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tv   [untitled]    October 29, 2011 6:30pm-7:00pm EDT

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and broadcasting live direct from the heart of moscow to survive the bloodshed with us let's take a look at your retirement it's frozen out occupy wall street activists face from police pressure to move on after they have their feeding and power generator seized as winter starts early in new york for example for these claims but yours could have presented a potential fire hazard but campaigners say it's just another attempt to silence the reporters. are going to say at least thirty protesters are killed and made new clashes in syria as the arab league calls on damascus to end the violence and protect civilians ministers are there due to new syrian officials on sunday in the qatari capital doha in an attempt to resolve the crisis. plus a special report from the man responsible for the biggest financial limits seen in
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russian history the cost millions of their life savings is now attempting to crane savers to hand over their part of. thousands of israelis it took to the streets of tel aviv again angered by the government's excessive more terry spending protesters demanded social justice and call on the authorities are to concentrate more on welfare rather than working. technology update with all the latest on this month's eye opening and evasions. leave street. hello and welcome just as the leaves here are starting to change color we on technology are changing things around as well in this episode will be highlighting
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some of the biggest developments in russian science and technology from just the past few weeks. our first stop this month takes us to the annual forum hosted by rusinow know russia's leading nanotechnology company and many of its partners are showing off all the latest developments both big and small i dis gathering in moscow at the end of october there are new products ranging from a nano printer that can create images on water to the newest innovations in nano medicine and cutting edge energy production there's even a friendly robot to answer all the participants questions as well as the so-called futurists or who equipped with id bring us one step closer to world free from long checkout lines there's plenty to please the eye here at the roof nanotech forum but for us the star of the show is this much hyped reader the plastic logic one hundred company execs hope that this winter device will eventually replace traditional school textbooks this sixteen ounce device can replace the huge stack of text as
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well as the entire library's worth of books several regional governments have already started trials in schools around russia. as in the. start of this project. originally the company was formed to. building the. cranes for three and. give the company a new project the russian the purpose of which is to create a new. one of the region's. since before this so this will be the largest transfer of the world. because there was really are less likely to scream and also suggest production of.
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that plan just up and running the new devices will be built here at plastic the largest existing production facility certainly the most important breakthrough this electronic reader is it's under breakable plastic backplane traditionally electronic books and tablets are fitted with a glass back screen which approach of breaking relatively easily the first generation of interval displays have been made from stainless steel oil or the company's so-called plastic paper technology this electronic book is lighter and more durable than ever. but one of the possibilities for using this in the classroom plus a quick reader has some benefits compared to the paper books for example you can. get from. the whole set of books or you can even the home library if you knew this but the code was books for six and so it's great so this is now we are advantage other advantages that come and of course there has been some criticism
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that a black and white display may not be the best to use for school textbooks you know for something like the history of art maybe black and white isn't the best and what do you think about that it's a weird question of course working was print is the best option and in case of some subjects like biology or it would be a. standard well this is different though. and so on the question of ok sophistication that we understood that there was just from this book because in this case it's complete. which means a much easier to read and so much more safe for school. your poor this device the roots nano isn't the only russian company coming out with an innovative you just told reader. given the fact that the country is home to one of the most literate habit reading populations of the market for more traditional like trolley books is certainly an attractive one on the moscow metro if you're
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sure to find one of your fellow passengers putting open piers or her trusty reader and in russia there's a good chance that one of them was made by wexler on a company offers traditional readers with cheaper breakable glass back springs is about to launch its own fully flexible little with the latest plastic backplane technology and considering where the consumer markets heading this little reader could make a big splash what's the future of the e-books market in your opinion. first of all it's a growing market it's the fastest growing segments in the i.t. industry with a hundred percent annual increase over the last three years and this year alone expects more than a million e-book devices to be sold in russia in terms of trends flexibility is definitely the one and we will continue to produce flexible displays that. will be used in educational institutions and therefore the displays launch not
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compact because it needs to comply with standards when you've got them we're all for a genuinely compact reader which has a flexible body as well as these play. our target audience is a broad one any kind of consumer can use it. as will be for sale for everyone. but. let me tell you. what the market seems to have spoken regarding general the readers there's no shortage of different approaches to integrating digital technology in the classroom the latest trend here seems to be high tech tablets which range from the expensive name brands to the remarkably cheap. in recent weeks there's been one piece of news in the world of science that has the potential to change how we understand just about everything around us it seems from our measurement that train goes a little faster than light so could this be the biggest development in physics
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since einstein's day well it's all relative. here in juba russian scientists are doing their part to find out if that little particle actually does go as fast as it appears what these tiny particles lack in size they make up for with their potential to explain things yet unknown. neutrinos play a crucial role in the theory of the evolution of the universe. because. certain stages this particle could become the main vehicle for transporting energy from an object. now there still not completely understood much of what we do know about neutrinos from this research center here the laboratory for nuclear problems back in the fifty's. moved to do the research neutrinos during his life he was
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responsible for some of the biggest theoretical breakthroughs in the field of neutrino physics as a result. has remained at the center of the discipline to this very day. takes part in many international experiments involved studying. work on discovering and measuring you know known characteristics. as heavy lifting is done at institutes in russia in france none of their work would be possible with organization for nuclear research facilities underground here billions of particles are created several times a day using the super proton synchrotron the accelerator protons are sent along a tunnel where many turn into muonic neutrinos particles are then focused into
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a beam that since i'm from the earth directed at the detector seven hundred thirty kilometers away the thirteen hundred ton detector. is made up of one hundred fifty thousand motion film plates to discovery about neutrino speed may have grabbed the headlines but it's actually just a side experiment under most circumstances neutrinos travel in a straight line and when they break down and observable lepton and a few other particles the crucial thing here is that the moon breaks off straight from the path of the neutrino in two thousand and ten however they finally saw what they were looking for. a decade. to say that i'm the one left appears not directly from the path of the one of the tree no that little gap or keep the physicists at opera believe show that i'm the one that neutrino oscillated into a towel on that one which then gave rise to a towel lepton then decayed into the moon lepton among other things this is
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important for understanding of the fundamental basis of our existence as fairly mysterious that the universe has evolved in this way you know because i mean the reason almost no answer neutrino physics could give us a clue and help to explain this fact so long as the neutrino remains so important and so mysterious physicists like those here and to keep toiling away trying to peel back our ignorant sliver place liver for the time being these scientists have more than enough on their plate whether it be trying to find further evidence of neutrino oscillation or checking and double checking the surprising results of the grand sasso if these neutrinos are found to be able to break the universal speed limit it could lead to a major rethinking of many aspects of modern physics. if the independent experiments proving that new tree news is faster than the speed of light for us to build revolutionize our conception of the world action now that everything was
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based on this sumption and that the speed of light is the talk for lost at sea that nature has devised to communicate a signal that's it's difficult to predict how science will change. but the main thing to do now is to make sure initial results have been correct. but leaving all that high minded particle physics stuff behind for now we've come back down to earth. and we're focusing on an innovative russian solution to the problem of pesticide related pollution. or more closely associated with industrial agriculture in pig farming pesticides are just as much of a threat in cities and that's what a group of russian environmentalist got together to highlight here in gorky park in the middle of september the new soil close in college right here in russia these green advocates hope to bring new life into ground in more ways than one. amongst
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other facts the substance cuts the level of toxic elements in the soil and at the same time plant growth it can be used to seize treatment of shoots emerging much earlier it produces a general wholesome effect that balances out the soil when we conduct our cleanup operations we take samples to identify contaminants and concentration levels and then pick the right dose and application right. science behind this product didn't appear overnight. ten years the right bacteria that would attack a wide range of harmful pesticides the same time remain objective against. the effort to come up with the right headed here at moscow state university those responsible for this breakthrough product called have received more awards. the powder with water activates the destructor bacteria and. immediately attacks the
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remaining effects of harmful pesticides in a matter of weeks eight percent of the killing are gone. quite complicated. surprisingly simple just the way sprinkling a special solution over the contaminated plot of land it's a biological substance consisting of activated cells of strains of bacteria to structures it's been designed to destroy pesticides this is best as i type. is now on the un list of toxic contaminants that are banned from use this year russia where to find the u.n. sponsors the concord mention and persistent organic pollutants under the treaty there's a list of twenty substances that are considered hazardous and now a genocide kills about eight hundred one thousand of them in russia some two hundred thousand tons of pesticides are still stored especially refuse dumps almost the same amount is buried under the ground in many russian regions the roster
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friesian out-i region moscow region and of our own history can. undermine our people aware of the risks of using pesticides we see that people are not indifferent that they want to make a difference and i believe it will soon become more popular as interest in a greener planet grows by all russia will be there to help foster such beliefs at their office in moscow they're trying to raise awareness actually using social networking sites maybe even craze a comic to bring their message to a wider younger audience and this miniature graphic novel little really great is one of the dangers of pesticides which lead her to a life of science to try and break their hold on the earth of course her efforts are one up against powerful forces determined to stop her and all her green activists dreaming of a planet free from dangerous pesticides right the project philosophy is based on very simple things that every person can understand so only a joint effort to help us restore the environment for balance on the planet thanks
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to bio russia and phenolics places such as corky park and moscow state universities but telecom gardens are becoming cleaner and cleaner green awareness is on the rise in russia but lately there's been something else on a lot of people's minds. the talk of the town meet me here in moscow has been that of the bolshoi theater is grand reopening the russian engineers responsible for this massive undertaking have leaned on the latest technology to make this world renowned performance hall bigger and better than ever. after six long years of waiting russia's most famous theater is opening its doors to the public again at the end of october despite some early setbacks both engineers and r. does it have been working around the clock to get moscow's iconic theatre ready in time for its much anticipated reopening crystal chandelier or glistening again the
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interior is more resplendent than it's ever been when visitors come in for their first look they're sure to be amazed by all the work that's gone into the renovation and those concerns the biggest of tasks down to the smallest detail who's behind all the changes are certain that thanks to both ancient methods and new technology seeing a show at the new poll showing would be like nothing you've ever experienced before the acoustics have been vastly improved and noble innovations in theater technology will allow directors to do things only dreamed of until now sure this place up great is what everyone's talking about now but it certainly hasn't been the bolshoi's first facelift the original theatre called the bolshoi imperial burned down in eighteen zero five twenty years later the bolshoi patrol state was built in its place the theater got its distinctive main facade and named after rid of asians ahead of the coronation of alexander the second the current restoration work is to
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correct damage done over the previous eighty years. were underway back in two thousand and five well the project was ambitious enough to start with nobody had any idea just how big of a job ahead once they got down to business it was discovered that the damage to the theater was much greater than previously thought. cracks were discovered through the walls and the buildings had been reduced to mere rubble engineers say the building was seventy five percent unstable. course of the beginning none of the builders or restorers had an idea of the amount of work that eventually needed to be done but that's because they got the opportunity to assess the state of the walls in the foundation only in two thousand and five after the theatre had been closed for the walls were about to collapse and it was decided to put the building on a thousand piles of steel pillars that held it up in the air the builders have to remove the remaining foundation blocks piece by piece the cell structure was incapable of
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holding the building anymore it was in such a critical condition that the theater would have easily collapsed the replacement of the substructure took three years it was then apparent that the problems could have been solved only by implementing complex engineering projects. in two thousand and nine suman group became the largest shareholder in the firm responsible for the massive project soon as the main task was to sort through all the problems that had arisen and get work back on schedule based on the progress from the past few years it's clear the company was more than up to the task easy statues had been restored to their original quarry the famous a polished quadriga that adorns the entrance was repaired for the first time in over one hundred years the tears historic bells were given new luster all thirty five of them including one t.d. back to the early sixteen hundreds were posted back up to the theatres unparalleled belltower. massive amounts of gold was put in place by skilled russian artisans specially trained experts were brought in from all over the country to apply over
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three thousand square feet of gold filling the interior of a certain shimmer over at last decades ago the building was late using a particularly russian tactic dating back to medieval times involving a whites clay and get this vodka the bolshoi it was made over from paid to toke with nothing left untouched the final project demanded tons of metal stone rebar and concrete to put the whole building back on firm footing. but the renovation is work just concrete and steel. after years of neglect the beautiful fabrics that were once the pride of the bolshoi had to be replaced the size the glimmering gold leaf through out the most noticeable update is the redone plush interior here in the renamed coral hall employer cloth panels had been badly damaged over the years major work was needed to give these textiles a new lease on life. however some fabric items had to be completely remade from
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scratch for the biggest of these jobs the bolshoi looked about four hundred miles southeast of moscow a historic russian textile company was tasked with the gargantuan feat of totally recreating one of the most prized possessions at the store's textile mill in the kinzer region skilled fabric workers but their know how and you need machinery to the test they might not employ the absolute latest technology they lose here are naturalised in their ability to produce large scale high quality bricks all one hundred fifty years of the mills experience were needed to totally reconstruct one of the grandest objects of the theater because roy do segall occurring and that was a task only source project liber on. to be able to get up where it was initially the bush recession said the following requirements for tension contract is the fabric had to be twenty two nieces why not contain any scenes when we first took part in the ten there was also a german company among the competitors who offered
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a fabric native to pieces that stitched together by some hidden in conspicuous stained glass the bolshoi theatre flatly refused saying it had to be a single fabric of top notch quality without any scenes the other recently won the tender was that this is a unique type of aluminum there were six of them made in the world and only two is still up and running one here in sewers and the other in the us. thanks to the know how and machinery here in source their fifteen hundred pound guy. well i give it proudly wilson spectators to the theater for the first time since eight hundred ninety six the original curtain which depicts the triumphant arrival of medieval military leaders media and has had to be taken down over a century ago due to wear and tear the ours is remaking the f a curtain had nothing more than two surviving documents of the original should go off of one was an archival photograph the other hand painted edging dating back to deny artist
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labors on the curtain only possible because of the skilled textile workers. have to be works by hand even the slightest mistake means that machines have to be shut down and work has to be done to correct the error of this beautifully redone curtain is one improvement that will be apparent to everyone in the audience while it may not be evident straight away out here on the back side of the theater is actually into real part of what is easily the bolshoi the biggest new technological improvement the innovation starts out on the streets of the northern facade of the theater from here specially designed trucks can bring all the necessary stage equipment including seem decorations lifts are able to move the heavy loads back and forth between storage and of backstage area individually mechanize sections of the floor music every part of the stage can be adjusted to fit the director's needs
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movable force easily get the props and prepared sets to the front with the need to be and the orchestra pit can also be adapted to allow for new pieces like those from wagner to be performed for the very first time a new lighting and curtain apparatus have been installed bringing the bolshoi to the forefront of theater production in terms of both technology and size. contemporary architecture standards it's just a theater production space must be four times larger than the space. there are makeup and storage rooms and other backstage facilities such proportions are required for a theatre to be able to stage twenty first century performances to stay at the cutting edge of the is a related technologies because in fact before the bolshoi theater closed in two thousand and five this proportion had been one to one and now the reconstructed theatre will post a want to for proportion which made this possible first and foremost it's due to
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the unique engineering that's all the theatre expand the details around the square now when walking across to plan the square you should always keep in mind that you're treading on the roof of a six story building that's twenty point five meters deep under your feet an orchestra is having a rehearsal or a chamber concert is underway through. this hidden gym is a literally right under the noses of people on the square in front of the theatre the now drained beethoven hall this completely new space begins the bolshoi's performers not only an additional place to rehearse put a totally new states to host concerts thanks to new innovations and powerful motor driven jacks there's no limit to what this hall can allow for much the chain of the draw consists of linked plates it's a so-called leaf chain connected by axles. each plate is linked to the other by two axles the third axle well you can have a look from this angle functions as
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a log for the plates. and when passing through the gear unit the leaf chain can change its position from vertical to horizontal there's a metal units and side where it can collapse inserts a thin line if this is a great tool to be used for tiny spaces and you don't need to drill any hole. the platforms work starts actually here you turn the engines on the first one behind me and the second up front over there. they start to work similar tennessee and through a system of gearboxes and draw a shot the transferred the torch to all the chains which begin to go up old at the same time but. in this unique space those deers in chains the power of five separate or segments which can be raised and lowered is needed this newfound flexibility allows the bolshoi to accommodate a large orchestra a full amphitheater or numerous rows of seats masterfully combining beauty and
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utility now with everything in place this and all the other stages are ready to host any number of events like never before the bolshoi has the ability to change things around to fit the exact requirements of each performance and that would give even the most seasoned theater fans a new reason to head to a show so we'll see you next time and till then enjoy the ride. could. be soon which bryson if you move soon from funds to transition it's.
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nice flintstone totty don't come.
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