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tv   Key Capitol Hill Hearings  CSPAN  January 10, 2015 1:00am-3:01am EST

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politics. the next thing i would like to say, my concern these days in politics is illegal immigration and how the economics and the politics of it and how it is playing out from reagan to obama, making the political analogy of football. first, it is the republicans with it. they take advantage of it. they twist the rules to benefit a certain sector of our economic society. then it goes over to the democrats to do the same. all the time it is helping the latino faction to bring in more illegal immigrants, which of course is impinging on the rights of young americans and older americans when they are going out there looking for work. for those looking for a job, for those who want to work, and those who are out there looking for a job.
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to go to a restaurant, you can apply for a restaurant. they won't hire you unless you are an illegal immigrant. in the state of new jersey, you need not apply at a restaurant to wash dishes, to pump gas, on and on. i could say all of these. mow lawns, work for a landscaping company. host: we appreciate your comments. we will hear from the congressman. guest: music stressing a frustration and number of people expressed. -- he is expressing a frustration a number of people expressed. if we pass comprehensive immigration reform, we would make a floor so that people would be able to complain to the department of labor or whoever else that they are not paid properly. it would have to be recorded. an unauthorized worker is hired because they can be paid less, because they have fewer rights
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on the job, because they are less likely to complain. if everybody has a status and has the right therefore to exert their rights, then it should stop the wage decline that he is concerned about. let me also say to him, under president obama, there have been a record number of deportations for people who are unauthorized to be in the country. i have my own complaints about how that has been done, but it has been done. and the other thing is that the people who are in the united states without proper authorization has declined over the last several years. he also tied in unauthorized, undocumented folks who are here to the latino community. this is a mistake to do that. the truth is people from all over the globe, poland, ireland, everywhere, are here and are out of status.
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i don't want us to slide into what could be conceived of as sort of like racial bias, because it is not really accurate, and i know he doesn't mean it that way. i just want us to be cautious to say that there are people from all over the globe who might be out of status in the united states. host: tom cole was here the last hour. he mentioned there might be something in terms of a border security bill that they could write that could agree with the president. could you see yourself supporting a bill that republicans draft on border security? guest: let me tell you this, i have no problem with who drafts it. i have a problem if he doesn't say the right thing in it. i will not object to anything based on whether it is a republican or democratic idea. i will read it. if i like it, i will vote for it. if i don't, i won't. if it recognizes the rights of asylum, if it does not cause more harm than it does help
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then i would be certainly open to it. i think at the end of the day what really drives immigration south of the border is -- i think it is nafta, personally. if you hollow out small-plus farmers in mexico and guatemala they are going to look for jobs to feed their families. and if they think they can do that north, that's what they are going to do -- do that coming north, that's what they are going to do. host: a couple of more calls -- a couple more calls for you. the house is coming in at 9:00 eastern. caller: good morning, mr. ellison. i'm glad you put sean hannity in his place when you were on his show. the unemployment rate has gone down to 5.6%. we need your colleagues to stop degrading the president and
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start getting something done. the young guns haven't done anything. they tried to take credit for the jobs. if the american people knew how much it cost for the republicans to try to repeal the health care law all those times -- i would like to see you and the democrats stand your ground and don't give in to republicans on nothing that does not help all of the american people, and the same in the senate. they filibuster all the time in the senate. mitch mcconnell got up there and lied yesterday, trying to take credit for the job growth. please stay in the government. god bless you. take care. host: we have a treat for you from a comment you made earlier. "what is the constitutional authority for the federal government to set the minimum wages for citizens?" guest: the constitutional authority has to do with making a more perfect union. the federal government should provide to promote the general welfare.
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i think a minimum wage promotes the general welfare. the minimum wage is important. what i mean by the government setting it -- it's a clear situation where the worker lacks the bargaining authority with the employer. if there were a proper union in place, if there was collective bargaining, if unions weren't down to 7% if low-wage workers had more leverage on the job, then there might not need to be one, but that is not the reality. i think the minimum wage is important. we had a minimum wage since the 1930's. never been a problem. republicans have supported minimum wage. there are several states across the union, republican-led states where the minimum wage passed in the last election, arkansas and alaska being two examples. the democratic and win, but the minimum wage did win. -- the democrat did not win, but
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the minimum wage did win. there is ample constitutional authority. it has withstood constitutional challenges. both democrats and republicans have supported it. we need to do much more than increase the minimum wage. host: the house starts his day by reading the constitution. will you be part of that? guest: i'm going to try. host: do you have to get in line to read a portion of it? guest: that's right. you have to get in line and hope for the best. host: we don't want to keep you too late. a quick question on the ongoing situation north of paris. the terrorists holding a hostage there. this is from "the new york times" about the shooting at charlie hebdo. they write "the majority of scholars say that islam is no
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more inherently violent than other religions. but some muslims, most notably the president of egypt, argue that the contemporary understanding of their religion is infected with justifications of violence requiring the government and its official clerics to correct this view of islam." you were the first muslim member of congress. when you see reports like this on pari -- like this on paris, what is your reaction to all this? guest: my reaction is it is covertly contemptible. we have to band together as people who believe -- it is completely contemptible. we have to band together as people who believe. resorting to murder to push your own point of view is completely unacceptable. we should band together to step it out -- to stamp it out. anyone who thinks they are
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honoring god by murdering anyone is absolutely wrong. i urge all faith leaders muslim christian jewish, ba'h ai, to talk to their people about the evil of murdering people just to push a point of view. there are people who will exploit any religion, any religion. remember, the ku klux klan call themselves christian. i agree for the families -- i am grieved for the family spirit we need to band together to say that freedom of speech must always be respected even if we don't like it, even if it offends us. satirists have to be able to do what they do. they shouldn't be afraid that someone will kill them. host: go ahead. caller: good morning. i just wanted to let the nation know that this guy is the most
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progressive person probably in the congress. he doesn't represent our state. when he says that social security is solvent and it is a myth that it is not? they've been borrowing from social security ever since they could pretty much, at least in the 1960's and forward. host: we have to let you go. the house is coming in momentarily. a quick response? guest: we will debate these things. social security is a critically important program. we will fight to expand it. we're not going to stand by >> on the next "washington journal" neil irwin. and james kitfield.
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and alcohol poisoning kills more than six people each day in the u.s.. "washington journal" airs live every morning at 7 a.m. eastern. you could join the conversation on phase and twitter -- facebook and twitter. >> thank you for sending me here. let's welcome all of the new members and their families to what we all know to be a truly historic day. [applause] >> today is an important day for our country. many senators took the oath this afternoon. 13 for the first time. a new republican majority accepted its new responsibility. we recognize the enormity of the
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task before us. we know a lot of hard work awaits. been a many important opportunities await as well. >> follow the gop led congress and see the new members. the best access is on c-span. new congress. test access on c-span -- best access on c-span. >> members gathered for the reading of the u.s. constitution. this is the third consecutive time the house began a new congress by reading the document in its entirety, a tradition began in 2011 when republicans took control of the chamber. this is just over an hour. reading the preamble. this is one hour, 10 minutes. we the people of the united states, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the
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blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the united states of america. mr. goodlatte:article i section 1 all legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a congress of the united states, which shall consist of a senate and house of representatives. i now yield to the majority leader, the gentleman from california, mr. mccarthy. mr. mccarthy: i thank the gentleman for yielding. section 2 the house of representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from maryland, the
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minority whip, mr. hoyer. mr. hoyer:no person shall be a representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty five years, and been seven years a citizen of the united states, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen. the actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the congress of the united states. and within every subsequent term of 10 years in such manners as they shall by law direct. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from louisiana, the majority whip, mr. scalise. mr. scalise: i thank the gentleman from virginia. the number of representatives shall not exceed one for every 30,000, but each state shall have at least one representative, and until such enumeration shall be made, the state of new hampshire shall be entitled to choose three
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massachusetts eight, rhode-island and providence plantations one, connecticut five new-york six, new jersey four, pennsylvania eight delaware one, maryland six, virginia ten, north carolina five, south carolina five, and georgia three. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from tennessee, mr. cohen. mr. cohen:when vacancies happen in the representation from any state the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. the house of representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from south carolina, mr. wilson. mr. wilson: thank you w and l graduate chairman goodlatte.
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section 3 the senate of the united states shall be composed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof for they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from california, mr. garamendi. mr. garamendi:the seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one third may be chosen every second year. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from north carolina, ms. foxx. ms. foxx: no person shall be a
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senator who shall not have attained the age of 30 years and nine years a citizen of the united states and who shall not when elected be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from florida, mr. deutch. mr. deutch:the vice president of the united states shall be president of the senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided. the senate shall choose their other officers, and also a president pro tempore, in the absence of the vice president or when he shall exercise the office of president of the united states. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from tennessee.
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>> the senate shall have the soul power to try all impeachments. when sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. when the president of the united states is tried, the chief justice shall preside, and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from michigan mrs. dingell. mrs. dingell:judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and bedisqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the united states, but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial judgment, and punishment, according to law.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from pennsylvania mr. marino. mr. marino: thank you, chairman. section 4 the times, places, and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof, but the congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations except as to the places of choosing senators. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from ohio, ms. joyce beatty. mrs. beatty:each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each
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shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each house may provide. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from pennsylvania mr. costello. mr. costello: thank you, mr. speaker. each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two thirds, expel a member. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from oregon, mr. blumenauer. mr. blumenauer:each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same excepting such parts as may in
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their judgment require secrecy, and the yeas and nays of the members of either house on any question shall, at the desire of one fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from ohio, mr. wenstrup. mr. wenstrup:neither house, during the session of congress, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from virginia, mr. scott. mr. scott:section 6 the senators and representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the treasury of the united states. they shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from
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arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective houses, and in going to and returning from the same, and for any speech or debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from ohio mr. latta. mr. latta:no senator or representative shall, during the time for which he was elected be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the united states, which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time, and no person holding any office under the united states, shall be a member of either house during his continuance in office. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from oregon, ms. bonamici. ms. bonamici:section 7
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all bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house of representatives, but the senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other bills. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from kentucky, mr. guthrie. mr. guthrie:every bill which shall have passed the house of representatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law be presented to the president of the united states. if he approve he shall sign it but if not he shall return it with his objections to that house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from minnesota, mr. walz. mr. walz:if after such reconsideration
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two thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that house, it shall become a law. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from arkansas mr. hill. mr. hill:but in all such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from new jersey, mr. pascrell. mr. pascrell:if any bill shall not be returned by the president within ten days -- sundays excepted -- after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall
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be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from michigan mr. benishek. mr. benishek:every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the senate and house of representatives may be necessary, except on a question of adjournment, shall be presented to the president of the united states, and before the same shall take effect shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be re-passed by two thirds of the senate and house of representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from ohio, ms. kaptur. . ms. kaptur: section 8, the congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the united states, but all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout the united states. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from texas, mr. hensarling. mr. hensarling: to borrow money on the credit of the united states, to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the indian tribes, to establish an uniform rule of
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naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the united states. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from virginia mr. connolly. mr. connolly: to coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures, to provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the united states to establish post offices and post roads. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from hawaii, ms. gabbard. ms. gabbard: to constitute try bunials inferior to the court,
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-- to constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court, to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offences against the law of nations, god goode i now yield to the gentleman from new jersey, mr. lance. mr. lance -- mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from new jersey, mr. lance. mr. lance: to promote the science and useful arts, to limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their writings and discoveries. goode -- mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from georgia, mr. allen. mr. allen: to declare a war, grant letters and laws concerning land and water, support armies but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from florida, ms. graham. ms. graham: to provide and maintain a navy to make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces, to provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from washington, mr. newhouse. mr. newhouse: to provide for organizing arming and disciplining the
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militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the united states, reserving to the stat respectively, the appointment of officers and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by congress mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from new york, mr. serrano. mr. serrano:to exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district not exceeding 10 miles square as may be by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of congress, become the seat of the government of the united states, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals,
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dock yards and other needful buildings, mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from nebraska, mr. smith. mr. smith:and to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in the government of the united states, or in any department or officer thereof. section 9, the migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the congress prior to the year 1808 but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding $10 for each person. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from texas, mr. green. mr. green:the privilege of the
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writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it. no bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. nor cap take or other direct -- no capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken. no tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from new mexico, mr. pearce. mr. pearce: i thank the gentleman. no preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one state, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another. no money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations
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made by law, and a regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from michigan, mrs. lawrence. mrs. lawrence: no title of nobility shall be granted by the united states and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the congress, accept of any present, emolument office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king prince, or foreign state. section 10, no state shall enter into any treaty, alliance or confederation, grant letters of
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marque and reprisal, coin money, emit bills of credit make any thing but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts, pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from alabama mr. byrne. mr. byrne: no state shall, without the consent of the congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws, and the net produce of all duties and imposts, laid by any state on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treasury of the united states and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and
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control of the congress. no state shall, without the consent of congress, lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops, or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from illinois, ms. kelly. ms. kelly: thank you. article 2, section 1, the executive power shall be vested in a president of the united states of america. he shall hold his office during the term of four years and together with the vice president, chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows -- each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number of senators and
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representatives to which the state may be entitled in the congress, but no senator or representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the united states, shall be appointed an elector. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from virginia, mr. forbes. mr. forbes: the congress may determine the time of choosing the electors and the day they should give their vote, which day shall be the same throughout the united states. no person except a natural born citizen or citizen of the united states at the time of the adoption of the constitution shall be eligible to the office of president. neither person shall not have attain to the age of 35 years and have been 14 years a resident within the united states. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from california mr. takano.
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mr. takano: the president shall at stated times receive for his services a compensation which shall neither be increased or -- nor diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected and he shall not receive within that period any other emoulment of the united states or any of them. before he enter on the execution of his office he shall take the following orte or affirmation. i do solemnly swear or affirm that i will faithfully execute the office of the president of the united states and will, to the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the united states. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from minnesota, mr. paulson. mr. paulson: section 2, the
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president shall be commander in chief of the army and navy of the united states and of the militia of the several states, when called into the actual service of the united states, he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offences against the united states, except in cases of impeachment. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from california, mrs. capps. mrs. capps: he shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, to make treaties, provided 2/3 of the senators present concur, and he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public
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ministers and consuls, judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the united states whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for and which shall be established by law. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from pennsylvania, mr. rothfus. mr. rothfus: but the congress may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they think proper, in the president alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of departments. the president shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the end of their next session. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from new mexico ms. lujan grisham. ms. lujan grisham: he shall
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from time to time give to the congress information of the state of the union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient, he may, on extraordinary occasions convene both houses, or either of them, and in case of disagreement between them, with respect to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from tennessee, mr. roe. mr. roe: shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers, he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall cmin all the officersf e it ss. section 4 the president, vice president and all civil officers of the united states, shall be removed
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from office on impeachment for, and conviction of treason, bribe or other high crimes and misdemeanors. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from new york, mr. nadler. mr. nadler:article iii section 1 the judicial power of the united states shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the congress may from time to time ordain and establish. the judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from michigan, mr. bishop. mr. bishop:the judicial power
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shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this constitution, the laws of the united states and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from arizona, mrs. kirkpatrick. mrs. kirkpatrick:to controversies to which the united states shall be a party, to controversies between two or more states, between a state and citizens of another state between citizens of different states, between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of different states, and between a state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from pennsylvania, mr. perry. mr. perry:in all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. in all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the congress shall make. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from -- i now yield to the gentleman from new york, mr. tonko. mr. tonko:the trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall
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be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed, but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the congress may by law have directed. section 3 mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from tennessee mrs. black. mrs. black:treason against the united states, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. no person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from california, mr. costa. mr. costa:the congress shall have power to declare the punishment of
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treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from virginia, mr. hurt. mr. hurt:article iv section 1 full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state. and the congress may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from florida, ms. castor. ms. castor:the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states.
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a person charged in any state with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another state, shall on demand of the executive authority of the state from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction of the crime. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from michigan mr. walberg. mr. walberg: new states may be admitted by the congress into this union. but no new state shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other state nor any state be formed by the junction of two or more states or parts of states without the consent of the legislatures of the states concerned, as well as of the congress.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from illinois, mr. lipinski: mr. lipinski: -- mr.the congress shall have power to lipinski:dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the united states and nothing in this constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the united states, or of any particular state. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from new york mr. zeldin. mr. zeldin:the united states shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion, and on application of the legislature, or of the executive, when the legislature cannot be convened, against domestic violence.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from georgia, mr. scott. mr. scat: -- forbes force mr. scott: -- mr. scott:the congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this constitution, or on the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from georgia, mr. hice. mr. hice:or by conventions in
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three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the congress, provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year 1808 shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article, and that no state without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the senate. mr. goodlatte: i'm now pleased to yield to the gentleman from california. >>article vi all debts contracted and engagements entered into, before the adoption of this constitution shall be as valid against the united states under this constitution, as under the confederation.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from louisiana, mr. abraham. mr. abraham:this constitution, and the laws of the united states which shall be made in pursuance thereof and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the united states, shall be the supreme law of the land, and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from texas, mr. castro. mr. castro:the senators and representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several state legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the united states and of the several states, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to
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support this constitution, but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the united states. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from california mr. lowenthal. mr. lowenthal:article vii the ratification of the conventions of nine states, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this constitution between the states so ratifying the same. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from michigan. >> gone in convention of the
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united states, presented in one,000 seven00 andate the 12th and witness whereof we have here unto subscribed our names. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from connecticut, ms. esty. ms. esty:george washington, president and deputy from virginia, delaware -- george read, gunning bedford jr. john dickinson, richard bassett, jacob broom maryland - james mchenry, daniel of st. thomas jenifer, daniel carroll virginia -- john blair, james madison jr. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from oregon, mr.
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walden. mr. walden:north carolina -- william blount, richard dobbs spaight, hugh williamson south carolina - john rutledge, charles cotesworth pinckney, charles pinckney, pierce butler georgia -- william few, abraham baldwin mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from california, mr. mcnerney. mr. mcnerney:new hampshire -- john langdon, nicholas gilman massachusetts -- nathaniel gorham, rufus king connecticut -- william samuel johnson, roger sherman new york -- alexander hamilton mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from alabama, mrs. roby.
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mrs. roby:new jersey -- will livingston, david brearley, william paterson, jonathan dayton pennsylvania -- benjamin franklin, thomas mifflin, robert morris, george clymer, thomas fitzsimons, jared ingersoll, james wilson gouverneur morris mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from california ms. hahn. ms. hahn k4r0 amendment 1, congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press or the right of the people peacefully to assemble and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from west virginia, mr. jenkins. mr. jenkins:amendment ii a well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from texas, ms. jackson lee. ms. jackson lee: read from the third amendment of the bill of rights of the united states constitution. no soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from north carolina, mr. rouzer. mr. rouzer:amendment iv the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from delaware, mr. carney. mr. carney: amendment 5 no person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval
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forces or in the militia when in actual service in time of war or public danger. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from arizona, mr. franks. mr. franks: nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be put twice in jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law. nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation. mr. goodlatte: the gentleman from minnesota mr. emmer. mr. emmer: amendment 6, in all
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criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have previously been ascertained by law. mr. goodlatte: the gentlewoman from california, ms. chu. ms. chu: and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to be confronted with the witnesses against him, to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from indiana mrs. walorski. mrs. walorski: amendment 7, in suits at common law where the
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value in controversy shall exceed $20, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the united states than according to the rules of the common law. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from washington, the republican conference chair, mrs. mcmorris rodgers. mrs. mcmorris rodgers: amendment 8, excessive bail shall not be required nor excessive fines imposed nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from colorado, mr. perlmutter. mr. perlmutter: the ninth amendment to the constitution, the enumeration in the constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny
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or disparage others retained by the people. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from pennsylvania, mr. pitts. mr. pitts: amendment 10, the powers not delegated to the united states by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from florida, ms. frankel. ms. frankel: the judicial power of the united states shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the united states by
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citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from texas mr. flores. mr. flores: amendment 12, the elect tores shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for president and vice president, one of whom at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as president and in distinct ballots the person voted for as vice president. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from minnesota, mr. ellison. mr. ellison: and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as president and of all persons voted for as vice president and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the united states districted to the president of the senate.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from utah, mr. stewart. mr. stewart: the president of the senate shall, in the presence of the senate and the house of representatives, open all of the certificates and the votes shall then be counted. the person having the greatest number of votes for president shall be the president, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as president. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from california, mrs. davis. mrs. davis: the house of representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the president. but in choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote. a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members
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from 2/3 of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from texas, ms. granger. ms. granger: the person having the greatest number of votes as vice president shall be the vice president. if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the senate shall choose the vice president. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from massachusetts, ms. tsongas. ms. tsongas: a quorum for the purpose shall consist of 2/3 of the whole number of senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. but no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of president shall be eligible to that of vice president of the united states.
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god goode i now yield to the gentleman from -- mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from georgia, mr. lewis. mr. lewis: thank you, mr. chairman. the 13th amendment, section 1, neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime wrf the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the united states or any place subject to their jurisdiction. section 2, congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from utah, ms. love.
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-- mrs. love. mrs. love: amendment 14, section 1, all persons born or naturalized in the united states and subject to the jurisdiction thereof are citizens of the united states and of the state wherein they reside. no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the united states, nor shall any state deprive any person of life liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from rhode island, mr. cicilline. mr. cicilline: amendment 14, section 2 representatives shall be apportioned among the several states according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each state, excluding indians not taxed.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from michigan, mr. huizenga. mr. huizenga: but when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for president and vice president of the united states, representatives in congress, the executive and judicial officers of a state, or the members of the legislature thereof is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such state being 21 years of age, and citizens of the united states, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime and the basis of representation thrin shall be reduced in the number of proportioned in which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens 21 years of age in such state. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from illinois, ms. schakowsky. ms. schakowsky: section 3, no person shall be a senator or
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representative in congress or elector of president and vice president or hold any office, civil or military, under the united states, or under any state, who having previously taken an oath as a member of congress or or as an officer of the united states. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from kentucky, mr. barr. mr. barr: or as a member of any state legislature or as an executive or judicial officer of any state, to support the constitution of the united states, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. but congress may by a vote of 2/3 of each house, remove such disability. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to
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the gentleman from california, mr. valadao. mr. valadao: section 4, the validity of the public debt of the united states, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion shall not be questioned. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from pennsylvania, mr. fattah. mr. fattah: thank you. but neither the united states nor any state shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in the aid of insurrection or rebellion against the united states or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave, but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from california the minority leader, ms. pelosi. ms. pelosi: thank you, mr. chairman. section 5 the congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. amendment 15, section 1, the right of citizens of the united states to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the united states or by any state on account of race color or previous condition of servitude. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from kansas, mr. yoder. mr. yoder: thank you, mr. chairman. section 2 the congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. amendment 16, the congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived without apportionment among the
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several states and without regard to any census or enumeration. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from maryland, ms. edwards. ms. edwards: thank you, mr. chairman. amendment 17, the senate of the united states shall be composed of two senators from each state, elected by the people thereof for six years. and each senator shall have one vote. the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislatures. when vacancies happen in the representation of any state in the senate the executive authority of such state shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from indiana, mrs. brooks. mrs. brooks: provided that the legislature of any state may empower the executive thereof
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to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct. this amendment shall not ble so construed as to affect the election or term of any senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the constitution. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from california mrs. walters. mrs. walters:amendment xviii the right of the citizens shall vote shall not -- on account of sex, congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from alabama, miss sewell. ms. suewell: shall end at noon
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on the 20th day of january and the terms of senator and representatives at noon on the third day of january. of the year in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified and the terms of their successors shall then begin. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from pennsylvania mr. fitzpatrick. section 2 the congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of january, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from new york, ms. clark. ms. clarke: thank you, mr. chairman. section 3 if at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the president, the president elect shall have died, the vice
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president elect shall become president. if a president shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the president elect shall have failed to qualify, then the vice president elect shall act as president until a president shall have qualified, mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from virginia, mr. griffith. mr. griffith:and the congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a president elect nor a vice president shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as president, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a president or vice president shall have qualified. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from vermont mr.
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welch. mr. welch:section 4 the congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the house of representatives may choose a president whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the senate may choose a vice president whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from california, mr. mcclintock. mr. mcclintock:section 5 sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of october following the ratification of this article. section 6 this article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several states within seven years from the date of its submission.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from new york, mr. maloney. mr. maloney:amendment xxi section 1 the eighteenth article of amendment to the constitution of the united states is hereby repealed. section 2 the transportation or importation into any state territory, or possession of the united states for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof is hereby prohibited. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from north carolina, mr. pittenger. mr.section 3 pittenger:this article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the constitution by conventions in the several states, as provided in the constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the states by the congress. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentlewoman from texas, ms. johnson. ms. johnson:amendment xxii
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section 1 no person shall be elected to the office of the president more than twice, and no person who has held the office of president, or acted as president, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected president shall be elected to the office of president more than once. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from alabama, mr. palmer. mr. palmer:but this article shall not apply to any person holding the office of president when this article was proposed by congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of president, or acting as president, during the term within which this article becomes operative from holding the office of president or acting as president during the remainder of such term.
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mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the the gentlelady from virgin islands ms. plaskett. ms. plaskett:this article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several states within seven years from the date of its submission to the states by the congress. mr. goodlatte: yield to the gentleman from colorado, mr. tipton. mr. tipton:amendment xxiii section 1 the district constituting the seat of government of the united states shall appoint in such manner as congress may direct a number of electors of president and vice president equal to the whole number of senators and representatives in congress to which the district would be entitled if it were a
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state, but in no event more than the least populous state. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from colorado, mr. buck. mr. buck:they shall be in addition to those appointed by the states, but they shall be considered for the purposes of the election of president and vice president to be electors appointed by a state, and they shall meet in the district and perform such duties as provided by the 12th article of amendment. section 2 the congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from ohio. amendment xxiv section 1 >>the right of citizens of the united states to vote in any primary or other election for president or vice president, for electors for president or vice president, or for senator or representative in congress, shall not be denied or abridged
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by the united states or any state by reason of failure to pay poll tax or other tax. section 2 the congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from new jersey, mr. lobiondo. mr. lobiondo:amendment xxv section 1 in case of the removal of the president from office or of his death or resignation, the vice president shall become president. section 2 whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the vice president, the president shall nominate a vice president who who shall take the oath upon confirmation by a majority vote of both house of congress. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from texas, mr. green. mr. green: thank you. section 3 whenever the president transmits to the president pro tempore of the senate and the speaker of the house of representatives his
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written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the vice president as acting president. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from texas, mr. farenthold. mr. farenthold:section 4 whenever the vice president and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as congress may by law provide transmit to the president pro tempore of the senate and the speaker of the house of representatives their written declaration that the president is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the vice president shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as acting president. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to
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the gentleman from florida mr. bilirakis. mr. bilirakis:thereafter, when the president transmits to the president pro tempore of the senate and the speaker of the house of representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the vice president and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the president pro tempore of the senate and the speaker of the house of representatives their written declaration that the president is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from texas, mr. hurd. mr. hurd:thereupon congress shall decide the issue, assembling within 48 hours for that purpose if not in
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session. if the congress, within 21 days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if congress is not in session within twenty-one days after congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both houses that the president is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the vice president shall continue to discharge the same as acting president, otherwise, the president shall resume the powers and duties of his office. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from ohio, mr. chabot. mr. chabot:amendment xxvi section 1 the right of citizens of the united states, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the united states or by any state on account of age. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from arkansas, mr. westerman. mr. westerman k4r0section 2
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the congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. mr. goodlatte: i now yield to the gentleman from texas, mr. veasey. mr. veasey:amendment xxvii no law, varying the compensation for the services of the senators and representatives, shall take effect, until an election of representatives shall have intervened. >> here are a few of the comments we have received. >> some of these senators have been there too long. it is time for them to go. give the new ones a chance. this country is on the wrong
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path, we are not going to get anywhere as long as these senators stay in that same position. john mccain and them have been down there. it is the same old thing. it is time for changes. people are working too hard in this country. they have to work two and three jobs to take care of their family and still not getting anywhere. something has to give. >> i am looking at the overall conversations you guys have been having for the last three or four months. the congress, the government is so huge what can they do when they go in there today? they could be like the leaders they should have been, the leaders i was raised around, the men that looked over in the communities they lived in and said these are our children, these are our young men and daughters. what we do in a realistic way to make this a better place to
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live? i would adjure anyone that is going to carry power, that is going to yield the idea of wisdom in the faces of us that have to work and pay for us. guys, we are living a pretty good life here. take the opportunity that you have and do something right and quit playing games with what you think you are going to value in life that you may have to give away one day. >> my question to the 114th congress. it is going to do nothing for the american people. i can't understand that how it is that congressmen are good people until they become elected. they go to washington, the lies and the propaganda. it seems disturbing to me that -- it seems like everything president obama does is wrong. it is sad to me.
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your colleague came on and said he is a christian. if you do it to the least of them, you do it to me. >> call us at 202-626-3400. e-mail us at comments @ c-span.org. join the c-span conversation like us on facebook, follow us on twitter. >> here are some our featured programs for this weekend on the c-span networks. on use saturday night at 10:00 on book tv's afterwards, cass s sun stein. then the college series. we talk to professors at johns-hopkins university on the influence of hip-hop on politics and the u.s. government's efforts to cure
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malaria in w.a.r. then brian dirck uses abraham lincoln's life to discuss slavery. and a discussion on birth control advocate margaret s sanger. find our complete television schedule at c-span.org and let us know what you think about the programs you are watching. call us at these numbers. join the c-span conversation. like us on facebook follow us on twitter. >> the wilson center recently looked ahead to global policy in 2013. it includes remarks from energy second earnest moniz this.
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is 50 minutes. >> we have ambassadors here. we are thrilled to have the secretary here today. ernie joined us last october for an event on collaborative research targeting the amazon, and he co-authored a chapter for bohn of our books, which you have already heard. that book frames this event. we are glad he is becoming such
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a wilson center regular. he is back to address the global energy picture for 2015. it is not an easy future to forecast. who could have predicted that oil prices would slide as much as they did in 2014? but the geopolitical implications of that are huge for russia for those extracting oil is back. s.u.v.'s are back, and used hummers are back on the market. i don't know that anyone saw it coming, but it is where we are. so where are we going? some pundits want to boil the energy outlook down to one number, the market price for a barrel of oil. but one number can't begin to capture the complementity behind global energy economies and global energy security,
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some of the things very relevant in the middle east and bubbling up in other capitals like paris the other day. you have heard one view from our panelists and you will hear a very nuanced view i think from the secretary. this is what the wilson center does best, getting beyond the usual snapshots and caricatures. too often my former employer congress tries to legislate without the whole truth, without a sense of the difficulties and challenges. i served there 17 years as a member and decades before, five years as a senior staffer. it is the wilson center's job to promote a sharper understanding, which is the best basis for new ideas. as they wrangle off things, this town needs creative
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non-partisan wisdom, the kind ernie has offered over a long career. a rock star but a star nuclear physicist, committed public servant and a center regular. there is no one better equipped in addressing this topic. please welcome our speaker. applause. >> you are welcome to speak from there or here. >> i will speak from here. thanks for the introduction. i interpret nuanced remarks to reference the fact this is a public meeting, and i will be very nuanced in that sense. no, we'll try to spell out -- not forecast but spell out some of the issues that we are dealing with and looking forward to the 2015 agenda. as jane mentioned, my colleague, melanie, who is sitting there, and i
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contributed to this very fine book in its second edition on energy and security. >> i will talk on four things briefly, because we have about 15 minutes, and then we will open it up to "q & a." the chapter that we wrote in this book was called energy technology and security or something approximate mating that. it was laid out in a -- or something approximating that. it was laid out to we call energy security challenges and then policy responses to those
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challenges. and finally what are representative technology pathways to address those policy approaches to challenges. for example, if one looks at the first challenge in terms of concentration of natural resources and all the implications thereby, then for example some of those policy responses to that are farrell obvious, increased domestic oil. check. reduced demand for oil. check. provide alternatives for oil. i don't have to keep saying check every time. alternative vehicles and drive trains. we are seeing e.v.'s coming in faster than hybrids did in a comparable time period. on gas again domestic gas, exports, working towards at least a global market a third
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area in terms of concentration of natural resources were rare earth. you have seen recently how quotas have been lifted on that. the attempt to control that market has backfired both in terms of development of alternatives and in d.o.e.'s case the establishment of a hub specifically around the issue of addressing critical elements. the technologies attached to those are obvious. that is the way, a, we are trying to think about these issues. i think b -- and i will address the other challenges briefly as well. b, i think we are making tremendous progress actually across the board. and c, as a broader issue -- and this is again now part of getting to the issues of 2015 -- as we continue a very very
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strong focus on deck knowledge development, and specifically on the -- on deck knowledge development, and specifically on cost reductions on the technologies we need to meet or environmental, climate and energy security challenges. my first point is that i think you all know we have very robust technology programs at the department. what i want to emphasize is i believe they are central to having the policy developments that we are looking for. because when the costs come down of those technologies, jane's former colleagues can have a much easier job in terms of addressing the policy issues, be they on the climate or on the energy security side. i will just mention without going into detail now that the other three over-arching
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security challenges that we used in this chapter were climate change as a security issue in addition to being an environmental issue. third, the potential challenges around nuclear power development, nuclear fuel cycle development and non-proliferation. and finally, issues around developing energy infrastructure and supply chains. in the remainder of my remarks today, i will not go into, unless there are questions, nuclear power and non-proliferation issues. but i will address climate. i will say more about our energy security agenda for 2015. and then on the energy infrastructure side, i will tell you where we stand on what is called the quadrennial energy review, where we are headed for infrastructure, resilience and other challenges that we face. let me first turn in my limited
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remarks to climate and give you an update and look forward to 2015 in terms of addressing and implementing the president's climate action plan, the plan that was issued in june of 2015 -- in june of 2013. that plan has three pillars. one is mitigation. second is adaptation. and third is the international dimension that we need, particularly on the road to paris. mitigation, again that goes back to a theme i have already touched upon. a big part of that is in fact the technology agenda. one of our programs was created in 2009, and we think it has been very successful.
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we will be strongly moving forward with r.p.e., and today i am pleased to say we will be announcing the third open, 2009 2012 and now 2015, there is a pattern this will be our third so-called open solicitation. we are going to put out $125 million for novel technology ideas across the entire spectrum as long as the technology is "clean," and advances a low emissions agenda. these open solicitations you might ask why aren't they done all the time? well, for one thing, they generate a lot of applications. the first round in 2009 had well over 3,000 initial submissions for what ended up
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to be 35 awards. so you can understand that these are a challenge. however, we believe they are crucial in really opening up the ander tour -- a perch r turn re to all the good ideas that come in. if you look at the 2009 open invitation, for example, there was some very innovation -- very innovative work on wind turbines. one of the awards happens to be at m.i.t. where i was at the time to a novel technology called liquid metal bat rios -- metal batteries, and it was announced that they were a
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utility scale storage devices. that is what came about. in 2012, similarly an example was sensing and computer hardware that could be in a backpack-sized device, that you could walk in and rapidly generate indoor physical, thermal maps of a built structure. a very interesting idea that probably would not have been brought out in the more targeted solicitations that we do. we think this is exciting in terms of generating new technology ideas going forward. but let me also say that this will be a big year for our loan program. i hope some of you have noticed the change in tone of what has been written on the loan program. for a while it was cylindra. it turns out there is $30
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million in play in the lone program. the overall default rate has been 2%. cylindra represents almost 2/3 of the default rate in that one project. but it has paid off in major ways. the utility scale photovotaics and on and on. we have recently completed our full suite of call for proposals for an additional $40 billion of loan guarantee. that is $4 billion roughly in renewables and efficiency. these are set by statute. $8 billion for fossil technologies that lower emissions, $12 billion for new technologies and roughly $16
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billion for new vehicle technologies, which probably will see more auto suppliers as opposed to vehicle manufacturers coming forward. so we already have proposals in for many of those renewables and fossil. we see strong perspectives. so we want to make is clear we plan to be very forward-leaning and aggressive in terms of the deployment side through our loan guarantee program. a different kind of mitigation push comes from setting standards, efficiency standards for example. i want to say that once again with two hours to spare before new year's, we met our goal of act li 10 -- of act li -- actually 10 efficiency
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standards met. we are going to keep running through the tape in this administration with this because the cumulative impacts of these through 2030 are projected to be three gigatons of c o2 reduction, and nearly $500 billion in this. that is another area where you can see strong focus in the coming year. i will discuss that in a moment. let me say a word about international cooperation. we can come back to more on this in the questions, but obviously the joint announcements by president obama and shi in beijing we think really changed a lot of the discussion in terms of international collaboration.
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this year we will be working hard with the chinese in terms of moving forward on the joint commitments with the department of energy. it again goes back to technology and we agreeds to expand in scope for example adding a strong water energy nexus focus, and to expand in scale our cooperation wil the chinese, including a commitment to move forward jointly and we will invite other international partners to really push the edge in terms of understanding carbon dioxide sequestration with a new and much expanded approach to instrumentation to understanding all the issues one needs to know about deep c o2 seacrest ration to allow the
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appropriate regulatory basis to be laid. that is a very important area for international collaboration. the other one i will mention and it is quite fresh. yesterday we had so-called high-level economic dialogue with mexico. that in turn followed a trilateral in december with mexico and canada in terms of energy. it has been a very positive discussion. one of the things for going forward, i see my colleague, adam ci milliner nski from e.i.a. adam is leading one of the agreed-to thrusts in a trilateral context, which is data and energy infrastructure mapping integration. right now we don't have very good data across the three countries, and sometimes when we do have the data, it doesn't
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agree. we think this is a very important foundational step. that is a focus. but we will also have a very strong focus on infrastructure development, integrated infrastructure development. and with mexico for example, that will probably have -- not probably -- it will have a particularly strong focus on electricity integration. there is more than i think most of us might have realized already in terms of electricity going back and forth across the border with a seasonal footprint. but it is still rather lower than is the case with canada, for example, where we import so much hydro. but that is an example going forward. and mexico will be hosting in march the energy and climate partnership of the americas, a multi-lateral context for the
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western hemisphere, which is important for our relationship between mexico and the united states. in latin america, a lot of progressive movement on the climate front on the way to paris. and of course i should have said in the beginning that the mexican energy reform is really extremely ambitious. it is a lot of the focus in the discussion publicly tends to be in the hide cash sector, but that is equally ambitious in the electricity sector in mexico. as those market structures become much more in sync with those in the united states collaboration and energy integration will be so much easier. that is a few of the areas on the road to paris that rewill
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be looking at in terms of climate. in terms of energy security, let me say that a major focus for this year will be continuing a discussion, set of activities developed under the g-7 context umbrella. it is a g-7 activity in partnership with the european commission. i will just focus on one piece of it, a very important piece. the issues that were clearly put on the table with the ukraine situation looking at european and particularly european energy security. but the first point to make is when we say it is european energy security, we really mean it is the collective energy
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security of allies and friends. so even if we have -- if some of us may be tempted to have a complacent view of energy security in the united states because of our production, the fact is we have a serious interest in the broader energy security issue with our allies and friends. it has huge geopolitical implications for us. so that is a discussion that we are very deep into. part of it was first of all, presenting an updated view of energy security. it is not just about diversity of oil supply, or natural gas supply. it involves many issues such as market structure substitution possibilities, et cetera. we could go on and on. but what we tackled so far were the difficult issues of things
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like helping ukraine face the winter, et cetera. but this year -- and that will continue. but this year, frankly, a harder issue. we are due to report on to the g-7 leader summit. that is a real intermediate to long-term plan for sbe greated collective energy security. that gets into some very fundamental policy issues in different countries. but that will be a big agenda item for this year. finally, let me just say a few words on the qunch adrennial energy review. first i should say a few words about that. some of you are familiar and some of you are not. this is an administration-wide effort that is looking to weave together all of the equities and threads of an energy policy
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across the government. this first year we have taken the first of the quadrennial and that to us is one plus one plus one plus one. in the first one we are focusing on energy infrastructure. transmission storage and distribution of energy. that is already -- it's a pretty big bite, to be honest, but clearly somewhat restricted. the department of energy through the energy policy and systems analysis office, which i referred earlier to melanie, which she heads, is really the executive secretariat for this government-wide effort. it is a major analytical effort. let me just say a few of the things we are. we are looking to february as the time for getting out this
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first installment. it will have a lot of information about the situation of energy infrastructure in our country, and also in the north american context. but it will also move on to make recommendations about what are some of the issues we have to address. i'm not going to go into this in great detail, but let me tell you about four areas that will be very much a part of the agenda in the q.e.r. and for implements in the rest of 2015 and beyond. one is, first of all, you might say narrowly, but our petroleum reserve really needs modernization. certainly in a variety of physical elements. and partly because of the changed production profile in the united states the different geography of producing oil and gas has led
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to a number of distribution issues that we partially uncovered by doing a sesting sale from the petroleum reserve earlier this year. we will be laying out the program that is needed to address the petroleum reserve and the distributional capabilities of the petroleum reserve. another big area will be the smart grid by which i just mean by which i just mean in general the electricity delivery system, and particularly its integration with information technology, etc. obviously many reasons to drive that. for example, large scale remote renewables integration into our system. but then again on other side of the t&d system, distributed generation capabilities and how we manage all of these in a reliable, resilient, robust system is clearly a major focus. we'll have recommendations
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there. another is related to the adaptation question that i skipped over on the climate action plan. again, resilience, recovery, safety of energy infrastructure. a lot of that will involve states working -- government states and private sector. and we will be again moving that forward. it also includes addressing the infrastructure problems that were pointed out in the administration's methane strategy. methane emissions is a climate challenge, but of course also methane emissions on the distribution side as a safety challenge. because we have seen unfortunately, some of the problems there with literally hundred-year-old pipe in some of our cities and major challenges. so we will be making some recommendations there. and finally, and i'll end, is in doing this energy review
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what has come into much sharper focus for us at least is the question of not just the energy infrastructure per se, the pipes and wires that move electricity or fuels, but also what we might term the shared infrastructures. the infrastructures that move many, many commodities including energy. the poster child, of course, of that in the press now for quite a while has been railroads and the enormous increase in moving oil by rail. but again i'm sure many in this room are quite aware of the enormous congestion in moving a whole variety of commodities. right now we have issues of coal in the upper midwest. because of railroad congestion. so that's one big example.
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and also a case where we have data issues, inadequate data frankly, for understanding these flows and what they mean for policymakers. but i have to admit, i've learned a lot about other shared infrastructures. one -- i will just mention one other one, inland waterways. in terrible, terrible shape. enormously important in moving lots of commodities, so we will be also recommending a variety of approaches to address these shared infrastructures which are important for energy but are important for how our whole economy works coming together. so that gives you hopefully a flavor. these are some of the big ticket items that we will have in the energy and climate realm for 2015. thank you. >> happy new year.
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thank you very much, mr. secretary. that was an outstanding presention. even though it's 12:00 noon, i think we should, if it's all right with you, spend five or 10 minutes, maximum conscious >> 15. >> 10 minutes i'm told by our supreme leader. so 10 minutes it is for a few questions. let me get the ball rolling by saying the words low oil prices and asking secretary moniz -- >> relative to what? >> relative to what? but asking for any thoughts you may have. larry summers had an op ed on monday and there's been a discussion in congress about possible steps to have the carbon switch maybe revenue neutral. is there any thinking that you'd like toshare with us in the low oil price environment, which by the way was the
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subject of considerable discussion in the panel that preceded your own remarks? >> this is where the nuance comes in. federal from a -- first of all, clearly we are trying to put together a comprehensive picture of what current oil prices mean. i do want to of course emphasize that it starts on the plus side, for sure, with consumer impact. impact on our energy intensive industries, our manufacturing industries. so there were some comments jane made about the size of vehicles. but i will start by saying the number of vehicles sold has certainly gone up. there's no question that obviously this provides a major , major consumer direct
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benefit. also we will seek, we don't know yet, but one of the obviously great issues in the global economic situation is for example, the rather shall we say sluggish european economy. if this could help get that really going, that will then come back and help in many many, many dimensions. now, clearly there are also geopolitical questions that are difficult and i can't stand here and say or sit here and say where we're going. but we obviously have a whole bunch of countries that depend on especially oil revenue dramatically. some friends, some others.
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and i just don't think we have fully -- and fully understand today what those implications are. we are thinking about them. we are looking at options. etc. finally, of course, we come to the united states' hydrocarbon industry specifically. again adam is welcome to pipe in. but adam of the e.i.a.'s, i believe, still current, as of a couple of days ago, expectation is that we will still see increases in our oil production in 2015. the increase has been tempered. but i believe the way this number is still looking at getting up into about a 9.3 million barrel a day whereas before it was 9.5 or 9.7 someth

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