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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  November 13, 2013 7:00am-7:30am EST

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>> in a high risk of disease. >> yes. hundreds of dead bodies perhaps still floating around under the debris. >> this morning we saw many, many people heading out of town. they have given up. >> they are still here -- but they are going to places where they think they can find food. >> we have seen very little of the philippines government doing anything. what do you think of their response? >> i think the government now, especially with the city government, politics -- paralyzed. over hereust came yesterday just to maintain peace and order. i think we need massive international relief aid here now. the situation is so desperate, we need aid now. because if nothing will be done in the next few days, hundreds of people more will die. more people will be violent.
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they will run riot around the city. i don't know. i was born here. i love this city. people of the world, come for -- to my city. we need you, please. come to my -- we need you. we need help very badly. over the lack of food and water. doctors are also facing a shortage of medical supplies. casualties are continuing to flock to the main hospital in tacloban where doctors say they are short of essentials. >> this is the main government hospital in the middle of hospital was this completely flooded during the storm surge. you can still see some of the mud on the ground that they are getting it back up and running
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again. this is where the casualties come in when they are first admitted. this young girl was brought in a half an hour ago and she has a very, very serious cut on her head. the typical of sort of laceration that has been left for a few days and starting to get septic. kind us is where they bring the babies in. girl on the bed -- and she has a fever and diarrhea. the goal of symptoms of what happens when babies are drinking dirty water, in an unsanitary place. but they a drip literally don't have enough water to give her water to drink. ut it is very basic. the doctors we have been talking to say they need everything. let's cross live to tacloban where the bbc's jonathan head is here for us. jonathan, just describe the
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situation for us as we enter the evening. as grim as it was, the only really good sign, i suppose -- and this is the first time we have seen. airport, there are signs of a proper organized aid effort getting into gear. amounts of large world food program high-energy biscuits which is good for families who do not have food, being loaded into the military truck and being taken to the city. pinglso saw the u.n. up operation. valerie amos, the chief of humanitarian affairs, stressing that not enough has been done. we also saw an entire field hospital, a french and belgian one operating under the u.n., waiting to be deployed to one of the hospitals. also the americans are on the ground in much greater numbers
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now and planning to bring in their very large transporter aircraft jet aircraft tomorrow. they say they will significant scale up the amount of aid coming in. they hope to work around-the- clock, even at night, to use the heavy lift helicopter aircraft to take supplies out to remote areas that have not received anything yet. that was down at the airport. also at the airport i saw hundreds of absolutely desperate walkeds, many of whom very long distances to get there , hoping to get a seat on a military plane out. their view was the city is ruined, there is no food, law enforcement is breaking down, there is a great fear of crime. the city itself -- people are still living in the most appalling conditions with nothing left at all and a real fear of crime. but the biggest fear of all is running out of food. while i think we will see the aid effort getting together, it is not very all -- obvious to the people of the city yet. on, stillys absolutely desperate.
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let's talk about the breakdown in law and order. what i understand, the army has moved in. is there a semblance of that things are beginning to take shape, that some sort of order is beginning to take hold? or is it still as bad as it was? numbers of soldiers going out -- i see a lot more going out. i am not sure they have been very clear about -- they are guarding key places. where there is food distribution. they know people will panic. we have seen soldiers guarding orderly queues of people lining up, they do not know what they will get anything. we have also seen petrol stations being looted and nobody there at all. ordinary people are very, very fearful of crime. they talked about rates, they talked about a general degeneration of law and order situation. because there's nothing there at all. i think it will improve. but it has been very, very slow. in particular, i think it has been slow to work out how to do the logistics of the aid effort. clearing the roads, finding distribution centers that can be
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guarded, where the food can be protected and where people can line up and get it. that should have been done early on so all the international aid waiting to come in can be distributed. the reason it hasn't happened is because authorities, particularly the central government -- the local government was more or less wiped out -- has not yet organized itself and we are starting to see more personal coming in. typhoon,days after the that is very, very late to see the beginnings of a law and order effort taking place here. >> it is late. beginning toence run out. the issue of aid slow getting to difficult and hard to reach areas, is there a sense that the authorities were simply strength ofby the the storm and the subsequent storm surge, or is there a f eeling they actually could have done more? >> that debate could go on for a long time. i can't think of any major
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disaster where you see it going in the first three to four days but you do tend to see the semblance of an effort to prepare for it, which we have not seen really until today. this is a poor country. -- all of itsment governments have a reputation for inefficiency and corruption. there is no doubt people will rightly be able to say a lot more should have been done. at the same time, in this town, the scale of the disaster which to rest even the most advanced and organized governments. in many ways, people inevitably -- when you see the need here, it is just awful. families -- not even poor families -- you can't get water for their children. the children are desperately thirsty. it is a terrible thing to see. there is no doubt you feel the government should have been doing more to stop that. at the same time, when you look at the scale of the destruction and how much little is left, you understand that they don't really know quite where to start. >> jonathan, many thanks for
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painting a provocative picture of how desperate the situation is over there and tacloban. jonathan head. ok, well, let's bring up to speed with some other stories. at least 21 people have been killed by bomb attacks in iraq targeting shia forces and police. in one attack, a suicide bomber drove a truck into a police checkpoint near tikrit killing 10. a triple bombing killed at least eight people in the city of the kuba. targeting pilgrims taking part in the yearly ritual. australia's former prime minister kevin rudd says he is retiring from politics two months after labor's defeat. a says he plans to establish national apology foundation to help indigenous populations. scotland yard said it concluded the british by whose bodies was
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found in a bag in his london accident.alone in an many questions remain unanswered and there was no evidence to establish how he died beyond all reasonable doubt. the world anti-doping agency will introduce a new technique for a urine test next year aimed at catching athletes who take steroids. the plan, which works on the same principle as a biological passport was announced at the world conference on doping in sport in johannesburg. us here on bbc world news. still to come -- getting aid to people who need it has become critical in the philippines. we speak to a police chief about the obstacles facing rescue workers. now, the baton relay arrived in papua new guinea as it does its
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journey around the commonwealth ahead of next year's commonwealth games in glasgow. almost all the island is popular again he is thought to be forest -- home to some of the most varied wildlife on the planet and a rich traditional culture. a scottish adventurer was there as the baton arrived and has been finding out how it has been received on the island. journey, commonwealth the queen's baton will be greeted by cultures and communities as diverse as the planet can offer. the baton and the global community it represents are what connection this relay a new island in papua new guinea to high-tech cities like kuala lumpur and singapore. not allowed to pass until the village chief has seen the baton, accepted, and carry on through. and wonderful welcome, but it can also be quite intimidating.
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[screaming] struck by how heartfelt disaffection was. >> very happy. >> wonderful. >> wonderful. >> in papua new guinea the natural world is a true treasure trove. they are best known for this bird of paradise, which is on their national flag. but so much as yet unknown. hundreds of new species and birds and animals have been discovered even in the last couple of decades. papua new guinea has a lot to protect. inis incredibly rich wildlife and also traditional culture. on this trip, i have already experienced a huge range of lifestyles. the queen's baton is a reminder that are all part of one community. the community of the commonwealth. bbc news, poppel was new guinea. a new guinea. thousands of children were
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forced to fight in colombia's on the and were told the bbc they were brainwashed, physically abused and told to fight. farc has opened talks with the government but the plight of child combatants is just emerging. children who were forcibly recruited or abducted by armed rebels -- they told the bbc how they were forced to fight on the lines or make explosives. our reporter was given exclusive access to warmer child soldiers. -- former child soldiers. >> stalking the enemy. these former child soldiers wanted to show us what life was like on the front line. it looks like a game, until they begin to describe the experiences.
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>> left-wing guerrillas likely farc and elm are the main opposition to government forces. they and other armed groups are accused of using brutal tactics recruiting vulnerable youngsters. 5000 former child combatants have entered government-run rehabilitation programs like this one in the last 15 years. the rate at which children are demobilizing is now accelerating. many come from poor, marginalized communities. time and time again, i am hearing the same stories from teenagers like these that they have little choice but to join the ranks of guerrilla groups like the farc. >> in many areas, the army is not present. the army authority are the
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gorillas. they see them as normal, as the ones that can help. and that is their vulnerability. she was recruited by the farc when she was 12 and spent several years with him. she now lives with her two young daughters but her past still wants her. -- haunts her. >>[speaking in spanish] >> a year ago, the government began peace talks with the farc, but the war is not over and the colombian society remains
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troubled. they have to work hard to rebuild their lives. it is they who may hold the key to this country's future. bbc news, colombia. reliefs return now to efforts underway in the philippines in the afternoon at -- aftermath of typhoon haiyan. the you one says more than 11 million people have been affected by the disaster and aid agencies are scrambling to get vital supplies to survivors in increasingly difficult conditions. the philippines police spokesperson senior superintendent joins us live among line from manila. anything for joining us on the program. i want to begin by asking about this shocking report we had that eight people died as thousands of survivors tried to store the government rice warehouse, desperate for food on the island te.likely -- likey immediately after the
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typhoon, there was a lot of desperation because the situation was beyond my imagination. but as of now, everything has a securityned from standpoint. the police have been in place. over 1000 of our police officers from other parts of our country have been airlifted and to the pointy land in time globe on. >> would you describe the leyteion in tacloban and as a brake on lawnmower -- law and order? you hear of men roaming the streets. local people on the ground are scared to walk out on the street. >> yes, understand that many of our countrymen are still in a state of shock. and they have so many fears.
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and many of these reports are also unconfirmed and unverified. ongoing ofso now an misinformation campaign of propaganda. >> what do you mean that there is a campaign of propaganda? >> some unscrupulous people are taking advantage of the sowingon, where they are wrong information, spreading some confusion. the mayhem and disorder. but the police and the government are slowly taking over and containing the situation since the other day. >> we have also been hearing reports of looting, etc., but this is not looting for the sake of looting, is it? these are people desperate for food and order because the aid supplies are not getting in. at the beginning -- during the first few days after
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the typhoon and the devastation, indeed, that happened. but now it is not happening anymore because the police have aren control, and we securing all vital installations, places of convergence, and all food supplies as well as relief and rescue efforts, including convoys transporting goods and services to our typhoon victims. >> senior superintendent, many thanks for joining us and we wish you and the rest of your team the very best of luck in difficult conditions in the philippines at the moment. many thanks. have seen increasing desperation from survivors six days after typhoon haiyan rip through the philippines. what does a person need to survive in such an extreme and best -- and desperate environment? the you when says --the u.n.
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says the number people affected is 11.3 million, including 4 million children. access to areas is a major problem and a length distribution of food supplies. any person need approximately 2.5 liters of water per day for survival in emergency situations like this. -- tons of high- energy biscuits waiting to be delivered. 10 feet 100 and 30,000 people a day. feed 100 and 30,000 people a day, equivalent to one third of a kilogram of rice a day, the basic minimum. water needed are enormous. with so much intimidated water, the concern is to prevent the of diarrhea and hepatitis. i'm joined from a representative
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from the international committee of the red cross. thank you for joining us on the program. just hearing about the vast needs of people in these desperate situations in the philippines, and yet what we are hearing from our correspondents and people we are talking to on the ground is the aid might now be getting to the airport am a but it has not been reaching those people in the difficult to reach and remote areas. >> that is true, indeed. we are going through a really difficult logtical challenge. we have to deal with that. it is much more, located dan everybody would have ever thought -- complicated than anybody would've a thought. also security right now. all of these constraints make it really difficult for relief efforts to be organized. from onewere hearing local congressman earlier that tacloban is being described like ground zero after a nuclear
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bomb what are your people on the ground saying about the situation? >> yes, indeed. we are hearing the same thing .bout tacloban massive destruction. but the international committee however, weross -- are focusing our relief efforts on the island of -- as we are coordinating our work with our colleagues from the philippine red cross and the international federation of the red cross and red crescent societies. we are working in samra because we have been operational there for years working in areas also affected by armed conflict, including to our mandate. we have two teams on the ground they're working around and they have seen massive destruction .ainly on the south coast these are the most affected areas. thenwent further up and
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back overnight. destruction there as well. >> i am afraid we will have to leave it there, but many thanks for joining us here on the program. you have been watching "gmt" here on bbc world news. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank,
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>> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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welcome back to "newsline." i'm yuko aotani in tokyo. here are some of the stories we're following this hour. people in the philippines who lived through a typhoon have grown frustrated with lack of food, water and help. leaders of china's communist party have unveiled a blueprint for social and economic reform but leave many of the specifics unmentioned. a pop artist from new york
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has visited northeastern have pan on a mission to help children bounce back from the disaster. some survivors of typhoon in the philippines are still waiting for help, five days after the storm hit. typhoon haiyan churned through central islands on friday, flattening communities and cutting off access to some areas. some people have grown desperate and are in need of food and medicine. residents of tacloban saw the full force of the winds. few buildings in the city escaped damage. authorities have confirmed almost 1,800 people died in the typhoon. many residents are growing frustrated with the lack of power and running water. some are waiting for help in the remnants of their homes. >> no money, no places, no televisions, no cell phones, no technology. food. we need food. >> relief workers from abroad have flown into the area, surprised by what they're
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finding. a japanese medical team arrived on the island of layte at dawn then set out for tacloban with a group of security guards. >> translator: many survivors have been waiting for medicine and doctors. we'll do our utmost to reach them by the end of the day. >> the storm left roads covered in debris. organizers of the relief efforts are struggling to manage the logistics of delivering supplies while worrying about the safety of aid workers. some survivors have resorted to looting and fighting over food. the security situation has added another challenge for those trying to help. governments have pledged about $100 million in aid, but the united nations head of emergency relief says the philippines needs three times that much. >> while it's still too early to tell the full scale of the destruction, it's clear that the needs are huge. >> amos says an estimated 11 million people have been affected by the disaster, mainly
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in the central philippines. delegates at a u.n. conference on climate change are trying to figure out how to replace the agreement that's guided them for years. they've gathered in warsaw, poland, to come up with a substitute for the kyoto protocol, but they're finding it hard to agree on when to submit their proposals. representatives of more than 190 countries and territories are taking part in the conference. they are negotiating the details of a framework on cutting greenhouse gas emissions. the kyoto protocol only covered industrialized nations. the new framework would include all countries and regions participating in the conference. the plan would come into effect in 2020. representatives of the european union say participants should turn in targets next year. delegates from the united states and japan want to wait until 2015. japanese leaders have had to deal with a shift in energy production since the accident two years ago at the fukushima daiichi nuclear plant. and they're still figuring out
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how to satisfy the country's energy needs. many chinese have seen their economy grow and grow and feel they haven't got their share. communist party leaders have promised a push for a society that's more fair. president xi jinping and other officials gathered in beijing to discuss what policies they'd adopt over they promised to focus on people the long term. left behind by japan's rapid economic development. they tried to address the concerns of those who complain about corruption. they promised to do more. they said they would reform the judicial system to prevent government officials from interfering. but party leaders also took measures to tighten security. they approved a new state security committee. they said it would be a major change for china in responding to emergencies involving security. they say they took the measures after a series of challenges at home and abroad. two weeks ago a sport utility vehicle crashed near tiananmen square and five people were killed. authorities have described the incident as an


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