tv Anderson Cooper 360 CNN November 25, 2013 10:00pm-11:01pm PST
that's all for us tonight. "the assassination of president kennedy" a cnn special, starts right now. in the average man's life there are two or three emotional experiences burned into his heart and his brain. and no matter what happens to me i will remember november the 22nd as long as i live. >> there has been an attempt on the life of president kennedy. >> they are combing the floors of the texas book depository building to find the assassin. [ gunshots] >> oswald has been shot at point blank range fired into the stomach. >> police are working to the assumption oswald's murder was to shut him up. >> the element of a simple intelligence agency killed john kennedy. >> the story has been suppressed.
witnesses have been killed. we have a right to know who killed our president and why he died. >> i stand here tonight on what was once the last frontier. the pioneers gave up their safety, and sometimes their lives to build our new west. beyond that frontier, are uncharted areas of science and faith, unsolved problems of peace and war -- promise of ignorance and prejudice. but i believe the times require imagination and courage. i'm asking each of you to be pioneers towards that new frontier.
in dallas, preparations were already underway for extraordinary police protection when the president should arrive. >> you anticipate any trouble on the president's arrival? >> because of what has happened here previously, we would be foolish i think not to anticipate some trouble. i don't, really, i don't anticipate any violence. ♪ >> here comes air force number one, the president's plane now touching down. there is mrs. kennedy, and the crowd yells and the president of the united states. i can see his suntan all the way from here. >> looking at how things actually went, it wasn't just a trip to dallas. it was a political trip preparing for the 1964 elections. >> shaking hands now with the
dallas people, governor and mrs. connally. governor connally on your left. >> it was whether kennedy could use his charisma and influence to get all the squabbling democrats in texas to come together before the election the next year. >> and here comes the president now, in fact, he's not in his limousine. he's departed the limousine and he is reaching across the fence, shaking hands. >> in those days everybody could get a lot closer to the president. i was standing behind mrs. kennedy and saw a hand reach through the chain link fence and break off one of the red roses. >> thousands of children swarming, trying to get over the fence. the dallas police trying to keep them back. this is great for the people and makes the egg shells thinner for the secret service. whose job it is to guard the man. >> the trip had gone terrifically well in texas. pretty hard to write a script for it going any better. >> thousands will be on hand for that motorcade now, which will be downtown dallas.
>> a number of my classmates were gone. they were at the parade. my father had been invited to have lunch with kennedy at the trade center. there was a mood, a climate of excitement. >> the speech of president kennedy at the dallas trade mart will be broadcast by radio. stay tuned for the president's speech at the trade mart on 570 radio. ♪ ♪ big bossman won't you help me when i call ♪ ♪ big bossman won't you help me when i call ♪ ♪ well you ain't so big you just tall and that's all ♪ >> this bulletin just into the
kilt news terminal. dallas police, shots were fired at the motorcade of president kennedy in downtown dallas. >> police radios are carrying that the president has been hit. >> parkland hospital has been advised to stand by for a severe gunshot wound. >> this is walter cronkite in our newsroom and -- there has been an attempt on the life of president kennedy. >> turn the mic on. i can't hear you, johnny. what do you what? you want me to move back a little bit? is it all right now? is this all right? ladies and gentlemen, i would like to introduce the chief camera man and assistant news director of wfaa television. this is burt ship. burt, we brought the people pretty much up to date. would you tell them exactly what you know as of this point?
>> jay, i was standing at the trade mart waiting his arrival there. all of a sudden, we saw them approaching. they didn't slow down, matter of fact they were going 70, 80 miles an hour past us and i jumped in the police car and went to parkland. these two men came running in, one of them had a large -- appeared to be a machine gun and they were hollers for stretchers and cots and everything. the governor, they brought him in first. >> what happened after this? >> the president come in behind him and they took them, both of them back. >> albert thomas, democratic texas is standing outside the corridor of the emergency room, said he's been told the president was still alive but in very critical condition. >> the president has not arrived here. a group of secret servicemen and other officials has gathered where the president normally would enter and discussing heatedly with one another some subject or other.
of course we have no idea what. >> here is an announcement. mr. erik johnson with an announcement. >> it is true that our president, governor connally, the motorcade has been shot. we shall tell you as much as we know as soon as we know anything. thank you. uture, a confident retirement. those dreams, there's just no way we're going to let them die. ♪ like they helped millions of others. by listening. planning. working one on one. that's what ameriprise financial does. that's what they can do with you. that's how ameriprise puts more within reach. ♪
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>> mr. zapruder. >> zapruder? >> yes, sir. >> tell us your story, sir? >> i got out a half hour earlier to get in a good spot to take some pictures. >> 5-year-old boy and myself were by ourselves there on palmer street. and i asked joe to wave and joe waved and -- >> it's all right, sir. go ahead. >> he was waving back. he was -- the shot rang out and he slumped down in the seat. >> all of a sudden, this next one popped and governor connally grabbed his stomach and kind of laid over to the side. and another one -- it was all just so fast -- and president kennedy reached up and looked like he grabbed his ear and blood just started gushing out. >> the person who fired -- >> i didn't see any person fire the weapon. >> you only heard it? >> i only heard it and looked up and saw a man running up this hill. >> if it's a conspiracy, not
only the president was hit, the governor was hit, who knows if the next shot would have been for lyndon johnson. johnson's car pulls into the emergency bay at parkland hospital. four agents reach in and grab johnson and pull him out and start to run him down one corridor looking for a safe place. >> mr. johnson's whereabouts are being kept secret for security reasons. if anybody knows where mr. johnson is, it is not us at this moment. >> there was a signal moment in our cultural history. suddenly it occurred the right thing to do is turn on television. >> the reports continue to come in, but in a confused fashion. >> president kennedy has been given a blood transfusion at parkland hospital in an effort to save his life. >> it was odd. there were no commercials, just a continuous experience. >> two priests have entered the emergency room at parkland
hospital where he rests after the assassination attempt which now was about a half hour ago. >> what are your feelings right now, ma'am? >> i'm absolutely shocked. stunned. we have the same birthday and i'm just crazy about him. >> who would want to shoot the president? what did he do? he's been doing so much for the country and someone goes ahead and shoots him? >> a flash from dallas. two priests who were with president kennedy say he is dead. of bullet wounds. this is the latest information we have from dallas. i will repeat with the greatest regret two priests who were with president kennedy say he has died of bullet wounds. >> malcolm, the assistant press secretary was filling in for the regular press secretary and then
he had to draw himself up to give the most fateful announcement that a press secretary might have ever had to give. >> all the cameras were rolling and i remember he put his fingers like this on the desk and pressed very hard to stop his hands trembling. >> john f. kennedy died at approximately 1:00 central standard time today here in dallas. he died of a gunshot wound in the brain. >> where is he now? >> i have no other details regarding the assassination of the president. >> the people standing here are stunned just as all of us are beyond belief, that the president of the united states
is dead. >> all over the world, people are going to remember all their lives what they were doing when they first heard that president kennedy had been killed. >> the crowds are standing around in silence and sorrow in the rain and the strange thing, you don't even notice it's raining, and if you do notice, you don't care and you can't believe it. >> i feel like someone in my own family is dead. i just can't believe it. >> ma'am? >> i can't -- >> like a daze. you don't know what's going on. why? why did it happen? who would have done such a thing is the question? >> in the first minutes and hours chaos and confusion was radiating out from the scene itself. it was very pervasive. >> secret service agents thought
the gunfire was from an automatic weapon fired possibly from a grassy knoll. >> the attempted assassins, we heard it is a man and woman. >> i got to the top, looked around, a policeman went over the fence. i went over the fence, too. there was nothing there. >> the television news man said he looked up after the shot was fired and saw a rifle being withdrawn from a fifth or sixth floor window. >> there was originally thought the shots came from in here and now it's believed that the shots came from this building here. >> police officers running back towards the texas depository building. they are going to continue searching in that building for the would-be assassin of the president. >> the center of downtown dallas is in a virtual state of siege. they are combing the floors to find the suspected assassin. >> in the building on the sixth
floor we found an area near a window that had partially been blocked off by boxes of books, and also the three spent shells that had apparently been fired from a rifle. >> lieutenant j.c. dade came out of the building with a british 303 rifle. >> it was a 7.65 mauser. >> a high powered army or japanese rifle of .25 caliber. >> a 30.30 rifle. >> much of the first things you hear are going to be wrong. and to some degree, you are constantly trying to separate out what seem to be a fact. >> in dallas, a dallas policeman just a short while ago was shot. and killed while chasing a suspect. >> j.d. tippit, a good experienced police officer was shot three times in the chest. in the oak cliff section of dallas. then the manager of a shoe store saw the suspect walk into the texas theater.
>> someone has been arrested in one of the downtown theaters. they don't know if it was the man who shot the policeman or the person who actually shot president kennedy. >> police suddenly jumped this man and dragged him out of theater. grabbed this man trying to run with him. they shouted murder and the officers hustled him into the car and ran away just as fast as they could. as we mentioned a short while ago, a number of arrests have been made in dallas in the wake of president kennedy's death. we have scenes of one of those arrests in the downtown area. this was just after a dallas policeman was shot in the vicinity of a downtown movie house. >> bentley. >> paul bentley. >> how did you approached him? >> as he approached him, the man hit mcdonald in the face with his left hand and reached for
the pistol with his right hand and as he reached for his pistol, i grabbed him with two or three other officers. >> what did he say after he was arrested? >> he just said, this is it. it's all over with now. i started part-time, now i'm a manager.n. my employer matches my charitable giving. really. i get bonuses even working part-time. where i work, over 400 people are promoted every day. healthcare starting under $40 a month. i got education benefits.
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who is he? >> lee oswald of a dallas, a former marine that spent some time in russia and applied for soviet citizenship. >> the description that we have of the suspect in ocliff was similar to the description we have as the assassin but at that time we haven't been able to connect the two in any way. >> down there a crowd of camera men, reporters wait for a possible appearance of the man accused of killing president kennedy and a dallas police officer. >> there will be a great deal of confusion, mr. oswald is put through the door. i don't know if you saw him. oswald lives at 1026 meckley. an employee of a book mining firm in the building in which the police and secret servicemen believe the president was shot today.
>> mrs. kennedy accompanied the body in an ambulance from the hospital to the airport where it will be flown back to washington. >> the emergency room at the hospital on the first floor there and they come out and told us that we would have to help remove the remains into a casket. >> lyndon johnson had ordered that the body be brought immediately to air force one so there was a little tug-of-war. it almost shook the crucifix off the top of the coffin as they were trying to get that coffin out of the hospital. >> took him out and put him into the hearse and one of the secret servicemen, well, about two or three of them, got into the hearse and drove off and mr. o'neal and the rest of us were just left standing there. >> vice president johnson is expected to be sworn in as president aboard an airliner before flying back to the
nation's capitol. >> not everyone realized johnson was the president because he in fact had taken the oath in january '61, the same oath the president takes. >> johnson wanted to show the american people that the government was functioning without interruption. also, perhaps, he wanted to show that his predecessor's family bore him no ill will for the assassination. >> lyndon baynes johnson is flying back to washington to take the reins of government at which time president johnson will have to take into his hands the reins of the most powerful nation in the world. >> we think november 22nd, 1963 as a date when a president was killed. but it was also a day when the president was created.
>> is there any doubt in your mind chief that oswald is the man who killed the president? >> i think this is the man that killed the president, yes, sir. >> is there any evidence any one else may have been linked with oswald in this shooting. >> at this time we don't believe so. >> i don't know what this is all about. >> sir? >> did you kill the president? >> did you shoot the president? >> i work in that building. >> were you in the building at the time? >> naturally if i work in that building, yes, sir. >> back up, ma'am. >> did you shoot the president? >> i'm being taken in because of the fact that i lived in the soviet union. i'm just a patsy. >> did you shoot the president? >> this is room 317, homicide bureau here at the dallas police station. as you see, they are bringing the weapon allegedly used in the assassination of president john f. kennedy this afternoon at 12:30 here in dallas. >> 6.5 made in italy in 1940. >> police have traced a rifle
purchased in chicago by mail order to oswald. he bought it under the alias, a. heidel. a handwriting expert has established that the handwriting on the purchase order was in fact made by oswald. at the price of $12.78, the life of the president of the united states apparently was bought. >> in the wake of the kennedy assassination, the dallas police on the one hand were committing all of their resources to try to solve a crime. >> move in the doorway, get him in the doorway. >> on the other hand, they were ill equipped to handle this tsunami of reporters. >> well, i was questioned by a judge.
however, i protested at that time that i was not allowed legal representation. >> in bringing oswald out, they were of course doing something that you would never see happen today, but they were trying to cooperate with the press, with the understanding that there would not be questions shouted at him. >> did you kill the president? >> no, i have not been charged with that. in fact, nobody has said that to me yet. the first thing i heard about it was when the newspaper reporters in the hall asked me that question. >> you have been charged. >> sir? >> you have been charged? >> nobody said what? >> okay. >> oswald. >> what did you do in russia? >> how did you hurt your eye? >> at 1:35 this morning, a complaint was read. it charged that quote, lee harvey oswald did voluntarily and with malice aforethought kill john f. kennedy by shooting him with a gun, end quote. following the reading of the complaint, oswald said, that's
ridiculous. >> within hours of the assassination, it was very obvious to virtually everyone in the dallas law enforcement that oswald had killed kennedy. >> chief, can you tell us in summary what directly links oswald to the killing of the president? >> well, the fact that he was on the floor where the shots were fired from immediately before the shots were fired. the fact he was seen carrying a package to the building, the fact that -- >> what was in there. >> yesterday morning. >> after the shooting in dealey plaza, oswald was the only employee at the book depository that fled the building. 45 minutes later he kills the officer and he resisted arrest by pulling a gun on an officer. >> doors just opened. >> during 12 hours of interrogation by the dallas police department over the weekend, he told one provable
lie after another. >> did you buy that rifle? >> that's the facts you people have been given but i deny the charges. >> within a day or so thereafter when they discovered what a complete nut this guy was, they were satisfied beyond all reasonable doubt that oswald had acted alone. >> only one thing i can tell you without going into the evidence that this case is cinched. this man killed the president. there are no question in my mind about it. >> we plan to transfer this man, not tonight, he will be here by no later than 10:00 in the morning. why, it will -- that will be early enough for you. >> chief, do you have any concern for the safety of your prisoner in view of the high feeling among the people of dallas over the assassination of the president? >> no but cautions will be taken, of course, but i don't think that the people will try
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>> we are going to use an armored motor vehicle to take him. >> dallas police meant to transfer lee into the regular prison during the night to avoid the press, and then someone must have overruled them so that lee could be photographed by the press during the transfer. >> standing by waiting the transfer of oswald from city jail to county jail, and for that report, here is abc's bill lord at the city jail. bill, what is the situation? >> i'm presently in the basement of the dallas municipal building and it's like an armed camp. police officials are frankly worried. they don't want anything to happen to oswald. >> through this corridor of newsmen, photographers and policemen that oswald will be brought to a vehicle for the transfer to the dallas county jail, a distance of about 15
blocks, which is ironically just across from the scene where president kennedy was assassinated on friday. >> anticipation has built up here in downtown dallas in front of the county jail. they are waiting for a glimpse of lee oswald. >> there he is. here he comes. >> the prisoner. >> let me have it. i want it. >> being led out by captain fritz. >> there is lee. he's been shot. he's been shot. lee oswald has been shot. there is a man with a gun. it's absolute panic. absolute panic in the basement of the dallas police headquarters. detectives have their guns drawn. there is no question about it.
oswald has been shot at point blank range fired into his stomach. >> he's shot. he is shot. oswald -- >> the man that shot the man? or do you know? >> that's the man. >> immediately after the shooting, our only witnesses that we could talk to were other reporters. >> where did he go pierre? >> he was here. they just put their gun there. i saw the flash on the black sweater. >> did you see the gun to his stomach? >> i saw right here. >> he was in the group of men right here. >> masquerading as one of us? >> i thought it was one of the detective. he had a hat. >> the situation is now that lee harold oswald has been shot. the man that saw the shot fired said it was fired by a man wearing a black hat, a brown coat, a man that everyone down here thought was a secret service agent.
we can hear sirens outside and an ambulance apparently is moving town now into the basement. here comes the ambulance. and oswald will be removed now. the ambulance is being pulled up in front of us here. here comes oswald, he's -- he is ashen and unconscious at this time, now being moved in. he is not moving. he's in the ambulance now. attendants, police are quickly climbing in. the ambulance is leaving dallas police headquarters. where will he be taken? >> i'm assuming parkland hospital. >> parkland hospital. ironies of ironies, the place where president john f. kennedy died. >> i believe the man -- >> don't take the microphone. keep your head up.
let's start again. what is your reaction to the shooting of oswald? >> well, i think it's a deplorable situation. the man is entitled to a fair trial. >> they should give him a fair trial. because killing him just like that ain't nothing because that ain't going to bring president kennedy back to life. and after you get him a trial you should let him out on the street and let the people kill him. >> they should not only shoot him but cut him up in pieces. >> put him everywhere in the
fryer and set it up for a next day and the next day start again. >> we -- is this a confirmed report as to who did the shooting? >> as far as i know. i just got it from robertson. >> my statement will be very brief. oswald expired at 1:07 p.m. >> he died? >> he died at 1:07 p.m. we have arrested the man.
the man will be charged with murder. >> who is he? >> the man -- the suspect's name is jack rubenstein, i believe. he goes by the name of jack ruby. >> here at associated press, a still picture of the moment, the splint second as the shot was fired. this is the man dallas police have identified as jack rubenstein, and this is of course lee harvey oswald. you see the gun in the hand of ruby and just about to be fired. >> i know my own feelings were and i think they were widely shared by many, if not most americans, this can't be coincidental. the assassin is assassinated at the police station. what in the hell is going on? >> just learned from city hall from an authoritative source, police are working on an assumption that there indeed is a connection between jack ruby
and lee oswald and in that some manner of speaking, oswald's murder was to shut him up. >> captain just told me ruby said he did it, that it was his gun, and that he had built up a tremendous grievance over the death of the president. >> in jack ruby's mind he thought he was going to become a big, big hero. he killed the guy who killed the president. >> word also in just now from dallas, that homicide chief, captain will fritz has now said that the case of president kennedy's assassination is now closed with the death of oswald. it may not be the opinion of the secret service or the federal bureau of investigation.
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but we can all be better americans because john fitzgerald kennedy has passed our way. because he has been our chosen leader at a time in history when his character, his vision and his quiet courage have enabled him to chart a course for us, a safe course for us through the shoals of treacherous seas that encompass the world. and now that he is relieved of the almost superhuman burden we imposed on him, may he rest in peace. ♪
dallas today had even more to mourn. it held funeral services for one of its own, who was a victim of friday's tragedy. officer j.d. tippit. >> it was a funeral of a very different sort today in nearby fort worth. this was the dreary funeral of lee harvey oswald, the alleged murderer of john f. kennedy. the mourners included his mother, marguerite, his wife marina, his brother robert, and oswald's two children, one of them a babe in arms. the six pallbearers you see here are newsmen. there were not enough relatives or friends on hand to serve as pallbearers. >> now there is a new flag of the president of the united states flying in the white house. in president kennedy's old oval
office, mrs. evelyn lincoln, his secretary and her aides have removed every scrap, every vestige of the signs of the personal touches of president kennedy. >> we know from history that one test of society is how do they handle the transfer of power at the top? lyndon johnson, whatever you thought of him, a lot of people disliked him greatly, some hated him would be the president of the united states. i think it shouted about the strength of the country and that we swear by the root of law. >> the president of the united states. [ applause ] >> my fellow americans, all i
have, i would have given gladly not to be standing here today. >> johnson knows he has to show the country that the ship of state is sailing on under a new captain. but at the same time, he can't appear to be too anxious to assume power. >> no words are strong enough to express our determination to continue the forward thrust of america that he began. [ applause ] >> the people of europe just cannot believe that a lone avenger made his way into a
major police station and killed without difficulty the most celebrated and infamous criminal in the united states. >> one of the most important things that happened after oswald's murder was that we were forever denied the why. i mean, people at the time believed he did it. the question was why. >> there are questions continually coming up about the possibility of an international plot. >> there is still all this thought that the russians might be behind it or cuba might be behind it. johnson sees that there's a real danger in that. he wanted to put these rumors to rest. >> investigations into all the facts of these last four days may not be limited to the state of texas or the fbi. some congressmen already have suggested a congressional investigation. >> killing a president wasn't a federal crime at the time. so you had the federal
government intervening in still what was a local murder. there certainly was a concern of competing investigations. there was the dallas criminal investigation, there was the state of texas court of inquiry, and there were committees on both sides of congress while of course the fbi had been given the job to conduct the full-scale investigation. >> johnson realizes something has to be done. he realizes that he has to appoint a body that the public will respect to look into this. >> yes, mr. president. >> i've got to have a top blue ribbon presidential commission to investigate this assassination. i want to ask -- and chief justin warren as chairman. >> there's one public governmental official in the united states universally respected for his integrity and that is chief justin of the supreme court, earl warren. if there's one person in congress that everyone respects it's richard russell of georgia. he has to get them both on the commission. there is, however, a problem. russell is a segregationist
through and through and despises warren for the decisions that he's made on the court. >> johnson thought if they can agree on a verdict, that ought to be satisfying 90% of american public opinion. >> going to direct you to 911. >> i'm highly honored you'd think about me in connect with it but i couldn't serve with chief justice warren. i don't like that man. >> you can't can serve with anybody for the good of america and you're going to do it. i can't arrest you and i'm not going to put the fbi on you. but you're [ muted ] going to serve. i'll tell you that. >> lyndon johnson was known as the greatest salesman one-on-one who ever lived. so he meets first with warren and says, if i asked you to put on your uniform and fight for america you'd do it. i'm asking you to fight for america in a different way. then johnson has to get richard russell. >> mr. president, please now. >> no, it's already done.
it's been announced. >> you mean you've -- >> yes, sir, the announcement. it's already in the papers. you're on it. >> i think you did wrong getting warren. i know damn well you did wrong getting me. i'll do the best you can. >> that's what you do. that's the kind of american both of you are. i have a 401k retirement plan. i started part-time, now i'm a manager. my employer matches my charitable giving. really. i get bonuses even working part-time. where i work, over 400 people are promoted every day. healthcare starting under $40 a month. i got education benefits. i work at walmart. i'm a pharmacist. sales associate. i manage produce. i work in logistics. there's more to walmart than you think. vo: opportunity. that's the real walmart. losing thrusters. i need more power. give me more power! [ mainframe ] located. ge deep-sea fuel technology. a 50,000-pound, ingeniously wired machine
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>> produced by nbc news which is solely responsible for its content. >> the warren commission appointed friday night will investigate and make a report on the murder. as yet it has said nothing about how it will proceed or when. in the meantime, again, the fbi is investigating every lead it can find and will turn its report over to president johnson probably this week. >> it was the fbi's hope that its report would be if not the final word, the semifinal word, and that the commission's job would be to read it and then essentially endorse the findings of the report. >> the members of the warren commission, earl warren, john sherman cooper, jerry ford, allan dulles, hale boggs, richard russell and john j. mccloy realized at their initial meeting they had to do an independent investigation. they didn't want to be a stamp for the fbi or the secret service.
>> there are three issues the commission had to grapple with. did oswald commit the physical act of the murder? and even if he did the physical act, did he have forces behind him? and then of course, what's ruby's involvement in this? >> you had various branches of the investigation traveling, interviewing witnesses, collecting evidence, bringing it back to the commission. >> the time of day was about -- not very far from two hours from it. >> there were questions how would they deal with the different stories about shooters from the grassy knoll and shooters from different directions. >> the lawyers from the commission took 395 depositions. and there were 94 witnesses that appeared before the commission. lyndon johnson wants the report out so it doesn't interfere with the election if november. >> warren left for dallas because he was a man who had
spent his early career as a courtroom prosecutor. he understood a crime scene. he wanted to stand in that window and see if this was a shot that a marksman could make. while he was there, warren felt he should talk to ruby. there were all these suggestions there were all these suggestions that ruby had killed oswald to silence him. so he wanted to hear from ruby himself. >> the warren commission realized they were going to have to invest a lot more time than was anticipated. this may be a two to three-month operation to the conception that it will probably take six months. >> the hour glass of time was running out on them. >> can you say if you still think it was one man? >> i think we'd better not get into that area, you know. the report will cover all of that in great detail. >> this committee labored ten months, then brought forth a document close to 1,000 pages. president johnson received that report today. >> what the public understood and what i understood is these