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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Patricia V. Adem
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Rickettsial organisms are a diverse group of obligate intracellular bacteria; all species known to cause human disease are dependent on an arthropod vector and many are considered zoonotic diseases. Typical vectors of rickettsia are fleas, ticks, mites or lice. Humans become infected either when bitten or upon contact of broken skin or mucous membranes by infected secretions from an arthropod vector. The emergence and re-emergence of rickettsial diseases is a serious public health concern in...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019
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10.1016 S0140 6736(18)32332 8
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 María Gabriela Perotti; Marcelo Fabián Bonino; Daiana Ferraro; Félix Benjamín Cruz
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Ectotherms are vulnerable to climate change, given their dependence on temperature, and amphibians are particularly interesting because of their complex life cycle. Tadpoles may regulate their body temperature by using suitable thermal microhabitats. Thus, their physiological responses are the result of adjustment to the local thermal limits experienced in their ponds. We studied three anuran tadpole species present in Argentina and Chile: Pleurodema thaul and Pleurodema bufoninum that are...
Topics: Climate change, Niche models, Reaction norms, Thermal physiology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Stephanie Hopp; Francesca Dominici; Jennifer F. Bobb
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Heat waves have been associated with adverse human health effects, including higher rates of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, and these health effects may be exacerbated under continued climate change. However, specific causes of hospitalizations associated with heat waves have not been characterized on a national scale. We systematically estimated the risks of cause-specific hospitalizations during heat waves in a national cohort of 23.7 million Medicare enrollees residing in 1943 U.S....
Topics: Environmental health, Heat waves, Hospital admissions, Prevention, Public health
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Michael Knapp; Jessica E. Thomas; James Haile; Stefan Prost; Simon Y.W. Ho; Nicolas Dussex; Sophia Cameron-Christie; Olga Kardailsky; Michael Bunce; M. Thomas P. Gilbert; R. Paul Scofield
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Prior to human arrival in the 13th century, two large birds of prey were the top predators in New Zealand. In the absence of non-volant mammals, the extinct Haast's eagle (Hieraaetus moorei), the largest eagle in the world, and the extinct Eyles' harrier (Circus teauteensis) the largest harrier in the world, had filled ecological niches that are on other landmasses occupied by animals such as large cats or canines. The evolutionary and biogeographic history of these island giants has long been...
Topics: Ancient DNA, Climate change, Extinction, Island gigantism, New Zealand megafauna, Trans-Tasman...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Jim N. Underwood; Michael J. Travers; Michael Snow; Marji Puotinen; Gavin Gouws
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Coral reef health and biodiversity is under threat worldwide due to rapid climate change. However, much of the inter- and intra-specific diversity of coral reefs are undescribed even in well studied taxa such as fish. Delimiting previously unrecognised diversity is important for understanding the processes that generate and sustain biodiversity in coral reef ecosystems and informing strategies for their conservation and management. Many taxa that inhabit geographically isolated coral reefs rely...
Topics: Apogonidae, Cheilodipterus artus, Cryptic diversity, Ecological divergence, Evolutionarily...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Madhava Meegaskumbura; Christopher J. Schneider
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Pseudophilautus comprises an endemic diversification predominantly associated with the wet tropical regions of Sri Lanka that provides an opportunity to examine the effects of geography and historical climate change on diversification. Using a time-calibrated multi-gene phylogeny, we analyze the tempo of diversification in the context of past climate and geography to identify historical drivers of current patterns of diversity and distribution. Molecular dating suggests that the diversification...
Topics: Ancestral-area reconstruction, Biogeography, Diversification, Ecological opportunity, Molecular...
Exploring the effects of orographic events and climatic shifts on geographic distribution of organism in the Hengduan Mountains Region (HMR) and its eastern adjacent area is crucial to the understanding of the environmental changes to organismal evolution. To gain further insight into these processes, we reconstruct evolutionary history of ten species in Allium section Sikkimensia, distributed across regions abovementioned. Using chloroplast and nuclear sequence variation of 79 populations of...
Topics: Allium section Sikkimensia, Environmental changes, Hengduan Mountains Region, Morphological...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Aline C. Martins; Thuane Bochorny; Oscar A. Pérez-Escobar; Guillaume Chomicki; Silvana H.N. Monteiro; Eric de Camargo Smidt
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The colonization of the epiphytic niche of Neotropical forest canopies played an important role in orchid's extraordinary diversification, with rare reversions to the terrestrial habit. To understand the evolutionary context of those reversals, we investigated the diversification of Galeandra, a Neotropical orchid genus which includes epiphytic and terrestrial species. We hypothesized that reversion to the terrestrial habit accompanied the expansion of savannas. To test this hypothesis we...
Topics: Amazonia, Ancestral area estimation, Molecular dating, Orchids, South American arid diagonal
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 H. W.I. Gray; S. Nishida; A. J. Welch; A. E. Moura; M. S. Kiani; R. Culloch; L. Möller; A. Natoli; L. S. Ponnampalam; G. Minton; M. Gore; T. Collins; A. Willson; A. R. Hoelzel
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Phylogeography can provide insight into the potential for speciation and identify geographic regions and evolutionary processes associated with species richness and evolutionary endemism. In the marine environment, highly mobile species sometimes show structured patterns of diversity, but the processes isolating populations and promoting differentiation are often unclear. The Delphinidae (oceanic dolphins) are a striking case in point and, in particular, bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops spp.)....
Topics: Conservation, Indian Ocean, Phylogeography, Pleistocene, Taxonomy, Tursiops aduncus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The establishment of monsoon climate and the consequent aridification has been one of the most important climate change episodes in the Indian subcontinent. However, little is known about how these events might have shaped the diversification patterns among the widely distributed taxa. Fan-throated lizards (FTL) (Genus: Sitana, Sarada) are widespread, diurnal and restricted to the semi-arid zones of the Indian subcontinent. We sampled FTL in 107 localities across its range. We used molecular...
Topics: Aridification, Biogeography, Diversification, Evolution, Fan-throated lizards, Species delimitation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Currently, the genus Kurixalus comprises 14 species distributed in Southern, Southeast and East Asia. Because of their relatively low dispersal capability and intolerance of seawater, this group is ideal for the study of terrestrial range evolution, especially that portion of its range that extends into the island archipelagos of Southern Asia. We assembled a large dataset of mitochondrial and nuclear genes, and estimated phylogeny by maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods, and we explored the...
Topics: Kurixalus, Phylogeny, Southeast Asia, Speciation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Shivani Garg; Hao Wu; James M. Clomburg; George N. Bennett
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Methane, the primary component of natural gas, is the second most abundant greenhouse gas (GHG) and contributes significantly to climate change. The conversion of methane to industrial platform chemicals provides an attractive opportunity to decrease GHG emissions and utilize this inexpensive and abundantly available gas as a carbon feedstock. While technologies exist for chemical conversion of methane to liquid fuels, the technical complexity of these processes mandate high capital...
Topics: Butyric acid, Crotonic acid, Gas-to-liquid conversion, Methanotroph, Methylomicrobium buryatense,...
In many passerine birds, testosterone stimulates song and aggression but inhibits paternal care, but few studies have explored whether such effects can be reversed with testosterone blockers. We explored the effect of testosterone blockers on song, aggression and paternal care of Lapland longspurs (Calcarius lapponicus), an arctic passerine with a short breeding season. Twenty-one “blocker males” received implants containing an androgen receptor blocker and an aromatase inhibitor, compared...
Topics: Aggression, Arctic, Climate change, Parental care, Short season hypothesis, Song, Territoriality,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Kai Cui; Wujiao Li; Jake George James; Changjun Peng; Jiazheng Jin; Chaochao Yan; Zhenxin Fan; Lianming Du; Megan Price; Yongjie Wu; Bisong Yue
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The monal genus (Lophophorus) is a branch of Phasianidae and its species inhabit the high-altitude mountains of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The Chinese monal, L. lhuysii, is a threatened endemic bird of China that possesses high-altitude adaptability, diversity of plumage color and potentially low reproductive life history. This is the first study to describe the monal genome using next generation sequencing technology. The Chinese monal genome size is 1.01 Gb, with 16,940 protein-coding genes....
Topics: Adaptation, Chinese monal, De novo assembly, Genome, Lophophorus lhuysii
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Kyungmun Kim; Ju Hyeon Kim; Young Ho Kim; Seong Eui Hong; Si Hyeock Lee
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Perturbation of normal behaviors in honey bee colonies by any external factor can immediately reduce the colony's capacity for brood rearing, which can eventually lead to colony collapse. To investigate the effects of brood-rearing suppression on the biology of honey bee workers, gene-set enrichment analysis of the transcriptomes of worker bees with or without suppressed brood rearing was performed. When brood rearing was suppressed, pathways associated with both protein degradation and...
Topics: Honey bee worker, Stress
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Phenotypic effects of global warming have been documented in many different taxa. However, the importance of transgenerational phenotypic plasticity in these adaptations are seldom studied. In birds, temperature could affect egg characteristics. Higher temperatures during egg-laying may reduce maintenance costs for females and allow a higher investment in reproduction. Yet, females may also use temperatures as a cue for the risk of mismatch latter in the season. Thus, higher temperatures may be...
Topics: Eggshell coloration, Global warming, Lysozymes, Testosterone
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 John F. Cockrem; Mohammad A. Bahry; Vishwajit S. Chowdhury
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Fish can respond to stimuli from the internal or external environment with activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis and the secretion of cortisol. Stimuli that activate the HPI axis of fish include short term air exposure and increases in water temperature. The present study was conducted to determine how quickly cortisol concentrations increase in goldfish subjected to an increase in water temperature, and to compare the response to an increase in water temperature with...
Topics: Air exposure, Cortisol, Fish, Heating, Temperature, Variation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 John C. Wingfield; Michaela Hau; P. Dee Boersma; L. Michael Romero; Nigella Hillgarth; Marilyn Ramenofsky; Peter Wrege; Robert Scheibling; J. Patrick Kelley; Brian Walker; Martin Wikelski
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El Niño Southern Oscillation events (ENSO) and the subsequent opposite weather patterns in the following months and years (La Niña) have major climatic impacts, especially on oceanic habitats, affecting breeding success of both land and sea birds. We assessed corticosterone concentrations from blood samples during standardized protocols of capture, handling and restraint to simulate acute stress from 12 species of Galapagos Island birds during the ENSO year of 1998 and a La Niña year of...
Topics: Corticosterone, El Niño Southern Oscillation event, La Niña Southern Oscillation event, Land...
Agricultural water management is becoming a critical issue in many parts of the world and cost-effective water policies are required to control water use. We examine the case study of irrigated agriculture in Beauce, France (9750 km 2 , Europe's largest cereal producing region). We explore the mechanisms for water abstraction control involving a combination of regulatory and economic instruments. The analysis is conducted with a hydro-economic model that includes a calibrated economic model and...
Topics: Beauce, Climate change, Hydro-economic modelling, Irrigation, Robustness, Water scarcity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 T. Distefano; M. Riccaboni; G. Marin
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The issue of water access and security has been emphasized in the recent policy debate on sustainable development (Sustainable Development Goal No. 6) and adaptation to climate change (CoP21 in Paris, 2015). This study provides new evidence about the Blue Virtual Water Input-Output Network. The main novelty of our approach is the combination of Structural Decomposition Analysis (SDA) with Network Theory. SDA reveals that size-related, technological and structural components have contributed...
Topics: Network analysis, Virtual water trade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Mark Kanazawa; Bruce Wilson; Kerry Holmberg
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10.1016 j.wre.2018.01.003
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Erwin Knippenberg; Nathaniel Jensen; Mark Constas
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Resilience as a metric is of growing interest to development researchers and practitioners, particularly for those whose work concerns the effects of climate change, conflict and epidemics. The growing need for resilience measurements motivates this research, measurements that reflect the complex, dynamic features of welfare among populations living in shock-prone contexts. It presents insights from three measurement approaches to explore the dynamic, intra-annual effects of shocks on household...
Topics: Machine learning, Malawi, Resilience, Shocks
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Han Overman; Anthony R. Cummings; Jeffrey B. Luzar; Jose M.V. Fragoso
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Prominent recent evaluations of global research on REDD+ progress (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) conclude that ‘progress has been slower than expected’, ‘deforestation and degradation are deeply-rooted in powerful business-as-usual interests’ and that ‘[f]or the most part, new coalitions calling for change in forest governance have failed to overcome business-as-usual deforestation.’ Others have earlier pointed out that REDD+ will incentivize land...
Topics: Land grabbing, Private state revenue ratios, REDD+ economic competitiveness
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Samuel Sellers; Clark Gray
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Climate change is likely to induce a large range of household- and individual-level responses, including changes in human fertility behaviors and outcomes. These responses may have important implications for human and economic development and women's empowerment. Drawing on the literature linking climate conditions to rice cultivation in Indonesia, we use longitudinal household survey and high-resolution climate data to explore changes in childbearing intentions, family planning use, and births...
Topics: Environmental shock, Family planning, Indonesia, Reproductive health, Southeast Asia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Belén Fernández Milmanda; Candelaria Garay
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In a context of booming commodity prices, what factors drive subnational authorities to implement forest protection regulations in active agricultural frontiers?. Focusing on one of the world's deforestation hotspots, the Argentine Chaco Forest, we argue that subnational variation in the implementation of forest protection legislation is driven by governors’ attempts to avoid conflict produced by agricultural expansion. Through process tracing, we show how governors’ implementation...
Topics: Deforestation, Environmental politics, Institutional enforcement, Subnational politics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Solomon Asfaw; Antonio Scognamillo; Gloria Di Caprera; Adriana Ignaciuk
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This article investigates the empirical linkages between crop and livelihood diversification strategies, extreme weather events, and household welfare using a unique dataset that integrates harmonized, national representative household surveys and geo-referenced climatic information collected in Malawi, Niger and Zambia. In doing so, the paper addresses the potential endogeneity arising from the selection bias and the heterogeneity of the effect across the quantiles of the income distribution....
Topics: Climate change, Diversification, Impact, Livelihood strategy, SSA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Todd Pugatch
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Extreme weather induced by climate change can have major consequences for human health. In this study, I quantify the effect of tropical storm frequency and severity on mortality using objective meteorological data and the universe of vital statistics records from a large developing country, Mexico. Using a measure of storm exposure that accounts for both windspeed dispersion and population density along the storm track, I project changes in past storm-related mortality under various scenarios...
Topics: Climate change, Developing countries, Human health, Human mortality, Hurricanes, Latin America,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Maia Call; Clark Gray; Pamela Jagger
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Recent research suggests that sub-Saharan Africa will be among the regions most affected by the negative social and biophysical ramifications of climate change. Smallholders are expected to respond to rising temperatures and precipitation anomalies through on-farm management strategies and diversification into off-farm activities. However, few studies have empirically examined the relationship between climate anomalies and rural livelihoods. Our research explores the impact of climate anomalies...
Topics: Climate change, Rural livelihoods, Sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Marie Hyland; Jason Russ
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We examine the long-term impacts of drought exposure on women born in 19 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, across four decades. We find that women who were exposed to drought conditions during their early childhood are significantly less wealthy as adults. These effects are confined to women born and raised in rural households, indicating that the impacts of rainfall are felt via changes in agricultural output. In addition to lower levels of wealth, women who experience droughts in infancy also...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Fetal origins hypothesis, Human capital, Intergenerational effects
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) requires local stakeholders to participate by sharing their comments on CDM activities. This stipulation aims at promoting social equity, a key element of sustainable development. We draw on the stakeholder theory to examine the local stakeholder participatory process in CDM in four Latin American countries – Brazil, Honduras, Mexico, and Peru. We analyze 625 projects using cluster analysis...
Topics: Participation, Stakeholder Theory, Sustainable Development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Sébastien Desbureaux; Aude Sophie Rodella
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While the harmful impact of droughts is well-documented in rural areas, how droughts affect cities’ economies remains an open question. Using monthly labour force surveys from 78 cities in Latin America, we demonstrate that large sustained dry events decrease the probability of being employed, hourly wages, hours worked, and labour incomes. Informal workers are impacted the most. We highlight that the impact of droughts is larger than the impact of wet events, like those that cause floods....
Topics: Climate change, Droughts, Labour markets, Latin America, Urban economics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Duncan Macqueen; Anna Bolin; Martin Greijmans; Sophie Grouwels; Shoana Humphries
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The combined impacts of multiple locally-controlled forestry (LCF) businesses will play a key role in shaping the fate of forest landscapes. This article analyses how such enterprises contribute to a broad notion of prosperity as ‘that which people value and have reason to value in line with the common good’. It focuses on innovations that are found in those businesses and highlights how these differ from other models of business, which often pursue, for a limited number of people, a...
Topics: Business models, Global, Locally controlled forestry (LCF), Prosperity, SDGs, Small and medium...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Marco Letta; Pierluigi Montalbano; Richard S.J. Tol
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Using the LSMS-ISA Tanzania National Panel Survey by the World Bank, we study the relationship between rural household consumption growth and temperature shocks over the period 2008–2013. Temperature shocks have a negative and significant impact on household growth if their initial consumption lies below a critical threshold. As such, temperature shocks slow income convergence among households, at least in the short run. Crop yields and total factor productivity in agriculture are the main...
Topics: Climate change, Rural development, Weather shocks
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Joshua Busby; Todd G. Smith; Nisha Krishnan; Charles Wight; Santiago Vallejo-Gutierrez
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Asian countries have among the highest numbers of people exposed to the impacts of climate-related hazards and, thus, at greatest risk of mass death. Floods, droughts, and storms have always tested civilian governments and international humanitarian aid agencies. However, climate change threatens to make the problem worse by increasing the intensity and possibly the frequency of climate-related hazards. Humanitarian emergencies potentially upend and reverse progress on development priorities,...
Topics: Adaptation, Asia, Climate change, Vulnerability
Approaches to resilience to climate change can be socially exclusionary if they do not acknowledge diverse experiences of risks or socio-economic barriers to resilience. This paper contributes to analyses of resilience by studying how theories of change (ToC) processes used by development organizations might lead to social exclusions, and seeking ways to make these more inclusive. Adopting insights from participatory monitoring and evaluation, the paper first presents fieldwork from four...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Livelihoods, Myanmar, Resilience, Theories of change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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How different groups perceive climate-related problems and changes is of growing interest in research and practice, especially in relation to the adaptation of vulnerable communities to climate change. However, research on local climate perceptions to date has tended to focus on what changes are perceived, not on how those changes are interpreted in particular socio-cultural contexts and given meaning within local worldviews and systems of values and beliefs. Based on fieldwork in agro-pastoral...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Indigenous worldviews, Latin America, Narratives, Peru, Religious beliefs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Morey Burnham; Laura Vang Rasmussen; Zhao Ma
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The world's poor are frequently considered to be the most vulnerable to climate change (Niang et al., 2014), and thus most in need of adaptation to reduce the harms and risks climate change poses to their lives and livelihoods. As climate change adaptation projects are increasingly linked to socioeconomic development, scholars have recognized that planned adaptation interventions must go beyond abating climate risk and address the various structural deficits,” such as lack of income,...
Subsistence farmers in Sahelian Africa are highly vulnerable to the rainfall effects associated with climate change. Permanent or temporary out-migration can provide an individual or family the opportunity to mitigate against these effects. One major challenge to quantifying the impact of climate change on out-migration is lack of appropriate spatial and temporal data. Out-migration data must be adequately detailed to include both long- and short-term departures. The climate data must provide...
Topics: Food security, Mali, Out-migration, Rainfall
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Using the notion of institutional interplay, which refers to situations where the operation or consequences of one regime influence another regime, the article explores the interplay between planned adaptation and farmer households’ autonomous adaptation. Drawing empirical data from two drought-prone districts in Northeastern Ethiopia (Kobo and Raya Azebo), this article deals with the differentiated effects of planned adaptation, exemplified by Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Programme...
Topics: Ethiopia, Gender, Productive Safety Net Programme
This paper argues that climate change adaptation through strategic greenspace planning requires scholars and planners to think differently about what equity means in an urban greenspace context. We use the heat mitigation potential of greenspace and the case of Taipei Metropolis in Taiwan to assess challenges arising from thinking about fairness in terms of distribution of benefits from greenspace functions, as opposed to fairness in greenspace accessibility and availability. Urban greening to...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Ecosystem services, Taipei, Urban greenspace, Urban heat island effect
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Joshua Eastin
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It is commonly accepted that women can be more vulnerable than men to the adverse environmental effects of climate change. This paper evaluates whether the unequal distribution of costs women bear as a result of climate change are reflected across broader macro-social institutions to the detriment of gender equality and women's rights. It argues that gender disparities in climate change vulnerability not only reflect preexisting gender inequalities, they also reinforce them. Inequalities in the...
Topics: Climate change, Developing states, Development, Gender equality, Vulnerability, Women's rights
Adaptation research often uses identity categories. This article argues that a performativity approach allows us to understand identity in ways that are important for adaptation. Performativity sees identity as constructed through practices in an ongoing process of negotiation and renegotiation. Individuals and groups can thus be understood as having the agency to redefine identity by changing their everyday practices; changed practices, in turn, can influence the construction of identity....
Topics: Africa, Agency, Category, Kenya, Pastoralism, Practice
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Paul McCord; Kurt Waldman; Elizabeth Baldwin; Jampel Dell'Angelo; Tom Evans
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Smallholder agriculturalists employ a range of strategies to adapt to climate variability. These adaptive strategies include decisions to plant different seed varieties, changes to the array of cultivated crops, and shifts in planting dates. Smallholder access to irrigation water is crucial to the adoption of such strategies, and uncertainty of water availability may prove to be a stimulating force in a smallholder's decision to adjust their on-farm practices. Within smallholder irrigation...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Collective action, Kenya, Seed choice, Smallholder agriculture, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Carol Hunsberger; Courtney Work; Roman Herre
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This paper investigates how climate change strategies and resource conflicts are shaping each other in the Greater Aural region of western Cambodia. Agro-industrial projects linked to climate change goals are reshaping both social and ecological dynamics, by altering patterns of access to land and water resources as well as the nature of the resources themselves. Using a landscape perspective, we investigate these social and ecological changes occurring across space and time. Drawing on data...
Topics: Asia, Biofuel, Cambodia, Climate change, Conflict, Irrigation
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Jul 6, 2019 Sharon Pailler; Magda Tsaneva
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Climate variability has been shown to have adverse effects on morbidity and mortality. Less is known about its effects on psychological well-being, especially in developing countries with agriculture-based economies. In this paper, we test whether extreme temperature and precipitation in India have an effect on self-reported depression symptoms, cognitive and sleep difficulties, and ability to cope with and control life. We use time and geographic variation in weather and show that hot weather...
Topics: Climate variability, India, Psychological well-being
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Sonia Graham; Jon Barnett; Colette Mortreux; Anna Hurlimann; Ruth Fincher
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A key criterion of successful adaptation to climate change is that it avoids potential inequalities arising from climate impacts or from adaptation strategies themselves. Recent research on adaptation in developing and developed countries argues that the measures of such fairness cannot be captured by standard metrics of vulnerability and should be situated in the milieu of people's daily lives and temporalities. Yet there is little empirical evidence to support this theoretical argument. This...
Topics: Equity, Justice, Lived values, Quotidian practices, Vulnerability
Adaptation to climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing coastal communities today. Coastal communities are subject to a wide range of stressors related to climate change, including biological resource decline and natural hazards. Small historically natural-resource-dependent communities are particularly vulnerable because of their close reliance on ecosystem goods and services that are likely to be affected by climate change (e.g., fisheries, forests) and their limited access to...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Coastal Oregon, Path dependency, Rural communities, USA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 David Castells-Quintana; Maria del Pilar Lopez-Uribe; Thomas K.J. McDermott
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This paper looks at adaptation to climate change from the point of view of (poor) households. Since the development literature has firmly established the role of weather risk as a source of income volatility for the poor, and climate change is expected to increase this risk, we review the range of risk-coping mechanisms available to poorer households, with a focus on possible barriers to adaptation. We ask both how government interventions affect the set of options available for adaptation and...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Sustainable development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Florian Weiler; Carola Klöck; Matthew Dornan
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Developed countries provide increasing amounts of aid to assist developing countries adapt to the impacts of climate change. How do they distribute this aid? While donors agreed to prioritise “particularly vulnerable” countries, we know from the general aid allocation literature that donors (also) use aid as a foreign policy tool to promote their own economic and political goals. In this paper, we analyse data on bilateral adaptation aid from 2010 through 2015 to assess to what extent...
Topics: Adaptation aid, Aid allocation, Climate change adaptation, Climate finance
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Jul 6, 2019 Nibedita S. Ray-Bennett
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Natural disasters (such as floods, cyclones, heat waves, and lightning) have the potential to cause human loss and injury. Due to climate change, the number of people affected by natural disasters is increasing every year with a marked debilitating effect on developing countries as compared to developed countries. To tackle these challenges, the United Nations “Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–30” identified “seven global targets”, of which the first target is to...
Topic: vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Solomon Asfaw; Giacomo Pallante; Alessandro Palma
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The paper provides fresh empirical evidence on the adaptation process in Niger rural communities using original longitudinal socio-economic panel data merged with granular geo-referenced climatic information. We identify the main drivers and impacts of crop and labor diversification which constitute two livelihood strategies on moderating the adaptation deficit. In doing so, we account for the interdependence between the two diversification practices and potential reverse causality between...
Topics: Niger, SSA, adaptation, climate change, diversification, livelihood strategy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Morey Burnham; Zhao Ma
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Smallholder farmers in the Loess Plateau Region of China are highly vulnerable to climate change. Effective adaptation governance requires in-depth, situated understanding of how adaptation is embedded in particular environmental, social, political, economic, and institutional contexts. Drawing on 93 qualitative interviews with smallholder households in five counties across three provinces on the Loess Plateau, we use a multi-scalar pathways approach to analyze two particular adaptations...
Topics: China, agricultural decision-making, climate change adaptation, livelihoods, pathways,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Anamika Dey; Gurdeep Singh; Anil K. Gupta
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Women, especially in the marginalized communities of the high-risk regions prone to flood and drought are considered most vulnerable to climate change risks. They play a very important role in household nutrition management and resource management in terms of labor, off-farm products, and small savings. In the absence of help from formal and informal R and D and technology institutions, their knowledge and resources’ exchange system has to be very robust to cope with the seasonal shortages...
Topics: India, climate adaptation, food availability, gender
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Claudia Radel; Birgit Schmook; Lindsey Carte; Sofia Mardero
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Smallholder labor migration and its relationship to climate change adaptation has received increasing attention, with migration often represented either as part of successful adaptive livelihood diversification or as symptomatic of a lack of in-place adaptive capacity. Using a case study, we focus on the relationship between labor migration, agrarian livelihood diversification, and climate change to further a more nuanced understanding of “migration as adaptation” than is implied by a...
Topics: double exposure, drought, environmental migration, livelihood diversification, neoliberalism,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Giorgia Faraca; Vincent M. Edjabou; Alessio Boldrin; Thomas Astrup
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Europe is currently adapting its waste management strategies towards the increased recycling of waste materials, motivated by ambitious recycling targets. This requires correctly sorting and recovering of all relevant waste flows. In Denmark, a considerable share of residential household waste is collected at recycling centres, 16% of which is sent to energy recovery in the form of “small combustible waste”. Although essential in order to enhance the management of household waste, very...
Topics: Circular economy, Climate change, Contamination, Life cycle assessment, Recycling rate, Sampling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Marieke ten Hoeve; Sander Bruun; Lars S. Jensen; Thomas H. Christensen
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A life cycle assessment (LCA) was performed on five garden waste treatment practices: the production of mature compost including the woody fraction (MCIW), the production of mature compost without the woody fraction (MCWW), the production of immature compost without the woody fraction (ICWW), fresh garden waste including the woody fraction (GWIW) and fresh garden waste without the woody fraction (GWWW). The assessment included carbon sequestration after land application of the garden waste and...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Composting, Incineration, Nitrate leaching, Organic fertiliser, Use on land
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Thilde B. Thomasen; Charlotte Scheutz; Peter Kjeldsen
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Landfills are significant sources of anthropogenic atmospheric methane (CH4), which contributes to climate change. Large amounts of CH4 are emitted from landfills in dilute form due to mixing with air in leachate collection systems, or during lateral migration away from landfills. The objective of this study was to investigate the CH4 oxidation efficiency of a compost material subject to LFG diluted with atmospheric air resulting in CH4 concentrations of 5–10% v/v. CH4 oxidation rates and...
Topics: Air supply, Carbon mass balance, Compost, Compost respiration, Methane oxidation, Open biofilter,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Zhejin Li; Lingling Yan; Xiaolong Wang; Peng Yan; Yawen Shen; Hongcui Dai; Xiaolei Yang; Jixiao Cui; Yuanquan Chen
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Large quantities and many varieties of agricultural organic wastes are produced in China annually. Applying agricultural organic wastes to soil plays an essential role in coping with the environmental pollution from agricultural wastes, solving the energy crisis and responding global climate change. But there is little information available on the effects of different agricultural organic wastes on soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The objectives of this study were to investigate and compare...
Topics: Characteristics of organic wastes, Cropping system, Emission factors, North China Plain, Organic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Taiwo Babatunde Hammed; Shem O. Wandiga; Yacob Mulugetta; M. K.C. Sridhar
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Throughout the world, waste sector has been implicated in significant contribution to anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Involving communities in recycling their solid waste would ensure climate change effect mitigation and resilience. This study was carried out to improve waste management practices through a community-led intervention at Kube-Atenda community in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design, comprising mixed method of data collection such as semi-...
Topics: Greenhouse gas, Life-cycle-based model, Waste management practices
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Dickella Gamaralalage Jagath Premakumara; S. N.M. Menikpura; Rajeev Kumar Singh; Matthew Hengesbaugh; Albert Altarejos Magalang; Eligio T. Ildefonso; Maria Delia Cristina M. Valdez; Liz C. Silva
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Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is considered one of the serious environmental issues in the Philippines, with corresponding linkages to the climate change and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, methane (CH4) linked with indiscriminate dumping of municipal solid waste has received the much attention with regard to public health and climate change. The impacts of black carbon (BC) are less documented and understood. This paper aims to review the status of MSWM in the...
Topics: Black carbon (BC), Climate change, Greenhouse gases (GHGs), Municipal solid waste management...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Waste-sector greenhouse gas emissions have long been accepted as a critical component of climate change mitigation efforts because of the significant radiative forcing of methane (CH4) production from municipal landfills and other emissions from waste management processes. In developed countries, waste generation is expected to peak and decline by the end of the century, whereas waste generation is rapidly rising in many developing nations. The extent to which the countries of the world are...
Topics: Greenhouse gas, Paris Climate Agreement, Waste policy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Atul Kumar; S. R. Samadder; Nitin Kumar; Chandrakant Singh
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Plastic waste generation is an inevitable product of human activities, however its management faces challenges in many cities. Understanding the existing patterns of plastic waste generation and recycling is essential for effective management planning. The present study established a relationship between plastic waste generation rate and the identified socioeconomic groups, higher socioeconomic group (HSEG), middle socioeconomic group (MSEG), and lower socioeconomic group (LSEG) of the study...
Topics: Informal, Machine learning models, Recycling, Revenue generation, Socioeconomic groups
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Jean O'Dwyer; Dylan Walshe; Kenneth A. Byrne
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Large quantities of wood products have historically been disposed of in landfills. The fate of this vast pool of carbon plays an important role in national carbon balances and accurate emission reporting. The Republic of Ireland, like many EU countries, utilises the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) guidelines for greenhouse gas reporting in the waste sector, which provides default factors for emissions estimation. For wood products, the release of carbon is directly...
Topics: IPCC, Landfill, Methane emissions, Wood product decomposition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Hyeyoung Lee; Seung Muk Yi; Thomas M. Holsen; Yong Seok Seo; Eunhwa Choi
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Climate-relevant CO 2 emissions from waste incineration were compared using three methods: making use of CO 2 concentration data, converting O 2 concentration and waste characteristic data, and using a mass balance method following Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) guidelines. For the first two methods, CO 2 and O 2 concentrations were measured continuously from 24 to 86 days. The O 2 conversion method in comparison to the direct CO 2 measurement method had a 4.8% mean difference...
Topics: Carbon dioxide, IPCC guidelines, O 2 conversion, Waste incineration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Fabiano A. Ximenes; Annette L. Cowie; Morton A. Barlaz
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Large volumes of engineered wood products (EWPs) and paper are routinely placed in landfills in Australia, where they are assumed to decay. However, the extent of decay for EWPs is not well-known. This study reports carbon loss from EWPs and paper buried in landfills in Sydney, Brisbane and Cairns in Australia, located in temperate, subtropical and tropical climates, respectively. The influence of pulp type (mechanical and chemical) and landfill type (municipal solid waste – MSW and...
Topics: Carbon, Engineered wood products, Landfill, Paper
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Nor Aishah Saidina Amin; Amin Talebian-Kiakalaieh
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As the world's second largest palm oil producer and exporter, Malaysia could capitalize on its oil palm biomass waste for power generation. The emission factors from this renewable energy source are far lower than that of fossil fuels. This study applies an integrated carbon accounting and mitigation (INCAM) model to calculate the amount of CO2 emissions from two biomass thermal power plants. The CO2 emissions released from biomass plants utilizing empty fruit bunch (EFB) and palm oil mill...
Topics: Biomass, Carbon emission, Climate change, Oil palm, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Rongxing Bian; Danhui Xin; Xiaoli Chai
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Global climate change and ecological problems brought about by greenhouse gas effect have become a severe threat to humanity in the 21st century. Vegetation plays an important role in methane (CH 4 ) transport, oxidation and emissions from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills as it modifies the physical and chemical properties of the cover soil, and transports CH 4 to the atmosphere directly via their conduits, which are mainly aerenchymatous structures. In this study, a novel 2-D simulation...
Topics: CH 4 emissions, CH 4 oxidation, Landfill, Simulation, Vegetation embedded module
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Lidia Lombardi; Ennio A. Carnevale
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Residual municipal solid waste (MSW) has an average lower heating value higher than 10 GJ/Mg in the EU, and can be recovered in modern Waste-to-Energy (WtE) plants, producing combined heat and power (CHP) and reaching high levels of energy recovery. CHP is pinpointed as the best technique for energy recovery from waste. However, in some cases, heat recovery is not technically feasible – due to the absence of a thermal user (industrial plant or district heating) in the vicinity of the WtE...
Topics: Cogeneration, Electric efficiency, Life cycle assessment, Municipal solid waste, Plant size, R1
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Tsuyoshi Kinouchi; Takashi Nakajima; Javier Mendoza; Pablo Fuchs; Yoshihiro Asaoka
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Water resources in La Paz and El Alto, Bolivia strongly depend on runoff from mountain catchments in the Cordillera Real, Andes. The balance between the water available from the source catchments and the demand of the cities has become precarious during recent years because of an increasing population and the runoff variability caused by climate change. In this study, a first-order estimate of the future water supply and demand for the El Alto system, the most rapidly growing area in La Paz and...
Topics: Andes, Climate change, La Paz and El Alto, Population growth, Water scarcity, Water supply and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 M. M. Rahman; G. Penny; M. S. Mondal; M. H. Zaman; A. Kryston; M. Salehin; Q. Nahar; D. Bolster; J. L. Tank; M. F. Müller
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Salinization of freshwater and soils is a global phenomenon that adversely affects 500 million people, particularly in low-lying river deltas. Impacts of salinity on food and water security and agricultural livelihoods are well documented and reviewed herein, along with additional effects on human health that have received less attention and warrant further study. Populations forced to consume saline waters display increased occurrence of diseases such as hypertension in Bangladesh,...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna, River delta, Salinity
Conditions of elevated temperature and CO 2 levels [30 °C and 970 parts-per-million (ppm), respectively] reduced the systemic titers of a potato virus Y (PVY) isolate in Nicotiana benthamiana plants, relative to standard conditions (25 °C, ~405 ppm CO 2 ). Under controlled conditions we studied how these growing environments affected the transmission of infection by aphids. Probabilities of transmission of infection by insects that fed on infected donor plants kept at either standard...
Topics: Climate-change and dispersal of plant viruses, Environment and plant virus transmission by insects,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Christian Sonne; Emilie Andersen-Ranberg; Elisabeth L. Rajala; Jørgen S. Agerholm; Eva Bonefeld-Jørgensen; Jean Pierre Desforges; Igor Eulaers; Bjørn M. Jenssen; Aqqalu Rosing-Asvid; Ursula Siebert; Morten Tryland; Gert Mulvad; Tero Härkönen; Mario Acquarone; Erling S. Nordøy
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Zoonotic infections transmitted from marine mammals to humans in the Baltic and European Arctic are of unknown significance, despite given considerable potential for transmission due to local hunt. Here we present results of an initial screening for Brucella spp. in Arctic and Baltic seal species. Baltic ringed seals (Pusa hispida, n = 12) sampled in October 2015 and Greenland Sea harp seals (Pagophilus groenlandicus, n = 6) and hooded seals (Cystophora cristata, n = 3) sampled in March 2015...
Topics: Arctic, Humans, One health, Zoonosis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Martin Gutsch; Neele Larondelle; Dagmar Haase
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Larger forest patches in urban areas are highly valuable recreation sites that provide the urban population with various ecosystem services. Yet they are highly vulnerable to biological pests, especially in the light of climate change. The growing need to intervene against forest pests needs to be clearly but carefully communicated to the urban forest visitors in order to minimize conflicts. In this paper, a survey with 554 complete responses, conducted in the forest district of the...
Topics: Berlin, Perception, Survey, Tree pest, Urban forest
Trees are not evenly distributed across urbanized areas and there is evidence that Black, Hispanic, and low-income residents have lower proximal tree canopy coverage. The complex interplay between social policy and the built/physical environment contributes to these outcomes, but much of the research on environmental justice focuses on either producing evidence of inequity or assessing policy to determine its effect on the physical environment. This paper attempts to unite those two approaches...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental justice, Remote sensing, Urban heat island, Urban tree canopy