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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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Declines in native insect pollinator populations and substantial losses in managed honey bees have been reported on a global scale and become a widespread concern because of the importance of these insects for human food production and ecosystem stability. Several potential factors have been studied as possible causes of declining pollinator health, such as parasites and pathogens, exposure to agricultural pesticides, habitat loss and/or climate change. More recently, a combination of these...
Topics: Encapsulation response, Environmental stress, Honey bee health, Nosema apis, Thiamethoxam
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Horizontal challenges, such as climate change or the growing populations, and their manifestations require the development of multidisciplinary research synergies in urban health that could benefit from concepts, such as the human exposome. Cities are composed of interconnected systems which are influenced, by global trends, national policies and local complexities. In this context, the exposome concept could be expanded having the city setting in its core, providing the conceptual framework...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Disparities, Environment, Exposome, Indicators, Metabolomics, Monitoring,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Since natural gas emits less carbon than does coal per unit of electricity generation, some analysts suggest natural gas will help to mitigate climate change. However, sociological research has found that the substitution of one natural resource for another often does not happen as anticipated because of political and economic factors. Here, we analyze cross-national time-series data to examine the connection between growth in emissions from natural gas consumption and changes in emissions from...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, Displacement, Energy, Natural gas
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Built environment changes the radiative, thermal and hydrological properties of the land surface creating higher temperature over urban regions known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI), enhancement of precipitation and warm season thunderstorms causing flash flooding, and intensification of pollutant concentrations in urban regions. Rapid urbanization and climate change are expected to exacerbate urban surface effects on health, economy and the environment. It is therefore necessary to study the...
Topics: Dynamic urban fraction, Sensible and latent heat fluxes, Urban canopy, Urban climate, Urban energy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Heng Ci Tian; Wei Yang; Shu Guang Li; Hai Quan Wei; Zhuo Sen Yao; Shan Ke
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On Earth, chemical weathering of basaltic rocks not only modulates the climate change, but also plays a crucial role on the ocean oxygenation and ecosystem evolution. Records of paleo-weathered crusts are a challenge to identify because they are obscured by subsequent alteration processes and buried by the newly formed volcanic lavas. However, late formed volcanic rocks theoretically could record previously weathered crust via their assimilation and fractional crystallization (AFC) processes....
Topics: AFC processes, Changbaishan volcanic rocks, Chemical weathering, Hidden paleo-weathering of crust,...
Higher elevations and, early as well as late phase of growing season are expected to be more stressful for plants in high altitudes. The present study was carried out on Rhododendron anthopogon D. Don, an evergreen shrub of Himalaya to understand variation in eco-physiological and biogeochemical traits due to combined effect of elevation gradient and growing season. We conducted our study at Rohtang, India (32°22′04″ N 77°15′17″ E) and undertook random sampling of leaves at four...
Topics: Leaf eco-physiological traits, Trait plasticity, Variance partitioning, Western Himalaya
Purpose: This paper reviews the past and future trends of climate change in Malaysia, the major contributors of greenhouse gases and the impacts of climate change to Malaysia. It also reviews the mitigation and adaptations undertaken, and future strategies to manage the impacts of regional climate change. Methodology: The review encompasses historical climate data comprising mean daily temperature, precipitation, mean sea level and occurrences of extreme weather events. Future climate...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Impacts, Malaysia, Mitigation, Trends
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Assessing paleo-climatic changes and the underlying driving mechanisms are an essential (and often poorly understood) first-step for understanding if natural variability in Earth's climate system from tectonic processes and orbital forcing could produce observed changes in surface processes. In this study, we take this first step of evaluating climate change in the Tibetan Plateau region for different distinct climate states. We do this using a high-resolution regional climate model...
Topics: Last glacial maximum, Mid-Holocene, Paleo-climate, Surface uplift, Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Water quality is declining worldwide and an increasing number of waterbodies lose their ecological function due to human population growth and climate change. Constructed floating wetlands (CFWs) are a promising ecological engineering tool for restoring waterbodies. The functionality of CFWs has been studied in-situ, in mesocosms and in the laboratory, but a systematic review of the success of in situ applications to improve ecosystem health is missing to date. This review summarises the...
Topics: Climate change, Constructed floating wetland, Eutrophication, Pollutant removal
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Concentrator Solar Power (CSP) technologies use mirrors to concentrate the Sun’s light energy on a small area called receiver. This technology is gaining interest of many researchers due to its high potential to generate power best during the late afternoon hours and to potentially displace the use of fossil fuel plants that emit the greenhouse gases that cause climate change. One of the crucial challenges of CSP technology is lack of a high-performance solar absorbing material at high...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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We analyze variations in α-diversity of benthic macroinvertebrate communities in an Italian lagoon system using Bayesian hierarchical models with nested random effects. Our aim is to understand how spatial scales influence microhabitat definition. Tsallis entropy measures diversity and spike-and-slab regression selects predictors.
Topics: Spike and slab, Tsallis entropy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhongjue Yu; Yong Geng; Hancheng Dai; Rui Wu; Zhiqing Liu; Xu Tian; Raimund Bleischwitz
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It is critical to adapt to climate change and reduce the overall carbon emissions. China announced its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) at the Paris climate conference in 2015. The carbon cap-and-trade scheme, which plays a key role in carbon emissions abatement, is an effective policy for China to achieve its NDC. This study focuses on the allocation of regional and sectoral initial carbon emission allowances in Shanghai. An impact evaluation on the macro-economy, carbon trading...
Topics: Allowance allocation, Computable general equilibrium model, Emission trading scheme, Shanghai,...
Tropical montane cloud forests are vulnerable to climate change. The cloud layer is lifting, causing warmer and drier conditions. With climate change, tropical ecosystems have the potential to accentuate global CO2 emissions because of their significant influence over global C cycling. Unfortunately, we do not know how this will affect belowground communities, like soil fungi, and the vital ecosystem processes they control. We performed a soil translocation experiment along an elevation...
Topics: Climate change, Decomposition, Extracellular enzyme activity, Fungi, Translocation, Tropical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephan Pauleit; Dagmar Haase; Birgit Elands; Rieke Hansen; Ingo Kowarik; Jakub Kronenberg; Thomas Mattijssen; Anton Stahl Olafsson; Emily Rall; Alexander P.N. van der Jagt; Cecil Konijnendijk van den Bosch
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Urban green infrastructure (UGI)is a promising concept when developing multifunctional green space systems to address major challenges of urbanization such as increasing social cohesion, promoting the transition to a green economy, adaptation to climate change and conservation of biodiversity. In response to the European Commission's Communication on Green Infrastructure from 2013, the GREEN SURGE project aimed to further advance the development of UGI in European cities by (i)strengthening the...
Topics: GREEN SURGE, Green governance and planning, Green infrastructure, Sustainable urbanisation, Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The reference evapotranspiration (ET 0 ) has decreased over most of China under climate change over the past few decades, especially before the 1990s, which significantly affects the agricultural water requirements. In this study, the recent tendency of ET 0 over China was determined and the issues of what causes this tendency and how this tendency would affect agricultural water demand were discussed. First, we evaluate ET 0 (consisting of the aerodynamic term ET 0_a and the radiative term ET...
Topics: Climate change, Reference evapotranspiration, Sensitivity analysis, Spatiotemporal characteristics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bruno Colling Klein; Mateus Ferreira Chagas; Tassia Lopes Junqueira; Mylene Cristina Alves Ferreira Rezende; Terezinha de Fátima Cardoso; Otavio Cavalett; Antonio Bonomi
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The use of renewable jet fuel (RJF) in substitution to fossil jet fuel is one of the main initiatives towards the reduction of impacts derived from carbon emissions by airline operations. This study compares different routes for RJF production integrated with sugarcane biorefineries in Brazil. Eight scenarios with sugarcane mills annexed to three ASTM−approved RJF production technologies, i.e. Hydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids (HEFA), Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FT), and Alcohol to Jet...
Topics: Biomass, Biorefinery, Life cycle analysis, Renewable jet fuel, Sugarcane, Techno-economic assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qinli Yang; Heng Zhang; Wanshan Peng; Yaoyao Lan; Shasha Luo; Junming Shao; Dongzi Chen; Guoqing Wang
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In this study, we propose to assess climate impact on forest cover (represented by EVI) at multiple scales in areas undergoing substantial land cover change, using Landsat imagery with human-induced land cover change effect excluded. Taking the Qingliu River catchment located in a subtropical humid monsoon area in China as a case study, the results indicate that EVI increases significantly (p < 0.01) during 1989–2014 with a magnitude of 0.026/decade. Spatial distribution of EVI is distinct...
Topics: Enhanced vegetation index (EVI), Partial correlation analysis, Remote sensing, Spatiotemporal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dingyu Shen; Chenglong Ye; Zhengkun Hu; Xiaoyun Chen; Hui Guo; Junyong Li; Guozhen Du; Sina Adl; Manqiang Liu
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Nutrient amendment increases plant productivity but the effects and mechanisms on soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation and stability remain unclear, especially in nutrient deficient alpine ecosystem. Here, based on an experiment combining nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) input continuously for 15 years, we found that nutrient amendment did not affect total SOC content, but increased mineral-associated C with decreasing soil aggregate stability. Despite increased total phospholipid fatty acid...
Topics: Aggregate stability, Carbon chemistry, Climate change, Microbial community, Nitrogen (N) and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Swinda F. Pfau; Steef V. Hanssen; Menno W. Straatsma; K. Remon Koopman; Rob S.E.W. Leuven; Mark A.J. Huijbregts
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The use of residual biomass for the production of bioenergy and biomaterials is often suggested as a strategy to avoid negative effects associated with dedicated biomass production. One potential source is biomass from landscape management. The goal of this study was to find the lowest net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of various applications of residual biomass from landscape management. GHG balances of thirteen residual biomass applications were calculated and compared to their respective...
Topics: Bioenergy, Biomass residues, Biomaterial, Climate change mitigation, Floodplain management,...
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With growing global actions toward climate changes, green finance receives large attention in recent literature. It is though conceptually unclear, with no consensus achieved on its definition among researchers. This paper provides a brief review of the recent advances in green finance research. It uses a bibliometric analysis approach to summarize the status quo and development trends of green finance. We assist establishing a solid conceptual base and guidance to future research directions.
Topics: Bibliometric analysis, Climate change, Green finance
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This paper presents life-cycle environmental impacts and health hazards of the ilmenite and rutile processing routes which are very little explored despite a significant quantity of production worldwide. The study is carried out through a life-cycle environmental-impact assessment of the ilmenite and rutile mining production processes in Australia, using the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) method under 14 significant impact categories and the Cumulative Energy Demand (CED)...
Topics: Australia, Ilmenite, Life-cycle assessment, Rutile, Sustainability
There is growing interest worldwide in more effective policies to promote industrial energy efficiency and mitigate climate change. The White Certificates Scheme is a market-based mechanism aimed at stimulating the adoption of Energy Efficiency Measures. The Italian White Certificates scheme - one of the most long-standing and articulated - is a successful example of industrial energy efficiency policies, considered an interesting and remarkable case by other countries, especially due to its...
Topic: White Certificates Scheme
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by Karen Filbee-Dexter; Thomas Wernberg; Stein Fredriksen; Kjell Magnus Norderhaug; Morten Foldager Pedersen
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The Arctic is one of the most rapidly changing places on Earth and it is a sentinel region for understanding the range and magnitude of planetary changes, and their impacts on ecosystems. However, our understanding of arctic coastal ecosystems remains limited, and the impacts of ongoing and future climate change on them are largely unexplored. Kelp forests are the dominant habitat along many rocky Arctic coastlines, providing structure and food for economically and ecologically important...
Topics: Borealization, Climate change, Polar, Sea ice loss, Seaweed
The occurrence of extreme heat events in maximum and minimum daily temperatures is modelled using a non-homogeneous common Poisson shock process. It is applied to five Spanish locations, representative of the most common climates over the Iberian Peninsula. The model is based on an excess over threshold approach and distinguishes three types of extreme events: only in maximum temperature, only in minimum temperature and in both of them (simultaneous events). It takes into account the dependence...
Topics: Bivariate models, Climate change, Climate projections, Extreme heat events, Non-homogeneous Poisson...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Guojie Hu; Lin Zhao; Ren Li; Xiaodong Wu; Tonghua Wu; Xiaofan Zhu; Qiangqiang Pang; Guang yue Liu; Erji Du; Defu Zou; Junming Hao; Wangping Li
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The variations in land surface heat fluxes affect the ecological environment, hydrological processes and the stability of surface engineering structures in permafrost regions of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Based on observation data from a meteorological station in the Tanggula site in 2005, which is located in a permafrost region on the QTP, the performances of seventeen selected the phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) were evaluated. The results showed that...
Topics: Freezing and thawing process, Land surface heat flux, Permafrost, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Teresa Zölch; Mohammad A. Rahman; Elisabeth Pfleiderer; Georg Wagner; Stephan Pauleit
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People living in cities are experiencing summerly heat stress situations with severe consequences for their health, especially under climate change. Urban planning needs to address this problem focusing on areas where people are exposed to heat such as in public squares. Typical square designs include green infrastructure which can positively affect outdoor thermal comfort by providing regulating ecosystem services, but knowledge on the effectiveness of different design approaches is still...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Green design, Microclimate modelling, Outdoor thermal comfort, Urban planning,...
Since climate change involves uncertainty, complexity and massive, rapid disruptions, companies seeking to adapt need to search for specific and non-traditional knowledge. Social learning approaches have emerged as a promising way to address the issue of adaptation to climate change. This paper examines the structuring of a business strategy for adaptation in a Brazilian thermoplastic resin and petrochemical company to exemplify the extent to which internal changes in the organization's...
Topics: Business risk management, Climate change adaptation, Community of practice, Organizational...
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Understanding the key drivers that affect a decline of soil organic carbon (SOC) stock in agricultural areas is of major concern since leading to a decline in service provision from soils and potentially carbon release into the atmosphere. Despite an increasing attention is given to SOC depletion and degradation processes, SOC dynamics are far from being completely understood because they occur in the long term and are the result of a complex interaction between management and pedo-climatic...
Topics: Agricultural management, Decision support system, Land use, Soil organic carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chenxi Hu; Zhongwei Tian; Dong Jiang; Shilu Gu; Hua Guo; Yonghui Fan; Muhammad Abid; Kai Chen; Weixing Cao; Tingbo Dai
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Elucidating the effects of asymmetric warming during winter and spring will help develop a feasible crop management strategy for climate change. Field experiments were conducted using the Yangmai-13 (vernal type) and Yannong-19 (semi-winter type) winter wheat cultivars to investigate the effects of night-warming during winter (warming by 1.47–1.53 °C from tillering to jointing), spring (warming by 1.68–1.77 °C from jointing to booting), and winter + spring (warming by 1.53–1.60 °C from...
Topics: Apparent nitrogen surplus, Night-warming, Nitrogen utilization efficiency, Root growth, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Juliette Kon Kam King; Céline Granjou; Juliette Fournil; Lauric Cecillon
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The Paris Agreement reached at the COP 21 signals the new centrality of carbon sinks, including soils, as a key means of enabling a net zero carbon global balance through the development of ‘negative emission technologies’. This article focuses on the 4 per 1000 Initiative, which the French government launched to foster soil carbon sequestration with an international scope. We present and discuss the multidisciplinary design of our research, the methodological tensions that it entailed and...
Topics: Climate change, Multidisciplinarity, Negative emission technology, Soil carbon sequestration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Santiago Fernández-Rodríguez; Pablo Durán-Barroso; Inmaculada Silva-Palacios; Rafael Tormo-Molina; José María Maya-Manzano; Ángela Gonzalo-Garijo; Alejandro Monroy-Colin
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Airborne grass pollen is the main cause of allergenic diseases in many parts of the world although its frequency differs regionally. This risk could be included in the context of urban air pollution and climate change as environmental hazard and factors provoking allergies. The main objective of this study is to construct a local statistical forecasting model that takes the peculiarities of the daily average grass airborne pollen concentrations from an urban area placed in a city in the SW of...
Topics: Airborne natural risk, Allergy, Environmental modelling, Grass pollen, Time series analysis
Increasing crop productivity for food security is a challenging task without compromising the environmental integrity. In this scenario, seaweed based plant biostimulants are one of the potential sources for sustainably improving crop productivity and mitigating climate change. However, in order to quantitatively express the environmental benefits it becomes imperative to estimate the impacts resulting from their production. Thus the present study was undertaken to determine the various impacts...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Climate change, Gracilaria, Plastics, Seaweed extract
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Nowadays, global CO2 emissions play a focal role in the human sustainable development and environmental concern. This paper investigates the relationships among CO2 emissions and the efficient factors including energy consumption, oil product, gross domestic product (GDP), non-oil GDP, foreign direct investment (FDI), gas consumption, citizen rate, cost of energy, number of vehicles, and mean incoming urban and rural in Iran over the period of 1976–2016. A factorial design was applied to...
Topics: Energy, FDI, GDP, Latent variable method
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Transition to renewable energy systems is essential to achieve the climate change mitigation targets. However, the timing and the regions of the production and consumption of the renewable energy do not always match, and different energy storage technologies are needed to secure the uninterrupted energy supply. Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) offer a flexible media for the storage and transportation of renewable energy. These “liquid hydrogen batteries” are reversibly hydrogenated...
Topics: Dibenzyl toluene, Energy storage, Hydrogen, Liquid organic hydrogen carriers, Methanol
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José Rodríguez-Algeciras; Abel Tablada; Mabel Chaos-Yeras; Guillermo De la Paz; Andreas Matzarakis
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The combined effect of climate change and Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect is leading to a rise in air temperature in urban areas, including those with heritage value. Urban morphology and its effect on sun shading conditions in tropical cities is crucial to reduce UHI and improve outdoor thermal comfort. This paper presents a temporal-spatial analysis of the effect of courtyards geometry on their outdoor thermal conditions in a warm-humid climate. The assessment is based on numerical simulations...
Topics: Courtyard geometry, Mean radiant temperature, Solar radiation, Thermal comfort, Tropical...
Transportation considers the highly volatile sector that deteriorates the environment with carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Such emissions are not only responsible for climate change, but also escalate the natural resource rents that are mediated with national scale economic indicators to diffuse the sustainability agenda across the globe. This study mainly focused on air-railways transportation, energy demand, bilateral aid flows, population density and environmental...
Topics: Bilateral aid flows, Energy demand, Environmental degradation, Next-11 countries, Population density
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by Arvind Parwal; Martin Fregelius; Irinia Temiz; Malin Göteman; Janaina G.de Oliveira; Cecilia Boström; Mats Leijon
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The concern for climate change and energy consumption has increased the demand for renewable energy production considerably. Marine energy sources attract attention because of their high energy density. Wave energy is an attractive renewable energy source with large potential. Due to the nature of the ocean waves, a linear wave energy converter generates intermittent power. It is therefore crucial to regularize the power before connecting to the grid. Energy storage systems present effective...
Topics: Dynamic rate limiter, Energy management control system, Hybrid energy storage system, State of...
Refrigerators are a common appliance in developed and emerging economies around the world. These appliances consume significant energy globally and improving their efficiency is an important aspect of future climate change mitigation. It is widely understood that the energy consumption of household refrigerating appliances is strongly influenced by room temperature and many analysts have identified ambient temperature as the most important factor in normal use. Room temperature has two main...
Topics: Energy consumption, Freezers, Household refrigeration, Modelling energy, Refrigerators, Room...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Garba Aliyu; Alberto Sanz-Cobena; Christoph Müller; Mohammad Zaman; Jiafa Luo; Deyan Liu; Junji Yuan; Zengming Chen; Yuhui Niu; Weixin Ding; Aisha Arowolo
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Nitrous oxide (N2O) is one of the most important and persistent greenhouse gases, however, there is a lack of accurate data on soil background N2O emissions (BNE) from agricultural land. Calculations of N2O emission factors from land uses are currently based on a single, universal BNE value advocated by the International Panel on Climate Change, but BNE are thought to vary with climate and soil types. We ran a meta-analysis of 58 peer-reviewed, published data source on soil BNE from cropland...
Topic: Soil properties
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xavier Arnan; Gabriela B. Arcoverde; Marcio R. Pie; José D. Ribeiro-Neto; Inara R. Leal
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Anthropogenic disturbance and climate change are major threats to biodiversity. The Brazilian Caatinga is the world's largest and most diverse type of seasonally dry tropical forest. It is also one of the most threatened, but remains poorly studied. Here, we analyzed the individual and combined effects of anthropogenic disturbance (three types: livestock grazing, wood extraction, and miscellaneous use of forest resources) and increasing aridity on taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional ant...
Topics: Functional diversity, Morphological traits, Phylogenetic diversity, Rainfall
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Ammonia (NH3) volatilization and nitrogen (N) surface runoff from rice (Oryza sativa L.) paddies contribute to air and water pollution in China and everywhere else. The purposes of this study were to assess N losses through NH3 volatilization and surface runoff and to determine the grain yield and N use efficiency (NUE) of early rice in double rice cropping system in southern China. We implemented six treatments viz., control with 0 kg N ha−1 (CK), basal application and split application (1/2...
Topics: Agricultural practices, Ammonia volatilization, Climate change, Polymer-coated urea, Rice yield,...
The steadily growing aquaculture industry has been blamed for increasing environmental impacts at local and global levels. The greatest increase in production is expected for freshwater fish, such as carp and related species. Decisions on sustainable environmental management strategies in aquaculture should be based on quantitative analyses of their environmental impacts. In this study, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was employed to compare the environmental impacts of conventional and...
Topics: Fish farming, Food production, LCA, Sustainability, Sustainable development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Richard Davy; Natalia Gnatiuk; Lasse Pettersson; Leonid Bobylev
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We may anticipate that climate change will bring changes to the intensity and variability of near surface winds, either through local effects or by altering the large-scale flow. The impact of climate change on European wind resources has been assessed using a single-model-ensemble of the latest regional climate model from the Rossby Centre, RCA4. These simulations used data from five of the global climate models in the contemporary Climate Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) as boundary...
Topics: Europe, Wind energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mariusz Gałka; Marta Szal; Tanja Broder; Julie Loisel; Klaus Holger Knorr
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High-resolution plant macrofossil records were examined alongside geochemical analysis (non-destructive X-Ray fluorescence and carbon stable isotopes), pollen, and micro-charcoal data of an ombrotrophic mountain peatland located in the Harz Mountains, central Germany, Europe. We hypothesize that increased deposition of dust and pollutants across the bog surface causes changes in habitat conditions, which in turn lead to shifts in moss-dominated communities. We observe that increases in the...
Topics: Carbon isotopes, Deforestation, Human impact, Sphagnum succession, XRF
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The characterization of thermal thresholds, base (Tb) and ceiling (Tc) temperatures and thermal-times for germination (θg) has gained importance for predicting the persistence and distribution of species in the face of climate change. This study aimed to determine the thermal thresholds for germination of bromeliads from campos rupestres in order to verify if sympatric species have similar thermal requirements. We also examined whether inter-annual variations in climatic conditions drive...
Topics: Base temperature, Bromeliad, Campo rupestre, Climate change, IPCC scenarios, Thermal time model
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Current hypotheses regarding the disappearance of Neanderthals (NEA) in Europe fall into two main categories: climate change, and competition. Here we review current research and existing mathematical models that deal with this question, and we propose an approach that incorporates and permits the investigation of the current hypotheses. We have developed a set of differential equations that model population dynamics of anatomically modern humans (AMH) and NEA, their ecological relations to...
Topics: Anatomically modern humans, Climatic influence, Competition, Neanderthals, Population modeling
The urban heat island (UHI) is a phenomenon whereby temperature levels in urban areas are higher than in surrounding rural settings. Urban heat islands are a matter of increasing concern, since they can affect communities by exacerbating air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions (due to the greater use of air conditioning) and the occurrence of heat-related illness, and may lead to higher levels of mortality. This paper provides a description of the phenomena of (UHI) and an analysis of how...
Topics: Adaptation, Cities, Climate change, Mitigation, Urban heat island, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Otto; Sandra Caeiro; Paula Nicolau; Antje Disterheft; António Teixeira; Sara Becker; Alexander Bollmann; Kirsten Sander
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Climate change can be regarded as one of the key topics of sustainable development where public awareness and education are crucial. In the field of education, Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) have raised remarkable attention throughout the last decade as their initial objective is to provide massive open online education for everyone. This article aims to explore the impact of MOOCs on learning about climate change. This is necessary in order to evaluate whether MOOCs can make a substantial...
Topics: Climate change education, Climate literacy, Distance learning, Massive online open courses (MOOCs),...
Ocean warming due to climate change is predicted to profoundly affect marine ecosystems. These effects are expected to be intensified for shelf seas like the North Sea, where sea surface temperatures are predicted to increase 3 °C by 2100. Increasing seawater temperature is suggested to alter physiological performance of benthic marine invertebrates, while predicted changes in ocean dynamics and primary production might limit nutrient availability. At present, the combined effect of...
Topics: Cnidaria, Food availability, Oxidative damage accumulation, Phenotypic plasticity, Standard...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Naama Lang-Yona; Anna Theresa Kunert; Lothar Vogel; Christopher Johannes Kampf; Iris Bellinghausen; Joachim Saloga; Anne Schink; Kira Ziegler; Kurt Lucas; Detlef Schuppan; Ulrich Pöschl; Bettina Weber; Janine Fröhlich-Nowoisky
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During the last decades, global cyanobacteria biomass increased due to climate change as well as industrial usage for production of biofuels and food supplements. Thus, there is a need for thorough characterization of their potential health risks, including allergenicity. We therefore aimed to identify and characterize similarities in allergenic potential of cyanobacteria originating from the major ecological environments. Different cyanobacterial taxa were tested for immunoreactivity with IgE...
Topics: Immunoassay, Inhibition assay, Nostoc, Phycocyanin, Protein mass spectrometry
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michael Child; Otto Koskinen; Lassi Linnanen; Christian Breyer
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Sustainability guardrails in global energy scenarios were reviewed and further developed based on a literature review of global energy system transition scenarios. Environmental planetary boundaries mark out the safe operation space for human activities. The planetary boundary framework has yet to be fully incorporated into global energy scenario modeling, where the emphasis has been almost solely on CO 2 emission mitigation. Stress on biochemical flows, land use change, biodiversity, ocean and...
Topics: Global energy scenarios, Planetary boundaries, Sustainability guardrails
Methane, the primary component of natural gas, is the second most abundant greenhouse gas (GHG) and contributes significantly to climate change. The conversion of methane to industrial platform chemicals provides an attractive opportunity to decrease GHG emissions and utilize this inexpensive and abundantly available gas as a carbon feedstock. While technologies exist for chemical conversion of methane to liquid fuels, the technical complexity of these processes mandate high capital...
Topics: Butyric acid, Crotonic acid, Gas-to-liquid conversion, Methanotroph, Methylomicrobium buryatense,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The livelihoods of people in the Songkhram River Basin (SRB) rely heavily on river water, especially those involved in the fisheries. Extensive landuse changes in SRB have raised concerns regarding its impacts in water quality in addition to the looming climate change effects. More importantly there is lack of detailed studies on landuse and climate change impact on river water quality for the sustainable water management. Therefore, this study aimed at quantifying the individual and integrated...
Topics: Climate change, Dyna-CLUE, Landuse change, SWAT, Streamflow, Water quality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhejin Li; Lingling Yan; Xiaolong Wang; Peng Yan; Yawen Shen; Hongcui Dai; Xiaolei Yang; Jixiao Cui; Yuanquan Chen
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Large quantities and many varieties of agricultural organic wastes are produced in China annually. Applying agricultural organic wastes to soil plays an essential role in coping with the environmental pollution from agricultural wastes, solving the energy crisis and responding global climate change. But there is little information available on the effects of different agricultural organic wastes on soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The objectives of this study were to investigate and compare...
Topics: Characteristics of organic wastes, Cropping system, Emission factors, North China Plain, Organic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Vidar Selås; Erik Framstad; Geir A. Sonerud; Per Wegge; Øystein Wiig
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For several mammalian species, both population levels and distribution ranges are predicted to change due to changing habitat conditions caused by climate change. A general decrease in the amplitude of small rodent population cycles in northern Europe since the late 1980s has commonly been attributed to a lack of permanent snow cover during winter, or to unfavourable snow conditions. An alternative explanation is that increasing summer temperatures and an extended growing season are...
Topics: Herbivore performance, Microtus, Myodes, Rodent cycles, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ixchel M. Hernandez-Ochoa; Senthold Asseng; Belay T. Kassie; Wei Xiong; Ricky Robertson; Diego Notelo Luz Pequeno; Kai Sonder; Matthew Reynolds; Md Ali Babar; Anabel Molero Milan; Gerrit Hoogenboom
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Wheat is one of the most important cereal crops in Mexico, but the impact of future climate change on production is not known. To quantify the impact of future climate change together with its uncertainty, two wheat crop models were executed in parallel, using two scaling methods, five Global Climate Models (GCMs) and two main Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) for the 2050s. Simulated outputs varied among crop models, scaling methods, GCMs, and RCPs; however, they all projected a...
Topics: Crop simulation model, Model ensemble, Triticum, Uncertainty
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chong Li; Yongjun Shi; Guomo Zhou; Yufeng Zhou; Lin Xu; Liang Tong; Xiang Liu
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Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) is a very important forest resource in subtropical China, and it has excellent carbon sequestration potential, and can play an important role in mitigating climate change. The international community has gradually recognized the benefits of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) forest carbon sequestration mechanisms, and the areas available for the development of forest carbon sinks have greatly expanded. Therefore, in this...
Topics: Fertilization, Harvesting, Moso bamboo forest, Optimized management model, REDD+, Soil carbon sink
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anshu Rastogi; Marcin Stróżecki; Hazem M. Kalaji; Dominika Łuców; Mariusz Lamentowicz; Radosław Juszczak
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Global warming is an important issue which is leading to considerable changes in biomes. Environmental biologists are continuously assessing how global warming is going to impact the current population. Peatlands are one of the most important component of the terrestrial ecosystems which makes only 3% of them but contain around 40% of soil organic carbon. The composition of peatland vegetation impacts a range of ecosystem functions, therefore, with a change in composition, the behavior and...
Topics: Chlorophyll fluorescence, Climate change, OJIP curve, Peatland, Photosynthesis, Vegetation indices
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Isabela S. Tagomori; Francielle M. Carvalho; Fabio T.F. da Silva; Paulo Roberto Paulo; Pedro R.R. Rochedo; Alexandre Szklo; Roberto Schaeffer
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Different long-term mitigation scenarios indicate carbon capture and storage associated with biomass (BECCS) might play a significant role in climate-change mitigation efforts, especially when it comes to long-term temperature stabilization. The ethanol fermentation process is considered as an early opportunity for BECCS deployment due to its low capture costs. Being a major ethanol producer, Brazil stands in a privileged position for the development of this technological option. However,...
Topics: BECCS, Brazil, CO 2 transportation, Ethanol production, Optimization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Camila Fernandes Ribeiro Machado; Ofélia de Queiroz Fernandes Araújo; José Luiz de Medeiros; Rita Maria de Brito Alves
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The chemical industry share of environmental impacts derives predominantly from the use of non-renewable feedstocks and inefficient use of mass and energy, resulting in atmospheric emissions, especially carbon dioxide, which is the main cause of global warming and climate change and expressive generation of wastes. Rather than treating carbon dioxide as waste, it can be regarded as an alternative chemical feedstock for synthesis of fuels and chemicals. Using carbon dioxide as a renewable and...
Topics: Carbon dioxide chemistry, Carbon dioxide utilization, Chemical process integration, Green...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Onil Banerjee; Kevin Boyle; Cassandra T. Rogers; Janice Cumberbatch; Michele Lemay; Maja Schling
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Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are the least responsible for climate change, though they bear a disproportionate burden in terms of vulnerability to climate-induced disasters. The economies of many SIDS are also highly dependent on tourism, much of which occurs in potentially hazardous coastal areas and are closely linked to environmental quality. Despite the importance of catalyzing investment in coastal infrastructure to reduce vulnerability and enhance resilience, there is a paucity...
Topics: C51 (Model construction and estimation), Climate change adaptation, Climate change vulnerability,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by María Laura Bernaschini; Eduardo Trumper; Graciela Valladares; Adriana Salvo
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In fragmented forests the edges experience changes in microclimatic conditions, which are referred to as “abiotic edge effect”, and differ according to geographical orientation and season. These microclimatic changes could influence the development rate of the organisms (particularly for movement - restricted ones like leaf miner larvae and their parasitoids)and, consequently, their population dynamics. The aim of this study was to compare the abiotic edge effect in differently oriented...
Topics: Degree-day, Development speed, Edge effect, Geographical orientation, Microclimatic conditions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Evelyn Wallor; Kurt Christian Kersebaum; Domenico Ventrella; Marco Bindi; Davide Cammarano; Elsa Coucheney; Thomas Gaiser; Pasquale Garofalo; Luisa Giglio; Pietro Giola; Munir P. Hoffmann; Ileana Iocola; Marcos Lana; Elisabet Lewan; Ganga Ram Maharjan; Marco Moriondo
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Process-oriented agro-ecosystem models are increasingly applied to assess crop management options or impacts of climate change on agricultural production, food security and ecosystem services. Thereby, the aggregation of initial soil and climate information is a widely used approach for performing simulations at larger scales such as regions, nations or even globally. In this context, the ability of models to respond to different site conditions is essential for high quality impact assessment...
Topics: Crop model, Model sensitivity, Soil, Spatial variability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephen W. Lokier; Wesley M. Court; Takumi Onuma; Andreas Paul
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This study addresses a gap in our understanding of the effects of sea-level rise on the sedimentary systems and morphological development of recent and ancient carbonate ramp settings. Many ancient carbonate sequences are interpreted as having been deposited in carbonate ramp settings. These settings are poorly-represented in the Recent. The study documents the present-day transgressive flooding of the Abu Dhabi coastline at the southern shoreline of the Arabian/Persian Gulf, a carbonate ramp...
Topics: Carbonate ramp, Coastal erosion, Persian Gulf, Sea level, Transgression
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Guillaume Peterson St-Laurent; Shannon Hagerman; Kieran M. Findlater; Robert Kozak
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Effective governance of public forests depends, in part, on public support for changes in forest management, particularly those responding to changes in socio-ecological conditions driven by climate change. Trust in managing authorities and knowledge about forest management have proven influential in shaping public support for policy across different forest managemen contexts. However, little is known about the relationship between public trust and knowledge as it relates to policy support for...
Topics: Policy support, Public trust
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sara Mohamed Hassan Atwa; Mona Gamal Ibrahim; Ahmed Mohamed Saleh; Ryo Murata
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Green business parks (GBPs) are attractive to employees because of their environmental and social benefits. Recently, sustainability has become an international trend that is intended to tackle climate change. Therefore, there is a persistent need for sustainable landscapes in GBPs to ensure that workplaces are productive and healthy. The main focus of this research is developing a methodology of the GBPs‘ landscapes, in order to guide the stakeholders in the decision-making process....
Topic: Virtual reality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hongkai Gao; Hong Li; Zheng Duan; Ze Ren; Xiaoyu Meng; Xicai Pan
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Climate warming is expected to accelerate glacier retreat and shift hydrological regime, which poses great threat to regional water resources in terms of amount, variability, and quality. This is especially true in arid regions with glaciers such as the Central Asia. However, few models manage to mimic both glacier runoff and surface changes with adequate performance. To narrow this gap, we integrated a spatially distributed hydrological model (FLEX G ) and a glacier retreat model...
Topics: China, Climate change, FLEX hydrological model, Glacier retreat model, The Urumqi Glacier No. 1...
Public concerns about the environment, climate change, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions have placed increasing demands for the use of sustainable materials in the built environment. Natural fibres such as flax, jute and hemp have recently been considered for fibre-resin composites, with a major motivation for their implementation being their notable sustainability attributes. However, many studies have noted the relatively modest mechanical properties of natural fibre composites....
Topics: Channels, Compression, Design, Flax, Hemp, Jute, Natural fibre composites
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Margarethe Hofmann; Heinrich Hofmann; Christian Hagelüken; Alessandra Hool
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Functional materials are crucial to meet today's societal challenges and needs, such as the transition towards low carbon energy production to reduce climate change, renewable energies and green economy, clean mobility and improved communication. In order to fulfill specific functions, many of these materials require a variety of specific metallic elements whose total reserves in primary deposits on the planet are limited in quantity and unevenly distributed, respectively require significant...
Topics: critical raw materials, criticality
The paper aims to elucidate the influence of abrupt and gradual climate changes on the suitability for colonization of Scaphoideus titanus populations in grapevine-growing areas of the Northwestern Alpine region. This study spans several decades of temperature recordings and is carried out in ten grapevine-growing areas. A time-varying distributed delay with attrition model, linked to a grapevine phenology model, is used to simulate the development of S. titanus populations and produce an...
Topics: Climate change, Climatic suitability, Colonization risk, Forecast, Physiologically-based...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David R. Bowling; Barry A. Logan; Koen Hufkens; Donald M. Aubrecht; Andrew D. Richardson; Sean P. Burns; William R.L. Anderegg; David P. Eiriksson
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Temperate and boreal conifer forests are dormant for many months during the cold season. Climate change is altering the winter environment, with increased temperature, altered precipitation, and earlier snowmelt in many locations. If significant enough, these changes may alter patterns of dormancy and activity of evergreens. Here we studied the factors limiting photosynthetic activity of a high-elevation subalpine forest that has undergone substantial warming in recent decades. We tested the...
Topics: Abies lasiocarpa, Climate change, Conifer, Picea engelmanii, Pinus contorta, Xylem temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maria Augusta Paim; Arthur R. Dalmarco; Chung Han Yang; Pablo Salas; Sören Lindner; Jean Francois Mercure; José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra; Cristiane Derani; Tatiana Bruce da Silva; Jorge E. Viñuales
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Hydroelectricity provides approximately 65% of Brazil's power generating capacity, making the country vulnerable to droughts, which are becoming increasingly frequent. Current energy law and policy responses to the problem rely on a sectorial approach and prioritise energy security and market regulation. Brazil has opted to increase energy security levels during periods of hydrological variability with national grid interconnection and thermal plants backup. Additionally, Brazil has created the...
Topics: Brazilian law and regulation, Electricity mix, Hydrological risk, Hydropower, Integrated Assessment...
Over the last decades, a growing number of countries around the world adopted policies towards climate change. However, apart from the remarkable increase in legislative activity, we know little about the composition of country portfolios on climate policy and whether those rely mainly on specific climate policies or the integration of climate objectives across domains. Research on policy integration is often bound by a dearth of suitable data and has to rely on small-n comparative case study...
Topic: National climate portfolios
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yanling Du; Wei Song; Qi He; Dongmei Huang; Antonio Liotta; Chen Su
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Oceanic eddies are ubiquitous in global oceans and play a major role in ocean energy transfer and nutrients distribution, thus being significant for understanding ocean current circulation and marine climate change. They are characterized by a combination of high-speed vertical rotations and horizontal movements, leading to irregular three-dimensional spiral structures. While the ability to detect eddies automatically and remotely is crucial to monitoring important spatial–temporal dynamics,...
Topics: Deep learning, Eddy detection, Feature fusion, Remote sensing, SAR images
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xuefeng Li; Debany Fonseca-Batista; Nathalie Roevros; Frank Dehairs; Lei Chou
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Biological dinitrogen (N2) fixation by diazotrophic cyanobacteria has great biogeochemical implications in nitrogen (N) cycling in the ocean as this process represents the major source of new N input to the oceans, thereby controlling the marine primary productivity. Numerous factors can affect the extent of N2fixation. A better understanding of the major environmental and nutrient factors governing this process is highly required. Iron (Fe) and/or phosphorus (P) are thought to be limiting...
Topics: Climate change, Diazotrophic cyanobacteria, Iron, Nitrogen fixation, Nutrient limitation