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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  May 8, 2018 6:02am-6:31am CEST

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today vladimir putin began a fourth term as russian president and for his countrymen he promised a better future and for his challengers in the west a subtle promise that confrontation is not going away. from berlin this is the day . be asked which is the office of president of the russian federation i pledge was that they seem. to protect the sovereignty and independence the security and integrity of the state serve the people truly. still seats. it was when we stand for equal mutually beneficial cooperation with all states the song was desperate his regime was about to collapse putin has taken advantage of that. russia as
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a strong and participant in the national life should there be another instance of the use of chemical weapons i think just like last time and the time before that all options are on the table but there is a way i see it is my duty and the purpose of my entire life to do everything for russia. also on the show tonight they rescued syrian migrants from drowning in the mediterranean and were charged with people smuggling today a court in greece ruled there was no cross. many times i've been helping girls guard because their boat couldn't rescue people it was people in the water for a lot of people in the water and the waves was so big that i put my life in danger to rescue them. or we begin the day with putin four point zero today vladimir putin was sworn in as russian president for the fourth
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time barring any changes to the constitution this will be putin's final six years in power when he leaves the kremlin in twenty twenty four he will have been in effect the so ruler of russia in the twenty first century are his enduring and his staying power are analogous to that of china's she's in pain both of these leaders represent wising types of authoritarian powers buoyed some say by an american enigma known as donald trump or tonight's we'll look at how these leaders and what they represent threaten to erode the order that has stabilized much of the world for seventy years our first report tonight gives us a glimpse of a grand and revealed russia the one that lattimer putin today pledged his everything to protect. the start of mr putin's day with carefully stage managed. russian state t.v.
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broadcast his long walk through the corridors of his office on his way to the ceremony. eventually he right at the car waiting to take him on a short trip to the kremlin hole. then the grand entrance. and the war continued. all choreographed to maintain the suspense some five thousand invited guests waited for putin to be sworn in but the us is just feeling it but is it that i see is busy does putin promise for tech the country and serve the russian people. he praised russia's return to the world today which is what he calls a strong and influential voice when he talks about the importance of making economic and technological progress to benefit only russians like. a new quality of life a wellbeing security and health of
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a person are the most important. these are the issues at the center of our policy focus is russia for the people as a country of opportunities for self-realization of everyone. that all the build up them bombast few believe mr putin's next term in office will bring much change he's already said that he wants incumbent prime minister. to stay in his post putin himself has been in power as either president of prime minister for almost twenty years. most young people have no no other lita and there's no sign of a successor. joining me tonight to delve deeper into putin's russia is stefan meister he's with the german council on foreign relations here in berlin mr masters good to have you on the program i mean we've got a russian leader who has been in power for a very long time and remains domestically immensely popular how do you explain that
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but i think it has to be explained with the one thousand nine hundred and a russian sloss nearly everything when when russia was a declining power and then the growth of oil and gas into tolerance and put in came to power so it is the growth of wealth in ten times during his first two terms and russia seems to be back as a great power and the russians are very happy about this but there is a real opposition in russia that we can talk about do you see the next six years just solidify the authoritarian power of putin even more. well i think he has to deal in the next six years much more with domestic issues there's a. second aging economy in russia so it's economic questions questions of health system education system increasingly important for the russians so people are unhappy with the country they live in they don't see
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a perspective of crows and development in this country but there is a very weak opposition i think that's that's the other side of to call in so who can challenge for you mr and you know right now no one can write. most of any trite and i think he's the first serious not not really a challenger but the first person who really. challenge the system of mr putin because he's not a liberal he's a nationalist he's a patriot and t. he talks about the weaknesses of the system which is about corruption and no interest of the ruling elites in the country and this is what he demands so we are i'm for crimea and onyx ation this is what he said. i'm against the plex interest in the caucasus but i'm for for a great russia and a great russia what about a great russia post food and we don't see anyone that putin is grooming to replace him do we. know but i think this will to the regime or to system the decided to
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fight five and a half years either putin will stay because he has to protect the system he has to protect his proxies is people around him his own security that might be one option i mean there's interesting i read today that he may never want to leave power because he's afraid that if you leaves power then no one will protect him that's possible i think that's the deal that was the deal with mr. that he and he read guaranteed his security and to security office heavily and i think that's important also for mr putin ventilating the german foreign minister has called on putin to play a constructive role on the world stage these next six years take a listen to what he said today. i mean we are interested in dialogue with russia we also have expectations regarding russia's behavior and we know that with most of the issues we're discussing today russia has to be part of the solution. which syria but also ukraine that's why we're seeking dialogue but also looking for
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constructive contributions to solving the existing problems. ok i mean we've been hearing that now for years right so why is it going to be different enough particularly if you look at the situation with syria why does disputed have an incentive to change his policy at all no i think he has no incentive because he has impression to us this week there's a growing transatlantic divide europe is only dealing with itself and he uses this weaknesses off the west to improve his own prestige and i think he was very successful as a country off of the g.d.p. size of italy he's now a kind of a world power so i don't see that mr putin has the understanding that he needs to change this policy he has the impression the west the you and the u.s. might my or maybe many do you change their policy you know they say you're always judged by become pany that you keep and today at the inauguration ceremony the
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former german chancellor gerhard schroeder was seen he was actually seen standing right next to mr medvedev what does that tell the world about germany and its role in russia that you've got a former chancellor that close. mr putin i would not say it says so much about germany because germany has changed in the last years especially under the rule of anglo-american i think it has changed but forgot to russia is so short that is a personal friend of mr putin and here on some money in russian companies so i think that's maybe not so not much has not so much about the credibility of politics but i i would not say he's really he really presents to german foreign policy eliot i think we have we have really a generation change we have reached shift also in terms of how we deal with russia to try to be the you don't think is a blight on germany at all. it's not bad. now i think is
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bad for he spent forty of prestige ya'll for german politics also in inside of the german the german politics this is also about he's taking money and promoting russia russian interests in germany and in europe but i think he does not represent the german political or the foreign policy political elite or stefan meister with the german council on foreign relations mr minister thank you very much we appreciate your insights tonight thank you thank you of let me putin has dominated russian politics since this century began for many young russians he is the only leader that they have known w.'s emily sherwood mid up with people who are part of the pew to generation. meet twenty year old daniel. and nineteen year old son. for as long as they can remember the near putin has been russia's leader but their views on him placed these two members of the
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so-called putin generation in different worlds sophia is a member of seats a pro kremlin youth group that acts as a hub for young artists designers and journalists as long as they support. sophia is a journalism student she's been coming to sit for nearly a year to gain professional experience writing for the group's online sites putin's fourth term is something she's looking forward to. going to be short of me vladimir putin embodies the entire government in russia. but you know for my whole life he has been in charge and his actions are usually very wise. in the couple. want. disagrees the economic student complains about stagnation and is concerned about who gains restrictions on democratic freedoms in russia since he was sixteen he's
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been campaigning for the opposition and encouraging his friends to protest he was just two years old when putin was elected it says he's ready for change. yes there were missed the if we had a person as president in putin's place who doesn't like corruption doesn't use lies and violence like he does then everything would be much better. views are on common for the putin generation in this year's elections over seventy percent of voters under twenty four cast their ballot for the president but daniella says in his social circle almost no one is a fan. whether you support putin or not basically comes down to whether you have the ability to think critically there is objective lee no reason to support put in unless you are brainwashed by russian propaganda. sophia on the other hand believes many in the opposition simply lack realism so how does the future look to her
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generation and who should be in charge of it. seen in the uk or viewed in the strong sense the shore choice principles that's the kind of leader i want to see. who knows maybe putin will even run for another term in office nor that i certainly wouldn't want anyone who is weaker than flooding. well it's going to lead to marriage. look at all the main thing that gives me hope that something can change is my generation the opposition protests we go to there are a lot of people my age there energetic and free and they aren't afraid to express their opinion for the future belongs to us and i mean. plus no one lives forever. about the. weather russia's young voters ultimately want consistency or a change in the kremlin putin's inauguration means the political future is at least another six years away. for vladimir
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putin is one of the usual suspects when there is talk of threats to the western liberal democracies of europe and north america and if that is the case he will be delighted by our next report today in washington d.c. the american council on germany and the atlantic released the results of a survey that examines how germans and americans view the transatlantic relationship you go conducted the survey last month and it found that perceptions from both sides of the pond are drifting apart in ways not seen since the second world war or two weeks ago german chancellor angela merkel paid a visit to the white house merkel's mission was to convince the leader of the u.s. not to treat europe like an enemy in trade and in high stakes diplomacy we still don't know if she succeeded but what is clear trump an american do not share the same vision of how the world should be ordered and run and that brings us back to that survey of perceptions of the transatlantic relationship now americans and
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germans are in agreement on common basic values such as freedom of speech iran's high in both countries but they are not in sync on fundamental points such as democracy which ranks much higher here in germany as you see right there fifty six percent compared to thirty six percent religiosity stronger in the us freedom of religion enjoys a much higher value among americans the germans thirty eight percent compared to sixteen percent. oh americans and germans both agree that terrorism and climate change are the most urgent global challenges in this despite president trump pulling the u.s. out of the paris climate agreement americans are more optimistic than germans about a free trade agreement with europe what about the more than just doing business now here is where a big divide is revealed when asked if they would like closer transatlantic ties
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almost half of americans forty five percent say yes but in germany the numbers tell a different more distanced story only a third want closer ties a another third they like the status quo and you see there seventeen percent well they want fewer ties with the u.s. so a survey of sudden strangers who used to be friends is that what we're dealing with here well stephen is so cold as president of the american council on germany he joins me tonight from washington d.c. good to have you on the show i have to ask you when we look at all of these these questions in these results coming out of this survey how much of this drifting apart has to do so with the presidency of donald trump good evening friend i'm very happy to be with you today. of course the trump
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phenomenon if you will is one of the reasons why there's a little bit of a drift but i would argue that there have been factors even before president trump was elected and that it's been critical for those of us who are committed transatlantic service to find new ways of writing the transatlantic narrative and building the relationship with each other it seems to me that there are a number of common challenges that europe in the united states face that even a superpower usa can't solve on its own and so we need to have transatlantic partners and i think it's the responsibility of organizations like the american council on germany and yes on to the to try to write that new narrative and to try to bring our countries back together again well i think i think i think you make a good point there and you know we saw just a couple of weeks ago the german chancellor in washington she was basically lobbying double draw not to kill this iran nuclear deal you know that deal was an
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excellent example where multilevel power works that's needed to make something happen and we still don't know if she was able to convince dell will drop to you know to stay on board so what does that tell us then about the u.s. his commitment to the same values that the german government is committed to. i i would say that we're in a new phase of the transatlantic relationship and in a sense it's one that we could see signs of but if anything it's become clear that we can't take things for granted we can't rely on the sentimental reasons for the transatlantic relationship we can't rely on history we can't rely on on just the the common values serving as glue to hold us together and we need to find real ways that we can work together and to your point about about trade obviously that's a topic that needs to be addressed and it's it's one where we will wait and see
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what happens at the end of the month about the tariffs on aluminum and steel. i think you know you were trying to say how much of a true president trump is a factor in the current situation. one thing that's definitely new is the sense of uncertainty i think many leaders and we saw this with micros of visit to washington as well are really recognizing the transactional nature of trump's policies the fact that he wants to see reciprocity agreements with allies and with others i think it's one of the reasons why the two percent defense spending debate has been front and center in his in his analysis of what's going on with europe and so i think the way in which european leaders can be successful is to try to show more of a united front as the president not calling chancellor merkel did when they were both in washington on separate visits but in the same week. show you
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a quote from the german president that he gave over the weekend and steinmeier and he said i'm really concerned about the development of the transatlantic relationship not because i'm looking at a president with some irritating twitter messages. because a substantial change is now going on and there is a new american administration that no longer seems as parts of the global community where we act together but it sees the world basically as an arena where everyone has to somehow find their own. way i mean that is that's a really really hard indictment that germany is making on the united states and would you would you say that is telling the truth. well i
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do think that we're in a a very challenging phase there are definitely some people. who believe exactly what president signed myers saying in terms of that being the attitude of of this administration. and yet i certainly felt that during the visit by chance remarkable she was really trying to make the case for being partners and if you think back to. last may when she returned from the united states she started using rhetoric about we can't rely on the united states or our traditional partners we need to take more responsibility europe needs to take more responsibility and i think this kind of rhetoric is certainly the kind of rhetoric that is that is driving us apart a little bit having said that if one thinks about some of the themes that were raised in the public opinion survey that that we carried out it seems as if there's agreement in the german public and in the american public that there could be
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closer cooperation in areas such as the fight against terrorism even in climate change which of course is a little bit contradictory given america's decision to pull out or given the trumpet ministrations decision to pull out of the paris climate accord but there are even other areas the dervish seems to think that we can work more closely together to fight poverty. all right stephen sokol we certainly appreciate your time tonight on the day and we appreciate your positive attitude about the transatlantic relationships come back and talk with us again stephen so-called american council in germany thank you by the way. a greek court has found five volunteers who rescued syrian migrants from the sea not guilty of people smuggling prosecutors accuse the spanish and danish defendants of helping illegal migrants enter greece via the island of lesbo.
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by many he's seen as a hero in two thousand and fifteen. and from denmark decided to change his life. the picture of. shock to this after. i was sitting on the plane on the way to. the photo of the three year old syrian boy made global headlines lying dead on the beach after drowning in the mediterranean the european migrant tris this was at its peak and with around three thousand people arriving each day the greek island of less pass was a hot spot. it was actually in the water i have my body was in the water and i looked back and i saw all the refugees like old people like children women. and i wanted to scream i really want to scream and
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cry in the same moment i was the worst to help how come as there is nobody here. and then like from the change my life. at first thought he'd go help for a week but one week quickly turned into five months. he assembled a crew of other volunteers they called themselves team humanity and border rescue boat funded by donations. the group worked day and night helping migrants make the treacherous landing on a last pass at its closest point the crossing from turkey to greece it's only ten kilometers but the overcrowded boats regularly sank i'm calling because going to say i'm a child my. police come and. take a child i don't know what to do it's a little girl. saying to me keep her be there we're coming in for like twenty one twenty four hours. it was a prob year old girl she lost her life in the sea. so.
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me and my team would dig graves. for six hours. buried the family if you bury children and there is something wrong with this world . and it's something prophet of allah. one january night everything changed the greek coast guard arrested. it. many times i've been helping. people people in the water for a lot of people in the water and the waves were so big that i put my life in danger to rescue them. out of what happens between.
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using some. of it's. going to. come to. help to protect the coast since the.
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coup. by three years of civil war thousands have died millions have fled. helping and we need help we need help. it's been called the word. biggest humanitarian crisis and the world looks away. in forty five minutes long d.w. . global inequality. what does inequality mean. connected well. to the media. joining the discussion and helping. media form translate to. a. reliable.
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news distant future classics to plug. the book although bolivia struck the first. trial. into tomorrow or today coming up. this month called cream that could profit from climate change. many to mention but frames from a three g. printer. i don't know cause i'm out a model for future cities. welcome to the show. how i'm going with the cold.

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