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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 7, 2022 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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♪ ♪ narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: pediatric surgeon. volunteer. topiary artist. a raymond james financial advisor tailors advice to help you live your life. life well planned. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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announcer: and now, "bbc world news". laura: this is bbc world news america. on our program tonight, days of unrest in kazakhstan. the president orders security forces to shoot protesters without warning. we'll hear from the bbc team on the ground as the government claims order has been largely restored. in the u.s., president biden's vaccine mandates are being scrutinized by the supreme court. many other countries have sweeping mandates. to ask if they are effective as the omicron variant spreads. doctors in ethiopia's tigre region says patients have died because of a government blockade stopping medicines getting through. we report from inside a
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hospital. >> call me mr. tibbs. >> sidney poitier, the first black man to win the academy award for best actor, has died at the age of 94. we look back at his groundbreaking career. welcome to world news america on pbs and around the globe. we beginning kazakhstan. the president has ordered security forces to fire on protesters without warning. mass protests against the authoritarian government began a few days ago, after a sudden rise in fuel prices. dozens of people have been killed, and russian troops have arrived to support the president. security forces claim order has mostly been restored. from kazakhstan's largest city, al, our correspondent has the latest. reporter: the army cause extent
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is standing guard here on the street of almaty. after many protesters killed, the state security forces seem to be back in control. when we came close to them, the warning not to approach is very clear. today, the president was clear. anymore unrest will be met with lethal force. >> terrorists continue to damage state and private property and use weapons against civilians. i have given the order to shoot to kill without warning. reporter: the president portrays the protesters as terrorists sewing chaos. they say the movement is peaceful, and bled the authorities for provoking the violence. interest was triggered by a sharp rise in fuel prices. this country's authoritarian regime is unpopular. some of the biggest clashes took place here as the former
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presidential residence and the mayor's office. the buildings were burned down, and you can see these cars were also set on fire. you can hear the shots. that means may be the military and police officers are firing in the air to warn people not to approach the square. they closed the squaren order to prevent people from gathering. >> many people fear that the violence will drag on. during the protests, many shops were looted. this 22-year-old man says that while he supports the demands of the protesters, he wants looters to be stopped. "it's really scary, and we feel we have no protection," this woman says. this is one of the electronics shops that was looted in almaty. i think the leaders tried to burn this place as well, because it still smells of smoke. this is a huge blow for almaty,
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the financial capital of afghanistan. it is not clear yet if the violence is over, or how much damage has been done to the authority of kazakhstan's hard-line leader. bbc news, almaty. laura: joining us from moscow is steve rosenberg. the u.s. secretary of state has warned that once the russians are in your house, it is very difficult to get them to leave. is this a temporary deployment by the russian lead security alliance to cause extent, or a more permanent one? -- to kazakhstan, or a more permanent one? stephen: quite a soundbite from anthony blinken. i have not heard any reaction. i think what russian officials would say is if that house is in russia's backyard, if that house is on fire, it is up to moscow to do something about it. the russians maintain it is a limited deployment, a temporary one, until the situation in kazakhstan has stabilized.
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why have the russians deployed ps? keep in mind what has been happening in kazakhstan in recent days is enough to give vladimir putin nightmares. the images of people rising up against on autocratic government , demanding change, images of crow seizing government buildings -- these are the kind of things the kremlin fears could happen in russia. it does not really want to see it happening across the boer in kazakhstan. that is why the kremlin agreed to deploy troops on a temporary basis. laura: steve, how important is it to president putin to shore up stability in kazakhstan as he tries to slow what he sees as the west's advance in ukraine? steve: i think this is partly about shoring up stability, but also partly about the kremlin seeing an opportunity here to increase its influence, not only in kazakhstan, but acrosthe wider region.
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this deployment of troops is being presented as a multinational peacekeeping force of x soviet states, but most of the soldiers are russian, and this sends a strong message to leaders kazakhstan and beyond that russia is the key power in the region. that what happens in russia's backyard is basically for russia to sort out. that is the message i think moscow is sending out not only to kazakhstan, but across the region. laura: steve rosenberg in moscow for us tonight. thank you. back here in the u.s., the supreme court has been hearing arguments from groups wanting to block the biden administration's coronavirus vaccine mandate for large employers. the mante would require companies employing more than 100 people to ensure all their staff are vaccinated or tested weekly. anthony's irca has more from outside the supreme court. anthony: a lot of the debate about vaccine mandates is one
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between individual liberty and public health and community good, but that is not what these cases are over. these justices are going to be looking much more at a question of the power of the federal bureaucracy, because the biden administration is attempting to use a 1970's workplace safety law in order to impose this vaccine or testing mandate on large employers, and it is citing its position as a health insurer for the poor and for the elderly as reason it can impose a mandate on a large swath of the health care workforce. listening to the oral arguments today, that was what the justices were thinking about, and there was one supreme court justice, neil gorsuch, who wondered why congress, which is right across the street from me, has not acted and imposed a vaccine mandate. i think the justices would be more open to a legislative sotion than what gorsuch said was a kind of workaround agency
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by agency that the biden administration is trying to do to impose these mandates without congressional approval. laura: that is the scene in washington. around the world, other countries have lamented sweeping vaccine mandates. wednesday, italy made vaccinations mandatory for everyone over the age of 50. a similar mandate will take place later this month, and austria plans to make vaccines compulsory for anyone over age 14starting in february. as the omicron variant surges, how effective are these mandates at curbing coronavirus cases? dr. jeremy faust is an emergency physician at brigham and women's hospital. welcome back to the program, dr. faust. given how many breakthrough infections there are from the omicron variant, our vaccine mandates really effective? dr. faust: thank you for having me back. i think vaccine mandates are effective. we have a lot of research to show from past experiences that
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changing exemption rules to make them stricter get people to do what they were probably planning to do anyway, which is to get a vaccine for whatever condition they areooking at. a lot of people seem mandates as the way to corner the people who really don't want to do this, and there is a component of that, but people often forget that one of the ways that mandates are extremely effective is in giving people a nudge toward something they were already highly considering doing, or just trying to get around to. that can be extremely useful. for that reason, i think it has been successful in the past. there are people who are going to put up a fight, and that is where our attention is drawn naturally, but these mandates mostly work by giving people with the intent to vaccinate, getting them to do so. laura: the french president is famously a colorfully trying to make life more difficult for the unvaccinated. is that another approach that may is perhaps more effective than a mandate? dr. faust: i think that the
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french president has the right idea, but maybe the wrong message in terms of the packaging. if you make it a little bit difficult, you put things in the way of activities, then people will be encouraged to vaccinate. i think there is something to be said for nudging people in the right direction by making it easier to attend to the daily living they would like to attend. i think highlighting that and using language that just that we are going out of our way to make people's lives miserable if they don't go along with this -- i think that is just likely to shore up resentment. i think if you actually do with the french president is talking about, it is effective. people want to be able to do the normal things. that is the thing they want most, in addition to being safe, is being able to live life normally. let's put up some road bumps so they go and do the right thing. but the messaging could be better there. laura: he in new york city,
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the predictions are that infections in the omicron variant are peaking. what is the next stage in this pandemic, do you think? another variant that is milder? what can we expect? dr. faust: i have learned to not predict anything about this virus, and anyone paying attention should as well. but one thing i would pause to caution everybody about is that the number of cases has been extraordinarily high in certain areas, but so far it has hit young people. it has hit a lot of people who are vaccinated. we are seeing outbreaks in nursing homefor the first time. that worries me greatly. i've been working on what is called a circuit breaker dashboard. it shows where the hospitals are at risk of being overloaded with health care, covid, n covid. right now is december, and that is a time of year when we see a lot of flu and other things, so even a little bit of covid can tip hospitals over the edge, so with bill and benji, i have been
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working tgive localities that information to say even though the peak of the cases they have come and gone, or is still to come, is your hospital at risk of overflowing? we can give that information in time,nd that is going to save lives, so i hope people will pay attention to those kinds of things. laura: thank you for joining us tonight. dr. fast: thanks. laura: in the u.s. state of georgia, the three white men convicted of the murder of ahmaud arbery have been sentenced to life in prison. mr. arbery was killed in 2020 while up for a job. the men chased and cornered him before shooting him during a struggle. today in court, the judge called the killing callus, mr. arbery's family also spoke. >> we are going to miss his jokes, his impersonations, his warm smile. [sighing]
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these men deserve the maximum sentence for their crimes. ahmad never said a word to them. he never threatened them. he just wanted to be left alone. >> this was a killing. it was callous. and it occurred, as far as the court is concerned, based upon the evidence, because confrontation was bein sought. i think the statement was made during closing arguments, it is interesting to note that the most violent crime in scintilla shores was the murder of ahmaud arbery. laura: reaction there to the sentencing of ahmaud arbery's killers. other news from around the world. nato's secretary-general says russia is continuing its military buildup near ukraine, posing a real risk of a new armed conflict in europe.
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he spoke after a video meeting nato foren ministers. he repeated that nato remains ready to talk to russia, but he warned the allies would impose a heavy price for any further russian aggression. a new study says the number of adults in the world with dementia could neay triple within 30 years. researchers say more than 153 million people could be living with the conditi by 2050. we turn now to ethiopia, where a civil war between government forces and rebels from the two gray region -- tigray region has stretched. they claim the government is blocking crucial supplies. although the government denies this, the bbc has seen evidence of terrible conditions at the biggest hospital. our africa correspondent sent this report. a warng you may find some of the images distressing. reporter: the biggest hospital in more hit tigray, where
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doctors say 40% of all children arriving here are starving. swollen feet, another symptom of severe malnutrition. the bbc filmed this exclusive footage from the same path little in november. we have protected the identity of staff for their own safety. some of the images you are about to see or very distressing. this child is three months old but weighs less than he did at birth. his mother's breast milk dried up, and his parents can't afford to buy him formula. this child is four years old. this is the second time he had hospitalized in two months because of severe, acute now you malnutrition. a nurse showed us the last or manning stocks of formula milk back then, just seven packs that could not last more than three weeks. the children are coming to seek treatment, he says, but we are not able to help them.
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this is stressful. tigray has been at the center of the country civil war for over a year now. airstrikes have hit the regional capital and other cities. the dr.'s report accuses the central government of blocking aidupplies since june, leading to severe shortages and deaths. in a statement, a government spokesperson told the bbc there is no liberate embargo, and reports that continually focus on -- a continual focus on one group is rejected. the u.n.'s world food program is struggling to deliver supplies to northern ethiopia, and says it's stocks are running out. >> wf p and r humanitarian partners need all parties to the conflict to agree to on up
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humanitarian corridors so that we can have supplies flowing in through all routes into the region, and then we will be able to access the communities at scale. reporter: but ethiopia's warring sides seem unlikely to come to the negotiating table, and it is children like these that continue to pay the price. bbc news. laura: the agony there after a year of civil war. you a watching bbc world news america. still to come tonight, we remember the trail blazing black actor sidney poitier, who challenged hollywood's stereotypes. the latest u.s. jobs report reveals that because of a shortage of workers in december, fewer jobs were added than expected, but the overall unemployment rate fell. here is michelle fleury.
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michelle: when you look at the monthly jobs report, it provides a snapshot of what is going on in america's labor market right now, and t take away is that hiring slowed in december. you saw that a bit in november. there is some concern, because this report does not even take into account the surge in omicron cases. on the bright side, even though we saw hiring slow, certainly substantially compared to the average over the year, but we have seen is that the unemployment rate continues to come down. americans who want to get a job right now are able to, and that is helping to drive that down. remember, this report is made of two different surveys. one is the payroll, which essentially looks at the people who are unemployed. the other one counts them. you are seeing these different messages coming out of one rep work. laura: there is more drama
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surrounding the australian open tennis tournament. not only has men's number one player novak djokovic had his visa canceled because he is not vaccinated against covid, even though he initially received a medical exemption, another player has had her visa revoked. both players are in immigration detention in melbourne. reporter: this is the immigration detention hotel were novak djokovic is being kept. an on-chip on a has been here for five months now after being moved from another facility. >> this is the food we have been sent every day. we find mold on the bread. we have been reporting it. but no action has been taken. reporter: outside the hotel, there was dancing and music, but also anger and frustration among
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novak djokovic's supporters. it is unclear if the tennis star will remain here until monday, when his legal team will challenge the cancellation of his visa. >>ovak djokovic is waiting for a court decision on whether he will be able to stay and compete in the australian open, or be deported. it ever happens, this is going way beyond tennis. the world number one is now at the center of a political and diplomatic storm. djokovic arrived on wednesday with an exemption granted by tennis australia and the state of victoria, but theorder forces revoked his visa, saying he did not meet the rules of entry. his mother, tiana, said on thursday that he was being kept like a prisoner. australia's home affairs minister, karen andrews, hit back, saying there was nothing stopping him from leaving. >> mr. djokovic is not being held captive in australia. he is free to leave at any time he chooses to do so, and border photos will facilitate that.
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reporter: the tennis star posted on instagram, thanking his fans around the world. another player has now had her visa canceled. the player from the czech republic is understood to be detained in the same hotel as djokovic. the australian open is one of the biggest sporting events here. but it is turning into a big international embarrassment for the government. bbc news, melbourne. laura: now, sidney poitier, the first black man to win an oscar for best actor, has died at the age of 94. in his movies, he helped explore racism in american society, and became a powerful advocate for civil rights. our correspondent looks back at his extraordinary life. >> ♪ in the heat of the night ♪ reporter: virgil tibbs, a man of authority. >> tunnel police officer. reporter: intelligencend a
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steely determination never to back down. the kind of qualities that define sidney poitier, on-screen and off. he made his cinema debut playing a doctor, a man of status, something almost unheard of for black performers than. and with roles like an escaped convict and a struggling husband, he tackled prejudice head on. >> maybe i will get down on my black knees. all right, mr. charlie. all right, mr. great white er. you just give us that money and we won't dirty up your white folks neighborhood. reporter: he had a bird in his white counterparts rarely had to carry -- the wake of being a symbol. but he bore it with dignity. he played a traveling handyman, helping build a group of nuns a new chapel. >> the winner is sidney poitier. reporter: he won the academy award, the first black performer ever to receive an oscar for a
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leading role. in the years that followed, he became hollywood's biggest star, redefining how audiences saw black characters, with films like "to sir with love." >> you will call me sir. the young ladies will be addressed as miss, followed by their surname. reporter: more ntroversial was his role as a highly successful doctor engaged to a white woman in "guess who's coming to dinner" >> i love your daughter. reporter: some criticized it, saying the impression was of an interracial relationship that was only acceptable because his character was so perfect and accomplished. it was still a huge box office hit. he was also a trailblazer behind the camera. the 1980's comedy, stir crazy, which he directed, was the first
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film from an african-american filmmaker ever to pass the blockbuster $100 million mark in the united states. >> what are you doing? >> ladies and gentlemen, sidney poitier. reporter: and when he was well into his 80's, hollywood recognition for a star who blazed a trail for so many. >> they call me mr. tibbs. reporter: and who entertained millions more. sidney poitier, one of the greats. laura: remembering sidney poitier. before we go tonight, it is carnival time in colombia. [steel drum music] laura: the city of posto is celebrating the annual black and white carnival, symbolizi unity and equality. despite the name, it is very
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colorful. the event stems from the indigenous, spanish, and african traditions. narrator: funding for this presentation of this program is provided by... narrator: financial services firm, raymond james. narrator: funding was also provided by, the freeman foundation. by judy and peter blum kovler foundation; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ narrator: you're watching pbs. ♪ da-da-da-duh-da-da-da♪ ♪ da-da-da-da-da-da ♪♪
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♪ judy: good evening. tonight, challenging the mandate, the supreme court hears arguments on whether the federal government can require vaccinations. then, chaos in kazakhstan. the country's leader valves to crush protests -- vows to crush protests. >> the coiled spring has been unleashed after 30 years. judy: it is friday. way forward, after remembering the assault on the u.s. cit


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