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tv   Quadriga - Israel at 70 A Troubled Anniversary  Deutsche Welle  April 20, 2018 6:30am-7:00am CEST

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experience of freedom in a sense is like the experience of the day you can visit with your car coming back on. your street what i work at the end of it. all on a very warm welcome indeed to quadriga coming to you from the heart of berlin and the focus is on israel which is this week celebrating the seventieth anniversary of the birth of the jewish state in one thousand nine hundred forty eight ceremonies have been taking place in jerusalem and elsewhere across the country to mark the achievements of the past seven decades that have made today's israel a democracy a military superpower and a technological heavyweight but for the palestinians the emergence of israel was
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a catastrophe ever since they've been battling for what they believe is their land their rights and their future at least thirty palestinians have been killed and many more wounded in the latest clashes on the border with gaza so our question here on quadriga this week is israel at seventy a troubled anniversary and to discuss that question i'm joined here in the studio by a man who's a musician and a journalist he's also head of the german section of the new israel fund which is committed to supporting civil society in israel and palestinian rights over says seventy years of independence fifty years of occupation israel stands with them but it's crucial crossroads in its history also with us is our crown baker a middle east analyst and political consultant akram argues that with its ever increasing rightwing nature israel at seventy is excel aerating the end of the zion . experiment and
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a warm welcome to show the result as torch of elitism producer and commentator based here in. shawnee saying he's only seventy years old israel is still a young democracy in formation. thank you all for being here i'd like to begin with you overvote been seventy years of israel have you been celebrating. well that's a difficult question when i was talking to my parents who live in jerusalem i can still feel the excitement in their voices they remember actually when israel was founded they were there in one thousand forty eight. so for them it's still a miracle and these red states on the other hand looking at the years we have from israel these days and the demonstrations in gaza conflict with iran i hope that israel will be able to confront its its state in a way that will that will make sure that we will celebrate in ten twenty or seventy years and again you mentioned jerusalem you were born in jerusalem and i i saw that
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you were quoted as saying that you believe that jerusalem is a state of mind that i started out just a little bit further and assume that israel is a state of mind described that state of mind for us at this point in time. well it was this quote was made there regarding the decision of the american president to move the american embassy to jerusalem and it was very controversial in israel and outside of israel and my take was that actually it was a good decision because jerusalem as the capital city of israel represents israel it is a place where you have citizens and then you have hundreds of thousands of people who are not citizens and you have a separation between different groups between arabs and he's ready to she's rallies so in that sense jerusalem is right it's a state of mind reminding us that i would say the challenges with which is very is confronted and actually we two here in germany. should i resign is also an israeli citizen based here in germany working for the arch of iowa israel at seventy what
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does it mean to you. well you know there's lots of trouble there's a lot of challenges but but i want to break the gloom and doom fast i feel we're about to launch here because it's been seven years for what was an incredible miraculous act of statehood i mean this is and if you put this in the context of nation building seventy years is not a long time and these challenges that israel is facing and some of them are pressing a need to be solved sooner rather than later. they cannot you know where they cannot overshadow everything we need to still keep in mind you know often was talking about his parents remembering how it was when there was no state there if you put this in context we bring ourselves back to one nine hundred forty eight to see the to the survivors of the holocaust one of the biggest tragedies most atrocious you know parts of human history coming and together and managing to build this state having made many mistakes as well but with great determines and
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a dream and aspirations and it's something that you know when you think about it it's hard not to be touching my own some of these achievements what are you most proud of well the culture part of it you know the hebrew and the culture that surrounds it and these are the the thinkers and the philosophers and the and the writers and the poets and also they bring us hope you know this is the things that keep us going seventy years on when we look at what happens in the political sphere on one hand and maybe some of us are many critical for some for that's this one thing but then. it's really it's as a society is a strong society has a strong civil society it has very strong independent press these independent voices coming from that culture of of liberal thinking of. of critical thinking of their own government as well this is still part of israel as well and we need to keep in mind that that's where the hopefully you know this is where we're looking at the next seventy years this is where we need to hold on to
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and hope for a better charlie result us has used the word hope of three four five six times that are not statements he's talked about a great feat of state building what's your take on this well i just want to hark back to his it's a state of mind it's been a nightmare of the state of mind for us for palestinians for the past seventy years and just to touch on your the grandfather of modern hebrew as well leibovitz was one of the largest proponents of palestinian statehood and palestinian rights to exist is israel is a it's a zionist experiment and if you want to talk about the whole the cost and the horrors of that the problem is that most of some of the most violated people in israel have been the survivors of the whole accost many of them of those survivors are very pro palestinian and have been against what the state of israel has done. that saying we're not going to spend but about israel but unfortunately israel has
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continued to use and continues to use the holy cos as an excuse for its policies where as a whole the cost was a crime against jews was a crime against also gays and romans and he and many other people but it was a crime by europeans against their own people it had nothing to do with palestine and the injustice that was done to palestinians the fact is that your miracle was created on our catastrophe it was created through an injustice and right now for me to say i want the destruction of israel so i can build the state of palestine would be nothing but another injustice which i don't want to happen but it's your policies. it's the policies of the israeli government and this transformation of israeli society into a right wing vicious society which is based in
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a it's own business before you come back on the show and elicit i would go some images for the viewers and then i'll come straight back to her because the birth of the state of israel seventy years ago as we've just seen came shortly after the end of the second world war the holocaust the mass murder of european jews this shocking chapter of european history still counts to shadow over israeli society never again will we allow ourselves to be made victims savey israelis and the declaration of the state of israel by david ben-gurion in one nine hundred forty eight gave jews around the world their oh homeland but israeli media too found itself at war with five hour of nations during the conflict hundreds of thousands of palestinians fled from their homelands in what they called the nakba or catastrophe. two groups of people fighting for the same homeland yes but i but i think. and i think this is unfortunately that the challenge that israel is a failed to take up on them right i mean in
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a good way to try and fix but i don't think that acknowledging the palestinian suffering is contradicting the belief that jews have a place in the land of palestine and i think both palestinians and jews well the moderates will moderate ones know and understand these two people will have to find a way to co-exist and the lack of success is a tragedy and there's no doubt if you're looking at who's paying the price of that tragedy. when that you guys there's the there's no doubt who's carrying the burden on his shoulders but if you look at the few i mean it into the future then just like you said no one will benefit from the demise of the state of israel the jewish state it's about finding a way to make this work for both people somehow and i just kind of interject i'm sorry just one thing i completely object to a jewish state. just as i object to a muslim state or a christian state or a buddhist state it cannot there is no such thing as a democracy and a jewish state. if you have been looking very thoughtful yeah well.
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he's a middle eastern discussion in germany so i find both half of my facility struggling with each other. well first of all i think israel was founded not only because of the holocaust there would have been the state of israel or a kind of it is an institution entity in palestine with or without the holocaust this is important i think the lesson is much more to think we have to remember from the holocaust especially now that we are moving from remembering the holocaust as having the holocaust as a part of the human history because the last and victims and the last perpetrators are dying. is the universities to lessons it gives us. and i must say you know when you speak of the israelis only seventy years old and we have to let to give you time we have a basic construction full in the in the in the heart of this beautiful house called the state of israel and this is a failed partnership was palestinians. course among the great writers said a few days ago in these are a palestinian commemoration day he said israel will not be home by beit in arabic
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without us to be able without the palestinians having a home and without us being we to to to cooperate and when you say israel is a great culture it does and israel has a critical social civil society well i can tell you speaking is that as head of an unusual fund here in germany the israeli civil society the critical voices within israel are standing under massive attacks from one side of israeli politics because you know the critic that we sound we say that if this construction fall that we have the foundation of our of our joint home it will not be corrected if we will not find a way to call for it was the palestinians and i i disagree i don't think that you can compare it to a christian state but if we want to talk to each other then it's not that in seventy years and one hundred years the state of israel be older and wiser and will learn from its mistakes i believe that if we can if you keep on like this there will be no state of israel as we know it today. no you become german.
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group please ladies first you know i just i think there's no doubt i was starting with saying there are challenges there are many problems and i don't think we can we can the minute i mean the little diminish any of them and the urgency for for solution but then at the same time i just i just refuse to fall into this endless hopeless bleak look into the future in thinking that it's not going the know where there's a difference between the political regime that we see now and even if you like it's been there forever it's going to stay forever but life and politics it's not like that and there could be a situation in two three four five years things might look better they might not but we need to find people the critical voices the people within the civil society that journalists need to fight to make sure that the changes are made in the right direction but i don't think i mean i think if you look at the core there's a lot to work with there's good people there's good thoughts on both sides and i
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think. at this particular day one day of the year i want to try and stick to help you really wanted to use the good people of both sides. mad to say that. i agree with you in that. and with over that there has to be the solution the problem is that the zionist narrative does not allow for the palestinians right to exist as a nation i believe that there will be an end to israel as a jewish state which i hope there will be an end to israel as a jewish state and there will be a real democratic state call it israel call it palestine call it whatever you want where one person has equal rights under the law that this is a land for all of the people who live there jews christians atheists muslims buddhists whoever you like that that the state is for citizens and for the people
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who live there not for one religion over another that's the only way that israel can seems like the hopeless optimist is you not me let me just come here for a second visit i have as an outsider this time of celebration jubilation in israel the seventieth anniversary a lot of people are talking up outside is a talking about the achievements that its row house has made you know i mean you're you're you're dismissing the end of the very notion already been able to talk about the flourishing economy people talk about democracy in israel do you dismiss all of this out of hand and do you know what would you say that similar achievements haven't necessarily be made on the palestinian side because the israelis have been . there are not you said i that peter peter there are not two sides there is not israel and there is palestine israel is the master israel controls everything they occupy palestine palestine if anything is a state of mind it is not anywhere on a map to be found it has no controls israel controls everything so let's get that
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right so the fact that people have been celebrating of course these are the enablers these are the same enablers who have allowed the israeli economy to flourish with my tax dollars as an american and israel lives in a bubble take away the american tax dollars take away all the subsidies your israel economy will not be so would not be flourishing so much and then another thing gaza i disagree with your thing these are not clashes at the border this was a massacre of nonviolent civilian protestors by israeli snipers there were thirty five to forty people killed murdered and over two thousand people wounded with live ammunition if this had been turned around and palestinians with guns had shot at israeli demonstrators five hundred yards across the fence this would have been all over the press nonstop day in and day out but the western in
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a many points may not do the things like this first of all i must say they teach the chiefs of the state of israel in all fields are not jewish achievements their achievements of the state of israel which means there are also achievements of our policy is brothers and sisters who are as citizens of the states and it of israel and of for the living under occupation so of course you have. discrimination within israel but i would not i would not take gold to the tremendously important part of the listing and they are called arab israelis but palestinian and with israeli citizenship within israel in this in this miracle especially the economical miracle . called israel and the things like this. what happened in gaza shooting into an armed demonstrators most of them were unarmed demonstrators i agree with you and these are the things i agree with you and i think this is i don't know if you know speaking about one man one voice speaking about the end of the jewish state the end of design is a project basically design is it project it's you know what the zionism is creating
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the jewish so for anything within the middle east it succeeded that's its own all we're in the next phase. but. again if we look at the thing that that brings us together defect that's the twee here conceit and speak and say ok we have common grounds we disagree about certain things the same thing we can do in israel if we say we find common ground we find a model of citizenship which takes the jewish part which would take supremacy in part. i think this is actually a chance i would say the end of the jewish state but there was a rethinking serenity within israel and palestine over there is the key point which i completely disagree with you on is because we can find common ground and sit here and talk because we are living in germany we are all the same under the law israel if i was in israel you could come as a soldier and bar me from coming to tel aviv but when i get checkpoint outside of my house over obama but i am not sure i do your house in tel aviv and put
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a checkpoint in front of your house and prevent you from coming to jerusalem that is the difference the difference is that with when we are in israel or in palestine we don't have the same rights i cannot speak like you are no mother let's just let's just shift the focus for a second let's talk about ties between israel and germany because we're sitting here here in. as we just noted talking about what's going on between these israelis and the palestinians very far away and they have been will tensions at times in the last year or so between israel and germany each side has not been but now the relationship has it seems entered a new phase. but his first official visit to israel new german foreign minister heikal mass wanted to strike a new tone in the recently strained relations between the two countries his efforts were well received reach are. the calmer i'm learning more more and. from your history. my ass wants to build trust and bring new impetus to solving old
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problems with us i think that we are in agreement on nearly all of our objectives. there are indeed differences regarding the road to reaching them but the place of germany will always be alongside israel in all of these questions. if you say so i'm still those differing views or not on minor matters for instance germany continues to support a two state solution despite israel's controversial settlement policy the positions of the two countries here are poles apart so how much friction can the german israeli friendship tolerate. so much to talk about so little time show me is the german government right to cling to the two state solution well it's right as much as any other government is right to advocate for any other government to do anything else in the sense that. germany's is in the same line with many most of
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other european nations and up until recently the us would be the solution to the to the conflict will this make it closer to and will this be eventually the solution it's actually not up to germany or anyone else it's up to palestinians and israelis and the two state solution i think is is an idea that on one hand many can agree is the only way to save israel but we have a growing voices and growing numbers of people supporting these voices that maybe that's it has also sailed maybe it's too late now and we need to find other solutions like maybe a one state solution that is democratic state that gives we have even we have within the sutler's and within you know palestinians. support is that idea if that is a route that the world could go down is germany on almost broke or could facilitate in that equation i think germany could. facilitate could be an honest broker just
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as the united states could be an honest broker the problem is that they when they say it has to be the two sides who come up with a solution we are not neutral as western countries in this equation we the western countries the united states germany have given close to unconditional support militarily economically and politically to israel while denying this to the palestinians so they are not honest brokers they are not neutral in this equation if they were then i think there could be progress over. it's interesting when high cost and you have for minister of germany and to the office he's just peachy said the reason i went into politics is auschwitz and it was called is all over and it was it was. given as an example it is going to have no different israel politic than his and precess or is it my goblet but the government as well said i am in
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politics because of my father who was a national socialist all the way until he died so gobby and growing the same in the same in the same context so it just shows you that german in the israeli perspective can go this way and can go that way so i don't think there is one german voice. regarding israel i think you know israel calls itself a liberal democracy and it is for its citizen citizens and is rather liberal democracy not for all of inhabitants excuse me most the jury citizens it was legal citizens but not all of the people living god it is really rule for instance that the palestinians live are living under occupation and this is the key question what can germany do because of course as you and he said to get involved in the affairs of another of it of another country is is difficult but if israel calls itself a liberal democracy and i think it should that should be the goal of israel then ok welcome to the club in all it will be a part of this club you have to observe human rights if to observe equality for all citizens i think it's. it's actually it's positive politics that the german
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government to not only german german government and can pursue and excuse me if it's ok to send submarines if it's ok to support israel in the other manner a nother matter is why is it not ok to take part and in the in the region of politics where israel is a part of into my do have to say though just quickly i don't think germany can have it be a neutral broker i think as much as we see a slight change in german policy towards israel a bit more of a critical voice is a much more loud loud today than they used to be in the past but i don't see how germans not not so because of israel i don't see how germans let themselves be the ones pressuring israel because of the burden of the past because of the fear because of the discourse that we're so used to that is dominated that is dominated by that by the holocaust and i just don't much time left yeah very quickly is that there was no israel before nine hundred forty eight the holocaust world war two i don't like world war two being reduced to the whole accosts horrible as it was the
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entire war was terrible nazi germany or the fact is that what happened happened to european jews and not the state of israel the state of israel as far as i know does not speak for every jew in this world no matter what it likes to proclaim it does not so criticize they can put pressure on the state of israel has nothing to do with being jewish. that's my point i think this is this is highly important if i can and because this touches. a wound here in germany because very often we speak about israel and then we move to the discussion with all the countries and it isn't in germany it is not the same topic people who are pro israeli who goes israeli flags and get into arguments on billion streets because of that's one thing people getting attacked because they have a keeper on their head that's a different thing and i think it's it's you point it has to be discussed it's not you know you can't separate both that easily but it's we have to bear it in mind
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when you speak about anti-semitism in europe you know a nutshell from each of you where do you want the situation to go next. i want the situation i hope that there is an end of this conflict that can only lead and can only be led through by the end of the israeli occupation of palestine and whether that is a one state solution of democracy where everyone one man one vote one woman one vote in a democratic state or two state solution which in my opinion no longer exist because a settlement of the chinese. get such a big word by visiting how do we get there i don't know i think it's going to be much longer possible. we don't see any good development any changes real changes in the next decade over the partition civil partition that's the best for their situation for trying so much here goes thanks so much for being with us here today israel seventy a troubled anniversary thank you and see you next week from our shores.
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may the fourteenth one thousand nine hundred forty eight the state of israel is founded. for the jews it's the end of two thousand years of exile. for the palestinians it's the day they lost their home loved. playing nineteen forty eight jewish dream of not the creation of israel. fifteen minutes d.w. . we make up of what we watch as of our physical
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death and at the tip of we all of the civil services. they want to shape the continent's future to speak part of it and join our youngsters as they share their stories their dreams and their challenges the seventy seven percent w.'s platform for africa charted. the dangerous battle for images. five women. five exceptional stories. a satire i want to go to the front. way and maybe nothing more easy one calling more photography dramatic pictures from the frontlines capturing streets full moments in time and even risking death. she gave her life to tell the stories of people who ended up killing an.
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odd women more photographers starting may third on g.w. . five keys to safer food. keep clean to prevent contamination. separate draw and cook foods to avoid cross contamination. thoroughly to kill microorganisms. keep food it safe temperatures. to prevent bacteria. use safe water and safe well materials to avoid content. food
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producers are the ones primarily responsible for the safety of the food. but you can protect yourself and your family from diseases in the home by plying the five kilos to sea for food use them you also have a role to play. in berlin commuters are facing massive disruptions today as imagine sea services diffuse a world war two bomb near the main railway station the british bomb was uncovered on a construction site all nearby buildings will be evacuated and trains will be stopped for several hours thousands of tons of unexploded bombs and ammunition.

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