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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 19, 2018 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. >> shut down tonight? are you going to shut down tonight? jane: the clock is ticking as the government inches closer to a shutdown. will u.s. lawmakers get a deal in time, or are the differences too great? a year into the trump presidency, we are in the t state of -- key state of pennsylvania, where some supporters remain steadfast, but others have second thoughts. >> when i went into the voting booth and pulled the lever, i was satisfied. i'm having buyer's remorse. jane: fasten your seatbelts -- the hyperloop could slash your travel time, but the problem is getting it built.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. it could be a late night in the u.s. congress as they work against the clock to avoid a government shutdown. midnight is the deadline, and right now democrats and republicans are deadlocked in the senate over a dispute on how to handle immigration policy. the minority leader chuck schumer visited the president at the white house today, and while he said progress has been made, it is apparent there is still a way to go. the bbc's north america editor jon sopel starts our coverage. president trump: so help me god. chief justice roberts: congratulations, mr. president. jon: a year ago today, donald trump stood on the steps of the capitol, promising to make america great again and fix the nation's broken politics. president trump: this american
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carnage stops right here and stops right now. jon: one year on, the government stands being paralyzed by the prospect of a shutdown nobody wants, with democrats and republicans fighting bitterly over a funding deal for federal institutions. and at times like this, washington goes into its favorite pursuit, the blame game. at the white house this morning, the president's budget director was taking aim at the democrats. >> the president is actively working right now to prevent a shutdown. i will contend to you that it is dramatically different from what president obama was doing in 2013. there is no way you can latest -- lay this at the feet of the president of the united states. he is actively working to try to get a deal. jon: but in the senate, the democratic leadership is blaming the white house. senator durbin: i hope the president will join us. if he will, we can solve this problem. if he stands on the sidelines,
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we cannot. jon: a glimmer of hope came in the news that democratic leader in the senate, chuck schumer, had been to the white house. senator schumer: we discussed all the major outstanding issues, we made progress, but we still have a good number of disagreements. the discussions will continue. jon: at the core of this is a row over what should happen to the children of illegal immigrants who came into the country with their parents, the so-called dreamers. a deal has allowed them to come out of the shadows and work -- a deal that allowed them to come out of the shadows and work legally expires in march. the clock is ticking, with no sign of an imminent breakthrough. the only practical question should be who would be affected by a government shutdown, how long might it last. but in washington, it is all about who wins or loses. democrats or republicans? a political game is being played out. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. jane: for more on the critical
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countdown, i spoke a brief time ago with daniel lippman of politico. we are really coming down to the wire, aren't we? is there any sense they could get a deal at this stage? daniel: they will work until midnight to to the government -- to keep the government open and keep the lights on, and there was hope with chuck schumer visiting the white house. you have 2 new yorkers trying to hash out a deal. schumer and trump have known each other for a long time. trump used to be a democrat, and he gave money to schumer. but we don't have a deal yet, and both sides are using their aides right now, on the phone right now for the next few hours to try to hash out something that would keep the government open. jane: but how did we get to this 11th-hour mark? it seems as late as yesterday there was a sense that neither side would go this far. daniel: what they are haggling over is a temporary extension of
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funding, and this would be the fourth one. this is a very irrational way to keep the government open. you have these months-long measures, because they cannot actually pass the budget to set funding levels for different parts of the government. and so you also see that trump is a political neophyte. he hasn't dealt with dealing with democrats and republicans in terms of congress. a lot of americans voted for that, too, because they wanted someone to shake the system up. but they also want their friends who work in the government to get paid, and this would hurt the u.s. economy a lot. jane: who are voters ultimately going to blame if the shutdown goes ahead? daniel: if you talk to political analysts in washington, it is really unclear. we don't know exactly who people would blame. last time, they blamed
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republicans, and for a few months, the republican brand took a big hit. but this was in 2013, but in the 2014 elections, republicans gained seats. there is a lot of democratic senators in those trump red states like missouri that really don't want this shutdown to happen, because they view the midterms in november as being a big glimmer of hope for democrats. they can finally take advantage, and they don't want to jeopardize it with a shutdown that could hurt the party's brand because it could look like democrats are more interested in helping immigrants than the u.s. military, for example. jane: very quickly, this isn't going to resolve anything, because it is a temporary measure. this is the height of dysfunction, isn't it? daniel: yeah, until they resolve these dreamers, those people whose lives are in limbo, you will keep seeing these antics. jane: daniel lippman, thank you very much for joining me. daniel: price for having me.
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-- thanks for having me. jane: as we mentioned, this high political drama comes on the eve of president trump marking one year in office. the state of pennsylvania was key to that victory, and one year on, laura trevelyan is in pittsburgh. are they worried about it as they are here? laura: they are watching it with some amusement. political dysfunction is alive and well, as it has been for some time. this is a state that president trump won by less than 1%, and he did by connecting with blue-collar voters. about theirxious jobs, societal change. donald trump's message of "america first" connected. almost a year after he delivered that in article -- that
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inaugural address and promised that the american carnage would stop right here, right now, i talked to supporters about whether he has delivered on his promises. in western pennsylvania, the birthplace of u.s. steel. this factory was once owned by the 19th-century magnate andrew carnegie. in its heyday it employed thousands. donald trump tapped into the sense of industrial decline, winning by promising to put america first. over lunch, i asked trump voters for their verdict on year one. >> it seems like he cares about the working class, cares about the people who are trying to make a living and have big businesses and things like that, small businesses. i think he cares about that kind of stuff. >> some of the stuff i agree with, like the tax cuts, working -- looking out for working-class people like that, but i'm not a big fan of all the rants on social media. i think they can do away with all that. laura: how are you feeling about that vote? >> a little disappointed.
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laura: this small business owner hoped mr. trump would run government like a ceo. does this former obama voter regret switching to trump? >> when i went into the voting booth and i pulled the lever, i was satisfied. i'm having buyer's remorse. laura: why? >> because it is not consistent. laura: a democrat in trump country. >> you get into these areas that no one has visited or taken the time to care, left it open and ripe for someone to step in like donald trump and say, hey, i am the guy who can fix this. laura: the populist mayor, with a tattoo of the town zip code, counts on his party to understand trump's appeal. >> it has got to be more than trump is awful, vote for us. it has to come down to an earnest, aggressive, populist message.
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laura: in his inaugural address a year ago, donald trump promised towns like braddock that he would give them back their jobs and their dreams. there is an early electoral test in pennsylvania whether the voters feel he is delivering. there is a special election in the state in what should be a safe republican seat, but the president is taking no chances. president trump: a real friend and a spectacular man, rick saccone. laura: that is the candidate here. president trump does not want to lose the election, and he was here thursday with this message. president trump: your paychecks will be much bigger, because under our tax cuts you will be keeping more of your hard-earned money. laura: the question is whether mr. trump can get the credit for an improving economy, or if the heat generated by his tweets and feuds is distracting even his own voters. jane: laura, it is interesting listening to this shifting views. is pennsylvania a state that is
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back in play? laura: it is definitely a purple state, jane. remember that hillary clinton's team thought they had it in the bag. the polling was showing her with a lead of between 2% and even 9%. do you remember the night of a voting that barack obama was in philadelphia with hillary clinton, supposed to be passing the torch to the next president, and then my oh my, she lost the state by less than 1%. she actually did better than expectations in philadelphia and here in pittsburgh and allegheny county outside pittsburgh. but donald trump attracted people who had not voted for a long time and blue-collar democrats. so narrowly,e won he does not take a lot of buyers remorse, does it, for him to lose the state next time. this is what democrats are hoping, but hope is not a strategy, as many have said before. interestingly, one poll
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today had his approval rating creeping up to 40% despite everything going on. he won with 46%, so that is not a huge gap.l these are troubling time for democrats. but definitely warning signs for him, and people who voted for him do not like the drama on social media. jane: laura, fascinating state to watch. thanks for joining us. let's have a look at the day's other news. defense secretary jim mattis says that countering major rivals like china and russia is the main focus of american national security. the strategy makes a break from past versions in which fighting terrorism was given the highest priority. the secretary says the united states' competitive edge has been eroded in every area of warfare. the pope is continuing his visit to latin america, leaving chile with the controversy. victims of sex abuse by catholic priests reacted angrily to the
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post-dismissal of their claims that a prominent chilean bishop had covered up the crime. he said the accusations were slander. the pontiff of flew off to his next stop, peru. europe is recovering from a major storm which has left nine people dead. planes struggled to lead in düsseldorf, germany, where winds were up to 140 kilometers an hour. the ferocity of the winds caught some forecasters by surprise. in the netherlands, the storm caused major damage to buildings as well as making going about on foot or on two wheels very difficult. seven years into the syrian war, a new offensive is threatening to open up in what is an increasingly complex conflict. long foughth has kurdish separatists within its own country, is shelling kurdish region and the afrin threatening an all-out ground offensive possibly as soon as tomorrow. america is warning turkey to stay out. lyse doucet reports.
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lyse: warning shots across the border. the target isn't really syria, it is a kurdish militia now controlling the land all too close to turkey. tanks and troops are also moving into position. the de facto start of a ground invasion. that is what turkey's defense minister calls this. their sights are set on afrin. syria's kurds have been in charge for the last five years. they are vowing to keep it. "we will fight to the last drop of blood," they declare. terrorists, them linked to its main enemy at home, the turkish kurds in the pkk. this is opening up another major crisis in syria's already
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tangled war. just to the south, the syrian army is pushing ahead with its own offensive to retake ground held by hardline islamists. as fighting intensifies, so, too, the humanitarian crisis. 200,000 people are now on the .un, heading north adding to pressure on turkey's border. got my kids and put them in the car, and we were off. we came here with nothing. in some places, they can't run away. there were more airstrikes today in a besieged area on the edge of damascus under rebel control. thousands are now living in basements. this baby's life begins underground. >> this child is only 20 hours
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old, born in the bombardment and destruction. no one can see our suffering. lyse: all the children here have known nothing but war. they have to make the most of it. they have no inkling of the complexities of this conflict, but they live with its cost every day. lyse doucet, bbc news, syria. jane: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, when art meets politics. at this year's sundance film festival, russian coverage of the u.s. election occupies the big screen. zealand's prime minister has announced she is expecting a baby. she took office in october and is only the second world leader to have a baby in office. it follows a public outcry about sexism last summer when she became party leader and was asked in a success in media interviews whether she would take maternity leave if she fell
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pregnant while leading the country. phil mercer reports. new zealand's youngest prime minister since 1856 is about to face a fresh challenge. areand her partner expecting their first child in june, after which she plans to take a six-week break. she found out about her pregnancy in october, six days before she became prime minister. long you cannly so say you would eating too much christmas pie. >> i was showing for about 12 weeks. [laughter] >> eventually we thought it is as good a time as any. phil: 37, she says she plans to mom, and is confident she can juggle the role of motherhood with a high-profile day job. >> i'm not the first woman to
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multitask. i'm not the first woman to work and have a baby. i know these are special circumstances, but there are many women who have done this well before i have. phil: on her first day as opposition leader last year, she was controversy really asked to buy a tv talk show host whether she had to decide between having a career and becoming a parent. the news that she is pregnant is rare for international leaders. when benazir bhutto gave birth to a daughter in 1990 while serving as pakistan's prime minister, it was reported to be a first for an elected world leader. phil mercer, bbc news, sydney. jane: the sundance film festival is now underway, and one of the films from opening day was "our new president."
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it looks at how russian propaganda portrayed the u.s. election campaign in 2016. you may not be surprised to learn that president trump gets favorable reviews, while democrats are not cast in a positive light. reporter: away from the ski slopes at sundance, "our new president" has been launched. essentially, it is a compilation of russian video material taken from sources that include russian tv, social media, and youtube channels. the focus is largely on the 2016 u.s. presidential election. >> when we were initially starting to gather the material, we wanted every single statement in the film to be false, and the fact that we could source russian television and make a film like that that doesn't have a true statement in it shows -- that tells something horrifying and worrying about the state of media in general.
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reporter: the material denigrates hillary clinton and barack obama and definitely places donald trump in a very flattering light. >> trump is described as behaving like a british lord and being very composed, and obama is seen as indecent and manspreading his legs in a way that is forbidden on new york city subways, and there are racial connotations about obama as well. reporter: sundance audiences have responded well to the film. >> it is fantastic, because you get a sense of what an organization that wants to do propaganda can achieve. >> is an incredibly powerful film, really effective at showing the crazy landscape we are in right now with social media and propaganda. reporter: this satirical
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portrait is engaging and at times hilarious to watch, but the aim is to do more than entertain. the creative team behind "our new president" hopes it gets people to question the nature of -- ponder the nature of modern day campaigns. >> i think it is important to come now in a platform like this , at a time when people are not trusting the news media anymore -- you look at trump announcing his fake news awards -- it puts journalism and truth in a very precarious position. this film shows what happens when it is at that extreme with so much disinformation being shown as fact. reporter: all the ongoing talk of russian meddling in the u.s. election has given "our new president" a lot of currency at sundance. it is positioned to do well and could emerge as a festival hit. jane: now, the hyperloop is the either a technology that is
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going to transform the way we travel or a science-fiction fantasy with no chance of getting off the round. it has shuttle pods through a two at speeds of up to 700 miles an hour and could cut the travel time from new york to boston to just half an hour. the company is now backed by virgin's richard branson. our technology correspondent has been to the test site in nevada for a closer look. reporter: we are heading through the nevada desert north of las vegas for a groups of what its backers claim is the future of transport. this is hyperloop, an attempt to send passengers hurtling at 700 miles an hour through a vacuum tube. many think that is far-fetched, but this project got the backing last year of virgin, sir richard branson becoming chairman. in this 500-meter test track they say they have shown the technology works, but they have not yet put any human beings on board.
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>> i think my background in spacecraft engineering has given me the skill set -- reporter: the head of engineering, a space scientist recruited from nasa, sees no reason people might be scared. >> it is a train in a vacuum system, on a vacuum tube. you can think of it as an aircraft flying at 200,000 feet, and people don't have any issue flying in airplanes and people don't have any issue going in a train. this is combining the 2 and allowing you to be more energy-efficient. reporter: this is not the only project. elon musk, who floated the whole idea, has proposed a tunnel in -- under los angeles that could carry a car or be transformed into hyperloop. the virgin hyperloop team says they could take passengers from london to edinburgh in 30 minutes, or cut the journey from new york to boston in under half an hour. but making this work will mean
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running several of these pipes alongside each other over long distances, perhaps underground, and convincing governments that that is realistic is going to prove, well, pretty challenging. at the giant ces tech show in las vegas, the hyperloop chief executive was pushing the message that this technology is ready. it just needs someone to push the button. >> i have 200 of the most brilliant engineers from industries around the world who have committed themselves to bringing something really new and important to the planet. we can go 500, 600, 700 miles an hour. that is not what worries me. the biggest challenge ahead of us is to find governments and regulators that want to rapidly introduce this technology. reporter: even if some governments share that vision, they will face another challenge, finding the money and the public support to build this kind of structure many miles across or under their countries. bbc news, nevada. jane: the nice to -- it would be
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a nice to have a hyperloop to get me home tonight. you can find that and all the day's news on our website. i am jane o'brien. thanks for watching "world news america," and have a good weekend. >> with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea.
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nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: deadline day. president trump and leading lawmakers scramble to reach a deal to avoid a shutdown of the federal government. then, the complicated war in syria takes on a new dimension. how turkey's stepped-up shelling complicates the u.s. mission to eliminate isis. and, it's friday. mark shields and david brooks on how we got to this 11th hour push to avoid a shutdown. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided

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