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Davis, Henry Winter 



Address of 

Henry Winter Davis 

[Baltimore?] 
[1861] 



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Davis, Henry Winter, 1817-1865. 

Address of Henry Winter Davis, delivered at Balti- 
more, on Wednesday evening, October 16, 1861, at the 
request of a large number of merchants, mechanics and 
business men generally. [Baltimore 1 1861] 

16 p. 22i«». 

tMi s ccllaHeou s pnmphleto, vi 4 ' I 8 | noi lOi 



1. U. S.— Pol. & govt.— Civil war. 



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AC901.M5 vol.448 

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OF 



HON. HENRY WINTER DAVIS, 



DELIVERED AT BALTIMORE. 



m WEDNESDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 16, 1861, 

At the requtst of a large nwmber of Merchants, Mechanics mid Busi 

rms Men G&neraUy. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 



Baltimore, Oci. 10th, 1861. 
fb «JU Bwk, F. 7%oM«M, S^-Qownor of Marykmd, and eJU Hon. H, WintorDavu : 

Gestlemen — The undersigned, ciUxens of Baltimore, feeling a deep interest in the efforts now 
beincr made to perpetuate the blessinps conferred upon us by the Federal Union, and believing 
your voices in its behalf will be productive of muqb good, respectfully request yon to addrees 
the dtizetis of Baltoore at as eafly a timi atf.mftt' t^t your co&Tenieiice. 
YomrUf respectfttUy, 



Johns Hopkins, 
Michael y^nxaaatf 
^m. Chesnut, 
John Henderson, 
Wm. E. Hooper, 
J, T. Parkhurst, Jr., 
£van T. Ellicott, 
E.L. Palmer & Co., 
Thos. Whitridge, 
G. W. Ward, 
8. Parkhurst, 
Oeo W. Hooper, 
E. Lambef i Sons, . 
Wm. Shirle^^ 
Samson Canss, 
J. McCurley, 
Drakely & Fenton, 



Slothower, Alatthews & 

Co. 

K. L.Parker ft Co^ 
Rogers h Cnrl^, 

Louis Andoun, 
N. Christopher, 
John Hughes, 
Robert Turner, 
Edward Bailey, 
John Kvans, 
Granville I^rd, 
John Henderson, Jr., 
J. E. & G. E. McCoraas, 
E. R. Horner He Bro.,^ 
J. R. Waesche & C6., 
Cromer & Hoff, 
David G. Rogers, 
Thrasher, RogetilfeCo., 
i A. Schumacher, 



Trueman C^oss, 
Hyatt & Stump, 
H^slett McKim, 
Kimberly Bros., 
J. W, Randolph, 
L. W.Gosnell,, 
C Howard Rogers, 

B. Maitland, 
Samnel Phillips, 
W. C. Robinsoii, 
J. Parkhurst, 

H. S. Shryock Sons, 

C. W. Spilker, 
Augustus P. Wel;^^, 
Lot Ensey, 

H. W. Hiser, 
Wm. B 
Thoa.H. 



ogenL 



Wm. H. Cathcart, 
J. N. Ely, 
John W. Hugg, 
Jas. Fraiser, 

E. W. Robinson, 

F. Little Scbaeffer, 
Thomdike Chase, 
E. A. Abbott, 

J. H. Claridge, 
J. W. Curley & Co., 
Jno. Moorehead & Bro., 
J. M. Kimberly, 
Wbitney, Cushij^gfrOo. 
Davis & Miller, 
W. Cowles & Son, 
Brooks, Fahnestock & Co 
Marcus Dennlson, and 
othm. 



EEPLY OP BON. H- WINTEK DAVIS. 

Gentlemen : — It will give me great pleasure to accept yonr polite invitation to address the 
oitizene of Baltimore toncbing the present state of the nation, and I name Wednesday, the 
iStli ImLf a iliat will avit joar convenience. 

V«7 mpMtfvllj, TOW obadi«&i aamat, 
, H* .WINTEK DAVIS. 

To Menra. Jobu Hopkins, MiehMl Warner, Williaii Chenrat, A. SdinwMlm, and oUiics. 



A-DDRESS. 



The President, Job Smith, Esq., introduced 
the Hon. Henry Winter Davis. [Applause.] 

Hr. Datis.— Hn President and Mlow-citi- 
sena of the United States :[appla«iw,] time and 

events, the great instructors, have dispelled 
many a delusion, stripped oif many a mask, 
pnd redaoed to certainty many thinc^s about 
which men some months ago might have ven- 
tured to doubt. Who now talks of reconstruc- 
tion as the purpose of seoesnonY Who now 
talks of peaceful secession? Who now dreams 
of secession as a constitutional right to bd de- 
termined at the ballot-box and to be acquiesced 
in — now that invading armies are trampling 
down the soil of Kentucky and marchin^c 
through and through tJie territory of Missouri, 
In spite of the repeatedly expressed will of 
their people. The mask of hypocrisy has been 
stripped from those pretences. 

There have been expectations, likewise, dis- 
appointed. There were those who, when they 
raised the standard of rebellion against tho 
Government of the United States, fondly sup- 
posett^'thnl Cotton was King. [Laughter.]-- 
They dreamed that his upstart majpsty would 
bring to their knees Great Britain and France, 
tne^able of controlling their laboring popu- 
late without tiiat uiment of their indus- 
try. They dreamed that if a blockade should 
interpose an obstruction to the free exit of 
eotton, English and French fleets would sweep 
the ships of the Union from before the South- 
ern ports; that if arnues of invasion should 
TentttfO totonch 'Hhe sneredec^" ot the cotton 
field, that imperative nece??ity would require 
that England and France should retaliate by 
blockading Boston and New York, and that if 
these gentle measures were not sufficient, their 
armed intervention here would be required 
to secure them peace at home. Whether the 
six months during which this contest kas pro- 
gressed, have been sufficient yet to remove 
these delusions from the minds of those who 

a2 



fondly reposed in them as a source of strength, 
you npw can judge. Nay, those who led » 
that rebeUkn^ mSied their deluded fellow-cit- 
izens into supposing that it was not an organ- 
ized resistance to the Government in only one 
portion of Hie Union, Imt thai diaintegra* 
tion had wrought its work from one end to the 
other or the Republic and that whenever 
there should be any attempt on the pari of the 
GoTcmment to strike a blow for the mamte- 
nnnce of its inte£rrity, it would not be the 
rebellious States of the Soutii ^one that wonbl 
haTO to meei^to brmt of the contest, but that 
'^the Northern mvrmidons of Abraham Lin- 
coln," [laughter,] his "hireking men" sent to 
trample down the South would be met, ar- 
rested, and overthrown bv the futhful Demo- 
crats of the North, [lauph'tcrj— subservientfor 
a long generation to Southern dictation, aa 
they Smdlyanpposed their allies, not merely 
in 'the pursuit of p<^itical power by the 
ballot-box, but al«o in arms of rebellion 
having no purpose but to elevate some , 
man to power, who might share the plunder 
with them.— and ready to imbrue their hands 
in their neighbor's blood rather than allow in- 
surrection to be suppressed by military power. 
rApplause.] It is probable that, however any 
other delusion may still cling around their 
vision, that «nie at feasihaa fiuled away. 

And then, fellow citizens, events have taught 
us something more. Men have waked from 
the dream of that millenium of a Sonthem Re- 
publie neaoefel in guiBe,^ercifnl in disposi- 
tion, resting upon the unconstrained will of its 
people, carrying out an industrial theory, 
amid ita peMwSbal inatttutions, oocMiog no- 
body, doing violence to ncvbody, poacelnlly 
pursuing its commercial and industrial inter- 
esisl They who so dreamed, and eo spoke, and 
felt a soft inclination tov. ards *'our Southern 
brethren," have had some rather rude iastnw- 
tion apon that topic, [laughter.] 



% 



They haTO inaugurated instead, ao era of 
eoafiscatioiifl, proscriptionB, and exilw. Read 
ueir aete of ffreedy conflsoaiion^ their law of 

Sroscription by the tbouBaad. Behold the 
prifr exiles from the unfriendly aoil of Vir- 
ginia, TennesBee and MiaeoarL Andrew John- 
m an eadle firom Traaeeseel [Applause.]— 
EmerBon Etheridge [great applause] dare not 
go home for fear of arrest, prosecution, and 
aeath hj the haogman,— if the swiiter and 
laore congeaial asfiassin leaTO him to their 
inercjr. Thomas A. R. Nelson seized on his 
transit to the Capitol of the United States, in- 
rareerated, and compelled by threats to his 
me to forego the allegiance to bis natire land. 
John s. Carlisle [great applausej pursued by a 
writ for his arrest because he would not be a 
traitor. And the partizans in Maryland of the 
• men who do these these things make our 
Bireeta hideous with their howiabout ''oppres- 
sion/; and invoke all theprineiplesof the€oB- 
stitntion that their allies hare spent now nearly 
a year in making a dead letter, to secure their 
immunity here and eouTort this heaven into 
their hell. [Applause.] 

Fellow citizens^ these events have worked 
another and a remarkable change here.~ 
They have dispoaed of nearly the whole of 
that wretched class of middle men: men 
who are secessionists with Union procliyities- 
(Laughter, ) or Unionists with Beeenion pro^ 
cliviUes; (Laughter,) men who are for the 
Union and against coercion; (Laughter.) who 
are opposed to the disBolntion of the Union 
and equally opposed to having it maintained, 
whot^nk the ttovernment ought to assert ita 
rammy if men will submit to it, but if not 
that It ought to submit to them; men who 
think that rulers do bear the^word in vain — 
men who confess with a eigh'their allegiance 
to the Government, but that their hearts are 
with the South;— the men of compromise the 
men of concessions, the men of ''8outhem" feel* 
Ings, the men of "Southern" pro^irities and 
sympathies and inclinations. All that class of 
men who concealed their treasonable purposes 
under the flimsy disguises that recently de- 
luded our people no longy deceive any one.— 
Iheenemyw at the door, and tha, people of 
Maryland know that they who are not their 
friends are their enemies, [^'That^a ao*" Ap- 
plause,] that they who are not upon the side 

**^M?!.-^^l®^'^'^®^' are against it, ["That's 
so/M that tbej ifho are not for repelling the 
invader mean to invite him here, that thev 
who do not wish the rebeUion stamped out in 
Virginia mean that it shaU cross the Potomac 
into Maryland, they whodo not wish McClellan 
to winter in New Orleans want Jefferson Davi^ 
to winter in -Baltimore. They have known all 
along, and we know nye, even the most doubt- 
ing of U8, as well as they know, who are our 
enemies and who are our friends; and if we 
have treated some of o<sr eDenlea to their de- 
serts, let not those who walk at large and in- 
fcLfS? mercy of thegoremment suppose that 
thwe |g any impassable barrier between them 
and the companionship of their friends. [Great 
Applause.] They have no right to complain. In 
the face of the mercy of the goremment 



which they perpetuaUy abuse, they insolently 
nteet patient Union men upon the comers of 

the streets, {a their counting rooms, and in the 
parlor, and ou the Merchants' Exchange, and 
wherever men ''most do congregate," aud 
whiht they writhe nuder the blow that has 
stricken them do>irn here and taken from them 
the fruits of their treason before thev could 
fully enjoy them, their only comfort is^to ap- 
peal to the future, to promise retribution, to 
intimate that assassination may cut short those 
who treat them as traitors; that if ever they 

get the upper band the lamp post will be graced 
y individuals that they name; that they will 
not be as insanely merciful as the gOTemment 
of the United States is; and these things while 
they venture to impeach the government for 
harui and oppressire measures ! 

Gentlemen, we have great patience. With 
the liberty of every one of these individnab 
in the grasp of the government if it choose to 
close the band upon them, with tlieir lives at 
our mercy if we only choose to invoke their 
precedent and set loose the mob that they or - 
ganized upon the 19th of April— with the ex- 
ample of their avowed confederates, who have 
exiled our friends, confiscated their property, 

ootraged and seouraged our flying sisters 

with these provocations, these men have so 
^ * 1*^^ prudence or such profound conviction 
that loyal men difi'er from traitors in that they 
execute the law in mercy and forbearing kind- 
ness— the^e men venture to tell us that our 
time will come wtien they get the uppermost. 
I doubt not, gentlemen, hut [Laueh- 
ter.] When ? **Two weeks" hasbeen the pe- 
riod ot expectation of the prophets of the 
southern milleniom for the last six months, 
[great laughter,] and still time drags slowly 
on to the moveable feast of the Secession.-— 
Two weeks is marked for the crossing of the 
Potomac from day to day: and irtiU the water 
rolls on unpolluted by a traitor's foot [Ap- 
plause.] Nay, it is even said that gentlemen 
traitors, of delicate breeding and aristocratic 
pretensions, whose patriotism ahvavg assumes 
the form of a supper, [laughter,] have already 
spoiled one through the watches of one long 
wearisome ni«ht in the vain expectation that 
the lips of the Deliverer might taste their 
wine. [Laughter.] Will these propheto tell 
us when ? 

Fellow-citizens, the time for doubting men 
has gone; even the time for ''peace" men has 
gone. [Laughter. 1 They haveittvoked every* 
thing else, and now tliey can scarcely find ad- 
vocates to invoke peace. "iJlessed peace" goes 
beeging in the midst of this warlike state. 
''Blessed peace" can find no advocates now 
tbat her advocates are incarcerated. "Hiedsed 
peaoe'* is no argument to urge now in the pres 
ence of embattled hosts. And why? Kot be- 
cause there art' not people who wKnt peaee: 
>>eace, accompanied even with the triumph of 
the- traitors; peace at the expense of the in- 
tegrity of the iov(,^rnment; feace at thecoet 
of every interei-t of the State of Maryland: 
peace, though it soil our national escuuheou 
with degradation and defeat. There are men 
who wiU cMwl ia the dirt^tUl lor petoef hut 



* 



5 



there is nobody now who can be deluded into 
believing that peace means anything bu^ hur 
miliation, disgrace, degradation, nationsl dls- 
solution, the end of the Republic, the begin- 
ning of the scorn and contempt of the world, 
f oAat applause.] Ye men of Maryland who 
wiU crtiwl to the eltar of peace, crawl there; 
but ye men of Maryland who remember that 
your forefathers thought seven years of war 
better than peace with submission and uegra* 
dation, I appeal to you here this night to re- 
Tive the recollection of those great days, and 
act upon their inspiration. [Great applause.] 
And Maryland, too, ia she disloyal? [No, 
no.] There are those who say so. There are 
those who say so in our Statej there are those 
who say so abroad; there are those in power 
who believe it, and there are those who are 
not in power, but who skulk abaut in the dark- 
ness o£^ the alleys of this great city, and carry 
whispering to the ear of power their slandei a 
on their fellow-citi/ens, or spread them broad- 
cast bj the prei^s ail over the country, until 
Maryland stands almost in as iU-repute as if 
she had lifked her hand in arms against the 
Government that she adores and will main- 
taia; and because of one deplorable and hu- 
miliating event, the result of weakness in 
some of our rulers and of treachery in otherSj 
there are those in one great region of this 
eountrr who treat the Stote of Maryland as 
the wLole South lately treated the whole 
North. The time was when one fanatic in- 
flamed by hatred sUrted out to make war 
upon the State of Virginia and set ita negroes 
free, with twenty men at bis back. [Laugh- 
ter.] He was seized and hung. All the 
South with one acclaim laid that dastardly 
and crazy deed at the door of every man 
throughout the great regions of the cmlised 
and ckristian ^orth; and there was no Toiee 
from the South in the House of Represen- 
tatives but one, and that one ventured it 
at the peril of his political eziatence, to de- 
fend the Nortli from that imputation. [Ap- 
plause. ] And now the city in which he lives 
has yet to find one defender in all the region 
of that North, from complicity with the 
equally dastardly crime of the 19th of April. 
[Applause.] Great masses of men, when 
their passions are aroused, and when the 
judgment is asleep, when great events are 
transpiring, forget the rules of justice and of 
discrimination, and one portion of the coun- 
try is just as liberal and just as illiberal as the 
other under analagous circumstances. 1 have 
defended my fellow-citizens of the Xorth. I 
can Tenture now to defend my fellow-citizena 
of Maryland, and demand to be heard else- 
where than here. LApplause.] 

Is Maryland, then, disloyal? Has she erer, 
for a moment, hesitated even? It is more 
than can be said for any other State south of 
Mason and Dixon's line, but Delaware. Have 
the peapU of Maryland ever hesitated aa to 
the side they should take in this great strug- 
gle? I'^HOf <^no."] Did she hesitate when 
the Commissioners from Alabama and from 
Missis^ppi sought to associate her to the plot* 
tins of their treaaont Did she heeiute when 

A3 



her Governor resolutely for three decisive 
months refused to convene her traitorous 
Legislature, (applause,) lest they might 
plunge her into the vortex of rebellion? Did 
she ever besiUte when cunning politicians 
pestered him with their importunities, when 
committees swarmed from every disloyal 
quarter of the State, when men of thetirst 
position sought him and attempted to brow- 
beat him in his mansion? Did she swerve 
when they, faiUng to compel him to call the 
Legislature, attempted the vain formabty of a 
mock vote throughout the State to call a 
sovereign Convention by the spontanwus 
voice of the traitors of Maryland? Did they 
hesitate^en in almost evoi ▼ eounty, even in 
those counties which were strongly decession, 
at the election for that Convention, the dis- 
loyal candidates were either defeated or got 
votes so insignificant as to create nothmff but 
disgust and laughter throughout the SUteT 
Did they hesiUte when that wretched rem- 
nant of a CouTontion met here amid the jeers 
and the scoffs of the people of Baltimore, at 
the Maryland InsUtute— to do nothing and go 
home? What was tt that enabled the Gover- 
nor to resist the pressiog applications for the 
convocation of the Legislature? Are we to 
suppose that he had courage awi resoln^on to 
face down and overbear the will of the great 
majority of the people of Maryland? Qr was 
it not because, knowing the people who had 
elected him, thdr temper and purposes, 
he felt that however severe the pressure 
mieht be on him, where one person sought 
the meeting of the 

thoasaads who stood by him m Ida refnsal to 

convoke them. [Applause. } 

GenUemen, if the country will only go back 
to that critical period, the period of the opeu- 
inz of the electoral votes in the House ot 
KepresenUtives. in Jf^\^^J> 
guratien of the Prerident on the 4th of "wch , 
Siey who know most about that period will 
know bestthat the destiny of the Capital ot 
uXd States lay in Ae hoUow of tlie hmid 
of MarTiandt And had Maryland been then 
as people now presumptuously assert that she 
is Abraham Lincoln might have Uk«i the 
oath before a magistrate in the corner of some 
magistrate's office in PenDSvlvania, but he 
would not have been then inaugurated where 
his predecessors were inaugurated, in the au- 
gust presence of the Capitol of the country. I 
Smv gentlemen to reflect when they think ot 
rubTeqlent events, that if disloyalty had lam 
u a <»nkoring worm at the heart of Mary land, 
then was her time. She could have made 
something by being false then. She could 
hare prewntid herself before her Southern 
sisters dowering them with the Capital ot the 
countrye and there was no power that could 
have prevented that gift, however the return- 
Ing tide of events might have shown it to be 
aTanwise as it was treacherous. 

Then, fellow-citizens, whatneztt The bom- 
bardment of Fort Sumter, the uprising of the 
North, the call for troops which Marjlander» 



I 

6 



of Ihe Gorernor, and the disloyal Major of 
Baltimore — not tbe disloyal GoTernor^bat the 
Governor and the disloyal Mayor of Baltimore 
["that is it"]— informing the people that no 
troops should be sent cat of the State of Mary* 
land for anr other purpose than the defence of 
the Capital^ That was the equiTaient of tell- 
iag the traitors of Maryland that the loyal 
men of Maryland were afraid to do their duty, 
and they acted upon it instantlv- That pro- 
clamation appeared upon the 18th of April, 
and on the rery eyeninf of that day was held 
the meeting at which Farkin Scott, and Mr. 
Carr, and Mr. liunis, and other men of that 
stamp, prepared the hearts of the mob for the 
i9th of April. [''True."] And then, gentlc- 
ment came tiiat eternal stain upon the memory 
of those engaged in it— not a stain upon the 
tnemory of iiaitimore, — not a stain upon the 
inemory of her loyal Goyemor, — not a stain 
upon the memory of her disarmed loyal citi- 
zens, — a stain upon those who yilely and per- 
ridicusly perverted the trust given to them by 
the pecpU of Maryland for the preservation of 
the Dt^ace of this city, into an ^troment of 
reTpltttion, treacherously begun, treacherously 
carried oa until it TqU before the scorn and 
wrath of tjhe people of MLu^yland. 

Then, gentlemen, the Governor with the 
, jDommissions already signed lying upon his 
taUe, with the officers sending around him 
waiting to receive their commissions— the 
Governor, suddenly smitten by an inexplicable 
terror, forgetting that the majority of the 
people of Baltimore, were loyal and were 
around him and if summoned conld support 
and would support him; forgetting that on 
Federal Bill the very night before, even after 
his damaging proclamation of the 18th, when 
«>me traitors attempted to raise a secession 
flag there, the loyal workingmen pulled it 
down and tore it to tatters, [great applause;) 
forgetting that these men were within Mve 
minutes walk of where he sat and that their 
masta were such a protection as all the seces- 
JWinists of Baltimore could not have marched 
over to assail him; forgetting that the voice of 
anthority can paralyze in its incipient stages 
diil outbreak; forgetting the great example 
of which hiEtory gives us so many, more es- 
pecially forgetting the great example of Car- 
wwl Bieheuen wEen the enemy was almost at 
W gates of Paris and the populace of ^aris 
-tbonght it was there through his neglect and 
were calling for his blood, the old Cardinal un- 
armed and without guards went to the Hotel dc 
ViU^ in the midst of the excited and infuriated 
a^nltitude and besought them to come to his aid 
and not to his overthrow, and eTerrrabcfllionfl 
arm sank before his patriotic appeal; forgetting 
great examples Uke these, the (iovornor, failing 
to rise to tbe height of the occaaon, went to 
the Boid dt FtOs,. and threw himself^ into the 
arms of his enemies and became from that 
' time but their instrument, graced by his pre- 
Muce their disloyal and degrading meeting, 
Stood in their midat whilst they uttered dis- 
loyal sentiments, uttered no word of disappro- 
b!tf<m whsmthey, the Mayor at ^ir lead. 



falsihed e rents that bad occuired under their 
own eyes that day, and allowed them to treat 

as an assault on the people of Baltimore the 
act of self defence of our fellow citizens of Mas- 
sadinsetts against the traitorous ■rfltilng that 
assailed tbem without warning as tbey marched 
peacefully on their way for the defence of the 
Capitol. Then came the calling out of the 
military, two thirds of them secessionists, under 
officers many of whom were known then to be 
traitors, have since signalized their treachery 
by leaving Maryland in pursuit of^ military 
service in the Confederate States. Then it was 
that here in Baltimore, even strong men's 
hearts fisiled them for fear. Then it was that 
we saw the Chief of Police, and the Commis* 
sioners of Police, and Trimble, the ''General 
commanding," [derisive laughter,J and his 
aids innumerable and his adjutant general 
[continued lau^^hter,] disporting themselves 
through the streets in gaudy colors, arraying 
armeclmen in Monument Square, first their 
trained vcilunteers and then the rabble and the 
mob not to do their behests, and then arresting 
the commerce of the port, and then seizing upon 
the military stores of the United States, and 
then forbidding the display of the National 
flag, and then arresting people for spies, cut- 
ting oQ' the transit of troops to the Capitol by 
breaking up the railway communications, 
arming steamers to ply in the port to arrest 
the free transit of Maryland commerce — all 
these things done by the Chief of Police and 
the members of the police of Baltimore and the 
organized mob— the loyal men informed that 
their lives were not safe — men insolently 
warned to leave the city if they would be safe 
—men thinking that it was "too good news to 
be true" that the Yirginians were comhig 
down to aid us; communication opened; formal 
embassies sent up to Harper's Ferry to invite 
John liCtcher'B 6,000 men to come down and 
help the Marylanders to be free, [laughter,] * 
and empty cars mysteriously gliding, m spite 
of the rresideut, lor a whole day towards 
Harper's Ferry — a peace offering to our South- 
ern brethren t"that'd so,"] which might pre- 
vent their destroying the road and could not 
embarrass their marcn to Baltimore— the cor* 
respondence opened with John Letcher for 
muskets to be put into the hund of our "loyal 
citizenB"---quarreling between General Steuart 
and certain members of the Police Board and 
Mr. Trimble for the possession of the precious 
deposit of 2,000 arms sent down here from 
Harper's Ferry to keep the peace— Bradley 
Johnson, with an "invincible legion" of thirty 
men, rushing to defend Baltimore against "the 
ITorthem hordes,'' [laughter,]— Marshal Kane 
making the mountuns and the valleys of Vir- 
ginia and Maryland hideous with his cry for 
help, which did not come, [great laughter,] — 
the Yansville Bangers scattered all alon;^ the 
way, forty men full, [renewed laughter,] from 
Washington to Baltimore to guard the road— 
'loyal men" from Haiford county, in equally 
overwhelming masses rushing in to defend 
Baltimore against "Lincoln's hirelinga," 
[lau^hterj,] — M these things are r^jpreeented 



0 



7 



b, the inuUigcnt yori)xern prM M thediifaiga 

ofthei)«o»/«of Maryland! 

An/oa Wednesday an election 
f irfeat laughter] and it was supposed that the 
aSoua voice of "an ofpreBsed people ' 
woKlnalize this day of their 'Jeliveranas, 
rnd lift Mr. Wallis to those pinnacles of 
tbry that he has all his life sighed for in vain 
f he day of hia advent was come. Li-a^gbter.] 
His heart beat high upon bis boym. Had he 
not on the 19th "Sssured the melting that hu 
heart was with the South, and that he was 
defend Baltimore/' Had he not said 
that "he hoped the blood of the citizena shed 
A by an invadrng foe would obliterate aU nast 
• differences and seal the covenant of browcr- 
hood among the people?" And had they not 
taken every possible pains to "obliterate all 
past difierences" by the organiaing of 3,000 
sharp bayonets to argue with the refractory! 
Was there not therefore every reason to sup- 
pose that there would be entire unammity; nay, 
taat these people trodden down to the earth, 
trembling before the advent of "fresh hordes, 
wishing to place the mild and peaceful eoy. 
ernment of Jefferson Davis between their 
threatened boeomi and the Northern <mslnught, 
would rush as one man to elect these gentle- 
men, the symbols of Southern symp^^y*." 
their protectors in the day of their dlatrettT— 
The morning of election canie, and one third 
of the people of Baltimore, under tne influ- 
ence of pressure, and persuasion, and delusion, 
and a Uttlo coercion [laughter] ■[gnified at an 
illegal election that they thought S. Tcackle 
Wallis and his colleagues fit associates tor the 
rest of.the majority of the Hoiiseof Delegntea. 

[Laugfitcr.] . ^ , 

On Thursday morning, when men woke and 
walked down the streets, they found that a 
revo.iitiott had occurred, although they did 
not know it. Gone t?a8 the elastic step, gone 
was the uplifted eye of insolence, gone was the 
jeering sfcff with which Secessionist met 
IJmon man, gone was the half menace with 
which loyal men were met, gone was the nod 
of fate that told them that their was 
coming. They fell by their victor/: thej died 
of their vote; the silence of two thirds of BalU- 
more stript the revolutionists of their power, 
and consigned them to ignomy. t^PP*»*^-J 
Half the votes of a people do not make a revo- 
lution. One-third mav make a rebellion; but 
two-thirds on the spot can put it down; and 
they felt it ["That^s so."] Gradually, 
troops disappeared from Monument square; 
gradually, the arms were placed in tneur 
armories; gradually, there were fewer and 
fewer "orcfers from headquarters/' "Trimble 
commanding," [laughter;] gradually, the 
steam tug which constituted the navy of the 
incipient republic [laughter] ceased to send 
forth its black smoke, and vessels could venture 
to leave Baltimore wiUiont having a pop ^un 
fired at them, [laughter;] and even the Union 
men that had been frightened awoke to tne 
oonscionaness that where they thought they 
• wereriavoattfiey were matters, and irom that 
, 4mj to this there haa beennothbg in Baltimore 

■ 



Bradley Johnson was seen almost itame- 
diately irfier that election, having accomplished 
the purpose of his visit to return to Frederick; 
and on the 9th of May, "the defenders of Mary- 
land," "the defenders of Baltimore^" the ean- 
didatee for immortality in the coming revolu 
tioa, the men who were to fill the places in the 
niche of history corresponding to those flllea 
by WUUamsandSmallwoodof the Revolution; 
those men had tramped way-worn and weary 
to Frederick, and in that loyal town were 
ffuarded by the poHoe through the Uiwnron 
Uieir way to Dixie's land, without any mMlo 
accompanying. [Laughter.] And l^radley 
Johnson, with his thirty heroes, notooe rnllen 
in conflict with the "Northern invaders, 
joined tb^ ^ mrched to defend Harjger's 

Pfirrvl 

Nbw, upo%the simple statement of that se- 
ries of facU,l8 there any man who needs any- 
thing else to be told Mm to convince him that 
the outbreak of Aprtt was a mob and not a 
revolution; that it received importance from 
the fact that the traitorous authorities attemptr 
ed to use it for traitorous purposes; and with- 
out the firing of a gun, without the approach 
of a Northern soldier, without the menace of 
torce, without the necessity even of a count of 
Boeea, without even the advent of an election 
In the State, they recognized that their time 
was come and gone, that they were powerless 
and in the hands of the 4Hvil authorities, tbat 
they must gain immunity by good behavior, 
that Maryland was so loyal that they could not 
make her even appear to be disloyal: and the 
irtti dropped from their hands, and they be- 
tas to seek mercv of their traitorous confed- 
tftftea at Frederick, by begging and aecef ttng 
a bill of fademnity for their crimmal acts. 
Look at the counties. Was there any one of 
them that met to pass resolutions approving of 
what proceeded in Baltimore, or poured forth 
their thousands to support the revolution ? 
If there was, let some one better versed in the 
history of the SUte than 1 am, name it. It 
not, how came the whole State, being filled 
with traitors, (!) to be silent when Richmond 
was ringing with the joyous acclamations that 
saluted the narrative ot Mr. Henry M. War- 
tield? Howls it that Virginia appreciates our 
"deliverance" more than we de ourselves? 
flow is it that we can find no tongue to cale- 
brAe the glories that they are rejoicing over ? 
Why, gentlemen, not only was there no county 
that expressed any such approval, but ev«i in 
St. Mary's, where there are only two hundred 
and fifty men in the whole county, they were 
not BO deluded as to suppose that they haa 
Maryland in their grasp; and in Cecil en the 23d 
of April the people met and passed resolutions 
such as Cecil has always acted upon, protessing 
not neutrality as Kentackians did, not a desire 
for the removal of "the northern hordes," not 
that our soil should not be polluted by any 
individuals crossing it in arms, but declaring 
their determination to stand by and maintaia 
the Government of the United Slates, [ap- 
plause,! branding as traitors the men who bad 
attempted to gain the repuUttbn of patrioU, 
ud theiuelves leading off in the chorus that 
Siiitill tMad the mate in one anbroken 



r 

9 



8 



joMlee OTer tiie fitdlttre of the attempted rero- 

lation. [Great applause.] And immediatelj 
following were the resolutiona of Alleghany 
ooant^ consigning to the baiter their repre- 
sentatiTes in the Legulatnre, if Uiej ahonld 
dare to TOte for an orainance of secession; and 
then followed the resolutions of Washington 
eonntjt just precediag th^ great election— 
itself held, 1 believe, on the second or third 
of Maj — declaring their unalterable devotion 
to the Conatitntion and, the UnioD, and their 
determination to abide by it always, followed 
up two, or three days afterwards, by castine 
2,300 out of the 3,800 votes of the county tor 
the Union candidate withoutopposition. And 
then followed the great meeting in Frederick; 
and intermediate here in our midst, all through 
our wards, when the Legislature ventHred to 
attempt to fix on us a milital^ despotism in 
the disguise of a bill of public safety, copy- 
ing the provisions and the spirit of tneir in- 
fernal police law for the city to fix the yoke 
on the people of the State, as thev fixed thnt 
on the neck of the people of this city, our 
people quietly met in their wards and passed 
their resolutions, which were followed up in 
so manjr of the counties ot the State that even 
the Legislature let drop their infernal mach^ 
and did not venture tQi p«t it to « Tote;» [Ap^ 
plaose*] 

And wliere were we, fellow-citixensj all this 
time, for it was dropped on the second or third 
of May? In whose power was the Capital of 
the United States at that moment, on the 
hypothesis of the disloyalty of Jttaryiand? 
There were six hundred regulars there on the 
*18th of Aprilj there were one thousand Tenn- 
sylvanians, wholly without drilling and nn- 
uniformed; and that constituted the protection 
of the Capital of the United States on the 19th 
of ApriL On that day, one Ma?8achueetta 
regiment marched td rough, its last company 
oiJy having been assailed. From that day 
itttil the 26th of April there were no more 
troops in Washington than I have enumerated. 
Up to ihe second of May, they could count 
only about 6,000 troops for the defence of the 
Capital, and there were at that lime six thou- 
sand at Harper's Ferry and cars there ready 
to bring them down, and 3,000 men armed in 
the city of Baltimore. 

Suppose the State of Maryland had b^n as 
men now impudently say she is, disloyai. I 
ask in whose power was the Capital ot the 
United States? On that supposition, there 
can be no doubt that it was oorsj — ours by a 
march of forty miles, — ours as loti]K as we could 
hold it, it may be as long as the Southern 
Confederates have held Bull Run. And here 
gentlemen, I desiro to say that it is to the 
fault of the Contederatee themselves, the re- 
markable lack of that quality which DantoB 
said was the essence of revolution, audacity 
ondoci^^ xUBACiTT,^it is to their failure in 
that first and indispensable quality of revolu- 
tionary leaders, it is to the absence of that 
quality that we now owe [bo Maryland loyal 
or disloyal] the possessidtt of the Capital 'of 
the United States. It was not ^aved by tLe 
jiromptness of Northern rolunteersj; it ^ayMit 



saved by the iorecaat of the Administration 
that during its first month labored under the 

delusion that peace and not war was before it- 
it was not by the forecast of that wretched old 
dotard Buchanan, [hisses] who now mumblets 
about energy and activity from bis home at 
Wheatland. It was neither one nor the other- 
bn\ it was because revolutionists had under- 
taken the work, without having the quality of 
revolutionists, that we still hold it and that 
the glorious emblem of the Republic floats 
from iU dome. [Applause.] Baltimore, so 
the myth goes bv timid creatures in our city 
who whisper to jpeople in Washington and u\\ 
their fears for facts, and begrimtbe reputation 
of their native city, or spread in still more 
dangerous form their fancies through the 
eolnmns of the Northern press to poison the 
minds of our fellow citizens against us — these 
people would fain repeat that here is the very 
gate of hell, that its seething and boiling Are 
babbles under our feet perpetually, an<rthat 
nothin^^ keeps it down excepting their sleep- 
less vigilance,— fit guardians for such a post! 
and ''Lincoln's myrmidons." [Great laugh- 
ter.] Where were these gentlemen that were 
to keep the peace in Baltimore city, during 
that awful period from the 19th of April to 
the 14th of May? — time enough in the city of 
Pari;?, \vhere revolutionists understand their 
work, t'j have gone through all the phases of 
a revolution, installed a new power, tried 4nd 
beheaded their antagonists, and forgotten the 
thing as an old event. It was not until the 
lith of May that Gen. Bntier marched into 
this "disloyal" dty, teemhig, as we are now 
taught to believe, with raginjr revokitionistH, 
requiring 10,000 men more — to say some men 
ofthe last generation^to keep them.down.^ 
Gen, Butler .marched one morning into thu 
southern part of Baltimore, marched up to 
Federal Hill, comfortably encamped hia men in 
the rain, issued a proclamation, in which he 
(understanding Baltimore better than those 
in it who delight to malign it,) appealed to 
and trusted to the loyal men of Baltimore, 
having come, as ho said, with little more than 
a body guard — less than 1.000 men in a hostile 
city of 230,000 inhabitants. That was the 
lirst appearance of troops here. Now tell me 
why (if there were the disloyal elements to 
the extent that is supposed,) during all that 
period nothing: had been done. Whv wan 
there no array to resist his entrance? ' Why 
did it have no other effect excepting that 
Union men walked down the street and said, 
"well, we are.afraid it will have the etfect of 
changing some of our weak-kneed brethren." 
That was the only doubt expressed about it, 
except that one despairing individual thought 
that the hill being in the possession of the 
troops of the United States would fHghten all 
the market women away, and we should have 
no lettuct! for some time. [Laughter.] 

• How did the Legislature of Maryland under- 
stand the positien of a&irs in the State? 
They had prajetMid besonght im be it»ealled 
again into existence. They had died a nata- 
ral death in Mar^ the jt»ar pffefio«i> haTlag 



■iftnflSted their short power by some events 
^ilioh were to form a remarkable anti- 
th"is to events to follow them. They had 
passed almost unanimously a resolution de- 
claring that I in voting Mr. Pennington into 
the Speaker's Chair of the ^^^t^o^'^l "0^^;^^ 
Representatives in order to Prevent the th«a 
incipient revolution did not represent the pw- 
pie of Maryland. They had ejected the ri^ 
rpectable members from the city pt Baitixnore 
in the last hour of their session, in order that 
they might make room for those who were to 
foUow them and be more fit companxoM for 
the majority. They had previously pMff » 
PottcelAW in which they had been careful to 
provide that ''no J!lack Republican or appro- 
ver or endorser of the Helper book ahould 
ever be a policeman nnder that law in the city 
.of Baltimore. [Laughter.] And such is the 
poetical justice of time and Providence that 
within a" few months past we have seen a man 
set over the Police of Baltimore by a "Black 
Republican" General and N. P. Banks name 
signed to an order to enforce the law; ana 
■^e of the gentlemen, who passed that law 
are now appreciatinnr that, although a Black 
Itepublican could not be a policeman under 
their law, he might be a policeman over it^ 
anthorsand commissioners, threat laughter. J 
Thus ends the tirst act of the Maryland As- 
sembly—more wretched in its character, more 
Iftftorant, more untit for ite position, less rep- 
menting the dignity and the intelligence of 
the SUte of Maryland, more begrimed by 
filthy Ittere than any Legislature withm my 
memory. Men supposed that it had been car- 
ried to its burial and buried out of our sight 
forever, and if not out of our memory, at least 
out of our grateftil recoUectionj and, donbt 
less, one gr&t dement in the pertmacity with 
wiuoh the Governor reftued to/reoaU the As- 
sembly was his distinct remembrance of their 
unfitne?^ for their duty, and his unwillmgness 
that the SUte should be degraded by their 
aMdn assembling. [Applause-L But m an 
Wil hour he assembled them. 1? or what/ Ac- 
cording to the unanimous avowal ot those who 
demanded it, to take the sense of the people 
of Maryland as to whether they wwed to re- 
main in the Union or to go out of it. They 
met, and an elaborate report was prepared and 
delivered before that body, making great com- 
plaints of divers acts of illegality ^d oppres- 
sion that had been perpetrated wiUim the ter- 
ritory i)f Maryland by President Lincoln, bnt 
ultimately coming to the conclusion that they 
were unanimously opposed to the assembling 
of a Convention at that time. 

"At the time when the Legislature was 
oalled together," says this singular document, 
«'there was certainly but little difference ot 
oBinion among its members of all parties as to 
the propriety of speedily adopting measures 
to secure the objects referred to. Since tnat 
lime, the rapid and extraordinary develop- 
ment of evente. and of the warlike purposes of 
the Administration, the concentration ot large 
bodies of troops in our midst and upon our 
borders, and the actual and threatened military 
oeeppiitiMi of the Bute, have naturally 



enowdi prodttced great changes ot opunon and 
Sg among our citiiens.^ [Laujfhter.]- 
"They have no hesitation in expressing their 
belief now that there is almost ^^^^^J'^J 
feeling in the State against calimg a Convey 
tien at the present time." [Laughter.] Since 
when? It goes on to auign the r«a«ma.— 

^"^^j^tiSe' committee, the single fact of the 
mmtary occupation of our soil by the Northera 
troops in the service ot the governDaen'.. 
against the wishes of our people and the solemn 
protest of the State Brecutivc, is a sufficient 
and oondusive reason for postponing the sub- 
ject to a period when the ^Federal ban shall be 

no loneer upon us." „ . . • 

It goes on to say:— "The Constitution ih 
silenced by the bayonets which surround usj 
and it ifl not worth while for us to tancy our- 
selves beneath its asgis. It would be criminal 
as well as foolish to shut our eyes to the fact 
that we will not be permitted to orgaai^ an^ 
arm our citUens, let pur rights and Constitution 

be what they may/ 

That is to say, gentlemen, when there were 
not troops enough in Washington to defend it; 
when there were none to be spared from W ash- 
ington, when there was not a single soldier 
within the limiw of Baltimore, when there 
were not three or four thousand upon the soi 
of Maryland all told, these patriots who tell 
us that'^the Constitution is sUenced, that oui 
riffhts are trampled down, that we are opprew- 
ef. think that these are the very reasons whv 
they should not appeal to the people ot Main- 
land tor their own protection! They may be 
the fit representatives of what is called seceti- 
sion; they certainly are the represenUtives ol 
that prudence which Maryliuid secesMomrts 
have always substituted for audacity; who will 
neither appeal to arms or the ballot-box 
aeainst oppression unless the oppressor first 
auvs his hand; but these men are not the 
represenUtives of the loyal and free men ot 
JlSryland. If atfairs were as they represent 
them, that was the time to appeal to 1»e people 
of Maryland, it matters not whence oppret*- 
sion comes, it matters not in what shape it 
be presented, it matters not how overwheim- 
inff may be its force, when oppression shall 
UMheathe the sword, I mistake the tone and 
temper of the people of Maryland if they would 
atop any more ttan the men of Lexington 
and Concord stopped to count their antagonistH 
in 1775 (Applause-) 1 suppose that U was not 
the presence of the military which overawed 
the Legislature of Maryland; It was that thev 
like the Police Commissioners, like Marsha 
K.ane and like "Trimble Commanding, 
(lanithter,) and Uke all his supporturs and lol- 
lowers, adjutants and aids, had all found that 
whilst the people of Maryland were almost 
unanimously opposed to calling a convention, 
that unanimity resolved itself into these ele 
menter-a'small minority of the people wanting 
the majority to vote with them, butkuowing 
they would not, and therefore not wantmg a 
convenUon i;alled which would reveal irre^u^ 
Ubly their insignificance oi;^numb««,aadthe 
• overwhelming majority M the piopia Oi»»j- 



I 



10 



^ 'a*^^*.^** '^^^ *^ ^® pestered with a 
TOU to ptti down saeh wretched reTOlationista 
(ApplMse.) Aow, am 1 right, or am I wronc 
Mmj efttunate of the Miwt [''BiffkifM-- 
'That was in Maj. i ^1** J 

On the 13th of June a oon^rMiional election 
was held, to which both the Major and the 
UoTernor had referred the people as a fit op-' 
portunitT to eKpress their deTotiOn to, or their 
abhorrence of, the OoTemment; j»nd how did 
thojexprees it? I have already told jou that 
toe Washinji^ton county men voted 4,000 out 
of 6,000 votes for their member of Assembly 
and that Cecil county followed up her resolu- 
tion at a special, election bj Totinir three- 
fourths of her vote in favor of it, and that is 
an index of what the State did. In the great 
iy^^^P^t* was no opposition. In 

Mr. webeter's district there was no opposi- 
tion. In the district now represented by Mr. 
Crisfleld there was a candidate for peace, who 
attempted to oppose him. A peace man op- 
poeed Mr. Leary. A Union man with Soath- 
t^rn sympathies claimed'and received thft aoff- 
rages of the 4th district. There was bat one 
avowed seceadoBlet throughout the State of 
Maryland that Tentured to ask a vot^* and 
that was in Mr. Calvert's district, and for the 
ttrat time in many years one not a Democrat, 
carried the District [Applause.] Howdidthe 
voting foot up throughout the whole State?— 
If you give to the secessionists every vote not 
caaty miking no allowance for lukewarm men, 
no allowance forthedoubtful, hesitating, float- 
ing vote that had not made up ita mind 
wbftther it would be for or against 
the Government, the conditional men,^i the 
people who are on this side to^ay and on that 
side to-morrow, or all the time on both sides 
[laughter,] separating all those men and giv- 
ing them to tho secession side of the question 
the Union men ot Maryland at that election' 
with no opposition in two of the districts, and 
no avowed opposition up«n secession grounds 
anywhere excepting in one of the (fiatricts, 
east a great majority of the whole vote of the 
State. [Great applau9«.] And, gentlemen, 
for wliomT Not for men who are pledged to 
ma reeponsibilities, to avoid votes, to let the 
Government bleed to death if need be, to talk 
about neutrality in Maryland, to join the 
Governor in opposing the'transit of iVorthern 
troope, but men pledged Oefore their constitu- 
ents, pledged before the Conventions that 
nominated them, pledged in every way that 
y«aa bind honorable men to vote every man 
that the Government should demandy and any 
amount of money that the Government 8hould 
say was needed, — not for the purpose of 
making peace, not for the pnfpose of holding 
out the olive branch, not for the purpose of 
making treaties with traitors, but to disperse 
them by arms. [Tremendone dieering. ] 

What followed? The arrest of Kane. [A 
voice— "They ought to hang him." Cheers*] 
They left him in power till after the election 
Seoeadonists who were so fond of the troth 
cannot say that they were frightened and co- 
erced in the eleotionl It was wise to do so. 

tliaj SMmmMr hisre no akmab of thai 



^Irl' JSa^ * V?** ^^"^ «l«ct*on there 
were soldiefs at Baltimore and soldiers no- 
where else, apd it was onlv in Baltimore that 
they were partiaHy neoemhl But after that 
was taken out of their mouths, Kane wm a?i 

n-3i'* •".^^ ^^'•eat outrage, 

[laughter;] and then the loyal Commissioners^ 
who protested their loyalty, and supposed that 
otner people had memories as short as their 
?i!"*/S*r forgotten their acts of war from 
the J9th to the'^ith of April— these ffeatle- 
men m the interest ot "Peace & Orde^-'^when 
wov. Banks, with wise discrimination, had 
Ptopped at arrestrag one mittihieTone man in 
tile nope that other mischievous men, taking 
warning, would be peaOeable,— they in the 
interest of peace and order, or possibly 
hoping that a great city swarming with 
Oaa men, in the period of a great revo- 
iutlon, and with a great deal of revolu- 
tionary blood floating through the Insh 
of the 8th ward, [laughter,! tlese stalwart 
reformers, and friends of peace and jrood 
government, supposing that all these elements 
wi th no police would be much mor« quiet than 
when they were aggravated into resistance by a 
police on their side,--they told their police 
men that they had no further use for them at 
that time; they should continue to draw their 
pay, but thev were not expected to do any 
duty. [Laughter,] Genmt Banks, beinir a 
practical man, interpreted '«no duty" to be 
W duty that they might see fit to do: and as 
7^*? training in mibtary matters, 
and had ehown themselves pretty good in- 
strumento to begin a revolution, though their 
masters did not prove so good leaders in it 
after it was started,-came to the Terr na- 
tural conclusion that, possibly a vagrant police 

^*^.u?' "^^^^ ^teta equally idle, 
might find something to do; andhetook care of 

tne masters, and that was another great and un- 
speakable ''outrage." [Laughte?.] A howl 
of indignation arose to the pitying Heavens 
against the "outrage" of arrest&ig*^men who 
^?*^iSPSS^ J*** *o ci^il *^i8cord in a city 
Of 260,000 inhabitants! Every principle of 
American liberty was appealed to to baore 
traitors hberty for mischief; and thev wrot^ 
their appeal to the Legislature, and their an 
peal to the Legislature found a fittini: 
advocate in the gentleman whose name 1 
have had occauon so often torefer to. A lonir. 
eUborate, inddlotts and disingenuous repon 
was after awhile brought forward, in iddch 
aU the history of the Government was read 

1 . V*^^ °f »P«c>»> pleading were 

applied to the misconstruction of the <^ti- 
tution; rash assertions as to the history of the 
Convention were strewn all thrx)ugh it: and 
we were called upon to helieve that George 
Washington had framed and recommended tSa 
adoption of a Constitution which would be 
very good if ererybody would obey it, but 
would be very worthless if anybody should 
say he did not wish to obey it, and thit George 
Washington and the other wise men who sur- 
rounded him in the Convention, having pro- 
vided on the face of the Convention for the 
fln^presaioQ of in^reoUo^ and fj^^fgij 



f 



til 



that every law of a SUte should be in 
Bubordination to the supreme law'ot the land, 
"e Constitution pnd the laws of Congress 
made in pursuance of it, had yet left open this 
mat wide passage way for all the evils that 
&ey had attempted to exclude, by^«c«P^,$ 
fyok that subordination that law which should 
unnl the whole Constitution; that ca^e in 
which a faction Bhould get possession of the 
authoritiesof a SUte, should put their treason 
in the shape of law, array armies for its de- 
fence, and defy the Government. I have no 
doubt that the author of that report is are- 
apeotable lawyer within a narrow sphere and 
tttiafcthat those who read the report will 
Mae to the conclusion that he has, lik e a Wis e 
lawyer, confined his studies to his department- 

f Lauff hter. 1 

That Legislature raised the awful question as 

to whether the Government of the Umtett 
SUtes could artest men in arms against its 
aathorityl LL^K^ter.] They did not venture 
^re-organize the militia of the SUte. They 
found that it was dangerous. They couldpass 
laws of ittdemidty for men who had been 
guilty of treason, "» }f act uf inde^^y 
Uie SUte of Maryland would bar an indictment 
in the United States Oour^ but that wa^ out 
of their line of practice. [Laughter.] Ihey 
thonaht they could debauch the minds of tne 
peopVe,a law aMding and law loving people, 
habitukted tosee thelaw enforced only through 
/the tribunals, by the Sherifi', thejudgment ol 
the court, the oonsUble— uuaoeostomea to the 
short and sharp methods of miUUry stfppre*- 
sion equally constitutional against armed in- 
surrection. They seized every opportunity to 
mislead Che people of Maryland into the sujv 
poeitton that their rights were violated when- 
ever the paramountUw of the satety of the 
Hepublic, embodied inphmt da»e of Ow Con- 
stitution which authorizes Con^refs to call 
forth thr- militia to suppress insurrection, waii 
required to be acted upon in Uen of tbe or- 
dinarr methods of enforcing the law through 
the judicial tribunals: and they attempted to 
delude and excite the people ot Maryland by 
representing ihui as a violation ot th^ 
fundamental law. The people of Mary- 
land were not so ignorant 
ol the Legislature, aad understooo the 
eoBstruetion of their fathers better than 
the gentlemen of the secession school, iney 
aaderstood that just as the Legislature can 
tiktflaBd against the will of the owner ior the 
purpose ormaking a railway or other public 
[mplrovement, so the United SUtes can seize 
railways when neoessaiy Ihf the transporta- 
tion of troops, so they can occupy sites tor for- 
tifications, and when men are arms^wnst 
the Government, they can arrest them without 
vrooess, just as when they see them in serried 
ranks opposed to them in the open field they 
can shoot them down without having inquired 
lSr> juryi;wh«ther they be traitors or a loy^ 
-SUL All their machinations tell harmless be- 
fore the people of Maryland} and adjoumine: 
from day to W finally the t**^ hour met the 
Maryland Legislature. It seemed "Jcely to 
hmkth»l«irpiiaithiB«B mortal and ait tor- 



ever when the Administration, imMMeA by 
unfounded fear of mischief at thrtr hands, 
Bileneed their harmless chattering by taking 
rJf^^^SThe^ Md ieaTins their taiU to 

^The^'peopleof Maryland saw with indifter- 
ence or delight their dispersion, yet wondered 
atAhe importance attached to tiiem- On the 
policy or legaltv of that measure I shall at 

present say nothng. . ^ , » , 

Now, gentiemen, that is the history ot seces- 
sion in Maryland: it is the whole history; it is 
the riose'<rf ^ Mslory. [Applause. ] It is 
eoing to let the election this fall go by default 
and by confession. It did not venture to nomi- 
nate a man in this elty the other day; it^ 
Ml press the election of it-* candidate for Gov-^ 
ernw- in Novemberj it wiU have no contestants 
for the House of Ddegaies in one h«f the 
oeunties of the SUte; it will make no contest 
for the Senate except in two or three counties 
which are doubtful, and there only for tha pur* 
pose of hdlcBng a veto on the Union men in the 
Legislature; and it is that we are specially 
bound to Uke care of. But secession as an ac- 
tive, dangerous aadafflUting dtement, I say, 
now lies writhing in its laet agonies in Mary- 
land. [Great applause. ] I do not doubt that 
very nearly one-third ot the people of lAitfState 
are dlsloyal-HBOt that they will take up arm^ 
on the eecesr'ion side, but they will not take up 
arms on the Union side; they are disloyal. In 
my judgment, that is a very large estimate of 
the strenj^th of the secession taction in Mar^r- 
land this day. it has found the limits of ita 
power: the nature of the beast is the iMiie, 
only it has been deprived ot its fangs; imus 
now do nothing but mumble false profiwcies 
about the coming of JetiersonDavis, and* pray 
him not to falsi^ their prediction:^. 

Maryland has been true in heart thus far.— 
She has not furnished her quota of troops to 
put d0wn the rehelUon within or without Ma- 
ryland. That is partly her fault; chiefly th« 
fault of her Governor, who paralyzed the en 
ereiesof her eltisens when they were ready 
to respond to the fir^t call of the Government. 
}Jut those charged with military alfairs at 
Washington are not without thear share of 
responsibility; tor when the C^yernor refhsed 
to call forth the contingent of Maryland, and 
when the law was pointed out to them under 
which thoT eould send th^ orders to any olB- 
cerof the militia, and the names of officers 
holding commissions and ready to plw ta the 
orders of the Govemasent mm Wd-^hefore 
tham, and the President had drawn in blank 
the order and directed it to be^t to the 
Secretary of War, it rested on nis table un- 
MtedOD. WhAn subsequently, after the lith 
of May, the Governor determined condition- 
ally to call forth the contingent of Maryland, 
and officers wwit to Washington and ^red 
themselves ready to respond to the orders o! 
the Government, the War l^epartment de- 
clined to receive them nret nnoer the eall for 
men for three months, and when General 
Eenlv offered, himself, to call forth hU 
briffade if it would be aeeepted as a 

k^ m wi ^<w > 



n 



LApplauac] It was quite appareDt that 
Uie Depwtment felt small confidence in the 

and were not«t pains 
^if*^ ^^."^ indifferenoe towAlBjr theif aid. 
After that, it was not to besupposed that others 
would be in a hurrv to receive Buch a rebuff. 
Thea^ doabto ot oar leyaltr wm inspiietl 
hv persona apparently, who kaow aothiur of 
Marjiand or of ita men, who have notthTcon- 
a^nce of its people, and are unknown in iu 
a^ra, have conatituted themselvM the chief 
j^TiMra at Waahington with reference to 
Marytand albirs. Theae thinga are undoubt- 

^/J^S^lu'^''' Bafl6r,%ar reputation 
suffers by the conduct of the Adminutration 
towarda the State, throughout the whole 
eoaatry at Mm time. It is our misfortune to 
have Buch citizenf^; it ia the fault of the Got- 
ernment to listen to their couiMeU. [Great 
appuMue.] 

We liave labored under peculiar; disadran- 
Ujgee, in common with all the ceatral alave 
Statee. The ^uliarit;r of the preient crisis 
1^ the wonderful actiyitj and energy of the 
people and the State authorities contraated 
with the relative inacUvity of the central 
gowmment. In the free SUte the ffovern- 
mcnts have been loyal, and they have onran- 
laed andaided the enthnaiaam of the volun- 
toera. The central slave Htotea betrayed or 
deserted by their State governments, have 
been abandoned by the National government 
almost to their unaided reaourcea— disarmed 
unorganized, half defended. — ^«Nit«ieu, 

But, gentleman, a different state of afiaara. 
1 beheve, now exists. 1 think now the ear of 
^wer IS open to wiser counsels touching the 
military policy to be pursued in Marylandfand 
1 trust, in the central slave States generally 
l lcnow tha;, now they listen to and act upon 
the repreaentaUona of my friend, Mr. Pnrnell. 
[Applause.] 1 know that they now listen to 
J^emor Thomas, of the Upper District— 
ritoewed applause. ] 1 know that they listen 
to the appeals of Mr, Wallace, of Cambridge. 
[Continued applause. ] I know that now they 
S!??^-^^**^""^^^^^''*'"^ of Mr. Dodge, the 
?^'f^ u-iS"" J*^^-. f applauw.] 1 inow 
tbat whilst lor long months they reftued to 

wmourHome Guard, even at the eoUciU- 

\T^,^!'L^*''l: repeatedly pressed, at 

length they have came to think that it ia oer- 

5!Fu * ^"^^J OJovernment, in 

<laaltag with a great rebellion, to inquire for. 
and to ori^anue and arm loval men for their 
own defence in disturbed diatricte; and now 
wa haire the Purnell legion forming atPikea- 
vilIe,^ov Thomas' brigade foriflng in the 
apper portion of the State, several regiments 
organising abound the city, two alieady in 
Ihe wrvioe of the GoTornnient, others forming 
to the the lower part of the State; and, in my 
judgment, w 

eleotod a CJoTernor and a Leffis- 
lature tlat will do for the people of Marylfid 
what everywhere has been done bvtbe £eei^ 
latarei of our brethren in the Nonh for theh^ 
volunteers, give tbem the aid and oonatenuee 
J5*frf*^^ awiBtance of the State, and the 
outJft that ia neoeaaary to laqUilato eSl^ 



[^llL\V^*l^*'^^^'''*'^^^«^^ ^ tt'ia con- 
test as she hOT always stood in every other 
contest not lagging behind her brethfen. but 
struggling with them for the foremost rank 
^ here glorr la to be won. [Great applause.] 
it 1 may t)e allowed to criticize the conduct 
of an Administration which I did not help to 

?ohn % n*- '^^Y'K^ '•^Joic*' was formed-lfor 
John Bell IS a traitor— and for whose aucoeaa 
i am more earnestly anxious than for any that 
nu wielded power in my day (applause, )— an 

last and only hope of the American people 
which must be supported let whatever else 
may rail (great applauae,)— in spite of the 
contempt with which it haa treated the people 
ol Maryland, in spite of that lack of maena- 
ninotts wisdom which would have taught it 
iiot to overlook the great body of the Cen. 
trai btates m high civil and military ap- 
pointmeuts— however much tbeae things mar 
grate upon our feeUngs, however much thev 
may tend to dampen the apirits and slacken 
ff^^'i^P <>^^ P^op\e, however much the 
Adnuma^tionmay fand too late that it haa 
weakened lU power, however much already 
th^' way have expanded the theatre of ww- 
and advanced the irontier ot the light nearer 
to the A ational Capitals-just in proportion 
as these di^a- trons consequences have toUowed 
for that^reat error in. point of public policy, 
just by Bo much the more earneat motives are 
we, men ot Maryland, called en to forget the 
past, to obliterate its bitter recollections, to 
forbid anything like pride to arise in our 
^rgoB, to put down at the bidding of patriot- 
ism everv ill spirit that would paralyze our 
arms and forgetting the past rush forward to 

have slighted us by heaping the coala of fire 
01 repentance upon, their Head. (Great an- 
plause) • ^ K 

That the Administration chose to constitute 
lUelt on a atrictly party ba^is in its higher de- 
partment, is not a just subject of complaint— 
especially after the President had tendered to 
Mr. Cxilmer, of North Carolitta,<a nlaoei&.hia 
Cabinet, which be declined. 

But it is a matter of complaint that the im- 
portance of securino: support, organisinff 
Irienda, arming loyal citizens in the great 
central slave States was so gravely under- 
rat€d-and while the other departments are 
filled with men equal to their respective duties 
itu a matter of great regret that those de' 
partments chiefly and directly charged with 
the military policy of the Administration hare 
Ullen below the. requiremenU of the times 
Th^ spent One monUi of predoua time before 
apparently thfiv took «»ne step to meet the 
s^rm that was blackening the whole heavens 
before them/ Then, while yet war was afar, 
ere Tennessee had yielded to the gentle pies' 
sure ot the Southern ;bayonet, whilst yet Mis 
soun was free trom armed invasion, ere seces- 
sion had grown to rebeUionin Kentucky thev 
Jet pass the golden opportunity of feeling their 
way through thene great States and finding 
frtonds over that great region. They 



« 



It 



vniMeto fight its battles, but unable to de- 
fend thettaenrei. They left a majority of the 
people of Teiinesiee to be borne down by vio- 
fenoe from abroad'and to be disheartened by 
the depertion of the National Government. 
They allowed dlaafTection to spread In Ken- 
tnchy until Kentucky in spite of her over- 
whelming Onion mnjority hung trembling in 
the balance and was driven to repel inva- 
sion from her ^o\L They left Missouri 
without the aid of additional goldiers, and 
her own Home Guard only half armed, 
until she was nearly OTerruu. They left 
Maryland without a muaket in the hand of 
one of her sons for four dangerous months 
after they were in powyi . Had they sought, 
as a wise policy would have dictated, friends 
in the raidfit ot the doubtful States, they could 
have saved Tennessee; they could have com- 
menced the war upon the northern borders of 
Alabama and of Georgia, where we know the 
partizans of the Government, though now 
silenced, swarm by the thouaandff; they could 
have held possession of the ' central 
nucleusof the Allegany mountains lilied with 
its freemen ready to descend in every direc- 
tion upon the plains below, carrying vrith 
Uiem the emblem of hope and peac^to our 
oppressed brethren in the cotton districts. — 
Had Maryland' been i>roperly armed, had 
her citizens been called oat. hud evtm tliat di'^ 
hjiised contingent ot the three months' men 
been accepted, they might not now have been 
eonfined to one railway for all their Western 
(■ouimunicatione; the loyal part of Virginia 
might have crossed the Allegany mountains 
and stretched to the Blue Ridge. The whole 
face and a^poct of the war would have been 
changed by timel}' attention to the iirst 
elements of racoess in dealing with an 
insurrection,— to find out the men on 
the spot, in the disturbed district, as 
near as possible to the ft>cus of the re. 
bellion, who are there interested in putting 
out the tiaines, and give them at ItMst an op- 
portunity of aiding in their own ddence. The 
event of Bull Run had, 1 tbink^ made the ad- 
ministration t^Jidder and wiser men. Tln'V pos- 
sibly have rejected that there the ae^pised 
Maryland contingent might have turned that 
tide of battle, for it was jurit ft)ur thousiunl 
men that converted :i victory into a defeat 
when brought against our exbanated brethren, 
borne down by the heat of that day's conflict. 
Thev bare now bt^jrun — begun in earneat — 1 
trust begun successfully — [applauscj — to or- 
ganise the men of the great central slave 
Slates, who to them are an element of untold 
power. Equally brave wit^ their Northern 
breUiren, they are a thousand times more In- 
terfiled in Buppi eH:^in;x tlie rebellion, tor it 
touches their homeH, their hearths, their lives. 
Masssachusetts has her pride in the liepnbfie. 
Hobave Maryland, and Kentucky, and Ten- 
nesseCy and Missouri, nnd Delaware^ Massa- 
chusetts has her interest in the cotton l egion.. 
So has Maryland, as #ell as her interest in her 
own fieU'..-.' Hut beyond all that we of the 
central slave titatea have our libertv at stake: 
if weiil^.we areae(»iqttered peopfe; we pass' 



from the gloriea of the American Republic to 
be the suspected, watched and ehaSaeambfects 

of a power we aobor, and which hates up. 

Having already traced the poeltion of Mary- 
land. I need now but point your eyes for inept - 
ration to the present condition of Kentucky. 
Betrayed by her treachenms Governor, placed 
in the disloyal attitude of neutrality by her 
last Legislature, inraded by an armed force 
from Tennessee, deserted or assailed by euch 
men as Breckinridge and bis associates, she 
has, as one man almost, through her present 
Le^rislature, prodaimed her readiness to do 
her duty.— wh?n her energy was quick 
ened into activity by actual invasion^ 
then her Legislature met, made a loan for two 
millions of dollare, called out 40,000 volunteers; 
and theuj as if to cover with contumely the 
men who speak only of '*onr Southern bretb- 
rea," they passed by overwhelming majorities 
that touching vote of thanks to fhe men of 
Indiana, Ohio, and Illinois who came rushing 
in arms, ^**Black Republicans'* and "Lincoln'n 
myrmidons" as they are,) to protect Kentucky 
against her Southern brethren. ( Applauae, > 
And there is Missouri, neglected by the War 
Department, defended hy her half armed and 
half organixed sons until they were decimated 
by auperior numbers, and toe gallant Lyon 
fell a sacrifice to his unsupported Iw^-oism: and 
and then wh<^n they came to rest on the sup- 
port of the Government of the United States, 
two-thirds of their State was overrun, and a 
large body of trooped and Home Guards cap- 
tured right on the great highway of the Mis- 
souri Rlrer for lack of timely support. 

it is vain to inquire who ia repponsible for 
ftich disasterfc— the War Department, charged 
with organixinji; the force, or the military c^- 
cer couimi>'^ionedtolead them; it lies brtweea 
them, and country will hold both re- 
t^ponifible. 1 fear that the man to whom the 
destinies of Missouri are conimitted, is fitter 
to isflu*' I'l oclflinations violnt-n*;' overy princi- 
ple of the law oi the land, and laoking only to 
one purpoee— his political elevation— than he is 
either to organize a Hiree to repel invasion, or • 
it mav bo to lead it after it is organized. Ue 
is not 'able (3uch is the last account,) to move 
vet over u;ruund where ijyon moved with 
none but MiHrtfrnrians at his back — [applause;] 
not able yet to move because of lack of 
transportation, aurrounned by loyal people 
and by loyal States. — nt»t able in move foe 
lack of subsistence, in the very midst of the 
<rreat granary of the United States! No man 
can beHev's if thiK'-e thins:* be true, that a 
heavy debt ol responsibility does not rest at 
j^ome'body's* door to be answered for at some 
not very'distant day. . I feel for the men of 
Missouri, for they have not lain supinely down 
and waited to be'deiended; but they hare been 
DTerborne; 1 saV they are entitled to look to 
the Governu ent nutmerel v fo!- willing troops, 

th^y have been furnished by the thousand 

with that spontaneous enthusiasm which finds 
no equal in the history of the world,— they 
are entitled to a leader who will not lack 
tranrfportatioii, nor food, nor metns to readi 
the Amr* [iwi«*m.] IM*^ 



14^ 



man who pabllsbee gaaconading wmfAma- 
tions fitter lor an £aropean despotOaa an 
Ameriean officer, such as *'I dohere»y extend 

and declare establisked, martial law through- 
oat the State of Missouri/' two-thirda of it in 
the podfieeeion of the armed rebels; ''the Unee 
of the army of occupation in this State are 
for the present declared to extend from Lea- 
▼enworth, by vray of the posts of JefTerson 
GltV| Ko1Ia> and Ironton. to Cape Girardeau 
on the Mississippi river/* within which they 
took Lexington from him the other day; and 
then foUowed by the hmiHmfidmen of a tiireat 
at the bottom— "all persona who shall be ti^en 
with arms in their hands within these linee 
shall be tried by court luaxtial, and, ii' found 
quilfyj will be shot"— in the face of the solemn 
provision of the American Constitution that 
no maU} out of the military bei vice, cai\ be 
eondemnedy except by a jury of his peers be- 
fore a court ofcthe State or district in which 
the crime was committed, with an indictment 
and eTldencOi and the nght to hare eouneel 
and all the precious guards of the common law 
thrown around to protect his life. He is to 
be tried and shot at the wilt of Gen. Fremont, 
and whoever he may stie Mt to appoint to try 
him over a drumhead coui t martial. It re- 
ceived its ht reward in having the very 
^connlry over which he usurped despotic 
pou er .■<s^'^■|it frcua beneath him. And then, 
of course, it was impossible for a man who 
has hi^h political as well as military aspira- 
tions, to overlook in this agitation tbe nc'^ro 
question as an element of popularity, and 
thereupon wo have this lord and master of the 
free people of Misaoari^ dealing thus with 
their property: "The property, real and per- 
6onal« of all persons in the State of Missouri 
who shall take up arms against the United 
States, and who shall be directly iiroven to 
have taken active part with their enemies in 
the field, is declared to be confiscated to the 
public uHc, and their slaves, if tba^ )iave» 
are hereby declared free." 

The President, with a straight-lorward hon- 
estv that* has marked his every act, aeixed the 
earliest opportunity to rebuke that usurpation 
of illegal authority. I only rearet that he 
did not go fnrthw and mark with, his disap- 
probation that clause declaring nartiallaw, 
and that he did not punish the usonation by 
ruvokinij; the commission of the officer who, 
ehacffaa with high and responsibie command 
in the midst of a slave State, gave the ene- 
mies of the Government so serious a ground 
OB which to impeach their policy, aid who 
tvealedrthe representatives of the people with 
so mach contempt as in the face of the very 
law which they had passed scareely onemontli 
before, declaring exactly how the property of 
rebels should be dealt with, dared thus ila- 
grantly to usurp legislaUve powers, and deal 
rat wholasale ooniscation and emancipation 
as if he were above all law. I think that the 
intereets of the people of Missouri would be 
safer If we had some one who eovid be content 
with high military commaad, without playing 
the dictator, who would confine himself to 
marshiming bis hosts, removing armed oppo- 



sition, vindicating the authority of the Gov- 
ernment, and like George Washington, be 
oonteat to obqr the laws, and not either vio- 
late them or attMi^t to jaaka thenu lAgh 
plause.1 

Gentlemen, 1 have detained you ahready too 

long ["Go on,"] and 1 have only one or two 
observations furtner to submit^to you. The pol* 
icy of .the Administration and Congress in deal* 
in^ with this rebellion has been eminently lib- 
eral. Th« policy of the people in the rebel- 
lions SUtes has been eminently illiberal and 
barbarous. The men who pass along onr 
I'treet'i and talk about opprcflsion, are careful 
Ijever to refer to the enactments of the South- 
em usurping Legislature; they never refer to 
that law which authorizes and directs the 
I'reeident of the Confederate States to im- 
prison everv alien enemy, meaning our fellow 
cititens, — wliich banishes every citizen of the 
United States who will not acknowledge their 
authority, which sequesters every cents' worth 
of property of every man living in any of the 
Northern States, which dooms to the halter 
or to exile or hnprisonment every resident who 
however peaoeaolet refused to aeknowledge 
their usurping domination. Were we to 
apply tha^ rule to the gentlemen who insult 
our moderation, how quickly should we in 
Ufldtimore be freed from the scowling looks, and 
the averted {glances, and the insolent tones, 
and the menaces of retaliation that meet us 
every day and everywhere. How different, 
jrentlemen, is the policy of the Government of 
the United States. It confiscates nobody's 
property, even although taken hi arms against 
the Government. Fi-emont's proclamation 
presumed, in the face of the act of Congress, 
to do that. The law had forbidden it; the law 
<$i»ndcmn3 only property which has been used 
for rebellions purposes; it sets free only slaves 
that have been used to prosecute the wii-; it 
confiscates only property that has been used In 
the course of commerce between the rebellious 
States and the loyal States^ and there it stops; 
it lays hold of the thing that sins; it confiscates 
nothing beyond; it leaves the estates of the 
gentlemen ivho have leftMaryland to wage war 
against their native State untouched by the 
law of ocmfiscation; it leaves the negroes, how- 
ever powerful an element they might be made 
of embarrassment in the slaveholding States, 
untouched, save where thdr masters nave first 
used them to aid in breaking down the author- 
ity of the United States* Moderation, liberal- 
ity is everywhere manifested by the Govern- 
ment of the United States, just as vengeance, 
iUiberality, a disposition to grasp and aeize 
everything within their power, to strip honest, 
innocent people, widows and children not less 
than men in arms, of their last support, even 
of the money that was confided to the faith of 
their States by being invested in their public 
securities. Gentlemen, that is the liberality, 
the renieet for property, that these peopleshow 
towarw onr lellow-citizens. It may be the 
foundation of a serions wpeal for more strin- 
gent measures if events oo no tspeadily render 
them unnecessary* ( Applanse.) 
Gentlenenr ^ nothing of sach hqpe- 



im 



ful augury as the moderatlMS *he Untted 
Stated dealing with this great rebellion; and 
on that one snbwct of the freedom of the slave, 
tempting as it is to political a^^pirants, tempt- 
ing as it is to men who wish a short method of 
dealing with a great rebellion, those in power 
have lelt the responsibilities of power, and 
know that they are wielding power only to 
sapporttiie laws. Thev know that they are 
justas much bound to protect that property 
as any other property, and that no eitisen s 
property can be Uken at the will of the gov- 
ernment otherwise than according to law and 
the Goastitntion. Only ignorant fanatics prate 
ubont decreet of emancipation. Therefimit 
is tha6 everywhere wherever the arms of the 
United Stotes have penetrated any ot the slave- 
holding States, yon have found no servile re- 
bellion following their ranks or breaking out 
to meet them. A few stragglers find their 
way into the camps, a few seek protection, m 
feW^'«eize the opportunity of running: away 
from their masters; but anything like a servile 
insnnrection has not been heard of anywhere 
infee presence of the armies of the United 
States. That is the exhort reply to every im- 
puUtion upon the faith of the government. 

[Applause.] , • /. *v 

But the j^reat queftion remains: tan the 
crovernment succeed in maintaining its au- 
thority? L"Y«8."] Thaf question events alone 
cananswer. In mv jndgment, if the wisdom 
Ahich wields the power be only ecjial to 
the enthuBiaam, the devotion, the liDirali^ 
with which the people and the SUtea have 
luviehed men and money in the cause o» the 
KeDublic, then there is no doubt as to what 
UiT result will be. [Applause.] It may 
be that here now, sk heretofore in tiu* hin- 
torv of the world, a great cause may fail in 
the field for lack of great abiUty to guide itin 
the proper departments oi the Cabinet. We 
humbly and earnestly trust that that will not 
be the'case. KashneFS has already been pun-, 
Isbedt disregard of high military advice has 
ttl ready met humiliation; humiliation has prob- 
ably brought forth repentance,land repentance 
is the beginning of wisdom. I have reason to 
believe that hereafter niilitAry questions will 
be left to military men, and military men with 
heads upon their shoulders will be allowed to 
organize and direct the military power of the 
United States. [Great applause.] i »tno^ 
fellow citixens, that great changes have been 
wrought lately in both the military depart- 
ments. Up to'this time the blockade has been 
a mockery; the Secretary of the Navy, after 
six monthi^ experiaaoei has found it out, and 
there has been there^ a change. He has found 
oat that age and decrepitude are not indispen- 
sable for command, and that Southern birth 
and reddenee are not disqualifications. Map-- 
land and Dcleware have been honored by high 
and responsible commands in the persons of 
Goldsborough and DuPont, who«»nl»n,tto 
sail from our ports with jrreat expeditions 
nnder their charge— already too long delayed 
—but, in their hands, sure to prove fraltnu of 
high enterprise ann gmt reaolte* [Ap- 



The wisdom of their selections redeems many 
of the dclavs and blunders whidi h ave le d to 
them. The Admlni8traOon..ha(W'S*o«nfc •«> 
greater knwrledge of men, ^^F^;*;^.^- 
miuation to subordinate unjnst «aiptei«M to 
the necessities of the public service and souM 
poUcv than when from theboHom of two slave- 
holding States, thev selected th^ leaders ot 
these great expeditions which uniting under 
the same eoMaand officers of high ment from 
Msusarhnnrttn and South Carolina, together 
with men from the slave and men from t he free 
States, fitlv represent the nmty of the nmen- 
al power whose banner they are charged to re- 
store on the Atlantic coast [Great applause.] 
The War Department has been taught by 
the nisfortane of Bull Run— which has broken 
no power, nor any spirit; winch bowed no 
State, nor made any heart lalter; which wan 
feltasahmlHation^and which strong men** 
nerves to retrievein— that has brought forth 
wipdom. Thev now know, if they did not 
know before, that a half equipped army is not 
fit to deal with the desperate powers arrayed 
against thti Government. They now know 
that equality of forces is not a becoming pro- 
portion for a Government in the face of a re- 
bellion it is about to pupprepp; it looks too 
much like astruggle between a strong Govern- 
ment and a weak one^ They know now that 
it requires military knowledge to lead a host: 
that it requires months to convert a crowd 
into an army; that without artillery a modem 
urmy is nothing, and that without cavalry it is a 
bird without wings, that without the means of 
following up a victory, victory is worthless.-— 
They new know that victory at Bull Kun 
would have been disaster and i <tt nieces; that 
had they beaten the enemy hnally as they had 
beaten aetnally from the ield at one pcviod in 
the day the Confederate forces, they could 
not have followed up the victory^ that if they 
had attempted to follow it up, they wwld 
have found themselves in the midst of Vir- 
ginia with an army melting like snow btneatb 
the sun; that the three months volnn- 
teers, as their terms of enlistment ezpiredt 
would have left a remnant in the centre of 
Virginia to be a prey for the rebels' swollen 
power. How earnestly true wae the exhorta- 
tion of the great military leader and adviser 
of the Administration, appears by this— ^^at 
Bull Bun having been fought upon wawMr-' 
of Mr. the amv of ^ United States, under 
a ewnmander of 'relentless activity and ener- 
srv, and of ability equal to the highest in the 
army, is s^ drifllnjr. irowR through its 
parades,, being organir.c-fl, waiting lor its 
material of war, within live miles of the 
city of Washington. All that they gained * 
by the battle of Bull Ruu was that, in- 
stead of being able to march in October, a» 
Win&eid ScoUtold them, they would if they 
let him akSM did tot pnsh bim on before 
he was readv to go; they are not yet ready, 
and we are past the middle of October itsell, 
and probably will not be ready before Novmn- 
ber But, gentlemen, when that movement 
takes place,it will be no array of stragglingMg^ 
meats hunting up a commander ov«r a vast fiwd 



ftf battle, [laughter] it will be no diMrgaxiixed 

body of regimente never bound together in a 
brigade and which hardly saw their command- 
pr's or their companion's face until the 
day of tettle, but it will be the best 

men of the AiDt^rican people, as prood, aye 
better than ever laeeU au enemy in the same 
numbefB before, [applause,] acdwtoiMCl to all 
the evolutions of modern warfare, having: pro- 
found confidence in their young and brilliant 
leader, [great applause,] accustomed by oon- 
tklMl TeeoDncnMtioes and skirmishes to meet 
the enemy in arms and learn what battle is, 
blended into that compound of steel and iire 
wUoh aakes an arniT ready to be launched 
like one of God's bolts upon the enemies 
of the country. [Great applause.] Wo 
may fail again, for war is a game of blended 
skill and chance whose determination is with 
the Most High; [applause;] but 1 earnestly 
trust and believe we shall not fail. The ao- 
tivity and energy with which those in power 
are now endeavoring to second the eflbrts of 
military men to organize a force before en- 
countering the chances of defeat, are of good 
angary for the Republic. 

When the banner once more points ibrward, 
it will proudly advance until the rejoicing eol- 
dier shall, like Xenophon's Greeks at the as- 
pect of th'? Euxine. after their weary 
march, greet with the cry of '*the sea," <*tiie 
aea,"- the glancing waves of the Gulf of Mex- 
ico; • [applause;! penetrating at more than 
one point, armies, of deliverance uhall march 
not to subjugate, but to free; not to violate 
any law of the land, but to enforce them all: 
to put down rebellion and its armed insolence, 
to restore to loyal hearts the security that for 
long months they have not known, to restore 
the ancient boundaries of the Republic, to 
wipe out from the escutcheon of the nation, 
the stain ^onr finMing: arms, to restore our 
reputation before the nations of the world, to 
teach men that liberty is not a mockery, and 
a Republic is not another name for feebleness 
or anarchy, to teach the jeering tyranrs of th^f 
Old World tUat their day is not come yet, to 
let them know that the liuiwer ttons can pto- 
pheay in vain and see false viaions in their 
hopes of the overthrow of the great l ival of 
Kngland, and that Allison dots not com- 
prehend the greatness of tMs people, nor 
, the peculiarity of their genius, when he in- 
dites puerile epistles about an established 
church, and a limited monarchy for the free 
men of America. [Laughter and applause.] 

Gentlemen, we do not want the assistance of 
the people across the water. We do not fear 
thdr bortili^. We shall be glad of their good 
will: we will not mourn if it is withdrawn. We 
know that we owe them nothing but good 
will and that we are ready to reciprocate. It 
ia our duty to Uke care of ourselves. We mean 
lo be fully up to that duty. We rely upon 
their interests, and not apon their love» to let 



UB alone. We know that the Son^ il disap- 
pointed in the expectationofhavine the block- 
ade broken, merely because John Bull counted 
the eoit aad fimnd that a war with the United 
Sutes would coat more than the Southern cot- 
ton would pay for. We know very well that 
Louis N apoieon prefers not to pick any qnarrel 
with this country, among other reasons because 
the N?-vv of England overmatches his own and ■ 
he sees the time when possibly the saUors of 
America may be needed to balance the 
power of England. [Applause.] We know 
that whilst one interest would prompt him to 
embarass— another, a greater, a near one-com- 
pels him to let us alone; for he is surrounded 
bv revolutionary fires, stifled but not •ex- 
tinct, and if he turns from home he may find 
that "fire in the rear" uncomfortably girding 
bis revolutionary throne. [Laughter.] There 
is some sympathy, strange to say, and it has 
more than CAoe been manifested, by the 
great despot of Russia for this great dem- 
ocracy. They seem to have a ^^^^^2^ 
feeling in their youth, their newness, tnm 
""rowing ntrength, their freedom from most^ 
7h.^ embarrassments of other Governments, 
and the boundless regions of space that in- 
vites them to expand their t nipn e. They feel 
thrit to thom belongs the luture, however 
diflerent the ] »rm of empire; and altnoaghwe 
may seek our advancement in different 
methods and in different forms, yet each, in 
his appropriate sphere, in his appomted time, 
in hV dirn way, is wcirkhig out the great 
problem of human destiny,— we ot human 
i reedom on this side the Atlantic, he of human 
civilization among the balf-dvllised men.'of 
^^sia. 

l!ut while we accept the courtesy of the 
jiutocrat's good wishes, we trust nothing to 
his good will; our fate is in our hands; on 
them alone we must rely. There is now no 
prospect of foreign intrusion, but no man can 
tell what a day may bring forth. We shall, 1 
think, meet with no disturbance Irom be- 
vond the Atlantic at present. To-morrow 
it may suit the policy of England orFrsBoe 
or Kasaia to fling their sword into the 
scale of oui- tlesunies, and that might de- 
cide »hem. i\ow is the time, at once, witnoat 
delay, unitodlj for us here in Maryland, as 
well as those » Kentucky and those m Mis- 
souri, with our brethren in the North, to 
ficaCter and destroy at <me Wow Uia armed 
array of our enemies— ere delay consolidates 
their power or foreign complication embar- 
rass our arms. We must not merely d^n^ 
we most destroy the army before WashhMfloa. 
That will break the military power of the re- 
bellion, and whenever the sword shall be 
stricken from the hand which lifted it agaimrt 
the DnioD, the terrors of dei^potic power will 
vanish from the land, and grateful eyes will 
turn in tears to greet the nnforgotten b»»or 
of the B^piMio. 



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