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Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology

Dr. Seth Tarrer

A study of Jeremiah that focuses on its literary and canonical argument, drawing on the history of interpretation and considering its implications for Christian faith (doctrine) and practice (ministry). In so doing, we consider a number of major issues in theology and ministry such as the Word of God, OT Theology, salvation, and covenant.



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Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology
May 12, 2017 Dr. Seth Tarrer
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What is an Old Testament Theology? Consider that the God of the Bible saw fit to transmit a two-testament canon. Christianity did not change the shape of the Old Testament we have. Anyone who advocated removal of the Old Testament was deemed a heretic. The Septuagint (LXX) was a Jewish translation. The theology of the Old Testament is a Christian enterprise. LXX was a Jewish translation the beginning of which was prior to Jesus' advent. What text did Jesus himself speak from? Consider that...
Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology
May 12, 2017 Dr. Seth Tarrer
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Continue to explore the topic of biblical theology. In the early church we have Irenaeus’ "The Rule of Faith", Origen and the figurative sense of Scripture, and Augustine with his work, "On Christian Doctrine" which for him was a mode of accessing the truth. In the Medieval Period and Reformation we have Thomas Aquinas who used the senus literalis or the literal sense of Scripture. The Quadriga is the literal, allegorical, tropological, and anagogical level of Scripture....
Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology
May 12, 2017 Dr. Seth Tarrer
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Compare the Ancient Near East and Old Testament prophets. First consider monotheism as found in Joshua 24:15, “And if it is evil in your eyes to serve the Lord, choose this day whom you will serve, whether the gods your fathers served in the region beyond the River, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you dwell. But as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.” We also read in Jeremiah 2:11, “Has a nation changed its gods, even though they are no gods? But my people have changed...
Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology
May 12, 2017 Dr. Seth Tarrer
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Explore poetic speech with parallelism as found in Nahum 2:4 with (A) “The chariots race madly through the streets” and (B) “They rush to and fro through the squares.” Consider the figures of speech including the simile as found in Hosea 6:4, “Your love is like a morning cloud, like the dew that goes away early.” Hosea 13:3 also has a ‘dew’ theme. Explore the forms of prophetic speech and form criticism. Consider judgment oracles which include an indictment and sentence as found...
Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology
May 12, 2017 Dr. Seth Tarrer
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There are misconceptions about what a prophet is or is not in the context of the synagogue or the church. The Hebrew term is nabi’im and the Greek term is προφητη prophet and not simply to “foresee”. For Calvin, prophets are interpreters of the Law. Consider the distinction between prophet and priest. There are four titles in the definition of Prophet. One title is seer or visionary, a ḥōzeh in Amos 7:12. Another is a diviner or rō’eh. This is someone who can consult and...
Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology
May 12, 2017 Dr. Seth Tarrer
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Explore symbolic prophetic acts in the Old Testament. Consider 1 Kings 11:30-32. Consider the sign and the thing signified. Martin Luther stated, "The gospel gives the righteousness that the law demands." In Jeremiah we see the symbolic acts in the loincloth (13:1-11), the shattering of the jug (19:1-5), the yoke (28), the field (32:1-15), the burying of stones in clay pavement (43: 8-13), and the scroll in the Euphrates (51:59-64). [cf. Shead, 121] We read that Isaiah was naked for 3...
Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology
May 12, 2017 Dr. Seth Tarrer
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View a picture of Marc Chagall’s “Prophet Jeremiah”. Consider the Ancient Near East setting of prophets and prophecy. In the Ancient Near East, the prophets' prophecy was a form of divination. Extiapicy was an examination of animal entrails. Hepatoscopy was an examination of livers (usually sheep). Astrology was a Mesopotamian study famous in ancient world. Oneiromancy concerned dreams and Augury concerned flights of birds. Lecanomancy was the behavior of oil on the surface of water....
Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology
May 12, 2017 Dr. Seth Tarrer
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Continue to explore the history of biblical theology. In the 17th Century and Post-Reformation Period we have J.P. Gabler who held that we must classify and study each particular text, compare various parts of the Canon to determine where it converges and diverges from the rest of Scripture, and look for universal truths. G. L. Bauer separates Old and New Testament theologies into distinct camps. For J. Semler, the Old and New Testaments are different religions and his agenda is what is...
Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology
May 12, 2017 Dr. Seth Tarrer
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The Book of Jeremiah begins (1:1-4), “The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests who were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, to whom the word of the Lord came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign. It came also in the days of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, until the end of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the son of Josiah, king of Judah, until the exile of Jerusalem in the fifth month. Now the word of the Lord came...
Jeremiah: Exegesis and Theology
May 12, 2017 Dr. Seth Tarrer
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Explore the call of Jeremiah in 1:11-12. Explore divination in the Old Testament. There were two types of oracles. One type was the inductive or objectivity including concrete phenomenon. Consider a Babylonian liver omen. Another type of oracle was the noninductive or subjective including “Thus saith the Lord”. Consider Deuteronomy 18:20-22. Explore the term “prophet”. The Greek is πρό or forth, before, and for plus φητης or speaker. A prophet is “one who speaks forth or...