Aim: The aim of the study is to compare clinical, angiographic, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic data between indigenous and non-indigenous residents of Yakutia. Study design: We performed cross-sectional analysis of the Registry of Selective Coronary Angiography (SCAG) of the Yakutsk Republican Hospital for the period from 2004 to 2007. All patients (n=1,233) were admitted to hospital from all 35 regions of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). Initially, 12 (1%) patients, who had abnormal coronary arteries and 259 (21%) patients with normal coronary arteries were excluded from this study. From the remaining 962 (78%) patients with detected coronary artery atherosclerosis 394 (41%) patients were excluded for having congenital heart malformations due to possible influence on the outcomes of examination for myocardial hypertrophy. Finally, only 568 patients were selected for further examinations. Methods: We analyzed clinical data, and the findings of selective angiography, multi-detector computed tomography (CT), electrocardiography (ECG), 24-hour Holter ECG monitoring and echocardiography. Results: (a) In the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) single-vessel coronary disease, coronary stenosis with 50–75% and 75–90% of constriction were detected more often among indigenous males, while multiple-vessel coronary stenosis was detected more often among non-indigenous males as well as stenosis with more than 90% of constriction. Lower calcium score mean (349.1±129.8 vs. 621.8±115.2) was observed among indigenous patients compared to non-indigenous patients; (b) Painless myocardial infarction, painless ischaemia, arterial hypertension and atrial fibrillation were detected more often among indigenous male compared to non-indigenous participants; (c) Based on the results of ECG and echocardiographic examinations, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, particular eccentric type of hypertrophy, was found more commonly among indigenous than non-indigenous males; and (d) By laboratory findings, indigenous males had significantly lower triglyceride levels, while platelet counts were higher compared to non-indigenous patients. Obesity was observed less frequently among indigenous men compared to non-indigenous men. Conclusion: The differences observed in this study are disputable and call for further studies. Collection of reliable data for women should be the aim of future studies.