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tv   Global 3000  WHUT  November 1, 2013 8:30am-9:00am EDT

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>> but it will be another 2 or 3 years before they reach that stage. until then, locals continue to use water from unreliable and unhygienic sources. like this canal built in the 1970's. it comes from the river on the border to angola. the canal is polluted and inefficient. and up to 50% of the water evaporates because it's not covered. the german experts are exploring possible water supply scenarios in the small town of eenhana. they've developed a pilot project whereby water from the newly discovered underground reservoir is mixed with treated river water. they measure the quality of the water together with namibian students, who also benefit from the training. namibia is home to woefully few water experts. but perricy mulike is learning a lot.
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>> we really have to take care of our water. water is a basic and every day need, and we need to consider how fit is this water for us to drink since we use it each and every day of our lives. >> their research shows that the water quality is reliably good and can help supply local households. paulina ngewetha is one of the first to sample it. she's very satisfied. >> the water is clean. we don't need to boil it anymore and we can drink it straight from the tap. >> if the reservoir can replenish itself, then drought in namibia is set to become a thing of the past. >> and further north is the bar bela mar, the "sea without water." that's how north africa's bedouins call the sahara desert.
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if you want to survive in the world's largest sand desert, you need to know exactly where the next oasis is. and we take you on a virtual trip to such an island of green in an otherwise hostile environment. dw's web special takes you on a tour of desert life. click into the oasis of hanabou in morocco and meet bedouins who explain their traditional way of life. our web special lets you dip into the atmosphere of the oasis where you can also hear from the man who guards the water source. so, click your way there and find out how you would adapt to living in the desert. >> and now we would like to introduce you to sunita chaudhary. she drives one of around 60,000 auto rickshaws in delhi. no big deal you may think. but she sticks out wherever she goes. that's because she is the only woman with an auto rickshaw license in a city of more than 10 million people. it's here where the deadly gang rape of a young student sparked
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mass protests. sunita, too, has experienced extreme violence. but she survived and found the strength to rebuild her life. meet a very unusual woman who has turned an ordinary job into an inspiration for others. >> the traffic in delhi is overwhelming -- deafeningly loud and a major source of pollution. it's part and parcel of life in the indian capital. but it doesn't intimidate sunita chaudhary. [honking horn] she's the city's one and only female auto rickshaw driver. she knows how to handle delhi's congested roads. >> you need to keep your eyes and ears open so that no one cuts you off suddenly and no one rear-ends you and you don't
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crash into anyone either. you have to make safety your first priority -- your own and other people's. people in delhi don't tend to drive very carefully. they don't pay much attention to traffic rules. there's a lot of aggression on the streets. >> sunita has chosen a tough line of work. people don't tend to show auto rickshaw drivers much respect. "life is a battle," proclaims the back of her three-wheeler. but sunita is ready to fight. not just on the roads. >> i fought for 3 years to get a license. because i was a woman, the authorities saw me as a special case. the trouble didn't stop there. it was hard to get permission to rent a vehicle. there was no precedent. now i have one that i'm allowed
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to drive and no one else. >> as the only woman among 60,000 male auto rickshaw drivers, sunita turns heads wherever she goes. a lot of people have never seen a woman at the wheel of an auto rickshaw before. not everyone approves, but some don't seem to mind. >> only desperation could make a woman drive a rickshaw. it's not exactly the best job in the world. but it's better than doing something unethical, something immoral. >> if women can work, then they can drive rickshaws. it's fine. >> more women should do it. it would make women feel safer, especially when they're out on their own in the evenings. >> she welcomes such support but basically, sunita doesn't care
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what people think. sunita comes from a village about 100 kilometers northeast of delhi. when she was 14, she was married off to a man and lived with him a long way away from her family. a year into the marriage, she was beaten unconscious by her husband and his friends. they left her for dead. they even dug a grave for her. >> a man's family traditionally demands a dowry and if this isn't paid, then they torture the bride. some women end up committing suicide. >> miraculously, sunita managed to escape. she spent months in hospital. her family thought she was dead. it still pains sunita to think back to this time. >> it was the worst time of my life. but now i lead a normal life. i try not to dwell on the past. >> her background is deeply
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conservative. no one back in her village would accept that she drives an auto rickshaw for a living, says sunita. not even her parents know exactly what she does in delhi. but they admire her because she lives and works in the city. that alone is enough to make them proud. >> i know that she is very talented and she'll make something of herself. she will be a success in life. that's what i hope for her. >> back in delhi, women in particular are always happy to come across a female rickshaw driver. it makes them feel safer. sunita wants to help women as much as she can.
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she often gives women her phone number so that they can call her if they ever find themselves in trouble. with an abusive husband, for example. nirmála is one of the women that sunita has helped. >> a man promised he would marry me but after four years, he still hadn't. he began to beat me. he said that it proved i was his wife. i felt that my only option was to leave him. >> sunita came to her rescue and accompanied her to the police. >> sunita saved me at a time when i was suffering badly. and now she's helping me to get my life back on track.
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>> life is a struggle. when i leave my home in the morning, i pray to god to protect me from aggression. and to help me protect others and to make sure that nothing bad happens if i make a mistake. >> sometimes, help comes in an unexpected form, like a three- wheeler rickshaw. sunita wants to make the world a better place. she's starting by making life for women in delhi safer. >> and now we'd like to tickle your taste buds with a typical balkan specialty. cevapcici is a popular dish in montenegro and the entire balkans. a region where there's little point in being a vegetarian really, so if you don't like meat, look away now. >> pod volat or "under the ox" is the name of this popular restaurant in central podgoriza,
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the capital of the small balkan state of montenegro. the customers come here for the great service and delicious meat dishes. the chef is darko milic. he's been doing this job for 20 years, but he still loves it. he runs a tight ship. his specialty is a grilled mincemeat snack that's popular all over the balkans. cevapcici. needless to say, darko milic has his own recipe. he uses mixed beef and veal, but the real secret is the
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seasoning. >> you add salt and pepper, and what we call vegeta, which is a sort of soup spice. then breadcrumbs and mineral water. that's how you make cevapcici. >> served with flatbread and onions, it's a favorite with tourists and staff from international companies based here in podgoriza. it's tasty and the ingredients are top quality. >> the meat is always really fresh. if you want grilled meat, this is one of the best places not just in podgorica but in the whole of montenegro. it's cheap, too. >> relatively speaking. the average monthly wage in
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montenegro is about 450 euros, so just under 2 euros for a snack isn't necessarily that cheap. >> and we have a whole buffet of global snacks for you, which you can check out on facebook. and if we still haven't shown your favorite no-fuss-food, then it's because you haven't told us about it. so, contact us and share your recipe. and there's also something in it for you. here's how it works. >> savory, sweet, or spicy. what kind of no-fuss food do you like most when you're out? send us a photo of your favorite snack, and win our global snack apron. send us your photo by email to or better yet via facebook . good luck. now we must act. that's the conclusion the un secretary general ban ki moon draws from the latest climate findings by a team of more than 100 scientists from around the world. the data suggests that temperatures and sea levels are
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likely to rise higher and faster than previously forecast. ecuador's galapagos islands have already been feeling the impact of climate change. as ecuador struggles to conserve this unique bio-sphere, the problems are set to increase. so, the question is are we doing enough to save our precious natural resources or will our efforts be overtaken by the increasing pace of climate change? >> these scientists with the charles darwin foundation have spent the last 12 hours on a ship. now they're off to look for penguins on the galapagos island of isabela. the islands are home to the only penguins found in the northern hemisphere. as well as the green ocean turtle, which is facing
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extinction. the biodiversity on these volcanic islands is unique. the but climate change is taking its toll. many species are finding their food sources in short supply and that's affecting reproduction. the last time these scientists visited, they marked nests to facilitate counting the local penguin population. they estimate that it's barely a thousand. one of the biggest threats is the el nino climate pattern. it causes extreme weather and rising temperatures. >> the problem is that climate change is making el nino more frequent and what's worse, it's making el nino even stronger than it used to be. the result is that the penguin population has declined dramatically and can't recover.
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>> the giant tortoise is also endemic to the galapagos islands. they can live to be 170 years old. the galapagos tortoise lives off grass, herbs, and cactus. but if it can't find enough food, it stops reproducing. things aren't yet that bad. the charles darwin foundation is working in collaboration with the national park galapagos to set up more breeding stations. ecuador is making the preservation of this unique ecosystem a priority. the tortoises are released into the wild once they're five years old. >> we've gone from protecting individual species to protecting
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entire ecosystems. the most important species for the galapagos islands' ecosystem is the tortoise. it's at the top of the food chain of herbivores here on the galapagos islands. >> meanwhile, the human population is growing. in the last 30 years, it's increased tenfold. there are now around 30,000 inhabitants here, and they're joined by about 180,000 tourists every year. this also affects the local wildlife's natural habitat. there's a growing demand for energy, like here on the island of floreana, the smallest inhabited galapagos island. in the past, it relied entirely on diesel for its energy needs. but that's changing. these days, floreana is
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switching to generators powered with vegetable oil. this production plant was built with german help. it's a pilot project supported by the international climate initiative. jatropha oil is delivered from the mainland. this form of almost completely climate-neutral energy production is a model for other galapagos islands. it marks a major step forward in climate protection. >> this place used to only have power for just four hours a day. diesel fuel was transported in tanks in metal barrels, and then pumped into dilapidated tanks at the port. they leaked and the diesel was a serious pollutant.
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>> the added bonus of using jatropha oil is that it boosts farmers' income in mainland ecuador. the coastal region of manabi is one of the poorest in the world. these days, local farmers are harvesting jatropha curcas destined for the galapagos islands. previously, they didn't bother. it can't be used as food because its seeds are poisonous. but now that they can sell a sack of jatropha seeds for $13, it's worth the effort. the plant is resistant to drought and pests, and its seeds contain an average of 34% oil making it ideal for power generation. but jatropha seeds haven't been a quick-fix.
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the quality of the harvests was initially problematic and the oil insufficiently pure. special filters needed to be installed and farmers needed training. these days, the quality is much improved. >> the engines here in the galapagos islands are very modern and have to meet very strict emissions standards. the quality of the fuel has to be very high and manabi is in a position to supply this high quality. >> it looks like a storm is brewing. the research ship is now taking the german experts to another part of the isabela island. gustavo jimenez, a veterinarian and an expert on penguins, expects they'll establish that the penguin population has declined again since the last count.
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the experts locate the nests they marked using gps. later, they'll assess their findings and discuss what protective measures they need to take to curb the trend. time is running out. and the little galapagos penguin could be facing extinction. >> and we leave you with those images for this week. you can find more information on the galapagos islands on our website. thanks for watching and don't forget to tune in again next week. but for now from me and the whole global team here in our berlin studios, bye-bye. captioned by the national captioning institute >> our guest is john thavis, he
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is cover the vatican 30 years and served as the bureau chief for the catholic news service. "theis the author of vatican diaries: a behind-the- scenes look at the power, personalities and politics at the heart of the catholic church." >> john, good to talk with you. >> my pleasure. >> you have been covering the catholic church 30 years. >> i am a faithful catholic. a lot of people who knew me back in the day said you have been in the vatican 30 years?
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how could you keep your faith? they were serious. i still see the catholic church as my church. kind of in spite of all the things i have witnessed at the vatican. i have seen people who have stumbled upon scandals, people who have done some disservice to the church. i have seen some incompetence of the highest levels, where you would not expect it. in the area faith, i do not expect it is changing that much. >> there is a big picture, which is the general mission of the church and then there is how it works from the inside. >> how it works on the inside was basically my job to cover over the years. indeed, it was fascinating to watch how things happened or did not happen or happened in ways that were not supposed to happen.
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part of the reason i wrote my book was that i felt the general population has a caricature image of the vatican. they see it as a monolithic power structure where the orders come down from on high, everything is executed in lockstep fashion and they see it as a very efficient machine. i knew from the inside this is not the way things work. part of what i liked about the vatican is that it is a human place, which means you're going to have mistakes. you're going to have people appointed to jobs they are not great at. people are stumbling along the way. i wanted to tell all of this in the book and make the place more real and more human. >> you have done so and this word pops out over and over again, curia.
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what is the roman curia? what is the vatican curia? >> it is the bureaucracy. if you asked vatican officials to define it, they might have trouble because it has grown over the centuries, kind of by accretion. you have some agencies of the curia that have traditions that go back hundreds of years. authority that sometimes leads cooperativee so with other agencies. >> turf battles? >> there are constant turf battles. one of the things that led me to write the book was in 2005 there was a conclave. as you remember. we reporters were told the white smoke, which is always gray or
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black or white, you never know. they said the bells were going to start ringing. we said, ok, that is fine for us. it kind of takes the fun out of it. white smoke appeared. no one was sure. the bells were not ringing. they did not ring for 20 minutes. i wondered why. how is it they stumbled upon this very basic piece of papal choreography? the bellringer said because he got a phone call but it was not from his boss. it was from a swiss guard. he did not take orders from a swiss guard. these are ancient turf battles. he worked for the basilica of st. peter's, not for any other agency. >> you said the basilica and jumped into my mind the basilicas that are allegedly the resting places of st. peter and st. paul.


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