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tv   BBC News at Five  BBC News  December 27, 2016 5:00pm-6:01pm GMT

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this is bbc news. the headlines at 5pm. the author of watership down, richard adams, has died peacefully at home aged 96, according to his daughter. ministers reject criticism that plans to require voters to show id at polling stations are a "sledgehammer to crack a nut". the children's commissioner for england warns that four in five young carers aren't receiving the help they need from social services. russian investigators examine a recovered flight data recorder recovered from the black sea, to try to discover why the plane crashed with 92 people on board. the prevent anti—extremism programme is defended by leicestershire‘s chief constable. simon cole says some of the criticism of the scheme is "hysterical". also this hour, tributes are paid to the actress liz smith, who's died at the age of 95. does this thing play
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cassettes as well? no nana, it'sjust cds. why, do you have cassettes? no. the bafta winner played nana in the royle family. one of her co—stars, the actress suejohnston, said she was "devastated at her passing". in halfan in half an hour, reporters takes a look at the bbc‘s bestjournalism from the last year, including an exclusive report on chinese militarisation of international waters. some breaking newsjust in. the author of watership down, richard adams has died, aged 96. his tale about a family of rabbits was a bestseller and also became a celebrated film.
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a statement from his family said he died on christmas eve. they posted a quote from the book on the watership down website which read: "it seemed to hazel he would not be needing his body any more." nick higham looks back at his life. they seem sad, like trees in november. it became a worldwide bestseller and animated film and made its creator a millionaire. not bad for a story about intrepid rabbits originally devised by a civil servant to entertain his children in the car. watership down was a fantasy, but one as compelling as the classical myths its author beloved, and its setting was authentic. richard adams had grown up authentic. richard adams had grown up near the real watership down in
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hampshire. in one respect, the book is anything but fantastic because the topography and landscape in which it takes place is completely real. this is the country where i was born and where i grew up, and i know it all like the back of my hand, and everything in the story, down to very often individual gates and trees, is perfectly real. the nover and trees, is perfectly real. the novel's phenomenal success sent it up novel's phenomenal success sent it up into tax exile in the isle of man. he wrote more books. none quite match the success of watership down, but one grew out of his passion for animal welfare and hatred of vivisection. it was called the plague dogs. it featured animals which escaped from a research laboratory. richard adams became president of the rs pci but resigned over a clashed over how radical the organisation should be. something has gone wrong with the planet. one
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species has become so mostly dominant that it is threatening to crowd the others off the face of the earth. it is villainous league exploiting and ill treating other species and many it has destroyed altogether of the face of the earth simply for its own greed. as the yea rs simply for its own greed. as the years grew simply for its own greed. as the yea rs grew by, simply for its own greed. as the years grew by, richard adams became increasingly eccentric but not before he had created a modern myth with enduring appeal. richard adams, who has passed away at the age of 86. some voters in england are being asked to provide photographic id before registering to vote. it is part of efforts to curb electoral fraud. a government commissioned report commissioned in august concluded that the authorities sometimes turned a blind eye to fraud in areas with large pakistani or bangladeshi communities because of oversensitivity is about ethnicity and religion. an election victory, but one steeped in claims of corruption. lutfur rahman became mayor
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of tower hamlets two years ago. the people of this borough willjudge me on my record. he wasjudged instead by an election court, which threw him out of office. it heard claims of voter fraud and intimidation. the case helped bring about a wider review of election practice, carried out by the former communities secretary sir eric pickles. he called for the introduction of id checks at polling stations in england. today, the government backed his proposals. electoral fraud has the potential to undermine confidence in our system, which is why we need to ensure that when it comes to vulnerable individuals in certain communities who want to be able to exercise their individual right to vote, they are given the opportunity of doing so without the possibility of intimidation. the report said authorities were turning a blind eye to corruption, what he called the worrying and covert spread of electoral fraud. he accused some bodies of a state of denial and failing to challenge alleged vote rigging
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because of political correctness. he saw evidence of pressure put on vulnerable people to vote according to the will of elders in some communities of pakistani and bangladeshi background. the plans mean voters will have to bring photo id, like a passport, or proof of address in trial areas of england at local elections in 2018. but labour said changes to the voting register had already harmed the party, and some claimed the announcement today would make things worse. the people most likely not to have a passport or driving licence are going to be the poorest, and i suspect that is going to, like the decision to knock a lot of people off the electoral register, hit the labour party. the number of voter—fraud claims is relatively low. the government hopes today's plans will help reduce it further. earlier we spoke to sir eric pickles and asked him to outline why he thinks the proposals are needed
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we want to avoid people voting on your behalf, we want to avoid people impersonating others. and we want to avoid elections being taken by the use of fraud. now all i'm really suggesting is exactly the same kind of proof that you would have if you want to wander down to the post office to pick up a parcel. i'm asking nothing more onerous than that. earlier i spoke to labour's cat smith, the shadow minister for voter engagement. labour's thoughts are that, while we do need to crack down on electoral fraud where it takes place, this is somewhat taking a sledgehammer to crack a nut. the numbers of insta nces crack a nut. the numbers of instances of impersonation at polling stations are very low, but this would disenfranchise or make it
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a lot more difficult for millions of voters to cast a vote. 3.5 million people do not have the required forms of id that will be trialled by this government. it's notjust that. if you were to be on your way home from work, for instance, and you remembered there is an election on, you can't just nip remembered there is an election on, you can'tjust nip into the polling station. you would have to go home, pick up some id, and it willjust drive down turnout. you said labour's thoughts on it, and yetjim fitzpatrick, the mp for poplar and limehouse, says he doesn't have any issues with this scheme as most people carry id. jim says that most people carry id. jim says that most people carry id. jim says that most people carry id, but not all people do. to have a strong democracy, we need to increase participation in elections by making it more convenient for people to vote. that's not to say that, where fraud ta kes that's not to say that, where fraud takes place, we shouldn't be firm with it, and there are measures the government could take. we could for insta nce government could take. we could for instance have a national telephone
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line for people to report incidents where they feel electoral fraud has taken place. we could give the police more resources to investigate where it has taken place. but requiring every electoral to turn up ata requiring every electoral to turn up at a polling station with one of the required forms of id, a driving licence or a passport, where many people don't have these forms of id, is taking a sledgehammer to crack a nut. do you think electoral fraud needs to be addressed? absolutely, where it takes place, we should address it. there is no doubt about that. but the measures are very extreme compared to the scale of the problem. we should have a proportionate response to the problem, and something like that would be a telephone line to report concerns or perhaps some of the recommendations around postal vote in the report, which are quite reasonable and are already best practice by political parties. for instance, not allowing an individual to hand in more than a certain number of postal votes at a polling station would be a reasonable
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measure. mr pickles did highlight 50 recommendations and he himself was quite cautious about these, which is why, he said, he wanted it to be a pilot. well, if those pilots go ahead, i suspect we will see a decline in the number of people turning out to vote, because 3.5 million people don't have the required forms of id. to put that in perspective, that is the total number of people who cast a ballot in london at the last general election. that is a lot of people wait you are making it difficult if not impossible for them to cast a vote. the way that you strengthen democracy as a whole is by increasing turnout and encouraging people, not putting hurdles in the way. you said that labour supports measures to tackle electoral fraud and will be backing a number of the reasonable proposals, so what are the reasonable proposals that you agree with? that would be some of
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the things i have outlined around restricting the handling of postal votes by political parties once they are completed, restricting the number of postal votes you could hand in at a polling station. it would also be reasonable to make sure that police forces have the resources to investigate when allegations of fraud are made, and that people would find it easier to report instances of fraud, if there was a helpline advertised in polling stations. the children's commissioner for england says the vast majority of young carers receive no support from local authority social services. anne longfield says 4 out of 5 young carers are under the radar. the local government association says funding cuts mean councils are being forced to make difficult decisions. helena lee reports. this is daniel, one of thousands of young carers in england. he's ten and lives with his mum, florella, who has a brain tumour. daniel is her main carer at home. when he's not at school, he helps around the house, but he constantly worries about his mum when he isn't there. i started becoming more responsible
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and i started doing the cleaning. started doing cooking better. i started paying more attention to what my mum was doing. then, because i wasn't around, i was always worried about how she was. today's report by the children's commissioner found, of the 160,000 young carers in england, just over 128,000 children aged five to 17 may not be known to local authorities. and councils identified 160 young carers in england who are under the age of five. this is often systematic support for vulnerable family members who may have mental illness or physical disabilities. they need to be able to flourish at school, they need to be able to enjoy childhood and grow up, whilst they're still offering the familial support that
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you would expect. the local government association says funding cuts to children's services means councils are being forced to make difficult decisions about what support they are able to provide. but it says all young carers should receive an assessment to find out if they need help. england's chief nursing officer has urged the nhs to invest more in caring for people at home. jane cummings says money is being wasted on keeping elderly patients in hospital unnecessarily. she says reform is needed to make sure patients don't get caught between different parts of the system. rescue teams have recovered one of the flight recorders from a russian military plane that crashed into the black sea shortly after ta ke—off on sunday. the russian defence ministry said an engine, landing gearand parts of the fuselage had also been found. all 92 people on board the aircraft are thought to have died when it
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came down near the resort of sochi. angus crawford reports. recovered from the seabed, twisted and broken, part of the plane's fuselage. thousands of people are still involved in the search, scouring the area where the 30—year—old tupolev15a came down. specialist teams have found one of the plane's flight recorders. sonar traces showed parts of the aircraft a mile out to sea. it has been opened by expert air accident investigators, who have begun analysing recordings of the plane's last movement. the military flight from moscow to letakia in syria had more than 90 passengers and crew on board.
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it touched down to refuel in sochi, but crashed after taking off again. translation: all found parts have been brought to shore and handed to investigators. the search operation in the area of the plane crash has gone on for 2h hours without breaks. during the day, one more body was found and recovered. soldiers and civilians die side—by—side, all travelling to syria for new year celebrations. on board, too, were more than 60 members of the russian army's world—famous members of the russian army's world —famous choir. at members of the russian army's world—famous choir. at their base in moscow, people have been laying flowers a nd moscow, people have been laying flowers and lighting candles. a national day of mourning was declared. in sochi, recovery teams use the latest technology. the cause of the crash unknown. pilot error or mechanical failure a focus for investigators. terrorism has been all but ruled out.
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so, in the waters of the black sea, the search for answers continues. the headlines on bbc news: the family of the watership down author richard adams says he has died peacefully, aged 96. ministers reject criticism that plans to require voters to show id at polling stations are a sledgehammer to crack a nut. the children's commissioner for england warns that four in five young carers are not receiving the help they need from social services. sport now. for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here's steve white the day's only premier league game is just underway at anfield. liverpool with the chance to trim chelsea's lead at the top to six points by beating stoke.
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jurgen klopp has named an unchanged liverpool side for the third game running. so simon mignolet remains in goal — danny sturridge and emre can amongst the substitutes. stoke'sjoe allen lines up against his former club for the first time since leaving in the summer. they are just underway and they have played 70 seconds. it is scoreless. brighton are back on top of the championship after an emphatic 3—0 win over qpr. newcastle's slip—up at home last night presented brighton with the opportunity, and they went ahead thanks to that wonderful sam baldock strike. not so sure about the celebration! brighton were then awarded a penalty early in the second half for this foul on dale stephens, and baldock‘s strike partner glenn murray stepped up to make it 2—0. it was all going wrong for rangers who had defender nedum onouha sent off shortly before anthony knockaert rounded off the scoring for the seagulls — dedicating the goal to his late
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father who passed away earlier this year. so brighton two points clear at the top — but it's a sixth straight defeat for qpr. it's about getting better, because football is turned into this insta nt because football is turned into this instant coffee, which is a load of baloney. i'm going to keep going because i know what i'm doing. i've done it before and hopefully i'll be given that trust to build a club, a tea m given that trust to build a club, a team and a spirit, because what we don't have at the moment is a spirit that believes it can do stuff. i need to bring some people in to help my boys actually see that. it might -- it my boys actually see that. it might —— it might take me to get a fuel out. maybe one or two don't want to be there. derby got their eighth win in nine matches with a 1—0 win over birmingham. richard keough in the penalty area to earn his side the
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second half spot kick from which the former aston villa striker darren bent scored. derby are within a point of the play—off places, quite a turnaround under steve mcclaren. aberdeen have won the first of the two games in the scottish premiership today. they beat hamilton academical 2—1, with adam rooney's goal midway through the second half proving decisive. this evening, 11th placed hearts host kilmarnock. to rugby and in the pro 12, ospreys have beaten scarlets 19—9 in a scrappy welsh derby at the liberty stadium. it was a battle of the boot in the first half as scarlets led 9—6 at the break before this penalty try put the hosts ahead. scarlets penalised for pulling down the maul. the visitors had three men sent to the sin bin. wales fly—half dan biggar punishing them with 1a points, including this late penalty,
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as ospreys moved up to seventh. there's one game too in the premiership. harlequins, without injured chris robshaw, against gloucester at twickenham. it into the second half and it is 21-10 to it into the second half and it is 21—10 to harlequins. trainer colin tizzard has claimed his second major victory in as many days after native river won the welsh grand national. after thistlecrack claimed the king george yesterday, native river was favourite for the welsh national and hit the front with 13 left to jump. he held off a late charge from raz de maree to win at chepstow. bbc radio 5 live'sjon hunt describes the closing stages. richard johnson in the saddle. what a performance. native river has won the welsh grand national from raz de maree. in fifth place, katie walsh. it is still goalless at anfield
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between liverpool and stoke. five minutes played. you can keep up—to—date with all those stories on the bbc sport website. we will be here with sports day at 6:30pm. a senior police officer has defended the government's anti—extremism programme, known as prevent, saying some criticism of the initiative has been hysterical. simon cole, who is responsible for implementing the strategy, said prevent is absolutely fundamental in helping tackle terrorism. the national union of teachers called for it to be scrapped. but mr cole says prevent is succeeding with vulnerable people: what it's about is putting an arm around people who might otherwise face some difficult choices. the kind of cases that prevent teams are dealing with, and we are talking about 20 referrals a day, are things like a young man from the midlands who is thinking he might travel to fight in syria, people become concerned about him. there are referring to prevent.
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prevent works with that individual and he chooses not to travel. the people he was travelling to meet, we believe, are dead. this is very real stuff. earlier my colleaguejane hill spoke to miqdaad versi from the muslim council of britain. she asked him whether he accepts that the prevent programme is providing a useful tool. what we have to recognise is that when the ex—head of m15 security services says prevent is clearly not working, we have to take that on board and change this policy. we want a policy that keeps us safe and secure but is effective. thejoint committee on civil rights says it may be counter—productive. that is not something we want. let's talk to people on the ground, those who know what they're talking about. let's be transparent, let's create trust and we can keep ourselves safe.
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prevent has been running for a few years. what in it can be improved to make it work better, or doesn't have to be scrapped? many people have been talking about it being scrapped, notjust people on the ground, but andy burnham, the former labour home secretary, diane abbott has said something similar. what we need at the minimum is an independent review to look at this and identify all of the key challenges. so we need to look at prevent from the start and think about why the muslim community seems to be targeted in particular. why is it there is a perception on the ground that religiosity is seen as a sign of extremism? in their guide for what is best practice on identifying radicalisation, ofsted say that if a young boy has a koran in his room, the holy book of the muslim communities,
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in their room, that is a sign of radicalisation. that was part of a case brought up. why identify that? why is that important? these problems cause a lack of trust and mean there is a problem. we want something that keeps us safe. the japanese prime minister, shinzo abe, is in hawaii, for an historic visit which will see him pay his respects at the site of the japanese attack on pearl harbour in 19111. shinzo abe will be accompanied by the us president barack obama, making the visit the first by the leaders of both countries since the attack. shinzo abe will pray for those who died, but will not issue an apology. the actress liz smith, best known for playing nana in the bbc sitcom the royle family, has died at the age of 95. she acted in numerous television series and films, and won a bafta for her role in a private function in 1985. daniela relph looks
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back at her life. what is she? she's a vegetarian, nana. 0h! could you have some wafer—thin ham? could she have wafer—thin ham, barbara? the unforgettable nana speakman. liz smith was the eccentric, loveable centre of the royle family. very unusual taste! i put in a bit of ta—ra—sa—la—ma—ta as well! in the vicar of dibley, more of her perfect comic timing. happy birthday, frank. do you want to put me in a home? success came late for liz smith. a single mother of two children in a series of part—time jobs, she didn't start acting properly until she was 50. what a nuisance for you. it was like a wonderful realisation that at last i was being given a chance. it had come. it had come at last. last night. what was it?
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what was what? that cheese. it was cheese. i know it was flaming cheese! she owed that first acting role to the director mike leigh. she loved being batty old ladies, because in a way she was a batty old lady, except that underneath the eccentricity she was a really focussed person, but she loved it. the more eccentric, the better. she adored being a bonkers person. does this thing play cassettes as well? she may have started late, but made up for it. don't do it so curly this time, barbara. last time it was just likejeremy clarkson. never more so than as nana speakman. liz smith at her scatty and brilliant best. remembering liz smith. let's find out how the weather is looking. it's looking pretty cold.
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temperatures are already below freezing in a few spots. a frosty night to night for england and wales and fork will become an issue, especially tomorrow morning. for the disruption, check out bbc local weather stations. frost developing, especially in england and wales. some pockets of frost in eastern scotland. but the fog is the main story further south. widely, temperatures close to freezing, even in larger towns and cities, and in raw spots well below. freezing fog, some sunshine in the far south—west, pembrokeshire, not quite so bad for northern ireland. in scotland, some patchy rain in the north—west highlands. that fog will be slow to play in some spots will stick around all day. while some of us get into mid single figures, where the fog hangs around, we will struggle to get above freezing all day. hello.
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this is bbc news. the headlines. the daughter of author richard adams — who wrote watership down — says he has died peacefully at his home. a family statement quotes the book: "it seemed to hazel he would not be needing his body any more." voters in some parts of england are to be asked to provide proof of id before casting their ballots, as part of efforts to curb electoral fraud. ministers have rejected criticism the plan is a "sledgehammer to crack a nut". russian crash investigators examine a flight data recorder recovered from the black sea, to try to discover why a military plane came down on sunday. it's thought all 92 people on board died when the plane crashed shortly after take off from sochi. as many as four in five young carers are going "under the radar" and receive no support from local authority social services, according to the children's commissioner for england. a senior police officer has defended the government's prevent
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strategy as fundamental to countering radicalisation. leicestershire's chief constable simon coles says the scheme has often been wrongly portrayed as a spying operation. 2016 has been a rollercoaster year. game—changing events such as the us elections and britain's vote to leave the eu have had a major impact on the global economy. so what might 2017 have in store? the bbc‘s economics editor, kamal ahmed has been looking into his crystal ball. as we look forward to 2017, three big issues will dominate the economic landscape. america and a new man in the white house. europe — that struggle for growth
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and what will happen when britain leaves the european union. and china, the economic powerhouse, will it continue to perform? we've gathered together some of the biggest experts in the world to ask them their opinions on the year ahead. let's start with america and the big unknown, a new president who does not come out of the box marked conventional, or predictable. what will donald trump's policies be on things like global trade, on relations with china, and thay huge fiscal stimulus of tax cuts, investment and infrastructure he has promised the world's largest economy? he doesn't have a track record in politics... analysts say the markets have so far given mr trump a big thumbs up, rising to record levels. the new president has promised higher growth and he is being taken at his word. they have decided to focus on the drugs, bring
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on the fiscal stimulus, tax cuts, possibly corporate tax cuts. and we actually think those things are likely to come. again not as much as trump is talking about although of course the us economy probably needs three times that much spending on its crumbling infrastructure. and when it comes to political risk, companies, governments, markets, markets, find it very hard to price that risk. what is different about these political risks compared to previous decades is that they are, being in advanced economies, they can really move markets. amid all the seismic political events of 2016, in europe and in america, it is sometimes easy to forget that one country at the beginning of the year was worrying the markets, one country was worrying global economists. and that country was china. after a strong 2016, what will the country serve up next year? for 2017 i think china will do ok but there are some international challenges that china will definitely be worrying about.
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most obviously the attitude of the us towards china under a trump administration, donald trump has already threatened china in one sense with trade sanctions of one sort or another, in particular a great big tariff on chinese exports to the us. whether that will actually ever happen, it is probably quite unlikely, but nevertheless as a bargaining chip it is something the chinese will be worrying about. worries, worries, everywhere. for europe if 2016 was the year of the big brexit shock, 2017 is likely to give the continent plenty more to digest. europe is certainly facing its fair set of challenges, you have elections in france, the netherlands and germany, you have the european central bank still trying to support the economy. you have fears over growth and of course overhanging all of this is the issue of brexit. one country is leaving the european union. the hope is that with elections in europe you may see some more
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momentum for reform, more momentum for more active fiscal policies to try to boost growth in europe post elections. and to try to lower the inherently high unemployment rates that you have. how much of an effect is brexit on the rest of the european union economies? if we have more tensions in europe because the election results are not necessarily as pro—europe, not necessarily as pro—growth, and there is more friction as a result of them, then it may be more difficult for the uk to negotiate with the eu. financial markets across the world will be watching and waiting. as the new year approaches. they know that 2017 will be dominated by three words. trump, trump, and trump. and his leadership of the world's largest economy. now on bbc news, reporters.
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welcome to reporters. i'm phillipa thomas here at the bbc‘s headquarters in london. in this special edition of the programme, we're looking at some of the best reports of this year from our network of correspondents from around the world. coming up: stand—off in the skies above the south china sea. rupert wingfield—hayes flies over one of the most contested areas in the world, incurring the wrath of the chinese. we have a report on barack obama's
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former hometown where gun crime is out of control. and how scientists are using animals to grow human organs. the bbc went to extraordinary lengths this year to get a rare glimpse of china's determined expansion in the south china sea, one of the most contested areas anywhere in the world. beijing is building huge artificial islands on the spratly island chain, which the americans and others insist are illegal. the area is difficult to get to, but rupert wingfield—hayes flew in a small civilian aircraft into china's self—declared security zone 200 kilometres off the coast of the philippines. this is what he found. it's just before dawn on the philippine island of palawan. even at this hour it's hot, but there's no sign here
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of the trouble brewing a few hundred miles out to sea. i'm about to take off on a trip the chinese government has tried to stop. just 140 nautical miles from the philippine coast we spot new land. this place is called mischief reef. until a year ago there was nothing here, just a submerged atoll. now look at it. millions of tons of material have been dredged up to build this huge new island. then as we close to 12 nautical miles, this. down below we can see a pair of chinese navy ships. our pilots are nervous.
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they want to turn away. we're a civilian aircraft flying over international waters and yet we're being repeatedly threatened. so what we're getting is the chinese sending out that message, foreign military aircraft, unidentified military aircraft, leave the area immediately. in chinese and english, our captain replied saying we are a civilian aircraft, not a military aircraft, but it didn't make any difference, they repeated the threat to leave the area over and over again. as we fly on the full extent of the construction is revealed. the lagoon is teeming with ships. a cement plant is visible on the new land. then for the first time a clear view of the new runway china is building here. a chinese fighter taking off from here could reach the philippine coast in nine minutes.
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in the last year, china has built at least seven new islands and three new runways in the south china sea. one here at mischief reef, another at subi reef and the biggest of all at fiery cross. the aim is to reinforce china's claim to the whole of the south china sea. more than 40% of the world's trade passes through the waters below us. china is determined to assert its control. america and its allies say they won't let that happen. and as we have found out, it may already be too late. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, in the south china sea. now to evidence of a startling rise in gun violence the us,
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including in barack obama's hometown of chicago. killings in the city have reached a 20—year high. a deadly summer of violence brought this year's death toll to 500. most of the victims and their killers were young men. we spent a week in chicago and found a world where guns rule. in my neighbourhood, they start young. that is the age, and they are dying from guns. we have to teach children how to defend themselves. it is like, what do you do? you would rather be caught with protection than without it. i have never seen so many guns. like, we have so many guns. but i have never seen as many as now. this is a rapper from the west side, now, the most violent part of chicago. he is a member of the vice lords gang. he has been imprisoned.
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and even he is shocked by what has happened. it is like somebody dropped off crazy amounts of guns in the neighbourhood. i think that many guys need to die to make it better. some of these guys need to be killed and knocked off to make it a better place. more people have been killed here since 2001 than us deaths in iraq and afghanistan combined. and yet, there is almost no outcry. do you worry about your children? i do. like, to be honest, i have a son of seven and a daughter of four, and i have not taught them how to ride a bike because the environment they live in is just not safe. i love you. i love you, dadda. i am trying to change the cycle.
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it is hard when you don't really have help, you know what i'm saying? we have been put in a weird position, you know what i'm saying, because... hold on. cut. this stuff don't end. with so many guns and so little control, the murders will rise. rarely solved, and barely noticed. this may sound like the stuff of science fiction movies, but american researchers broke new ground this year by trying to grow human organs inside pigs.
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the research uses a pioneering technique called gene editing, which allows genes to be changed quickly. some say this may end the organ crisis. but it also may raise ethical issues. you are watching two species being mixed. humans stem cells are being injected into a one—day—old pig embryo. you can see them travelling down the tube. this biologist in california is trying to grow a human pancreas inside a pig. our hope is that this will develop normally. but the pancreas will be made up almost exclusively out of human cells so that then that pancreas will be compatible with the patient for transplantation. the technique is known as gene editing. it uses molecular scissors to delete
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the dna instructions in the pig embryo to create a pancreas. the ambition is the human cells will fill the void and grow a human pancreas instead. the same technique might enable other organs to be grown for transplant. the bbc‘s panorama was allowed to film the sows filled with human embryos known as chimeras. human stem cells are taken from a patient, they could be tissue match, reducing the risk of rejection. this research raises profound ethical concerns. crucially, just how human are the piglets developing inside this sow? it is such a sensitive area that the chimeric embryos will not be permitted to go to term, but be removed for tissue analysis after 28 days' gestation when they are about a centimetre long. they will crucially
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check whether the brain develops humanlike qualities. another pioneer in this field told me this question has yet to be resolved. whatever we tried to make, whether it is a kidney, liver, a lung, we will look at what is happening in the mind. and if we find it is too humanlike, it will be ended. 7000 people are on the transplant waiting list in the uk and hundreds die each year before a donor can be found. but patient trials involving gene edited pig organs are still a long way off. and that is all from this special edition. goodbye for now. hello, and welcome to the last
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travel show of 2016 — with me, ade adepitan, coming from the amazing monuments of petra injordan. exploring the ancient city was one of the highlights of my year — and what a year it's been. the team has visited over 70 countries and had some incredible adventures, so why don't you sit back, relax, and see if we've picked one of your favourites, as we look back on 2016... now we get to have so much fun working on the travel show. we fly all over the world, we meet incredible people, do cool stuff, but most importantly we get to share our adventures
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with you, and those adventures don't get much more spectacular than rajan's trip to china back injune — where he got to explore some amazing destinations that even the guidebooks don't seem to know about. 500 square kilometres of sandstone and minerals, the dazzling colours were formed by water erosion. they were created during the same geological shift that formed the himalayas some 80 million years ago. as spectacular as the rainbow mountain range is, what is almost as incredible is that until the turn of the millennium, hardly anybody in china, let alone the rest of the world, had even heard of it. and that is an unlikely story in itself, which begins
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at this man's house. translation: one day, a photographer passed by mr lei as he was carrying out his normal farmer's chores. so before 2000, then, no one recognised that this
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was a beautiful natural wonder? soon, other photographers latched onto this undiscovered gem, and their photos caught the eye of famous film director zhang yimou. he shot a remake of the coen brothers film blood simple here, and its success in china made the mountains famous. that was rajan there getting off the beaten track in china — fantastic. now, the rest of us have been busy all year bringing you the best stories in travel, and here's some of my
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favourites... first up, a story from right here in petra, where i was lucky enough to join a team of archaeologists searching for ancient treasures. this is the temple of winged lions, a religious complex built in around ad 27. i'm liking your office, glen — i like what you've done with it. no, this is a beautiful place, this is... glenn is in charge of the site, and tells me how the problems here started in the 1970s when the temple was first excavated. they uncovered this cool monument, but didn't do a wonderfuljob with doing the things necessary to preserve it for future generations. whenever you excavate a monument, you have to pull a lot of the earth out of the ground in order to reveal it. and so the earlier project dumped a lot of that earth and so, as you'll see, we're trying to re—excavate those earlier archaeological dumps.
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we have specialists who come and actually work and train and work with the local community. and the idea is that the locals then train tourists to help out too. ok, i've got some skills, man. have you got a digger here or something? yeah, we're ready to go. ready? ok, stand back — let the master get to work! any scorpions? is that cool? i'm terrible — i can't find anything! well, i might not be having much luck, but over the last few years they've found all sorts here. painted pottery, coins, lamps and decorations from the temple. it's crazy to think that these amazing bits of jewellery and pottery have just been lying
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forgotten in a pile of earth. now, as more pieces are retrieved and catalogued, it's hoped we can learn more about the everyday lives of the people who built this incredible city more than 2000 years ago. next, the waterways of kerala in india. henry headed there injanuary to explore the labyrinth of canals, rivers and lakes that twist through the state. kerala's calling card is its unique backwaters. 25 years ago, the houseboat industry didn't exist, but in 1991 a tour operator saw the potential in modifying defunct cargo boats for tourists. it was an instant hit and revolutionised tourism here. from just a handful of boats in the 90s,
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there are now more than 1000, offering people a unique insight into village life along the waterways. time for me to take the helm... a little bit of throttle... there we go. i've noticed it's quite loose but then there's a little biting point. it's not that easy. it isn't. sitar music. in october, carmen headed deep into the andes in search of one of peru's best kept secrets. tucked away in the eastern andes, cuispes didn't feature on the tourist map until fairly recently. but a few kilometres away lies
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a spectacular discovery that has changed all that. hidden in these rainforests are some of the tallest waterfalls in the world. yumbilla is split into four almost sheer drops, and i'm going to try and abseil down the bottom section — with a lot of help. so this is where it starts. i'm going to rappel down here, into this little waterfall, about ten or 12 metres into a pool, and then from there we'll abseil down the rest of the waterfall, which is about a 70—metre drop. and i'm one of the first people to do this. i'm attached to a harness and instructed on the safety apparatus that will allow me to control my descent. your legs, carmen — 90 degrees. 0k. hold them, but lean backwards. taking off is terrifying.
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so far, so good, but halfway down i'm in for a shock. it is slightly unnerving that we're going to lose the rock now — we're going to go into freefall. ok, i can do this... we reach the last part of the descent, and i'm so relieved to finally get to the bottom. i know it's crazy. i didn't expect quite so much water! that was amazing — what a rush! 2016 was also the year that i got to play one of shakespeare's most famous characters. at last! but soft, what light
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through yonder window breaks? it is the east, and juliet is the sun. romeo, romeo! wherefore art thou romeo? deny thy father and refuse thy name; or, if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love, and i'll no longer be a capulet... comic record scratch sound. well, if you put it that way, love, i'll be up there. 400 years on this year and still going strong, william shakespeare — although i'm not sure what he would make of my acting. i did give it a little bit of depth, though! ok, well that's it from us for another year, and we'll see you again next year, and i do hope you enjoyed following us on all our travels in 2016, but for now in the meantime from me, ade, and all the team, we wish you a happy and healthy 2017. happy new year! temperatures are already falling
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well below freezing in some places with a hard frost to come. this was earlier this afternoon in somerset. we also have fog forming overnight and by tomorrow that will be an issue across england and wales with possible disruption. through the early hours that begins to form with a vengeance across early hours that begins to form with a vengeance across england and wales. not so for northern ireland and scotland and some westernmost fringes of england. but elsewhere across england and wales you can expect some thick and freezing fog in some places. further north the
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odd pocket of frost for parts of northern ireland and eastern scotland. some rain across the western highlands. for most of scotla nd western highlands. for most of scotland and northern ireland not too bad but parts of england and wales have 20 of crisp sunshine. but the fog will linger. if you start with fog it could stick around for much of the day. 11 degrees across the north west of scotland, much colder further south and east and where the fog sticks around, temperatures will struggle to get above freezing all day long. that folk will become quite widespread again on thursday especially for england and wales. difficult to know exactly who gets the worst of that. but it is again slow to clear on thursday. some rain across the far north—west of scotland. but here
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against some of the highest of the temperatures. ending the week, some wetter weather arriving especially in the north west of scotland and just ahead that some mild air for a time and quite widely double figures for scotland and northern ireland. further south not so warm but the fog is less of an issue. by the weekend of these fronts moved south—east and brings them quite wet weather across the country through the new year weekend. and behind that it turns colder again. the government defends proposals to make voters in england show id before they can vote. ministers say it will stop electoral fraud. critics say it may deter people from voting at all. japan's leader is at pearl harbour ahead of an historic visit, when he and the us president will pay their respects there together. the black box is found from the russian military plane that crashed, killing all on board on sunday.
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don't do it so curly this time barbara. last time it was just like jeremy clarkson. and tributes have been paid to the actress liz smith, who's died aged 95.
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