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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Terence Darlington Mushore; Brandon Chimuti; Juliet Gwenzi; Moven Manjowe; Collen Mutasa; Emmanuel Mashonjowa; Tedious Mhizha; Godfrey Muroyiwa; Iman Rousta
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This study investigated the thermal discomfort patterns at the University of Zimbabwe in Harare, Zimbabwe; paying attention to the outdoor and indoor seasonal and diurnal variations. Temperature and relative humidity data from an automatic weather station located in the study area was incorporated into the temperature humidity index to retrieve outdoor human thermal discomfort patterns. Based on data availability, air temperature and humidity hourly data for the period 2014 to 2018 was used....
Topics: Discomfort index, Heat stress, Temperature, Temperature humidity index, Thermal discomfort
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maya Jegen; Xavier D. Philion
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What explains the inception, the scope and the political saliency of smart grid development? Illustrating the dynamics of non-agenda-setting, this study reviews the electricity sector in the Canadian province of Quebec. Drawing from Kingdon's multiple streams, we argue that the opening of a policy window that would put smart grid development on the policy agenda has proved elusive. In the problem stream, we show that key actors in Quebec's electricity sector do not link smart grid development...
Topics: John Kingdon, Policy agenda, Smart grid, Technological upgrade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hoang C. Tin; Tran N.K. Ni; Le V. Tuan; Isuzu Saizen; Robert Catherman
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Mangrove ecosystems in central Vietnam play an important role in protecting the coast line; reducing erosion and salinization; as well as regulating climate. Mangrove ecosystems in Cu Lao Cham-Hoi An Biosphere Reserve contribute significantly to the role of coastal protection, climate change resilience, and local economic development. Historical satellite remote sensing data, intensive field surveys and GIS techniques have been employed in many tropical areas worldwide to detect mangrove...
Topics: Landsat, Mangrove ecosystem degradation, Satellite remote sensing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dinesh Kumar Saini; Prashant Kaushik
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Eggplant is a member of family Solanaceae, and it is commonly cultivated in many parts of the world. Eggplant is susceptible to a number of biotic and abiotic stresses, therefore, there is a continuous demand of varieties with disease and insect pest resistance, better nutraceutical capacity, and adaption to climate change. Biotechnological approaches/tools have helped in the expansion of eggplant ideotype. In this direction, tissue culture techniques for organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis...
Topics: Plant transformation, Somatic embryogenesis, Tissue culture
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Petronia Carillo; Christophe El-Nakhel; Valerio Cirillo; Giuseppe Colla; Youssef Rouphael
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Natural or synthetic small molecules (
Topics: Benzimidazole, Ion homeostasis, Lactuca sativa L., Photosynthesis, Small bioactive molecules,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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More than 130 million microwaves are affected by European Union (EU) legislation which is aimed at reducing the consumption of electricity in the standby mode ('standby Regulation’) and at more sustainable management of end-of-life electrical and electronic waste (‘WEEE Directive’). While legislation focuses on these two life cycle stages, there is little information on the environmental impacts of the entire life cycle of microwaves. To address this gap, this paper presents a...
Topics: Circular economy, Climate change, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Resource consumption, Standby...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matthew G.E. Mitchell; Kasper Johansen; Martine Maron; Clive A. McAlpine; Dan Wu; Jonathan R. Rhodes
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Urban areas are sources of land use change and CO2 emissions that contribute to global climate change. Despite this, assessments of urban vegetation carbon stocks often fail to identify important landscape-scale drivers of variation in urban carbon, especially the potential effects of landscape structure variables at different spatial scales. We combined field measurements with Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) data to build high-resolution models of woody plant aboveground carbon across the...
Topics: Land use/land cover, Landscape structure, LiDAR, Urban ecology, Vegetation structure
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qi Zhao; Yi Zhao; Shanshan Li; Yajuan Zhang; Qingan Wang; Huiling Zhang; Hui Qiao; Wuping Li; Rachel Huxley; Gail Williams; Yuhong Zhang; Yuming Guo
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Background The association between temperature and cardio-respiratory disease in urban areas has been widely reported but there is limited information from populations living in rural areas that may be disproportionately affected by climate change. Objectives To quantify the associations between daily temperature and clinical visits due to cardiovascular and/or respiratory disease in rural villages in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China over 2012–2015. Methods Daily data on clinical...
Topics: Ambient temperature, Cardio-respiratory diseases, Distributed lag non-linear model, Rural China
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xin Zhao; Chao Pu; Shou Tian Ma; Sheng Li Liu; Jian Fu Xue; Xing Wang; Yu Qiao Wang; Shuai Shuai Li; Rattan Lal; Fu Chen; Hai Lin Zhang
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Mitigating greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions from rice paddy (Oryza sativa L.) and balancing the trade-offs between reducing emission and sustaining food security have raised global concerns. A global meta-analysis of rice experimental data was conducted to assess changes in emissions of GHGs (CH4 and N2O) and global warming potential (GWP) in response to improvements through 12 field management practices. The results indicated that changes in GWP were mainly attributed to CH4 emission even...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Global warming potential, Meta-analysis, Rice yield, Yield-scaled...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ulrich A.K. Betz; Frederick Betz; Rachel Kim; Brendan Monks; Fred Phillips
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We asked readers of Science, Nature and Harvard Business Review about their expectations for advances in science, technology, and business over a 35-year time horizon. We asked further about their needs and dreams for technical products, and their forecasts of converging industries. A fourth survey, fielded later to experts in technology forecasting and science policy, yielded assessments of the earlier survey results as well as the experts' own views on the advances, needs, and convergence...
Topics: "Business futures, Foresight, Innovation, Planning, Science, technology and society"
Transportation considers the highly volatile sector that deteriorates the environment with carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Such emissions are not only responsible for climate change, but also escalate the natural resource rents that are mediated with national scale economic indicators to diffuse the sustainability agenda across the globe. This study mainly focused on air-railways transportation, energy demand, bilateral aid flows, population density and environmental...
Topics: Bilateral aid flows, Energy demand, Environmental degradation, Next-11 countries, Population density
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carla Leite; Vanda Oliveira; Alexandra Lauw; Helena Pereira
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Climate scenarios in the Mediterranean region predicts raising temperatures and more frequent and extreme drought conditions. Cork oak is a Mediterranean species with a large distribution in Portugal from which cork is extracted in a sustainable way and mainly used as the raw material for cork stoppers and insulating materials. To study the response of cork oak to drought and the effect of phellogen age on that response we examined cork growth from a 30-year chronology of trees from 12 sites in...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Dendrochronology, Dendroecology, Pointer years, Quercus suber,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaobo Gu; Huanjie Cai; Li Zhang; Zhitao Zhang; Heng Fang; Pengpeng Chen; Peng Huang; Yupeng Li; Yuannong Li; Jiaming Zhou; Yadan Du
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Ridge-furrow full film mulching (RFFM) has been widely adopted as a water-saving and yield-improving planting pattern in arid and semi-arid regions. Whether or not RFFM can replace the conventional flat planting pattern (FP) with supplemental irrigation in dryland farming has not been tested. Moreover, the effects of reducing irrigation frequency and amount on crops in dryland farms under different rainfall years (dry, normal or wet years) remain unknown. Present study selected winter rapeseed...
Topics: Adaptive management, Dryland agriculture, Ridge-furrow film mulching, Supplemental irrigation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Current building energy use is projected to increase by 1.7% annually until 2025, and the great potential for energy reduction in existing buildings has created opportunities in building energy retrofit projects. In this research, a framework and method are proposed to evaluate the impacts of different retrofit options to existing building under climate change. A Python retrofit tool is developed to perform parametric study by running EnergyPlus under different retrofit scenarios for existing...
Topics: Building retrofit, Climate change, Energy use, EnergyPlus, Feature selection, Random forest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lanyu Li; Zhiyi Yao; Siming You; Chi Hwa Wang; Xiaonan Wang
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To tackle the increasing global energy demand the climate change problem, the integration of renewable energy and negative emission technologies is a promising solution. In this work, a novel concept called “negative emission hybrid renewable energy system” is proposed for the first time. It is a hybrid solar-wind-biomass renewable energy system with biochar production, which could potentially provide energy generation, carbon sequestration, and waste treatment services within one system....
Topics: Biochar, Gasification, Hybrid renewable energy system (HRES), Negative emission technologies...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Mahmoudi; M. Fazli; M. R. Morad
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The increment of using fossil fuels has caused many perilous environmental problems such as acid precipitation, global climate change and air pollution. More than 50% of the energy that is used in the world is wasted as heat. Recovering the wasted heat could increase the system efficiency and lead to lower fuel consumption and CO2 production. Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) which is a reliable technology to efficiently convert low and medium temperature heat sources into electricity, has been known...
Topics: Cycle efficiency, Organic Rankine cycle, Waste heat, Working fluid
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Siyang Cheng; Lingxi Zhou; Pieter P. Tans; Xingqin An; Yunsong Liu
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As CO 2 is a primary driving factor of climate change, the mole fraction and source–sink characteristics of atmospheric CO 2 over China are constantly inferred from multi-source and multi-site data. In this paper, we compared ground-based CO 2 measurements with satellite retrievals and investigated the source–sink regional representativeness at China's four WMO/GAW stations. The results indicate that, firstly, atmospheric CO 2 mole fractions from ground-based sampling measurement and...
Topics: Atmospheric CO 2, Atmospheric background station, Flask sampling observation, GOSAT, Source–sink...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Asma Hadjou Belaid; Sandrine Maurice; Hélène Fréville; David Carbonell; Eric Imbert
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Climate change is a growing threat for global biodiversity, in particular for narrow endemic species. The Mediterranean region, which harbors an exceptional biodiversity, has been identified as one of the most sensitive regions to climate change. Based on a 22-year monitoring period, we analyzed the dynamic and viability of the six extant populations of a narrow endemic plant species of the Mediterranean area, Centaurea corymbosa, to predict their fate under two climatic scenarios. We...
Topics: Centaurea corymbosa, Climate change, Conservation, Extinction risk, Long-term survey, Matrix...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matthew McLean; David Mouillot; Martin Lindegren; Georg Engelhard; Sébastien Villéger; Anik Brind'Amour; Arnaud Auber
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Sustainably managing natural resources under climate change requires understanding how species distribution shifts can impact ecosystem structure and functioning. While numerous studies have documented changes in species’ distributions and abundances in response to warming [1, 2], the consequences for the functional structure of ecosystems (i.e., composition of species’ functional traits) have received less attention. Here, using thirty years of fish monitoring, we show that two connected...
Topics: climate change, distribution shifts, ecosystem functioning, fisheries, functional traits, pelagic...
South Asia is the world's most poverty-dense region, where climate change and climate variability are expected to result in increased heat stress and erratic precipitation patterns that affect agricultural productivity. Considerable evidence has been generated on the effects of these stresses on crop yield, though previous research has not yet examined their influence on the economic efficiency of cereal producers. Surveying 240 farmers across eight of Pakistan's twelve agro-ecological zones,...
Topics: Climate change, Climate services, Economic efficiency, Quantile regression, Rice-wheat system,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper studies a supply chain configuration (SCC) problem for a green product family in consideration of guaranteed service time and emission constraints. Several alternative options can be employed to implement the functions of each stage and safety inventory is adopted to satisfy stochastic demands. An SCC model is formulated to optimize the service time and option selection decisions to minimize the overall cost of the supply chain. The structural properties of the model are addressed...
Topics: Emission constraint, OR in environment and climate change, Supply chain configuration, Sustainable...
As the consumption of energy is responsible for approximately, 80% of GHG in EU (IEA, 2008), the impact of energy activity on the environment has received increasing attention over the last decades from scholars, researchers, politicians and society as a whole. Within EU member countries it is commonly accepted that the design of energy and mitigation policies either at national or at European level require a detailed and integrated investigation of convergence-divergence pattern among the...
Topic: GHGs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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We studied intraspecific trait variability (ITV) in functional leaf traits of Prosopis pallida trees located in eight populations along a climatic gradient on the Peruvian coast. The objectives were (1) to determine the relative importance of ITV at different ecological scales; (2) to understand how functional leaf traits relate to each other, and (3) to know the main climatic factors related to ITV in P. pallida. We used the restricted maximum likelihood method to decompose the variance across...
Topics: Algarrobo, Intraspecific variability, Leaf mass per area, Mean annual temperature, Net...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Santiago Fernández-Rodríguez; Pablo Durán-Barroso; Inmaculada Silva-Palacios; Rafael Tormo-Molina; José María Maya-Manzano; Ángela Gonzalo-Garijo; Alejandro Monroy-Colin
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Airborne grass pollen is the main cause of allergenic diseases in many parts of the world although its frequency differs regionally. This risk could be included in the context of urban air pollution and climate change as environmental hazard and factors provoking allergies. The main objective of this study is to construct a local statistical forecasting model that takes the peculiarities of the daily average grass airborne pollen concentrations from an urban area placed in a city in the SW of...
Topics: Airborne natural risk, Allergy, Environmental modelling, Grass pollen, Time series analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Transition to renewable energy systems is essential to achieve the climate change mitigation targets. However, the timing and the regions of the production and consumption of the renewable energy do not always match, and different energy storage technologies are needed to secure the uninterrupted energy supply. Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) offer a flexible media for the storage and transportation of renewable energy. These “liquid hydrogen batteries” are reversibly hydrogenated...
Topics: Dibenzyl toluene, Energy storage, Hydrogen, Liquid organic hydrogen carriers, Methanol
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Li Meng; Tong Zhang; Sisi Geng; Peter B. Scott; Haiying Li; Sixue Chen
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Jasmonates (JAs) are important phytohormones that regulate a wide range of plant processes, including growth, development and stress responses. Jasmonate ZIM-domain (JAZ) proteins are transcriptional repressors in JA signaling. Overexpression of JAZ7 was found to confer drought tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana), but the molecular mechanisms are not known. Using Tandem Mass Tag (TMT) quantitative proteomics and targeted metabolomics approaches, we found that 394 unique proteins and...
Topics: JAZ7, Metabolites, Molecular networks, Quantitative proteomics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gang Li; Shaobo Sun; Jichang Han; Jianwu Yan; Wenbin Liu; Yang Wei; Nan Lu
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Remote sensing based vegetation index provides a practical method for the monitoring of vegetation dynamics at regional and global scales. Here, using a long-term remotely sensed normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) dataset, we quantified the vegetation changes in the Loess Plateau (LP) over the last three decades (1982–2015), which includes the period before the Chinese“Grain for Green Program”(GGP) was launched (1982–1999), and the period after the GGP (1999–2015). The...
Topic: Remote sensing
Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are two important mosquito species which transmit various infectious arbovirus diseases represented mainly by dengue fever. These two species of mosquito have a wide range of distribution and strong transfer capacity. With ongoing global climate change, we are facing an increasing public health threat from the rapid spread of vectors in wider geographical areas. Based on observed occurrence records of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus and high-resolution...
Topic: Vector-borne diseases
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christopher Exley; Gea Guerriero; Xabier Lopez
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We contend that silicic acid is a much under-valued molecule and specifically in the context of its role in establishing and maintaining life on Earth. Silicic acid can also be an ill-understood molecule with its chemistry all too often confused with that of either silicates or silica. Herein we (i) provide a working definition for silicic acid; (ii) identify its omnipresent role in biochemical evolution in excluding aluminium from biota and providing adventitious benefits through biological...
Topics: Aluminium in biology, Biological silicification, Climate change, Hydroxyaluminosilicates, Mineral...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xinying Wu; Zengchao Hao; Fanghua Hao; Xuan Zhang
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Concurrent precipitation and temperature extremes usually have significant impacts on the society, economy and ecosystem. Changes in precipitation or temperature extremes in China have been extensively studied; however, less attention has been paid to their concurrence (or compound extremes) to date. This study explores the historical variations of compound extremes including dry/warm, dry/cold, wet/warm, and wet/cold combinations based on monthly precipitation and temperature observations...
Topics: Climate change, Compound extremes, Frequency, Spatial extent
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Barbara Bertozzi; Beatrice Pulvirenti; Renato R. Colucci; Silvana Di Sabatino
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Motivated by progressive climate-change influence on ice degradation in caves, in this paper we present a novel methodology to investigate the link between air dynamics and ice melting. Specifically, we use surveys available for the Leupa ice cave (LIC), located in the Canin-Kanin group in the southeastern Alps and a general purpose computational fluid dynamics model (CFD). Detailed numerical simulations are evaluated on the basis of well-established approaches that consider domain, grid,...
Topics: CFD approach, Climate change, Heat transfer, Ice cave, Ice melting
One major area that has gathered public attention in relation to climate change is health risks. Studies into risk perceptions have acknowledged differences between public and expert knowledge. What is less known is how perceptions of climate change related health risk vary between the public and health experts and how these differentiated perceptions are shaped and modified by everyday complex climate change narratives from multiple actors, and contextual ecologies of social and physical...
Topics: Climate change, Climate change knowledge, Climate-induced health problems, Ghana, Public health
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by E. R.Jasper Wubs; Sarah J. Woodin; Marc I. Stutter; Sonja Wipf; Martin Sommerkorn; René van der Wal
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Snow strongly affects ecosystem functioning in alpine environments with potential carry-over effects outside of snow periods. However, it is unclear whether changes in snow cover affect microbial community functioning in summer. In a field experiment, we tested whether manipulation of snow cover affected the functional capabilities of the microbial community either directly, or indirectly through concomitant changes in the vegetation. While 23 years of differential snow depth and persistence...
Topics: Alpine moss heath, Carbon cycling, Carry-over effects, Climate change, Microbial community, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chong Li; Yongjun Shi; Guomo Zhou; Yufeng Zhou; Lin Xu; Liang Tong; Xiang Liu
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Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) is a very important forest resource in subtropical China, and it has excellent carbon sequestration potential, and can play an important role in mitigating climate change. The international community has gradually recognized the benefits of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) forest carbon sequestration mechanisms, and the areas available for the development of forest carbon sinks have greatly expanded. Therefore, in this...
Topics: Fertilization, Harvesting, Moso bamboo forest, Optimized management model, REDD+, Soil carbon sink
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fábio S. Zanuzzo; Jason A. Bailey; Amber F. Garber; Anthony K. Gamperl
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Given climate change projections, the limited ability of fish reared in sea-cages to behaviourally thermoregulate, and that thermal tolerance may be heritable, studies that examine family-related differences in upper thermal tolerance are quite relevant to the aquaculture industry. Thus, we investigated the upper thermal tolerance of 15 Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) families by challenging them with acute (2 °C h −1 ) and incremental (1 °C every 4 days) temperature increases (CT max and IT...
Topics: Climate change, Family-based selection, Fish, Global warming, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Onil Banerjee; Kevin Boyle; Cassandra T. Rogers; Janice Cumberbatch; Michele Lemay; Maja Schling
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Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are the least responsible for climate change, though they bear a disproportionate burden in terms of vulnerability to climate-induced disasters. The economies of many SIDS are also highly dependent on tourism, much of which occurs in potentially hazardous coastal areas and are closely linked to environmental quality. Despite the importance of catalyzing investment in coastal infrastructure to reduce vulnerability and enhance resilience, there is a paucity...
Topics: C51 (Model construction and estimation), Climate change adaptation, Climate change vulnerability,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Extreme drought and precipitation are expected to occur more frequently due to climate change, which may influence the water uptake patterns by vegetation in the rocky mountainous area of northern China. In this work, dual stable isotopes were used to detect the water sources of mixed forest of coniferous and broad-leaved tree species and their response of leaf water potential under differently sized precipitation events (no rain: 0.0 mm; light rain: 9.8 mm; moderate rain: 21.8 mm; large rain:...
Topics: Leaf water potential, Rain event, Stable isotopes, Water use pattern
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laura Dobor; Tomáš Hlásny; Rupert Seidl; Werner Rammer; Ivan Barka; Jiří Trombik; Pavol Pavlenda; Vladimír Šebeň; Petr Štěpánek
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Disturbances alter composition, structure, and functioning of forest ecosystems, and their legacies persist for decades to centuries. We investigated how temperate forest landscapes may recover their carbon (C) after severe wind and bark beetle disturbance, while being exposed to climate change. We used the forest landscape and disturbance model iLand to quantify (i) the recovery times of the total ecosystem C, (ii) the effect of climate change on C recovery, and (iii) the differential factors...
Topics: CO2 fertilization, Central Europe, Disturbance recovery, Forest carbon sink, Legacy sink, Norway...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hanxue Liang; Jian Guo Huang; Qianqian Ma; Jingye Li; Zhou Wang; Xiali Guo; Huoxing Zhu; Shaowei Jiang; Peng Zhou; Biyun Yu; Dawei Luo
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It is critical to investigate the effects of competition and climate on forest growth as they are main forces affecting forest dynamics. However, in subtropics of China such a study has never been conducted. Here we conducted a pioneer study to evaluate the effects of competition and climate on growth of Chinese red pine (Pinus massoniana) in mixed forests of subtropical China along a broad latitudinal gradient (23°N∼32°N). Twenty-three plots (20m × 20m) were randomly selected from 11...
Topics: Climate change, Dendroecology, Distant-independent competition index, Pinus massoniana, Subtropical...
In the Mediterranean area, changes in crop production and quality are expected in the future, due to one or more stress factors associated with climate change. Among them, plant responses to atmospheric CO2 concentration increases, enhanced temperatures and scarce water availability are a matter that deserves further investigation. In this study, the effects of the three above-mentioned factors, acting individually and/or in interaction, on grapevine reproductive growth and berry quality were...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Elevated CO2, Grapevine quality, Red and white Tempranillo
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Impact of climate change on water supply and use is a critical issue for dryland crop production. In this study is assessed the potential impact of atmospheric CO2 enrichment (500 μmol mol−1, CE) and canopy warming (+2 °C, WA) and their combination (CW) on crop water utilization efficiency (WUE) of winter wheat in an open-air field experiment from Southeast China. Micro-meteorological measurement and wheat growth under individual treatments over three executive years of 2012–2015 were...
Topics: Climate change, Crop water use, Elevated temperature, Free-Air CO2 enrichment (FACE), Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Evan Eckersley; Bryan W. Berger
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A growing global population and industrialization have come at the cost of induced climate change and pollution of natural resources, resulting in formation of toxic algal blooms in fresh water sources. In the US alone, these blooms cost an estimated $1.5 billion dollars each year to remediate. Current methods to combat such blooms such as copper sulfate treatment are expensive, ineffective, and environmentally toxic, motivating development of biochemical algaecides as green alternatives. Our...
Topics: Algaecide, Harmful algal bloom, Polysaccharide lyase, Protein engineering, Water purification
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qi Lu; Ni Bin Chang; Justin Joyce; Albert S. Chen; Dragan A. Savic; Slobodan Djordjevic
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Urbanization has become a global trend under the combined influence of population growth, socioeconomic development, and globalization. Even though recent urban planning in London has been more deliberate, the relationships between climate change and urban growth in the context of economic geography are still somewhat unclear. This study relies on rainfall prediction with the aid of the Statistical DownScaling Model (SDSM), which provides the statistical foundation for future flooding potential...
Topics: Cellular automata, Climate change, Flood impact, Land use changes, Urban growth
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by I. Prieto-Prado; B. Del Río-Gamero; A. Gómez-Gotor; S. O. Pérez-Báez
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Because of their geographical isolation, many areas depend mainly on imported fossil fuels for their water and energy production. In this context, the Canary Islands are one such remote area. Due to the topography of the islands, there are numerous isolated areas on each of the islands far from the major population centres. These are known as ‘islands within islands’. The main aim of this paper is to determine the feasibility or otherwise of supplying from renewable energy sources both the...
Topics: Climate change, Hydrogen storage, Renewable energies, Reverse osmosis, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Mean relative sea level (MRSL) rise has caused more frequent flooding in many parts of the world. The MRSL rise varies substantially from place to place. Here we use tide-gauge data and satellite measurements to examine past MRSL trends for the coasts of the China Seas. We then combine climate model output and satellite observations to provide MRSL projections in the 21st century. The MRSL trend based on tide-gauge data shows substantial regional variations, from 1 to 5 mm/yr. The vertical land...
Topics: China Seas, Climate change, Global Positioning Systems, Satellite altimetry, Tide-gauge, Vertical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shantelle D. Friesen; Christian Dunn; Christopher Freeman
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The production and decomposition of litter in mangroves plays a significant role in the nutrient and organic carbon cycles. These can be highly variable both spatially and temporally as a result of numerous factors including tidal range, forest type, abundance and type of herbivorous fauna, temperature, and microbial activity. Mangroves also play an important role in blue carbon sequestration, with their status as carbon sinks crucial in mitigating against greenhouse gas-induced climate change....
Topics: Leaching, Macrofauna, Mangroves, Microbial activity, Organic matter decomposition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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There have been significant regime shifts in the ecosystem structure and function in a large number of lakes worldwide due to the increasing human disturbance and climate change in recent decades. It has become a critical issue in lake conservation and management to identify the characteristics of regime shifts in lakes and explore potential early-warning signals prior to regime shifts. However, research on identifying and predicting regime shifts in lakes is still a difficult task since recent...
Topics: Early-warning indicators, Ecosystem status, Paleolimnological method, Regime shift, The Baiyangdian...
Terrestrial carbon processes are affected by soil moisture, soil temperature, nitrogen availability and solar radiation, among other factors. Most of the current ecosystem biogeochemistry models represent one point in space, and have limited characterization of hydrologic processes. Therefore, these models can neither resolve the topographically driven spatial variability of water, energy, and nutrient, nor their effects on carbon processes. A spatially-distributed land surface hydrologic...
Topics: Critical Zone Observatory, Ecohydrology, Nitrogen transport, Spatial patterns
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change is expected to modify the timing and amount of precipitation in the future, increasing the demand for effective adaptation at the local scale, especially to mitigate the impacts of extreme events, expected to increase in frequency and magnitude. Green infrastructure (GI) can provide a crucial water regulating ecosystem service, helping communities to adapt to the increased stormwater runoff and associated flood risks expected from climate change. This paper presents a new...
Topics: Ecosystem service demand, Ecosystem service supply, Flood vulnerability index, Remote sensing,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yu Lei; Xi Lu; Mai Shi; Lei Wang; Hongyan Lv; Sirui Chen; Chengyu Hu; Qinghua Yu; Serafim Dias Henriques da Silveira
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Development of solar power becomes a necessary measure to combat global climate change and local environmental pollution in the world. In Africa, solar power resource is abundant, and deployment of solar photovoltaic (PV) offers a new opportunity for both economic growth and low-carbon development. Using an approach of SWOT analysis, we investigate the internal strengths and weaknesses, and the external opportunities and threats for PV solar power development in Africa. Particularly, factors...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amanda M. Dias-Martins; Kênia Letícia F. Pessanha; Sidney Pacheco; José Avelino S. Rodrigues
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Climate change can cause an increase in arid soils, warmer weather, and reduce water availability, which in turn can directly affect food security. This increases food prices and reduces the availability of food. Therefore, knowledge concerning the nutritional and technological potential of non-traditional crops and their resistance to heat and drought is very interesting. Pearl millet is known to produce small nutritious cereal grains, which can endure both heat and dry conditions, and is one...
Topics: Cereals, Flour, Functional foods, Gluten-free, Whole grains
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Adrian Chappell; Nicholas P. Webb; John F. Leys; Cathleen M. Waters; Susan Orgill; Michael J. Eyres
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The Land Degradation-Neutrality (LDN) framework of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is underpinned by three complementary interactive indicators (metrics: vegetation cover, net primary productivity; NPP and soil organic carbon; SOC) as proxies for change in land-based natural capital. The LDN framework assumes that SOC changes slowly, primarily by decomposition and respiration of CO2 to the atmosphere. However, there is growing evidence that soil erosion by wind,...
Topics: Land cover, Land degradation neutrality, Sequestration, Soil organic carbon, Wind erosion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Delphine Ly; Gaëtan Touzy; Agathe Mini; Jean Luc Jannink; Fabien Cormier; Etienne Paux; Stéphane Lafarge; Jacques Le Gouis; Gilles Charmet
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Plant breeding has always sought to develop crops able to withstand environmental stresses, but this is all the more urgent now as climate change is affecting the agricultural regions of the world. It is currently difficult to screen genetic material to determine how well a crop will tolerate various stresses. Multi-environment trials (MET) which include a particular stress condition could be used to train a genomic selection model thanks to molecular marker information that is now readily...
Topics: Drought adaptation, Factorial regression, Genomic prediction, Genotype-by-environment interaction,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Jarman; Stephan Harrison
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10.1016 j.geomorph.2019.03.002
Growing concerns about climate change impacts on humans and eco-systems motivates exploring new strategies to complement traditional climate policies like mitigation and adaptation. Climate engineering via solar radiation management is one discussed option. However, climate engineering entails new risks, including its governance. Without sufficiently strong institutions, there is a risk that some countries will unilaterally deploy climate engineering to the detriment of other nations. This...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Assessing paleo-climatic changes and the underlying driving mechanisms are an essential (and often poorly understood) first-step for understanding if natural variability in Earth's climate system from tectonic processes and orbital forcing could produce observed changes in surface processes. In this study, we take this first step of evaluating climate change in the Tibetan Plateau region for different distinct climate states. We do this using a high-resolution regional climate model...
Topics: Last glacial maximum, Mid-Holocene, Paleo-climate, Surface uplift, Tibetan Plateau
Arctic sea ice has been affected by climate change, leading to reductions in summer sea ice extent over the past few decades, impacting nutrient dynamics, ocean temperature fluxes and the biological communities present in the ocean. Marine organic matter is a complex mixture of differentially degraded terrestrial and marine organisms from a range of sources and time periods. In this study pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC–MS) has been used to quantify the solvent-insoluble...
Topics: Arctic ocean, Barents Sea, Carbon cycling, Macromolecular organic matter, Marine sediment, Sea ice...
Around the world, cities are creating local climate change mitigation strategies and combining strengths in international efforts. In addition to making the strategies, it is important to follow, how they work in practice. The aim of the study is to examine, how climate change mitigation policies and other events affected the consumption-based household carbon footprints in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area (HMA) from 2006 until 2012. The cities of the HMA launched an ambitious climate change...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Cities, Climate change, Economic crisis, Travel behaviour, Urban zone
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhe Zhao; Guofeng Wang; Jiancheng Chen; Jingyu Wang; Yue Zhang
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Climate change, characterized with global warming, created severe potential threat to natural ecosystems and sustainable development of human society. Effective adaptation measures to mitigate the negative effects of climate change would affect both the ecological environment and the social economy. In this paper, we built a positive mathematical programming model to assess adaptation measures, which were divided into four aspects, to tackle climate change based on the survey data obtained from...
Topics: Adaptive measures, Climate change, Hulun Buir, Positive mathematical programming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Previous studies have reported that chemical weed control will be less effective for some weed species under future atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Such reductions in plant sensitivity to herbicides under elevated CO2 may be due to greater biomass accumulation and differences among growth types. However, these studies have been limited to few growth types (herbaceous and grass species) and to a single herbicide (glyphosate). This study tested a more extensive range of weed species (both in...
Topics: Climate change, Elevated carbon dioxide, Environmental weeds, Fluroxypyr-meptyl, Glyphosate, Weed...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Groundwater is an important source of water supply and ecosystem resilience. However, limited information on spatio-temporal dynamics makes a complete assessment of available groundwater resources difficult, impairing sustainable water management. The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment mission (GRACE) has recently made this possible. In this study, we used the Yellow River Basin (YRB) as a model system to explore the use of spatio-temporal dynamics information about groundwater change...
Topics: GRACE, Groundwater, Regional management, Spatio-temporal analysis, Yellow river basin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kefeng Zhang; Desmond Manuelpillai; Bhupendra Raut; Ana Deletic; Peter M. Bach
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Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) stormwater systems, also known as Low Impact Development (LID) systems or Nature Based Solutions (NBS), are currently implemented based on the underlying assumption of statistical stationarity of rainfall, which threatens to become outdated under climatic uncertainty. This paper applies a new downscaling method to examine the implications of climate change on future rainfall and evaluate the reliability of WSUD stormwater infrastructure in pollution...
Topics: Climate downscaling, General Circulation Model (GCM), Pollutant removal, Stormwater harvesting,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lisa Groshong; Sonja Wilhelm Stanis; Mark Morgan
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Frequent visitors to natural areas may be more receptive to climate change messages and more likely to act on their environmental values. To aid in developing targeted communication strategies, this exploratory study assessed how engaged state park users perceive climate change impacts and what they view as the agency role in climate change mitigation, education, and communication. Photo elicitation and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 members of the Missouri Parks Association...
Topics: Climate change, Photo elicitation, State parks
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amanda M. Tadini; Gustavo Nicolodelli; Bruno S. Marangoni; Stéphane Mounier; Célia R. Montes; Débora M.B.P. Milori
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Soil organic matter (SOM) plays an important role in environmental sustainability, since it is involved in carbon and nutrient cycling. Consequently, it is a key factor to consider in studies concerning global climate change and agronomy. Among the main components of SOM are humic substances (HS), which are divided, according to their solubility, into humic acid (HA), fulvic acid (FA), and humin (HU) fractions. Study of the chemical properties of this organic matter is important for...
Topics: Amazon, FAAS, LIBS, Organic matter
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Catherine Devitt; Finbarr Brereton; Simon Mooney; David Conway; Eoin O'Neill
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Keeping within the temperature limits set by the Paris Agreement on climate action will be a significant challenge. Nuclear power generation may contribute to achieving these targets, however, there are significant environmental, economic and health risks attached. Using qualitative and quantitative methods, this paper explores how nuclear power generation is framed in the Irish print media, and discusses the implications of these frames for how nuclear power is perceived within the context of...
Topics: Climate change, Media framing, Nuclear power generation, Public debate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by G. M. Cárdenes-Sandí; C. R. Shadik; A. Correa-Metrio; W. D. Gosling; R. Cheddadi; M. B. Bush
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The Last Interglacial (c. 128,000 to 115,000 years ago) was the last time when global temperatures may have been higher than those of the Holocene, but little is known about vegetation change or paleoclimate during that period in Central America. A new fossil pollen record from the lowland setting of El Valle, Panama, spanned the period from 137,000 to 98,000 years ago. We used multivariate analysis of modern and fossil pollen samples to provide the first regional quantification of Last...
Topics: Central America, Climate change, Fossil charcoal, Fossil pollen, Interglacial, Microrefugia,...
The authors regret that in the original publication, the author did not adequately recognize the contributions of Dr Getachew Assefa as co-author. The authorship is now being altered to reflect Dr Assefa's contributions as co-author. The authors would like to apologise for any inconvenience caused.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hussein M.K. Al-Masri; Ahmad AbuElrub; Abdullah A. Almehizia; Mehrdad Ehsani
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The main goal in this paper is to supply a national load by multiple renewable power connections to utility grid at different geographic locations. The national load demand of the country of Jordan is supplied in this case study by finding the optimal configurations and locations (near cities). Cities of higher potential for wind and/or photovoltaic (PV) energy location are selected for connecting to renewable power. The annual system cost of energy (ASCE) for this optimized renewable energy...
Topics: NSGA, Sustainable energy systems, Techno-economic
Monitoring changes in grassland cover is essential in assessment of grassland health as well as the effects of anthropogenic interventions and global climate change on grassland ecosystems. Remote sensing is an effective approach for providing rapid and dynamic monitoring of vegetation cover over large grassland areas. In this study, four types of remote sensing retrieval models (i.e., pixel dichotomy models, univariate vegetation index (VI) regression models, multivariate regression models,...
Topics: Accuracy assessment, Multivariate regression, Pixel dichotomy model, Tibetan Plateau, Trend...
This paper investigates the determinants of carbon emissions based on energy consumption, analyzing the data of 30 countries using nuclear energy for the period 1990–2014. Renewable energy and nuclear energy consumption are adopted as determinants, and real coal price and real GDP are used as additive variables. The panel cointegration analysis and Granger causality tests are conducted to investigating the relationship among the variables. First, the panel cointegration test results suggest...
Topics: Panel analysis, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maurizio Cellura; Maria Anna Cusenza; Sonia Longo
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Addressing climate change is one of the greatest environmental challenges. Due to the impact of cities to energy consumption, the involvement of the local authorities in environmental policies is rapidly increasing. The Covenant of Mayors (CoM), launched by the European Commission, is an urban initiative aimed at reducing CO 2 emissions. The signatories have to compile the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) balance of their territory and, to do so, they can use the Intergovernmental Panel on...
Topics: Climate, Greenhouse gas emissions, IPCC, Life cycle assessment, Urban sustainable development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lucía Lijó; Nicola Frison; Francesco Fatone; Sara González-García; Gumersindo Feijoo; Maria Teresa Moreira
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The aim of this study was to compare the environmental performance and sustainability of different management options for livestock waste in Cyprus. The two most common practices in the country, i.e. the use of anaerobic lagoons and conventional biogas plants, were compared with the innovative scheme developed in the LiveWaste project (LIFE12 ENV/CY/000544), which aims not only to produce bioenergy, but also to treat the digestate for nutrient recovery and water reuse. The Life Cycle Assessment...
Topics: Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Resource recovery, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andrey Lessa Derci Augustynczik; Thomas Asbeck; Marco Basile; Jürgen Bauhus; Ilse Storch; Grzegorz Mikusiński; Rasoul Yousefpour; Marc Hanewinkel
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The loss of biodiversity in temperate forests due to combined effect of climate change and forest management poses a major threat to the functioning of these ecosystems in the future. Climate change is expected to modify ecological processes and amplify disturbances, compromising the provisioning of multiple ecosystem services. Here we investigate the impacts of climate change and forest management on the abundance of tree microhabitats and forest birds as biodiversity proxies, using an...
Topics: Biodiversity, Climate change, Conservation planning, Forest birds, Forest management, Tree...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by V. Masson; A. Lemonsu; J. Voogt
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© 2016. The study of urban climates now represents a full scientific field on its own. The 9th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC-9), held in July 2015 in Toulouse, France, provided a recent forum for urban climate scientists to share the results of their research. This introduction paper presents the 20 articles of this special issue. They are representative of the variety of the themes that are encompassed by the urban climate community: study of urban climate processes,new...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tianni Wang; Zhuohua Qu; Daniel Bowden; Zaili Yang; Timothy Nichol; Delia Dimitriu; Geoff Clarke
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This paper aims to analyse the impacts of climate change to the current and predicted future situations of road transportation in the UK and evaluate the corresponding adaptation plans to cope with them. A conceptual framework of long-term adaptation planning for climate change in road systems is proposed to ensure the resilience and sustainability of road transport systems under various climate risks such as flooding and increased temperature. To do so, an advanced Fuzzy Bayesian Reasoning...
Topics: Adaptation measure, Bayesian networks, Climate change, Evidential reasoning, Risk analysis, Road...