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Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science

JLIS.it —Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science— is an academic, cross-disciplinary, peer-reviewed, and open access journal, aiming to value innovative international research.


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The paper analyzes the evolution of libraries electronic catalogs evidencing the new technologies of the Semantic Web and Linked Data. The essay is divided into two distinct parts. In the first part starting from critical analysis of the new generation of OPAC functional model and discovery tools proposes the need for a revision of current development paradigm that accepting the theories of information behaviour can be based on the user, on its information needs, its behaviours, and on the...
Topics: Electronic catalogue, OPAC, Linked data, semantic web, discovery tools, next generation catalogs,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8903/
The EMoBookTrade project, funded by the European Research Council and directed by Angela Nuovo, has developed a database on book prices (ca. 1530-1630) and book privileges (Venice, 1469 to 1603). This web application shows that digital humanities can play an innovative role in historical research at the same time respecting traditional scientific methods and the needs of ground-breaking inter-disciplinary research. Indeed, the EMoBookTrade DB takes into account both the representation of...
Topics: Book Trade, History of the Book, Digital Humanities, Economic History, Price History, Early modern...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12612
The guidelines about Third Mission/Social Impact published by the Italian relevant authority (ANVUR) in November 2018 are focused also on the academic libraries’ heritage and on the activities aimed to promote it. This heritage – not only the special collections but also the buildings where libraries are housed – is unique and original, so can identify each library. As libraries’ heritage is often fascinating, as well as outstanding from the historical and artistic...
Topics: Academic libraries, Heritage, Special collections, Third Mission, University of Bologna, University...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12588
The purpose of this article is to introduce a seminal 1984 document on the structure of the “system of bibliographic links” of the Italian national library service (named SBN or Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale). To some extent thirteen years before FRBR, the Entity-Relationship Model has been used to identify Entities, Attributes and Relationships within bibliographic records. The 1984 document can also be seen as a first step of a long path (which has not yet been concluded) of use of ER...
Topics: SBN (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale), E-R (Entity-Relationship) Model, UNIMARC, Domanovszky,...
The article intends to be a short theoretical elaboration of the ideas raised by Boris Groys in Google: Words beyond Grammar from a LIS point of view. Through the use of critical tools such as Manovich's theory of the database and Wittgenstein's writings on meaning and context, the author delineates a double partial characteristic of the search conducted by Google in terms of quality (the Google algorithm is partial towards results claimed to appertain the user's interests) and in terms of...
Topics: Deconstruction, Google, Groys, Boris, Manovich, Lee, Semantics, Search engines, Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8798
In July 2012 the EC recommended on Open Access to the Member States in order to put forward the development of an economy based on knowledge and innovation as a priority.
Topics: Europe, Open Access, Scholarly communication
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8649
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Ewelina Melnarowicz,Federica Vignati
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The following publication presents the results of the first study on law firm libraries in Italy. To date there are only few publications on this topic, therefore it has been considered interesting to determine the distribution of law libraries and professionals involved. The study, which was based on a sample population of 100 largest law firms in Italy by revenue, employed an online questionnaire and the data were collected through web site analysis aiming to identify a library, a...
Topics: Italy, Knowledge management, Law firms, Organizational culture, Quantitative research, Special...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8800
BeWeb – online ecclesiastical cultural heritage – is a project to establish a portal dedicated to the cultural and artistic heritage of the Catholic Church, by providing an integrated view of data regarding churches, the artwork and items of worship they contain, library and archive funds of diocesan and religious institutes, with a special focus on cultural, scientific and pastoral care aspects, in order to provide an authoritative tool for users to know more about these...
Topics: BeWeB, Italian ecclesiastical cultural heritage
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10067
A clear definition of stack management has never been analyzed in the Italian professional literature in its activities, practices, and indications on how to move collections. However, some surveys of the University of Chicago reveal that users report the impossibility to retrieve books directly from library shelves, and untreaceable or lost books, as one of the main reasons fro their dissatisfaction with library services. The Council of Australian State Libraries (CASL) defines stack...
Topics: Collections, Shelves, Shelf-reading, Stack management, Book moves
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4582
The article faces the problems related to long-term preservation of the digital archives content. Archival material requires a special attentio due to credibility, juridical value, moral and legal rights, and privacy. The need to ensure accessibility and integrity of informatic data is a problem that involves all aspects and fields of informatization, and it is closely related to metadata choice and duplication. Through the analysis of the case-study represented by cIrcle, the istitutional...
Topics: Archival materials, Digital preservation, Institutional repositories, InterPARES3, University...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12
Libraries, especially since the nineteenth century, have included real private documents and archives among their special collections. The typologies are analyzed, also focusing on author libraries, where books, as they are often rich in manuscript interventions by the owners, take on the archival value. We also dwell on the often improper descriptive treatment that this material has undergone in libraries.
Topics: Autographs, Correspondence, Thematic collections of documents, Private archives in the library,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12569
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Stefano Gambari
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Through the help of many examples, the author analyzes the uses of the Quick Response (QR) Code in libraries. QR is a bidimensional code composed by black and white pixels into a squared matrix, containing information to be enjoyed with the help of smartphones or similar devices. Scanning the code, which is usually printed on newspapers, posters, or captions, and processing it with ad-hoc software, users can obtain additional information and data on objects or services without extra...
Topics: QR, Quick Response Code, OPAC, Library services, Mobile
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4494
The irruption of the informative space of Web, as new manner to disseminate and share information content, has imposed in the last years an important rethinking of international bibliographic production in its theoretical and methodological basis. In this paper we try to understand the evolutive way of the cataloguing tools though the identification and definition of several change factors (technical and functional): which could be in the next future the new challenges related to the creation...
Topics: Bibliographic control, Opac, Linked data, Information retrieval.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12623
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Eliane Serrào Alves Mey,Isabel Arino Grau,Fernanda Salgado Biar, , ,
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This study group intends to analyze the Resource Description and Access (RDA) code’s pros and cons, under one point of view of some Brazilian catalogers, that is, from an emerging country. The five International Meetings of Experts on an International Cataloguing Code (IME ICC) brought many expectations world-wide about a new international cataloging code, free as the International Standard Bibliogrpahic Description (ISBD), and that could merge different points of view for cataloging...
Topics: RDA, FRBR, Brazilian cataloguers
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10085
Rare disease patients too often face common problems, including the lack of access to correct diagnosis, lack of quality information on the disease, lack of scientific knowledge of the disease, inequities and difficulties in access to treatment and care. These things could be changed by implementing a comprehensive approach to rare diseases, increasing international cooperation in scientific research, by gaining and sharing scientific knowledge about and by developing tools for extracting and...
Topics: Rare Deseases, MeSH, Terminology, Text mining, Thesauri
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4783
The article aims to provide an update on the 2009 Statement of International Cataloguing Principles (ICP) and on the status of work on the Statement by the IFLA Cataloguing Section. The article begins with a summary of the drafting process of the ICP by the IME ICC, International Meeting of Experts on an International Cataloguing Code, focusing in particular on the first meeting (IME ICC1) and on the earlier drafts of the 2009 Statement. It then analyzes both the major innovations and the...
Topics: Cataloguing, ICP, IFLA, International Cataloguing Principles, Library theory
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4936
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Gianluca Vannuccini,Giovanni Menduni,Giacomo Innocenti
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The City of Florence, Italy, has been carrying out a large data integration and consolidation process since 2003, that was even more improved and targeted to an open and federated approach during 2009. Results of such a process are now being exploited in several current hot eGovernment fields, among which business intelligence, and, more recently, the open data movement. During the year 2011, the City of Florence lead an internal structured assessment process in which each department named an...
Topics: City of Florence, Open data, eGovernment
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5500
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Lucia Sardo
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The paper offers an overview of ethical issues about cataloguing. After a general introduction about the topic in library science, the paper analyses two principal issues: access to information, in particular about semantic access, and data. Ethical issues are a part of the cataloguing process and affect the way cataloguers create metadata for the users. The last part of the paper presents an analysis of the proposal for a specific code of ethics for cataloguers.
Topics: Ethics, Cataloguing, Access to information, Code of ethics, Data.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12565
Going Green is a recent IFLA book, which contains an excellent review about what libraries are doing, in various parts of the world, to protect the environment and help their communities, all the collectivity, to face the ecological crisis.In addition, the reading of Going Green also allows us to reflect on implications that a green and sustainable option involves in the way of interpreting the social role of the libraries, inspiring their management policies, improving their perception within...
Topics: Green Library, Sustainable Library.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12604
If used up to their most important recommendations, RDA guidelines lead to a semantic web oriented catalog. Both authority and bibliographic records require to be curated, especially under the point of view of persistent identifiers, connecting entities to relevant external resources, thus boosting the navigability of the retrieved information and finally of the whole catalog.To dramatically improve these goals, also established records need to be provided with links, URIs, or persistent...
Topics: RDA, Koha, Authority files, Persistent identifiers, VIAF, Linked data, OPAC interface.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12595
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Raffaele Guarasci
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The present article aims at providing a representation of verb selection preferences for the Italian language. The experiment connects methods based on corpora, and it has been carried on in two steps: first, topic mining from the selected corpora; then, the generalization of verb selection preferences using a lexical ontology.The resources used for the experiment are the following: LexIt, a lexicon for Italian verbs as a lexical resource, and MultiWordNet as an ontology.The aim of the study...
Topics: Computational linguistics, LexIt, MultiWordNet, Verb selection, Verbs
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4786
The Linked Heritage Project started in April 2011. It is funded by the European Commission under the IST Policy Support Programme (ICT PSP), and runs for 30 months. Its main objective is to contribute a large quantity of new content to Europeana, from both the public and private sectors (c3 million items). In addition, the project will show how: 1. To enhance the quality of Europeana content, in terms of its metadata richness, its re-use potential and its uniqueness; 2. To enable improved...
Topics: Library linked data, Linked Heritage Project, Europeana, Cultural Heritage Project
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/6304
Rights management for digital library programs is affected by high transaction costs and this calls for new schemes of collective management. Voluntary Stakeholders Agreements (VSA) is proposed as a solution. However, there is a need to reshape the way of defining the scope of such agreements. In the past, the scope was set by limiting the type of uses licensed in the collective agreement, while other uses, pertaining the primary exploitation of works, remain in the sphere of direct management...
Topics: Digital libraries, Digitization projects, Copyright, Voluntary Stakeholders Agreements, Rights...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4539
The purpose of this article is to reflect on production, organization and tradition of autograph collections since the beginning until the end of the nineteenth century. In particulary, these collections, considered by the classical archival science only such one of the principle causes of destruction of the archives and as the result of the collectors’ craze that pervaded Europe in that turn of years, were used as a kind of archives, where historians could find all sorts of records,...
Topics: Archival Science, Autographs, National archives, Collections, Archival arrangement
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12587
The paper offers an overview of the complex, not easy period in which Antonio Panizzi was teaching at London University (1828-1831), innovatively suggesting that “a uniform program be adopted for the study of all modern languages and literatures” and nevertheless dedicating himself to research with care and passion. In the article, the teaching materials and custom tools he quickly provided to his students for learning italian language and culture are analyzed regarding concept, structure...
Topics: Italian language, Italian grammar, Italian literature, Teaching materials for italian, University...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12600
Accuracy in management and presentation of data is probably the most relevant feature that characterizes libraries catalogues in the wide universe of information available online. This characteristic, which originates from the basic need of organizing knowledge, requires a constant activity of control. Authority control is part of such an activity.This paper examines authority control of personal names, and how it is carried out.The first part shows the international standards and local codes...
Topics: Controllo di autorità, Archivi di autorità, OPAC, Database, Wikipedia.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10340
This paper describes the process developed by Binghamton University Libraries to extract embedded metadata from digital photographs and transform it into descriptive Dublin Core metadata for use in the Libraries’ digital preservation system.In 2011, Binghamton University Libraries implemented the Rosetta digital preservation system (from Ex Libris) to preserve digitized and born-digital materials. At the same time, the Libraries’ implemented the Primo discovery tool (from Ex...
Topics: digital preservation, metadata, photographs
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10069
The circulation and sharing of contents in biobanks is approached with the study of the normative statutes of these institutions, with careful attention to copyright. Such institutions are an organized set of human biological specimens with diagnostic, therapeutic, and research aims. Since the issue is quite new, their statutes are controversial; moreover, the exploitation of new detections is particularly complicated. The ownership of samples (tissues, cells, organs) and the ownership of...
Topics: Biobanks, Biology, Copyright, Database, Open data sharing
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4537
IT technologies and especially the progressive use of Internet have transformed the mechanism of knowledge transmission and its reproduction. We find, on the one hand, a model of knowledge circulation based on contract self-enforcement, through technological protection measures (TPMs). This kind of control is identified in Digital Rights Management (DRM), whose goal is to make the license terms for access and use of information recognizable by the software and equipment made for the use of...
Topics: Copyright, DRM, Creative Commons, Licenses
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4593
This article reports on an analysis of the different forms and practices of electronic literature starting with the concept of the ebook as the zero degree of literary re-mediation. The next step is the use of a computational model (composed of data, processes, interactions, a user interface, and context) applied to a semiotic model of the book in which one goes from the physicality of the signs on the page to the abstract concept of the work so as to classify the various types of electronic...
Topics: Electronic literature, eBooks, Electronic publishing, Digital Humanities
The paper presents the results of a research based on the evaluation culture approach and particularly on the social corporate responsibility of universities and their duty to account for the quality of their mission, researches, teaching and dissemination of knowledge. Metrics and international rankings have been developed to measure value and performance of the universities; as a consequence, the academic world must express appropriate means in order to improve its position in quality...
Topics: Academic Literacy, Visual Literacy, Digital Competencies, Literacies Indicators, Educational...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12577
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Lalitha Sami,Rabia Iffat
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In order to render effective services to its users, Libraries and Information Centres adopt and introduce new and innovative services. Depending on the exposure of users to these services, the services themselves will have a different impact on different users. A positive impact results in positive attitudes, and in a consequent preference for that service. The paper discusses these challenges in making users self confident while using library new tools and services, and examines possibile ways...
Topics: Attitude, Impact, Library services, Preference, Technophobia
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4523
In recent years, the spread of ebooks has grown exponentially. 24/7 availability, portability, the advanced tools offered by platforms make this product particularly interesting for academic libraries, which are in an experimental phase with regard to the selection and acquisition of ebooks. The article analyzes three platforms (EBL, Ebrary, EBSCO), to find out whether an Italian medium-sized university library can buy foreign titles in electronic rather than paper, and under what conditions....
Topics: E-books, Academic libraries, Acquisition, Selection criteria.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8986
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Klaus Kempf
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The present essay, shows the collection development in the digital age and the changes occurred in recent decades with the rise of Internet and "hybrid library".Today, in digital age, the libraries must be able to meet the real needs of users, working for a great collaboration and cooperation in building and managing online digitized collections, as well as taking care and resize their traditional concept of service.
Topics: Collections, Digital age, Libraries, Wunderkammern, Search engines
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8857
The article examines research data practices in the Humanities within the European area.The great attention paid to research data in European policies on research confirms their strategic role in the development and optimization of the scientific research.The analysis of some research infrastructures and projects focused on research data in the Humanities shows how the European Member States can act centrally in improving and developing them, in order to make efficient individual activities and...
Topics: Research data, Humanities, Research Infrastructures, Open Access, Open Data.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8927
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Elena Lazzarini,Elisa Bianchi,Maria Clotilde Camboni
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The essay deals with the creation of subject-headings for web resources related to Italian literature, art and linguistics with resort to the Nuovo soggettario system (NS). It describes the difficulties arisen and the results achieved in this regard during the development of a project aimed at creating web tools to facilitate the location of high quality web resources about Italian culture. One of these tools was a catalogue of web resources with subject headings, created using a modified...
Topics: Digital catalog, Semantic indexing, Nuovo Soggettario, Panoramafirb, Data model
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8828
The paper presents the first results of a research which aims at evaluating how the public perception about libraries has evolved over the last five years in Europe. It quantifies and qualifies the presence of issues concerning libraries in the European press in order to answer the following research questions: which are the most discussed topics and have they changed over the last years? Are there any significant differences between the European countries and newspapers in the debate about...
Topics: Libraries, European press, Methodology, Content analysis, Public perception
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8987
Library Linked Data Model is an important topic for librarianship and it is equally of interest to the many organizations that provide products and services to that community. Ex Libris, as one of those organizations, frequently gets asked: “Where do we see it fitting into our plans?â€. In order to be able to answer questions like this, we need to ask: “What exactly are the problems being solved for the profession by this technology that can only be solved with the Library Linked...
Topics: Library linked data, Ex Libris
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5492
The present research, originally a master thesis, aims to investigate the popularity and usage of Reference Management Softwares among researchers and scholars of the University of Torino, Italy, and the role that university libraries can assume about the subject.This study, based upon a qualitative approach, is a descriptive survey composed of an online questionnaire and direct interviews addressed to the population of professors and researchers of the STM areas at the University of Torino. A...
Topics: Academic libraries, References, References Management Software, Users
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8679
Using the 9 areas identified by the ISBD as a guide, the paper proposes a descriptive comparison between the choices carried out by the authors of RDA and REICAT. Two different ways of understanding the basic entities of the bibliographic description are shaped through a detailed analysis of individual choices, and accordingly to this, two different perspectives for the future organization of resources. REICAT are even linked to the organization "on board", to punctuation and to the...
Topics: Cataloguing, ISBD, library linked data, RDA, REICAT, Semantic web.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/9963
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Kevin Ford
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In 2009 and in 2011, the Library of Congress made two of its largest authority files – Subject Headings and Names – available as linked data via LC’s Linked Data Service, ID.LOC.GOV. Both are offered in MADS/RDF and SKOS. It is LC’s objective, in 2012, to publish another of its largest authority files as linked data: LC Classification. Whereas the source records for Subject Headings and Names are encoded in the MARC Authority format, from which there is a relatively...
Topics: Library linked data, Library of Congress Classification, Ontology, SKOS, MARC21, Authority control
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5465
The Virtual International Authority File (VIAF) is a joint experiment of the Library of Congress (LC), the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DNB), and the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF) with Online Computer Library Center (OCLC). Started in 2000, VIAF is a linking between authority records of the participant national agencies, that are freely on the net through a global authority service, and provided with crush algorithms. Through its interface, the system allows the virtual search of...
Topics: Virtual International Authority File, Authority control, Open Archive Initiative, International...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4520
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Maria Sagri,Elisabetta Marinai,Ginevra Peruginelli,Tommaso Agnoloni,Daniela Tiscornia
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Interoperability today is the key term for the enhancement of databases published on the web: the data, when isolated, have little value, on the contrary, their value increases significantly when different datasets, produced and published independently by different providers, can be reused and freely mashed by third parties. The use of data for new purposes not foreseen by organizations and individuals who publish "raw data" is one of the advantages of linked open data model. To...
Topics: Library linked data, DoGi-Legal Literature database
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5480
Ten years after the Budapest Open Access Initiative, the same proponents prepare the plan for setting the default on Open Access during the next ten years.
Topics: BOAI, Open Access, Scholarly communication
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8631
Terminology and multilingualism have been one of the main focuses of the Athena Project. Linked Heritage as a legacy of this project also deals with terminology and bring theory to practice applying the recommendations given in the Athena Project. Linked Heritage as a direct follow-up of these recommendations on terminology and multilingualism is currently working on the development of a Terminology Management Platform (TMP). This platform will allow any cultural institution to register,...
Topics: Athena Project, Library linked data, Michael Project, Terminology Management Platform, TMP
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5471
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Giuseppina Vullo
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Introduction to FSR 2014 Special Issue
Topics: FSR2014 Conference, Cataloguing, Library catalogue, OPAC
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10138
This article presents the National Edition of Alcide De Gasperi’s correspondence project (www.epistolariodegasperi.it). An introduction about digital editions, where some examples of the publication of letters in digital form are offered, is followed by a description of the project, of the reasons why the online edition was chosen and of the technical features of the software for the collection of metadata, digital images and transcriptions. Finally, after a description of the methods for the...
Topics: Documentary edition, Correspondence, Letters, Alcide De Gasperi, Digital documentary edition,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12599
The purpose of this study is to analyze some correspondence exchanges to surface links between recurrent entities found in documents, which form a complex network in which correspondents, books, articles and persons cited in the letters, quoted entities linked to academic world and the documents themselves are linked together. The perspective of the multidimensionality of the environment in which sources are, which is composed by the vertical dimension – the correspondence containing the...
Topics: Correspondence, Inter-archival link, Multidimensionality, Network.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12582
Intellectual freedom has a continual implementation at library, particularly in collection development. This article first examines intellectual freedom and censorship in some statements of IFLA, of few European library associations and, last, of ALA. The ALA’s tools to defend intellectual freedom are then analyzed, focusing in particular, compliant to the specific ALA “manual”, on collections development and selection policies and on resources reconsideration procedure, as tools for...
Topics: Intellectual freedom, Censorship, Collection development policy, Collection selection policy,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12615
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Monica Vezzosi,Ilaria Moroni
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The paper presents two articles dealing with researches on users’ perception of libraries, the first with a quantitative approach, the latter with a qualitative approach: "Use and Awareness of Electronic Information Sources at IIT Roorkee, India: A Case Study", and "L'identità percepita: applicare la grounded theory in biblioteca". The authors underline the importance of sharing theories and practices on user surveys in order to gain skills of research methods and...
Topics: Grounded theory, Public Libraries, Qualitative analysis, Reference, Users
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4618
The article sets out to investigate the meaning, role and implications of some information management approaches used in Digital Library practice. A greater focus on innovation in managing online resources and on improving their interoperability can be achieved by normalizing metadata schemas through interoperable standards, world-wide accepted controlled vocabularies as well as by their enrichment through qualitatively constructed ontologies and linked data, which are key to the expansion of...
Topics: Digital library, FRBR, Linked data, LODe-BD, Metadata, SWAP
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4663
Starting from some general thoughts on the relationship discipline-phenomenon within the Bliss bibliographic classification (2. ed.), the article offers an overview of the architecture of a specific field: economics. The difficulties in systematizing the discipline, and the quick diffusion of acronyms and new definitions - created by abbreviation or combination of existing words - lead to a full structural revision of the T entry, Economics & Management of economic enterprise, that at the...
Topics: Bliss Bibliographic Classification, BC2, Classification, Economics, FATKS
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/34
This paper offers an analysis of the Italian legislation about the transition from printed school-books to digital ones and, in turn, it presents an overview of the digital publishing offer of major media groups, by taking as case study the Latin textbooks for high-schools. The concept of digital book has been declined nowadays in two main forms: the first one is the so-called "on-line book", which are digital books (typically in PDF or ePub format)...
Topics: Digital publishing, E-books, Textbooks, School Law, High School
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4755
The usage of bibliometric indicators is widespread in the scientific and academic world, and has become a standard in order to assign research funds and to assess the results of those investments. The aim of this article is to offer, without any claims for comprehensiveness some reflections and advices for using these tools in a more conscious way, highlighting their limits and peculiarities. Apart from Impact Factor, many tools related to Open Access have been developed recently. The most...
Topics: Bibliometrics, Citation index, H-index, Impact factor, Scimago
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/24
The purpose of this study is to analyze some correspondence exchanges to surface links between recurrent entities found in documents, which form a complex network in which correspondents, books, articles and persons cited in the letters, quoted entities linked to academic world and the documents themselves are linked together.The perspective of the multidimensionality of the environment in which sources are, which is composed by the vertical dimension – the correspondence containing the...
Topics: Correspondence, Inter-archival link, Multidimensionality, Network.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12582
The essay is dedicated to the theme of digital rights management on digitisation projects with particular reference to works into the public domain and to orphan works. The aim of the essay is to explain the main issues and criticalities that libraries have to face proposing and carrying out digitisation projects. For some years, the digitisation of cultural heritage involves libraries, archives and museums and is one of the main goals by the Digital Agenda for Europe. Indeed the digitisation...
Topics: Digitisation, Public domain, Orphan works, copyright, ARROW
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8797
The author reflects upon the work of cataloguing in present times. He wonders how to harmonize the precision and universality of cataloguing rules and the growing of different cultural needs and information behaviours. Against the widespread ideas on “disintermediation†allowed by information and communication technologies, the author reaffirms the crucial role, although with a quite new background, of librarians and cataloguers as intermediaries between users and documents, between...
Topics: Cataloging, Intermediation, Librarians, Library theory
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5621
"Legal interoperability" could be defined as the possibility of legally mixing data coming from different sources (including governmental data, data generated by online communities and data held by private parties). Legal interoperability is similar to technical interoperability, since it is a prerequisite for mixing data and create new knowledge or services. But it also has its own peculiarities, for instance because it could be achieved simply choosing the appropriate licensing...
Topics: Data mining, Governement data, Interoperability, Library linked data
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5461
The purpose of Linked Data is to develop a total data space (the data web) able to mutually connect and enrich shared databases. Libraries therefore have the opportunity to integrate the structured information of their catalogs with information from other multiple sources and to make them more accessible by building them on web standards. The ability model the data, making them accessible and preserving the contextualization is proposed as a criterion for determining the quality of a library....
Topics: Cultural Heritage, Library linked data, Semantic web
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8587
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Redazione JLIS.it
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Issued in April 2003, the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing defines and supports the concept of open access.
Topics: Biomedical research, Open Access, Scholarly communication, Scientific literature
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8628
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Ilaria Fava
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The present article aims at offering an overview on the milestones of the Open Access movement in its first decade. The main declarations, statements and documents are described.
Topics: Open Access, Scholarly communication, Scientific literature
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8678
The article introduces the complete digital edition of Tommaso Campanella’s letters. It is a transcription of the full corpus of 172 letters written by Campanella in the years 1591-1639. This work is built on the print collection edited by Germana Ernst and published in 2010 by Olschki. Beyond metadata, an asset in themselves, each letter is enriched by information about the manuscript source (including the archive or the library holding it), the various editions, and a brief summary. The...
Topics: Epistolary, Digital Edition, Digital Archive, Public History, Digital Edition, Digital Archive,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12626
Issued in early 2011, the Ghent Declaration invites the EC to take up the current opportunities for increasing the circulation of knowledge beyond the aims of the OpenAIRE initiative.
Topics: ERA, Europe, Open Access, OpenAIRE.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8634
 Issued in 2003, the Berlin Declaration aims to promote the Internet as a functional instrument for a global scientific knowledge base and human reflection and to specify measures which research policy makers, research institutions, funding agencies, libraries, archives and museums need to consider.
Topics: Open Access, Scholarly communication
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8625
Established in 2005, the Hong Kong Maritime Museum (HKMM) is a relatively new private museum that aims to collect all forms of materials related to the development of boats, ships, maritime exploration and trade, and naval warfare on the South China coast, as well as its adjacent seas.  The Museum not only serves as a unique platform for teaching and learning of the local heritage in Hong Kong, it also contributes greatly to the promotion of community engagement and social connections. ...
Topics: HKMM, Hong Kong Maritime Museum, Library-Museum Collaboration, Operational practices, User needs.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8916
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Redazione JLIS.it
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Issued in 2009, the Alhambra declaration aims at promoting common policies for Open Access in the South of Europe.
Topics: Open Access policies, Scholarly communication, Southern Europe.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8632
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Carlo Bianchini
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This paper deals with lack of FRBR-zation of present online catalogues and with a way to organize on the shelves resources by FRBR entities using Colon Classification book number.Main results of this analysis are: categories expressed by FBRB were already identified by Ranganathan in its bibliographic system; Colon classification book number allows a higher degree of arrangement of bibliographic resources, i.e. compliant to FRBR entities; also for this reason, Colon classification book number...
Topics: Bibliographic arrangement, Colon classification, FRBR, Ranganathan, Shiyali Ramamrita
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/31
Projects related to cultural heritage enhancement are facing a gradual transition from the description of the sources, at the level of metadata, to their digitization. When this heritage is textual a special attention is recognized to digitization as annotated or “marked-up†transcription, having the aim of textual or documentary edition. Each feature of a document that can be element of annotation - and is therefore subject of interpretation - takes the form of an authority data to...
Topics: Authority data, Digital editions, Linked data, Semantic indexing, Semantic web
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/8808
This contribution will focus on the aims of the Rare Books’ Section of the Vatican Library. Taking as a start the analytical cataloging of incunabula, the Section will deal with similar cataloging of the books printed in the 16th century and later. Analytical cataloging requires deep skill in reading and interpreting the features which bear witness to the book’s journey through history: handwritten notes, coats of arms, owners’ identification, printers’ marks,...
Topics: Rare Book's Section, Vatican Library, catalogue
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/10065
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Margherita Bartoli
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The paper explores the strategies and methods for preserving Linked Open Data (LOD). To this aim it first presents an overview of the main scientific initiatives that have dealt with this topic. Then it describes some digital technologies that may result useful for preserving LOD, providing some insights on their application to LOD. It also provides a concrete example of implementation of the Semantic Web technologies for preserving Linked Data. Finally, it suggests some specific themes and...
Topics: Digital Preservation, Linked Data, LOD, OAIS, Semantic Web.
In the historiography of librarianship and information work, the development of librarianship during the Belle Époque (1871-1914) has been somewhat overshadowed by the heroic and ultimately unsuccessful projects of Otlet, the Royal Society, and others to bring about bibliographic control of the world’s scholarly literature. In this article, an attempt is made to determine the issues which preoccupied an emerging Anglo-American library profession during this period. It is based on...
Topics: Librarianship, Anglo-American, Belle Époque, Professionalization, Modernization, USA, UK.
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/12566
The expression Cloud Computing is used for referring to a variety of platforms supplying application and resources displaced into the net. Applications to libraries are many: email services; the possibility of developing new tasks without investing resources in hardware; digital resources preservation; library catalogue management, and so on. One of the strongest aspects of this system is the flexible payment (pay-as-you-go), depending on release ways and on real usage. Benefits for...
Topics: Cloud computing, Digital preservation, Libraries, Information and communication technology,...
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4527
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Alberto Salarelli
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Inspired by Alessandro Baricco's essay I barbari, saggio sulla mutazione, on the analysis of the changes in society due to media hype richer and richer on the level of quantity and stimulations, the author highlights the risks of a simplified way of thinking that tends to conform all cultural institutions to one model of informative mediation. Public libraries, facing with these changes as well as other cultural institutions, are at a crossroads between a transformation in favour of the new...
Topics: Baricco, Alessandro, Mass media, Communication, Public libraries, Technologies
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/4600
Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science
by Jan Brase
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Science is global, it needs global standards, global workflows and is a cooperation of global players. But science is carried out locally by local scientists that are part of local infrastructures with local funders. DataCite is an international consortium, founded in 2009 of currently 17 institutions from 12 countries worldwide. Its mission is to allow a better re-use and citation of data sets. Over 1 million datasets have been registered with a DOI name as a persistent identifier, so they can...
Topics: DataCite, DOI, Data sets
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/5493
Why a Linked data Seminar? Linked data provides a new language in the world of global communication: from the public administration, banks, insurance companies, to archives, libraries and museums. Global communication via Linked Data is about using the Web to connect related data that wasn't previously linked, or using the Web to lower the barriers to linking data currently linked using other methods.
Topic: lod
Source: https://www.jlis.it/article/view/6307