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tv   Anderson Cooper 360  CNN  August 1, 2013 10:00pm-11:01pm PDT

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>> i think changed during the time i was at the white house. i'm not sure whether it was for the better. it probably was not at the time that i was there. when you first go in, at least when i first went in there, i asked a lot of hard questions. why are we doing it this way? what is the justification for this program? why are we spending this money? why does this fellow work here? those kinds of things. after a couple of years, i felt like i was defending the status quo rather than challenging it and trying to get it changed and repaired and made better.
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and that does not satisfy me. i have a very clear sense that i was becoming part of the problem after a while rather than the solution. and i remember one day thinking i had just moved a pile of firewood from over there to here and i was thinking i was going to have to move it back and thinking how strange it was to coming to this historic place and feeling like i was just in the business. and i thought to myself, well, if it's come to that, maybe it's time i was out of here. although nixon talked me in to staying.
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[ indiscernible ]
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>> he got into a discussion with me about him and his losing tactics. he feels that he does too much of a good job of telling people what they want to know rather than what we want them to know. and he also got into the point for kissinger to be more discrete, especially in public and especially in washington, d.c. he feels it's okay for henry to be a swinger in new york and california but he should not be in washington.
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good evening. i have requested this television time tonight to announce a major development in our efforts to build a lasting peace in the world. i sent dr. kissinger, my assistant for national security affairs, to peking during his recent world tour for the purpose of having talks with the premier. the announcement i shall now read is being issued simultaneously in peking and in the united states. the premier, on behalf of the government of the people's republic of china, has extended an invitation to president nixon
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to visit china at an appropriate date before may, 1972. president nixon has accepted the invitation with pleasure. ♪ >> every two decades, the president of the united states has been presented to the people as the arch enemy. most asians recognize this development as a momentous step that can change the whole complexion of this part of the world. >> i found out i was going to china from bob haldeman. i was the acting chief of protocol for that trip, and it was one of the great mountain top experiences. the thing -- the thing that's -- one of the things was, it was just kind of surreal.
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the plane is taking off to go to china, and we've got a television set there watching us take off. i mean, everything about that trip was televised. i mean, it was a production from start to finish. >> the president will journey to peking in the dead of winter, a season especially severe in the chinese capital. following the announcement issued at 4:00 a.m. peking time, the stated purpose for becoming the first american president to visit mainland china. >> as president nixon has pointed out on a number of occasions, he shall try to seek a new direction in the relationship between our two countries. and to end the isolation of our two great peoples from each other. ♪
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>> four hours after his arrival, mr. nixon is taken to see mao, which is considered significant by diplomatic observers.
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>> included is an evening at the peking opera to see a ballet, the red detachment of women, that depicts the overthrow of a cruel overlord by female communist partisans. >> a complete propaganda operation. extremely well done. the emperor seated behind me explained all the way through and wanted to be sure i understood all the points. that was a rather odd sight to see the president clapping at the end for this kind of thing, which should have been horrifying to him. but it all seems to fit together here somehow. >> the skies have been somber in peking all day. and it seemed to have no dimming
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effect at all on the exuberance of president nixon and the premier in their third long conversation. ♪ ♪ ♪ >> it's the end of a very
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memorable day in american history. >> that story on henry is the most -- did you see it? >> henry called me last night about it. >> it's unbelievable. henry talks about the china trip. he said the thing about it that was appealing, he said -- he, henry, did it alone. he said people like to see somebody do something alone and i conceived it all and did it all by myself, the whole china initiative. was this some girl he met at a party or something? >> this is the point he made to me yesterday, henry is always very careful what he says publicly to build up the president but never privately. where it really counts in the private conversations, he builds himself. >> uh-huh.
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♪ we all have kids the same age.
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there would be just all kinds of things. and we're in our 30s and we're, you know, living. ♪ >> there were pranks. there were these incredible friendships. and it was our -- our senses of humor and our personalities that made it all, you know, nice. >> illegal bugging apparently was the aim of a team that broke into the democratic national headquarters over the weekend and the political background of
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the men charged in the case have kicked up a storm. >> the watergate apartment complex in washington has a fortress-like appearance. but the burglars penetrated security to break into the sixth floor offices of the democratic national committee, materials and files were found in their position. a democratic spokesman called the information very mundane. here in the men's rooms, police confiscated photographic and electronic eavesdropping gear, as well as several thousand dollars in consecutively numbered bills. >> apparently about five men, one of them clearly under contract and employed by the republican national committee and the campaign to re-elect the president, i thought this administration was a law and order administration. and i've never seen such a crass violation of individual right as we have seen here. >> i must say it's the legacy of
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years of wiretapping and snooping and violation of privacy which the government itself has been too deeply involved. >> i proudly accept your nomination for president of the united states. [ cheers and applause ] and let us stretch ourselves to win an even greater victory this november in 1972. >> four more years! four more years! ♪ ♪ to make tomorrow a brighter
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day ♪ ♪ making dreams reality more than never nixon now for you and me ♪ ♪ nixon now, nixon now, he showed us how ♪ ♪ nixon now, nixon now, oh, nixon now ♪ ♪ listen america, nixon now ♪ nixon now, nixon now he's shown us how ♪ ♪ nixon now, nixon now, listen america, nixon now ♪
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>> president nixon's victory in the election is surely one of the biggest land slides ever. let's look at the popular vote with almost all of it counted. 98% of the precincts reporting, nixon 45 million, mcgovern, 28 million. this adds up to a record breaking 520 electoral votes for president nixon, who won 49 states. mcgovern carried only massachusetts and the district of columbia for 17 electoral votes. >> at first, it was called the watergate caper. five men apparently caught in the act of burglarizing and bugging democratic headquarters in washington. but the episode grew steadily
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more sinister. no longer a caper, but the watergate affair escalating finally into charges of a high level campaign of political sabotage and espionage, apparently unparalleled in american history. the charges center around a man whose name means secrets. >> donald segretti. white house aides recruited him for secret intelligence fork and dirty tricks against the democrats. he went to college with several men now in the white house. he was particularly close to dwight chapin. a grand jury is investigating. >> the only obvious problem is going to be the whole watergate deal.
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>> how are you going to handle that? >> well, i'm of mixed minds, but i thought one approach would be to attack "the post" for picking on a fine, clean, upstanding patriotic young man. >> hearsay. >> and done his part. >> why don't you use the word mccarthyism. >> i had that in mind. >> there's never been an editorial or any reaction at all. and it's shocking that a paper that would do that. >> right. >> good luck. >> all right, sir.
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ability -- >> and will, to the best of my ability -- >> preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the united states. >> preserve and protect and defend the constitution of the united states. >> so help me god. >> so help me god. [ applause ] >> the phone rings. it's john dean. and he said, have you given any thought to what you're going to do next? and i said, john, what in the world are you trying to tell me? and he said, well, i think you need to figure out what you're going to do next. and i said, does bob know this? and he said, bob asked me to talk to you. i could not believe it.
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so the next day i flew up to camp david and bob met me and we went over to one of the cabins and talked and we were both crying. and he said that it looked like it was going to be a political problem to the president because of all this segretti stuff and this guy sam irvin may hold some hearings. so therefore it's probably better for your career and everything else if you move on. i mean, it was just horrible. nothing that can describe how i felt. so i sucked it up, said yes, sir, went into the men's room to get myself straightened up, and there is the attorney general of the united states, balling like a baby. he had just met, and i'm thinking to myself, this thing is surreal. i can't believe this. so i went back, got on the
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helicopter and started figuring out my life. >> leon jaworski said if the american people had not demanded action in the watergate scandal, it might have grown into outrages as great as those in nazi germany. >> well, here again, you're into this verbal excess thing that just seems to me is easy to do, after the fact. >> question, what was the mentality, what was the mind set in the nixon white house that led to watergate? >> watergate didn't lead from -- didn't come from the nixon white house and i don't think there was any mindset that led to watergate. >> the president is out of office. men in the nixon white house
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went to jail. what was the mindset -- what happened? >> that's the problem. i don't know what happened. >> the burglary had nothing to do with richard nixon at the time that it occurred. if he had kept distance between himself and that whole episode, he didn't know about that in advance, i'm persuaded. i never heard anybody come forward with any evidence that he did. if he had kept distance between himself and that episode and just said, you know, those guys did it, they're going to have to take their punishment, that is what could have saved richard nixon, i'm persuaded. a little quick surgery. but he was the compulsive minutia man. he had to get involved. he had to dabble in this -- in this conspiratorial spy stuff. and he pulled it all into his
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office. >> what is the dumbest thing you did? >> the dumbest thing i did was not to go to him when i realized this and say, look, if you don't go out there and make this clean, i'm going to go to the press room and tell them everything i know about this and walk out of here. >> do you think you would have had the courage to do that? >> well, obviously i didn't. i was not playing with a full deck. i just didn't know at the time, one, that there were tapes. two, that he was as deeply involved as he was. >> president nixon has requested time on the networks this evening for a report on vietnam. >> good evening. i have asked for this radio and television time tonight for the purpose of announcing that we,
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today, have concluded an agreement to end the war and bring peace with honor in vietnam and in southeast asia. the following statement is being issued at this moment in washington and hanoi. at 12:30 paris time today, january 23, 1973, the agreement on ending the war and restoring peace in vietnam was initialled by dr. henry kissinger on behalf of the united states and the republic of vietnam. let us consecrate this moment by resolving together to make the peace we have achieved a peace that will last. thank you. and good evening. >> thank you. >> yes, sir?
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>> i thought you would be amused to hear that marvin and dan, they were just green with sick. they were all just sick about the fact that the peace had come. yes, we're pissing on it all over. >> in a sense, it was so masterfully underplayed. you dropped this huge bomb in your first sentence, and there it was, it just sits there. i think it was just like a thunder clap. it was great. >> that's right. okay. >> very good. eeting. and 900 million dollars are changing hands online. that's why the internet needs a new kind of server. one that's 80% smaller. uses 89% less energy. and costs 77% less.
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senate democrats have chosen north carolina sam ervin to investigate the watergate bugging case. the committee will have full subpoena power and a $500,000 budget.
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>> when it was learned today that some of the watergate conspirators had been involved in illegal actions relating to the pentagon papers case, the whole affair took on a new and more sinister air. two of the convicted watergate conspirators burglarized the offices of a psychiatrist of defendant daniel elsberg to get files on elsberg. >> the message of watergate, as i read it, is the same as the message of the pentagon papers. from the eyes of people who work for the president, all law stops at the white house fence. >> the entire political system that the entire standard of politics in the country has reached an all-time low. >> the president and his cabinet and his administration owe this country an explanation firstly,
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and secondly an apology. >> i don't respect the shabby journalism that is being practised by "the washington post." >> informed sources say it was the watergate prosecution that set off the recent series of explosions and there are further time bombs in president nixon's hands. >> we're in late april of 1973, and i'm really getting beat up in the press. >> we're going to make it. yeah, let me get up here to the door and i'll -- okay. excuse me. there we are. >> i'm going to be following the unvarying practise of having no comment on this matter until its final disposition. >> i have delegations of fbi agents in and out of my office all the time, and all of a sudden it's dawned on me that i have a very serious problem, that richard nixon has a problem and a lot of other people have serious problems.
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>> the president flew south to look at flood damage and dedicated naval training station in mississippi to senator john stennis. in the presidential party were bob haldeman and john ehrlichman. >> we were on air force one. we were going off to dedicate a john stennis memorial rocket launcher or something in mississippi. and i'm standing on the flight deck, and it occurred to me for about 30 seconds that i could crash this airplane and that would put an end to everybody's problems. mine, nixon's and haldeman's, everybody who was aboard. i stepped off that airplane, and usually the drill is richard nixon steps off the airplane and all the cameras click away and all that. he got off and nobody paid any attention to him. i got off and boy, they were all
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taking morgue shots. >> in the very last conversation i had with him there, we were talking about this break-in, in california. the elsberg psychiatrist break-in. and he said, i didn't know about that, did i? and i had to indicate to him that he did know about it. >> that, of course, is a totally out of our -- have you ever heard of this? >> yes, sir. >> i never heard of it, john. i should have been told about that, shouldn't i? >> i'm not so sure that you weren't. my recollection is this was discussed with you.
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>> yeah. yeah. hmmmm. well, i've got to know about that. if i'm in that kind of a position, i'm in a position i just didn't know about. believe me, throughout this thing, i must say i have not known -- i should know about the watergate and i knew that we were checking all this, but my god, i didn't -- >> i didn't know there was a taping system in the room at the time. since then, it's occurred to me that he was talking for the record, among other things. but at the same time, i'm convinced he really didn't know the difference between what was true and what wasn't true at any given moment. for a long time. and he could persuade himself of almost anything, which is kind
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of too bad. >> hello. >> there your. >> yes, sir, i talked to bob and told him that your decision was to ask for the resignation and you had thought this through for now three weeks, and i told him that you recognize that their lawyers don't agree with this approach and they don't agree with this approach, but the president feels clear in his mind now that this must be done. and that's what he wants. bob said, fine. he understands. he feels it's the wrong decision, but he will abide by it. and in terms of john, he said i think john is going to be more difficult in accepting this. bob said, i'll do what i can with john. >> good. big man. >> he sure is. >> big man.
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>> i'll talk to him on the helicopter. >> okay. thank you. >> yes, sir. >> good evening. president nixon moved at the highest level today to cleanse the white house of the taint of the watergate scandal. the president has asked me to announce that he has today received and accepted the resignation of two of his closest friends and most trusted assistants in the white house. in their statements of resignation, they blamed many of their problems on the press. whether the president plans to incorporate any such statement in his nationwide address tonight is unknown.
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>> today, in one of the most difficult decisions of my presidency, i accepted the resignations of two of my closest associates in the white house, bob haldeman, john ehrlichman, two of the finest public servants it has been my privilege to know. i want to stress in accepting these resignations, i mean to leave no implication whatever of personal wrongdoing on their part. and i leave no implication tonight of implication on the part of others who have been charged in this matter. god bless america. and god bless each and every one of you.
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>> hello. >> hi. >> hope i didn't let you down. >> no, sir. you got your points over. and now you've got et set right and move on. you're right where you ought to be. >> well, it's a tough thing, bob, for you and john and the rest. but i'm never going to discuss this son of a bitching watergate thing again. all the rest are waiting to see what the polls show. let me say you're a strong man, and i love you. i love john and all the rest. by god, keep the faith, keep the faith. you're going to win this son of a bitch. >> absolutely. >> i don't know whether you can get any reactions and call me back. would you mind? >> i don't think i can. >> i agree. don't call a soul.
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the hell with it. let me just say from me to you, any cabinet officer except weinberger, and thank god and no staff member. >> the board says they were instructed not to put any calls through. >> the hell with that. i told them to put all the calls through. >> that may be why you haven't gotten it, though. >> i'll change it. god bless you, boy. god bless you. i love you, you know. >> okay. >> like my brother. all right, boy. keep the faith. >> right.
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president nixon's former appointment secretary today was found guilty to lying to the watergate grand jury, investigating political sabotage during the 1972 presidential campaign. >> i will never, ever under any circumstance have a regret for any contribution or any hardships or anything else that have come out of the work that i've done with richard nixon.
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>> i loved what i did, and it was very important to me. and i think these friendships just, you know, are golden and they still exist. >> john ehrlichman is behind bars tonight, the highest former nixon aide to go to prison so far. >> for myself, i went through a process of being absolutely stripped bare. i woke up one day realizing that there was nothing left. there just really wasn't anything.
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and it occurred to me there might be an opportunity in all of that to do it over again, simpler and better. >> hr bob haldeman convicted for his part in the watergate scandal is here to see his daughter graduate from law school. on wednesday, haldeman reports to the federal prison in california to begin serving a 2 1/2 to 8-year sentence.
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>> i spent five years in a legal defense against first of all an investigation, then a charge, then a trial. then a year and a half in prison. all of that time had to work on my defense. the time is here to stop defending, at least on my part, and to start looking ahead. there's a lot more to my life than watergate. there's a lot more to my life than politics.
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♪ there was a town so quiet and still, then came the folks from capitol hill ♪ ♪ sentiment is not for sale mr. nixon, you're to blame ♪ ♪ you made our town your summer home you crowned it with the capitol dome ♪ ♪ there was a town so quiet and still then came the folks from capitol hill ♪ ♪ sentiment is not for sale, mr. nixon, you're to blame ♪ ♪ at 9:00 we used to close the bar that was okay with fdr ♪ ♪ oh, mr. nixon, you're so
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great, but must your guests stay up so late ♪ ♪ there was a town so quiet and still ♪ ♪ then came the folks from capitol hill ♪ ♪ sentiment is not for sale, mr. nixon, you're to blame ♪ ♪ mr. nixon, you're to blame ♪ mr. nixon, you're to blame >> convicted watergate cover up conspirator john ehrlichman is out of a job. the one-time white house aide to former president nixon has ended his brief career as an ice cream pitchman on television. by all accounts the $campaign was simply a meltdown. >> try this stuff. it's unbelievable. and believe me, an i'm an expert on that subject. >> the california ice cream company said the response was so negative, the commercials were being taken off the air immediately.
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good evening. tonight the unbelievable words of a man who says he's not a monster. and the proud, brave words of one of the three women to whom he was precisely that. a captor, a torturer, a rapist, a killer, in short, a monster. the three endured all of that year after year, held captive by ariel castro in his torture chamber in cleveland, ohio. they were victimized but they're not victims. amanda, gina and michelle are survivors. calling them a monster's victim gives far too much credit to the monster. he needs to be forgotten, but there's plenty of time for that. he got a live sentence plus 1,000 years. that's what a judge gave him after hearing powerful testimony from michelle knight and a delusional account from mr.