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tv   BBC World News  PBS  May 27, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> and now "bbc world news." >> found for the hague. ratko mladic is now on trial for genocide. president qaddafi and colonel medvedev said it's time for the leader to go. fifa said its organizations ethics committee after allegations of wrongdoing. welcome to bbc news broadcast to our viewers on pbs and america, also around the globe. coming up a little later, a end to president obama's european tour, dumplings and missiles on the menu. and man chest are united preparing to take on barcelona at wembley. some 300 million are expected to watch.
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>> welcome once again. serbia's president has told the bbc he believes ratko mladic will be exelectric dieted to the hague to face charges of war crimes. a court in belgrade has moved he's fit to be extradited to the international war crimes tribunal in the netherlands. however, his son said he needs hospital treatment first. from belgrade, here's our editor gavin hewitt. >> this is the first image of 69-year-old raddingio mladic in custody. for 16 years he was the most wanted man in europe, accused of masterminding genocide in the balkans. he was visited in a belgrade court today by his wife and son darko. he said his father was not well enough to stand trial. >> we are focused at this time on his health, his condition and we are calling for independent sources to verify his condition. >> the judge, however, ruled he
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could be transferred to the hague. and later the president confirmed questions over his health would not delay the trial. >> no, we don't have any problem in that respect. he's going to deliver -- to be delivered in the hague tribunal in the next few days. this is the only procedure we have to respect. >> and we learned later from inside the court that ratko mladic requested a novel, strawberries and a game of chess. he was found hiding in the village of lazavro, 60 miles north of well grade. several houses were raided. ma vad itch was found at a relative's home about to go on a predawn walk. he was alone at the time and offered no resistance. ratko mladic had been living in this small farm house for a couple of months. when police came here they found a couple of weapons but they also found an expired i.d. with
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his real name. he clearly didn't expect that he would be found here. one of his relatives, a nephew, was at the property today and reacted angrily to our being there. it turned out that a policeman lived just four doors down the street and other neighbors were equally hostile. >> you didn't know he was living here? >> this woman lives across the road from the house. she said she didn't know general mladic was hiding inside. translator: i'm shocked. i come here every day and i never saw him. never, never, never. most people around here think the best of him. >> like many in this community, she doesn't accept ratko mladic was responsible for the massacre of thousands of civilians in places like sarajevo and
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shremember notesia. it's all politics, she said. he was defending his people. even after indicted, ratko mladic was able to turn up to a wedding party. he later went underground but there was no doubt he was protected by powerful networks and the serbian president has promised a full investigation. ratko mladic's lawyers will appeal against his extradition. but the expectation is that some time next week he will be on a plane to the hague. gavin hewitt, bbc news, belgrade. >> ratko mladic's lawyer has told the bbc his client is in no fit state to stand trial. he said mladic is having psychological and physical problems. our correspondent duncan kennedy asked milius how europe's most wanted marni is reacting to his arrest. translator: he has been badly affected by his arrest but at least he's now able to see his family and friends. so he has mixed feelings.
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>> you've told the court he's not healthy enough to stand trial. what do you mean? what is his health? translator: he's in very bad physical and psychological health. he can barely move. he has had three strokes. he has trouble talking and can hardly communicate. >> is ratko mladic saying he's not a war criminal, this he's innocent? translator: he says he's innocent and did everything to protect serbian people and other people not involved in the war. >> does ratko mladic think he will get a fair trial if he's extradited to the hague? translator: no, he's convinced in the hague, he cannot get a fair trial. he says previous trials for serbs haven't gone well there. they faced many problems. >> in your view as his lawyer, is ratko mladic a hero? >> yes, i think ma vadvitch is a
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hero. >> the key prosecutor for the former yugoslavia says brohm its and the bbc's richard price asked him at the hague soon. >> my understanding is this afternoon the decision has been taken that he is fit for transfer to the hague. so i have no other information then that one. and i understand there is a possible health issue and once he has been transferred to the hague, i have no doubt that the competent authorities at the tribunal will do everything necessary to make sure that all necessary measures are taken. >> are you going to be thinking about reintroducing the joint indictment, ratko mladic and the former president of the bosnian serbs? >> we have always said the best solution would have been after the arrest in 2008, if ma lad vitch arrested immediately afterwards to have both together facing the charges because the charges are very, very similar.
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one being the political architect. the other the military leader of the serbs in bosnia. unfortunately, this is not possible. the arrest is taking place almost three years after the arrest. we will, of course, examine all possibilities to have a stand-alone trial or have a partial or joint. but it's too early to express a final opinion in this regards. >> if the process goes on as it has in the past, how long before you think we actually see him starting the trial proper? >> it's really very difficult to say. once he arrives in the hague, the material, which is supporting the indictment, has to be transferred. he has to have, of course, the time to read, to look, to prepare his defense. this will, of course, take a number of months. but i'm not in a position to say if it's six months or 12 months. it really also depends on his defense team, how he's organizing his defense that really much too early for me to express an opinion.
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>> now, libya state television and also the arab news channel al arabiya are reporting nato hate strikes hit several parts friday night, into saturday morning. the reports, though, have not yet been confirmed. but also for the first time since the conflict erupted, russia joined the cause of the libyan leader colonel qaddafi to step down. leaders at the g-8 summit in france also announced a multibillion dollar program to support economic and political reform in the middle east and north africa. >> a trial could end this year's g-8 summit. the session of the egyptian prime minister and his colleague from tunisia, both invited to discuss a multibillion dollar aid package to support their fragile economies and keep alive hopes for the arab spring. help from multinational banks could top $20 billion over the next three years, plus $190
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million over four years from britain, up to $250 million offered by france, and from the u.s., a pledge of $2 billion, all to the evident satisfaction that the tunisian finance minister. >> we got what we wanted. we got a very strong statement of support on the part of the g-8 individually and collectively and we were extremely pleased with the commitment that was very clear lir declared. >> in egypt today, protesters staged a day of rage, a reminder they're still worried about their new ruler's commitment to democracy and want to be sure any new g-8 pledges, conditional on reform being delivered. alongside the help for tunisia and egypt, there's also a surprisingly strong statement to ramp up the pressure on libya. colonel qaddafi lost all legitimacy, it says. he must go. and that's significant because even russia has signed up to it.
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>> now there are signs the momentum against qaddafi is really building. so it's right we are ratcheting up the military, the political pressure on the qaddafi regime so we can enforce resolution 1973. >> but it's the scale of the g-8 ambitions to help north africa that may be what this summit is remembered for. whether they will be able to deliver, given the extent of the challenge is a test that's still to come. bridget candle, bbc news, g-8 summit in france. >> there's bane noncommital reaction from kwlabe to the russian call for president qaddafi to leave power. the libyan deputy foreign minister has held a news conference from tripoli. in that he said he didn't believe moscow supported western military action. >> we don't take official position through the media. we have to contact them and listen to them directly. and since that russia is one of the traditional friends to libya
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for more than 40 years now, we don't think that russia will -- will sway its position to be siding with nato. >> football world governing body fifa announced will t will investigate its own president, sepp blatter, amid-corruption in the nation. he's been challenged in next week's presidential election and he himself is under investigation and has denied accusations of bribery. >> for more than a decade as president of fifa, sepp blatter has always distanced himself from the flames of corruption, which dodged football's governing body. now his presidential rival, who is himself facing allegations he tried to buy votes in next week's election, has accused blatter of turning a blind eye to bribery. in a statement, fifa said its ethics committee was now investigating whether jack warner would have informed fifa
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president sepp blatt ner advance about alleged cash payments to delegations attending spacial meeting of the caribbean football union. the claim was yet another blow to fifa's reputation and its most senior official now seem to accept change is needed. >> we have to fix this problem. but until that we are falling because this is affecting, you have good guys, bad guys. >> fifa's ethics committee must now attempt to unravel all of these claims and counterclaims before next wednesday's vote but can the election really go ahead? >> i think fifa have two very considerable problems in front of them. the first is they have two candidates for election, both of who are in the minority accused of corruption. they have sort that out before the electorate can vote. secondly, the whole question wlf they now have the moral
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authority to control world football in any meaningful way. by far the best thing is postpone the election and indeed anything else until these allegations have been fully investigated. >> the mission statement is tookt as a good for the whole game from the world cup to the grass roots and young players like this. but this unprecedented crisis prompted a civil war inside the organization. and it raised serious questions whether fifa is fit to run world football. and tonight more problems for fifa as the faa handed in its own inquiry into corruption allegations made by former chairman lord treesman. with the number of officials under suspicion growing all the time, fifa's reputation is at an all-time low. david bond, bbc news. >> this is bbc news. still to come -- talking in pakistan, hillary clinton expects a frank exchange of views after the killing of osama bin laden.
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the head of children services haffs sacked after the death of baby peter has won her suit for unfair dismissal. here's our social affairs correspondent allison holt with the story. >> sharon smith, then the director of children services in north london has always claimed she was made a scapegoat. today the court of appeal ruled when she was sacked, she didn't get a fair hearing. >> my sorrow at the death of peter connelly in har engay while i was director is something which will stay with me for the rest of my life. but as the judges have said, making a public sacrifice of an individual would not prevent further tragedies. >> peter connelly was being monitored by health professionals and police as well as social workers from her department. after three people were convicted for causing his death, the minister in charge at the
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time ordered an inspection of the children services. >> overall the inspectors findings are, i have to say, devastating. >> ed ball then removed sharon shoo-smith from her post. she didn't see the findings or have a chance to respond. >> the court held mr. balls acted in a manner which was intrinsically unfair and unlawful. >> i had no choice but to make that report public. i had no choice but to be very clear in the decisive action i was taking. i thought about this very hard in the last two years. it was the toughest thing i would have ever done but i would make the same decision again. >> her employees, council, then dismissed her. today's judgment said that was also unlawful. the court wasn't looking at whether she failed in 4er role, only at how she was sacked. since then she said she faced public solicitation and death threats. "it will be for another court to decide on compensation. but both the government and harn gay council have said they hope
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to appeal against today's decision. alison holtz, bbc news. >> the headlines -- ratko mladic has been routed medically fit to be extradited to the hague to face charges of genocide during the 1990's bosnian war. russia takes a stand against colonel qaddafi. president medvedev tells other leaders it's time for the libyan leader to stand down. the u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton said the relationship between her country and pakistan has reached a turning point. mrs. clinton was speaking during a visit to islamabad, her first since relations with pakistan deteriorated sharply in the wake of the killing by u.s. forces of osama bin laden. we report from islamabad. >> the americans knew killing osama bin laden without first informing the pakistanis had its risks. it did leave the leadership here feeling humiliated and angry.
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>> good afternoon. >> hillary clinton assured them they weren't,ing cornered. >> there is absolutely no evidence that anyone at the highest levels of the pakistani government knew that osama bin laden was living just miles from where we are today. and we know that al qaeda has been a source of great pain and suffering to the leadership that has been in every way attempting to eradicate the threat that's posed. >> secretary clinton said the cia's been allowed access to bin laden's compound and behind the scenes she would have asked for much more. there are many in washington who want her to be even tougher. but a lot of pakistanis also want to see their government take a tough stance, feeling it's because they aligned themselves with america and it's
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so-called war on terror that the country's facing sole problems. -- so many problems. it does feel like a critical junk in this relationship with the pakistanis grappling how close they should be to the u.s. and the americans on how much pressure they should apply. what they each decide to have a profound impact on the global fight against the militants. bbc news, islamabad. >> the air france flight which crashed into the atlantic two years ago hit the surface of the water 3 1/2 minutes after it had stalled. accident investigators pieced together the final terrifying moments of the disaster in which all 228 people on board were killed. our transport correspondent richard scott reports. >> it's nearly two years since the air france flight plunged into the atlantic but only now are we getting an insight into the final moment inside the cockpit. it's coming from these -- the plane's black boxes which were recovered earlier this month.
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after taking off from rio de janeiro, the plane left brazil's radar coverage and headed across the atlantic. during this turbulence, the plane descended improperly that led to the pilot disengaging and one of the co-pilots taking over. despite stall warnings from the plane, he kept edging his nose upwards. it climbed to 38,000 feet but was in a position where the wings could no longer provide lift. that caused an aerodynamic stall, even though the engines were still running. when the aircraft stalled, it would have required a very positive lowering of the nose, something like this 10, 20 degrees, perhaps as much as that, to reduce the angle of attack so the air flow re-established the wings so that could aerate the way and be recovered and that's what the crew had not been do. they had not been trained to do the full stall recovery. the plane dropped like a stone at more than 120 miles an hour,
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hitting the ocean tail first just 3 1/2 minutes later. when the crisis began, the most senior member of the flight crew, the captain, was away from the cockpit on a legitimate break. 45 seconds after the autopilot disengaged, one of his co-pilots called him back but it was another 50 crucial seconds before he returned. by then they had less than three minutes left. it was an unusual set of circumstances. today's update doesn't attempt to blame or draw conclusions. the final report expected next year may well make recommendations for extra training to make sure it doesn't happen again. richard scott, bbc news. >> president obama is in poland on the final leg of his european tour. following the g-8 summit in france, the u.s. president is due to hold bilateral talks saturday with the polish president. the white house says the talks will focus on national security issues and energy. will grant reports.
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>> this is a visit heavy on both symbolism and diplomacy. in warsaw, president obama has been care tolve make gestures which would have been welcomed in poland, elsewhere in eastern europe and perhaps with a nod to his bid for re-election by a domestic u.s. audience, too. the day began with a wreath laying ceremony at the tomb of the unknown soldier, as mr. obama paid homage to those pohls who lost their lives in the second world war. poland is a country whose national identity has long been shaped by its destruction of nazi germany in the subsequent decades of communist rule. after chatting to world war ii veterans, mr. obama crossed the industry to another significant landmark, the monument to the warsaw ghetto uprising in 1993. here he met holocaust survivors and jewish community leaders promising to return again with his daughters when the national jewish history museum is completed.
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but this vicinity is important diplomatically, too. poland is a key nato ally for the u.s. but mr. obama's decision to halt the bush administration's plan for a missile defense system here has turned relations frosty in recent years. still, the white house has stressed the two presidents would be discussing the u.s.' role in poland's national security during bilateral meetings on saturday. as guest of honor at a meeting of central and eastern european leaders, the u.s. president sought to reassure his hosts. >> we have taken great inspiration from the blossoming of freedom and economic growth in this region and were confident that will continue and we want to be a part of that process of strengthening your democracy, strengthening your economies and be a full partner because we think that will be beneficial to the united states as well.
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>> a small protest was held outside the presidental pal os as mr. obama arrived but most pols appear to have welcomed his visit w a country gearing up to take over the presidency, its leader's president will usher in the start of closer bilateral ties. >> in spain thousands of demonstrators filled a square in central barcelona, despite police efforts to break up an anti-government protest camp that's been there two weeks. officers say they need to empty the square, which is popular with football fans, before da's champions league final between barcelona and manchester united. the demonstration does appear to be bigger than ever. well, up to 300 million football fans around the world are expected to tune into saturday's european champions league final. between them the clubs at london's wembley stadium will have some of the game's best players. they also have two very successful managers. dan rowan's report contains some
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flash photography. >> he's manchester united's man for all seasons. as he oversaw training tonight, they may have reflected on a quarter of a century of triumph and no turbulence. having to ban a report earlier this week, ferguson appeared more composed this afternoon but the familiar desire remains intact. >> this is a big game and i play a lot of big games and none bigger than the european final. the thing that's easy for me to be motivated is the club. >> at a time when when managers come and go, ferguson has proven an immovable object, becoming the most successful british manager ever. his style may have polarized opinion but none could deny his remarkable record. now football's eldest statesman comes up against his latest quarry in the form of barcelona coach quadio. how do these two very different managers compare? aged just 40, he is significantly younger than his scottish rival. ferguson's 37 years of coaching
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experience far outweighs the short tenure at the new camp. why the boss has a long way to go to catch ferguson's remarkable haul, 47 trophies. the spaniard came out on top when the two sides met in the champions league financial two years ago and ferguson will now be intent on revenge. >> he never rests on his laurels or says that's it, i have completed it. he never feels like reached the top of the mountain. it's incredible really. >> standing in sir alex's way is the genius of leonardo messy and arguably one of the greatest the game has ever seen. >> when you play in the final and both teams want to play and respect the ball and attack for the rest of the world, you can imagine it will be a good final. >> ferguson now stands on the verge of a third european cup triumph but could face the challenge of his long career.
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dan rowan, bbc news, wembley. >> you're watching "bbc news." >> hello and welcome. >> go to bbc.com to experience the bbc world news online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its
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financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. from small businesses to financial corporations. what can we do for you?
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