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tv   Made in Germany - Business and environmental protection  Deutsche Welle  May 9, 2018 10:30am-11:01am CEST

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freedom of expression. a value that a ways has to be defended anew. all over the world. a freedom freedom of art. a multimedia project about artists and their right to express their views freely. d w dot com to freedom. what a load of rubbish our oceans a full of waste it could soon be more plastic than fish in the seas what does that say about the planet and how we treat it it only takes
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five seconds to produce a plastic bag and it takes five hundred years to decompose and veyron mental and economic dilemma of huge proportions. when german retailers started charging for plastic bags consumption of them fell dramatically by two billion bags a year not bad but a manton of them still end up in recycling bins here and a huge number never get recycled at all despite germany being a global recycling champion. chiodos decided to take an up close and personal look at the problem. my flatmates are the best at recycling most of our waste ends up in the regular trash. bin everyone says we really should be recycling because waste is full of valuable bore materials. packaging paper glass organic waste only what is left should go in the trash. here in germany there's
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a separate bin for every kind of waste. that is something useful done with all of this. germans produce an average of over six hundred kilos of waste per year. the country's reputation for recycling is tops but take packaging only forty percent of it is actually recycled and often it's turned into lower quality products most of us incinerated but at least that does produce energy plastic burns well much of the packaging that's incinerated is hard to recycle anyhow glass is different when it comes to glass bottles eighty five percent of them turned into new jars and bottles. when it comes to sorting organic waste germans are pretty lazy too bad because nearly all of it can be turned into compost or biochemists. in my shared flat nearly all of this ends up in the regular waste the
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end it's incinerated instead of being recycled. so our carbon footprint is larger than it should be but we've resolved to do better from now on. cheap and nasty that's the best way to describe our relationship with plastic bags more and more countries are struggling to cope with the downside of plastic waste and trying to regulate it in the indian capital delhi single use items made of plastic and now bat india produces over fifteen thousand tonnes of rubbish every day but technology could soon change that along with the lives of the poor who make their living from vast trash heaps indian found is a taking up the fight for a clean a better world as german entrepreneur dates not discovered. since
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. one happy place the ocean is my happy place is the place where i can tune out and just enjoy nature enough to organize the. religious. it's pretty crazy to see a beach where there's hardly any nature left. where there's so much pollution and such incredible amounts of plastic waste on the beach. india's economy is growing and it's trash heaps are too. has travelled to delhi in the center of the city refuse has been piling up for certain years and it's still growing. there is no functioning waste disposal system here. millions of scavengers comb through the trash looking for what can be recycled the
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founder of a technology startup beams to improve their lot to get that one dollar two dollars a day to put their hand in but that never know what to get in contact with they're not there don't let anything you get so if you have lost everything in life you have no hope in life that's when you actually become a tech because. with its modern recycling facilities i got garbage is tackling india's trash crisis and providing a better workplace for the waste pickers. but. they have done that on thirty five million kid hugo. system and not only that we're going to be speakers that on board it so we're trying to make x. as much risk because we're trying to make them into being fired livelihood as much as possible and they get to fix its ality their lifestyle is better they can fix it worked i mean they get beat me off so i bought in there that they didn't go to
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school. to optimize the process the company collects down to recycling facilities trash collectors homes all of them are interconnected. and that data is available online. why has made technology possible which was not possible before. seeing we surely you know race was always very invasive but people would be would only want to know how much would you know he was saying oh i should even before we used i don't invent much like you know you actually quantify the end of the month you actually see somebody you know it's like five and fifteen then we have and you say like you're actually going to luck and this is the kind of casualties are very honest it's over and it's pretty much like having a fitness trick i was going to use you like how many steps you take what you heartbeat and like all the data and based on that you might be able to. enough. collective
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behavior i mean yeah exactly like that. india's refuse crisis is being fueled by one thing above all plastic. plastic is an essential part of modern life it can be produced cheaply and easily and it's very long lasting and that's the problem. and caustic but not if i use plastic to make disposable packaging. things that will only be used once and then thrown away. that's when the material properties of plastic become terrible because it doesn't decompose. unfortunately people on thirty june that have that. this is one thing you single use batiks so really having to do some i don't know if you know what. was replacement or plastics and the cost of. the cured the.
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conventional plastic can stay in the ecosystem for one hundred years and more. in the green bags biodegrade in just a few weeks they're made from plant a little some vegetable waste or division nice to reach at least printer to print if i can please buy enough to those in need and we'll be supplying unexplored been hundred percent made in india really india products to this and countries at the same time riaz encouraging new and to produce a neutral or in this from countries that we will supply would only do you have your burdens your back to your toe. the consequences of our love affair with plastic are clearly visible on india's west coast.
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and as a kid it's fascinating to find something on the meter which actually challenge the ocean without understanding the problem. out of a pile of our gannett waste on the beach would find one flashy r.n.g. lighter and really stick out now it's just like oh yeah it is a piece of wood or yeah here you are all there's a seashell here yeah yeah there were definitely some some some invasion has happened and i don't very very fast pace even though you've been invaded by plastic and this is only. this is only what the sea has decided to throw back on the beach there's so much more out there. so much more out. there is there was an incident in this really works. kind of dishonesty if you're.
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going to do it you started this. because i'm taking the. plastic. pollution and this if it very personally i think you either enter in denial. are trying to do something about it and initiate behavior change so i'm not a tree hugger i'm not a hardcore i still consume i still i'm a citizen like anybody else i'm being i'm trying to be conscious about it but it's the beginning of my reflection and this is my participation to it. in forming and using my major parties of image. as a pollutant talk about the. best and the best thing about this project is that reveals how we are part of the problem. reveals our consumerism. our form of throwing mentality so
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we just keep producing and the worst accumulates everywhere and it does move if we want to get the global trash problem under control or we have to get out of the single use trial or live one day i'm open to possible. using things once said then throwing them away doesn't even make economic sense it's a waste of resources which we can't afford really then there are the added production costs of course the whole process produces masses of the greenhouse gas dioxide according to projections the economic consequences of rising temperatures will be devastating. forest fires hurricanes drought these consequences of climate change are tragic for those affected and their costs keep climbing twenty seventeen hurricane erma set a new record it caused over thirty two billion dollars in damages. will this trend
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continue insurers in particular have to factor this into estimates for future costs according to forecasts for twenty six the global warming of one point five degrees could cost twenty trillion dollars worldwide as much as the total annual g.d.p. of the united states at two point five degrees that number doubles if temperatures rise by four point five degrees the costs will more than triple. talking about harmful gases in the wake of diesel gate here in germany the car industry has come under massive pressure to reduce how full admissions from their products the cheating devices that skirted around environmental standards of tonnage the industry's reputation and reports in the last few days about tests on monkeys and even humans involving toxic gases foundered exhaust fumes have made critics even more vocal diesel powered cars and polluting industries are out of
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favor and pressure is mounting to offer cleaner alternatives companies are now getting creative in the search for low carbon technologies. these facilities next to the audi plant in m's london are developing the fuel of the future so called eve gas. this man is leading the company's efforts hammon paying wants to radically reduce the carbon dioxide emissions linked to climate change. basically using c o two as a raw material to make the gas cars use the eve gas as fuel but it c o two is returned to the atmosphere during combustion and it's a cycle with no no you see. missions. here the c o two comes from a neighboring bio gas plant using surplus renewable energy to power electrolysis the c o two is combined with hydrogen from water to produce methane the combustible gas c o two becomes synthetic fuel.
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has been driving for years with this cutting edge fuel sensor a gas can be fed into the existing natural gas grid there's no need for new facilities like the charging stations for battery powered vehicles. is a realist he knows that gas is not a panacea. problems. but the path forward is highly diverse. electorate what to me there is no standard. it's not exclusively hydrogen or electric it's everything all the currently available technologies can help reduce c o two. that's. the key is utilizing renewable fuels renewable
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gas electricity it's the energy source that determine c o two emissions not the exhaust. c o two has the automotive industry under enormous pressure but also the steel industry that takes us to do to steel producer to which also struggles with high c o two emissions. and from the company's innovations division they're currently building a unit that will drastically cut back the plants carbon dioxide emissions. and not you know carbon to camp. steel production creates metallurgical gases they're captured and burned to produce electricity and heat a process which emits huge amounts of c o two. the system works in a similar way to audi's electrolysis driven process the c o two is captured for use
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as a basic material but to make products like chemical fertilizers instead of fuel. like audi the two project managers also don't see c o two as a waste product but rather as a valuable raw material the dysport steel plant alone produces some twenty million tons of carbon dioxide annually if the idea takes off it opens up new business opportunities for to some quote in line with the regulations towson co-pastor pay more than nine euros per tonne for c o two emissions writes the efforts these engineers are spearheading could drastically reduce those costs but will it work. yeah i mean it's just so you it's not our goal to produce the product here rather using real mathematical gus's of two to three years to show that it works in order to move to the next step which requires a major capital investment in audi has been running at c o two project for several years now i am on paying faces numerous challenges the plant only runs when the
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market provides sufficient surplus wind energy which costs next to nothing yet it still operates at a loss. it isn't paying off because the taxes are so high and also because the technology is still in its infancy and if investment costs for electrolyzers go down over the next few years which is already evident then the technology will get cheaper and cheaper than. new ideas or old industries using carbon dioxide as a raw material shows great promise offering an entirely new perspective on the climate menace. in business it's all about the bottom line so if you want to force industries to care about climate change one of the most effective ways is to tax the emissions they produce the european union is trying to do that with a program known as cap and trade is a quick explanation of a policy instrument that hasn't been as successful as its inventor said hoped. how
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does the emissions trading scheme work. in the european union and a g intensive business and other big polluters have to buy carbon credits one credit allows a company to emit a ton of c o two for an equivalent greenhouse gas some firms need several million of these certificates every year. to cut carbon emissions throughout the e.u. brussels has agreed to reduce the number of credits available by around two percent a year. there are various options open to those affected they can invest in climate friendly technology to reduce their emissions to permitted levels. or they purchase credits from another company that has already lowered its emissions and therefore has more certificates than it requires. there's already a burgeoning market for surplus credits which businesses are entitled to buy all
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sell as they see fit. emissions trading all cap and trade works on the principle of boosting plot of action at minimal cost. practice however companies have more credits than they actually named. the ongoing surplus of certificates has been continually driving down the price for years now. to a level where the financial incentive for companies to invest in clean energy and reduce emissions is close to zero. well meaning sadly ineffective the environment is meant to be profiting from this at the end of the day and the transport and agricultural industries haven't even been factored into this then there are the new energy intensive technologies like bitcoin you may think it's over but just one transaction uses as much power as your
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house in a week people mine for the cryptocurrency using huge computer centers but when stanley analysts say worldwide the mind is of bitcoin could use as much as one hundred forty terawatt hours of electricity this year that's a third of the power all germans use and germany is europe's biggest economy. then there are the fees involved in using big court which leave out the middleman the banks so why the added costs on crypto currency start up based in berlin has come up with an alternative report about the one who just went to meet the company's founder. it's been you're not me bothered and i'm still using cash and i use paper like this in shops but as a business reporter i'm really interested in what's going on with crypto currencies right now they want to get rid of this stuff. by meeting those visionary take a live report in berlin his original currency might one day take off. dominic sheen
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or. the twenty two year old is already a startup entrepreneur palli with everyone there was really busy a munden. chain or sees himself as a rebel fighting against the old financial system. if we aren't doing business the old school way we're taking a more disruptive approach. you can say that again. he wants to put an end to my way of paying for things apparently cash isn't safe enough. and bank transfers are too slow. the digital economy is gaining speed every day the internet the bigger point this is the internet of things today is focused on automation and our mission isn't automation it's to make things independent media machine and the way we make machines independent is to give each of them a digital wallet. and what we then do is get the machines to pay each other one
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good example is a core paying its own parking fee in the future that will be sorted out by the car and it's parking bay or it's charging station or the road toll sensor us. groceries offer another opportunity for automation a fridge the makes purchases automatically and pays digitally crypto currencies could be the money of the future the best known is bitcoin which is based on block chain technology dominic she believes it's already outdated the whole. the main reason we developed the yoga is because we saw the problem with launching these one dimensional chains block after block after block are only able to make a limited number of transactions but if that is the other problem is transaction fees if i want to carry out a transaction using bitcoin i have to pay fees of between ten and twenty dollars and that's obviously more expensive than a bank account if you're looking at the machine economy where one machine is paying another we're not talking about larger transactions like ten dollars we're looking
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at transferring micro payments a few cents at a time and you can only do that with the auto. c.e.o. to currency is based on what's called a tangle. confirmation of a payment functions much faster and more cheaply than with locked chains from competitors like bitcoin. small sums are easily dealt. critics say it's not as safe as a block chain. to be quite honest we are still working on proof of concept but it's easier to hack them. absolutely not that's not true. as if there was just a rumor that it's not as secure as a smear that's only a rumor. we choose the best software hundreds of cryptocurrency programmers could argue about that all day but they all agree on one thing. digital currencies don't need a central bank at their heart constantly pumping fresh money into the system for withdrawing it. that's what monetary policy is all about crypto visionaries are
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questioning the entire traditional monetary system. and increasingly states have been thinking about regulating them. obviously were a little nervous about what kind of regulation could be imposed for crypto currencies in the future as well as blocking technology and that's why we're aiming to work together with regulators to collaborate with them and ensure we have some input as to what shape regulation could take it's because we're experts in our input on how things can be regulated is solid. evidence that you do have that right the regulators don't understand the technology they're regulating some do some don't so is this visionary or a lot of hot air how much longer will we be using last century's payment methods. i just didn't i pay with your to. them or heard of that tell me about it like. i'm
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happy to do so but in the future transactions like this might be carried out by my fridge. how much freedom would you give your fridge in the future if you can help me say food waste and save money i'll be a happy man if you want to see any of our reports again head for our website or check us out on facebook if you have anything to share with me personally get in touch on twitter and make sure you tune in next time because maybe germany's being remade. so i think long before you play this. yes i'm really proud of the crew no. thanks above the big
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i'm excited too thanks for joining us see you again soon the big. the be. the big. the be. the be. the good. girl get the be. the be . the be. the be
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the be. the be. the be. the be the be. the be. good. to get young men who feel ravaged by three year. years of civil war thousands have died millions have fled diseases are spreading. nobody is helping and we need help we need help for yemen really it's been called the world's biggest humanitarian crisis and the world looks
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the way. in fifteen minutes long t w. the fast pace of life in the digital. shift has the lowdown on the way it shows new developments useful information and anything else worth noting. presents the latest finds. looks over the shoulders of makers and choosers. to shift in the midst of dollars from. earth home to millions of species of home or savings. googling to tell stories of creative people and innovative projects around the world like deals that protect the climate boost green energy solutions and reforestation. using interactive content to inspire people to take action
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global audience in the series of global three thousand on t.w. and online going to play book club to the white house the flame brown is fake you know but the shut up of who is your favorite team but. in the to the to make the point that nothing should be a good politics in the entire country the champion of free insurance for the last sixty years to make for mines. a blessing and a curse. force of nature and inescapable fate. monsoons on the tropical downpours that she'd like to get close to the soul of the subcontinent the subsequent one to cause of enormous destruction but
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monsoon starting may twenty third d. double. plated. this is the deputy use live from berlin president trouble pulls the united states out of the iran nuclear deal. we will not allow american cities to be threatened with destruction and we will not allow a regime that chanced death to america to gain access to the most deadly weapon smuggling. in iran's parliament scenes over anger over from snopes so what's next
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for iran and the rest of the deal signatories squad some analysis also coming up.

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