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tv   DW News  LINKTV  September 22, 2020 3:00pm-3:31pm PDT

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♪ >> this is dw news live from berlin. a coronavirus class between the presidents of the u.s. and china. >> to follow the guidance of sites -- of science, the leading role of the world health organization i launch a joint international response to beat this pandemic. >> we must hold accountable the nation that unleash this plalay konta the world -- china.. >> donald trump made a lot of claims today. we'll do a reality check on
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those claims. also, coming up, another tragic milestone. the pandemic has claimed more than 200,00000 lives inn the u., the highest death toll in the world. what does this mean for the presidential election weeks away? and wildfires ravaging california.the amazon and other parts of the planet. activists are pushing the united nations for concrete action to protect the environment. scientists are on their side. many powerful politicians are not. ♪ >> i'm brent goff. to our viewers on pbs in the united states and all around the world, welcome. the united nations general assembly has held its annual debate as the u.n. marks 75 years since its founding. it was the first assembly where
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world leaders do not gather in new york city, but instead addressed the forum via video because of the pandemic. fafar from delivering a unified message, donald trump lashed out at china in his speech. this prompted u.n. secretary-general to warn against "a new cold war." let's have a listen now to one of trump's attacks on china. president trump: we must hold accountable the nation which unleashed this play got to the world -- china. -- this p pague onto the world - china. china lockdown travel domestically while alive allowing flights to leave china and in fact the world. . brent: we want to go to with the fact checker. tell me, is it true what trump says about china? can we put all the blame on china for the pandemic? >> well, we all know that
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president trump keeps calling the coronavirus the china virus, which is part of the tragedy to blame this country for the outbreak. in his prerecorded speech for the united nation he demands consequences and he gives us this example where china acted intentionally. whether international flights or domestic travel was locked down in china, clearly no. we checked this with our china department it is true from genoa 23 on there were no flights -- january 23 on from flights in will find but domestic flights continue. we saw flights being reduced. air china canceled on february 2 24% of international flights and 50% of their domestic flights out of china airlines acted in this way. no, you can't wsay they were jut international and no domestic flights in china at the time. brent: that is one issue. donald trump, he's also
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attacked in china for other reasons, for example, polluting the environment. take a listen to what he said. president trump: china's carbon emissions art white with the u.s. has and it is rising fast. brent: so, is this claim based on reality? >> this calamiim is correct word china's share is 20% while the u.s. is accountable for 15%. china is far and away the world's top carbon emitter, close to 10 million metric tons of co2 where permitted by china in 2017, more than 5 billion metric tons by the u.s. later trump said that the u.s. reduce its carbon emissions by more than any country in the world. again, this claim is true. following numbers of the international energy agency the united states saw the largest incline and energy related co2
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emissions in 2019 on a country basis. this point is correct, we have to say. brent: very good. the u.s. president praised his administration's response to the pandemic in that speech today. let's take a listen to what he said about the u.s. and his handling of the crisis. president trump: in the united states we launch the most aggressive mobilization since the second world war. we rapidly produced a record supply of ventilators, creating a surplus that allowed us to share them with friends and partners all around the globe. brent: that biggest mobilization by the u.s. since the second world war. is that true? >> well, we know this claim already as trump tends to praise his management of the crisis, but again, this is not true. we all remember the first weeks of the outbreak in the u.s. the country was not prepared for this virus and for example, and
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new york governor cuomo was asking for help and for more ventilators, 30,000 to be precise. but received just 400. the governor raised a question of triage. who should be denied this important medical treatment to survive? on the other hand, germany offered ventilators to the u.s. as an act of help but this offer was denied at this point. claim his claim is false and we hit should not oversee that this disease has killed 200,000 americans. u.s. aren't the role model like trump is trying to tell us in this situation. brent: we know the u.s. president, he spoke for only seven minutes in the video speech today. and he spoke during the seven minutes partly about the u.s. economy. let's listen t to what he said about that. presidident trump: we also knknw that america prosperity is the bedrock of freedom and security all over the world. in three short years, we built the greatest economy in history, and we are quickly doing it
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again. brent: all right. let's go through the numbers. is that exactly correct what the president said? >> [chuckles] the u.s. are in the middle of an election campaign. it was expected that trump would address the voters. and this claim can be seen in the context as the economic growth was for a long time the key argument for his government. but, even if we cannot say what exactly is the influence of president on the economic situation, and the country, the statistics prove trump very wrong. a closer look on the economic growth under the 13 presence of the u.s. under -- president under world war ii shows that president trump is positioned nine. the average economic growth of his first three years with 2.5%.
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lyndon b. johnsnson, for exampl, produced a solid 5.3% of growth. and the source of this information is the u.s. department of commerce. so, he obviously, lied here in this situation again. it won't be easy for him to rebuild the economy after the coronavirus was so costly for so many americans. brent: that is a very good point. it is always good to let the truth come to light, especially talking about the economy. thank you. let's take a look at some of the other stories making headlines around the world. the european council president charles michel has gone into quarantine after one of his security guards tested positive for covid-19. it means a summit of e.u. leaders due to begin in two days has been postponed until october 1. a court in pakistan has sentenced two former polilitical activists to d death over their role in n it a d deadly garment factory fire.
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it killed 260 0 workers. the men started the fire as part of a political extortion scheme. u.s. senator mitt romney has said he supports holding a vote to fill the supreme court vacancy before the presidential election. the announcement ensures that president trump can have a vote on his nominee despite democrats' objections. trump said he will announce his choice this coming saturday. now to the latest pandemic news. the u.s. death toll covid-19 has passed the grim milestone of 200,000. the highest number for any country so far. accounting for more than one in five deaths globally. it is putting president trump's handling of the pandemic in the spotlight as he campaigns for a second term. on average, the u.s. now losing around 800 lives every day to the virus. trump's democratic rival joe
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biden says trump's lies and incompetence are why the united states has seen so many deaths from this virus. with the u.s. having passed that sad mark, we asked a health expert from oxford university how much is politics to blame? >> the united states has 4% of the world's population and 20% of the world's deaths from covid-19. it was not the first to be hit. it is the wealthiest nation with perhaps the greatest concentration of medical and public health expertise anywhere in the world. there is no reason that it should be this way. i think a lot of what we have seen over the last couple months, this tragic toll, has to come down to failures of leadership. brent: on this sad day for the u.s. want to speak to our correspondent in washington, d.c. good afternoon to you. we are, what, six weeks away
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from the presidential election in the u.s. how are these 200,000 deaths reflected in the campaigns? >> they are reflected as you would expect them to be. the president just the other day at a big rally in ohio and flat out tonight -- denied that coronavirus is that deadly for young people. he said, and of course, neglecting by that, the danger which is posed by young people for older people if they pass on the virus. the president largely trying to excuse himself in taking responsibility. he doesn't take responsibility. number two, he is of course, largely ignoring, willfully ignoring, 200,000 deaths in the united states. almost 7 million infections in this country. so, there is a lot of avoidance going on for a very good reason
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because it is not his drunk suit, of course. he's getting hammered with criticism about his handling about the covid-19 crisis and the pandemic. the other side, biden reminding us the other day it as americans not to become complacent about the fact that 200,000 people died. 200,000 people died in the richest nation of the world from a pandemic which the democrats say could have been handled better, even prevented to a large degree in terms of this death toll. brent: we have been speaking to americans in denver, colorado. asking them what they think about this tragic milestone. >> i mean, i don't understand how the richest country in the world can have such an extensive public health crisis. >> i feel l ike if we had real live should -- real leadership the number would be much smaller. >> i think there is a story on
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the other side that wants to say how bad he handled it but nobody knew where was coming from or what it was all about. brent: we just heard otherwise, but has this tragic milestone, nonetheless, has increased or has it lessened the potential of this pandemic to divide u.s. society? >> kind of think that pre-november 3, when we elect a new president it has increased division and polarization in this country. however, in general terms, i think it is fair to say that polarization is a staple here in the political discourse and politics in the united states. and division in the country between the people, two words. do i wear a mask? such a simple thing. do i practice social distancing? do i believe that this pandemic is actually there, and that we have to battle it? this division of people who
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believe this and do the wrong thing or do the right thing in wearing a mask and listen to experts, that is here to stay. this is not going away. brent: we have got about 30 seconds. we have got the politicization of the pandemic, grim numbers. how are things looking as you move into the fall and winter in the u.s.? >> knocker. -- not good. the predictions is there is about 180,000 additional deaths in the united states by january 1, if, if we don't do enough to fight the virus and that is wear masks, keep social distancing and do not mingle with a lot of people. that is what we need to do. if that is not happening, hundreds of thousands more will die. brent: let's hope the forecasts are wrong in this case. we will see. thank you. back here in europe, france is reported a record high of new
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daily infections, 13,000 new covid cases in 24 hours. the government wants to avoid another lockdown, and is banking on physical distancing and face masks to keep public life going. for university students the restrictions come with their own challenges. lisa louis reports. -- lewis reports. lisa: it is a start like no other north of paris at this university. despite the strict anti-covid measures these economic students are happy to be here. >> it's nice to be back at university. this shows that, despite the virus, life continues. our university has done what is needed to adapt to the situation. we are split into two groups and have online classes every second week in every second seed is off-limits and we have to wear masks. quite a contrast to a holiday
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season in which many people lowered their guard. most recent cases are among young people. >> many of us traveled during the summer. after all, the virus is less severe for us young. if many need to get them to build up herd community, the young should get it. >> the government has only given basic guidelines to the universities. each institution has had to come up with its own plan. >> ours includes mask, social distancing, online classes, and we have forbidden student parties. because of these measures, we will not have to shut down if students test positive for covid-19 because there are no contact persons, at least at university. >> but the number of infections has been rising across france. more than half of the country has now been declared a red zone. at least 15 new daily infections
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for 100,000 people compared to a dozen in neighboring germany. local governments can impose additional measures in these zones like temporarily closing bars and restaurants. yet, social distancing and locally adaptive strategies will not be enough to prevent another lockdown says this biologist. >> france does not even have a testing strategy, for example, to test those who work with vulnerable people such as the elderly. the only way to control the epidemic is to systematically tracked down and isolate infected people. for that, we need to come up with a national strategy, use the most simple testing methods such as self testing and group testing, and we need to test massively. >> despite the challenge the country faces, these students hope the economy will stay open. they would like to continue to enjoy parisian cafe terraces where the risk of infection is lower. >> this is like a little patch
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of paradise. we can meet our friends without masks and have a drink. >> we need to stay united in these hard times. it is important to form social bonds, even if it is just to meeting up in small groups. it's not certain this pleasure will last for very long. the country's strategy does allow for local lockdowns and paris has one of the highest infection rates in the country. brent: there are more developments in the coronavirus pandemic. britain has announced a series of new restrictions designed to come back a spike in virus cases. the u.k. prime minister says the new measures could last well into 2021. spain is battling western europe's highest covid-19 caseload. madrid especially hard-hit. the government is considering expanding a lockdown to include the entire city of madrid. russian president vladimir putin called for the world health organization to be strengthened
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to coordinate the global response to the pandemic. putin has also offered to share russia's controversial new coronavirus vaccine with other countries. well, in conjunction with this week's united nations general assembly, climate activists and scientists are joining forces to push political leaders to take action against the climate emergency. scientists are clear on the impact of man-made global warming. more and more people, they are becoming the living evidence. >> ravaged by fire. large swaths along the west coast of the united states have been devastated. this year's wildfire season has been one of the worst. more than 11,000 square kilometers of forest have been reduced to ash and rubble. entrie communities -- entire communities have gone up in smoke. >> all o of a sudden, the mountains were just ablaze. a few days ago, it was way down
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to the e east and i wasn't worrd aboutt it. and, all of f a sudden, it just came across without any wind. i could not believe it. >> in brazil, too, the number of fires in the wetlands more than doubled t the fir halalf o 2020 compared with last year. then there's the crater in thehe siberian arctitic. 100 meters deep. it's been created by the memeltg permrmafrost. when organic matter melts, it releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, and that speeds up global warming. >> on a small scale, the processes were are seeing with the crater are happenining everywhehere. ice melt underground and the ground subsides. that's taking place. so, when people look at t the crater, they can see thehe perft
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example of why youou should n nt jokeke about thehe permafrost. >> rising temperatures caused by the climate crisis are leading to more drought. the result is more and more intense wildfires. grounded planes and shuttered industry because of covid-19 saw daily carbon dioxide emissions fall globally by 17% in april compared with 2019. but levels are now increasising again. exexperts say acaction is needed nonow. >> but i t think that is also te chance, if none of them might -- the right measures are being taken, if we investst into renewable energy anand sustainae transporort, that we cacan avoid getttting ck to o e previousus levels, but this requires political will. >> with climate advocates due to take part in 2020's biggest climate event this week in new york, they will want to kickstart that elusive political will. brent: joining me tonight is
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miranda, the professor of environmental climate policy at the bavarian school of public policy in munich. good to have you on the program. we have heard, seen the images of the fires in california. we know that climate change is facilitating the severity of these fires. we still have people like the u.s. president who say it is the result of bad forest management. what do you say to that? >> i think it's pretty clear that climate change i is progressing becacause of ourur 2 emissionons and force managememt is certainly not the main causue of what is going on h here. usually these fororest fires in siberia, in cananada, in person. it's actually a global phenomena. it is frightening. brent: where are we in terms of staying true to the paris climate agreement, and of cocourse, ththe goal is to keeee averagage global temperatuture m rising more than 1.5 or two
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degrees celsius. are e we on tracack to meet that gogoal? >> w could be,e, but we are not. the panandemic has perhaps led o a little b bit of a a dip in tes of the mission for a short time. but we really need to take somoe drastiactition in the e next yes in o order to bring ourselves on track to a climate neutral 2050. what we also heard in the summit opening in new york today was the need to really start looking at a much earlier de,e, 2 2030, and r really pushinbibig companies, pushingng countries o make changes, deep changes in how they find projects. taking subsidies away from fossil fuel. shifting us towawards renewablbe energy, away from fossil fuels. we have the technology t to do this. we simply need to make those
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choices to really start switching and to switch quickly. a 1.5 degree target. we really ononly have a few w ys left t to cut d deeply. we are talking about 50% emission cuts in the next 10 years. we really need to act now. brent: and these are drastic cuts, but the numbers show that the public is with you. more and more people around the world want these changes. they are concerned about climate change. but the world's biggest polluters -- china, the united states -- their leaders, the presidents, they are not as concerned right now. what can be done then to change this, if the most powerful people on the planet are not on board? >> i i think we'e're seeining af push from a lot of -- we're also startingng to see some b big companies that are recognizing the change is around the corner and they want t to be earlyy players in this process. so, when i can say to eveveryboy
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listening is put pressure on your political representatives, call for action, telell companis you want to o see a c change. it really is v very critical. and we're t talking about whahat kind o of planet we leave the nt generation,, b also,o, what kind of planet many of us are sells will experience. we're seeing that with what you started this with -- this discussion about the forest fires in calalifornia. another recocord hot yr r this year. it's really time to take action. brent: you make a very good point. it is no longer a problem of the future. it is definitely a problem of the present, as well. joining us tonight from unit. professor, thank you. >> thank you. . brent: in brazil, a practice session of the women's national football team was gate crashed by someone keen to join the squad. the feathered footballer landed on the head of a defendant.
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the bird was reluctant to leave until an assistant coach finally managed to push off with the aid of a spare ball. the parrot failed the a audition and has not been seen since. that is a bad cast. basketball legend michael jordan has linked up with champion stock-car racing driver hamlin to form a new nascar cup series team. the duo will have bubba wallace as their driver. wallace successfully campaigned to get the confederate flag banned from nascar races. the three aim to create more opportunities for black people in racing. here is a reminder of the top story we are following for you. the leaders of the u.s. and china have clashed over the coronavirus pandemic in speeches to the u.n. general assembly. trump called for china to be held accountable for the spread of the virus. the chinese president xi said
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fighting a virus requires international cooperation. this is dw news from berlin. after a short break, i will be back to take you through "the day." stick around for that. we will be right back.
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twenty four phones twenty four .com. w. twos welcome to live from paris world news and analysis from france twenty four i'm marco and these are the headlights. boris johnson says covered nineteen is spreading again in exponential way. in ansys tougher anti covert measures include says it's robust but proportionate johnson wants further action could follow to avoid the predicted worst case scenario two hundred deaths. a day by mid october. jungles covered nineteen china virus in his recorded spepeech to the unn general assembly session p pain tries to take the higigh ground calling for multi lateral approach t to trying to stop the virus that began of course in. chchina's hunan

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