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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 1, 2018 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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♪ ♪ announcer: this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. ♪ announcer: and now "bbc world , news." ben: hello. this is "bbc world news." these are our top stories. cities, theyive
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say five people have been shot in iran. protests over the rising cost of living have turned political, some of the anger now directed against clerical rule. theh korea's leader raises prospect of talks with south korea but still threatens the united states with nuclear weapons. the importns -- bans of toxic waste, how will the toxic wasteith normally sent to china? and also on the program -- california has legalized recreational marijuana use. one in five americans can now buy the drug legally. ♪ hello, and welcome to
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"bbc world news." in iran, more antigovernment protests have broken out in at least five cities. police say one of their officers dead.een shot the iranian state television said 10 people had been killed overnight during demonstrations. protesty started as a against falling living standards, but they have become political against the powerful islamic clerics that rule iran. earlier, president hassan rouhani tried to play it down. this report. reporter: the fifth day of protests in iran. once again, thousands of people have taken to the streets. they are angry at unemployment, rising prices, and what many think is widespread corruption. it is a challenge for the
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country's leadership in nearly a decade. the demonstrations began in the northwestern city, a key base for president rouhani's most outspoken critics and has , quickly turned into a widespread, antiestablishment movement. this is the biggest show of dissent in her ran since the postelection rallies of 2009. -- in iran since the postelection rallies of 2009. it was limited to urban areas of the country, plus the capital tehran. this time, the protests are more widespread, with towns and cities across the country looking for social, political, and economic change. authorities are continuing to suspend social media platforms out of fear they will be used to spur protests. the bbc has received reports of text messages, like this one, being sent to people urging them , not to take part. a handful of pro-government marchers are attempting to counter the wider demonstrations, but with limited information coming out of the
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country, it is difficult to tell how many people are involved. in the last 24 hours, president rouhani has twice spoken out against the protests, accusing iran's enemies of instigating the unrest. >> this is unbearable for our enemies. our success in the region is intolerable for them. they are after revenge and are trying to provoke people. reporter: but his words have failed to calm the situation. in certain areas of the country, unemployment is as high as 60%, and reports of extreme corruption have iranians frustrated and hungry for change. at least 12 people have died since the protests began, and with no sign of stopping, the number looks set to rise. bbc news.
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ben: well, we heard there from the iranian president rouhani. i was speaking about his part in this with the editor of a news website from iran. >> president rouhani does not have the power to make any substantial change in iran. you have a sense that the president in iran is like a prime minister in an absolute monarchy. the prime minister of iran is just a prime minister to the supreme leader of iran, who has the power, and until now, the supreme leader has been quiet, and it is up to the supreme leader to make any changes, but anyar, we have not seen willingness from the supreme leader to make any changers -- changes. en: it started as being about falling living standards. it has now become clearly political. anger directed at the clerics and the supreme leader, as well.
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how will the clay arcs and the supreme leader be feeling about this? clerics -- the the supreme leader be feeling about this? will they be troubled about it at all? guest: it started as a demonstration, a manifestation of anger, frustration of people across iran, across the clerical four they have to be able to satisfy people, because if they want to satisfy people, they have to be overthrown, and they do not want that to happen, so, of course, the supreme leader is trying to appease people to a certain extent, but when people come to the streets, and they have come to the streets in the last five days, and chant death to the supreme leader, that means they do not want them to be in power so the supreme leader asking the , revolutionary guards under his supervision to suppress people's protests across iran for the
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foreseeable future. ben: he was speaking to me a little earlier. the top stories online at there, you can watch videos, follow the latest actions around the world and also find a profile of the iranian president, hassan rouhani. north korean leader kim jong and un has said he has a nuclear button on his table hearing he said this is not a threat but reality. he also has an approach to south korea, suggesting he is open to dialogue. following escalating tensions over his country's escalating weapons program and an angry exchange with president ronald trump. our reporter. reporter: just after the first sun of 2018 rose over the
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korean peninsula kim jong-un delivered his new year's address on state run television, with an unbelievably defiant message to the united states. >> the entire united states is within range of our nuclear weapons with a nuclear button on my desk. this is not a threat but a reality. reporter: perhaps more surprising was the all live branch he offered his neighbor, south korea. he said he hoped to the olympic games would be a success and said he was considering sending a delegation to the games. this comments as music to the ears of a violin is true for 10 years has tried and failed to organize young south koreans playing with north korean musicians. he now hopes to make that happen at the pyeongchang opening ceremony.
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>> i hope that the olympics is coming. everyone is coming, and it is beyond political difficulties so , i really wish north korea will come, and especially with musicians, and we will be able to play together. reporter: the south korean government has welcomed the dialogue saying it, too, is willing to engage free at threats of missile launches young people living in seoul , were writing down their wishes with hopes that tensions may ease, if not in the immediate future. >> i think everything is attitudes, and the right attitude, the right approach, i think we can solve the situation. >> i mean, as a citizen of this country, that is what i can wish for. it is obvious to anyone in the world that we are in a very tense situation right now. but i think that means we have hope in the future. reporter: bbc news, seoul.
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ben: let's look at some other news from around the world. pence has beenke postponed indefinitely. it was scheduled in december but was rescheduled after the recognition by president trump of jerusalem as the israeli capital sparked widespread unrest. a 16-year-old activist has been charged with inciting violence after a video widely circulated showed ahed tamimi slapping an israeli soldier on the west bank. this happened shortly after her cousin was seriously injured by a rubber bullet. hundreds of women from the u.s. entertainment industry have launched a campaign to fight harassment at the workplace. they have raised millions of dollars to provide legal support . california has become the largest state in the u.s. to
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legalize the recreational use of cannabis. it is a cash crop, and the state and local governments could collect $1 billion a year in tax revenue, but opponents say the new law will lead to more driving under the influence of the drug and introduce young people to use narcotics. our reporter. reporter: a ribbon cutting ceremony kicked off the historic day at a dispensary in oakland, where hundreds of people lined up to buy recreational pot starting at 6:00 a.m. harborside is one of first shops in california to get the new city and state permits. henry was the first customer. >> it was a long time coming. reporter: california joined seven other states and the district of california where recreational marijuana is legal. massachusetts is set to begin sales in july, but california is the largest market in the nation, and that has many other states watching closely. >> it is going to send a message
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to other states that legalization, regulation, and taxation of marijuana is the correct policy decision and that it works. reporter: buyers have to be at least 21 years old and can only purchase up to an ounce of recreational marijuana. other restrictions include limiting the level of thc in each package of edibles. recreational pot also costs more than medical marijuana because of a higher tax. users say they want to end the stigma around pot use. ima am a using, functioning adult, and i do not think there is anything wrong with that. reporter: with the addition of recreational sales, the hot industry in california is expected to generate at least $1 billion in tax revenue annually. danielle nottingham los angeles. : well, another u.s. state legalized recreational marijuana is neighboring nevada, doing it in july, and one
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championing the change was a state representative. i asked him if he still thinks it was the right move. guest: it has really turned out to be no problems. everything works out well. is incredible. ben: some critics say that by legalizing it in this way, as nevada did and as california has now done, it says to young state that, actually, the state sanctions the use, that use of narcotics is an ok thing. guest: well, the reality was it was already being used by the public, so basically, we make sure it is regulated and taxed. the fact is you can watch tv, watch movies. out there. the public is very supportive of this much more supportive than , politicians, and i will say this, i will not be surprised if we see it in a short period of time.
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ben: it is interesting, because the way california has gone about it, alongside this, they have brought in regulation, which some say were absolutely necessary, and some say it is going to be a mess, and this makes it all very, very complicated. do you think california's approach was the right one? guest: they had a problem because they had a problem because they had an existing medical problem -- program for 10 years, so it was very difficult for them to take that existing program and put it into recreational, so that is a problem for them. they had never been regulated before. on the other hand we in nevada , started with a regulated process, so that is much different for us, and it is a similar experience, but the reality is it was already out there, people love it, and there is a generous tax, so it is a win-win. tax you mentioned the situation. i know it has been six months since nevada legalized
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recreational use, but i am just wondering if there is any evidence as to how much purchase of marijuana has come away from the black market and is now within the mainstream and is taxable, how much has been brought into government from that. guest: we projected about one million dollars of marijuana per day for the first two years. that was going to be something which is started slow and then would evolve over the two-year period. we are above that now. it is clear that the sales are more than expected. we do not know how much is taken from the black market. that is going to take some time, but the reality is that now that california is regulating it, it will make it a lot easier for us to regulate the black market, too. we also want to make sure that we get the tax revenue from it. like alcohol, people are using.
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we want to make sure we get tax revenue. that is what we are doing. the democratic state senator speaking with us. stay with us on "bbc world news." more to come. an expedition tomorrow's and a british expedition to the arctic. we look ahead to what 2018 has in store. ♪ >> the most ambitious financial and political change ever attempted has gone underway with the introduction of the euro. >> tomorrow, in holland, we're going to use money we picked up in belgium today. ♪ >> recovering in hospital after being stabbed in his home. the man from liverpool is being interviewed by police on suspicion of attempted murder. ♪ >> it is good.
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>> just good? >> no, fantastic! ♪ ♪ ben: hello, this is "bbc world news." the latest headlines. antigovernment protests continue asantigovernment protests irannue for a fifth day in police say one of their officers , has been shot dead. korean leader has spoken of the possibility of talks with south korea but also warns that he is always within reach of a nuclear button. china has introduced new restrictions on the import of foreign waste.
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the country imports large amounts of waste products and imports them from europe, japan, and the united states. it is estimated that china accepted 51% of global scrap imports in 2016, and a new ban is about to stop most of that and it could have significant recycling impact around the world. our report from shanghai. reporter: china has been recycling for decades. he has made a limit out of bashing, breaking up, and disassembling. he has been doing it for five years. tiring but hek, , is not a green warrior. he does it because there is money in it. china needs the raw materials, so much so that chinese workers have been sorting through your abroad,hipped in from but the government is stopping that.
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.ew environmental protection china has long been a destination for much of the world's waste, importing 7.3 million tons of plastic alone in 2016. but most of that is ending, and here is why. china has become a much richer but much dirtier country. homemadeghted now by pollution and contamination on a vast scale. the government claims some foreign waste is dangerous, and the last thing this country needs is even more of that. >> china is putting the onus back on all the waste exporting countries. you need to show responsibility of disposing of your own waste and your own sources of pollution. reporter: the ban presents a
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problem for china though, because it still needs the paper, the high-end poly styrene. easy to turnhere, into something to sell, and sometimes selling it back to the country it came from. somewhere in there are the polystyrene boxes. the outside ofon shanghai, ships them and then turns them into this. billions of tiny, plastic pellets. because it recycles them into skirting boards and picture frames. some of them heading your way. but china's ban means he is now going to have a problem with supply. >> some people are very angry about importing recycled products, but just to keep the factory running, we need about 50,000 tons of recycled plastic. when you only recycle in china,
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it is not enough. reporter: the tough, new restrictions on foreign waste will hurt some businesses here, but the government's view? tough. this is paramount for the communist party politicians, the green revolution, you might call it. bbc news, shanghai. a politician from a german right-wing party was blocked on twitter after she tweeted anti-muslim remarks. she lashed out on twitter after police posted a new year's eve greeting on social media in several languages, including arabic. she accused the police of appeasing what she called barbaric, gang raping, muslim men. they say it broke anti-hate speech rules. investigators in australia say it might take months before they seaplaneac plane -- a
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carrying a businessman and four members of his family crashed on new year's eve. reporter: the wreckage of the seaplane lies beneath the surface of the river. one of the victims was richard cousins, the chief executive of the world's largest catering firm, compass, who was due to retire later this year. the company confirmed his death in a statement. mr. cousins, who was 58, died alongside his fiancée, emma bowden, and her 11-year-old daughter. he had more than 10,000 flying hours, 9000 of which were on seaplanes. the pilot that collected mr. cousins and members of his family from an exclusive, waterfront restaurant, and he was heading back to rose bay on sydney harbour. shortly after takeoff, the plane plummeted into the water. investigators say it quickly sank, and there were no survivors. people have come over on
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holidays to visit australia one , of the most beautiful parts of the world, and for this to happen to them in a place like that is nothing more than tragic. reporter: it could take months to work out how and why a routine sightseeing trip could end and other disaster. air crash investigators have begun their work. the task will not be easy. the wreckage of the seaplane is submerged in more than 40 feet of water, and although these idyllic bays and inlets are geographically close to sydney, the crash site is tucked away and hard to get to. sydney seaplanes, which owns the aircraft, has suspended their operations until further notice. bbc news, sydney. and a mission tomorrow's and an expedition to the aunt arctic, there is much to look forward to in the world of science in 2018. let's look ahead. rebecca: hello, i am a bbc
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global science correspondent. is heading once again to mars, and this time, going beneath the planet's surface. the mission will set down a lander and study the red planet's interior, using a probe to go down deeper than ever before. the hope is this will help us to understand how the rocky planet formed. british scientists are leading an expedition to a colossal, new iceberg in the arctic. it broke away from the ice shelf over the summer, an area of almost 6000 square kilometers, and it weighs one trillion tons. they will investigate the hidden marine ecosystem that is exposed by the shifting block of ice. it 2018, a critical, new climate report will be released. the international panel on climate change will look at whether it is feasible for the world to keep global temperature
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rise under 1.5 degrees celsius and what could happen if we do not. we should also see the much delayed falcon rocket finally blasting off. this is from the space company of elon musk, and it will be the world's most powerful operational rocket. it has been designed to eventually carry humans into space. and the european and japanese have agency's -- agencies their sights set on mercury with a mission. cliffs and ancient volcanoes. until now, the littlest planet has been little explored. but this spacecraft is set to change that, and it will launch in the autumn. it will not land until 2025, but they say the wait will be worth it. and the weight of a kilogram has been defined using a lump of me
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tal. is problem is, every time it handled, it is getting lighter. now, they will use quantum mechanics to provide a far more accurate measurement. ben: rebecca there. and we have already seen one record broken for the largest firework aerial show. here it is, explode a over an area in the united arab emirates. the display, here it comes, more than doubled in the previous record, which was displayed in japan. look at that. ben: you can reach me. ♪ anchor: with the bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle. you can stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust.
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download now from selected app stores. announcer: funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. ♪ announcer: "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> brangham: happy new year. i'm william brangham. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight, anti- government protests continue across iran leaving at least a dozen dead. >> i saw a group of 50 protesters that came out on the streets, shouted slogans against iran's supreme leader, shouted slogans against iran's intervention in syria and iraq, who burned down some trash bins on the street and then were, of course, chased by police and ran off. >> brangham: then, new year, new laws: the changes taking effect across the country from increases in the minimum wage, mandatory sick leave, and marijuana legalization. and, clearing deadly mines in afghanistan to save lives. >> cle


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