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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  September 22, 2020 10:00am-10:31am CEST

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this is d.w. news the live from berlin infection rates are up in countries across europe as politicians and health experts try to fend off a 2nd lockdown some health care systems are nearing capacity was closing british tubs for really have an effect and how about munich's mune mast wearing rules germany and europe get ready for corona and which are. also coming up to do one market 75th anniversary with a call for unity but the world body is far from united on countless local issues
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including reforms to ensure its own future relevance plus with wildfires ravaging california the amazon and other parts of the planet climate activists will be pushing the united nations for concrete action on the environment scientists are on their side some high ranking politicians are not. i'm sorry kelly welcome to the program countries across europe are scrambling to contain the corona virus pandemic after a surge in new infections british prime minister boris johnson is expected to announce an early closing of bars and restaurants now targeted lockdowns took effect in spain on monday france has seen massive spikes and infections and increasingly full hospitals in germany of the city of new nick is stepping up its measures at. for becoming one of the country's main hotspots masks will be
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compulsory in busy outdoor parts of the city center and authorities will further restrict public and private gatherings. in a normal year huge crowds of people would be packed into tents here in munich for october fast but the any tents here right now a temporary coronavirus testing center is. never seen it so empty but that's the way it is this year. nearby in the city center things that are also set to change again as authorities tighten up corona restrictions really good thing i don't want to see to be the largest coronavirus hotspots in germany anymore told the truth. last week munich exceeded a critical threshold for the number of new cases so from thursday people will have to wear masks in popular public places including at this square. coming up no i think it's ok he says it's unavoidable hopefully people comply with it despite
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rising infections taverns across the city are opening their doors to drink is and trying to recreate the october fest atmosphere is the brainchild of music's have an onus an idea which is criticized from the get go. it's taps i wish you all a happy festival. 2 days later business is quiet at this in on the whole the boss of this tavern doesn't believe restaurants and bars are to blame for the rising number of infections. because we have a code of conduct for the guests that people have to wear masks i could name 10 other things we're doing i don't believe there's a safer place to eat or drink at the moment than that our restaurant. but photos like this taken at one of the city's marketplaces have shocks politicians in response authorities have reimposed social distancing rules only 5
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people or 2 households will be allowed to meet meaning that celebrations will only be small affair as. and for more let's bring in now dale fischer he is the professor and infectious diseases at the national university of singapore and chair of the global outbreak alert and response network at the welcome to the program and thank you so much for joining us as we just heard there winter is coming to the northern hemisphere do you think countries are prepared thanks and thanks for having me back again it's a funny question to be asking in september is not. it's really quite disappointing i guess to have these sort of numbers going into the colder months and as you just pointed out that there really need to be some things done to bring these numbers down or else you're going to be right back where where you were. in march and
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so what more do you think countries need to do in order to effectively cope with the virus going forward. well there's nothing. there's nothing fancy it's all the same things that we've known about for a long time it's a solution of cases and strict quarantining of of contacts we should be able to do much more efficient contact try saying now using technology that is many. apps and also safe entry type devices so that you can even track where people look plain and you can identify people almost instant instantaneously now then the community needs to to work very closely in how many government has to my good decisions and that trust needs to be to be there or needs to be strong and and the strategy needs to be communicated very clearly we've always said from the beginning that the the the answer lies with the
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community because the transmissions in the community so. getting all those influences of different language different languages different educational levels different age groups the message needs to be sent by a lot of different mechanisms and the other thing which we we didn't know at the beginning of this outbreak was the effectiveness of mosques and across. across asia you really don't see people not wearing masks when you were speaking earlier and correct me if i'm wrong but one could almost hear the dismay in your voice that you know it's temper and we're going into the fall in the winter with numbers like it's just if you could walk us through the scenario if the numbers stay as they are right now what kind of fall and winter could we expect in the northern hemisphere. well with large numbers of cases
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depending only on age group there's a percentage number of people that will become severely unwell now we know in the elderly that's that's much more common props in 80 year olds of my view about 15 percent but it but even to even 40 year olds even if it's if it's one in a 1000 movie comes of the ileum well once you start to get thousands of people in their forty's getting disease then you will get many people in hospital and dying and the risk is of overwhelming your health systems because because everybody or most people still not immune most people are still vulnerable to this so you we know what happens if a we mustn't have short memories we must remember how those those horrible months what happened what happened in the north of italy what happened spying. and i'm sure many parts of germany i'd like to ask you just briefly at the 4 week out in
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september a lot of schools reopened talk with us a little bit more about where you know the science is right now when it comes to children and the spread of infection because a lot of parents out there they're concerned. well it's the rule of thumb is that children generally don't get sick now we know this is many exceptions to that. we also don't believe children are major spreaders of the virus but of course they can be but the very mild illness is possibly less likely to cause bread we also know that there's a lot of harm from not going to school and that's not a sustainable option we have to work out just like anything how to live with the virus how to conduct school safely how to open restaurants safely out to go to church safely how to observe sports because this isn't going on this isn't going to be over quickly and and the interruptions the to the to society to
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their families and friends to the economy just has to be something that we manage better and just having other lockdowns or letting massive spread where hospitals people by fisher professor and infectious diseases at the national university of singapore and chair of the global outbreak alert and response network at the w.h.o. we thank you so much for joining us here on shaker expertise my pleasure. and let's have a look at some developments in the corona virus pandemic now the us public health body the c.d.c. has withdrawn guidance saying that fine aerosol particles floating in the air may spread the virus there were traction has sparked concern of political interference mexico past 700000 confirmed corona virus cases but officials say that the overall
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infection rate is still slowing down and new zealand recorded 0 new corona virus infections on tuesday there are now only $61.00 registered active cases in the country. world leaders join to mark the 75th anniversary of the un on monday the head of the start of the un general assembly is general debate later today the ongoing coronavirus pandemic is posing major challenges for this year's event the organization secretary general calls for greater global cooperation a major countries of the un's host nation the united states are more often acting on their own. facing what some have coal to crisis of confidence the un mocked 75th anniversary response crowd in new york gathered to celebrate the milestone moment with the coronavirus pandemic largely forcing the event online striking a positive tarn the un's chief praised the organization success of the last 7
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decades matt hardy more than he used to be if we've gone so many years we've got that military confrontation between the measure. these are going to be achievement which member states can be paroled and which he must always strive to preserve. the un's most goodwrench the security council though faced heavy criticism often paralyzed by vetoes and disagreements german chancellor angela merkel said the council needs to adapt to stay relevant. through the united nations can only be as effective as its members are united. you really council is all too often deadlocked when clear divisions are required before we need reforms the u.n. must continue to develop in order to muster the global challenges of the 21st century. country the united states says for the most part the un has been
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a successful experiment but there's also a cause for concern. the united nations has for too long been resistant to meaningful reform too often lucky and transparency and too vulnerable to the agenda of autocratic regimes and dictatorships. as the un faces questions over whether it is still fit for purpose many feel it's the right time to assess its strengths and shortcomings. tell us more we're joined here in the studio by the chief political editor of. the us and 75 years what shape is it. well it's a very difficult say both and right now and we saw antonio going terrace you was the former u.n. high commissioner for refugees he's very much aware that some 80000000 people are fleeing from conflict and violence around the world the same time we see that u.n. members can't even need top to argue over the very key issues like the pandemic
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that so should be uniting them but 75 years i mean let's look at what the mission was that it set out with and if you look at the u.n. charter boat in my old law book here. we the peoples of the united nations are determined to save succeeding generations from the scorch of war while the un was. and able to prevent many individual was in several continents but world war through 3 didn't happen and that was the low point of humanity when the united nations after the 2nd world war was founded and it was the starting point for international law for the very human rights standards all of mass to one of these key text books that countries refer to people can individual revert to and that are still being broken around the world but at least everyone is on the same page and what they aspire to in the end and this is very much being questioned at this very moment in time as we saw that u.s. president donald trump didn't even send his own message she sent his acting u.n.
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ambassador to make that statement there and that of course raised a lot of questions how big the commitment of the key powers actually still is and amid those questions we we have a call we saw there in our piece from the german chancellor angela merkel she's calling for members to act more united to who were her comments directed well she deliberately didn't direct them to anybody in particular but clearly the united states as a key member meant at that very moment in time because the u.n. is also celebrating on the very day where we see a standoff between the united states and effectively the united nations over the issue give iran the u.s. says it will now invoke sanctions once again on iran over a breach of the very treaty that prevents them from developing nuclear weapons at
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the same time you see germany france and britain say look you left this treaty you can't really invoke them and we have the u.n. . leaders sitting on the fence the u.n. secretary general who terrorist saying he can't decide it's a complex issue so we're seeing how international power is being played out and what should be. the clearing house for the kind of conflicts. the one arena where there can be arguments but there won't be any consequence internationally and certainly no violence no move was emanating from that this is not quite as certain as it was only a few decades ago and we see china we saw cheating ping also send a message now calling for more multilateralism at the same time as china playing that very powerful game so the un is still it's more necessary than ever but it's not functioning that we were out of the talk it's important to see what the action though is the chief political editor michel thank you so much. well in conjunction
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with this week's gathering at the u.n. climate activists are getting together to push politicians on the climate of urgency scientists are clear on the impact of manmade global warming and populations around the world are being affected. ravaged by fire large swathes along the west coast of the united states have been devastated this year's wildfire season has been one of the worst ever more than 11000 square kilometers of forest and towns have been reduced to ash and rubble entire communities have gone up in smoke all of a sudden the mountains were just a boy a few days ago you know which way. to the east and i wasn't worried about it. all of a sudden it just came across without any warning i couldn't believe. in brazil to the number of fires in the wetlands of ponce anon more than doubled in
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the 1st half of 2020 compared with last year. then there is bought a guy could crater in the siberian arctic around a kilometer wide and 100 meters deep it's been created by the melting permafrost when organic matter melts it releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and that speeds up global warming. the. on a small scale the processes we are seeing with crater are happening everywhere where ice melts under ground the ground subsides that's taking place to look at someone people look at that but i took crater they can see the perfect example of why you shouldn't joke about the permafrost. rising temperatures caused by the climate crisis are leading to more drought the result is more and more intense
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wildfires grounded planes and nearly shuttered industry because of covert 19 saw daily carbon dioxide emissions fall globally by 17 percent in april compared with 2019 but levels are now increasing again experts say action is needed now. but i think there's also a chance if it's not all the right measures are being taken if we invest into solutions renewable energy sustainable transport that we can avoid getting back to the previous levels but this requires political will with the activists and climate advocates do to take part in 20 twentieth's biggest climate event this week in new york they'll want to kick start that elusive political will. and we are joined now by stefan rahm's tough climate scientist at the potsdam institute for climate impact research welcome to the program and thank you for joining us what kind of action do you hope this year's climate week will generate.
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well the action very much depends on the national governments the un has basically done what it can do by reaching the paris climate agreement and the action we need now is that every government actually implements the paris climate is going to end and unfortunately we are seeing that only by very few countries that they have sufficiently ambitious plans and actions and what we're also seeing i mean we saw the images in our piece a bit earlier we're seeing climate events so for example california going up in flames some people still arguing that it's a weather phenomenon due to bad forestry put put these events into the broader context for us what is your answer to people who say that. well it's becoming ever more clear that extreme events are. made
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a lot worse by climate change and in terms of the wildfires it's something the intergovernmental panel has warned long ago and it's reports that these would increase as it gets hotter as it gets dry and in some regions of the world and it's really a no brainer that there is in the mountains wildfire and on the other hand we have more extreme rainfall events as well it's basic physics because of warming atmosphere can take up more moisture and then rain it down we have more devastating heat waves and the sea levels are rising satellite data show that. i'm getting stronger something that has also been long predicted by climate science because these tropical storms get their energy from warm. ocean temperatures and they are of course increasing of course with every extreme even the people who are in denial of reality come out and say no no this has nothing to do with climate
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change but the scientific evidence is overwhelming and as you highlight that evidence also break it down in terms of the numbers for us because in one of your articles you've argued that it's vitally important that emissions joe increased beyond 2020 if the paris climate goal of preventing this temperature temperature rise to no more than 1.5 percent is to be achieved. walk us through why that is so important and how we are doing right now. well emissions are still rising but they should be falling by now because what counts really here is what we call the cumulative emissions that is the total of c o 2 that we have emitted since the beginning of industrialization and what that means that every where we add more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere means they also have to reach 0 emissions early to still reach the same climate goal say the goals
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of the paris agreement and. already the last report by the intergovernmental panel on climate change has concluded we need to have the global emissions by the year 2030 so we only have 10 years to cut the emissions in a half and that means we have to start now we can't even afford to lose a single more year. an urgent call to action there climatologist stefan romps tof thank you for joining us you're on to share that view thank you my pleasure it's european union foreign ministers have come up one vote short of unanimous on sanctions against a bill of racine officials linked to president lukashenko e.u. states had intended to impose the sanctions on officials implicated in electoral fraud in last month's presidential election and violence against anti-government protesters. the bell the reason an opposition leader spits larner chicken off
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sky i was in brussels to ask for help she urged the european union foreign ministers to be brave and we can bellary see him president alexander lukashenko by disrupting his funding. i ask him more to finance their dictator dictator regime and programs from state to non-state actors i also asked to consider to reconsider partnerships with state of going to stations cost or caution come finally and most importantly i call on you to work together with us toward a free fair and transparent election. these were the scenes after the disputed elections in bella reuss in august which the e.u. agrees were not free or fair a unanimous vote by e.u. member states would have slapped travel bans and frozen the assets of 40 better
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reason officials accused of electoral fraud and violence against demonstrators. but instead the island of cyprus blocked the plan. it's government wants to tie sanctions against spell aris to an unrelated dispute that it has with neighboring turkey that's overwrites to explore the eastern mediterranean for natural gas deposits it's a move that drew criticism from all the e.u. members. it is becoming a personal commitment because on the stand clearly it depends very much on the credibility of the european union. the full of foreign affairs policy common foreign affairs policy and on capacity of sanctioning the president aleksander location call. with the european union's credibility at stake the next
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chance to greenlight the sanctions could come on thursday when e.u. heads of government are due to me. we had to japan now where founds of horror movies desperate for a fix in the midst of a pandemic are being offered a spine chilling solution in tokyo for those missing the big screen experience the answer is a drive in life show promising a socially distanced horror experience and a warning here some might find the story socially disturbing. you know the coded pandemic hasn't moved into a zombie apocalypse this is live in detainment courtesy of take your scared squad and it's a haunted house with a plot twist it's a drive through experience. just. as we started this driving because we can't get close to customers or the traditional haunted house.
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now we got even closer because there's only a window between us it's way closer than before but standing nose to nose many customers say they've never been so close before they're. going to do it i think the boys. those stories and haunted houses a popular in japan has basically in the summer months. but in times of social distancing if you're looking for a live action hora this is the only game in town. the 13 minute performance isn't in your face feel a fist in the comfort of your own vehicle or just some of it was when customers used to run cars they don't need to get out of the middle they enjoy the show and then go home with a car straight afterwards. it's a novel format but the pandemic is forcing the entertainment industry to innovate to reach paying customers. and most the leaving this haunted house happy especially
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after the cost of zombies oh plane the blood off their windshields. and now up next on d w news it is close up on the destruction wrought by a controversial down in turkey there's always more now web site to w dot com you can also follow us on social media i'm sorry kelly in berlin thanks for watching take care.
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of. protesters far ahead for decades. but the dam in southeastern turkey is now an operation. and the ancient city of hustlin cave has been flooding . all in order to meet energy demands or to curtail the supply of water to neighboring iraq comes up. next on t.w. . september 19th $93.00 israelis and palestinians signed the
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oslo accords. in the middle. least seems possible. new videos and private documents tell the story of the tough negotiations behind the scenes for happy agreements reached and the bitter collapse of the awesome. the oslo diaries. in 45 minutes on d w. we can see them. sometimes sense of. what connects people is stronger than what separates them. know there's some strong
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rhetoric cannot be torn down. we celebrate the 30th anniversary of germany's reunification. to preserve on w. a sinking city for thousands of years many people have lived in the ancient town and the sun caves. must thank you for a really good go after the water submerged her son kafe the town with its people wildlife and traditions ceased to exist he just disappeared to hershey if the town was evacuated before it was swallowed up by the waters of the river tigris the reason why tens of thousands of people lost their house.

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