The Grand Canyon chronicles
- Publication date
- U.S. Regions., Prehistoric Life., Science: General., Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras., Geology., Zoology.
- Glendale, Calif. : AIMS Media
Combining science with the creativity of talented filmmakers, this is perhaps the most colorful and fascinating film ever made on the Grand Canyon. Narrated by Orson Welles, it tells of the events and forces that shape the earth, of the appearance of the earliest life forms, plants, and land animals. Dramatic stop-animation depicts life in the Age of Dinosaurs and the Age of Mammals
- 2015-08-13 23:52:59
- After the kind bouncy. Region plan drawled M fifty S. and reptile strange food flooded. One day evolve into the most amazing reaches the dinosaur. Rulers of the one hundred million years these giant animals were remarkably varied. Among the earliest of the North American dinosaurs was a fifteen thousand pound steak a source was fierce I'm looking I'm a plates belie the fact that he was actually a gentle Lampeter. Much larger still was the brunt of source seventy foot long but he must was probably forced to live most of his life in the swamps of the water help support the weight. His enormous sixty thousand but. The land Welling horned dinosaurs which included the eight hundred foot long want to clone S. are among the last. She's to involve. Tyrone a song as Rex is the king the ferocious speeches he had about a fifty feet in jaws open one astounding for three. You. About these strange peace. Reptiles the largest was that surrounded the officiating reptile whose wingspan reached twenty seven feet. At the height of the reign of the dinosaurs the earth's surface was fractured and tilted the region of California and Nevada it created a magnificent new mountain range the Sierra Nevada but rain clouds which had formerly moved in from the Pacific Ocean were now blocked from the area north of the Grand Canyon. These rain skies resulted in a major climatic change their fan. Forming a rock. And a white. Sand eventually cover the entire And once again it became an arid and forbidding. As the years. The sand dunes was cemented to colorful rock layers. As a Navajo sandstone. And then create a sense is they too were blanketed and he's an advancing. This latest CD which covered the region during the final period of them as a Lake Erie. Contain several relatively modern forms of fish and other marine life. This time around eighty million years ago. The climate experienced another great change. Was of the animal kingdom were forced to adapt. Dial way Susan said I will some of the land reptiles return to the seat. Only a few among them. Crocodiles. Turtles. Snakes. And some his success. But the magnificent dinosaurs vanished. Mystery of the dinosaurs extinction remains to be solved some would say that bass stretches of what had once been dinosaur country became too cold or the early egg eating mammals interrupted their reproductive cycles and there's evidence that a large asteroid slammed into the surface of the earth. Raised a huge dust cloud that covered the whole planet blocking out the sunlight for years killing appliance and starving the dinosaur. Others that even suggested a change in the air. Neck But whatever the reason the sterling ages a dinosaur in the fourth chapter of the Grand Canyon Chronicles through to a hunting close. Time and more time most diverse says tree as fast. Fascinating forms of life beyond number of come and gone hundreds of ancient landscapes and seascapes I no more US consonance of reach the closest contacts and are beginning to drift to finds but the creation of the Grand Canyon itself because nearly sixty five million years away. The dawn of man is for the still. Chapter five. Centers or a cure. Began about sixty five million years ago. With the late Mrs H. C. long withdrawn the canyon area. Reappeared some troll or play. Settlement still rivers flowing down from the far away mountains. Carried sand and mud into the lakes and swamps the doctor in this latest playing. Before long. Trees were growing in the Maurice tropical climate. The land was becoming a lively. This time with new and different forms of animal life. Mammals. One day far in the future. Their number would it do the most unique species. Homo sapiens. Although there's some evidence that mammals were present during the latter periods of the measures only Kara was during today's Senate so I care that this rapidly evolving life form would become dominant mammals are warm blooded they have the ability to regulate their body temperatures in turn only so I'm like the cold. Drastic changes in the Earth's climate. It's interesting to note here that some of the most primitive mammals gave birth to their young by the laying of eggs just as birds and reptiles and some mammals still do today. This is ill give us the three toed ancestor of our modern forms here Ridgen a good on the North American continent some fifty five million years ago. You have this was about the sun has a small dog and had trouble status with. The loop to Syria was the largest mammal the devil lives reaching a height twice that amount analysis. Then came negativity. Giant Ground slowly. One dollar twenty usually walked on all four legs although he could rerun on his hind legs to reach the opposite was pretty. If tie around a saurus Rex was the fiercest of the dinosaurs. Yeah does match the previous story. Sabretooth kept smiling. Harm with a large crew shot. Smile. Twice. During the stage of early mainly in development the region of the Grand Canyon was crossed by a number of rivers flowing from where then. So the self. These rivers and other forces of erosion. Swept away all the centers like rock layers along with most of the underlying rocks the message. In the dynamic process the raging rivers. Remove many surface structure containing petrified corn bearing trees the dinosaur bones and tracks. Time and store. Prime. Time and the road. On the way the up on those layers of the canyon area. Nearly every trace of two hundred million years of building disappeared from the region of the Grand Canyon. At this point. Story the time is ten million years ago the sand and our glasses fast running out early man has yet to appear on the face of the but the beginning of the creation of the Grand Canyon is now a tent. As the canyon region began to rise the Colorado River begins with eroded it shallow valley into a deeper and deeper going. Ever downward. Cutting river carving its way through the Paleozoic line still the Khyber and totally formations. Then down to the company no sense to the Hermit shake the super PAC. More than three hundred million years of history or expose after the river cut through the ancient seeded positive red line. Meanwhile the Colorado Rockies to the north. Rose. And the time of their group called Still. Here to him Oh snow fell during the winter the melted in the sump. The accumulating snow blew into vast frozen ice fields. And four times during these the ice ages. Massive places covered the land to the north of the Grand Canyon region. The grinding glaciers spread down from five please. Scraping off the tops of the smaller it was stripping away any of the rock layers reading alt. Valleys canyon. Between icy patches climate became warm melting the ice free. The waters from the ice. Swelled the flooding Colorado and its tributaries. The Green River. San Juan. And the Escalade. By sheer power the raging Colorado River cut the mental state into the lowest broccoli use the Grampians. Deep deep political to be boss and depth on mine. But it finally revealed some of the oldest rocks to be found in the world. And so within the span of just a few million years. You have a working Colorado river cards to more than two billion euros planet's history. The last grain of sand in the ugliness is falling. And never ceasing forces of erosion continuously white the Kenyan. Tree roots growing and expanding. Wedge grok from the canyon walls. Contraction and expansion from cold and heat broke off more or. Wind blown sand it's plastic and cutting action wore away even more. And all was it was awesome. Water you will get a way to live. Water undercutting Canyon cliffs breaking off rocks Lance. Widening the gorge and moment. Want to see being down through accent fits to for a narrow and deep tributary or Jews. And or running water than Canyon street was creating long and steep walls side. Frozen. Ice and snow from centuries and centuries of harsh winter storm. And disintegrating Jack and rocked. Still another for us all to the can. A million years. Of the abrupt. Blasted the land with tons of blah blah blah. Yes since this election. Rivers of finally lava poured into the canyon creating dance that long ago. Song lakes. The violent forces of nature always shape. Always change. Face severe. Thunderstorms. With. Some a cloud because. The canyon grew wider and wider up to thirteen miles. Some places. And the river kept down cuts. The awesome erosion to Tunis. To this very day. This then. Is the epic story. Beautiful blue planet has chronic believes that it will. Be amazing. Graham. Nearly five billion years of practice. Together we witness through the evidence found in the rainbow of rocks. Wounded five year. Olds in the lab. OK No was. A world of incredibly high mountains. The dancing teaching ocean. Ancient flood plain. And Siri Hustvedt. World that was frozen. And a world full of ice. And when the long this great for the to new and of time it early Homo sapiens our ancient ancestors. About a million years ago the final fleck of dust falling within the US. What about the future. Well millions of years from now the Grand Canyon one of disappeared victim of the very processes that created it. Yet today there is no seeming end to this epic story. Carved in Stone. It turned only in creation. And creation. Like Time. Changes all things. Oh. The move. The. Her. Out for. The. The and the. The. The. Or. The. Swirling clouds of hydrogen and helium the basic elements of the universe and from these deaths just that other Machel was created. In time series of the cars boats on. Each one containing millions and millions of. These galaxies. A Cosmic Body weeks to critical atomic mass and became a nucular fusion furnace. Or Sun. The brilliance less rose a hundred fifty thousand mind but it's gas or surfaces. You know in the ground the infant son. There appeared nine planets. Together with the Bronx entourage of moon. Comets. Detention space Day Parade. Among the planets is our own. Theatre. The loam body of our solar system to scape a ball of sustaining life as we know. HELLO I'M are somewhat but as a citizen of this most unique and lovely planet. I like you have a very our city about our island all the desired to know its history. But how can we do this we have no crystal ball no magic time machine to take us back through millions of years. We only have what is yours a day. But there is a place. Great natural geological laboratory but don't tell us much of what we want to know. It's also a place of credible. Perfect setting of the telling of such an epic story. Of Grand Canyon. With with. Alone. I'm out Hibs from the California Institute of Technology. Ordinarily my work with context Jet Propulsion Laboratory relates to outer space but now it's my pleasure. Together with Linda Rose. Introduce you to another fascinating region the Grand Canyon. People who have visited this all inspiring area usually depth. And no wonder that scale the men. Ever thought of personal visits it's nearly impossible to conceive such magnitude. From atop the rim you will Frayne winding down the Bright Angel Trail slight little more than the proverbial line a van parked visitors riding the mules feel humble and involved by the enormity of it all. The same feeling holds true for those hardy adventurers braving the mighty Colorado River at the bottom of the canyon. There sensations are all the more Hasan by the close proximity to the natural part of course. In the canyon skies even airplanes are born in the broad panorama they navigate restless Eric or. Tiny silhouettes backed against a monumental background. Large enough to create its own system of weather large enough to be discernable from outer space as awesome spectacle. Dates back only a few million years. This region then was quite different from what it is today. About ten million years ago almost yesterday in terms of geologic time the region of the. And Kenya and was a broad base and the S.C. level. Across the land a peaceful river now known as the Colorado flowed sun has a nice. Box as time went on a gentle want thing of the land from the Mississippi River to tell a fornia began to occur. In the process of reaching the Grand Canyon was uplifted and the river flowed faster cussing at carving its way down way through the geological layers here a spouse. The result is displayed before us today in multicolored splendid a vision in stone more than two billion years the Earth's most fascinating history. So billion years that's a very long time but even so we're told that our planet is older still almost five billion years old one of these numbers mean to what's going to be grassed such large amounts of time the mere counting to five billion at the rate of one number perspective would take more than one hundred fifty years the sand this hour glass. Represents five billion years. Let's go back in time when the earth was born. Planet was among some ball of fire. The surface was aflame with crimson found this leaping miles into space. Rivers of fiery lavatory searing floods as the younger was great for the sound of that was something during the game. Eventually enormous clouds containing dust and gas is going to be in the turbulence primeval atmosphere. And from these clouds the race the. H. upon age that every ray failing countless tell you choose from the house or. In time the falling water square some of the fine. Tuning the surface of the planet school. Great the rock crossed the ancient Earth could be compared and thickness of the skin of this apple but unlike the apple skin the plates were fractured they were broken by internal He changed from the center of the earth. Sometimes these plates shift we have earthquakes. Sometimes they fall apart. Lowlands and permitting volcanoes pressed together causing uplifts Hyla making. Many sides of at the place might have shifted so radically that at one time or Scott perform together on the part of. It's very probable that the North American continent was at one time the equation as to where the continents were in the ark. It's anybody's guess. Throughout this first your logic here are the rains fail frequently creating torrential rivers with Jared. Masses to stand down from the fight places on to the lower. Tier it's great basin filled with. Ocean. In the region. Grand Canyon located today made a set of. Slack land. Then surely the mud and sand. In two layers of rock. Next came a compression rock layers that squeezed and folded them into a mountain range. Reaching some seven miles to the agent sky. Has the arc years late age when. The rains continue to erode the height of the. Running water and other forces of erosion wore down the high mountains and SIL's finally a magnificent feet gone. A canyon region was left. Featureless place. In the at the bottom of the Grand Canyon the flat surface of those ancestral rock the Vishnu shifts provides us with a visible record of that long ago a plane formed from the eroded. Vishnu schist is among the oldest rock sound of the word. And is stop a truncated surface marks the end of the accusor Here are the first geologic chapter in the story of the world. The second chapter of the earth's chronicles the proper has already. Began more than one billion years ago. When the previous mountains now worn down to sea level. The want to use the nature of the ocean at Vance across the sinking land again your region. And bedded in their deposits is evidence of a remarkable earlier the vents in earth's history. Like. There's little question. Arms of life existed on Earth more than three billion years ago. Prices of microscopic organic material have been discovered in Africa dating not far back pretty much approaching listed here too. We'll never know any clothes would have been lost in the. Rocks. But. Has been found. Exist. Just. Once again torrential. Counting large amounts of mud and sand from distant items deposited more layers of rock forming said. Process continued for millions of years. Resulting automatically in a mass of arias on Julia's some two miles that. Eventually the tremendous weight the a few related sentiments really rocked forced a buckling and breaks the broken rocks tilted forming block about. Jag it crests extended thousands of feet into the sky. The same fate as there. Was some running water a road. Subdued ranges. So it was really six hundred million years ago the second. Came to an end. The third chapter in the history of the. It's called the Paleozoic. It began in the canyon region with the advance of another restless all. The load remnants still. As the sea advanced even farther. The islands was submerged in the ballot box set of the sea floor leaving only were read to pass to record the secrets of the past. But beneath the white gap ways. Something exciting. A new kind of life appeared. Primitive seen Adam. Among first with the trial of. Crab like creatures of a group to try and for more than two hundred billion years. Before they became extinct. But the only ones left them to their existence in the form of US many of which are found in the mud rock of the Bright Angel shape. Also found there the fossils of small space. Plans. After a time a new shallow water in buying provided a home for the first imitated types of fish. Canyon region remained under water. For many more millions of years. During this next stage. Sediments and the skeletal remains of marine creatures were piling up at a steady rate on the floor of this new ocean alternately these deposits changed a rock or up left to make what is called the red wall. Left arm Iraq some five hundred feet thick. Primitive had been founded pro performed under water along the red scarf. Early forms of core and shark like this one. The ocean at this absolutely teeming with a great life. As the ages of geological time continue. The canyon region. Underwent yet another great cycles change. The ocean waters drained away leaving a LOL and. Life for the demerge from the sea and other parts of the world when I was living on the new lead. Among them were leafy plant. Seed for. And primitive cone bearing tree. At the same time. Seat and the struggle for survival something develop methods to prepare. Crawling on land in search of plant. One of the first to adapt. Was see Scorpius. Holds. Lungfish summit which grew to lengths of four to six feet. During these millions of years of evolving life forms the rivers continue to. The positive. Think players of mud and sand the top below Delta plane along the borders of the shallow preceded the. Results of this sedimentation are in the red rocks of the super group. The layers of the hermit shale. Together these two strands of side rock formations make up eleven hundred feet of today's grand canyon of. Fossils found here testified to the fact that life forms emerge from the sea and adapted to the land among the fossils are tracts of four footed and. The stone signatures. On a front. Finally shrinkage cracks in Dryden model is tell us the story. Drastically changing find. It was a time of scorching sun. Dry searingly. On grounds. As it stands you prevent. Rainwater. Those scares over this twenty five million year periods cemented the decimal you into layers of stone. They're flowing fastens a scene in the Coconino sense. Along with the clearly deserve tracts of desert dwelling rep. Once again a canyon area was submerged. I now know the scene was delayed it was for the plant amount of. Modern appearing shocked when I'm in the shallow ocean water. Innings of the columns with sponges sea floor was. The likes of Play Station. And C H. And exotic crime. Thank you very much the same as they do today. Grand cycle of life. Countless. Plants of them. Living. Clear see. The remains of these later Paleozoic life are found among the Torah we. Kept. And this amazing variety of fossils prove that this area was again under water but the thought of the sea creatures were beginning to evolve into modern forms. When the tide Betsy was through it marked the end of the Paleozoic Era the certain great chap geologic history. It's come a very long way to get to this point more than four billion years we've seen a vast number of changes as Earth has evolved that life has evolved upon it and now that we know of our distant past. Can the present be far away.
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