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tv   Blackfish  CNN  November 2, 2013 6:00pm-8:01pm PDT

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murder. the federal prosecutor says he will face a second felony charge, committing violence in an international airport. they will decide if prosecutors will pursue the death penalty. he is being treated for gunshot wounds and is, quote, unresponsive. new details are emerging about the anti-note left behind. now, the note also accuses the tsa of treating americans as terrorists. one tsa officer died in the violence where other people were also wounded. earlier today, his widow spoke out saying that she is heartbroken and devastated.
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that's all here from new york. stay tuned with cnn, the most trusted name in news. orange county fire rescue? >> 6600 sea harbor drive. seaworld stadium. >> okay. >> we actually have a trainer in the water with one of our whales, the whale they aren't supposed to be in the water with. >> okay. we'll get somebody en route. >> gate number three seaworld stadium. >> gate three.
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>> orange county sheriff's office. >> we need a respond to a dead person at seaworld. a whale has eaten one of the trainers. >> a whale ate one of the trainers? >> that's correct. ♪ ♪ do you believe? >> my parents first brought me to a seaworld park when i was very young. from that point forward, i was hooked.
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it meant everything to me because, you know, i never wanted anything more. >> i remember, you know, being probably in first or second grade watching national geographic specials or specials and seeing whales and dolphins and as a little kid, just being really incredibly inspired to it. i never went to seaworld. i grew up in new york so i went to the bronx zoo. >> grew up on a lake with horses. we'd swim the horses. >> i grew up around the ocean. >> i came from the middle of the country in flat land kansas. >> from virginia traveled down, did the theme park thing in orlando when i was 17. and saw the night show at shamu stadium. very emotional, you know, popular music. and i was driven to want to do that. >> and i saw what the trainers did. and i said, that's what i want to do. >> one of the trainers there, he goes, what are you doing out there?
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you should be a trainer. i said, i don't know how to train animals. i've never trained animals in my life. >> how do you prepare yourself with an encounter with an 8,000 pound orca. >> i thought you needed a masters degree in marine biology to be a trainer. >> it takes years of study and experience to meet the strict requirements necessary to interact in the water with shamu. >> come to find out, it really is more about your personality and how good you can swim. >> i went and tried out and got the job right away. i was, like, yeah. i was so excited. so, so excited. >> i really wanted to be there. i really wanted to do the job. i couldn't wait to get in the water with the animals. i really was proud of being a sea world trainer. i thought this was the most amazing job. >> i showed up there on my first day not really knowing what to expect. i was told to put on a wet suit and get in the water. >> hi, mom. >> i was scared out of my whits. >> first of all, i put my wet suit on backwards because i was raised on a farm in virginia.
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my first thought and memory of that time was that dolphins are a lot bigger than they look when you get in the water next to them. >> well, i watched this sea lion and otter show and this guy mike moracco, he comes out during the show with a dress on as dorky in a dress with the sea lion, the coward sea lion and walking along with a basket. i thought i will never ever do that, you know. two months later, hi, i'm dorky. walking out on stage with the sea lion. >> i was overwhelmed and i was so excited. i mean, just seeing a killer whale is breathtaking. >> i was just in awe. it's shocking to see how large they are and how beautiful they are. >> being, you know, in the presence of the killer whales
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was just inspiring and amazing and i remember seeing them for the first time, not just being able to believe how huge they were. you're there because you want to train killer whales and that's your goal. i didn't know it was going to happen, so i wasn't expecting it and one day they say okay, sam, you're ready to go. you're going to stand on the whale, you're going to dive off the whale. the whale will swim under you and pick you up again and you'll do a perimeter ride around the pool. they just told me to go do it and i did it. wow, i did -- i just rode a killer whale. >> when you look into their eyes, you know somebody is home. somebody is looking back. you form a very personal relationship with your animal. >> there is something absolutely
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amazing about working with an animal. you are a team. and you build a relationship together, and you both understand the goal, and you help each other. >> i've been with this whale since i was 18 years old. i've seen her have all four babies. we've grown up together. >> that's the joy i got out of it is a relationship like i never had. >> i have to know, are you nervous? >> i'm scared. >> no. >> nice hair, jeff. [ laughter ] >> jeff ventre will go over there. >> that's dawn. >> wow. >> i'm going to be a supervisor
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one day. >> i knew dawn when she was new. she was a great person to work with, and she obviously blossomed into one of seaworld's best trainers. >> this is dawn brancheau, the senior trainer here. >> i guess you can say i knew dawn in a past life. >> it a tough job, isn't it? >> we do go through a lot of physical exertion. you do a lot of deep water work, breath holds, high-energy behaviors with the animals. they are giving out energy, too, but we're working together and having fun. >> she's beautiful, blonde, athletic, friendly, everybody loves dawn. >> i mean this so sincerely, watching you perform yesterday, you are amazing. >> thank you. >> you really are. >> she captured what it means to be a seaworld trainer. she had so much experience that
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it made me realize what happened to her really could have happened to anyone. >> this is detective rivera with the orange county sheriff's office. today's date is february 24th, 2010. the time is 4:16. in the room with me is thomas george tobin, is that correct? >> correct. >> did you see any blood in the water or anything like that? >> well, that's part of it. she was scalped, and there was no blood. >> okay. >> so pretty much we knew then the heart wasn't beating. >> once they were able to pull her away, how did he let go? >> he didn't. >> he never let go of the -- >> of the arm. >> he swallowed it. >> so the arm is nowhere -- >> right. >> on behalf of the federal government, he is basically suggesting that swimming with orcas is inherently dangerous and you can't predict the outcome when you enter the water or their environment.
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>> the crux of the case, stay out of the proximity of the animals and you won't get killed. >> it will have a ripple effect through the whole industry. this was national headline news. >> seaworld whale performances may never be the same. >> right now the theme park is arguing in court to keep the whale trainers in the world, something osha says is extremely dangerous. >> these are wild animals and they are unpredictable because we don't speak whale. we don't speak whale. we don't speak tiger. we don't speak monkey. >> tempers flared when osha's attorneys suggested seaworld only made changes after dawn brancheau's death outraged the public. >> osha doesn't want the trainers going back in the water without a physical barrier between them and the whales. >> being in close proximity is too dangerous. >> they won't be getting in the water and riding on whales, things like that? >> if you were in a bathtub for 25 years, don't you think you would get a little irritated, aggravated, maybe a little psychotic? >> the situation with dawn
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brancheau didn't just happen. it's not a singular event. you have to go back over 20 years to understand this. >> it was a really exciting >> it was a really exciting thing to do until everybody wanted to do it. >> what were they telling you you were going to do? >> capture orcas. >> they had aircraft, spotters, speedboats, they had bombs they were throwing in the water. they were lighting their bombs with torches in their boats and were throwing them as fast as they could to herd the whales into coves. but the orcas had been caught before, and they knew what was going on, and they knew their young ones would be taken from them so the adults without young
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went east into a cul-de-sac and the boats followed them thinking they were all going that way while the mothers with babies went north. but the capture teams had aircraft, and they have to come up for air eventually. and when they did, the capture teams alerted the boats and said oh, no, they're going north. the ones with the babies. so the speedboats caught them there and herded them in. and then they had fishing boats with same nets that would stretch across so none could leave, and then they could just pick out the young ones. >> we were only after the little ones, and the little ones, you know, big animal still, but i was told because of shipping costs, that's why we only take the little ones. >> they had the young ones that they wanted in the corrals, so
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they dropped the same nets and all the others could have left, but they stayed. >> they were trying to get the young orca in the stretcher and the whole family is out here 25 yards away maybe in a big line and they're communicating back and forth. well, you understand then what you're doing, you know. i lost it. i mean, i just started crying. i didn't stop working, but i, you know, just couldn't handle it. just like kidnapping a little
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kid away from a mother. everybody is watching, what can you do? but the worst thing i could think of, you know, i can't think of any worse than that. now, this really sounds bad, but when the whole hunt was over, there were three dead whales in the net, and so they had peter and brian and i cut the whales open, fill them with rocks and put anchors on their tail and sink them. well, really, i didn't even think about it being illegal at that point. i thought it was a p.r. thing.
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>> they were finally ejected from the state of washington by a court order in 1976. it was seaworld by name that was told do not come back to washington to capture whales. without missing a beat, they went from washington to iceland and began capturing there. >> i've been part of a revolution and two change of presidents in central and south america and seen some things that it's hard to believe, but this is the worst thing that i've ever done is hunt that whale. ♪
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sealand has been a part of victoria for over 20 years. we specialize in the care and display of killer whales. >> by the time i started he was 4. he was up to 16 feet long and weighed 4,000 pounds. i had actually seen tilikum quite a number of times. he was right across the street here in victoria. all sealand was was a net hanging in a marina with a float around it. >> tilikum was the one we really loved to work with. he was very well behaved and he was always eager to please. >> when he was first introduced, everything went fine and dandy
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but the previous head trainer used techniques that involved punishment. he would team a trained orca with tilikum who was untrained and send them to do the same behavior. if tilikum didn't do it, both animals were punished. deprived of food. this caused a lot of frustration with the larger animal, established animal and would in turn get frustrated with tilikum and rake him with his teeth. >> there would be times during
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certain seasons that tilikum would be covered head to toe with rakes. rakes are teeth on teeth and raking the skin and from head to the you could see blood and scratches and he would be raked up. >> both females would gang up on him. tilikum was the one we trusted. we never were concerned about tilikum. the issue really was we stored these whales at night in what we called a module. which was 20 feet deep across and probably 30 feet deep. as a safety precaution because we were worried about people cutting the net and letting them go and no lights out. so there is no stimulation, just in a dark metal 20 foot by 30 foot pool for 2/3 of their life. >> when we first started, they were quite small and quite young, so they fit in there quite nicely, but they were immobile for the most part. >> it didn't feel good. it just didn't. and it -- it was just wrong. >> we started having difficulty getting them all into this one small steel box, to be honest. that's what it was. it was a floating steel box. >> that's where food deprivation would come in. we would hold back food and they would know if they were in the modular they would get food, so if they were hungry enough, they went in there.
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>> during the winter, that would be 5:00 at night until 7:00 in the morning. >> when you let them out, you'd see new tooth rakes and sometimes blood. >> closing that door on him and knowing that he's locked in there for the whole night is like -- it's a stab. it's whoa. >> if that is true, it's not only inhumane, and i'll tell them so, but it probably led to what i think is a psychosis that he was on a hair trigger. he would kill. >> an employee is dead after an encounter. >> at a canadian park called sealand of the pacific. >> the victim keltie byrne was a championship swimmer and a part-time worker at sealand. >> rescuers used a huge net. >> efforts were hindered by the agitated whales. >> i would like to use this summer but my more immediate goal is to swim fast at nationals. >> it was sort of a cloudy gray day, and we were looking for
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something to do, so we thought why not go to sealand? it was kind of like this dingy pool with these whales. >> it just felt a little bit like an amazement park that was kind of on its last legs and everything was a bit gray. >> yeah, it was like a swimming pool. >> yeah. >> three whales in a swimming pool. >> yeah. and they would come up and touch the ball, and there was -- i think there was some tail splashing and there was some -- >> jumping. >> -- with the fish. >> they hold the fish in the whales jump up. i remember saying, oh, what a fun job, you know. she's so lucky. and then i saw her walking with her rubber boots and she tripped and her foot just dipped into the edge of the pool, and she lost her balance and fell in, and she was pushing her way up to get out of the pool, and the whale zoomed over, grabbed her boot and pulled her back in. at first, i didn't think it was that serious because you see -- you see the trainer in the pool with the whale and you think, oh, well, you know, the whales are used to that, you know, then
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all of a sudden it started getting -- there was more swimming, more activity, more thrashing, and she was starting to get panicked and then as it progressed, you started to realize well, something is not right here. >> she started to scream. and she started looking around and her eyes were like bigger and bigger and realizing that i really am in trouble here. >> and then they would pull her under, and then they would come up and when she -- when they came up she would be help me, help me, and then they would take her down again. >> and she would be submerged for several seconds up to, i don't know, maybe a minute. you don't -- you're not keeping track. >> so, you know, it was harder and harder for her to, you know, to, you know, get the air in because she was screaming. and my sister remembers her saying i don't want to die. condolences to keltie's family. >> yeah.
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that we couldn't help her. it was pretty wretched. >> sealand closed. it's probably a good thing. i mean, it was a little pond, and i think the owner, you know, made the right decision for whatever reasons. i don't believe he's a bad guy, a bad man. i think he was shocked by the whole affair too. >> the blush was gone from the business, and he decided that that was it. we should shut down. >> no one ever contacted us. there was an inquest. no one ever asked us to say what happened. you know, we just left. >> there was no big lawsuits afterwards, and there is no memorial and, you know, the only thing remaining of keltie byrne is, you know, what's left in the folks' minds who recall the case. >> so in the newspaper articles, the cause of death is that she
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drowned accidently, but, you know, she was pulled under by the whale. >> well, there is a bit of smoke and mirrors going on. i mean, one of the fundamental facts is that none of the witnesses were clear about which whale pulled keltie in. >> it was the large whale tilikum, the male is the one that went after her. and the other two just kind of circled around, but he was definitely the instigator. and we knew it was that whale because he had the flopped over fin. like, it was very easy to tell. >> sealand of the pacific closed its doors and was looking, i guess, to make a buck on the way out and these whales are worth millions of dollars. >> when seaworld heard that tilikum was available after this accident at sealand of the pacific, they really wanted tilikum because they needed a breeder. so i don't even think that anybody even was questioning like is this a good idea? >> my understanding of the situation was that tilikum and the others would not be used in shows.
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they would not be performance animals. our understanding of their behavior was it was such a highly stimulating event for them, they were likely to repeat it. >> sealand was -- we were all young and a bit of sea cowboys, and we weren't so technical and we had this vision they knew more than us and they were better than us and tilikum would have a better pool and better life and better care and better food and be a great life for him. so it was like okay, tili, you're going to disneyland. lucky you.
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orcas' intelligence may be superior to man's. as parents they are exemplary, even better than many human beings. and like human being, they have a profound instinct for revenge. presenting "orca." >> if you go back only 35 years, we knew nothing, in fact less than nothing. what the public had was superstition and fear. >> a fight to the death. between the two most dangerous animals on earth. >> these were the vicious killer whales that, you know, had 48 sharp teeth that would rip you to shreds if they got a chance. >> what we learned is that they
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are amazingly friendly, and understanding and intuitively want to be your companion. >> are you recording this? [ laughter ] >> and to this day there is no record of an orca doing any harm to any human in the wild. ♪ >> they live in these big families, and they have life spans very similar to human life spans. the females can live to about 100, maybe more. males to about 50 or 60, but the adult offspring never leave their mother's side.
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each community has a completely different set of behaviors. each has a complete repertoire of vocalizations with no overlap. you can call them languages, the scientific community is reluctant to say any other animal other than humans uses languages, but there's every indication that they use languages. >> the orca brain just screams out intelligence, awareness. we took this tremendous brain and put it in a magnetic residence imaging scanner. what we found was just astounding. they've got a part of the brain that humans don't have. a part of their brain has extended out right adjacent to their limbic system. the system processes emotions. the safest inference would be these are animals that have highly elaborated emotional lives. it's becoming clear that dolphins and whales have a sense of self, a sense of social bonding that they've taken to another level, much stronger and much more complex than in other mammals including humans.
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we look at mass strandings, the fact that they stand by each other. everything about them is social, everything. it's been suggested that their whole sense of self is distributed among the individuals in their group. >> five of them. these orca are going to attack this sea lion. they have been breaking the ice off and swimming around him. oh, here they come two of them look. you can see them underneath. they made a big wave. look at that. big wave. oh, yeah. >> oh, god, no, no, no. >> if you can't watch the bullfight, you better leave. here they go, look at this. three of them. >> oh, god, oh, no, oh, god.
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>> it's all over. >> no, not yet. >> yeah, it's all over. it's all over. ♪ >> the first nation's people and the fishermen on the coast, they call them blackfish. they're an animal that possesses great spiritual power, and they're not to be mettled with. i've spent a lot of time around killer whales, and they are always in charge.
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i never get out of the boat. i never mess with them. the speed and the power is quite amazing. rules are the same as the pool hall. keep one foot on the floor at all times. even after seeing them thousands of times, you see them and you still, you know, wake up. so there i was again, explaining my moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis to another new stylist. it was a total embarrassment. and not the kind of attention i wanted. so i had a serious talk with my dermatologist about my treatment options. this time, she prescribed humira-adalimumab. humira helps to clear the surface of my skin by actually working inside my body. in clinical trials, most adults with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis saw 75% skin clearance.
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he arrived, i think, in 1992. i was at whale and dolphin stadium when he arrived. he's twice as large as the next animal in the facility. >> right at about 12,000 pounds. that's -- that's incredible. he looks fantastic. >> when tilikum arrived at seaworld, he was attacked viciously repeatedly by katina and others. in the wild, it's a very matriarchal society. male whales are kept at the perimeter. in captivity, animals are squeezed into very close proximity. tilikum, the poor guy is so large, he couldn't get away because he just is not as mobile relative to the smaller and more agile females.
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and where was he going to run? there's no place to run. >> i think he spent a lot of time in isolation. seaworld claims he's always with the females, but from what i saw he was mostly put with the females for breeding purposes and he didn't spend a lot of time with the other whales. >> it's for his own protection, you know, he gets beat up, and so by segregating him, it provides a physical barrier so the females can't kick his butt. >> tilikum is pretty much kept in the back, and then brought out at the very end as like the big splash. he was always happy to see you in the morning. >> hi. >> there we go. >> good boy. >> look at his choppers.
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>> maybe because he was alone. maybe because he was hungry. maybe because he liked you. who knows what was going on in his head. >> want to whistle? >> yes? >> that was really loud. >> come on. >> he seemed to like to work. he seemed to be interested. he seemed to want to learn new things. he seemed to be enjoying, you know, working with the trainers. >> he, for me, was a joy. he really responded to me, and i, you know, every day i went to work, i was happy to see tili. >> that's cute. [ laughter ] >> you're being too cute. >> i never got the impression of him, while i was there, that, you know, oh my god, he's the scary whale. not at all. >> maybe some of its just our naivety or whatever. you know, because we weren't given the full details of
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keltie's situation. >> i was under the impression that tilikum had nothing to do with her death. specifically, that it was the female whales responsible for her death. what i found odd at first was the way they were acting around this whale and what they told us seemed to be two different things. the first day he arrived, i remember one of the senior trainers at seaworld, tilikum was in a pool and she was walking over a gate and she had her wet suit unzipped tied around her waist and making cooing noises and going hey, tilikum. what a cute whale and play talking at him and one of the supervisors said get her out of there, and just screamed at her like get her away from there. like they were so worried something would happen and i remember thinking, why are you guys making such a big deal out of this when he didn't actually kill her? well, clearly management thought there was some reason to exercise caution around him. clearly, they knew more than they were telling us. >> ladies and gentlemen, the next to be seen you can only see right here at seaworld.
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>> jeff was out in the audience filming one of the shamu shows. it was a perfect show. all the hot dog sequences, water sequences went off great. >> i was really excited just to be capturing this because it was kind of turning out to be a great show. a show that's kind of complete, it doesn't -- it probably only only happens a few times a week. >> at the very end of the show, liz was working tilikum and apparently tilikum lunged out of the water at her. >> and i had captured tilikum coming out of the water kind of turning sideways and appeared to me to try to grab liz, and at that moment, the tape became unusable. i was just kind of basically instructed to get rid of the tape. wanting to kind of preserve the
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tape, i actually used the editing equipment and snipped out that little half second or second when he did that and stitched it back together so it just kind of looked like a glitch in the tape. and i was like look at this. and they said no, this is no longer usable. so we had to destroy the tape. [ susan ] ...as though he had never left. the end. lovely read susan. but isn't it time to turn the page on your cup of joe? gevalia, or a cup of johan, is like losing yourself in a great book. may i read something? yes, please. of course. a rich, never bitter taste cup after cup. net weight 340 grams. [ sighs ] [ chuckles ] [ announcer ] always rich, never bitter. gevalia.
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♪ it's pretty outrageous there was no expecting tilikum to come out of the water. because they had witnessed him coming out of the water and it's written into his profile. >> the fact that shamu has been provided a safe and comfortable habitat. >> this is killer whales'
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natural behavior. >> i spewed out the party line during shows. i'm totally mortified now. there is like, something like, look at namu. namu isn't doing that because she has to. namu is doing this because she really wants to. oh, my gosh. some of the things i'm embarrassed by, so embarrassed by. at the time i think i could have convinced myself that the relationships that we had were built on something stronger than the fact that i'm giving them fish. you know, i like to think that. but i don't know that that's the truth. i had been there awhile and i had seen a few other things along the way that made me question why i was there and what we were doing with these animals. >> on november 4th, 1988, a killer whale at seaworld gave
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the performance of a lifetime. don't miss this small miracle. come see our new baby shamu. >> i know it was naive of me, but i thought that it was our responsibility to do as much as we could to keep their family units together since we knew that in the wild that's what happens. ♪ yes, sir, that's our baby >> kalina was the first baby shamu. >> baby shamu, sea world's newest star. >> she had become quite disruptive and challenging her mom a little bit and disrupting some shows, and that kind of thing. ♪ she's got the whole place jumping ♪ ♪ shamu, she's that baby whale >> it was decided by the higher ups she would be moved to another park when she was just four, four and a half years old. and that was news to us as trainers that were working with her.
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to me it had never crossed my mind that they may be moving the baby from her mom. the supervisors basically was kind of mocking me like, oh you're saying poor kalina? you know, what she's going to do without her mommy? and that of course shut me up. so the night of the move we had to deploy the nets to separate them and get kalina into the med pool and katina was generally a quiet whale. she was not an overly vocal whale. after kalina was removed from the scene and put on the truck and taken to the airport and her mom katina was left in the pool, she stayed in the corner of the pool, like, literally just shaking and screaming, screeching crying like i'd never
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seen anything like that. and the other females in the pool maybe once or twice during the night they would come out and check on her and she would screech and cry and they would just run back. there was nothing that you could call that watching it, besides grief. >> those are not your whales. you know, you love them, and you think i'm the one that touches them, feeds them, keeps them alive, gives them the care that nay need. they are not your whales. they own them. kastka and katara were very close. kastka was the mother, takara was the young. takara was special to me. they were inseparable. when they separated them, it was to take takara to florida. once takara had already been stretchered out of the pool, put on the truck, driven to the airport, kastka continued to
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make vocals that had never been heard before. they brought in the senior research scientist to analyze the vocals. they were long-range vocals. she was trying something that no one had even heard before looking for takara. that's heart breaking. how can anyone look at that and think that that is morally acceptable? it's not. it is not okay. man: sometimes it's like we're still in college. but with a mortgage. and the furniture's a lot nicer. and suddenly, the most important person in my life is someone i haven't even met yet. who matters most to you
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standby, dean. >> let's go live to seaworld where dean gomersoll is joining us for a sneak peek. hi, dean. tell us about the new show. >> good afternoon, richard. the new show is whale and dolphin discovery. what it does is it shows the relationship we have between all our animals here -- >> there's so many things that were told to us. they tell you so many times that you start believing it, you know. >> all the animals here get along very well. it's just like training your dog really. >> i was blind really. i was a kid. i didn't know what i was doing really. >> nice. good job. you did a real good job. ♪
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>> ladies and gentlemen, this a david from maryland. go ahead and wave at everyone, david. >> i just really bought into what they told us. you know, i learned to say what they told us to the audience. >> hello out there. children are some of shamu's biggest fans. we can do just about anything we want. i thought i knew everything about killer whales when i worked there and everything about these animals. i really know nothing about killer whales. i know a lot about being a killer whale trainer, but i don't know anything about these animals' natural history or their behavior. i really in some ways believed a lot of what i was learning from them because why would they lie? >> because the whales in their pools die young, they like to say that all orcas die at 25 or 30 years. >> 25 to 35 years. >> they're documented in the wild living to be about 35, mid-30s.
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they tend to live longer in this environment because they have all the veterinary care. >> and of course that's false. we knew by 1980 after half a dozen years of research that they live equivalent to human life spans. and every other potentially embarrassing fact is twisted and turned and denied one way or another. >> so in the wild they live less. >> like the floppy dorsal fins. >> 25% of whales have a fin that turns over like that as they get older. >> dorsal collapse happens in less than 1% of wild killer whales. we know this. all the captive males, 100% have collapsed dorsal fins, and they say that they're a family. that the whales are in their family. they have their pods, but that's just, you know, an artificial assemblage of their collection. however management decides they should mix them and whichever ones happen to be born or bought or brought in. that's not a family.
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you know? come on. >> you've got animals from different cultural subsets that have been brought in from various parks. these are different nations. these aren't two different killer whales. these animals, they've got different genes. they use different languages. >> well, what can happen as a result of them being thrown in with other whales that they haven't grown up with, that are not part of their culture is there's hyperaggression. a lot of violence, a lot of killing in captivity that you don't ever see in the wild. >> for the health and safety of the animals, please do not put your hands in the water. >> there's always this backdrop. this underpinning of tension between animals. whale-on-whale aggression was just part of your -- you know, the daily existence. >> we ask that you use the stairs and aisle ways as you exit.
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please do not step on the seats. these areas may become wet, and therefore slippery to some footwear. thank you. ♪ >> in the wild when there's tension they have thousands of square miles to exit the scene and they can get away. you don't have that in captivity. could you imagine being in a small concrete enclosure for your life when you're used to swimming 100 miles a day? >> sometimes this aggression became very severe, and in fact whales have died in captivity because of this aggression. >> i think it was 1988 kandu tried to assert her dominance over corky. rammed corky. it fractured her jaw, which cut an artery in her head, and then she bled out. that's got to be a hard way to go down. i saw there was just a lot of things that weren't right.
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and there was a lot of misinformation and something was amiss. and i sort of compartmentalized that part of it and did the best i could with the knowledge that i had. to take care of the animals that were there. and i think all the trainers there have the same thing in their heart. they're trying to make a difference in the lives of the animals. they think if i leave, who is going to take care of tilikum? that's why i stayed. i felt sorry for tilikum. i mean, if you want to get down to the nuts and bolts of it, i stayed because i felt sorry for tilikum, and i couldn't bring myself to stop coming and trying to take care of him. ♪ >> gosh, do i love coming out here every day and having the audience just love what we're doing with the animals. how do i make the audience know
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how beautiful the animal is? and they're touched and moved. and i feel like i made a difference too. >> i left in january of 2010, a month before dawn passed away. she was, like, a safety guru. i mean, she was always double checking and making sure that everyone was doing the right thing. so i remember she would record every show that she did and she would watch it and critique herself. and she was constantly trying to be better. when i found out it was dawn, i was shocked. that could have been me. i could have been the spotter. what if i was there and i could have saved her? you know, all these things go through your mind. >> john sillick was the guy who in 1987 was crushed between two whales at seaworld of san diego. now even though i had been
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working at seaworld for six months, i had no idea that had even happened. i never heard the story. and the seaworld party line would say it was a trainer error. >> it was john's fault. john's fault. he was supposed to get off that whale. and for years i believed that. i told people that. i actually started seaworld like five days after that event occurred, and we weren't told much about it, other than it was trainer error, and, you know, especially when you're new into the program, you don't really question a whole lot. well, you know, years later when you actually look at the footage, you go, you know what, he didn't do anything wrong. that whale just landed on him. that whale just went to the wrong spot. it could have been aggression. who knows. but it was not the trainer's fault at all watching that video. >> when i saw the video of the killer whale landing on john, i mean, it just absolutely took my
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breath away. i gasped. i watched it two or three times. every time i saw that i gasped. i could not believe what i was seeing. what kept his body together is basically his wet suit held him together. but i know he's had multiple surgeries and he's got tons of hardware in his body and it's hard for me to believe i didn't actually see that video while i was actually an animal trainer. it seems to me every person who works with killer whales should have to watch that video. >> tamary. you know, tamary made mistakes. the most important was interacting with whales without a spotter. so she's putting her foot on orchid. she's taking her foot off. she's putting her foot on orchid, she's taking it off. watching the video and knowing orchid, your stomach drops. because you probably know what's probably going to happen. she grabbed her foot. tamary whips around and she
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grabs the gate. you see her just ripped from the gate. at this point tamary knows that she's in trouble. she's under the water. splash and orchid both have her. she's totally out of view. no other trainer knows this is happening. people start to scream, you know, as the park guest that was filming it. you hear -- you don't see her -- but you hear tamary surface. you hear her just scream out, somebody help me. and the way she screamed it was such a blood curdling -- like she knew she was going to die. robin, when he ran over, he made a brilliant decision. he told the trainer to run and take the chain off kastka's gate. by taking that chain off it would give the precursor to orchid that kastka is coming in. kastka is more dominant than orchid, so orchid let her go.
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her arm, it was u-shaped. it was compound fractured. she's very lucky to be alive, that's for sure. ♪ >> i believe it's 70-plus, maybe even more, just killer whale trainer accidents. maybe 30 of them happened prior to me actually being hired at seaworld. and i knew about none of them. >> i've seen animals come out at trainers. >> something is wrong. >> i've seen people get slammed.
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>> the whales, they're just playing or they're upset for a second. it was just something that happened, you know. >> it's culture of you get back on the horse and you dive back in the water, and if you're hurt, well, then we've got other people that will replace you. and you came a long way. you sure you want that? >> a seaworld trainer is recovering today after a terrifying ordeal in front of a horrified audience. ♪
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>> for some reason, the whale just took a different approach to what it was going to do with a very senior, very experienced trainer, ken peters and drug him to the bottom of the pool and held him at the bottom, let him go. picked him up, took him down again. and these periods he was taken down were pretty close to the mark. you know, a minute, a minute 20. when he was at the surface, he didn't panic. he didn't thrash. he didn't scream. maybe he's just built that way, but he stroked the whale.
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and the whale let go of one foot and grabbed the other. >> that's a pretty deep pool, and he took him right down. i think that's to two atmospheres pressure. apparently mr. peters is an experienced scuba diver. i think that knowledge probably contributed to how he was able to be hauled down there that quickly and stay calm and know what to do. he knew what he was doing because when you can see him in the film, you can see him ventilating. you can see him ventilating really hard. he knows about swimming and diving and being underwater. he may have been assuming he was going underwater again. i did not walk away unimpressed by his calm demeanor during that whole affair.
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i would be scared shitless. ♪ >> he was near to the end. presumably ken peters had a relationship with this whale. maybe he did. maybe that's what saved him, but peters got the whale to let him go. and they strung a net across, and ken peters pulled himself
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over the float line, and swam like a demon to a slide out because the whale was coming right behind him. the whale jumped over it and kept right after him. he tried to stand up and run but his feet were damaged. he scrambled. and they take this as a prime example of their training working. and they say stand back and stay calm. and that did work. they claim this is a victory of how they do business. and maybe so. but it can also be interpreted as a hair's breadth away from another fatality. as born, we got a subaru. it's where she said her first word. (little girl) no! saw her first day of school. (little girl) bye bye! made a best friend forever.
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hi, shamu. hi, everybody. we're the johnsons from detroit, michigan. we sure had a great time when we visited seaworld. it's one of our favorite places. >> yeah, i like when shamu gets everybody wet. >> when the whales get up close to the glass, start kicking up the water, whammo, you're a goner. ♪ >> orange county sheriff deputies have identified the 27-year-old man found dead in a killer whale's tank at seaworld. the victim is daniel p. dukes from south carolina. dukes was found yesterday draped over the back of tilikum, the largest orca held in captivity. >> all i know is the public relations version of it.
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he was a young man that had been arrested not long before he snuck into seaworld. maybe he climbed the barbed wire fence around the perimeter and stayed after hours. >> perfect story line. a mentally disturbed guy hides in the park after hours and strips his clothes off and decides he wants to have a magical experience with an orca and drowns because he became hypothermic. right. so that's the story line and none of us were there to know the difference. >> he was not detected by the night watch trainers who were presumably at that station. >> there are cameras all over seaworld. there are cameras all over the back of shamu stadium pointing every which way. there are underwater cameras. i find it hard to believe that nobody knew until the morning that there was a body in there. they have a night watch trainer every night. that person didn't hear any slashing or screaming? i mean, i just find that really suspicious. >> one of the employees, i don't know if it was a physical therapist or somebody was coming
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in in the morning, and there was tilikum with a dead naked guy on his back, kind of parading him around the back pool. the public relation spin on this was he was a drifter and died of hypothermia, but the medical examiner reports were more graphic than that. for example, tilikum stripped him, bit off his genitals. there was bite marks all over his body. >> now, whether that was post-death or pre-death, i don't know. but all i can comment on is that the guy definitely jumped in the wrong pool. ♪ >> so why keep tilikum there? this guy has a proven track record of killing people. he's clearly a liability to the institution. why keep him around? well, it's quite simple to
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answer, and that is that his semen is worth a lot of money. >> over the years tilikum has been one of the main breeding whales at seaworld. which is brilliant because they can inseminate way more female whales because they can get his sperm and freeze it and he's basically operating as a sperm bank. in a reputable breeding program, rule number one is you certainly would not breed an animal that has shown a history of aggression towards humans. imagine if you had a pit bull who had killed. that animal would have likely been put down. but in the entire seaworld collection, it's like 54% of the whales in seaworld's collection now have tilikum's genes.
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>> the fall is to assume all killer whales are like tilikum. you have to look at their learning history from birth. you have to understand why tilikum was a hazard to anybody in the water. and you have to understand none of the other killer whales at seaworld in that system are that way. >> what about the incident at loro parque? >> first of all, i can't speak with specificity about loro parque. i wasn't there. in fact, i know very little about it, probably, about as much as the general public knows. ♪ [ speaking in foreign language ]
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>> loro parque is in the canary islands which is an autonomous region of spain. it's the largest tourist attraction in all of spain. [ speaking foreign language ] and when seaworld sent the orcas to loro parque, everybody was always questioning, like, how
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did they make that leap to send four young orcas to a park off the west coast of africa with trainers who a lot of them had never been around orcas before. nothing was ready. the venue wasn't ready. it wasn't ready for the orcas. it wasn't ready for a show. the owner of the park didn't want to lose revenue by shutting down the pools and repairing them. so for three years the animals ate the pools and they had problems with their teeth and stomachs. so that's why the animals are enduring the endoscope procedures. those are still seaworld's animals, and they are responsible for those animals. what if a park doesn't have a good reputation? people that work in the business know the reputations of place.
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and loro parque didn't have a good reputation. they didn't spend the same amount of time as the seaworld trainers, didn't go through the same regimen the seaworld trainers went there. and alexis really was the best trainer. i said you're the only trainer there that can hold his own with a seaworld trainer. but i said, you know, you need to be careful. [ speaking in foreign language ] >> anywhere along the line it could have been stopped because
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everyone knew it was a tragedy waiting to happen, but no one ever did anything about it. and in the end, it was the best trainer who lost his life. [ speaking in foreign language ] [ speaking in foreign language ]
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[ speaking foreign language ]
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>> those were seaworld's whales. they were trained using seaworld's techniques. and their training was being supervised at the time of the fatal accident by one of their senior trainers from san diego.
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>> for somebody to get up and say in a court of law they have no knowledge of the linkages between seaworld and this park in tenerife is -- well, either she doesn't know and is telling the truth or it's just a boldface lie. i started part-time, now i'm a manager.n. my employer matches my charitable giving. really. i get bonuses even working part-time. where i work, over 400 people are promoted every day. healthcare starting under $40 a month. i got education benefits. i work at walmart. i'm a pharmacist. sales associate. i manage produce. i work in logistics. there's more to walmart than you think. vo: opportunity. that's the real walmart.
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as trainers, we never forget shamu's true potential.
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we see it each and every day. that's why all our interactions are very carefully thought out. especially our waterwork interaction. whoa! [ applause ] you big, dork. especially our waterwork interactions because they're potentially the most dangerous. >> i've been expecting it since the second person was killed. i've been expecting somebody to be killed by tilikum. i'm surprised it took as long as it did. >> first tonight, a six ton killer whale has lived up to his name killing an experienced trainer at seaworld orlando today. >> a tourist at an earlier show said the animal seemed agitated. >> trainers complained the whales weren't operating. >> the whole show, the main show was a disaster that day. >> there were whales chasing each other. and eventually the trainers decided that they had to stop the show because they couldn't
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get the whales under control. >> tilikum was in the back pool set up to do a dive shamu performance with dawn. >> likely she saw what had gone on during the main show, and so she had probably felt more pressure to do a good show. when you watch the whole video, you can see that tilikum is actually really with dawn in the beginning of the video. there's a couple of behaviors she asked can him to do where tilikum jumps right in and does exactly what she asks him to do. >> we're going to show you how agile these guys are. >> there seemed to be a point in the session where things went south, so to speak. and my humble opinion, it was at that missed bridge -- whistle bridge on the perimeter peck wave. >> she asked him to do a
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perimeter peck wave where she asked him to basically go all the way around the pool and wave his pectoral flipper. and she blows her whistle, which is a bridge which tells the animal you've done a good job. come back and get food. but he missed that cue. and he went all the way around the pool on this perimeter peck wave. >> we're going to let him keep on waving. >> my interpretation is that he didn't hear the whistle. >> so not only did he not hear the bridge, then he went and did a perfect behavior and came back, and what he got was what we call a three second neutral response. which is a way to let the animal know you didn't do the correct thing. you're not going to get rewarded. and then we're going to move on. then you can also see through the video that dawn is running out of food. >> the animals can sense when you're getting to the bottom of your bucket of fish because they can hear the ice clanging around and the fishy, soupy water at the bottom. and the handfuls of fish they're getting delivered by the trainer are all getting smaller. so they know they're coming down
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to the end of session. >> when you see the difference between the beginning of the video and the end of the video, you can see that he's just not quite on his game anymore. >> there's no food left. she kept asking him for more and more behaviors. he wasn't getting reinforced for the behaviors he was doing correctly. he probably was frustrated towards the end. >> then she walked around the perimeter of g-pool. he followed her. and then continued over into the rocky ledge area where she laid down with him to do a relationship session, which is quiet time, basically. >> tilikum at some point grabbed ahold of her left forearm and started to drag her and did a barrel roll and eventually pulled her in. may have started as play or frustration and clearly escalated to be clearly violent behavior that i think was anything but play.
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in the end, you know, he basically just completely mutilated that poor girl. >> they were gathering all the trainers at the texas park. he said there's been an accident at the florida park, and a trainer was killed. hearing that it was dawn, i couldn't believe it. i just remember saying to myself, not dawn. it can't be dawn. he said that, and he still has her. and i just was so disturbed by that and the reality of how powerless we are. >> laceration, abrasion, fractures, fractures in associated hemorrhages, blunt force traumas to the main body, to the extremities. to see this meted out against a
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trainer, and i cannot fathom the reason, it's shocking. the lawyer for osha asked me what i thought we learned. and i'm sitting in the courtroom and i've got the keltie byrne case file in one hand and dawn brancheau in the other. and they're almost to the day 20 years apart. i'm looking at these two things. my only answer is nothing. in fact, it's not a damn thing. we have not learned a damn thing for something like that to happen 20 years apart. ♪ ♪ hey lady! noooo! no! [ tires screech ] ♪ nooo! nooo! nooo! hey lady, that's diesel! i know. ♪ ♪
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could you tell if this was an accident or -- >> did this female trainer work with this whale on a regular basis? >> i don't know. apparently what happened is we had a female trainer back in the whale holding area. she apparently slipped or fell into the tank and was fatally injured by one of the whales. >> at first seaworld reported a trainer slipped and fell in the water and was drowned. that was the first report. >> it wasn't until eyewitness accounts disputed that that they had to go back in their huddle and say we've got to come up with a new plan. >> seaworld has confirmed that a killer whale pulled a woman into the water. she didn't fall into the tank as the sheriff's department initially reported. >> the new plan is that he grabbed her ponytail. this is a subtle way of placing the blame on dawn's shoulders. she shouldn't have had a long
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ponytail. or if she did have that ponytail, it should have been up in a bun. >> dawn, if she was standing here with me right now would tell you that that was her mistake in allowing that to happen. >> they blamed her. how dare you? how disrespectful for you to blame her when she's not even alive to defend herself. >> he grabbed her ponytail and pulled her in the water. that's as simple as it gets. >> there are photographs of plenty of other trainers doing exactly the same thing she was doing. so i knew that seaworld was lying about the fact that this was her fault. >> the ponytail in all likelihood is just a tale. the safety spotter apparently didn't stwal -- actually see the takedown came up with that. >> are you excited? >> during the spotter's testimony, osha pushed him to say that he wasn't really sure that it was her ponytail that was in the whale's mouth, that he just saw her underwater and assumed it was the ponytail. osha contends that the whale came up and grabbed on brancheau's arm.
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saying that that was another level of aggressiveness. seaworld is saying it was not an aggressive move. >> one of seaworld's top curators, chuck tompkins, said when dawn brancheau was pulled off that ledge, it wasn't necessarily aggressive behavior by the whale. >> the initial grab was not an act of aggression. this is not a crazed animal. >> the industry has a vested interest in spinning these so that the animals continue to appear like cuddly teddy bears that are completely safe. you know, that sells a lot of shamu dolls and tickets at the gate. that's the story line they're going to continue to stick with for as long as they can. >> recognize that those that say this is a crazed animal that
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acted out and grabbed dawn maliciously, they want to prove the theorem that captivity makes animals crazy. and that is just false. >> all animals in captivity have a bad life. they're all emotionally destroyed. they're all psychologically traumatized. so they are ticking time bombs. it's not just tilikum. >> we have to separate what happened to dawn, and as tragic as it is and no one wants to see it happen again. can seaworld create an environment where it never happens again? yes, i absolutely believe they can. what if there were no seaworlds? i can't imagine a society with the value we put in marine mammals if those parks didn't exist. >> i'm not at all interested in having my daughter who is three and a half grow up thinking that it's normalized to have these intelligent, highly evolved animals in concrete pools.
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i don't want her to think that's how we treat the kin that we find ourselves around on this planet. i think it's atrocious. >> this hearing is expected to last all week with osha continuing to work toward this theory. that seaworld knew there was a calculated risk of injury or death, but put trainers in the water with the whales anyway. while seaworld will say that dawn brancheau's death was an isolated incident. reporting live in seminole county, dave mcdaniel, wesh 2 news. this is the quicksilver cash back card from capital one.
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there's something wrong. you know, with tilikum. there's something wrong, and that's -- when you have a relationship with an animal and you understand that he's killing not to be a savage. he's not killing just because he's crazy. he's not killing because he doesn't know what he's doing. he's killing because he's frustrated and he's got aggravations and he doesn't know how to -- he has no outlet for it. >> now tilikum is spending a great deal of time by himself
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and basically floating lifeless in a pool. >> three hours now and he hasn't moved. >> they try to sugar coat it by saying he comes out in the front pool every once in awhile. now he's doing shows. you know what he does in his show? he does a few bows and then he goes back into his little jail cell. that's his life. >> i feel sad for tilikum. a regal thing like him swimming around the tank with his fin flopped over like that compared to a wild bull killer whale that size. one of the most kinetic and dynamic things you can imagine. i feel sad when i see him. >> it's time to stop the shows. it's time to stop forcing the animals to perform in basically a circus environment.
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and they should release the animals that are young enough and healthy enough to be released. and the animals like tilikum that are old and sick and have put in 25 years in the industry should be released to an open ocean pen to live out their lives and experience the rhythm of the ocean. >> this is a multibillion dollar corporation that makes its money through the exploitation of orcas. >> they're not suitable to have in captivity. >> the whales are really bored. you deprive them of all this environmental stimulation. >> i think that in 50 years we'll look back and go, my god, what a barbaric time. ♪
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>> dawn brancheau, d.b., dream big. dawn was the most loving, giving person you ever met. her smile just radiated. she fulfilled her life. ♪ man: [ laughs ] those look like baby steps now. but they were some pretty good moves. and the best move of all? having the right partner at my side. it's so much better that way. [ male announcer ] have the right partner at your side.
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we saw whales swimming in straight lines with straight dorsal fins. i was so honored to be there. and i was so thankful that i had sunglasses on, because the tears were kind of coming out, and it was moving. was moving. ♪ -- captions by vitac -- www.vitac.com
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it's easily the most
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it's easily the most contentious piece of real estate in the world. and there's no hope, none, of ever talking about it without pissing somebody, if not everybody off. maybe that's why it's taken me so long to come here, a place where even the names of ordinary things are ferociously disputed. where does falafel come from? who makes the best hummus? is it a fence or a wall? by the end ois h

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