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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 4, 2019 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentatio made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> wow, that is unbelievable. ♪ >> 'm flying! ♪ >> stay curis. ♪
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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america."g reportom washington, i am jane o'brien. investigators say the pilot werr not to blamehe ethiopian airlines crash which killed 137 -- 157 people. the preliminary report says liboeing has to review itst control technology. investigators on the mueller inquiry are said to be unhappy withhe way the report has be portrayed. it has not been made public yet, and the controversy is deepening. ♪ jane: and turn up the volume for this one. the instruments that made music
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k story grab the limelight at a new exhibit on roc'n roll. jane: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the g wbe. the piloe not to blame for the ethiopian airlines crash which claimed the lives of 157 people last month. an initial report said they followed all procedures recommended by the pne's manufacturer, boeing. the ethiopian transport minister described how the 737 max 8 repeatedly nedived despite the pilots' besefforts. it crashed minutes aftom takeoff ddis ababa. it was the second fatal crash involving the model in six months. boeing has grounded all max 8 planes worldwide. our transport correspondent tom burridge has the details. tom: just seconds after takeoff,
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and this ethiopian airlinespl e was repeatedly nosediving towards the ground.lo the wrestle to pull up, but an automatic anti-stall mechanism on the new boeing 737 max 8 was pushing the down. investigators say the crew followed a procedure outlined by eteing, but it didn't work. it plunged 13,000 n 32 seconds. >> the crew performed all the procedures repeatedly provided by the manufacturer, but was not able to control the craft. tom: on board, 157 people. he's just five months earlier, another 737 max 8 crashed off indonesia in a similar way, killing 189 people. the max 8 is the latest verspon of the verlar 737. new, heavier engines make it more fuel-efficient, but in flight, the weight and
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position forced the nose up a t. if the angle of flight becomes too high, the plane can stall and crash. sooeing designed a compute system which automatically pushes the nose down before the max was grounded, that system relied on ne of two sensors at the front of the airaft which calculates the angle at which the plane's flying. in both crashes, the data from that sensor was inrrect. as we have shown up here, the commuter system thought the plan was at a highng of attack when in fact it wasn't. look at what happens when the system kicks in. it was designed to do that, but instead it wrongly caused the plane to nosedive. unaware of what was happening, the pilots pulled up but the system was designed to reactivate again and again. and within minutes, they had lost control. ralph: she had leadershiper written all over she had compassion in an intellectually rigorous way.
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everybody loved her. tom: ralph nader's great-niece was on the ethiopian airlines flht. famous for battling and beating multinationals over safety, the man who ran for the presidency w plans to take boeing to court. ralph: usually they get away with a quick settlement, a little bit of a public relations problem. my message to boeing is don't think this is going to happen again. >> you can see that the aircraft isn quite a steep dive. tom: captain chris brady has 18 years of experience flying the 737. >> that is the stall warning. tom: he says so many issues now need to be reviewed. >> the of automation of the aircraft, the behind-the-scenes systems, the risk analysis process, the oversight by the regulator, the nversion training, level of
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training generally, manual flying skills of the crews, all of it needs to be reewed in light of these accidents. tom: changes are being made to the max. onboard a recent test flight, s chief executive. tonight in a carefully scripted video message, a recognition that the aircraft has malfunctioned. he promised a modified max would be among the safest planes to fly. >> we know every person who steps aboard one of our planes places their trust in us. e togetherll do everything possible to earn and re-earn the trust and confidence from the customers and flying public in the weeks and months ahead. tom: for now, hundreds are grounded, thousands of orders on hold, and multiple investigations will look at how the plane was signed off as safe to f.
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tom burridge, bbc news. jane: earlier my colleagues chtty kay and christian fraser spoke to the formef of staff at the federal aviation administration for their program "beyond 100 days." faa been asleep at the wheel on this one? bl>> they share some of the. in effect, let's go back to the original sin. the original sin is that this beene should never hav certifie start --, changing the the powerful engines change the structure of the aircraft. boeing was bragging about how fast they got it certified. once you do that, all the pressure is on to make sure that you have pilot training, don' 't burden tlines -- it was sold at minimal pilot training. they need to go back and look at whether that was a wise decision the fabeen suffering from .a attrition of people for many, many years were doing more with less has been the mantra.
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they are to blame, but they don't have the capability to keep up especially wit modern automation. katty: is there an insidious relationship between a major company like boeing and regulators? standing outside is very bhi offices in wton, d.c., not far from capitol hill, you can see it.e ey lobbying the faa? >> intensely. this is a great example. this is a strong, powerful lobby in washington that does lobby th faa. the systematic problem is the delegation of authority from the faa to boeingla itself is ie part a problem. prior to 2005, at least there faa inspector. could be a guy or womanly who ws reough or whatever. doesn't happen anymore, so the faa take the word of boeing to lf-certified. let's put it this way, when you buy a new iphone and you take it
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back for a problem, ft you want a re patch? i don't think so. the accommodatiofor this plane raises other questions. i hope the faa will lo closely , as they say they are the suer. christian: just on that point, michael, are you saying that the engines are too big for the airframe, and to compensate that, the software we balances theaf air engineerses, yes, and have said that. i don't know if engineers or the business were driving the decisions, but clearly they have world-class engineers ands. goig in air they look for the fixed to the aeronautical problem. the reporte patch -- edday speaks to the fact that a key to gaining snd the pilots can overtake it. i don't know if the software patch is going to fix the problem. we may have to go back to ground zero in terms certifying the rcraft. jane: former faa chief of staff michael goldfarb there.
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now to the brexit deadlock all attention was on dublin, where aela merkel was in talks with taoiseach leo varadkar. mr. varadkar said that any rirequest by minister theresa may for anotherwo delay uld have to be made for credible reason. our ireland var has the latest. emma: a key eu leader arrives' angela merkel' visit comes amid warnings of the possibility of the uk's leaving without any deal has increed, and there is growing speculation over whether ireland could be asked to budge. chancell merkel: we are more than aware of the fact of what is at stake in what has to be solved, what will be essential , what we need to do, what sort of assurance we have to give. maireland, so exposed to
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brexit, needs the eu's backing. prime min. varadkar: whatever challenges we face, protecting the good friday agreement or maintaining the integrity of the markets, we will approach those as shared challenges. athere won't one trying to force any anything on anyone else. it will be a shared challee and one that we are up to.ar emma: officialkeen to portray this visit as a show of support from not a sign that ireland is under pressure. iet germany and other coun too, want concrete answers soon over how the irish border, the eu's new frontier, is going to work. food producers are looking at what is on the brexit horizon for the goods they sell. this week, u.k. potato firms were told they could no longer export to the eu if there is no de . new eu approval would be needed once we are outside the club. >> sleepless nights, wondering what we are going to do.
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contingency plans, we have some in place. but potentially w it could happwe would have to downsize the business. emma: border communities have been gathering in recent days to mark their growing frustration and fear. ireland has not revealed how checks will be carried out while keeping an open border, the island'sn of this relatively recent peace. >> i vividly remember what it is like, and as a young fella we spent most of our sundays building these roads. the road would be blown up. opthese have genuine fears if thatpe border res again. emma: one solution suggested is a customs union. but there would need to be standards checks to meet eu and a customs union could mean no new trade deals could be struck by britain.
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thousands of potatoes from the u.k. are sent to irevery week. n >> i think we are just wt. nobody h a clue. emma: without a deal, the eu has warned potatoes are just one of a number of british exports that could be disrupted overnight. jane: emma vardy reporting. the inquiry is over, but the fight over the mueteer report is ifying. investigators who worked for the special counsel are id to be unhappy with the way the attorney general represented their findings, but the justice department more details willing be released when the work is done. to ron christie, former adviser to george w. bush. presumably when the report is released, it will all be cleared
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up. ron: one would hope, but if all -- if only it was that easy, jane. good evening to you. asis will be an interesting next couple of weeks inngton, d.c. on one hand, the democrats want the full release of the mueller report, which by law the t attorney general can'. there is grand jury testimony in classified information about intelligence. what what will come out will fuel more democrat suspicion that perhaps mueller had some obstruction of justice charge for the president. jane: did the attorney general, william barr, make matters worse by releasing his topline summary? n: i don't believe he did, and i think he did something very smart, which was to work with rod rosenstein, someone who has been antagonistic towards president trump, to put out that four-page summary document for the public to see. if he had done it on, his own, -- if he had done it on hise wn, he would more political trouble than he is now. jane: how does the trump administration resolve this? ron: i don't think they can.
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i don't think ther way for democratic detractors and those who think he had some involvement with the russians -- recent polling indicates nearly half of americans think he did -- i don't think there's anything the administration can do or say to mollify those people who think that there this election in 20 wasn't on the level. jane: president trump today has also been talking about the border with mexico and saying he t ll introduce tariffs on cars if mexico doesn' anything to stop the flow of drugs. is that a good idea, given that a lot of the states he needs for 2020 are already sufferingrom tariffs on cars? ron: excellent point. you look at the upper midwest, chigan, ohio, the industrial states in the united states, states that came out strongly for president trump are reeling by the tariffs on china. if you want to startad talking aboutional tariffs on automobiles from mexico, these folks will say that the trump that i elected is not here to help me, he is hurting me. the notion that we will have
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additional tariffs or threat thereof is making people in congress and theier constituentsus. jane: would it go some way to appeasing others in his base who want to see some action of the border? ron: absolutely. these people will say shut the border, let mexico feel some , he isnd good for tru being tough. but pragmatic people will look at this and say, wait a second, what will this do to the american economy? it is the economy th to be strong, and putting tariffs on xico and other countries is not a good way to do it. jane: ron christie, thanks as ever. ron: pleasure. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's one of america's greatest arts museums is makingk way for'n roll. you will need to play it loud for this exhibit. nissan chief carlos
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oshn has been arrested in japan over a fresh allegation of financial misconduct. he was released last month on a $9 million u.s. they'll. -- bail. our tokyo correspondent rupe wingfield-hayes reports. rupert: this morning a team of prosecutors surrounded the hasdinghe w carlos ghosn been staying since his release on bail a month ago. mr. ghosn and his wife were ordered to get dressed. a short time later, the former nissann chief was driveay, hidden behind the curtain. hadday before, mr. ghosn been seen walking to his lawyers office with his wife, repairing to tell his side of the story. on a newly created twitter account, he announced to the world he would hold a nress conferent week in which he
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said he would tell the truth about what had happened to him will stop that happened to him. this afternoon i asked his chief lawyer whether the timing the of the arrest was a coincidence was a what you think the purpose of this re- arrest was about? >> for the prosecutors, it is about putting pressure on mr. ghosn tput him under their control and also to stop him speaking freely. isert: tonight, mr. ghosn back in a prison cell at the tokyo detention house, a place he has already spent more th 100 days. tokyo prosecutors can spend up to three more weeks him before they have to file fresh charges. as he was being taken away this morning, mr. ghosn least a statement saying the prosecutor's office was trying to break him, but that he would not be broken. rupert wingfie-hayes, bbc news, in tokyo.
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opposition in sudan has called for big demonstrations this weekend to remove the government of presidentmar al-bashir. he has ruled the african nation since taking power in a military coup 30 years ago. dozens have been killed and thousands have been detained in protests which began after bread prices rose sharply rlier this ar. many of those at the forefront are young women fighting tocr te a new society. our africa editor fergal keane reports. fergal: the women of the university facing the regime's police. the women stand firm. that kind of courage is everhere these days. a celebrated sudanese artist, she is using her talent to
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protest, painting the faces of the detained on thwalls of khartoum. >> this art reaches many people, whether they are walking or driving. all of them luck. -- all of them look. they can see the characters, and if they don't know who it is, they ask,ee so people ktalking about it. fergal: women have faced severe repression under the regime's version of islamic law. m now any as two thirds of demonstrators are female.an this womurling teargas back ne the police. for others, like oho started st a student activist six years ago, the aim is noo remove the regime, but the chtire politics of patriar >> there areertain ideas we ed to fix, like staying at
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-- girls should stay atome while men go out and provide for them, or that men should go out on the streets but we should not . this is among the things i protested for and i think it is changing a lot now. the road to change was opened by economic crisis. after 30 years in power, the bashir regime has failed to deliver jobs or prosperity, and soaring inflation alienated thed mi classes, whose children took to the streets.mi >> the ecosituation is so bad that even people from the middle class found it harder to maintain their daily bread. when they reach that level of desperation, they became equal with the poor and working-class and had nothial to lose. fewith bashir still in control of the security forces, s not look like the new sudan will be born soon. but what is significant is that ,he experience of brutality witnessing what has happened to others, has traumatized but also
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deepened the determination of nge protesters. >> this is sometruly sad. if you don't believ what you do, it is hard to go on. if you don't believe, then you will feel it is ok to stand by and watch them beat people. when you see a man being beaten, i don't think you would cross nur arms and just watch. fergal: whether they remove the regime soon, the women of sudan hhie already aceved fundamental change, and in how society sees them, in how they see themselves. fergal keane, bbc news. jane: it is not every day that a vinct van gogh masterpiece a a van halen guitar share the same place, but you will find both at new york's metropolitan museum of t. next week the exhibit "play it loud" will open to the public and rock 'n roll fans will line up to see it. the show brings together seen guitars and instruments
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from musicians such as bob dylan, elvis presley, and the beatles. e bbc's nada tawfik got a sneak peak. nada: the quiet galleries of the met are filled with preciouses masterpi from the world's greatest sculptors and painters. [record scratch] ♪ nada: but the volume has been turned up to showcase a very different artistic movement, rock 'n . the exhibition "pl it loud" lets music lovers get up close to the instruments of legends from jimi hendrix to bob dylan. this is the rst major art exhibition dedicated to the instruments of rock 'n roll. there are more than 100 pieces, and some are on loan from the greats theelves. jimmy page from the british rock band led zeppelin lent severalis of hrized possessions like
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this guitar and stage outfit e used in a performa the hit "stairway to heaven." e said when the met approached him with the idea,ved it. jimmy: the statues of th gallery, and the first thing you see is chuck berry's guitar. i said, the blunder guitar -- blonde guitar? they said yes. iaid, what exactly what you want. tell me what you want. nada:so that ld it for you? oljimmy: aely, i really wanted to help them along as best i could. nada: the electric guitar is synonymous with rock 'n roll. this one was used by chuck berry to record "johnny b. goode," and guitar god had tir own style. >> this is a great piece called hankenstein, built and decorated by eddiealen, one of the great 1970's and 1980's guitaris. you can see these are cigarette
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burns. spray paint, tape, cutting it away, creating this visual motif that was highly copied certainly 0's when i was growi up. nada: a few of the items you have are from the beatles. >> and one of the most iconic things in the whole show is this beautiful drum set used by ringo starr. this was the first america set that he owned. after people saw him play, everybody wanted a drum set that looked exactly the same way with n.that exact decorat >> ♪ it's been a hard day's night ♪ nada: each one of these rock relics tells the story, as does the exhibition itself. a movement built on rebellion is now being revered in the heart of the artistic establishment. nada tawfik, bbc news, york. jane: those musical legends were so cutting edge at the time, and munow their instruments arum pieces. that is the way it goes.
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you can find the day's news on our website, and to see what we working on it anyime, do check us on twitter. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "bbc world news america." ou>> with the bbc news app vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possilities. your day is lled with them. >> tv, play "dowon abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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anytime, anywhere. pbs. we are with you for life. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newsho productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: mbers of special counsel robert mueller's team have concerns about the attorney general's summarreof the mueller rt.im then, prary reports from ethiopia point to software problems in the crash of a boeing max jet plus, using behavioral economics to help children undergo .fficult medical treatmen >> we had to figure out like, how in the world are we going to keep him upbeat and optimistic and hopeful, so he can do all the incredibly hard things he has to do to get better? >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshou

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