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tv   BBC World News  BBC News  September 23, 2020 12:00am-12:30am BST

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this is bbc news — with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. i'm lewis vaughan jones. new covid restrictions in the uk. more masks, less socialising and bigger fines for those who don't adhere to the rules. this is bbc news — the headlines... the british prime minister, borisjohnson has used never in our history a national television address has our collective destiny to call for a ‘spirit and our collective health of togetherness', urging people depended so completely on our individual behaviour. to observe the new rules he's bringing in to combat the rapid rise in coronavirus infections. he said the country faced an unquestionably another momentous difficult winter ahead. number — as the death toll in america rises — 200—thousand have now lost their lives. president trump has said it's horrible that the number of deaths from coronavirus digital diplomacy. in the united states has the first ever virtual exceeded two—hundred—thousand. united nations general assembly is underway. president trump used the but mrtrump said his intervention had helped reduce the toll. democratic critics of the white house have opportunity to criticize china. highlighted what they say is mr trump's ineffectual response to the pandemic. china and the united states have crossed swords
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at the first ever virtual united nations general assembly with beijing condemning president trump's accusations about coronavirus as lies. in a pre—recorded address hello and welcome he said beijing had unleashed to viewers in the uk coronavirus on the world and around the world. calling the disease the united kingdom has reached ‘a perilous turning point‘ in its struggle to contain the china virus. the coronavirus pandemic, according to the prime minister. new restrictions were announced across the uk, and borisjohnson outlined plans for england, warning that ‘significantly greater restrictions‘ would be brought in if new cases continue to rise sharply. mrjohnson explained his decisions in a televised address to the nation. i'm deeply, spiritually reluctant to make any of these impositions, or infringe anyone's freedom. but unless we take action, the risk is that we will have to go for tougher measures later, when the deaths have already mounted and we have a huge caseload of infection, such as we had in the spring.
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so will the latest measures introduced across the uk be enough to suppress the virus? our medical editor fergus walsh looks at the challenges ahead. how do you strike a balance between bearing down on coronavirus while keeping the economy moving? that is the challenge facing ministers. closing bars and restaurants at 10pm should reduce the amount of alcohol people drink in public, and so perhaps may make behaviour less risky. people will be a little bit more sober when they go home, which means they are less likely to engage in risky behaviours. they're perhaps more likely to put a face covering on when they get onto the bus or the tube. they may go home with friends, but the chances are it's not going to be in as large a group as they would be in the bar with. the latest reproduction or r numberfor the uk is between 1.1 and 1.4, which means that for every ten infected people, they will be passing the people on to between 11 and 1a others. and the prime minister made clear that, unless r falls below one, then further
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restrictions are likely. it's thought that coronavirus cases are doubling roughly every seven days and are increasing among all age groups. hospital admissions are rising, too. yesterday, government scientists said that, left unchecked, we could see 50,000 cases a day by mid october and perhaps 200 deaths a day a month later. but they stressed this wasn't a prediction. but that would still be a fifth of the 1,000 daily deaths at the peak in early april. encouraging people to work from home again should mean fewer chances for the virus to spread on public transport and in offices. then there is scotland's decision to ban most people visiting other households indoors, aimed at tackling a key driver of infection.
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we can expect this to have a significant impact because we know that this disease is spread from person to person, particularly in indoor environments where there isn't so much ventilation and there may be multiple people close to each other. but, on the other hand, there will be impacts on well—being, particularly amongst the most vulnerable, from not being able to see friends and family as much. one thing that has not been tried here is a night—time curfew. that was imposed in antwerp, in belgium, in latejuly and helped reduce an outbreak there, though cases across belgium are now higher than in the uk. fergus walsh, bbc news. earlier, the united states recorded two hundred thousand coronavirus deaths. the latest figures — compiled byjohns hopkins university — also show that almost six million nine hundred thousand people in the us are confirmed to have been infected by the virus. a short time ago, president
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trump made his first remarks on the latest death toll. i think it's a shame. i think if we didn't do it properly and do it right, you would have two and half million deaths, if you take a look at alternatives, you could have two and a half million dollars. or something there about. you would have a number substantially more. with all of that being said, we shouldn't have had anybody, you saw my united nation speech. china should've stopped it at their border. they should've never let the spread all over the world. and it is a terrible thing. but, had we not closed the country down and reopened and now we are doing well and reopening. the stock market is up, all of those things, but i think it is a horrible thing. but if we hadn't done it right, you could have 2 million, two and a half million or 3 million. and here's what nancy pelosi, the democratic speaker of the united states house of representatives had to say about the loss of life in the us. this was preventable —
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not all of it, but much of it. and what could be lost in the future is preventable, too, if we embrace science. science instead of politics. at the centre for disease control, great scientists are there and there they are demoralise by the political overturning of recommendations to save lives. well, the bbc has been speaking with owners and directors of funeral homes who are reflecting on how the loss of life throughout the country has affected the families and communities that they serve. a warning, some viewers may find some of these images and stories upsetting. it is so disturbing because 200,000 isjust too many. it really is. it is just too many. and, it's disheartening. there really is no other words for it. it's disheartening because,
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at this point, it seems as if everyone knows someone who has been affected if they have been if they haven't been affected themselves. if we have four orfive people in our care, that's normal. at any point, and at any point during april and may, we are close to 70 people here. we essentially converted the one facility into a giant morgue. we closed all of the upstairs rooms and turn the air conditioners way up and made every available space either shelving or tables for storage.
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the hardest thing is the distance. normally, you are there to hold their arm or hold their hand and be there right there next to them. it affects the grieving process and the community, they are heartbroken. i mean, it's a lot of people that we've lost, a lot of families that have lost loved ones, mums not there, dad is not there, there'sjust a lot of deaths and it is something that we are not going to forget. we have to adapt. that is the thing about this virus, we have to adapt before things are better controlled. and ijust wish, people had a better view of how many people this is really killing.
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and we have always said, we are here one day and we may not be here. but this pandemic, that statement has become even more real. it takes a toll on you emotionally, it takes a toll on us physically, but at the end of the day, i am happy to do what i do. i realise that nothing is ever going to be difficult after this. the regular day today, this is easy. nothing is ever going to be, in my eyes, nothing is ever going to be difficult again compared to that. dr ali mokdad is a former senior cdc official and is now a professor of health metrics sciences at the institute for health metrics and evaluation. the ihme models for predicted covid 19 deaths have been used to inform the white house's response to the virus, and i asked him whether those models had been overly optimistic.
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yes, we have. every time we did a model, we would impose mandates and we have also assumed that states would not open up for business until they reach a certain level of infections and unfortunately, most of the states opened prematurely and many are not going dining back and imposing lockdowns. to make assumptions and you make very basic assumptions about behaviours of local administrations of the public that you say they have not done and that has led to a higher rate. do you see any sign of that changing? unfortunately, we have seen the united states is that people are tired of lockdown and there is no more
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appetite for it and we look mask wearing and mobility, it is coming in the wrong direction. we see only improvements and behaviours when they go up in places like california or texas. people tend to go back to their old habits, unfortunately. and based on modelling like yours with the predictions, that then informs the white house and government policy and if those numbers are lower then they take measures, they think there is a false sense of things are better than they are, so an unfortunate consequence of the assumptions and how do you change those assumptions and where do you think we are going further forward? unfortunately for us, when we make an assumption and we say when an assumption is, and people do not adhere to that assumption, that is unfortunate for us. we can tell a scientist what needs to be done but unfortunately in the united states, we are not being heard or ignored sometimes. so, unfortunately, that is what happens.
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but you're right. if the numbers much lower than what is actually. the message exactly the same from now on, what we are estimating towards the end of the year is a high number of deaths and we should be very careful, all of us, in terms of us, in terms of staying away from each other when we are outside. the united states registered its 200,000th death from the covid—19 pandemic on tuesday, the latest grim staying in the us, republican senator mitt romney has announced he will not oppose a vote on president donald trump's supreme court nominee. and in the past few minutes, president trump has said that he will likely make that announcement at 5pm eastern time on saturday. there's a strong likelihood that the republican majority to allow the process to take place before november's election. mr romney is a critic of the president, so democrats had hoped that he would join two other republican senators in opposing the nomination process happening before november's election. democrats say that the replacement for the late justice ruth bader ginsberg should be picked by whoever
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is the next president. that's the same argument republicans made in 2016, when they blocked president 0bama from nominating a newjudge, merrick garland, in an election year. here's what mitt romney said when that was put to him. you know, i think at this stage, it is appropriate to look at the constitution and look at the precedent that has existed since the beginning of our country's history. and it is circumstance where a nominee of a president is from a different party than the senate, then more often than not, the sender does not confirm. so, the garland decision was consistent with that. 0n the other hand, when there is nominee of a party that is in the same party as the senate, then typically they do confirm. so, the garland decision was consistent with that in the decision to proceed now with the president trump, nomination was consistent with history. let's get some of the day's other news there's been a big explosion in the south of lebanon, which security sources say has caused a number of injuries. a witness said blast
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made the ground shake beneath their feet. it's not yet known what caused the explosion. the south of lebanon is a political stronghold of hezbollah and its ally amal. the city of louisville in kentucky has issued a state of emergency ahead of a decision to be made by the state's attorney general in the case of the death of breonna taylor. the 26—year—old black emergency medical technician was killed during a botched police raid at her home in march. a grand jury is now deciding whether to indict the police officers involved in the shooting. nasa has formally outlined its 28 billion dollar plan to land a man and a woman on the moon by 202a. the artemis program will be the first lunar landing involving humans since 1972. nasa's plans rely on congress releasing over three billion dollars for the agency to build a landing system. the united nations general assembly got off to a fiery start in new york — despite the fact that none of the world leaders had turned up in person due to the coronavirus. instead, the heads of state are delivering
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pre—recorded messages. president trump used his speech to ask the un to hold china accountable for how it has handled the coronavirus pandemic. nada tawfik reports. normally, new york would be heaving with people for the start of the un general assembly. instead, because of covid, the crowds have stayed away and the speeches have moved online. the secretary—general, antonio guterres, was one of the few to speak from the mostly empty general assembly hall. at a time when international cooperation is most needed, he called for a global cease—fire and set efforts should be made to avoid a new cold war — one between the us and china. we are moving in a very dangerous direction. our world cannot afford a future for the two largest economies split the globe in a great fracture, each with its own trade and financial rules and internet and artificial intelligence capacities. president trump's prerecorded speech aired just as the us was nearing 200,000 deaths from the virus — by far
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the highest toll of any nation. with a re—election nearing, his speech was aimed at a domestic audience. we will distribute a vaccine, we will defeat the virus, we will end the pandemic and we will enter a new era of unprecedented prosperity, cooperation and peace. as we pursue this bright future, we must hold accountable the nation which unleashed this plague onto the world, china. the chinese ambassador to the un reacted in real—time to the president. translation: china resolutely rejects the baseless accusation against china. his remarks introduced a rare speech from china's president xijinping. while washington has reduced its influence at the un and plans to leave the world health organization, china has been eager to fill the void in the leadership. translation: we should follow the guidance of science, give full play to the leading
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role of the world health organization and launch a joint international response to beat this pandemic. any attempt of politicizing the issue or stigmatization must be rejected. speeches by china and us laid bare the competing visions that have hindered progress here at the united nations. and with no in—person meetings and behind—the—scenes negotiations, it's doubtful this high—level week of the general assembly will contribute much to confronting the global consequences of the coronavirus, let alone other key issues. stay with us on bbc news — still to come. we meet the female tea pickers who've become the first on their plantation to go to university. more now on our top story — the new rules to tackle coronavirus in the uk. pubs and restaurants will be subject to a 10pm
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curfew from thursday. ben thompson reports from south london. that idea of closing pubs and restau ra nts that idea of closing pubs and restaurants may be an hour or two early, it may not seem like a significant move. but many firms we have talked to said that could cost up to half of their business and that is because not only would they lose a significant proportion of their evening business, there would also lose that lucrative second sitting for dinner. those standards that may be want to come in at 830 01’ may be want to come in at 830 or nine o'clock because we are told that these new rules will mean the customers have to be off the premises and the doors locked by ten o'clock. that means the last orders come much earlier in the evening. but we know that the night—time economy is considered to be high—risk as far as this virus is concerned because we are perhaps less likely to be adhering to social distancing rules if we have had a drink or two.
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this is bbc news — the latest headlines. new covid restrictions in the uk. more masks, less socialising and bigger fines for those who don't adhere to the rules. in the united states — the death toll reaches 200—thousand — millions more are confirmed to have been infected. scientists are calling for a worldwide study on the long term effects of coronavirus, with some patients reporting symptoms that last for months. a number of people have described debilitating persistent health issues after contracting the virus including ongoing fatigue and heart complications. nisreen alwan is a public health doctor and epidemiologist from the university of southampton in the uk. i asked her about the significance of the long—term effects. this issue of long covid—19 or long—haul requires immediate attention from governments,
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public health agencies, to measure this problem, what we see all the time is daily or weekly figures of deaths, or for hospital admissions and unconfirmed tests, but we do not see any measures of mobility from covid—19. so, people who are ill for weeks or months of covid—19, many of them haven't actually been admitted to hospital, many of them have at the mild version of the illness and then they suffer with symptoms and not being able to they're not back to their normal activity levels before the infection and some of them are off of work for a long time and many of them are not getting the recognition and the support that they need from the support that they need from the system because again, some and most of them were not tested to start with. people have started the illness in march and april in the uk and they did not have testing numbers, before they‘ re they did not have testing numbers, before they're sent to hospital. so, the care varies and it is really important to quantify the problem and it is
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not only for the people who are suffering from the problem, but also in order to communicate with how common the problem is, particularly now, we have the second way. we need to tell people that if you are young and healthy, yes, you are unlikely to get admitted to hospital, but you may not be able to go back to your normal life, normal activity for weeks 01’ life, normal activity for weeks or months after infection. that is really interesting and i know you do not want to focus on it too much, but you are recovering too shoe? on it too much, but you are recovering too shoe ?|j on it too much, but you are recovering too shoe? i had covid—19 symptoms back in march and by the summer, i was looking around and having the symptoms, not going back to normal health and i asked the public health doctor and they told me that this problem is not quantified it all and we need to measure. we need to measure recovery from covid—19, we need to follow up a very simple follow—up, all of these people who are tested now, for
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weeks after tests or after the start of symptoms and ask them argue back to your normal health and if you're not, this is the group of people who need attention and research. these are long—haul people. china has announced a significant new climate target — saying it's aiming to become carbon neutral before 2060. president xijinping made the announcement at the un general assembly today, here's what he had to say. translation: humankind can no longer afford to ignore the repeated warnings of nature and go down the beaten path of extracting resources without investing in conservation, pursuing developing at the expense of protection, and exploiting resources without restoration. the paris agreement on climate change charts the course for the world to transition to green and low carbon development. it outlines the minimum steps to be taken to protect the earth, our shared homeland, and all countries must have decisive steps
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to honour this agreement. in sri lanka, tea is picked by women who live and work on isolated plantations — often in poor conditions. their children are given limited access to higher education. but in a remote hillside plantation in central sri lanka, a group of girls has become the first in the estate to go to university.
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you can reach me on twitter — i'm @lvaughanjones. tuesday marked the autumn equinox and also the last of these very warm and sunny days. we saw 26 degrees in suffolk on tuesday afternoon. by friday looks like temperatures in suffolk will only manage to make around 12 or 13 degrees. noticeably colder as we end the week. and the change comes behind this cold front which is slowly spreading its way southwards in eastwards early on wednesday. ahead of it there will be a lot of cloud around. some showers spells of rain some of which could be on the thundery side. but for scotland and northern ireland skies will be clear and behind the weather front. it starts wednesday off on a chilly note here. but again, for england and wales where we have the weather
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front the cloud and rain, 12 to 15 degrees. but a lot more cloud on wednesday for england and wales. outbreaks of rain tending to become more persistent as it pushes eastwards. again across the southeast the wins will pick up as well. probably the best of the sunshine through the day will be scotland and northern ireland for them it will be chilly low teens celsius 1a to may beat 19 across the southeast it looks like it could be quite went across the eastern side of england into the evening. persistent rain here wins also picking up across the north sea coast across the southeast and across the south coast as well. that area of low pressure will eventually push off to scandinavia and a new area of pressure will arrive just in time for thursday. this one's going to bring windy weather. showers and longer spells which can be quite heavy. sunshine around some sunshine around probablyjust a bit across the northern part of scotland but the winds will become a feature across south wales and southwestern a0 and 50 miles an hour. cool 11 to 1a celsius across the country. as we move out of thursday into friday that area of low
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pressure continues to push over towards the northeastern continent. then we are in a run of pretty cool, brisk northerly winds. looks like most showers will be back into northern and eastern areas closer the area of low pressure. further south or west you are the chance of seeing some sunshine. not too bad in the sunshine but in the shade that northerly wind will feel cool. things look like they will settle down a bit perhaps a ridge of high pressure into the weekend but it's still going to remain on the cool side both by day 00:28:29,876 --> 4294966103:13:29,430 and by night.
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