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tv   Reel America January 1945 United Newsreel  CSPAN  February 9, 2020 4:20pm-4:31pm EST

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affordability, mental health and immigration. we're awarding $100,000 in total cash prizes. the winners for this year's studentcam competition will be announced on march 11. ♪ ♪ ♪ >> at the white house in washington, crowds gather for the inauguration of franklin d roosevelt as president of the
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united states for a fourth term. toitations admit 7000 guests the white house grounds. ♪ among the guests are wounded servicemen from nearby military .ospitals from the south portico of the white house, the crowd lines up. for the first time, in inauguration is held not at the capital building, but in the president -- capitol building, but in the president's own backyard. ♪ from the portico steps, 13 grandchildren watch the ceremony. at the bottom of the steps is harry hopkins, presidential
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advisor and aide. government leaders arrive for the ceremonies. the secretary of war. the secretary of navy. the secretary of interior. harlan stone, chief justice of the united states. admiral of the fleet ernest gaines. the secretary of state. general of the armies, george c marshall, and misses marshall. war, the grim year of shortest and simplest inaugural on record begins. the former vice president swears and harry truman, new vice president -- swears in harry truman, new vice president. president roosevelt takes the oath of office. >> i, franklin delano roosevelt,
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solemnly swear that i will faithfully execute the office of the president of the united states and will to the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the united states. >> so help you god. >> so help me god. [cheers and applause] >> the president delivers a brief inaugural address. ,> we americans of today together with our allies, are passing through a period of tests. a test of our courage, of our ourlve, of our wisdom, of essential democracy. test,meet that successfully and honorably, we ofll perform a service
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historic importance, of historic importance which men, women and children will honor throughout all time. as i stand here today, having taken the solemn oath of office, in the presence of my fellow countrymen, in the presence of is god, i know that it america's purpose that we shall not fail. in the days and the years to come, we shall work for a just and honorable peace, a durable peace, as today we work and fight for total victory in war. [applause] ♪
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>> over lake michigan, a coast guard demonstration of a new technique of rescue by helicopter, especially meant for aviators washed down at sea. the airman is taken aboard. then proceeds to chicago, where the rescued flier is lowered to the ground. the flying machine without ever coming down has taken him from far out on the water to a destination on land. ♪ liberator bombers crack down on airfield, aesa japanese airfield in the philippines. knockout blows like this proceeded each step on the road to luzon.
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500 bombs are dropped on enemy installations on the island. in the airstrips are -- enemy airstrips are battered into uselessness, unceasing support from land and carrier-based aircraft in the battle for the philippines. ♪ ships and men, against the elements. the the frozen great lakes, new coast guard icebreaker carves a path. behind her, cargo vessels en route from duluth to chicago in the earliest crossing on record. driving through solid ice, at eight miles per our. -- hour.
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urgently needed in the war effort, these newly built ships would normally be marooned on the great lakes for two more months. now, they are delivered on time. infantry landing craft in storm -tossed atlantic seas on the way home from sicily, salerno and normandy. these are small ships, but seaworthy. veterans of missions throughout europe, they are still fit for new assignments in the pacific. philippines.he an american carrier plows through raging seas in a grim, 48 hour fight with a savage tropical storm. crewmen battling winds that
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threatened to sweep them overboard, tying down planes that have broken loose on the carrier decks. winds reach 75 miles per our at the climax of this merciless storm. some craft are lost, but the carrier is safe. ships and men win a battle with weather. ♪ burma, the road back, a tough road as troops move in against the japanese. the chinese 30th division cross a river junction. chinese and american officers block the attack, as chinese artillery opens up.
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[bombing, gunfire] >> during 28 days of fierce fighting, the ring is steadily tightened. way, onlyrs pave the a few hundred yards ahead of advancing infantry. [bombing, gunfire] japanese resistance in northern burma begins to totter. yard by yard, the chinese push forward. ♪ and fighter-bombers
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have devastated the city. the japanese garrison has been annihilated. the united states commander in burma and india inspects the city. over it lies the chinese flag. ♪ ♪ announcer: 75 years ago in early 1945, the u.s. marines invaded the pacific island of iwo jima and fought japanese forces in one of the bloodiest battles of world war ii. next, hershel "woody" williams recounts his experience as a marine in the pacific, including iwo jima. his actions earned him the medal of honor. the national world war ii museum conducted this interview in 2006. woody: i was born and raised in the country.


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