These holding centers bulgaria people
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These holding centers bulgaria people: I'm so the people stormed the streets they went to they went and talked to the politicians they went out to these holding centers they went out to the railway stations they found out when it was supposed to happen that they were going to move the jewish citizens and they showed up at the railway station.
- 2022-06-08 08:41:59
- Internet Archive Python library 3.0.1
- Welcome to the live oak unitarian universalist church. For february 16th. 2012. This week service is. Be bulgarian. I rather enjoy the fontaine croft. Are reading this morning is one that is perhaps familiar to some of you. Invictus by william ernest henley. Out of the night that covers me dark as the pit from pole to pole i thank whatever gods may be for my uncomfortable soul. In the fell clutch of circumstance i have not winced nor cried aloud under the bludgeonings of chance my head is bloody but unbowed. Beyond this place of wrath and tears. Looms but the horror of the shade. And yet the menace of the years finds and shall find. Unafraid. It matters not how straight the gate. How charged with punishments the scroll. I. And the master of my fate. I. And the captain. So bulgaria in world war 1 had been dipped. And in 1919 with the treaty of new e. Certain parts of their of their area. Have been taken away. I'm specifically in the areas of thrace and macedonia. And this was i mean as you can imagine if. Imagine if part of our country had been taken away and given to someone else. It it certainly affected their morale. And then as the years went on after that they became more and more financially dependent. On germany. For doing trade with. They had wanted to remain neutral but the time came when the czar tsar boris the third sign the tripartite pact. And they became part of the axis powers. Along with germany. And italy and japan. And when they did that the one benefit that they got was they were given some of that territory back that those areas of 3. And macedonia. And from then on they often would refer to old kingdom which was the part of bulgaria with that was within the 19th. The pre 1941 borders. And new kingdom which was these other areas of macedonian. Bulgaria was. Different. Then some of the other countries in europe and specifically. Between the jews and the gentiles. Jewish families had been there for generation upon generation most of them since 1492. And so rather than there be a jewish side of town and a christian side of town they were next-door neighbors to each other they had fought in the previous wars together shoulder-to-shoulder they worked together they played together in the words of bryan stevenson they work proximate to one another and there was their developed sort of an interface. Ethos. In their culture they would go to each other's houses of worship and even respectfully they would celebrate each other's holidays. Again they were genuinely. Friends and neighbors and there was not the same history of anti-semitism that there were in other parts of europe. Butts. They had now signed on with the axis powers and they were watching what germany was doing as it was a occupying different lands bulgaria would never be occupied. Because they had signed on to this. And the government of bulgaria began to respond. To the demands of hitler. And in 1941. They passed in their parliament. It was it was their version of the nuremberg laws it was laws for the protection of the nation. And the served as interim dirtburglars did to strip away rights. From all of the jews and to force them to wear the yellow star. When this happened in this was something that the government didn't especially the czar was pushing for this but the people were not. Supporting this this happened under a lot of protest the intellectuals of bulgaria work we're riding pieces and we're going and talking to the politician. And the church the main church in bulgaria was the orthodontist bulgarian orthodox church. They were very much against this they were protesting and in fact one of the high bishop went and talked to the czar and said if you pass this. I fear for your immortal soul. This is wrong. But to no avail. It's still. People went on. More or less as before. But the pressure was still being put upon bulgaria. And then the news came. That about what was happening in other. How they were departing the jews and other countries and sending them to concentration. And then in 1943 in the spring of 1943. Boris gave his assent to this. And the police and other officials began rounding up the jewish bulgarian citizens and sending them to holding centers. As the trains were rolling into take them out of bulgaria. And to take him to. But this time. In this country. The people. Revolted. They said you. Cannot do this cuz this was again this was their friends. And their neighbours these were people that they played in bands with and work together with. I'm so the people stormed the streets they went to they went and talked to the politicians they went out to these holding centers they went out to the railway stations they found out when it was supposed to happen that they were going to move the jewish citizens and they showed up at the railway station. Bulgarian orthodox church was deeply involved in des and one of them bishop by the name of bishop. Carol. Showed up. At one of these town squares with the railway station and he made his way to the front and he told the officials you will not do this i will lie down on the railroad tracks. To keep you from doing this. And the people responded as well they too said that they would lie down on the railroad tracks. To keep those the trains from moving and it wasn't just in the cities either because just like in our country and i'll have the trains will go out through big wide swaths of of country the farmers heard about what was happening. And they chew said we will go and lie down on the railroad tracks. You will not do this. There were some politicians. Who were responding to this one of them was demeter pesha. Who is the deputy speaker for the parliament. He managed to go around and he got about a third of the parliament to sign on to a resolution that would prohibit this from happening. And under all of this pressure. Tsar boris really didn't have a choice and so he told hitler. That they would not be releasing the bulgarian jewish. Citizens that bulgaria needed them for some labor efforts and indeed many of the jewish men were sent. Two labor camps. Within bulgaria. But. Before world war ii. There were forty-eight thousand jews. Bulgaria. After world war ii. There were forty-eight thousand jews. In bulgaria. The only place where. And there are memorials. Throughout bulgaria. Talking about this and many of the people like carol and pesha were later awarded the distinguished meant of being righteous among the nations. From israel. Who. Would you be willing to. Lie down for. Across the tree. Parasite. Is an interesting word and i'm not talking about the movie that just won all of the oscars. Although it's really good and it's somewhat connected to this i recommend it i recommend it's not as scary as people think that it is like i'm. If i'm saying that and i got scared at like the thriller video you know it's pretty safe for you. Maybe not for the youngest. Parasite i think it when we often think of the word. Parasite. We think of it in two meetings right we think. We think of it as the metaphor when applied to humans and then we think of the scientific use right like tapeworms and fleas and ticks and organisms such as that. We actually that's what you think which is what i thought we have it backwards. It actually started the other way it came from the greek word parasitos which was used to they was before they knew about bugs and stuff like that and so it was used to apply two people admit one who sits at your table and it was it was a disparaging term but it was pretty mild it was you know that person who comes over and you know eats at your table doesn't usually you know give the same hospitality back doesn't really reciprocate. And then you got picked up again. In about the 1530s in europe. And again it was use pretty much the same way you know that person that that hangs around knowing that dinner is coming and drinks your wine and eat your food and never really reciprocates. And then he was about two hundred years after that. The scientist. Began understanding how what we would call bio parasites how they work and so they actually the one he was a metaphor for them you see and so they use it. To apply it to bayou parasites. And then just a little bit. After that. Was when. Civilization began using the term again. Towards when referring to humans. But this time they were using it as a metaphor based on that idea. The flea. The tapeworm. And it meant something far more serious. It meant. It was usually applied not to individuals but two groups of people groups of people who in when it was being used. That it was thought that they lived off of other people. And that they were damaging. And that they in fact could damage the whole of. Society. It was used during the french revolution. And be at the parasites at that time were those who were privileged by births in other words the aristocracy they were the ones referred to as the parasites in the russian revolution it was talking about the bourgeoisie. And now is china the enemies of the people they were said the enemies of the people are. Parasites. And then it began being used. In germany. To talk about those. With less privileged to talk about the romani. And to talk about the juice. And then it began being used again in the soviet union under cruz chef but by this point you know the bourgeoisie we're not really the issue and so it was used on those who they would say are not contributing enough to society. And so you were beggars. People like that except. But they also created laws against what they called social parasite ism. And i would exile. The hard labor camps cancel it became a really effective way to get rid of someone that you wanted to get rid of. I'm so dissidence. Poets were charged with this. Anyone who had any level of power this was a tool that they could use and so farm managers in an effort to get their their numbers of what they were producing up they would look at the disabled workers that they had. And charged them with that. Widows. With children. Parasite. And we are still using. The term. It is being used right now. In germany. In great britain. I'd in the united states. And most of the time when it is used. It is used to refer to. Immigrants. There is no telling. Who will be labeled. A parasite. In the future. Looking at history it has been everyone from the privileged. To those with the least. Amount. For whom are you willing. The lie down. So let me tell you the rest of the story. About bulgaria. And i'm afraid that this part is not. A corolla. So as i mentioned before. There were really kind of. Two parts of bulgaria. Old kingdom and new king. And new kingdom grace and macedonia had jews as well. But the bulgarian. Did not see them. As their neighbors. As their friends. And so when the trains came. To take them. There was no one willing to say that they would lie down on the train track. And they took away over 11,000. Juice. To the concentration camp of treblinka. And very few. There's this story that people tell of a rabbi. Who was asked the question who is my neighbor. And he chose at that time to take a member of the most despised group. The samaritan. Make that person that hero of the story. And the reason that person was the hero of the story. Was because he saw anyone in need. As a neighbor. And would make. Sacrifices. Of himself. To help that person. The sixth principle. Have unitarian universalism. Is that we have promised that we will work toward the goal of world community. With peace liberty and justice for all. If this is our goal. The goal of world community. It requires us to see. All people. As our neighbors. People who look different than us. Act different than us. And people who think differently. And right now i don't know about you. But i'm finding that part. Really hard. Really difficult. I've been reading hannah arendt book that was published in 1951 the origins of totalitarianism i highly highly recommended there will be a copy in the live oak library that you can check out. It is disturbing. She's talking about both what happened in the soviet union and what happened in nazi germany there are so many parts. That you will read and you're going to go. Huh. This seems really relevant right now. This seems like what i am seeing happening in my own country. She writes in it it has frequently been observed that terror can rule absolutely only over people who are isolated against each other and that therefore one of the primary concerns of all tyrannical government is to bring the isolation about. Isolated people are powerless by definition. Isolation and impotence that is the fundamental inability to act. At all have always been characteristics of tyranny. Political contacts between people are severed in a tyrannical government and the human capacities for action and power are frustrated. And it doesn't just mean isolating us as individual. But even when we do the thing that we do where we just huddled together that with people who think. Like we do. This is isolating. And now. The internet has been invented. Some people have a whole new way. Isolating us one from another. There is someone right now in russia and probably also in the united states hired guns that are sitting there on social media and the whole goal. Is the separate us. One from another. Etiological. So that we sever. Any connection that we have. So peshab that was the deputy speaker. He wasn't always the good guy. When they pass. That thing that was like their version of the nuremberg law. He supported it. But when they came. To get. The jewish citizens. .. Was too far. We have to believe that people can change. We have to believe that people are capable of changing their mind. And we have to stay in relationship with them. So that perhaps. We can be a part of that. But i am so sympathetic i have done. The same thing that i know others have done especially on facebook where i get stole. Frustrated and so just hurt at seeing the apartment views that people i know are putting out there but every time we post on facebook and we say if look if you support x. Candidate. L. Etc. Every time we do that where we say if you support this person just unfriend me we are the ones who are self-isolating we are the ones that are cutting that precious thin. Thread. Now i'm not saying do things different in your life. So as not to offend anyone know live your life out loud talk about why you do things share your opinions. If you had a post about it talk about it why i am going out to register voters because i believe that everyone should have a right to vote if you're out here working for fresh food for all talk about why you do that i am doing this thing because i believe that all people deserve to have nutritious food. Represent yourself. Show people who you are yes. There will be some people who will cut the thread themselves. And we can't do anything about that everyone gets to make their own decisions. But make it their choice. Not ours. Stay in relationship. In this hope i hope that i know sometimes can feel. Futile. That yes. People can change if we look at history history is full. Of people who have made a bad decision. But then made. A good one. If you're interested in this story of what happened in bulgaria there is. There's a glade. Documentary and its streaming on amazon for a fee if you're interested let me know i can buy a dvd and put it in our library. It's called the optimist. And and they're talking to people who were there. At the time. And at the end of the documentary. They have jewish cantor avrohom behar yaffa. Who is there. And he says. From where such people born. Because of good relationships the people resisted the nazis. The nazis used to write on jewish homes and synagogues. Jew. By morning people had already cleaned it. They risked their lives to do this.. Death. The nazis used to hang nazi flags in the morning the flags were burned they the christians not us we were imprisoned in our homes. In secret. They brought us rice. Potatoes meat they brought. Where can you find such p. The jews wear their friends and their neighbors. I wish. But it had extended farther. But 48,000 people. Were alive. At the end of world war ii. Who might not have been. For whom are you willing. Lie down on the train track.