tv CBS News Sunday Morning CBS March 27, 2011 6:00am-7:30am PDT
captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, where quality products for the american family have been a tradition for generations >> osgood: good morning. i'm charles osgood, and this is sunday morning. this wednesday our nation will mark a sobering anniversary. one that reminds us how history can sometimes hang just by a thread. it happened 30 years ago only blocks from the white house. the actions of a few quick- thinking people made all the difference. bob schieffer will be telling us all about it in our sunday morning cover story.
>> schieffer: the scene has been replayed countless times on our tvs, but what many of us have forgotten or maybe never really knew is what a close call it really was. >> mr. president. (gun fire). >> he had the most scripted presidency. this was its most unscripted day. >> schieffer: later on sunday morning, the day we almost lost a president. >> osgood: the business world is all abuzz these days over houlder shultz's piping hot ambitions. katie couric this morning will join him for a birthday celebration. >> we're 200,000 partners strong. >> only been up since 3:00. >> couric: he's got as much energy as the triple shot expresso. >> we discovered a piece of equipment.... >> reporter: starbucks ceo howard shultz has seen his company through thick and thin. he's now brewing big plans for the future. >> couric: i like this.
do you want to just take over the world? >> no. >> couric: sounds like it. 40 years of starbucks later on sunday morning. >> osgood: a brand new version of the movie arthur about to be released. the genuine brand name star is in the leading role. he'll take our serena altschul out for a spin. >> continuing on, this is grand central... sorry. >> reporter: remaking an academy award winning comedy like 1981's arthur is always a bit of a risk. >> it's my calling. >> reporter: then again for russell brand, the star and one of the executive producers of the new arthur.... >> to the future. >> reporter:... risk is nothing new. >> are you going to kill us? >> possibly. >> reporter: later on sunday morning, i just got kidnapped. an incredible journey with russell brand. >> osgood: liz taylor died this past week at the age of 79.
this morning we'll be remembering her life and career both on and off the screen. she appeared in more than 50 movies, winning two oscars along the way. our critic david edelstein will be offering an appreciation of elizabeth tailor the actress. then we'll be taking a look at elizabeth taylor the very public celebrity and the remarkable interview she and her then husband richard burton granted to 60 minutes 41 years ago. >> i think it is one of the greatest exercises in marital togetherness, having a spat. >> reporter: john blackstone will show us paintings emblematic of the modern american west. the fast draw will take a closer look at all the cameras watching our every move these days. we'll celebrate washington's cherry blossom festival and more but first the ed lines for this sunday morning the 27th of march, 2011. nato air strikes in libya have
helped rebels to retake the town of ajdabiya in the east. while the rebels celebrated pro government forces were seen taking off their uniforms and running off. rebel forces also claimed to have retaken the oil port of bregga. japanese officials now say an earlier report that radioactivity levels were spiking to 10 million times higher than normal was a mistake. but emergency workers continue to struggle to pump out contaminated water and restart a crucial cooling system at the plant. very small amounts of radiation from the nuclear disaster in japan have now been detected in hawaii, nevada, california, colorado and washington state but scientists say the radiation is in such small amounts that it poses no health threat. a quarter million demonstrators marched through london rallying against deep cuts in britain's public spending. violence broke out between police and a break-away group of demonstrators late last
night. but overall the protest was peaceful. geraldine ferraro, the former new york congresswoman who became the first female vice presidential nominee on a major party ticket, died yesterday in boston. she was being treated for blood cancer. ferraro was 75. she ran with walter mondale on the 1984 democratic ticket and was defeated by ronald reagan and his vice presidential candidate george bush the elder. in ncaa basketball march madness lived up to its name last night. as connecticut held off arizona in a frantic finish to win 65-63. and the clock still hasn't struck midnight for butler, one of the cinderella teams of the tournament, as they were last year. the bulldogs pulled off a stunning overtime upset of florida, beating the gators 74- 71. both butler and u-conn move on to the final four. they'll be joined by the winners of today's games. coverage begins this afternoon right here on cbs. here's today's weather.
a chance of severe thunderstorms in the southeast while a wintry mix is likely for the mid atlantic region. snow in the northern rockies. warm and sunny in the plains. the week ahead, the northeast will be sunny and cooler than normal. sunshine in the south. rain in the northwest and much of the plains. next, a day when seconds counted. >> the third coffee by howard shultz on a tray. i like this. >> this is super hot. >> osgood: later,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
>> osgood: 30 years ago this week our country had a very close call, and all these years later we're still learning about what really happened in those few bewildering minutes. our cover story is reported now by chief washington correspondent bob schieffer. >> schieffer: it's one of those artifacts of the electronic age: videotape of an ordinary afternoon that in a matter of seconds became etched forever in our memories. >> mr. president. (gunfire) >> schieffer: but what many of us have forgotten or maybe never really knew is what a close call it was. we nearly lost the president. >> absolutely. absolutely no doubt in my mind that it was close.
>> reporter: retired secret service agent jerry par knows these pictures from the inside. that's him pushing reagan into the limosine. >> he always told me one time he said you treated me just like a baseball thrown into the car. as we pulled away, i could see the bullet hole in the window and three bodies on the sidewalk. i knew then that it had been gun fire. >> reporter: in a profound twist of fate monday march 30, 1981, was a day that jerry par wasn't even scheduled to guard reagan. as the head of the protective detail, par hadn't yet become familiar with the new president and simply wanted to study his habits. >> ladies and gentlemen, the president of the united states. >> schieffer: a routine day was on the agenda. a few white house meetings and a speech at the washington hilton ball room. but that routine was shattered at 2:27 p.m. when six shots
rang out. >> the first shot, the first thing that you see, the first yell, the first scream, the first violence, you go into action. >> schieffer: you were operating on more than training. it was instinct to you. >> instinct, intuition, a combination of both maybe and all the training and all the facts. i wasn't afraid of him to handle his body like that. in other words, i think when you're a young agent, you're reluctant to do anything. to grab him or do something with him but i wasn't. so it just happened to be that day for me i didn't... i hoped it would never come because of what happened with kennedy. >> the president's car is now turning on to elm street. it will be only a matter of minutes before he arrives at the trademark. >> schieffer: the 1963 assassination of john f. kennedy was still fresh in the minds of the secret service. in its wake, there had been a string of violence. the shootings of martin luther king, jr., robert f. kennedy,
governor george wallace. and two assassination attempts on gerald ford. two decades of gun fire that had taught the secret service one lesson above all: move fast. >> if jerry par was a split second slower, he would have gotten it in the head. it would have hit reagan in the head. >> reporter: "washington post" reporter dell quint inwilbur has written a new book that discloses here to foreunknown details of that day. it takes its title from reagan's secret service code name, raw hide. >> raw hide is okay. follow up. raw hide is okay. >> reporter: wilbur petitioned the secret service to release these audio recordings of radio calls from the president's limo. >> do you want to go to the hospital or back to the white house? we're going to crown. >> they're so calm. i think that's the training, the discipline the secret
service put into those guys. >> from first shot to the door being shut is three or four seconds. in about six or seven seconds we've started moving. because i told the driver, move out. >> schieffer: as the armored vehicle raced across washington, agent jerry par 's mind was racing too. could this have been a so-called decapitation strike by the soviets? were other gunmen still waiting in ambush? although the shooter, 25-year-old john hinkley, jr., was in custody, not until late that evening were authorities certain that hinckley had acted alone. back at the hilton, press secretary jim brady was gravely wounded, as were secret service agents tim mccarthy and police officer thomas delahunt. at that point no one knew the president had also been shot. >> my job then was to see if he had really been hit. so what i did then, i ran my hands up under his coat around
his belt line. i started working up in the armpit area. up in the back of his neck. through his hair and everything. i didn't see any blood at all. but about dupont circle or maybe just under dupont circle he started spitting up this blood, profuse amounts of red, bright red frosty blood. i thought, well what would have caused that? maybe landing on top of him cracked a rib. maybe i punctured a lung. >> schieffer: that was when par made the single most important decision of the day. >> roger. we want to go to the emergency room george washington. >> schieffer: forget the white house. get to a hospital. by chance, the closest hospital was on the campus of george washington university. a hospital that had a dedicated team of trauma doctors and nurses standing by. something few other hospitals had in those days. >> when i walked down the emergency room after being paged to go down there, i had
no clue why they wanted me. i saw all these strange people around with the ear plugs and everything like that. i said what are these people doing here? i walked in and there he was on the gurney stark naked. >> schieffer: five years later when this doctor had taken over trauma care at george washington its importance was only beginning to be appreciated. >> the surgeons were returning from vietnam. the first thing they noticed was that, gee, in the field they had everything they needed for a trauma patient and the patients did very, very well. they came back to the united states. it was a disaster. emergency rooms did not have experienced personnel of sewing patients. >> reporter: he believes that the decision to bring reagan straight to a modern trauma facility made all the difference. >> we knew he lost about 40, 50% of his blood volume with minimal blood pressure. he was 70 years old. that would have been a critical issue if he had not gone directly to gw. >> schieffer: back at the white house uncertainty was the enemy.
secretary of state al hague famously created confusion about who was running the country. >> as of now, i am in control here in the white house. >> schieffer: reagan's top advisors said by then gathered at the hospital eager to retake control of the situation. and as doctors began treating the president, not only did his vital signs bounce back, so did his sense of humor. >> we took him to the operating room. he looked up at me and he said, "i hope you all are republicans." i said today we're all republicans, mr. president. >> schieffer: presidential aide lynn nofzigger lost no time sharing reagan's joke with the rest of the world. >> he said to the doctors in the operating room, "i hope you're all republicans." >> in a way this event formed a bond with the american republicans. >> reporter: author dell quint inwilbur. >> after the shooting people saw him as a person. he was a guy who laughed at
death and cracked jokes. american people liked that. it enabled them to separate the person from his politics. >> schieffer: the combination of skillful message control and reagan's rapid medical recovery was a game-changer for his presidency. >> mr. speaker, the president of the united states. >> schieffer: appearing only a month later before a joint session of congress, it was clear ronald reagan was back on track. >> you wouldn't want to talk me into an encore, would you? >> he got a lot of benefit down the road. iran-contra another controversy may have sunk another presidency. they didn't sink his. i'm sure it's because the people of america got a glimpse of someone without a facade on. he had the most scripted presidency and this was its most unscripted day. >> schieffer: an awful day to be sure, but one that came to define the legacy of ronald
reagan. >> osgood: ahead, happy birthday to the real birthday girl. ♪ crossing borders with ease ♪ ♪ clearing customs' a breeze ♪ ♪ that's logistics ♪ ♪ a-di-os, cheerio, au revoir ♪ ♪ off it goes, that's logistics ♪ ♪ over seas, over land, on the web, on demand ♪ ♪ that's logistics ♪ ♪ operations worldwide, ups on your side ♪ ♪ that's logistics ♪
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>> osgood: now a page from our sunday morning almanac. march 27, 1868, 143 years ago today. the day the distinguished educator patty smith hill was born in anchorage, kentucky. as a young school principal patty smith hill and her sister milled red wrote a little song they called "good morning to all" which i performed back in 1988. ♪ good morning to you ♪ good morning to you good morning, dear children ♪ ♪ good morning to you all it didn't rhyme. ♪ happy birthday to you we now know the song as happy birthday to you. over the years happy birthday became an american and even international tradition.
sung not only at children's birthday parties but at some of the world's most powerful people. ♪ happy birthday >> osgood: it's been frequently heard on popular tv shows and movies. ♪ happy birthday to you >> osgood: everything from full metal jacket. to disney's dumbo: and people still talk about marilyn monroe's birthday serenading of president john f. kennedy in 1962. ♪ happy birthday, mr. president ♪ >> osgood: patty smith-hill died in 1946 at the age of 78. that little song that she and her sister created lives on.
♪ i'm a man of means by no means ♪ ♪ king of the road >> osgood: coming up westward ho with painter ed ruscha. radiating pain everywhere...m, and i wondered what it was. i found out that connected to our muscles are nerves that send messages through the body. my doctor diagnosed it as fibromyalgia, thought to be the result of overactive nerves that cause chronic, widespread pain. lyrica is believed to calm these nerves. i learned lyrica can provide significant relief from fibromyalgia pain. and less pain means i can do more with the ones i love. [ female announcer ] lyrica is not for everyone. lyrica may cause serious allergic reactions or suicidal thoughts or actions. tell your doctor right away if you have these, new or worsening depression, or unusual changes in mood or behavior or any swelling or affected breathing, or skin, or changes in eyesight, including blurry vision or muscle pain with fever or tired feeling.
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at t. rowe price, we understand the connections of a complex global economy. it's just one reason over 80% of our mutual funds beat their 10-year lipper average. t. rowe price. invest with confidence. request a prospectus or summary prospectus with investment information, risks, fees and expenses to read and consider carefully before investing. >> osgood: horace greeley's advice "go west young man" was taken to heart by an up-and-coming young artist more than half a century ago. this morning john blackstone shows us the results.
>> reporter: the landscape of the american west has inspired artists in many ways. but no one has seen the west quite like ed ruscha. his category-defying paintings are not so much landscapes as images and thoughts. snatched from the landscape. >> it's a symptom or a subject of every day life. it's where people should stop and think 4 about those elements that are being overlooked and yet seen at the same time. >> reporter: ruscha's paintings now demand millions of dollars at auction. one was even selected by president obama to hang at the white house.
but back in 1956, ruscha's desire was simply to get out of his home state of oklahoma and head west. >> i guess maybe it was a... there was an urge, some kind of primitive adolescent urge to get on the road and go see that. >> reporter: with his friend mason williams, who would later become famous as the composer of this music, classical gab, they set out along route 66 heading to los angeles. and ruscha started to notice classical gas stations. >> i felt like there was a happening out there with all these gas stations. and i had to do something about it. >> reporter: what he did about it led to the emergence of a unique vision of the american west. a vision that is now on view
in texas at the modern art museum of fort worth. >> it wasn't just stopping and getting an easel and painting trees on the road. it was taking photographs. he was taking notes. >> reporter: for the show's cure rate everor ed ruscha's photographs of 26 gasoline stations between oklahoma and los angeles which he later turned into a book signaled a new way of seeing the world. >> none of these gas stations are particularly interesting. they're just places. and i think what shocked the art world about these pictures was that he wasn't being artistic. he was almost playing the role of an and throw poll gist. >> reporter: but in the role of artist, ruscha started turning these overlooked roadside places into the subjects of his vibrant and precise paintings. >> basically what he did was create a new form of landscape
painting based on fragments of roadside events that you would see through the windshield of your car. >> maybe that's what i've been doing my entire life as an artist is trying to depict facades with words on them. >> reporter: back in 1982 sunday morning visited ed ruscha at work in his los angeles studio. as a student of industrial art and sign painting, he became particularly fascinated by the shape and texture of words. he puts words in his paintings not because of what they mean but how they feel. >> they have like temperatures to me and they're either hot or cold. they don't have to be any particular thing. >> why are they upsidedown? >> yeah, they're upside down because you're looking at them from upside down. >> reporter: when the show opened in fort worth, ruscha had some very special visitors,
his grandsons, seven-year-old milo and four-year-old tristan. ruscha's paintings do have a mystery to them. their message can be elusive. are you sometimes amazed and maybe amused at the meanings that people put into your work? >> sometimes they're head scratching. sometimes they're right on. and sometimes they're nothing that i intended, but it's all part of the same magic. i don't know. >> reporter: for michael offing, the tension between image and words can be explained for ruscha's love of the open road. >> i hate to make it sound complicated but at the end of the day it is complicated. how do we experience the world? do we experience it through language or through image? what ed is saying that on the american roadside you experience it both ways. there's nature and there's billboards. there's standard.
there's lebrayer, there's all of these things rattling around in your head when you think you're just seeing one thing. he re-presents that as art. >> reporter: ruscha likes to celebrate the american west, its lifestyle and landscape. but his celebration is never an easy one. his very latest paintings now on view in los angeles focus on what's left behind after we pass by. his imagery can leave us wondering just what it is he wants us to see. >> mine are like ideas of those landscapes. if i paint a mountain top, it's not really a mountain top. it's an idea of a mountain top. >> reporter: even if ruscha's ideas sometimes seem just beyond our grasp, they can still leave us ready to notice what we might otherwise have overlooked along the road.
>> osgood: mix a strong cup of coffee with a strong personality and the next thing you know you have your customers all abuzz. "cbs evening news" anchor katie couric saw that combination at work firsthand at starbucks in lower manhattan. ♪ i love coffee ♪ i love tea >> a double expresso. coffee cappuccino? >> couric: here we are, howard shultz. when you look around this place, what do you see? >> i see a deep sense of community. we intended from day one to really kind of build a third place between home and work. really i think at a time in america where people are hungry for human connection, we're providing that. >> couric: that's a tall order for a coffee shop unless you're howard shultz, the ceo of starbucks.
>> if we can bring you the world's best healthy energy bar and you know it's from starbucks that's the brand. >> reporter: he's a born salesman, a cheerleader on caffeine. .my promise for you is that i will never ask anything of you that i am not asking of myself. happy anniversary, starbucks. ( applause ) >> couric: happy 40th anniversary to be exact. ♪ just around the corner >> couric: from a single store in seattle selling only beans to a global chain of some 17,000 starbucks. here, there, and everywhere. >> we were never perfect. >> couric: what's up with the apology? >> we made mistakes. we will make more mistakes. >> couric: here's what's up. after leading starbucks through grande-sized growth in the '80s and '90s, shultz
stepped down as ceo in 2000 to focus on global expansion. >> people around the world want the authentic starbucks experience. >> couric: but then things took a bitter turn. >> in a sense we were on this magical carpet ride that everything we touched, everything we did turned to gold. everything worked. growth became a strategy as opposed to an outcome. >> couric: it's all about growth. >> it was. >> couric: not about quality. >> it wasn't about quality. more importantly it wasn't about the customer or the partner. >> couric: partner, by the way, is starbuck speak for employee. it all came crashing down starting in 2007. starbucks' profits and its stock plummeted. macdonald's and dunkin' donuts poured into the coffee market. starbucks' pricey frap chiainos and lattes didn't mix well with the failing economy. do you think that the company
and you had a tin ear about what people were experiencing during the height of the recession? >> no. >> couric: you know, maybe they couldn't spend $5 on their coffee every day? >> katie, it's not the $5. let's get that right. it's $1.50. >> couric: for these fancy coffee drinks that people are addicted to it's a lot more than $1.50. >> okay. i did not... we did not have a tin ear. >> couric: a little bit? >> remember, the entire country, every company was going through a financial crisis. starbucks was not alone. >> couric: shultz was so worried about his beloved starbucks going down the drain that he returned to the top job as ceo in 2008. he closed hundreds of stores, a traumatic downsizing for a company that had been all about getting bigger. as he writes in a new book, shultz was also under pressure to cut health benefits for his
employees. starbucks was an industry pioneer in offering health insurance, a priority that shultz says he learned the hard way. >> at a young age i saw firsthand what it meant to live on the other side of the tracks. >> couric: he grew up in a housing project in brooklyn. his dad drove a delivery truck? >> in 1960 in the winter, he fell on the job and broke his leg and hip. and i walked in to the apartment and saw him laid out on the couch. there was no workers' compensation, no salary. obviously no health insurance. we were done. >> couric: with that lesson in mind, shultz pledged to continue providing health insurance. then he tackled a series of other problems. like why the breakfast sandwiches were making the store smell like burnt cheese and why the partners were hidden behind the expresso machine.
>> primarily we wanted to remove all of the physical barriers between us and our customers so that there was direct sight line. they could see everything. >> couric: shultz says there's a renewed focus that put starbucks on the map. coffee. that puts the pressure on andrew lynnmen, the director of coffee quality. >> i can't imagine a day without coffee. >> couric: every day in the tasting room at the seattle headquarters, lynnman and his team slump and-- i'm sorry to say-- despite their way through dozens of cups taste testing batches from around the world. >> good medium body. >> couric: to them it's a bit like fine wine. >> it's challenging because it's a very intense flavor profile. there's a lot going on. it's really hard to differentiate between coffee. >> reporter: these days
houlder shultz and star bucks are again pushing ahead full steam. what is this? >> we discovered a piece of equipment that literally makes the best cup of brewed coffee you can find. >> couric: shultz is back in salesman mode showing off a new brewing system that he claims makes the ultimate cup of coffee. how much would this cup of joe cost me, howard? >> kelly, what do we charge for this coffee. >> 30 cents more than the traditionally brewed coffee. $2.75. >> not four or five dollars. >> couric: okay. there's a big deal to market single serving pots for home use. here we go. being served coffee by howard shultz on a tray. i like this. and coffee purists look out. shultz is pretty excited about his new instant coffee called bia.
i think they're both tasty. i think that's the v.i.a. >> that's the via. which one? katie couric got via right. congratulations. >> couric: for all the coffee talk, have you seen the new logo? there's something missing. that's right. it doesn't say coffee or starbucks for that matter. which means starbucks can sell tea or nutrition bars or just about anything else at your neighborhood grocery store. why not just put starbucks coffee on the coffee and starbucks other things on the other products. >> that would be more confusing katie. that's why you're in news and not in marketing. >> couric: do you want to just take over the world? >> no. >> couric: sounds like it. starbucks tennis balls? >> no, we're not doing any of that. we're staying within our core but there be adjacent products that i think will be complementary to the coffee. that's the story. >> couric: and that's howard shultz's story. after the bitter and the sweet,
he remains a man on a mission. a mission in which coffee is just the beginning. >> i think at the end of the day, we were never in the coffee business serving people. we were in the people business serving coffee and understanding that. >> couric: that sounds like a bumper sticker. >> but it's true. >> couric: do you have that embroidered on a pillow at home? >> but it's true. it's true. we're in the business of humanity. >> osgood: next, big brother is watching. host: could switching to geico really save you
vo: geico. 15 minutes could save you 15% or more on car insurance. an ibm computer system named watson won jeopardy. but the real winner? human kind. life is really about questions and answers. this technology can help us get some of those answers. we're going to revolutionize many, many fields with this new capability: healthcare, government, finance, anywhere decision- making depends on deeper understanding of the huge wealth of information that's out there. i thought the game was the end... i'm realizing it's just the beginning. that's what i'm working on. i'm an ibmer. >> osgood: mark twain once wrote always do what's right when people are looking. it seems today people are always looking with those
ubiquitous cameras. here are mitch butler and josh landis of the fast draw. >> a picture has always been worth a thousand words but now a picture can cost you thousands of dollars because cities, counties and states are using cameras to charge you fines. everywhere you go there's a chance that someone or something could be taking a picture of you. and maybe those cameras are keeping you safe. now they're helping the government rake in big bucks. check this out. a town in new york went into google earth looking for unapproved swimming pools in people's back yards. well they found them and fined homeowners a total of $70,000. that's called getting soaked. and thousands of traffic cameras are out there snapping pictures of folks rolling through red lights. one town in illinois collected nearly $1 million in traffic fines this way in less than three months. and the latest thing is a high tech camera that fits in police cars and can scan every license plate in sight. it's connected to a system
that knows if you have any unpaid vehicle taxes, an expired registration or even unpaid parking tickets. government surveillance at might make things safer but at what price? because these cameras have their eyes on your money. >> osgood: coming up, elizabeth taylor. an appreciation. but on the ground by those who could see what needed to be done.
her life and times, our critic david edelstein wants us to remember her films most of all. >> elizabeth taylor did almost nothing on the big screen for the last 40 years. more than half her lifetime. most associate her life with acting rather than the trappings of stardom. in the '40s and '50 that meant the hollywood p.r.machine at full throttle. in the '60s her theft of other women's husbands and the rise of the paparazzi to document it. from the '70s on, it was her fights and reconciliation all public with her drunken soul mate richard burton. it was the jewels she wore above that formidable carriage. jokes about her weight gain and rehab. more marriages. the comfort she gave to michael jackson. let's stop for a moment and remember why we cared about her in the first place. at her best, elizabeth taylor was as alive on screen as
anyone before or since. what she had was surprisingly rare among stars: certainty. as a child, she day dreamed about stardom. she was groomed for it in the legendary mgm compound. she moved easily into the spotlight, knowing people would want to look at her. >> did you see him.... >> reporter: when you see her in her breakthrough role in national velvet, a 12-year-old shrimp coming shoulder high to mickey rooney, you can't get over the grown-up setting in those violet eyes, taylor's certainty she could play the young vel net merges with vel net's certainty that she can ride that magnificent horse. her ambition has an amazing purity. >> do you think a race like this is won by luck? >> no. by knowing that i can win and telling him so. >> reporter: then all at once she was madly desirable.
>> hi. >> hi. >> reporter: we saw it first through the wounded eyes of spencer tracy as the man who had to let her go in father of the bride. >> i love you too. >> reporter: and then montgomery cliff in a place in the sun was so overwhelmed by her lusciousness that it destroyed him. who wouldn't fall for such a lovely and unaffected creature? >> hello. >> reporter: as maggie the cat in cat on a hot tin roof she proved she could exhibit herself without a trace of exhibitionism by which i mean she never seemed fake. >> somebody you love can be entirely alone. the one you love doesn't love you. >> reporter: her liquid emotion her authenticity held that pan-a-vision screen in giant making rock hudson look
tallow and james dean simple minded. >> that's not true, james. >> reporter: taylor was honest in life too. at a certain point she let no p.r.department tell her whom she couldn't take to bed. >> perhaps you would feel if you stayed tonight with me. >> reporter: which brought her ultimately to burton and the cleopatra triple whammie of scandal and endless shoot and a laughable movie. she and burton made some dire films with one notable exception. mike nicholls' adaptation of the who is afraid of virginia woolf in which you could taste her pleasure in being lewd on screen and using her girlishness as a mocking put-on toy mask late her husband. >> maybe goodie boy didn't have the stuff. maybe he didn't have it in him. >> stop talking, mother. >> like hell i will. >> reporter: in a strange way that stuck to her more than any other role. the weight she gained for the part didn't come off easily. the drunk edge battles with
burton became more and more the stuff of her real life as did the drinking. so though she could never match his. she was first rate in movies like reflections in a golden eye. but when the hits stopped she more or less through in the towel and picked up the mink stole. good roles weren't as common for american women after age 40. she wasn't about to seem to want them too much. the way bette davis and joan crawford did. she wouldn't be caught complaining that it was the pictures that got smaller. so life, being elizabeth taylor, became her performance. it wasn't all conspicuous consumption. she was always close to the gay community and did more to raise money for aids research in its grim early days than any other public figure. >> i want to be a famous rider. >> reporter: when i see her vet net now i don't think of weight and scandal. i think she knew what she wanted and got it and lived
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>> osgood: it's happening this weekend and continuing on into next month. the national cherry blossom festival in washington d.c. nearly 4,000 cherry trees around the tied al basin are now in bloom. expected to reach their peak this coming tuesday through friday. always a welcome sign of renewal and rebirth. this year's festival takes on special meaning because of events in the nation that gave
us these trees: japan. washington socialite eliza skidmore was the first to propose the planting of the japanese cherry trees back in the late 1800s but the project only took off in 1909 when she won the support of first lady helen taft. the city of tokyo donated 2,000 trees. after their arrival they were found to be infested with insects and had to be burned. japan delivered replacement trees in the first two were planted on march 27, 1912. exactly 99 years ago today. the first official cherry blossom festival was held in 1935, and in 1994, it was extended from one week to two. this year's festival began yesterday and is scheduled to run until april 10. in a gesture of support for the nation that made it all
possible, festival organizers are urging visitors to donate to a red cross earthquake relief fund and stand with the people of japan. >> osgood: coming up, behind the scenes with russell brand. >> i do not attack. >> osgood: and later.... >> that soft spot in the underbelly. >> osgood: taylor versus burton. to deal with the sadness, the loss of interest, the lack of energy. [ male announcer ] ask your doctor about pristiq®, a prescription medicine proven to treat depression. pristiq is thought to work by affecting the levels of two chemicals in the brain, serotonin and norepinephrine. tell your doctor right away if your depression worsens or you have unusual changes in mood, behavior, or thoughts of suicide. antidepressants can increase suicidal thoughts and behaviors in children, teens and young adults. pristiq is not approved for children under 18. do not take pristiq with maois.
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>> stay with me a minute, hudson. you know, i hate to be alone. >> yes. bathing is a lonely business. >> it's sunday morning on cbs. and here again is charles osgood. >> osgood: the late dudley moore received an oscar nomination for best actor for his role in the 1981 film arthur. now 30 years later, a brand new hard-drinking arthur movie is being released with a brand new arthur toasting bottoms up. serena altschul has our sunday profile. >> i love arthur. i think he's a benevolent, beautiful prince of a man, full of love and humor. >> reporter: and flaws. >> he's refused to grow up. >> reporter: you could say the same about english comedian russell brand. >> are you sure you want to go to your mother's fund-raiser like this? i think it's black tie. >> this is black.
>> reporter: who portrays arthur in the new remake. >> just so you don't get into any trouble. >> what trouble could come from a harmless game of dress- up. >> reporter: you are going to drive it. okay. i hope it doesn't air bag and a seat belt. >> don't worry about that. we have our skulls to protect us. our magical souls will hold our brains together, serena. >> reporter: i can only hope. we caught up with him on a studio lot. >> to the future. >> reporter: from the beginning, he was in the driver's seat. >> faster than it should be. >> reporter: are you going to kill us? >> possibly. >> reporter: russell brand, a golf cart? what was i thinking? i just got kidnapped. we were gone for 20 minutes. all right. >> aha! >> reporter: that was just for starters. >> what are these buttons for? >> reporter: this is what i was afraid of. this british bad boy comic has taken the u.s. by storm. if for no other reason than
his recent marriage to american singing sensation katy perry. then there was last month's appearance on saturday night live. >> in england when you're famous this is how tight you can wear your trousers. >> i've had a fantastic time. married an american person. i really love this country and enjoy working in it. >> i am the easter bunny. >> reporter: and there are the movies. he's the voice of a whacky bunny in the soon to be opened animated feature hops. >> i'm special. >> we should not get married. we don't have anything in common, do we. >> reporter: then there's his take on an eccentric young billionaire in the remake of arthur. >> i don't trust them. their shoes are permanent. >> who makes that kind of a commitment to a shoe? >> reporter: brand made a name for himself in the movies when he played an over the top rock
star in forgetting sarah marshal. >> hey, i'm.... >> i know who you are. yeah, you're very, very famous. >> yeah, i am. i am. >> i had crossed the mystic desert to snap pictures of the poor. >> reporter: that same character was back in last year's comedy "get him to the greek." even the today show meredith vee air a played along. >> are you on something right now? >> yeah. >> several things. >> i'm just monkeying around there. i don't take drugs. >> reporter: the reality is brand himself has had a long struggle with addiction. >> in my real life, yeah, when i used to drink and take drugs it just got to a point where i couldn't do anything else. my entire life was governed by addiction. when i was becoming a nuisance and horrible to be around and mean to people. >> reporter: despite those drugal fueled escapades he became a hugely popular stand-up comic and tv host in england
so much so that at age 35 he's written two books about his life. how did you feel like you had enough material in your life to write not one but two autobiographys? >> so much stuff has been happening. loads of stuff was going on all the time. my mom was sick when i was a kid. >> reporter: his mother barbara whom he brought to the oscars this year endured three bouts of cancer as he was growing up. brand found solace in the world of entertainment. and in his autobiography he writes that his first experience with acting was like falling in love and being utterly alone with god. >> it made me cry. i thought that's what i felt like. i was only 15. i felt that lonely and miserable. i thought this is what i'm good at. >> reporter: but he was also very good at getting into trouble especially once he became addicted to crack and
heroin. brand was arrested multiple times. do you feel lucky that you're alive? do you feel like you came very close. >> i was thold when i got clean because if you don't get clean right now around the treatment center where i got clean if you don't stop taking drugs right now you will be in dead or in prison or in a lunatic asylum in six months. that was eight years. imagine what trouble i could have gotten into. >> sit down, arthur. the time has come to set aside childish things. >> reporter: instead he's enjoying incredible success. as one of the executive producers of arthur, brand had a hand in making one of the film's big changes. >> do you know what i'm going to do? >> reporter: arthur's butler hobson.... >> i'm going to take a bath. >> i'll alert the media. >> reporter: a role that won an oscar for sir john gillgood in the original film is now a
nanny played by dame helen mirren. >> make me. we're just having fun. we'll use the old rope a dope. >> ow, that really hurt. >> if you're not out of this ring in one minute, i'll box your other ear off. >> i'm brilliant when this film comes out i'm going to look much better. when i look at the monitor what is really interesting even though she doesn't have an eyebrow moving. she's classy. >> when i was little you used to say, arthur, you can do anything under the sun. i never spoke like that. >> i so respected what he was doing and i loved what he was doing. sitting there like an audience going this is great. oh, my god. how can he be so brilliant? >> go ahead. get a job. >> i am a grown man. and i shall join the mature world of gainful employment to prove it.
don't ever undermine what i just said. >> reporter: it was the chance to work with actors like mirren and brand says the director that convinced him to rework the popular comedy. >> if there's one actor on the planet that can kind of reinvent this character for a new generation, it's russell. >> being in love also. >> yes, i was once. >> he's so much more articulate. he's so much more grounded and thoughtful and, you know, not to be cheesy about it but frankly spiritual than people know. he's been through a lot. he's got a great perspective on it. >> oh, god, you're good. >> reporter: he's always up for the unexpected. that's terrible. you did win.
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>> ( beeping, beeping stops ) >> announcer: free is better. do your simple return for free with the federal free edition at turbotax.com. turbotax. the most trusted brand of tax software. >> osgood: does freedom of speech mean the freedom to say whatever you want to with no limits at all? that's a question our contributor nancy giles now addresses. >> in case you haven't heard, there was a recent video posted on you-tube by a ucla student with some issues. >> the problem is these hordes of asian people.... >> and that video went viral. it's now been viewed millions of times. >> in america, we do not talk on our cell phones in the library. >> when i first saw it, it lookeded like something from funny or die, the comedy video website. she was too much of a stereotype. blonde valley girl student,
push-up bra, speech patterns, listfully self-involved and blind to anything around her. >> of course she would be mocking all the asians at ucla. her monologue was straight out of the rush limbaugh play book from a few months ago. and rush is a cartoon. in my humble opinion. but she was a real student. her name is alexandra wallace. mind boggling. years ago a student told me that ucla really stood for united caulk ace yab lost among asians. funny, right? and telling. so maybe ms. wallace was feeling surrounded and scared. she didn't like it. but why post a video? why not confession? or therapy? or medication? but in the age of you-tube and facebook, millions of people want millions of other people to know what's on your mind.
and what used to be a snarky note sent in confidence has now morphed into ready and willing public meanness or not so funny tweet. of course free speech is one of our country's fundamental rights. and a big part of what makes the united states great. and levity, irony, even sarcasm can be powerful tools to deal with some of life's darkest moments. and, hey, i get ms. wallace's whining about college kids whose parents wait on them hand and foot. >> everybody that they know that they've brought along from asia with them comes here on the weekend to do their laundry, buy their groceries. >> reporter: in college, i had to do my own laundry. who wouldn't want someone to do their laundry? now, i might be old school but i think japan's terrible time is a lot more than a nuisance of emergency calls from the library. >> i started going through their whole families just checking on everybody from the tsunami thing. i mean, i know, okay, that
sounds horrible. >> reporter: and maybe ms. wallace just kidding around. but where is the joke in japan right now? is it the knee-slapping destruction? the belly laughable loss of life? freedom of speech doesn't mean you have to say the first nasty thing that comes out of your mouth or threaten someone you don't agree with or call them names. freedom of speech is why i have this job. and i try to choose my words carefully. and if not that, there's always the old saying that if you don't have something good to say, don't say anything. i'm just saying. >> osgood: ahead, taylor and burton on marital bliss. >> we haven't quarreled for at least 48 hours. >> stick around. ♪ [ female announcer ] mini, meet berries. introducing new kellogg's frosted mini-wheats with a touch of fruit in the middle.
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41 years ago, six years into their first marriage, taylor and burton sat down for an interview on "60 minutes" with cbs news correspondent charles collingwood. here's part of it. >> if you were so devoted to each other, as i think you are, what about all these rows. you can't pick up a movie magazine or anything about liz and dick battling. >> i must say we enjoy fighting. i think that fighting with somebody you love and are really sure of and if you're really sure of yourself in your love, i think having a fight, an out-and-out outrage us ridiculous fight is one of the greatest exercises in marital togetherness. >> especially if you have no really weak parts. you see, you do not attack the weak parts. they're perfectly obvious in elizabeth and myself so when i
insult elizabeth, which i frequently do, i do not attack that soft spot in the underbelly. >> my double chin. >> double chins. >> you bloody well have. >> she's going to slap me for that. we've always had, of course, the enormous problem. elizabeth and myself of my being essentially a stage actor and elizabeth a film actress. and so we frequently have lovely quarrels about that. >> osgood: burton was a respected british dramatic actor before returning to movies. >> make this our beginning. >> osgood: he and taylor met while filming cleopatra in the early '60s. both were married at the time she to singer eddie fisher. he had to actress sybil williams. taylor had earlier at age 27 decided to convert to judaism. >> he's a professional
welshman. does that get on your nerves sometimes? >> well, i'm a professional jew. it's a good contest. >> i once remember telling.... >> i mean after all we we do jesus christ. he's claimed it but he hasn't convinced me yet. >> jesus christ was unquestionable.... >> (screaming). >> osgood: elizabeth taylor had four children from three of her marriages. they came of age during the '60s and '70s, the era of flower power, hippies and marijuana. >> you two are parents. and very devoted ones. as far as i watched you with your children. what do you think about the problem of this modern world and all the changes that is blinking the children. something wrong with the younger generation, elizabeth? >> oh, god, i don't know. but i think my kids are on a
right track. my oldest son, 17, he's been hippy hunted down. he has long hair. i like hair. he looks beautiful. >> do you mean people insult him? >> oh, they insult him. they say, hey, girly. you know, attack him. >> he's not at all girly. >> oh, boy. one doesn't have to worry about that. >> as a matter of fact, he might exceed my particular capacity in that sense. >> when you talk about things like pot which all these things experiment with. >> how can i say to my son, or my children, you can't go out and smoke pot. i have said that by the way. when we go out and have martinis and we know that that is killing our livers?
and when we are smoking cigarettes and we know that we might die of cancer. the one thing that really does terrify me for young people is lsd, the hard drugs. >> in a sense both of you identify with young people. those symbols you're wearing around your neck, isn't that is a peace or a love symbol? >> it seems to work because we haven't quarreled for at least 48 hours. >> stick around. >> osgood: taylor and burton lived their lives in the headlines. and perhaps few events grabbed more of them than his purchase of the 69 karat diamond as a present for her in 1969. it cost him a million dollars. >> you give each other a lot of presents. you're always giving elizabeth presents like that bit of ice cube you have on your finger there, dear. >> it's to keep me cool. >> that's a beauty. that's the big one, isn't it?
>> it's not small. is it? >> no. >> osgood: but inevitably the talk turned back to the movies and the real prize: the academy award. >> richard, you're nominated for an oscar this year. how many nominations have you had? >> this is the sixth. >> if you give yourself to me, this whole kingdom will turn around you. whatever you want for anyone, knighthoods, revenues, you shall dispose of them exactly as you please. >> do you think that this role in ann of a thousand days is the best one he's done in films and the one most deserving of an oscar? >> no. >> which do you think was his best one. >>. >> i think virginia woolf because it was so opposite to his personality. >> what do you want me to do? do you want me to go around buring at everyone all night the way you do. >> i don't bure. >> all right. you don't bure. >> because he had to be dominated by the woman, me.
>> you make me puke. >> what? >> you make me puke. >> it wasn't a very nice thing to say. >> it wasn't what? >> it wasn't a very nice thing to say. >> oh, i like your anger. i think that's what i like about you most. your anger. >> do you think he dominates you? >> you've got to be joking. >> in your real life. >> john, you've got to be kidding. he sure does. >> do you think that you dominate now? >> no, i don't. i would say offhand that when the blumg onis... bludgeon is out, which elizabeth employs with remarkable efficacy that i'm afraid i have to withdraw. i think that if there is a henpeck around the place, it's me. >> oh, mama-mia. >> getting back to the oscars,
do you think that it usually happens that the best performer or the best of whatever category is the one who gets it? >> i won it the first time for a film called butterfield. and i went on the record for a long time saying that i thought the film stunk and i still do. >> you couldn't match what i've already turned down. 180-foot yacht on the french rivera. van goghs on every room. paid for by this man with pocket money. >> i think i was particularly good in it but i had had pneumonia and had my throat cut open, a tracheotomy. and i won that year. and i had some really hot competition. some really superb actresses. and i won that year. >> sympathy? >> i think it was. i think it was sympathy.
>> osgood: in fact she nearly died of pneumonia that year. throughout her life taylor faced down many serious illnesses. she underwent at least 20 major operations all the while appearing on television, broadway and in more than 50 movies. for work in films taylor won two oscars for butterfield 8 as we just heard and for who's afraid of virginia woolf? >> why is it that people really want an oscar? what does it do for an actress? >> when i didn't have the mystique, i think of the oscar as very strange. nobody quite knows what it is. it's part sentiment. it's part affection. it's part of the business, of course, which in a sense created here right here in hollywood. >> and it's given... sorry for interrupting. it's given to you, awarded to you by your peers. >> but not by you, it seems
such a useless girl. mind your tongue or you'll have you sent from court to cool your temper, madam. >> i won't ask you whether you think you're going to win because that would be unfair. >> i can tell you. as far as he's concerned he's already lost. i mean if anybody could make a loser speech, he's already made it. i mean mentally richard doesn't think he's going to get it. >> do you think he should? >> i sure do. >> osgood: richard burton did not win an oscar for ann of a thousand days or any movie he made before dying in 1984 of a hemorrhage. as for elizabeth taylor she received a third honorary oscar in 1993 for her humanitarian work. that same year she became the youngest actor ever to receive a life achievement award in the american film institute. they said she is everything we desire in a movie star: actress and icon. beauty and brain.
image and substance. now for his second appearance on sunday morning today, we go to bob schieffer in washington. bob, thank you so much for that report on the reagan assassination. fascinating story. and what is coming up on face the nation this morning? >> schieffer: thank you very much, charles. i was amazed at how much we didn't know about that day. coming up on "face the nation" secretary of state hillary clinton and secretary of defense rob gates together in our studio on "face the nation." >> osgood: thank you, bob schieffer. we'll be watching. next week here on sunday morning. >> something with the hat. there you go. >> broadway? >> broadway. >> my mother is proud. >> osgood: comic chris rock rocks broadway. a groundbreaking 14-year study by purina... proves that puppy chow, then dog chow nutrition,
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>> osgood: we leave you this sunday morning in a forest in central oklahoma where migrating birds are headed back north. >> osgood: i'm charles osgood. please join us again next sunday morning. until then i'll see you on the radio. ♪ i was diagnosed with copd. i could not take a deep breath i noticed i was having trouble. climbing the stairs, working in the garden, painting. my doctor suggested spiriva right then. announcer: spiriva is the only once-daily inhaled maintenance treatment for copd, which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
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