tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle March 1, 2019 3:02am-3:30am CET
as president cunt short his summit in vietnam with north korean leader kim jong un today he says kim wanted all sanctions lifted kim's people say they only wanted partial relief on trump is headed back to the u.s. capitol where a political firestorm rages his former attorney has accused him of crimes committed before and after truong became u.s. president tonight from hawaii to washington the question following the president who's telling the truth i'm brink off in berlin this is the day. basically the one of these sanctions lifted. is here today and you couldn't do that i don't think from president obama could afford to do up close unquote that deal here in hanoi and. they were willing to believe for sure in. the areas that we wanted the deal to if you'll join us again in the not to be here to.
take the bait as best as you know we couldn't give up losing shouldst of it so we continue to work and we'll see that we can do to you know the more we think the situation i wonder whether you would ever reach agreement with the u.s. as you do to do more if it was a little clearer to do that but it is very difficult for me sixteen years to reach agreement because sooner or later it will be his and his family's. also coming up tonight almost annihilated by war and extremism a country and its culture are now being rescued digitally at the time i couldn't imagine that this this is beautiful when it would be destroyed often or at least of the picture. so. it was very difficult to imagine what would happen for the
country and also for the people who. were to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and all the around the world welcome we begin the day with a u.s. president and the art of walking away from the deal today president abruptly ended his second summit with north korean leader kim jong un now the two men were apparently unable to take the next step in moving towards the goal of denuclearizing north korea before he left annoy vietnam today trump said that the north korean leader wanted all economic sanctions lifted but tonight north korea has rebuked trump saying the request was only for lifting part not all of the sanctions it's a reminder of how difficult denuclearization is no matter how many nuclear weapons are concerned north korea is thought to have
a fairly small arsenal an estimated ten to twenty warheads now compare that to the number the u.s. or russia has more than six thousand you can see right there just a dwarf so it's not just about the number of new it's about who can launch the kim jong un wants the same passions against his country lifted goals the two sides apparently could not agree upon. there was no lunch and no signing ceremony instead president trump's motorcade headed away from the summit venue after talks broke off prematurely. the hanoi meeting was the second he's had with him jump on after a summit in singapore last year critics called that one big on style and low on substance so this time donald trump was under pressure to deliver results a clear timetable from pyongyang for dismantling its nuclear program for example
from the outset he made it clear that he wasn't going to be rushed. very very much for giving their readers not that important really. wanted perhaps the most public commitment to international demands yet a comment from north korea's kim jong un when asked whether he was ready to did new clear ice. you know filled with your generosity and if i'm not really sure that i won't be here right it is. that it will be the best answer you ever but with pyongyang pressing its own demands president trump was left to explain why the talks fell apart. basically they were all of these sanctions were. in their authority and we couldn't do that. they were willing to do new go large portion of the areas that we wanted but we couldn't give up all of the sanctions for the so we
continue to work and we'll see but we had to walk away from that particular suggestion we had to walk away from. it was a dispiriting end to a much more meeting with the sanctions issue still far from resolved it appears the road to disarming north korea will be a long one. and where do we go from here to talk about that i'm joined by young hurdle she is from the german marshall fund her specialty of course the korean peninsula it's good to have you on the show i want to ask you about the rebuke coming from north korea this evening saying that the claim by the u.s. president that kim jong un wanted all sanctions to be lifted is not true what you make of that it's very interesting that they came out with the state and relatively quickly because normally the process goes differently it's more of a you play this in the north korean media kind of way so that means that they want to very narrative account a narrative out there relatively quickly. they have
a lot to lose and they have a lot to gain from economic sanctions being lifted forty percent of the population is nourished at the moment they have a severe for celotex coming up so kim jong un wanted concrete results from this from this summit so this is they have more than they have more intention of actually having their message out it's in so you but you think it is true that the story we're getting from donald trump that donald trump is the one who walked away and said no more it's hard to say at this moment i think it's where at the at a moment where it's kind of like we're deconstructing what happened now way back and it will take a few days to really analyze the situation i'm going to look forward to the statement coming from beijing as well i would like to hear more from what it's all makes of the situation that is a bit odd to have at this point in time what about the possibility of a third summit do you think that will happen well it sounded. like it when donald trump gave his press conference and kim jong un has every interest in having another summit so i think there is not much reason not to have one the question is
when it does seem a little bit like kicking the can down the road at the moment so maybe it will take a little while until the next summit comes up so this better pat what this is the what was the what was the purpose of this summit that's a very good question because one whit saying that if in a moment of these formalities you know late that leaders sign a document and sometimes they can meet their leader to give a little push and to give it back to take it over the tipping point but it seems like nothing was prepared or that they were going from completely different assumptions at this point in time and so i don't think that that this was a good timing for the summit and when you say nothing was repaired you mean on the american side well i think on both sides it seems to be a lack of understanding of the other's dumond's that which should have been ironed out way before the summit. has been a very. undue nontraditional way of negotiating we've seen it top down trump has insisted on being the one being in
a face to face with kim jong un but we know he's not a man for details and we know he doesn't want to read is has he been taught a lesson here that maybe you need to let the lower level the diplomats the experts do their work first maybe that goes a little too far of actually being able to learn a lesson here and this at this point in time but i think it did underline the fact that you can pull off a single four summit you can take all of the media attention that it gets and it will push the process forward and this is what actually happened is more movement that any time before on the korean peninsula which is something which if you're not it is you can't repeat the substance has to follow at a certain point and this has throughout the tests and yes the on his team also has to be able to negotiate on his behalf with the degree of authority which it apparently hasn't had so far the skin. in washington and the testimony by trump's former personal attorney michael cohen do you think that we
could the position of donald trump in the eyes of conjunction i think that we can donald trump because his attention was in washington it wasn't and noise and i think that was a mistake he admitted in the press conference that he was actually watching some of the testimony it may have even touched him bothered him so i think for something as important as negotiations about denuclearizing the north korean peninsula with a dictator that's known for human rights violations you kind of need all the attention you have and you can't be with one foot in in washington d.c. so the timing of the summit was really not optimal yeah i mean you have to wonder. who was more committed to this process and it just looking at the body language looking at the entire experience it seems that north korea went in more invested the dollar did or am i seeing that well they have more to lose and there's a lot of other stuff going on at the same time for donald trump for him not to focus on this so if this could have been an easy gain and then that's fine but at
the moment i don't think he has the ability to focus on this too much with all the other foreign policy and domestic challenges that he's facing you know that's a very good point jaeger as well with the german marshall fund we appreciate your insights tonight thank you. when donald trump walked away from the talks in hanoi but he will not be able to walk away as easily from the crisis awaiting him at home in washington d.c. yesterday his former fixer and personal attorney michael cohen testified before a congressional committee and accused the president of committing numerous crimes he also accused of being a racist and that accusation triggered a verbal exchange revealing just how raw and unresolved racial issues in the united states are a republican congressman from north carolina mark meadows attempted to challenge mr
cohen's accusation of racism he presented an african-american woman who works for mr trump and then this happened you made some very. demeaning comments about the the president that this pattern doesn't agree with in fact it has to do with your claim of racism she says that as a daughter of a man born in birmingham alabama that there is no way that she would work for it for a an individual who is races how do you reconcile the two of those as neither should i as the son of a holocaust survivor the fact that someone would actually use a prop a black woman in this chamber in this committee. is alone racists in itself. then i asked someone who is a personal friend of the trump family who has worked for him who knows this particular individual but she's coming in to be a prop it's racist to suggest that i ask her to come in here for that reason no mr
chairman i do not call mr meadows racist and i am trying womanhood as a person of color mr chairman just to express myself and how i felt at that moment . or congressman meadows was obviously irate and did not want to be associated with racism his indignation however surprised us and it may surprise you when you consider the congressman's connection to the berger movement now birds revert to the people who pushed the faults notion that u.s. president barack obama was born not in the u.s. state of hawaii but rather in the african nation of kenya meaning he wasn't a u.s. citizen the movement is seen as racially motivated and an attempt to discredit the first black u.s. president in two thousand and twelve when he campaigned in north carolina for his current seat in congress mr meadows was asked by voters would he go to washington and do something to remove president obama from office here is congressman meadows
answer watch it and we'll let you connect the dots from the if we do our job from a grassroots standpoint we won't have to worry that you know what we did was in back home to you know where he is you know luke was into that home and simply doing then. i believe what we will find is that we will get him to be under. a new commander in chief all right to talk about that and a little bit more i'm joined by marc fisher he's senior editor of the washington post marcus good to have you on the day the racism exchange that we saw yesterday on capitol hill how was that being reported in the united states. well i think it's just one more in a long series of debates that we've been having in this country about the nature of racism what defines racism obviously in
a politically polarized climate such as we have this kind of very tough charge that is levied by both sides as you saw in the video from yesterday is emotionally powerful and just deepens the divides and so you saw the chairman of the committee . cummings trying to bring the two colleagues together and to get one to apologize to the other of the other to back off and it wasn't entirely successful but the moment it was it was quieted down and this is just one more way in which we see the divisions of the country coming to the fore and. the inability of congress to overcome these divisions and come together on matters of policy is just one more symptom of that cultural divide were you surprised mark by how evident the the by divisions in society were on display in those hearings yesterday i mean looking at it from outside you know we thought it was remarkable that these
alleged members of congress were not able to even put aside their partisan divisions for a couple of hours i mean how did the. well i don't think the tiff about racism was really i didn't see much attention being paid to that here in this country that's sort of par for the course and accusations are leveled these days very easily and quickly. and so what this really was i think the whole experience of the michael cone testimony showed that as you say there are there is an inability to have common cause and searching for answers on the various mysteries surrounding russian involvement in the twenty six thousand campaign and so you saw in this long day of testimony that there was not the bipartisan effort
to dig to the bottom of what michael cohen knew and what he didn't know that you might have seen perhaps in watergate hearings where you saw republicans and democrats alike trying to elicit facts from witnesses this really was a very different kind of scenario in which the democrats were digging for facts and the republicans were trying to denigrate mr cohen and show that he's not credible because he's a convicted liar yeah it's interesting you mention watergate i was thinking with someone who was at the watergate hearings and he told me it was interesting as soon as the cameras were on the members of the committee the watergate committee there was unity and its use the cameras were off that you had this partisan bickering but what we saw all yesterday in washington that matter of the cameras were on or off and see i want to ask you about it yeah go ahead. now it may be that we have the opposite phenomenon playing out now where the members do have more company
and speak to one another in a more friendly manner when they're off camera than that when they're on they need to because of the polarization of the. american people i think a lot of members of congress feel they have to play to their base and take more extreme positions when they're on camera when they're off many of them are friends as we saw yesterday in the exchange between those and the committee chair who are different in party different in race and yet i'm good friends yeah yeah ascent commentary that it has to be that way when the cameras are on or off marc fisher so you're out of there with the washington post reports that your time in your insights tonight marc thank you good to be with. syria has been a battlefield for eight years of war two years longer than the second world war but for centuries syria has been much more than just
a war zone it was also home because you will treasure stretching back thousands of years many of which have been damaged or destroyed in just the last eight years of conflict but here in germany a new project the syria heritage archive aims to document what has been lost so it can be rebuilt nowhere outside of syria has such a large collection of cultural artifacts from the country take a look at the some to judge and his colleagues are on the home stretch just sorting out some of the final details of the members of the syrian heritage project of putting on an exhibition showing what they've been pouring their hearts and. have created a massive archive of syrian cultural heritage hundreds of thousands of pictures reports maps only some of which are going on display. actually a very little part of the the heritage of the country because it did it's very
difficult to work toward the saw. hundreds of sort of important sites it was difficult to take. the other important sites it's like choosing from like to think from sun thought to other. ism who is himself a photographer who's been living in germany for the past three years he's also contributed pictures to the archive they show images of a more peaceful time one third of the archive comes directly from syrian sources many pictures show the toll the war has taken on syria's cultural science this ancient mosque for example bombs have left it in ruins. one of its arms pictures also tells a sad story the great mosque of aleppo and twenty eleven and this is how it looks today at that time i couldn't imagine that this this
is you could for a minute it would be destroyed after two years of the picture. the project has been running for six years now the result is the most comprehensive syrian archives outside of the country documents which help preserve the memory of these cultural sites and more. than one thousand this day it is of course particularly important that we lay the groundwork for the country's reconstruction which hopefully will get underway some time in the future when the country finds peace again and circumstances change something that we all hope for. then we can offer specific data on individual sites and share it. it's an exhibition which shows what syria used to look like and perhaps how it could look again in the future photography exam has shot and his team hope their work will someday help achieve that goal.
and for more on that project i'm joined now by cocking puts the coordinator of the syria heritage archive project scar and it's good to have you on the show used to live in syria i understand it you see many of the cultural treasures that the country has to offer with your own eyes you've also seen things that have been lost what makes the work. of the archives so important i think it's very important that and the archive is very broad it's three hundred forty thousand items most of them photos and they come from very different sources that come from scientific sources as well as ordinary travelers who went to syria and as i told them most of them are photos and what just so interesting is that inside of the archives you can see the changing of the country and the changing of the building and these information might tell if one day they start to rebuild.
and on a bigger level bigger than it's done up to now and then it's very important to to see how the building looks like one hundred years ago eighty years ago if this is how it was not how it how it changed and how it looked like looks like today you know have this massive digital archive but it's not just a record of what's been lost it's also a blueprint for the future how do you intend to use it in the reconstruction of of syria because the country i mean the pictures show was that the country is much of it is in ruins yes but i think it's not the whole country that is in ruins parts of destroyed especially the big cities like aleppo for for. sample and if it goes to rebuilding it's important to have to to look for one particular building how it looked like and how it changed and which information is important for to rebuild
this building but in general it's the work of the syrians they have to do it we can only get it give some information from the background. at the moment it looks like president bashar al assad is firmly in power and that he's not going anywhere and how does the political aspect of reconstructing syria. what does it mean for you do you have to be careful in the work you're doing no because we are working men in germany and nobody. caring about things like that but we have at the moment no official contacts we are in the context we have on the person the level two to the people who are working in the field in syria they must really personally contacts the architects and engineers and others architects and engineers in syria they haven't had any problems with it with the government with the syrian regime i don't know ok yeah i mean it's interesting to you know you ask yourself would there
be any negative blowback from that what sort of support do you rely on to be the german government has been a key source of funding right yeah optimal and hopefully if they if they will fund the first seven years now also in the future and as we've been known to two institutions the german i cannot tickle institute and the museum of islam ikaw so that the institute of the state's museums so hopefully we can continue and i think if you build up and a digital archive it's important that the funding will stay because at. that nobody uses now why it why should it get that and hopefully there will come a time when we won't need these types of archives to to preserve the past that we've destroyed car and put coordinator of the syrian heritage archive project cover we appreciate you coming in tonight doing very important work thank you thank
spending more than one m. of the. time and money but to keep them in speed for efficiency. justin. in the fast lane made in germany in sixty minutes on the t w. they are digital maurier's. for women for internet activists one mission in the battle for freedom and dignity. against repression and pilots they deploy the powers of social media. their messages are spreading like wildfire and thousands of followers are now joining the hong kong down on the streets. in the morning changing to. digital.