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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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Terrestrial insects are responding to ongoing climate change. While these responses have been primarily linked to rising temperatures, insects are sensitive to desiccation, and the impacts of altered precipitation regimes remain relatively unexplored. Here, we develop a mechanistic model of survival and performance responses to both temperature and desiccation stress, focussing on Lepidoptera in Africa, where a general understanding of such responses to climate change is urgently required. We...
Topics: Butterfly, Climate change, Dehydration, Mechanistic model, Moth, Pest management, Thermal physiology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Higher temperatures and evaporative demand forecasted for Colorado forests by the end of the century suggest that soil water limitation increasingly will negatively impact whole plant performance. At the same time, upslope or poleward migration of plant ranges in response to warming may result in species experiencing cooler overnight temperatures, particularly if extremes in climate increase. In 2014 we established three experimental gardens along a temperature/elevation gradient to test the...
Topics: Aspen, Climate change, Freeze tolerance, Osmotic adjustment, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Guang Yi Wei; Wei Wei; Bin Wen; Zheng Gong; Tao Yang; Zhao Feng Zhang; Hong Fei Ling
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Neoproterozoic cap dolostones, which ubiquitously overlie Marinoan glacial diamictites, may record marine and climatic paleo-environmental conditions at the termination of the largest glacial epoch in Earth's history. Many geochemical indices have been used to interpret cap dolostone formation in the context of extreme climate change in the aftermath of the Marinoan glaciation. However, there are significant debates about whether these geochemical data represent global signals or regional...
Topics: Marinoan cap dolostone, calcium isotope, deglaciation climate, meltwater, mixing model, strontium...
Virtual water (VW) is defined as the water required in the production of goods. The objective of the study is to quantify the temporal variation in the virtual water trade in India from the year 2006–2016 through popular food and livestock products. Water management issues need to consider the VW trade since food production consumes large amount of water. The study was carried out using the data of exports and imports of food and livestock products of India as well as their VW consumption....
Topics: Crops and livestock products, Groundwater depletion, Net variation, Water trade, Water use
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Falling prices and significant technology developments currently drive an increased weather-dependent electricity production from renewables. In light of the changing climate, it is relevant to investigate to what extent climate change directly impacts future highly weather-dependent electricity systems. Here, we use three IPCC CO 2 concentration pathways for the period 2006–2100 with six high-resolution climate experiments for the European domain. Climate data are used to calculate...
Topics: climate change mitigation, dispatchable electricity, electricity demand projection, global climate...
Urban planning incorporating mitigation of the urban warming which is due to urban heat island phenomena and climate change is needed. However, such planning is not realized. That is apparently because the urban climate phenomenon is difficult to understand for stakeholders: citizens, planners, architects, specialists, and so on. Urban Environmental Climate Maps (UECMs) are therefore proposed as one of the decision support tools for the urban warming mitigation. Accordingly, the authors intend...
Topics: Field Measurement, GIS, Urban Environmental Climate Maps (UECMs), Urban Heat Island, WRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Gulab Singh Yadav; Anup Das; Rattan Lal; Subhash Babu; Mrinmoy Datta; Ram Swaroop Meena; Somanagouda B. Patil; Raghavendra Singh
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Decline in soil organic carbon (SOC) and low biomass production in sloping uplands are of growing concern for sustainable agriculture worldwide. This concern is in general in the Eastern Himalayan regions (EHR) of India in particular. A field experiment was conducted with the objectives to generate additional biomass and sequester more C in coarse-textured sloping lands. This experiment is done for four consecutive years in the EHR, India. The rice (Oryza sativa L.)–rapeseed (Brassica...
Topics: Biomass production, Carbon retention efficiency, Carbon sequestration, Conservation agriculture,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Hongqin Li; Jingbin Zhu; Fawei Zhang; Huidan He; Yongsheng Yang; Yingnian Li; Guangmin Cao; Huakun Zhou
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Large uncertainties exist in carbon-water-climate feedbacks in cold regions, partly due to an insufficient understanding of the simultaneous effects of climatic and biotic controls on water and carbon dynamics. The 10-year growing season flux data were analyzed to evaluate the relative contributions of climatic and biotic effects on the variability of water vapor (ET) and net ecosystem CO 2 (NEE) exchanges over a humid alpine deciduous shrubland on the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The...
Topics: Biotic controls, Eddy covariance techniques, Evapotranspiration, Humid alpine shrubland, Net...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Xingyun Liang; Pengcheng He; Hui Liu; Shidan Zhu; Isaac Kazuo Uyehara; Hao Hou; Guilin Wu; Hui Zhang; Zhangtian You; Yiying Xiao; Qing Ye
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Understanding the roles of climate and intraspecific phylogeny in affecting the variation of plant hydraulics can provide insights into species distribution in different habitats. In the present study, we quantified ten functional traits characterizing branch and leaf hydraulic architecture of Castanopsis fargesii from 12 populations along a precipitation gradient (1120–1690 mm y −1 ), covering an 1800-km-long west-center-east transect in the subtropical region of China. We also conducted...
Topics: Climate change, Hydraulic architecture, Intraspecific phylogeny, Intraspecific variation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Qingpeng Yang; Weidong Zhang; Renshan Li; Wenhui Zheng; Jinyan Yang; Ming Xu; Xin Guan; Ke Huang; Longchi Chen; Qingkui Wang; Silong Wang
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The effect of carbohydrate supply on stem CO 2 efflux and its temperature sensitivity is crucial in predicting forest carbon cycling under climate change and forest management but has been rarely reported. In this study, we altered carbohydrate supply via stem girdling and investigated the effect of nonstructural carbohydrate concentration on stem CO 2 efflux and its temperature sensitivity in Chinese fir and sweetgum trees in spring and winter. The stem CO 2 efflux of Chinese fir increased...
Topics: Cunninghamia lanceolata, Liquidambar formosana, Nonstructural carbohydrate, Q 10, Stem respiration,...
Climate variability requires adaptive production systems in agriculture often resulting in significant irreversible investments. Cultivar replacement programs in horticulture orchards that substitute older varieties for more heat- and drought-resilient varieties have enterprise values that are highly sensitive to the timing of such investments. Farm-level replacement programs are subject to multiple constraints around debt serviceability, operating costs, the replacement cycle and the rate of...
Topics: Climate change, Cultivar replacement, Genetic algorithm, Macadamia, Net present value, Optimization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Hanqing Xu; Laixiang Sun; Honglin Zhong; Günther Fischer; Dongli Fan; Wei Wu; Edward Pope; Chris Kent; Junguo Liu
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Northeast Farming Region of China (NFR) produces about one-third of the national maize output. Shortage of crop irrigation water is one of the main threat to the stable level of maize production in the NFR. Previous studies on the sensitivity of maize production to drought are typically based on field experiments and treat the maize growing season as a whole, with rare attention to the varying impacts of drought across different maize growth stages. Given the importance of NFR on China's food...
Topics: China, Climate change, Drought risk, Irrigation water requirement, Maize production
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Antonio Diego M. Bezerra; Alípio J.S. Pacheco Filho; Isac G.A. Bomfim; Guy Smagghe; Breno M. Freitas
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Pollinator diversity and abundance are declining in the agricultural landscapes of some parts of the world along with the pollination services they provide. Among an array of reasons, climate change has been pointed out as a major player and studies suggest strong negative impacts on agricultural pollination toward the end of the 21st century. In this study, we investigated for the first time the concomitant effect of climate changes on a tropical crop, passion fruit (Passiflora edulis), and...
Topics: Carpenter bees, Maxent, Passiflora, Pollination services, Tropical pollination, Xylocopa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Hikaru Komatsu; Jeremy Rappleye; Iveta Silova
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The centrality of culture for achieving environmental sustainability has long been underscored by philosophers, psychologists, and social scientists concerned about the environment. However, to date few studies have detected an empirical relationship between cultural dimensions and actual environmental impacts on Earth (e.g., the Ecological Footprint, EF). This study examined the hypothesis that an individualistic society, herein defined as one whose members predominantly believe in forms of...
Topics: Anthropogenic perception, Climate change, Culture, Ecological Footprint, Education, Independent self
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Yun Chen; Juan P. Guerschman; Zhibo Cheng; Longzhu Guo
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Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is an emerging climate change mitigation technology which prevents carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from entering the atmosphere, so as to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Environmental monitoring in CCS sites is critical for ensuring that any CO 2 leakage and its effect on biota, especially vegetation, is detectable. It also plays an important role in creating a social license to operate and assuring the general public that the mechanisms for leak detection and...
Topics: CCS, CO 2 emission, Hyperspectral imaging, Leakage effects, Stress detection, Vegetation condition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Biofuel from energy crops will play an important role in supplying carbon-neutral fuel for the transport sector. However, there are large uncertainties regarding energy crop development and the energy crop potential and distribution need to be evaluated more comprehensively and systematically. In this study, we propose an integrated approach using the AquaCrop model, a geographic information system approach, and a scenario analysis and we conduct a land availability assessment with multiple...
Topics: Climate change, Energy crop, Land use change, Spatial distribution, Sweet sorghum
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Caitlin Kontgis; Nguyen Hong Duc; Jason Schatz
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Rice is consumed by more people than any other grain. Globally, Vietnam is one of the largest exporters of rice, with the majority of production occurring in the tropical, low-lying Mekong River Delta. Agriculture in the Mekong River Delta is susceptible to yield losses from rising temperatures, sea level rise, and land use change as urban expansion replaces productive farmland. Most studies that assess climate change impacts to rice paddy yields are conducted at global- or continental-scales,...
Topics: CERES-Rice, Climate change, DSSAT, Vietnam
The steadily growing aquaculture industry has been blamed for increasing environmental impacts at local and global levels. The greatest increase in production is expected for freshwater fish, such as carp and related species. Decisions on sustainable environmental management strategies in aquaculture should be based on quantitative analyses of their environmental impacts. In this study, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was employed to compare the environmental impacts of conventional and...
Topics: Fish farming, Food production, LCA, Sustainability, Sustainable development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Current global change scenarios predict an increase in atmospheric CO 2 from the current 380 ppm to a value ranging from 540 ppm to 960 ppm by the year 2100. The effects of three air CO 2 levels (400, 600 and 800 ppm) on five submerged aquatic plants that utilize HCO 3− were studied, using the elevated CO 2 Open Top Chamber facility at Rhodes University (Grahamstown, South Africa). Plants grew in water with two different initial dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) concentrations of 1.5 and 3.0...
Topics: Bicarbonate, Carbon, Climate change, Growth, Nitrogen, Physiology, Starch, Submerged plants
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Rui Yin; Nico Eisenhauer; Anja Schmidt; Iwona Gruss; Witoon Purahong; Julia Siebert; Martin Schädler
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Soil organisms are important drivers of the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems and co-determine how these ecosystems respond to human-induced changes in climate and land use. In the present study, we assessed the interacting effects of these two global change drivers on soil faunal communities. We carried out an experimental field study within the framework of the Global Change Experimental Facility (GCEF) manipulating (1) two climatic conditions (ambient vs. future) and (2) five land-use...
Topics: Community composition, GCEF, Global change, Intensive land use, Soil animals
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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While the “Movius Line” may no longer represent a valid cultural division between Early and Middle Pleistocene hominins in South and Southeast Asia, it still offers a useful geographical and ecological window into changing processes of colonization by different members of the genus Homo. In this paper, we initially review the palaeoenvironmental and cultural record associated with Homo erectus and Homo floresiensis to argue for a relatively homogeneous adaptive strategy utilized by hominins...
Topics: Homo, Homo sapiens, Plasticity, Rainforests
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 G. Naveendrakumar; Meththika Vithanage; Hyun Han Kwon; S. S.K. Chandrasekara; M. C.M. Iqbal; S. Pathmarajah; W. C.D.K. Fernando; Jayantha Obeysekera
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Climate change has pushed the natural limits of our environment, creating extreme weather events that are more frequent and more intense in certain locations around the globe. There is evidence of increasing trends in temperature extremes in most countries of South Asia, while in a few regions, temperature extremes have been decreasing. Heatwaves have intensified, which has contributed to accelerating drought and extreme flood events in most South Asian countries. Overall changes in rainfall...
Topics: Climate change, Extreme event, Heatwave, Intense rainfall, Teleconnection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Tan Xuejin; Wu Zhenni; Mu Xingmin; Gao Peng; Zhao Guangju; Sun Wenyi; Gu Chaojun
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Snow cover is highly sensitive to global warming, and it, in return, has huge impacts on global and regional climate change. Because of the limitations of in-situ observations, only a few studies have analyzed the dynamics of snow cover across the whole of China. In this study, we studied the spatio-temporal variabilities of snow cover over China and explored the covary of snow cover with precipitation and temperature in spring and winter based on the surface snow cover observations of 201...
Topics: Abrupt changes, China, Mean daily snow depth, Precipitation, Spatial-temporal variations,...
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Variation in atmospheric dust deposited on the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and its response to climate change are not well understood. In this study, a 65-year annually resolved (1950–2014) atmospheric dust proxy record is presented from the Mugagangqiong (MGGQ) ice core in the central Tibetan Plateau. There is a significant positive correlation between the dust concentration of the MGGQ ice core and dust days observed from meteorological stations in the Taklimakan Desert (r = 0.47, p < 0.001)...
Topic: Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Francisco Sánchez-Bayo; Kris A.G. Wyckhuys
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Biodiversity of insects is threatened worldwide. Here, we present a comprehensive review of 73 historical reports of insect declines from across the globe, and systematically assess the underlying drivers. Our work reveals dramatic rates of decline that may lead to the extinction of 40% of the world's insect species over the next few decades. In terrestrial ecosystems, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera and dung beetles (Coleoptera) appear to be the taxa most affected, whereas four major aquatic taxa...
Topic: Pollinators
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Margaux Y. Hein; Alastair Birtles; Bette L. Willis; Naomi Gardiner; Roger Beeden; Nadine A. Marshall
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Coral restoration is increasingly used globally as a management tool to minimize accelerating coral reef degradation resulting from climate change. Yet, the science of coral restoration is still very focused on ecological and technical considerations, impeding the understanding of how coral restoration can be used to improve reef resilience in the context of socio-ecological systems. Here, we visited four well-established coral restoration projects in different regions of the world (Thailand,...
Topics: Coral restoration, Reef resilience, Socio-ecological systems, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Azam Soleimani; Seyed Mohsen Hosseini; Ali Reza Massah Bavani; Mostafa Jafari; Rosa Francaviglia
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Land-use changes can alter soil carbon (C) contents, and in particular deforestation has been responsible for a large part of the cumulative human-induced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This study aimed to determine the influence of land-use and land cover change on soil organic carbon (SOC) content, microbial biomass C (MBC) and microbial respiration (MR) in the Hyrcanian forests, north of Iran. We compared an agricultural field (AF), plantations of Alnus subcordata (AS), Acer velutinum (AV),...
Topics: Plantations, Soil microbial respiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Remus Prăvălie; Adrian Piticar; Bogdan Roșca; Lucian Sfîcă; Georgeta Bandoc; Adrian Tiscovschi; Cristian Patriche
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Changes in precipitation (P), evapotranspiration (ET) and, implicitly, in the climatic water balance (CWB), are imminent effects of climate warming. However, changes in the CWB, as a response to changes in P and ET, have not yet been analysed thoroughly enough in many parts of the world, including Romania. The present study explores the spatio-temporal changes of the CWB (difference between P and reference evapotranspiration, ET o ) in Romania, based on a wide range of climatic data (P, as well...
Topics: Climatic water balance, Drier conditions, Precipitation, Reference evapotranspiration, Romania,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Patrick Barrineau; Iliyana Dobreva; Michael P. Bishop; Chris Houser; Steven L. Forman
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Semi-stabilized dune systems are important indicators of Quaternary drought variability across central North America. The South Texas sand sheet (STSS) is the southernmost relict dune system on the Great Plains, and is exposed to higher evapotranspiration and moisture variability than similar landscapes farther north. In this study, a combination of surface and sub-surface remote sensing is used to analyze the semi-stabilized dune landscapes of the STSS in order to delineate distinct aeolian...
Topic: Optically simulated luminescence dating (OSL)
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Antóin M. O'Sullivan; Kevin J. Devito; R. Allen Curry
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River temperature is well established as an important variable for aquatic denizens. Given its importance, researchers are attempting to disentangle complex interactions between landscapes and river temperatures. We investigated how landscape variables of geomorphology, geology, and vegetation can explain a large portion of the spatial variations amongst tributary temperatures in the large, Miramichi watershed, New Brunswick. We utilize thermal infrared imagery (TIR) to characterize river...
Topics: Thermal infrared imagery, Wetlands
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Edith Mawunya Kutorglo; Fatima Hassouna; Anna Beltzung; Dušan Kopecký; Ivona Sedlářová; Miroslav Šoóš
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The development of new materials and technologies for CO 2 capture has attracted a lot of interest due to the growing concerns about global warming and climate change. Herein, we prepared hierarchically porous materials from cheap precursors – polyaniline and polystyrene nanoparticles (PS NPs) using an easy and new concept based on the removal of the PS NPs during a pre-carbonization step followed by chemical activation. The pore size distribution was easily tuned by varying the size of the...
Topics: Adsorption, Carbon dioxide capture, Hierarchical pore structure, Nitrogen rich, Polyaniline
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Temperature in freshwater ecosystems fluctuates daily, seasonally and yearly. Climate change further induces temperature variations. In this study, we hypothesise that water temperatures, in particular thermal extremes, can significantly influence chemical toxicity to ectothermic organisms. Although temperature-dependent chemical toxicity (TDCT) is a classic research area in ecotoxicology, a unified model for predicting TDCT for freshwater species is yet to be developed. This study aimed to...
Topics: Climate change, Ecological risk assessment, Fresh water ecosystems, Temperature-dependent chemical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Ahila Subramanian; Sumita B. Khatri
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This article on exposome and asthma focuses on the interaction of patients and their environments in various parts of their growth, development, and stages of life. Indoor and outdoor environments play a role in pathogenesis via levels and duration of exposure, with genetic susceptibility as a crucial factor that alters the initiation and trajectory of common conditions such as asthma. Knowledge of environmental exposures globally and changes that are occurring is necessary to function...
Topics: Air pollution, Allergen, Asthma, Climate change, Exposome
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Juliana da Silva Fonseca; Laura Fernandes de Barros Marangoni; Joseane Aparecida Marques; Adalto Bianchini
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Coral reefs are subjected to climate change and are severely impacted by human activities, with copper (Cu)being a relevant physiological stressor for corals at local scale. The ecological relevance of parameters measured at biochemical or cellular level is now considered an extremely important feature in environmental studies, and can be used as early warning signs of environmental degradation. In this context, the effects of acute exposure (96 h)to Cu were assessed on the maximum...
Topics: Carbonic anhydrase, Copper, Coral reefs, Monitoring, Photosynthesis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Israel Ropo Orimoloye; Sonwabo Perez Mazinyo; Ahmed Mukalazi Kalumba; Olapeju Yewande Ekundayo; Werner Nel
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Urban regions have exceptional attributes that leave their dwellers and properties vulnerable to climate variability and change. Global temperatures continue to change, reaching new levels almost every year for the past two decades. This review examines the scientific evidence on the impact of climate change on urban and human health. It identifies research progress and gaps in how human society may respond to, adapt to, and prepare for the related changes. However, the causes are debated;...
Topics: Diseases, Extreme heat, Human health, Implication
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More than a century of coevolutionary thought failed to anticipate the current crisis of emerging infectious diseases. This produced the Parasite Paradox: parasites are resource specialists with restricted host ranges, and yet shifts onto relatively unrelated hosts are common in the diversification of parasite lineages and directly observable in ecological time. An emergent framework, called the Stockholm Paradigm, resolves the paradox: ecological fitting - phenotypic flexibility and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Jan H. Janse; Anne A. van Dam; Edwin M.A. Hes; Jeroen J.M. de Klein; C. Max Finlayson; Annette B.G. Janssen; Dianneke van Wijk; Jos T.A. Verhoeven
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Wetlands play an important role in the provision of important ecosystem services like the provision of clean water to the world, adaptation to climate change, and support for biodiversity; although they are sometimes also associated with adverse climate effects. Wetlands are, however, currently grossly underrepresented in global environmental models. In this paper, we explore the required functionality of a generic model of the effects of climate and land-use changes on wetlands ecosystem...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Brian P. DiMento; Robert P. Mason; Steven Brooks; Chris Moore
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Atmospheric deposition is the main input of mercury (Hg) to the ocean, even in remote locations such as the Arctic. Furthermore, evasion of elemental Hg (Hg°) is the major sink for oceanic Hg. As a result, air-sea exchange is an important part of the oceanic Hg cycle. To examine the air-sea exchange of Hg in the Arctic Ocean we made high resolution measurements of Hg° in surface waters and Hg speciation in the atmosphere using continuous sampling systems during the 2015 U.S. Arctic GEOTRACES...
Topics: Aerosols, Air-sea exchange, Arctic, Elemental mercury, Gas evasion, Ice, Mercury, Methylmercury,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Global sea level rise (SLR) rates are accelerating, and abnormal weather is occurring more frequently due to global warming and climate change. SLR could intensify coastal disasters and concerns of an increase in storminess. In this study, a two-dimensional advanced circulation model (ADCIRC) was used to simulate tides and storm surges around the Taiwan coast. The model was calibrated and verified using observed tides and storm surges at four tidal gauge stations, including Taipei Tamsui,...
Topics: Advanced circulation model (ADCIRC), Sea level rise (SLR), Storm surge, Tide, Typhoon
In this study, we developed the tree-ring width chronology for the period of 1404 BCE to 2015 CE using Qilian juniper (Sabina przewalskii Kom.) trees collected from the Buerhanbuda Mts. in the southeastern Qaidam Basin (QB) near Nuomuhong Village, Qinghai Province. This is the first and longest chronology to date in this region. Based on the relationships between the tree-ring width chronology and climate data, the annual precipitation from previous July to current June (July-June) was...
Topics: Annual precipitation, Chronology, Millennium, Qaidam Basin, Tree-ring
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Melissa J. Lafrenière; Scott F. Lamoureux
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This paper reviews the impacts of permafrost change on hydrological and related hydrochemical, particulate and organic fluxes in small Arctic catchments. While the emphasis is directed at High Arctic systems, literature and recent developments from other Arctic regions are also included. Hydrological change, particularly a shift from nival (snowmelt) dominance to increasing pluvial (rainfall) runoff contributions has important consequences for the timing and magnitude of hydrological fluxes. A...
Topic: Permafrost hydrology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Mohamed Abdelaal; Mauro Fois; Giuseppe Fenu; Gianluigi Bacchetta
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Climate change poses negative impacts on plant species, particularly for those of restricted ecology and distribution range. Rosa arabica Crép., an exclusive endemic species to Saint Catherine Protectorate in Egypt, has severely declined and become critically endangered in the last years. In this paper, we applied the maximum-entropy algorithm (MaxEnt) to predict the current and future potential distribution of this species in order to provide a basis for its protection and conservation. In...
Topics: Environmental variables, Global warming, Habitat condition, Saint Catherine, Sinai Peninsula
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Brigadier Libanda; Namwiinga Babra Nkolola; Ngonga Chilekana; Kelvin Bwalya
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Diurnal temperature range (DTR)is an important index for climate because of its statistical relationships to greenhouse gases, urban heat, cloud cover, land use change, and aerosol haze layers. This study examines DTR trends across Zambia for the period 1930–2016 using the latest version of high-resolution monthly data (CRU TS v4.01)from the Climatic Research Unit. Non-parametric trend analyses were extensively employed at different spatial and temporal scales to quantify DTR changes. Taken...
Topics: Climate change, Cloud cover, Diurnal temperature range, Rainfall, Zambia
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The absence of continuous long term meteorological dataset has led to limited knowledge of glaciers’ response to climate change over Himalayas. This study presents an open source long term temperature dataset Climatic Research Unit (CRU) available since 1901 to study trend analysis of temperature (T max , T min and T mean ) for Gangotri basin in Himalayas. The study first establishes close agreement between CRU time series data and observed temperature dataset available from National...
Topic: Wilcoxon signed-rank test
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Aleksi Lehikoinen; Andreas Lindén; Arne Andersson; Tara L. Crewe; Erica H. Dunn; George Gregory; Lennart Karlsson; Vidar Kristiansen; Stuart Mackenzie; Steve Newman; Jan Erik Røer; Leonid V. Sokolov; Åsa Steinholtz
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Climate change has been shown to shift the seasonal timing (i.e. phenology) and distribution of species. The phenological effects of climate change on living organisms have often been tested using first occurrence dates, which may be uninformative and biased. More rarely investigated is how different phases of a phenological sequence (e.g. beginning, central tendency and end) or its duration have changed over time. This type of analysis requires continuous observation throughout the...
Topics: Avian movement, Environmental change, Global warming, Long-term monitoring
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Mariusz Gałka; Marta Szal; Tanja Broder; Julie Loisel; Klaus Holger Knorr
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High-resolution plant macrofossil records were examined alongside geochemical analysis (non-destructive X-Ray fluorescence and carbon stable isotopes), pollen, and micro-charcoal data of an ombrotrophic mountain peatland located in the Harz Mountains, central Germany, Europe. We hypothesize that increased deposition of dust and pollutants across the bog surface causes changes in habitat conditions, which in turn lead to shifts in moss-dominated communities. We observe that increases in the...
Topics: Carbon isotopes, Deforestation, Human impact, Sphagnum succession, XRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Han Zheng; Henry Lin; Weijian Zhou; Han Bao; Xianjin Zhu; Zhao Jin; Yi Song; Yunqiang Wang; Wenzhao Liu; Yakun Tang
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Vegetation coverage has been effectively increased across the Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP) mainly because of the implementation of large-scale revegetation programs. Understanding the entire CLP's ecosystem carbon-water relationship and its response to the vegetation coverage increase and climate change is essential for the water resources management in this semi-humid to arid region. Water-use efficiency (WUE), defined as the ratio of gross primary productivity (GPP) over evapotranspiration...
Topics: Chinese Loess Plateau, Evapotranspiration, Gross primary productivity, MODIS satellite dataset,...
The broad-leaved and Korean pine mixed forests in the Liangshui National Natural Reserve, China, are important components of boreal forests in areas that are sensitive to global climate change. Respiration rates of excised roots were measured using an oxygen electrode (Hansatech Oxy-Lab 2, UK) to examine the variation in and identify the controlling factors of fine root respiration (Rr) during the growing period (May–October) in 2016. The relationships between Rr and biotic/abiotic factors...
Topic: Soil temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 M. Gaglio; V. Aschonitis; L. Pieretti; L. Santos; E. Gissi; G. Castaldelli; E. A. Fano
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The understanding of protection initiatives’ effects on the delivery of Ecosystem Services (ESs) is of paramount importance to attain sustainable management in Protected Areas (PAs). Protected floodplains provide important ESs to local populations such as water flow regulation and climate regulation through carbon storage. This study investigates the effects of biodiversity protection initiatives (i.e. declaration of Protected Areas – PAs) and the related spatio-temporal land use/land cover...
Topics: Carbon storage, Ecosystem services trade-offs, InVEST model, Protected areas, Water flow regulation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Deyong Yu; Yupeng Liu; Peijun Shi; Jianguo Wu
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Terrestrial ecoregions, including critical ecoregions (CEs), vulnerable ecoregions (VEs), and intact ecoregions (IEs) have been used by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) to classify global biodiversity and are being affected by climate change, which was considered as one of the main threats to biodiversity conservation. However, the impacts of future climate change in shifted means and extremes of temperature, precipitation, and cloud cover under the representative concentration pathways (RCP 2.6,...
Topics: Ecological risk, Ecosystem service, Shifted climatic mean
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Deidre de Vos; Ronel Nel; David Schoeman; Linda R. Harris
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The world's beaches are under severe pressure because of anthropogenic modification and climate change. The most common coastal management approaches have focused largely on the protection of infrastructure without considering the function of the beach and dune system as a natural protective barrier and a diverse ecosystem. Large-scale plantations of non-native vegetation have been initiated in many countries as a coastal protection tool. However, exotic trees commonly used for bio-shields,...
Topics: Backshore, Beach erosion, Bio-shield, Integrated coastal management, Shore protection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Bijeesh Kozhikkodan Veettil; Raymond D. Ward; Ngo Xuan Quang; Ngo Thi Thu Trang; Tran Hoai Giang
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Vietnamese mangroves are among the most productive and biologically important ecosystems of the world; providing habitat/nursing grounds for commercial and non-commercial fish species, food, medicine, building materials/fuel for local communities, as well as carbon storage (blue carbon) and coastal protection from storm events. However, Vietnam's mangroves have been lost in recent decades (∼38%) or degraded, predominantly driven by herbicides during the Vietnam War and later by conversion to...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Mangrove ecosystem services, Mangrove ecosystems, Mangrove remote sensing,...
An assessment of plant functional indicators of vegetation response to climate change requires a science-based evaluation of functional linkages between plants and climate. This paper addresses the hypotheses outlined in the preceding paper: 1) A whole-plant system of modal plant functional types (PFTs) based on a core set of functional traits can provide an improved alternative to PFTs and traits used so far in models of vegetation response to climate change; 2) Modal PFTs are more efficient...
Topics: Bioclimate, Green stem photosynthesis, Leaf inclination, Leaf stomatal distribution, Modal PFTs,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Both plantation forests and native woodlands are currently facing challenges in the form of rapid climatic change and unprecedented increases in damage by exotic pests and diseases. To combat these problems it has been proposed that a range of novel exotic tree species (non-native species that have not yet undergone thorough operational testing or previously been grown at a forestry scale) should be grown as part of an adaptive management strategy, and that non-native (including novel) species...
Topics: Climate change, Exotic tree, Introduction, Invasive species, Pathogen, Pest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 U. W.A. Vitharana; Umakant Mishra; R. B. Mapa
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Global inventories of spatial and vertical distribution of soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks are being used in national and global initiatives targeted to mitigate climate change and land degradation impacts. Yet, national level high-resolution estimates of SOC stocks can be useful for improving the accuracy of global SOC inventories. We estimated spatially resolved SOC stocks of surface 0–30 cm and subsurface 30–100 cm layers at a spatial resolution of 30 m in tropical Island, Sri Lanka...
Topics: Digital soil mapping, Geographically weighted regression kriging, National estimates, Soil organic...
Von Hoerner (“Population Explosion and Interstellar Expansion,” Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, 28, 691–712, 1975; hereafter VH75) examined the effects of human population growth and predicted agricultural, environmental, and other problems from observed growth rate trends. Using straightforward calculations, VH75 predicted the “doomsday” years for these scenarios (≈2020–2050), when we as a species should run out of space or food, or induce catastrophic...
Topics: Anthropocene, Astrobiology, Climate change, Fermi paradox, SETI, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Y. Zhou; R. Webster; R. A. Viscarra Rossel; Z. Shi; S. Chen
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Much of the carbon (C) stored in the soil of the high Qinghai–Tibet Plateau could be lost as a result of global warming. To provide a baseline against which to assess the loss we have made a new map at 90-m resolution from sample data of 1148 soil profiles augmented by information on climate, vegetation, physiography and digital elevation. We used the program Cubist, which works as a form of regression tree, to predict the concentration at the nodes of the 90-m grid. The uncertainty of the...
Topics: Climate change, Digital soil mapping, Soil carbon stock, Soil organic carbon, Tibetan Plateau
New zoogeomorphological features discovered in dryland landscapes of Northern Africa reflect human-animal agency since prehistory, and attest to complex, networked activities over great distances. We discuss the role of zoogeomorphology in shaping Earth's surface since the beginning of the Anthropocene, the timeframe when natural processes shifted and landscape evolution became more human-dominated. We focus on contexts in arid and semiarid lands of Northern Africa, which are metastable,...
Topics: Anthropocene, Arid regions, Climate change, Dust emission, North Africa, Zoogeomorphology
Reality of climate change threats have spurred mitigation interventions across the world. For electricity sector, the interventions are predominantly in terms of mainstreaming renewable energy sources. Consequently, there is a consistent increase in the share of renewable energy-based electricity systems which has caused emergence of several new challenges. The challenges have emerged both with respect to planning and management of the transitioning electricity systems. These new challenges are...
Topics: Electricity system transition, Generation expansion planning, Power system modelling, Renewable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Maria Celeste Dias; Catarina Figueiredo; Diana C.G.A. Pinto; Helena Freitas; Conceição Santos; Artur M.S. Silva
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Olea europaea L. is the basis of the olive oil chain value. Olive by-products remain economically underexplored despite their richness in polyphenols and fatty acids. Heat waves and raised UV-B radiation episodes (that increasingly affect Mediterranean orchards) may influence these compounds. Herein we characterize the most relevant leaf lipophilic and phenolic compounds of an important Portuguese cultivar Cobrançosa, immediately and 30 days after exposure to high UV-B radiation or heat shock...
Topics: Chromatography, Climate change, Flavonoids, Olea europaea, Secoiridoids
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Roger Teoh; Marc E.J. Stettler; Arnab Majumdar; Ulrich Schumann; Adam M. Boies
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Black carbon (BC) particle number (PN) emissions from various sources contribute to the deterioration of air quality, adverse health effects, and anthropogenic climate change. This paper critically reviews different fractal aggregate theories to develop a new methodology that relates BC PN and mass concentrations (or emissions factors). The new methodology, named as the fractal aggregate (FA) model is validated with measurements from three different BC emission sources: an internal combustion...
Topics: Fractal aggregates, Particle mass, Particle number
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 M. A. Burford; C. C. Carey; D. P. Hamilton; J. Huisman; H. W. Paerl; S. A. Wood
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Harmful cyanobacterial blooms (=cyanoHABs) are an increasing feature of many waterbodies throughout the world. Many bloom-forming species produce toxins, making them of particular concern for drinking water supplies, recreation and fisheries in waterbodies along the freshwater to marine continuum. Global changes resulting from human impacts, such as climate change, over-enrichment and hydrological alterations of waterways, are major drivers of cyanoHAB proliferation and persistence. This review...
Topics: CO 2, Climate change, Temperature, cyanoHABs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Traditional Knowledge has the potential to increase our understanding of many kinds of ecological phenomenon including floods. This article offers insights into the nature of spring flooding and its impacts in the southwestern James Bay region of northern Ontario, Canada from the perspectives of residents of Kashechewan First Nation. This article highlights the important contribution of Kashechewan First Nation's traditional knowledge to understanding and reducing disaster risks in this...
Topics: Canada, Climate change, Indigenous Peoples, Kashechewan First Nation, Participatory techniques,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Darri Eythorsson; Sigurdur M. Gardarsson; Shahryar K. Ahmad; Faisal Hossain; Bart Nijssen
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This study assessed the impact of climate change on snow resources in the Arctic. Climate was classified for the period 1950–2100 according to the Köppen-Geiger (KG) classification system using the ensemble average of NASA-NEX CMIP5 projections for the rcp 4.5 scenario. Snow Cover Frequency (SCF) in days/year was calculated from the MODIS10A1 snow product and the SCF trends were calculated across the Arctic for the MODIS period (2001–2016). Ten pollution monitoring areas in the Arctic...
The negative appraisals of the impact of airline industry on climate change have forced the industry to become greener. Over the past several decades, CO2 emissions in the airline industry have increased considerably, thereby adversely affecting the environment. Therefore, airlines are seeking different approaches to reduce the environmental degradation. In this paper, we study cruise speed control to achieve this goal by reducing CO2 emissions while studying passenger service level. We use...
Topics: CO2 emissions, Constructive heuristic, Cruise speed control, Flight scheduling, Green...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Zhaomin Hu; Zhe Zhao; Yue Zhang; Haichun Jing; Shuqin Gao; Jingyun Fang
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Grassland has critically important ecological efficiency as well as economic values. While overgrazing and climate change have been reported to lead to the deterioration of grassland ecosystem functions and ecological efficiency, the implementation of a rational policy may mitigate such effects. The ‘Forage-Livestock Balance’ policy refers to balancing the relationship between forage productivity and grazing capacity of grasslands, and has been implemented in northern grassland areas in...
Topics: Difference-in-difference (DiD) approach, Ecological efficiency, Forage-livestock balance,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Michał Krzyżaniak; Mariusz Jerzy Stolarski; Kazimierz Warmiński
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The bioeconomy is expected to play an important role in the low carbon economy and poplar could be one of the species providing lignocellulosic feedstock for bioindustries. Since mineral fertilizers are expensive, alternative methods of plant fertilisation are currently being sought. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the environmental impact of the production of poplar grown on poor mineral soil fertilized with mineral fertilizers (F), lignin (L) and mineral fertilizers plus...
Topics: Biomass, Environmental impact, Greenhouse gases, Lignin, Mineral fertilisers, Populus, Short...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Ashkan Nabavi-Pelesaraei; Shahin Rafiee; Seyed Saeid Mohtasebi; Homa Hosseinzadeh-Bandbafha; Kwok wing Chau
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The increasing energy demand, limited fossil fuel resources and effects of climate change, lead to problems with regard to sustainability of production in food industry. Hence, this article aims to provide energy, economic and environmental overview about the production of white rice in milling factories of Guilan province, Iran. Information are collected during factory site visits as well as interviews with staff of 60 milling factories. Besides, required data about the background system is...
Topics: Energy, Environmental impact assessment, Milling factory, Multi-level adaptive neuro-fuzzy, Rice
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Rattanawan Mungkung; Patthra Pengthamkeerati; Ratcha Chaichana; Saranya Watcharothai; Kittiwan Kitpakornsanti; Supachok Tapananont
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Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Hom Mali organic rice production in Surin province, Thailand was performed to evaluate the potential environmental impacts. The scope of study was the farm gate and the functional unit was set as one kg of organic paddy rice. The inputs and outputs were collected from the farm's data recording including the measurement of water levels inside the rice field which was done over the production cycle along with methane and nitrous oxide emissions. Inventory analysis...
Topics: Greenhouse Gas (GHG), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Organic jasmine rice, Water footprint
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Li Huang; Scott Kelly; Kangjuan Lv; Damien Giurco
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A number of empirical methods have been developed to study China's sectoral carbon emissions (CSCE). Measuring these emissions is important for climate change mitigation. While several articles have reviewed specific methods, few attempts conduct a systematic analysis of all the major research methods. In total 807 papers were published on CSCE research between 1997 and 2017. The primary source of literature for this analysis was taken from the Web of Science database. Based on a bibliometric...
Topic: Modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 V. S.C. Tunn; N. M.P. Bocken; E. A. van den Hende; J. P.L. Schoormans
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Combining sustainable consumption with the circular economy concept could help tackle challenges, such as resource scarcity and climate change by reducing resource throughput and increasing cycling of products and materials within the economic system, thereby reducing emissions and virgin material use. To achieve sustainable consumption in a circular economy production and consumption practices need to change. Business models can potentially influence both practices as it defines how a company...
Topics: Business model, Circular economy, Clothing industry, Expert interview, Sufficiency, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change adaptation in urban areas is among the biggest challenges humanity faces partly because of the combined effects of urban heating and global warming. The variability of urban heat islands (VUHIs) is known to influence the effectiveness of climate adaptation strategies; however, the understanding of VUHIs is still limited. Here, we quantified the diurnal and seasonal VUHIs in 245 Chinese cities that varied in population and physical size based on the remotely sensing data from 2002...
Topics: Anthropogenic heat, Energy consumption, Global warming, Urban green, Urban warming, Urbanization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 M. I. Rashid; E. Benhelal; F. Farhang; T. K. Oliver; M. S. Rayson; G. F. Brent; M. Stockenhuber; E. M. Kennedy
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Vast reserves of peridotite and serpentinite rocks can be utilised for the safe and permanent sequestration of global CO2 emissions via aqueous mineral carbonation. These, and indeed most feedstocks used in mineral carbonation require ultrafine grinding and/or heat-activation, to engender significantly enhanced reactivity in the rock such that it can then be carbonated. Both activation processes are energy intensive and present significant obstacles to the commercial application of mineral...
Topics: CO2 sequestration, Climate change, Concurrent grinding, Mineral carbonation, Statistical...
Cities around the world are gearing up to play a major role in climate change mitigation. However, concrete results – significant emissions reductions, expected from cities committed to mitigating climate change, are currently conspicuously absent. While there are several good practice guides available for large/mega cities there are little available for small and medium-sized ones (SMCs). In this paper the main research questions are, “When exploring local climate mitigation action among...
Topics: Climate action, Climate change mitigation, Climate policy, Good practice, Governing by enabling,...
Carbon emission reduction policy is the main method to curb carbon emissions and tackle climate change. However, few studies have investigated the effectiveness of carbon emission reduction polices from the welfare and economic perspectives. This study establishes a dynamic general equilibrium model with input-output structure, and compares the effects of emission reduction in all industries and in high energy-consuming industries. The main conclusions are that carbon emission reduction...
Topics: Carbon emission reduction, Economic output, High carbon-consuming industries, Multi-industry...