A sexual liberation thing dracula vampire
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A sexual liberation thing dracula vampire: Play itself out in the 1950s and early sixties and then the vampire came to become gradually one of us in the 60s so ed because i kind of a new rise and social consciousness in the 60s transform the vampire image from just you know as a sexual liberation thing which now was pretty well established.
- 2022-06-07 20:44:07
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- Good morning and welcome to prairie unitarian universalist society i mary mullen a member of the program committee aspires to be both an open-hearted and an open-minded congregation. And we welcome people of every ethnic and religious background and whatever your color your sexual orientation or your family structure. And we also welcome you no matter what your age. Or what's your abilities or even better yet your inabilities later in the service will invite visitors and guests and returning friends to introduce yourself. So that we might get to know you better. On sunday mornings we provide a wide variety of services. Representativa dietary member a member of the wider community or by a minister reverend j jane espensen. And today we're hearing from a member of the wider community fred edwards who's from out of town a humanist look at miss symbol and art. We have a few announcements before starting our service this morning. Message from bob park about the humanists union today what the topic is fred edwards who's here is going to be showing slides of billboards. And adds used around the country by the united coalition of reason and that'll be from 12:30 to 1:30 here today so you're welcome to stay for that. Our opening words will be provided by fred edward. When the poet invoke. In his splendid friends either shining spears of heaven. The murmuring fountain. And the rushing stream. When he calls upon the earth to harkin. And b the wild sea listen to his song. When he communes with the sweet secluded valleys in the hottie headed hills as if those inanimate objects were alive. Cuz if these masses of brute matter were endowed with sense and thought. We do not smile we do not sneer. We do not reason. But we feel. A secret chord is touch within us. A slumbering sympathy is awakened. Into life. Who is not felt an impulsive hatred and perhaps expressed it in a senseless curse against the fiery stroke of sunlight or a sudden gust of wind. Who is not felt a pang of pity for a flower torn and trampled in the dust a shell dash two fragments by the waves. Such emotions or ideas last for only a moment. They do not belong to us. They are the fossil fancies of a bygone age. They are a heritage of thought from the childhood of our race. Or there was a time when they possessed the human mind. There was a time when the phrases of modern poetry where the facts of ordinary life. There was a time when man lived in fellowship with nature believing that all things which moved or changed had minds and bodies. Kindred. To his own. This is from wynwood reed. The martyrdom of man. Please welcome bob and barb park to light our chalice. Oxalis reading for today is from the writing of greg epstein humanist chaplain at harvard university. Humanism is a bold resolute response to the fact that being a human being is lonely and frightening. We humanist take one look at a world in which lives of thousands of innocent children i ripped away every year by hurricanes earthquakes and other acts of god not to mention the thousands of other fundamental injustice of life. And we conclude that if universe we live in does not have competent tomorrow management then so be it we must become the superintendent of our own lives. Humanism means taking charge of the often lousy world around us and working to shape it into a better place. But we know we cannot ever finish the task. It's now time for our presentation and i would like to introduce fred edwards. He has a long into history of organized humanism for 15 years he was the executive director of the american humanist association and for 12 years he was at. Editor of the humanist magazine and he's past president of camp quest which is a summer camp for three thinking children and he served on the board also of the international humanist and ethical union. And a founding board of the national center for science education. As a continuing voice for humanist ideas he has over the past 35 years appeared on national. And local television in the united states and canada. And it's been interviewed on radio and four newspapers around the world and lectured and lots of places including north america here europe and india. And today he does serve as the national director of the united coalition for reason. It's an organization that was founded in 2009 and it works to foster cooperation among local groups in the community of reason. And to watch billboard and bus and ad campaigns to raise the public profile as such group. He also served on the faculty of the humanist institute. Is the national director of the international darwin day foundation and access management and public relations consultant to the american humanist association. So i think we have an expert here. So i'll turn it over to him a few minutes look at miss symbol and arch. Well i don't know if you've been wondering about it but. I have. What is this fascination. With vampire. Does 2007 stephenie meyer's twilight series of young adult fiction is propelled her and subsequently the actors who play or characters in film. The stardom. And with her is come charlaine harris author of the sookie stackhouse series of vampire novels that became hbo's true blood. Serious. Other novel series include melissa dela cruz is blue bloods l'oreal k hamilton anita blake vampire hunter and pc and kristin cast. House of night. As women authors they all take their cue. From anne rice's vampire chronicles created a major phenomenon in the 1980s. + 90. This was also the era of francis ford coppola is film bram stoker's dracula as well as the film and tv series. Buffy the vampire slayer. So the fascination run the d. Whenever potent imagery enjoying an incredible revival. Which i think is reason enough. To reference the literary and cinematic vampire as a textbook case. Of how miss symbol and r. Are used to reflect a truth. A concern a passion. Or an important value. Vampires you saying. No physically non-existent are far from here relevant. Preventive medicine symbols never are. They tell us a lot about how people feel. Add about the times in which one lives. Now when i use miss. When i use that word i. Don't intend to technical meaning employed employed by anthropologists but rather the more general usage is shown in the second definition in the american heritage dictionary. Which is. Any real or fictional story recurring theme or character type that appeals to the consciousness of a people by embodying its cultural ideals. Or by giving expression to deep. Commonly felt emotions. Duff define myths are found everywhere. And some of the most powerful and influential occur in popular culture. Subsidies are often the ones that have the greatest immediate social impact. Take for example the fact that the vampire of 18th and 19th century literature particularly english literature is almost always an aristocrat. This is significant to the earlier imagery from folklore. Where is there the vampire is more often seen as a fellow peasant. Perhaps a disease member of a family with the guide and who threw his or her plague and imagine stalking in the night drains the life from the other family members one by one. In many cases this proved to be a reasonable primitive explanation for a phenomenon now better explained by the germ theory of disease so the nature of the vampire. It changed because it's audience was different. In such literature produced by and for an emergent middle-class the vampire becomes a powerful symbol of the evils and absurdities. Of a predatory aristocracy a blood-sucking nobility often linked by family ties to foreign governments that set off the labors of the middle and working classes. So the vampire became the villainess symbol in a class struggle a battle that the middle class was already winning. To demonstrate this view of the literature i need only note certain recurring story elements. There's a depiction of those who conquered the aristocratic fiend as members of the middle-class they are clerk professors elementary school teachers and they frequently utilize and industrial technology completely unknown to the hopelessly feudal vampire. This is particularly evident in the 1897 novel dracula by bram stoker. Here the middle class heroes are able to catch the count before he returns to his castle because they know how to plan their pursuit according to railroad timetable he on the other hand is for the most part stuck on a slow-moving sailing ship. Symbolically ratifying and illustrating a contemporary european trend toward throwing off the yoke of monarchy they pursue him back to his rotting castle prove that such aristocrats have no hard and expose him to the public light of day by this process the pedigree google is destroyed and capitalism. And technology. Now with the end of world war 1 and the resulting fall or diminution of a number of monarchies this type of vampire imagery slipped from fashion to be replaced by another variety. The war end all wars and brought in its wake rampant poverty and disease throughout much of europe. And as symbolized as suffering a hideously ugly and plague carrying fiend entered the scene most starkly drawn in the 1922 german silent film nosferatu the symphony of horror. Got devastated as europe was however the united states experienced to change of values instead. The lyrics how you going to keep them down on the farm after they've seen paree expressed a new worldliness of those returning from the war the changing morality of the roaring twenties followed making it possible to not so subliminally illustrate a growing sexual freedom in the stage production of bram stoker's novel. And lord byron century-old imagery of a vampire has a handsome and charming nobleman suave and culture with continental accent and dashing cape was easily revive. In october 1927 dracula opened on broadway with bela lugosi in the lead it quickly became a major hit followed by two national tours that grosses promoters millions of dollars. During the great depression that followed public interest in vampire lore increased more than ever. Ray kearney professor of film at boston university note the dracula always rises again in hard economic times quote vampires. So they planned so the plane was transformed to a film in 1931 where the mysterious and sexy count continues to feed off his victims and to wage war against traditional morality such a vampire of course can never be allowed to win. He and in the 1936 dracula's daughter she must finally be conquered by cross bearing religious fanatics will make it a point to either kill or convert back every sexually liberated woman or man the vampire has created. That's how we have a mid-twentieth-century allegory of reaction the story told by those who would save a repressive system of family values from the supposed evil influences of an unstable and changing world. Its popularity with audiences however stem or perhaps from the way of titillated. From the way it offered increasingly positive images. Forbidden fruit. During the 1940s this sensual approach became a commodity. A product to be marketed through numerous repetitive plots carried out by a stable recycled actors and we had the ever seductive hollywood vampire. Well new postwar sexual revolutions of the 1950s and 60s served vampires even more attractive and their victims even more willing gay and lesbian vampires entered the scene in the 1970s and after that a number of other changes began to occur ray kearny to claire's the core of the vampire is sexual dynamic. The frightening territory where someone possesses you and you become obsessed. There was a sense of betrayal of being out of control of men and women using each other. During most of this time from 1958 to 1979 christopher lee eclipse bela lugosi is the quintessential blood-sucking tempter. Bathroom but in this case he was sadder than his predecessor. And for this reason increasingly desirable. The sadness in fact soon became a statement of its own bringing the vampire into his most recent transformation as someone we could sympathise with. Beginning in the late 1960s alongside of rising social and global consciousness some vampires were metamorphosed into tormented and self-deprecating hero. There was barnabas of the dark shadows tv series louis and lestat of the anne rice novels. These were being to suffer from an existential inner conflict. Uncertainty. Guilt. Try as they may these vampires cannot help the fact that by the very act of living they wreak definition truxion on legions of innocent victims. In short the vampires become. Power cell. A people who will enjoying the consumer society that provide so much life and pleasure unwittingly and ironically rape and destroy the planet suck the life out of cultures and poorer nations even the cultures of our own poor. The symbol of the vampire that's has become something that appeals subtly to a perhaps unconscious on generated by our own witnessing on tv of scenes as so many people dying and famines and natural disasters. Further get encourages many to consider the idea that today's and industrialized nations are comprised of albeit well-meaning parasites feeding off the oppressed. This change in the meaning of the image. Indicate that the old-style vampire scares us. Cadillac. From the beginning of world war ii we've existed in an environment that spawned a hitler or stalin a mouse. What can a mere vampire do to top that in limited war. As a result of a no matter how vicious. Impersonal or thirsty. Can begin to compete with an ordinary eighteen-year-old american soldier sitting behind a 20 mm electric cannon firing 700 xxplosive rounds permit. Vampires consider our fears today only if they're evil. Is psychological. And only if the grips is in a vice. Of inner conflict. So this is one thing that vampires have become. Mirrors of our own socially. Self-aware. Self-doubts. For teenagers today vampires and those who love them often represent misunderstood misfits. As a metaphor for aids we're encountering a deadly act of love. For these and other reasons vampires remain very much with us. Anne anne rice's words they are a fathomless wealth of metaphor. Cats are so many other myths and symbols. However a common approach. In many humanist and freethought circles back in the 1990s was to debunk. Rather than to understand. A superstition. To prove for example.. No vampires existed. That wasn't very many people really thought they did and whatnot so engaged humanists and freethinkers tended to forget about myth legend and folklore all together. In the light of a literal lipstick almost legalistic rationalism symbols and imagery became annoying. Or humanistic continue taking such a reaction i think it would doom humanism to irrelevance. Precede meth symbol and art often appeal to very human visceral subconscious feeling. But there shouldn't be cause to relegate them to the misty isles of the irrational. Works and symbolic ark. Narratives both folkloric and literary are almost always deliver it and even rational products of the mind. Behind them stand. Difficult creative and intellectual prophecies not to mention a long and distinguished history of artistic and literary criticism. Narrative art in particular must stay within certain rational bound as laid down by aristotle in his poetic. In order to maximize its aesthetic and social appeal. Humanist who pride themselves in their rationality and common sense can when they look more broadly appreciate that the story narrative is perhaps the most efficient means of communication known to humanity and one not lacking in intellectual and ethical merits. Weather present in a film. Novel. Play poem. Song a well-told story can affect the mind in a way that no didactic lecture or philosophical argument usually can. And the idea so imparted will more easily be remembered. That's why in the lines are so many millions of secular people today. Art literature and music have supplanted religion as the method of choice for examining ethical and moral quest. And the humanist movement as it grows. Is reaching that secular writing more human being into the aesthetic. Growing comfortable in the presence of striking images in griffin tail and becoming a tease with the power of myth and the symbol. All great political and religious movement have had their images. And stories. There've been hero tales allegories legends and songs and from these such movements have derived strength. Staying power and growth. Jesus told parables. The bible is a collection of narratives not philosophical arguments. You'll be hard-pressed to find very much theology in the bible. Evangelicos give anecdotal personal testimony. Not scientific demonstration. Ever noticed that a good story. It's one of the ways people recreate their experiences in order to make sense of them. Stories are that's part of the rationale and analytic process not mere superstitious or emotional substitutes. For thinking stories are also democratic. They can reach a wider audience that includes people not frequently engaged in philosophical and ethical discourse. Which is why the story narrative may prove to be the vehicle of choice. By which human ism is taken to the people. Indeed there have been human of storytellers inhuman of stories in the past. One only need view a tragedy by euripides to find that out. Consider the following example. In the back by yuri patty's expresses in poetic drama all the seductions and dangers of cultic and fanatical belief. His characters suffer personal tragedy to the very extent that they allow themselves to be caught up in the bacchic frenzy. Or to dogmatically and undemocratic lee work to suppress the dilation called. And dionysus in the end is exposed as a cruel capricious and vindictive god that he is. Through him all his promises of joy through faith are ultimately broken. And if a jinaya at all us a priest declares that agamemnon has sinned against the god and this is why the wind is not blowing and will not to send his thousand ships to troy. Only penance through the sacrifice of his daughter. So reluctantly agamemnon orders the daughter seized and burned at the stake. She's courageous in the face of death will her father's cowardice before the altar of superstition unwittingly dooms him also. For he will later be murdered by his wife to avenge the daughter's death. But for now the priests lights the flame and ironically not a moment too soon because the winds have already begun to blow. In the trojan women the forgotten suffering in the aftermath of every war is laid bare. The undeserved tragedy one after another but falls these women of troy. The women unlucky enough to survive the final destruction of their once-proud city. And why was troy brought down for what did so many greeks and trojans give their lives. To retrieve a wife charged with adultery. Euripides. criticizes in his plays religious fanaticism superstition male domination war and other evils. But how often are his works recommended to humanist a would-be humanist readers how often do humans group show the gripping film version. Michael cochran jonas is iphigenia and the trojan women and interesting lee enough. The trojan women starred katharine hepburn. Who acknowledged that she was an atheist man who received the humanist arts award from the american humanist association. Names of other humans storytellers are legion lucian moliere shakespeare george eliot mark twain ambrose bierce george bernard shaw henrik ibsen sinclair lewis. Just to name a few. In the realm of popular fiction we often think of science fiction writer isaac asimov. Not only did his work express humanist value but he was directly involved with the humanist movement. That was a mystery writer miriam allen deford. Yet when it comes to the direct glorification of reason through storytelling. Perhaps no rider did more than sir arthur conan doyle his character sherlock holmes by his shrewd use of longitude. Heroically personifies the power of rationality in action. Some humanists unfortunately prefer to focus on the author's private beliefs in the paranormal especially his promotion of some rather curious photographs of fairies. Outside of popular novels and short stories there's the even more accessible material from television. It hasn't always been easy to deliver humanist views to the wide audience reach by this medium. But today doing parkour the pioneering work of late star trek producer gene roddenberry. The public has increasingly become comfortable with various aspects of the humanist message. And about humanist an atheist. Roddenberry made no bones as to what he was up to. When receiving the 1991 humanist arts award from the american humanist association he encouraged others to follow his lead and keep finding ways to insert humanist messages into their work. Today on television numerous shows from time to time for humanistic ideas the years of go would have been quickly censored. So noticeable has this change been that he vangelico christian groups frequently charged have taken over the networks. Baypoint affect popular shows as house. The mentalist. The simpsons. In fact the all of the writers for the simpsons but one. Are atheist and the one who was an evangelical christian. Wrote in christianity today that well they weren't really atheist. Because they believed in moral values. Beyond novels a teleplay is there other ways to relate story. In more tribal cultures there's the village storyteller who relates legends special meaning to the community in urban societies the counterpart used in nightclub stand-up comedian she or he shares with eager audience insights about society human relationships. And anything else that matters. If i could go for a humorous story turn off an illustrated point better tan and then can an intellectual argument. Take for example the understanding that would blind faith. Agreement between people isn't really possible. What's the reliable triad of reason observation and compassion is abandon. As a standard of judgment. There's no longer any common ground people confine. Might becomes right and differences between individuals and groups. Become settled. 54. No need to venture into the labyrinth of logic and epistemology to argue this. Just do as mark twain did in the damned human race. And tell a story of a little scientific teske perform. I'm on my experiments with death. In an hour i kind of cat and a dog to be friends. I put them in a cage. In another hour i caught them to be friends with a rabbit. In the course of two days i was able to add a fox. Squirrel. And someday. Finally. Imonkey. They live together in peace. Even affectionate lie. Next. In another cage. I can find an irish catholic from tipperary. Finally the salvation army colonel from wahpeton. Interstate way to hold a. When i came back to see results. The cage of the higher animals the nonhumans. Was alright. But in the other there was about a chaos of gory odds-and-ends of turbines and pheasants and flats in bones and flesh. These reasoning animals it disagreed on a theological to tell and carried the matter to a higher court. Or let's take the argument that it's easy to believe in the wrong religion. The wrong god. What proof is anyone that they've chosen to write. A person needs verification if she or he wants security. So why go on. Just tell the story. About the skydiver. Hello the time would come to pull the ripcord and release for shoot. So she pulled it. Cheap old hard and waited. But nothing happened. Chipotle getting harder and again and again and it broke her hand but the parachute remained is tightly packed. Has before and actually continue to fall free the greenearth rising up rapidly to breed her she struggled. I need her struggle to beaded cross she changed around her neck work free of her blouse and begin to swing out in midair it dangled before her eyes it dangled until suddenly. Save me. She prayed she shouted hopelink with fear and what she knew was her laugh. Of belief. Went out from the clouds above streak a giant hand like lightning and sees her body and held her fur. Protectively that ended her fall. And the woman he the sort of relief. And thanksgiving. Oh thank you thank you dear saint francis you are my guardian my hope my solace i will honor you forever dear dear saint francis. But a thunderous voice in the sky inquired loudly. Ignatius. Four of assisi. The woman swallowed hard and thought. She looked at the hand that held her and then with a trembling voice she chose. Of assisi. Suddenly the hand open-door freefall resumed in the voice boom loudly wrong. In a myth or superstition no matter how persuasive it is. Need one belabor this point with examples of harm from false belief. How can one just tell the story of the man skiing down the mountain. So it came to pass that he was on the slope. He removed himself far from his friends and was enjoying the solitude of nature. Has the winter wind whipped through his hair his sound fusing without of his skis blading definitely through the plants no. A sense of buoyancy. Transported is mine. And distracted him from the ragged. Jagged reality of a cliff edge rushing rapidly toward his feet. He tumbled down along the sheer face. And by the purest of luck his hand caught a branch. And halted. His descent. Haunted him. And there he hung. He was too far down to clamber up. And as he looked at his feet still swinging to and fro. From the shock of his sudden stopped he could see nothing but the d. Deep and ragged councilman floor easily more than a mile below. The branch was all we had. It cracked from the. Stream threatening to break under the pressure of his weight. Has he held on pale with fiery slowly cautiously so it's not to stress the branch even more let out a cry. Is anyone there. The word bounced off the ridges and echo through the gulf. He waited. I was no answer. So we called out again. Is anybody there. Again the words reverberated against the silent rocks. But this time. Slowly. Sensuous lee with increasing clarity or soft. Protective voice begin to rise up from the depths of the chasm. Feminine and sweet did spoke with welcome words. I am here. It's a delicate tone seemed to fill the mountains i am here for you the goddess of the abyss. The mother of the crags i will protect you let go of that french safe into my arm. Her last words slipped away cool into the depths. The man continued to hold on. Perplexed. He looked about. He thought. And wondered. And then after a long and considered silence. He shot it out. Is anybody out there yeah stories can go a long way toward making a point therefore we need to define our philosophy exclusively in abstract. An intellectual term. Plato in his dialogue style of philosophizing and with his frequent use of examples from mythology help show. But this is the way we humans naturally explore and communicate even abstract ideas. So why shouldn't we see this is permission to be who we are. Humanism can be not only intellectual but aesthetic as well. Today post-modernism is addressed its inducing us to be less smug about supposed objective truths and to increase our recognition of the rich and human narrative. Even in humanist conclusions and ideal. Have we seen the same missed the same symbol can have vastly different meanings at different times and places. So met some symbols need not be viewed as unchanging. They're better phoenix vehicles for helping people understand and communicate new ideas. In this connection we found a humanism has a story to tell. It has works of art and may now call upon and use them without apology. Myths and symbols playing natural part in the pattern of truth. And understanding. Medicine symbols and art are also uniquely human. And decidedly so. Had a decidedly so as reason and science. Has such it's only normal that a broad-based humanist philosophy will include them within its universe. And it's a perfect fit. Here for the prairie uu society which affirms and promotes. A free and responsible search for truth. And me. We have a few minutes now for questions and comments and darcy will bring the microphone so that everyone that has a hearing device can hear. Well it became a kind of. Play itself out in the 1950s and early sixties and then the vampire came to become gradually one of us in the 60s so ed because i kind of a new rise and social consciousness in the 60s transform the vampire image from just you know as a sexual liberation thing which now was pretty well established. Pleasure run an evil a wicked pleasure out of about sex and then you build in new ideas and so it included lesbianism. It does gradual branching out of. Did you have to break free and you couldn't break free too much. 5e idea of a fully liberated women wasn't going to be very strong and victorian times and it started to become a little stronger in the 1920s so you did have films like dracula's daughter and female vampires in the 1940s it and in fact the 30s as well. Yes there's always a problem of young woman being torn between bad boys and good boy and that's part of what that's about that the author of the twilight series is a mormon. And so she did make sure that her vampires don't have any sex that they that the young men are these fictional guys who will who don't want sex from you but will love you forever so. Star trek aficionados they notice the humanism and like it because it makes social commentary for example instead of they're just being this evil monster that must be destroyed on some planet it's like oh why why is this being acting so it was just protecting its young it was a female and so. Find they come upon another society where they want to have everything kneel-down infirm and they want to have simple doctrines and they they don't want to change and they don't want to adjust a new ideas and so the people in starship enterprise we're supposed to never influence and change societies they do and. Optimistic view of the future. That's another aspect of it. Okay one more question a lot of these infected the awareness that we have of the folklore of the. The vampires in connection with bats and things shows up in. Aaliyah renaissance and the age of enlightenment or the 18th century that was a lot of these legends were written down recorded by you know people who are doing a kind of sociological anthropology research. And vampires and then in fact dracula can is a shapeshifter and can change into a wolf. Bayan nf1 of the elements but that part of it was actually removed from the novel there's a. There's that there's a short story that bram stoker made this. Part that he left out of the novel into called dracula's guest in which it features director that has a werewolf rather than as a bat. So these various changes is various ideas. Or understood you can carry the vampire idea all the way back. To homer's odyssey where he goes down to the underworld and there he has to spread all of this blood out so that the ghosts will come and feed on the blood in the trough of these animals that he sacrifices and then that will make them able to talk and tell him what his destiny is. So this whole ad and in fact one definition of a vampire is a blood-drinking ghost. So and that's why you can go through keyholes and turn into all of that sort of thing so don't try to work out the biology of the vampire. Are closing words. Are from the greek playwright aristophanes. From the murmur and subtlety of suspicion. With which ryzex one another. Give arrest. Make a new beginning. And mingle again the kindred of the nations. In the alchemy of love. And with some finer essence of forbearance. A are mine. Thank you so much for coming. Please extend the hand of friendship to those around you and then join us for coffee and conversation thank you.