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tv   Port of Galveston  CSPAN  August 28, 2015 6:01pm-6:09pm EDT

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"undocumented yuri." sunday, several programs about hurricane katrina and its aftermath future and investigative reporter robert green. on american history tv on saturday afternoon, a former nasa asked her night discusses -- history of space asians, space stations, looking at the future of international space station efforts. on a real america, a film documenting the course of world war ii in the pacific theater through the surrender ceremony. get our complete schedule at c-span.org. visitsc-span cities tour
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literary and historical sites across the nation. civicrom authors and leaders every other weekend on c-span3 and american history tv. see the city tours on c-span each day at 6:00 p.m. eastern. welcome to galveston, texas, on american history tv. located 60 miles from houston, the city sits on a barrier island facing the gulf of mexico. established in 1825 by the congress of mexico, while -- land still known as texas land now known as texas still belongs to that country. coming up, visit the rosenberg
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library museum, the repository for much of galveston's historical heritage. >> we are the keeper of the history here. later, step aboard a 19th-century ship that once delivered goods to the city. >> she sailed and arrived here probably about 100 yards from where we are standing right now with a cargo full of bananas. we begin in the surrounding waters. the port is a major reason the plays asts today, and dominant role in its economy. the first land grant for toveston came in the 1830's a guy named michel minard and some of his other investors. they had someone come in, lay out the plots for the city, and
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began selling lots in the late 1830's. galveston was officially founded as a city about 1839. what was impressive about galveston was that it was a only onearbor, and the between mexico and alabama. there was an natural tendency to bring in goods and people that could go into texas and into the middle part of the united states. so that is part of what it was, the availability of the port and the access to mexico. as the 19th century maritime world changed, the ship industry became much larger. what became particularly important for galveston is that it was bringing products from the central parts of the states and shipping them out. shipping became so important,
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they needed to get vessels in here and get them closer to to the harbor to load them up. the late 19th century, cotton was the largest and most common thing being shipped out , and it was the thing that created the wealth of the city and the wealth of texas for a long time. galveston is more closely tied to what now occurs offshore. things thatrms and are brought into galveston to be prepared, cleaned, and taken back out. there is not a lot of immediate drilling. it is mostly a working port that supports industries offshore. immigration into galveston is one of the overlooked stories of texas history and american
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history. port and its availability for 150 years, we have had so many people in the united states and in texas. there were lots of groups of europeans, mainly germans, who and asming into the port a group, settling into different parts of the state. in the 1850's, commonwas the most language spoken. on the street, that is what people were talking. today,go to galveston you can see what became the entertainment.an you can see the first german church in texas. the height of immigration was
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the late 19th century and early 20th century. about 1924, it was no longer a point of entry for immigrants. it became a place where, in order to push immigrants away from new york and bring them into the central part of the country, in the early 20th century there was something called the galveston music -- thatston movement continued for a while and was -- very successful successful. it brought a lot of development texas andties in ultimately those immigrants who came to the port of galveston. the interesting thing about immigration here, it's not like
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everyone took a vote and decided cut it off, it was heavily regulated. but in the late 19th century,, you might arrive on a ship having traveled several months or weeks with your family or by yourself, you would arrive at this island, and you must have thought, what is this place going to be that i have spent all this time coming to, and you would go through a health inspection -- and there were a lot of ways you could fail that. if you did not pass, you would be sent to a quarantine station, or you could actually be returned to where you came from. of process lot involved. there was t

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