years later with tate, la by yang ca. >> >> you can watch this and other programs online at booktv.org. >> you're watching booktv on c-span2. of here's our prime time lineup for tonight. starting at 7 p.m. eastern, susan dunn talks about the election of 1940 at the roosevelt reading festival. then at 7:45, graham rehman tells the story of new york city police department whistleblower adrian schoolcraft followed by michael novak, author of "writing left to right." then at 10 p.m. eastern, craig steven wilder joins booktv on "after words." in an interview with joe madison, mr. wilder talks about "ebony and ivy: race, slavery and the troubled history of america's universities." we wrap up tonight's prime time programming at 11 p.m. eastern with the biography of charles manson. ..
mesmerizing, others educate, and captivate, and then there is eduardo galeano. truth teller, galvanize her, firebrand, a writer who tells us about history, that those who inhabit the corridors of power don't want us to know more truly understand. eduardo galeano was born a commentator, it seems. by the time he was 14 he was publishing cartoons in newspapers. by 20 he was the editor of the left-wing weekly newsletter, he became the top executive of a paper of record. in 1971 at the tender age of 31 he published day hair raising indictment of north american influence on the hemisphere. the open veins of latin america.
four years ago at the summit of the americas, hugo chavez hand and a copy of that book to barack obama. [applause] >> auld let ease with which he stepped into journalism as a teenager, the rest of his writing life wasn't very easy. after 1973 military coup he was arrested for his radical views and imprisoned. he broke free and fled to a argentina where three years later he had to flee again. the notorious brigadier-general who had depots calderon impose a regime that became known for its secret caps, kidnapping and torture. when eduardo galeano's name appeared on the death squad list he escaped from one necessaries and settled in spain where he rode his three volume
masterwork, bracingly original narrative of america's 5 ended years of history, memory of fire. stuttgart -- surviving long cancer a few years ago freed him, he says to employ an even larger kansas. in mirrors published in 2009 he reflects on five thousand years of human experience. and he manages to do it all with a big heart and achene, incisive sense of perspective. his theme throughout, the wrongs mankind has endured since time immemorial and the abiding human spirit that refuses to die. buy now eduardo galeano's work was translated into 30 languagess, he is a moral force around world, a recipient of many international processes but perhaps most impressive of all, he is an indefatigable writer.
as he told me yesterday he can't help it. it is a muscle that doesn't tire even as the body does. we are beneficiaries of a new work, "children of the days". like his earlier works, "children of the days" is a mosaic of miniatures strong and get it to fashion the remarkable calendar that rivals from january to december like an ancient book of days. each page, each day as an illuminating little story that attaches somehow to the corresponding date. we latins are known for jabbering on, he told me once. i have striven to write it all sharper and shorter. these short, sharp cameos are sometimes deeply disturbing, sometimes enormously reassuring, but all of them i opening and
memorable. in some, eduardo galeano is a living treasure, a clear head writer who has been unafraid to expose what is hidden, to call things as he sees them and invariably he sees them with a sense of justice. eduardo galeano was very much on my mind as i wrote my biography which is a once a tale of revolutionary triumph and the tragic narrative of unimaginable violence and corots of mistrust which we are ongoing airs in latin america. i thought of eduardo galeano as i wrote it because eduardo galeano has always been conscious of the ways that history defines us, living in the past as i have done for a few years i understand why eduardo galeano looks at the present through history, in history we see ourselves more
clearly, we understand that we are in errors of of brutality that came before us but as eduardo galeano also knows, history can show us glimmers of humanity and courage as well. the meat can be heroic, the ordinary among us can be noble, the most humble acts in our fortitude of spirit. to the heart of bolivia trying to understand what he came to represent as a quintessential an american hero, are always had that eduardo galeano tension in mind, the shining spirit on the one hand and the all too dark human proclivities on the other. looking at the world this way as eduardo galeano does, with a keen eye to human failings, human courage and the misuses of power, i was able to get a clear
picture of eduardo galeano's time and our history shaped latin america. so i have eduardo galeano to thank as so many of us do for his brave, unblinking example and as the novelist julio alvarez has said, a kind of moral beacon. he keeps me moral the awake while lifting my spirit with tales of the sweet, deep humanity which rebounds even after the cruelest moments of history. for all the history that eduardo galeano has created for us in his many illuminating work, he is a writer who has much to teach us about the present, a writer who lives in the right now. ladies and gentlemen, please welcome a superb writer and
wrote, hinted at what i understand to be the version of the genesis, in the words of the mayan indians in other parts of america. began to walk, and made us -- born of the children of the day's. [speaking spanish] >> if we are the "children of the days," it is no surprise that every day gives rise to a story, say we are made -- perhaps it was true but a little bird told me we are made of the
tragedy is part of reality. october 14th, for civilization, in the year 2002, eight mcdonald's restaurants closed their doors in bolivia. [applause] >> i know it is terrible, but that is the way it is. only five years had these civilizing mission left. no one forced mcdonald's out. simply turned their backs, mcdonald's -- earned their stomachs. perhaps people did and open
their mouth. the most successful company on the planet. and a novel gesture. distaste for progress, and vitiated bolivia from embracing junk food for the base of contemporary life. it derailed the government, oblivion's attached to the flavors of the family just continue eating without haste in long, slow, very slow ceremonies gone forever, forever gone is
the company that everywhere else makes children happy hired workers who tried to unionize. [applause] >> april 12th, manufacturing the guilty party. hunt a day like today, a day later, at jesus of nazareth died on the cross. his judges found him guilty of inciting idolatry, blasphemy, superstition. not many centuries later the indians of america and the heretics of europe were found
guilty of those same crimes, exactly the same ones end in the name of jesus of nazareth they were punished by gallows or fire. october 12th, the discovery -- i am not very original. in 1492 the natives discovered they were indians. i cannot go on. in 1492 the americans discovered they were indians, they discovered they lived in america, they discovered they
were naked, they discovered the old obedience to a king and the queen from another world and a god from some other heaven. this god had invented built and bloating and perhaps he had other burned alive who worshiped the sun and the moon and the earth. there is a possible counterhistory of the discovery, the discovery. it says it might have been. christopher columbus could not discover america because he didn't have a visa or even a
passport. he got on the boat in brazil, he might have been carrying books or the flu or -- there are policies, the conquest of mexico and peru because they didn't have working papers. turned away from the matter and in chile, they didn't ring proved of a clean record. the mayflower immigrants were sent back to see from the coast of massachusetts because the immigration quarters were full.
[applause] >> this is the node to the capital of france from friends of mine. carlos died two or three months ago. and the other face of the moon. they were born and raised in germany, in 1973 these two illustrious professors arrived in mexico. they enter a community and introduced themselves by saying we have time to learn, after a while one of the mix planed the
silence, this is the first time anyone has told us and there they remained, learning year after year from the mayan language to learn no hierarchy subject from object because the drinks mean and i am not by all that they would. and they learned to read people in the mayan way saying i am another you, you are another me. the first example about
immigration which is a subject that i hope you are here, december, the first six times, today, december 18th, is international migrants day. it is not a bad moment to recall when the first time in human history obliged to emigrate were adam and eve. according to the official version, i am afraid this book, this version, according to the official version, eve tempted adam, offered him the forbidden fruit, and it was her fault that both of them were banished from paradise. that is that how it happened? or did adam do what he did of
but not alone. did they mexico invaded the united states. i am very sorry. an international situation. on this early morning, march 9, 1916, crossed the border with his horsemen to the city of columbus. a few horses and the following day was back in mexico to tell the tale. this latest incursion in some hours, the only invasion the united states has suffered. in contrast the united states has invaded practically every country in the entire world's.
since 1947 it is the department of war being called and still called the department of defense and its more budget are called the defense budget. the names are in a gamma, parallel with the mystery of the holy trinity. [applause] >> july 1st, one terrorist fewer. in the year 2008 the government of the united states erased
nelson mandela from its list of dangerous terrorists, dangerous for the national security of the united states. the most revered african in the world, during 60 years. i didn't know it. someone told me it happened in 60 years, nelson mandela, a terrorist, a list of dangerous terrorists, i began to have some doubts about the war on terrorism. [applause] >> is it really serious?
if it would be serious, i would suggest to celebrate the day against terrorism on september 11th obviously, i would suggest to 18 posters all around the world everywhere, about the real terrorism, saying wanted for kidnapping countries wanted for assembling and jokes wanted for rating the land, poisoning the water, and stealing their water for trafficking in fear. of [applause]
>> june 5th, nature is not new. the steel lights, disasters are called natural, nature with the executioner and not the victim. meanwhile the climate those crazy and we do get crazy by this possibility. today, june 5th, the world environment day, the good day to celebrate the new constitution of ecuador which in the year 2008 for the first time in the history of the world's, recognized nature as a subject
with rights. it seems strange, this notion that nature has writes as if it were a person but in the united states it seems perfectly normal that big companies have human rights, and they do in a supreme court decision in 1886. if nature were a bank they would have already rescued it. [applause] >> june 26th, the kingdom of fear. today is the international day against torture. by tragic irony, the uruguayan military dictatorship is born
the following day in 1973 and soon the country, my country into a huge torture chamber. for obtaining information torture was useless or practically useless, but it was very useful for showing fear and fear obliged the audience to leave by silence. when i was in exile i received an anonymous letter from uruguay. one of the letters said buying stocks, and getting used to lying sucks, but worse than lying is teaching to lie. and i have three tea years.
thousands of stories. of military dictatorships in latin america. almost impossible to choose to have the choice and i finally tried to resume everything in a very short story which is quite original. never started before. i served lots of stories of criminals, however and its victims, but this is special.
one of the thousands of young men who disappeared, was a student in the university and crime was to be disturbing the order in the university with nothing. in military lingo, he was transferred, disappeared, he was transferred. imprisoned the same day, heard his last words. you know of something? i have never -- now they are going to kill me.
and i never win. and they disappeared, it was 1330, and disappeared. end nameless grave and also, groves natural forests, stars in city night, and they base of fruits written by hand and there was time to waste time, of the feed to ride to work, the right to believe, special retirement, those without locks, a sense of
community and common sense also disappeared. i remember when dangerous animals, in 1986, disease struck the british isles, two million house suspecting dementia face capital punishment. in 1997 aliens flew from hong kong sowing panic convincing 1 million to death. and in the year 2009 mexico and the united states suffered an
outbreak. sorry for my pronunciation. suffered an outbreak of swine flu and the entire world had to seal itself from the plague. no one knows how many were sacrificed for coughing or sneezing, who is guilty of causing human disease animals? is it simpler? animals, and global business, those sorcerer's apprentices with high potency chemical bones. i wrote opinionmakers a couple of thing, april 11th, this day
in the year 2002, the president of the business association in to the president of venezuela, his glory did not last long. a couple days later, venezuelans stated the president they elected, venezuela's biggest tv and radio networks celebrated the coup, but somehow failed to receive the demonstrations that restored hugo chavez to his rightful place and it is not worth reporting. [applause] >> a brother or sister of the
other story that happened some time before, february 24th, a lesson in realism, it talks about the media, what they call in spanish communication. in 1815 napoleon bonaparte escape from his prison and set off to regain the french throne. emerge the company by a steadily growing army, his formal official organ, the monitor swore that the people of france were eager to die to protect --
the paper said napoleon had sullied and raped the soil, calling him the usurper, trader, plagued, enemy of france, the fouled the land from which he had been expelled and this would be his final insanity. in the end, the kings where no one dies for him and napoleon took his seat on the phone without firing a shot. and then the same day daily went on to report the happy news of napoleon after rival in the capital has caused a sudden and unanimous outburst of joy,
everyone cheering in every aisle, tears of bliss, rejoice of the return of france's hero, to his majesty. i wrote the communication. and the international community, an explanation of the sailor of all the summit meetings, summit meetings, they always say and celebrate once a week that some of these meetings and the result is always a failure. and this explanation, possible explanation, convened the cost
to go -- the pheasant, the sardine, the tuna, even the turtle to crowd in the turtle who were obviously last to arrive. when all were present and accounted for, the cook explained. i have brought you here to ask what sauce would you like to be eaten with? one of the invitees respondent i don't want to be eaten at all and then the polk began eating. that is why the summit meeting failed.
[applause] >> this is connected with the other one, and other experts. it is called the visitor. one day in the beginning of september in the year 2000, 189 countries, by which they committed themselves for the world's poverty and only one goal has been reached, managed to multiplied the number of experts required to take the challenging agenda. and one of those on the out --
santa domingo, belonging to those homes, and if i tell you how many chickens you have, will you give me one? he turned on his touch screen tablet computer, connected with a camera through his 3 g cellphone, and the accounting function, you have 132 chickens and he caught one. he did not leave it at that. if i tell you what your work is will you give back my chicken? okay. you are an international expert. i know it because you came
without anyone calling you. you entered my chicken farm without asking permission. you told me something i already knew and then you charge me for it. [applause] >> suddenly worse, international day for the eradication of poverty. poverty does not explode like bombs or gunfire. we know everything about poor people. what they don't work at, what they don't eat, how much they don't wait, how much they don't grow, what they don't think, how often they don't go and what they don't believe in.
the only thing left to learn is why poor people are for. could it be because they are noticed by their hunger? won't find against 4 people, but not against poverty. the best part of the world's richness goes on to wars and military expenses, maybe also called criminal expenses and to other ends also quite absurd that the solution is quite
on this day, december 6, 1938, the house committee on un-american activities operating out of washington questions halley senator who ran the university project. a congressman from alabama led the interrogation. referring to an article she had written he asked you are quoting from this, is he a communist? oh, she said, i am sorry, i am very sorry but i was quoting from christopher marlowe. tell us who this marlowe is so we can get a proper reference. he was the greatest dramatist immediately preceding shakespeare.
of course, of course, said the senator. yes, we have some people, some of these people called communists back in the days of the greek theatre. hand she said quite true. i believe, continued the senator, i believe your these --euripides was guilty of teaching class consciousness. that was almost all of the greek dramatists and the congressman on the side, so we cannot&o cf1.
the human adventure in the world. many years before that thing we call civilization, we were turning bird bones into food and pc shells into necklaces. we were making colors by mixing rocks and plants to beautify and turn our bodies into walking things. when the spanish conquistadores arrived in veracruz they found indians walking around naked. with their bodies painted, painted to please each other and themselves. the conquistadores concluded
these are the worst. this is a special lead to a poet who was my friend, my brother, made them the unforgivable. the poet -- he never learned to shut up or take orders and love them love fearlessly. [speaking spanish] >> on this day in 1975 his fellow guerrillas shot him dead while he slept. revolutionaries who killed to punish disagreement are no less
okay. the go. new personalities, flamingos, albatrosses, penguin, buffaloes, ostrichs, koala bears and other monkeys, butterflies and other insects and many more relatives in the animal kingdom have homosexual relations, a female to male, mail to mail for an encounter or in my time. lucky for them they aren't people, humans. or they should be sent to the loony bin. until this day, may 16th, in the year 1990, 15 minutes ago in
>> february 8th. 1980 an extraordinary demonstration. under military dictatorship, a judge had outlawed pieces that undermined public morals. diverting the judge which punished such cases, describes them this way. some are obscene like a piece from the neck of private parts, etc.. like this cinematography piece in which they came together, and suffered expansion of sensuality. the city responded by becoming one huge -- never -- never got
people kissed so much. spark desire and simple curiosity wanted a taste of a kiss. their right to play, in 1816 the government in buenos aires is told the rank of lieutenant colonel, virtue of her manly efforts. and took several from the spanish in the war of independence, what is it? the war was men's business and
women were not allowed to to phone in, yet male officers could not help but admire what they called the courage of this woman. after many minds on horseback, of her six children, also lost her life, she died in poverty, poor among the poor, the government promoted her to the rank of general. in homage to her womanly -- [applause] >> about another woman i admire
a lot. 9 love her. january 16, in 1919 roxanne election board, was murdered in berlin. her killers with strike blows and tossed her into the waters of the canal. along the way she lost a shoe. someone picked up the shoe that dropped in the mud, long for a world where justice would not be sacrificed in the name of freedom and freedom would not be sacrificed in the name of justice. everyday some handpicks up that banner dropped in the mud like
the shoe. in the year 208 -- [speaking spanish] -- a book in which he revealed his discoveries in the art of healing. among others, this physician of two members, poets and the owner of the best library of his time proposed an invaluable way to avoid fever and keep death by us -- a word across your chest day and night. the word was abracadabra which in ancient hebrew mend and still
lasted many years until at last the capitol of the hispanic rebels was besieged, vanquished and burned to the ground. it remains on the field surrounded by fields of weight at the edge of. on the city that changed the wiltz calendar for governor. nothing is left. but when we've raised our glasses at midnight every
>> the truly wonderful to be a real story was something important to say but a lot of it you didn't tell my favorite one. as you know in latin america we had the procession and the whole community goes out and as people watched and jesus performed in the stations of the cross and he drags the cross through town with everybody watching. >> i tell it because i know it by memory.
and so in this sense i think i write or tried to write the discovery of the human rainbow regarding the memory of a lot of women and all of black people and the indians and so many excluded from this world and some are important. in my reading today i told to stories which are a very good examples of this but there are also a lot of other stories. [inaudible] which isn't line but
>> 53. >> 53. [inaudible conversations] >> 63. >> yes, no -- 263%. [laughter] not 63, 263. [laughter] so why was not so inefficient. finally i eighth wrote it with your help of course. but it is so beautiful 263 below the dwight brother when i was born i was black. when i grew up i was black. when i am in the sun i am black. when i fall ill i am black. when i die i will be black.
meanwhile, you when you were born you were pink. when you grew up he were white. when you are in the sun and you turn red. when you feel cold you turn blue. when you feel fear u-turn green. when you fall ill you turn yellow. when you die a the world will be gray. >> that is beautiful. [applause] you say that you have rescued a lot of women from oblivion. i would say that at least half of the book is about women.
was this a conscious choice on your part? >> there's other books, memory tough fire line always trying to recall these voices. it's important not only because women are half of all of us but also because they are so valued and courageous and intelligent and smart, so creative but guilty of being a woman. yes, guilty of being a woman, really. nowadays that's not so terrible. we are quite as much as this.
not me. [laughter] i am the only exception. [laughter] but all the other men are here. [laughter] >> i think you once said that latin america is like a woman whispering in your year, no? [laughter] latin america is a woman talking in your year. >> secrets, yes. telling me secrets. yes. >> that's a lovely picture. >> that's what i feel, yes. >> i think you must know who this is, she once said that you write like a woman. >> perhaps, yes.
>> i don't know what that would mean a. >> i would say still dreams of my wife because she dreams marvelous dreams and mine are so stupid -- [laughter] that i have no choice but to steal her dreams. [laughter] because the other day i was telling the story of her dream and we were speaking -- i don't know if it was yesterday or another place that i was speaking about this sort of collective hysteria as the subject of security and how the airports have become something
>> airports. >> airports, really? >> yes. and then she told me she was reading about an airport. there was a very long line of passengers waiting. we both were in the line. each one of the passengers with a pillow under the arm the pillow used the night before. all of the pillows were sent to the machine who was able to read in sight of the palos the dreams that were dreamed the night before. it was a machine specialized in seeking dreams dangerous for national security. [laughter]
and the fact is that really dreams are dangerous for the national security. [laughter] >> indeed. well, speaking of dreams, we latin-american are accused of living and magical realism. could you explain to this audience what is magical realism after all -- >> magical what? >> magical realism. [laughter] >> a way of telling that reality is real because all is magical indeed just we are trying to be blind and we cannot discover the magic inside each significant
fact. i think the greatness is not in the big famous >> nope, nope. the greatness is inside the small things. the small gift that we have received from realities. it's the problem as we are blind of our beautiful rainbow we are also blind of the great mass of small things and small people. and usually it is affected in an upside-down world because we are supposed to have been here to add my ear -- at tabare admire
everything that is big and spectacular and instead of looking at the little facts of each. these are for only those that have their eyes open and they can be able to see what other people cannot see because they are trained to be blind of the duty of lia's perhaps because usually beauty comes accompanied by the horrors. but i think that we are the
spanish] i would be said in english -- >> [speaking spanish] in history as in nature. the source of life. >> the source of light, right. >> i was sure that this was a sentence written by karl marx. but they say this in light of love and war happened to be a specialist in the works of carl marks and he told me that he
couldn't find this sentence and -- [speaking spanish] so i began looking at myself in my books and i couldn't find it but i was absolutely sure that i had read that and that it was a sentence. so i answered to my translator don't worry. the sentence is a sentence but he forgot to write a. [laughter] [applause] >> i like especially what eduardo said that each of us contains a little heaven and a little hell. it's a wonderful concept.
>> we are excited about a number of things. i would start by how the gardiner and katie davis. now, howard gardiner is probably one of the country's top educational psychiatrists but he has multiple intelligences which is really transformed the way that we think that education and the way that kids fail in school and college which is to say that there isn't just one aptitude and intelligence that tests well for that answer is in the conversations of classrooms. but there is a lot of intelligence, there is a lot of emotional intelligence is and this is the first person that has had a codified intelligence into a single understanding of the human mind. now for the first time in his career, its attention to the digital generation and how these kids coming have borut and ipad in their hand reading the
ipad for the first time they are seeing how things are truly interactive and dynamic in the digital interface and how that changes the cognitive development and the social ability to engage and it's going to be a very ground-breaking book by a true master of how we operate in the world and here we are adapting. >> another but you have coming out this fall is at meir's ruled the world. >> benjamin is one of our leading public intellectuals to the hero a best seller a few years ago called the jihadists versus the world. this book is interesting when you take a look at the most dynamic people in our political currency right now whether it is mayor bloomberg in new york or cory robinson and newark and the celebrity mayors of the city is getting things done on a very sort of macroand microlevel and why can't the same things happen
on an international or national level. why are the national policies so paralyzed? i am able to kind of move the ball or open the envelope. as we look at the start of ways in which they operate in the political sphere and try to see if that can be applied to the national skier. it's a national book but it's also international all over the world in bangkok, london, hong kong fascinating stuff to read >> and david hart has a new book. >> david hart wrote in a couple of years ago called the atheist illusions where he took a look at some of what he called the pingree 80 guests. people like christopher hitchens, daniel and richard dawkins and wondered why in this particular moment there was such hostility to religion by the public intellectuals. and in this book he really wants to get a size from the politics of all the and look across most of the nominations to the
experience of how people across different states understand god has an emotional experience and a presence in their lives. and it is a gorgeous book. he's an amazing writer and a great cyclist. this is a real opportunity to just sit with a major theologian and wonder about how god has experienced across the states. very emotionally true book, spiritually rich, and i think an eye opener to be very pleased about it. >> that is a quick look at some of the books coming out by yale university press this fall. here are the best-selling hardcover nonfiction books according to publishers weekly. it does reflect the sales as of august 29th.
speed talks about her experience after moving from china to oakland at the age of ten. she expected to live a better life in california. but instead of oakland to be broken city. this is about one hour and ten minutes. >> imagine being a fourth grader that left a rather isolated existence and was told about a faraway place called disneyland. she had heard exciting things about it. but she really couldn't comprehend the m