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45th Annual Targets, UAVs & Range Operations Symposium & Exhibition 
“Tools and Technologies for The Warfighter” 

San Diego, CA 

29 - 31 October 2007 


Agenda 


Tuesday. October 30. 2007 


Keynote Speaker: 

Brigadier General David J. Eichhorn, USAF, Director of Air, Space and Information Operations, Headquarters, Air Force Material Command, Wright-Patterson Air 
Force Base, Ohio 

• Joint Close Air Support Enabled by Future Airborne Networking wmv format 

Session I: Ranges and Range Operations 

• Common Range Integrated Instrumentation System (CRUS), Mr. Magdy “Mike” Sorial. CRUS Program Director, 29ARSG/EN, Eglin AFB 

• Real Time Trajectory Planning for Targets via Heuristics Search, Mr. Luis E. Alvarado. Sr.. Systems Control Engineer 

• Target Operational and Engineering Support Mr. Thomas Dowd. Director. Threat/Target Systems Department, Pt. Mugu, CA 

• DOT&E Targets Overview, Mr. Joshua Messner. DOT&E Target Resources, OSD 

• JSF Range and Airspace Requirements, Major (( Digger” Davis. HQ ACC/A8F 

1. Targets QuickTime format 

Session II: New Technology 

• Low Cost Alternative Target, Mr. Larry Berger. Chief Engineer, MDSI 

1 . GT-400 Flight Test wmv format 

• Joint Ground Robotics Program, Mr. Duane Gotvald. Deputy Project Manager, PEO GCS Robotic Systems Joint Program 

1. QuickTime Video Clip 

Hugh Harris Scholarship Update 


Wednesday. October 31. 2007 


Session III: Current Trends 

• GPS-Based Target Control Software Innovations, Mr. Dennis Brooks. Project Director, Target Control Systems, US Army TMO, Huntsville, Alabama 

• DTRMC, OSD Strategic Plan, Mr. Jerry Christensen. DOT&E 

Session IV: Military Programs and Requirements 

• Navy. Captain Pat Buckley. USN. PMA-208 

1. Sales Aren ’t Up wmv format 

• Air Force, Michele Brazel. Squadron Director, 691st Armament Systems Squadron, Eglin AFB, Florida 

1. 691 ARSS wmv format 

• Overview Of U.S. Army, PEO STRI, PM ITTS TMO Activities, Mr. Al Brown. TMO Deputy Director, PMITTS, PEO STRI 

1 . Targets Management Office wmv format 


45th Annual Targets.html[6/24/2016 9:18:58 AM] 































Strength through Industry & Technology 


National 





NATIONAL DEFENSE INPUSTRLAL ASSOCIATION 


Defense 








STRENGTH THROUGH INDUSTRY & TECHNOLOGY 


Industrial 


Association 


"The Premier Defense Association! 


rr 


lllllllllllll 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 












Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

David Miller 

Meggitt Defense Systems 
NDIA Target, UAV & Range Ops Division 




David Laird 

Micros Systems, Inc 
Symposium Chair 


Session Chairs 

Joshua Messner 
Craig Tangedal 
John Vanbrabant 
Charles Farrior 
Bob Palmer 



2 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


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\ 11 H>\ k\ MM ;■ WilMM JSTW.II VSS 


THANKS! 

to our sponsors 

Meggitt Defense Systems 

and 

Northrop Grumman 
Corporation 


3 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 









\ 11 H>\ k\ MM ;■ WilMM JSTW.II VSS 



Major Joseph P. Hy I an, USMC (Ret) 





4 


T7*e Votce of the Industrial Base 












M1H>\ U Ml hh ViK !MR STHJ.il CSS 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range 

Division Symposium 


Sympsosium Chair: 

Mr. David Laird 
Micro Systems, Inc. 


5 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 








Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Tuesday, October 30,2007 

8:00 AM Welcome Remarks 

David Laird, Micro Systems, Inc. 

Symposium Chair 

8:15 AM Keynote Presentation 

Brigadier General David J. Eichhorn, USAF 
Dir, Air, Space and Information Operations 

HQ, AFMC 


IIIIIIIIIIII ■ 



6 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Tuesday, October 30,2007 

Session I - Ranges & Range Operations 
Chair: Dennis Mischel 
DOT&E Targets 

9:00 AM Session Introduction 





7 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Tuesday, October 30,2007 

9:15 AM Common Range Integrated Instrumentation System 

Magdy "Mike" Sorial, CRUS Program Director 

9:40 AM Real Time Trajectory Planning for Targets via 

Heuristics Approach 

Manuel Soto, White Sands Missile Range 


10:00 AM Break - Exhibits Open for Viewing 




8 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Tuesday, October 30,2007 

10:45AM Target Operational & Engineering Support 

Thomas Dowd, Dir, Threat Target Systems, Pt Mugu 

11:05AM JSF: Targets & Ranges Test & Training Requirements 

Col Russell Handy, Commander, 33d Fighter Wing 


11:50AM Improvements & Upgrades at the Sea Range 

Karen Draper, Sea Range Test Mgmt Br, Pt Mugu 

12:10AM Willis Howard Award Presentation 

David Miller, Meggitt Defense Systems 
NDIA Division Chair 





9 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









'l 11 M>% U I IE h I am: BMft STKJ \l WMXIIIH 


Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 


12:25 - 1:45 Lunch - Exhibit Hall 





10 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Tuesday, October 30,2007 

Session II - New Technology 
Chair: Craig Tangedal 

1:45 PM Session Introduction 





ll 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Tuesday, October 30,2007 

2:05PM Improvised Explosive Devices 

Captain Jeffrey Timbore, USN, JIEDDO 

2:25PM Hammerhead , NATO Qualified Sea Surface Target 

System 

Spencer Fraser, MDS Canada 
2:45PM Break - Exhibit Hall 





12 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Tuesday, October 30,2007 

3:20PM GT-400 Low Cost Alternative Target 

Larry Berger, Chief Engineer, MDSI 

3:40PM Joint Ground Robotics Program 

Duane Gotvald, Dep Proj Mgr, PEO GCS Robotic 
Systems Joint Program Office 

4:00PM Hugh Harris Scholarship Update 

Mr. Cort Proctor, Micro Systems, Inc 


4:30PM-6:00PM Reception in Exhibit Hall 




13 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Wednesday, October 31, 2007 

8:00AM Welcome and Keynote Introduction 

David Laird, Micro Systems, Inc, Symposium Chair 

8:15 AM Keynote 

Mr. John Salafia, Director, Target Programs, 
Unmanned Systems, Northrop Grumman Integrated 
Systems 





14 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Wednesday, October 31, 2007 

Session III - Current Trends 
Chair: JohnVanBrabant 
Northrop Grumman Corporation 

9:00AM Session Introduction 





15 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Wednesday, October 31, 2007 

9:15AM GPS-Based Target Control Software Innovations 

Dennis Brooks, Proj Dir, Tgt Control Sys, US Army 
TMO 

9:35AM Break in Exhibit Hall 


10:00AM General Session Resumes 





16 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Wednesday, October 31,2007 


10:00AM 

Super Sonic Sea Skimming Target - A Lower Cost 
Alternative, LCDR E. Ferguson, RCN, NDHQ 

10:20AM 

DTRMC , OSD Strategic Plan 

Jerry Christensen, DOT&E 

10:40 

Target Management Initiative 

Ken McCormick, DOT&E 

11:10AM 

Surface Target Laser Aim Scoring System 

Rob Couture, Program Dir, Meggitt Defense Systems 

11:30AM 

DAU: Contingency Contracting 

Joel Brown, DAU, San Diego 

11:50 

Lunch - Exhibit Hall 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 

17 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Wednesday, October 31, 2007 

Session IV - Military Programs & Requirements 

Chair: Charles Farrior 
Army TMO 

1:30pm Session Introduction 





18 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Wednesday, October 31, 2007 

1:45PM Army 

Mr. Steve Milburn, TMO, Huntsville 

2:15PM Navy 

Captain Pat Buckley, USN, PMA-208 

2:45PM Air Force 

Michele Brazel, Sqdn Director, 691 st Armt Sys Sqdn 


lllllllllllll 


19 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


45 th Annual Targets, UAV & Range Division 

Symposium 

Wednesday, October 31, 2007 


3:15PM Concluding Remarks 

David Laird, Symposium Chair 





20 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 


*ip- 









Strength through Industry & Technology 


National 





NATIONAL DEFENSE INPUSTRLAL ASSOCIATION 


Defense 








STRENGTH THROUGH INDUSTRY & TECHNOLOGY 


Industrial 


Association 


"Your Premier Defense Association! 


rr 


lllllllllllll 


The Voice of the Industrial Base 















it 







Purpose: 

Provide NDIA Symposium An 
Overview Of 

U.S. Army, PEO STRI, PM ITTS 
TMO Activities 

Tools and Technologies for 
the Warfighter” 

Briefed by: Mr. Al Brown 

TMO Deputy Director, PMITTS, PEO STRI 

256-842-6421 DSN: 788-6421 

e-mail: alvin.brown@us.army.mil 


www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 


NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 1 


331^0 




False Impression Caveat 


It should be explicitly noted that the 
U.S. Government makes no official 
commitment nor obligation to provide 
any additional detailed information or 
agreement of sale on any of the 
systems/capabilities portrayed during 
this presentation that have not been 
authorized for release. 





















OUTLINE 


* Mission 

* Activities 

* Customer Base 

* Organization (Tie-in with Testing & Training) 

* Recently Developed Products 

* Future Efforts 

* Summary 


www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 


NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 4 














TMO MISSION 


MANAGE THE LIFE CYCLE 
ACQUISITION OF TECHNICALLY OPTIMIZED, 
INTEROPERABLE AND ADAPTABLE TARGETS, TARGET 
CONTROL SYSTEMS AND GROUND RANGE SYSTEMS USED 
IN THE LIVE AND VIRTUAL TESTING, TRAINING AND MISSION 
REHEARSAL ENVIRONMENTS, PROVIDING BEST VALUE 
PROCUREMENT, AND SUPERIOR LIFE CYCLE SUSTAINMENT 
AND OPERATION WHEN REQUIRED, FOR THE U.S. ARMY 
TRANSFORMATION, FUTURE FORCES, JOINT 
SERVICES, ALLIED CLIENTS AND 
GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES 



We respond to customer needs 
and institutional requirements 


oi-vice 














www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 


Based on customer target 
requirements 


Aerial - Fixed and Rotary Wing 
Mobile Ground / Foreign Materiel 


“Real Deal Steel” 


- Surrogates 

Virtual - Models and Simulations 
Precision Targetry Systems 
Auxiliary / Ancillary Equipment 


NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 6 


PRIMARY A CTIVITIES 


oi-vice 


























Develop products 


Buy products 



AND we 


Fly ’em 
Drive ‘em 
Fix ‘em 





www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 



NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 


office 





























% 


Army T&E Community 



www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 


NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 8 




























































































































What we have developed recently 


Low Cost Movers 


Threat Vehicle 
Surrogate Targets 


Virtual Targets 


JCHAAT 


UAS-Ts 


www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 


NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 9 



















Looking at 
technology areas to 
enhance current 
capabilities 


Things we plan to develop/purchase in the next five years 


Precision Targets 


RPVTs 


Fully Mission 
Capable Threat 
Targets 


Rotary Wing 
Targets 


www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 


NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 10 









An Individual Product we plan to develop/purchase during 

next five years 

Precision Targets 


the 


Develop state-of-art signature technologies and applications for use on 
existing targetry or new targetry development efforts to support Army 

requirements. 

Develop concepts that: 

•Minimize cost 

•Maximize signature fidelity - visual and thermal 

•Minimize logistic requirements - reduce handling cost, easily transportable, easy to assemble, recyclable 
•Maximize utility - adaptable to CCD&O technologies 




www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 


NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 11 












#< 


An Individual Product we plan to develop/purchase during 

next five years 

Fully Mission Capable Threat Ground Targets 


the 


l T 


-^4 k.h-' 






Acquire and field fully mission capable latest version, Foreign Threat Mobil | 
Ground Targets (MTB, IFV, and APC) to meet emerging requirements for 

threat representative missions. 

Capabilities will include: 

Operational Turrets 
Communications 
Shoot-back capability 
Operational Sights 
Smoke (VEESS, launchers) 

Ancilliary Equip 


www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 


NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 12 











An Individual Product we plan to develop/purchase during 

next five years 

Remotely Piloted Vehicle Targets 


the 


Provide targets with ancillary devices and contractor support 
services for STRAC mandated live-fire crew gunnery weapon 
qualifications and missile engagement events. 

Government Owned/Contractor Operated Aircraft. 


www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 


NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 13 










An Individual Product we plan to develop/purchase during 

next five years 

Rotary Wing Targets 


the 




present realistic, threat representative, helicopter 
targets for use by Test and Evaluation and by Training 

groups worldwide. 


www.peostri.army.mil/PM-ITTS/TMO 


NDIA07 Overview 11/9/2007 14 

















SUMMARY 


TMO: 

• ALWAYS LOOKING FOR BETTER, FASTER, 
CHEAPER PRODUCTS FOR OUR CUSTOMERS 

• RECOGNIZED LEADER OF AERIAL AND GROUND 
TARGETS 

• READY TO RESPONSIBLY SUPPORT T&E AND 
SPECIAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS 


NEED INDUSTRY TO CONTINUE PROVIDING STATE 
OF THE ART TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION 
AND INCORPORATION INTO TARGETRY 



















U.S. Navy Aerial Target Systems 


Presented to 45 th Annual NDIA Symposium 


Captain Pat Buckley 

Program Manager 

PMA-208, Aerial Target & Decoy Systems 
31 October 2007 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


1 





Outline 



• Organization 

• Product Line 

• Operating Sites 

• Supersonic Targets 

• Subsonic Targets 

• Full Scale Targets 

• Target Control Systems 

• Summary 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 













N AV/V^ a I R 

REPORTING RELATIONSHIPS 


ASN (RD&A) 

ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF THE NAVY 
(RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION) 


CNO 

CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS 


J 


L 


OPERATING 

AGREEMENT 


PEO (T) 

TACTICAL 

AIRCRAFT 

PROGRAMS 


PEO (A) 

AIR ASW, ASSAULT 
& SPECIAL MISSION 
PROGRAMS 


PEO (W) 

STRIKE WEAPONS & 
UNMANNED 
AVIATION 


PEO (JSF) 

JOINT 

STRIKE 

FIGHTER 


PROGRAM 

EXECUTIVE 

OFFICES 



NAVAL AIR SYSTEMS COMMAND HEADQUARTERS 

PATUXENT RIVER 

COMMANDER 

AIR-00 


(ADDU FOR C4I) 


VICE COMMANDER 

AIR-09 


DEPUTY COMMANDER 


(ADDU FOR LOG SPT) 


AIR-1.0 

PROGRAM 

MANAGEMENT 

ACQUISITION EXEC 


AIR-2.0 
CONTRACTS 
ASST. COMMANDER 


AIR-3.0 
LOGISTICS 
ASST. COMMANDER 


COMPTROLLER AIR-10.0 
COUNSEL AIR-11.0 
CIO AIR-7.0 
ESPO AJR-OOES 
IG AIR-OOG 
JAG AIR-00 J 
CNO CM A1R-00W 


COMSPAWAR 
SPACE & NAVAL WARFARE 
SYSTEMS COMMAND 


COMNAVSUP 
NAVAL SUPPLY SYSTEMS 
COMMAND 


NAVICP 

NAVAL INVENTORY 
CONTROL POINT 


AIR-4.0 
RESEARCH & 
ENGINEERING 
ASST. 

COMMANDER 


AIR-5.0 
TEST & 
EVALUATION 

ASST. COMMANDER 


AIR-6.0 
INDUSTRIAL 
OPERATIONS 
ASST. COMMANDER 


AIR-7.0 
CORPORATE 
OPERATIONS 
ASST. COMMANDER 


NAVAL AIR TECHNICAL 
DATA AND ENGINEERING 
SERVICE COMMAND 
(NATEC) 

NORTH ISLAND 
COMMANDING OFFICER 


AIRCRAFT DIVISION 


PATUXENT RIVER, 
LAKEHURST 
COMMANDER 


WEAPONS 

DIVISION 


CHINA LAKE, POINT MUGU 
COMMANDER 




TRAINING 

SYSTEMS 

ORLANDO 

COMMANDING OFFICER 


NAVAL AIR 
DEPOT 

(NAVAIRDEPOT) 

NORTH ISLAND 
COMMANDING OFFICER 


NAVAL TEST WING 
PACIFIC 

POINT MUGU 
COMMANDER 


January 05 


LOGISTI 
SUPPORT 
ACTIVITY 


• PEO(W) renamed to PEO(U&W) - 
(Unmanned Aviation and Strike Weapons) 

• PMA-208 - Aerial Target and Decoy 
Systems 


"x 


NAVAL AIR 
DEPOT 

(NAVAIRDEPOT) 

JACKSONVILLE 
COMMANDING OFFICER 


PRODUCT CENTERS 
(NAVAL AIR WARFARE CENTERS) 


NAVAL AIR 
DEPOT 

(NAVAIRDEPOT) 

CHERRY POINT 
COMMANDING OFFICER 


NAVAL AIR PACIFIC 
REPAIR ACTIVITY 
(NAVAIRPRA) 

ATSUGI, JAPAN 
COMMANDING OFFICER 


NAVAL AIR 
MEDITERRANEAN 
REPAIR ACTIVITY 
(NAVAIRMRA) 

NAPLES, ITALY 
COMMANDING OFFICER 


I 

NAVAL 

' AIR DEPOTS 



































































































PMA-208 

AERIAL TARGET & DECOY SYSTEMS 
PROGRAM OFFICE 2006 




Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


4 















PMA-208 

AERIAL TARGET & DECOY SYSTEMS 
PROGRAM OFFICE 2007 




Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


5 































PMA-208 Product Line 
Fielded 



Supersonic 



GQM-163A 



MA-31 



AQM-37C 


Full Scale & 


Miscellaneous 



SNTC 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


6 
































• VC-6 decommissioning in summer of 2008 

• NAVAIR to conduct East Coast ops 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


7 









Supersonic Targets 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


8 





GQM-163A Supersonic 
Sea Skimming Target 




NAV/^A I R 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 









GQM-163 Program Status 



• Operations to date: 

- 6 October 2005; 12 June 2007; 13 June 2007 

• FRP-2 contract awarded September 2007 

• First Stream Raid OP planned for December 2007 

• Plan to award FRP-III Second Quarter FY-08 

• Prime Contractor: Orbital Sciences Corporation 


GQM-163 Supports Threat A, B & C Requirements 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


10 







GQM-163A 
High Diver Initiative 




40 km 

Mach 3.0 - 4.0 


Ducted Rocket Ignition 
Alt = 310 m 


Booster 
Separation 
Alt - 300 m 


Begin Cruise 
Alt = 20 m 


Alt = 5 m 


Ignite MK 70 Booster 


Launc 


65 km 

Phase - 
Mach 2.5 


PflOit!SC_a 11 a 


Begin High Dive 

Alt=15,000 m 


Oucted Rocket Burnout 
Alt-4 m 


20 km 

■<r~ Terminal Phase 
Mach 2,5 


Begin Cruise 
A!t=15,000m 


• High Diver development initiated in March 2006 

* Demo expected in mid-2008 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


11 











MA-31 




Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


12 















MA-31 Update 



• Program initiated via Foreign Comparative Testing (FCT) & Expanded 
Demonstration Test (EDT) from 1995-2000 

• USN contracted with Boeing for the delivery of MA-31 targets in FY2000 

- Executing plan to close out MA-31 procurement contract due to numerous 
setbacks beyond Navy/Boeing control 

• Conducting Joint Navy (LPD-18) & Army (Patriot) operation in December 
2007 at Pt. Mugu range with last remaining assets 

- Expecting final contract closeout after the operation 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


13 








AQM-37 


• Medium to high altitude supersonic cruise 
with dive capability 

- Mach 2.0-4.0 

- Range 100 mi 

- Altitude 1000 ft-100 Kft 

- Demonstrated TBM profiles (300 Kft, 120 nmi 
downrange) 

- F-16 launch platform 







Out of production system 


- Last Delivery Dec 2001 

Conduct approximately 10-15 operations per 
year (~ half FMS) 

Potential high-diver surrogate 

- Low fidelity 



Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


14 








Threat D and 

Multi-Stage Supersonic Target (MSST) 




^ m + , t 


- 


4 






-• - 


1 

SLWr 


t •' ; .•‘V;- r W ■ A '£s <& 

• Flight at lowermost altiltjcfe making it' - . ; v l - . 

hard for air defence means to kill the misitffe ■ ” - ’ ■ 

■ Target approach from pre&t$iree*ipriy ytt w 

by-passing islpwis and air defence Cranes ‘ 

• Penetrating high-exptosive WH Wasting - 

at an optimum depth Xv ^ ■ 








The case for a Threat D target has been kicked around for years . .. 

NAV/^A I R 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


15 








Threat D 



Threat D poses challenging T&E requirements 


Threat 

Phases 



Test Regions 
& 

Target Needs 


Material Targets Already Exist 


Requires New or Modified Simulation or Material Targets 


"O 

CD 

0 

CL 

to 


Reqion 3: Sprint 

Intercept Engage Detect 


Reqion 1: Cruise 

Intercept Engage Detect 


Reqion 2: Transition 

Intercept Engage Detect 



Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


16 
































Multi-Stage Supersonic Target 


• Requirement & Resourcing 

- Navy did not fund target development in POM-08 budget submission 

- DEPSECDEF directed Threat D study. Study completed April 2007 

- Study recommended target development. Navy endorsed. 

- OSD 3-Star Programmer review supported the development of a Threat D 
Target 

• Agreed with study conclusions and Navy’s recommendation 

- October 2007 - ODD in Final Navy review, approval anticipated mid- 
November 2007 

• Acquisition 

- PMA-208 MSST team stood up in May 2007 

- Draft RFP posted 25 July 2007 

- Industry Day held 31 July 2007 

- Planning to release Request For Proposal (RFP) in November 2007 

- Anticipating 4.5 year System Development & Demonstration effort, with 
follow-on contract for Low Rate Initial Production and Full Rate Production 

• Planning to award SDD contract in FY08 




Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


17 








Supersonic Summary 



• GQM-163 Coyote in production 

- Meets Threat A, B, & C SSST requirements 

- Superb performance. Coyote will be long term workhorse for SSST mission 

- GQM-163 high dive capability being developed 

• MA-31 

- Last assets will be expended in December 2007 

- Program to be completed 

• AQM-37 

- Potential near-term high diver surrogate 

• Multi-Stage Supersonic Target 

- Navy Team stood up May 2007 

- CDD in final approval process 

- RFP release planned for November 2007 

- Anticipated contract award 3rd quarter FY08 

Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 







Subsonic Targets 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


19 






BQM-34S 



• Sustainment 

- Maintain required inventory 

• Missions 

- Low fidelity A/C simulator 

- T&E workhorse - special configurations 

- Harpoon Seeker integration 

• Product Improvements 

- UIAU integration: 

• Replace existing autopilots with UIAU from BQM-74 

• Common avionics, radar altimeter, Support Equipment 
with current production BQM-74E 

• Reduced logistics 

• Avoid obsolescence 

• Allows for performance growth if required 

- LACE 

- PAWN 

• Prime contractor - Northrop Grumman 


NAV^A I R 



Current I nventory ~ 200 
FY06 Ops/ Expenditures - 19/ 2 
FY07 Ops/ Expenditures - 14/ 3 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


20 








BQM-74E 



• Production 

- Procurement rate 60/yr 

- Training and T&E workhorse 


Current I nventory - 265 
FY06 Ops/ Expenditures - 235/ 62 
FY07 Ops/ Expenditures - 158/ 52 


• Missions: 


- High fidelity Anti-Ship Cruise Missile (ASCM) Surrogate 

- Low-fidelity A/C simulator 

• Altitude: 7 ft - 40 Kft 

• Endurance: 68 min 

• Ground Launch; Shipboard Launch; 

• Air Launch: C-130, Gulfstream, F-16 

• Product improvements 

- Programmable semi-autonomous waypoint navigation 

• Selectable Lost Carrier Sensitivity from waypoint to 
waypoint 

• Return to Recovery Area 

• FY08 limited fielding planned 



• Prime contractor - Northrop Grumman 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


21 








Subscale Subsonic Aerial Target 

(SSAT) 



• Need for a high fidelity subsonic target vehicle that meets 
Navy requirements 

• Performance requirements being validated 

• Considering full and open competition for a fly-off 

- Opportunity for Navy to evaluate SSAT candidates 

- Potential for RFP release in late FY08/early FY09 

- Potential multiple award in FY09 for fly-off 

• Down select to single source for production 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


22 





Alternative Subsonic Flight 
Demonstration 


• Navy strategy to “open aperture” to explore wider range of 
subsonic targets that may fulfill Navy needs 

- Goal is to ensure long-term best value - performance & affordability 

- Demonstration initiative underway 

• Contract competitively awarded to Composite Engineering, 
Inc. (CEi) of Sacramento, CA in September 06 

- Design based on Air Force BQM-167A 

- Five flight demonstrations planned 

• First flight 26 September 

• Second flight planned for 31 October 




Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


23 






Subsonic Targets Summary 



• ASCM Threat capabilities drive Navy subsonic target 
requirements 

• BQM-34 still a viable system 

- Existing inventory will last indefinitely at current usage rate 

• BQM-74E remains Navy workhorse 

- Relatively low cost 

- Shipboard & air launch capable 

• Follow-on subsonic target needed to meet current 
requirements 


Navy pursuing strategy to identify tomorrow’s subsonic target 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


24 









Full Scale Targets 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


25 






QF-4/QF-16 



• QF-4 

- Operating at Tyndall & White Sands Test Ranges 

- Air Force existing contract runs thru Lot 15 (FY09) 

- Plan to award new contract for two Lots in FY-10 & FY11 

- Last deliveries in FY13 from procurements in FY-11 

• AST QF-16 

- Replacement for the QF-4 

- Air Force lead program 

• Navy providing requirements inputs and funding 

- IOC 3QFY15 

- ~15 years of production at 25 A/C per year 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


26 





Mobile Land Targets 



* Requirement 

- Fast, highly maneuverable, threat representative vehicles for 
aircrew training 

- Enable JTACS & aircrew to identify & engage moving targets 
not normally associated with traditional enemy forces 

• FY08 Planning 

- Low Rate Initial Production award 

- ‘Kit’ concept 
- Vehicle 

- New or used 

- Control System 

- Autonomous or remote controlled 



Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


27 







UAV Target 



• Requirement 

- Provide the Navy/Marine Corps a test capability to represent an 
attack UAV that can: 

• Loiter above the battlefield 

• Search and home in on specified targets/ signals 

• Dives -90° on the target 

• Detonate high explosives 

• No existing targets are threat representative 

• Working with requirements office to formalize requirement 





NAV^A I R 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


28 















Target Control System 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


29 





System for Naval Target Control 
UHF 360 - 380 MHz 



Current : SNTC System 



Future : SNTC System 

UHF 360-380 MHz Upgrade 


• Recommended primary user 
status by Navy Marine Corp. Spectrum 
Center (NMSC) 

• 250-300 KHz bandwidth 
available to accommodate full 
scale capability and future system 
growth 


•UHF 435-450 MHz 
•Single Frequency at a time 
•BQM-74/BQM-34 capable/HSMST/QST-35 Sea¬ 
borne Targets 
•Low transponder cost 

•200 nmi line of sight 
•330 nmi via Relay 
•Training/T&E 


•UHF 360-380 MHz 
•Changes Freq to avoid interference 
•BQM-74/BQM-34 capable 
•HSMST/QST-35 Sea-borne targets capable 
•Low transponder cost 

•200 nmi line of sight 
•330 nmi via Relay 
•Training/T&E 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


30 





















Target System Challenges 



Evolution of the threats 

• Supersonic dive 

• Asymmetric threats 

• Enhanced threat capability 

• Stealth 

• Scramjet. . . Mach 5 and beyond 

Programmatic 

• Cost control - acquisition & operations 

• Meeting evolving requirements - more extensive and accurate representation of 
threat 

• Obsolescence 

• Reconfiguration, reuse, and versatility 

• Inventory management 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


31 









The Way Ahead 



The threats will continue to evolve. The Navy Target Team will 
continue to work with all stakeholders to provide required threat 
representations to meet the needs of developmental testing, 
operational evaluation and Fleet training. 


Teaming with our Industry partners and Service counterparts is key to 

our continued success 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


32 









Back-Ups 


Unclassified / Approved for Public Release 


NAV^A I R 


33 






PMA-208 

Aerial Target & Decoy Systems Program Office 

September 2007 



DPM ACQ AND OPS 

ANNA SCHIBLER, PMA-208C 

OPS ASST: SCOTT BAKER, (DPA) 
NMCI: DALE FORD, (DPA) 

ACQ ASST: PAM BARBER-MILLS 
(WYLE) 

CHIEF ENGINEER 

STEVE CLOAK, AIR-4.1 

CLASS DESK 

CDR KEITH QUINCY, AIR 4.1 

DIRECTOR OF LOGISTICS 

PAT SEESE, AIR-6.0 

FINANCIAL TEAM LEAD 

LCDR KEVIN WRIGHT, PMA-208B 

FMS 

CASE MGR: JIM STUBBS, PMA- 
2086 

FMS ASST: ANDREA DYSON 
(TITAN) 

STATEGIC INITATIVES 

LIZ EAGLES, PMA-2082C 

T&E ENGINEER 

KEITH SHANAHAN, AIR-5.1 

OFFICE OF COUNSEL 

ROBERT MCCALL, AIR-11.0 

CONTRACTING OFFICER 

MIKE MCLOUGHLIN, 
AIR-2.4.4.2 

FLEET LIAISON 

VACANT, 

PMA-208D 

COST ANALYST 

CAMERON BRUCE, 

AIR-4.2.6 

TRAINING SYSTEMS 

AOC BILL DEVINE, PMA-205 

CONFIGURATION MGMT 

CM LEAD: JUDY WOLLIN, (DPA) 
ASST: JILL TROSSBACH (DPA) 


TTSP/ETG 

TOM WILLIAMS, PMA2087 


DECOY SYSTEMS 

DAN WRIGHT, PMA-2085 


•MSST TARGET 
IPT 

DOUG TROLLINGER, PMA-2088 


Integrated Product Team Leads 

DIPTL: VACANT, PMA/ 
WD539100E 

LOGISTICS 

ED WORKMEISTER, 
WD663200E 

PETE RONBECK, (SYNECTIC 
SOLUTIONS) 

SYSTEMS ENGINEERING 

STEVEN CLOAK (acting), AIR 4.1 
VACANT, AIR 4.1 

BFM 

MICAH SPIEGEL, PMA-208B1 

CONTRACTS 

FRANK FISHER, AIR-2.4.4.2 

ACQUISITION SUPPORT 

ACQ ASST: PAM BARBER- 
MILLS (WYLE) 

SUBSONICS: SUE BANASZAK, 
(CAMBER) 


PROGRAM MANAGER 
CAPT PAT BUCKLEY 
PMA-208 


PRINCIPAL DEPUTY 
TIM BARNES 
PMA-208A 


CSS PROGRAM MANAGER 

CP p ^?^^c^ [ ) P ^pproi f ed for Public Release 


X 


SUPERSONIC TARGET 
SYSTEMS IPT 

CHARLIE MANSON, PMA-2081 


Integrated Product Team Leads 

GQM-163 IPTL: MICAH 
SPIEGEL, PMA-2081 B 
HIGH DIVER DIPTL: 

MATT LOTTS, WD539100E 
MA-31 IPTL: CAROL LEYRER, 
PMA-2082B 

AQM-37 IPTL: LARRY HOGE 
PMA2081A 

LOGISTICS 

GQM-163: DAN SPENCER, 
WD663200E 

AQM-37: RICHARD GOMEZ, 
WD663200E 

MA-31: CESAR AFANADOR, 
WD663200E 
SUPERSONICS: PETE 
RONBECK, (SYNECTIC 
SOLUTIONS) 

SYSTEMS ENGINEERING 

MA-31/GQM-163: 

PETE PATEL, AIR-4.1 

BFM 

GQM-163/MA-31/FSA: 
MICAH SPIEGEL, PMA-208B1 
AQM-37: STEVE PALM, PMA- 
208B2 

CONTRACTS 

MA-31: DIANE STABILE, 
AIR-2.4.4.2 

GQM-163: KEVIN FAUGHNAN/ 
KELLY CHISM, AIR-2.4.4.2 

ACQUISITION SUPPORT 

MA-31/AQM-37: STEVE ADRIAN, 
(DPA) 

GQM-163: STEPHANIE 
BARNETT, (DPA) 


X 


FULL SCALE AND SUBSONIC 
TARGET SYSTEMS IPT 

RAY GAGNON, PMA-2082 


Integrated Product Team Leads 

BQM-34/74E IPTL: 
SHELLEY HALL, 
PMA2082A 

AST/QF-4 IPTL: CAROL 
LEYRER, PMA2082B 
UAV/GRD IPTL: LIZ EAGLES, 
PMA2082C 

LOGISTICS 

BQM TARGETS: SHELLEY 
HALL, WD663200E 
QLT-1: RICHARD GOMEZ, 
WD663200E 

SUBSONICS: PETE RONBECK, 
(SYNECTIC SOLUTIONS) 

SYSTEMS ENGINEERING 

BQM-34: PETE PATEL, AIR 4.1 
BQM-74E: STEVEN ON, AIR 4.1 
BQM-74E: JOHNNY RESTIVO, 
(UNI) 

BFM 

AST/QF-4: MICAH SPIEGEL, 
PMA208B1 
BQM -34/74/Q LT-1: 
VACANT, (TITAN) 

CONTRACTS 

BQM-34/74: FRANK FISHER, 
AIR- 2.4.4.2 

ACQUISITION SUPPORT 

AST/QF-4: TOM DIDOMENICO, 
(SVERDRUP) 
BQM-34/74: VACANT 


* SSAT DEVELOPMENT 
IPT 

VACANT, PMA-2083 


Integrated Product Team Leads 

SSAT DIPTL: DAVE WHITSON, 
WD539100E 

LOGISTICS 

SSAT: SHELLEY HALL, 
WD663200E 

SSAT: TOM PORTER, WD6631 

SYSTEMS ENGINEERING 

SSAT: ART NAKAS, AIR-4.1 
T&E: TOM JAMESON, 
WD531100E 

BFM 

SSAT: MICAH SPIEGEL, PMA- 
208B1 

CONTRACTS 

SSAT: FRANK FISHER, AIR- 
2.4.4.2 

ACQUISITION SUPPORT 

SSAT: SUE BANASZAK, 
(CAMBER 

SSAT: JOHNNY RESTIVO, (UNI) 


MGMT ASST/SECRETARIAL 

DEBI WILKERSON, PMA-208S 


CONTROL SYSTEMS AND 
COMMON TAAS IPT 

LCDR CHRIS SACCO, PMA-2084 


Integrated Product Team Leads 

TCS IPTL: TRACY BURROWS, 
PMA-2084A 

DIPTL: DARYL JUE, WD531300E 

TCS/TAAS/TDU IPTL: 
RICHARD GOMEZ, WD663200E 
DIPT: VACANT 

LOGISTICS 

TCS/TAAS: 

RICHARD GOMEZ, WD663200E 


SYSTEMS ENGINEERING 

TCS: STEVEN ON, AIR-4.1 
TAAS: JUAN MOREIRA, AIR-4.1 

BFM 

TCS: VACANT 
TAAS/TTSP: STEVE PALM, 
PMA-208B2 

CONTRACTS 

TCS: VICKEY MUDD, AIR-2.4.4.2 
AIR-2.4.4.2 

TAAS/TDU: BRYSON JO, 
WD230000E 


KEY 

PMA208 BILLET 
NAWC BILLET 
CSS BILLET 


• MSST - Multi-Stage Supersonic Target 
r *SSAT Subsonic Subscale Aerial Target 


NAV^A I R 


34 




























































y^OHVx 



GPS-Based Target 
Control Software Innovations 

BRIEFER: 

J. Dennis Brooks 

Project Director, Army Target Control Systems 
256-842-0376 

E-MAIL: dennis.brooks2@us.army.mil 




























I 

Army Targets Management Office 

Background 




T argets 

♦ MQM-107D, E, IAP ♦ QH-50 Helicopter 

♦ QUH-1 Helicopter. ♦ QAH-1 Helicopter 

♦ BQM-34 ♦ MQM-170 (Outlaw) 

♦ MQM-171 (Broadsword) ♦ Mobile Ground Targets 


The Army Targets Management Office, a 
division of PM for Instrumentation 
Targets and Threat Simulators, provides 
target presentations worldwide & 
provides lifecycle support of aerial and 
ground targets. 






T 

M 

O 


31 October 2007 


Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 


] PM-ITTS 



























31 October 2007 



T 

M 

O 

PM-ITTS 















Target Tracking Control System 

Background 


Next Generation TTCSR - 
Micro Systems, Inc. 
1989-Present 


TTCS 


Army’s Primary 
Target Control 
System for Rotary 
Wing and Subscale 
Targets! 


Current Generation TTCSU - 
Micro Systems, Inc. 
1998-Present 


/ \ 

Original TTCS -Vega Corp. 
1976-2004 

_ ^ _ 


31 October 2007 


] PM- 


Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 











































OTY 

1 - 

8 - 

2 


Target Tracking Control System 

Variations 


( \ 

TRANSPORTABLE 

SHELTERS 

v_y 


/-\ 

PORTABLE UNITS 

v_y 


r -\ 

FIXED SITE 

v_ 


31 October 2007 


Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 


] PM-ITTS 

























I 

Target Tracking Control System 


Configuration 



> System Control Console • 

> Target Control Console 

- Position Display Subsystem (PDS) • 

- Telemetry Display Subsystem (TDS) 

- Trainer/Simulator (Stealth) 

> Radio Frequency Unit 

- 2 transceiver sections (RFM) 



31 October 2007 


Based on “Montage” control system developed 
by MSI. 

Montage is also the basis for the Navy AFWTF 
control system (decommissioned) and the 
SNTC. 

Each TTCS Shelter Contains: 

- Two TCCs 

- Two T/S 

- One SCC 

- One RFU 

Each shelter capable of controlling 2 targets. 
Each RFU capable of controlling 4 targets 

Cost effective life cycle. 

- Procurement 

- Maintenance 

- Sustainment 


Faraday shelter (EMI Insulated) protects ground 
equipment in high EM field environments. 


Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 


] PM-ITTS 


T 

M 

O 

















I 

Target Tracking Control System 

Capabilities 



> System Control Console 

> Target Control Console 

> Radio Frequency Unit 


System Control Console (SCC) is the “Master 
Coordinator” of the TCS. 

Up to 8 Target Control Consoles (TCC) can be 
added to a SCC 

Up to 4 Radio Frequency Modules (RFM) can 
be added to the SCC 

SCC coordinates RF frequency and TCC 
assignments. 




































Army 

Targets Management Office 


New Target Control Software Tools 


] 


31 October 2007 















Target Tracking Control System 


Software 



• TTCS target control is through joystick, discrete and 
proportional commands. 

- Very precise value input 

- Ability to follow straight flight track very closely. 

- Flight track in turns is extremely difficult. 

• Major capability update to automated control. 

- Rabbit Follower (RF). 

- Improved Low Altitude Threat Simulation (ILATS). 

- Autonomous MQM-107IAP. 



j t 


T 

M 

O 


Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 


] PM-ITTS 


31 October 2007 





















I 

Target Tracking Control System 

Software 


• Rabbit Follower 

- Based on DFCS & GRDCS software algorithms 
and source code. 

- Mission planning upgraded to “point and click” 
drawing tools. 

- Improvements in tracking errors and throttle 
handling algorithms. 

• Max cross track error nominally < 100ft. 

- Includes formation offset capability. 


31 October 2007 



Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 















I 

Target Tracking Control System 

Software 



• Improved Lotv Altitude Threat Simulation 
(ILA TS) 

- Perform low altitude terrain following with or without radar altimeter 
augmentation. 

- Terrain look-ahead distance settable. 


- Allows use of any of several digital terrain databases. 

- Database information augmented by Ellipsoid and High Point 
processing. 

- Best performance (simulation) with SRTM data over DTED I / II. 

• DTED Level 1 data are too widely spaced, leaving room for peaks well above the 
posts. 

• DTED Level 2 data is available but bulky. (24 Geocells take over 600 MB in RAM.) 

• SRTM ECHP data is suitably detailed for subscale aircraft missions. 

- Combines Level 2 Information with Level 1 Storage Size 

- Multiple test flights down to 100 feet AGL 


31 October 2007 


Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 


] PM-ITTS 


ii 


T 

M 

O 














Target Tracking Control System 

Software 

• Ellipsoid 

- SRTM & DTED Data are provided as EGM96 referenced 
data 

• EGM96 is a Standard Geoid 

- The MQM-107 GPS provides position relative to the 
WGS84 Standard Ellipsoid 

• A table provides EGM96 to WGS84 differences 

- Pre-flight converted files eliminate need for real-time 
conversion, many times per second 




31 October 2007 


Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 


] PM-ITTS 


12 


T 

M 

O 















I 

Target Tracking Control System 

Software 



• High Point Processing 

- Un-processed DTED1, DTED2, SRTM1 or SRTM2 would drive altitudes up to stay safe. 

• Graphical data shows the differences between terrain clearances computed from GPS altitude 
and the databases and mission data based on an on-board radar altimeter. 

• Data = Computed - Measured 

• Positive Values are dangerous (computed values expected greater clearance than reality 
provided). 



T 

M 

O 


31 October 2007 


Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 


] PM-ITTS 


13 





















































































I 

Target Tracking Control System 

Software 




Improved Low Altitude Threat Simulation 


Otero Mesa 
Fort Bliss, NM 

5500 ft MSL 


31 October 2007 


Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 


] PM-ITTS 


14 


T 

M 

O 























Target Tracking Control System 

Software 

Improved Low Altitude Threat Simulation 

Flight #1 at 350 Kts, Data at 4.5 Hz, 17.5 Minutes Flight Time 



SOOO 


7000 


6000 


SOOO 


4000 


3000 


2000 


1000 



500 1000 1SOO 3000 2S00 3000 3500 4000 4500 


-— Ta rget Al — Terra in E lev 


T 

M 

O 


31 Octo 


PM-ITTS 

15 















































Target Tracking Control System 

Software 

Improved Low Altitude Threat Simulation 

Flight #2 at 350 Kts, Data at 4.5 Hz, 5.8 Minutes Flight Time 



Terrain Following at 200' -105' 


98’ Clearance 



112’ Clearance 



200 ft AGL 


Descend from 150’ to 105’ 


- 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 


-Target Alt-Terrain Elev 


T 

M 

O 


□ c 


31 October 2007 


i PM-ITTS 

Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 1 r 

16 


















































Target Tracking Control System 

Software 


Autonomous MQM-107IAP 

- Use PDS mission planning tools to 
create flight profile 

- Upload to Common Avionics 
Package with laptop. 

- Maintained UHF data link during 
test mission. 

- Track error slightly larger than ^ 
RF. 

- Discrete commands for smoke an 
auto recovery did not work. 

• Fix known, not implemented 




T 

M 

O 


□ c 


31 October 2007 


i PM-ITTS 

Distribution A: Approved for Public Release ^ ^ 























I 

Target Tracking Control System 

Summary 


RF, ILATS, and Autonomous capability 
provides significant capability 
improvements to targets and mobile 
target control assets. 


31 October 2007 


i 

Distribution A: Approved for Public Release 
















Shaping Technology into Tomorrow’s T&E 

Capabilities 


Gerry Christeson 

Test Resource Management Center 
Office of the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Acquisition, Technology and Logistics) 

October 31, 2007 


1 





Outline 




• Overview of TRMC 

• The Investment Mission 

- Test & Evaluation/Science & Technology (T&E/S&T) Program 

• The Strategic Planning Mission 

- CY2007 Strategic Plan Highlights 

- CY2005 Targets Gaps Resolution Case Study 


2 





FY2003 

National Defense Authorization Act 




• DoD Field Activity 

• Direct Report to USD(AT&L) 

SES Director 











TRMC Investment Programs 

Synergy through Aligned Investment 





Quadrennial Defense Review 
Defense Technology Area Plan 
Defense Technology Objectives 






\ i i x 



Risk mitigation needs 
Technology shortfalls 


Risk mitigation solutions 
Advanced development 




Requirements 


Capabilities 


JBt 


DoD 


Corporate 

Distributed 



Test 

Capability 


4 




























T&E/S&T Program 

Overview 




• Program started in FY 2002 

- Joint DDR&E / DOT&E initiative 

- Transitioned to TRMC in Feb 2005 

• Mission 

- Investigate and develop new technologies required to test 
and evaluate our transforming military capabilities 

- Mature technologies from TRL 3 to 6 

- Includes any system that makes our warfighters more survivable 
and effective in combat 

- Lethal and non-lethal weapons 

- Intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance 

• Goal 

- Transition emerging technologies into test capabilities in 
time to verify warfighting performance 





T&E/S&T Program 

Structure 




r 



Hypersonic Test 


Multi-Spectra I Test 


Netcentric 
Systems Test 


Tri-Service 
Working Group 


Tri-Service 
Working Group 


Tri-Service 
Working Group 


Tri-Service 
Working Group 


Spectrum Efficient 
Technology 


Unmanned & Autonomous 
Systems Test 



Non-lntrusive 

Instrumentation 



6 














































T&E/S&T Program 

Project Selection Process 







■■■■In 

■ HH 

Driv 

r ers 

e 


Solicitations are issued through 



JL 



http://www.fedbizopps.gov 


\ \ / / 


Tri-Service Focus Area 
Working Group 

* Executing Agent 
•T&E Community Reps 

* S&T Community Reps 

* Subject Matter Experts 


T&E Needs/Requirements 





LriEJ 

h|« Bfarii ap^ ^ 

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TEST Afi 1 

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Submti*d To 

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A’ywtiti*, USA 1JMS 







ggESa^sSSSsSSSf. 

Roadmaps and Solicitations 


Proposals 


Final 

Selections 


Program 

Manager 

I 



Recommendations 


Funding Decision 


Focus Area 
Execution 


Source Selection 
Evaluation Team 

Working Group 
Subject Matter Experts 
Contracting Reps 


7 





























































T&E/S&T Program 
Active Focus Areas 




Test Technologies for 

- Emerging Warfighting Capabilities 

- Hypersonic Vehicles 

- 14 active projects 

- Directed Energy Weapons 

- 20 active projects 

- Multi-Spectral / Hyper-Spectral Sensors 

- 9 active projects 

- Netcentric Warfare Systems 

- 13 active projects 

- Unmanned and Autonomous Systems 

- 5 active projects 

- Enhanced Test Capabilities 

- Spectrum Efficient Technology 

- 15 active projects 

- Non-lntrusive Instrumentation 

- 13 active projects 

- 89 Active Projects 







Example; 

Directed Energy Test 



T&E GAPS 

• Target sub-systems HEL protection 

• Target sub-systems HPM surety 

• Target surface temperature measurement 

• Target Surrogate Materials 

• Surface target incident irradiance/fluence 
measurement 

• Airborne target irradiance and imagery 
resolution 

• Ability to measure HPM fields non- 
intrusively 


T r ansitions/Successes 

• Microwave Test Diagnostics Recorder 
integrated within Directed Energy Test and 
Evaluation Capability (DETEC) HPM Sensor 
Suite. 

•T&E Adaptive Optics System 
integration with WSMR HEL 
Advanced Pointer Tracker (APT) 



S&T Challenges 

• Develop laser protected antenna 

• Develop Quantum Well Infrared 
Photodetector (QWIP) focal plane array 

• Develop holographic diffusive target board 
using photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass 

• Develop scene-based cross correlation 
adaptive optics 

• Develop reflectance and dynamic fusion 
models 

• Develop non-intrusive HPM sensors 


Budget ($M) 



FY 

07 

FY 

08 

FY 

09 

FY 

10 

FY 

11 

FY 

12 

FY 

13 

Directed 
Energy Test 

8.83 

14.58 

23.01 

23.07 

22.95 

23.29 

23.42 



9 











































UAST Example 

Remote Embedded System Test 




T&E GAPS 

• Long duration, light weight hybrid 
power/energy system for reliable UAS 
operation of onboard sensors and data 
transmission devices. 



Description 

• Research and develop methodologies to 
harvest energy from such sources as 
thermal, piezoelectric, vibration 

• Self healing on-board sensor network 


□AST Technology Topic Addressed 
Topic 5: Power/Energy Management to 
Support UAST 


S&T Challenges 

• Developing “fail safe” methods to power UAS 
sensors even when operational control 
systems have been compromised. 

Transition Partners 

• CTEIP- Framework for Advanced Modeling 
Environment, Unmanned and Autonomous 
System Test, Next Generation TSPI 
Instrumentation 


Budget ($M) 


FY 

2007 

FY 

2008 

FY 

2009 

FY 

2010 

FY 

2011 

FY 

2012 

Total 

.246 

.994 

.577 

0 

0 

0 

1.817 


Deliverables 


FY08 Demo w/ wired vibration nodes 

FY09 Demo graceful node degradation 

FY10 Demo robustness and scalability 


10 






















Budget 




$Millions 

FY02 

FY03 

FY04 

FY05 

FY06 

FY07 

FY08 

FY09 

FY10 

FY11 

FY12 

FY13 

7.9 

8.6 

12.8 

14.7 

22.6 

38.8 

62.9 

94.9 

97.3 

98.9 

100.4 

101.9 


• $24M Budget Growth in FY08 

• Additional $32M Budget Growth in FY09 


11 




















Shaping Technology into Tomorrow’s, 

T&E Capabilities 



• T&E/S&T program is maturing technology to meet critical T&E 
needs 

- Transition emerging technologies in time to verify warfighting performance 

- Maturing technologies that will facilitate the integration of Test and Training 

• Sustained growth and demonstrated value 

- 89 projects ongoing across 7 focus areas 

- FY09/10 Budget Ramp expands opportunities 

• Successful Partnership with Services, Laboratories, Industry, and 
Academia 



12 





Strategic Planning for DoD’s 
T&E Resources 




T&E 

Workforce 




cjojjji'/jgjfj 


r 


bVj'J orA 






Funding 



T&E 
Capabilities 



T&E Resources : A collective term that encompasses the 
requisite Workforce, Infrastructure and Funding resulting 
in a T&E Capability, by means of the T&E Processes 


13 


















The Strategic Plan Tactical View: 

Test Capability Areas 



- Air Combat 

- Land Combat 

- Sea Combat 

- Space Combat 

- Electronic Combat 

- C4ISR 

- Armaments and Munitions 

- Targets and Threats 

- Common Range Instrumentation 

- Test Environments 



Follows Tri-Service T&E Executive Agent’s Reliance Taxonomy 








Test Capability Area 

Risk Assessment 



Air Combat 


Land Combat 


Sea Combat 


Space Combat 


Electronic 

Combat 


C 4 ISR 


Armaments/ 

Munitions 


Targets and 
Threats 


Common Range 
Instrumentation 


Test 

Environments 


Digital 
Modeling & 
Simulation 
(DMS) 


Measurement 

Facilities 

(MF) 


Integration 

Laboratories 

(IL) 


Hardware 

in-the-Loop 

Facilities 

(HITL) 


Installed 
System 
Test Facilities 
(ISTF) 


Open Air 
Ranges 
(OAR) 




T&E Requirements 2008-2011 

GREEN assessment indicates that sufficient capabilities exist within a Test Resource Category for a corresponding TCA to meet current T&E 
requirements. 

assessment indicates that sufficient capabilities do not exist within a Test Resource Category for a corresponding TCA, however, T&E can 
be conducted in a less-than-efficient manner with resulting higher risks being absorbed by development and acquisition programs. 

RED assessment indicates that severe capability limitations exist within a Test Resource Category for a corresponding TCA and high risks are 
being absorbed by major acquisition programs as a result of these deficiencies. 


15 
























T&E Gaps Examples 




Gap Title 

Rationale/Description 

Action 

Date 

Low-speed 
Aerial Icing 

Improved test capability is needed to certify rotary wing, low-speed 
fixed wing aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles to fly in icing 
conditions. Legacy capability does not support full icing qualification 
IAW FAR 25C and is incompatible with unmanned aerial systems 
station keeping requirements. 

Army 

FOC 

2012 

Multiple Small 
Craft Attack 
Scoring 
Capability 

Programs such as LCS, DDG 1000, CVN-21, CG(X), will require 
demonstration of survivability in a swarm attack environment. While 
progress is being made in the target control arena, the ability to score 
a gunnery test in the small craft swarm environment remains an 
issue. Ongoing proof of concept initiative has been unable to deliver 
a capability that can be employed in full scale test scenarios. 

Navy 

FOC 

2012 

TSPI in a GPS- 
denied 
Environment 

Accurate Time Space Positioning Information (TSPI) data (<1m) is 
critical for resolving RTCA issues and evaluating performance and 
effectiveness of Land Combat systems, including FCS and Ground 
Soldier Systems in an UE. Current (Global Positioning System) GPS- 
based TSPI capabilities will not reliably track forces located inside 
buildings and underground tunnels. Additionally, open-air players 
frequently experience satellite signal “dropout” due to building 
obstructions, threat jamming, and other co-channel interference 
effects unique to an operating area’s electromagnetic environment. 

TRMC 

IOC 

2014 













“Strategic” View: 

Focus Areas 



• Strategic Issues in the DoD derived from high-level 
Departmental Guidance 

- Directed Energy 

- Nuclear Weapons Effects 

- Hypersonics 

- Distributed Test 

- Urban Test Environments 

- Unmanned and Autonomous Systems 

- IED Defeat 


17 





Examples - Focus Area 
Issues/Actions 




Directed Energy: 

Develop a Directed Energy Test and Evaluation Capability Tri-Service Study 
Phase 2 capability roadmap to establish a time phased OAR 
infrastructure modernization plan to meet future DEW test requirements. 

(Lead: Army - CTEIP) 

Hypersonics: 

Conduct a study of OAR T&E capabilities (e.g. range space, instrumentation, 
test control) needed to test hypersonic air vehicles through launch, 
cruise, and recovery flight regimes. (Lead: Air Force) 

Urban Test Environment: 

Conduct a Joint DoD Agency/Service study to define requirements for a 
realistic, reconfigurable, instrumented urban test environment that best 
makes use of existing DoD infrastructure and distributed LVC 
capabilities. (Lead: Army) 

Unmanned and Autonomous Systems: 

Complete a requirements analysis of instrumentation, measurement, 

monitoring, and control capabilities needed for UAS testing and develop 
UAS T&E capabilities roadmap. 

(Lead: Army-T&E/S&T) 


18 






The Gaps Resolution Challenge 



“Everything is very simple in War, but the 
simplest thing is difficult.” 

CARL VON CLAUSEWITZ 
1832 


19 






Threat D 

Supersonic Anti-Ship Cruise Missile (ASCM) Target 



Required T&E Capabilities 

• Advanced supersonic sea skimming target 
that represents the full range of intelligence 
validated air vehicle signature and “transition 
profile” maneuver performance 

- Sprint vehicle separation 

- Acceleration profile 

- Terminal velocity 

• Current Capability: None 

T&E Program Drivers 

• Multiple ship self-defense weapons systems 
to include: 

- Standard Missile (SM-6 TEMP need date 
FY10/11) 

-Self Defense Test Ship Testing (SDTS TEMP 
need date FY11/12) 

- LPD-17 & CVN-21 

- DD(X) 



Supersonic Target 


Gap Resolution (As of Sep 2005) 
Threat “D” RDT&E Funding Profile ($M) 


FY 

07 

08 

09 

10 

Funded 

22.9 

10.6 

0 

0 

Required 

22.9 

52.5 

42.3 

12.7 

Delta 


( 41 . 9 ) 

( 42 . 3 ) 

( 12 . 7 ) 


SM-6 & SDTS test dates at High Risk unless Navy 
provides full RDT&E funding in POM-08 


20 



















GAP Resolution Chronology 



• Sep 2005 

• Dec 2005 

• Mar 2006 

• Aug 2006 

• Aug 2006 

• Sep 2006 

• Oct 2006 

• Oct 2006 

• Nov 2006 

• Jan 2007 


CY 2005 Strategic Plan Released 

TRMC “Critical Gaps” Memorandum to Services 

OSD Stakeholders Approve Threat D Target 
Acquisition Strategy 

SP Addendum Reaffirms Gap/Requirement 

Navy POM-08 “Zeros” Threat D Funding 

DOT&E/TRMC Submit Targets POM Issue Paper 

PA&E Targets Issue Team Reaffirms 
Requirement - “End-user Pays” Offsets 

3-Star Programmers ...’’Deal or No Deal” 

PDM-II Directs Additional Threat D Study 

Navy (JH-APL) Begin “Alternatives” Study 


21 






Resolution Chronology Cont. 



• Mar 2007 

• Apr 2007 

• Apr 2007 

• Jul 2007 

• Aug 2007 

• Sep 2007 

• Oct 2007 

Current Status: 

• MSST Development Program On-Track, PMA-208 Adequately Funded 

• Restoration of the Navy’s Major Test Range l&M Funds TBD (OSD 
Comptroller Action Pending) 

• Congressional Requirement for Additional ASCM Target Studies TBD 
(Authorization Bill Conference Report Language Pending) 


Study Team Recommends Multi-stage Target 
Congressional Staff Weighs In - RFI 
3-Star Programmers Accept Recommendations 
SASC Language - More ASCM Target Studies 

Navy Cuts Test l&M Budget to Pay Share 
of MSST Development Bill 

TRMC Submits PBD to Restore l&M Budget 
TRMC-Navy “FY09 T&E Budget Certification” Drill 


22 






TRMC’s Overarching Goal 




Robust and Flexible T&E Capabilities 
to Support the Warfighter” 


23 





T&E Threat Resource Activity 

TETRA 



Ken McCormick 

DOT&E/TETRA 

256-313-7700 

UNCLASSIFIED 



D£F£| 



* Organizational Relationships 

* Responsibilities 

* Intelligence Support to DOT&E 

* Resource Analysis Support to DOT&E 

* Threat Resource Investments 


2 



TETRA = T&E Threat Resource Activity 

Threat Resources include: 

• Actual Threat Hardware (Foreign Materiel) 

• Threat Simulators including Surrogates 

• Models of Threats 

• Threat Simulations 

• Hybrid Systems 


3 





TETRA in DIA/MSIC 


Command Element 


Office of Director 




DEFSMAC 

MSN 




MST 



Resource Activity” 




Weapon Systems Analysis Support & Specialized Analysis Admin Support 


4 

























Relationship with DOT&E 


T&E Threat Resource Activity 



Hon. Charles C. McQueary 
OSD / Director, Operational Test 
& Evaluation 


Mr. Dave Duma 
Principal Deputy Director 



Mr. Steve Daly 

Mr. Mike Crisp 

Mr. Bill 

Mr. Tom Blann 

Mr. Richard 

Deputy Director 

Deputy Director 

McCarthy 

Deputy 

Sayre 

Land & 

Air Warfare 

Deputy Director 

Director 

Deputy Director 

Expeditionary 

Warfare 

_ A 

Net-Centric 

Systems 

_ A 

Naval Warfare 

Live Fire T&E 


MSIC T&E Threat Resource Activity, Huntsville, AL 


MSIC T&E Threat Resource Activity, Arlington, VA 









































Jl 

v' , • * ' 

1 Mfkk 

Resoonsik 



T&E Threat Resource Activity 



W 


nlities 


Oversight 

Programs 


Mr. Steve Daly 
Deputy Director 
Land & 
Expeditionary 
Warfare 



Targets 


Threat Systems 
(TETRA) 


Integrated 
Resource 
Analysis Team 
(IRAT) 


6 


Title X Acquisition 
Program Oversight 


Test Resources 


























Test Resource Relationships 


f\ 0b 


^HT£S CS 


T&E Threat Resource Activity 


Responsible for oversight of Service Target Developments & Procurements 



Targets 


Manages Target Management Initiative (TMI) consisting of studies, 
prototypes and demonstrations to: 

• Improve Threat Realism 

• Reduce Cost of Operations 

• Foster Interoperability 


Threat Systems 
(TETRA) 


Responsible for oversight of Threat Simulators, Models, Surrogates and 
Foreign Materiel Used in T&E 

Manages the Threat Systems Program Investments to Help Satisfy Threat 
Test Resource Shortfalls 


Provides DOT&E Action Officers with Intelligence Support 


Integrated 
Resource 
Analysis Team 
(IRAT) 


Responsible for providing independent resource analyses on a wide range 
of test needs in support of DOT&E including Infrastructure, personnel and 
policies 

Coordinates Operational Test-related investments in the Resource 
Enhancement Project (CTEIP), TMI and Threat Systems 


7 













TETRA Organization 





Intelligence Support Team 


Threat Resource Support Team 

Stef Minne 


James “Jeb” Buck 


Weapon System Specific 
Intelligence Support 

• Focal Point for Intelligence RFIs 

• Formal Intel Production Support 

General Intelligence Support 

• Bi-Weekly Briefings to DOT&E Action Officers 

• SCI Briefs to Deputies and Action Officers 

• Capstone Threat Capability 

• Intel Trends for IRAT/Resource Analysis 

Validation Report Analysis 

• Ensure data on threat assets can support 
accreditation decisions 


Resource Analysis 

• Oversee Service Threat Assets 

• Chair the T&E Sub-Committee to the FMPSC 

• Automated Joint Threat Systems HDBK 

• Financial Database 

Investments 

• Sponsor new/improved threat asset 

• development 

• Lead special study efforts 


8 








Intelligence Support 




Provide DOT&E Action Officers with Intelligence 
Impacting Acquisition Program T&E 


Provide Bi-Weekly Intelligence Highlights Briefing 
at DOT&E Staff Meetings 


Coordinate DIA J2/J3 (Executive Support Division) 
SCI Briefing Topics of Interest to the Director 


Provide SCI Update Briefings to DOT&E Deputies 
and Selected Action Officers 


Provide Quick Reaction On-Site 
Intelligence Support to the DOT&E Staff 




Validation Analysis 




Oversee and Conduct Technical Analysis on 
Service-Prepared Threat Representation Validation 
Reports - Including Targets 


Chair the Threat Representation Validation Report 
Review Committee and the Validation Working 
Group 


Participate in Army and Navy Threat Validation 
Integrated Product Teams/Working Groups 

Coordinate Validation Reports within DOT&E 


Validation Ensures Information on Threat Assets 
is Available for Informed Accreditation 




Resource Analysis 


T&E Threat Resource Activity 



* Provide DOT&E Action Officers with Analytical 
Support for Threat Adequacy Issues 


- Identify Test Threat Capability Shortfalls 


* Oversee Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps 
Threat Related Infrastructure 


* Co-Chair the Test & Evaluation Subcommittee for the 
USD(I) Foreign Materiel Program 

* Maintain the Joint Threat Systems Handbook 

- Over 5,000 Threat Simulators, Targets, Models, Foreign Materiel 

- Accurate up-to-date information on Availability, Quantities, 
Locations, Specifications, and Validation 


11 


MWWk. 


?\ ^ 8 ^ i s 

“^JJhtes & v 


Foreign Materiel Program 


T&E Threat Resource Activity 




OUSD(I) 

OVERSIGHT 



I 


DIA 

PROGRAM 

MANAGER 




I 


Joint Foreign 
Materiel Program 
Committee (JFMPC) 

DIA Chair 
OUSD(I). DOT&E, 
OUSD(P),Services, MDA, MSIC, 
NSA, SOCOM, CIA, State 


Foreign Materiel Program 
Steering Committee 
(FMPSC) 

OUSDtl) Chair 

OUSD(P), OSD Comptroller, OSD Counsel, DOT&E, 
OUSD(AT&L), JCS, DIA, MDA, NSA, Services 


Foreign Materiel 
Exploitation Working 
Group (FMEWG) 


Authority 
DoD Directive C-3325.1 
19 FEB 1998 

DoD Instruction S-3325.4 
15 APR 1999 


Test & Evaluation 
Subcommittee 
(TES) 

OUSD(AT&L) & DOT&E Chair 

Services, DTRA, MDA, DIA, OUSD(I) 


OUSD(i) Chair 

DOT&E, OUSD(P), MDA, DS&TS, 
DDR&E, DIA, CCM 


Technology Acquisition 
Coordination 
Subcommittee (TACS) 

DIA Chair 

OUSD(A&T), DDR&E, OUSD(I), 
MSIC, Services, CIA, MDA, 
NSA,ARPA, SOCOM 


12 

































Automated Joint Threat Systems 
Handbook (AJTCH) 


T&E Threat Resource Activity 







• Threat Simulators 

• Targets 

• Foreign Materiel 

• Digital Threat Models 



A Comprehensive Reference of the 
Current DoD Threat Resource 


Inventory 


Supports Test Planners With Accurate 
and Up to Date Information 


• Availability 

• Quantities 

• Locations 

13 • Performance Parameters / Specifications 








Focused Investments 


T&E Threat Resource Activity 



• Fund Studies/Developments for Threat Realistic 
T&E Environment 


- Threat Design Studies 

- Threat Intelligence Data Analysis and Test Methodology 
Studies Leading to Hardware / Software Development 

- Threat Simulators 

• Digital Threat Models 

• Threat Surrogates 

• Foreign Materiel Hardware 

* DOT&E-funded Threat Simulator Investments 

- $4 - $4.5M/Year 

* TRMC-funded Threat Simulator Investments 

- $2.5 - 3.5M/Year 


14 



Threat Systems 
Investment Process 



Develop I! 

Focus Areas t 

Solicit Proposals |fe 
& Screen || 

Evaluate 1 

& Select 1 

Fund 

AOs 

Threat Systems 

AOs 

DOT&E 

I RAT 

Staff 

IRAT 

TRMC 

IDA 

IRAT 

Threat Systems 


Strategic Plan 

TRMC 

Staff 


Working Groups 

Services 

Services 


Services 





DOT&E Selects 




OfiF £ 


FY08 Investment Focus Areas 




* Testing Against Advanced SAM Threats 

* Development/Fielding of Chinese Threat Test Assets 

* Develop, Integrate and Validate Standard Missile Fly 
Out Models (FOMs) for T&E 

* SA-2/3/6 Upgrades 

* How to Conduct Low Band Testing 

* IR Signature Collection - Post Burn-Out (PBO) 

* Other Threat M&S 

* Distributed Testing with Threat Assets 

* New T-SPIL Developments 

* TENA Compliant Instrumentation Packages for Threat 
Systems 


16 




Testing Against 
Advanced SAM Threats 


Newer SAM Threats are Being Developed 

Very Capable, Sophisticated Integrated Systems 

Foreign Materiel Purchases Not Probable in the Short 
Term (<10 Years) 

Major “Limitation of Test” for New Weapon Systems 


TETRA initiative - Conduct Pre-ITEAMS for Advanced 
Russian and Chinese Air Defense Systems 

- S-400 Concludes in Dec 2007 & has an Additional $4M FY08 
Congressional Earmark to Complete the Design 

- HQ-9 begun This Past Summer 

- High Fidelity System Model and Hardware Design to Support 
M&S, HITL, ISTF or OAR Testing 

ITEAMS = Integrated Technical Evaluation and Analysis of Multiple Sources 

HITL = Hardware-in-the-Loop 

ISTF = Installed System Test Facility 

OAR = Open Air Range 



Chinese Threat Test Assets 





Department has Very Limited Inventory of Chinese 
Threat Assets 

Chinese Threat Assets Pose Continuous “Limitation 
of Test” Situations 

China Represents a Potential Adversary and has a 
Robust Foreign Military Sales Program 
- Pakistan and Iran are Major Customers 

TETRA sponsored a Threat Modernization Effort to 
See How We Could Use or Modify Existing Equipment, 
or Buy Chinese Threat Representations 



FOM Problem in T&E 




Electronic Warfare Testing Methodology Requires 
Correlation Across T&E Facilities Including 

- Software-in-the-Loop Facilities 

- Hardware-in-the-Loop Facilities 

- Installed Systems Test Facilities 

- Open Air Ranges 

Most Legacy Models Not Authoritative, Not Validated 

- Results Can Not Be Correlated 

- Same Threat, Different Model Gives Different Answers and is 
Expensive to Maintain 


TETRA Initiative: 

Develop a Roadmap to Migrate DIA-Validated FOMs to 

All T&E Facilities 




Roadmap for T&E 
" ' ' ration 



* Sponsored Pilot Projects to Determine Feasibility 

- Demonstrated IR MAN PADS 

- Demonstrated RF SAMS 

• TETRA Established a Collaborative DOT&E/Service 
Relationship 

• Beginning FY08 - 4 Year Effort 

TETRA will Fund Integration of A// IR FOMs 
TETRA Sponsored TRMC-Funding of Al[ RF FOMs 

* TETRA is also Working Service Sustainment 


20 


TETRA Bridged the Intelligence Community Threat Models 

with Test & Evaluation Facilities 



SA-2/3/6 Upgrades 




SA-2/3/6 Appear All Around the World 

Russia has On-Going Programs to Modify or 
Upgrade these Weapon Systems 

Some Upgrades Pose Credible Threats to Our 
Aircraft 

TETRA’s Current Initiative to Work with the 
Services to Determine 

- Specific Test Requirements for these Modified Systems 

- Availability of Upgrades from Original Manufactures 

- Alternatives If the Upgrades are Not Available 




Mission 






T&E 

Community 



“Threat Resource” 

Bridge Between the 
T&E and Intelligence Communities 


TETRA 



Intelligence 

Community 



22 


































United States Air Force 





Air Force Aerial Targets 
October 2007 
NDIA Brief 
San Diego, CA 



Ms. Michele Brazel 

Director, 691st Armament Systems Squadron 
Eglin AFB, FL 


Overall Classification of This Briefing is Unclassified and Cleared by A.AC/PA No. 10-25-07-624 





Overview 



m 


m 



• Purpose 

• System Description 

• Organizational Structure 

• Product Groups 

- Full-scale Aerial Targets 

- Subscale Aerial Targets 

• Summary 


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Purpose 



m 


m 



• Provide “Presentations” of Realistic Threat 
Representative Systems (Aircraft and Cruise Missiles) 
in Support of the Following: 

- Lethality Testing Required for New or Improved 
Weapon Systems Prior to Production (10 USC 2366) 

- USAF Air-to-Air Weapon System Evaluation Program 

* Validate Performance Of DoD Ground-to-Air and Air- 
to-Air Missiles and Aircraft Systems 

- Emulates Performance, Signatures and 
Countermeasures (Infrared and Electronic Attack) 


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Overview 





m 



• Purpose 

• System Description 

• Organizational Structure 

• Product Groups 

- Full-scale Aerial Targets 

- Subscale Aerial Targets 

• Summary 


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System Description 





m 



• Aerial Target “Presentations” include: 

- The Target Itself 

- Target Control System 

• Gulf Range Drone Control System (GRDCS) 

- Launch, Recovery, Maintenance & Repair of Target 


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Overview 





m 



• Purpose 

• System Description 

• Organizational Structure 

• Product Groups 

- Full-scale Aerial Targets 

- Subscale Aerial Targets 

• Summary 


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691st Armament Systems 

Squadron 



mM> 



Develop, Procure and Sustain Aerial Targets 

and Related Systems 


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Where We Fit In 





■ 


■ 






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Up USAF Aerial Targets Stakeholders 



OO-ALC 


CEi in 
Sacramento, CA 


BAE in Mojave, CA 



AMARG - 
Tucson, AZ 


WSMR 


DOT&E/S&TR 

AF/TE 

SAF/AQ 


hington DC 
,VA HQ ACC 


Tyndall AFB FL i|^ 


Eglin AFB FL 
53 Wing 
691 ARSS 
96 CG 
46 TW 


53 WEG 


Eglin Gulf Range 


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Click Middle of Screen to Start Movie 



Overview 





m 



• Purpose 

• System Description 

• Organizational Structure 

• Product Groups 

- Full-scale Aerial Targets 

- Subscale Aerial Targets 

• Summary 


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QF-4 Full Scale Aerial Target 

Program Manager: Ms. Lee A. Neugin 


Description 

> Full Scale Aerial Target for Threat-Representative 
Weapon System Evaluation 

> Meets USAF, Army, Navy, Allied Test Requirements 

> Droned Refurbished F-4 Aircraft Out of AMARG 

> Program in Full Rate Production 

> Prime Contractor is BAE Systems, Mojave, CA 

Key Features 

> Satisfies Title 10 "Live Fire/Lethality" 

> Operates via Ground-Based Target Control System 

> Supersonic, High-G, Heavy Payload Capability 

> Provides 3rd Generation Threat Representation 














QF-4 Master Schedule 





Lot 11 

FY05 

FY06 

FY07 

FY08 

FY09 

FY10 

FY11 

O J A J 

O J A J 

O J A J 

O J A J 

O J A J 

O J A J 

O J A J 

A 







/\ 7\ 

Deliveries: Aug 06-Aug 07 


c 

Lot 12 

Lot 13 

ec 04 

A 

A 

. A 




A 

Deliveries: Aug 07-Jul 08 

Feb 06 

A 



Deliveries: Ai 

jg 08- Jul09 

A 

A 

Mar 07 




Schedules shown above are based on actual contract schedules 

Schedules below are planned schedules 

Lot 14 

Lot 15 




A 

Jan 08 

A 

A 

Vlay 10 

j 

Delivei 

A 

Jan 09 | 

i 

ies: May 09- 

a ; a 

Deliveries: May 10-May 11 



































































QF-4 2007 Accomplishments 





■ 



• Completed Lot 11 and Began Lot 12 Deliveries 

- Total of 226 QF-4s Delivered to Date 

• Conducting Government Ground Test of QRF-4C Model 

- Provides Three Additional Years Of Fullscale Capability 

- Projecting 17 Production Lots vice Current 15 Lots 

• Supported 42 NULLO Test Missions in FY07 

- 61 Missiles Fired 

- 8 Kills 


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The Future of QF-4 





■ 



• Lots 14-17 Will Consist of RF-4C Models Only 

• Last QF-4 Delivery Planned For FY13 

• Sufficient Inventory through FY15 

- Assumes 16-20 QF-4 Kills Per Year 

- Bridges Ops Capability Until QF-16 Deliveries 


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15 







QF-16 Air Superiority Target 

Program Manager: Mr. Ken Hislop 

Description 

> Fullscale Target for Threat-Representative Weapon System Evaluation 

> Meets USAF, Army, Navy, Allied Test Requirements 

> Program in Pre-System Development and Demonstration Phase 

> Droned Refurbished F-16 Aircraft 

> Risk Reduction in Progress: Airframes, Engines & Target Control System 

Key Features 

> Follow on for QF-4 Program: Supersonic, High-G, Heavy Payload Capability 

> Satisfies Title 10 "Live Fire/Lethality" 

> Provides 4th Generation Threat Representation 










Proposed QF-16 Schedule 

FY08-FY16 



JVIMilZ-Wsi 



17 


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QF-16 Risk Reduction 



• Risk Reduction Activities: FY07 - 09 

- Focus on Government Furnished Equipment 

• F-16 Airframe Study 

- Assess Condition and Availability of Block 10,15, and 25s 

- Cost of Refurbishment 

• Engine Study 

- OSS&E Impacts to Manned and Unmanned Capability 

- Assesses Multiple FI 00 Engine Configurations 

• Target Control System (TCS) 

- Data Link Tester Development 

• Integrate Ground S/W with Contractor-Developed Airborne S/W 

- Portable TCS For Contractor Development Support 


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F-16 Aircraft Survey 



• Provide Potential Primes Access to Airframes 
- Three F-16s Available at AMARG in Late FY08 
* Blocks 10,15 and 25 



- Government Crew Chief Supervises Visits ^- 7 . a . .^ 

- Program Office Set Ups Visitation Schedule 

- Aircraft Will Be On Ground Power For Analysis 

- Gun and Ammo Canister Will Be Removed 
* Multiple Visits May Be Permitted 

Better Understanding of Aircraft _ High Confidence Proposals 


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19 














QF-16 AST Status 



• FY09 PBR Funding Approved 

- Air Force and Navy Funded 

• 1 st Industry Day Complete 

- 63 Industry Attendees Representing 23 Companies 

• Draft RFP Due Out in Mar 08 

- Key Focus For Industry Day II 

• 2 nd Industry Day Planned 3QFY08 

- Increase Use of One-on-One Sessions 

• RFP Release in 2QFY09 

• Contract Award in 1QFY10 

Acquisition Strategy not yet Approved - Information 
Regarding Future Events / Strategy is Tentative 


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20 








Overview 





m 



• Purpose 

• System Description 

• Organizational Structure 

• Product Groups 

- Full-scale Aerial Targets 

- Subscale Aerial Targets 

• Summary 


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AFSAT Sub Scale Aerial Target 

Program Manager: Mr. Jim Cornwell 


Description 

> An Affordable, All-Composite Airframe 

> Flies Faster/Slower, Higher/Lower, and Provides 3x+ 

More Presentations Than Legacy USAF Subscale Targets 

> Program in Initial Production Phase 

> Prime Contractor is CEi, Sacramento, CA 

Key Features 

> Satisfies Title 10 "Live Fire/Lethality" 

> Operates via Ground Based Target Control System 

> Subsonic, Relatively Heavy Payload Capability 


















AFSA T Master Schedule 






CY 2006 


CY 2007 


CY 2008 


CY 2009 


CY 2010 


Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 


Q1 


Q2 


Q3 


Q4 


Q 1 


Q2 


Q3 


Q4 


Q 1 


Q2 


Q3 


Q4 


Q 1 


Q2 


Q3 


Q4 


™ A 


faav A 


A 


Pre-OT Flight Test /\ 


\ rr 

LRIP (Lot 4) Award /\ 


/\ = Completed 
A = Scheduled 


FPD = Flight Product Demonstration 

FDE = Flight Demonstration Evaluation 

LRIP = Low Rate Initial Production 

FAAT = First Article Acceptance Test 

RAA = Required Assets Available 

WSEP = Weapons System Evaluation Program 


APB Signed /\ 


RAfi 

I 

Familiarizatiop Flights/\ 


'4 


A 


or 


I 


FRP (Lot 5) Award A 


1 A 


Lot 6 /\ 


Initiate Product Improvements (RCS, Alt. Launch, Internal EA) 


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AFSAT 2007 Accomplishments 




* Completed Pre-Operational Testing 

* Supported 21 Familiarization/Weapon System 
Evaluation Program Missions 

- 114 Presentations Achieved with 103 Missiles Fired 

- 5 Kills 

* Currently in Operational Testing 

- Estimate Completion by Nov 07 

* Full Rate Production Decision Planned NLT Mar 08 


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Overview 





m 



• Purpose 

• System Description 

• Organizational Structure 

• Product Groups 

- Full-scale Aerial Targets 

- Subscale Aerial Targets 

• Summary 


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Summary 





m 



• QF-4 Production Planned Through FY13 Using RF-4C Model 

- Inventory Depletion Expected in FY15 

• QF-16 Strategy Underway 

- Draft Request for Proposal (RFP) Planned 2QFY08 

- Production Deliveries Planned to Begin in FY15 

• AFSAT OT Testing Complete / Awaiting OT Final Report 

- Next Step to Execute Lot 5 Award 2QFY08 


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NORTHROP GRUMMAN 



Defining the future 


7 

m 1 


rge 

eill 

ins 


Unmanned Aircraft 
Systems Supporting 
Battlefield Troops 
Past, Present, and in 
the Future 


IP 


NDIA Targets, UAVs and Range Operations 
Symposium 2007 


October 31, 2007 



Jf Approved for Public Release: 
rtrol No. UMS-2007-927, October 2007 


John Salafia 

Director, Aerial Target Programs, Unmanned Systems 
Northrop Grumman Corporation 



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^Ml.ast Century Saw Many Revolutions... 



Commercial Jet Travel 


Heavier Than Air Flight 


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Capability Developments for the Future are 
Built Upon a Legacy of Unmanned Aerial Systems 




13 40 1350 13BO 1370 1300 1330 2000 CURRENT 

Unmanned. Unmatched. 


NGRTHRGR GRUMMAN 


DeMpmhG the Future . 1 


4 

inm AS 


Approved for Public Release 
Control No. UMS-2007-906, May 2007 











































































































































































Unmanned Systems Across All Mission Areas 



>100,000 Unmanned Vehicles Delivered 


NORTHROP GRUMMAN 



Capyncmt Mri Nnrtirup rarjrnmsn Corotrafinn 



































A Solid Future for Unmanned Missions 


■ Very long 
endurance 
without 
physiological 
issues 

■ Very high 
altitude without 
pressurization 
and oxygen 

■ Sustained ultra 
high-G combat 
operations 

■ Penetration of 
hostile territory 
without crew 
risk 


MISSION _ CURRENT AIRCRAFT _ INTRODUCTION OF UA INTO OPERATIONS 

Payload with Persistence 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 


Communication Relay ABCCC r TACAMQ, ARIA 

Commando Solo 


(eg., AJCN) 



S1G1 NT Collection Rivet Joint, ARIES II 

Senior Scout, Guardrail 



(e g.. Global Hawk) 


Maritime Patrol P-3 



(e g., BAMS) 


Aerial Refueling KC-135, KC-1D, KC-13D 






Surveillance/ AW ACS, JSTARS 

Battle Management 






.. ™ C-S a C-17, C-13D 

Airlift 

Weapon Delivery 






SEAD EA-6B 


|(e.g., UCAS) 



Penetrating Strike F-117 



(eg., UCAS) 


Integrated Strike/SEAD EA-6B, F-16, F-117 




(e.g., UCAS) 

Counter Air F-14 r F-15, F-1 6 






Integrated Strike/SEAD/ F/A-18, F/A-22 

Counter Air 







Source: OSD UAS Roadmap 2005-2030 (04August2005) 
NORTHROP GRUMMAN 



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Manned Aircraft 


Building Upon Where We Have Been 


1900 


1910 


1920 


1930 


1940 


1950 


1960 


1970 


1980 


1990 


2000 


2010 


0) 

O 

CO 

Q. 

<2 </> 
■j= CO 
< 0) 
_ o 

CO O 

c < 
o 


o) 

C o 

c-g 

LU o 


Air Commerce Act introduces FAA — 


Turbine- 

Powered 

Transportation 

Evaluation 

Team 


B-247 1 st commercial airliner 

B-307 1 st pressurized airliner 

DC-3 1st large scale production airliner 

VTOL test aircraft & Bell Civil Helicopter 

Vickers Vi count turboprop 

Booeing 707 turbojet 

SST Supersonic Transport 

747-400 Wde body jets 


A A AA A AAA 


A 



Control Surfaces Invented 


Autopilot 

▲ 


Seni-Monoooque Fuselage Structure 
Riveted Aluminum Skins 


1 st Satellite Communications 


A A 


Jet 

Engine 

A 


Yeager breaks 
sound barrier 


Integrated 

Circuit 


NAVSTAR GPS 


High Electrical Power 
Generating Systems 


AA 


Fly-by-Wne Composites 

AA A 


Precision 

VNfeapons 


A 


Manned to Unmanned - Common aspects include system architecture (air vehicle, support, 
payload), aircraft design (except for crew accommodations), missions and cost/lb (empty) 


Wight Flyer takes wing at Kitty Hawk 

1 ^^ 



y 

Sikorsky single-rotor 
helicopter 



F/A-18 F " 117 fi 9 hter 

A A 



Performance Goals 


Speed / Ceiling / 
Rate of Climb 


Maneuverability / 
Agility/Flexibility/ 
Multi role 


Stealth 


Interoperability 


NORTHROP GRUMMAN 


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Series 147 "SPAs" in Southeast Asia 




* 

■P"% 


Public Release: 
)07-927, October 2007 


3,435 Combat Sorties 

NORTHROP GRUMMAN 


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More Recent Warfighter Support, 





























New Age of the UAV... 1972 - 2007 




































T ~ - 




Supporting Battlefield Troops Today 


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air Laaa vAlh 
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integrated with 


T1 zjhi coupling with 
Irike aircraft far 7CT 


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Edddle East 
aoarainaie via 


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jaaion controllers 





























Increasing Autonomy 


Autonomy 



Non- 

Autonomous 

( Preprogrammed or 
Remotely Piloted ) 


20A£.di359 


NORTHROP GRUMMAN 



Approved for Public Release - TDEA #6557 Dated 19 May 2005 ^ Cnnmgtit NDrihn¥ G rjn]m31 C(lplraflm 































Carrier Compatibility 


lr Public Release: 
1007-927, October 2007 


NORTHROP GRUMMAN 



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Aerial Refueling of Unmanned Aircraft: The 
Ultimate in Endurance 



Capyngmt JQDri Northrop {arjmm^i Carpo-ahnn 



Airspace I ntegration - A Key Enabler of 
the Unmanned Revolution 



MALE UAV 


Manned TACAIR 


Manned-Unmanned National 
Airspace Integration 




Global Hawk 


i ___ 

Unmanned 

Rotary 


Manned Rotary 


'£22 


Battlefield Homeland 


NORTHROP GRUMMAN 


Approved for Public Release - TDEA #6557 Dated 19 May 2005 


Copyiiiptit ?0Dfi Nnrttimp orjrnmsn Cup&TaHm 











Benefits of I nteroperability 


Operational Infrastructure 

• Communications Relay 

• Navigation 

• Mission Planning 

• Sustainment 

• Training 

• Transport 

• Basing 


Communications 

• Secure Links/Network 
. LOS or BLOS 


Control Station(s) 

• Physical HSI (Displays, I/O,.*.) 

• Launch/Recovery Control 

• Vehicle-Payload Operations 

• Data Fusion / Dissemination 
Human Crew 


Direct Support 

• Maintenance 

• Logistics 

• Launch / Recover 
Infrastructure 


Platform/Vehlclets) 

• Mission-Tailored Design 

• Vehicle Management 

• Vehicle Autonomous 
Functions 



Payload Systems 

Sensor(s) 

On-Board 
Processing 
Data Relay 
Weapons 




NORTHROP GRUMMAN 












Emerging Power Projection Challenges Demand An 
Unprecedented Combination of Attributes 


Composite Picture of Future 
Operational Environment 










Short-warning aggression, 
political/geographical access 
constraints, and long-range 
area denial threats require 

GLOBAL RANGE) 

* Advanced integrated air defenses 
require broad-band/all-aspect 
LOW-OBSERVABILITY} 

'■ • Large numbers of distributed 
time-sensitive targets require 
. BROAD-AREA PERSISTENCE 

UiyiS-2006-907 
27 November 2006 


* 






Notional EW Capability in 
High Threat Environments 



Cur/anr 

C'jpiiLJjJjiiy 

Gup 


Notional SA-10 
or SA-20 


Penetrating Survivable Assets 


HALE 


Early Stages of Conflict 
"Kicking in the Door" 


Stand-off 
EW Support 


X-47B UCAS 


EA-6B ICAP III 


Denied 

Access/ Sophisticated IADS 


Minimal Threat 



Trade Space: Saturation EA vs Cloaked Vehicle 

Defined by Current Inventory of Aircraft 


Must Combine both Saturation and low RCS and utilize vehicles capable of stand-in EA 
Passive & Direct Techniques to dull /deceive/confuse 


18 












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Heterogeneous Unmanned Reconnaissance Team 

(HURT ll) 

HURT is All About ../ j|| : 

Information architectures 
Adaptive systems-of-syste ms + 

Ubiquitous, distributed, persistent sensing 


A Joint DARPA/ARMY Program 



Etofwn^i _v.i ’otli'op trnimia i bofixiai:n 











































I ntegrated: Heterogeneous Unmanned 
Reconnaissance Team 



22 


Cleared for Public Release, Control No. 07-091, dtd. 10/4/07 


NORTHROP GRUMMAN 



Capjngnt ?0Dfi Wotthrap orjrnmsn Corpora Nm 







































NORTHROP GRUMMAN