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BRIDGE #3 

JANUARY 24-28, 1994 

CULTURE, DIFFERENCE AND LAW 

Patrick Macklem & Craig Scott 


Faculty of Lav 
University of Toronto 


These materials are solely for the educational use of students at 
the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, and students of other 
institutions to whom they may be distributed for educational 
purposes only. 
















BORA LACKIN' LA'7 

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LIBRARY 


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BRIDGE #3 

JANUARY 24-28, 1994 

CULTURE, DIFFERENCE AND LAW 

Patrick Macklem & Craig Scott 


Faculty ©f Law 
University ©f Toronto 


These materials are solely for the educational use of students at 
the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, and students ©f other 
institutions to whom they may be distributed for educational 
purposes only. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2018 with funding from 
University of Toronto 


https://archive.org/details/culturedifferencOOmack 


TABLE OF CONTENTS 


Culture, Difference and Law 


Bridge Schedule 


(following Table of Contents) 


Respect for Cultural Difference 

C. Taylor, "The Politics of Recognition" in Amy Gutmann, 
ed., Multiculturalism and *The Politics of Recognition 1 
excerpts from 25-74 (Princeton University Press, 1992) . 1 

E. Said, Covering Islam; How the Media and the Experts 
Determine How We See the Rest of the World 41-47, 65-72, 

143, 151-153, 154-164 (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 


1981) .... . 16 

D. Spurr, The Rhetoric of Empire: Colonial Discourse in 
Journalism. Travel Writing, and Imperial Administration 7-9, 

189-195 (Durham: Duke University Press, 1993) ..... 32 


Culture, Difference and Identity 

Nitya Duclos, "Lessons of Difference: Feminist Theory on 
Cultural Diversity" (1990) 38 Buffalo Law Review 325 . . 37 

Nitya Iyer , "Categorical Denials: Equality Rights and the 
Shaping of Social Identity" (1994) 19 Queen's Law Journal 

179 ...... . ............... 54 

W hose Culture(s) ? 

Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the 
Origins and Spread of Nationalism 204-205 (London: Verso, 
1991) .................... . 65 

Geraldine Heng and Janadas Devan, "State Fatherhood: The 
Politics of Nationalism, Sexuality and Race in Singapore" in 
Andrew Parker, Mary Russo, Doris Sommer, and Patricia 
Yaeger, eds., Nationalism and Sexualities extracts from 343- 
365 (New York: Routledge, 1992) ............ 66 

Hath Weston, "Coming Out to '‘Blood® Relatives® 9 and "Exiles 
from Kinship" in Weston, Families We Choose: Lesbians. 

Gavs. Kinship 67-68, 29-33 (1991) ........... 73 

Gilbert Herdt and Andrew Boxer, "Introduction: Culture, 
History, and Life Course of Gay Men" in Herdt, ed., Gav 
Culture in America: Essays from the Field 3-8 (Beacon 
Press, 1992) ...................... 76 


Edward Dolnick, "Deafness as Culture" September 1993 
Atlantic Monthly 37 ........ . . . . 


80 



























Perspective, Privilege and Judging 


Jennifer Nedelsky, "The Challenges of Multiplicity" (1991) 

89 Michigan Law Review 1591.... 87 

P. McIntosh, "White Privilege and Male Privilege: A 
Personal Account of Coming to see Correspondence Through 
Work in Women's Studies", Working Paper #189 (Wellesley 
College Centre for Research on Women, 1988) ...... 97 

Who Judges? A Sociology of the Legal Profession 

Canadian Bar Association, Task Force on Gender Equality in 
the Legal Profession (Bertha Wilson, Patricia Blocksom, 
Sophie Bourque, Daphne Dumont, John Hagan, Sharon Mclvor, 
Alec Robertson, Corrine Sparks), Touchstones for Change: 
Equality. Diversity and Accountability (Ottawa: The 
Canadian Bar Association, 1993) . ...... 103 

Who Does the Judge Hear ? 

Leslie Hall Pinder, The Carriers of No: After the Land 
Claims Trial. Discussions About Law #2 . (Vancouver: Lazara 
Press, 1991) . ..... . 125 

Delqamuukw v. British Columbia (1991), 79 D.L.R. (4th) . 133 

Juries as Judges: Questions of Composition and Representation 

R. v. Parks . (1993) 15 O.R. (3d) 324 . ..... 152 

Human Rights, Universality and Cultural Relativism 

Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im, "Toward a Cross-Cultural Approach 
to Defining International Standards of Human Rights: The 
Meaning of Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or 
Punishment", in Human Rights in Cross-Cultural Perspective: 

A Quest for Consensus 19 (1991) ............ 166 

Heiner Bielefeldt, "Christians and Muslims Facing the 
Challenge of Human Rights", extracts from a forthcoming 
translation of Johannes Schwartlander and Heiner Bielefeldt, 
Christians and Muslims Facing the Challenge of Human Rights 

Published by the German Bishops' Conference Research Group 
on the Universal Tasks of the Church (original text in 
German, November 1992) . .. 177 

Aboriginal/Non-Aboriginal Dialogue 


Robin Riddington, "Cultures in Conflict: The Problem of 
Discourse" . . . ........... 196 

























Cultural Pluralism and Freedom of Religion 


Adler v. Ontario (1992), 94 D.L.R. (4th).205 

Moral and Legal Responses to the Multi-Cultural, Multi-Ethnic 

State 


D. Reaume, "Moral and legal Responses to the Multi-Cultural, 
Multi-Ethnic State" (1993) 15 Rechtstheorie 25 . 220 

Problems of Electoral Representation 

K. Roach, "Chartering the Electoral Map into the Future" in 
John Courtney ed. Drawing Boundaries (Saskatoon: Fifth 
House, 1992) . 226 

Lani Guinier, "The Triumph of Tokenism: The Voting Rights 
Act and the Theory of Black Electoral Success" (1991) 89 
Mich. L. Rev. 1077 ... 231 

Mary Ellen Turpel, "Indigenous Peoples' Rights of Political 
Participation and Self-Determination: Recent International 
Legal Developments and the Continuing Struggle for 
Recognition" (1992) 25 Cornell International L.J. 579 . 234 

Law Beyond Difference? International Law and The Aspiration to 

World Government 


R. Falk, Revitalizing International Law (Ames: Iowa State 


Univ. Press, 1989), pp. 3-43 . ........ 236 

E. Morgan, "Retributory Theatre", (1988) 3 American U.J. 
International Law & Policy, 8-11 ............ 240 


G.E. Lessing, "Ernst and Falk" (written 1778-1780) in G.E. 
Lessing (ed. P. Demetz), Nathan the Wise. Minna Von Barnhelm 
and Other Plays and Writings (New York: Continuum, 1991), 
pp. 287-289 

I. Kant, "Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch", in 
Kant's Political Writings (ed. H. Reiss; tr. H.B. Nisbet) 
(Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1970), 99-100, 

112-113 ........................ 243 

Alexandre Kojeve, "Tyranny and Wisdom", in V. Gourevitch and 
M. Roths, eds., On Tyranny (New York: Free Press, 1991), 
pp. 169-172 . ............... 244 

Leo Strauss, "Restatement on Xenophon's Hiero", in V. 
Gourevitch and M. Roths,1 eds., On Tyranny (New York: Free 
Press, 1991), pp. 207-208, 211 . 246 

Amy Gutmann, "The Challenge of Multiculturalism in Political 
Ethics" (1993) Philosophy and Public Affairs 171-206 . . 249 















































BRIDGE #3 


WEEK OF JANUARY 24-28, 1994 
CULTURE, DIFFERENCE AND LAW 

Patrick Macklem & Craig Scott 
Session 1: Culture, Difference and Cultural Difference 

Monday, January 24: Afternoon 


2:00-2:40 


Respect for 

Cultural 

Difference 


Craig Scott 


1. Taylor, "The Politics 
of Recognition" in 
Gutmann, ed., 
Multiculturalism and *The 

Politics of Rescoqnition ' 


f 


2 . Said, Covering Islam: 
How the Media and the 
Experts Determine How We 

See the Rest of the World . 

3. Spurr, The Rhetoric of 

Empire: Colonial 

Discourse in Journalism. 

Travel Writing & Imperial 

Administration 
























2:50-4:10 

Culture. Difference and 

1. Duclos, "Lessons 
of Difference" 

2. Iyer, 

"Categorical Denial: 
Equality Rights and 
the Shaping of 

Social Identity" 

Identity 

Nitya Iyer 



4:20-5:00 


Whose Culture(s) ? 

Nitya Iyer 
& Craig Scott 


1. Anderson, "The Biography 
of Nations" in Imagined 
Communities 

2. Devan & Heng, "State 

Fatherhood: The Politics of 

Nationalism, Sexuality and 
Race in Singapore" in Parker 
et al . Nationalisms and 
Sexualities 

3. Weston, "Coming Out to 
'Blood' Relatives" & "Exiles 
from Kinship" in Weston, 
Families We Choose: 

Lesbians. Gays. Kinship 

4. Herdt and Boxer, 

"Introduction: Culture, 

History, and Life Course of 
Gay Men" in Herdt, ed., Gay 
Culture in America: Essays 

from the Field 

5. Dolnick, "Deafness as 
Culture" 






























Session 2: Difference and Judging 

Tuesday, January 25: Morning 


9:00-10:20 

Perspective. 

Privileqe and 

Judqinq 

Jennifer Nedelsky & 

Mary Eaton 

1. Nedelsky, "The 
Challenges of 
Multiplicity" 

2. McIntosh, "White 

Privilege and Male 
Privilege: A 

Personal Account of 
Coming to see 
Correspondence 
Through Work in 
Women's Studies", 

10:30-11:10 

Who Judqes? A 

The Task Force on 
Gender Equality, 
Touchstones for 
Chanqe: Equality. 

Socioloqv of the 

Leqal Profession 

John Hagan 

Diversity and 

Accountability 

11:20-12:00 

Who Does the Judqe 

1. Leslie Hall 

Pinder, The 

Carriers of No: 

Hear? 

John Borrows 

After the Land 

Claims Trial 

2. McEachern 

C.J.B.C. extracts 
from Delqamuukw v. 
B.C. 



























Tuesday, January 25: Afternoon - 
First Half of Class 


2:00-3:30 


Discussion Groups 
1-4: 

Juries as Judges; 

Questions of 

Composition & 

Representation 


R. v. Parks 


Second Half of Class 


3:30-5:00 


Discussion Groups 
5-8: 


R. v. Parks 


Juries as Judges; 

Questions of 

Composition & 

Representation 





























Session 3: Cross-Cultural Dialogue 

Wednesday, January 26: Morning 


9:00-10:15 

Human Riqhts. 

1. An Na'im, "Toward a 


Universality and 

Cultural Relativism 

Cross-Cultural Approach 
to Defining 


Abdullahi An Na'im 
& 

Heiner Bielefeldt 

International Standards 
of Human Rights: The 
Meaning of Cruel, 

Inhuman and Degrading 
Treatment or 

Punishment" 



2. Bielefeldt, 

"Christians and Muslims 
Facing the Challenge of 
Human Rights" 

10:25- 

Aboriqinal/Non- 

1. Riddington, 

11:10 

Aboriqinal Dialoque 

"Cultures in Conflict: 


John Borrows 

The Problem of 

Discourse" 

11:10- 
12 : 00 

Commentarv/Discussion: 

An Na'im, 

Bielefeldt, 

& 

Borrows 



















Session 4: Cultural Pluralism and the Constitutional & 
International Ordering of Societies. 

Wednesday, January 26: Afternoon 


2 


00-2:40 


Cultural Pluralism 

and Freedom of 

Religion 


Adler v. 


The Queen 


2:50-3:30 


Stephen Waddams 

Moral and Legal 

Responses to the 

Multi-Cultural, 
Multi-Ethnic State 


Reaume, "Moral and 
Legal Responses to 
the Multi-Cultural, 
Multi-Ethnic State" 


3:40-4 


Denise Reaume 


30 


Problems of 

Electoral 

Representation 


1. Roach, 
"Chartering the 
Electoral Map into 
the Future" 


Kent Roach 


2. Guinier, "The 

Triumph of 
Tokenism: The 

Voting Rights Act 
and the Theory of 
Black Electoral 
Success" 

3. Turpel, 
"Indigenous 
Peoples' Rights of 
Political 
Participation and 
Self-Determination: 
Recent 

International Legal 
Developments and 
the Continuing 
Struggle for 
Recognition" 




















Thursday, January 27: Morning 


Thursday 

Law Beyond 

1. Falk, "A New 


Difference? 

Paradigm for 

9:00-10:30 

International Law 

International Legal 


and the Aspiration 

Studies: Prospects 


to World Government 

and Proposals" 


Karen Knop & 

2. Morgan, 
"Retributory 


Rob Howse 

Theatre" 



3. Lessing, "Ernst 
and Falk" 



4. Kant, "Perpetual 
Peace: A 

Philosophical 

Sketch" 



5. Kojeve, "Tyranny 
and Wisdom" 



6. Strauss, 
"Restatement on 
Xenophon's Hiero" 



7. Gut man, "The 
Challenge of 
Multiculturalism in 
Political Ethics" 

10:40 - 11:30 

Discussion 



















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