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6.0

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
M. Zuppardo; J. P. Santos; G. De Chiara; M. Paternostro; F. L. Semiao; G. M. Palma

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We describe an apparatus designed to make non-demolition measurements on a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) trapped in a double-well optical cavity. This apparatus contains, as well as the bosonic gas and the trap, an optical cavity. We show how the interaction between the light and the atoms, under appropriate conditions, can allow for a weakly disturbing yet highly precise measurement of the population imbalance between the two wells and its variance. We show that the setting is well suited for...

Topics: Quantum Physics, Quantum Gases, Condensed Matter

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8077

5
5.0

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Fabio Cuzzolin

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Consistent belief functions represent collections of coherent or non-contradictory pieces of evidence, but most of all they are the counterparts of consistent knowledge bases in belief calculus. The use of consistent transformations cs[.] in a reasoning process to guarantee coherence can therefore be desirable, and generalizes similar techniques in classical logic. Transformations can be obtained by minimizing an appropriate distance measure between the original belief function and the...

Topics: Computing Research Repository, Statistics, Artificial Intelligence, Methodology

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8151

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12

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Fei Yu; Michal Rybar; Caroline Uhler; Stephen E. Fienberg

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Following the publication of an attack on genome-wide association studies (GWAS) data proposed by Homer et al., considerable attention has been given to developing methods for releasing GWAS data in a privacy-preserving way. Here, we develop an end-to-end differentially private method for solving regression problems with convex penalty functions and selecting the penalty parameters by cross-validation. In particular, we focus on penalized logistic regression with elastic-net regularization, a...

Topics: Machine Learning, Applications, Computing Research Repository, Statistics, Learning

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8067

4
4.0

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Nicolo' Facchi; Francesco Gringoli; Fabio Ricciato; Andrea Toma

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We address the problem of localising a mobile terminal ("blind" node) in unknown position from a set of "anchor" nodes in known positions. The proposed method does not require any form of node synchronisation nor measurement (or control) of the transmission times, which is difficult or anyway costly to achieve in practice. It relies exclusively on reception timestamps collected by the anchor nodes, according to their local clocks, that overhear packets transmitted by the...

Topics: Networking and Internet Architecture, Computing Research Repository

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8056

6
6.0

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Taras Verkholyak; Jozef Strecka; Frederic Mila; Kai P. Schmidt

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Exact ground states of a spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg model on the Shastry-Sutherland lattice with Heisenberg intra-dimer and Ising inter-dimer couplings are found by two independent rigorous procedures. The first method uses a unitary transformation to establish a mapping correspondence with an effective classical spin model, while the second method relies on the derivation of an effective hard-core boson model by continuous unitary transformations. Both methods lead to equivalent effective...

Topics: Statistical Mechanics, Condensed Matter

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8229

6
6.0

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Anna M. Barry; F. Hajir; P. G. Kevrekidis

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In this work, we construct suitable generating functions for vortices of alternating signs in the realm of Bose-Einstein condensates. In addition to the vortex-vortex interaction included in earlier fluid dynamics constructions of such functions, the vortices here precess around the center of the trap. This results in the generating functions of the vortices of positive charge and of negative charge satisfying a modified, so-called, Tkachenko differential equation. From that equation, we...

Topics: Nonlinear Sciences, Quantum Gases, Mathematics, Pattern Formation and Solitons, Mathematical...

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.7965

5
5.0

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Yuchen Peng; Frank Gaitan

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Successful implementation of a fault-tolerant quantum computation on a system of qubits places severe demands on the hardware used to control the many-qubit state. It is known that an accuracy threshold $P_{a}$ exists for any quantum gate that is to be used in such a computation. Specifically, the error probability $P_{e}$ for such a gate must fall below the accuracy threshold: $P_{e} < P_{a}$. Estimates of $P_{a}$ vary widely, though $P_{a}\sim 10^{-4}$ has emerged as a challenging target...

Topics: Quantum Physics, Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics, Condensed Matter

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8074

7
7.0

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Fidaa Abed; Ioannis Caragiannis; Alexandros A. Voudouris

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We study the asymmetric binary matrix partition problem that was recently introduced by Alon et al. (WINE 2013) to model the impact of asymmetric information on the revenue of the seller in take-it-or-leave-it sales. Instances of the problem consist of an $n \times m$ binary matrix $A$ and a probability distribution over its columns. A partition scheme $B=(B_1,...,B_n)$ consists of a partition $B_i$ for each row $i$ of $A$. The partition $B_i$ acts as a smoothing operator on row $i$ that...

Topics: Computer Science and Game Theory, Computational Complexity, Computing Research Repository

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8170

4
4.0

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Bruno Rousseau; François Lapointe; Minh Nguyen; Maxime Biron; Etienne Gaufrès; Saman Choubak; Zheng Han; Vincent Bouchiat; Patrick Desjardins; Michel Côté; Richard Martel

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Herein, intervalley scattering is exploited to account for anomalous antiresonances in the infrared spectra of doped and disordered single layer graphene. We present infrared spectroscopy measurements of graphene grafted with iodophenyl moieties in both reflection microscopy and transmission configurations. Asymmetric transparency windows at energies corresponding to phonon modes near the {\Gamma} and K points are observed, in contrast to the featureless spectrum of pristine graphene. These...

Topics: Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics, Materials Science, Condensed Matter

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8141

7
7.0

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Fariba Karimi; Verónica C. Ramenzoni; Petter Holme

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Most research of online communication focuses on modes of communication that are either open (like forums, bulletin boards, Twitter, etc.) or direct (like e-mails). In this work, we study a dataset that has both types of communication channels. We relate our findings to theories of social organization and human dynamics. The data comprises 36,492 users of a movie discussion community. Our results show that there are differences in the way users communicate in the two channels that are reflected...

Topics: Physics, Computing Research Repository, Physics and Society, Social and Information Networks

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8041

7
7.0

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Alejandro Edera; Yanela Strappa; Facundo Bromberg

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Markov networks are models for compactly representing complex probability distributions. They are composed by a structure and a set of numerical weights. The structure qualitatively describes independences in the distribution, which can be exploited to factorize the distribution into a set of compact functions. A key application for learning structures from data is to automatically discover knowledge. In practice, structure learning algorithms focused on "knowledge discovery" present...

Topics: Computing Research Repository, Data Structures and Algorithms, Learning

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.8088

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76

Jun 30, 2018
06/18

by
Yuancheng Fan; Fuli Zhang; Qian Zhao; Zeyong Wei; Hongqiang Li

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Coherent perfect absorber (CPA) was proposed as the time-reversed counterpart to laser: a resonator containing lossy medium instead of gain medium can absorb the coherent optical fields completely. Here, we exploit a monolayer graphene to realize the CPA in a non-resonant manner. It is found that quasi-CPA point exists in the terahertz regime for suspending monolayer graphene, and the CPA can be implemented with the assistant of proper phase modulation among two incident beams at the quasi-CPA...

Topics: Physics, Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics, Optics, Materials Science, Condensed Matter

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.7961