The learning dynamics of on-line independent component analysis is analysed in the limit of large data dimension. We study a simple Hebbian learning algorithm that can be used to separate out a small number of non-Gaussian components from a high-dimensional data set. The de-mixing matrix parameters are confined to a Stiefel manifold of tall, orthogonal matrices and we introduce a natural gradient variant of the algorithm which is appropriate to learning on this manifold. For large input...

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0309554v1

Cortical sensory neurons are known to be highly variable, in the sense that responses evoked by identical stimuli often change dramatically from trial to trial. The origin of this variability is uncertain, but it is usually interpreted as detrimental noise that reduces the computational accuracy of neural circuits. Here we investigate the possibility that such response variability might, in fact, be beneficial, because it may partially compensate for a decrease in accuracy due to stochastic...

Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/q-bio/0510036v1