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tv   Our World  BBC News  December 29, 2016 1:30am-2:01am GMT

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us president—elect donald trump has launched a scathing attack on the un claiming it has caused problems, rather than solved them. he said the organisation had tremendous potential, but was failing to live up to it. the israeli prime minister, benjamin netanyahu, has responded to a speech by us secretary of state, john kerry, that was highly critical of his country. mr kerry said israeli settlement building on occupied land was a major problem and the prospect of a peace deal based on a two—state solution was in grave jeopardy. mr netanyahu said he was biased. german prosecutors have detained a a0 year—old tunisian man in connection with the truck attack that killed 12 people at a christmas market in berlin. they say his number was found on the phone of anis amri, the man who drove the truck. a woman has died in a crash that involved up to 20 vehicles in a series of collisions
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on the a40, near witney in oxfordshire. the crashes happened over more than halfa mile, infog. sangita myska sent this report from the scene. photographs taken minutes after this morning's crash show in chilling detail the mangled wreckage of at least 20 vehicles. eyewitnesses described seeing cars skidding across the road through thick fog, smashing into one another, spilling debris across two lanes of the a40. i was justjoining the a40, that's when i saw the brake lights and the hazard lights, so i came to a stop and then i got out of the vehicle and saw the carnage ahead and the carnage behind. the emotions were very high, people were obviously scared. it was a bit like a movie scene, really. a lot of havoc, people injured, a lot of destruction. this afternoon, recovery vehicles continued to clear wreckage in an attempt to reopen a road that links london to wales. it's now several hours since the accident happened this morning and there are still about a dozen vehicles yet to be cleared from this part of the a40.
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there is still a thick fog over this area of road. visibility now is probably about 200 metres. but police officers here tell me that this morning, when the crashes happened, drivers could see no further than about 15 metres ahead, and that there was black ice on this road. one woman in her 50s died at this scene of the crash. two other people remain in a serious condition in hospital. as families continue to crisscross britain this holiday, the police are urging travellers to check weather conditions and drive with caution. now on bbc news, our world, a look at the brutal crackdown on drug crime in the philippines. broadcast earlier this year, viewers should be aware that jonathan head's report contains some disturbing images. the philippines is being shaken by a one—man revolution. either you will kill me
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or i will kill you, idiots. he's a tough—talking former mayor who has vowed to wipe out drug dealers. his war on drugs has unleashed assassins like maria. when i got near this person who owed a lot to my boss i went up close and then shot him. every day the bodies of suspected dealers are discovered. more than 3,000 have been killed in three months. it's really tiring and scary hiding all the time. you don't know if the person right in front of you will inform on you or if he might be your killer. the police are raiding prisons and being forced to purge their own ranks.
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the war on drugs is really bloody and messy. and we all know that. this war is being fought in some of the poorest communities in the country. over the past two decades, the philippines has been swamped by the cheap and highly addictive drug crystal meth. it's known here as shabu. it destroys lives, breaks families and feeds a powerful criminal underworld. filipinos are among the world's highest users of the drug. official statistics say 1.8 million people here are addicted. but recently elected president who do believe the true figure is more than double that. he has promised to stop it
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by unleashing a violent campaign against the dealers. a late afternoon raid just outside manila, part of president rodrigo duterte‘s antidrug campaign. in a country that's awash with guns as well as narcotics, they've come well—prepared. but what's striking is their target today. it's a prison. this is one of the largest prisons in manila and we come
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in with a pretty large team of police, swat teams and by the look of them they were obviously expecting the possibility of serious armed resistance. actually it's more like a drug search in a standard prison with them checking where people keep their possessions, they have one man under arrest here. the drug problem is so serious here in the government's view that they have to send in teams like this into a prison that is technically controlled by the authorities. the inmates are all made to lie face down and search for any sign they may still be using or dealing drugs. the stench in these hot, overcrowded dormitories is overpowering. they think this man is an important dealer. but where is the other evidence
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they expected to find? undercover officers have bought drugs here several times in recent weeks. but it seems this time the prisoners have been tipped off. in vain they press a chinese prisoner for more information. many of the drug syndicates operating in the philippines are chinese—run. but all they can find is an assortment of rusty improvised weapons. these police officers, more than 200 of them, have been brought here from the other side of manila. the local forces couldn't be trusted. that's how deeply the narcotics business has infiltrated this country. do you think the campaign
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that is going on now will succeed, that it will wipe out drugs? again that is the challenge and we will do our best to comply with the orders of the president to get rid of drugs in three to six months. you do have problems inside the police, there are some police officers involved in the trade? there are, that's part of the cleansing process, internal cleansing, we don't care if they are policemen, we have to get them, put them in jail and if they fight then we have to defend ourselves. it doesn't matter, if there are policemen involved, we have to get them. in many ways what's happening today in the philippines actually starts here at the monument to the first ever people power revolution 30 years ago when a popular uprising overthrew the dictator ferdinand marcos and ushered
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in a boisterous and freewheeling democracy. filipinos have kept faith with that democracy, voting in huge numbers every six years for a new president, yet everyone of those governments has bailed to come even close to meeting the hopes that were raised here, the old habits of corruption and abuses of power, lawlessness and grinding poverty would be curbed. and so the voters have now gone for something drastically different. they are elected outspoken mayor rodrigo duterte by a landslide. he has presented himself as an antiestablishment figure who can fix problems. he cares little for the polite conventions of politics, giving unscripted speech is often laced with obscenities. and what he calls the pandemic
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of methamphetamine addiction is at the very top of his list of things to do. we have seen a lot of ranting about human rights in my campaign against drugs. let me be frank with you this afternoon, the fight against drugs will continue and will be unrelenting. if the resistance is violent thereby placing your life in jeopardy you shoot and shoot them dead. can i be more clearer than that? the bodies of those suspected of involvement in drugs started turning up right after he took office. the police admit killing hundreds, all resisting arrest, they say. but many more have died at the hands
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of mysterious hit squads, the reasons for each death often unclear. this is a security camera video from a neighbourhood in tondo, manila, on the evening of the third of august. you can see local resident danilo mendoza buying something from a food stall. his young children playing around him. a motorbike then pulls up. the passenger then fires a single shot into his neck and he drives off. his wife is nearby and she rushes to help him, getting passers—by to lift him into a motor tricycle. but he died before they could get him to hospital. i went to talk to his wife,
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christie, who runs her own small shop, and to his neighbours. was he killed because of drugs? she told me he had been a user, but he had stopped right after duterte was elected. he was not a dealer, she said. when we got talking to other family members, they said danilo had been involved in illegal gambling together with some corrupt police officers. they said he had had a loud disagreement with one policeman in the street where he was killed. that they believe is why he died. danilo‘s assassin will probably never be identified. the hit squads blamed for more than half the killings remain
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in the shadows. but we did manage to meet one of them, a young mother we called maria. for obvious reasons her identity‘s been concealed. maria was brought into the contract killing business and she says by her husband, but she'd only shot one man before president duterte‘s election victory. since then she's killed another five. she has no idea why they were targeted, but she says her boss is a police officer who is involved in drugs. my husband was offered a job by a big—time policeman while he was injail.
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he immediately said yes. a lot of people owe this man money. he is also a big—time drug dealer. one time, when they needed a woman for someone a man could not get close to, my husband got me the job. i felt really scared and nervous, because it was my first time. ijust kept thinking "i'm doing this for my son". when i got near this person, who owed a lot to my boss, i went up close and then shot him. next time i killed was after president duterte got elected. since august i've killed five people. that's six in all. what do you feel about the people that you kill, because they have families too? do you feel guilty? i do, because i have kids too.
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i do it because we don't have money, i do it for my children. i tell my husband that we can't keep doing this forever. i would not want my children to open their eyes to what we do. i don't want them to come back to us and say that they got to live because we killed for money. maria's statements suggest a lot of the killing is done by people inside the drug trade, perhaps eliminating rivals or those who might incriminate more powerfulfigures. but the impact of the drug war is being felt largely in poor communities, like this one near central manila. this police officer showed me around his district. he is the chairman and it's hisjob to keep an eye out for trouble. this is a senior citizen, a resident. very nice to meet you. i'mjonathan.
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ver nice to meet you, sir. crime is a big concern here and talking to the residents, it's clear that president duterte‘s way of dealing with it is popular. they like the fact that he is humble and down—to—earth, they say. but edgar knows of 16 crystal meth addicts living in his area. most of them are pedicab drivers. he has had the difficultjob of getting them to register with the police just to keep them alive. they are afraid because of the president. they are worried about their life, their family, mothers, brothers. they are worried that, once they are caught, they know what will happen. they might be killed? yeah, so they are really afraid.
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a few of the former addicts have joined the local council as volunteers. but there are no rehabilitation facilities here, or anywhere else in manila, for them. nor is there much sympathy from their neighbours who applaud the president's hard stand. this woman is a widow who teaches in the local primary school. she told me that the parents of six children in her class are drug addicts, and she says it's worse in other schools. the bottomline is drugs and the poor people engage in drugs because in drugs they can make money, because drugs now can be bought in very... cheap? low price.
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i believe in duterte‘s vision of cleaning and curing the land and society. i believe in him. so when i found out that he will run for president, i supported him. but can his anti—drug campaign succeed? more than 700,000 addicts have already registered with the police. here they are adding their names beforejoining a morning exercise routine in front of one of manila's main churches. trying to work the drug out of their system with some fast footwork. led by manila's finest.
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the police hope this will help to keep former addicts away from the drug, but in truth it exposes the lack of any alternative treatment for them. and you have to wonder how long a police force, busy cleansing its own ranks, can keep up this energetic community work. excuse me, sir. the police are also expected to make house calls to check on registered addicts. this is one of the roughest of manila's neighbourhoods. and the police major is doing his rounds, checking whether one—time drug users are slipping back into their old habits. this man is recognised as the husband of a known
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crystal meth user. "you'd better stay off it", the major warns him. they've already nabbed one couple with a methamphetamine pipe. they're made to march, handcuffed, with the police on a walk of shame through the community. this man was an addict for a year. now he must put up with having his home searched every week. but at least this way he can be reasonably sure of staying alive. how do you know if they're clean or not? if they're still using or not? if we can hear some reports... you talk to the neighbours? yes. back at the police station, the handcuffed couple are booked. their two children
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look on tearfully. this isn't the first time their parents have been caught, as they may now have to move to one of the overcrowded jails. they're just users, small—time players. none of this really solves the country's drug problem. bigger dealers, like roger, not his real name, have instead chosen to go into hiding. he says much of his business was with corrupt police officers and he is convinced they would kill him if they surrendered. it is much better to run. my colleagues who surrendered are now dead. if i surrender, they kill me.
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so why should i surrender? don't you ever feel guilty about the job you do? you're selling drugs that are very destructive to people. methamphetamine is a very destructive drug. i do believe i have committed sins, big—time. i have wronged a lot of people. some people have become addicted to drugs and because i'm one of the people who sells the drugs. what i can say is it depends on the person. i can't say that everyone who takes drugs commits crimes, they steal or kill. me? i am also an addict, i don't kill. i am an addict, but i don't steal. roger plans to stay hidden for a few months and then get back to business. he doesn't believe president duterte can keep his campaign
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going for much longer. maria would like to get out of the killing business, but she says she can't. do you ever wish that you hadn't started this? that perhaps you hadn't started killing, or do you feel you have no choice? from now on i don't want to do it any more. i'll leave it to my husband. but my boss says that if one of us tries to leave, we'll be killed. millions of filipinos, though, still hold faith in their new president. that, unlike his predecessors, he can shake this country out of its bad habits. many believe the philippines needs another strong man. but transforming this disorderly
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island nation of 100 million people may yet prove too much, even for a man who is as ruthless and determined as rodrigo duterte. we've got a lot of fog out there, thick fog. it's quite patchy, which makes it dangerous as well. and on top of that, we've got sub—zero temperatures. so that combination means freezing fog in some areas, and that, in turn, means that the roads could be quite slippy. so really quite dangerous on some of those roads, if you are travelling in the early hours, and really throughout much of the morning, into the afternoon, because that fog will be stubborn to clear. this time of year, when there is no wind, the sun is low on the horizon, just can't work on that fog, it cannot melt it, as we say, away. this is what it looks like at 8:00am in the morning. you can see fog extensive across england, also the near continent there. temperatures down to —3 in some areas. now, the further north you go, we've got a bit more of a breeze
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coming off the atlantic here. so that means that that fog can't form, and there are also bits and pieces of light rain. fog doesn't like the rain, too. so for the western isles in the highlands, i think fog—free, fog—free for northern ireland. but here across the bulk of england, at the very least it will be sort of cloudy, misty, a bit of brightness, and in one or two areas that fog is going to persist. now, in terms of the temperatures, for most of us, actually quite a chilly day. three orfour degrees. warm spot there, tropical in stornoway, ii celsius. we've got the wind in the rain, so it's not ideal. let's focus on that fog, because i have said that it may stick around into the afternoon, these sorts of areas here. where it does stick around, the temperatures of course struggle. we haven't got the sunshine coming in. warming up the ground, so it is zero degrees celsius. so thursday night, so this is the following night now, a bit more of a breeze across the uk. these isobars here, the pressure lines, mean there is more of wind. so that means that the fog isn't
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going to be quite so widespread into friday morning and friday afternoon, maybe, across the south—east. i think for many of us it is sort of a cloudy—ish sort of day, with some sunshine. notice that there is some rain getting into the far north of the uk. this is new year's eve, weather front moving into northern ireland, scotland, the far north of england, too. to the south of that, probably staying dry. temperatures just about into double figures the south—west, and south—westerlies across europe. actually, the bulk of the continent probably hovering close to freezing during the course of new year's eve. but look at that, london is actually going to be warmer than madrid on new year's eve. now, something does happen as we go into 2017. the thinking is that a cold front, a pretty good cold front, will sweep across the uk, and introduce these northerly winds. so i think 1 january 2017 is going to feel pretty nippy across the uk. a very warm welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to our viewers in north america and around the globe. my name's mike embley. our top stories: us president—elect donald trump launches a scathing attack on the un after last week's security council resolution declaring israeli settlements illegal.
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when you see the nation solving problems, they don't, they cause problems, they don't, they cause problems, so if it lives up to the potential, it is a great thing, if it doesn't, it is a waste of time and money. israel's prime minister condemns as biased a speech by outgoing us secretary of state john kerry that said israeli settlement building on occupied land was a major problem. police in germany detain a tunisian man in connection with last week's berlin truck attack. and out with the old — new yorkers say good riddance to the worst of 2016.
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