tv The Seventies CNN November 25, 2016 5:00pm-6:01pm PST
it's probably the most cultural event in the history of america. and a whole new generation of freaks. >> what guys seem to get off on. they like these high-energy sort of events. >> can you bet your bottom we got them, baby. >> unless you've been living in a sealed cave, you probably noticed that america's latest craze is disco dancing. >> this is punk rock, its purpose is to promote violence, sex and destruction in that order. >> rock and roll ipure stamina! ♪
>> the early years of the 70s are sad in music because you lose people. and you lose the beatles. >> the early years in music was sad, because you lose people and you lose the beatles. >> this small gatherings are only the beginning. the event is so momentous that historians may one day view it as landmark in the decline of the british empire -- the beatles are breaking up. >> it was like a death for a lot of people. rock and roll as we understood in the 1960s was no longer with us. >> will there will never be another beatles, never. >> you know, i never thought that one day i would be here with no drummers or oband. you might know i lost my old band, or i left it. ♪ imagine there's no heaven ♪ it's easy if you try
>> for so long you just waited for the next beatles album to see where it was going and you hoped it it would be that good. >> i don't no longer have, oh the beatles need an album. you and paul are going to write 20 songs tomorrow or something like that the. ♪ ♪ imagine all the people >> you know, yoko you have even been called the dragon lady who took the beatles apart. >> please give her credit for all the nice music that george made and ringo made and paul made since we broke up. she did it. >> the fact is that yoko ono did not break up the beatles. time broke up the beatles, money broke up the beatles. business broke up the beatles. the desire to go off and do their own stuff broke up the beatles. >> he's a fleshier and heavier beatle these days and when the kids come to his concert these days they don't scream, they listen. the significant thing is both john lennon and paul
mccartney made music in their own particular ways that was focused in fact they were particularly deep in love with a woman. >> mccartney went home and made the record where he plays all the instruments on his own. this kind of cozy domesticity, beautiful, wonderful, warm music. >> it's going to look roughly like this. this is our first showing of it. >> this is just the mock-up, folks. >> the new album. >> it's going to be called ringo's reviewer. >> i sell records, it doesn't matter if they've got the beatles or not. if they don't like the record they won't buy it, you know? >> ringo, who to this day people dismiss way too much, has tremendous success in the '70s and george harrison, who had been stockpiling these amazing songs, explodes like a supernova on an album called "all things must pass." maybe the best beatles' solo album of all time. ♪ i don't need a passport >> over the years i had such a
lot of songs mounted up they really wanted to do they only got like one or two tunes moper album. >> were you held down by the other fellows? >> well very subtly, yes. ♪ ♪ >> i would just like to thank you all for coming here. you all know it is a special benefit concert. ♪ ♪ >> ravi shankhar said a terrible thing is happening in bangladesh and what can we do? that created the first major superstar benefit concert ever done. >> the concert for bangladesh was the grandaddy of all issue-themed concerts. not only did you get george harrison, you got eric clapton. it got dylan out of hiding. two beatles on the stage. unparalleled in the time, and it may still be unparalleled. ♪
>> a great deal of music of the '70s was people who succeeded in the '60s, finding new ways to express themselves in the '70s. >> have you any idea why your group particularly has lasted as long as it had? >> because we stayed together, i suppose. >> for a few years, the rolling stones had taken a lot of casualties. >> even brian felt that he was not going to be around for that long. not everybody makes it. >> they were fighting for like where do we secure our foothold now? ♪ ♪ >> 1971, the rolling stones leave their home for tax purposes to go live in france. and record this record. exile on main street. in a very hot, uncomfortable,
muddy sounding studio. >> that record is the embodiment of a band making masterpieces on a daily basis. and i remember reading the review saying this was look a debauched album. i was like i don't even what this debauchd means. but i was like i got to get some of this debauchery stuff.ed mea. but i was like i got to get some of this debauchery stuff. ♪ >> having come out of the '60s which was its own animal. the '70s had to show its skin, shed the old one. ♪ ♪ ooh yeah >> i was never very confident of
my voice as a singer. i thought rather than just sing them which would bore the pants off of everybody, i would like to kind of portray the songs. ♪ i turned to face myself ♪ but i barely caught a glimpse ♪ >> david bowie has been a game changer. he has taken the promise of rock that the beatles kicked off and taken it all sorts of interesting places for others to follow. ♪ ch-ch-changes ♪ ♪ turn and face the strange changes ♪ ♪ pretty soon you are going to get older ♪ ♪ tame may change me ♪ but i can't trace time ♪ i said that time my change me ♪ ♪ but i can't trace time
this year i took some time off from touring and went off on some adventures of my own. and this is kind of a -- a letter back home. ♪ ♪ ♪ ooh california oh california i'm coming home ♪ ♪ oh make me feel good rock 'n' roll band i'm your biggest fan california i'm coming home ♪ >> you look to the horizon that you want to move toward. and that horizon was here in l.a. >> that's where the record
companies were. there was lots of sun. >> the way i got to california is really simple, in a '57 chevy by skipping my finals that year in college. >> virtually nobody was from southern california. they're all drawn to the light. and the light is the troubadour club. >> things happened gradually until we played the troubadour. we hold 250 people. happened on the first night. >> every great songwriter, came through, jackson brown, j.d., henley and frey, linda ronstadt, joni mitchell and james ta i lor. the big sea change was people writing their own songs and expressing themselves. >> is it difficult to reveal it constantly to so many people. why do you do this? >> i feel an obligation to people and to myself to share myself maybe as honestly as i can. ♪ i left my folk and friends with the aim to clear my mind
out ♪ ♪ well i hit the rowdy road and many kinds i met there many stories told all the ways to get there ♪ ♪ ooh ♪ so on and on i go ♪ the seconds tick the time out ♪ ♪ and there's so much left to know ♪ ♪ well i'm on the road to find out ♪ >> everyone was just trying to do whatever came into their head. >> in the early days paul and i we wanted to be the group from england. they were very big those days. >> we had no idea who the people were, the mysterious mr. king was. wrote the songs, chains the beatles did, i'm into something good. we did discover this remarkable woman, carole king.
>> carole king made the transition from being behind the scenes woman to a star in her own right. ♪ i feel the earth move under my feet and i feel the sky tumbling down ♪ ♪ i feel my heart start to tremble ♪ ♪ whenever you're around >> carole king is the embodiment of what happens. because in the '60s she is trying to write hit songs for other people. then in the '70s with "tapestry" the definition of an album of self-expression. let me go into my house in laurel canyon and tell you about my life. >> after church you always went out for pancakes. if you were lucky enough to ride in one of the girl's cars you know what you are listening to "tapestry." >> there were a lot of very important women who were the
most creative writers of the time. >> we are going to do a song written by john david sausser one of my favorite california songwriters and one of my favorite singers. it's called "faithless love." >> she was in many ways my greatest collaborator. i became a professional song writer because of the best voice of my generation was doing my songs. ♪ faithless love ♪ like a river flows ♪ rain drops falling >> for my money, linda is still underrated just for sheer singing power and style and emotion. ♪ and the night falls in like a cold dark wind faithless love ♪
♪ like a river >> there have been articles and things that identify me with the l.a. sound, me, jackson brown and the eagles. we need some new blood in this town. we're starting to get stale. ♪ >> the original fleetwood mac was a four piece full on blues band. >> an english band that became the dual citizenship band. they were as american as they were british. ♪ in all your life you have have never known ♪ ♪ and never been taken by the wind ♪ >> we had an album out, two years out, the buckingham nicks. nick really liked the music. they asked us to join. ♪ rihanna ♪ >> fleetwood mac, first, stevie and lindsey album for sure changed our lives.
we had arrived. ♪ freedom >> beside being rich and famous in california. >> this is it, kid. ♪ freedom ♪ freedom ♪ forever ♪ ever ♪ >> the records some times bore an audience. they're not going to have another hit. or this one isn't as good as that. >> record companies, like frothing at the mouth, the image of the band was becoming a whole thing. so we were getting ready to make rumors. >> with everyone falling apart. ♪ if loving you isn't the right to do ♪
♪ how can i ever change things that i feel ♪ >> the band is five people, five independent, quite strong minded quite stubborn individuals. ♪ if i could baby i'd build you my world ♪ >> two lovely couples, john and chris married. their marriage was on the rocks. and stevie and lindsey may have well have been married. that all was falling apart. ♪ you can go your own way ♪ go your own way ♪ you can call me under the lonely day ♪ >> we were testifying. and "rumors" became the church.
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>> how long you been singing? >> three years. >> see you went to grab it right away. snatch it right out of my hand. >> michael was precocious, he knew he was cute. you would watch him go from that to commanding a stage in front of 15,000 people. amazing. ♪ ooh baby give me one more chance ♪ ♪ one two three ♪ oh darling i've been trying to let you go ♪ >> the only american group to have four consecutive number one records. ♪ oh oh oh ♪ i want you back >> for the first time young black kids had their beatles. >> you don't know. the jackson five. >> that's us. thought's no jive. >> the jacksons were the last
act from the classic motown hitsville system. >> motown was unique. record companies were run by businessmen. we had a music man at the helm. berry gordy. he was the song writer. he said we're going make music for the world. >> ironically he was trying to make black music to cross over to the white world and ended up being the creator of the best black music ever. >> he created a machine. where you take the artist, polish them up. and a great package they can play the "ed sullivan show." and kill. >> back in the sixty, marvin guay wanted to be frank sinatra. he was clean, svelte. all that changed in the '70s. >> why can't i make a regard like the beatles? i'm selling records like they sell. why can't i have that artistic expression? ♪ punish me with brutality ♪ talk to me
♪ ♪ so you can see what's going on ♪ ♪ ♪ what's going on ♪ what's going on ♪ yeah what's going on ♪ tell me what's going on ♪ ooh >> marvin gaye was affected by the vietnam war. his brother was in vietnam. he is hearing all these stories about what is going on over there. he's seeing the protets here and it's changing him. >> he's holding up a mirror to america. saying look at yourselves america. >> he is talking about the war, poverty. he is changing into an artist that berry gordy is not super happy about. ♪ ♪ everybody thinks we're wrong ♪ they do >> initially he did not want marvin to do "what's going on." >> motown was supposed to be nonthreatening and you have marvin gaye making a protest record about the war. that could ruin good money. you don't lightly talk about the government.
♪ yes i want to know that ♪ what's going on right now >> ultimately when he agrees to put out "what's going on", berry telling marvin, okay, if you are right, i'll learn something. if i'm right, you will learn something. and of course, as berry will say, i learned something. >> every artist at motown was suddenly also wanting to try their chance at freedom. >> when people say, so, they put you in one category. they say, he is a soul artist. that's all they expect for you to sing. that's all they want you to sing. that's not true. soul is being able to express yourself. >> stevie wonder went to berry gordy and he negotiated his creative freedom, and he used every bit of it. ♪ ♪ very superstitious ♪ writing's on the wall >> stevie wonder making some of the greatest records anyone has
ever made in popular music in america, back to back to back. ♪ writing's on the wall >> it's the equivalent of shooting a perfect shot from half court with your eyes closed. oh, he made it. he ain't going to do it again. and then talken ball. and and suddenly the key to life. ♪ ♪ ♪ you believe in things ♪ you don't understand ♪ >> what the beatles did in the '60s i feel stevie wonder was the person to do that for music in the '70s. [ applause ] ♪ >> hi there, welcome aboard. you are right on time for a beautiful trip on "the soul train."
and if if sight and sound of soul is your pleasure, then what's your your treasure? bet your bottom we got them, baby. >> "soul train" finally offered america its first view of afrocentricity. a new idea to say black is beautiful. >> we ran home from church to see "soul train." it was the one reliable place to see the artists that you loved. >> it is no question that "soul train" broke out a lot of artists and introduced a lot of artists to audiences that they never performed for. >> ten years before he did the moon walk, michael jackson debuted the robot in 1973 on "soul train." >> people had done the robot before. but there was a way that it was faster. it was sharper.
and it was street. i could just see the afro bouncing, because there was so much precision to it. ♪ she's a dancing machine just gotta get the check. almost there. i can't reach it. if you have alligator arms, you avoid picking up the check. what? it's what you do. i got this. thanks, dennis! if you want to save fifteen percent or more on car insurance, you switch to geico. growwwlph. it's what you do. oh that is good crispy duck. [and her new business: i do, to jeanetgo. jeanette was excellent at marrying people. but had trouble getting paid. not a good time, jeanette. even worse. now i'm uncomfortable. but here's the good news, jeanette got quickbooks.
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i absolutely love this community. once i moved here i didn't want to live anywhere else. i love that people in this community are willing to come together to make a difference for other people's lives. together, we're building a better california. rock, music that infuriated so many people in the '50s and
'60s. the music so in thought too loud, vulgar, somehow dangerous to our morals. rock has not only refused to go away, it has become an institution. ♪ heart was a big deal. because in the decade dominated by a type of rock 'n' roll that rhymes with rock and begins with a c, but i won't go on further. they were willing to play with the guys and succeed on their terms. >> the stuff from the '60s, that's way too hippy now the we have to up it a notch. ♪ ♪ >> the audience had come to expect a better standard of performance. a better quality of lighting and sound and staging. they have come to expect a show.
♪ we still have time and i still defy a troublemaker on a high ♪ >> the groups became more theatrical. they realized just giving them the music isn't enough. we have to give them something to look at. >> more naked people, more misbehavior, more over the top stuff going on. just, more. ♪ oh ♪ no time >> playing stadiums was too unreal. it would just be a sea of faces into infinity. ♪ with your sweet bag of lies ♪ crazy crazy crazy ♪ crazy on you ♪ oh yeah ♪ crazy >> stadium tours put a lot of people near music. what they also do is force the musicians to play to the back of the hall. in the '70s that distance between the performer on stage
and that audience grew. if you went to any big arena rock shows, it was always about the star up here and the audience down here. and this sort of, iconography of the rock star as this huge figure. ♪ crazy crazy on you >> it was bound to happen but it comes as a shock nevertheless. in a poll taken by a leading pop music magazine in england, the beatles came in second. the most popular rock group in england today is led zeppelin. >> in their 20s, they're rich, powerful, temperamental, and pampered. they're led zeppelin, the group on tour in the vernacular of the biz where being big is nothing, zeppelin is very big. to get around, zeppelin uses a chartered 707. the kind of plane president nixon uses.
♪ the president's plane doesn't have an organ or 15-foot mirrored bar or in private quarters two bedrooms and a fireplace. >> i'm a bit upset it doesn't have a pool table on board. apart from that i think this is the best way to travel. >> americans are now spending $2 billion a year on music. that's $700 million more than the movie industry grosses from ticket sales in one year. about three times the amount of money taken in by all spectator sports. >> i'm telling you rock 'n' roll is no different than ibm, xerox, sara lee, chevrolet, supply and demand, the same business. >> rock 'n' roll had been a gritty novelty business. it was not the center of the world in the '50s and '60s. in the '70s it becomes the main event. it has repercussions in all sort of positive and negative ways. >> the total cost of this tour is $3.5 million. now the gross of the tour is in
the region of $11 million. so -- yeah, it's a living. >> it was so decadent and over the top and money just -- whoo -- being thrown against the wall. >> feel like a hypocrite, if you are invoking the idea of young people. bouncing the idea of young people. taking young people's money and taking it and putting it in your pocket. really what you are is a middle-aged family man. it is only the hypocrisy that i'm worried about. >> bruce springsteen was trying to reclaim the soul of rock 'n' roll by going back to basics. >> using emblems from the past and being discarded at that point. ♪ every day you sweat out on the streets of a runway american dream ♪ >> using a sound that was not on the radio. and not what was mainstream rock. ♪ ♪ on a highway now
♪ stepping out over the line ♪ whoa >> bruce springsteen created his own counterculture. it just speaks exactly to the american spirit. you couldn't hit it on the head more than bruce springsteen did. ♪ baby we were born to run ♪ yeah yes we were >> "born to run" was a statement in the middle of the '70s. the cover of "time" and "newsweek." >> bruce didn't like it at the time. me on the other hand. my friend is on the cover of "time" and "newsweek" and this is so cool. >> when "born to run" comes out in 1975 it is the desire to escape the claustrophobia of the 1970s. it is an anthem to save your soul. ♪
i thought that was one of the most utopian scenes i had ever encountered in music. >> mancuso is one of the guys who took the art form of playing the record and how he curated the records. he may play a salsa record. i might play an isaac hayes record. it wasn't so much about a style as it was an an aesthetic of dancing. >> you have all kinds of people here. you have people who are dancing. you can get high. you can stay here all night. >> why are people dancing again? i wish i knew. but i'm glad it's happening. ♪ >> what we now know as disco really starts with a band called the tramps. the drummer, earl young, invents the idea of four on the floor and eight in the high hat. so everything is, bum, bum, bum. ♪ burn baby burn
>> that's the sound of disco. ♪ burn baby burn ♪ burn baby burn >> i loved disco. i always loved dance music anyway. whatever i did as a producer was always danceable. the melody. >> george moroder working out of munich put together technology and soulful vocal lists. donna summer being the biggest embodiment. and they make some of the biggest record of all time. ♪ ooh love to love you baby ♪ ooh love you love you baby "love to love you baby" was four minutes of singing. 14 minutes of -- a lot of not singing. ♪ oh love to love you baby ♪ oh love you love you baby >> i always wondered for the life of me was he just in the
booth, more passion more -- >> actually i shooed everybody out of the studio, switched the lights off, made sure the tape is running, and i said, okay, let's do it. and i think she did it in 10 minutes. ♪ oh >> the donna summer records were some of the biggest records of all time. and they kicked off a revolution. ♪ i want to do it with you >> unless you have been living in a sealed cage you probably noticed america's latestraze is disco dancing. that's dancin' without the g. >> fluffy, where have you been? ♪ i want to but on my boogie shoes and dance with you ♪ >> what they generate with the records, we are talking about an estimated 4 billion, with a b, $4 billion a year.
>> i remember really being upset about this word disco. it was r & b music to me. i felt like they stripped it and gave it a new name and weren't giving credit where i think the credit was supposed to go. >> for chorus, to fwlang soubri sound in. that's great. yeah. one, two, three, four. >> the beegees always liked r & b and soul. i always thought it was a pop band with r&b leanings. >> they were pop stars too. they really got the zeitgeist of what was going on. ♪ staying alive ♪ staying alive ♪ >> this is the scene outside a new york disco called studio 54. this is the place that's in with the disco crowd. >> i have been to goat ropings
and space shots. i've been in a lot of strange places and seen a lot of strange things. but nothing stranger than studio 54 at the height of its popularity in the seventies. >> it's where you come when you want to escape. it is really escapism. >> in the front door of that spot was insane. i sometimes would walk by to watch the people not get in. because that was fun too. >> oh, you are not shaved. no way you can get in. it doesn't matter if you are not shaved. just go home. >> you had to be selected. you had to be chosen to get in. >> we can't let in everybody who wants to come in. i wish we could. ♪ oh freak out >> the great chic go to studio 54 to get in, and they don't. so they write a song. ♪ have you heard about the new dance crave ♪ ♪ listen to us, i'm sure you
will be amazed ♪ >> studio 54 reject them. the part where nay say "freak out" actually began as something out. ♪ freak out >> it went from something off to freak off to being freak out. ♪ just come on down to the 54 ♪ out on the floor ♪ oh freak out ♪ so chic >> probably the best thing that ever came out of studio 54 was that song. >> disco was a revolutionary force. funk marries disco and it leads to hip hop. ♪ >> it's 1979 and i heard chic's "good times" come on. and i just kept hearing someone talk over the song.
♪ you hip, you hop, you don't stop ♪ ♪ and rock it out baby b ♪ the beat and me and the groove and my friend are going to try to move your feet ♪ >> so when people talk about it what's that hip-hop song and it was the first hip-hop song to crack the top 40. it changed everything. >> "rappers delight" opens the incredible door to the last new american art form which is hip-hop. ♪ o is for ordinarily i wouldn't. l is for layers of luxury. a is for alll the way back. r is for read my mind.
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kick out the jams -- detroit, 1969 is where punk was originally born. the motor city five and iggy and the stooges release two pioneering albums to indicate that there is a new style of music coming back. it is garage rock. it is minimalist. it's aggressive, it's loud, and it's very often obnoxious. ♪
>> punk rock was so f-ing scary to us, because here we are with our big majestic songs, and here comes punk with their -- ♪ >> the ramones get started as a reaction to everything else going on. people see them and go, this is the answer. ♪ let's go >> this is how rock and roll is supposed to to be done. >> how should it be done? >> no pyrotechnics. no phony showmanship. it's just pure rock and roll. pure good stamina. >> real and raw and there's no crap involved as opposed to the standard schlap we here on the top 40.
>> the ramons were one part of a wider new york scene. >> you had people like patty smith. >> i'm an artist. rock 'n' roll is my art. >> the new york dolls. >> the dead polls. >> rock 'n' roll, anybody can play. >> and richard hell. >> richard hell was one of the first to cut his own hair. ripping his clothes and safety pinning them together. >> he's the king of the punks. the safety pin thing is his. f it's pretty clear he invented that. >> punk in the united states is a music collaboration, a statement of what musics is and how it should be played. in england, punk rock is not a musical statement, it's a social one. >> if punk has a home territory it's here on king road, in the middle of london, the same street that launched the mini skirt and the swinging '60s. >> what's this like for us? >> nothing. >> there isn't any future for a
kid now. i mean there isn't. >> there was an indigenous anger and frustration that drove a lot of punk rock and got a lot of young people behind it. ♪ the war is declared >> have been said to be a political group. >> yeah. it's true. >> maybe we would be singing about love and kissing, or something. >> the clash, musically, is the best of the lot. it doesn't sound like traditional punk, but it doesn't sound like anybody else but the clash, either. ♪ i live by the river >> punk was a wide umbrella and that wider scene included people who were a little bit more complex in their musical performance style. people aren't going to buy
something if you call it punk. they might call it if you call it new wave. >> you love that punk rock these days, and what's your thoughts on punk rock? >> it's a new wave. by defining it as punk, you're automatically putting a boundary around what's possible. and i think fans like talking heads, excellent. >> talking heads was the ultimate college band. and they did a sophisticated spiky music that reflected who they were. and it particularly reflected the fascinating individual that david burn would emerge to become. >> i wrote a song about urban gorillas from the point of their daily lives, instead from the point of view of their politics. ♪ there was a man loaded with bullets ♪ ♪ propped and ready to go >> this era of new wave music is where the stars of the 1980s are going to come from. >> what makes the '70s so special is that there's still a
sense of naivete, the sense that music could really make a difference in your life. ♪ this ain't no party ♪ this ain't no disco ♪ this ain't no fooling around ♪ this ain't no place >> you pick any genre you like and i will tell you the best music made in that genera was made in the 1970s, and you'll have a hard time proving me wrong. >> what was great about a me decade is it allowed the greatest artists of our time to do some of their best work, because they were really exploring. that is as deep as popular art ever gets. ♪ ♪ this ain't no party ♪ this ain't no disco ♪ this ain't no fooling around ♪ i love to hold you ♪ i love to kiss you ♪ but i ain't going down ♪ trouble and into the crowd
♪ we're not computers ♪ and there ain't no burning allowed ♪ this is happening now, if you can possibly believe that. >> the terrorists are saying they'll blow up the school, killing all the children inside. >> the german police have been waging a relentless war against the terrorists, capturing some, killing some. >> the finnish army are the terrorists. >> no one, even the most powerful, has immunity from these urban guerillas. >> there are 298 people held hostage. >> those people, they have good ideals. they're just going about them the wrong way. >> we are ready to go on into martyrdom. >> the communique ended with the appeal revolutionaries of the world unite. ♪