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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  April 2, 2015 12:00pm-2:01pm EDT

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opportunity hadi would do the right thing but it's hard to be effective when you've taken away your ability to control. and when people attack you and take over your capital, and when people imprison you in your own home in sanaa. that's -- he is the legitimate president of yemen. the outcomes of the national dialogue in yemen call for a transitional period during which a constitution would be drafted. this was done and then they houthis came in and redrafted it and we do not consider this legal. then you go through elections and then you have a new president and a new parliament and life goes on, hopefully towards a better future. that is what we were working on with president had the -- president hadi when this
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happened. i know that he is the legitimate government. he is the legitimate president. he wants to do what is going yemen. once yemen goes through a transition kgb -- transition period, then it is up to the yemeni people. he spent 35 years or so driving the country into the ground and he played a very dark role in the events in yemen. and so now he was removed. he continues to cause mischief he had the scenes. and we are doing our best to put an end to it. >> i want the audience to please remain seated while his excellency leaves, but not
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before saying that this is one of the best sessions we have. it is standing room only in this room. and at short notice at that. it shows the concern, the care about human and the yemeni people and the yemen-u.s. relations and the yemen plate -- yemen fightplight. we had more than 40 questions. i think we covered somewhat of the waterfront. we are grateful to our speakers and to his excellency. thank you all. [applause]
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>> this discussion is available for viewing any time online in the c-span video library. go to "the new york times" is reporting that the european union and iran are expected to issue a joint statement on
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nuclear talks. but it is unclear whether tangible details will be released. iran's foreign minister was expected to hold a news conference shortly afterward followed by a separate news conference by secretary of state kerry, in which she was expected to disclose more specifics about any potential accord. just learning now that all of this is expected to get underway at 1:00 p.m. eastern, just under an hour from now. we will have live coverage of secretary kerry when it gets underway. live coverage will continue at 12:15 eastern. nsa director michael rogers will talk about cyber security, talking about insider threats and the next generation of cyber operations. that's a 12:15 eastern. president obama hits the road today. he heads to kentucky this afternoon and then you talk -- and then utah.
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this is the first time he has gone to utah. we will have live coverage of the president's stopped in technology -- in kentucky. the white house says the plan would cost $300 billion but would effectively -- affect relatively few people. c-span 2 was planning live coverage of the president's remarks just after 3:00, but we are understanding out that the president's departure for that trip will be delayed due to the announcement from the nuclear negotiations with iran. stay with c-span for updates on the president's agenda. britain has a general election coming up in may. this afternoon itv will hold the first leaders debate of the u.k. general election campaign. it will feature all seven party leaders. the candidates will make. opening statements and then take questions from the studio
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alien's -- studio audience. we will bring that to you at 3:00 p.m. eastern c-span. to learn about the history and literary life, pulse oklahoma. >> he was very much more than that. he was born in 1912 in okemah come oklahoma. we are very proud to have his work back in oklahoma where we think it belongs. he was an advocate for people who were disenfranchised for those people who are migrant workers from oklahoma, kansas, and texas during the decimal era. -- the dustbowl era. he saw this vast difference between the haves and the have-nots and became their spokesspokesperson through his music. >> woody recorded very few songs of his own.
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we have about 36 songs in his own voice. >> ♪ this land is your land this land is my land from california to the new york island ♪ >> saturday at noon eastern on c-span 2 book tv. >> during this month, c-span is pleased to present the winning in trees in this years student cam video competition. it encourages middle and high school students to think critically about issues that affect the nation. students are asked to create their documentaries based on the theme the three branches and you, to show how it has affected them or their community. justice
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best in sparks, nevada is one of our second prize winners, her entry focused on animal conservation. ♪ >> it affects us all. we are all going to be affected by this. if we live in a beautiful state like nevada, the health of our state. if our land is not healthy, how can we as a people be healthy. it impacts us all. the actual health of our wildlife population. >> to many, the endangered species act is an excellent law when it helps species recovery. >> the greater sage-grouse is a declining species, there were over six 2 million a few years
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ago, today there are fewer than 200,000. the number continues to drop. >> the current situation with the sage-grouse, the numbers are down to about 5000, the amount of habitat the bird has has been reduced by half since the early 1900s due to development, ranching, wildfires, invasive species. if they thrive in a sagebrush habitat and they only have half of what they originally had. they have enlisted on the threatened species list. last case, they will be placed on the endangered species list. that could really harm the economy here in nevada. >> wildfires or invasive species. >> wildfire is number one, driven by a invasive grass. >>
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>> sage-grouse current threats make the people believe placing them on this -- the endangered species list will hinder their recovery. but there are still those who advocate for its listing. >> i think one way it might help is it will bring it more into the spotlight for the general public. people tend to pay more attention when a species is in peril. that might generate more activity. >> if the bird is listed, the bureau of land management will have to do consult with the fish and wildlife service on any management activities that occur within areas determined to be sage-grouse habitat, which is a large portion of northern about -- northern nevada.
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this will slow down the process of doing habitat restoration on. it will also slow down any other type of activities, such as grazing, mining, etc., on the land that is managed. there are conflicting opinions on whether or not this will help the bird, or will hamper the bird, because it will slow down the process of restoration. >> looking at a species, a single species, is the worst thing we can do for sage-grouse. the worst thing we can do is listed under the endangered species act. in the 11 western states that sage-grouse is in, there have been, in the last 4 to 5 years corporate conservation that has been happening across the board between federal agencies private landowners come a state
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agencies, and there is a huge momentum built up and my fear for our wildlife populations in general is that a listing of the sage-grouse as endangered will setback conservation maybe two generations. we have made such great strides in learning how to get along and how to communicate and work cooperatively, that i would hate to see that loss. >> the species is a focus of unprecedented range wide conservative efforts. and to prevent it from enlisted under the u.s. endangered species act within the next three years. for example, the usda's conservation arm has been over
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$100 million to conserve this species. >> you need to establish core habitat zones. that is the problem with that is finding the money to do it. we have the nature conservancy, and they have rehabilitation projects that would be designed to prevent wildfires, to restore areas that have been burned, and to protect some areas. especially areas where nothing is really going on anyway, no mining, no grazing, to protect those areas. >> a number one problem we have with these systems is they are surrounded by the juniper trees that have encroached on sagebrush ecosystems. i believe we can have a large impact on improving habitat quickly by treating wetlands, removing trees. and reducing the impact
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predators would have and improving the meadows in the late summer period. >> we all work together. we communicate, collaborate. we do not set distinct boundaries. we help each other out to do multiple conservation projects for the sage grouse. i have worked with other species that have been in decline, and i have never seen this amount of collaboration that i have seen with the sage-grouse, and i think it is positive and something that needs to continue, no matter what the listening -- listing decision ends up being. if that happens, that is good news for the sage-grouse. >> -- >> there are huge conservation efforts to reject -- to protect the sage-grouse. if it is listed these efforts may be halted. the people of nevada will be
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impacted greatly. >> it will end up on the list if we don't actually do something. >> watch all of the winning videos and to learn more about our competition, go on to and click on student cam. >> shortly, we will hear from michael rogers on cyber security issues. live coverage starts in just a couple of moments here on c-span. right now, remarks from john avlon who joined us this morning on "washington journal," to talk about the growth of news outlets and their impact.
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the first of two drawings, just because you don't win this one doesn't mean you don't still have a chance. first of all, i want to thank all of you for signing up to be members. i talked to so many people who say they are not members because they have never been asked. they come to all the events but they have never been asked to be a member. so -- host: online publications, the focus today. our care must take us to the offices and washington, d.c. of "the daily beast" which you can find online at john avlon the editor in chief
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joins us. guest: good morning. host: how do you define what you do to other people when they come to to your site? guest: we are essentially a politics and pop culture site but we do it back with real reporting. we are the alternative to particular partisan sites and content forums that you see some much today. my friend, the journalist to pass away a couple years ago says there are three great beats in american journalism. politics, hollywood, and war. that is what we cover at "daily beast" and the key for us is we focus on scoops, scandals, and secret worlds. we love confronting bullies, bigots, and hypocrites. that is what gives us alive in fighting as a lean and hungry beast. we are aggressive and we like to do real reporting and have fun doing it. host: what kind of stuff do you have and are they committed to find these kinds that you are looking for? guest: absolutely. here, we have about eight
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reporters from politics and national security. you will be talking to some of them later in the next couple in new york, we have a team hours. considerably larger than that. we are lean and hungry compared to some outlets, certainly legacy outlets. the key for us is to realize and it has been key to our growth -- we grew 50% at the end of last year. we are majority mobile, and our audience is 75% millennial or gen x. people will respond, particularly young people, to real news if it does deals with -- if it doesn't taste like medicine. balancing the edge and attitude of online news brands with the quality and credibility of legacy newsprint. when you combine the two, you get the daily beast. you can make a difference and a dent in on the conversation. we grew over 230% in the social
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community last year. you get did reporters and big personalities and you go out there and say have fun, be fair and all of a sudden you can get a real response. it is counter to a lot of the commodity news people have come accustomed to. host: if you go to the pages by now, there is a story about finding iran's secretive drone. there's a story about monica lewinsky and bob menendez. how do you decide what goes to the front page or the top for readers to get to? guest: you look for the best story there is. you look for a good vibrant high low mix. there's a story about discovering a secret iranian drone-based and the indictment against bob menendez and the whole culture of corruption in new jersey. a funny smart piece that stacks up the complaint against menendez but the legacy of corruption in the garden state. and then a look at monica
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lewinsky's resurgence. he got eric a young, feminist icon who really criticized monica lewinsky in the 1990's, and she apologized saying she was essentially wrong to engage in a political pylon that was disparaging to monica lewinsky at the same time. -- at that time. you look for the right mix and you always want to respect your audience's intelligence and time. to get over this idea that everybody wants the same kind a news at the right time, if you get the right vibrant balance between politics and pop culture, if you break real news that makes a dent in the conversation, you have a great story makes. that is what we have been able to achieve at "daily beast" and it is a constant process. we say today our best, tomorrow better. we are under no illusions that we have arrived. we need to say hungry and aggressive and work to get
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better. the growth we have seen is a vindication of the effort. host: numbers are on the screen if you want to talk to john avlon about "the daily beast." there are two quotes behind you, don't be boring, don't be how do they play into the daily news work of the daily beast? guest: those are our key editorial rules. we like to keep things simple and strong. don't be boring and don't be stupid area and that is a quick and punchy way of saying respect your audience and their time and their intelligence. particularly for younger generations, the dumbest thing you can do to appeal to millennial's is dumb it down. people are smart.
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you need to respect the fact. write headlines and stories that you would read and your family and friends would read. make sure you are adding value. don't be stupid. don't bottom feed in an attempt to broaden your audience. it will not work. focus on edge and differentiation that respect to audience. the other point about don't be boring, there is an ascension that some legacy news brands have that goes under the veil of commodity news. essentially everything is watered down and the voice is stripped out of it. i think that is a death sentence is what people really want to see voice, particularly in online reporting. i am a former columnist and i still write when i can. the column is a good form in general but for the daily beast, you want reporting done with a lot of voice so you add value to the conversation. there is a sense it doesn't taste like medicine. what we have found is particularly in the rising tide of social media so many things
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get commoditized. so many sites just rewrite other people stories. even opinion can be commoditized. if you break real news and add real value, it can resonate. outside of social media it can make a mark. they cannot taste that it cannot taste like medicine. one of the complaints that makes me frustrated in the world of news, particularly in tv news is on -- is when somebody says that is really important but it doesn't resonate. when you to understand and take response ability for the fact that if something is important it is our job to make interesting. if we cannot do that, we have failed in our jobs. that has an urgency to as we go through this massive change. more and more readers are getting their news via the social media feeds so you need to punch harder to resonate out. you can do it with quality and credibility but it cannot taste
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like medicine. it cannot be boring. host: we will spend our day at "the daily beast" talking to several of the reporters and the editor-in-chief john avlon. first call for you is from mark in st. paul, minnesota. go ahead. caller: i am wondering one of these news agencies going to report on the overpayment to legislators in d.c. they get a huge salary, unlimited sick days, you work under 100 days a year and get lifetime benefits after being in office two or three terms. one is somebody going to report on that? guest: are you making a point generally about the dysfunctional culture and their lifetime appointments in congress? host: he left us but i think
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that is his point. guest: one thing you should know about the beast in our political perspective is it was very fashionable around a decade ago to put forward partisan news sites. partisan new sites have hurt the credibility of journalism overall. one of the things we do here is make sure we are not partisan and not neutral -- not partisan and neutral. we punch left and right and that gives us unpredictable. we are voices ranging from liberal to libertarian. that degree of partisan predictability kills credibility but it compounds the problems we are seeing in washington. in my own writing, i have zeroed in on the dysfunctional nature of washington dc because of the unprecedented polarization. people are right to be frustrated. but they also need to recognize and we need to recognize and we need to recognize that partisan media has had a really compounding effect on the
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problems in washington. we have the opportunity to be correct and independent. that is one of our key values. one of our key phrases that we use inside the beast to remind us who we are and how we are different is that we are independent, irreverent, and intelligent. that is a promise to ourselves and our readers. young people are sick of partisan media. there is a region a majority of millennials self identify as independent. they are sick of the partisan straitjacket they get put in that leaves our country to dysfunction rather than being able to solve problems. host: linda you are our next caller. go ahead. caller: you said your audience is mostly millennials but yet recently i saw a poll that said millennials don't know much of anything. i would like to know how your site would increase the
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knowledge of young people that they don't seem to be getting through their education. guest: there is a tendency in all generations to look at the rising generation and say we are going to hell in a handbasket. these kids today. that impulse is understandable but it is rarely accurate as history will show. the key to appealing to millennials which is half hour audience is to understand a couple of key facts. it is the most diverse generation in american history. they have a real distrust of organizations and institutions which leads to a high degree of political independence. these are young folks who are massively news consumers on mobile devices, which is why it is significant we are mostly mobile. that has huge implications for the industry overall. they are getting a lot of their news
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through social media feeds. i really do believe the dumbest way you can appeal to millennial's and younger readers is by dumbing the news down. they will reward intelligence and integrity as long as there is punch and energy and attitude to it. that is what we can provide, and that is our obligation. it is a big mistake to write off a whole generation. it is a mistake most generations have fallen into. i understand the temptation but it is ultimately proven wrong. the trick to proving it wrong is to offer them something other than dumb celebrity gossip 24 hours a day. that will not scratch the itch. they are more interested in a wider range of things. in the last six months or so, we have seen our top two verticals be world news and entertainment. they run the and neck -- they run that connectin neck. the -- they run and neck.
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the diversity of this generation is one key to understanding that. the most diverse generation in american history -- for a news is not foreign because it involves real stories and real time. if you can bring that drama out rather than make it look like dry copy, you will get a real response. host: on our democrat line, here is richard. go ahead. let me push the button. richard from new york, good morning. caller: i just have a criticism of the news media in general. hopefully a suggestion of how to help. i noticed a move to sensationalism and entertainment and news and a visceral entertainment rather than on educational slant. i think it is important for everybody in the country and i think one of the problems is the lack of education. we can see it
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in the television shows. they are much less substantive in terms of education about science. i don't know if your member shows like "quantum leap. 's -- "quantum leap." we need to have more educational substance. that will help people make better decisions when they are voting. i understand it cannot be boring. i have worked in the school system. you have to engage people on an emotional leaven of -- emotional level. i wanted to emphasize science and math in addition to politics and entertainment. guest: first of all, i appreciate your point and i appreciate the quantum leap reference is a high water mark of american television.
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the key is to entertain while you educate. you to be able to do both. if you're only serving up hard-core math and science all-day any wonder why no one is visiting your new site, it is probably you. if you can entertain while you educate, you get the best of both worlds. at the end of the day that is what is at the heart of a high low approach to news and new sites. you want to offer people both because it will have a greater resonance. it is our obligation and our commitment to educate while we entertainment -- entertain our readers. that will make sure a larger number of folks read it. that is the name of the game at the end of the day if you want to raise the level of civil discourse. one thing about science and math and technology, one of the verticals we have had great success with over the last year and change is the tech and health vertical. we got rid of a business vertical. it was too broad. we decided to focus on tech and health and intersection between
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the two. we have seen real success in that vertical because there is a real interest particularly among millennial's. you see it getting picked up on referral sites and training on social a lot -- trending on social a lot. the key to making it work is not to just publish a bunch of dry academic position papers and wonder why no one gives a damn. host: you're -- >> can you hear me all the way in the back? can you hear me all the way in the corner over here? first thing i heard in my introduction was somebody say rolled high. [laughter] come on. you don't insult a guy when he shows up. thank you so much for taking the time in your busy lives for what i think is an important topic in this time in our nation. what brings mike rogers to spend some time with you today? as the commander of the united
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states cyber command, three primary missions. like many of you, responsibility for defending networks, in this case, the department of defense. a pretty large operation. second mission for united states cyber command is to generate the cyber dedicated workforce. that workforce will work from the defensive side to the offensive side. that is about 6200 people. we are halfway through the process of creating that workforce. the third mission is one directed by the president and the secretary of defense, to defend u.s. -- to defend critical u.s. infrastructure. the federal government has designated 16 segments in the private sector as having implications. think about aviation, power, finance -- there are 16
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different segments. nsa aids foreign intelligence organization. but the second mission that is incredibly important in the cyber security arena is nsa as an information assurance. we help develop the security standards for the department of defense and partner with other elements of the federal government to do it in systems government wide increasingly to use our capability to help her with the department of homeland security and the fbi in partnering with the private sector. they're quite frankly has not been a major security penetration in the last six months or so.
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given the echo here, i'm going to try to step away from this. is that a little bit better for you guys? that was a little bit of feedback. nsa, cyberspace, fundamental roles for the federal government in the cyber security arena. not the only organizations with roles in the federal government for cyber security. my first observation in a year in the job and today marks my specific one-year anniversary -- [applause] we partner with the department
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of homeland security, with the federal bureau of investigation, with other elements within the department of defense, in the private sector. one of my takeaways after a year in the job and i believe that this before i got the job and it has been reinforced by the events of the last year -- cyber is the ultimate team sport. there is not one single entity that has all the answers. there is not wincing will technology that is going to solve this problem set. in the end, it is our ability to harness the power of partnership's and bring together a wide spectrum of capability to help. and we've got to bridge the private sector and the public sector. and we've got to bring this together in an integrated way if we are truly going to defend our nations vertical infrastructure, which is one of the specific missions for u.s. cyber command. but i would argue more broadly if we are going to defend the systems of the private sector within our nation, we have got to bring together the private sector and the public sector in
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a way that traditionally we have not seen. we have got to do this real-time and we have got to do this in an enduring basis. it just just the that -- it can't just be that when we come together is when there is a problem. if i am honest, i was struck by this is great, but the cow is out of the barn. now we are reacting and this is a cleanup on aisle nine scenario. i don't think that gets us where we need to be in the future. where we need to the in the future is the ability to harness a set of partnerships that allows us to interact with each other in a real-time basis so that i, using the capabilities of an essay and cyber community command, can push to the private sector and say this is what i think is coming at you. this is what it is going to look like.
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what i am interested for the private sector is did you see what we told you you were going to see? what did we miss? what worked out well? what were the telltale signs that told you something was company? there are always advanced indicators well before you get to the final act, well before you get to the destructive act. there are always precursor events that give you a sense of what is coming at you. i would like this in the malware because i am interested in tearing it apart and developing counters so we can defeated in the future. not just you, but us, more broadly in the private sector. i am interested in the signatures that help the system recognize the activity.
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the way we are doing this in some ways is we are all trying to learn independently. that is a very painful way to go about gaining insights and experience. it tends to be very resource intensive and we constantly repeat the same mistakes over and over again. if each one of us learns them independently. i would like to see what we can do to bring it all together. the second point i tried to make people, is this challenge is about a whole lot more than just technology. technology is a big part of this problem set and the solution. but it is every did as much about culture and the human dynamic as it is about technology. you name the system, whether it is in the private sector or the public sector, in the end, it is motivated men and women that really make it work. and it is our ability to align that technology with that motivated and well-trained men are woman that really gives us
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our edge. i am the first to acknowledge hey, we have some amazing technology. we can do some really interesting things. but at its heart, we are an enterprise powered by motivated men and women. today is pretty wide -- you are looking at crime, doing a sharp tank, looking at how to build a workforce, looking at acquisition. it's a pretty broad swath. i thought it was a pretty is setting. as i said, there is no single silver bullet that is going to fix all of this. it's about how we can work together to make it all work. and that is a challenging time for us right now. i am the first to admit i am leading at least one of my two organizations that still has a measure of distrust among some.
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i acknowledge that. i don't pretend it is otherwise. yet we have to figure out a way that we can harness the capabilities of nsa to partner with the private sector in the name of defending our nation. nsa has some amazing technical capabilities in the information assurance arena that are real positive for us as a nation. and i want to see us apply those in a partnership way with the partner -- the private sector that maximizes value. as a nation, we are paying for that capability. i would like to see us use it in a positive, constructive way partnering with the private sector. that's important to me. rather than just talk at you we are going to go the tablet route. i will try to take questions from the audience. excuse me, i need to put on my
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glasses for that. let's see what we got. ok we don't have any entries yet. this is not a good-sized. [laughter] i'm looking at a blank tablet. if anybody send me something and we just missed it. damn it. [laughter] i apologize. who was helping me, young lady? i just lost the outlook app. [laughter] come on. i don't see it listed as one of your apps. where is she?
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she was standing in the back. here we go. >> you have one question. >> oh. there you go. you see, the positive side was that it wasn't that rogers didn't know where to go. so the questions are shutting to come in so we will take the first one. the first one comes from cindy thomas. cindy, i apologize. it is loading your question real quick. so the question from cindy is, as a nation, we have been primarily focused on enemies abroad. with the emergence of islamic extremism, we recognize now there are domestic insider threats. is there information for the emergence of corporate nationstates and how will we act and respond to those? cindy, are you here?
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i want to make sure i am getting the question. is the question focused on the idea about how our corporations going to engage in this world? >> the potential threat of companies [indiscernible] >> so talking about the hack back type of idea, corporations. in broad terms, i am a believer of the application of force. to capabilities in the non-kinetic world. i am not a big fan of the corporate world taking on this
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idea. it is not without precedence. if you go back to family history and you look back at when nationstates have lacked capacity on their own in the early days of the american revolution, we had not yet gained the foresight to gain a navy -- we turned to the private sector and said we will allow you to take that private ship you own and, acting as an agent of the state, if you will go after those british ships, we will give you legal protection. we will let you sell the cargo and take some of the monetary profit from that. so we have done this before. in general, i am not a big fan of going that way. earlier today i was looking at some analysis on some entities
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that are already out there offering a wide range of services. i'm not sure that in the long run that is in the best interest. ok shawn. in recent testimony before congress, you called for more offensive capabilities. what exactly does that entail? the point i was try to make in my testimony last month was that i believe that a defensive only passive strategy is not in the long run going to deter nationstates and groups and individuals from engaging in some of the behaviors we have seen. from the theft of intellectual property to the destruction of data to the manipulation of data. that returns is an important component for as a nation how we are going to change the dynamic we are dealing with.
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right now we are reacting. you saw that earlier this week with the administration's announcement of its executive order in which the administration has now authorized the application of sanctions against both individuals, groups, nationstates who engage in offensive cyber behavior. i think that is another could step along the way. i am also a big fan of we should develop a set of offensive capabilities. their application and usage needs to be tightly controlled. that is not a decision i should make. that is a decision a policymaker should make. just like we do now with the application of force in the more traditional kinds of arenas. let's see. ok, this is from patrick tucker. at the security summit last year on this very stage, emil rogers
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asked the audience if any of them had suffered any kind of "compromise of their personal information." what was that event and how are you hacked? [laughter] patrick, where are you? badger, i apologize. that is not one i will go into. [laughter] i will try shawn no. so this is from sean. are you there? all the way in the back. how specifically will the nsa contribute intelligence to the nations cyber threat center?
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the cyber threat intelligence center is designed to act, if you will, as a kind of central and politico -- analyticum as a one-stop shop, much as the national counterterrorism center has overall responsibility for bringing together all the efforts of the intelligence community and the counterterrorism set. seatacctic will do the same thing. justin duncan, are you here? is there any effort underway to leverage clear and retiring or exiting military members to act
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as trusted agents to bring classified indicators and intelligence to the private sector? the short answer is no, that i am aware of. i think what really gets to the heart of your question is what can we do to try to increase the throughput of classified information into the private sector? what you have outlined is one way to do it. quite frankly, what i am trying to push largely in my nsa had as the leader of an intelligence organization is why can't we outright declassify them, much of what we are doing on the cyber defensive side? we are not always went to be able to do that. but we have shown in the aftermath of sony and the north korean piece we have shown an increased ability to try to sanitize information that way jennifer wright -- that we try
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to generate. let's see. ok, this is from victor ekinabe. first, outlook is a phenomenal ap on the ipad. can you speak on how industry can help share in its learning and technical developments? on the nsa side, we've got a pretty long term effort with commercial counterparts. if you go to, look on the lower left-hand side and you will see a link that talks about how to do business with nsa. we are interested in reaching out and partnering with the private sector.
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i am the first to remind both of the organizations that i am responsible for leading, hey, much of the intellectual india did -- intellectual ingenuity is in the private sector, not in the government. if we are going to be effective we have to reach a and partner with them. on the u.s. cyber command site, -- side, i am trying to create some infrastructure in the private sector away from our headquarters, goat or equity to where there is industry concentrations as a way to do this. so it is something we are definitely interested in. ok. this is from metra forteski.
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are you from nsa? >> now. -- no. dir. rogers: the way the question was asked, i was try to determine if you are. this may help us prevent attacks at the one on sony in the future. can you talk about any other effort nsa is taking to further public-private partnerships? under our information assurance set, nsa helps in the development of standards in writing signatures that recognize activity that we quite friendly share with the private sector. you won't necessarily see us. i use it on dod systems. i use it on our own systems. so the very things we try to use with the public sector, we use ourselves. when it comes to cryptographic
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standards, to some technical development, we are committed to sharing as much of that as we can. if you look at the -- the website is one of the vehicles we use. we push it directly to a lot of the major vendors whatever the particular market segment is and say, hey, this is how we use it. let's see. this is from bill hill. at the risk of being on your watchlist -- [laughter] i apologize about the role tied. it's just a conditioned response. [laughter] all right, bill, thanks very much. daniel fink are you here? ok.
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with the competition between private and government sectors for cyber talent, how do you plan to retain your cyber workforce? this is not a challenge that is unique to cyber for the department of defense or the intelligence community. it is purely going to be about money. we are clearly not going to be your first choice for a work voice -- a workplace. but what are the ways we are going to compete? we are going to compete five different ways. number one, we are going to. attract. people because of our vetoes, or culture of service number two, we are going to attract people because of our mission. we defend the nation for number three, we are going to let you do some amazing things you can't do anywhere else. number four, we will give you a lot of responsibility at a young age. once we give you your training and are competent in your abilities, we give you response ability.
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number five, we are a global organization. if you want to work in europe asia, multiple places in the united states, we have work spots for you. if you are an adrenaline junkie if you want to be in afghanistan, iraq, fill in the blank, anywhere that dod is in general, you will find nsa and u.s. cyber command partnered right there with them. this is from stephen orenstein. do you foresee an nsa reorg that would reintegrate overlapping standards of cyber. today is my one-year anniversary . one of the things i have done in that year is i posed a series of 12 questions.
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one of the 12 questions talks about is our structure optimized for the future? is it reflective of our past? and i specifically said i want the team to take a look at that and i want you to look 10 years down the road. what do we need to do today to ensure that we have optimized ourselves to execute our mission in defending the nation five to 10 use from now. we just can't sit here and say to ourselves look at all of the amazing things we have been able to do in the past. as a leader, i am not a big proponent of that thought process. ok scott macione. i assume you are a media got.
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while legislative authorities does cyber command need from congress? the first thing i would ask is we've got the cyber information sharing past. that is not a cure-all and it is not a silver bullet. it is an important step in helping us deal with this idea private and public hardships. quite frankly and i certainly understand -- any general councils here in the audience from the private sector? don't be embarrassed. raise her hand. [laughter] ok, i did not see any hands go up. many general councils, in my experience, they will often advise their board often advise their leadership, hey, be leery about doing too much that potential he sets us up for liability. that's part of the function of
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the general counsel. one of the important things about legislation is this idea of liability protection. it's a way to help provide the private sector a measure of top cover, if you will, anchorage mint in interacting in both ways with the federal government -- encouragement in interacting in both ways with the federal government. let's see. daniel, you have already asked me one. eric l, are you here? how are you doing? how do you plan to the conflict cyber command's engagement with the private sector and other u.s. government efforts such as nci gen f nc3.
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i have people embedded in those organizations. secondly, for u.s. cyber command, we will be acting in support of others. we won't be the lead. the most likely scenario, when the dod provides capability through its import of steel. i believe the model in the cyber scenario would be very similar. through the department of homeland security. >> ok, robert asks, knowing how much workforce for cyber command, what education and development strategies are you excited about and what gaps are you most concerned about nationally? adm. michael rogers: excuse me
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i am fighting a cold. among the things we have talked about, we have got to get to people at an earlier age. as you heard earlier recognition from educational efforts that are ongoing at the middle and high school, we are increasing our outreach efforts at the high school level. if you come out to fort meade right now, we will find very young people working as interns. my second day on the job, i am down at the cafeteria and ict w young ladies who look incredibly young to me, and i go back to the office and i said something like, how early are we hiring people? [laughter] they literally looked a little older than my youngest. the next day, i cbc gets young people and this time, i thought come in for a penny come in for a pound. i stop them and i said, how long have you both been working here?
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it turned out they were high school students, 15 years of old -- years old, working as part of the internship here. we expanded that effort are i am also interested in how we create a model. our model is a little different than when i'm out in silicon valley. what i'm talking to the private sector about tell me how you retain, grow assess, a workforce not only optimized for the day but could get you where you need to be tomorrow. the model for the private sector is the average employee will work for two to five years. often just bouncing around within. our model particularly on the nsa side is very different. once they join us, our retention is amazing. last year in 2014, the nsa overall retention was 98.7% of the workforce. we only lost 3.7% of the workforce. [applause]
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that is a great testament to the culture and the mission. a motivated bunch of men and women love what they do and have great respect for one another and are dedicated to the idea of how we defend the nation and how we do it within a lawful and accountable framework. but there is a flip side. one of the questions i asked was , in a 3.7 rate, it would take us 33 years to reconstitute the workforce. are we really comfortable that that is the right, long-term answer? i would like to get to a place where you can start with us and go out in the private sector and then come back. you can be in the private sector and come in turn with us for a year or two p are quite frankly among the challenges we have been dealing with, i watched two cultures who think they understand each other and they are just talking past each other. i listen to my workforce and i
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say, so tell me what you think about the private sector and what it is doing. i would sometimes hear from them the primary driver is money. they think they are changing the world through technology. your focus, our focus is about defending the nation appear the two values are very compatible and very worthwhile. likewise, in the valley, to be honest i will sometimes hear you have the workforce we did not want to hire. i will say, interesting, because of someone leaves the organization, you hire them like this. do not give me this. [laughter] it is not a knock on either one, but i'm watching, from my perspective, i'm watching two different groups, two different dynamics that do not fundamentally understand one another.
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one way we could help understand one another better is if there was more cross-pollination between us. i'm interested in trying to figure out how we create mechanisms from the private sector to work for a while and then to come back. i think it is very powerful for the future. with that, i rely someone is coming after me so i will take one more question and then close it up. herman, you will take us home. i pick -- i will pick a different one. it is not necessarily at that question, but not necessarily one i want to end on. no name, other than an address. rob. i'm sorry. did i get the name right? he asked what nsa -- what is and is a challenging problem on cyber defense initiatives?
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i do not have -- the biggest challenge, in some ways, is how we overcome some security challenges. it kind of goes to the other question i got. we have got to set this up so we could do it on a much more multinational aces. we are doing something's pretty closely with partners right now, part of the historic relation we have with one another. i'm interested in expanding it beyond that. as i said to you before, cyber to me is the ultimate team sport. not only a team sport to mystically for us, i believe is a nation, but cyber does not recognize geographic foundries. -- boundaries. national borders, to find
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solutions many times. we have got to come up with a framework that enables us to partner and work beyond those boundaries, beyond those borders. i am committed to trying to do that. with that, i thank you all very much for your time and attention and your willingness to engage. [applause] [coughing] >> thank you so much for your time, spending this time with us today. one person i meant to call up earlier, a good friend of yours. their chief executive officer and president, general bob. thank you so much. [applause] say just a couple of words. general bob: i want to thank everybody and thank this gentleman right here. he gave us a of insights on where he was thinking and where
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he is trying to go. it is incredible how practical his approach is to what he is trying to accomplish. it is hard to argue with the points admiral rodgers made today. admiral, i would offer to you that this may be one of the organizations to bring industry and government together and we welcome the opportunity to do it with open arms. thank you very much for what you are doing for the country. [applause] classified one could remain seated while the admiral leaves. adm. michael rogers: stand up and do whatever you need to do. >> you can see all of what admiral rodgers said again in the c-span video library at here is news nuclear negotiate since with iran.
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all parties are not in agreement about the disclosure of details. the dispute continues over how much of it to make public. officials spoke outside of weeklong talks suspended after the march 31 deadline in an effort to formulate the general state of what had been a competent documents describing what had been done to meet a june 30 deadline. a news conference is about to take place to discuss results of the talk spirit we will have live coverage of the briefing when it gets underway here on c-span. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] >> while we wait, we will take you to a discussion on the latest in the fight against isis on this morning's washington journal. >> nancy, you recently -- tells
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about this story. guest: i wanted to write that piece because it is in the middle of the campaign for the islamic state, the northern iraq city most americans know. for two weeks into the battle, this was a largely iranian led effort. the general, head of the forces is there. about three weeks in as the effort was stalled and the islamic state was able to push -- pushback that force, the u.s. began to intervene. it has notably not been conducting airstrikes and on march 25, the united states started conducting airstrikes. a few days before that, it started providing intelligence to the iraqi military and suddenly iranian advisors and militias backed by them, the generous -- the general stepped away. at that moment, the battle he
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came a u.s. led operation. i wanted to make a note because it is such a notable shift in the war. it was the first time we had seen iranian influence retreat and it is interesting we are talking about that today because we are seeing the prime minister of iraq claim victory over isis and that effort shift away.
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i think it was an opportunity because we saw the threat of having iran having so much play over the battle plan there was what came next. few would have the iranian influence on iraqi government, on the outcome of iraq at large. this is an opportunity to take some of the influence back if you will. militarily, it was becoming dangerous. you had an atomic state of no more than 1000 fighters able to push back 23,000 shia militiamen and iraqi security forces. it is an opportunity to say going by the way of iran and potentially putting sectarian issues to the forefront is not the best way to take back iraq from the islamic state. working with us and the coalition will give you a better long-term outcome. there was a chance for the u.s. to make a statement and make it forcefully. host: how would you characterize the influence of isis as it stands in iraq and other places? how do you communicate that to your readership through the editorial process and guidelines to use?
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guest: it as a fluid situation in terms of the islamic state because of the fall of tikrit. this is the first time we see the islamic state lose territory they were so entrenched in. we were talking about the city of kobani which was a city they were trying to take hold. tikrit was a city they had a hold of and so the fact that they lost territory which was a keystone to their mission to create an islamic caliphate was a big deal. we started to see some changes in syria, most notably in the part of southern damascus where the islamic state moved in a few days ago. it is an area dominated by palestinian refugees.
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it is an area as close as isis has come to downtown damascus, ju we are seeing a big loss so far in iraq and a shift in syria. i spent four years in iraq from 2003 two 2007. -- to 2007. it is a challenge because you are trying to understand the dynamics and the ground from 6000 miles away. i depend a lot on local media reporting. the u.s. military, and i try to put a focus on how the military is seeing it because i am limited in what i can say in terms of on the ground operations because i am not there. i am trying to project in my pieces how the military sees it and what it means for the u.s.'s broader strategy. host: used to get the same access to pentagon and security officials that you wrote for othe guest: i get more access believe are not because some of the people in the military know "the daily beast."
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they commit a lot of younger soldiers who are readers of "the daily beast" and the online element allows this instant interaction between military commanders and myself. i think having that has changed the dynamic in terms of my reported. they are not waiting hours for the story to come out. sometimes they see it within an hour. we have a conversation in real time between what i am reporting and with the dynamics are. we are talking about issues in these pieces that are changing our by our. to be able to update stories at
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that level has led to a great interaction. i find that they are more receptive than when they had to wait hours. host: nancy youssef is your to talk about national security issues and foreign affairs and isis and things along that nature. the first call for you comes from tommy in tennessee on our independent line. you are on with our guest. caller: my question is why is it being reported about isis being close to the golan heights? bombing syria is a threat to israel and the golan heights area. i wonder why it hasn't been reported yet. guest: i haven't heard those reports yet. the challenge i have in reporting on these events is i am depending on u.s. intelligence gathered.
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that maybe an oversight and our part in a sense of not asking the question. there is so much focus on the iraq because of the immediacy of the threat that there has not in a lot of discussion but i will take that question to the pentagon today. host: from prescott, arizona, go ahead. caller: good morning. it seems as if you just mentioned national security, national interest, national defense, that we celebrate and we go to war -- we salivate. we are close to a war with iran. why is it you think all the video we see of isis fighters, they are in the desert and nowhere near a cactus. they are not the mosul international airport monitoring the flights. why are they on monkey bars and standing around and shooting at cactuses instead of being in the cities they have supposedly taken over? guest: it is an interesting question. the videos are done in a strategically. i feel some angst today because with tikrit fall is we c isis bring back the message of terrorism. as they were losing kobani is when the video of the jordanian pilot came out where he was burned to death.
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it was then in a sophisticated manner. that doesn't mitigate the threat they pose. the increasingly do show their place in urban warfare. one of their last western hostages have been featured regularly in cities showing isis's presence. the u.s. struck a drone that was used to make aerial videos of the areas they control. isis is putting out very sophisticated videos. they are very well produced and there is a lot of calculation in terms of what is in those videos but the timing of the. st: linda lives in washington, go ahead. you are on. caller: i have two quick questions. one is about a certain term that is used by the iranians that is an anti-somatic slur -- anti-semitic slur. it is a must a parallel to we wouldn't use the n-word because we understand it is insulting. i wonder because i keep hearing
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it more recently than ever. the second question is why are we not supporting or why haven't we been able to get our equipment that the u.s. taxpayers paid for that is not
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why aren't we -- why haven't we enabled to get our equipment that the u.s. taxpayers pay for that is sitting or not being used or it has not made its way up to just a tiny bit past -- think god -- thank, god that they have just dispersed into the areas goes by and now the air support is gone and they are able to continue to do damage and to move into populated areas. i appreciate your hard work and god bless. guest: thank you. i will take this second question first which is about the equipment. at the irony is a lot of the strikes that the u.s. is conducting, 2500 plus so far has been hitting u.s. agreement that prices procured when it took iraq's second-biggest city last june. there is an effort to distort u.s. equipment. a lot of the agreement that the u.s. is providing they are purposely keeping in iraq because they want to ground operation to be led by iraqi forces on the ground. i think one of the big lessons isn't that these cities cannot be taken back from crisis just
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with air support. you need a ground presence and the u.s. has said they will not provide this substantial ground force in iraq. it depends on local populations and that equipment is key. i can tell you from my time in iraq that there is a big confidence boost that comes from having western suppliers weapons for the iraqi forces, so i think it is important psychologically and to the war fighting efforts. on the first question, i don't know the answer. i can tell you that i use the term because i use it as a transition of a farsi term. i will be curious to research that, but i don't think the intention is because that is how the iranian forces refer to themselves. that is from my own perspective as to where the word comes from. host: nancy youssef from "the daily beast" joining us. what does it say about the iraqi security force? guest: i think the battle in tikrit was not asked -- was not necessarily want from iraqi military forces but if i can expand briefly.
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there were two kind of forces that were fighting on the ground integrate. one was iraq he army -- one was iraq he army and the shiite military forces. once isis started moving in, these are forces that are not generally under government control and are led by leaders whose intent are to protect shia interest. at the peak of it, there were 20,000 shia militia and men compared to 3000 iraqi fighters.
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any shia militia forces that came and had to be under the command of the iraqi lee terry. -- iraqi military. it went down to maybe -- the -- to maybe 10,000. the point is that this battle would not have been won without the shia of military forces. going forward, it means the shia military forces have great influence and i am watching to see how that manifest itself because it could lead to shia forces or shia militiamen having of much bigger sleigh in terms of the next battle and how it approaches the ice is a threat. that is probably one of the biggest takeaways. that this is something that was a product of the shia militia forces as much as anything else and they may have a big say in terms of how iraq approaches diocese -- the ice is -- the isis threat. for example, one of the big battles the u.s. and coalition that they have been preparing for months is trying to take the second-biggest city. to do that, they have to clear
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the north. there are lots of cities along the way that they have to clear. the next one up north of tikrit. if we start to see a push north of tikrit, the u.s. can support the plan to take back iraq from isis. for them, the priority is western iraq because on to the province that we talked about so much is a threat to shia towns south of the city that borders a lot. we start to see more of a push and that will speak to much more militia driven influence on the war fighting effort. host: letter from georgia. -- let's hear from georgia. georgia, you are on with nancy youssef. go ahead. caller: i am concerned about our borders because we are not just saying hispanics coming across but we are seeing terrorists
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coming with really crazy ideas that are crossing over. i am really concerned about our own national security and i would like to hear what nancy has to say about that. guest: well, georgia, that is an interesting point. we talk about internal threat to the united states. the thing that gives me a lot of hope is that relative to europe, the u.s. has a smaller problem. in europe we see house in the fight is going to iraq and syria and much fewer numbers in the hundreds from the u.s. conversely, we see a lot more charges in europe, plotting terrorist attacks in their own country and more so than the u.s. the u.s.'s ability to assimilate has been such an advantage and has shaped why that threat while it exists, is not nearly as dangerous or as large as it is for the u.s.'s european allies. i'm not saying the threat is not there, but the idea that a lot
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of terrorists are coming in with plots against the united states is not nearly as public as it is in places like france. host: jim from parkhill, missouri. thank you for calling. go ahead. caller: my question is they've got these military thing going to be happening in the southwest united states. why would they come in and practice on our soil? for what reason is there at all to have military practicing? i think they are going to take over the country. i would like an open answer to
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this. why is our government and our corporation doing this? thanks. guest: sure. i can tell you i spent a lot of time in the pentagon and i can play that practice is andrew is happen all over the country by the u.s. military. they try to -- i can tell you that practices and roles have been all over the country by the u.s. military. this military has been called the best in the world and i think it is because of the amount of time that has been put into drills and re-creating settings. i'm not sure it is a bigger threat. i think it is because of the demands that are always in motion. i think what you are seeing is that manifest in terms of daily exercise is going on across the country every day because we have put so much demand on this military to be ready. there was a time when the military could rest and train and focus on training, but because of the world we live in and the demand, we are seeing the military constantly training and getting ready for the next mission.
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it is not a slow period to focus on training. the way you are seeing it in places like missouri is training going on at a scale that did not happen a few years ago. host: our guest nancy youssef of "the daily beast." she is there senior national correspondent. an online publication, how often do you post and how often are you compelled to create stories for the online publication? guest: well, it is funny because of the work i do, i don't have to worry about a compelling reason because the news itself makes it a generator in and of itself. i frankly find i don't have enough time. in the last couple days, there was activity in yemen, the u.s. unfreezing military aid to egypt. there is what is happening in the creek. -- in tikrit.
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it works out to three or four times a week, practically speaking. i find the biggest challenge of what to write about is because national security issues are so dynamic right now and trying to figure out a way to make it resonate with readers. these are issues i think are important, so the challenge is to make it interesting and compelling. and nuanced enough to write about. i think it is interesting in the news business there is less and less space for stories, even as issues become complicated. using that space in the best weight possible and using the topics in the best way possible is the challenge and number of stories to produce. host: you mentioned yemen. one of the headlines coming up is that yemeni officials meet aid. can you give some context to what is going on there? guest: the houthis our group of
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-- is a group of rebels supported by iran and they have been moving in for the last couple of months, taking over parts of yemen. they started in the capital and drove the president out of the country. they moved in to a place called aden before they did that and we are seeing houthi forces moving in. and potentially taking over. if that happens, it is a huge blow to saudi arabia and egypt. the saudis say the houthis as a proxy of iran and they see as an imminent threat. they have started airstrikes and we are seeing reports that confirm there is a ground force presence, presumably saudi and egyptian. the egyptians have backed the saudis in this effort. this expansion by the houthis,
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which has been remarkable because they went from a small territory to moving on to the second biggest city in yemen, is a big blow for those who see the houthis spreading out to the gulf. it is a big loss for the saudis who watch this -- who launched this air campaign to push back houthi control because they have been extending quite quickly. that all said, this is a protracted battle for aden. i think it is a long battle and could have severe and casualties -- civilian casualties and stability in yemen. i would just add that i think the other thing to remember is that yemen is where al qaeda and the arab peninsula is based. this kind of instability is really fertile ground for
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them to try and expect. host: you are up next. go ahead. caller: good morning. guest: hi. caller: i have a two-part question. one question is how did isis go further and is there any u.s. congress involvement in the funding of isis? could you speak on? guest: those are good questions. the isis funding question is fascinating because it has shifted. it has been a key part of their expansion. isis had taking over oil-rich territories and they are making millions every month. the u.s. and coalition have been targeted in that. and other way they do it is through kidnappings and we see some horrific videos that have emerged to ransom payments. -- through ransom payments. that has been a source of funding in the past. they also have foreign fighters
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bring money in with them and that is a source of revenue. mostly we seek funding coming from taxation of residence there. all of those have been funding sources for isis and that is a multimillion dollar organization. they had taken a huge hit. the oil revenue is there, but the main revenue from the taxation and territories they hold and the money they come in -- that comes in from foreign fighters. territory is a huge part of how they money. once you lose territory, you lose a big source of your fighting revenue. they get revenues -- the territorial expansion it was important because oftentimes they would rob banks. i think that is one of the reasons we are seeing the movement in place or it is so
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key for them to have do territories, not only for the expansion of the caliphate and they have struggled with that since the coalition strikes began. host: from dallas, you are on with our guest. caller: good morning. i enjoy your writing. a couple of quick questions about the kurds. number one, if you could speak a little bit about our level of support for the kurds, for our reluctance to supply them with arms and weapons and support in general. it seems like it is pretty halfhearted. my second question is about the pkk, and is there any possibility day will be removed from the terrorist list at any point?
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thank you. guest: those are two great questions. i will start with u.s.-kurdish nations. the u.s. has supported the kurds. the u.s. involvement in this battle against emotional -- mosul began in tikrit. ds support has been pretty graphs against the kurds, but the u.s. has been hesitant. that is not so much of not supporting the kurds, but trying to respect the sovereignty of iraq and have a process such that weapons go to the iraqi government. the kurds say we are not getting the weapons from the central
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government and they need us to come directly and there has been a lot of pushback about how to supply weapons and not seem to be suggesting or that there is a different level of support and no respect for the process. you are right to ask because that pkk forces were a big part of the takeback of the kobane. there were also regional interests at stake, most notably turkey, that would have serious objections. you are right to raise the question because in some ways, the u.s. has been helping the pkk. host: let's hear from clyde in san antonio, texas. caller: good morning. i am old enough to remember all upi and a.p. and the wire services our feeding information back to the u.s. i would like to know what
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news feeds you depend on what the information you accumulate both internationally and nationally. guest: it is a great question because we do depend on local reporting. you know, these wars and making the right decision turned on details. the detail gets lost from transition from iraq back to the united states. i'm lucky because i know so many writers that are there, so i often look for certain bylines because i know i'm going to get great work from them. bobby worth, eric schmidt in washington always has remarkable work. the a.p. has been really great and ahead of the game in terms of calling where things are
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going. i find, frankly, because these kinds of issues turn that you have to read several pieces of work to get any semblance of a full picture of what is going on there. i find i go to certain bylines as much as i do about topics. i would say the wires are critical. i give you an example. the wires reported on tuesday morning that tikrit was starting to fall. in "the new york times," it said it had not fallen. so just getting that little hours ahead of notice allows me to then go to the pentagon and try to flesh out what is exactly happening on the ground. i think for those who are interested in these issues, and i know it is not a great thing to hear, but these issues and the lack of foreign reporting of overall demands that you read several sources to get a full understanding of what is happening.
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what i am providing is what looks like from the u.s. military vantage point because i think that is so important and spending taxpayer dollars. i am trying to get a reader's understanding of how the pentagon and national security apparatus is reacting to development on the ground. i cannot do it without reading all of the wires, a.p., afp, "the guardian," and local news reports in iraq. i have an advantage that i can read a little bit of arabic and i can follow local news reports to see what is on the ground. it takes all of those for me to feel that i have a respectable understanding of what is happening on the ground. i think for those who are interested, it really demand several sources. host: nancy youssef, you talked about the moment by moment of changing nature of stories. there is a story out of readers about about the iran talks going into another day.
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tell our readers what you are you watching -- at in the series of negotiations
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>> i am going down to read the joint statement that we have agreed on with the foreign
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minister and all the others that have been negotiating. we, the european union high representatives and the foreign minister of the islamic republic of iran, to with the foreign ministers of the china, france germany, russian federation, united kingdom, and united states met on 26 march until 2 april 2015 in switzerland. as agreed in november 2013, we gather here to find solutions towards reaching a comprehensive resolution that will and sure the exclusively peaceful nature of the iranian nuclear program and the comprehensive listing of all that -- lifting of all sanctions. today we've taken a decisive step.
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we have reached solutions on key parameters of a joint comprehensive plan of action. the by political -- the political determination, goodwill, and hard work of all parties made it possible. and let us thank all the delegations for their tireless dedication. this is a crucial decision, laying the agreed basis for the final text of the joint comprehensive plan of action. we can now restart drafting the text of the joint comprehensive plan of action, guided by the solutions developed in this space. as iran pursues a peaceful nuclear program iran's goodrich capacity -- enrichment capacity will be limited for specific durations, and it will be no other and richmond facilities. iran's research and development
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on centrifuges will be carried out on the scope and schedule that has been mutually agreed. -- will be converted from an enrichment site into a nuclear physics and technology center. international collaboration will be encouraged in areas of research. there will not be any fisiilsile matericalal there. that will not produce weapons -- grade plutonium. there will be no -- and dispense fuel will be exported. a set of measures has been agreed to monitor provisions of the -- including implementation of the modified code 3.1 and
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provisional application the additional protocol. the international atomic energy agency will be permitted the use of modern technologies and will have access to agreed procedures including -- past and present issues. iran will take part in international cooperation in the field of civilian nuclear energy, which can include supply of power and research reactors. another important area of cooperation will be in the field of nuclear safety and security. european union will terminate the implementation of all nuclear-related economic and financial sanctions, and united states receives the application of all nuclear-related international sections. some of a sheehan -- simultaneously, with the -- of its key nuclear commitments. a new u.n. security council
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resolution one doors the -- terminate all previous related nuclear-related resolutions and incorporate certain restrictive measures for the mutually agreed period of time. we will now work to write the text of a joint comprehensive plan of action including a technical detail in the coming weeks and months at the political and experts level. we are committed to complete our efforts by june 30. we would like to thank the swiss government for its generous support in hosting this negotiation. and let me personally and put on behalf of everybody also thank you all, journalists, media from around the world, for having followed our work and somehow worked with us over this difficult but intense and positive week. thank you. >> good evening to all of you.
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let me also join my colleague in thanking both the swiss government and the distinguished members of the press and media for their -- actually trying to work with us over the last several weeks and trying to help us in getting the world to know what was going on. as our tradition has been, i will read the same statement that my colleague just read out to you in english in farsi. it will be the same statement. [speaking in farsi]
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[speaking in farsi]
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[applause] >> good evening. please stay for a press conference that will begin in a few minutes. [captions copyright national
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cable satellite corp. 2015] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] >> where live with the comments of the minister from iran, the head of the e.u., as this portions of the negotiations wrap up with an apparent additive deal. we will open up our phone lines and hear your thoughts on the deal in switzerland.
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host: we had hoped to hear from secretary of state john kerry. that may happen, but we do not hear from him there. here's is what the secretary tweeted out 20 minutes ago. a day e.u., p-5 plus one now have parameters to resolve major issues. this is from netanyahu. any deal must significant rollback iran's nuclear capabilities. reuters had reported on broad elements of the deal. powers iran agreed that over 2/3 of current technical -- enrichment capacity will be
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suspected -- suspended. powers agree that most of iran's enriched uranium stocks will be diluted or shipped abroad. we will get some of thate information on that. reports to bring you an update on where things stand with the israelis, regiment netanyahu the prime minister demanding the deal between iran and the world powers be single-family her being -- curbing iran's nuclear program. we want to hear your thoughts as the negotiations wrap up. we are just getting word as well that president obama is expected to speak at about 2:15 eastern
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and i imagine we will carry that live on c-span. let's go to nick in kentucky, republican line. go ahead. caller: hi. i hope everyone is doing well. from watching the negotiations, -- and all the details are known, i do not think we should give much credence to any of this until congress has a full-time to review the treaty. that is what i wanted to say. what the media or the iranian prime minister is saying or swiss person is saying, but this is all about -- we need to hear from our congress with the details are and how it benefits us and what exposure it gives -- that is what i would like to see.
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host: we will not get a chance to hear from congress for a couple of weeks. they are on their spring recess, back the week of april 13, but a hint of what may be had. the national foreign correspondent from cnn tweeting that ed royce was on earlier and mr. royce said we are being rolled. other news from the foreign relations committee on the senate side. minority reader reid's offices that with memnendez's decision to step aside as ranking member, ben cardin will take over. caller: good news to see that thinkers and peace seekers
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managed to evolve this thing and create a peaceful situation between the shiite and the sunni, we are at each other's throats in the middle east. then next question -- the next question should be, how are we going to have a nuclear-free zone in the middle east, including israel? host: charlie is next in california. independent line. caller: hi. this is charlie from california. my question is, if we have a nuclear proliferation of an arms race in the middle east, who is going to stop that, who is going to be responsible? who is going to verify the inspections in iran that they are basically abiding by their agreement? i'm very upset on this. host: you posed the question.
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who do you think should do that. -- do that? is it the united nations? caller: it is a role for the world, because our president has agreed to this agreement between iran and the u.s. in the world. my question is, hattie say -- how do you say, we are at a significant crossroad in the world today. we are starting nuclear proliferation in the middle east. world war iii is basically on the edge of starting. how are we going to verify these host: i appr


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