in the records of the First Church, allude to this 
case : — 

“ Our Brother John Hurd, for his common and frequent drunkenness, was, in 
the name of the Lord Jesus and with the consent and power of the church, excom¬ 
municate on the 11th of 10th month, 1653. 

“ John Hurd, upon his repentance, openly professed before the church, for his sin 
of drunkenness, — for which he was formerly excommunicated out of the church,— 
was now again, by Elder Penn, with the church’s consent, by the lifting up of their 
hands, restored into the fellowship thereof, 2d month, 1654-55.” 

This last entry, with three others of 1654 and 1655, are found in the midst of 1664. 

“ John Hurd, for his drunkenness, upon conviction by sufficient witnesses, was, 
by a unanimous consent of the brethren, in the name of the Lord Jesus, excommu¬ 
nicate from the fellowship of the church, 25th 9th month, 1666.” 

2 At Lynn, where he first resided. He removed to Springfield, and was a 
deputy from the town, but appears to have returned to Lynn. His inventory is 
described as that of “ the estate of Mr. Edward Holyoke, of Lynne, Avho died at 
Rumney Marsh, the 4th of May, 1660.” 

Mr. Holyoke was the author of a work entitled “ The Doctrine of Life, or of 


194 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


Palsy. 


26th of 1st, ’59. Mahalalule Mummings, a young man, 
going, about nine o'clock, toward . ... his ... . being never¬ 
theless .... dead with cold and .... escaped. He .... the 
Mill Creek the first morning . 

One Mr. TVeb dies. Upon the sabbath day .... 
smiting with the palsy, and died the third day of the 
week, two o'clock. 

1G60 Mrs. Wilson, our pastor's wife, having been much 
MrS death, on s °f l ate years afilicted with the previous distempers, 
cth of 4th. fUgrf Friday, the 6th of 4 th month. 

21st of 4th. By reason of intelligence of sad distractions 
in England, such as threatened the frustration of all the hopes 
of the reformation begun, — Boyalists taking hand and 
heart of the one party, and Anabaptists and sectaries on the 
other party, and a fear of their joining with the Quakers, 
all which sorely threatened the loss of England’s peace, — 
the General Court called upon the whole Colony to 

Public Past. 

seek the Lord in a way of solemn fasting and 
prayer; which was this day attended. 


Man’s Redemption,”—a quarto volume, printed at London, 1656, pp. 344. His 
own estimate of its value is indicated by the language of his will, wherein he says, 
“ As for the holy faith of the holy one God in Trinitie, and of the holy faith of our 
glorious Lord, the Son of God, the Lord Jesus Christ, the second Adam, I have com¬ 
posed a book, and doe bestow upon each of my sons-in-law, as their best legacy.” 
His will also contains a reference to his books, writings, and manuscripts, “ which 
he left to his son Hollyoke.” This was Elizur , who married a daughter of William 
Pynchon. He was several years a deputy from Springfield, and an influential 
citizen. 

It is remarkable that both Pynchon and Holyoke should have published elabo¬ 
rate works on theology. The former, annoyed by the proceedings of the Court, for 
having expressed, and caused to be printed, opinions somewhat at variance with the 
orthodox standard of the time, sought refuge in his native country, but left his son, 
“the worshipful Major John,” at Springfield, a trustworthy magistrate, distin¬ 
guished for his usefulness. Mr. Holyoke, more fortunate than his friend, escaped 
censure, but, as deputy, dissented from the Court in its persecution of Pynchon. 

The names of Holyoke and Pynchon are held in honor in the place where they 
resided, and are perpetuated in their attachment to several local institutions. A 
part of the original territory of Springfield now constitutes the town of Holyoke. 
(See Abstract of Wills; N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. ix. p. 345.) 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


195 


26th of 3d. Two ships came in from England, and brought 
news of the safe arrival of the vessels that sailed 
thither last year with the returns of this country; Shipsreturn - 
and after them, upon 4th of 4th, came in the ship “ Tryall,” 
laden with English goods. 

And, in the 4th month, came in Master Woodgreen and 
Master Peirce, — two great ships, laden with supplies of 
clothing for the country. 

31st of 3d. Charles the Second was, by a strange turn of 
Providence, with all joy accepted; and then arrived, to take 
his father’s throne, in England. The good Lord make him 
a nursing father to the church, and fit him as he did David, 
by long affliction, to be an excellent shepherd to his English 
Israel! 

29th of 6th. The Lord having bowed the heart of 

Mr.-Higginson to tarry at Salem, whereas last year 

he came from-, 1 with a full purpose for to remove 

himself and family to England, and Salem being then lately 
deprived of Mr. Norris by death, they prevailed with him to 
labor in God’s work among them. God so inclined all 
hearts, as that he was this day ordained a pastor to that 
church. 

Sept. 24. About this time went the ship “ Prudent Mary,” 
and, about Oct. 20, the ship “John of Leith,” both laden 
with the returns of the countrv, for London. 

Oct. 26. A snow, seven inches deep. Snow - 

We heard of the bishops; and with them the old formali¬ 
ties of surplice, &c., were begun to be practised again in our 
native land, — which had been now twenty years 

, , i • • . „ /. S a cl news. 

expunged, — and many good ministers put out of 
place. 

Oct. 24. One Mrs. —-Cogan, a gentlewoman that had 


1 John Higginson, who came from Guilford, in Connecticut. 





196 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


lived in good credit, and before thought to be very pious, 
poisoned herself. She was stated, of some that knew her best , 
to be of such part [a few words illegible]. 

About the 6th month last, there was likewise another wo¬ 
man, well reputed of, drowned herself at Dedham, — one 

Go-Dwite. Two awful strokes unto all that knew them ; 

and no little scandal, by accident, to religion; and a great 
brand of infamy upon themselves. This is not the death 
of the righteous. 

Nov. 25. Upon the Lord’s Day, one Joan Edwards, of 
whom mention is made page 16, 1 made confession in public, 
by a writing, read, and taken from her mouth by Mr. Wilson, 
Captivity h° w 6iat, about three months since, she arose from 
her former misery, and first began to attend outward 
labor and employment, yet retaining her former thoughts of 
hell to be her portion ; but, after her attendance a few weeks 
in this way, she found her heart more and more encouraged, 
and despair decaying, and hopes of mercy reviving, as also a 
sense of her great stubbornness of will, the chief cause of 
her former will, and a conviction of other secret sins. She 
acknowledged the justice and mercy of God, and felt, at last, 
a benefit by the church’s former censure of admonition, and 
some word of promise God began to quicken her soul with, 
and earnestly desired the prayers of God’s people, and that 
she might be a warning to all to take heed of self-willedness. 

Nov. 30. A small ship arrived from England, Mr. Trum- 
ball, master, and brought intelligence of the bishops’ counte¬ 
nancing the old liturgy, and inventions of men, in the 
worship of God, and the face of things looking sadly toward 
the letting-in of Popery; as if, when they had been now 
twenty years conflicting, and a great part of them in bloody 
war, for reformation, they should all upon a sudden be sent 


i Page 181. 



DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


197 


back again, as sometime Israel in the wilderness, ready to 
enter into Canaan, yet for unbelief and disobedience sent 
back to the Red Sea, and to wandering forty years, to consume 
that generation that would not learn and do the work of their 
generation. 

This winter, Mr. - Newman, Governor of New 

Haven, died. 

Jan. 23. We have had very little snow hitherto, and not 
much frost: a few pretty cold days in beginning of Novem¬ 
ber and latter end of December, otherwise hitherto very little 
frost. 

Dec. 26. 1 About this time, the General Court being called 
to consider of some address and letters congratulatory to 
be sent from the country unto the king, and to the lords 
and commons in Parliament, with desire of their gracious 
confirmation of our patent, and therein of our liberties, civil 
and ecclesiastical, it was sent in the vessel now to go. 

Here was some Quakers, that by law deserved death : c,. 

^ 7 Ship 

yet, pretending they came for passage to England, the setsaiL 
Court gave them leave to depart in Master Gillum’s ship, now 
to go. Two of them went to the said ship about the 4th 
of 11th month. The ship was held windbound at Nantascut 
until 12th of this 11th month, and then set sail, and another 
small vessel with them, John Fairwether, master, — both 
laden with the returns of the country. 

The rest of the Quakers had liberty, if they pleased to use 
it, to depart the jurisdiction, though some of them capitally 
guilty. The good Lord pardon this timidity of spirit to exe¬ 
cute the sentence of God’s holy law upon such blasphemous 
persons ! 

Jan. 5. The Lord was pleased to chasten his people with 
an epidemical cold, which seized not only upon every town, 

i This is still 1660; the entiy above having been inserted after this was written. 

26 



198 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


but almost upon every person, though upon the most very 
gently ; yet some died, it being, amongst some towns, accom¬ 
panied with fever and ague. It spread to every town , that 
we could ask them. 

Jan. 20. Being the Lord’s Day, our church having before 
agreed that the elders should call upon the adult children of 
the church, to see whether they would own and take hold 
of the covenant of their fathers (which had been thus long, 
for the most part, neglected), and, through favor, a great 
willingness appeared, both in youth, maids, men, and 
women (though not many was grown up to married estate) ; 
and this sabbath, and some the former sabbath, being called 
by their names, in the face of the whole congregation, did 
openly manifest their desire to acknowledge their relation 
to the church, according to the covenant of God which they 
plighted in their parents. 

Mr. Edward Hutchinson, though he had before promised 
to rest silent in the church’s attendance of what they judged 
their duty, though himself not approving of it (yet turned 
his back upon the church), as soon as they began this solemn 
and public performance, he desired a dismission from the 
church. Mr. Anthony Stoderd seemed also not a little 
offended ; but the church, with general satisfaction and cheer¬ 
fulness, attended this work. 

Jan. 21. Mr. Isaac Heith, 1 the ruling elder at Roxbury, 
departed this life, being about seventy-five years old, — a 
man exemplary for piety and fidelity in his charge, and like¬ 
wise of good ability. The good Lord make us sensible of 
our pillars falling, and raise up others with a double portion 
of their spirit! 

Jan. 23. Mr. Ezekiel Rogers, of the church at Rowley, 
departed this life, aged [left blank; seventy years, according 
to Farmer]. 


1 Heath. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


199 


Jan. 31, or rather Feb. 1. About seven o’clock at night, 
there was an earthquake, the shaking whereof was little dis¬ 
cerned at Boston, but the noise heard by most. At Roxbury, 
the shaking was much more discernible. 

Feb. 7. There fell a snow, about a foot deep, and pretty 
sharp frost so far on this month; but, about the 10th day of 
this 12th, it began to be very moderate, and the snow every 
day wasted apace. 

Feb. 27 was kept as a solemn fast by the churches in these 
parts, — partly in respect of a general cold that seized ^ 
upon the country lately; and partly that the Lord would 
give the country favor in the eyes ot the king and parliament, 
and accept the late address hence made unto them; and that 
the Lord would move them to continue and encourage us 
in the exercise of our liberties, civil and ecclesiastic. And it 
was the serious desire of many, that the Lord would direct 
the country concerning these two gentlemen, Mr. Whally and 
Goff, whether to prevent and hinder their escape hence, 
and reserve them to be sent to England if sent for, or to suf¬ 
fer them, if they see cause, to go whither they please; and, 
however, that all may see our religion doth not teach us to 
be disloyal to our native land, the parliament, or our sove¬ 
reign ; and also that religion might prosper there, the work 
of Christ in his churches encouraged and increased, and, 
among ourselves, this great question about the right and pri¬ 
vilege of the children in our churches, and the duty of each 
church toward them, might be more fully understood and 
embraced. 

24th of 12th. One George Broome, a tailor, was brought 
drunk into his house late in the evening, and laid Asad 

warning to 

upon a bed, but, in the morning, found dead (being drunkards, 
the Lord’s-day morning). He was, with some other company, 
late that night in a wine-cellar, and, in his lifetime, a tippling 


200 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


fellow, profanely malignant against the ways and people of 
God. 

9th of 1st [1661]. This Court, two Quakers, formerly 
banished (poena mortis), for their blasphemous tenets vented, 
are now condemned to die for presumptuous coming again 
into our jurisdiction. 14th of 1st, one of them, William 
Ledra, was executed. 

27th of 12th [1660]. It being a public fast in most churches, 
Mr. William Thomson, pastor of the church of 

Mr. Thompson. 

Brantrey, being solicited earnestly by the people 
— Mr. Henry Flint, their other teaching elder, being sick — to 
preach, did hearken ; though before this, through deep melan¬ 
choly, had wholly neglected all public exercises, and, of late, 
family worship as to his own performance, calling himself a 
reprobate, yet now doth preach again: 1 but, since this, his 
must be a mournful estate, constantly [half a line illegible]. 

1661. Most of the first month pretty cold. 

17th of 1st, it being a sabbath day, was a violent storm of 
snow ; and, in afternoon, rain. 

The spring proved backward. Much cold and moist wea¬ 
ther until about the middle of the 3d month; then it began 
to be warm weather. 

13th of 2d. Master Samuel Scarlet arrived here from Eng¬ 
land. 

5th of 3d. Master Foster arrived; and, by him, we re¬ 
ceived the intelligence of a horrid act of Thomas Yenner, and 
Thomas thirty-eight companions in evil, that, under a pretence 
Yennei ‘ of fighting for King Jesus, they armed themselves, and 
slew sundry in the city of London. (It is high time for all 
that do indeed fear God to distinguish between true worship 
and pretenders unto the worship of God, and to be afraid of 
the principles and companies of such who dare venture to 

1 He died Dec. 9,1GGG. See Diary under that date. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


201 


break God’s known laws under pretence of being his choice 
servants.) In conclusion, they was slain, scattered, taken, 
and about sixteen of the principal executed, according to 
their deserts. 1 

23d of 2d. Nathaniel Williams, one of our selectmen, 
died. 

6th of 3d. We received a loving letter from the king’s 
majesty; but the chief matter in it was a command for the 
apprehending the two colonels, Whally and Goff. The let¬ 
ter was dated 1st March (’60). The governor forthwith sent 
to all the colonies copies of the said letter, and messengers to 
do their utmost in that respect. 

18th of 3d. Here arrived the ship “William and Jane,” 
Master John Baker, commander, and brought in letters from 
the king’s majesty, expressing himself willing to show all 
just encouragement to us as any of his royal predecessors had 
done, and accepting our address, promising it should not 
want a due remembrance upon all seasonable occasions, &c. 
Likewise a letter to the governor from the Earl of Southamp¬ 
ton, and another from Secretary Morris. 

About 16th of 4th, at Wooborn, 2 there fell abundance of 
great hail, some two inches long and one inch thick, and lay 
upon the ground three or four inches deep; brake and 
spoiled much grass and corn; a great wind accompanying, 
blowing down many trees. 

1 Other accounts say twelve. The execution took place in January. Yenner 
was a “ fifth-monarchy man, and, maintaining that both Cromwell and Charles II. 
were usurpers, proclaimed the kingdom of King Jesus. He had resided at Salem, 
where he was a member of the church. He was also a member of the Artillery Com¬ 
pany. The Rev. William Hooke, writing from England to Governor Winthrop in 
1657, says it was a conspiracy carried on by tumultuous, outrageous, discontented 

men, pretending to fifth monarchy-One Venner , not long since dwelling in your 

Boston, a wine-cooper, is a principal actor, who, being brought before the Protector, 
spoke and behaved himself with as great impudence, insolence, pride, and railing 
as (I think) you ever heard of.” Venner and his companions died, affirming that, 
if they had been deceived, the Lord himself was their deceiver. 

2 Woburn. 


202 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


27th of 4th. Master John Fairwether 1 arrived here from 
London. 

6th of 5th. Capt. Woodgreen arrived from London in the 
ship (t Prudent Mary.” 

22d of 3d was our general election court. The Quakers 
had given out such speeches as gave cause to think they 
intended mischief unto our magistrates and ministers, and 
threatened fire and sword to be our speedy portion; but it 
pleased God we had no disturbance by any. Mr. John Nor¬ 
ton preached a very excellent and seasonable sermon to the 
country then met. 

4th of 4th. So likewise did Mr. Higginson upon the Ar¬ 
tillery Election, the first second day in the 4th month. The 
General Court continued long this sessions ; and many very 
honestly minded of the deputies, and some among the magis¬ 
trates, could not consent to own the governor’s acting with¬ 
out the council in executing the king’s majesty’s warrant for 
apprehending Coll. Whally and Goff, though they own it 
a duty to be done; yet his acting without the major part of 
the council assembled made them loath to own the act at all. 
The Court, not proceeding with a like understanding, could 
not be unanimous in voting. A committee of four magis¬ 
trates, four ministers, and four deputies, was chosen, who 
faithfully asserted the liberty of the country, according to 
the patent, in sundry particulars, and likewise plainly 
cleared our duty of subjection and loyalty; acknowledged 
we held this place of his majesty’s manor of East Green¬ 
wich, and were not to subject it to any other; and to en¬ 
deavor the preservation of his royal person, realm, and 
dominions, &c.; and that the letters abovesaid were to be 
diligently and faithfully executed by the authority of the 

1 A representative in 1684. He died April 13, 1712, aged seventy-eight (Far¬ 
mer). He was one of the committee for the war in 1676. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


203 


country, &c. The Court owned, by their vote, the said 
draught presented. 

The Quakers were all sent out of the prison; and Wean- 
lock, that was condemned, was once more let go. Two of 
them was whipped out of the jurisdiction at a cart, and all the 
rest w r ent along with them ; and, as they come hereafter, to 
be whipped hence as vagabonds. 

This spring proved very moist; but the summer hot, and 
likely to be fruitful. The canker-worm hath, for the four 
years, devoured most of the apples in Boston, that the apple- 
trees look, in 4th month, as if it was the 9th month. 

Connecticut has had much corn spoiled by their great 
floods this spring. 

10th of 5th was appointed by the General Court, before 
they brake up, for a day of thanksgiving [to God ] for his 
goodness to us in the loving letter of his majesty for our long 
peace, health, and plenty. 

19th of 5th. The “Charles” arrived from London, with 
eighty passengers, — John Leveret 1 one. About 28th of 6th, 
the “ Charles,” of London, Mr. Bobert Lord, master, sailed 
hence for London, full freighted. 

8th of 6th, being the 5th day of the week, after our ordi¬ 
nary lecture, the soldiers being all in arms, viz., our four 
companies and the country troop, the magistrates mounted 
on horseback, the ministers being present, and a multitude of 
people, King Charles the Second was proclaimed by Mr. 
Edward Bawson, Secretary of State, all standing bare, and 
ended with “ God save the king ! ” and a shout, sundry volleys 
of shot from the soldiery, all the guns in the castle and fort 

1 Afterwards Governor of Massachusetts. He was in England when complaints 
from Rhode Island were carried to Cromwell against the Colony. “ Mr. Leverctt, 
who was a captain of horse under Cromwell during some part of the war, had much 
of his favor, and prevented so much as an inquiry into the conduct of Massachu¬ 
setts.” (Hutchinson.) 


204 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


and town and ships. All the chief officers feasted that night 
at the charge of the country. 1 

8th of 6th. One Christopher Batt was accidentally shot 
by his own son into the bowels. Died the next evening. 

Sept. 16, being a training-day for horse and foot, Major- 
Gen. Atherton riding home, his horse threw him. He 
was taken up speechless and senseless, and so continued 
from six o’clock till one o’clock in the morning, and died. 

Sept. 20. His corpse attended to the grave with ten foot- 
companies, and the country troop from Boston to Dorches¬ 
ter. 

Oct. 1. The ship “Prudent Mary” sailed hence, carrying 
a great part of the returns of the country for this year for 
London. 

This latter part of the summer proved very sickly in many 
parts of the country, especially of agues. Our town also had 
many sick ; and sundry died, especially children, of gripings 
and fluxes. 

Nov. 10. A snow, about five inches deep. 

Nov. 12. The ship “ Society ” was launched. 

Nov. 16. A ship came in from London, the master whereof 
was a Quaker, — one Ralph Goldsmith. The ship’s name, 
the “ Untried ” ship. 

Dec. 4. A day of public humiliation by our church and 
several churches hereabout. The .... Court sat the same 
day, which was loolced at as .... by some of us. 

Dec. 24. A meeting of the magistrates, elders, and depu¬ 
ties in the towns near Boston. They agreed, with one con¬ 
sent, that Mr. Norton and Mr. Broadstreet should be sent to 
England in behalf of the churches and Commonwealth. The 
General Court met, and acted the same. 

1 This demonstration of loyalty was made more than fourteen months after 
Charles’s return. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


205 


2d of 11th. A day of humiliation kept in all this Colony. 

7th of 11th. Our church consented that our reverend 
teacher, Mr. John Norton, should not be hindered by us from 
undertaking the said voyage. 1 

A committee being chosen by the General Court to take 
care concerning this matter, to receive their answer, they 
sat several days, preparing, propounding, and concluding the 
going of the said messengers, during which time the wea¬ 
ther hindered the ships sailing. Feb. 1. The said commit¬ 
tee went home. The same day, or at night, Mr. Norton was 
taken sick, full of pain. Feb. 3, the wind was pretty fair, 
and, Feb. 5, exceeding fair, and a settled sky. The ship was 
stopped for five days to see whether Mr. Norton might, in 
that time, be fit to expose his body to the seas, — who was 
willing so to do, though sick, if judged meet by the said 
committee. 

10th of Feb. Mr. Norton, Mr. Broadstreet, Mr. Davis, 
and myself, went on shipboard. Next morning, set sail; and, 
by the 28 th March, we saw the Lizard; and, 22d of 1st, 
we arrived in the Downs. After a few days, the messengers 
addressed themselves to the Court, delivered their letters to 
the Lord Chancellor, received good words from him. After 
their minds, by several comings, fully known, they had fair 
promises of a full grant to their whole desire in the country’s 
behalf. But their writing, which they drew in order there- 


i A thankless service; for though favorably received by the Court, and returning 
the same year “ with the king’s most gracious letter, some parts of which” cheered 
the hearts of the whole country, “yet, as other portions gave less satisfaction, the 
agents, instead of receiving credit for what they had accomplished, were reproached 
for not having accomplished more. This popular censure exceedingly affected Mr. 
Norton, who grew melancholy, and died in April following” (1662). “ Mr. Broad¬ 
street,” says Hutchinson, “ was a man of more phlegm, and not so sensibly touched.” 
On this occasion, it was remarked by Cotton Mather, that, “ of all the agents sent 
over unto the Court of England for now forty years together, I know not any one 
•who did not, on his return, meet with some froward entertainment among his coun¬ 
trymen.” 


27 


206 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


unto, at last unsigned; and another letter, wherein was sun¬ 
dry things ordered for the country to attend which seemed 
somewhat inconsistent with our patent and former privileges, 
in the beginning of said letter confirmed, and which some 
endeavor to take advantage from to the change [of] our good 
laws and customs. 

The General Court ordered all warrants to proceed in his 
majesty’s name, but, as yet, sent no other letters of acknow¬ 
ledgment nor other request. 

1662. A synod at Boston, who published the proposition, 
1st, touching the subject of baptism; 2dly, consociation of 
churches. 

In some of our eastern plantations, as Dover, &c., many 
have become Quakers, and no little trouble thereby unto those 
whose hearts do indeed fear God, or are sound in the doc¬ 
trine of faith; and it seemeth as a punishment for their 
unwillingness, that the civil magistrate should exert his 
power for their suppression. 

The former part of this summer was a very great drought, 
insomuch that the grass and corn was so scorched, there was 
little likelihood of any harvest, and so as God seemed to shut 
out their prayers : but at last, the elders being met, in a 
synodical way, to consult of matters ecclesiastical, they kept 
one day in fasting and prayer; and the Lord gave a speedy 
answer, and a full supply of rain, and a pretty comfortable 
harvest. 

Sept. o. Master Clark, in the ship “ Society,” brought in 
the country’s messengers in safety ; viz., Mr. Broadstreet and 
Mr. Norton. 1 

Nov. 5 was appointed and kept as a day of public thanks¬ 
giving throughout this Colony. 


1 Also Hull himself. See private Diary. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


207 


Dec. 3 was also a day of public humiliation throughout this 
Colony. 

Dec. 27. Master Clark sailed hence with the latter returns 
of this year to England. Then began the weather to be 
winter-like,* for, until that time, we scarce had any frost nor 
snow. 

Jan. 1. Fell a pretty deep snow ; and so several times, both 
in the 11th and 12th months. The snow was generally two 
feet deep. About the 26th of February, and beginning of 
March, it wasted gently from day to day. 

26th of 11th. In the evening, about six o’clock, was an 
earthquake, that shook much for near one-quarter of an hour ; 
the ground being covered with snow about one foot deep, 
and hard, frosty weather. The ciders that day met at Mr. 
Norton's house. There was shaking in several parts of the 
town, and other towns, two or three times the same week; 
but the former was general. 

1663, 9th of 1st. Sundry young merchants and others, 
being non-freemen, boldly offered their votes to the freemen 
where they were together for nomination of magistrates. 1 

5th of 2d, being the Ford’s Day, Fev. Mr. John Norton 
was in some pain under his left pap, but yet came to the 
assembly, and, in the afternoon, intended to preach: but 
Mr. Allen was by some friend procured to preach again in his 
room ; and Mr. Norton was laid upon the bed at home, 
his pain not much increasing, and at evening he thought 
somewhat abated. He walked, and spake cheerfully ; and 
suddenly, about seven o’clock, he exchanged this temporal 
life for one eternal, in a most easy and quick way, — only 
a very few groans and gasps, though before and otherwise a 
strong and healthful body. 2 

1 See Colony records, vol. iv. part 2, p. 74. 

2 Mr. Norton had gone abroad as one of the Colony’s Commissioners very unwill¬ 
ingly. On his return) the report of the commission was so ungraciously received, 


208 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


Our loss seemeth irreparable ; ourselves most unworthy to 
have ever such a mercy again : only the Lord dealeth not 
with his people according to their evil deservings, but 
bestoweth blessings for his own and his Christ’s sake,* to 
whom let us go, as with ropes about our necks, in humility, 
repentance, and hojie. 

16th of 3d. Betwixt Milford and New Haven, there was 
seen two suns, for the space of half one hour, by 

A prodigy. 

sundry persons, about four o’clock in the afternoon; 
the one about a point of the compass southward of the true 
sun. 

24th of 3d. The ship “ Society,” John Peirce, master, 
arrived safe here, laden with goods, and some passengers; 
among whom, Bev. Mr. John Wally, 1 a minister, with his 
family. 

The spring appeared very hopeful for a good harvest; but. 
Blasting: about the beginning of the 5th month, the best 

Hag. ii. 17; 

Amos iv. 9. -wheat, as also some other grain, was blasted in many 
places, so that whole acres were not worth reaping. We have 
had much drought the last summer, and excess of wet several 
other springs ; but this of blasting is the first so general and 
remarkable that I yet heard of in New England. 

June 15. Mr. Miller, 2 a minister of Groton, died. 

Deaths. 

5th of 5th. Mr. Newman, minister at Behoboth, died. 


that, says Hutchinson, “ he grew melancholy.” Hutchinson seems to ascribe his 
death, in some degree, to this cause. The Quakers considered it a just judgment of 
God upon him, as the “ chief priest of Boston.” 

Mather says, “ Of these temptations, a considerable shai-e fell to Mr. Norton; 
concerning whom, there were many who did not stick to say that ‘ he had laid the 
foundation of ruin to all our liberties; ’ and his melancholy mind imagined that his 
best friends began, therefore, to look awry upon him.” (See p. 205.) 

See Hull’s private Diary. 

1 Afterwards minister of Barnstable. He died March 24, 1679 (Farmer, Allen); 
or Jan. 24, 1678, according to Mr. Savage. 

2 John Miller, of Yarmouth, died at Groton, June 12,1663 (Savage). 

See Butler’s Hist, of Groton. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


209 


20th of 5th. Mr. Stone also, a minister of Hartford, died. 

27th of 5th. The ship “Society,” Mr. Chr: Clark, 
master, arrived from London, laden with goods and passen¬ 
gers; amongst whom was one Mr. Woodbrige, 1 a reverend 
minister, with his family. 

7th of 6th. Our church at Boston kept a fast to humble 
themselves before the Lord for his hand upon them in the 
loss of Mr. Horton, our reverend teacher, and to entreat 
him, the God of the spirits of all flesh, to give us a meet 
supply. 

15th of 6th. The church had a meeting, and jointly agreed 
to write letters by the first opportunity unto England for Dr. 
John Owen. 

21st of 6th. The letters by the persons deputed to draw 
them were read to the church; which they accepted. Only 
Mr. Edward Hutchinson and Mr. Houchin 2 showed dissent, 
and desired the church might at that time express their inten¬ 
tion, or rather resolution, to choose Mr James Allen. 

Mr. Thomas Goodwin, Mr. Carrill [Caryl], and Mr. 
Greenhill 3 were also written unto to promote the church’s 
desire, and, in case it so should fall out that the doctor could 
not come, to think of who might be meet for us. 

22d August. There was a great eclipse of the sun, 9 digits 
53 min., at three o’clock in the afternoon ; a very Ec i ipS e. 
clear day. The light was almost like eventide. 

28th of August. A solemn fast at Charltown. 

Sept. 2. A solemn fast at Cambridge. 

1 John Wgodbridge, first minister of Andover. “ He went to England in 1647; 
returned in July, 1663, and took up his residence at Newbury; was elected assist¬ 
ant in 1683 and 1684; and acted as magistrate until his death, 17th March, 1695. 
(Farmer.) 

2 Jeremy Houchin, “a distinguished inhabitant.” His daughter Elizabeth 
married John, son of Gov. Endicott. (Drake.) 

3 Eminent ministers in London, and members of the Westminster Assembly. 


210 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


Aug. 28. Master Peirce set sail hence for London. 

Much corn blasted in several parts. 

Sept. o. Capt. Seely arrived here from London. 

In this month of September, October, and part of Novem- 
wiid her, there came very many bears out of the wilderness, 
so that several hundreds were killed of them by the 
English in the several parts of this Colony. They did little 
hurt to any person: some few wounded ; only one Indian 
died. 

This year it was said, by such as took account of the 
number of ships that came in, that there came into Boston 
harbor sixty ships and barks, besides ketches, &c. 

About this time, here arrived Mr. Nathaniel Brewster, 1 a 
very able and pious minister, in Master Prout’s ship, from 
London. Mrs. Norton entertained him and his family in her 
house; and after a while, when our church had tasted his 
gifts, they desired his frequent labor among us. Who, 
together with Mr. James Allen, — that came hither about 
August, 1662, — carried on the public ministry in our 
church. 

Mr. Worster, minister of Salisbury, died. 2 

Dec. 2 was a day of public thanksgiving in several 
churches hereabout. 

18th. Letters were again sent by Boston church to call Dr. 
John Owen to officiate to them. 

Letters in their behalf, written likewise by the General 
Court and by the elders distinct, to move him to come. 3 

25th. The “ Society,” Master Clark’s ship, sailed hence 

1 Nathaniel Brewster (H.C. 1642) was settled in the ministry at Norfolk, in 
England; returned to America, and settled at Brookhaven, L. Island, in 1665; and 
died in 1690. (Farmer.) 

2 Mr. Savage assigns Oct. 20, and Farmer Oct. 8, 1662, as the date of his 
death. 

8 The letter of the Court is found in Colony Records, vol. iv. part ii. p. 98. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


211 


with the greatest part of the returns for this latter part of the 
year. Also the “ Supply,” John Fairweather, master, carried 
the remainder. 

Dec. 30. Our church at Boston kept a solemn fast, which 
is to he observed gradually in all the neighboring churches. 

Jan. 15. About this time began an epidemical cold, and 
scarcely missed a touch of any; and many were brought 
very low by it, a fever setting in with it upon many. Our 
Elder Pen 1 was very ill of it, and sundry others ; but it pleased 
the Lord that few died. 

Very little cold weather until the beginning of 11th month, 
and then sundry great snows, though intermixed with many 
moderate seasons and thaws. The spring proved cold and 
dry. 

1664, 26th of 3d month. Master Peirce arrived from 
London, but brought not Dr. Owen, nor any certain informa¬ 
tion of his resolution to come. 

The whole Bible printed in the Indian tongue. 

27th of 3d. Mr. Increase Mather was ordained a teacher 
of the church at the north end of Boston. 

Sundry agitations and troublesome motions have been this 
last winter and spring between the United Colonies of Con¬ 
necticut and New Haven, about their jurisdiction of Colonies, 
and one Mr. John Scot. 

Our Colony and Plymouth have made some application to 
them, as foreseeing danger of ruin to all for want of union, 
or through the divisions of some. 

Self-interest is too predominant in many. Want of sub¬ 
jection of inferiors to superiors, and too much want of reli¬ 
gious care to contain in subjection those under them, is a 
visible evil among us. Disacknowledgment of the ordinance 
of councils, and that great breath of a ministerial judge, is 

1 James Penn, elder of the church, Representative and Marshal of the Colony. 
(Farmer.) 


212 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


very visible in many churches. Non-acknowledgment of 
the children of the church to be members thereof, nor taking 
care that their knowledge and life might answer their rela- 
tion, is also manifest. And many other evils, as grudging 
at the maintenance of magistracy, and, by too many, of the 
maintenance of the ministry; likewise pride in long hair, 
new fashions in apparel, drinking, gaming, idleness, worldli¬ 
ness, &c. 

July 23. Richard Nichols, Esq., and Col. Carteret, 1 
and Capt. Thomas Dellavall, arrived here, and Sir Robert 
Carr, Mr. Maverick, at Pascataqua, with letters from the 
king’s majesty to settle any differences in the Colonies, to 
demand performance of his letter [of] June, 1662, and to re¬ 
duce the Monatoes. 2 

Before they went hence, they demanded assistance of 
two hundred soldiers, in case they should need. 

The General Court meeting, appointed the raising of two 
hundred volunteers, and Capt. Heugh Mason 3 and William 
Hudson 4 to have the command of them. Few volunteers 
presented themselves, though the drums beat up and procla¬ 
mation made in the several towns for them. 

Two messengers, Capt. Thomas Clark 5 and John Pyn- 
chon, G were sent with speed to meet the king’s commissioners 
at the Monatos, and, if they desired the assistance of our sol¬ 
diery, to send speedy notice. 7 Aug. 27, agreement by several 

1 Cartwright. 2 Manhadoes, or Manhattan. 

3 A captain of militia; died 1678. (Farmer.) 

4 Captain of the Artillery Company. 

5 Of the Boston Artillery Company. He was several years Speaker of the 
House, and Assistant. He died in 1683. (Farmer.) 

6 Major Pynchon, of Springfield. 

7 1 he requisition from Boston was so tardily obeyed, that the enterprise was 
over before the Massachusetts troops were ready to march. (Gordon, History of 
New Jersey.) Such, at least, was the complaint of Col. Nicolls and Sir George 
Carteret to the Secretary of State. But Hutchinson alludes to it to say that two 
hundred'men were raised, and ready to march, with great expedition. And in the 
commissioners’ fourth paper, presented to the General Court in May, 1665, they 
acknowledge the readiness of the Colony to assist in the expedition. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


213 


articles was made for surrender of all into the said commis¬ 
sioners’ power. 

Sept. 1. A solemn fast appointed by the Court, and kept 
throughout the jurisdiction. 

The wheat throughout our jurisdiction this year mostly 
blasted: in sundry towns, scarce any left. The latter part 
ol summer likewise very droughty; much of the grass 
scorched up. 

September. Latter part of this month cold, and the former 
part ol October; yet the Indian harvest pretty good. 

Oct. 28. Our General Court met; and this Court came 
in sundry petitions, subscribed by many honest-hearted, to 
signify their desire and encouragement that the liberties 
granted by patent might, with utmost endeavors, be con¬ 
tinued ; sundry that were also truly pious and prudent, and 
likewise lovers of the welfare of this plantation, and desirous 
of nothing more than their enjoyment of our privileges civil 
and ecclesiastical, yet were doubtful. Some of the original 
authors of those petitions were such as looked at this place 
as a State independent, and hence were less heedful of mani¬ 
festing their own duty of subjection to our sovereign, in all 
things where we might, without sin against the King of 
kings; yet the former honest-hearted subscribers intended 
no such thing. God therefore, I hope, will accept the sin¬ 
cere desires of his servants, and neither bereave us of our 
blessings, nor suffer us to forfeit them through defect of 
duty. 

At this Court, the petition drawn by Mr. Mitchell, 1 in be¬ 
half of our Colony, to his majesty, was committed to the care 
of Major-Gen. John Leveret and Capt. D. Gookin, to be 


1 Willoughby, Leverett, and Mitchell had been appointed, Aug. 1, to prepare 
and draw up a petition, filled with such rational arguments as they can find, for the 
continuance of our privileges granted by charter. 

28 


214 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


conveyed safe by Mr. Clark’s ship, which sailed hence 
Nov. 12. 

Nov. 16 was a fast, kept by the Colony, appointed by the 
Court. 

There hath come into our harbor of Boston near one 
hundred sail of ships, this year, of ours and strangers, and 
all laden hence. 

Nov. 10. Came forth in print three sermons preached by 
Rev. Mr. John Norton, being gathered out of the notes of 
some that wrote after him in his lifetime ; 1 also a letter drawn 
by him, and subscribed by all our elders, unto one Mr. John 
Dury, to congratulate his endeavors for the union of all the 
Protestants. 2 

Oct. 25. One Elizabeth Bishop, who had lived, according 
to visible appearance, both maid, wife, and three times a 
widow, under many no small trials, and now about fifty 
years of age, in good and very commendable repute for 
Christianity as well as family and neighborly civility, yet 
Self cast herself this morning, as soon as up, into a well; 

was drowned: all her profession issued in such a 

snuff! 

Lord, let not Satan’s followers by it be strengthened in 
sin, nor thy servants discouraged at all from loving, serving, 
and trusting in thee ! 

Dec. 8. A blazing star seen ten days before 

December. # 

by some. This winter, in December, came Col. 
Cartwright to town from Monhatos, and, a few days after, 
Mr. Maverick; and upon 4th of 12th mo. came Sir Robert 
Carr; and, 16th day, they all three went hence toward 
Plymouth, accompanied with the major-general and his troop 

1 Hull was perhaps one of these. See Appendix B. 

2 The original draught, with the signatures of the “ elders,” is in the possession of 
the American Antiquarian Society. A second, with variations, was afterwards 
drawn up. See Appendix D. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


215 


of horse to Milton, and with Capt. Davis 1 and most of the 
troop to Hingham. 

The day before they departed, they had conference with 
some of our magistrates. 

A comet with a blaze appeared about 8tli of November, 
and did not wholly disappear till about February; as see 
Mr. Thomas Danforth’s 2 description in print. 

Most of the lltli and 12th mo. was very temperate ; geagon 
little frost, only not much clear sunshine. On the of>ear ' 
19th February, the winter did, as it were, begin again. A 
cold spring : no tree budded until the 1st of May. 

All employments, a smite upon them; at least, in general, 
all men are rather going backward than increasing their 
estates. 

14th, 12th. Mr. Samuel Torrey ordained a pastor at Wey¬ 
mouth. 

23d, 12th. A fast in Boston, by the appointment 

A Fast. 

of our elders and consent of the church, that the 
Lord would sanctify all his chastisements, supply us with a 
teacher, and preserve our civil and ecclesiastical privileges. 

15th of 1st, ’64-5. Our honored Governor, D6ath of 
Mr. John Endicott, departed this life, — a man of Mr ' ^ ndlcott - 
pious and zealous spirit, who had very faithfully endeavored 
the suppression of a pestilent generation, the troublers of 
our peace civil and ecclesiastical, called Quakers. 

He died poor, as most of our rulers do, having more at¬ 
tended the public than their own private interests. 

It is our shame: though we are indeed a poor people, yet 
might better maintain our rulers than we do. 

1 Of the Artillery Company. 

2 It was Samuel Danforth, minister of Roxbury, who published an account 
of this comet. He died in 1674. 

“ Danforthus, qui stellis semper se associavit.” — Mather's “ Mar/nalia .” 


216 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


However, they have a good God to reward them. 

22d of 1st was appointed by the council for a solemn 
fast throughout this Colony for ourselves, in all our public 
concernments; and for England, their peace, and freedom of 
the faithful ministry of God’s word. 

12th, 2d. About this time, the king’s commissioners, Sir 
Robert Carr, Col. Cartwright, and Mr. Maverick, were ready 

to return, having kept their court at --, Narrowgansett, 

Paukatneck, and Warwick, where they possessed and dis¬ 
possessed several of lands ; gave unto two Indian sachems, 
Ninegrett and Pessacus, scarlet silver-laced coats, sword, 
and belt; accepted crowns of wompum-peage from them. 

Sir Robert returned by way of Plymouth ; Col. Cart¬ 
wright by Natick, being desirous to view the bounds of our 
patent on that south part. 

At Warwick they granted protection to one Porter that 
escaped from our prison, being here sentenced to severe 
correction for very great injuries and high abuses to his own 
father and mother, &c. 

They spake in their writings, given forth under their hand 
and seal, of the United Colonies as a usurped authority. 

And of the war against the Pequotts formerly as unlawful, 
and possession of their conquered lands as without right. 

May 1. Col. Richard Nichols came in here from New York, 
that so all the king’s honored commissioners, being together, 
might communicate their instructions from his majesty unto 
our General Court. 3d of May being Election Day, they 
were pleased to be a while present in Court, and see our 
order in election, showing civility and courtesy. 

And at night gave to the soldiery that were that day on 
the guard five twenty-shilling pieces of gold. 

They had on May 2 communicated something to part of 
the Court that were come together, and 4th of May did 



DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


217 


impart more. The first day of the Court there was about 
seventy freemen admitted, sundry whereof were not mem¬ 
bers of any particular church, which had been the general 
rule of admission hitherto. The honored commissioners 
seem to be elaborate in turning every stone to find the faults 
of this Colony and government, and to manage them to our 
disadvantage. 

SOME OF MY OWN MEDITATIONS. 1 

. ... If we of New England have .... why are we imposed 
upon? why do any, in his majesty's name, protest against us, 
discourage magistrates, and sit, .... without our consent, in 
our j ur is diction ? 

God, in the Icing, has committed the care of rule to the 
government here : they may not suffer any rule to be publicly 
practised which is not of divine ordination. 

We may, while not failing (?) in modesty, plead with our 
Icing the end why we came here to this wilderness .... the 
worship of God. 

Others that came hither do and will ruin the constitution of 
the country. 

Strangers, though Englishmen, have no R[ight?] to think 
they may come hither, and seek the subversion of our civil and 
ecclesiastical politics. 

April 29. At New Haven was distinctly and plainly heard 
the noise of guns, two, three, five at a time, a great part 
of the day, being only such noises in the air. 


1 The disgust which the commissioners excited, and the questions at issue 
between them and the Colonial government, are very fully explained by Hutchin¬ 
son. Hull has clothed his somewhat rebellious animadversions on “the honored 
commissioners ” in the most crabbed short-hand of which he is ever guiltv. Enough 
however, is deciphered above to show the drift of his meditations. He would, appa¬ 
rently, have had the government of the Colony prohibit the sessions of the com¬ 
mission. 


218 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


The same clay, at evening, a house at Northampton [was] 
fired by lightning ; a part of the timber split; a man in it 
killed. Help coming in, they quenched the fire. 

At Narriganset, in Mr. Edward Hutchinson’s flock of 
sheep, were several monsters. 

In July were very many noises heard by several towns on 
Long Island, from the sea, distinctly, of great guns and 
small, and drums; and, about ten o’clock in a clear day, 
many companies of armed men in the air, clothed in light- 
colored garments, and the commanders in sad. 

June 22 appointed by the council, and kept by all the 
Colony, as a solemn fast. 

This summer, multitudes of flying caterpillars arose out 
of the ground and from roots of corn, making such a noise 
in the air that travellers must speak loud to hear one an¬ 
other ; yet they only seized upon the trees in the wilderness. 

The wheat generally blasted, and the blast this year took 
hold of Conecticot and New Haven ; yet the Indian, barley, 
pease, and rye was spared. 

July 15. Richard Davenport, the Captain of the Castle, 
slain, with lightning, upon his bed: several of the soldiers 
struck speechless for a time, and full of pain. 

A house in Boston broken in several places, — chimney- 
top, roof, sides [one word in short-hand]. 

A lighter’s mast at Charltown shivered to pieces wuth it. 

Aug. 3. Capt. Peirce and Benjamin Gillam set sail, laden 
for England. 

Col. Cartwright 1 went with Mr. Gillam. 

Our church sent to Dr. Owen by Mr. Peirce. 

Aug. 18. A great hail-stonn ; viz., at Linn, Wooborn, 

1 I lie ship was taken by the Dutch. Cartwright was deprived of his papers; 
and he could never recover them. (Hutchinson.) This was good news to the Colo¬ 
nies, as it was reasonably presumed they were intended to be used for their 
injury. See p. 221. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


219 


and Billirica. Some hail as big as ducks’ eggs, many as 
pullets’ eggs ; divers of them snagged like pike-bullets. 

May 28. Some time this summer, several Anabaptists — 
Thomas Gould, Edward Drinker, William Turnor, John 
George, Thomas Osborn — gathered themselves privately 
into a church, baptized themselves, administered the supper: 
meet every Lord’s Day. 

Sept. 4. [They] were examined before the magistrates, 
and bound over to the Court; by the Court admonished, and 
charged to cease their meetings. 1 

Sept. 8. Five Mohawke Indians sent home by the Court 
with a guard, being lately taken armed, and had killed one 
of the Indians that live near the English; but profess they 
were charged by their sachem not to hurt any of the 
English, nor English Indians that wear English clothes. 

The Commissioners for the United Colonies kept not their 
wonted yearly meeting this year. The Lord grant it be not 
portentous! 

Last spring began a fierce war with the Dutch and French 
against our nation. 

Nov. 8. Kept as a day of solemn thanksgiving that the 
Lord was pleased to spare so much of the fruits of the earth; 
that we had not want, but were able to supply other coun¬ 
tries ; and likewise the continuance of our health and 
present peace. 

22d. Kept likewise, by appointment of the Court, for 
solemn humiliation, to beg mercy at God’s hands for our dear 
native land, in respect of the raging pestilence, fear of 
famine, continuance of war; and likewise that we might 
find continuance of peace and health, and enjoyment of spi¬ 
ritual and civil liberties from the favor of the kind’s 

O 

majesty. 

1 See Benedict’s “ History of the Baptists.” 


220 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


This summer, one-, of Long Island, told his sons, 

he dreamed he fought with devils, and they took his hat 
from him. He was soon after found dead in the way from 
his meadow-home, killed, as supposed, by lightning, and his 
hat some few rods from him, cut as if it was by art. His 
sons reported he told them the dream. 

Dec. 8. An extraordinary tempest of wind at south-east 
in the night, at south-west all the morning and forenoon. A 
ketch from Barbados, Mr. Shute, master, with all his com¬ 
pany and passengers, lost near Salem. 

Very unsettled weather the last of November and the 
first half of December. 

Two women died in childbed ; several miscarried, some 
hardly escaping with life. 

Cold Jan. 5. The first week in January, the frosts were 
Wmter ‘ violent. Charles River was passed over on foot, and 
only the channel open before Boston. About 12th January, 
all open again, and 25th all frozen again, and Boston Chan¬ 
nel, all down to the castle, passable to any. 30th January, 
all open again. Feb. 6, all frozen again down to the castle. 
11th February, began to open to the channel, and so gra¬ 
dually. 

All these trials are not to be mentioned with Eii 2 fland’s 
great affliction by the pestilence and dearth, and war with 
the Dutch. The good Lord spare and teach our nation to 
draw near to him ! 

25th January celebrated as a solemn fast by our church at 
Boston, and to go in course through the Bay churches. 

Fasts. ° J 

Feb. 6, kept at Roxbury; 14th, at Cambridge; 27 th, 
at Dorchester ; March 14, at Weymouth ; 23d, at Charltown. 

One thing remarkable in the summer past: The country’s 
letters to the king’s majesty and to other of our 
friends, whereby our innocency was to be cleared, 


Mercies. 



DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


221 


and any accusation that ill-will to us might have helped the 
king’s commissioners withal to our damage, — the country 
sent them to Pascataqua, to be sent unto England by one 
Capt. Harison, a ship that came for masts. The ship had 
just set sail as the letters came ; and the commissioners’ 
letters were in said ship. Master Peirce took his boat with 
six oars to put those letters aboard, but could not. The 
said letters went safe by Master Peirce. The said Han¬ 
son’s ship, we hear since, is taken by the Dutch ; and so 
Master Gillam’s ship, in which Col. Cartwright returned 
with all their complaints, though in that ship many mer¬ 
chants lose much, it being laden with the returns. 

One great flood this winter, which at Pascaque did 

... . Floods. 

much hurt m their sawmills, and some small hurt in 
several parts of the country unto mills; but, at the Dutch 
plantation between New York and Albany, carried away near 
sixty houses, many of them fair brick dwelling-houses, and 
some had much goods in them. 

1666, April 5. A day of humiliation appointed by the 
council, and kept by the churches. 

A very wet and cold spring. A snow, April 26 ; and 
cold until May 7. The apple-trees put forth leaves but the 
10th of May. 

June 9. Came in Master Clarke’s ship : brought us word of 
the cessation of the plague at London, but of war with 
France as well as Holland; also of Dr. John Owen’s likely 
coming hither. 1 

21st. A day of humiliation kept in the churches here¬ 
about. 

A very dry summer; most of the grain in the Bay and 
southward almost scorched up; much Indian eaten up with 
worms. 

1 See private Diary. 

29 


22 2 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


Only at Boston, the caterpillar, which for several years 
past had devoured their apples, did very little hurt. 

12th, 4th. About this time, here came above two hundred 
persons from Christopher’s, and brought the news, that the 
French had put them to the sword, and, after victory ob¬ 
tained, given them liberty to transport themselves ; that 
Nevis were forced to stand upon their guard. The country 
took care for supply of those in present want, and for trans¬ 
port to Barbados, or any warm country, of those that 
desired it, and was not able to pay their own passage. 

28th, about this time, at ---, were slain with light¬ 

ning. 

July 15. A Dutch ship of war on our coast took four 
vessels; viz., two as coming from Virginia, one from 
Conecticot, one bound to a new plantation, from New¬ 
bury. 

Aug. 7. Master Peirce came in with several ships for masts 
King’s for the king. Mr. Maverick had a significavit, under 

majesty 

angry, the hand of Secretary Morris, but not superscribed nor 
sealed, that his majesty’s command was, that four or five of 
chief should be sent to answer in the country’s behalf, — 
of which Gov. Bellingham and Major Hawthorn was to be 
two, — upon their allegiance. 

Aug. 15. Our private meeting kept as a day of fasting at 
our house. 

A French ship of a hundred tons brought in as prize by 
Master Goose, sent out by Sir Thomas Temple. 

Sept. 10. Another French ship brought in prize by said 
Goose, by permission of the country. 

Sept. 14. Two French ships brought in prizes by Benja¬ 
min Gillam, by permission of the country. 

The General Court now sat in council about the significavit, 
Sept. 12. The mmm. [? ministers ] and magistrates pray with 



223 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 

the Governor; call God to guide them what to do. 1 They 
concluded to write, and send a present, — two brave masts, 
— but sent no person to answer in our behalf. 

Oct. 15. The Court sat again, but continued of the same 
mind. 

30th. Master Clark, Master Peirce, with twenty-one 
other ships and vessels, sailed out of Nantaskett, all except 
three of them bound for England, carrying the returns of 
the country for this year. 

Nov. 8 appointed to be kept as a day of thanksgiving 
throughout the country or colony. 

As the cold increased, so did the disease of the small-pox. 
It became very mortal. Betwixt forty and fifty died in this 
town of Boston. Several hundreds had it. 

Dec. 9. Bev. Mr. Thompson having been a disconsolate 
man many years, the sabbath before he died he had some 
lighting of mind. Pie intended to go to the public meeting, 
and to administer the supper, which was that day to be cele¬ 
brated, but was not able to go; and he spent the sabbath in 
singing and holy duties in his own house. Soon came a 
cloud again ; and, on the ninth day, he died away as a man in 
a sleep. 

16th instant. Upon a sabbath morning, the ice cut the cables 
of above eight ships, four whereof were ready to sail for Eng¬ 
land. All forced on shore; and get off they could not until 
the 2d of 11th month, which was three days after the spring- 
tides in ordinary course. God, having tried them, set them 
as’ain at liberty : and, about 11th, they set sail for 

° 12th, 11th. 

England with the rest of this year s returns. 

6th, 1st. Came in Capt. Martin, from England. Brought 
news of the burning of London in 2d September last. 

1 “ It is ordered, that some of the reverend elders, that are or may he in town, be 
desired to be present with the Genei*al Court on the morrow morning, and to begin 
the Court and spend the forenoon in prayer.” — Col. Rec. Sept. 11, 1666. 


224 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


Also that the fleet which sailed hence 30th October 
were most of them safely arrived. 

Sir Robert Carr returned for England in a small ship 
bound for Bristol. Since, we heard he died 1 as soon as 
came into England. 

21st, 1st, was appointed by the council for a solemn fast 
through the Colony. 

1667. The spring pretty forward. April 12, the apple- 
trees put forth their leaves. 

We are informed, this winter hath been fatal for the small¬ 
pox in some places. The Island of Madeira buried. 

Our English lost Montser Ratt [Montserrat] this winter, 
and Antego [Antigua]. 

We have some noises of late of the mustering of the 
French situate in Canada, that they, in (’65), came over 
the lake toward Albanie, and built several forts there. 

25th, od. Samuel Rugles, of Roxbury, going up the 
meeting-hill, was struck by lightning, — his two oxen and 
horse killed; a chest in the cart, with goods in it, burnt in 
sundry places ; himself coming ofi* the cart, carried twenty 
foot from it, yet no abiding hurt. 

Aug. 7. Mr. John Wilson, the reverend pastor of our 
church, died, being about seventy-eight years old, and, for 
forty years together, singularly eminent for the exercise of 
faith and love. Died about four in the morning. Buried 
eighth day after lecture. Mr. [Richard] Mather preached. 

Aug. 16. Our church kept a fast, that the Lord would 
please to direct us in a right way as to the supplies of our 
church. 

1667, August. Here was a general contribution towards 
the supply of his majesty’s ships now in the Indies to 
regain Christopher’s Island. Capt. John Allen sent with a 


1 June 1, 1667, at Bristol. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


225 


shipload, and the freight paid, to be presented to the Lord 
Willoughby. 

Sept. 13. The said ship sailed hence with the “Castle” 
frigate, one Capt. Ady, master, who came to victual here, 
and several other ships laden for Barbados. 

Sept. 14. A small vessel came in from Ireland, and 
brought news the ambassadors were returned from the treaty 
at Bredah, re infecta; that the demands of the Dutch was 

the Islands of Orcades, north of Scotland; - Island, 

in East Indies ; free fishing in the narrow seas ; to make 
the act concerning navigation, or prohibiting them trade with 
our English plantations, void; and an indemnity for all that 
have assisted them in this war. 

About 10th June last, they burnt six great ships of his 
majesty at Chatham, and carried from thence the “ Boyal 
Charles : ” made her their admiral. 

Nov. 1. But it pleased God to bring intelligence of a 
peace concluded between England, France, and Holland. 

15th. Kept by the Colony a day of thanksgiving. 

16th, 18th, 24th, and 27th. Several ships arrived safe 
from London, with supplies to the country; and such a 
moderate winter, as that we despatched them, laden with the 
returns of the country, all by 5th 12th. 

Dec. 4. Kept by the Colony a fast appointed by the coun¬ 
cil, for Christopher’s Island, and to obtain blessings for our¬ 
selves and England. Many wished it might be changed to a 
day of thanks ; but the council met not, &c. 

This winter was exceeding moderate ; scarce one extreme 
cold day, and, a great part of it, very little frost. The sheep, 
in most places, scarce eat any hay; and the spring came on 
very forward. Apple-trees began to blossom April 18. 

18th of 12th. A comet was seen in the south-west, much 
like a bundle of twigs or a rod: no star discerned with it. Ap- 



226 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


peared about seven o’clock in the evening; went clown before 
ten o’clock. It was seen but three or four nights, we sup¬ 
posed partly by reason of dark weather, and also because of 
the new moon. At the first night, it gave a pretty great 
light. 

1668, April 3. Was an earthquake about nine in the morn¬ 
ing, very sensibly to be discerned, yet without any noise. 
Its continuance was about two minutes. 

April 14, 15. Was a public dispute between six of our 
ministers 1 and a company of Anabaptists, in Boston meet¬ 
ing-house, who had, against the laws of the country, gathered 
themselves into a church. Three of them were excommuni¬ 
cate persons. They had been several times admonished by 
the Court not to persist in their meeting, or administration 
of the seals, but charged to hear the word in some of the 
public congregations; but they would not obey. In the pub¬ 
lic dispute, they behaved themselves exceeding obstinately, 
absurdly, and ignorantly. [Two lines of illegible short¬ 
hand.] 

April 8. Mr. Samuel Shepherd, minister of Rowley, died. 
ITis wife died about two months before him. 

April 18. The Bridge towne, at Barbados, was burned in 
the night in five hours. 

27th, 2d. Mr. Henry Flynt died, having lain a week sick 
of a fever ; and so the church of Braintree left desolate of 
their teacher, as before they were bereaved of Mr. Thomp¬ 
son, their pastor. 

2d, 3d. At three or four in the afternoon, came Mr. John 
Havinport to town, with his wife, 2 son, and son’s family, and 

1 Allen of Boston, Cobett of Lynn, Higginson of Salem, Danforth of Roxbury, 
Mitchell of Cambridge, and Shephard of Charlestown. Two days wei-e spent to 
little purpose. In the close, Master Jonathan Mitchell pronounced that dreadful 
sentence against them in Deut. chap. xvii. ver. 8-12. (Benedict.) 

2 From New Haven. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


227 


was met by many of the town. A great shower of extraor¬ 
dinary drops of rain fell as they entered the town; but Mr. 



and his wife were sheltered in a coach of 


Mr. Searl’s, who went to meet them. 

2d, 3d, came in John Fair weather, from London ; and, 4th 
of 3d, came in Master John Peirce, Master Hawes, and Mas¬ 
ter Tytherly, all from England. 

This General Court of Election, Thomas Gould, William 
Turner, and John Farnum, 1 were called before them ; asked 
whether, after all pains taken to convince them of their evils, 
they would lay down their assemblings, and cease profaning 
the holy ordinances, — the supper and baptism : but, with 
great obstinacy, they professed themselves bound to con¬ 
tinue in these ways, and were ready to seal it with their 
blood. 

The General Court sent a shipload of masts as a present 
to the king’s majesty. 


9th of 5th month. Pev. Mr. Mitchell 2 died, the chief 
remaining pillar of our ministry. 


1 Members of the first Baptist church in Boston. Gould was its first minister. 
He was of the Charlestown church. His account of the treatment he received from 
it is in Benedict, i. 385. “ Denying the validity of infant baptism, the Court con¬ 
sidered the Baptists as making us all unbaptized persons, and consequently no 
regular churches, ministers, or ordinances.” Gould and his companions were 
ordered to leave the jurisdiction before the 20th of July. Refusing obedience, they 
were imprisoned more than a year; after which, Gould went to Noddle’s Island, and 
died in 1675. His name, says Benedict, “ought to be recorded on the tallest page 
of the history of the New-England Baptists.” 

“ Turner was a member of the church in Dai'tmouth, England. He accepted a 
captain’s commission in King Philip’s Avar, and lost his life in defence of the Colony 
in Avhich he was most cruelly oppressed.” (Benedict.) Capt. Turner Avas killed in 
Philip’s Avar, May 18, 1676. 

“ Concerning means for the suppression and restraint of these sphitual evils, 
errors, heresies, &c., as imprisonment, banishment, interdictions, finings, &c. Both 
reason and experience concur in this demonstration, that such fetters as these, put 
on the feet of errors and heresies to secure and keep them under, still have proved 
wings Avhereby they raise themselves the higher in the thoughts and minds of men, 
and gain an opportunity of further propagation.” (GoodAA’in’s “ Theomachia,” 1644, 
quoted by Miall.) 

2 Jonathan Mitchell, minister of Cambridge, aged forty-tAvo. 


228 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


29th, 5th month. A fast at Cambridge, where Mr. John 
Eliot preached, and, soon after, fell sick with an eruption of 
blood, and, in a few weeks, died. 

20th of 6th month. Arrived Master Clark’s ship in safety, 
and, soon after, Master Scarlett’s. Much English goods 
brought into the country this year. 

Present peace in all Europe ; but the Protestants much 
oppressed in France, and many of their public meeting-places 
taken from them. The Nonconformists in England have no 
liberty to preach. Many fears of a massacre from the Popish 
party in England, heightened from the coming over of French¬ 
men in small companies ; likewise of the city of London 
remaining yet, to be again burnt. 

Sept. 8 and 9. A general training at Cambridge. 

Oct. 18. Mr. John Eliot, 1 pastor of church at New Cam¬ 
bridge, died. 

About 26th of 6th, were seen at Wethersfield, a town in 
Connecticut Colony, a very great swarm of flies, near a mile 
in breadth and two miles long, thick as bees, taking their 
course south. 

Very temperate winter. 

Dec. 9. Mr. Davinport and Mr. Allen ordained. The 
dissenting brethren 2 humbly, earnestly, and frequently en¬ 
treated for their dismission before the ordination, but could 
not obtain it ; neither could they, without much trouble, 
enjoy communion at the table. 

Earthquake : not much felt at Boston, but at Lancaster, 
Concord, Sudbury, &c. 

1669. The spring comes on-very sweetly: only it was 
very dry, so much that the ground began to chop. 

1 Son of Rev. John Eliot, of Roxbury. His age was thirty-two. 

2 Of the First Church, of whom Hull was one. They formed the Third Church, 
as below. 1 his passage, though written at another time from that above, alludes 
to Davenport and Allen’s ordination. See Appendix E. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


229 


6th, 2d. Sundry ministers met at Charltown to advise 
whether they 1 ought not to apply themselves to the church, 
and acquaint them that they were grieved and offended at 
their refusal to dismiss their brethren, and move at their 
desire, and endeavor to censure them. That day was a great 
deal of rain. 

13th, 2d. The elders of fifteen churches convened at the 
request of the dissenting brethren, and sat a council at 
Boston. 

16th, 2d. Gave in their conclusion. The elders and the 
church refused all their applications to them. 

20th, 2d. Rev. Mr. John Reynor, of Dover church, the 
teacher, died. 

23d. Rev. Mr. Richard Mather, teacher of the church at 
Dorchester, died. The church of Boston would not let him 
into the doors, when he, with sundry others, waited with a 
letter from the council to them; but the Lord soon opened 
his way into the church triumphant. 

12th, 3d. The third church in Boston gathered or coalesced 
in Charltown. Six magistrates opposed it, — R. B., S. S., 
W. H., J. L., E. L., E. T. 2 Eight magistrates encouraged 
it; and no ministers opposed, but encouraged, except J. A., 
J. D., and S. M. 3 

26th, 4th. Rev. Mr. William Woodward, a young but 
powerful preacher, died at Dedham. 

1st, 3d, 4th. Old Boniface Burton died, being a hundred 
and fifteen years. 

5th, 6th. A great wind most part of the night, and in the 
morning till about ten o’clock, like a hurricane, part at S.E., 

1 i.e., “ the dissenting brethren.” 

2 Richard Bellingham, Samuel Symonds, William Hathorne, John Leverett, 
Eleazar Lushei*, Edward Tyng. 

8 James Allen, John Davenport. For S. M., see Appendix F. 

30 


230 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


N.E., N., N.W. Many fishing-boats in the bay much ado to 
ride, though they cast overboard their ballast, &c.: sundry 
cast away. A ship of Mr. John Cutts overset on the shoals, 
and the men all lost. 

The spring was very promising for fruitful year, the sum¬ 
mer very wet. Many fears that there would be very little 
hay obtained out of meadows : but all or most of the churches 
sought the Lord by fasting; and, from about 10th, 6th, 
the weather continued fair and hot, that those fears were 
removed. Many children died of the flux and vomiting. 

17th 9ber. A day of public thanksgiving throughout the 
Colony. 

9ber. A third meeting-house erected in Boston. 1 

2d, 12th. Mr. Benjamin Bunker, minister at Malden, died. 

1670, 16th, 1st. Mr. John Davinport, pastor of the first 
church in Boston, died. 

In the month of June was a strange mortality of fishes in 
a pond near Cambridge, the manner whereof was wonderful, 
and the number-cartloads. 

The summer very droughty. 

5th, 6th. A barn at Ipswidge burnt down with lightning, 
full of corn and hay. 

7th, 6th. A great storm of wind, with much rain. 

17th, 6th. A church of the Indians gathered at Sandwich. 
John Bowen 2 ordained the minister. 

22d 7ber. A day of public humiliation. 

24th 9ber. A day of public thanksgiving. 

The winter very moderate. 

4th, 12th. Mr. Zachariah Symmes, 3 pastor of Charltown 
church, died. 

1 The Old South Church. 

2 Probably Bourne. 

8 Aged seven-two. He was the second minister of Charlestown. 



DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


231 


23cl, 12th. The men of Long Island, this winter, made a 
hundred or two tuns of oil of whales that they there kill. 

1671, 1st, 1st. A day of public humiliation. 

4th, 2d. Mr. Francis Willoughby, 1 our honored Deputy- 
Governor, died. 

Mr. William Stoughton, an able preacher and very pious, 
but not yet persuadable to take any office charge in any 
church, was chosen into the magistracy, and accepted the 
same. 

5th, 5th. Mr. Urian Oakes arrived here from England for 
the help of Cambridge church. 

Mr. Joshua Moody ordained at Pascataqua. Mr.- 

Reynor 2 likewise at Dover. 

A man at Ipswich repeating a sermon, and, because it was 
darkish, stood at a door or window, as a flash of lightning 
stunned him ; but no hurt. His Bible being under his arm, 
the whole book of Revelation was carried away, and the 
other parts of the Bible left untouched. 

26th of 6th. Bev. Mr. John Allin, pastor of the church 
at Dedham, died. 

23d of 7th. A church of Indians gathered at Nipmug, or 
Forty-mile River. 

7th 8ber. Mr. James Penn, ruling elder of the first 
church in Boston, died. 

19th 8ber. A day of public thanksgiving. 

8ber 21. We received intelligence that William Foster, 


1 Francis Willoughby, Deputy-Governor. He died April 4, 1671 (Farmer), 
requesting “ to be buried one foot deep, and to have the top of the grave plain, only 
covered with the turfs of the grass.” Noadiah Adams describes the manner of his 
funeral. Eleven foot companies were in attendance, “ with the doleful noise of 
trumpets and drums, in their mourning posture, three thundering volleys of shot 
discharged, answered with the loud roaring of the great guns, rending the heavens 
with noise at the loss of so great a man.” He resided in Charlestown, was much 
employed in the business of the Colony, and “ a great opposer of the persecutions 
against the Baptists.” 

2 Rev. John Reynor. 



232 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


master of a small ship, was taken by the Turks as he was 
going to Bilboa with fish. (He was redeemed, and came 
home 9ber, 1673.) 

9ber 23. In afternoon, the wind came up at east: it snowed 
fast; and, in the evening, grew exceedingly a very tempes¬ 
tuous night, and much snow. Several vessels lost, yet the 
persons generally saved. John Harris, with his ketch, put 
on shore at the Garnet Beach, near Plymouth. About 15th 
of December, the weather was very moderate, and so con¬ 
tinued till 20th of January. 

9ber 8. Mr. Urian Oakes was ordained pastor to the 
church of Cambridge, as successor to the Bev. Mr. Mitchell. 

Dec. 27. Mr. Josiah Flynt was ordained pastor to the 
church at Dorchester, as successor to Mr. Bichard Mather. 
Thus the Lord beginneth to look with an eye of mercy upon 
the widow state of some of our churches. 

Jan. 30. This County Court, three or four young men were 
convicted of several burglaries in breaking open warehouses, 
ketches, and cellars ; Marry Moor and several, of fornication ; 
some suspected for re-iterated whoredom ; and also one Alice 
Thomas, of great suspicion to keep a brothel-house. The 
good Lord give check to such wickedness, and grant it be 
not a punishment judicial! (Hos. iv. 13, 14.) 

Jan. 21, 22. The winter returned in severity : the bay 
full of ice in two nights ; cut Master Greenougli three cables, 
sent his ship adrift and another ketch, but continued not, but 
became pretty moderate again. 

19th, 12th. Mr. Charles Chauncey, President of the Col- 
lege, died, being eighty years old, and had been seventeen 
years president. 

1672, 22d, 3d. The General Court kept a fast among 
themselves, and five ministers appointed to carry on the work 
of it, and many other ministers present. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


233 


June 14 was kept as a clay of humiliation in all this Colo¬ 
ny, because of a great drought; and the Lord heard prayer, 
and sent sufficient rain, that recovered those fruits that were 
near gone, and nourished all the rest. Yet, in hay-harvest, 
much hay was lost by an overmuch rain. 

July 8. I)r. Leonard Lloar arrived at Boston from London, 
being sent for by the third church in Boston : but, the Presi¬ 
dent of the College being dead, it was the earnest desire of 
the ministers and magistrates that they would spare him for 
that work ; and, upon Nov. 15, they did yield him up to that 
service. 1 


loth, 5th. Mr. Alexander Nowell, a Fellow of the Col¬ 
lege, died. 

July 19. Two dwelling-houses, with some other ware¬ 
houses, were burned in Boston ; and it was a very 
great deliverance of the whole town, because the wind 
carried broad flakes of fire, being cedar-shingles and clap¬ 
boards, over a great many houses, and kindled upon sundry 
of them. But, help being at hand, they were preserved. 
Fire was carried into the Common a full quarter of a mile 
from the place burned, being James Hill’s and John Wallie’s 
houses. 2 Sundry deliverances this year also of this town 
from fire. 

This summer, very many in most parts of the country, 
from west to east, from south to north, were taken 
with agues ; and it proved mortal to many. And 
at the latter end of the year, about October, some was 
thought to have the spotted fever about Ipswige, Wenham, 


Diseases. 


1 A letter from Hon. John Quincy Adams — see Appendix A — speaks of a 
volume of MS. Reports of Leonard Hoar’s sermons during this period, which, in 
1839, he saw in the Mass. Hist. Soc. Library. We have not been able to find this 
MS., which is perhaps by Hull. 

2 See private Diary at this date. 


234 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


and Salem ; and then Rev. Mr. Antipas Newman, pastor of 
the church at Wenham, died 15th of 8th mo. 

Eclip( . e Aug. 12. About noon, there was a great eclipse 
of the sun, total or very near. 

15th, 8th. The divisions of the church of Newbury were 
a matter of great exercises to the churches and ministers, and 
to the General Court, many too much abetting one Edmund 
Woodman and his party; viz., about five magistrates, and 
above twenty deputies, and two ministers; viz., Mr. James 
Allin and Mr. John Oxenbridge : but it pleased God in 
9ber 8, by a committee sent by the General Court, they 
were convinced, and both parties united. 

9ber 20. Appointed by the General Court for a day of 
public thanksgiving throughout this Colony. 

9ber 14. Sergeant-Major Eleazer Lusher, one of our 
honored magistrates, died ; and, 18th 9ber, was honorably 
interred, attended by ten foot-companies and three 
troops of horse, at Dedham. 

Sundry persons died, in 7ber and 8ber, of voiding much 
blood and some worms, — persons of grown age and young 


Deaths. 


men. 


Tempests. 


9ber 10. A very great easterly storm, and, being about 
the full moon, brought in so great a tide as hath 
not been this thirty-six years ; filled most of the 
cellars near the water-side; flowed more or less into many 
warehouses ; greatly damnified many merchants in their 
goods and in their wharves ; and one vessel cast away in 
Ipswidge Bay, going to Black Point, and seven persons 
drowned thereby. 

This summer, we hear of war against the Hollanders by 
the French and our own nation; and, 29tli of May, 

Wars. 

had a great sea-fight, wherein the Hollander was 
much worsted, yet great loss to all parties ; and this summer, 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


235 


the French, by land, hath much prevailed against the Hol¬ 
lander, and taken much of their country. 

Dec. 24. Appointed and kept as a public fast throughout 
this Colony. 

Dec. 7. Richard Bellingham, Esq., the honored Governor 
of the Colony, departed this life. 

11th, 10th. Dr. Leonard Hoar constituted President of 
the College. 

A very moderate winter, excepting two weeks of cold. 
Mr. John Winthrop recovered again, though buried his 
wife. 1 

1673, 21st of the 1st. We received intelligence from 
Barbados, that upon 24th, 11th, was burned above thirty 
houses, in the night, in the street called the New-England 
Street. 

21st of the 1st. Our Castle fell on fire, and was burned; 
only the powder saved, and most of the officers’ and soldiers’ 
goods. 

22d, 1st. The magistrates, in Boston and the towns adja¬ 
cent, issued out an order for a contribution of fifteen hundred 
pounds to repair it speedily. 

1673, 29th of 1st. Mr. Thomas Prince, Governor of 
Plymouth Colony, died, — a man wise, faithful, loving, 
modest, and humble. 

The months of March and April were very cold. Many 
cattle died throughout most parts of the country, men’s 
stover being very short, much hay being lost last autumn by 
great rains and high tides. The wind continued easterly 
almost all the month of April. Most part of May was cold. 


1 The Governor of Connecticut, son of the Governor of Massachusetts, is the 
John Winthrop alluded to. A sketch of his life will be found in the Memoir of 
Lieut.-Gov. Thomas Lindall Winthrop, President of the American Antiquarian 
Society, contained in this volume. 


236 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


18th May, at Wenham, a solemn providence: It being 
the sabbath clay, Mr. Higginson, sen., preached there ; and 
after sermon, going into Mrs. Newman’s with several Chris¬ 
tians, as they sat discoursing, there was a storm of hail, with 
thunder, and one man in the house struck dead, yet none 
other hurt; but the house, in another room, much split in 
the posts, &c. 

June 13. A day of humiliation in this Colony. 

Some troubles this summer arose in the College, so that 
Dr. Leonard Hoar, their new president, who was last year 
highly courted to accept the place, was now by some wished 
out of it again. I cannot say there was any apparent cause 
for it, more than that God seems to threaten to make divi¬ 
sion in all orders our punishment, as we too readily do make 
them our sin. 

July 30. The Dutch took New York from the Eng¬ 
lish. 

August. We was also alarmed with an enemy, and there¬ 
fore made considerable haste to rebuild our burned castle, 
and renew the fortifications in the towns bordering on the 
sea, specially Boston, Charltown, Salem, and Pascataque. 
The Dutch came with seven men of war and twelve other 
ships, where, by the way, they did much spoil in Verginiali 
to their ships, and came and took New York in August, 
which was indeed very ill kept, else might have been still 
kept; and, the beginning of this winter, the Dutch took 
four of our ketches, and, being demanded, refused to deliver 
them or pay for them ; made a demand of the inhabitants at 
the east end of Long Island to yield, and come under their 
government; that, had not the winter come suddenly, 
we might probably had a war with them. But all is yet 
deferred; and, indeed, many in this part of the country, 
specially inland towns, are very averse to war, yet, through. 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


237 


mercy, a general sense of the anger of God appearing in 
this threatening, and the issue unknown to us. 

Three sessions of the General Court this winter, — Sep¬ 
tember, October, December. 

In the last year and this, during the continuance of the 
war with the Dutch nation, our country hath lost very many 
vessels and a very considerable estate; being taken by the 
Dutch in all parts where we trade or are going to the ports 
of our traffic. They make no difference between New Eng¬ 
land and Old. 

28th, 6th, was a public fast: one cause, the Dutch 
come so near; another cause, great floods drowning the 
meadows. 

9ber 26. A public day of thanksgiving for the peaceable 
and comfortable inning of the fruits of the earth. 

Dec. 3. Mr.-Adams 1 ordained pastor to the church 

of Dedham. 

Dec. 11. A fast to implore the Lord’s guidance and pro¬ 
tection, now an enemy was come so near us, and also had 
begun to do us spoil. They took four ketches. The Dutch 
at New York went beyond us in statecraft. They had taken 
several of our vessels; and here were some of theirs staid, 
though not feared : but they, by a flourishing promise to set 
ours free in case theirs were released; which we attended, 
but they kept all ours. 

11th, 12th. A fast only at the North Church. 

The winter very moderate as to frost; pretty much snow 
and wet weather. 

Division began at Salem between Mr.-Nicolet, 2 a 

1 William Adams, second minister of Dedham, graduated 1671; died Aug. 17, 
1685. 

2 Rev. Charles Nicholet. He had a call from a new church gathered at Lynn, 
but was not settled, and soon after went to England. (Farmer.) 

31 




238 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


stranger, who came, about July, 1672, from Virginia, and sup¬ 
posed in part invited by Mr. Higginson, but now afflictive to 
good Mr. John Higginson. [He] went out of the church in 
sermon-time, on the Lord’s Day, and drew others after him. 
Yet he seemed to be a zealous preacher, and, at least out¬ 
wardly, humble man, and full of affection, though peradven- 
ture less fully fixed in some truths. 

26th, 12th. Difficulties began again in the College. Over¬ 
seers meet. 

1674, 2d, 1st. Committee meet at Cambridge. 

26th, 1st. A public fast. 

In April, we had the good news of peace concluded 
between England and Holland, being done in February last. 

This summer, the Anabaptists that were wont to meet at 
Noddle’s Island met at Boston on the Lord’s Day. One Mr. 
Symond Lind 1 letteth one of them a house, which formerly 
was Mr. Buck’s. 

Some Quakers are also come and seated in Boston. 

Some of the magistrates will not permit any punishment 
to be inflicted on heretics as such. 

Sept. 24. A public day of thanksgiving. 

October. At this General Court, the President of the Col¬ 
lege was charged as formerly, but with more vehemency, as 
the only hinderer of the college welfare; when, as by most 
indifferent hearers of the case, it was thought, that, would 
those that accused him had but countenanced and encouraged 
him in his work, he would have proved the best president 
that ever yet the college had. 

9ber 30. Bev. Mr. Samuel Danforth, pastor of the church 
of Boxbury, died. 

1 Lynde, afterwards one of the magistrates. He was employed as translator 
and interpreter to the Court in their intercourse with the Dutch. He died Nov. 21 
1G87. 


239 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 

Dec. 8. Some endeavors to gather a church of some new 
members at Salem, to whom Mr. Nicholet should officiate, 
who met at Lynn, and proceeded so far that they had seven 
messengers from Boston Old Church; but four of them, 
having declared God’s workings on them, showed so much 
of ignorance that their proceeding was hindered. 

Dec. 15. A fast at Boxbury. 

The weather began this month cold, but grew pretty tem¬ 
perate for three weeks together. 

Dec. 23. Mr. Nehemiah Hubbard 1 ordained a pastor to 
the church at New Cambridge. 

29th. Mr. Oxenbridge, pastor of the Old Church, died. 

A fast at the Old Church. Mr. Increase Mather helped. 

A Scotch minister, Mr. TVoodrop, 2 arrived from Ja¬ 
maica. 

Much snow in the 11th month, and several cold fits most 
of this month; yet the harbors, nor Charles Ferry, scarce 
shut up from passage any one day. 

14th, 11th. A fast at the Old Church, where Mr. Increase 
Mather helped in preaching and prayer. 

From 15th, 12th, to 22d, very cold; 19th, 20th, 21st, as 
cold a time as in many years, and so dry and windy that the 
dust blew like snow. 

16T5. All the 1st month pretty cold; the 2d month very 
raw and cold until 21st day; then began to be a little warm, 
and the sun to shine, which it had done but now and then a 
day for a month together; wind had been constantly east¬ 
erly. 

May 3. Peach-trees blossomed. 

In the first month, a murder committed about Pascataque. 


1 The name of Hobart was often thus confounded with Hubbard. He was the 
second minister of Newton, and died Aug. 12, 1712. 

2 William Woodroffe , an ejected English minister, “preached at Lancaster, 
Springfield, and other places, between 1670 and 16S0.” (Farmer.) 


240 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


A Scotchman and a Frenchman killed their master, buried 
him in a cellar ; for which they were both executed at 
Boston. 

25th, 1st. A public fast. 

April 20. A man found dead near Brantrey, cast upon 
shore: on search, found to be murdered and to be a Virgi¬ 
nian. 

4th of 3d. A (part of a) ship belonging to Lyme, this 
morning arrived from Virginia, was blown up ; viz., the great 
cabin. Sundry wounded sorely; Mr. John Frethe taken 
up dead ; Mr. Smith, the merchant, died the same day ; Capt. 
Sam. Scarlet, 1 the next day. Their bones much shattered. 
Sundry others with broken bones, and sorely hurt. 

5th, 3d. One-, a merchant, of a ship from Lisbon 

riding at Nantascot, sailing in the boat yesterday, about the 
time that the other ship was blown up here, they overset 
the boat, and he was drowned. Brought up to Boston this 
day. 

All the month of May very wet, only now and then a fair 
day. The 4th, 5th, and 6th months hot and dry for most 
part, yet pretty fruitful. 

June 25, brake out a war with the Indians. It began at 
Swanzey, but ran through most of the out plantations. We 
got no victory over them, without some considerable loss, for 
about ten months after. The Lord, from beginning of May, 
1676, delivered them frequently into our hands, without 
loss on our part. 

See the history of the war, printed 1676. 

29th, 4th. A public fast. 

Several churches also fast at several times. 

Aug. 29. A very violent storm, that exceedingly blew 
down the Indian corn and the fruit of trees ; did also much 

1 Captain Scarlet is often mentioned by Hubbard and in this Diary, and made 
many voyages to and from London. 



DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


241 


spoil on the wharves, and among the ships and vessels in 
Boston, to value supposed a thousand pounds. 

13tli of 11th. A public fast. 

Nov. 28. Dr. Leonard Hoar, President of the College, 1 
died. 

Winter came in exceeding sharp in beginning. 

December. The soldiers conflicted with much cold and snow. 

Several particular fasts this year. 

Peb. 10. Lancaster spoiled by the enemy. 

21st. Medefeild in part burned by ditto. 

March 13. Groton burned. 

26th. Marlborough burned in part. 

1676, 28th. Rehoboth assaulted. 

April 6. John Winthrop, Escp, Governor of Conecticot, 
died in Boston. 

April 18. Sudbury part burned by the enemy. Capt. 
Wadsworth, Capt. Brooldebanck, and sundry soldiers, 
slain. 

The second and third months were very sickly through 
this Colony. 

April 25. Major Symon Willard, one of our magistrates, 
died, — a pious, orthodox man. 

Mr. Peter Lidget died, — an accomplished merchant. 2 

May 8. Some houses burnt at Bridgewater. 

11th. Some also toward Plymouth. 

May 14. Mr. Hezekiah Usher died, — a pious and useful 
merchant. 


1 “ My cousin, the Dr. Hoar’s widow, is married to Mr. Hezekiah Usher.” 
(Hull to Edward Hull, Jau. 1, 1676—7, in Hull’s letter-book.) 

2 Hull writes to Philip French, April 19, 1676: “This month hath been very 
fatal to N. E. Mr. John Winthrop, Governor of Connecticut, died on the 5th day 
thereof. On the 21st, valiant Capts. Wadsworth and Brocklebank, with about fifty 
soldiers, were slain by the Indians. On 25th, Mr. Simon Willard died of a fever, at 
Charlestown; and, 24th, our good friend and partner, Mr. Peter Lidget, died of a 
fever, at Boston. And who shall be next, the good Lord alone knoweth.” 


242 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


15th. Mr. Richard Russell died, — a magistrate and the 
Country Treasurer; a godly man. 

16th. Mr. Joshua Attwater died. 

18th. The Fall fight: many Indians slain. 1 

24th. Capt. William Davis 2 died. 

June 29. A day of public thanksgiving. 

Aug. 12. Sagamore Philip, that began the war, was 
slain. 3 

8ber 31. One William Stoughton, Esq., one of our 
honored magistrates, and Mr. Peter Bulkley, sent as our mes¬ 
sengers to England to the king’s majesty. 4 

9ber 9. A day of public thanksgiving. 

21 th. A fire brake out two hours before day, and con¬ 
sumed about fifty dwelling-houses and the North Meeting¬ 
house. The Lord sent much rain, moderated the spreading 
of it. 

Dec. T. A public fast. 

21st. Mr. John Reynor, minister of Dover, died of a cold 
and fever that he took in the field among the soldiers. 

1677, 1st of 1st. A public fast. 

9th of 1st month. A candle was fastened to the roof of a 
house, and burnt through the roof, yet was prevented 

1 The fight at the falls in the Connecticut River, near Greenfield, where Capt. 
Turner surprised and slew a large number of Indians, is commonly referred to as 
the “Fall Fight” 

2 Captain of the Artillery Company. He commanded a company in Ninegret’s 

war, was a deputy for Springfield in 1658, and married a daughter of William Pvn- 
chon. 

3 In Hull’s letter-book, at this date, is this announcement: “ Oct. 23, 1676. 
Here news come in from Virginia that they are more furiously engaged one against 
another than formerly. They tell us Jamestown is burned, and sundry slain. So 
that several intended hence for those parts do intend to lay aside their beginnings 
of such a voyage.” (Hull to Allin). 

4 An unsuccessful mission; and the agents returned to be reproached by their 
constituents. Bulkley was charged with too great compliance with Court mea¬ 
sures; and his “ sun,” like that of Norton, “ set in a cloud.” Stoughton was after¬ 
wards solicited to accept the agency, but “ could not be prevailed on to risk his 
reputation a second time.” (Hutchinson.) 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


243 


spreading through the wonderful providence of God ; but the 
authors not known. 

June 25. Soldiers sent to Black Point; Major Thomas 
Clarke, with three vessels, both thither and to Kenibeck, to 
treat with Capt. Nicolds from New York. 

July 5. A public fast. 

12th, 5th. A barn of Mr. John Usher’s burnt down about 
one o’clock in the night. The houses round about all pre¬ 
served. The authors not known. 

Aug. 6. A candle lighted found stuck between two little 
houses of Mr. Bradon’s, in Mr. Shrimpton’s lane, about ten 
o’clock at night. 

8th of 6th. A like endeavor to fire the town in Mr. Usher’s 
lane. The hay in a barn fired; but, being salt-marsh hay, 
it smothered, and did not hastily burn. About eleven o’clock 
at night, it was quickly quenched. No authors found. 

Some time this summer, several ships came in from Eng¬ 
land, which, on the seas, had the small-pox ; and it took first 
in Charltown, whereof many died this winter. 

9ber 15. A public day of thanksgiving. 

Dec. 22. Mr. Thomas Shepherd 1 died of the small¬ 
pox. 

Several particular churches kept fasts this winter. 

Jan. 11. Mr. Samuel Brackenbury, physician, died of the 
small-pox. 

10th. Mrs. Mary Norton 2 fell speechless. 

17th. She died, and, 21st, was interred in her husband’s 
tomb. 

This winter was mostly moderate weather. 

Feb. 21. A public fast. 

1678, 24th, 1st. Mr. Thomas Walley, pastor of Barnstable, 
died. 


1 Minister of Charlestown. 


2 Widow of Rev. John Norton. 


244 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 

April 26. Mr. Noah Newman, pastor of the church at 
Rehoboth, died. 

May 18. Mr. Joseph Brown, preacher at Charltown, 
died. 

June 1. The captives taken by the Indians last winter from 
Hatfield, and carried to the French, were followed by Benja¬ 
min Wait and Thomas Jennings, 1 husbands to two of the 
women, who effected their redemption, and returned home 
with them. An order of the council for a contribution for 
them on the fast day, 6th, 4th. 

June 6. A public fast in this Colony. The small-pox, 
since they first began, had seized upon about-per¬ 

sons ; and about forty persons were dead of that disease. In 
Charltown, about so many also died since it began there, 
being in 5th month, ’77, to this time. Above two hundred 
persons had had the disease there. 

June 22. Mr. Edmund Brown, pastor of the church at 
Sudbury, died. 

Sept. 22. To this time, there were about eighty persons 
at Charltown that died of the small-pox, and about seven 
hundred that have had the disease. 

Oct. 3. To this time, there was about one hundred and 
eighty persons had died in Boston of the small-pox, in a lit¬ 
tle above a year’s space since the disease began. 

Oct. 12. Samuel Symonds, Esq., the Deputy-Governor, 
died in Boston, the General Court sitting. 

Oct. 16. Mr. Thomas Thacher, senior pastor to the third 
church in Boston, died. 

9ber 24. Mr. Joseph Bowlison (Rowlandson), minister at 
Wethersfield, died. 

1 “ Having received authority from the government to ransom the captives, 
they commenced their hazardous journey on the 24th of October, and followed the 
enemy through New York, by the lakes, to Canada. They returned, after an 
absence of eight months, with nineteen of the prisoners.” (Barber.) 



DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


245 


4th, 11th. Mr. Daniel Bussell, young minister, died of 
the small-pox. 

Sod, 11th. Mr. Peter Ilubbard (Hobart), pastor of Iling- 
ham church, died. 

Mr. John Norton succeedeth in his place. 

Feb. 1. Mr. Ammy Corlet, Fellow of the College, died of 
the small-pox. 

Dec. 27. One David Wyman, of Wooborn, taken with the 
small-pox, was distracted, and ran out of his bed barefoot, 
in his shirt, five miles to a friend’s house. There was 
put into bed, but after died. 

March 16. John Leverett, Esq., Governor of this Colony, 
died about four o’clock, on a sabbath morning. 

1679, May 8. A fire kindled under Capt. Ben. Gillam’s 
warehouse, supposed by most to be done on purpose to fire 
the town. 

May 9. About midnight, the house of Clement Gross, 
being an alehouse, was set on fire in an out-room, yet, through 
God’s good providence, was instantly seen and put out; but 
no author to be found. 

Aug. 8. About midnight began a fire in Boston, an ale¬ 
house, which, by sunrise, consumed the body of the trading 
part of the town : from the Mill Creek to Mr. Oliver’s dock, 
not one house nor warehouse left; and up from my warehouse 
to Mr. Skerret’s, 1 thence to Mr. Hezekiah Usher’s, thence to 
Mr. Thacher’s, thence to Thomas Fitch’s. 

This year, Mr. James Elson, with his ship and her lading, 
bound from London to Boston, was taken by the Alge¬ 
rines. 

Sept. 7, being sabbath, about ten o’clock, all the churches 
were alarmed with a fire in Lieut. Edward Creek’s house, 
which began in a garret, not near the chimney, but must 

1 This word seems to have been partly erased. 

32 


246 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


needs be set on fire. The wind pretty strong ; yet it pleased 
God no house but that was burned. 

Sept. 10. A synod of churches, by their elders and mes¬ 
sengers, met at Boston. Voted the platform of discipline 
drawn at Cambridge, an. 1648, unanimously ,* also repre¬ 
senting to the General Court what they conceived to be the 
provoking evils of this people, propounding also remedies. 
Adjourned till May, 1680. Ordered a committee of elders 
to draw up a confession of faith for these churches. 

Nov. 22. Bev. Mr. John Wheelwright, pastor of the 
church of Salisbury, departed this life, being eighty-five years 
of age. 

Dec. 10. Bev. Mr. Samuel Whiting, pastor of the church 
of Lin [Lynn], departed this life, being eighty-two years 
old. 1 

Dec. 23. Honored William Stoughton and Peter Bulkley, 
Esqrs., arrived from England in Thomas Jolls, in Nantas- 
cut harbor, and could not get to Boston (till) the evening 
after 25th day, a strong north-west wind arising soon after 
they had cast anchor below r . Much mercy appeared in their 
being harbored before it arose. 

Master William Condy and his ship, bound from Boston 
to London, was taken by the Algerines. 

March 17. The second church in Boston solemnly re¬ 
newed their covenant. 

1680, 23d, 4th. The third church in Boston solemnly 
renewed their covenant. 

1 “ Sir, I know I need not beg your prayers for poor New England: you cannot 
withhold them, no more than we here ours for dear England. Eev. Mr. John Wheel¬ 
wright, pastor of Salisbury church, and Mr. Samuel Whiting, pastor of Linn church, 
are lately gathered home. We have few of our old stock left, and likewise have 
lost many young worthy ones. But yet the Lord slioweth us his faithfulness in 
continuing a succession of able and faithful ministers to lead and guide his poor 
flocks in this wilderness; and many of them are very intoned in their Lord’s work, 
to call in the rising generation, and to whet upon them his end in all his awful 
providences.” (Hull to Henry Ashurst, Dec. 17,1679, in Letter-Book.) 


247 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


Aug. 16. Elder Edward Eainsford 1 died, being old and 
full of days.. 

Aug. 24. The Lord Thomas Culpepper 2 came into Bos¬ 
ton privately ; but, the next day, he dined at the Town House, 
and was attended by the eight military companies, and, about 
Oct. 15, sailed hence for England. 

A peace made with the Eastern Indian sachems by Tho¬ 
mas Danforth, Esq., and after, in beginning of November, 
with the Maquas at Albany, by John Pynchon, Esq. 

Sept. 15. A fast at Dorchester church. Mr. Josiah Elynt, 
pastor thereof, very sick, and died the night following, about 
ten o’clock. 

Sept. 19, being sabbath day, about four o’clock afternoon, 
a fire was discovered in the top of the old meeting-house, 
in the uppermost private room, where the clock stood. Be¬ 
gan in the floor, ran up the partition-boards to the roof, 
began to burn a principal rafter about six foot from the place 
where it began. 

Nov. 15. A blazing star appeared in the south-east in the 
morning ; and, about Dec. 8, it began to be seen in the even¬ 
ing. 3 

9ber 22. A chimney fired, and frighted people ; but no 
hurt followed, save a man wounded with a fall, the ladder 
breaking. 

24th. Mr. Usher’s chamber on fire in the night, by their 
own neglect; but no public damage ensued. 

25th. A day of public thanksgiving in this Colony. 

1 Brother of Lord Chief Justice Rainsford. 

John Hull, writing from England, March, 1676, says, “Judge Rainsford, brother 
to him of Boston, is said to be one of their (the Nonconformists’) bitterest enemies. 
Might not his brother have power over him to move him to some moderation V ” 
Rainsford’s Island derives its name from him. (Letter-Book.) 

2 Governor of Virginia. 

3 “ On the 16th appeared a blazing comet in the morning, and now is seen with 
us in the evening, with a very long stream. The Lord fit us and you for all his will 
and pleasure! ” (Hull to Thomas Deane, Dec. 27, in Letter-Book.) 


248 


DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


About 8ber 18, Sir Edmund Andros came hither, sup¬ 
posed to see Lord Th. Culpeper; but he was sailed for 
England. He staid about a week, and departed, being 
accompanied with our troop to Dedham. 

Dec. 16. A day of public humiliation. 

18th. Josiah Winslow, Esq., Governor of Plymouth Co¬ 
lony, died, being-- years of age. 

Dec. 15. Arrived Master Foy and Master Jenner, and 
brought Mr. Christopher Mason and one Mr. Chamber- 
lain, and brought letters for the country from the king’s 
majesty. It was drawn and prepared by some lords. It 
required us, on our allegiance, to send agents, fully em¬ 
powered, &c. 

Dec. 21. John Bussell, 1 a preacher to the Anabaptists, 
died suddenly, after a pamphlet of his in excuse of them¬ 
selves, and accusing the churches here of persecution, [ap¬ 
peared.] 

Dec. 22. About half an hour past three o’clock in the 
morning, Mr. Sampson Sheaffe’s 2 house fell on fire by some 
neglect within. Some of them were forced to leap out of 
the chamber-window; yet all their lives preserved. Two 
other houses were burned with it, and one blown up; and 
about half an hour after five, the same morning, Mr. 
Mich. Page his ship, lying at Capt. Ben. Gillam’s wharf, fell 
on fire by a bad hearth, and was not mastered without much 
damage to the ship and lading and to said Gillam’s ware¬ 
house. 

Jeremie Mather was blown into a cellar, and had his thigh 
broken and his head bruised. 

16th of 11th, being sabbath day, toward the close of the 
afternoon exercise, a smoke was discovered in Major William 

1 Minister of the Boston Baptist church. 

2 Afterwards of New Hampshire, and a member of the council there. He died 
at Boston, in 1724, aat. seventy-six. 



DIARY OF JOHN HULL. 


249 


Phillips’s house. It appeared plain that somebody had put 
hre with chips in a window in the cellar, which was left with¬ 
out any door shut, and had only wood and lumber in it; hut, 
being found, it had only scorched the stanchions of the win¬ 
dow, and so was soon quenched. But, as yet, nobody was 
found as the endeavorer of that mischief. 

Feb. 1. Benjamin Negus his house, joining to William 
Kent’s, was set on fire near the top of the roof, about ten 
o’clock in the day, the County Court then sitting in the 
Town House just by it; but it being a rainy day, and many 
hands ready, it was soon quenched. 

We have had sundry sudden deaths fallen out in several 
parts of the country. 

July 7. A public fast throughout this Colony. 

July 24. Mr. Urian Oakes, pastor of Cambridge church 
and President of the College, departed this life. 

Aug. 31. A fast at Cambridge. Another at the Col¬ 
lege. 

Nov. 24. A day of public thanksgiving through this 
Colony; the Lord giving a competent harvest, notwithstand¬ 
ing the great threatening drought. 

Feb. 16. Major Thomas Savage died, being aged seventy- 
six years. 

1682, June 26. All this evening and night, till about one 
o’clock, was very dreadful lightning and pretty much thun¬ 
der. 

28th. Mr. John Danforth ordained pastor of the church of 
Dorchester. 

Aug. 16. A comet appeared in our hemisphere in the 
morning, and, 27th, in the evening, and so continued. It 
had but little stream or blaze. 

Aug. 20. Mr. Isaak Foster, pastor of a church at Hart¬ 
ford, died in his prime or youth. 


250 


LETTERS OF JOHN HULL. 


Sept. 20. Daniel Dennison, Esq., having served the coun¬ 
try many years as an assistant and a major-general, died. 


[Here the Public Diary suddenly stops. It will be ob¬ 
served that the entries grow more rare toward the close. 
The letters in the Letter-Book go on to the 18th of August, 
1683, — nearly a year after the entries here, and within six 
weeks of Mr. Hull’s death. Among these, the Committee 
of Publication find little of public interest, beyond what has 
been alluded to in the “ Memoir.” The following letters, 
however, are of value, and illustrate the character of the 
Treasurer at a late period of his life.] 

Boston, May 21, 1683. 

Mr. Bichaed Poor, — Forasmuch as you and your com¬ 
pany are now fitted and governed, upon a voyage to the 
wrack or wracks with the sloop “ Endeavor,” now that you 
may not render all your preparations and disbursements 
frustrate; but may, if the Lord will, be very successful and 
advantageous to yourselves and us, — we solemnly advise 
you to take heed and carefully avoid all and every sinful 
way to which evil will bring sorrow and suffering to poor 
mortals, and especially sorrowing of religion, the sabbath, 
and all religious duties ; for though God may bear awhile 
with wicked sinners, yet he will arise and execute ven¬ 
geance, and sometimes when men least think of it. First, 
therefore, we pray you to look heedfully and daily, all the 
time you are abroad, to your own example, that you do not 
swear, nor take the Lord’s holy name in vain ; that you be 
very temperate ; that you be very diligent; that you be very 
prudent, just, and equal in your behaviour toward all your 
company, and especially to your companions, Mr. Savage 



LETTERS OF JOHN HULL. 


251 


and Mr. Lester, and toward other ship’s companythat 
you may, if possible, have the good-will and love of all 
that you shall converse withal, and may the better proceed 
and succeed. In all your affairs, see that you keep your 
articles carefully, and that you break no law of nature, 
of nations, of God. And, moreover, we give you our 
special charge, that you do not bring upon yourself, nor 
the company, neither upon the owners, any part of the guilt 
of innocent blood; for truly we fear the taking Indians by 
force is man-stealing, and to kill anv of them in that design 
will involve in the guilt of blood, which I would have you 
and us keep far from, and walk humbly and mournfully 
under a deep sense of what passed formerly ; although, 
indeed, we ourselves are but very darkly acquainted what the 
wrackmen did. And we shall add no more, but pray God 
to give you that counsel, protection, success, and blessing 
that he seeth meet for you, and in his due time to return you 
to us again, who are Yours, 

John Hull. 

Boston, May 16, 1683. 1 EliaIvIM HuTCHISON. 

Mr. Richard Rook, Mr. Perez Savage, and Captain 
Francis Lester, — We shall only tell you, that we heartily 
desire your welfare, and are therefore bold to send you our 
present advice. We doubt not but you will make all speed 
to the w T rack, where, when the Lord shall bring you, we 
desire this as your daily, constant care, to love and assist 
and do your utmost help each other; be united yourselves, 
and do your utmost to keep your whole company; so keep 
your articles, and be willing to consort with any good civil 
ship’s officers and company; and, if God’s providence see 
need you generally, we think it will be very profitable to 

1 This letter has two dates in the Letter-Book. 


252 


CLOSE OF JOHN HULL’S LIFE. 


asree to send liome the treasure in some vessel, which may 

O 

be kept here safe without cutting, until you have all with 
consent ended your voyage, and come home hither to share; 
and, upon the credit of it, provisions may be brought and sent 
you for each vessel, according to your need, and bill of lading 
for each ship’s port, with distinct marks, according to what 
you shall desire. Be very careful to maintain his majesty’s 
peace, and to break no law of nature nor nations, especially 
of Old England and New. In attending to the law of God, 
and making his word your rule, you will keep all. Which, 
that you may be helped to do, let you and us daily go unto 
Him who hath all grace freely to bestow, that we may be 
guided, prospered, blessed, and in his good time safely 
returned. In him we remain your loving friends, and own¬ 
ers of three fourths of the-. 

John Hull. 

Eliakim Hutchison. 

[The earliest part of Judge Sewall’s Diary supplies a few 
memoranda respecting the old man’s declining years, which 
may properly be inserted here. We are indebted for these 
to Rev. Mr. Sewall, of Burlington. The critical skill of this 
gentleman has restored the Latin of the second entry from 
the almost incomprehensible text in which it exists in the 
copies of the Diary now extant. The original Sewall Diary 
of this period is lost.] 

Eeb. 7, ’76 [1676—7]. Went to ye 12 meeting [for prayer, 
&c., which he had attended], at Mr. Morse his house ; where 
Mr. Gershom Hobart [afterward or then minister of Groton] 
spake well to James 1. 19. 

Feb. 14. 13th meeting [he had attended] at Goodin. 
Davis’s [Joseph] ; where G. [Goodman Joseph] Tappin and 



CLOSE OF JOHN HULL’S LIFE. 


253 


Cousin [Ephraim] Savage spake to 1 Pet. 1. 6. By which words 
I seriously considered y‘* no godly man hath any more afflic¬ 
tions than what he hath need of: qua meditatione mihi qui- 
dem die sequente usus fuit; nam socer (jam pene fervidus 
propter avenas sibi inconsulto oblatas) de stipite aequo gran- 
diore quem in ignem intempestive (ut aiebat) conjeci, mihi 
iratus fuit, & si ita insipiens forem dixit se mihi fidem non 
habiturum, et ventosam mentem meam fore consativam. 
Deus det me sibi soli confidere, & creato nulli. Psal. 37. 3,4, 5. 
principium hujus psal. canebam conscius, quem propter ea 
quae dicta sunt moestus petivi. 

[Of this curious entry, Pev. Mr. Sewall informs us that 
the copyist has probably erroneously transcribed some words ; 
for he was in times at doubt, and, in the margin, gave a dif¬ 
ferent reading for oblatas, conjeci, Jidem, and consativam. 
Mr. Sewall adds, — 

“The general meaning of the passage, however, with the 
aid of a little conjecture, seems to be plainly this: Mr. Hull, 
being much chafed (pene fervidus, almost glowing with pas¬ 
sion) at some one’s bringing oats to him, as Treasurer of the 
Colony, in payment of taxes, instead of money, ‘ inconsulto,’ 
without having previously consulted him, was angry with his 
son-in-law, Sewall, for throwing upon the fire, unseasonably, 
as he said, a larger billet of wood than was necessary or meet; 
and declared, that, if he would be so foolish, he should have 
no confidence in him : for that his mind would be as unstable 
as if it were akin to the wind. 1 

“ Now, all that Mr. Hull here said was doubtless said in a 
moment of irritation, which had been kindled by another 

1 “Here retaining consativam , I construe ventosam as if changed to vento; but I 
doubt whether consativam was the word used in the original, though I can think of 
no similar word to substitute for it.” 


33 


254 


CLOSE OF JOHN HULL’S LIFE. 


occurrence, and soon subsided. But Mr. Sewall, always sen¬ 
sitive to every thing that looked like contempt or reproach, 
laid these words of his father-in-law much to heart; and, feel¬ 
ing that the severity of the reprimand was unprovoked and 
unmerited, he had recourse, for instruction or admonition, to 
the doctrine of the text discussed at e the meeting 5 the pre¬ 
ceding evening ; and for consolation to the 37th Psalm, which, 
in his sorrow, he turned to for the sake of the things said 
therein (or on account of the things which had been said to 
him), and the beginning of which, conscious of his not 
deserving the censure passed on him, he sang.”] 

1676 [1676-7], Feb 21. Went to ye 13th meeting, 1 at 
Cousin E[phraim] Savage’s ; where my father-in-law and 
Goodm. Needham spake to Ps. 6. I. 2 

Feb. 23, 1676 [1676-7]. Mr. Torrey [Rev. Samuel, of 
Weymouth] spake w 4 ! 1 my father at Mrs. Norton’s ; told 
him y. he would fain have me preach, and not leave off my 
studies to follow merchandize. 

March 21, 167f. Father & self rode to Dorchester to y e 
Fast, which is y e . first time y? ever I was in y! [new] meet¬ 
ing-house ; so was absent from y e private meetings. 

April 18, 1677. My father-in-law and I went on foot to 
Dorchester, and so were not at y e . meeting. 3 

1 So the copy; but the preceding meeting has also the 13th. 

2 In his own Diary, Hull never alludes to his own speaking at these meetings. 

3 Rev. Mr. Sewall informs us, that, on this day, there was a Solemn Public 
Renewal of their Covenant by the church in Dorchester. Judge Sewall has left 
notes of the sermons preached on the occasion, by Rev. Mr. Flint in the morning, 
and by Rev. Mr. Torrey, of Weymouth, in the afternoon. 

The meeting which Mr. Sewall and Mr. Hull failed to attend was not the cus¬ 
tomary service of the Lord’s Day. The 18th of April, 1677, was Wednesday; and, 
says Mr. Sewall, “ the meeting they were absent from was a meeting, repeatedly 
referred to by Judge Sewall in the previous part of his Diary, for prayer and reli¬ 
gious conference, sustained for many years by his father Hull and himself, Capt. 
Scottow, Capt. Ephraim Savage, Mr. Nathaniel Williams (the preacher and master 
of the Latin Grammar School, Boston, with and after Mr. Cheever), Capt. Janies 


“ SHADIE MEDITATIONS” ON HULL’S DEATH. 255 


[According to the funeral sermon, alluded to in the 
<e Memoir,” Mr. Hull died Oct. 1, 1683. The date is fixed 
a day earlier in Mr. Daniel Gookin’s “ Shadie Meditations ” 
on his memory. We have this curious poem, as copied from 
the original for us by Rev. Mr. Sewall. It has never been 
printed before] : — 

“ A Few Shadie Meditations occasi- 
“ oned by the Death of the Deservedly 
“ Honoured John Hull Esq! who was 
“ removed from his earthly tabernacle 
“ to be an Inhabitant of that house 
“ not made with hands eternall in 
“ the Heavens Sept : 30 : 1683. 1 

“ Great Worthies merit well the Pens & pains 
“ Of Noblest Wits with high poetick strains 
“ To write to speake yf virtues & to tell 
“ Of choice perfections wherein they excell, 

“ Wherein they are fair patterns to the Age, 

“ In which they live & act upon the stage; 

“ They living this to merit may be said, 

“ Injustice only keeps it back when dead; 

“ How great injustice then may all Esteeme 
“ Penurious silence is, when such a theam 
“ So fairly is propos’d, a theam that might 
“Matter for Volumes yeeld; No Parasite 

Hill, Capt. Henchman, Capt. Wing, and ten or a dozen more, men of note in Boston 
at that day. They met at each other’s houses, alternately, on Wednesday evening , 
once a fortnight, sometimes once a week; and the exercises were prayer, and the 
exposition of a text of Scripture, which was given out at the previous evening, and 
‘ spoken to ’ by each member in his turn, and sometimes by a minister who gave 
them his company. This was ‘ the meeting ’ from which Mr. Hull and his son-in-law 
were absent, on Wednesday, April 18,1674: and the reason of their absence doubtless 
was, that they had gone on foot to attend Dorchester Lecture , which was held on 
Wednesday (though not weekly, like the Boston Thursday Lecture, but only, I 
believe, once a month), and were too cold and weary, or too late, on their return, 
to attend their private meeting too.” 

1 “ The Meditations ” are inscribed on the back, by Judge Sewall, “ Cous. 
Dan 1 . Gookin on my Father Hull.” The paper containing them therefore, written 
in a different hand, gives us, doubtless, the original verses, not a cop?/, written by 
Eev. Mr. Gookin himself.— [Rev. Mr. Sewall.} 


256 


“SHADIE MEDITATIONS” ON HULL’S DEATH. 


“ Is craved here with’s ojdie tongue to vent 
“Flattering Encomiums of y® Man that’s meant. 

“ What can be said or what we can devise 
“ Of the truly Noble, of y® Just & Wise 
“ Of Such as famous are & Eminent 
“ For princely piety whose hearts are bent 
“ Are wholly bent for God for heav’n while here, 

“To whom heav’ns high & Glorious Ends are deare, 

“ May all be said of Him Unfeigned Lover 
“ Of pious wages, & yet too much wee cover. 

“ What can be said of th’ Liberall heart & hand 
“ That liberall things contrives which make him Stand, 

“ That Him that’s Poor is ready to befriend, 

“ And hath a happy, honourable End, 

“ That Naked, hungry, Thirsty, Christ releeves 
“ From whom Christ Sick, imprisoned, much receeves 
“ May all be said of Him Unwearied Lover 
“ Of Christ’s Poor ; this wee speak, yet much wee cover. — 

“ What can be said in truth of him y* gains 
“ By Heavens teaching Industry, and pains 
“ Much soul enlightning skill in things divine 
“ Which guards the heart which makes y® face to shine 
“ By which the Soule Mysterious depths can sound, 

“ Which such as want this Wisedome would confound, 

“ May all be said of Him Undoubted Lover 
“ Of Light & truth, yet all wee don’t discover. — 

“ The Soveraign hand that orders all below 
“ That freely gives what he to none doth ow 
“ Did To this Worthy deal out Earthly Treasure 
“ (That which the world calls Glory) in good measure ; 

“ And yet in midst of all ’twas strange to see 
“ His heart for God & Heav’n he still keeps free 
“ Gold’s Not his God, glittering delights beneath 
“ His Chiefest good were farr, he’d nere bequeath 
“ His soule to things, which soules can never fill 
“ God was his all, God had his mind & Will. 


DIVISION OF HULL’S PROPERTY. 


257 


“ Who is’t that don’t admire Job’s Patience; 

“ Here’s a true coppy surely taken thence: 

“ Moses in Meekness once did all Excell; 

“ Here’s Meekness truly that’s neare Parallel. 

“ Order’s the beautie of the World’s Rare frame 
“ ’Tis that which gives it lustre; ’tis the same, 

“ That made his house worthy desires of all 
“ That prize a Bethel, more than Babel’s Hall. 

“Numerous perfections, which we here omitt 
“ That render men for Earth or Heaven fitt, 

“ Might justly added bee unto the Rest; 

“ (Splendid endowments of an Heav’nly Guest.) 

“ Much inward Worth that only to the Eye 
“ Of Him is open, that hearts can descry, 

“ Lies covered up in silence till y? day, 

“ When Hearts deep Secrets th’ Highest shall display. 

“ No wonder then we heare the Sobbs & sighs, 

“ Complaints reecho’d with heart melting cryes 
“ Of such whose hearts are wounded, bleeding lie 
“ Under deep sense of this their destiny. 

“ Oh such a father, husband, Brother, friend ! 

“ Who knowes alas where such a losse will End : 

“ Thus without hope mourning might Such remain 
“And justly count all hopes to bee in vaine, 

“Did not El Shaddai ever live to bee 
“ As His, So Theirs in never ending glee.” 

[The body of Mr. Hull was buried, on the 5th of October, 
in a tomb in the Granary Burying Ground, which is still to 
be seen there, having the name of Judge Sewall inscribed 
on the side. He had built it for himself. In the same tomb 
were gathered successively the remains of his widow, of his 
son-in-law and daughter, and many of his relatives, con¬ 
nections, and descendants. 

As has been said, he died intestate. The folio win o* a°ree- 

c? o 

ment for the division of his property, copied from the Suffolk 


258 


DIVISION OF HULL’S PROPERTY. 


Registry of Wills, will show what and how large it was at 
the period of his death.] 


Hull’s Estate. — (Division.) 

Proposalls for Division and Setlement of the Estate left 
by John Hull, Esq) late of Boston, dece d intestate made & 
agreed upon between Judith his Relict widow, Samuel Sewall 
& Hannah his wife the onely childe of s d John Hull & 
Administrators of s d estate, humbly offered to the considera¬ 
tion of the Hono bIe County Court, for their confirmation (if 
they shall thinke fit) on whome the power of setling the 
estates of Intestates is devolved by Law; which proposalls 
are as neer as they can judge agreeable to the minde of y® 
dece d so far as he com’unicated y? same to them; and are as 
followeth. 

Imp 6 . 3 That-that the s d Judith Hull in consideration of her 
Thirds in y e real estate shall have and enjoy the mansion 
house of the s d Ml Hull, wherein hee dyed, w th all the land 
thereto adjoining and belonging; and all tenements, shop, 
out-houseing and buildings whatsoever on any part of s d land 
standing ; with a small orchard or parcel of land thereto neer 
adjacent late purchased of Ml Edward Rawson. Also one 
moity of all y e . warehouses yard and wharfe scituate upon the 
Creeke in Boston neer the little Bridge commonly called 
Ml Peter Oliver’s Bridge. 

2'^ All the lands lying at Muddy River within the limits 
of Boston, with y c houseing, barnes, buildings and fences 
thereupon, viz : —Brookline lands (so called) in the present 
tenure & occupation of Simon Gates. Swamp line Lands 
in the tenure and occupation of George Bairstow ; And 
Hoggscote Lands in the tenure and occupation of Andrew 
Gardner. 


DIVISION OF HULL’S PROPERTY. 


259 


3T One third part, right, share, title & interest in three 
dwellings scitnate in Boston, made over by Deeds of mort¬ 
gage ; the one from Hudson Leverett, which is in his own 
present occupation ; a second by Bichard Woodde in y e occu¬ 
pation of his widow; and the third by William Hoar Baker, 
in y e . present occupation of s d Hoar. Or one third part of 
the monys w c . h may be paid for in redemption of y e . s'! dwell¬ 
ings or either of them, or w c . h they shall produce upon sale, and 
a third of all interest & rents ariseing therefrom in the meane 
time. 

To have and to hold possess and injoy all and every of 
the s'! premisses with the rents issues profits and improvements 
thence to be had made raysed or gained, unto the s d Judith 
Hull and her assignes to her sole use benefit & behoofe for 
and during the full time and term of her naturall life; the 
Bevertion of the Mansion house w 1 ! 1 all the land thereto 
belonging, and all Tenements, Shop, buildings and edifices 
whatsoever on any part thereof standing with the priviledges 
and appurtenances belonging; Also y e . little orchard or par¬ 
cel of land bought of Mf Bawson neer adjacent to y e Mansion 
house ; with the dwelling house and land on the other side 
of the street purchased of Bobert Walker; and a small pas¬ 
ture being part of the land bought of John Damerill fronting 
on y e . street leading towards Fort-hill in Boston, and all the 
Lands lying at Sherborn, alias Boggastow, at the decease of 
the s d Judith Hull, to fall in equall division among 8 . 4 the chil¬ 
dren of the s d Hannah Sewall her daughter, namely Samuel, 
Hannah and Elizabeth, which now are, and such as shee 
may further have at any time & times hereafter. 

Likewise at the decease of the s d Samuell Sewall and 
Hannah his present wife the Bevertion of all the aforemen¬ 
tioned lands at muddy Biver, with y e . buildings & improve¬ 
ments thereon; with the lands in Boston formerly M r 


260 


DIVISION OF HULL’S PROPERTY. 


Cottons, at Cotton Hill (commonly so called) and all the 
buildings that now are, or shal be erected thereupon : Also 
all the warehouses, land and wharfe thereto belonging afore¬ 
mentioned, w th a small Tenement thereto adjoining formerly 
leased by Cap n . e Daniel Henchman; with a small close or 
pasture ground scituate in Boston adjoining upon M r Robert 
Sanderson formerly purchased of Sarah Phippen ; All the 
s'! premisses at the decease of s d Samuel and Hannah Sewall 
to fall unto the aforenamed children of the s d Hannah that 
now or which shee may further have, to be equally divided 
amongst them: 

To have and to hold unto them their heirs and assignes for¬ 
ever, in equall parts & proportion to be set out unto them 
respectively, to the Son or Sons when he or they shall attain 
the age of Twenty one yeares, to the daughters at Twenty 
yeares of age or day of marriage which shall first happen, if 
their s d Father and Mother be both deceased before that 
time; And if any of the s d children should depart this life 
before the time for inheriting the estate so reserved for them 
in revertion, then his or her part so dying, to fall in equall 
division amongst the survivof unless such child or children 
leave issue of their body lawfully begotten, then such issue 
to enjoy the share or divident which would have faP to 
their parent. 

Item: —It is agreed, That the s d Judith Hull shall have 
and enjoy out of the personal estate to her own free and 
absolute use and dispose forever, one halfe part of all the 
household goods and Furniture in and belonging to the Man¬ 
sion house, and one halfe part of all the wearing plate; Also 
one full third part of all the trading stock, goods wares mer¬ 
chandizes, monys, debts and whatsoever else is belonging to 
the personal estate; She bearing one third part loss by bad 
debts or any adverse providence which may happen. And 


DIVISION OF HULL’S PROPERTY. 


261 


also paying one third part of all debts justly oweing from 
y e estate, funerall charges & other past charges & dis- 
burstm 1 . 8 relating to y e estate, or what shall further be disburs’t 
for gathering in y e same. 

Lastly, it is fully consented to and agreed, that the 
s d Samuel Sewall and Hannah his wife (the only child left 
by s d M r Hull) shall have and enjoy the full remainder and 
residue of all their s d Fathers estate (not hereinbefore ex- 
press’t to be reserved) both real and personal, of houscing 
lands or Tenements wheresoever lying scituate & being house¬ 
hold goods, plate, moneys, debts, trading stocks, goods, wares, 
merchandizes and whatsoever else of any nature sort or kinde 
is thereunto appertaining. To have and to hold, possess 
and enjoy the same, with all the Rents, issues, profits and 
increase thereof unto them the s d Samuel and Hannah their 
heires & assigns forever. They bearing two third parts of 
loss hapning by bad debts or any adverse providence, and 
paying two thirds of all just debts, funerall charges and other 
past charges and disbursm 13 and of what shall farther be dis¬ 
burs’t for gathering in of the estate. 

Likewise that the s d Samuel and Hannah shall have and 
enjoy for term of life, and the longer liver of them. Cotton 
Hill lands with the buildings thereupon, the pasture close 
bought of Sarah Phippen, from y e day of y e date of these 
presents. And also at the decease of their mother, M” Judith 
Hull, all the aforementioned lands and houseing at Muddy 
River, her moity of the warehouses and small Tenement 
adjoining for term of life, the revertion thereof, at their 
decease to fall in equall division amongst all the children of 
s d Hannah as is before provided. In Testimony of our full 
consent and agreement to this division and setlement, if the 
Hono bl Court shall please to confirme the same (w ch we 

humbly pray) wee the persons abovenamed have hereunto 

34 


262 hull’s accounts with the colony. 

put our hands 1 and affixed our seales this Twelfth day of 
March Ann 0 Dom. 168|, annoq e R.R S Caroli Secundi xxxvi. 
Judith Hull & a seale. Samuel Sewall & a seale. Hannah 
Sewall & a seale. Signed, sealed & deli’vd in y e . presence of 
Daniel Quinsey, John Alcocke, Eliakim Mather. 

At a County Court for Suffolke sitting in Boston by 
adjournm? 13 March 168J, M r . 8 Judith Hull, Mf Samuel 
Sewall and M7 Hannah, his wife, personally appearing 
acknowledged this Instrum? to be their voluntary act and 
deed; which the Court approve of and confirme as a setle- 
ment of s^ estate, so far as they are concerned therein. 
Entred 14 March 168J- pr. Is* Addington, CD Attest 
Is a Addington, Cl r . c 

A true copy from the Records of Deeds for Suffolk County, 
Lib. 13, fol. 92. 

Attest, Henry Alline, Reg. 

[Capt. Hull’s name was inserted in the quo warranto issued 
in London against the Governor and Company, on the 20th 
of July, 1683, among other distinguished citizens of the 
Colony. He was not living, however, when the General 
Court met to consider this subject. This meeting was on 
the 7th of November, 1683. 

At this session of the General Court, a petition was pre¬ 
sented from his widow and son-in-law for the settlement of 
his accounts. 

It shows that the accounts were not settled in his lifetime, 
and from no fault of his own; that he kept the account with 
his own hand till weakness of body and the bulk of the 
account compelled him to take Capt. Daniel Henchman as his 
assistant; that there were indeed twelve thousand vouchers 


1 Reing solely concerned therein. 


hull’s accounts with the colony. 


263 


and other papers filed ; that one of his relations, and two of 
his apprentices, labored much in this service, for all which 
he charged nothing. He was, all along, many hundred 
pounds out of his estate for the supply of the country ; and 
“ did preserve their credit,” says the petition, “ by taking up 
and engaging several sums on their behalf, besides his own 
disbursements.” 

This petition was referred to a Committee ; which reported 
that the sum of five hundred and forty-five pounds three 
shillings and tenpence half-penny was due to Hull from the 
country, and proposed that the country should pay this by 
paying four hundred pounds, with interest, to Capt. Phillips, 
of Charlestown (of whom Capt. Hull had borrowed that 
amount for the Colony), and to the administrators fifty pounds. 
This settlement was satisfactory to the administrators ; al¬ 
though Hull’s own last account had shown that seventeen 
hundred pounds were due him from the country. The pay¬ 
ment seems to have involved a waiver on their part of a 
considerable sum. The following letter of Capt. Hull’s to 
the General Court explains the transaction with Mr. Phil¬ 
lips. 

At the request of the administrators, the petition and 
answer were recorded in full on the Colony Records, where 
we have found and used them. 1 ] 


To the Honorable General Court now sitting in Boston , the humble 

Representation of John Hull. 

Gentlemen, I was in dissburss for the Country in May 
1676 when I was first Ca[lled] 2 to be their Treasurer in 
money about seven hundred Pounds. And since seldom 

1 Vol. v. p. 427. 

2 The MS. (Archives, Pecuniary, vol. i.) is somewhat worn on the edges. 


264 


hull’s accounts with the colony. 


less than 15 or £1600 until my order to receive in October 
1680. 

In November 1678 I went unto most of the Merchants 
& Gentlemen in this town to intreat them to pay for the 
Country £100 apiece in London, before March following 

-[because] £700 was then to be there paid to complete 

the payment for the Province of Maine, but I could not get 
anything to be obliged by any one. I then ventured m[yself] 
seven hundred pounds at Interest, because I understood that 
the £550 that was [sent] before would be lost if the other 
was not complied with, for which for repayment I had also 
given my bond to Mr. John Phillips of Charltowne for 
£6[00] and interest at 6 per cent until repaid and to others 
for lesser sums. 

My encouragement was that God had called me to the 
place and had given me what I had for such a time, — that it 
was for a good people as (I hoped) such as would be just & 
righteous if not also grateful. 

Gent. I am willing to lose freely one hundred Pound out 
of my own estate, & if it were indeed needful, much 
more. 

I intreat you to give order to the Present Treasurer to pay 
Pour Hundred Pounds more than this your bill speaketh of 
(which is Voted by the Honoured House of Deputies Oct. 22.) 
unto Mr. John Phillips aforesaid for which I am yet in 
bonds. 

And to quicken up the towns of Salem, Salisbury, New¬ 
berry, Medfeild, Linn, Dedham, Toppsfeild, To send in 
speedily upon some Penalty what they are yet behind with 
me. The fault lyeth in the Towns who appointed Constables 
uncapable to so great a service as was committed unto them 
in these years of so great disbursements. 1 


1 Philip’s War. 



hull’s accounts with the colony. 


265 


I clo Count it my duty to spend and to be spent for the 
Public welfare but I thing it (with all Humility) also your 
duty. Honoured Gentlemen, not to suffer me to lose more than 
needeth. 

I leave myself with God and you, and am, Gent. 

Your humble servant 

John Hull. 1 

Boston, Oct. 25, 1681. 


1 For a specimen of Hull’s accounts, see Appendix G. 




. 






























APPENDIX. 





















































APPENDIX. 


Note A. — Page 141. 

HULL’S FAMILY. 

The Diary, in different places, makes allusion to Hull’s 
relatives of different degrees. In the Memoir prefixed to the 
Diary, we have collected the names of those mentioned in it 
and in the “ Letter-Book ” in our possession. 

To exhibit more clearly the relationship of these parties to 
each other, we arrange our various notes regarding them, — 
besides those which have been inserted as foot-notes, — in 
the order of the three generations, — I., John Hull’s father’s ; 
II., his own; and, III., his daughter’s. 

Generation I. 

(1) Robert Hull, of Market Hareborough, England. It is 
said he was a blacksmith by trade [Rev. Mr. Sewall]. He 
arrived in Boston, Nov. 7, 1635 ; was a member of the First 

Church. His first wife was ( 2 ) Elizabeth, widow of--- 

Storer. She died May 7, 1646, in Boston. Robert Hull after¬ 
wards married (3) Judith Paine, the widow of Moses Paine. 
Her first husband was Edmund Quincy, of Achurch, North¬ 
amptonshire, England, who removed to America, and arrived 
in Boston, Sept. 4, 1633. She died in 1654. By his first 
wife, Robert Hull had John and Edward Hull. 

We have mentioned, on p. 124, Mather’s story of Mr. 

35 




270 


APPENDIX. 


Wilson’s prophecy as to Hull’s wealth. We trust that the 
observation of Hull’s kindness to his mother was true. 
It seems certain, however, that Mather did not truly under¬ 
stand the position of the parties. He says that Wilson, 
“ beholding a young man extraordinary dutiful in all possi¬ 
ble ways of being serviceable to his aged mother, then weak 
in body and poor in estate, [said] ‘ I charge you take notice 
what I say. God will certainly bless that young man. John 
Hull shall grow rich, and live to do God good service in his 
generation.’ It came to pass, accordingly, that this exem¬ 
plary person became a very rich as well as emphatically a 
good man, and afterwards died a magistrate of the Colony.” 

This agreeable anecdote, which we trust is true in its 
essentials, must be read with the recollection, that, when John 
Hull’s mother died, her husband was living, to all appear¬ 
ance, in prosperous condition. 

At Robert Hull’s death, he left to John Hull “my part 
of the house which was first built, orchard and garden and 
lot at Muddy River, thirty acres, which I promised, at his 
marriage, to give at my death.” He also leaves the following 
bequest: “ I give to my son Edmund Quincy that portion 
that is due to me by my wife; and to his son John Quincy a 
lot at Braintree, which was my son Richard Storer’s; and, to 
Richard Storer, T9.” 

To the same generation with Robert Hull belongs 

(4) - Hull, of London, believed by Rev. Mr. Sewall 

to be named Edward Hull. He was father of Edward 
Hull, a merchant of London. For the father, see p. 159. 
With him and his son, John Hull and Samuel Sewall corre¬ 
sponded ; and Sewall was frequently at the son’s house, in 
London. 


Generation II. 

(6) JOHN HULL, the author of the preceding Diaries, 
was born Dec. 18, 1624, in Market Hareborough, in Leices¬ 
tershire ; removed to New England with his father, 1 Robert 



hull’s family. 


271 


Hull; married, May 11, 1647, (7) Judith Quincy, daughter 
of Edmund and 3 Juclith Quincy, the latter of whom is named 
above, as subsequently marrying her son-in-law’s father. 

John Hull died Oct. 1, 1683. 7 Judith Hull survived 

him. She resided, until her death in 1695, with her daughter, 
Mrs. Sewall. The following notices of her, after the death 
of her husband, appear in the Diary of Chief Justice 
Sewall: — 

Jan. 10, 1687. I carried my mother Hull on my horse to 
Poxbury Lecture, when Mr. Moodey preached from John 
xv. 6. Mr. Stoughton, the President, 1 and my Uncle Quincy, 2 
were there. A very pleasant, comfortable day. 

June 21, 1695. About one at night, Jane came up, with 
an unusual gait, to tell us of my mother Hull’s illness; she 
not being able to speak for a considerable time. About eight 
or nine o’clock, I called Mr. Willard, at her desire. Finding 
the room free once, and observing her very great weakness, 
I took the opportunity to thank her for all her labors of love 
to me and mine; and she, after a while, said, “ God pity 
them ! ” which was the last prayer I heard her make. About 
six o’clock, I called Mr. Willard, 3 but could not discern any 
attention to his prayer, her disease so prevailed. A little 
before sunset she expired, to our surprising grief and sorrow. 
About noon, some one in the next room spoke about who 
should watch. My dear mother said she should need no 
watcher; she should be above, at rest. 

June 24. My dear mother is buried. The bearers were 
Mr. Danforth, Pussell, Cooke, Elisha Hutchinson, Adding¬ 
ton, Sergeant. 4 

1 Increase Mather. 

2 8 Edmund Quincy, of Braintree. 

8 Rev. S. Willard, of the Old South, Vice-President of Harvard College from 
1701 to 1707, —almost the only clergyman who opposed the witchcraft delusion. 

4 Thomas Danforth, Deputy-Governor from 1679 to 1686, President of Maine, 
Judge of the Supreme Court, &c.; died 1699, aged 77. 

James Russell, of Charlestown, Judge, Treasurer of Massachusetts, &c.; died 
1709, aged 68. 

Elisha Cooke, one of the Council of Safety, agent for Massachusetts in England, 
&c.; died 1715, aged 78. 

Elisha Hutchinson, Adjutant, one of the Council, &c.; grandson of Ann Hut¬ 
chinson; died 1717, aged 77. 

Isaac Addington, Speaker, Secretary of the Colony, &c.; died 1715. 

P. Sergeant, one of the Council of Safety, &c. 


272 


APPENDIX. 


The following monody on her memory was printed on a 
separate sheet at the time. We are indebted for a copy of it 
to Miss Quincy : — 


Mrs. Judith Hull, 

Of Boston, in N.E. Daughter of 
Mr. Edmund Quincey : late wife of 
John Hull Esq. deceased. 

A Diligent, Constant, Fruitfull Reader 
and Hearer of the Word of GOD, 
Rested from her Labours, June 22, 1695 : 
being the seventh day of the Week, a little 
before Sun-set; just about the time She 
used to begin the Sabbath. 

Anno iEtatis suae 69. 


EPITAPH. 

(fwreat Sarah’s Faith; join’d with good Hannah’s Prayer 
For hearing of the Word, glad Marie’s Care; 

Aged Elizabeth’s just walk; To dwell 
Nigh Prophets, a true Shunamitish Zeal; 

An Humble Soul Trim’d with an High Neglect 
Of Gay Things, but with Ancient Glories deckt; 

All these Expir’d at once! Array’d with them, 

Our Huldah’s gone to God’s Jerusalem: 

Without a Figure so, with her Last Breath 
Sliee Triumph’d o’er that Holophernes, Death. 

Perfect in Thoughts, Words, Deeds, She soars on high 
Performing what her Name did signifie. 


(8) Edward Hull, brother of John, and son of Robert Hull, 
married Elinor Newman, Jan. 20, 1652-3, at Boston. 

To this second generation of this table belongs (9) Ed¬ 
mund Quincy, brother of 7 Judith Quincy [afterwards Hull], 








hull’s family. 


273 


and son of Edmund and 3 Judith. Quincy, the first emigrants, 
named above. He was born at Achurch, in England, 1627. 
He was one of the Council of Safety, &c. Hied at Brain¬ 
tree, January, 1698. 

Bichard Storer was the half-brother of John Hull. 

Generation III. 

(10) Hannah Hull, the only child who lived to adult age of 
6 John Hull and 7 Judith Hull, married (11) Samuel Sewall, 
on the 11th of May, 1675. He was son of Henry Sewall, who 
was son of Henry Sewall, the eldest son of Henry Sewall, a 
linen-draper, of Coventry, England. Jane Hummer, daugh¬ 
ter of Stephen Hummer, of Newbury (whose wife was 

-Archer), was wife of Henry Sewall, and mother of 

11 Samuel Sewall. 

Hannah and Samuel Sewall had fourteen children, of whom 
six arrived at adult age ; viz.: — 

(12) Samuel, b. 4th June, 1678 ; m. Bebecca, daughter of 
Gov. Jos. Hudley, and settled in Brookline ; d. Eeb. 27, 1751. 

(13) Hannah, b. 1680; d. unmarried. 

(14) Elizabeth, b. 29th Hecember, 1681; m. Grove Hirst, 
Esq., 17th October, 1700; and d. July 10, 1716. 

(15) Joseph, H.H., b. 15th August, 1688; gr. 1707; ord. 
colleague with Bev. E. Pemberton; d. June 27, 1769. 

(16) Mary, b. Oct. 28, 1691; m. Samuel Gerrish, of Bos¬ 
ton; and d. Nov. 16, 1710. 

(17) Judith, b. Jan. 2, 1702; m. Bev. William Cooper, 
of Boston, May 12, 1720; d. Hec. 23, 1720. 

From these descend all of our author’s own blood who are 
now living. 

We do not attempt to trace the descent of 10 Hannah 
Sewall, and her husband, 11 Samuel, farther ; except to say that 
they are the ancestors of a large family, distinguished in the 
annals of Massachusetts for the last century. We abstain, 
because this genealogy belongs properly to the forthcoming 



274 


APPENDIX. 


Diary of Judge Sewall, which is the appropriate sequel to 
this volume. 

A valuable letter from Judge Sewall, written in his old 
age, relating to the genealogy of the Sewall family, is in 
the possession of Rev. Mr. Sewall, and will be published, 
as we learn, in the Memoir of Judge Sewall, which will 
be prefixed to this edition of his Diary. Through Mr. 
Sewall’s kindness, we learn a curious fact as to the way in 
which Judge Sewall and his wife first met. When he took 
his second degree, in 1674, at Cambridge, Mrs. Hannah Hull, 
as John Hull’s daughter was called in the style of the day, 
was on a visit at the house of President Hoar, her uncle. 
“ She saw me,” writes the Judge, fifty-four years after, “ and 
set her affections on me ,* though I knew nothing of it till 
after our marriage, which was Feb. 28, 1675-6. Governor 
Bradstreet married us in that we now call the Old Hall ; 
’twas then all in one, a very large room. As I remember. 
Madam Thacher and Madam Page (with whom Governor 
Bradstreet boarded) visited us the next day.” 

There is a tradition, which has often been printed, that, on 
the occasion of this marriage, the Mint-master, placing his 
daughter in one of the scales of his warehouse, poured pine- 
tree shillings into the other, until he had her weight in silver, 
and gave this sum to the bridegroom as her dowry. It is a 
pleasant story, which we could hardly expect to justify by 
any direct authority. Rev. Mr. Sewall, however, furnishes 
us, from the bridegroom’s ledger, the exact sums which at 
that time he received from his new father-in-law. They are 
entered thus : — 


1675. Dr. 

My Father-in-law, Mr. John 

Hull, to his Free Promise £500.0.0 


1675. Or. 

Feb. 11, By money received . £30.0.0 
Mai. 13, ,, ,, ,, . 35.0.0 

By balance when new Stated 

Accts. 435.0.0 


The only dates of money received are, the one seventeen 
days before, the other a fortnight after, the marriage of Mr. 
Sewall to Mr. Hull’s daughter. It will be observed that the 




hull’s family. 


275 


<£435, instead of being paid in shillings, was paid by being 
passed in a balance to a new account. £500 was very clearly 
the amount of the dowry. This would be ten thousand shil¬ 
lings, or fifteen hundred ounces of silver. 

Now, it is certainly worthy of notice, that, if this had been 
paid the wedding-night (as it appears it was not), if it were 
weighed against the bride, if she did happen to weigh an 
even weight of ounces of silver and of pounds of currency, 
her weight (troy) was exactly one hundred and twenty-five 
pounds. As she has long been held up for a jest, as if she 
were particularly heavy, we trust this precise examination of 
the ledger and the legend may not seem amiss. Whether she 
were or were not weighed against pine-tree shillings, her 
dowry was, in fact, her “ weight in silver,” if she weighed 
a hundred and twenty-five pounds ; which is, perhaps, about 
the average weight of young ladies of her age. 1 

To the same generation belongs (18) Daniel Quincy, cousin 
of Hannah Hull, and alluded to in the Diary. (18) Daniel 
Quincy was the eldest son of 9 Edmund Quincy, the brother 
of 7 Mrs. Hull, and was born in Braintree, 1650. He went 
to England in John Hull’s employment. He died Aug. 10, 
1690, leaving one son, (19) John Quincy, who was Speaker 
of the House many years. Daniel Quincy was apprentice of 
his uncle, our author. The distinction which his descendants 
have since attained gives a peculiar interest to the following 
letter from Hon. John Quincy Adams, which we are permit¬ 
ted to publish by the kindness of Eev. George W. Blagden, 
D.D., to whom it was addressed : — 

Quincy, 18th September, 1839. 

Eev. Geokge W. Blagden, Boston. 

Dear Sir, — I return, with many thanks, the original 
copy of the letter of 18th November, 1669, from the members 
of the South Church to John Hull, mentioned in the note, 
p. 84, of Mr. Wisner’s Sermons ; 2 and therewith I enclose 

1 Hutchinson says her dowry was said to be £30,000, paid in shillings. Allen 
repeats the story, but makes it sixpences. In this case, if that were her weight, 
she would have weighed three tons and three-quarters. 

2 See note E, in this Appendix. 


276 


APPENDIX. 


the copy of the letter from Chief Justice Sewall to his son, of 
21st April, 1720, which I mentioned to you when I had the 
pleasure of meeting you at your house. 1 

The first Edmund Quincy, and his wife Judith, were 
admitted members of the First Church, November, 1633. 

Their daughter, Judith Quincy, married John Hull; and 
she is stated by Mr. Wisner to have been, as well as her 
husband, one of the founders of the South Church. She was 
one of the women who joined in communion with their hus¬ 
bands at that church, in April, 1669, and then addressed a 
letter to the First Church, requesting to be released from 
their covenant engagements with them for the purpose of 
being united with the new church; and her name is among 
the twenty-three members admitted to the South Church 
on the 16th of October, 1674. 

She was the mother of Hannah Hull, who, as you will per¬ 
ceive by the enclosed letter, was, on the 28th of February, 
1675-6, married to Samuel Sewall, then only twenty-three 
years of age, but afterwards Chief Justice of the Province, 
and the writer of the enclosed letter. 

They were both members of the South Church; his name 
appearing as admitted on the 30th of March, 1677, and hers on 
the 1st of January, 1688. 

The brother of Mrs. Judith Hull, the second Edmund 
Quinsey, lived, and was a member of the church, at Braintree. 
His first wife was Joanna Hoar, sister of Leonard Hoar, the 
person who came over from England in 1672, preached some 
time as assistant to Mr. Thacher at the South Church, and 
was then elected President of Harvard College. He had 
been educated at that College, where his name appears 
among the graduates of 1650. 

In that same year, his sister, Mrs. Joanna Quinsey, became 
the mother of Daniel Quinsey, who was afterwards placed as 
an apprentice with his uncle, John Hull, who was a gold¬ 
smith, and some years afterwards Treasurer of the Province, 
and the contractor for the coinage of the celebrated pine-tree 
shillings. 

In 1650, Mrs. Joanna Quinsey died; and her husband 
afterwards married Elizabeth Gookin. By her, he had three 
children; the eldest of whom, born in 1681, was the third 
Edmund Quincy, who became a Judge of the Superior Court, 
and agent of the Province at London, where he died, in 


1 This is the letter alluded to above. 


hull’s family. 


277 


February, 1738, of the small-pox. He was the great-grand¬ 
father of Josiah Quincy, the present President of Harvard 
University. 

In 1682, Daniel Quinsey was married to Anna Shepard, 
daughter of the second Thomas Shepard, and first of that 
name minister at Charlestown. 

Of this marriage, the issue were two children, — Anna, 
born the 1st and baptized the 7th of June, 1685 ; and John , 
born the 21st and baptized the 28th of July, 1689, — both at 
the South Church. 

This John Quincy, son of Daniel and Anna Quinsey, 
was the person whose name I bear. Pie was the father of 
Elizabeth Smith (wife of William Smith, minister of Wey¬ 
mouth), my mother’s mother. He was on his deathbed, 
at the age of seventy-seven, when I was baptized; and 
it was at his daughter’s request that his name was given 
to me. 

He had been an orphan almost from his birth; his father, 
Daniel Quinsey, having died at the age of forty, about one 
year after his birth, in August, 1690. He was graduated at 
Harvard College in 1708 ; and, within a year afterwards, his 
grandmother, Mrs. Anna Shepard, died, and bequeathed to 
him a farm at Mount Wollaston, where he ever after resided, 
and died. 

It was only by the inspection of the record of your church 
that I ascertained where he had received the right of bap¬ 
tism ; and only a few days before that I had discovered, in 
the Boston Town Records, the time and place of his birth. 

As one of the children of your church, these particulars 
concerning him may perhaps be of some interest to you; and 
they are peculiarly gratifying to me, as they have furnished 
me the occasion of becoming personally acquainted with you, 
and of being indebted to your kindness for the inspection 
of your Church Records. 

I am, with great respect, dear sir, your obedient servant, 

John Quincy Adams. 


P.S., 19th September. — Since writing the above, I have 
seen, in the Library of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
manuscript abstracts of sermons preached at the South Church 
by Mr. Leonard Hoar, on the 21st, 24th, and 28th of July; 

36 


278 


APPENDIX. 


4th and 25th of August; 8th, 15th, 22d, and 29th September ; 
6th, 13th, 20th, and 27th October; 3d, 13th, 17th, and 24th 
November; 1st, 8th, and 15th December, — 1670. Chief Jus- 
tice Sewall’s letter says he arrived from England in July, and 
was installed as President of Harvard College in December 
ot that year. The manuscript abstracts are intermixed with 
similar abridgments of sermons by Mr. Thacher, and other 
ministers of that time. 

J. Q. A. 

We have the following account of the wedding of 18 Daniel 
Quincy from the Diary of Chief Justice Sewall: — 

“ Thursday, Nov. 9, 1682. Daniel Quincy married Mrs. 
Anna Shepard, before John Hull, Esq. Samuel Nowell, 
Esq., and many persons present, — almost Capt. Brattle’s 
great hall full. Mr. Willard began with prayer ; Mr. T. 
Shepard concluded. As he was praying, Cousin Savage, 
my mother Hull, my wife, and myself, came in. A good 
space after, when we had eaten cake and drunk wine and 
beer plentifully, we are called into the hall again to sing. In 
singing-time, Mrs. Brattle 1 goes out, being ill. Most of the 
company go away, thinking it a lit. But she grows worse, 
speaks not a word, and so dies away in her chair. And the 
strangeness and horror of the thing fills the (just now) joy¬ 
ous house with sorrow and ejulation.” 

For many of these particulars relating to families of so 
wide connections and so much influence in the Common¬ 
wealth, we are indebted to the kindness of Miss Eliza Quincy, 
of Boston; Rev. Mr. Sewall, of Burlington; Dr. N. B. 
Shurtleff; and Rev. George W. Blagden, D.D. 

1 Mrs. Brattle and Mrs. Shepard were sisters, daughters of Edward Tyng. Mrs. 
Shepard survived both (18) Daniel Quincy and his wife, and bequeathed the estate at 
Mount Wollaston to her grandson, John Quincy. 

When William Coddington removed to Rhode Island, part of the extensive tract 
of land assigned by the town of Boston to him and Edmund Quincy, in 1635 at 
Mount Wollaston, was sold to Edward Tjmg. By the will of Mrs. Shepard it 
became the property and residence of the great-grandson of Edmund Quincy, the 
associate of Mr. Coddington. 


hull’s short-hand. 


279 


Note B. — Page 143. 

HULL’S SHORT-HAND. 

The short-hand used by Hull is named by Mr. Pitman, in 
his sketch of the modern history of this science, as the 
seventh system introduced in England, where more than a 
hundred systems have since flourished. It is the system 
invented and taught by Theophilus Metcalfe, and seems to 
have gained very considerable popularity, and retained it 
longer than most systems : for it was first published in 1645 ; 
and we find that editions of Metcalfe’s treatise on it were 
published at least as late as 1698, when the thirty-fifth was 
printed, which is in the Library of Harvard College. The 
copy in the Library of our own Society was printed in 1674. 

The title of this little hand-book is, “Short Writing; the 
Most Easie, Exact, Lineal, and Speedy Method that hath ever 
been obtained or taught. Composed by Theophilus Metcalfe, 
Author and Professor of the said Art.” 

Such considerable portions of Hull’s Diary and Letter- 
Book are written in short-hand, that it appeared to the Com¬ 
mittee of Publication necessary to decipher it before this 
volume was published. On application to Bev. Thomas Hill, 
of Waltham, who is very thoroughly learned in the arts of 
“ short writing,” he kindly furnished us with the alphabets 
of all the early systems ; and, after a little experiment, it 
proved that Metcalfe’s was that which Hull employed. The 
system itself is a wretched one ; compared with the modern 
systems, it is intolerable; and, even compared with Hull’s 
own long-hand, it seems very doubtful whether he could 
write his short-hand any faster than he wrote that. Lie wrote 
it very poorly also. From year to year, his own use of it 
varied. There are entries in it made in the margin of his 
notes for 1652: but there is nothing which shows that these 
were made at that date; and the entry of April 8 and 11, 1655, 


280 


APPENDIX. 


in the margin of the Public Diary, is probably the earliest 
entry in our MSS. The last, and much the worst written in 
the Diary, is that of May 1, 1665 ; but in the Letter-Book is 
a copy of a letter to his cousin Leonard Hoar, of as late 
date as June 2, 1672, written in this character. Between 
these periods, he had different habits of writing it, and, 
towards the close of his experiments with it, united the let¬ 
ters more than at the beginning. 

In the labor of deciphering, we were, all along, lured on 
by the hope of finding some matter of the Colony negotiations 
with the English authorities, which Hull had preferred to 
keep secret upon his Diary ; but, now that the labor is over, 
we cannot state any reason why he should have written these 
particular passages in this character. He must have been led 
merely by the whim of the moment. With this uniform re¬ 
sult of the elucidation of the short-hand of the Diary, we have 
not thought it necessary to unravel that of the Letter-Book, 
as we have determined not to print the Letter-Book in full. 

As there exist some volumes of sermons written mostly by 
Hull in this character, — some of which, as election sermons, 
probably bear more or less on the politics of the time, — and 
as there are other MSS. of that century written in this same 
short-hand, 1 we have prepared the annexed page, for the 
purpose of showing Hull’s variations from Metcalfe’s own 
directions as to his system of writing. 

Although Hull employs some arbitrary characters of his 
own, we have found no instance where he makes use of the 
formidable list of Metcalfe’s. 

The future decipherer must recollect that Hull shapes the 
character very carelessly, and often puts a letter from the ordi¬ 
nary alphabet into the midst of his short-hand. We have 
experienced more difficulty from this intermixture of hands 
than from any other cause. 

1 A MS. letter of Thomas Parker, first minister of Newbury, written partly in 
this character, to the synod of 1662, is preserved in the Antiquarian Society’s 
Library. 


METCALFE AND HULL’S SHORT-HAND. 


Metcalfe 

Metcalfe 

Hull 

Hull 


and Hull. 

ALONE. 

always. 

SOMETIMES 



A 



THE VOWELS. 

X 



( 

The vowels are generally indi- 

c 




cated by the place of the point (•), 

0 



£ 

or by that of the succeeding conso¬ 
nant. Thus the respective points 


L 

7 


around the letter C • indicate (V, 

0 

• u 

1 

l 




And C and T (c and /), written 

A 



in these five ways, c, of, cf c/, c , 
mean cat, cet, cit, cot, cut, respect- 




ively. So, in Hull’s writing, *e, *c, 

/"N 




'C, .C, c, would mean ac, ec, ic , oc, 





wc, respectively ; but Metcalfe re- 

\ 




quires the characters in the alpha- 

— 

e 



bet to be used as initials. 

o— 

A 




H 




Hull uses these arbitrary signs: — 

V 




// for husband. 


1. ( 

s . /. 


JV- „ every. 

/ 




y> „ pre and per, as in long-hand. 





„ congregation. 

7 



D 

y „ our. 

zS' and for o'clock. 

>» 





y 


y 


— 

X 




Metcalfe’s Lv {for) becomes, in 





Hull’s writing, c^and V. 

> 


n 

~7 

/V {are) becomes ~v 
is 2 ndly. 



> 


is after t for 

o 

1 



S’ is she. 













































































































THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 


281 


He could probably, with study, read his own short-hand 
MS.; because any intelligent man, with the key, could do 
that. We venture to express the doubt, however, whether 
he often did read it. Had he read it often, he would have cor¬ 
rected errors which are evident slips of an unaccustomed pen. 

Since the study of Metcalfe’s short-hand, which we made 
for this purpose, we have examined the two short-hand en¬ 
tries in the first volume of the Colony Records. We are 
able to say, that they are not made by Hull, nor in Metcalfe’s 
system, and that they are in two quite different systems of 
writing. The short-hand in Sewall’s almanacs is not Hull’s 
system. 

As we have said, Hull’s own use of Metcalfe’s short-hand 
began as early, at least, as 1655. Our earliest copy of Met¬ 
calfe’s book was published in 1674. Either Metcalfe 
changed his system between these dates, or Hull or his teach¬ 
ers changed it in several points. To explain these changes, 
and other peculiarities in his use of the system, we present 
the table opposite of Metcalfe’s alphabet, according to the 
edition of 1674, and of Hull’s changes from that alphabet. 
In this table, we include all Hull’s variations, which might 
puzzle a decipherer, so far as we know them. 


Note C.— Page 146. 

THE COINAGE OE MASSACHUSETTS. 

The history of the coinage of Massachusetts is so much 
confused in the different authors who have had occasion to 
speak of it, that we consider it necessary to trace it, in this 
note, from the beginning, and to print all the more important 
documents relating to it. One or two of these — which 
would have removed all the difficulties that have embar¬ 
rassed the various writers on coinage — have, till now, never 
been published. Indeed, the subject has never been treated 



282 


APPENDIX. 


with the respect or interest it deserves, except by Mr. Felt, 
in his valuable treatise on the currency of Massachusetts. 

Hull’s account, in the text, ascribes the establishment of 
the mint to the loss accruing from the introduction of coun¬ 
terfeit money. Hutchinson gives the same account, 1 with 
the additional statement, that the trade with the West Indies 
brought into New England a part of the plate and bullion 
which the buccaneers and other pirates took from the 
Spaniards. 2 This is substantially the same account with that 
given in the draught of an address to King Charles, in October, 
1684. In the address, as it was presented, this passage does 
not occur, 3 having been struck out before it passed the Gene¬ 
ral Court; but in the original, which is still preserved, there 
appears the following passage : — 

“And as for the minting and stamping pieces of silver to 
pass amongst ourselves for NII d , YI d , III d , we were necessi¬ 
tated thereunto, having no staple commodity in our country 
to pay debts or buy necessaries but fish and corn, which was 
so cumbersome and troublesome as could not be borne; 
and therefore for some yeares paper-bills passed for pay¬ 
ment of debts, which are very subject to be lost, rent, or 
counterfeited, and other inconveniences. Then comes in a 
considerable quantity of light, base Spanish money, whereby 
many people were cousened, and the Colony in danger of 
being undone thereby; which put us upon the project 
of melting it down, and stamping such pieces as aforesaid to 
pass in payment of debts amongst ourselves. Nor did we 
know it to be against any law of England or against his 
majesty’s will or pleasure till of late, but rather there was 
a tacit allowance and approbation of it; for in 1662, when 
our first agents were in England, some of our money was 
showed by Sir Thomas Temple at the council-table, and no 
dislike thereof manifested by any of those right honorable 
persons, much less a forbidding of it.” 4 

1 Vol. i. p. 164. 

2 Hutchinson, by mistake, fixes the date in October, 1651; but the true date is 
October, 1652. 

8 Records of Massachusetts, vol. v. p. 458. Another passage which was in the 
original draught, relating to the scire facias, was also omitted. 

4 Report of a Committee appointed Oct. 30, 1684. Political Volume of Manu¬ 
scripts, vol. i., in the Archives at the State House. 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 


283 


Up to May, 1652, the taxes of the country were paid in 
■wampum, cattle, corn, fish, and other such commodities, of 
which Mr. Felt has collected very curious illustrations. At 
the session of the General Court, of the 26th of May, 1652, 
this system came to an end; and the silver coinage of 
Massachusetts began, by the passage of the following Act, 
on the 10th of June, 1652: — 

“ It is ordered, and by the authority of this Court To prevent 
enacted, that the printed order about money shall be an^Sse 
in force until the first of September next, and no mmoue y- 
longer ; and that, from and after the first of September next, 
the money hereafter appointed and expressed shall be the 
current money of this Commonwealth, and no other, unless 
English (except the receivers consent thereunto). In pur¬ 
suance of the intent of this Court herein, be it further ordered 
and enacted by the authority of this Court, that all persons 
whatsoever have liberty to bring in unto the mint-house at 
Boston all bullion, plate, or Spanish coin, there to be melted 
and brought to the allay of sterling silver by John Hull, 
master of the said mint, and his sworne officers, and by him 
to be coined into twelvepenny, sixpenny, and threepenny 
pieces, which shall be, for form, flat and square on the sides, 
and stamped on the one side with NE, and on the other 
side with the figure XII d , YI cl , and III, according to the 
value of each piece, together with a privy mark, which shall 
be appointed every three months by the Governor, and known 
only to him and the sworne officers of the mint. And, further, 
the said master of the mint aforesaid is hereby required to 
coin all the said money of good silver, of the just allay of new 
sterling English money, and for value to stamp twopence in 
a shilling of lesser value than the present English coin, and the 
lesser pieces proportionably; and all such coin, as aforesaid, 
shall be acknowledged to be the current coin of this Common¬ 
wealth, and pass from man to man in all payments accordingly, 
within this jurisdiction only. And the mint-master, for him¬ 
self and officers, for their pains and labor in melting, refining, 
and coining, is allowed by this Court to take one shilling out 
of every twenty shillings which he shall stamp as aforesaid; 
and it shall be in the liberty of any person, who brings into the 
mint-house any bullion, plate, or Spanish coin, as aforesaid, to 
be present, and see the same melted, refined, and allayed, and 


284 


APPENDIX. 


then to take a receipt of the master of the mint for the weight 
of that which is good silver, allayed as aforesaid, lor which 
the mint-master shall deliver him the like weight in current 
money ; viz., every shilling to weigh three penny troy weight, 
and lesser pieces proportionally, deducting allowance for 
coinage as before expressed. And that this order, being ol so 
great concernment, may not in any particular thereof fall to 
the ground, it is further ordered, that Mr. Richard Belling¬ 
ham, Mr. Wm. Hibbens, Mr. Edward Rawson, Capt. John 
Leveret, and Mr. Thomas Clarke, be a committee appointed 
by this Court to appoint the mint-house in some convenient 
place in Boston ; to give John Hull, master of the mint, the 
oath suitable to his place ; and to approve of all other officers, 
and determine what else shall appear to them as necessarily 
to be done for the carrying an end 1 of the whole order.” 

It appears, from this Act, that there was some printed 
order, with reference to money, which we do not now have. 
This did not simply relate to the miscellaneous currency 
which has been referred to ; for, in the original draught, 
this Act was introduced by the following preamble, which, 
however, was struck out by the deputies : — 

ee Forasmuch as the new order about money is not well 
resented by the people, and full of difficulties, and unlikely 
to take effect, in regard no persons are found willing to try 
and stamp the same.” 2 

Every person who has attempted to make this statute con¬ 
sistent with itself has failed. As has been shown in the 
foot-note to Hull’s text, p. 145, the direction that our 
shilling should weigh three pennyweights is inconsistent 
with the previous declaration, that the shilling should be 
worth but twopence less than the English. In point of fact, 
as Hull explains in the text, the American shilling was worth 
but ninepence, or threepence less than the English. On an 
examination of the original draught of this law, we believe we 
have discovered the cause of this inconsistency. Where the 
statute now provides the allowance for the mint-master, in 


1 As vve say “ carrying a point.” 


2 MS. Archives, Pecuniary, vol. i. 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 


285 


the words, “ He is allowed to take one shilling out of every 
twenty,” the original draught provided for a larger sum. In 
this shape, the statute passed the magistrates ; but, coming 
down to the deputies, it received this indorsement: “ The 
deputies consent hereto, provided that the preface be left 
out; and that instead of [here a wholly illegible erasure] 
for coinage, be inserted one shilling only, with reference to 
the consent of our honored magistrates hereto.” 

To this amendment the magistrates assented. The “pre¬ 
face ” is the passage copied above from the original MS. 
In the statute itself, the other amendment has been made in 
the MS., and the draught altered, by the complete erasure 
of the number of pence originally named after the words 
“ one shilling.” With this correction, it was entered on 
the records. The complete erasure of the same sum, in 
the deputies’ indorsement, is unwarrantable, and a little 
remarkable. It seems quite certain, however, that the allow¬ 
ance, as originally named, was one shilling eightpence, on 
their supposition that the English shilling weighed ninety- 
six grains. This would be one-twelfth of the sum coined. 
The original draught of the statute seems then to provide, 
though very blindly, first, for the reduction of the amount 
coined, by one-sixth from the English standard. This would 
make its weight, as they estimated the English coin, to be 
eighty grains. The statute probably then proposed to bring 
it down to seventy-two grains, and to grant the mint- 
master the eight grains thus deducted, for his allowance. 
On this somewhat clumsy computation, it would grant him 
one-twelfth part of the sum originally coined, or one shilling 
eight -pence in every twenty shillings; and we therefore pre¬ 
sume that this was the language of the original draught. 

The change made by the deputies, in the plan of the 
magistrates, made the statute inconsistent with itself, and was 
enough to put a stop, for a time, to the whole plan. Mr. 
Hull, as is evident, refused to coin the money at the reduced 
rate of payment proposed ; and the Committee named in the 

37 


286 


APPENDIX. 


statute were compelled, therefore, to increase his compensa¬ 
tion, on their own responsibility, to an allowance of fifteen- 
pence in every twenty shillings, besides one penny for waste 
in every ounce. This brought the allowance to one shilling 
sevenpence in every twenty, — nearly the same as it was in 
the original draught. We copy, from the manuscript archives 
in the State House, this very important paper in this transac¬ 
tion, most of which has not been before printed: — 

June, 1652. 

“ Whereas the General Court have appointed us, whose 
names are hereunder expressed, a Committee to consider and 
determine of whatsoever may best tend for the carrying an 
end of the order for melting, refining, and coining of silver, 
having spent some time in considering of what may with 
most speed and least charge carry that business an end : 
Respecting the country’s advantage, do hereby declare, that 
there shall be a house built, at the country’s charge, of six¬ 
teen foot square, ten foot high, substantially wrought; and 
further also provide all necessary tools and implements for the 
same at the country’s charge: all which is in acting. And, 
that the mint-master may not have just cause to complain, we 
cannot but judge it meet to allow the said mint-master, for 
melting, refining, and coining such bullion, plate, and money 
that shall be brought unto him, what in his judgment and 
conscience, on his experience, he shall judge equal, so as he 
exceed not 15 d in twenty shillings, over and besides a penny 
in every ounce allowed for waste till the next sessions ; against 
which time it is to be hoped sure experience will be had of 
what is necessary to be allowed, and there will be no just occa¬ 
sion of complaint; only we do desire and advise the said 
John Hull, there being a likelihood of several sorts of work in 
which he is to be employed, where there is no refining, and so 
less labor, he would take less; and where both refining and 
coining is necessary, there, if he find he cannot subsist with 
less, he may take fifteen-pence for every twenty shillings. 

“ Ri: Bellingham. 
William Hibbins. 
Edward Rawson, Sec. 
Tho. Clarke.” 1 

1 State Archives, MS., Pecuniary, vol. i. at 1652. 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 


287 


This document is not signed by Hull, whose assent, indeed, 
was perhaps not necessary ; but on a rough draught of it, 
which is still preserved, is his autograph, elegantly and even 
linically written, as “ John Hull, mint-master.” This auto¬ 
graph we have copied among our facsimiles of his hand¬ 
writing. 

This act of the Committee was approved by the General 
Court, on the 28th of October, the same year. There is no 
date with the document itself. On the same rough draught 
are some rude devices for the coin. 

Upon the back of the document ordering the mint-house 
is the following order : — 

“ Boston, 11 June, 1652. 

“ It is ordered, that the oath hereunder written shall be the 
oath that John Hull and Robert Saunderson shall take as 
equal officers for the minting of money. 

“Whereas you, John Hull and Robert Saunderson, are 
appointed by the order of the General Court, bearing date 
the 10th of June, 1652, to be officers for the Massachusetts 
jurisdiction in New England, for the melting, refining, and 
coining of silver, you do here swear, by the great name of 
the everliving God, that you will faithfully and diligently 
perform the duty of your places; that all money coined by 
you shall be of the just allay of the English coin ; that every 
shilling shall be of due weight, viz., three penny troy weight, 
and all other pieces proportionably, according to the order of 
the Court, so near as you can. So help you, God.” 


In the margin is the note, — 

“Jo. Hull deposed accordingly the same day before the 
Committee. 

“ E. R., S. [Edward Rawson, Secretary]. 
“ Robert Saunderson deposed 19 — 0 , ’52.” 

On the same loose page, we have next the order of the 
Committee, which changes the money from square to round. 
It is in the following words: — 


288 


APPENDIX. 


“ Whereas by order of the General Court it is appointed 
that all moneys coined here for form shall be flat and square, 
we whose names are hereunder written, appointed by the 
General Court as a Committee to consider and determine of 
whatsoever we should judge necessary for the carrying an end 
of the order respecting minting of money, do hereby deter¬ 
mine and declare, that the officers for the minting of money 
shall coin all the money that they mint in a round form, 
till the General Court shall otherwise declare their minds 
therein , any thing in the former order notwithstanding .” [The 
words in Italics are crossed out in the MS.] 

There is the following record, of the date of June 22: — 

“ At a meeting of the Committee for carrying an end of 
the order concerning money, on 22d day of June, 
Rich. Beiimgham. 1652, at which meeting it was determined, — 

Mr. Hibbins. mi .. ° n . 

Capt. Leveret. “ r irst, I hat there should be a mint-house, 

Edw. Rawson. and all tools and implements necessary thereto, 

built and procured at the country’s charge; 
which is in acting, and a declaration accordingly made. 

“ Second, That warrants should issue out to the constables 
of Boston for the pressing Isacke Cullimore for that service ; 
which was done. 

“ Third, That another warrant should issue out to the said 
Isacke Cullimore for the empowering him to press other 
workmen, carpenters, &c., as may join with him in the coun¬ 
try’s service ; which was done. 

“ Fourth, That the said mint-house shall be set upon the land 
of the said John Hull; and also it is agreed between the said 
Committee and the said John Hull, that whenever, either by 
his death or otherwise, the said John Hull shall cease to be 
the mint-master, that then the country shall have the ground 
the house stands upon, at such price as two indifferent men, 
equally chosen by the country and said John Hull, or his 
assigns, shall determine; or else the said John Hull, on the 
like terms, shall have the said house, as two indifferent men 
shall judge it to be worth at the choice of the country. 

“William Hibbins. 
Edward Rawson, Sec. 
Thomas Clarke.” 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 


289 


jSTo special record is preserved of the cost of the mint-house 
and tools. It appears, combined with a remarkable series of 
miscellaneous expenses, in the following entry in the Trea¬ 
surer’s accounts : — 


“To several sums paid on the charge,—prisons and pri¬ 
soners and keeper and executioner and mint-house All is 
£395. 12s. 2d.” 

This is in the Treasurer’s summary of expenses presented 
to the General Court, and allowed. In the Library of the 
Historical Genealogical Society, the original account-book of 
Mr. Russell, the Treasurer at that period, is preserved. But 
several pages, including the mint-expenses, have been cut 
out and lost. 

These transactions of the Commissioners were approved by 
the Court, at the next session, in the following vote: — 

Oct. 26, 1652. “The whole Court, by their gene¬ 
ral vote, did allow and approve of the act of the 
Committee about minting of money, and respect¬ 
ing their building of the mint-house at the com¬ 
mon charge, and allowance of the officers 15 d in 
every twenty shillings for their pains ; and ordered 
the Committee to continue in power till the next elec¬ 
tion.” 1 

And, at the same session, the permanent device on the 
coin was fixed by the following order : — 

“For the prevention of washing or clipping of all such 
pieces of money as shall be coined within this jurisdiction, it is 
ordered by this Court and the authority 
thereof, that henceforth all pieces of money 
coined aforesaid shall have a double ring 
on either side, with this inscription: — 

Massachusetts, and a tree in the centre, 
on the one side ; and New England, and 
the year of our Lord, on the other side, ..... 

according to this draught here m the mar- monies. 

gin.” 1 


Court’s appro¬ 
bation of the 
Committee’s 
act about 
minting mo¬ 
ney, which 
is on file, 

8 mo. 1652. 



i Records, vol. iv. pp. 104, 118. 






290 


APPENDIX. 


There is no sort of statement as to the quantity of money 
that was coined under these Acts, excepting the general 
statement of Hutchinson, that a large amount ot it was issued. 
It was soon feared that it was too largely exported. On the 
12th of May, 1654, the Committee of the General Court 
reported 1 that the exportation of money prevented the very 
object for which it was coined ; that those who exported it 
lost one-fourth by so doing, — such being, in the supposition 
of the Committee, the result of exporting a shilling, which 
would be worth only ninepence in England; that such loss 
could only be made up by extortion in trade, and wrought 
an under-value on all commodities. They therefore provided 
for a searcher for money at every port, and that every trans¬ 
gressor found carrying more than twenty shillings should 
lose his whole visible estate. 

This report, however, was not accepted. The closing part 
of it is in the following words : — 

“ This Court doth therefore order and enact, that whatever 
person or persons, be they strangers or inhabitants, that shall 
directly or indirectly export out of this jurisdiction any of 
the coin of this country after the publication hereof, shall 
forfeit his or their whole estate, one half to the country, and 
the other half to such person or persons as shall sue for the 
same ; and, to the end that the breakers of this law may be 
discovered, it is ordered that the County Court shall choose 
and appoint, in every port-town within their several counties, 
a water bayly or searcher, that is hereby impowered to search 
any suspicious persons or vessels, chests, trunks, or any other 
thing or place, and, upon discovery of any sums of money 
about to be transported, shall seize the same, and present the 
case to the next County Court, who shall determine whether 
the said money was intended or about to be transported ; and 
if they so find it, then to forfeit the same, one half to the offi¬ 
cer, and the rest to the country. And if any shall travel bv 
land, and be suspected to carry money, any person with a 
constable may search for the same : if it be discovered, it shall 
be forfeited, one half to the constable, and the other part 


1 State Archives, MS., Pecuniary, vol. i. at date. 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 


291 


to be equally to be divided between the person and constable 
that do search lor it. 1 The magistrates have passed this 
with reference to the consent of their brethren the deputies 
hereto. 

“ Boston, 22 May, 1654. “ Edw ABD RaWSON, Secret. 

“The deputies cannot consent hereto. 

“William Torrey, Cleric.” 

At the next session, an Act, with a similar object, passed 
the Court. It differs from the draught above, by naming the 
“ searchers ” for each port, and by providing that one-third 
only of the penalty shall go to the informer and officer, and 
two-thirds to the country. Shipmasters or seamen privy to 
the offence are to be fined twenty pounds each, to be divided 
in the same manner. 

The Act, of course, was wholly inoperative. 

We have no further information with regard to our coin 
until the year 1660, when the following order passed the 
General Court: — 

“ It is ordered, that Capt. Gookin, and the Trea- committee 
surer, Mr. Anthony Stoddard, and Mr. Wm. Parks, ^atfthe 
shall be a Committee, and are hereby impowered, to mint-master, 
treat with the mint-master for allowing such an annual sum as 
may be agreed upon as a meet honorarium to the country 
for the yearly benefit they receive by minting, that so the 
country may reap some benefit after so long a forbearance, 
having given them the benefit thereof for the time past, or 
otherwise to declare that this Court intends to agree with some 
other meet person to mint the money of this country ; making 
their report to the next Court what they shall do herein.” 

This Committee accordingly reported, May 22, 1661: — 

“We have, according to order,treated with the mint-mas¬ 
ters, Mr. Hull and Mr. Saunderson, and find them utterly un¬ 
willing to pay any certain proportion to the country of the 


1 It would seem as if the first half were intended for the country; but the MS. 
reads “constable.” 


292 


APPENDIX. 


allowance paid them for coining money : only they offered 
ten pounds, as a free gift to the country, in case they will 
please to accept of it. But the Committee refused that proffer, 
alleging that the use of the mint and house required, in jus¬ 
tice, some certain part of the income received by them, which, 
upon examination, will be found to be sixty-two pounds 
upon every thousand pounds, out of which the Committee 
propounded they should allow one-twentieth part for the 
country; but they consented not. This is the present state 
of that affair; leaving it to the Court to take such further 
order therein as unto them seems meet. — Dated 6th June, 
1661. 

“ Daniel Gooken. 

Bichard Bussell. 

Anthony Stoddard. 

William Parke.” 

“The Court judged it meet to order that this Committee 
should be re-empowered to treat with the mint-masters, and 
to receive the ten pounds above mentioned, and what else they 
can get by way of recompense for the mint-house for the time 
past, and that it be delivered to the Treasurer to be bestowed 
in powder.” 1 

In the next year, 1662, comes into our history the anec¬ 
dote of Sir Thomas Temple’s witty reply to Charles the 
Second, already mentioned in the Memoir of Capt. Hull, 
p. 120. Sir Thomas w r as the first agent sent out by the 
General Court, in an official capacity, to London. He was 
almost in despair as to the Colony’s fortunes, when he had 
an opportunity to be presented to the Privy Council, and 
make a favorable representation of Hew England there, 
and afterwards to the king in private. In his letter to the 
General Court, still preserved in the State Archives, 2 he 
gives an account of both interviews, as highly satisfactory. 
He does not mention any conversation about the coin; but 
as, from the draught of an address to the king in 1684, which 

1 Records, p. 12, vol. iv. part 2, May 22,1661. 

2 State Archives, MS., political volume at date. 


293 


1HE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

we have copied in the beginning of this note, it is certain 
that Temple did show some of it at that time at the council- 
table, these facts, combined, certainly give a great probability 
to the anecdote. As related in Hollis’s Memoirs, the earliest 
direct authority for it now extant, it is said that the king 
expressed great wrath against the Colony, and said “that 
they had invaded his prerogative by coining money. Sir 
Thomas told his majesty that the colonists had but little 
acquaintance with law; that they had no ill design; and 
thought it no crime to make money for their own use. In 
the course of the conversation. Sir Thomas took some of the 
money out of his pocket, and presented it to the king. On 
one side of the coin was a pine-tree, of that kind which is 
thick and bushy at the top. Charles inquired what tree 
that was. Sir Thomas informed him it was the royal oak; 
adding, that the Massachusetts people, not daring to put his 
majesty’s name on their coin during the late troubles, had 
impressed upon it the emblem of the oak which preserved his 
majesty’s life. This account of the matter brought the king 
into good-humor, and disposed him to hear what Sir Thomas 
had to say in their favor, calling them a parcel of honest 
dogs.” 1 

With reference to this anecdote, it is to be observed, that 
the word pine-tree was never applied, in any official lan¬ 
guage, to the device on the coin. The name “ pine-tree 
shillings ” has, however, always been given to them in con¬ 
versation. But if Temple, who had been a loyalist, chose to 
call the device an oak-tree, he had a right to. If he remem¬ 
bered that it was adopted within a very few weeks after the 
victory at Worcester, and the day which the fugitive king 
spent in the royal oak, his reply had a vein of satire in it as 
well as pleasantry. 2 

The device is once spoken of, in the records of the depu- 

1 Vol. i. p. 397. The authority was Dr. Elliot, writing to Hollis, May 25, 1768. 

2 Charles’s day in the royal oak was the 6th of September, 1652. The statute 
directing the device of our coin was passed on the 26th of October of the same year. 

38 


294 


APPENDIX. 


ties, as a tree. The pine-tree first appears, among the devices 
of the State, on the original seal of the General Court, where 
is a small pine-tree on each side of the Indian. 

So little fear of royal displeasure, in this matter of coin¬ 
age, had the Colony, that in this same year, 1662, the follow¬ 
ing Act passed the General Court: — 

1662, May 2. “ It is ordered by this Court, and the mint- 
master is hereby injoined, out of the first bullion that comes 
to his hands, to coin twopenny-pieces of silver, in proportion 
Order f 0 r according to the just value and allay of other monies 
coining allowed here, to answer the occasions of the country 
for exchange; that is, the first year fifty pounds, in 
such small money for every hundred pounds by him to be 
coined ; and for after-time twenty pounds, in like small money 
annually for every hundred pounds that shall be coined. And 
this order is to continue in force for seven years, any law to 
the contrary notwithstanding.” 


All the twopenny-pieces of our coinage are, in conse¬ 
quence, stamped with the date 1662. As all the other coins 
have the date 1652, when they were ordered, Mr. Ruding 
supposes, in his “ Annals of the British Coinage,” that the 
twopenny-pieces are not genuine, or that the date in Folke’s 
Tables had been read wrong. In these suppositions he was 
in error. 

In 1665, when the king’s commissioners were in this 
country, of whose proceedings Hull speaks with so much 
indignation in his Diary, they called attention — so far as we 
know, for the first time — to the violation of the prerogative 
involved in this coinage. They use the following language, 
with regard to it, in Article 22 of their demands, presented 
at the session of the General Court, May, 1665 : — 

, _ “ That, page 61, title Money [of the Colony 

That the law about \ 1 -P i • i J 

the mint-house Laws], ‘the law that a mint-house, &c., be re- 

be repealed, &c. ... i . r 

pealed; for coming is a royal prerogative, for 
the usurping of which the act of indemnity is only a salvo.” 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 


295 


In 1667, at the session of May 15, another attempt was 
made by the General Court to obtain better terms from Hull 
and Sanderson for the profit of minting. The following is 
the language of the record : — 

“ Mr. Thomas Danforth, Major-General Jno. Leveret, 
Capt. George Corwin, Mr. Anthony Stoddard, and Mr. Wm. 
Parks, are appointed a Committee to treat and agree with the 
master or masters of the mint in reference to some allowance, 
annually or otherwise, for and in consideration of the charge 
the country hath been at in erecting a mint-house, and for 
the use of it, for so many years, without any considerable 
satisfaction, and to make return thereof to the next session of 
this Court; and, in case they cannot agree with the present 
mint-masters, they are empowered to make such agreement 
as they can with any other.” 

This Committee reported at the next session, October of 
1667, as follows : — 

“ In observance of an order of the General Court, held the 
15th of May, 1667, nominating and empowering us, whose 
names are subscribed, to treat and agree with the masters of 
the mint, — we having duly weighed the country’s interest 
in the edifices appertaining to the said office, and agitated the 
matter with Mr. John Hull and Mr. Robert Saunderson, 
the present mint-masters, have agreed with them as follow- 
eth ; namely, in consideration of the country’s disbursements 
on the said edifices, and for the interest the General Court 
hath therein, to pay into the public treasury, within six 
months next coming, forty pounds in money ; and, for seven 
years next coming (the said Hull and Saunderson, or either 
of them, personally abiding in the said employ), to allow the 
public treasury annually, in money, ten pounds, the said term 
to begin from the date above named. In witness hereof, the 
said Hull and Saunderson have hereunto put their hands the 
day and year above written. 


“ John Hull. 

Robert Sanderson. 


“ Jno. Leveret. 

Tho. Danforth. 
Anthony Stoddard. 
Wm. Parke. 


296 


APPENDIX. 


“ The Court thankfully acknowledged the good service of 
the gentlemen subscribers in the premises, and order it to be 
recorded.” 1 

At the same session, the Court decline “ the proposal of 
Joseph Jencks, sen., for making money.” Joseph Jencks 
was of Lynn, and before had asked help, unsuccessfully, in 
drawing wire. 

The importation of Spanish silver was still so large, that 
constant efforts were made to obtain its introduction as a part 
of the currency. These finally resulted in the following 
statute, passed at the session of Oct. 8, 1672: — 

“ Whereas pieces of eight are of more value to carry out 
of the country than they will yield to mint into our coin, by 
reason whereof pieces of eight which might else come to coin¬ 
ing are carried out of the country, it is therefore ordered by 
this Court and the authority thereof, that all pieces of eight, 
that are full weight and good silver, — that is, six shillings 
of N. E. money, of Mexico, Seville, and Pillar, and so all lesser 
pieces of each sort, — shall pass in this jurisdiction as current 
as our own money, pieces of eight at six shillings apiece, and 
all lesser pieces proportion ably thereunto ; provided that all 
such pieces that shall pass in this jurisdiction have a stamp 
affixed upon them, which shall be 1SE., to evidence that [they | 
are of right allay and due weight; and that Mr. John Hull 
and Mr. Robert Saunderson, or either of them, be the persons 
for the tryal and stamping of such money; and that thereby 
[there be] fourpence upon the pound paid for the rest, one 
fourth thereof to the officer, and the rest to the Country 
Treasurer.” 2 

At a subsequent period of the same session, the following 
section was added to the same statute: — 

“Whereas pieces of eight, weighing six shillings, are 
ordered to pass for six shillings, and ordered to be stamped, 
&c., according to the said law, reference hereto being had; 
and forasmuch as few or no pieces of eight are of that weight, 
and so the intent of good to the country therein wfill be dis- 


l Records, vol. iv. part 2, p. 347. 


2 Ibid. vol. iv. part 2, p. 533. 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 


297 


appointed, as an addition to the said law, be it ordered and 
enacted by this Court and the authority thereof, that pieces 
of eight under the weight of six shillings shall likewise be 
passable for so much of New-England money as they shall 
weigh, and that it be impressed upon the stamp how much 
each piece doth weigh, in legible figures, with the other let¬ 
ters on the same, and of the same allay.” 1 

In this Act, we find the introduction of the Spanish dollar 
into our currency, — that being the piece of eight reals 
alluded to. Its valuation was fixed at precisely the point 
which it now bears ; namely, six Massachusetts shillings. It 
is only to readers outside of New England that we need say, 
that though the pine-tree coin has long since vanished, except 
from the cabinets of the curious, almost all prices in retail 
trade are stated in the terms of that currency to this day. 
“ A shilling,” in the familiar language of New England, still 
means a sixth of a Spanish dollar. 

On the 12th of May, 1675, a new Committee is appointed 
to treat with Hull and Saunderson. The order is in the fol¬ 
lowing words : — 

“ Whereas the time formerly agreed upon with the mint- 
masters is now expired, for the future well-settling of that 
matter, this Court doth desire and impower the ho- Qrder 
noured Governor and magistrates residing in Boston, settling 
or any three of them, to be a Committee to treat with 
such persons as they shall think meet, and to make such an 
agreement with them, for the coining ol the money of this 
jurisdiction, as may be most encouraging to all persons that 
have bullion to bring in the same to the mint.” 2 

This Committee obtain rather more favorable terms for the 
public. They report, July 9, 1675 : — 

“ In pursuance of an order of the General Court, held 
May the 12th, 1675, relating to the future settling of the 

1 Some of these worn Spanish pieces, which had wholly lost their original 
impression, stamped with N.E. on the one side, and the figures 12, 6, or 3, on the 
other, exist in some of the English collections. Both Folke and Ruding are puzzled 
bv them ; and the earliest authorities supposed they were stamped at Newcastle. 
Folke's copies of them are copied in Mr. Felt’s “ Currency ot Massachusetts.” 

2 Records, vol. v. p. 29. 


298 


APPENDIX. 


mint, it is agreed by us the subscribers, as a Committee 
appointed thereunto, as followeth; i.e., that the former mas¬ 
ters of the mint — viz., Robert Saunderson and John Hull — 
do continue to mint what silver bullion shall come in for this 
seven years next to come, if either of them live so long, and 
do receive of those that bring bullion to the mint, as a full 
reward for their pains, twelvepence for every twenty shil¬ 
lings, and threepence for the waste of every three ounces of 
sterling silver, that they shall so mint, — viz., fifteen-pence 
m the whole for every twenty shillings ; and the said minters 
are to pay into the Treasurer of the country, in money, twenty 
pounds per annum during abovesaid term. That this is our 
agreement, witness our hands hereunto put, the 3d of June, 
1675. 


“John Leveret. 
Symon Bradstreete. 
Edward Tyng. 
Robert Sanderson. 
John Hull. 


“ The Court approves of this return, and the settlement of 
the mint accordingly, as attests 

Edward Rawson, Secretary.” 


In the next year, 1676, Edmund Randolph [Sept. 20 — 
Oct. 12] renews the charge of violation of prerogative, in his 
narrative addressed to the Lords Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations. His language is : — 

“ And, as a mark of sovereignty, they coin money stamped 
with inscription Mattachusets and a tree in the centre, on the 
one side ; and New England, with the year 1652 and the value 
of the piece, on the reverse. Their money is of the standard 
of England for fineness ; the shillings weigh three penny¬ 
weight troy, in value of English money ninepence farthing, 
and the smaller coins proportionable. These are the current 
moneys of the Colony, and not to be transported thence, ex¬ 
cept twenty shillings for necessary expenses, on penalty of 
confiscation of the whole visible estate of the transporters. 

“All the money is stamped with these figures, 1652.” 1 


1 Hutchinson’s Original Tapers at date. 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 299 


In 1678, in an address to the crown, there occurs the follow¬ 
ing request that the king will name a stamp for the coin: — 

“ As for that particular of our coining money with our 
own impress, his majesty, of his gracious clemency towards 
us, hath not been pleased, as yet, to declare his pleasure 
therein. And we have confidence, that when he shall truly 
be informed of the simplicity of our actings, the public joy 
thereof to his subjects here, and the great damage that the 
stoppage thereof will inevitably be to our necessary commerce, 
and abatement of his majesty’s customs yearly accruing by 
our merchants and navigation, and is paid at London, his 
majesty will not account those to be friends to his crown 
that shall seek to interrupt us therein; and, for the impress 
put upon it, we shall take it as his majesty’s signal owning 
of us, if he will please to order such an impress as shall be to 
him most acceptable.” 

As the commerce of the Colony increased, and the neces¬ 
sities of its currency, occasional petitions and memorials were 
sent to the General Court, with various propositions, among 
which a free mint seems to have been prominent. With refer¬ 
ence to these, the following report was made in 1677: — 

“ In pursuance of an order to obtain the coinage of bullion 
and stoppage of transportation of money, we have discoursed 
Capt. Hull and others, and find no other expedient but the 
raising of the value of our coin, or making our money for 
future higher by nine or twelve grains, or making the mint 
free; for the first, if it be done, three halfpence in the shil¬ 
ling, and the law for exportation of money duly attended. 
We hope it may obtain what is desired. [2.] The paying 
coinage out of the Treasury we find the charge uncertain, but 
great, and both expedients attended with difficulty ; and there¬ 
fore judge them worthy of further consideration. In the mean 
time, we judge it meet to double the custom of all wines, 
brandy, and rum imported ; which being drawn into the 
treasury, part of it may pay the charge of a free mint, if 
the Court afterwards see meet so to improve the same. 

“ Joseph Dudley. 

Richard Waldron. 

((^9 Daniel Fisher. 1 


i State Archives, MS., Pecuniary, vol. i. at date. 


300 


APPENDIX. 


In 1679, Aug. 12, there is the report on file of the officers 
who arrested one Peter Loephilin, for clipping coin, in Bos¬ 
ton. They discovered clippings, silver filings, and a melting- 
ladle in his chest. It will be remembered that this offence 
became very formidable in England before the introduction, 
under Isaac Newton, of the milled coinage. 1 At the session 
of Oct. 31, the same year, the deputies attempted to intro¬ 
duce the Spanish coinage as a part of the currency, without 
any new stamp ; but the upper house would not consent. 
The following is the draught of the unsuccessful bill: — 

“For the encouragement of the importation of bullion and 
increase of money in these parts, this Court doth order and 
enact, and it is hereby enacted, that henceforth all pieces of 
eight, of good silver and of the coin of Mexico or Seville, and 
pillar-pieces, shall pass current at six shillings per piece. 
And half-pieces of same sorts at three shillings, and all smaller 
pieces of said sorts after five shillings per piece of eight. 

“ The deputies have passed this with reference to the con¬ 
sent of our honoured magistrates. 

“William Torrey, Cleric. 

Oct. 31, 1679. “ Not consented to by the magistrates. 

“ Edyyd. Rawson, Secretary.” 2 

In 1680, a petition for the establishment of a free mint, 
dated May 19, contains the following sensible suggestions, 
which are quite in advance of the average intelligence of its 
time: — 

“ 1. All the money that now passeth the mint (besides the 
waste there) returns to the owner at least six and a quarter 
in the hundred lighter than it entered. And the impress 
adds nothing to the intrinsic value, — a Spanish cross in all 
other places being as well esteemed as a New-England pine. 

“ 2. The least loss being six and a quarter per cent, and 
commonly more, is so considerable for the mere stamp, that 
nothing but necessity makes it tolerable ; those who are 
able choosing rather to lay up, or send their plate, bullion, and 

1 Macaulay, chap. xx. 

2 MS. Archives as above, at the date 1679. 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 


301 


pieces of | 1 abroad, and others to sell to those that export the 
same, — having something more than the mint will yield. 
By which discouragement, little of late years, compared to 
what is laid up and carried away, hath been coined, and of 
that little much dispersed into other Colonies; and thence 
consequently groweth the great difficulty, and decay of trade.” 

With reference to this suggestion, Capt. Hull submitted 
the following paper, which is preserved in the archives in 
his own handwriting, though without any name. Every 
word of it shows an ignorance of the real laws of currency; 
but it should be remembered, that, in writing as he did, 
Hull did but adopt the views of some of the greatest states¬ 
men of his age : — 

[.Statement in Hull’s handwriting .] 

Boston, June 6,1680. 

If foreign coin be advanced without great regard both to 
weight and fineness, and also without there be a great quan¬ 
tity of it in the country before it be advanced, it will be 
much loss to the country that so advances it; and the gain 
is only to strangers that bring it in. 

If our own coin be carried out of the country, it is a sign 
that it is not so light as it may be, and that it would be for 
public advantage to make it lighter, unless we had some pub¬ 
lic income by mines as the Spaniard hath. 

If every shilling be made 12 grains lighter, then all those 
that have good pieces of eight — i.e., both of good silver and 
full weight — will advance about 7 d or 7 d ^- more than now 
they do. 

Every 12 d then to be 2 penny-weight and half. 

6 cl one penny-weight 6 grains. 

3 d 15 grains. 

2 d 10 grains. 

The same fineness to be kept, and put a new date. 

Let the coinage and waste be as by the last settlement. 

Obj. 1. From the difficulty of making payment. 

Ans. 1. Let all money-debts above six months old be paid 

1 Meaning the Spanish dollar, or piece of eight reals. 

39 


302 


APPENDIX. 


one half in new money, and the other half in old money at 
its present and former value, or the debtor and creditor 
equally bear the loss between them. 

2. All debts not six months old be paid in new money, 
or the old as advanced, unless any particular contract posi¬ 
tively express otherwise. 

If all the bullion of the country be coined at the public 
charge, it will reduce it to a certain fineness ; and, being 
weight for weight, the merchant may as well transport the 
coined money as the bullion; and then you may have no 
money left in the country. 

There are, about this time, two draughts of bills for a free 
mint; but neither of these passed. 

These documents are the last preserved, which have any 
reference to the action of our own government as to our coin¬ 
age. It is, however, impossible to say precisely when the mint 
was stopped. In the settlement of Hull’s affairs, after his 
death in 1683, no allusion is made to the mint-house, which 
stood upon his land, and which he and Saunderson had pur¬ 
chased, in 1675, of the Colony. It had been, perhaps, bought 
of him by Saunderson, who survived him, and probably car¬ 
ried on the coinage, without any new order of the Court, for 
a short time after Hull’s death. On the 15th of January, 
1684-5, the officers of the king’s mint, in London, present 
to the commissioners for his majesty’s treasury a report, in 
which our mint is spoken of as still in existence. This re¬ 
port is in the following language : — 

“To the Light Honorable Commissioners of his Majesty’s 

Treasury: — 

“ May it please your Lordships, *— In obedience to your 
lordships’ commands, signified by Mr. Secretary Guy the 
24th of November last, in reference to a mint which hath 
hitherto been kept up and employed in Boston, in New Eng¬ 
land, — 

“We have met with a copy of what was ordered by the 
then Court, as they termed themselves, being of the Colony 
of Massachusetts, and sitting at Boston, in New England, did, 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 


303 


in the year 1652, settle the said mint; which manner of said 
settlement we put down in their own words.” 

[ Here the commissioners copy, from the statute-book of 
1660, the law relating to the coin, as it then existed.] 

“We have examined the twelvepence, 6 d , and 3 d pieces 
coined at the mint in Boston in N.E. aforesaid for weight and 
allay, and do find, that, as to the allay, it is equal to his ma¬ 
jesty’s silver coins of England, bat different in weight, being 
less by about 21 grains upon the shilling, and so proportionably 
in the other coins, from his majesty’s shilling-coin, which is 
near twopence three farthings upon the shilling, and is about 
22.V per cent; besides a third more is allowed for the coinage 
than what hath been allowed for the coinage of his majesty’s 
silver mints in England. 

“ The preserving of one certain standard for weight and 
fineness of his majesty’s silver coins, in all his majesty’s 
kingdoms and dominions, is very much for the security and 
advantage of his majesty ; and the altering thereof, which are 
the common measures given by his majesty unto his people, 
cannot well be done in any one of his majesty’s dominions, 
without eminent prejudice to the rest. 

“ Besides, according to the advantage before set down, it 
will be a great encouragement for the drawing away the cur¬ 
rent coins of this kingdom, so far as that trade may promote it. 
It will also be the occasion of making all merchandize and 
other goods rise in proportion to that money. 

“We are humbly of opinion, if his majesty shall think fit to 
settle a mint in New England for making of coins of silver of 
12 pences, 6 d , and 3 d , that they be made in weight and fine¬ 
ness answerable to his majesty’s silver coins of England, and 
not otherwise. 

“ And for smaller pieces, (viz.) farthings, halfpence, and 
penny-pieces, if his majesty shall so think fit, that they be 
made of tin, and so supplied from hence, which will be to his 
majesty’s advantage. 

“ It also may be observed, that though they have continued 
this unwarrantable way of coining of moneys ever since the 
year 1652, yet there is no alteration of date appears upon 
their coin of 12 d , 6 d , and 3 d , but the same date, (viz.) 1652, 
as at first coining of them. 

“ It is also further to be observed, that, for the encourage- 


304 


APPENDIX. 


ment of bringing silver to their mint to be coyned, they do 
promise that these shall be but twopence in the shilling less 
in value than the English shilling : but, after the mint-master 
hath the same in custody and coined the same, they order him 
to pay the money out by weight at 3 d troy weight for their 
shilling, and less on pieces proportionally; which 3 pence 
troy [dwt. troy] is about 9 d | sterling, and makes out the 
account, as before, about 22J- per cent, besides the charge of 
coinage. All which we humbly leave to your lordships’ fur¬ 
ther consideration. 

“ Dated at the mint, the 15th day of January, 1684. 

“ Tho. Neale. 

Chas. Duncombe. 

Jas. Hoare .” 1 

The mint was probably suppressed by Andros, in compli¬ 
ance with this report; for on the fifteenth day of July, 1686, 
a second report was made from the officers of the royal mint 
to Rochester, then Treasurer of England, in reply to a peti¬ 
tion for its re-establishment. 

This report is in the following words : — 

“ To the Rt. Honble Laurence, Earle of Rochester, Lord 
High Treasurer of England : — 

“May it please your Lordship, — In obedience to your 
lordship’s commands, signified to us, the 10th of this month, 
by letter from Henry Guy, Esq., we have considered of the 
papers enclosed to us in the said letter concerning a mint 
to be re-established in New England, and do find, that upon 
a like reference for the Lords Commissioners of the Treasure 
of the 24th November, 1684, of this matter, the officers of 
the mint did, by their report of the 15th of January follow¬ 
ing, deliver their opinion concerning the same, a copy of 
which report is hereunto annexed, no cause appearing to us 
to alter our judgments therein; presuming only to add this 
further, that when a grant was obtained by Sir Thomas 
Vyner and others, in the year 1662, for coining small silver 
moneys in Ireland, after it was by his majesty in council 
referred to the Lord Treasurer and Chancellor of the Ex- 


1 MS. Archives, Pecuniary, at date. 


THE COINAGE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 305 

chequer, who heard the patentees and the officers of the 
mint upon report of their lordships, his late majesty, by his 
order in council of the 14th of November, 1662, was pleased 
to command the said letters patent to be delivered up at 
the board, to be cancelled, for weighty reasons expressed in 
the said report. We may likewise observe to your lord- 
ship, that when, in the year 1678, the Earl of Carlisle did 
make application for power to erect a mint in Jamaica, of 
which island he was Governor, it was then found impracti¬ 
cable, under the terms of keeping the weight and fineness 
of the moneys to English standard, (which cannot be altered, 
as we humbly conceive,) without dishonor to his majesty’s 
coins, and prejudice to his subjects of his other dominions ; in 
which opinion we are confirmed by the report made upon 
this occasion by the Lords of the Committee for Trade and 
Foreign Plantations, the 8th of February, 1678. 

“ As for the second part of Mr. Guy’s letter, which directs 
us to think upon some other inscription, more agreeable to 
the king’s prerogative, to be stampt upon the coin of New 
England, if a mint be settled there, we crave some time to 
consider of, after your lordship shall have perused these 
papers, and will be ready to obey your lordship therein. 

“ Dated at the mint, the fifteenth day of July, 1686. 

“ Phil. Loyd. 

Tho. Neale. 

Cha. Duncombe. 

Ja. Hoaee .” 1 

Thus silently fell an institution by which the Colony had, 
consciously or unconsciously, usurped what has since been 
regarded an especial prerogative of sovereignty. The Gene¬ 
ral Court established it at a time when it conducted the 
affairs of the infant State, literally without any interference 
from authorities at home. This was, as Randolph maliciously 
says, at the very time when the Colony assumed possession of 
the Province of Maine, and gave more firmness to its admini¬ 
stration in other regards. But it is not fair to say that it was, 
in itself, an act of rebellion : it was rather an intimation of 


1 MS. Archives, Pecuniary, at date. 


306 


APPENDIX. 


that independence in which the Colony actually lived, and in 
which its rulers would have been glad to continue had affairs 
in England permitted. 1 

There is no record whatever of the amount of the coinage. 
Hutchinson says, however, that a very large sum was coined. 
He adds, that great care was taken to preserve the purity of 
the standard. It is to the credit both of John Hull and 
of the Colony government, that his work — which was never 
tested by authority, nor even suspected at home — bore so 
perfectly as it did the ordeal of the unfriendly Commission¬ 
ers of the Royal Mint, at the period of its suppression. The 
rate established for the shilling (three-fourths of the English) 
fixed the colonial currency, from that time to the adoption of 
federal money, at the value of three-fourths of the sterling 
currency of the same names. 

The coin circulated at least as late as the Revolution; but 
is now scarcely ever seen, excepting in the cabinets of the 
curious. On the same page with the facsimile of Hull’s 
handwriting, we have copied the various authorized pieces. 
In Folke’s Tables, in Ruding’s “Annals of the English 
Coinage,” and in Felt’s “Currency of Massachusetts,” there 
are copies of two other pieces, bearing the word “ Mat- 
tachusets,” which are found in English cabinets. One 
of these is a silver penny; and the other a medal, with the 
good Samaritan on the obverse. But there is no mention of 
these in the records of the Colony. There are a few unique 
silver coins, struck by Lord Baltimore, in Maryland; but, 
with that exception, no other of the thirteen Colonies esta¬ 
blished any mint before the troubles of the Revolution. 

1 Randolph’s words are these: “All this money is stamped with these figures, 

1 1652,’ that year being the era of the Commonwealth, wherein they erected them¬ 
selves into a free State, enlarged their dominions, subjected the adjacent Colonies 
under their ordinance, and summoned deputies to sit in the General Court; which 
year is still commemorated on their coin.” 


THE OLD SOUTH CHURCH. 


307 


« 


Note D. — Page 214. 

LETTER OF THE CLERGY TO JOHN DURY. 

The Antiquarian Society has in its possession the original 
draught of the letter of the New-England clergy to John 
Dury, referred to in the foregoing Diary. It was composed, 
as stated, in Latin, by Mr. John Norton, and transcribed by 
Mr. John Wilson, probably on account of his more approved 
chirography. It bears the autograph signatures of forty-two 
ministers, including the President and Fellows of the Col¬ 
lege in their official capacity. 

Samuel Mather, in the Appendix to his “ Apology for the 
Liberties of the Churches in New England,” refers to this 
manuscript as being then in his hands. He says, moreover, 
that he has also a letter written to Dury, on the same occasion, 
by Mr. John Davenport, at that time minister of New 
Haven, which was signed by the ministers of Connecticut 

It would be desirable to publish these letters, with fac¬ 
similes of the signatures. It may be that the letter of 
Davenport cannot be discovered. That of Norton will in 
due time be printed, either by itself, or associated with other 
matter of a cognate character. 



Note E. — Page 228. 

THE OLD SOUTH CHURCH. 

The history of the Great Synod of 1661, and of the forma¬ 
tion of the Third or Old South Church, is an important part, 
not only of our ecclesiastical, but of our political history. It 
is so admirably condensed by Gov. Hutchinson, and has been 



308 


APPENDIX. 


so carefully treated by Emerson, in his history of the First 
Church; by Wisner, in his discourses on the history of the 
Old South Church; by Mr. Felt, in his ecclesiastical his- 
tory; and by Mr. Barry, — that we need only refer to those 
works for the illustration of Hull’s somewhat impassioned 
notices of the progress of the secession. The student who 
is interested in that secession will observe that this Diary 
brings to light some new points in its history. There is, 
we believe, no other authority which shows the existence of 
a divided feeling at a period so early as some of the notices 
of such feeling in the text. 

Through the kindness of Dr. Blagden, we have been per¬ 
mitted to examine the records of the Third Church, and its 
early papers. We find that the curious original draught of 
the letter known to the ecclesiastical historians as the “ Letter 
of the Sisters,” in which the wives of the secedinsr members 

O 

claim to be dismissed from the First Church, is in Capt. Hull’s 
handwriting. He was doubtless a leading member of the 
seceders; and we suppose there is as little doubt that this 
letter was drawn by him. It is in the following words: — 

“ Reverend and dearly Beloved in the Lord, — Having 
had communion with our respective husbands in the Sup¬ 
per of the Lord this sabbath, and judging it for edification 
and consolation so to doe, wee humbly intreat you candidly 
to interpret it; and, for the helping of our joy in the Lord 
for the future, earnestly request you so to release us of our 
covenant engagement unto yorselves, that wee may, without 
offence to you, have liberty so to provide for our own peace 
and spirituall comfort, as may, in our own consciences, be 
most suitable to our duty, for our edification in the Lord.” 

Mr. Wisner mentions, in his history, that a number of the 
Massachusetts clergy sent a letter by Hull to the English 
dissenters, in the hope of inducing some clergyman, whom 
Hull might select, to come over, and act as a colleague with 
Mr. Thacher, in 1669. 

Mr. Wisner was not aware whether Hull visited England 


THE OLD SOUTH CHURCH. 


309 


at that time. As there is no doubt he did do so, we print the 
letter here, and also the letter of Mr. Thacher, and nineteen 
brethren of the church, giving him authority to select a 
minister for him. Neither of these documents, we believe, 
has ever been printed before : — 

“ To the reverend, much-honored, and beloved in our Lord 
Jesus, the ministers and brethren of such of the churches 
of Christ in England unto whose hands these letters may 
come, and who may be more especially concerned in the 
contents of them : Grace, mercy, and peace be multiplied 
unto you, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ 
our Saviour : — 

(t Reverend and Beloved in the Lord, — It is not without 
much trembling of heart for the ark of God, both here and 
elsewhere, that we presume to make this our application 
to you, by way of earnest efflagitation for the travelling inte¬ 
rest of Christ in this wilderness, the holy God having, in ex¬ 
traordinary displeasure (even unto astonishment), contended 
with these churches, by a judicial and successive removal of 
many eminent and faithful ministers of the gospel, w r ho in 
their day were principal pillars amongst us ; whence it is 
that divers of them are compelled to sit, as Sion in her widow¬ 
hood, spreading forth their hands for some that might become 
instrumental comforters unto them, to relieve them who yet 
are far from them. It would be too tedious here to enume¬ 
rate the causes of those disappointments which we have, for 
a considerable time, sighed and sorrowed under. But this 
is that which doth silence us therein, that the righteous Lord 
hath done it. He hath done that which he hath devised; 
he hath stretched out the line: he hath, notwithstanding 1 , 
drawn his hand from destroying. We are, notwithstand¬ 
ing, not altogether without some hope that our gracious God 
will not always chide with us, and that he will not pour out 
all his anger, but grant unto us (though most unworthy) a 
reviving in the midst of the years. We therefore desire to 
wait for him, in the way of his judgments, until he show 
himself favorable to his wearied heritage. We would not be 
found wanting in any duty incumbent upon ourselves (his 
watchmen), in order to the consolation and edification of 
his churches, here planted and established in the faith and 
order of the gospel; but would take all opportunities presented 

40 


310 


APPENDIX. 


for the promoving thereof, that they may stand perfect and 
complete in all the will of God, and be furnished with an 
able and faithful ministry, where either there never was any 
placed, or where the Lord hath made a breach upon us in those 
our pleasant things. And as there be sundry under the one 
and the other consideration, so, in particular, in reference unto 
the Third Church in Boston, lately gathered (concerning 
which there hath been, and still are, many thoughts of heart 
with us), we are not able easily to express of how great 
importance, to the establishment of the kingdom of Jesus 
Christ amongst us, their being provided of an eminent burn¬ 
ing and shining light would be ; and, on the other hand, 
what a discouraging remora thereunto, and unhappy obstruc¬ 
tion to the progress of the gospel in these parts, their suffer¬ 
ing and disappointment therein may become in this their and 
our necessitous condition. At present, such is the good hand 
of Divine Providence, that we have a convenient season of 
transmittino,’ our affectionate entreaties unto vourselves, for 
your pious and faithful solicitude for us and them in this 
matter, by our dearly beloved brother in Christ, Mr. John 
Hull, whose praise is in the gospel, who hath received instruc¬ 
tions to negotiate in this weighty affair for that church above 
mentioned, to which he doth belong ; concerning which, we 
take ourselves bound to testify, that it is a precious flock of 
Christ, regularly proceeding in their first gathering into 
church estate, approved therein both by magistratical autho¬ 
rity, and also by the elders and messengers of churches, con¬ 
vened at their first constitution ; giving them the right hand of 
fellowship as a testimony thereof, and ever since standing and 
walking regularly in the order of communion of churches,— 
a society (above most) amiable and eligible, and with whom a 
minister of the gospel shall find Christian and honorable 
entertainment, and will be highly esteemed of in love for his 
work’s sake among them. We pray you, therefore, that (as 
to this our beloved brother) you would please to receive 
him in the Lord as becometh saints ; and that you would 
assist him by your counsel and prayers, to your utmost, in 
whatsoever business he hath need of you, and in particular 
in that great trust committed to him, of seeking out for a 
suitable supply of some able minister of the New Testament 
for that eminent con 2 frelation of the Lord. 

“ We beg a continued interest in your love and prayers, and 
pray that the Lord would be seen in all our mounts ; that the 


THE OLD SOUTH CHURCH. 


311 


good-will of Him who dwelt in the bush may he with you and 
us in this hour of temptation ; that we may keep the word of 
his patience, and not deny his name, holding fast that which 
we have, that no man may take away our crown ; and that 
the God of grace, even our God, would supply all your and 
our need, according to his riches in glory, by Christ Jesus, 
in whom we are 


“ Your affectionate and ever-loving brethren in the fellow¬ 
ship of the gospel, 


“ John Allin. 

Edmu. Browne. 
Edward Bulkely. 
J oin Sherman. 
Increase Mather. 
Samuel Danporth. 
Samuel Torrey. 
Zach. Symmes. 
Samuel Whiting. 
Thomas Corbet. 

“ Boston, Nov. 4, 1669.” 


John Ward. 

John Higginson. 
William IIubrard. 
Francis Dana. 

Anti pas Newman. 
Samuel Phillips. 
Samuel Whiting, jun. 
Thomas Shepherd. 
John Hale. 


“ Boston, Nov. 8, 1669. 

“Dearly beloved Brother, Mr. John Hull, — When God 
shall have brought you unto England, whither you are now 
by God’s grace bound, we do desire your special care to inquire 
after, and seek out, and get for us, some able, orthodox, godly 
man (one who is in choice esteem and repute among the 
pious and wise-hearted who are of the Congregational way), to 
join with the Rev. Mr. Thomas Thacher, whereunto he is 
already called by us, in the work of the Lord, in the ministry 
of the gospel. We cannot so well nominate any person here 
as you will be informed concerning them when you come 
thither. We therefore leave the whole unto yourself. You 
well know the necessity which we are in, and the weight 
and concernment of it unto us ; therefore shall cease from 
giving arguments unto yourself to ensure your care and dili¬ 
gence therein. And we do hereby empower you to act herein 
for us as if ourselves were personally [illegible] shall with 
thankfulness acknowledge and own your actings thereon. 
Now, the good Lord, the Lord of the harvest, the great 
Shepherd of the sheep, the God ol the spirits of all flesh, 
direct your way herein unto such a one as may be much to 
the glory of God, and may come to us with the fullness of the 
blessing of [the] gospel, and that may be a means, in His 




312 


APPENDIX. 


hands who holdeth the stars in his right hand, of conver¬ 
sion and building up of the souls of this poor little flock which 
you have left in this wilderness, for whom we crave your 
frequent prayers when absent, and the prayers of the faithful 
where God shall cast you, that we may be preserved blameless, 
in these hours of our temptation, unto his heavenly kingdom ; 
.to whom be glory throughout all the churches, world with¬ 
out end. Now, the Keeper of Israel, who neither slumbers 
nor sleeps, be your all-in-all, preserve, bless, and direct you 
in all your ways in this affair; giving you to find favor in the 
eyes and hearts of those you may have to do with, in this 
or any other of your own business, and in his good season 
return you unto your very affectionate brothers. 


(Signed) 


“ Hezekiaii Usher. 
Thomas Savage. 
Josh. Scottow. 
Peter Brackett. 
Joseph Bock. 

John Wing. 

John Sanford. 
Benjn. Gibbs. 
Jacob Elliot. 
John Happing. 
Joseph Davis. 
Joseph Bellknap. 
Edw. Bavvson. 
Peter Oliver. 


William Salter. 
Theoph. Hoare. 
William Dawes. 
Benjamin Tiiurstun. 
Josiaii Belcher. 
John Aken. 

Wm. Davis. 

Edwaud Baynsford. 
Bo bert Walker. 
James Pemberton. 
Setii Perry. 

Tho. Brattle. 
Theoder Atkinson. 


“ I also, dear brother, do heartily consent with the bre¬ 
thren in this matter, and earnestly desire the same thing of 
you; who, heartily praying unto the Lord of the harvest to 
prosper your way therein, that an eminent, faithful laborer 
may be thrust forth into this our harvest, and that your whole 
work may be adopted and blessed by him, subscribe my¬ 
self 


“ Your affectionate brother in the Lord, 


“ Thomas Thacher, sen.” 



MINISTERS OPPOSED TO THE THIRD CHURCH. 313 


Note F. — Page 229. 

THE MINISTERS OPPOSED TO THE THIRD CHURCH. 

f 

The capital letters in the manuscript are perfectly distinct, 
and have been copied in the text. There can be no doubt that 
James Allen and John Davenport, the two ministers of the 
First Church, were two of the opposing ministers. S. M., 
the initials of the third, are less intelligible. It is well known 
that Increase Mather, the minister of the Second Church in 
Boston at that time, at first took sides with Allen and Daven¬ 
port. He afterwards, however, joined in opinion with the 
great majority of the clergy. No ingenuity, however, can 
make the S. M. of our manuscript stand for I. M. ; and it 
seems quite impossible that Hull should have printed this S., 
bv mistake, for I. 

Samuel Man, for some time minister of Wrentham, who 
graduated at Plarvard College in 1665, began to preach in 
1669 or 1670. He is the only New-England minister of 
that time who bore the initials S. M. As, however, he was 
not settled in the ministry until Oct. 15, 1673, it seems 
impossible that Hull should have known or cared what were 
his opinions upon a matter of state, even if he had begun to 
preach as early as May, 1669 ; which seems very doubtful. 
He is said to have died in the forty-ninth year of his ministry; 
his death taking place in 1719. He could, therefore, scarcely 
have been the S. M. of the text. It seems more probable 
that Samuel Mather, of Dublin, may have been at this time 
upon a visit in America, and that he may have expressed the 
opinion to which Hull here alludes. His position and con¬ 
nections would have given that opinion importance enough, 
in Hull’s eves, to induce him to add his initials to those of 
the other two. 


314 


APPENDIX. 


Note G. — Page 265. 

HULL’S ACCOUNTS. 

Ihere are several of Hull’s account-books extant. Of 
these, the most valuable to the historian is his book of ac¬ 
counts as Treasurer of the Colony for more than a year. 
This is preserved in the library of the Historical Genealogical 
Society; where is also the account-book of Mr. Russell, his 
predecessor in office. 

For public and for family history, the value of this curious 
volume has been greatly enhanced by an Index, prepared 
with laborious care by Mr. Isaac Child, of the Historical 
Genealogical Society, who has thus presented to antiquarians 
a very easy means of reference to an authentic document of a 
very curious period. 

This book begins June 25, 1675. The last entry is dated 
Sept. 23, 1676. The title of the book, in his own writing, 
is,— 


“ A journal appertaining to the Colony of the Mattachu- 
setts, relating to their military affairs, begun the 25th day of 
June, Anno Domini 1675. In which also is begun, the 19th 
day ot May following, and intermixed, the whole accompts 
of his government. Capt. John Hull being first chosen 
Treasurer at Warr by the Hon ble Council, and afterward Trea¬ 
surer to s rt Colony by the Hon able Gen a11 Court.” 


Capt. Hull’s private accounts are kept with precision and 
neatness, and show very curiously the wide range of his 
business. 


COINS. 


815 


Note H. — Frontispiece. 

The coins represented on the same page with the fac¬ 
simile of Hull’s manuscript are shilling, sixpenny, three¬ 
penny, and twopenny pieces of his coinage. The twopenny- 
piece here figured belongs to the valuable collection of Dr. 
Winslow Lewis, of Boston; to whom we are indebted for its 
use. The other representations are made from coins in the 
collection of the Antiquarian Society. 

We have not thought it necessary to attempt the represen¬ 
tation of all the different dies employed in the coinage. It 
has been already observed (p. 294), that the date 1652 was 
retained from that time forward, even till 1684, when the 
operation of the mint was suspended. It is certain, however, 
that, in that period, as many as sixteen different dies of the 
shilling-piece were used: there are pieces of so many differ¬ 
ent impressions in the valuable collection of Mr. Am mi 
Brown, of Boston. In the collection of Mr. William G. 
Stearns, of Cambridge, there are sixpences from four different 
dies, threepenny-pieces from two dies, and twopenny-pieces 
also from two dies. One of the shilling-pieces of Mr. Brown’s 
collection is, so far as known, unique. 

There are two other unique specimens in his collection, 
which throw perhaps a little light on the erased preamble to the 
coinage statute of 1652, already alluded to (p. 284). They 
are twelvepenny-pieces, of different dies, both dated 1650,— 
two years before the passage of that statute. The obverse in 
each bears a tree ; but, in one, the tree has fruit upon it, as 
if an apple-tree. This coin spells the name of the State 
Masaciiusets, instead of Masathusets, as the other coin of 
1650 does, and the coins of 1652 do.* These coins came into 
Mr. Brown’s possession in such ways as to remove any suspi¬ 
cion of fraud from their history, so far as it is known. Their 


* One of the 1652 dies reads Masatusets. 


316 


APPENDIX. 


existence leads us to conjecture that the plan for coinage 
existed as early as 1650 ; that some person, probably Hull 
himself, struck these coins as specimens of devices which 
might be employed. After they were struck, the last “ new 
order about money ” passed; but, as “ no persons were found 
willing to try and stamp the same,” no more coins were 
struck until the authorized issue of 1652. 

All these coins, we understand, will be figured in the work 
on the Coinage of America, on which Mr. Charles I. Beecher, 
of New York, has been diligently engaged for a long time. 

The medal figured in Folke, Raiding, and Felt, with the 
Good Samaritan on one side, and the Massachusetts shilling 
reverse on the other, was simply a coin in the Pembroke Col¬ 
lection, — a worn Massachusetts shilling, on which some en¬ 
graver, with a punch, made out a device of the Good Sama¬ 
ritan. It is so described in the catalogue of that collection, 
made when it was sold. It is, of course, unique, and of no 
historical value. 


I N D E X. 

~~t K> ^vv^Ci-^c V fi 1. ■ I*-*-'*-* 

rf V &*LU% **■ 

cw. &4L*u^ t?f 4 


A. 

Adams, Thomas, lxxiii. 

Adams, Mr., minister of Dedham, 237. 
Address to King Charles, extract from, 
282. 

Adventurers, three kinds, xviii. Names 
of, respecting, see note to page 97. 
Agitations between Massachusetts Colo¬ 
ny and Connecticut, 211. 

Alcock, Dr. John, 163. 

Alden, Master John, 159. 

Aldersey, Samuel, lix., note to page xcv. 
Allin, Rev. John, 231. 

Alline, Henry, 262. 

Allotment of lands, 22, 35-37, 41, 42. 
Anabaptists form a church, 219. Public 
dispute with, 226. Meet at Noddle’s 
Island, 238. 

Andros, Sir Edmund, visits Boston, 248. 
Andrews, Thomas, one of the judges of 
Charles I., xciii. 

Anger of the-king, 222. 

Archer, John, cx. 

Arrival of four ships with troops, 174. 
Armor purchased of Thomas Stevens, 18. 
Arms for one hundred men, 11. 

“ Arbella,” aboard of, assistants’ meet¬ 
ing, 77. 

Atherton, Gen., thrown from his horse, 
204. 

Auditors for settling accounts, their 
names, 44. 

B. 

Babylon, New England similar to, 168. 
Backhouse, xc. 

Balch, John, xxviii. 

Baptist, First Church in Boston, 227. 
Barbadoes, great fire in, 187. 

Bateman, ci. 

Batchelor, Good wife, 192. 


Beard, Thomas, a shoemaker, 104. 

Bears numerous in the Colony, 210. 

Beaver-skins, price of, fixed, 55. 

Beecher, Mr., respecting surgeon’s sala- 
ry, 65. 

Beecher, Thomas, 96. 

Benedict Arnold, 125. 

Betts, John, proposition from, 46. 

Bellingham, Gov. Richard, lxviii., 222, 
235. 

Birthplace of Hull, 117. 

Bilson, xcii. 

Blackstone, William, xxxvii., 85, 95. 

“ Blessing,” ship, invoice of cargo, 131. 

Bonaventure, George, 80. 

Boston, great fire in, 174. Threatened 
by the Dutch, 236; surrounding 
islands, some few settlers on, xxxvi. 
and xxxvii. 

Brackenbury, Dr., died, 243. 

Bradon, 243. 

Bradford, William, Governor of Ply¬ 
mouth, died, 180. 

Bradstreet, Simon, cv., cxvi. 

Bradstreet. See Broadstreet. 

Brenton, William, 125. 

Burton, Boniface, died, 229. 

Brereton, Sir William, lxxxiii., 16. 

Brewster, Nathaniel, arrived, 210. 

Brewerton, Sir William, trials with the 
Court about allotment of land, 75. 

Bridgetown, at Barbadoes, 226. 

Bright, Francis, Ixxxvii., 80. 

Broadstreet, Mr., 162, and Norton, re¬ 
turn, 208. 

Brookline lands, 258. 

Brown, Kellam, cxxi. 

Brown, John and Samuel, Ixxiv. Agree¬ 
ment respecting their passages in 
Company’s ships, 23. Difficulties 
with the government, and the action 
thereon, 50, 52 and notes. Their 
grievances, 76, 80, 95. 

Brown, Edmund, died, 244. 





372 


INDEX. 


Brude, Thomas, 91. 

Buckman, Thomas, and Allin, Daniel, 
Hull’s letter to, 129. 

Bull, Henrv, 169. 

Bulkley, Peter, arrives from England, 
246. His death, 187. 

Butler, Joseph, letter to, from Hull, 138. 
Burgess, William, Secretary, xci. 34. 


C. 

Cabot, John and Sebastian, authorized 
by Henry VII. to search for coun¬ 
tries, x. Discover America, ib. 

Cambridge, synod at, 172. 

Canada, reports of French movements 
in, 224. 

Cape Ann, settlement at, xxii. First 
overseers, xxxi. Experiment at, 
described, xxvii. 

Captivity-returns, 196. 

Captives from Indians retaken, 244. 

Caron or Caxon, Joseph, lx. 

Carr, Sir Robert, 212, 214, 216. His 
death, 224. 

Carteret, Col., 212. 

Cartwright, Col., 212, 214, 216. 

Caterpillars, flying, 218. 

Charles I. beheaded, 172. 

Charles II. crowned king in Scotland, 
173. Restored, 195. Proclaimed in 
Boston, 203. 

Children, adult, own the covenant, 198. 

Chauncey, Charles, President of the Col¬ 
lege, died, 232. 

Christopher’s Island, contributions to 
aid, 224. 

Christopher’s Island, two hundred per¬ 
sons arrive in distress from, 222. 

Churches, how to be built, 87. Ga¬ 
thered, 169. 

Charlestown Third Church gathered, 
229. 

Clark, xcii. 

Clark, Major Thomas, 243. 

Claydon, Richard, 23, 99. 

Cobbett, Rev. Thomas, 158. 

Cobbler, simple, of Agawam, cxiii. 

Coddington, William, cxv. 

Coinage of Massachusetts, 145, 281. 

Coin, form of, 119. Anecdote respect¬ 
ing, 120. Counterfeit, 145. Device 
of, 289. Clipping, 300. 

Colbron, William, note to, 149. 

Colburn, William, xcvi. 

Collins, Mr. John, 159. 

College, difficulties in, 238. 

Colonies, four combinations of, 172. 

Conant, Roger, xxiii. His age, &c., 
xxxii. 

Coney, Thomas, note to, cxxxvii. 

Comet seen, 215, 225. 

Committee to treat with Mint-master,295. 


Company, Joint-stock, 14. In England, 
lv. Massachusetts Bay, alphabe¬ 
tical list of the names of the mem¬ 
bers, cxxxiv. and following. 

Commissioners, the king’s, held their 
court at Narrowgansett, &c., 216. 
Letters, ships containing them tak¬ 
en, 221. 

Compensation to be paid John Hull, 286. 

Cooke, Edward, xcii. 

Corlet, Ammy, died, 245. 

Cotton, John; Hull a member of his 
church, 145, 170, 173. 

Cotton, Seaborn, ordained at Hampton, 
188. 

Coulson, Christopher, Ixxxii. 

Council, oath of, 41. 

Counterfeit coin, 118. 

Cox, Thomas, 80, 96. 

Cradock, Matthew, lvi., 8, 87, 90, 93, 
100 - 102 . 

Crane, Robert, xc. 

Cromwell and the Massachusetts Com¬ 
pany, cxxxi. His death noticed, 186. 

Crowther, William, lxxxi. 


D. 

Damerill, John, 259. 

Davenport, Mr., 80. 

Danforth, Samuel, description of comet, 
215. Died, 238. 

Danforth, John, ordained pastor of Dor¬ 
chester, 249. 

Darley, Henry, cxi., note. 

Davenport, Richard, his death, 218. 

Davenport, John, lxxxv., cxxxvi., 226. 

Davis, John, Gov., President of Ameri¬ 
can Antiquarian Society. Memoir, 
345. 

Davis, William, 174. 

Davis, Capt. William, died, 242. 

Debts of the Joint-stock Company, how 
to be discharged, 67. Action upon, 
69. 

Dedham, fire at, 183. 

Dellavall, Capt. Thomas, 212. 

Dennison, Daniel, dies, 250. 

Diary, Hull’s public one stops, 250. 

Differences between the government 
and Messrs. John and Samuel 
Brown, persons appointed to settle; 
their names, 50. 

Divisions at Salem, 237. 

Drinker, Edward, 219. 

Dodg, William, 100. 

Dorchester in England, xix., cxxiv. 

Dorchester and Plymouth adventurers 
dispute between, xxiv. 

Dorset and Somerset counties, planters 
from. 100. 

Dover, N.H., xxxviii. 

Downes, Capt. Thomas, 125. 

Downing, Emanuel, cv. 





INDEX. 


373 


Dudley,Gov., historical letter from,xxix. 
Dudley, Ann, the poetess, cxvi. 

Dudley, Thomas, ciii. Died, 174. 
hummer, Jeremie, 150. 

Dunbar, victory at, 173. 

Dunster, Henry, died, 187. 

Durbridge, Mr., 24. 

Dury, Mr. John, 214. 

Dutch massacred by Indians, 177. 

Dyer, Mary, 188. Hanged, 193. 


E. 

Earthquake, 172. At Boston, 199, 207, 
226. 

Eaton, Theophilus, lxx., 181. 

Edwards, Joan, 181. Her confession, 196. 
Eedes, William, 100. 

Election Sermon by John Norton, 202. 

By John Higginson, 202. 

Eliot, John, preaches first to Indians, 172. 
His death, 228. 

Endicott, John, Capt., and one hundred 
followers, arrive in Salem, lii., 1. 
Provisions to be sent over to, 34. 
Letter from him read, 46, 66. His 
council, letters of instruction to, 79, 
96. Mrs., 88. His death, 218. 
England, the company in, proceedings 
concluded, 78. State of, 167. 
Epidemic sickness, 211. 

Errors in the church broached and dis¬ 
pelled, 170. 

Estate of John Hull, its division, 258-262. 
Exportation of coin, 290. 

Ewstead, Richard, 92. 


F. 

Fall fight, Indian, 242. 

Farr, &eorge, 101. 

Fast, public, 194. 

Fasts, 199, 206, 213, 220. 

Fillie, Hugh, 100. 

Fines or Fiennes, Charles, cxix. 
Fishing-grounds of New England, xix. 
Fires in Boston, 233, 245. 

First brick house built in Boston, cxv. 
Flood, severe one, 221. 

Flyer, Francis, cviii. 

Flynt, Josiah, minister at Dorchester, 
232, 247. 

Flynt, Mr. Henry, died, 226. 

Foord, Amos, 146. 

Form of an oath for governor, 40. 

Form of the money to be coined, 288. 
Forde, Edwai'd, cii. 

Fortifications, how to be built, 57. 
Foster. William, 231. 

“ Four sisters,” ship, 98. 

Foxcroft, George, lxxix. 

Foy, Master, brings letter from England, 
‘ 248. 


Free mint, proposition for, 299. 

French forts taken, 175. Ship brought 
in as a prize, 222. 

Frosts, severe, 220. 


G. 

Gace, John, of London, purchases made 
of him for the Company, 19. 

Garret, James, 146. Supposed loss of 
his ship, 184. 

General Court, action on addresses, 197. 
Wantof unanimity in, 202. Met, 213. 
Three sessions of, 237. 

George, John, 219. 

Gibbons, Major Edward, 20, died, 176. 

Gibbs, John, 96. 

Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, x. 

Gilbert, Sir John and Raleigh, xiv. 

Gillam, Benjamin, 156, 218. 

Glover, John, lxxix. 

Goffe, Thomas, lxxii. 

Gookin, Capt. D., 213. 

Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, xxiii. Descrip¬ 
tion of lands granted to him, xli. 
His company, xliii. Extract from 
his narrative, xlv. 

Gorges, Robert, xli., xlvi., 85. 

Gorton, Samuel, 150. 

Gould, Thomas, 219. 

Governor and Assistants for 1629, their 
names, 32. 

Government, to be transferred to the 
plantation, proposition of Gov. Cra- 
dock for, 47. Transferring to New 
England, committees and umpires 
appointed, their names, 62. Trans¬ 
ferred to New England, see note to 
page 63. Transferring, further ac¬ 
tion on, 69. 

Grain in New England blasted, 208. 

Grantees of land between the rivers 
Merrimac and Charles, xlv.; of the 
New-England patent, xvi. 

Graves, Thomas, his contract with the 
Company, 20, 85. 

Greenough, William, 158. 

Greenough, Master, 232. 

Great tempest, 220. 


H. 

Hacker, Mary, 181. 

Hareborough Market, in Leicestershire, 

Hail-storm, great one, 236. [141. 

Harman, Mr. Roger, 98. 

Harris, Capt. John, commands Hull’s 
ship, 125. 

Hartford, council respecting church diffi¬ 
culties held in Boston, 188. Church, 
division in, 179, 183. 


48 





374 


INDEX. 


Harvard, John, his death, 172. 

Harwood, George, treasurer, liv., lvi. 
Haughton, Henry, 102. 

Haward, Richard, 100. 

Hawthorn, 222. 

Heiffernan, William, Hull’s letter to, 127. 
Henchman, Capt. Daniel, 260. 

Hewson, George; Thomas, John, lvii. 
Hibbins, Mrs. Ann, executed for a witch, 
Ixix. 

Hibbins, William, 176. 

Heith, Isaac, died, 198. 

Higginson, Rev. John, of Leicester, in¬ 
vited to go over to join the planta¬ 
tion, 26, 195, 236. See Ilugeson. 
Higginson, Mr. Francis, lxxxvi'., 80. 
Hoar, Rev. Leonard, President of the 
College, 233, 235. Died, 241. 

Hoar, William, baker, 259. 

Hobart, Gershom, 252. 

Holyoke, Edward, died, 193. 

Hooker, Mr. Thomas, died, 172. 
Houchin, Jeremy, 209. 

Hubbard, Wiltiam and Wade, cxvii. 
Hubbard, the historian, of Ipswich, dun¬ 
ning letter to, from Mr. Hull, 137. 
Hubert, Mr. William [Hubbard], 185. 
Hubbard, Nehemiah, 239. 

Hubbard [Hobart], Peter, died, 245. 
Hugeson [ ? Higginson], his son, 93. 

Hull, John , his memoir, birth, education, 
arrival in America, 117. 

Member of Artillery Company, &c., 

121 . 

Deputy from Wenham, Westfield, 
Salisbury, Concord, 121. 

One of the founders of Old South 
Church, 122. 

Death, and funeral sermon, 122. 

His business as goldsmith, 124. 

Orders to his captains, 125. 

His Narragansett estate, 126. 
Treasurer to the Colony, 128. 

Places money in London for the bene¬ 
fit of the Colony, 134, 135. 

Dies intestate, settlement of accounts, 
135, 136. 

His residence, where situated, 136. 
Relatives in England, 139. 

His Diary, 141. 

Escapes from death by a horse, 141. 
Arrives in New England, 142. 

Mother dies, 142. 

Married, children born and died, 143. 
Births and deaths of children, 144. 
Chosen corporal, 145. 

Ships taken by the Dutch, 146. 

Chosen Ensign of South Military Com¬ 
pany, 146. 

Chosen Town Treasurer, 147. 

Lost estates made up, 149. 

Estate of, lost, 149. 

Chosen Selectman, 151. 

In England, 152. 


Hull, John (continued). 

Journey to Rhode Island, 152. 

Brings children from England, 153. 
Keeps a private fast, 153-4. 

Chosen Lieutenant of Artillery Com¬ 
pany, 154. 

Arrival of various ships, 155. 

Chosen Deputy from \\ enham, 158. 
Vessels arrive safe, 158. 

Goes to England, 159. 

Ill at London, 160. 

Arrives home, 160. 

Chosen Deputy for Westfield, 160. 
Vessels return safe, 160. 

Ship lost, 161. 

Chosen member of War Committee, 
162. 

His losses of ships at sea, 164. 

Chosen Assistant, 164. 

Goes to England, with Messrs. Norton, 
Broadstreet, and Davis, to act for 
the Colony, 205. 

His meditations, 217. 

Writes to Richard Rook, 250. 

Walks with his father-in-law to Dor¬ 
chester to attend meeting, 254. 
Wednesday-evening Meeting, note to 
page 254. 

Date of his death, 255. 

Shadie Meditations in verse on Mr. 
Hull’s death, 255. 

Division of his estate, 258, 259, 560. 
His genealogy, 269. Appendix. 
Kindness to his mother, anecdote of, 
270. 

Death of his mother, 271. 

Monody on his mother, 272. 

His compensation as Mint-master, 286. 
His short-hand, 279. 

His burial, 257. 

Agents, letters to, 131, 132. 


Hull, Edward, 270. 

Hull, Hannah, married to Judge Sewall, 
273. 

Sewall descent, 273. 

Sewall, Judge, letter from, 274. 

Hull, Hannah, her first meeting with her 
husband, 274. 

Hull, Hannah, tradition respecting her 
dowry, 274. 

Adams, J. Quincy, letter of, Rev. Dr. 
Blagden, 275, 276. 

Hull, Judith, her death, 271. 

Hull, Robert, 269. Died, 156. 

Humphrey, John, xxx., 1., lxxxvi. 

Hurd, John, 193. 

Hutchins, Thomas, lxxvii. 

Hutchinson, Edward, requests dismission 
from the church, 198, 218. 

Hutchison, Eliakim, letters from Hull to, 
250-252. 

Hutchinson’s remarks on circulation of 
the coin, 121. 






INDEX. 


375 


i. 

Indian cruelties, 171. 

Indians, Avar with, 171, 240. 

Indians and Dutch, plot of, 174. 

Indians, expedition against, 176. 
Indians, Mohawk, five taken, 219. 
Influence, political, of Massachusetts 
Company, cxxxii. 

Inkersall, Richard, 100. 

Ironworks, what action about, 14. 
Ironside, xcvii. 


J. 

Janson, Sir Brian, cxv. 

Jeffries, William, gentleman, 95. 
Jennings, Thomas, 244. 

Jencks’s, Joseph, proposition for making 
money declined, 296. 

Johnson, Francis, cxxxvii. 

Johnson, Isaac, lxvii., 87. 

Johnson, Arbella, lxvii. 

Joint-stock, orders respecting, 67. 
Judgments upon enemies of the church, 
169. 


Iv. 

Keyn, Capt. Robert, died, 179. 

King requested to name a stamp for the 
coin, 299. 

King’s trial, judges at, cxxx. 

King’s Chapel, Boston, the burial-ground, 
lxviii. 

Knap, Mrs., 192. 


L. 

Lading of ships, 8. 

Lands, division of, 15, 41. Names of 
persons appointed to consider the 
matter, 17. 

League and covenant, cxi. 

Lidget, Peter, 241. 

Leech, Lawrence, 90. 

Letter, first general one of the Compa¬ 
ny, 79. 

Letters written from the church to per¬ 
sons in England, 209. 

Leverett, Hudson, 259. 

Leverett, John, 213. Arrived, 203. Com¬ 
missioner, 174. Gov., died, 245. 

Lloyd, James, his favorable location, 
136. 

Lincoln, Theophilus, Earl of, cxix. 

Love, Christopher, beheaded, 173. 

Ludlow, Roger, cxiii. 

Lusher, Major Eleazer, 234. 


M. 

Magistrates opposed to Charlestown 
church, their names, note to 229. 
Managers of Joint-stock appointed, their 
names, 71. 

Manhattan, expedition against, 212. 
Masts, shipload of, sent to the king, 227. 
Mather, Mr. Richard, died, 229. 

Martin, Capt., 223. 

Mason, John, his grant, xl. 
Massachusetts patentees, xlvii. Who 
was first governor of, c. Bay Com¬ 
pany, their motives, cxxii. Bay 
Company, its origin, ix. 

Maverick, Samuel, note to 85, 212, 214, 
216. 

Mayflower of Yarmouth, 98. 
Meeting-house, third, built in Boston, 230. 
Members of the Company remaining in 
England, their influence, cxxiii. 
Men, one hundred, cost of their pas¬ 
sage, 24. 

Metcalfe, Theophilus, Jiis system of 
short-hand, 279. 

Milburne, Peter, xcvi. 

Military affairs, influence of Company 
in, cxxix. 

Miller, Mr., minister of Groton, died, 208. 
Ministers’ meeting at Charlestown, 229. 
Ministers, new, 185. 

Mint to be established, 118. House, 
where located, 119. Order respect¬ 
ing, 288. Expenses of, 289. Law 
respecting, repealed, 294. Order of 
Court settling of, 298. Free one, 
petition for, 300. 

Mitchell, Jonathan, of Cambridge, 213, 
227. 

Morley, Robert, surgeon to the Compa- 
ny, 17. 

Monatoes, expedition against, 212. 
Money, raising of, for payment of debts, 
43. 

Morrell, William, xxxv. 

Moulton, Robert, shipwright, 56. 

Muddy River, 258. 

Murder by the Indians near Hartford, 180. 


N. 

Nantasket, xxiii. 

Naumkeag, settlement of, xxviii. Name 
changed to Salem, xxxiv. 

Newbury, divisions of the church in, 234. 

Necessaries, so considered, for a voyage 
to New England, 11. 

Needham, Goodman, 254. 

Negotiations of the General Court with 
the Mint-master, 291. 

Negus, Benjamin, 249. 

Newman, Rev. Antipas, 158. 

Newman, Francis, Gov., died, 197. 

Newman, Mr., of Rehoboth, died, 208, 





376 


INDEX 


Newman, Mr. Noah, 244. 

New England, great patent obtained, xv. 
New Haven founded 1638, lxxxvi. 

Sounds heard in the air, 217. 

New York taken by the Dutch, 236. 
Nichols, Col. Richard, 212, 216. 
Nicholet, Rev. Charles, 237. New church 
at Salem for, 239. 

Noddle’s Island, East Boston, 85. 

Norris, Edward, died, 190. 

Norton, a carpenter, 92. 

Norton, Rev. John, 180. 

Norton with Bradstreet sent to England 
in behalf of the churches, 204. His 
death, 207. Sermons published, 214. 
Norton, Mrs. Mary, 243. 

Note explanatory, 1. 

Nowell, Increase, lx.; died, 177. 

Nowell, Alexander, 233. 

Nye, Philip, cxi. 


0 . 

• 

Oakes, Urian, 231. Ordained at Cam¬ 
bridge, 232. Died, 249. 

Oath of the Governor of New England, 
40, 41. Taken by Hull and Sander¬ 
son, 287. 

“ Observable Passages of Providence,” 
167. 

Oldham, Mr. John, trouble with, 82. 
His grant, 95. 

Oldham, John, xxiii. 

Oliver, Thomas, his death, 182. 

Oliver, John, died, 172. 

One hundred men, apparel for, 6. 

Order of General Court for coining, 
294. 

Osborn, Thomas, 219. 

Owen, Dr. John, 159. Invited by Boston 
church to officiate, 210, 221. 

Oxenbridge, Mr. John, 234. 


P. 

Paddy, Samuel, 150. 

Paddy, William, 184. 

Paine, Moses, and Judith, his wife, 269. 

Palfrey, Peter, xxviii. 

Palmer, Abraham, lxv. 

Papillon, Thomas, and Ive, John, 131. 

Parliament, influence of Massachusetts 
Bay Company in, cxxvi. Dissolved, 
173. 

Patent of Virginia gained, xii. 

Peace, news of, between England, 
France, and Holland, 225. Made 
with the Indians, 247. In Europe, 
228. 

Pelham, Herbert, lxxxix. 

Penalty for exporting corn, 290. 

Penn, James, 231. 

Perry, Richard, Ivii. 


| Persons sent out divided into families, 94. 
Persons appointed to consider the sub¬ 
ject of the government of the plan¬ 
tation to be established in New 
England, their names, 48. 

Peters, Hugh, lx. 

Petition of Hull to General Court, 263- 
265. 

Peirse, Mr. William, 98. 

Peirce, Capt., 218. 

Phillips, George, cxix. 

Phippen, Sarah, 260. 

Pine-tree, the device of, 293. 

“ Pilgrim,” the ship, 98. 

Plaisted, Roger, and the Broughtons, 
agents, 125. 

Plantation, first movements of begin¬ 
ning, 3. 

Planter’s Plea, a tract, xxii., note. 
Plymouth Company, xv. Council of, 
xxxix. 

Pocock, John, xci. 

Point-Judith Neck, 125. 

Popham, Sir John, xiv. 

Porter, John, 150. 

Portsmouth first settled, by whom, 
xxxviii. 

Pratt, John, surgeon, 16. 

Premium for coinage, 285. 

Prince, Mr. Thomas, died, 235. 

Planting begun at Cambridge, 172. 
Prodigy, two suns seen, 208. 

Providence, passages of God’s, 140. 
Providence, remarkable one, 181. 

Puliston, Thomas, xc. 

Pynchon, William, lxxviii., 194. 

Pynchon, John, 212. 


Q. 

Quakers arrive, and sent back, 178. 
Return of, 182. Banished, 188. Ex¬ 
ecuted, 189, 200. In England, 190. 
Dealings with, 197. Released from 
prison, 203. 

Quincy, Daniel, account of his wedding, 
278. 

Quincy, Edmund, 271. 

Quincy, Judith, married to John Hull, 
117, 269. 


R. 

Rainsford, Elder Edward, died, 247. 

Raleigh, Sir Walter, xi. 

Randolph. Edmund, complains of coin¬ 
age, 298. 

Rawson, Edward, Secretary, 300. 

Religious affairs, influence of Massachu¬ 
setts Company in, cxxix. 

Revell, John, xciv. 

Records, the Company’s, i. Persons 
named in, cxxxvii. 





INDEX. 


377 


Reynardson, Sir Abraham, xciii. 
Reynor, Rev. John, 229. And wife, 157. 
Reynor, Mr. John, 242. 

Rhode-Island coal, note to page 127. 
Rhode Island, heretics banished to, 170. 
Rickman, Isaac, 104. 

Robinson, William, 188. 

Rogers, Ezekiel, 198. 

Rook, Richard, letter to, 251. 

Rossiter, Edward, cix. 

Roswell, Sir Henry, xlvii.-viii. 

Rowe, Owen, xcvii. 

Rowlinson, (Rowlandson), Joseph, died, 
244. 

Rugles, Samuel, of Roxbury, 224. 
Russell, Daniel, died, 245. 

Russell, James, of Charlestown, 271. 
Russell, John, Baptist preacher, dies, 248. 
Ryall, William, cooper, 91. 


S. 

Salem, four original settlers of, xxxiii. 

Salisbury, Earl of, cv. 

Salt, making of, 14. 

Salt sent out, 91. 

Saltonstall, Sir Richard, Ixvi., 87, 100. 

Sanderson, Robert, partner to Hull, 119. 

Sandwich, church of Indians gathered 
there, 230. 

Scarlet, Capt., 240. 

Scotland, commissioners sent to, by Par¬ 
liament, their names, cxxvii. 

Savage, Thomas, died, 249. 

Savage, Ephraim, 254. 

Say and Sele, Viscount, cxx. 

Seale, Humphrey, xci. 

Second letter of the Company to Endi- 
cott and his Council, dated Lon¬ 
don, 96. 

Sedgwicke, Major Robert, 174. 

Sewall, Chief Justice, married to Hull’s 
daughter; Hull’s confidence in him, 
123, 124. 

Sewall, Judge, note to page 144. Ex¬ 
tract from his Diary begins, 252. 
Curious Latin sentence in, 253. 

Shadie Meditations on the death of Hull, 
255-257. 

Sharp, Samuel, his salary, Ixxxii., 15,22, 
92, 100. 

Sharpe, Thomas, cix. 

Shapley, Nicholas, 142. 

Sheaff, Jacob, died, 187. 

Sheafie, Sampson, his house burned, 248. 

Shepherd, Rev. T., died, 173. 

Shepherd, Samuel, minister of Rowley, 
died, 226. 

Shepherd, Mr. Thomas, died, 243. 

Ships, one hundred, arrive at Boston in 
this year, 214. 

Ship of four hundred tons to be bought 
by the Company, proposals for, 45, 
46. 


Ships burned at sea, 186. Sailed from 
Boston, 178. Twenty-two, sail from 
Nantucket, 223. Sail for England, 
185. 

Short-hand, Hull’s, 279. 

Shute, Mr., 220. 

Silver coinage established in Massachu¬ 
setts, 283. 

Skelton, Mr. Samuel, lxxxviii., 80, 92. 

Small-pox prevailing, 157. Deaths by, 
163. At Boston, 244. At Charles¬ 
town, 244. 

Smith, Capt. John, xiv. 

Smith, Mr. Ralph, 85. 

Snow, 13th of April, 183. 

Southcoat, Thomas, xlix. 

Southampton, meeting of Court of As¬ 
sistants at, 77. 

Spanish silver, importations of, 296. In¬ 
troduced into colonial currency, 297. 

Spurstow, xciv. 

Star, blazing one seen, 214. 

Statute relating to coinage, its inconsis¬ 
tency, 284. * 

State archives, extract from, 286. 

Stevens, Thomas, lix. 

Stevenson, Marmaduke, 188. 

Stock, Joint, Company, government ac¬ 
tion upon, 57. 

Stone, of Hartford, died, 209. 

Storer, Elizabeth, 269. 

Stoughton and Bulkley, Hull’s letter to, 
129. 

Stoughton, William, 231; and Bulkley, 
Peter, arrive from England, 246. 

Subscribers to the stock of the planta- 
tation, cxvii. To the stock of the 
Massachusetts Company, names of, 
lxxx. 

Suicides, 196. 

Sun, eclipse of, 189, 209. 

Symmes, Zachariah, died, 230. 

Symonds, Samuel, 244. 

Synods of churches, 206, 246. 


T. 

Temple, Sir Thomas, reply to Charles 
II., 292, 293. 

Torrey, William, 300. 

Thacher, Thomas, died, 244. 
Thanksgiving, public, 189. 

Thirty-nine Articles, black-letter copy 
of, with signatures, cxxxvi. 
Thompson, David, 85. 

Thomson, William, xxxvii. 

Thompson, Rev. Dr., his death, 223. 
Thursday Lecture, First Church, 123. 
Tillie, Hugh, 100. 

Titles, adverse, of settlers, xxxviii. 
Tobacco, respecting planting of, 10. 

How to be planted and taken, 102. 
Ton Gy, Mr. Samuel, ordained at Wey- 
mouth, 215, 254.' 




378 


INDEX. 


“ Trial,” ship, sails, 151. 
Turnor, William, 219. 
Turkeys, tame, sent out, 87. 
Twopenny-pieces, 294. 


U. 

Underhill, Capt., 171. 
Usher, Hezekiah, died, 241. 


V. 

Vane, Sir Henry, cxxxi. 

Vassal, William, Ixxvii. 

Vassall, Samuel, lxx. 

Venn, John, lv. 

Venner, Thomas, 200. 

Vessels, outfit of, 1. 

Virginia patent, conditions of, xiii. 

Vote passed that the government be es¬ 
tablished in New England, 49. 


W. 

Wade, cxvii. 

Wait, Benjamin, 244. 

Walford, Thomas, note to page 85. 
Walgrave, Ixxxix. 

Waller, Capt. Henry, Ixxxiv. 

Ward, Nathaniel, cxii. 

Walley, Mr. Thomas, died, 243. 

War between French and Dutch, 219. 
War prevented, 175. 

Warwick, Earl of, grant to, 54. 
Washbourne, John, secretary of the 
company, lxxxiii., 19. 

Waterman, Richard, 90. 

Webb, Francis, Ixxix., 100. 

Webb, Thomas, lx. 

Weils, Dr., 99. 

West, Capt. Francis, xlii. 

West, Nicholas, cxxi. 

Weston, Thomas, xxiii. 

West Indies, expedition to, 177. 
Weymouth, settlement at, xxxv. 

Whally and Goff, respecting their appre¬ 
hension, 201, 202. 

Wheat blasted, 213. 

Wheelwright, Rev. John, of Salisbury, 
died, 246. 


Whetcombe, Simon, xlv., li., lv. 

Whichcot., Col., Governor of Windsor 
Castle, cxxx. 

Whichcote, Charles, lxxxi. 

White, Rev. John, xx., lxi., lxiv. His 
narrative respecting differences be¬ 
tween Cape Ann and Dorchester, 
xxvi. 

White, John, the counsellor, cvi. 

White, Century, cvii. 

White, Richard and Edmund, xciii. 

Whiting, Rev. Samuel, of Lynn, died, 
246. 

Will, Hull's, close of, 262. 

Willard, Major Symon, died, 241. 

Willard, Rev. S., 271. 

Willoughby, Deputy, 157. 

Willoughby, Lord, 225. 

Willoughby, Sir Francis, his death, 231. 

Wilson, Lambert, surgeon, 93. 

Wilson, Mrs., her death, 194. 

Windsor, Conn., founded by Ludlow, 
cxiv. 

Winslow, Josiah, died, 248. 

Winter, temperate, 179. 

Winthrop, John, sketch of his life, xcviii.j 
chosen governor, 63; death, 173. 

Winthrop, John, Governor of Connecti¬ 
cut, died, 241. 

Winthrop, Mrs. Elizabeth, 235. 

Winthrop, Hon. Thomas L., President 
of American Antiquarian Society, 
Memoir, 319. 

Wollaston, Mount, xxxv. Disorders at, 
xxxvi., xxxvii. 

Wollridge, Mr., 98. 

Woodbury, John, xxviii. 

Woodbridge, John, Rev., arrives in Bos¬ 
ton, 209. 

Wooden chimneys, law against, cx. 

Woodgate, xcvi. 

Woodman, Edmund, 234. 

Woodward, Rev. William, died, 229. 

Woode, Richard, 259. 

Worcester (Eng.), victory at, 173. 

Wright, Nathaniel, lxix., 25. 

Wynche, ci. 


Young, Sir John, xlix. 
Young, James, ciii. 


Note. — There are a few additional matters not covered by this Index, to 
which the reader is specially referred; viz., the list of errata and addenda on page 
viii; the newly recovered passages of the Records, intercalated after page 26; 
and the contents of the Memoirs of Presidents Winthrop and Davis. 





















American Nur 

nismatic Society 

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