thank you for joining us on this edition of nhk "newsline". i'm raja pradhan with the news from tokyo. delegates from iran and six world powers have restarted negotiations on tehran's nuclear program. they're in vienna to hammer out a final agreement before the july 20th deadline. officials from iran, the united states, other permanent u.n. security council members, and germany have met every month since february. eu foreign policy chief catherine ashton is mediating the talks.
they started drafting a final agreement document last month. they agreed that tehran would restrict its nuclear development program in exchange for some western countries lifting some sanctions. but the two sides remain divided on several key issues. they include the number of centrifuges used in uranium enrichment facilities and a heavy water reactor under construction. western nations say such a reactor could be used to produce weapons-grade plutonium. now britain will take a major step to improve relations with iran. it's been announced it will reopen its embassy in the iranian capital. >> we will reopen our embassy in tehr tehran. initially with a small diplomatic team but it's an important step forward with our bilateral relations with iran. >> haig said he will urge iran to restrict sectarian violence in the middle east. british foreign officials say they expect iran's government
will reopen its embassy in london. britain's embassy in tehran was closed three years ago after it was attacked by young iranians denouncing economic sanctions against the country. iran also shut down its embassy in london at the time. efforts to improve relations between britain and iran were stepped up last year after the new president took office. the situation remains tense in iraq. islamist militants are moving south toward the iraqi capital. government forces are fighting back to regain control and stop them from advancing further. the al qaeda linked militant group tried to enter baquba, a city about 50 kilometers north of baghdad. but they failed to capture the city due to fierce resistance from iraqi government troops. the militants took control of iraq's second largest city of mosul last week. on monday the militants seized
talafar, a town near the border with syria. they also attacked several other towns nearby. iraqi government forces are fighting against the militants to regain control of talafar and other towns. now the escalating violence in iraq is forcing japanese businesses to take precautionary steps. some companies have started pulling their employees out of the country. officials at japan petroleum exploration company or japex say japanese workers at an oil field in southern iraq left on monday. but they note production at the gara field isn't affected by the fighting. japex started full oil production last august. it developed the field jointly with the malaysian national oil company. in the meantime, an engineering firm withdrew all six japanese workers last week. they had been working on a plan to build an oil export facility together with iraq's state-run
petroleum firm. a senior u.s. government official said the brief encounter took place on monday. it appears they discussed aid for the government of iraqi prime minister nuri al malaki. but the official ruled out the possibility of the u.s. and iran taking joint military action against islamist insurgents in iraq. iran is a predominantly shia nation and has close ties with iraq. iran reportedly sent members of the quds force to fight in northern iraq. the special forces are part of iran's revolutionary guards. deputy u.s. secretary of state bill burns and iranian foreign minister are taking part in the nuclear talks. it's believed they're involved in secret bilateral negotiations in the past. the u.s. broke diplomatic
relations with iran in 1980. it's highly unusual for diplomats from both countries to discuss a matter outside of nuclear issues. and now the latest on world cup soccer in brazil. the belgian coach's tactics made a comeback win for the team. algeria opened the scoring with a penalty kick. in the 70th minute a long-awaited goal was scored by belgi belgium. ten minutes later, a replacement player made the game winning goal. belgium beat algeria 2-1.
belgium is leading group "h" with three points. russia and the korea republic will play later the same day. four crippled reactors. a constant buildup of contaminated water. radioactive leaks threatening the environment. the people in charge of fukushima daiichi are struggling to control the plant. how will they stop the leaks and decommission the facilities? get the latest on the aftermath of the nuclear accident with in-depth reports and special features. nuclear watch, only on "newsline." japan's government has decided to provide about $80 million to help evacuees return to their hometowns near the fukushima daiichi nuclear plant. officials at the reconstruction agency have announced that the fund will be given to fukushima prefecture and its 16 municipalities.
it will be used for designing public rental housing for returning residents, building infrastructure for farming and industrial activities, and other rebuilding projects. >> translator: we expect the fund to help speed up rebuilding efforts in evacuation areas. >> the central government has earmarked about $1.6 billion to help municipalities prepare for the return of residents after evacuation orders are lifted. in april, the government lifted an evacuation order on a district near the plant for the first time since the nuclear accident in march 2011. it had decontaminated the area to bring down radiation levels. now, the decontamination work has produced a large amount of contaminated soil and debris. the government hopes to build temporary facilities in fukushima to store it. environment minister ishihara upset residents on monday when
speaking about the plan. he said money would be the deciding factor on what happens to the waste. ishihara clarified his comments the next day. he said the key issue is compensation for land and aid to rebuild lives and local economies. >> translator: i'm sincerely sorry for causing any misunderstanding. >> the minister says he hasn't changed his approach of supporting residents and making sure they understand the current plan, but fukushima governor sato has expressed displeasure over ishihada's remarks. >> translator: i wonder whether the minister truly understands how much the people have suffered. they have been kept from their homes for over three years. i don't think he understands their love for fukushima. >> the environment minister is
being sharply criticized by fukushima residents as well as opposition party members. a top humanitarian official from the united nations has a warning about south sudan. more than 7 million people are at risk of hunger and disease. that's more than half the population of the youngest country in the world. life in south sudan has been marred by violent conflict between government troops and rebel forces for six months. last week both agreed to end the war and form a unity government within 60 days. u.n. humanitarian coordinator toby lanzer spoke to nhk on how the violence has affected the people there. >> so much damage was done in the last six months. so much trust has been lost. so much bitterness and hatred amongst different communities
has come to the surfaces that even if we have a peace agreement today, it's going to be a very difficult 12 months to come for the population of south sudan. >> lanzer says $1 billion is needed to implement the u.n. crisis response plan. he says the humanitarian crisis there is now on a similar scale as a central african republic or darfur and children are paying a high price. >> what i'm seeing on the ground amongst children, amongst women, amongst communities in south sudan is as bad if not worse than anything i've ever seen. so it is absolutely devastating when you reach a community and you see children walking around and they don't know where their brothers or their sisters or their mothers are. japan's two governing parties have yet to agree on a revision of national security
policies. members of the liberal democratic party want the cabinet to decide on the change before the current diet session ends on sunday. but new komeito party officials suggest it will be difficult. the parties held their seventh round of discussions on the issue. government officials outlined a draft on cabinet approval of security policies. it calls for re-interpretation of the constitution to enable the country to exercise its right of collective self-defense. the change would allow japan to use force under certain conditions conditions when a foreign nation comes under an armed attack. ldp officials said they were ready to change the draft's wording flexibly but new komeito officials said it must be examined within their party. the new komeito chief says it will be hard to reach an agreement during the diet session, considering the pace of the ruling party discussions. people held a rally in tokyo to
oppose allowing the country to exercise the right of collective self-defense. organizers say about 3,000 people took part. >> translator: if they want to do that, they should not re-interpret the constitution but amend article 9 of the constitution, which renounces war. >> translator: people across japan are voicing their opposition. i won't stop speaking out until my voice is heard. >> the protesters later marched toward the diet building. japanese police are taking to the skies to investigate car crashes. they're drawing on the know-how of one officer and he's giving them a view from above.
>> reporter: this radio-controlled helicopter is an unusual addition to the force at nagano prefecture police headquarters here in central japan. it's equipped with a camera designed to take pictures of accident sites from above. and it's the creation of this man, a local police officer. officers write up investigation reports on serious accidents. it can take a day to create a sketch of the scene of the accident. pondering how to speed up the process, he turned to his longstanding passion three years a ago. >> translator: everybody had an idea that making a layout sketch
would be easier if aerial photos were available. my hobby was building radio-controlled helicopters so i thought about using one of those. >> reporter: alreathe helicopte cost more than 10,000 u.s. dollars so he decided to build one from scratch. the first helicopter couldn't balance itself in the air and rapidly crashed. this model is lighter and can fly for up to ten minutes. the camera is able to remain steady even if the helicopter is moving around. last month an accident involving seven cars happened in the northern part of the prefecture.
the helicopter was mobilized. it was the largest site it had ever tackled. it went as high as 150 meters above the scene, and it was able to take pictures of the whole 50-meterwide site in just five minutes. >> translator: if we measure the distances by ourselves, it can take hours and the road needs to be closed. by taking photos from it the air, we can really reduce that time. >> the layout sketch for this accident was completed in just two hours with the help of software that can calculate distances from aerial
photographs. next up for this helicopter, research to see if it can help in rescues and other sites. millions of bicycles used to choke china's city streets. but cars changed all of that. bike manufacturers are innovating to get up to the speed of the modern generation. >> reporter: to get from one place to another, chinese use bicycles. the number of bikes used to be more than 500 million. since the '90s, many chinese have been switching to cars. now china is the world's largest
automobile market. >> translator: peddling a bicycle tires me out, and the air is filthy. >> reporter: 30 years ago, a bicycle like this was regarded as a luxury and status symbol. but over the years, its popularity faded. china's biggest bicycle maker forever used to produce these bicycles. the shanghai based company went bankrupt in 2001 after sales dropped by 80% compared to its peak years. now this man is trying to restore the brand to its old glory. 26-year-old 10 ten san took on the job four years ago on the request of his father who
purchased the bankrupt firm. >> translator: we had to create a whole new image and throw out the old one. >> here we go! >> reporter: chen focused on selling to middle class customers. these days, a growing number of chinese regard bicycling as a sport or leisure time activity rather than the means of transportation. many are buying sleek, high-end bicycles made by foreign companies. chen had to adapt to the changing times so he updated the company's old brand image of durability. chen's designs are aimed at young chinese. he experiments with colors. he changes the shape of the frame. and he comes up with other ideas through trial and error. he also makes custom-designed bicycles for government organizations and others.
police officers use this model for patrolling. these are rental bicycles. city authorities bought 25,000 of them from chen's company to help reduce air pollution. chen also opened a bicycle shop with a cafe. he aims to promote sales by displaying models with features like bamboo frames. >> translator: the designs are nice and are just as good as foreign models. >> chen's company sells only half of what it did in its peak years, but its profits have recovered and are now almost $3 million. >> translator: i want to keep making bicycles that suit today's lifestyles.
>> reporter: gone are the days when most chinese used bicycles for transportation. now innovators like chen are catering to a changing lifestyle. nhk world, shanghai. populous, progress, pushing ahead. china's rise brought it wealth, power and problems. an income gap divides its people. pollution threatens their health. and differences over territory strain relations with its neighbors. find out the challenges china faces on "newsline." the u.s. supreme court has refused to hear australia's appeal. these funds are demanding full repayment of argentina's debts from its 2001 default.
the argentine government had appealed lower rulings that ordered it to pay $1.3 billion to the funds. but the supreme court refused to hear the appeal without giving a reason. the top u.s. court also upheld the claim of the investment funds and ordered the argentine government to disclose the location of its assets overseas. if argentina fails to pay off its debts it could face a new default, dealing a blow to the country in financial markets. a top executive at toyota motors has told shareholders that the company will boost research and development and promote human resources development to achieve continued growth. the automaker reported a record operating profit for the last fiscal year. president toyoda announced the plans at an annual shareholders meeting. more than 4,000 shareholders were present. toyoda noted that the firm marked a major turning point last year when it sold more than 10 million vehicles around the world.
he said the company can now allocate more resources to plant seeds for future growth. toyota executives also said they'll try further to improve not only hybrid but also conventional engines and promote fuel cell vehicles. promoting tourism is part of prime minister shinz zoe abe's growth strategy and the government has decided to try to double the number of foreign visitors by 2020 when tokyo hosts the summer olympics and paralympic games. cabinet ministers put together an action plan to attract 20 million visitors a year. >> translator: japan welcomed a record 10 million people from overseas last year, but the number falls far short of our goal to become a major tourism country. >> the plan includes easing visa requirements for tourists from the philippines, indonesia and vietnam. last year the government took similar steps for visitors from thailand and malaysia.
the plan also calls for doubling the number of tax-free shops to more than 10,000. the government will also allow wealthy tourists to stay in the country for up to one year starting next april. it's time to check on the markets and the latest trading on wall street. george has the details. >> u.s. markets finished higher in tuesday's session with the s&p up 4 points, the dow jones up 27 and the nasdaq up 16. ten-year treasuries were up over 5 basis points and this move largely was in response to higher inflation print that we got earlier this morning. we also think that the market is setting up for tomorrow's all-important fed meeting. the inflation data did throw i think some bond traders a curveball and we think that
people are worry thad maybe the fed may focus on inflation tomorrow in their statements. we think that tomorrow it's too early for the fed to change its tune on its outlook for both the economy, inflation and the job market. we actually think there will be slooil slight revisions up on inflation but not by too much, and that theey're going to be forecasting that actually growth wasn't as strong as they think it will be over the course of 2014. but it's bound to pick up over the latter part of the year. all investors are going to be focusing very closely on that. we think given the big move we've seen in short term interest rates higher we do think that there is a risk that a lot of this kind of uncertainty and fear over what the fed will do is already priced in. so we actually think it's going to be an important news event and then from that point forward really the market will kind of settle into kind of a summer dull drums. the real next key will be what
happens over the course of the summer if we get growth. other than that, we think that markets have gotten complacent and that could be another issue the fed focuses on. my name is george gon kaufls. thanks for watching. and let's take another brief look at the market figures. next, here is the three-day
and here is a recap of one of our top stories. as we have been reporting, the situation remains tense in iraq. islamist extremists are moving south toward the iraqi capital. government forces are fighting back to regain control and stop them from advancing further. the al qaeda linked militant group tried to enter baquba, a city about 50 kilometers north of baghdad. but they failed to capture the city due to fierce resistance from iraqi government troops. the militants took control of iraq's second largest city of mosul last week. on monday the militants seized talafar, a town near the border with syria. they also attacked several other towns nearby. iraqi government forces are fighting against the militants to regain control of talafar and other towns.