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Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation

The studies presented in this collection are related to the area of education in a very broad sense. They comprise experiments based on psychological, linguistic, and information science theories and models, which have been applied to both single individuals and samples.



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Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This study concerns The Dwarf (Dvärgen) by Pär Lagerkvist. The author wanted to give his tribute to the Renaissance masters by letting the dwarf express his scorn and contempt for humanism. Further, Lagerkvist wanted to characterize the greatness and lowness of Man through the prince and his innate dwarf. It is a general conception that the prince character in this novel has retrieved properties from Machiavelli’s Prince. Thus, the research question is whether Lagerkvist, accordingly,...
Topics: duality, mentality, holophor, language space, perspective transformation, fiction, The Dwarf, Pär...
This report presents the psycholinguistic model underlying the development of a method for a computer-based content analysis, called ANACONDA. A program-flow diagram for the construction of concepts illustrates basic steps in the Semantic Differential Technique. Some metric properties of the scales applied are discussed. The empirical approach of scaling linguistic elements (adjectives and verbs), which are taken out of context, are described. The results of the scaling procedures are given...
Topics: scaling, Osgood, semantic differentials, regression, panel, similarity analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Jytte Bang & Ole Elstrup Rasmussen
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On the basis of a dialogue between two students engaged in solving a problem, it is argued that the students differ in their problem-solving capabilities, that is, they reduce the complexity of the situation in different ways. It is also argued that the students do not exhibit the same form of competence. In other words, they make sense of the complex situation in different ways. Further, it is maintained that existing theories are able to explain different aspects of the problem-solving...
Topics: problem solving, learning, competence, control, achievement
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This article presents a competence-oriented experiment on the comprehension of ideas in modern literature. Comprehension is defined as being indicative of competence as distinct from qualification. 117 students from various educational programs in a Swedish gymnasium participated in a course on modem literature and society. In the process of testing, the students were at two occasions exposed to three videotaped projections of model societies. In this connection they responded to 15...
Topics: literature experiment, Literature-Science dependency, modernism, fiction, societal models, future...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This is the second article on the competence theme, which aims at demonstrating the consequences of a new educational paradigm, namely materials-directedness. By this is meant the conceptual control of the built-in disparity of educational materials. By means of a new method for structural analysis (in a biological sense), it is shown how conceptual relations and dimensions of a literary text are laid bare. The demonstration text, which is a description of the idea of behaviourism, is analysed...
Topics: structure, educational materials, behaviourism, concepts
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk, Helge Helmersson, & Bengt Lohmander
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Traditionally, respecting peopleâs choice is considered equal with respecting people. Founded on the premise of choice, elaborated and hierarchically organized organisations have been built up to guarantee growth of living standard for securing quality of life. This article reports on a study, which questions the adequacy of this premise. Three models of feasible societies have been used to study the way in which people prefer one or the other with respect to how uncertain or certain they are...
Topics: Swedish model, projected societies, Latin-square, canonical discriminant analysis, discriminant...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This study is examining the mood in which young people express their sensitivity to a literary idea in writing. The context is the 19th Century Naturalism. An earlier reported study could show that persons, when confronted with evolutionary determined literary texts, are either consistent in their way of approaching those tasks during three years or are open to change. The latter strategy has been interpreted as sensitivity to instruction. In the present study, the concept of sensitivity was...
Topics: AaO axiom, text geometry, functional, PTA, textual morphogenesis, string movement, PES,...
An experimental study was carried out at the Malmö School of Education in 1969 and 1970 for the purpose of studying the effects on the self-assessment of student teachers of, firstly, externally mediated self-confrontation processes (via closed-circuit television and video-recording), and secondly, dyadic confrontation processes (in the form of traditional tutoring). Detailed reports on the background, design and result of the experiment have been presented in Swedish. The present report gives...
Topics: micro-teaching, closed circuit television, video-recording, teacher training, self-confrontation,...
This report contains analyses of the results of student teachers' self-assessment and the assessment by pedagogical experts on videotaped protocol material. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlations. Further, the ANOVA has been carried out in three steps: Analysis of (1) structure of the F-tests, (2) precision and power and (3) post hoc analyses. Canonical correlations have been analysed with regard to (1) significant bi-variate relations, (2) the relations...
Topics: CCTV-experiment, assessments, educational experts, self-confrontation, contrast analysis, Anova,...
The goal of the study presented in this paper is based on the idea that James Gibson proposed a radical and productive ecological approach not only to the study of perception but also to conception. The present experiment is an attempt to generalise Gibsonâs approach to understanding peoplesâ perception and conception of their social and cultural environment. The experiment has been designed within a multivariate experimental frame and was carried out with 160 lower division university...
Topics: observer, environment, involvement, representation, function, Latin-square, discriminant function
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Language processing can hardly be discussed without a statement of the fundamentals on which the instrumentation rests. The models and their operationalisation express the linguist's starting-points, more or less conscious, when he faces the phenomenon of language. A commonly accepted position in linguistics is that language is a set of culturally transmitted conventions. The language describing these conventions is called a linguistic model when it forms some systematics. To linguists this...
Topics: agent function, Kantian schema, AaO-model, perspective control, empirical validity
The report is a bibliographical account of German literature on television as a technical aid in education and in pedagogical and psychological research. The bibliography covers publications produced between 1960 and 1970.
Topics: television, technical aid, bibliographic data, subject index, name index
The present paper is intended to give an account of the reactions of 19 years old students of a Swedish Gymnasium to some 20 th century ideas and their social implementation. The students were exposed to three potential developments of future societies and thereafter an extended course on modern literature took place. All participating students, in all 90 subjects, were re-tested on the same three videotape societies. The purpose with his test-retest design was to study the possible impact of...
Topics: literature, model society, educational profile, scientific paradigms
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Five reports are planned on translating the original Latin text of Chapter 44 of Tacitus’ Germania, into Swedish, Danish, English, French and German . The present study concerns the Swedish version which points towards configurations that, with respect to the original text on the Suiones, have produced dissimilarities in the dimensions of Intention (Int) and Orientation (Ort). Founded on space divisions, rigorous examinations have been carried out on the validity of the involved...
Topics: european mentality, screening, reception literature, AaO formalism, global trend, inside analysis,...
This report suggests a new approach to quantification of the relationships within a whole sentence and presents a system for the analysis of concepts by data processing (ANACONDA). The psychological model for ANACONDA is outlined and a first measure building up concepts with an empirical root is discussed. Panel assessments have been used for quantification resulting in high reliability scores. By means of cluster analysis the empirical materials concerning researchers' views of scientific...
Topics: psycholinguistics, concept formation, cognition, interview data, psychometrics, regression analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Scientific communication presumes a well functioning information and documentation system. Information retrieval systems have been designed for making possible rapid and precise answers to inquiries. This report includes (1) a short survey of international and national documentation activities, (2) a description of rules and criteria to be used and the way these can be applied in an information retrieval system, and (3) some empirical results, identifying the needs for information and the uses...
Topics: information needs, information uses, computer-based literature search, retrieval systems
This work presents a longitudinal didactic experiment based on the idea that literature, especially fiction, can serve as a basis for developing competence. Of critical importance is the teacher’s knowledge of the variation of conceptual depth in teaching materials. Based on five empirically discovered degrees of difficulty in literary texts, examples of writers and novels suitable as teaching materials for each degree are discussed. Further, a three-year authentic program in the subject of...
Topics: competence, didactics, longitudinal, high school, training, Swedish, synthesis, literature, fiction
L ooking with a holistic perspective at a Bellman Song means considering a certain kind of energy investment. Lest its underlying cause can be established, it would be unlikely to detect changes that will affect the conceptual configuration of a song. A geometric point of view on magnitude and direction needs to be calculated and presented in the form of Potential Energy Surfaces (PES). Especially PES graphs are much more than just depictions of rhythms. Their unfolding is manifesting the...
Topics: bellman, song, energy investment, state attractions, poetry, AaO mechanisms, bi-componential...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Abstract   Any discussion of drinking must begin with the idea of fluidity inherent in liquid. The origin of drinking is arising out of ingesting water. However, it is not water in itself that is of import, instead, it is its precondition for health and life. In the study of the beer-drinking theme in the Germania of Tacitus, drinking rituals at the Symbel have played a fundamental role. Beer or ‘bior’ of the Norse is a component of import in various Germanic cultures. It has remained the...
Topics: Destiny, Old Norse, Old Icelandic, angular articulation, non-linear dynamics, comprehension,...
For the first time in the history of psychological and educational measurement the Kantian schema has been applied to natural language expression in a rigorous and precise way. The crucial novelty of the approach concerns the way in which the Kantian schema interrelates the analytic with the synthetic mode in the construction of the presented formalism. The main thesis advanced is based on the premise that the synthetic in contrast to the analytic proposition plays the central role in the...
Topics: measuring, change, Kant, AaO system, expression, consciousness, carrier, language, dance, language,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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An early poem by Tomas Tranströmer, “Sammanhang” (Connectedness) from the collection 17 poems (1954) has been studied. With the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] model and the associated procedures of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/ Vertex), an approach is presented for discovering the interior of modern poetry. The study describes how the articulatory side interacts with its non-articulatory side for imaging an interior landscape in the form of energy flows and fusions. Through the technique,...
Topics: Swedish poetry, literary analysis, language geometry, AaO formalism, non-linear analysis, angular...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The introduction begins with the biographical presentation of two European leaders, Angela Merkel (1954 and ongoing) and Margaret Thatcher (1925 – 2013). The initial remarks offered, imply a short review, which means an attribution of semantic properties. The purpose with the study is to provide an opportunity to realise the Vertex version of Perspective Text Analysis. Its self-referential property is part of the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] formalism, which is generating a manifold of...
Topics: European crisis, Angela Merkel, Margaret Thatcher, spirit, ethics, overpowering, reshaping power
An attempt to modify perception and evaluation of student teachers with the aid of self-confrontation mediated with video recordings on one hand and conventional tutoring on the other is the subject of this report. Background to the experiment, a detailed description of the layout and a presentation of the measuring instruments are given together with evaluation of the internal and external validity of the taken approach. The report provides basic data for the doctoral thesis...
Topics: self-confrontation, teacher training, tutoring, cctv, micro-lessons, video-recording, experimental...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract   There is a conviction among leading beer historians that Hildegard von Bingen introduced hops as additive in beer, although there exist several skeptical voices about it. The aim of this article is to give a contribution to the elucidation of some facts in this matter. Two texts were analyzed with Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), which captures internal relationships in texts. The first analysis concerned the widely referred translation of chapter 61 about the hop plant in...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), text geometry, translation, Hildegard von Bingen, middle...
This report describes the development and application of the idea of microteaching in research and education. It presents a cybernetic model for a systematic and controlled study of the way in which the individual makes use of different feedback devices for self-control and self-direction. The model is applied in an examination of an extremely comprehensive collection of research literature. The result of the investigation is studied with regard to its significance for a person's ability to...
Topics: cybernetic model, microsettings, experiments, teacher education
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Barbara Marker
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This paper describes differences between the capacity of Swedish and Danish students to attain life quality. This was carried out by examining the level of competence in four different groups of Swedish and Danish students, and is based on the hypothesis that the possession of competence is a premise for the development of life quality. Competence means the ability to make sense in complex situations; more concretely it is the quality on the basis of which the individual activates his or her...
Topics: life quality (LQ), competence, adaptation, model society, factor analysis, ANOVA
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This seminar paper contains a short principled discussion of the use of prepositions in the interaction of language with information science models. The point of departure is the problems of ambiguity identified in various computer-based approaches to the specification of information. The paper ends up in a proposal for ecological thinking in text analyses where the concept of action range should have the cue function. Examples are taken from the context of the Visual Cliff experiments. The...
Topics: preposition, cognition, element, information, organization, language, ecology
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The major assumption made is that language as a natural system is both self-organising and self-referential. Compared to common syntactic-semantic approaches, the present approach is ecological and builds on the unambiguous identification of textual agents and agencies together with their objectives. Because information transaction cannot be studied without an emphasis on the text producerâs text building behaviour, his intended and oriented schematising as unitising activity has been focused...
Topics: AaO system, expression, proposition, text building, behaviour, agent, scale factor, operative...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschen & Inger Bierschenk
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How to study knowledge representation on empirical grounds has been made the theme of this article. It emphasises in particular the steering and controlling function of the agent. The agents of a text are bound to a perspective. By differentiating the perspective from the figure and its ground the method presented shows how these basic components covariate. Their coordinative structure is brought out by means of a topographic representation.
Topics: agent, function, topographic, representation, steering, mechanism, hierarchical, cluster, ESS,...
This article is advancing the bio-kinematic and demonstrates that the discovered mechanism can capture emergent "AaO" units and track their growth in complexity. It is demonstrated that the textual morphogenesis is generating corresponding informational invariants. On the basis of the translation function, it is made evident that the sequential textual translation of English to Swedish and Swedish to Italian is producing the condition for an effective control of the AaO's within a...
Topics: pertex, vertex, evolution, language dynamics, translation, adaptive landscape, structural distance,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Three of the most prominent First Ladies in the world, Brigitte Macron, Peng Liyuan, and Melania Trump are in focus of the present study. Its aim was to examine in detail their external and internal style by means of a short statement they have made about education. Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex) is the method applied, whose capacity is to lay bare the flow dynamics of a text as well as its structural dynamics. The study gave insights into the first ladies’ style of approaching...
Topics: First Lady, Brigitte Macron, Peng Liyuan, Melania Trump, Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), Energy...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract   In ancient times, sorcery has been associated with the suggestive and rhythmic language of poets and storytellers. The poet could have high standing among the rulers for his praise or be feared by his satires. A person using this kind of malum carmen (vicious song) could be sentenced to death if the honour of another citizen was at stake. Throughout history, the acceptance of sorcery in a society alters depending on whether the magic used is conceived as good or bad. This study...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis, PTA, angular articulation, nonlineare dynamics, sorcery, defamation,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article presents an ecological theory of language and text. It is assumed that the development of language and the production of text are perspective creating activities. A perspective is formed when the material and the immaterial dimension of a text meet. This process can be discovered through a formal mechanism, of which the core component is the Agent. By means of examples from historical times some facts and circumstances are discussed, which support the idea that an Agent, that is,...
Topics: text, geometry, energy, landscapes, fusion, dynamics, flow, Kantian, AaO system, 3D, language,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Helge Helmersson
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This article presents an attempt to construct a knowledge model on the basis of' the use of a computer-based planning model. The precision and analysis of different knowledge generation processes are made with reference to the school environment. The basic unit of analysis is a “timetable unit” defined within the timetable as a number of combina­tions of subject-teacher-class-room. The timetable unit is conceptualised as a unity, while the relations between the components are used for a...
Topics: frames, timetable, planning, school, computer-based
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article is a discussion of the possibility of changing the view of knowledge producing activities toward a competence directed education. After presentation of the traditional behaviouristic model and its consequences when applied on teaching, a new concept of competence is suggested, which differs from the concept of qualification. An important part of the article deals with the evaluation as an idea and a method for quality control. It is shown that evaluation of teacher effectiveness is...
Topics: competence, evaluation research, goal-directedness
This report presents the psycholinguistic model underlying the development of a method for a computer-based content analysis, called ANACONDA. A program-flow diagram for the construction of concepts illustrates basic steps in the Semantic Differential Technique. Some metric properties of the scales applied are discussed. The empirical approach of scaling linguistic elements (adjectives and verbs), which are taken out of context, are described. The results of the scaling procedures are given...
Topics: content analysis, Osgood, semantic differentials, discriminant functions, similarity analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The purpose of constructing measures of the concepts (1) quality of life and (2) dignity was to assess the possibility of self-actualisation and the constraints on life within each of three simulated social organisations. The potential predictors of the first experiment were derived by a factor analytic study of 51 statements based on N = 271 subjects. The extracted scales are (1) adaptability-security, (2) freedom of action, and (3) physical existence. The predictors of the second study were...
Topics: behavioural science, basic models, assessment, dignity, life quality
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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 The present discussion serves the explanation of the Carolingian steps taken to transform Germanic Barbarism into Western European Civilization. Instrumental is the inscription, engraved into the Shield of Roland of Bremen. Although covered by textual surface properties, its conceptual space is approachable on the basis of the (AaO) axiom. Since corresponding state attractors make up geometric landscapes, they are building up their own unique development of micro structures. A treatment of...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis, PTA-Vertex, text geometry, Carolingians, barbarism Western European...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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In the present study, emphasis is put on two kinds of measurement. One concerns the analysis of verbal flows by means of Volume-Elasticity measures. The other is directed toward the analysis of information flow structures and their representation in the form of a Metaphysical Cube. Because information transaction cannot be studied without an emphasis on the text producer's text building behaviour, his intended and oriented schematising as unitising activity has been focused upon. To get this...
Topics: Europe, thought, kinetics, text building, tensile strength, kinematics, grouping, branching, cube,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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With growing amounts of research data it becomes increasingly difficult to handle and maintain them and also get an overview over their structure. When a research project has been going for some years, various types of materials have been collected and stored in various ways and at different places. The purpose of this document is to describe how the body of records of a research project at a Swedish research department during the years 1972-1977 has been organized for the archives. The data...
Topics: data filing, information storage, information retrieval, documentation
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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In a study of a quote from Tacitus, the purpose is to show how the reversibly synthesizing [AaO] mechanism of Perspective Text Analysis operates and can be used in the sequencing and description of an Ancient Latin paragraph. Sequencing implies the coding of strings at the edge where changes in resonating graphemes occur and become sensitive to the producer’s timing. The employed coding is producing a geometric configuration which, moreover, is free from any semantic interpretation....
Topics: Morphogenetic structure, geometric distance, consciousness, self-reference, historical time, Latin...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Abstract   Fundamental to the Oktoberfest is the provision that the deeply ingrained structural cores of the landscape can be taken into account. Through the explicitness of the functional state-termini relations, they have the capacity to enhance the relationship between motifs and themes. It follows that their causal determination can be treated as an efficient adaptation to the festival and transformational fitness. By building up its own dimensionality, the landscape has the capacity to...
Topics: Oktoberfest, Volksfest, AaO axiom, motifs, themes, state attractors, toastmaster, affection,...
The article is advancing the bio-kinetic hypothesis of string rotation. Demonstrated is a stepping function. This function shows that the discovered mechanism is working within single "AaO" units. By attaching a dot to the string, states of rotation can be marked and imaged in real time. In keeping track of the orientation of the dot, sliding over the domains (A, O) is demonstrated and the involved state changes have been made manifest. Textually, it is demonstrated that the...
Topics: movement, rotation, string, language, space, experiment, control, semantic-free, coordination-free,...
The major assumption made is that language as a natural system is both self-organising and self-referential. Compared to common syntactic-semantic approaches, the present approach is ecological and builds on the unambiguous identification of textual agents and agencies together with their objectives. Because information transaction cannot be studied without an emphasis on the text producer’s text building behaviour, his intended and oriented schematising as unitizing activity has been focused...
Topics: perspective, control, agent, integration, entanglement, text building, behaviour, information law,...
The objective of this and the two forthcoming articles is to describe the fundamental discontinuities of human existence. The reason for starting with entrepreneurship is twofold. The entrepreneurial sciences represent a tradition the subject matter of which is change, and the relation between the singular and the super singular constitutes a problem which has frustrated the cognition of human activity. The analysis of some classic theories of entrepreneurship shows that - given a sufficient...
Topics: entrepreneurship, discontinuity, dialectic logic, existence, global perspective
An experimental study was carried out at the Malmö School of Education in 1969 and 1970 for the purpose of studying the effects on the self-assessment of student teachers of, firstly, externally mediated self-confrontation processes (via closed-circuit television and video-recording), and secondly, dyadic confrontation processes (in the form of traditional tutoring). Detailed reports on the background, design and result of the experiment have been presented in Swedish. The present report gives...
Topics: microteaching, self-assessment, external, mediation, self-confrontation, CCTV, VR, dyadic...
Abstract     Human language ability is usually seen as an effect of a sudden leap in genetic mutation that equipped man with a frame of generative rules for language production. Noam Chomsky’s idea implies that communication between people and over time would be a matter of agreeing on what categories shall be put into the framework. Thus, a skeptical attitude towards the depicting ability of language can be found among scholars who adhere to this agreement. However, the premise of the...
Topics: Language geometry, AaO formalism, non-linear analysis, energy landscapes, biology of language,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract    Six modern translations into the (1) Swedish, (2) Danish, (3) English, (4) German, (5) French and (6) Italian languages have been made the foundation for the stablishment of potential energy surfaces (PES) as well as free energy surfaces (FES). The experimental treatment of the Italian translation will begin in behavioural terms. Structural relations are produced which make up the precondition for the production of the named relationship between emerging state attractions. To...
Topics: European mentality, perspectivation, reception literature, AaO formalism, global trend, inside...
The report describes the development of an interactive be­haviour simulator, anchored in theories of behavioural science. It is based on an interaction between teacher be­haviours and video-recorded pupil reactions.  After presen­tation of a number of investigations concerning simulation  in teacher training,  a short description is given of the de­velopment of a simulator (SIR). This version has been tested on a small number of student teachers . The results of the tests and reactions...
Topics: self-confronation, interactive behaviour, simulation, behaviour theories, real-time imaging
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Gustav A. Lienert
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This report describes simple methods to test clusters in samples of N profiles or N learning curves For sign patterns from k binary variables with probabilities {p = 1/2) of being plus or minus under homogeneity hypothesis (H0) r = Zk simultaneous binomial tests are suggested to detect clusters of patterns. Clusters are defined as patterns occurring more often than expected under H0. The main application is to k continuously distributed variables, which have been dichotomised at their medians...
Topics: nonparametric method, cluster, dichotomized patterns, learning curve, panel judgement
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article presents the prerequisites and implications of a new method called Perspective Text Analysis. The discussion concerns some basic differences in social science and linguistic approaches to language modelling and its consequences. The concepts of organisation and structure are contrasted and it is shown and explained the reason why these concepts are mixed up in models of language and texts. In the model presented, text is conceptualised as an exact depiction of the continuous and...
Topics: organisation, structure, cutting edge, information flow
In a self-confrontation experiment (1969/70), student teachers have been put through an extensive test battery containing personality tests, cognitive tests and attitude tests. In this report are presented the main results of an analysis of the influence of personality on the student teachers perception and evaluation during self-confrontation with their own video-recorded micro-lessons.
Topics: student, teacher, interaction, microteaching, experiment, personality variables, videorecording
This report presents and motivates the theoretical frame of reference and choice of research strategies and methods in a project on research planning. It contains (1) a theoretical model and (2) empirical data concerning the initial phase of the research process. A model, based on principles of general systems theory and a psychology of information, is described and the design of an interview study and its realization is reported. Problems of data processing and data analysis are discussed. A...
Topics: research problems, structuring, perception evaluation, policy, descriptive statistics, general...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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In a number of preceding articles having appeared in this series it has been demonstrated that the AaO paradigm can be used to develop a cognitive helical structure. The present article advances the process to the forth of five phases. Of the four dependent variables emerging at this stage, two will be discussed, namely (1) zero processing and (2) variations in form. The other two will be presented in a forthcoming article. A short introduction gives some of the basics that govern the process....
Topics: AaO paradigm, design, helix, structure, semantics, lexicon, expansion, sphere, illusion, factor,...
This is the last article in a series of three, the objective of which is to describe the fundamental discontinuities of human existence. In the first article: The fundamental concepts of human existence and the relation between the singular and the super-singular, it is shown, among other things, that a number of classic theories have three fundamental concepts of development in common: canalization that encompasses transference of something from one another, correlation that encompasses...
Topics: self-reference, AaO system, human, existence, discontinuity, perspectivation
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Ole Elstrup Rasmussen & Jørgen Aage Jensen
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This report includes a presentation of basic theoretical and methodological assumptions for investigating the relationship between competence and qualifications by means of simulation tasks. An analysis of the types of tasks that have been used in the study of problem solving psychology serves as a background for an exposition of the relationship between competence and qualifications. The vehicle for investigating competence and qualification is the INTOPIA program, which involves a task that...
Topics: problem, solving, competence, intopia, program, pilot, study, behaviour model
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The assumption in this article is that consciousness can be transferred and transformed over times, over texts, and over cultures, provided that a high-quality medium can perform satisfactorily in order to reflect this consciousness. The assumption implies that consciousness is embedded in a style of writing. When sensing a text from earlier times, a reader must be able to pick up the structural relations of this text and mediate them in its own style of writing. In this study, the medium is a...
Topics: consciousness, writing style, language space, transformation, structural stability, literary...
This report describes a Swedish contribution to computer-based content analysis research. The method is compared to international conventions regarding the treatment of text for computer-based analysis. An account is given of how a dictionary can be built up  on the basis of the Swedish language. The coding of the text is based on a theory about thought structures and the report describes the way in which this theory can be converted into a system for coding concepts and relations. The system...
Topics: computer-based content analysis, cognitive models, conceptual dependency theory, coding system,...
The report is divided into five subparts: Part 1 gives a general presentation of the training and research organisation of the School of Education and its functions and relations in the educational system of Sweden. Part 2 gives a description of the organisation and goals of the several training sections at the School of Education and of the training schools connected with the School of Education. Part 3 contains a survey of the organisation, function and research activities of the Department...
Topics: Sweden, teacher, education, research, profile, training, school, timetable, study
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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 Abstract   Fundamental to the Oktoberfest is the provision that the deeply ingrained structural cores of the landscape can be taken into account. Through the explicitness of the functional state-termini relations, they have the capacity to enhance the relationship between motifs and themes. It follows that their causal determination can be treated as an efficient adaptation to the festival and transformational fitness. By building up its own dimensionality, the landscape has the capacity to...
Topics: Oktoberfest, Volksfest, AaO axiom, motif, theme, state attractors, toastmaster, affection,...
This report contains a description of a technique for a computer-based content analysis of interview text . Some steps in the development of a rule system for coding are reported. The evaluation of a preliminary system of rules is described and evaluation data are presented. Furthermore is integrated an extensive control of punching and punch cards for the purpose of attaining a perfect material. The presentation of the work, carried out so far, is pre­ceded by a linguistic discussion.
Topics: computer-based content analysis, coding rules, reliability tests, linguistic models
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Effective communication is of crucial importance for the development of effective social organisations. Deficient communication combined with rapid technological and social changes appears to lead to both ecological and psychological imbalance. An increasing number of environmental groups are working for ecological improvements, but young people seem to find it increasingly difficult to master the task of developing an integrated personality. This shows itself in stress and an inability to...
Topics: behaviour patterns, behaviour change, television, simulation, teacher education, personality...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
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The basic hypothesis of the presented contribution is that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce natural language expressions. The shape of the mind of a particular person can be discovered through the mechanisms forming the corresponding language space. Although covered by textual surface properties, this space is approachable with VERTEX which is a new version of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). Due to the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) axiom, it has been possible to...
Topics: functional text geometry, PTA/Vertex, text processiong, AaO model, algorithmic coding
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The purpose of the discussion in this article is to give an evolutionary background to a method developed for the analysis of language seen as expression of intention and morality. The method is named “Perspective Text Analysis”. This name indicates that beyond the physical dimension of a text there is a metaphysical one, which can be discovered by a formal mechanism. The cue component of this mechanism is the Agent, which controls the perspective of the text. It has developed as a...
Topics: language evolution, AaO-axiom, consciousness, language model, perspective control, Kantian schema,...
Information retrieval systems have been designed for making possible rapid and precise answers to queries. This report contains an analysis and discussion of the applied strategy for manual and computer-based search for literature on the subject: uses of closed circuit television in the behavioural sciences. The results of the manual search have been published 1969 in the series Didakometry, No. 24, but the result of the computer-based search is presented in this report.
Topics: literature search, bibliometrics, search profiles, frequency distributions, computer-based search,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The significance of a quote of the Gothic King Athaulf resides not in its physical reality, but in its hypothetical mental share, which can be approach on the basis of the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] paradigm. By analysing the quote of the King, important conclusions can be drawn of its significance for present-day politics. However, the explanations can be given only through an account of what is in the links of the corresponding textual expression. Therefore, its underlying intention and...
Topics: German, tribes, Gothic, European, limits, migration, competition, Roman, Empire, strategy,...
The report presents a research program, the purpose of which is to study (1) the development of the individual's self-cognition and competence in handling interpersonal relations, (2) the individual's sensitivity in observing the course of an event and ability to develop flexible strategies of behaviour in interactions with others. A model for the simulation of interactive behaviour is outlined. The model is based on three behavioural principles and has guided the preliminary construction of a...
Topics: behaviour simulation, model development, interaction strategies, test results
This is the second article on the competence theme, which aims at demonstrating the consequences of a new educational paradigm, namely materials-directedness. By this is meant the conceptual control of the built-in disparity of educational materials. By means of a new method for structural analysis (in a biological sense), it is shown how conceptual relations and dimensions of a literary text are laid bare. The demonstration text, which is a description of the idea of behaviourism, is analysed...
Topics: instructional materials, competence development, conceptual depth, fiction
In this investigation, the influence of self-confrontation on the behaviour while explaining reasoning problems is analysed with the aid of several parameters of verbal behaviour. The behavioural change of persons with the opportunity to come to an understanding of their own behaviour by means of video recordings is compared with the behavioural change of persons without self-confrontation. Moreover, the explanatory behaviour  in general and the change of the explanatory behaviour after...
Topics: self-confrontation, teacher training, kommunication, regression analysis, personality variables,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The discussion in this article takes its point of departure in the generally accepted position of cognition-oriented scientists that intelligent behaviour requires an organism/formalism, which can abstract information from the environment. By examining some operationalised schema models the author shows to what extent these have been capable of explaining the development of behaviourally meaningful cognitive functions. The discussion of the models is oriented towards techniques for specifying...
Topics: organism, formalism, cognitive functions, schema model, progressive behaviour, autonomous observer,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The focus of the presentation is on the individual’s comprehension of “citizenship”. Study and analysis of citizenship concerns a person’s co-operative interaction with various physical and social surroundings as well as the cognitive integration of these surroundings. A person can achieve this integration through development of his abilities of judgement. Thus the aim is to make apparent the kinds of judgement that have been manifested on the basis of three different sequences of...
Topics: citizenship, projection, future, cognitive integration
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Because computer-oriented researchers apply cognitive notions such as meaning, symbol and understanding, or concept, cognition and knowledge, it has become mandatory to inquire into the traditional explanatory models of science, including behaviourism. The article outlines the steering and control mechanism that has governed a new outlook in which subjective mental states become functionally interactive and essential for a full explanation of conscious behaviour. The presented model has...
Topics: phase relations, design structure, axiomatic basis, recurrent factorial design
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The mental event horizon of law maker can be analysed, based on the Agentaction-Objective [AaO] paradigm. The roots of [A] and [O] are used with the purpose to explain structural novelties, resulting from an approach to Hammurabi’s Epilogue to his code of Law. Though, the particular operations of translating the code into English and the production of corresponding rotations have an influence on the developing spaces of intention and orientation. The concept of a landscape allows for the...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), energy landscape, character, endorsement, law code, Hammurabi,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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This article presents a study in cognitive economics. It originates from a survey of mechanics  carried out by a Swedish multinational machine industry. The verbal response of seven US and seven Swedish mechanics to three open questions  concerning information needs were analysed with Perspective Text Analysis. Only configurations building on significant groupings, which do not fall below the lower limit  of t. 90 of the t-distribution, are retained in the analysis. The structures embedded...
Topics: cognitve, economics, structure, dimensionality, workers, multinational, industry
The research projects SÖK and SIR had regular meetings during the academic year 1975-76. The author has summarised the discussions at the meetings with the aid of notes taken. The activities of the projects have been documented, both discussions of research as well as of practical nature. In this report are summarised the main subjects of discussion, the way in which the activities were distributed over the year, and how the activities of the group members have been reflected in the protocols....
Topics: teamwork, research process, policy, protocol data, micro-ecology