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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 8, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." hi funding ofpresentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected need >> planning a vacation escape thd is relaxing, inviting, exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warmsunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports.
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more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washi oton, i am j'brien. with the stroke of a pen, president trump moves to slap new tariffs on steel and aluminum, giving canad mexico an exemption for now. president trump: the actions we are taking today are not a matter of choice, they are a matter of necessity for our security. jane: britain has vowed to act without hesitation as another state is found resnsible for the nerve agent attack on a ent andrussian double his daughter in the u.k. and riding high into their later years -- this group is proving that exercise can help fight o the effects of aging.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. it is ficial, president trump has signed new tariffs on steel and aluminum. despite warnings of sparking a ade war, he moved forwar today, arguing he is protecting industries which are the bedrock of america. for now, canada and mexico are exempt while negotiations continue over naa, but president trump also left openings for other countries such as australia. the bbc's nick bryant starts our coverage. nick: history is often wri with a presidential pen, and with steelworkers who helped pui in the white house at his shoulder, donald trump added his name to a signature campaign promise, putting america firstin by imptariffs on foreign aeel and aluminum.
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president trump: trican steel and aluminum industry has been ravaged by aggressive foreign trade practices. it is really an assault on our country. the workers who poured their souls into building this great nation were betrayed. but that betral is now over. nick: defending america's industrial heartland has prompted his most prectionist move yet, one that struck a blow against globalization, the integrated system of worldwide commerce from which these rust belt communities feel excluded. president trump: american steel. american steel. american steel. nick: promise ma., promise ke president trump: wait until you see what i'm going to do for steel. >> now it's time for action. nick: it is the glut of stchl produced ia that has angered the president, but that accounts for 2% of steel imports. bigger importers such as canada and mexico are initially exempted. it is not clear whether britain
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will be punished. european union countries could be hard-hit. >> president trump has recently said, and i quote, "trade wars are good and ey to win." but the truth is quite the opposite. trade wars are bad and easy to lose. nick: harley davidson, the quintessential middle america brand, and for that very reason a likely target for eu retaliation. trump supporters in key battleground states like wisconsin could be caught in the crossfire. >> a trade war won't benefit anybody. >> i generally believe in free trade, and i don't think he is serious about it regardless. ari think he is trying to people into getting concessions, whicis how he rolls. nick: it is too late to save these old steel mills in pennsylvania, and many republicans fear this act of economic nationalism could be an
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act of nationaself-harm. all this comes on a day when 11 pacific rim countries have signed a landmark trade agreement, the transpacific partnership, which was intendede bybama administration as a counterweight to china, but which the trump administration pulled out of last year. this really does feel like a milestone moment, and another example where america first has left america alone. news, jane: after of the president's own party, including this speaker of the house, continued to voice thtr concern ab the unintended consequences of the move, but one who supports it is republican congressman tom reed of new york. i spoke to him earlier on capitol hi. congressman, thank you for joining us. why do you support the president's tariffs? rep. reed: what thpresident is doing is exactly what he promised to the american people. he is going to change the trade agenda going forward through disruption. perspective, decades of
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status quo policy have left a many americans' business interestsmericans' behind. what we see is the message that enough is enough, we will have a free, open tde with partners ross the world so long as american interests are protected and weave an even playing field that is enforceable to keep everyone on their toes. jane: but the economy is doing well. you just past tax reform. unemployment is w. an all-time why do we need to shake up the stus quo on trade now? rep. ree because now is an opportunity, and enough is enough, and the president was clear on theampaign with this. he is trying to change the dynamic of decades of policy that has shifted t folks back home from the position of opportunity to one where they've lost opportunity and it has to end, and we have to put american interests on an even playing field as stakeholders across the world. jane: but the eulind other of america are warning that this could spark a massive global trade war.rt
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is it it? rep. reed: you know, i don't believe we will have a trade war at the end of the day. what we will see is a conversation which recognizes that if we play by the rules and our trading partners recognize that the rules need to be enforceable and it is an even playing field, we will embrace them. we are going to embrace the opportunity to compete -- country against country, interest against interest, but at the end of the day, so long as the playing field is even, the imposition of tariffs is hamething we can avoid. jane: what is itconvinced you this is the way to go, especially in your state of new york? rep. reed: i represent an area of new york that is essentially the rust belt. i have seen firsthand talking to families the jobs that are leaving from our manufacturi base. i've seen firsthand the people who are suffering from these policies.e whated to do is change the policies, change the agenda, disrupt the status quo, and at the end of the day, we can all w win in thican all compete. our trading partners and
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american interests in a way that advances the causes of residents of those countries as s the people we represent in new york. jane: congressman, you are going against a lot of your fellow party members. how big a rift is this within the republican party? rep. reed: obviously, we're sending a message that some of the folks on our side of the aisle are concerned about. i recognize -- i represent the people that are ffering, and we want to be a voice for them to say that we cannot continue the status quo policy of decades before, and we need to go down a new path. the new path comes with anxiety and fear, but the long-term goal we are trying to achieve andenhe presis trying to achieve is good for all of our trading partners as well as us here in america, and that is fair, enforceable trade once and for all. jane: congressman tom reed, thank you very much for joining us. rep. reed: thank you for having me on. jane: the british government has described the poisoning of a russian doublegent and his
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daughter as brazen and reckless. sergei skripal and his daughter n lia remain critically ill after collapsingbench in salisbury on sunday. counterterrorism officers are searching for thsource of the nerve agent. who was hospitalized after helping the injured pair has been named. tom symonds reports. tom: d bailey is 38 years old, a decorated officer with plentyf xperience on the front line of policing. he is still in serious condition, but the good news today is he is awake andlk tag. >> he is a is a huge presence in wiltshire police, well-liked, well loved, ssively dedicated office he is clearly receiving high specialist treatment. he sat up. know,not the nick that i but he is receiving a high level of treatment. he is very anxious, very concerned.
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he did his very best that night. all of the staff that attend the incident in salisbury, they performed the role that police aff dors and police every day up and down the country. tom: the inquiry is not letting up. police began what appeared to be a major search and possible decontamination of sergei skripal's house today. for a while they taped off the graves ohis wife and son. >> the use of a nerve agent on u.k. soil is a brazen and recklessttct. this waspted murder in the most cruel and public way. people are right to want to know who to hold to account. but if we are to be rigorous in this investigation, we must avoid speculation and allow the police to carry on their investigation. tom: the bbc has been told that the nerve agent used was not sarin or vx, which have been used as weapons in the past, but rarer. decontamination teams were heavily protecteon sunday, but look at this picture from
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earlier that day. no respirators or suits. these officers could not have known they were about to deal with the use of a chemical weapon in their city.e sk they faced became obvious today when a bench one which ripals were sitting was exposed by gusts of wind. just look at the operation needed to peg it down again, four days on from the incident. it was not just police officers who risked being exposed that afternoon. i have spoken to a doctor who was there. has asked us not to name her, but she says she came over -- came across yulia skripal umped over the bench, unconscious, not breathing, vomiting, and having a fit. she stped in, she got yulia onto the floor, she got her breathing, and she handed the patient over to paramedics. she is concerned about what she has come into contact with, but she feels fine. sergei and yulia skripal are not ke-- attas she came to
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britain from russia to visitetim -- are notng better. they remain in critical condition, as the race to find their assailant or assailants continues. tom symonds, bbcews, salisbury. jane: suggestions that the kremlin may have been involved in the poisoning haveparked anger in russia. state media have complained of an anti-russian campaign by the west with little sympathy for sergei skripal as steve rosenberg reports. a world away feels from the drop -- russia feels it ll the way from the drama of salisbury. they are determined not to allow a spy day.l to spoil their people here are short on said that the four sergei -- short on sympathyor sergei skripal. >>rg bloomor your motherland, then you will have no problem. >> when he was in prison in russia can he was healthy. he goes to britain and gets
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poisoned. he should have stayed here. imsteve: it is a sar message from russian tv. the kremlin having controlled media have been mucking boris johnson and making fun of britain. "if you are a professional tradermy advice -- don't move to england. something is not right there -- the climate, perhaps. too many bad things go on there. people are hanged, poison, helicopter crashes, or they fall out of windows." , the vladimir putin n has sent a clear messa to the russian people, that their country is a besieged fortress, threatened by enemiesd abroadraders at home. --it ts at home. that is why there is little sympathy for sergei skripal. if moscow did target circuit skripa -- target sergei skripal -- >> most russians take pride in it, because there was a black and white worldview -- us
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against them. putin has brought ity.ack in a big steve: todaylihe president red a special address. no mention of spies. he congratulated russian women on internation women's day. moscow knows it is under suspicion, but the kremlin is acting as if it is business as usual. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. of the look now at some day's other news. organizers of a one-day strike by women in spain say more than 5 million are taking part in the protest to mark international women's day. 10 trade unions are backing the action against unequal pay, ploitation, and the violence against women. the international red cross has postponed an aid convoy due to travel to the syrian rebel-held enclave of eastern ghouta,is saying ioo dangerous to go there. fighting is intensifying in the reon near damascus as government forces advance. an estimated 400,000 people are trapped in the area. you are watching "bbc world news america."
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still to come on tonight's program, the tweeter in chief. what we can learn looking for every tweet donald trump has ever sent. coting has begun in sierra leone, where voters are choosing a newde pre and parliament. the current president is sending down after serving 2 five-year terms, the maximum allowed. is beingrred successor challenged by 15 other candidates. many of them are promising to tackle endemic corruption and poverty in the west african country. reporter: the votes have been cast, ballot boxes sealed, and underway in sierra leone's general election. there was some tension as polls closed, with reports of n scuffle betwlice and the opposition candidate, over
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claims of a vote rigging. overall so far, election monitors have been positive in their assessment. >> we have about 50 observers around the country. what they are seeing is also encouraging. this is not to say we don't expect a bump or two along the way, but thus far, things are encouraging. reporter: the country is still struggling after the devastating theola , and rebuilding health system is onetif the key el issues. the economy isr another, afte the collapse in the price of a key export. voter expectations is high. >> education, social services,, clean >> disappointments from our candidates --we expect much more. reporter: results are expected
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ofhin a week, and if none the 16 candidates that 55% of the vote or more, the top two will go to a runoff in march. whoever wins, there was a long road ahead to get this country ba on its feet. jane:ve in justa year as president, donald trump has tweeted 190 times about what he calls fake news, and 115 timesme about makingca great again, and on his all-time wsult rankings, loser comes in top with 234 usele dumb or collectedn who these figures runs the trump twitter archive website. he joined me with a professor from the annenrg school of communication. thank you for joining me.
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i'm going to start with you why first. did you decide to set up this ng trump'stalo tweets? brendand: i was primarily interested in the results -- i wanted to be able to look through the tweets. i had a thought that i think a t of people have -- why doesn't something like this exist? and then recalled i'm a vaguely compent programmer and attempted to go out and get all the tweets and put it in usable format where it is really easy and enjoyable to go and look through the archives. jane: is there something moreo than enjoymentis? is there a sense that this is a edrious communication tool that needs to be cataloor posterity? tobrendan: yeah, it is eas kind of write off beheuse of the wases twitter and how juvenile it can seem at times, is a reallyit important insight into the way that he thinksespecially over the past seven years. he has kind of put out his blunt honest assessment on lots of issues, so it is a really
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interesting catalogue in his political beliefs. jane: kathleen hall jamion, does brendan have a point there? twitter is quite juvenile. do we take the presiden's tweets too seriously sometimes? kathleen: for practical purposes, this is the equivalene ofollective papers of the president of the united states, archive important presidential statements, because donald trump is using it to create policy, using it to communicate with international leaders. the consequential bgments of thy of discourse is pretty high in number. jane: was there a turning point where suddenly it became obvious that this was a serious issue? kathle: i think we have known from the beginning, because of his reliance on it during the campaign, that he would use it as a meanso communicate past the mass media, to communicate directly to his followers. i think we also knowhahe realized very quickly that the media would pick up the things that were controversial and e tertaining and put them directly into caws, and as
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a result realized there was a capacity to control the agenda here. the point at which i noted that had to treat these as serious policy documents occurred when it was apparent he was not going to rely on traditional forms of discourse --hat speech to the nation, that prepared text, the formal announcement by other - policy leadebut instead was going to make policy in this venue and going to issue attacks there were politically consequential. light point was when he accused president obama of wiretapping him. jane: that's an interesting point. brendan, is there a wordhat the president uses more often than not? brendan: yeah, i was looking through the archive, andos a 10% of his tweets, 2600 total, feature the word "obama." it is interesting to go back and look through the history of hi etty intense critiques of the past administration and then t fl lens and apply it to the trump administration.
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he has a lot of apt criticisms that might not have been apt of the obama administration but are interesting to look at critiques of his administration. jane: kathleen, there is nothing new in a president talking directly to the public, so what makes this so different? kathleen: what is different is that ordinarily a president spoke to the public after carefully considering the language that would be used and the implications othe policies being articulated. there is an expert community behind that process -- the cabinet secretaries, thexperts inside the cabinet offices that will be potentially administering the policy chae. that layer of thought and care that went into presidentialts statemeant that when a president made the statement, first they were not made, frequentd when they were made, everyone would take them extraordinarily seriously and assume they would not be changed, for example, within the next 20 minutes or 24 hours. you also could assume that there would be consultation within the relevant cabinet offices, and
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thd we had as a country tal to our allies around the world when tre was going to be in international implication. all of that has gone by the wayside as psident trump almost by whim at times appears to make policy witut having consulted anybody. jane: the president says "many are saying i'm the best the-character writer i world." that is one of his tweets. very briefly, should he le twitter?ka leen: he should use twitter more carefully when speaking about consequential matters.d jane: endan, should he?ut you would bef a job presumably. brendan: it is hard to say, valuablet is a very resource for the public and international communit get an insight into what he is thinking. whether that causes more harm than good is hard to say. jane: brandon browner, thank son, and kathleen hall jamie
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thank you.o now, how oftenu hear people say that running a marathon or long-distance cycling are sports for young people? it seems that is not the case. researchers have beefollowing a big group of older cyclists in and they have found surprising ouresults, amedical correspondent fergus walsh reports. >> i've arranged a 60-mile ride eythrough the suills. fergus: this is what healthy aging looks like -- these cyclists aged 64 to 82, think nothing of spending five hours or more in the saddle. >> ready for one more? >> yes. i i do it for all reasons -- for health, becausjoy it, because it is sociable. it is just wonderful. fergus: they have been examined art of a trial which is challenging perceptions of aging. >> one of the first results i got from the medical study was i was told my bo fat was comparable to that of a 19-year-old. fergus: leading them is a
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professor, at 82, a prime example of healthyging. >> if exercise was a pill, everybody would be taking the exercise pill. fergus: he not oy took part in the study, but lea the research this shows his excellent lung nction. an mri scan gives another indication of how well norman is aging. thesare his thighs. now compare norman's muscly leg on the right with that of a sedentary 50-year-old on the left, which is mostly fat. if more of us could do the recommended 150 minutes of moderate physical activity each week, it would pay hugevi nds. >> across the whole gamut of different levels, what exercise is doing in older individuals ig gihem higher levels of function and better quality of life. fergus: the most remarkable
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findings came when scientists in birmingham examined blood samples from a cyclist. they found the immune system, ich normally declines wi aga was still as strong as young person's. >> the immune system is key in the body. it h several roles to protec from infections but also fight things like cancer. the fact that these cyclists have the immune syem of a 20-year-old at 70 or 80 years old means they're p infections and cancer potentially. fergus: the advantages, then, ox ercise in later life are profound. s so, if cycling it your thing, try another sport, orbo what a dancing, gardening, even just walking?th most of health benefits of these super agers are easily achievable if we just did a bit more physical activity. fergus walsh, bbc news, surrey.
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jane: use it or lose it. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videoare designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe ur way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's glected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends caheall find their escape on island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal bluearibbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is a.cilable at aru. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivgood evening, i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight... >> today i'm defending america's national security by placing tariffs ongn imports of steel and aluminum. >> sreenivasan: ...predent trump raises the stakes in a potential trade war amid warnings from his own party and threats of global retaliation. tha, the politics of trade- key trade advisor to the trump white house underscores the threat of china anesexplains the ident's push for tariffs. >> trade is good. tariffs and the thre tariffs are a negotiating tool to require countries like china to stop their unfair tra practices. that's the mission. >> sreenivasan: and, revelatioin about the wafghanistan and pakistan. a new book reports on missed opportunits, mixed priorities, and failed operations in what has become america's longest


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