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tv   DW News - News  Deutsche Welle  January 13, 2022 9:00pm-9:31pm CET

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and the only criteria is worked will hook people. we shed light on the opaque worlds whose behind hoof benefits. and why are they a threat to us all opaque worlds this week on d w? ah, ah ah, this is dw news lie, but from berlin tonight, a german court has sent a syrian colonel to prison for life, for crimes against humanity. it's victoria for victims. it's victory for
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celia and future of celia. victims and their families are taking comfort in a landmark verdict against a man who oversaw dozens of killings and the torture of thousands in syria. also coming up tonight, where does nato stand with russia? moscow is demanding native shut its door forever to ukraine. will have an exclusive interview with nato head, yen stoughton baird. also a new study offering hope to one day preventing multiple sclerosis. it seems there is a leak between m f and the epstein barr virus, which almost all people carry and serbian, tend to start of a joke of age is included in the drawing for the australian open. despite ongoing uncertainty over his visa and his right to stay in play. ah,
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i'm brent gone to our viewers watching on tv as in the united states and to all of you round the world. it's good to have you with us on this thursday. we start with a landmark court case and a lesson in how the past can catch up with you. today, a german court sentenced a former syrian military officer to life in prison for crimes against humanity. the court found the man named on y ruslan guilty of overseeing the murder of 27 people at the alcott team detention center just outside of damascus. roslyn is the highest ranking syrian official so far convicted on that charge. the verdict was much anticipated by those who suffered abuse or lost relatives at the hands of the government in serious long civil war. his victim say he caused unspeakable suffering. now on war as lawn could spend the rest of his life behind bars. outside the courtroom relief. ah, i am, i am so happy. i am so happy because today it's victory,
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victory for justice as possible. it's victory for the victims. it's victory for celia and future of celia. it's it said eric. ignition of the crimes committed the inferior, and i think it's quite a case for their so by their syrian juan activated the sky. so i hope that he said the sentence, and if that that will be a strong base for her future will. as a former colonel and serious secret service, rosalyn oversaw notorious prison in damascus. witnesses told of electric shocks, beatings and rape. he deserted his post in 2012 and fled to germany, where he lived for 5 years as a refugee, until one of his victims recognized him on the street. roslyn was found guilty on
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$27.00 counts of murder. those who helped bring him to justice say he's just one among many. and that in accounting of the crimes of the syrian civil war, has only just begun. if more now joined by patrick croaker, he's a lawyer at the european center for constitutional and human rights. he's been following this trial. patrick is going to have you on the program of this is being called a landmark case over state sanctioned torture in syria. talked to me about how important to dave sentencing is good evening. i think the significance in this case is, yeah, as you said, besides the fact that we have now, again, a conviction for crimes against humanity for what happened in syria. so we have the confirmation by a court of law, the test of a lot of evidence that what is happening in the detention center, syria torture, the sexualized violence, the killing does constitute
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a crime against humanity. and then everybody who is taking part in these crimes can be held responsible. so it is a big step for international justice. these crimes took place inside syria. how did this become a german trial? and this is thanks to the principal of universal jurisdiction that states that whenever crimes are so grave dial like crimes against humanity, war crimes, or genocide, they can be prosecuted in any country in the world. and germany has incorporated this principle to a rather broad degree into its national law. and therefore, these crimes for these trials in germany are possible. and how difficult has it been to get evidence in order to prosecute, to convict and war ross one, i mean, we said at the beginning of the show, this is a case about how a man's past actually called up with them. he thought by coming to germany that he was able to escape the crimes that he had committed in syria. yeah,
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absolutely. and i mean on the one hand, these are very difficult cases to investigate because they're so massive by definition already. these are math crimes, right. and so you do need a lot of evidence also on what we call the contextual element, which is basically the wide spread in systematic attack against the civilian population that is taking place in syria. so the august ration off this torture that goes way beyond the crime side of alpha t branch and damascus. and that is, you know, that's a pretty heavy burden for any prosecution authority. on the other hand, it's difficult to imagine, you know, evidence as clear as in the case of syria, especially for this widespread and systematic attack for the torture, et cetera. and on the other hand, also something to take into account. so many people from syria or in europe or in germany, and were brave enough to come forward and testify in this case. so relatively speaking, we are a very,
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very solid case and it was relatively easy despite the distance to the crime side, to investigate it. simply because the evidence that is there is so compelling at kroger the with the european center for constitutional and human rights. patrick, we appreciate your time and your insights tonight. thank you. thank you. a meeting of the organization for security and cooperation in europe has failed to end. the stand off over russia and its troops build up along the border with ukraine. now the ofc head is now warning that europe risks being plunged into war. despite a diplomatic push to diffuse the tensions this week, russia is demanding wide ranging security guarantees, including a promise that ukraine will never join nato. russian envoys held talks with nato on wednesday in with us, diplomats earlier in the week. so where do things stand? now dw brussels corresponded terry shoulds asked one man at the center of this
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week's negotiations. native secretary general yearns stoughton back. thank you very much, sir. mr. secretary general for making time for us today. so i want to start off with de, an assessment by putting spokesman dmitri past gov, just in the last couple of hours that said the talks here were unsuccessful. now, that's not necessarily a bad thing for anita, given what the russians hopes to accomplish. dividing allies, getting promise is not to expand, things like that, but what would be your assessment of how the council went yesterday? i think it was an important meeting, a because just the fact that 13 their dollars were able to sit down with russia after 2 years should no meeting in meetings in that or should council was important . the discussions there were very difficult. we were there for 4 hours, but the fact that we had difficulties who discussions actually for me just proves the importance of the meeting. and because we are faced with the very critical, oh, time for you to pin security and i believe that is bored to sit down and address
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those issues. we listened to the russian concern. we presented our positions are we are ready to engage in dialogue. rashandra will never compromise on core principles . we would vincent. good. do you think allies were satisfied with the u. s. russian bilateral talks on we're hearing that us may have brought up some repositioning of forces in europe during those talks in not everybody's comfortable with that. well, they're not just as a motivator, but declared that those meetings were not negotiations or accidents. and on the same as we did here in brussels or in the literature council we, we floated ideas. we were looking for ways and i and topics. and i and, and, and, and, and ways to organize the process that can ensure a political way forward. or what we welcome is the very close consultation between the united states and european hours. they consulted before the meeting in geneva, russia. they're consulted afterwards. and the, and that is some people all soon or whether europe is at the table while europe is at the table or yesterday in the meeting with the network in an address or council,
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we had 30 after at 28 hours sir. ah, you'd be an hours the table. so europe is at the table. that's what makes natal unique. it brings europe and north america together also, and engage with russia. as many times as you say that russia should not have a veto over certainly expansion, but other things, doesn't it feel like we are all at this moment sitting, waiting for president putin just to decide if he wants to go ahead with talk. he still does to some extent have a say over what everyone else is doing with the alliance is doing of congressional decide what they do. and they have a choice either to engage in dialogue. her with nato and western allies or a confrontation. therefore, we need to be clear about the prospects of that we will not have dialogue, but actually that racial, once again will use military force against ukraine. but then we have state the toilet that there will be severe consequences for ukraine heavy economic sanctions . we will provide support to ukraine. we need to also enable them to strength.
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there have been to defend himself and a dollars will of course, to what is necessary to make sure that we have the necessary forces in east important lines to put urn to, to defend, but also deter, against integration against the new to us. all right, that's all my time. thank you very much. thank you. over nearly 8 years, ukrainian forces have been fighting rush and back separatists in eastern ukraine. the conflict is claimed. some 14000 lives with more than 800000 russian troops now massed on the border. many in ukraine fear an eminent invasion. he. w correspondent, nick quarterly reports tonight from the frontline city of the nest. i will of just before the shooting starts, you see the cats and dogs taking cover. it's like they can feel comic here on the front lines. they're done yet. gunfire and shelling a part of everyday life and have been for the past 8 years for the stray animals,
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ukrainian soldiers and the few civilians left for death. the people living there and over there. beyond that there's no one just the front line. most of those left the elderly and have nowhere else to go. brush back separatist only a few 100 meters away from these ukranian positions close enough to watch each other, cooking or chopping firewood. we were just a matter of minutes after the last exchange of fire. the ukrainian se, but sniper activity and drone attacks of spiked in recent weeks. as the world tries to 2nd guess plasma putin's troop filled up. when you cranes borders soldiers here understand that they would likely be the 1st by the brunt of an invasion. here's due to north, of course we're following the news closely, but whatever happens, our army isn't much better shape than in 20. 14 and russia would face a lot more resistance. it's the civilians out there who are getting really nervous . watching them was callers missed upon it shows you say that power line troops of
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30 meters behind it. they managed to push that position forward a bit where you only knew more when we 1st met catch in her children. 2017. the fighting's even close by fan front lines started. we're her gotten and didn't. even though the day she tells us is a good day in the shelling. only machine gunfire provide to don't, but i go and walks with the kids around the village and we hear machine gun fire in the distance. we just do our thing. we're not scared you bring catches. 3 children have grown up knowing nothing but conflict. now is all that war seems ever more likely. she's weeks away from giving birth to grammar school. she says most people can imagine bringing up a family. the place like this year will push a la quinta, betral west. this is my village and i know i know west high just the bombing stopped, so i know it will protect me. there was a, if i can drop into a date and time off, surviving will be i will, as, as or school, if you don't me,
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the doctor taking it out for years even catches now making plans to leave him back at the front lines. i also extend that if he thinks russia will get its way and keep ukraine out of western alliances. you love the nato membership is not going to happen anytime soon. but i think in the anvil take us a lot has changed in this country. and so have we, the russians have done everything they could to convince us that they're not our brothers to make us turn our backs on them and ship the liberal arts tomorrow. and so now at least russia seems to be in no mood to try to win back ukrainian hearts and minds i was they connelly reporting their let's get around of now of some of the other world headlines this, our troops from a russian led military alliance deployed because x don have begun heading home because like president holding the forces last week after peaceful demonstrations against rising fuel prices escalated into violet, anti government protests, authority, se they'd have now regained for control of the central asian nation. at least one
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protest or in one police officer had been killed during another day. a protest in sudan. thousands again took to the streets of the capital cartoon, and other cities to protest military route. the demonstrators are demanding a return to civilian rule after a qu last october, britons, prince andrew has been stripped of his title, his royal highness, along with his military affiliations and royal patronage. the prince is facing a civil hitch and the us over allegations he sexually assaulted a woman when she was 17 virginia. jeffrey is suing the prince, claiming that he abused her back in 2000. what twitter is once again accessible in nigeria after b band there for 7 months. the government of nigeria halted twitter operations in june of last year after the company deleted a tweet by president bahama dubois. hari, government and twitter had been in negotiations over restoring the service based on
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a set of conditions including twitter registering its operations in nigeria. the social media platform was back on line this morning. in our correspondence in nigeria of sinners, this update nigeria. gov man said it least said the twitter been after twitter agreed to meet some conditions. some of the conditions i establishing a local office in nigeria and i really nigeria in its partner support. i'm law enforcement photos. the butler support portal will allow nigeria annoying for cement and twitter to manage and report content that violates tweet our community rules and nigeria laws. nigeria has a young and large population of around 200000000 people, and many young people use twitter to mobilize and who to lead as accountable. so this bond was widely criticized as an attack on freedom of speech in the country. the nigerian government said that because of treat has influence on nature as a mo,
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chrissy and economy. it's priority is to adapt. not been twitter, but many nigerians are reluctant to accept that the government's really cares about democracy. they think the bond was lifted only because of election was coming up in 2023 and the high cost of keeping twitter off. there was corresponded florida to cooper. they're reporting from nigeria. now to what might be considered a turning point in understanding the disabling disease known as multiple sclerosis . there is no vaccine and the cure, but a new study involving millions of people offers the strongest evidence yet that it is triggered by a common virus dw science reporter pipper. stevens has more hon. a bench tire. his mother of 2 who runs restaurant next to the schlecht and se lake in berlin. she has multiple sclerosis. did so much what it was december, 2019. when i noticed that i suddenly couldn't see any more. i was seeing double. my vision was blurry. it was especially bad when i was driving before it was like,
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i was drunk on my whole left side was paralyzed. i pointed out the link. i couldn't grip things. i couldn't really walk properly, was limping. i couldn't lift my leg. i had bad skin irritations. my skin was super sensitive even when i washed my hair. i could feel every single drop of water on my scalp. but i wasn't a bad ways both of my cup feedin until envelope la beach bird or makings, even after several m r i scans and her doctor told her the diagnosis. oh dear, i was definitely shocked. and i couldn't really classified at 1st because i had heard of m as before, but of course i had never really dealt with it because what causes multiple sclerosis has been a mystery to medical science. but that may be about to change. a study published in the journal science found that people with an epstein barr virus infection, that the herpes virus with $32.00 times more likely to go on to develop her math the most without one. the study was massive. it spend 20 years and involved more
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than 10000000 people. we spent a large population on her healthy young individuals. ah, that will not effectively be worried to be negative. begin want to start and will follow them. oh, or many years. and what we found that those who do not get infected, weedy, or blog character, makes it look like little remish. this is a pretty compelling back east, causing the research could lead to a vaccine against them, as there is not at the moment. it could lead to new treatments to treatments at the moment aren't perfect. one of the most effective therapies involved suppressing what of in person's immune and not nathan's unable to infections. but epstein bob iris provides a different targets to therapeutic each and make it possible to treat. it may seem that she'd been more radical q or on, or i could spend a big change in the quality of life that people like hannah results is clear cut
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is this, they were very keen medical science. now the focus will be on how the research is used. i'm joined now by bruce b bow. he is the executive vice president for research at the national, multiple sclerosis society based in the united states. versus good to have you on the program. i mean, this is all very promising. are we looking at the future in which multiple sclerosis could become a preventable disease? yeah, i think this and other studies suggest that preventing m. s is possible and that we're closer than we've ever been before. to really figuring out exactly how to do this. and the research is telling us that we may be able to identify people that are at high risk for us by using a sophisticated sort of valuation of people's medical history. genetic screening, blood tests, and imaging. and then deploying perhaps
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a vaccine or pharmacological treatment that could delay or even prevent the onset of disease. it will tell me a little bit more about the connection here between the epstein bar virus and how it causes or could cause multiple sclerosis. sure, so, so easy, epstein barr viruses are highly prevalent virus and by adulthood around 95 percent of us show evidence that we've been infected with the and then this virus lives inside of us for the rest of our lives. and in most cases, it doesn't cause any harm. now, most people are exposed to e v when they're very young. but if you get exposed during adolescence or early adulthood, it can manifest as a disease. it's called mano, nucleus infectious mano nucleus. and there is overwhelming evidence now an association between mano nucleus is caused by viral infection and m. s. but i'm important to note that association doesn't necessarily mean that m. s is caused by
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the virus. so there are a number of clues that we would need to have in order to show causation. we need to show that the infection with the virus with that's the bar virus procedure comes before the onset of m s. and we have to eliminate the possibility that having m s or being susceptible to a m. s. makes a person more likely to develop a nucleus s. and then finally, we need to be able to show that if you prevent infection with the virus that you can prevent m s. so the research that was published just this week showed that it's highly unlikely that being at risk for m. s. makes one more susceptible to e v, and it also showed that the infection with the b v proceeds any evidence for that. so we, we've got just one piece of the puzzle left and that's the show that preventing e b, b can prevent a mess. what are you talking about this morning to clear that you're talking about mando? we know that a lot of young people, a lot of teenagers, older teenagers get it's known. basically you get it from kissing. so as you say,
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95 percent of people around the world have it for a teenager who has mon or then should their parents. is there any way that the parents can use testing to determine whether or not their, their child will one day be a candidate for multiple sclerosis? yes, so we're, we're not quite there yet. but as i mentioned, i think we're getting closer to being able to predict who's at high risk for developing where there are some are merging blood tests. and again, a sophisticated evaluation of a person's medical history, genetics, and finally imaging. combining those with, for example, the history of model nucleus. this could identify people that are at high risk and perhaps some day identify them with enough confidence that one could deploy, give a, either a vaccine or some kind of disease modifying therapy that could delay or perhaps
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prevent a mess from happening in the 1st place. you know, this is all, it's all very promising news, bruce bebo, executive vice president for research at the national, multiple sclerosis society, bruce, we appreciate your time and your insights tonight. thank you. yeah, thanks for having me are, let's get a round of now. some of the other world headlines teachers in france have gone on strike of what they say is the unmanageable burden of dealing with kobe 19 rules. about half of france is primary schools had to remain closed due to the walk. our teachers unions also want better protection in the classroom as the o micron variant fuels a huge surge in cases. italy is commemorating the 10th anniversary of the coast to concordia disaster. the crew ship had a reef and capsized killing 32 people. a church service was followed to day by a procession of boats that laid flowers on the spot where the vessel capsized.
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labor unions have paralyzed parts of lebanon, with a general strike. bus trucking taxi drivers, blocked major highways in boats in the capital bay route. and universities and schools were closed all over the country. lebanon has been suffering one of the world's worst economic crises. protestors are angry at what they describe as government inaction, tennis star, novick joker, which is still waiting to hear if he can stay in australia after arriving without a cobit vaccine and with misleading paperwork, australian open organizers have been proceeding on the if sumption that joke of it will play in the turn of it, but ultimately the countries immigration minister will have the final say on the surface, the count down to the spreading up and his heating old, the usual beat, the players practice and the draw has been made ahead of monday start we start with our number one seeds for the tournament, novak jock of ich,
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on line number one. the world number one is now officially drawn to play another serbian in round one. but will he now that jock of each like the rest of the sporting world, whites on the east reading government to rule on his visa to stay and play the wife of the decision about novak chuck beach, they say, yet to be made. and how long is your government gonna let this dragon fall? while i refer to mister hawks, most recent statement in that position hasn't changed. none uses, not necessarily could use the joke of it, but he can rest assured he is now being represented at the highest diplomatic levels. i'm hoping and i that's why i said to prime minister morrison, i am, i'm hoping that nova will be allowed to stay in australia and, and play in the australian open fraud. i looms as a natural finale for the block, buster drama, down and up. but if the government has a shingle for its decision, i get to share and
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finally, one of the biggest voices of the 1960 s has fallen. silent. american singer ronnie spector has died of cancer at the age of 78. and she shot to start in the 19 sixty's as the lead singer of the running. the group was perhaps known best for you can hear it that classic song be my day. you'll be singing that all night. i guarantee this is d w. news. after a short break, i'll be back to take you through the day to night. a former syrian colonel is going to prison for life, for torture will be right back. ah
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ah, with oh, i mean he can only crisis in turkey is hitting them especially hard and ra. one of is symbols, garbage collectors. every day he hunts for recyclables to receive
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a mere pittance in return. and now the recycling operation has an outsourced to large corporations at the worst possible time with disastrous consequences for imre focus on europe. in 60 minutes on d w. o sometimes a seed is all you need to allow the big ideas to grow. we're bringing environmental conservation to life with learning pass like global ideas. we will show you how climate change ended or mental conservation is taking shape around the world and how we can all make a difference. knowledge grows through sharing. download it now for free. ah, ah, hello guys,
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this is the 77 percent. the platform for africa is you to be beat issues and share ideas. you know, are these channels we are not afraid to happen delicate the tub applicant population is growing fast. and young people clearly have the solution. that future belongs to you to 77 percent. now, every weekend on d w his name is on war ross lot today a german court sentence, the former syrian colonel to life in prison for crimes against humanity. prosecutors accused him of running a detention center for the sod regime and of over.

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