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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 28, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PST

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and major corporations. what can we do for you? collects -- >> and now, "bbc world news america." winning and>> teenagers who demonstrated support of egypt's ousted president received heavy sentences, says one man whose family was torn apart. >> my wife, and my daughter. >> after two months out on bail -- after two months, out on bail. huge challenges
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in the post-chavez era. a special report from caracas as the country prepares to go to the polls. hello, and a very warm welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. in egypt, human rights campaigners have reacted angrily after a group of women and girls as young as 15 were sentenced to 11 years in prison for protesting about the coup against president mohammad morrissey. they were found guilty of multiple charges, including belonging to a terrorist group. an opposition group says the country is returning to the repression of the past. our correspondent has been to alexandria and spoke to the family of one of the girls. >> facing a long time behind bars.
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women and girls with longer sentences than some convicted killers. relatives say they are guilty of nothing more than joining a peaceful protest in support of the ousted islamist president. or, in some cases, just passing by. who is5-year-old, studious and likes to play the guitar. her father says she was out for a walk with her sick mother. they tried to avoid the protest but got arrested. he shows me her empty bed. -- his beloved daughter still slept with her toys. my daughter, she
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was very, very polite. for my wife. daughter. he took my daughter from me. why? >> the case has caused more turmoil on the street. this was near the campus of alexandria university. students were protesting against the harsh verdict. but this is a divided nation. others outside were stoning the protesters. security forces are in position here on this street. there has already been some trouble. tear gas has been fired, and it is ill hanging in the air. many see what has happened in alexandria as part of a broader crackdown on dissent in egypt.
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that crackdown has been on display in cairo this week. a new law severely restricts public gatherings of more than 10 people. those challenging it have been rounded up. it is no longer just islamists being targeted. many now fear an attempt to turn back the clock. bbc news, alexandria. >> a russian court has granted bail to the last greenpeace activist detained at sea for protesting against arctic oil drilling. other members were bailed earlier this month after several weeks in jail. one has now described her experience behind bars, saying she was so alone that she communicated with other activists by tapping out messages on pipes. our correspondent sent us this story from st. petersburg. >> just a face among the crowd in st. petersburg, enjoying the
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relative freedom of bail after two months in a russian prison. exclusiveng, in an interview, she recalls her worst fears inside herself -- her cell. >> i'm sure the outside world never believed we could get 15 years for this. but when you are alone in your cell, you never believed you would be spending two months in prison. this could happen. panic.just like 15 years for something i didn't do? the best years of your life. can't even have children anymore. , she her arctic prison spends 23 hours a day alone in her cell but found ways of communicating. >> there was a radiator pipe that ran through the prison.
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so we got a pen or a spoon and tapped on it. one tap was a, two was b, three was c. sometimes it would take 10 minutes to say something and they would say, sorry, please repeat. >> it seems greenpeace completely underestimated the russian reaction to a protest that it's only offshore oil rig in the strategically important arctic. perhaps they should have paid more heed to the case last year. >> do you think that should have been a warning sign that activism in russia was getting more risky and prison was a real risk? >> i know it was definitely more risky to protest in russia than australia or the u k, but i never compared myself to pussy riot because they were protesting against the russian regime and we work protesting
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against oil. >> she hopes the charges against her will be dropped, but for now she still faces a possible seven-year prison sentence. bbc news, st. petersburg. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." basedeak to the washington- russian hockey player. international tension is growing over a small stretch of the east china sea. beijing says it has deployed planes for a recently-declared air defenses on which other countries in the region, including japan and south korea, are refusing to recognize. daysday's after -- two after the united states announced it had flown on armed b-52 bombers through the newly-
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declared identification zone, more defiance. japan and south korea say they have flown aircraft to the zone. tokyo insists it is just carrying out as normal. >> ever since china created this defense zone we have continued surveillance activities as before in the east tennessee, including in the zone -- east china sea, including in the zone. >> the chinese zone coverage these disputed islands, and it dramatically overlaps an existing japanese zone. part of the reason why the chinese move has raised the diplomatic temperature over these tiny contested specks of land, also because there are multiple maritime disputes in the region, where china has appeared increasingly assertive of late. just now, sailing through the taiwan strait on the way to the south china sea, perhaps the most tangible symbol of china's growing regional ambitions -- its first aircraft carrier. it is only on trials. it is still in the making.
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this is a real carrier capability, the uss george washington, recently seen on disaster relief duty in the philippines, now on maneuvers with the japanese navy off southern japan. the timing, americans insist, is coincidental. >> we planned it, we are executing it almost exactly as originally planned. correct but amid all the maneuvers, diplomatic and military, there are concerns the risks for miscalculation are growing. on december 8, venezuelans will vote in local elections, which normally doesn't attract much attention. but this time, there is more interest than usual because the country is facing massive 54% inflation, the highest in 20 years. there has been a great deal of pressure on president nicolas maduro, who has only been in power for seven months. he has been granted powers to
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introduce any law by decree for the next year to try to control the economy. from caracas, our correspondent reports. >> these are difficult days in venezuela. the government and the opposition are accusing each other of trying to systematically undermine the country's economy. with one week to go for local and regional elections, huge lines form where the left-wing populist government organizes heavily discounted food and produce markets, counteracting, it says, the acts of profit- hungry private companies. >> those on the right have been slowly increasing their attacks on people. >> says a and p in the venezuelan parliament. they are trying everywhere they can to generate a war. nicholas maduro has been present for six months. he accuses private businesses of
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fact and calls for a socialist revolution in venezuela. it is more than just rhetoric. two weeks ago, president maduro ordered a chain of electronics stores to slash their prices, accusing it of defrauding ordinary people. the ensuing rush for cut-price tv postulate some people happy, but what does the super business confidence? the architect of this was hugo chavez. he is revered by many poor venezuelans, but he died at the start of the year. however much president maduro tries, he doesn't command the same devotion. hugo chavez's image is everywhere, but nicolas maduro's problem is he doesn't have the charisma nor the authority of his predecessor to drive through the controversial and divisive economic policies. critics say venezuela is becoming ungovernable. the oil-rich country once had plans to build a wall street in
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the heart of caracas, but homeless squatters invaded the unfinished financial center, and now more than 1000 families live in the tower of david. among them, this man who runs a business supporting his wife and children. , heect yes, i am a chavistam tells me, but no government has done anything for me. the opposition accuses president andro of leaving venezuela fomenting a class war in venezuela. >> it is heading in the wrong direction. no one is coming up with any ideas to address the economic crisis. >> nicolas maduro has given himself special powers and created a ministry for social happiness, but he knows next
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week's elections will be a real test of his plans for the future of the country. bbc news, caracas. >> the trial of two women employed by the celebrity chef former lawson and her husband has heard they charged luxury holidays and designer clothes to a household credit card. he funded credit card bills of $160,000 in one month. the women deny the charges. he arrived in>> court this afternoon willing to give evidence in a fourth case in which details emerged about his marriage to nigella lawson. they seemed to have a charged -- charmed existence. she a celebrity chef with a tv cooking serious -- series. andhe cofounder of saatchi
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saatchi, who has become a successful art curator and collector. the defense claimed there was a culture of secrecy in their marriage. in the summer of this year, they divorced acrimoniously after these paparazzi photos taken at a restaurant were published showing mr. saatchi's hands lawson's neck. their personal assistants each face a charge of fraud and they claim they had a tacit agreement and understanding with nigella lawson that they could spend on the credit card provided by mr. company if they did not reveal her use of class a and class b drugs to her husband. but the prosecution alleges they went on a spending spree. they admitted spending some of the money but denied fraud. mr. saatchi's accountant told
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the court he did not immediately tell his boss and his ex-wife his suspicions about the personal assistants'expenditures because it was on the back burner. they were dealing with more corporate matters, and they did not have time for what they thought were trivial matters. cross-examination of the accountant took so long that mr. saatchi left court without making it onto the sand. he is due to return tomorrow. ms. lawson, whose show starts a new series in america in the new year, will give evidence at a later date. >> reporting back -- a cautionary tale for the next time you throw out the rubbish. wales says he lost a 7.5 million dollar fortune after throwing out a computer hard drive. he later remembered it stored a digital wallet holding thousands of bitcoin, the virtual
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currency. the value of those has reached an all-time high. he is frantically searching in the hopes of retrieving his fortune. when james >> brought his old computer hard drive to this dump in the summer he had no idea he was binning a fortune. he had forgotten it contains 7500 bitcoins, a virtual currency now worth serious hard cash. >> it was that moment -- it was a sinking feeling. what have you done, you know? you have never thrown out drives in the past. why this time? bins, ithese big red was taken to a -- would be taken to a compactor, crushing any realistic hope of recovery. for james to make his millions, he would have to find the hard drive. but it be buried anywhere on the site, under 25,000 cubic meters
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of rubbish. he would have to search the equivalent of two whole football fields and then hope it survived months under wet ground. bitcoins can be earned by a practice called mining, using your computer's power to carry out complex calculations. their value has rocketed in recent months as it became more widely recognized. >> a couple years ago they were worth nothing. only of interest to geeks. they have escaped into the wild and have become part of huge speculative bubbles. people are paying $1000 because they think someone else will pay more than $1000 for a bitcoin. >> his chances of cashing in are probably at an end. a local council warned they will not allow virtual treasure hunters on the landfill site. any hopes of recovering the hard drive are probably dead and
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buried. bbc news, newport. indeed.tionary tale, let's discuss it further. we are joined by a technology writer here in the u k. we heard a little bit about how you get these bitcoins, the way of mining them. explain what on earth they are. >> they are called a crypto- currency, the product of a computer that uses them in response to algorithms. there is a limited amount that will ever be produced. they are recorded in a giant online ledger which is encrypted. that is open-source and everyone has access to it, so you can always see where bitcoins are gh oing, that you can see who they're going to. but it is it secret, also very difficult to forge them. >> you don't physically hold
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them. how do you spend them? >> people think they have to do with criminal activity, buying drugs, but you see them in all sorts of places. there is an atm in vancouver were you can change money into bitcoins. richard branson says you can buy tickets on virgin galactic with bitcoins. the difference is it is not backed by any government or central bank. it is backed by this online ledger. >> the idea, five years ago one bitcoin was worth nothing. now it is just over $1000. >> any commodity can rise in value if people want to buy it. the way they are produced means they are harder to produce each time. and there will only ever be a finite amount of them. people are chasing after them, so by definition value is rising. there are other crypto- currencies as well.
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value is rising. is there a chance they could devalue? >> like any commodity where there is a bubble, if you like. it is the same kind of thing. talking up something. when the bottom falls out of the market, it could happen any time . some, andid buy unfortunately he sort them on that hard drive. >> and they are absolutely gone. they exist in a finite way, if you like. >> a cautionary tale. >> i know. >> do you think they will become mainstream? >> that is an interesting question. they are not backed by a government or part of a central bank. they are part of the global
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economy, but they are a small amount and quite volatile because williams are low still -- volumes are low still. they are interesting. they are an interesting way of moving money around. so will they take off? who knows. probably not, because they don't have that backing. but they are interesting. twins try tos set up by fond with them, but it was slapped down. >> thank you so much for explaining all that to us. the first russian to carry the olympic torch on his journey to sochi for the winter games. alex ovechkin once to complete the cycle by carrying home the gold for his nation. as he told a reporter, the big goal is living up to the
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expectations of 140 million people back home. >> he scores! number eight! rebound, he scores! alex ovechkin. andnown as the great eight, for good reason. ovechkin hasx scored more goals in the nhl than any other player. but the winter olympics and his homeland as ever -- never far from his heart. >> it is right now the biggest thing ever to happen to russian athletes. in front of millions and millions of fans. tv,of russia will watch, radio stations, everyone focusing on olympic games. >> the pressure on yourself and your teammates in front of the
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home crowd, that is going to be something else, isn't it? >> all the pressure is going to be from media. gamesure if we play a bad everyone is going to you yes right away -- eat us right away. but at the beginning there will be pressure from media. pressure to coach, to single player. a time whereo be we have to listen to ourselves and stick together. >> there is no doubt he is a star for both team and country. he is proving to be an exception rather than a rule when it comes to russian hockey players in the nhl. a decade ago there were 60 russians in the league. now just 21. >> there are not lots of young russian kids coming here.
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think everybody has their own choice and their own mind about what to do to be better and be successful. >> what do you miss about russia? >> i miss my friends, my family, the language. russian and american are different cultures. beenose differences have highlighted with russia's anti- gay propaganda law, which has come under a lot of criticism in the build up to sochi. is to play hockey. i am not political. i support all my teammates. that is what is is going to be. anything to change, but i don't know. we will see. >> if the pressure is getting to the poster boy of the sochi games, you really can't tell. he no russia expects nothing less than gold, and that is exactly what he is aiming to achieve. now, for those of you in the
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united states, you probably enjoyed some turkey and probably had a piece of palm pinned high. mpkin pie. -- pu happy thanksgiving to all our american viewers. bye-bye. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, union bank, -- and union bank. at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you
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operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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oh, hi there! welcome to my perfect christmas party! the fun begins in two shakes of a cat's tail. (babbling) so, stay sitting where you're sat, it's time for christmas with the cat in the hat! ♪ viewers like you, and you, and you, and you... ha, ha! thanks so much you're very kind. "the cat in the hat knows a lot about that," on pbs. ♪ hey both: what? ♪ come over here ♪ the cat in the hat is about to appear ♪ ♪ he's whizzing over to whisk you away ♪ ♪ on a fabulous journey today ♪ he's coming! ♪ and now he's arrived in the thingamajigger ♪
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♪ the thing that he drives ♪ he's a cat and he's oodles of fun ♪ ♪ with his hairy helpers, thing 2 and thing 1 ♪ ♪ ♪ it's the cat in the hat ♪ ♪ all of our adventures start like that ♪ ♪ wherever you're going, wherever you're at ♪ ♪ the cat in the hat knows a lot about ♪ ♪ he knows a lot about, he knows a lot about ♪ ♪ he knows a lot about christmas ♪ ♪ ♪
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both: yee-haw! (bells chiming) ♪ it's the cat! the cat in the hat! merry christmas! come right in. i'm throwing a party and it's about to begin! all: hooray! ♪ welcome to my party ♪ welcome one and all ♪ as the sleigh bells chime ♪ ♪ we'll have a good time ♪ ♪ we're gonna have a ball ♪ ♪ 'cause christmas eve is kicking off right here ♪ ♪ welcome to the party of the year! ♪ oh, hello, hello! come in, betty beaver. and mr. macaw! nice to see you, brown bear. delighted, i'm sure! ♪ if you'd care for a game of musical chairs ♪


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