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tv   Focus on Europe  Deutsche Welle  July 19, 2019 4:30am-5:01am CEST

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as much as those are big changes and most start with small steps global ideas tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world like to use the term climate most green energy solutions and reforestation. they create interactive content teaching next generation about environmental protection and more determined to build something here for the next generation local i.d.'s the multimedia environment series on t.w. . hello bunch ya know and welcome to a very special edition of focus on europe coming to you from the heart of the italian capital rome and it was here back in 1957 that history was quite literally
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made with the signing of the treaty of rome that would lead the way to the creation of the european union as we know it today alongside that's another dream came true the dream of freedom of movement for all of europe citizens so we joined one young man for a very sure bet to see how that freedom of movement works today. this summer friedrich schubert is exploring europe from west to east by train. he's already covered over 2500 kilometers. i think on the conquest from paris france i travel to italy so this is my 3rd country but. his next stop is below new a university city in central italy. the e.u. is given 827000 free 4 week into rail train tickets to european youngsters. it wants them to explore the consonants and hopes this will help counter nationalist tendencies in some states. the success of the
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silicon stereotype is that people here are more relaxed more open with one another and more welcoming to strangers they have been a friend of some of the some that's something we germans often struggle with which in the. friedrich spontaneously meets organizers the long is cheap street art festival this summer the putting up 600 posters by artists across the city walls the messages are surprisingly pro european. i think europe and. you know something that can still get there and keep us together along with being here in each other what centuries and now we have a you know we have common programs we have a common politics 25 year old friedrich continues his european journey in an easterly direction. to trist from 6 just 6. is on route to slovenia one of the e.u.'s newest member states it was once part of
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the communist yugoslavia. as the train heads for the italian slovenian border he makes friends with a reason man ferrari who comes from the region. of my family tells me stories about when. there was a. there were differences may vary from st e s. . day people in europe can again travel freely. if you've been to slovenia yet but. after 3 hours the train reaches the mediterranean city and soon arrives at the slovenian border. there's no border guard in sight just a train conductor. for over 11 years this is been an open border.
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it's really interesting when people talk about the past it's incredible freedom to just cross into another country without checks but i cannot fully appreciate it because i didn't experience what it was like before. travelling freely across borders has become a normal let's say for young people like friedrich it is one of the major achievements of the e.u. friedrich has reached the civilian capital leon. does it make. it so hard for freedom to imagine a return to nationalist tendencies. after a stopover in slovenia keyboards the night train to the home carrying capital budapest . it was in hungary that the iron curtain 1st became possible today hungary's government takes an e.u. skeptical stance but few yogen guerin's share these opinions smug as such because i
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didn't meet anyone who said something very negative about your cause maybe because most people tend to identify with their nation and not europe. really gets this occasion. says it all so maybe we must make clear out why the european idea is so important it's because the enormous to use this trip to strengthen friedrich slovak . and he hopes its borders will remain open its european into real trip has made a lasting impression. well the europe that the young for reader issue brought the moves around in so freely today began to take shape here in this magnificent hall at the capital line museum in rome on the 25th of march 1957 france germany italy and the benny look states signed the treaty of rome after 2 devastating wars in the whole course europe's founding fathers were absolutely determined to bring lasting peace to the
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continent well one of the translators in the big ocean leading to this historic moment was a remarkable woman called really hard work out. a visit to the last living person to have witnessed the founding of europe a 90 year old rainy half a camp lives in brussels. as a 27 year old interpreter renee witnessed the treaty of rome being negotiated she accompanied belgian paul on a response regarded as one of the founders of european unification. she mostly sat next to spark who was head of the belgian government in exile during the 2nd world war. later as a european he reached out to the germans. miraculously he did so just 10 years after the war ended. a cloud of cases so you're meant to be out now i really believe that someone might add now or definitely wanted
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something else and this could only be europe di benedetto benelux countries had an ideal too and if there never again which was repeatedly stated. they need a is a holocaust survivor she and her jewish family had to flee from the nazis and leave cologne in belgium they went into hiding to eat did he the idea of ever going to germany again as a tourist or later accompanying spark from my work was hard to grasp. but had resigned for peace in europe a stronger you have to live because i believed in it when i was younger that was a time of enthusiasm for europe absolutely plenty is the last surviving pioneer of the founding of europe today her dream of a europe without borders has become a reality.
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and part of that reality this is even the ancient romans might have been proud of themselves as the creation of a european single market with a total workforce of more than $200000000.00 men and women so for many europe does stand for prosperity but not for all such as a rainy and day laborers who gather here in rome for work on a daily basis. it's 5 30 in the morning in buffalo on the outskirts of rome this is where day laborers wait for someone to offer them work most of them are from romania. a van pulls over. one of the men climbs in discreetly of course the police could show up at any minute. the others stay behind and keep on waiting most of the time it's in vain italy's construction sector is in crisis we
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ask some of the men how much money they can earn here. heavy labor can get to 60 to 70 years a day. he says some of the people that picked them up are italian and some are remaining in picher come under no you had no luck finding work this morning. is unlucky streak has lasted for more than a week now. be done everything that a lot i moonlighted our employers prefer that so that they can avoid paying taxes their insurance box they would rather take you as an undeclared worker. let me agree that if they did learn it would sometimes i don't get paid a toll. they say they'll pay tomorrow and then they never show up again in a good gamble money oh well like. a 63 year old welder has been trying his luck for years here but with less and less success. he says
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a while ago his wife and his 2 children left him. since then he's been living at the edge of the city in this makeshift hut. with me that i've got my kids with their grandparents while out there waiting for their dad to come back but i'm not coming back. every evening picture co goes to bed early he'll have to wake up at 430 if he wants any chance of getting work tomorrow. god what a curse it life this is. but patrick a is not alone in his plight yulian montoya from italy's construction union knows of many others just like him originally from romania he says many of his countrymen come to italy hoping for a fast catch up what the one they came because they were promised the land of milk and honey here but they found something entirely different. patrick oh was also looking for a better life when he set out from romania to italy many years ago. this is where
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he used to live in the village of s. now now his house is abandoned his family has moved away and many other houses stand empty here the local bar is the only place left with a bit of life in it here they remember their previous neighbor oh great generally it's out of money he said that was the point staying here in a country. that was earning his daily bread and everything else he needs to my being if i could go gladly i think it's better to stay here on a romanian feels. at least here you can get some sheeps cheese even a for a mania is per. the set up for what was. back in rome like every morning petrushka is up early driven by the hope of earning a few heroes today. looking forward i'm sure rome is beautiful to look into it is not for me brought to you no doubt.
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i will not tourists were slaves in demotic that. but. there are few people looking for cheap labor in buffalo today summer vacation has started. a bad outlook for people might pay to under no you the romanian welder. now one thing all e.u. citizens have in common is a passport just like this one and just in the same way that wealth consumers can afford to buy all the latest fashions here in chic central rome wealthy investors can actually afford to buy e.u. citizenship in the form of so-called golden passports and the place to do that is cyprus. cyprus is booming and the 2013 financial crisis seems all but forgotten. the island's real estate market is thriving with rows of expensive high rise condos going up in the port city of limits saw. many
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russians are buying them today they make up a better 4th of the city's total population. and a growing number of them have a cypriot e.u. passport. business consultant irene is settled and is one of those who makes it happen all they need to do is invest 2000000 euros in a look 3 property. build our hearts last week of august. pulley. and to give something sounds. it's very simple. choir the bus parked don't have to live here permanently the. possibility to. know. how
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$154.00 countries for. the fact cyprus issues gold and passports to wealthy russians and arabs has been severely criticized by the e.u. but the island's finance minister who oversees this investment scheme says so far only 500 people have acquired one and these ones may be main fact be those which are offered after the most. beat hailed in depth scrutiny and the background checks that are any suggestions for you before we take the course to. jointly. establish it all it's gotten not done the best and i don't see why the reasons hold on so we would be absolutely willing to engage in such a discussion there is also been growing criticism of the golden passport program within cyprus critics say it lacks transparency and that the program just makes
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real estate tycoons like yanis misery even richer. the president's son in law is currently building a penthouse high rise in a song with your level apartments selling for more than 2000000000 euros is not worried by the fact that this entitles them to a golden passport after all they invest considerable sums. a big number is our middle east friends middle eastern g.c.c. countries. asia and the russians said that is 5 or 6 percent dependence on this program. i guess if you take away any niche market from any market it's going to have some negative impact. well the influx of rich russians has changed life in the midst of not want to speak to us on camera about their new passports although business consultant and says most are mainly interested in making a profit. he calls his
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a terrible 5 percent of the e.u. and in 5 years. so the loop holes in the as well because also the benefit of the sides of citizens. an attractive deal and one that cypriot investment consultants a keen to promote after all where else can you acquire an e.u. passport in just 3 months. we've come to rome is not going to auto market it's a great place to buy fresh fruit including some lovely berries out there out and you may or may not know that scotland is a place where berries are big business but the question now is what happens with bragg because if the u.k. does choose to leave the european union as seems likely that means we're going to be slamming the door on the freedom of movement for those migrant laborers who are so vital to scottish from
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a. picture perfect scotland. the highlands famous for their breathtaking landscapes the castles and lakes add some bagpipes and a kilt and this is the way tourists experience this part of britain. right now the workers on the strawberry farms however don't get to see this side of scotland almost all of them came here from eastern europe. they earn around $300.00 euros per week here that equals a month's wage in romania and bulgaria but if you thought about the way forced. budget would you dimitri on has been spending the summer months in scotland for 7 years now as an e.u. citizen you never had problems entering the country but bracks it could mean the end of freedom of movement will be hard i think by their flights they pulled me out
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. a lot of weight on the airport where i'm going why. how many hours that was how i am if i paid rain feet of earth with your shoes and then 4 or 5 years ago that they would have. during the summer some 10000 workers from other in the countries are employed in the scottish agricultural sector. rex it also has a worrying effect on scottish farmers you know that a lot of the politicians in london neglect and abandon us says angus porter who runs the farm ploys 140 seasonal workers not one of them is british he struggles to find enough local workers in rural scotland the future worries him we've built up an industry entirely based on people coming from me and without them
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. well it would be very very difficult i mean i don't. i don't know how i would even begin to do our work. the nearby town of arbroath has seen better days hardly anyone here can make a living from fishing anymore. many shops on the high street are vacant they like customers with money to spend. it's somewhat busier at the barber shop though employees as well as customers are from eastern europe migrants from the e.u. are needed everywhere they say. not only the farm. it is fish for 30 years but this chicken fight for this is that i fear that fish for truth is both really easy job as well and also the old mole fish smells it's no easy job but also some original politicians have
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a different view though you are correct that supporters would rather send unemployed scots to work in the fields. to do more jobs when i was a boy. i walked on the farms. what i was at school during the holidays. we when i didn't have the money doing got where the foreign people coming across to the gas chamber gosh to buy that coming across this is actually made. you know that a lot of people put up thought of the opportunity. locals however wouldn't want to live in these containers on the farm and be woken at 5 am to start picking says dimitri alongside other seasonal workers in retreat earns the minimum wage often for 10 to 12 hours a day and we thought we had some guys yeah that the game they would
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do it 3 days and they left. because of their hard job. dimitri would like to stay in scotland permanently instead of just during the harvest season and he'd like to see more of scotland than just the strawberry fields. his dream is to visit the scottish highlands someday but rex it could stop that ever happening. building bridges like the ancient romans used to do is essentially what we're european union is all about take for instance tensions between germany and poland which have been really running at the extreme recently but the 2 sides share a common border along the river and people there have been coming together and building bridges into the future. much assure stairs roses in her own garden are her pride and joy. 9 years ago she her family moved from poland to
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germany they bought their house for a little money and spent years renovating and expanding it just in fact it was all tangly the grass was knee high and we had trouble getting through because everything was covered in many so. called. moving to germany was a huge opportunity for martha here she runs around career services and several vacation homes in addition she could take care of her children and work from home. the family could only find a big enough house in germany where to spreading the properties are cheaper in this part of germany than neighboring poland. often. because i often receive messages from acquaintances or even people i don't know asking if i have any hot tips for a house or a nice piece of property available for sale real estate is becoming scarce.
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one and. it's residents of carts a small town in the river oder is from poland and the numbers are rising. and the germans. are they getting used to the polish neighbors bringing new life to the place. to none of these ones as long as they don't harm us and we don't harm them and they make sure to integrate themselves into society and work hard on a stay approachable and do their work i've got no problem no amount of it i feel for the. fact that i guess it's a harmonious coexistence whatsoever put to the test when the local elementary school introduced polish lessons for german children. some protested. but the local council and school management were soon able to win over the critics we have and we have 205 children that go to school here in london both 80 of them are polish players cannot so it's clear that they too are vital for this school inch wished and ought to have everything. by now 9 german pupils take part and
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missteps in school as cheerful polish course. but. many kids in our class are from poland and when they speak polish we want to be able to understand them and when we go to poland we want to be able to say something. the germans often cross into poland. the polish town of graffito is much closer than any big german town. here shopping might be inexpensive but the real estate prices are quite high. that's why many poles choose to live in germany and many more say they would be happy to follow i don't say no pitch maybe someday we go there. martha shuster has never regretted her decision to move to an area that many
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germans consider the end of the world. and 5 not at all this here is the beginning of the world because it's so beautiful here we're surrounded by nature and nice people what more could we want. let's. see here they're idyllic retreat is noisily destructed. 2 the festival in the german bank of the odor liven things up but it's the humor. rough and tumble fun. and german march music. it doesn't get more traditional than this but martha shuster and a polish friends have no trouble like this oh i love this here in germany so it's fine that it's typically german. european freedom of movement here in the small town of cortes it's become a part of everyday life 4. i'm not
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so from this special edition of focus on europe coming to you from the eternal city of rome thanks very much indeed for joining us and all that remains to say goodbye and i may be the actual.
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mind of a starry eyed idealists or p.r. strategists the base business startups are out to change the world they build online platform sentiment that makes money the big do startups like these have a future or on a minute just
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a marketing trick. made in germany. they might not look that appetizing. but they're very popular with or maybe. c.q. cumbersome. creatures are farmed inside a madagascar. corning district ecological miraculously. limited number of safeguarding natural. continents on the. mission robots are still in the development phase of forth that's going to happen when they grow will schumann's and machines be able to peacefully co-exist or are we on the verge of a robot colors. if we just bumble into this totally unprepared with our heads in
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the sand fusing to think about what could go wrong then let's face it it's probably going to be the biggest mistake of history. artificial intelligence is now spreading through our society. will experts be able to agree on ethical guidelines or will this technology create deadly new autonomous weapon systems. such as in robot collapse stores aug 14th on d. w. . bridge nothing traffic jams well enough sometimes damage but they stand up and whip it up and we should jam in think they can to jam a culture of knocking out of the stereotype a question that any of think is huge in the country that i now live from. kiev needed to be fit for this drama day out thus it's all that. awful no time a job join me to meet the gentleman from d.w.
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post. the quiet melody resounds michael light of the mood. and did some repeat reasoning within its soul. the mind and the music. to open 1st 12019 from september 6th to september 29th. u.s. president donald trump said a u.s. warship stationed in the strait of hormuz has destroyed in the rain in drones which flew within a 1000 meters of the vessel trump said the unmanned craft had ignored multiple calls to stand down and was threatening the safety of the u.s.s. boxer and its crew. japanese media has reported that tokyo is
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planning to summon south korea's ambassador on friday as the conflict over world war.

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